§ 8101 Sheriff’s recognizance or administration bond 10
§ 8102 Guardian bond 10
§ 8103 Recognizance in Chancery Court 10
§ 8104 Official bond 10
§ 8105 Escheator’s bond 10
§ 8106 Actions subject to 3-year limitation 10
§ 8107 Actions subject to 2-year limitation 10
§ 8108 Mutual running accounts 10
§ 8109 Bills and notes 10
§ 8110 Mesne profits after ejectment 10
§ 8111 Work, labor or personal services 10
§ 8112 Waste 10
§ 8113 Actions against decedent’s estate 10
§ 8114 Corporate officers’ bonds 10
§ 8115 Forfeiture under penal statute 10
§ 8116 Savings for infants or persons under disability 10
§ 8117 Defendant’s absence from State 10
§ 8118 Other savings 10
§ 8119 Personal injuries 10
§ 8120 Setoff 10
§ 8121 Cause of action arising outside State 10
§ 8122 Marking and bounding lands 10
§ 8123 Forcible entry and detainer 10
§ 8124 Notice of claim against City of Wilmington 10
§ 8125 Valuation and assessment of property 10
§ 8126 County and municipality zoning and planning actions 10
§ 8127 Alleged deficiencies in the construction of improvements to real property 10
§ 8128 Health care malpractice action limitations 10
§ 8129 Inheritance and estate taxes 10
§ 8130 Exemption from liability for donation of prepared food 10
§ 8131 Limitation for Indochina herbicide exposure 10
§ 8132 Comparative negligence 10
§ 8133 Limitation from civil liability for certain nonprofit organization volunteers 10
§ 8134 Limitation on liability of third parties rendering assistance in oil or hazardous material discharge cleanup 10
§ 8135 Limitation from civil liability for certain volunteers 10
§ 8136 Actions involving public petition and participation 10
§ 8137 Standards for motion to dismiss and summary judgment in certain cases involving public petition and participation 10
§ 8138 Recovery of damages in actions involving public petition and participation 10
§ 8139 Limitation on civil actions by criminal defendants 10
§ 8140 Liability of persons involved in equine activities 10
§ 8141 Limitation on agricultural operations nuisance suits 10
§ 8142 Limitations on shooting range and hunting operations nuisance suits 10
§ 8143 Limitations on civil actions for recovery for shoplifting 10
§ 8145 Civil suits for damages based upon sexual abuse of a minor by an adult 10

Terms Used In Delaware Code > Title 10 > Chapter 81

  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Chief judge: The judge who has primary responsibility for the administration of a court but also decides cases; chief judges are determined by seniority.
  • Child: means a person who has not reached the age of 18 years. See Delaware Code Title 6 Sec. 4307
  • Community notification: means notice which is provided by any method devised specifically to notify members of the public who are likely to encounter a sex offender. See Delaware Code Title 11 Sec. 4121
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • convicted: shall include , in addition to their ordinary meanings, adjudications of delinquency and persons who enter a plea of guilty, or are found guilty but mentally ill or not guilty by reason of insanity, as provided in § 401 of this title. See Delaware Code Title 11 Sec. 4121
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff.
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Embezzlement: In most states, embezzlement is defined as theft/larceny of assets (money or property) by a person in a position of trust or responsibility over those assets. Embezzlement typically occurs in the employment and corporate settings. Source: OCC
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Infancy: means an age of less than 18 years. See Delaware Code Title 6 Sec. 4307
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • minor child: means a person who has not reached the age of 18 years. See Delaware Code Title 6 Sec. 4307
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Plea agreement: An arrangement between the prosecutor, the defense attorney, and the defendant in which the defendant agrees to plead guilty in exchange for special considerations. Source:
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Presentence report: A report prepared by a court's probation officer, after a person has been convicted of an offense, summarizing for the court the background information needed to determine the appropriate sentence. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Probation officers: Screen applicants for pretrial release and monitor convicted offenders released under court supervision.
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • Roll call vote : A vote in which each legislator votes "yea" or "nay" as his or her name is called by the Clerk, so that the names of legislators voting on each side are recorded.
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Sex offender: means any person who is, or has been:

    a. See Delaware Code Title 11 Sec. 4121

  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Testator: A male person who leaves a will at death.
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Under age: means an age of less than 18 years. See Delaware Code Title 6 Sec. 4307
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • Victim Impact Statement: A written or spoken statement by the victim or his or her representative about the physical, emotional, and financial impact of a crime on the victim. The statement is given to the court before sentencing.