|720 ILCS 145||Telecommunication Line Tapping Act|
|720 ILCS 150||Wrongs to Children Act|
Terms Used In Illinois Compiled Statutes > Chapter 720 > Offenses Against Persons
- Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
- Approved electronic monitoring device: means a device approved by the supervising authority which is primarily intended to record or transmit information as to the defendant's presence or nonpresence in the home, consumption of alcohol, consumption of drugs, location as determined through GPS, cellular triangulation, Wi-Fi, or other electronic means. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 730 ILCS 5/5-8A-2
- Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
- Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
- Chief judge: The judge who has primary responsibility for the administration of a court but also decides cases; chief judges are determined by seniority.
- Circuit clerk: means clerk of the circuit court. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 5 ILCS 70/1.26
- Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
- Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
- Department: means the Department of Corrections or the Department of Juvenile Justice. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 730 ILCS 5/5-8A-2
- district: means a public water district organized under "An Act in relation to public water districts" approved July 25, 1945, as amended. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 65 ILCS 5/11-151-1
- Electronic monitoring: means the monitoring of an inmate, person, or offender with an electronic device both within and outside of their home under the terms and conditions established by the supervising authority. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 730 ILCS 5/5-8A-2
- Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
- Habeas corpus: A writ that is usually used to bring a prisoner before the court to determine the legality of his imprisonment. It may also be used to bring a person in custody before the court to give testimony, or to be prosecuted.
- Home detention: means the confinement of a person convicted or charged with an offense to his or her place of residence under the terms and conditions established by the supervising authority. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 730 ILCS 5/5-8A-2
- Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
- Participant: means an inmate or offender placed into an electronic monitoring program. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 730 ILCS 5/5-8A-2
- Petty offense: A federal misdemeanor punishable by six months or less in prison. Source: U.S. Courts
- Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
- Probation officers: Screen applicants for pretrial release and monitor convicted offenders released under court supervision.
- Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
- Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
- Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
- Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
- Supervising authority: means the Department of Corrections, the Department of Juvenile Justice, probation department, sheriff, superintendent of municipal house of corrections or any other officer or agency charged with authorizing and supervising electronic monitoring and home detention. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 730 ILCS 5/5-8A-2
- Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
- Units of local government: has the meaning established in Section 1 of Article VII of the Constitution of the State of Illinois of 1970. See Illinois Compiled Statutes 5 ILCS 70/1.28