Part 1 Assaultive Offenses 39-13-101 – 39-13-116
Part 2 Criminal Homicide 39-13-201 – 39-13-218
Part 3 Kidnapping and False Imprisonment 39-13-301 – 39-13-315
Part 4 Robbery 39-13-401 – 39-13-404
Part 5 Sexual Offenses 39-13-501 – 39-13-533
Part 6 Invasion of Privacy 39-13-601 – 39-13-611
Part 7 Standardized Treatment for Sex Offenders 39-13-701 – 39-13-708
Part 8 Terrorism Prevention and Response Act of 2002 39-13-801 – 39-13-812
Part 9 Surveillance by Unmanned Aircraft 39-13-901 – 39-13-907

Terms Used In Tennessee Code > Title 39 > Chapter 13 - Offenses Against Person

  • ABGC: means the American Board of Genetic Counseling. See Tennessee Code 63-6-802
  • ABMG: means the American Board of Medical Genetics. See Tennessee Code 63-6-802
  • ACAOM: means the Accreditation Commission for Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine. See Tennessee Code 63-6-1001
  • Act of terrorism: means an act or acts constituting a violation of this part, any other offense under the laws of Tennessee, or an act or acts constituting an offense in any other jurisdiction within or outside the territorial boundaries of the United States that contains all of the elements constituting a violation of this part or is otherwise an offense under the laws of such jurisdiction, that is intended, directly or indirectly, to:

    1. Intimidate or coerce a civilian population. See Tennessee Code 39-13-803
    2. Acupuncture: means a form of health care developed from traditional and modern oriental medical concepts that employs oriental medical diagnosis and treatment and adjunctive therapies and diagnostic techniques for the promotion, maintenance and restoration of health and the prevention of disease. See Tennessee Code 63-6-1001
    3. ADS: means an acupuncture detoxification specialist trained in, and who performs only, the five-point auricular detoxification treatment. See Tennessee Code 63-6-1001
    4. Advanced illness: means a progressive disease or medical or surgical condition that entails significant functional impairment, that is not considered by a treating physician to be reversible even with administration of current federal drug administration approved and available treatments, and that, without life-sustaining procedures, will soon result in death. See Tennessee Code 63-6-302
    5. Adverse event: means any untoward medical occurrence associated with the use of an investigational drug, biological product, or device in humans, regardless if drug-related. See Tennessee Code 63-6-302
    6. Advertisement: means a notice or an announcement in a public medium promoting a product, service, or event, or publicizing a job vacancy. See Tennessee Code 39-13-301
    7. Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
    8. Agriculture: means :
      1. The land, buildings and machinery used in the commercial production of farm products and nursery stock. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
      2. AMC National Registry: means the registry of state-registered AMCs and federally regulated AMCs maintained by the appraisal subcommittee. See Tennessee Code 62-39-402
      3. Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
      4. Analysis assignment: means an analysis, opinion or conclusion prepared by a real estate appraiser that relates to the nature, quality or utility of identified real estate or identified real property. See Tennessee Code 62-39-102
      5. Antique firearm: means :

        1. Any firearm, including any firearm with a matchlock, flintlock, percussion cap, or similar type of ignition system, manufactured in or before the year 1898. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
        2. Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
        3. Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
        4. Applicant: means a person seeking an initial or renewal registration pursuant to this chapter. See Tennessee Code 62-43-102
        5. Appraisal: means the act or process of developing an opinion of value of identified real estate. See Tennessee Code 62-39-102
        6. Appraisal: A determination of property value.
        7. Appraisal: means the act or process of developing an opinion of value of identified real estate. See Tennessee Code 62-39-402
        8. Appraisal assignment: means an engagement for which an appraiser is employed or retained to act, or would be perceived by third parties or the public as acting, as a disinterested third party in rendering an unbiased analysis, opinion or conclusion relating to the nature, quality, value or utility of specified interests in, or aspects of, identified real estate. See Tennessee Code 62-39-102
        9. Appraisal foundation: means the appraisal foundation incorporated as an Illinois not for profit corporation on November 30, 1987. See Tennessee Code 62-39-102
        10. Appraisal management services: means one (1) or more of the following:

          1. Recruiting, selecting, and retaining appraisers. See Tennessee Code 62-39-402
          2. Appraisal report: means any communication, written or oral, of an opinion of value of identified real estate. See Tennessee Code 62-39-102
          3. Appraiser: means an individual who holds a license under part 1 of this chapter. See Tennessee Code 62-39-402
          4. Appraiser panel: means a network, list, or roster of appraisers approved by an AMC to perform appraisals as independent contractors for the AMC. See Tennessee Code 62-39-402
          5. Apprenticeship: means a program that:

            1. Meets the federal guidelines set out in 29 C. See Tennessee Code 62-76-201
            2. Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
            3. Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
            4. Asset forfeiture: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
            5. Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
            6. Attorney-in-fact: A person who, acting as an agent, is given written authorization by another person to transact business for him (her) out of court.
            7. Audit: means an engagement performed in accordance with the Statements on Auditing Standards (SAS). See Tennessee Code 62-43-102
            8. Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
            9. Benefit: means anything reasonably regarded as economic gain, enhancement or advantage, including benefit to any other person in whose welfare the beneficiary is interested. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
            10. Blackmail: means threatening to expose or reveal the identity of another or any material, document, secret or other information that might subject a person to hatred, contempt, ridicule, loss of employment, social status or economic harm. See Tennessee Code 39-13-301
            11. Board: means the board of medical examiners, created by §. See Tennessee Code 63-6-802
            12. Board: means the Tennessee board of medical examiners. See Tennessee Code 63-6-1001
            13. Board: means the board of podiatric medical examiners. See Tennessee Code 63-3-102
            14. Board: means the board of optometry created by this chapter or similar boards created by the optometry law of other states. See Tennessee Code 63-8-102
            15. Board: means the sex offender treatment board created in §. See Tennessee Code 39-13-703
            16. Board: means the board that licenses and regulates podiatrists in Tennessee in part 1 of this chapter. See Tennessee Code 63-3-201
            17. Bodily injury: includes a cut, abrasion, bruise, burn or disfigurement, and physical pain or temporary illness or impairment of the function of a bodily member, organ, or mental faculty. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
            18. Capital offense: A crime punishable by death.
            19. Certificate of fitness: means the certificate issued by the board certifying to the division that the person therein named has met the requirements of this chapter and passed the standard examination given by the board. See Tennessee Code 63-8-102
            20. Certificate of registration: means the certificate issued by the division of health related boards under chapter 1 of this title. See Tennessee Code 63-8-102
            21. Chemical warfare agents: include , but are not limited to, the following agents, or any analog of these agents, intended for use in war or other attack to cause disease or death in humans, animals, or plants:

              1. Nerve agents, including, but not limited to:
                1. Ethyl NN- dimethylphosphoramidocyanidate (Tabun, or GA). See Tennessee Code 39-13-803
                2. chiropractic physician: means a person who is a graduate of a chiropractic college accredited by the Council on Chiropractic Education or its successor, or is a graduate of an international chiropractic college approved by the board of chiropractic examiners, and who has received a license issued by the board of chiropractic examiners. See Tennessee Code 63-4-101
                3. Citizen support organization: means an organization which:

                  1. Is organized as a nonprofit corporation, or is otherwise qualified to do business in Tennessee as a nonprofit corporation, pursuant to title 48, chapter 51. See Tennessee Code 11-3-202
                  2. Civil forfeiture: The loss of ownership of property used to conduct illegal activity.
                  3. Client: means any person who enters into a professional employer agreement with a professional employer organization. See Tennessee Code 62-43-102
                  4. Co-employer: means either a professional employer organization or a client. See Tennessee Code 62-43-102
                  5. Co-employment relationship: means a relationship which is intended to be an ongoing relationship rather than a temporary or project specific one, wherein the rights, duties, and obligations of an employer which arise out of an employment relationship have been shared and allocated between co-employers pursuant to a professional employer agreement and this chapter. See Tennessee Code 62-43-102
                  6. Code: includes the Tennessee Code and all amendments and revisions to the code and all additions and supplements to the code. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                  7. Coercion: means :

                    1. Causing or threatening to cause bodily harm to any person, physically restraining or confining any person or threatening to physically restrain or confine any person. See Tennessee Code 39-13-301
                    2. Coercion: means a threat, however communicated, to:

                      1. Commit any offense. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
                      2. Commercial sex act: means :

                        1. Any sexually explicit conduct for which anything of value is directly or indirectly given, promised to or received by any person, which conduct is induced or obtained by coercion or deception or which conduct is induced or obtained from a person under eighteen (18) years of age. See Tennessee Code 39-13-301
                        2. Commission: means the real estate appraiser commission established pursuant to §. See Tennessee Code 62-39-102
                        3. Commission: means the real estate appraiser commission created by §. See Tennessee Code 62-39-402
                        4. Commissioner: means the commissioner of health. See Tennessee Code 63-1-401
                        5. Commissioner: means the commissioner of health. See Tennessee Code 63-3-201
                        6. Commissioner: means the commissioner of environment and conservation or the duly authorized representative or, in the event of the commissioner's or representative's absence or vacancy in the office of commissioner, the deputy commissioner. See Tennessee Code 11-3-202
                        7. Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
                        8. Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
                        9. Consumer credit: means credit offered or extended to a consumer primarily for personal, family, or household purposes. See Tennessee Code 62-39-402
                        10. Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
                        11. Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
                        12. Controlling person: means :

                          1. An owner, officer or director of a corporation, partnership, or other business entity seeking to offer appraisal management services in this state. See Tennessee Code 62-39-402
                          2. Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
                          3. Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
                          4. Cytopathology services: means the examination of cells from fluids, aspirates, washings, brushings or smears, including the Pap test examination performed by a physician or under the supervision of a physician. See Tennessee Code 63-6-1201
                          5. Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
                          6. De-identified: means there is no reasonable basis to believe that the information can be used to identify an individual and there is compliance with the requirements for de-identification outlined in 45 C. See Tennessee Code 63-2-101
                          7. Deadly weapon: means :

                            1. A firearm or anything manifestly designed, made or adapted for the purpose of inflicting death or serious bodily injury. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
                            2. Deception: means :

                              1. Creating or confirming another person's impression of an existing fact or past event that is false and that the accused knows or believes to be false. See Tennessee Code 39-13-301
                              2. Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
                              3. Defendant: means a person accused of an offense under this title and includes any person who aids or abets the commission of such offense. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
                              4. Department: means the department of health. See Tennessee Code 63-6-802
                              5. Department: means the department of commerce and insurance. See Tennessee Code 62-43-102
                              6. Department: means the department of health. See Tennessee Code 63-3-201
                              7. Department: means the department of environment and conservation. See Tennessee Code 11-3-202
                              8. Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
                              9. Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
                              10. Designated entity: means any entity designated by the United States department of state as a foreign terrorist organization in accordance with §. See Tennessee Code 39-13-803
                              11. Diagnosis: means :
                                1. The differential diagnosis of human ailments through examination and evaluation of patients and through diagnostic procedures necessary to clinically correlate a physical examination to a diagnostic impression. See Tennessee Code 63-4-101
                                2. Differential diagnosis: means the examination of body systems and structures of a patient to determine the source, nature, and extent of a disease or other physical condition for the purpose of establishing an appropriate plan of care for the patient, which may include referral to another provider for care that is outside the scope of practice of a chiropractic physician. See Tennessee Code 63-4-101
                                3. Direct medical care agreement: means a written contractual agreement between a direct medical care provider and an individual patient, or the patient's legal representative, in which:

                                  1. The direct medical care provider agrees to provide medical care services to the individual patient for an agreed fee over an agreed period of time. See Tennessee Code 63-1-502
                                  2. direct supervision: means the continuous presence of a supervising dentist within the physical confines of the dental office when licensed and registered dental hygienists or registered dental assistants perform lawfully assigned duties and functions. See Tennessee Code 63-5-115
                                  3. Director: means the director of the division of health related boards. See Tennessee Code 63-3-201
                                  4. Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
                                  5. Division: means the division of health related boards within the department. See Tennessee Code 63-6-802
                                  6. Division: means the division of health related boards of the department of health. See Tennessee Code 63-3-102
                                  7. Division: means the division of health related boards in the department of health. See Tennessee Code 63-8-102
                                  8. Division: means the division of health related boards. See Tennessee Code 63-3-201
                                  9. Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
                                  10. Dwelling: includes individual condominium units, cooperative units, mobile homes, and trailers, if used as a residence. See Tennessee Code 62-39-402
                                  11. Effective consent: means assent in fact, whether express or apparent, including assent by one legally authorized to act for another. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
                                  12. Eligible patient: means an individual who meets all of the following conditions:

                                    1. Has an advanced illness, attested to by the patient's treating physician and confirmed by a second physician. See Tennessee Code 63-6-302
                                    2. Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
                                    3. Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
                                    4. Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
                                    5. Facility: means the business location where orthotic, prosthetic or pedorthic care is provided. See Tennessee Code 63-3-201
                                    6. Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
                                    7. Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation: A government corporation that insures the deposits of all national and state banks that are members of the Federal Reserve System. Source: OCC
                                    8. Federal Reserve System: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC
                                    9. Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
                                    10. Finance charge: The total cost of credit a customer must pay on a consumer loan, including interest. The Truth in Lending Act requires disclosure of the finance charge. Source: OCC
                                    11. Financial harm: includes extortion as defined by §. See Tennessee Code 39-13-301
                                    12. Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
                                    13. Force: means compulsion by the use of physical power or violence and shall be broadly construed to accomplish the purposes of this title. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
                                    14. Forced labor or services: means labor or services that are performed or provided by another person and are obtained or maintained through the defendant's:

                                      1. Causing or threatening to cause serious harm to any person. See Tennessee Code 39-13-301
                                      2. Forgery: The fraudulent signing or alteration of another's name to an instrument such as a deed, mortgage, or check. The intent of the forgery is to deceive or defraud. Source: OCC
                                      3. Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
                                      4. Free clinic: means a not for profit, out-patient, nonhospital facility in which a health care provider engages in the voluntary provision of health care services to patients without charge to the recipient of the services or to a third party. See Tennessee Code 63-6-703
                                      5. Free health clinic: means a health care facility operated by a nonprofit private entity that does not receive payment for its services and does not impose any charges on the individuals to whom services are rendered. See Tennessee Code 63-1-201
                                      6. Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
                                      7. Genetic counselor: means a person licensed under this part to engage in the practice of genetic counseling. See Tennessee Code 63-6-802
                                      8. Government: means the state or any political subdivision of the state, and includes any branch or agency of the state, a county, municipality or other political subdivision. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
                                      9. Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
                                      10. Guarantor: A party who agrees to be responsible for the payment of another party's debts should that party default. Source: OCC
                                      11. Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
                                      12. Harm: means anything reasonably regarded as loss, disadvantage or injury, including harm to another person in whose welfare the person affected is interested. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
                                      13. health care entity: means and includes a health care facility and an agency, company or health care professional, other than the referring physician, providing health care services. See Tennessee Code 63-6-601
                                      14. Health care facility: means and includes any real property or equipment of a health care institution as that term is defined in §. See Tennessee Code 63-6-601
                                      15. Health care provider: means any person required to be licensed under this title. See Tennessee Code 63-2-101
                                      16. Health care provider: means any physician, surgeon, dentist, nurse, optometrist or other practitioner of a health care discipline, the professional practice of which requires licensure or certification under this title or under a comparable provision of law of another state, territory, district or possession of the United States. See Tennessee Code 63-6-703
                                      17. Hearsay: Statements by a witness who did not see or hear the incident in question but heard about it from someone else. Hearsay is usually not admissible as evidence in court.
                                      18. Highway: includes public bridges and may be held equivalent to the words "county way" "county road" or "state road". See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                                      19. Human trafficking offense: means the commission of any act that constitutes the criminal offense of:

                                        1. Involuntary labor servitude, under §. See Tennessee Code 39-13-314
                                        2. Image: means any capturing of sound waves, thermal, infrared, ultraviolet, visible light, or other electromagnetic waves, odor, or other conditions existing on or about real property in this state or an individual located on that property. See Tennessee Code 39-13-901
                                        3. Incapacitated: means that a patient is in a physical or mental condition such that the patient is incapable of granting or denying informed consent. See Tennessee Code 63-2-101
                                        4. Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
                                        5. Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
                                        6. Industrial hygiene: means the science and art devoted to anticipation, recognition, evaluation and control of environmental factors or stressors arising in or from the workplace that may cause sickness, impaired health and well-being or significant discomfort and inefficiency among workers. See Tennessee Code 62-40-101
                                        7. Industrial hygienist: means a person who possesses a baccalaureate degree issued by an accredited college or university in industrial hygiene engineering, chemistry, physics, biology, medicine or related physical and biological sciences and who, by virtue of special studies and training, has acquired competence in industrial hygiene. See Tennessee Code 62-40-101
                                        8. Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
                                        9. Intentional: means that a person acts intentionally with respect to the nature of the conduct or to a result of the conduct when it is the person's conscious objective or desire to engage in the conduct or cause the result. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
                                        10. Involuntary servitude: means the condition of a person who is compelled by force, coercion or imprisonment and against the person's will to labor for another, whether paid or not. See Tennessee Code 39-13-301
                                        11. Itinerant optometrist: means an optometrist who maintains an office at a location other than such optometrist's principal office. See Tennessee Code 63-8-102
                                        12. Jail: includes workhouse and "workhouse" includes jail, whenever the context so requires or will permit. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
                                        13. Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
                                        14. Juror: A person who is on the jury.
                                        15. Knowing: means that a person acts knowingly with respect to the conduct or to circumstances surrounding the conduct when the person is aware of the nature of the conduct or that the circumstances exist. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
                                        16. Labor: means work of economic or financial value. See Tennessee Code 39-13-301
                                        17. Law enforcement officer: means an officer, employee or agent of government who has a duty imposed by law to:

                                          1. Maintain public order. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
                                          2. Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
                                          3. Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
                                          4. Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
                                          5. Licensed health care provider: means any health care provider holding a current license or certificate issued under:

                                            1. This title. See Tennessee Code 63-6-703
                                            2. Licensed orthotist: means a person who is licensed under this part to practice orthotics and who represents the person to the public by title or description of services that includes the term "orthotic" "orthotist" "brace" or a similar title or description of services. See Tennessee Code 63-3-201
                                            3. Licensing authority: means any state agency with the authority to impose training, education, or licensure fees to practice in a profession. See Tennessee Code 62-76-201
                                            4. Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
                                            5. Local governmental entity: means a governing body, board, commission, committee or department of a municipality or county. See Tennessee Code 62-43-102
                                            6. Medical care service: includes the screening, assessment, diagnosis, and treatment for the purpose of promotion of health or the detection and management of disease or injury within the competency and training of the direct medical care provider. See Tennessee Code 63-1-502
                                            7. Medical practitioner: means a:

                                              1. Physician licensed under chapter 6 or 9 of this title. See Tennessee Code 63-1-201
                                              2. Medical products: include medical drugs and pharmaceuticals. See Tennessee Code 63-1-502
                                              3. medical records: includes any list of patients that is compiled or maintained by or for such patient's health care provider. See Tennessee Code 63-2-101
                                              4. Minor: means any person who has not attained eighteen (18) years of age. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                                              5. Minor: means an individual who is less than eighteen (18) years of age. See Tennessee Code 39-13-301
                                              6. Minor: means any person under eighteen (18) years of age. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
                                              7. Month: means a calendar month. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                                              8. Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
                                              9. Muscular anomalies: means any deviation from the normal standard. See Tennessee Code 63-8-102
                                              10. NADA: means the National Acupuncture Detoxification Association. See Tennessee Code 63-6-1001
                                              11. NCCAOM: means the National Certification Commission for Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine. See Tennessee Code 63-6-1001
                                              12. Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
                                              13. Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
                                              14. Obtain: means , in relation to labor or services, to secure performance of labor or services. See Tennessee Code 39-13-301
                                              15. Off-the-shelf device: means a prefabricated prosthesis or orthosis sized or modified for use by the patient in accordance with a prescription from a health care practitioner authorized by law to write such prescriptions that does not require substantial clinical judgment and substantive alteration for appropriate use. See Tennessee Code 63-3-201
                                              16. Onsite medical clinic: means a medical clinic located on the premises of the patient's employer for which cytopathology services are provided and for which a patient has no financial obligation to pay for the cytopathology services. See Tennessee Code 63-6-1201
                                              17. Optometrist: means a person who is engaged in the practice of optometry as defined. See Tennessee Code 63-8-102
                                              18. Orthoptic training: means any ocular exercise for the correction or relief of abnormal muscles or functions of the eyes. See Tennessee Code 63-8-102
                                              19. Orthosis: means a custom designed, fabricated, fitted or modified device to correct, support or compensate for a neuro-musculoskeletal disorder or acquired condition. See Tennessee Code 63-3-201
                                              20. Orthotics: means the science and practice of evaluating, measuring, designing, fabricating, assembling, fitting, adjusting or servicing an orthosis, under an order from a licensed health care practitioner authorized by law to issue such an order, for the correction or alleviation of neuromuscular or musculoskeletal dysfunction, disease, injury or deformity. See Tennessee Code 63-3-201
                                              21. Orthotist: means an allied health professional who is specifically trained and educated to provide or manage the provision of a custom-designed, fabricated, modified and fitted external orthosis to an orthotic patient, based on a clinical assessment and a prescription from a health care practitioner authorized by law to write such prescriptions, to restore physiological function or cosmesis. See Tennessee Code 63-3-201
                                              22. Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
                                              23. Owner: means a person, other than the defendant, who has possession of or any interest other than a mortgage, deed of trust or security interest in property, even though that possession or interest is unlawful and without whose consent the defendant has no authority to exert control over the property. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
                                              24. Pain clinic guidelines: means systematically developed standards to assist healthcare providers and pain clinic certificate holders in making decisions concerning the appropriate medical care for chronic nonmalignant pain treatment, as defined in §. See Tennessee Code 63-1-401
                                              25. Park: means an area as defined at §. See Tennessee Code 11-3-202
                                              26. Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
                                              27. Pedorthic device: means therapeutic footwear, foot orthoses for use at the ankle or below and modified footwear made for therapeutic purposes, as prescribed by a licensed health care practitioner authorized by law to issue such prescription. See Tennessee Code 63-3-201
                                              28. Pedorthics: means the science and practice of evaluating, measuring, designing, fabricating, assembling, fitting, adjusting or servicing a pedorthic device, under an order from a licensed health care practitioner authorized by law to issue such order for the correction or alleviation of neuromuscular or musculoskeletal dysfunction, disease, injury or deformity. See Tennessee Code 63-3-201
                                              29. Pedorthist: means a person who measures, designs, fabricates, fits or services pedorthic devices and assists in the formulation of the order of pedorthic devices, as ordered by a licensed health care practitioner authorized by law to issue such order for the support or correction of disabilities caused by neuro-musculoskeletal diseases, injuries or deformities. See Tennessee Code 63-3-201
                                              30. Per stirpes: The legal means by which the children of a decedent, upon the death of an ancestor at a level above that of the decedent, receive by right of representation the share of the ancestor
                                              31. Person: includes a corporation, firm, company or association. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                                              32. Person: includes the singular and the plural and means and includes any individual, firm, partnership, copartnership, association, corporation, governmental subdivision or agency, or other organization or other legal entity, or any agent or servant thereof. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
                                              33. Person: means a natural person or an entity, including a corporation, limited liability company, partnership, sole proprietorship, association, cooperative, estate, trust, or government unit. See Tennessee Code 62-39-402
                                              34. Person: means a natural person. See Tennessee Code 63-3-201
                                              35. Personal property: All property that is not real property.
                                              36. Personal property: includes money, goods, chattels, things in action, and evidences of debt. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                                              37. Personal representative: when applied to those who represent a decedent, includes executors and administrators, unless the context implies heirs and distributees. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                                              38. Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
                                              39. Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
                                              40. Plea agreement: An arrangement between the prosecutor, the defense attorney, and the defendant in which the defendant agrees to plead guilty in exchange for special considerations. Source:
                                              41. Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
                                              42. Practice of acupuncture: means the insertion of acupuncture needles and the application of moxibustion to specific areas of the human body based on oriental medical diagnosis as a primary mode of therapy. See Tennessee Code 63-6-1001
                                              43. Practice of chiropractic: means the diagnosis and treatment of patients, as defined in subdivisions (a)(1)(B) and (D). See Tennessee Code 63-4-101
                                              44. Practice of genetic counseling: means the process of helping people understand and adapt to the medical, psychological and familial implications of genetic contributions to disease performed pursuant to a referral. See Tennessee Code 63-6-802
                                              45. Practice of optometry as a profession: means :

                                                1. The employment of objective or subjective methods, either or both, for the purpose of ascertaining defects of vision or muscular anomalies or other abnormal conditions of the eyes. See Tennessee Code 63-8-102
                                                2. Presentence report: A report prepared by a court's probation officer, after a person has been convicted of an offense, summarizing for the court the background information needed to determine the appropriate sentence. Source: U.S. Courts
                                                3. Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
                                                4. Principal office: means the office location so designated by the optometrist involved. See Tennessee Code 63-8-102
                                                5. Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
                                                6. Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
                                                7. Professional employer agreement: means a written contract between a client and a professional employer organization that provides:

                                                  1. For the co-employment of covered employees. See Tennessee Code 62-43-102
                                                  2. Professional employer organization group: means two (2) or more professional employer organizations that are majority owned or commonly controlled by the same entity, parent or controlling person. See Tennessee Code 62-43-102
                                                  3. Professional employer services: means the service of entering into co-employment relationships under this chapter in which all or a majority of the employees providing services to a client, a division or work unit of a client are covered employees. See Tennessee Code 62-43-102
                                                  4. Professional industrial hygienist: means a person who possesses a baccalaureate degree issued by an accredited college or university in industrial hygiene, engineering, chemistry, physics, biology, medicine or related physical and biological sciences and who has a minimum of three (3) years full-time industrial hygiene experience. See Tennessee Code 62-40-101
                                                  5. Property: includes both personal and real property. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                                                  6. Property: means anything of value, including, but not limited to, money, real estate, tangible or intangible personal property, including anything severed from land, library material, contract rights, choses-in-action, interests in or claims to wealth, credit, admission or transportation tickets, captured or domestic animals, food and drink, electric or other power. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
                                                  7. Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
                                                  8. Prosthesis: means a custom designed, fabricated, fitted or modified device to replace an absent external limb, for the purpose of restoring physiological function or cosmesis. See Tennessee Code 63-3-201
                                                  9. Prosthetics: means the science and practice of evaluating, measuring, designing, fabricating, assembling, fitting, adjusting or servicing a prosthesis, under an order from a licensed health care practitioner authorized by law to issue such order. See Tennessee Code 63-3-201
                                                  10. Prosthetist: means an allied health professional who is specifically trained and educated to provide or manage the provision of a custom designed, fabricated, modified and fitted external limb prosthesis to a prosthetic patient, based on a clinical assessment and a prescription from a health care practitioner authorized to write such prescriptions, to restore physiological function or cosmesis. See Tennessee Code 63-3-201
                                                  11. Public defender: Represent defendants who can't afford an attorney in criminal matters.
                                                  12. Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
                                                  13. Public place: means a place to which the public or a group of persons has access and includes, but is not limited to, highways, transportation facilities, schools, places of amusement, parks, places of business, playgrounds and hallways, lobbies and other portions of apartment houses and hotels not constituting rooms or apartments designed for actual residence. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
                                                  14. Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
                                                  15. Real estate: means an identified parcel or tract of land, including improvements, if any. See Tennessee Code 62-39-102
                                                  16. Real estate appraisal activity: means the act or process of making an appraisal of real estate or real property and preparing an appraisal report. See Tennessee Code 62-39-102
                                                  17. Real estate appraiser: means a person who engages in real estate appraisal activity for a fee or other valuable consideration. See Tennessee Code 62-39-102
                                                  18. Real property: means one (1) or more defined interests, benefits and rights inherent in the ownership of real estate. See Tennessee Code 62-39-102
                                                  19. Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
                                                  20. real property: include lands, tenements and hereditaments, and all rights thereto and interests therein, equitable as well as legal. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                                                  21. Reckless: means that a person acts recklessly with respect to circumstances surrounding the conduct or the result of the conduct when the person is aware of, but consciously disregards a substantial and unjustifiable risk that the circumstances exist or the result will occur. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
                                                  22. Record: means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in a perceivable form. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                                                  23. Referral: means a written or telecommunicated authorization for genetic counseling services from a physician licensed to practice medicine in all its branches or an advanced practice registered nurse or physician assistant who has an agreement and signed protocols with a supervising physician that authorizes referrals to a genetic counselor. See Tennessee Code 63-6-802
                                                  24. Registrant: means a professional employer organization registered under this chapter. See Tennessee Code 62-43-102
                                                  25. Regularly practice: means to practice for more than sixty (60) days within any ninety-day period. See Tennessee Code 63-6-703
                                                  26. Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
                                                  27. Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
                                                  28. Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
                                                  29. Representative: when applied to those who represent a decedent, includes executors and administrators, unless the context implies heirs and distributees. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                                                  30. Resident: means a person who has completed an education program in either orthotics or prosthetics and is continuing such person's clinical education in a residency program approved by the board. See Tennessee Code 63-3-201
                                                  31. Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
                                                  32. Review assignment: means an analysis, opinion or conclusion prepared by a real estate appraiser that forms an opinion as to the adequacy and appropriateness of a valuation appraisal or an analysis assignment. See Tennessee Code 62-39-102
                                                  33. Road: includes public bridges and may be held equivalent to the words "county way" "county road" or "state road". See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                                                  34. Serious bodily injury: means bodily injury that involves:

                                                    1. A substantial risk of death. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
                                                    2. Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
                                                    3. Services: includes labor, skill, professional service, transportation, telephone, mail, gas, electricity, steam, water, cable television, entertainment subscription service or other public services, accommodations in hotels, restaurants or elsewhere, admissions to exhibitions, use of vehicles or other movable property, and any other activity or product considered in the ordinary course of business to be a service, regardless of whether it is listed in this subdivision (a)(37) or a specific statute exists covering the same or similar conduct. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
                                                    4. Services: means an ongoing relationship between a person and the defendant in which the person performs activities under the supervision of or for the defendant. See Tennessee Code 39-13-301
                                                    5. Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
                                                    6. Sex offender: means any person who is convicted in this state, on or after January 1, 1996, of any sex offense, or if such person has been convicted in another state of an offense that would constitute a sex offense in this state, and who is subject to parole or probation supervision by the department of correction pursuant to an interstate compact. See Tennessee Code 39-13-703
                                                    7. Sex offense: means any felony or misdemeanor offense described as follows:

                                                      1. The commission of any act that, on or after January 1, 1996, constitutes the criminal offense of:
                                                        1. Rape of a child, as defined in §. See Tennessee Code 39-13-703
                                                        2. Sexually explicit conduct: means actual or simulated:

                                                          1. Sexual intercourse, including genital-genital, oral-genital, anal-genital, or oral-anal, whether between persons of the same or opposite sex. See Tennessee Code 39-13-301
                                                          2. signed: includes a mark, the name being written near the mark and witnessed, or any other symbol or methodology executed or adopted by a party with intention to authenticate a writing or record, regardless of being witnessed. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                                                          3. Small operations: means an applicant or registrant with less than fifty million dollars ($50,000,000) in annualized wages. See Tennessee Code 62-43-102
                                                          4. Special volunteer license: means a license awarded to a medical practitioner whose sole practice is rendering professional services without remuneration in a free health clinic at a specified site or setting. See Tennessee Code 63-1-201
                                                          5. Specialized services: means those appraisal services that do not fall within the definition of appraisal assignment. See Tennessee Code 62-39-102
                                                          6. Sponsoring organization: means any organization that organizes or arranges for the voluntary provision of health care services and that registers with the department of health as a sponsoring organization in accordance with §. See Tennessee Code 63-6-703
                                                          7. sports official: means any person who serves as referee, umpire, linesperson or in any similar capacity in supervising or administering a sports event and who is registered as a member of a local, state, regional or national organization that provides training and educational opportunities for sports officials. See Tennessee Code 62-50-201
                                                          8. Standard examination: means the examination prescribed by §. See Tennessee Code 63-8-102
                                                          9. State: when applied to the different parts of the United States, includes the District of Columbia and the several territories of the United States. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                                                          10. State: means any of the fifty (50) states of the union, the District of Columbia and territories of the United States. See Tennessee Code 63-8-102
                                                          11. State agency: means a state board, agency, or commission attached to the division of regulatory boards, as listed in §. See Tennessee Code 62-76-201
                                                          12. State certified real estate appraiser: means a person who develops and communicates real estate appraisals and who holds a current, valid certificate issued to the person for either general or residential real estate under this chapter. See Tennessee Code 62-39-102
                                                          13. State licensed real estate appraiser: means a person who holds a current, valid real estate appraiser license issued pursuant to this chapter. See Tennessee Code 62-39-102
                                                          14. States: means the fifty (50) states, the District of Columbia and the territories of Guam, Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico, and the U. See Tennessee Code 62-39-402
                                                          15. Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
                                                          16. Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
                                                          17. Subpoena duces tecum: A command to a witness to produce documents.
                                                          18. Supervision: means the ongoing, direct clinical review for the purposes of training or teaching by an approved supervisor who monitors the performance or a person's supervised interaction with a client and provides regular documented face-to-face consultation, guidance and instructions with respect to the clinical skills and competencies of the person supervised. See Tennessee Code 63-6-802
                                                          19. Temporary help services: means services consisting of a person:

                                                            1. Recruiting and hiring its own employees. See Tennessee Code 62-43-102
                                                            2. Testify: Answer questions in court.
                                                            3. Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
                                                            4. Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
                                                            5. Trafficked person: means a victim of a human trafficking offense. See Tennessee Code 39-13-314
                                                            6. Training: means instruction or teaching designed to impart a specific skill, as opposed to general knowledge. See Tennessee Code 39-13-803
                                                            7. Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
                                                            8. Treatment: means :
                                                              1. The treatment of neuromuscular, musculoskeletal, and related conditions through the use of chiropractic adjustment and manipulation. See Tennessee Code 63-4-101
                                                              2. Treatment: means therapy and supervision of any sex offender that conforms to the standards created by the board pursuant to §. See Tennessee Code 39-13-703
                                                              3. Treatment guidelines: means systematically developed statements to assist healthcare providers in making patient decisions concerning appropriate medical care for specific clinical circumstances and settings. See Tennessee Code 63-1-401
                                                              4. Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
                                                              5. Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
                                                              6. Truth in Lending Act: The Truth in Lending Act is a federal law that requires lenders to provide standardized information so that borrowers can compare loan terms. In general, lenders must provide information on Source: OCC
                                                              7. United States: includes the District of Columbia and the several territories of the United States. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                                                              8. Unmanned aircraft: means an airborne device that is operated without an individual in or on the device. See Tennessee Code 39-13-901
                                                              9. USPAP: means the appraisal standards promulgated by the Appraisal Standards Board of the Appraisal Foundation. See Tennessee Code 62-39-402
                                                              10. Usury: Charging an illegally high interest rate on a loan. Source: OCC
                                                              11. Valuation appraisal: refers to an analysis, opinion or conclusion prepared by a real estate appraiser that estimates the value of an identified parcel of real estate or identified real property at a particular point in time. See Tennessee Code 62-39-102
                                                              12. Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
                                                              13. Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
                                                              14. Victim advocate: work with prosecutors and assist the victims of a crime.
                                                              15. Voir dire: The process by which judges and lawyers select a petit jury from among those eligible to serve, by questioning them to determine knowledge of the facts of the case and a willingness to decide the case only on the evidence presented in court. "Voir dire" is a phrase meaning "to speak the truth."
                                                              16. Voluntary provision of health care services: means the providing of professional health care services by the health care provider either without charge to the recipient of the services or to a third party, or recipients are charged on a sliding scale according to income. See Tennessee Code 63-6-703
                                                              17. Weapon of mass destruction: includes chemical warfare agents, biological or biologic warfare agents, weaponized agents, weaponized biological or biologic warfare agents, nuclear agents, radiological agents, or the intentional release of industrial agents as a weapon. See Tennessee Code 39-13-803
                                                              18. Weaponized biological or biologic warfare agents: include , but are not limited to, weaponized pathogens, such as bacteria, viruses, rickettsia, yeasts, fungi, or genetically engineered pathogens, toxins, vectors, and endogenous biological regulators (EBRs). See Tennessee Code 39-13-803
                                                              19. Working capital: means the excess of current assets over current liabilities as determined by generally accepted accounting principles. See Tennessee Code 62-43-102
                                                              20. written: includes printing, typewriting, engraving, lithography, and any other mode of representing words and letters. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                                                              21. Year: means a calendar year, unless otherwise expressed. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105