Sections
Article 1 Homicide 18.2-30 – 18.2-37
Article 2 Crimes by Mobs 18.2-38 – 18.2-46
Article 2 1. Crimes by Gangs 18.2-46.1 – 18.2-46.3:3
Article 2 2. Terrorism Offenses 18.2-46.4 – 18.2-46.10
Article 3 Kidnapping and Related Offenses 18.2-47 – 18.2-50.3
Article 4 Assaults and Bodily Woundings 18.2-51 – 18.2-57.4
Article 5 Robbery 18.2-58 – 18.2-58.1
Article 6 Extortion and Other Threats 18.2-59 – 18.2-60.5
Article 7 Criminal Sexual Assault 18.2-61 – 18.2-67.10
Article 9 Abortion 18.2-71 – 18.2-76.2

Terms Used In Virginia Code > Title 18.2 > Chapter 4

  • Abducted child: means a child (i) whose whereabouts are unknown, (ii) who is believed to have been abducted, (iii) who is 17 years of age or younger or is currently enrolled in a secondary school in the Commonwealth, regardless of age, and (iv) whose disappearance poses a credible threat as determined by law enforcement to the safety and health of the child and under such other circumstances as deemed appropriate by the Virginia State Police. See Virginia Code 52-34.1
  • Act: means the Virginia Property Owners' Association Act. See Virginia Code 55-509
  • Act of terrorism: means an act of violence as defined in clause (i) of subdivision A of § 19. See Virginia Code 18.2-46.4
  • Act of violence: means those felony offenses described in subsection A of § 55-367. See Virginia Code 55-362
  • Adjourn: A motion to adjourn a legislative chamber or a committee, if passed, ends that day's session.
  • Administrator: means the State Treasurer or his designee. See Virginia Code 55-210.2
  • Adult: means a person 18 years of age or more. See Virginia Code 1-203
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Affiliate: means a person that directly, or indirectly through one or more intermediaries, controls, is controlled by, or is under common control with, the person specified. See Virginia Code 55-362
  • Affiliate of a declarant: means any person who controls, is controlled by, or is under common control with a declarant. See Virginia Code 55-426
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • Agency: means any department, institution, authority, instrumentality, board or other administrative agency of the government of the Commonwealth of Virginia and any transportation district created pursuant to the Transportation District Act of 1964 (§ 33. See Virginia Code 8.01-195.2
  • agent: means a person not less than 16 years of age charged by an entity with the responsibility of navigating and operating an electric personal delivery device. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • All-terrain vehicle: means a motor vehicle having three or more wheels that is powered by a motor and is manufactured for off-highway use. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Allocated interests: means the common expense liability and the ownership interest and votes in the association allocated to each cooperative interest. See Virginia Code 55-426
  • Alternative purchase: means anything valued in excess of $100 which is offered to a potential purchaser by the developer during the developer's sales presentation and which is purchased by such potential purchaser for more than $100, even though the purchaser did not purchase a time-share. See Virginia Code 55-362
  • Amber Agreement: means the voluntary agreement between law-enforcement officials and members of the media whereby a child will be declared abducted, and the public will be notified, and includes all other incidental conditions of the partnership as found appropriate by the Virginia State Police. See Virginia Code 52-34.1
  • Amber Alert: means the notice of child abduction provided to the public by the media or other methods under an Amber Agreement. See Virginia Code 52-34.1
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Apparent owner: means the person whose name appears on the records of the holder as the person entitled to property held, issued, or owing by the holder. See Virginia Code 55-210.2
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Association: means the association organized under the provisions of § 55-368. See Virginia Code 55-362
  • Association: means the property owners' association. See Virginia Code 55-509
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Attorney-in-fact: A person who, acting as an agent, is given written authorization by another person to transact business for him (her) out of court.
  • Autocycle: means a three-wheeled motor vehicle that has a steering wheel and seating that does not require the operator to straddle or sit astride and is manufactured to comply with federal safety requirements for motorcycles. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Bank: means a corporation authorized by statute to accept deposits and to hold itself out to the public as engaged in the banking business in the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 6.2-800
  • Banking organization: means any bank, trust company, savings bank (industrial bank, land bank, safe deposit company), or a private banker, or any other organization defined by law as a bank or banking organization. See Virginia Code 55-210.2
  • Base offense: means an act of violence as defined in clause (i) of subdivision A of § 19. See Virginia Code 18.2-46.4
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • Board: means the Common Interest Community Board, an agency within the meaning of the Administrative Process Act (§ Virginia Code 55-509
  • Business association: means any corporation, joint-stock company, investment company, business trust, partnership, limited liability company, cooperative, or association for business purposes of two or more individuals whether or not for profit, including a banking organization, financial organization, insurance company, or utility. See Virginia Code 55-210.2
  • Capital components: means those items, whether or not a part of the common elements, for which the unit owners' association has the obligation for repair, replacement or restoration and for which the executive organ determines funding is necessary. See Virginia Code 55-79.41
  • Capital components: means those items, whether or not a part of the common elements, for which the association has the obligation for repair, replacement, or restoration and for which the executive board determines funding is necessary. See Virginia Code 55-426
  • Chauffeur: means every person employed for the principal purpose of driving a motor vehicle and every person who drives a motor vehicle while in use as a public or common carrier of persons or property. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • Civil forfeiture: The loss of ownership of property used to conduct illegal activity.
  • Clerk: means a clerk of the circuit court. See Virginia Code 55-142.10
  • Clerk of court: An officer appointed by the court to work with the chief judge in overseeing the court's administration, especially to assist in managing the flow of cases through the court and to maintain court records.
  • Commission: means the State Corporation Commission. See Virginia Code 52-36
  • Commission: means the State Corporation Commission. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • Commissioner: means the Commissioner of the Department of Motor Vehicles of the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • Common area: means property within a development which is owned, leased or required by the declaration to be maintained or operated by a property owners' association for the use of its members and designated as common area in the declaration. See Virginia Code 55-509
  • Common elements: means all portions of the condominium other than the units. See Virginia Code 55-79.41
  • Common elements: means the real estate, improvements thereon, and the personalty situate within the time-share project that are subject to the time-share program. See Virginia Code 55-362
  • Common elements: means all portions of a cooperative other than the units. See Virginia Code 55-426
  • Common expenses: means all expenditures lawfully made or incurred by or on behalf of the unit owners' association, together with all funds lawfully assessed for the creation and/or maintenance of reserves pursuant to the provisions of the condominium instruments. See Virginia Code 55-79.41
  • Common expenses: means expenditures made by or financial liabilities of the association, together with any allocations to reserves. See Virginia Code 55-426
  • Common interest community: means the same as that term is defined in § 55-528. See Virginia Code 55-509
  • Common interest community manager: means the same as that term is defined in § Virginia Code 55-509
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Community correctional facility: means any group home, halfway house or other physically unrestricting facility used for the housing, treatment or care of adult offenders established or operated with funds appropriated to the Department of Corrections from the state treasury and maintained or operated by any political subdivision, combination of political subdivisions or privately operated agency within the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 53.1-1
  • Complaining witness: means the person alleged to have been subjected to rape, forcible sodomy, inanimate or animate object sexual penetration, marital sexual assault, aggravated sexual battery, or sexual battery. See Virginia Code 18.2-67.10
  • Condominium: means real property, and any incidents thereto or interests therein, lawfully submitted to this chapter by the recordation of condominium instruments pursuant to the provisions of this chapter. See Virginia Code 55-79.41
  • Condominium instruments: is a collective term referring to the declaration, bylaws, and plats and plans, recorded pursuant to the provisions of this chapter. See Virginia Code 55-79.41
  • Condominium unit: means a unit together with the undivided interest in the common elements appertaining to that unit. See Virginia Code 55-79.41
  • Consumer documents: means the aggregate of the following documents: the reverter deed, note, and the deed of trust. See Virginia Code 55-362
  • Contact information: means any information that can be used to contact an owner, including the owner's name, address, telephone number, email address, or user identity on any electronic networking service. See Virginia Code 55-362
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Contractable condominium: means a condominium from which one or more portions of the submitted land may be withdrawn in accordance with the provisions of the declaration and of this chapter. See Virginia Code 55-79.41
  • contractor: means any entity, including a local government, entering into or offering or proposing to enter into a contractual agreement to provide any correctional services to inmates under the custody of the Commonwealth or federal inmates under the custody of the prison contractor, while in the Commonwealth of Virginia. See Virginia Code 53.1-261
  • Conversion building: means a building that at any time before creation of the cooperative was occupied wholly or partially by persons other than purchasers and persons who occupy with the consent of purchasers. See Virginia Code 55-426
  • Conversion condominium: means a condominium containing structures which before the recording of the declaration, were wholly or partially occupied by persons other than those who have contracted for the purchase of condominium units and those who occupy with the consent of such purchasers. See Virginia Code 55-79.41
  • Conversion time-share project: means a real estate improvement, which prior to the disposition of any time-share, was wholly or partially occupied by persons as their permanent residence or on a transient pay-as-you-go basis other than those who have contracted for the purchase of a time-share and those who occupy with the consent of such purchasers. See Virginia Code 55-362
  • Convertible land: means a building site; that is to say, a portion of the common elements, within which additional units and/or limited common elements may be created in accordance with the provisions of this chapter. See Virginia Code 55-79.41
  • Convertible space: means a portion of a structure within the condominium, which portion may be converted into one or more units and/or common elements, including but not limited to limited common elements in accordance with the provisions of this chapter. See Virginia Code 55-79.41
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Cooperative: means real estate owned by an association, each of the members of which is entitled, by virtue of his ownership interest in the association, to exclusive possession of a unit. See Virginia Code 55-426
  • Cooperative interest: means an ownership interest in the association coupled with a possessory interest in a unit under a proprietary lease. See Virginia Code 55-426
  • Correctional services: means the following functions, services and activities when provided within a prison or otherwise:

    1. See Virginia Code 53.1-261

  • Cost of ownership: means all of the owner's expenses related to a resale time-share due and payable between the date of a resale transfer contract and the transfer of the resale time-share. See Virginia Code 55-362
  • Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff.
  • Courts of record: means the Supreme Court of Virginia, the Court of Appeals of Virginia, and the circuit courts. See Virginia Code 1-212
  • Credit balance: means an item of intangible property resulting from or attributable to the sale of goods or services, which includes, by way of illustration, an overpayment, credit memo, refund, discount, rebate, unidentified remittance, or deposit. See Virginia Code 55-210.2
  • Critically missing adult: means an adult (i) whose whereabouts are unknown, (ii) who is believed to have been abducted, and (iii) whose disappearance poses a credible threat as determined by a law-enforcement agency to the health and safety of the adult and under such other circumstances as deemed appropriate by the Virginia State Police. See Virginia Code 52-34.10
  • Critically missing adult alert: means the notice of a critically missing adult provided to the public by the media or other methods under a Critically Missing Adult Alert Agreement. See Virginia Code 52-34.10
  • Critically Missing Adult Alert Agreement: means a voluntary agreement between law-enforcement officials and members of the media whereby an adult will be declared missing, and the public will be notified by media outlets, and includes all other incidental conditions of the partnership as found appropriate by the Virginia State Police. See Virginia Code 52-34.10
  • Critically Missing Adult Alert Program: means the procedures and Critically Missing Adult Alert Agreements to aid in the identification and location of a critically missing adult. See Virginia Code 52-34.10
  • Day: means calendar day. See Virginia Code 55-66.9
  • Decal: means a device to be attached to a license plate that validates the license plate for a predetermined registration period. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • Declarant: means any person, or group of persons acting in concert, that (i) offers to dispose of his or its interest in a condominium unit not previously disposed of, including an institutional lender which may not have succeeded to or accepted any special declarant rights pursuant to § 55-496 et seq. See Virginia Code 55-426
  • Declarant: means the person or entity signing the declaration and its successors or assigns who may submit property to a declaration. See Virginia Code 55-509
  • Declaration: means any instruments, however denominated, that create a cooperative and any amendments to those instruments. See Virginia Code 55-426
  • Declaration: includes any amendment or supplement to the instruments described in this definition. See Virginia Code 55-509
  • Deed: means the instrument by which title to a time-share estate is transferred from one person to another person. See Virginia Code 55-362
  • Deed of trust: means the instrument conveying the time-share estate that is given as security for the payment of the note. See Virginia Code 55-362
  • Default: means either a failure to have made any payment in full and on time or a violation of a performance obligation required by a consumer document for a period of no less than 60 days. See Virginia Code 55-362
  • Department: means the Department of Corrections. See Virginia Code 53.1-1
  • Department: means the Department of Motor Vehicles of the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • Developer: means any person or group of persons acting in concert who (i) offers to dispose of a time-share or its or their interest in a time-share unit for which there has not been a previous disposition or (ii) applies for registration of the time-share program. See Virginia Code 55-362
  • Developer control period: has the meaning ascribed to it in § 55-369. See Virginia Code 55-362
  • Development: means real property located within this Commonwealth subject to a declaration which contains both lots, at least some of which are residential or are occupied for recreational purposes, and common areas with respect to which any person, by virtue of ownership of a lot, is a member of an association and is obligated to pay assessments provided for in a declaration. See Virginia Code 55-509
  • Development right: means any right reserved by the developer to create additional units which may be dedicated to the time-share program. See Virginia Code 55-362
  • Development rights: means any right or combination of rights reserved by a declarant in the declaration to (i) add real estate to a cooperative; (ii) create units, common elements, or limited common elements within a cooperative; (iii) subdivide units or convert units into common elements; or (iv) withdraw real estate from a cooperative. See Virginia Code 55-426
  • Director: means the Director of the Department of Corrections. See Virginia Code 53.1-1
  • Disclosure packet update: means an update of the financial information referenced in subdivisions A 2 through A 9 of § Virginia Code 55-142.10
  • Electronic transmission: means any form of communication, not directly involving the physical transmission of paper, that creates a record that may be retained, retrieved, and reviewed by a recipient thereof, and that may be directly reproduced in paper form by such a recipient through an automated process. See Virginia Code 55-79.41
  • Employee: means any officer, employee or agent of any agency, or any person acting on behalf of an agency in an official capacity, temporarily or permanently in the service of the Commonwealth, or any transportation district, whether with or without compensation. See Virginia Code 8.01-195.2
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escheat: Reversion of real or personal property to the state when 1) a person dies without leaving a will and has no heirs, or 2) when the property (such as a bank account) has been inactive for a certain period of time. Source: OCC
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • exchange company: means a person or persons who exchange or offer to exchange time-shares in an exchange program with other time-shares. See Virginia Code 55-362
  • Exchange program: means any opportunity or procedure for the assignment or exchange of time-shares among owners in other time-share programs as evidenced by a past or present written agreement executed between an exchange company and the developer or the time-share estate association; however, an "exchange program" shall not be either an incidental benefit or an opportunity or procedure whereby a time-share owner can exchange his time-share for another time-share within either the same time-share or another time-share project owned in part by the developer. See Virginia Code 55-362
  • Executive board: means the body, regardless of name, designated in the declaration to act on behalf of the association. See Virginia Code 55-426
  • Executive organ: means an executive and administrative entity, by whatever name denominated, designated in the condominium instruments as the governing body of the unit owners' association. See Virginia Code 55-79.41
  • Executive session: A portion of the Senate's daily session in which it considers executive business.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Expandable condominium: means a condominium to which additional land may be added in accordance with the provisions of the declaration and of this chapter. See Virginia Code 55-79.41
  • Extradition: The formal process of delivering an accused or convicted person from authorities in one state to authorities in another state.
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • farm: means any person that obtains at least 51 percent of its annual gross income from agricultural operations and produces the agricultural waste used as feedstock for the waste-to-energy technology, (ii) "agricultural waste" means biomass waste materials capable of decomposition that are produced from the raising of plants and animals during agricultural operations, including animal manures, bedding, plant stalks, hulls, and vegetable matter, and (iii) "waste-to-energy technology" means any technology, including but not limited to a methane digester, that converts agricultural waste into gas, steam, or heat that is used to generate electricity on-site. See Virginia Code 1-222.1
  • Farm tractor: means every motor vehicle designed and used as a farm, agricultural, or horticultural implement for drawing plows, mowing machines, and other farm, agricultural, or horticultural machinery and implements, including self-propelled mowers designed and used for mowing lawns. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • Federal Reserve System: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Financial organization: means any savings and loan association (cooperative bank), building and loan association, or credit union. See Virginia Code 55-210.2
  • Financial update: means an update of the financial information referenced in subdivisions C 2 through C 7 of § Virginia Code 55-509
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Foreign vehicle: means every motor vehicle, trailer, or semitrailer that is brought into the Commonwealth otherwise than in the ordinary course of business by or through a manufacturer or dealer and that has not been registered in the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • Freedom of Information Act: A federal law that mandates that all the records created and kept by federal agencies in the executive branch of government must be open for public inspection and copying. The only exceptions are those records that fall into one of nine exempted categories listed in the statute. Source: OCC
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • Golf cart: means a self-propelled vehicle that is designed to transport persons playing golf and their equipment on a golf course. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • Governing body: means the board of supervisors of a county, council of a city, or council of a town, as context may require. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • Grace period: The number of days you'll have to pay your bill for purchases in full without triggering a finance charge. Source: Federal Reserve
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • Gross weight: means the aggregate weight of a vehicle or combination of vehicles and the load thereon. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • Guest: means a person who is on the project, additional land or development at the request of an owner, developer, association or managing agent, or a person otherwise legally entitled to be thereon. See Virginia Code 55-362
  • Habeas corpus: A writ that is usually used to bring a prisoner before the court to determine the legality of his imprisonment. It may also be used to bring a person in custody before the court to give testimony, or to be prosecuted.
  • Highway: means the entire width between the boundary lines of every way or place open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular travel in the Commonwealth, including the streets and alleys, and, for law-enforcement purposes, (i) the entire width between the boundary lines of all private roads or private streets that have been specifically designated "highways" by an ordinance adopted by the governing body of the county, city, or town in which such private roads or streets are located and (ii) the entire width between the boundary lines of every way or place used for purposes of vehicular travel on any property owned, leased, or controlled by the United States government and located in the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • Holder: means a person, wherever organized or domiciled, who is (i) in possession of property belonging to another, (ii) a trustee in case of a trust, or (iii) indebted to another on an obligation. See Virginia Code 55-210.2
  • Identifying number: means one or more letters and/or numbers that identify only one unit in the condominium. See Virginia Code 55-79.41
  • incarcerated: means confinement in a local or regional correctional facility, juvenile correctional center, state correctional facility, residential detention center, or facility operated pursuant to the Corrections Private Management Act (§ 53. See Virginia Code 8.01-195.10
  • Incidental benefit: means anything valued in excess of $100 provided by the developer that is acquired by a purchaser upon acquisition of a time-share and includes without limitation exchange rights, travel insurance, bonus weeks, upgrade entitlements, travel coupons, referral awards, and golf and tennis packages. See Virginia Code 55-362
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • inhabitants: means with reference to any county, city, town, political subdivision of the Commonwealth or any combination thereof, the natural persons in such county, city, town, political subdivision or combination as shown by the unadjusted United States decennial census last preceding the time at which any provision dependent upon population is being applied or the time as of which it is being construed. See Virginia Code 1-235
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • insolvency: means incapable of meeting the current demands of creditors or having liabilities which, in total, exceed the book value of assets. See Virginia Code 6.2-912
  • Institutional lender: means one or more commercial or savings banks, savings and loan associations, trust companies, credit unions, industrial loan associations, insurance companies, pension funds, or business trusts including but not limited to real estate investment trusts, any other lender regularly engaged in financing the purchase, construction, or improvement of real estate, or any assignee of loans made by such a lender, or any combination of any of the foregoing entities. See Virginia Code 55-79.41
  • Insurance company: means an association, corporation, fraternal or mutual benefit organization, whether or not for profit, which is engaged in providing insurance coverage, including, by way of illustration, accident, burial, casualty, credit life, contract performance, dental, fidelity, fire, health, hospitalization, illness, life (including endowments and annuities), malpractice, marine, mortgage, surety, and wage protection insurance. See Virginia Code 55-210.2
  • Insurance fraud: means any commission or attempted commission of the criminal acts and practices defined in § 18. See Virginia Code 52-36
  • Insurance policy: means a contract or other written instrument between an insured and insurer setting forth the obligations and responsibilities of each party. See Virginia Code 52-36
  • Insurance professional: means adjusters, agents, managing general agents, surplus lines brokers, reinsurance intermediaries, insurance consultants, brokers, and attorneys-in-fact. See Virginia Code 52-36
  • Insured: means any person covered by an insurance policy. See Virginia Code 52-36
  • Insurer: means any person subject to regulation pursuant to Title 38. See Virginia Code 52-36
  • Intangible property: includes , by way of illustration, (i) moneys, checks, drafts, deposits, interest, dividend income; (ii) credits, customer overpayments, gift certificates, security deposits, refunds, unpaid wages, and unidentified remittances; (iii) stocks and other intangible ownership interests in business associations; (iv) moneys deposited to redeem stocks, bonds, coupons, and other securities, or to make distributions; (v) amounts due and payable under the terms of insurance policies; and (vi) amounts distributable from a trust or custodial fund established under a plan to provide any health, welfare, pension, vacation, severance, retirement, death, stock purchase, profit sharing, employee savings, supplemental unemployment insurance or similar benefit. See Virginia Code 55-210.2
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Intestate: Dying without leaving a will.
  • Intimate parts: means the genitalia, anus, groin, breast, or buttocks of any person. See Virginia Code 18.2-67.10
  • Land: is a three-dimensional concept and includes parcels with upper or lower boundaries, or both upper and lower boundaries, as well as parcels extending ab solo usque ad coelum. See Virginia Code 55-79.41
  • Land: is a three-dimensional concept and includes parcels with upper or lower boundaries, or both upper and lower boundaries, as well as parcels extending ab solo usque ad coelum. See Virginia Code 55-79.01
  • Land records document: means any writing authorized by law to be recorded, whether made on paper or in electronic format, which the clerk records affecting title to real property. See Virginia Code 55-142.10
  • Last known address: means a description of the location of the apparent owner sufficient to identify the state of residence of the apparent owner for the purpose of the delivery of mail. See Virginia Code 55-210.2
  • Law-enforcement agency: means a law-enforcement agency with jurisdiction over the search for a suspect in a case involving the death or serious injury of a law-enforcement officer or an agency employing a law-enforcement officer who is missing in the line of duty. See Virginia Code 52-34.7
  • Law-enforcement officer: means any full-time or part-time employee of the Department of State Police or a police department or sheriff's office that is a part of or administered by the Commonwealth or any political subdivision thereof, and any campus police officer appointed under Article 3 (§ 23. See Virginia Code 52-34.7
  • Law-enforcement officer: means any officer authorized to direct or regulate traffic or to make arrests for violations of this title or local ordinances authorized by law. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • Lead dealer: means a person who sells or otherwise provides to any other person contact information concerning five or more owners to be used for a resale service, but excludes developers, managing entities, or exchange companies to the extent such entities are providing other persons with personal contact information about time-share owners in their own time-share plans or members of their own exchange program. See Virginia Code 55-362
  • Leasehold condominium: means a condominium in all or any portion of which each unit owner owns an estate for years in his unit, or in the land within which that unit is situated, or both, with all such leasehold interests due to expire naturally at the same time. See Virginia Code 55-79.41
  • Legatee: A beneficiary of a decedent
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • License plate: means a device containing letters, numerals, or a combination of both, attached to a motor vehicle, trailer, or semitrailer to indicate that the vehicle is properly registered with the Department. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • Lien holder: means either a person who holds an interest in an encumbrance that is not released of record as to a purchaser or such person's successor in interest who acquires title to the time-share project at foreclosure or by deed in lieu of foreclosure, or other instrument however denominated. See Virginia Code 55-362
  • Life estate: A property interest limited in duration to the life of the individual holding the interest (life tenant).
  • Limited common element: means a portion of the common elements reserved for the exclusive use of those entitled to the use of one or more, but less than all, of the units. See Virginia Code 55-79.41
  • Limited common element: means a portion of the common elements allocated by the declaration or by operation of § 55-439 paragraph 2 or 4 for the exclusive use of one or more but fewer than all of the units. See Virginia Code 55-426
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Local correctional facility: means any jail, jail farm or other place used for the detention or incarceration of adult offenders, excluding a lock-up, which is owned, maintained or operated by any political subdivision or combination of political subdivisions of the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 53.1-1
  • Locality: means a county, city, or town as the context may require. See Virginia Code 1-221
  • Lot: means (i) any plot or parcel of land designated for separate ownership or occupancy shown on a recorded subdivision plat for a development or the boundaries of which are described in the declaration or in a recorded instrument referred to or expressly contemplated by the declaration, other than a common area, and (ii) a unit in a condominium association or a unit in a real estate cooperative if the condominium or cooperative is a part of a development. See Virginia Code 55-509
  • Lot owner: means one or more persons who own a lot, including any purchaser of a lot at a foreclosure sale, regardless of whether the deed is recorded in the land records where the lot is located. See Virginia Code 55-509
  • Managing agent: means a person who undertakes the duties, responsibilities, and obligations of the management of a time-share project. See Virginia Code 55-362
  • Managing entity: means the managing agent or, if there is no managing agent, the time-share owners' association in a time-share estate project and the developer in a time-share use project. See Virginia Code 55-362
  • Manufactured home: means a structure subject to federal regulation, transportable in one or more sections, which in the traveling mode is eight body feet or more in width or 40 body feet or more in length, or, when erected on site, is 320 or more square feet, and which is built on a permanent chassis and designed to be used as a dwelling with or without a permanent foundation when connected to the required utilities, and includes the plumbing, heating, air conditioning, and electrical systems contained therein. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • Master association: means an organization described in § 55-456, whether or not it is also an association described in § 55-458. See Virginia Code 55-426
  • Material change: means a change in any information or document disclosed in or attached to the public offering statement which renders inaccurate, incomplete or misleading any information or document in such a way as to affect substantially a purchaser's rights or obligations, but shall not include a change (i) in the real estate tax assessment or rate, utility charges or deposits, maintenance fees, association dues, assessments, special assessments or any recurring time-share expense item provided the change is made known (a) immediately to the prospective purchaser by a written addendum in the public offering statement and (b) to the Board by filing with the developer's annual report copies of the updated changes occurring over the immediately preceding 12 months; (ii) which is an aspect or result of the orderly development of the time-share project in accordance with the time-share instrument; (iii) resulting from new, updated, or amended information contained in the annual report prepared and distributed pursuant to § Virginia Code 55-79.41
  • meetings: means the formal gathering of the board of directors where the business of the association is discussed or transacted. See Virginia Code 55-509
  • Mental incapacity: means that condition of the complaining witness existing at the time of an offense under this article which prevents the complaining witness from understanding the nature or consequences of the sexual act involved in such offense and about which the accused knew or should have known. See Virginia Code 18.2-67.10
  • Missing senior adult: means an adult whose whereabouts are unknown and who is over 60 years of age and suffers a cognitive impairment to the extent that he is unable to provide care to himself without assistance from a caregiver, including a diagnosis of Alzheimer's Disease or dementia, and whose disappearance poses a credible threat as determined by a law-enforcement agency to the health and safety of the adult and under such other circumstances as deemed appropriate by the Virginia State Police. See Virginia Code 52-34.4
  • Mold remediation in accordance with professional standards: means mold remediation of that portion of the dwelling unit or premises affected by mold, or any personal property of the tenant affected by mold, performed consistent with guidance documents published by the United States Environmental Protection Agency, the U. See Virginia Code 55-248.4
  • Month: means a calendar month and "year" means a calendar year. See Virginia Code 1-223
  • Moped: means every vehicle that travels on not more than three wheels in contact with the ground that (i) has a seat that is no less than 24 inches in height, measured from the middle of the seat perpendicular to the ground; (ii) has a gasoline, electric, or hybrid motor that (a) displaces 50 cubic centimeters or less or (b) has an input of 1500 watts or less; (iii) is power-driven, with or without pedals that allow propulsion by human power; and (iv) is not operated at speeds in excess of 35 miles per hour. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • Mortgage loan: A loan made by a lender to a borrower for the financing of real property. Source: OCC
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • Motor home: means every private motor vehicle with a normal seating capacity of not more than 10 persons, including the driver, designed primarily for use as living quarters for human beings. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • Motor vehicle: means every vehicle as defined in this section that is self-propelled or designed for self-propulsion except as otherwise provided in this title. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • Motorcycle: means every motor vehicle designed to travel on not more than three wheels in contact with the ground and is capable of traveling at speeds in excess of 35 miles per hour. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • natural person: includes co-owners who are natural persons, either as tenants in common, joint tenants, tenants in partnership, tenants by the entirety, trustees or beneficiaries of a trust, general partnerships, limited liability partnerships, registered limited liability partnerships or limited liability companies, or any lawful combination of natural persons permitted by law. See Virginia Code 55-248.4
  • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
  • Nonbinding reservation agreement: means an agreement between the declarant and a prospective purchaser which is in no way binding on the prospective purchaser and which may be canceled without penalty at the sole discretion of the prospective purchaser by written notice, hand-delivered or sent by United States mail, return receipt requested, to the declarant or to any sales agent of the declarant at any time prior to the formation of a contract for the sale or lease of a condominium unit or an interest therein. See Virginia Code 55-79.41
  • Nonresident: means every person who is not domiciled in the Commonwealth, except: (i) any foreign corporation that is authorized to do business in the Commonwealth by the State Corporation Commission shall be a resident of the Commonwealth for the purpose of this title; in the case of corporations incorporated in the Commonwealth but doing business outside the Commonwealth, only such principal place of business or branches located within the Commonwealth shall be dealt with as residents of the Commonwealth; (ii) a person who becomes engaged in a gainful occupation in the Commonwealth for a period exceeding 60 days shall be a resident for the purposes of this title except for the purposes of Chapter 3 (§ Virginia Code 55-79.41
  • Original bill: A bill which is drafted by a committee. It is introduced by the committee or subcommittee chairman after the committee votes to report it.
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Owner: means a person who holds the legal title to a vehicle; however, if a vehicle is the subject of an agreement for its conditional sale or lease with the right of purchase on performance of the conditions stated in the agreement and with an immediate right of possession vested in the conditional vendee or lessee or if a mortgagor of a vehicle is entitled to possession, then the conditional vendee or lessee or mortgagor shall be the owner for the purpose of this title. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • Owner: means a depositor in the case of a deposit, a beneficiary in case of a trust, other than a deposit in trust, a creditor, claimant, or payee in the case of other intangible property, or a person having a legal or equitable interest in property subject to this chapter or his legal representative. See Virginia Code 55-210.2
  • owner: means a person who is an owner or co-owner of a time-share other than as security for an obligation. See Virginia Code 55-362
  • Par value: means a number of dollars or points assigned to each unit by the declaration. See Virginia Code 55-79.41
  • Participant: means any person, other than a project professional, who engages in a project activity. See Virginia Code 55-362
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Passenger car: means every motor vehicle other than a motorcycle or autocycle designed and used primarily for the transportation of no more than 10 persons, including the driver. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • Payable: means the earliest date upon which the owner of property could become entitled to the payments, possession, delivery, or distribution of such property from a holder. See Virginia Code 55-210.2
  • Person: includes any individual, corporation, partnership, association, cooperative, limited liability company, trust, joint venture, government, political subdivision, or any other legal or commercial entity and any successor, representative, agent, agency, or instrumentality thereof. See Virginia Code 1-230
  • Person: means a natural person, corporation, partnership, association, trust, or other entity capable of holding title to real property, or any combination thereof. See Virginia Code 55-79.41
  • Person: means an individual, business association, government or governmental subdivision or agency, public corporation, public authority, estate, trust, two or more persons having a joint or common interest, or any other legal or commercial entity. See Virginia Code 55-210.2
  • Person: means an individual, corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, limited liability company, association, joint venture, public corporation, government, or governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, or any other legal or commercial entity. See Virginia Code 55-66.9
  • Person: means one or more natural persons, corporations, partnerships, associations, trustees of a trust, limited liability companies, other entities, or any combination thereof capable of holding title to real property. See Virginia Code 55-362
  • Person: means a natural person, corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, association, joint venture, government, governmental subdivision or agency, or any other legal or commercial entity. See Virginia Code 55-426
  • Person under disability: includes a person less than 18 years of age. See Virginia Code 1-232
  • Personal estate: includes chattels real and such other estate as, upon the death of the owner intestate, would devolve upon his personal representative. See Virginia Code 1-233
  • Physical helplessness: means unconsciousness or any other condition existing at the time of an offense under this article which otherwise rendered the complaining witness physically unable to communicate an unwillingness to act and about which the accused knew or should have known. See Virginia Code 18.2-67.10
  • Pickup or panel truck: means (i) every motor vehicle designed for the transportation of property and having a registered gross weight of 7,500 pounds or less or (ii) every motor vehicle registered for personal use, designed to transport property on its own structure independent of any other vehicle, and having a registered gross weight in excess of 7,500 pounds but not in excess of 10,000 pounds. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Possibility of reverter: means a provision contained in a reverter deed whereby the time-share estate automatically reverts or transfers back to the developer upon satisfaction of the requirements imposed by § Source: OCC
  • Preliminary hearing: A hearing where the judge decides whether there is enough evidence to make the defendant have a trial.
  • prior sexual conduct: means any sexual conduct on the part of the complaining witness which took place before the conclusion of the trial, excluding the conduct involved in the offense alleged under this article. See Virginia Code 18.2-67.10
  • prison facility: means any institution operated by or under authority of the Department and shall include, whether obtained by purchase, lease, construction, reconstruction, restoration, improvement, alteration, repair or other means, any physical betterment or improvement related to the housing of inmates or any preliminary plans, studies or surveys relative thereto; land or rights to land; and any furnishings, machines, vehicles, apparatus, or equipment for use in connection with any prison facility. See Virginia Code 53.1-261
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probate: Proving a will
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Product: means each time-share and its incidental benefits and all alternative purchases that are registered with the Board pursuant to this chapter. See Virginia Code 55-362
  • Professionally managed: means a common interest community that has engaged (i) a common interest community manager to provide management services to the community or (ii) a person as an employee for compensation to provide management services to the community, other than a resident of the community who provides bookkeeping, billing, or recordkeeping services for that community. See Virginia Code 55-509
  • program: means any arrangement of time-shares in one or more time-share projects whereby the use, occupancy, or possession of real property has been made subject to either a time-share estate or time-share use in which such use, occupancy, or possession circulates among owners of the time-shares according to a fixed or floating time schedule on a periodic basis occurring over any period of time in excess of five years. See Virginia Code 55-362
  • Program: means the procedures and Amber Agreements to aid in the identification and location of abducted children. See Virginia Code 52-34.1
  • Program: means the procedures and Senior Alert Agreements to aid in the identification and location of a missing senior adult. See Virginia Code 52-34.4
  • Project: means the same as the term "time-share project. See Virginia Code 55-362
  • Project activity: means any activity carried out or conducted on a common element, within a time-share unit or elsewhere in the project, additional land or development, that allows owners, their guests, and members of the general public to view, observe, participate or enjoy activities, including swimming pools, spas, sporting venues, and cultural, historical or harvest-your-own activities, other amenities and events, or natural activities and attractions for recreational, entertainment, educational or social purposes. See Virginia Code 55-362
  • Project instrument: means any recorded documents, by whatever name denominated, which create the time-share project and program and which may contain restrictions or covenants regulating the use, occupancy, or disposition of time-shares in a project. See Virginia Code 55-362
  • Project professional: means any person who is engaged in the business of providing one or more project activities, whether or not for compensation. See Virginia Code 55-362
  • Proprietary lease: means an agreement with the association pursuant to which a proprietary lessee has a possessory interest in a unit. See Virginia Code 55-426
  • Proprietary lessee: means a person who owns a cooperative interest, other than as security for an obligation, and the declarant with respect to cooperative interests or potential cooperative interests to which allocated interests have been allocated pursuant to § 55-444 until that cooperative interest has been created and conveyed to another person. See Virginia Code 55-426
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Public corporation: means the Commonwealth of Virginia or any political subdivision thereof or any incorporated municipality therein or any public agency of the Commonwealth or of any political subdivision thereof or of any municipality therein. See Virginia Code 1-219.1
  • Public offering statement: means the statement required by § 55-374. See Virginia Code 55-362
  • Purchaser: means any person or persons, other than a declarant, who acquire by means of a voluntary transfer a legal or equitable interest in a condominium unit, other than (i) a leasehold interest, including renewal options, of less than 20 years or (ii) as security for a debt. See Virginia Code 55-79.41
  • Purchaser: means any person other than a developer or lender who owns or acquires a product, or who otherwise enters into a contract for the purchase of a product. See Virginia Code 55-362
  • Purchaser: means any person, other than a declarant or a person in the business of selling cooperative interests for his own account, who by means of a voluntary transfer acquires or contracts to acquire a cooperative interest other than as security for an obligation. See Virginia Code 55-426
  • Real estate: includes parcels with or without upper or lower boundaries, and spaces that may be filled with air or water. See Virginia Code 55-426
  • Real property: means real property that is used for residential or nonresidential purposes. See Virginia Code 55-66.9
  • Recess: A temporary interruption of the legislative business.
  • Reconstructed vehicle: means every vehicle of a type required to be registered under this title materially altered from its original construction by the removal, addition, or substitution of new or used essential parts. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • Recording data: means the date, and deed book and page number or instrument number, that indicate where a document is recorded in the land records of the clerk of the circuit court pursuant to Chapter 6 (§ 55-106 et seq. See Virginia Code 55-66.9
  • Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
  • Resale certificate update: means an update of the financial information referenced in subdivisions C 2 through C 9 and C 12 of § Virginia Code 55-362
  • Reseller: means any person who, directly or indirectly, engages in a resale service. See Virginia Code 55-362
  • Residential ground rent: means a rent or charge paid for the use of land, whether or not title thereto is transferred to the user, or a lease of land, for personal residential purposes, (i) which is assignable by the obligor without the obligee's consent, (ii) which is for a term in excess of fifteen years, including any rights of renewal at the option of the obligor, (iii) where the obligor has a present or future right to terminate such ground rent and to acquire the entire interest of the obligee in the land by the payment of a determined or determinable amount, and (iv) where the obligee's interest in the land is primarily a security interest to protect his right to be paid the rent or charge. See Virginia Code 55-79.01
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • Reverter deed: means the deed from developer to a grantee that contains a possibility of reverter. See Virginia Code 55-362
  • Right of survivorship: The ownership rights that result in the acquisition of title to property by reason of having survived other co-owners.
  • School bus: means any motor vehicle, other than a station wagon, automobile, truck, or commercial bus, which is: (i) designed and used primarily for the transportation of pupils to and from public, private or religious schools, or used for the transportation of the mentally or physically handicapped to and from a sheltered workshop; (ii) painted yellow and bears the words "School Bus" in black letters of a specified size on front and rear; and (iii) is equipped with warning devices prescribed in § Virginia Code 55-79.41
  • Settlement agent: means the same as that term is defined in § Virginia Code 55-362
  • Size: means the number of cubic feet, or the number of square feet of ground and/or floor space, within each unit as computed by reference to the plat and plans and rounded off to a whole number. See Virginia Code 55-79.41
  • Snowmobile: means a self-propelled vehicle designed to travel on snow or ice, steered by skis or runners, and supported in whole or in part by one or more skis, belts, or cleats. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • Special construction and forestry equipment: means any vehicle which is designed primarily for highway construction, highway maintenance, earth moving, timber harvesting or other construction or forestry work and which is not designed for the transportation of persons or property on a public highway. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • Special declarant rights: means any right reserved for the benefit of a declarant, or of a person or group of persons that becomes a declarant, to (i) expand an expandable condominium, (ii) contract a contractable condominium, (iii) convert convertible land or convertible space or both, (iv) appoint or remove any officers of the unit owners' association or the executive organ pursuant to subsection A of § 55-478; (ii) exercise any development right pursuant to § 55-446; (iii) maintain sales offices, management offices, signs advertising the cooperative, and models; (iv) use easements through the common elements for the purpose of making improvements within the cooperative or within real estate which may be added to the cooperative; (v) make the cooperative part of a larger cooperative or group of cooperatives; (vi) make the cooperative subject to a master association as specified in § 55-456; or (vii) appoint or remove any officer of the association, any master association or any executive board member during any period of declarant control. See Virginia Code 55-426
  • State: when applied to a part of the United States, includes any state, district, commonwealth, territory, insular possession, and any other area subject to the legislative authority of the United States. See Virginia Code 55-210.2
  • State: means a state of the United States, District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, or any territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. See Virginia Code 55-66.9
  • state agency: means the same as that term is defined in § 2. See Virginia Code 1-206
  • State bank: means a bank incorporated under the laws of the Commonwealth and that has its principal place of business in the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 6.2-800
  • State Board: means the State Board of Corrections. See Virginia Code 53.1-1
  • State correctional facility: means any correctional center or correctional field unit used for the incarceration of adult offenders established and operated by the Department of Corrections, or operated under contract pursuant to § 53. See Virginia Code 53.1-1
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Submit for recording: means to deliver, with required fees and taxes, a document sufficient to be recorded under this article, to the office of the clerk of the circuit court pursuant to Chapter 6 (§ 55-106 et seq. See Virginia Code 55-66.9
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Subsequent purchaser: means the purchaser or transferee of a resale time-share. See Virginia Code 55-362
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • sworn: means "affirm" or "affirmed. See Virginia Code 1-250
  • Tenancy in common: A type of property ownership in which two or more individuals have an undivided interest in property. At the death of one tenant in common, his (her) fractional percentage of ownership in the property passes to the decedent
  • Testate: To die leaving a will.
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Time-share estate: means a right to occupy a unit or any of several units during five or more separated time periods over a period of at least five years, including renewal options, coupled with a freehold estate or an estate for years in a time-share project or a specified portion thereof. See Virginia Code 55-362
  • Time-share expense: means (i) expenditures, fees, charges, or liabilities incurred with respect to the operation, maintenance, administration or insuring of the time-shares, units, and common elements comprising the entire time-share project, whether or not incurred for the repair, renovation, upgrade, refurbishing or capital improvements; and (ii) any allocations of reserves. See Virginia Code 55-362
  • Time-share instrument: means any document, however denominated, which creates the time-share project and program, and which may contain restrictions or covenants regulating the use, occupancy, or disposition of time-shares in a project. See Virginia Code 55-362
  • Time-share project: means all of the real property subject to a time-share program created by the execution of a time-share instrument. See Virginia Code 55-362
  • Time-share use: means a right to occupy a time-share unit or any of several time-share units during five or more separated time periods over a period of at least five years, including renewal options, not coupled with a freehold estate or an estate for years in a time-share project or a specified portion thereof. See Virginia Code 55-362
  • Tow truck: means a motor vehicle for hire (i) designed to lift, pull, or carry another vehicle by means of a hoist or other mechanical apparatus and (ii) having a manufacturer's gross vehicle weight rating of at least 10,000 pounds. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • Town: means any existing town or an incorporated community within one or more counties which became a town before noon, July 1, 1971, as provided by law or which has within defined boundaries a population of 1,000 or more and which has become a town as provided by law. See Virginia Code 1-254
  • Tractor truck: means every motor vehicle designed and used primarily for drawing other vehicles and not so constructed as to carry a load other than a part of the load and weight of the vehicle attached thereto. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • Trailer: means every vehicle without motive power designed for carrying property or passengers wholly on its own structure and for being drawn by a motor vehicle, including manufactured homes. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • Transfer: means a voluntary conveyance of a resale time-share to a person other than the developer, association, or managing entity of the time-share program of which the resale time-share is a part or to a person taking ownership by gift, foreclosure, or deed in lieu of foreclosure. See Virginia Code 55-362
  • Truck: means every motor vehicle designed to transport property on its own structure independent of any other vehicle and having a registered gross weight in excess of 7,500 pounds. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • Trust account: A general term that covers all types of accounts in a trust department, such as estates, guardianships, and agencies. Source: OCC
  • Trust business: has the meaning assigned to it in § 6. See Virginia Code 6.2-800
  • Trust company: has the meaning assigned to it in § 6. See Virginia Code 6.2-800
  • Unclaimed property: means property for which the owner, as shown by the records of the holder of his property, has ceased, failed or neglected, within the times provided in this chapter, to make presentment and demand for payment and satisfaction or to do any other act in relation to or concerning such property. See Virginia Code 55-210.2
  • Unit: means a portion of the condominium designed and intended for individual ownership and use. See Virginia Code 55-79.41
  • unit: means the real property or real property improvement in a project which is divided into time-shares and designated for separate occupancy and use. See Virginia Code 55-362
  • Unit: means a physical portion of the cooperative designated for separate occupancy under a proprietary lease. See Virginia Code 55-426
  • Unit owner: includes any purchaser of a condominium unit at a foreclosure sale, regardless of whether the deed is recorded in the land records where the unit is located. See Virginia Code 55-79.41
  • User fees: Fees charged to users of goods or services provided by the government. In levying or authorizing these fees, the legislature determines whether the revenue should go into the treasury or should be available to the agency providing the goods or services.
  • Utility: means a person who owns or operates, for public use, any plant, equipment, property, franchise, or license for the transmission of communications or the production, storage, transmission, sale, delivery, or furnishing of electricity, water, steam, or gas. See Virginia Code 55-210.2
  • Utility vehicle: means a motor vehicle that is (i) designed for off-road use, (ii) powered by a motor, and (iii) used for general maintenance, security, agricultural, or horticultural purposes. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • Vehicle: means every device in, on or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn on a highway, except electric personal delivery devices and devices moved by human power or used exclusively on stationary rails or tracks. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • Weapon of terrorism: means any device or material that is designed, intended or used to cause death, bodily injury or serious bodily harm, through the release, dissemination, or impact of (i) poisonous chemicals; (ii) an infectious biological substance; or (iii) release of radiation or radioactivity. See Virginia Code 18.2-46.4
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.
  • Writ of certiorari: An order issued by the Supreme Court directing the lower court to transmit records for a case for which it will hear on appeal.
  • wrongfully incarcerated: means incarceration for a felony conviction for which (i) the conviction has been vacated pursuant to Chapter 19. See Virginia Code 8.01-195.10