Article 1 Homicide 13A-6-1 – 13A-6-4
Article 2 Assaults 13A-6-20 – 13A-6-29
Article 3 Kidnapping, Unlawful Imprisonment and Related Offenses 13A-6-40 – 13A-6-45
Article 4 Sexual Offenses 13A-6-60 – 13A-6-71
Article 4A Sexual Offenses by School Employees Involving a Student 13A-6-80 – 13A-6-83
Article 5 Stalking and Aggravated Stalking 13A-6-90 – 13A-6-94
Article 6 Sex Offenses By Computer Use Involving a Child 13A-6-110 – 13A-6-113
Article 6A Solicitation of Children by Electronic Means 13A-6-120 – 13A-6-127
Article 7 Domestic Violence in 1st, 2nd, and 3rd Degrees 13A-6-130 – 13A-6-139.2
Article 7A Domestic Violence Protection Order Enforcement Act 13A-6-140 – 13A-6-143
Article 8 Human Trafficking 13A-6-150 – 13A-6-163
Article 8A National Human Trafficking Resource Center Hotline Notice 13A-6-170
Article 8B Alabama Human Trafficking Safe Harbor Act 13A-6-180 – 13A-6-184
Article 9 Protecting Alabama’s Elders Act 13A-6-190 – 13A-6-201
Article 10 Bestiality 13A-6-220 – 13A-6-221
Article 11 Additional Sexual Offenses 13A-6-240 – 13A-6-243

Terms Used In Alabama Code > Title 13A > Chapter 6

  • ACCOUNTING PERIOD: A calendar year unless another 12-month period is selected by a fiduciary. See Alabama Code 19-3A-102
  • ACCREDITED STATE: A state in which the Department of Insurance meets the minimum financial qualifications and regulatory standards promulgated and established, from time to time, by the National Association of Insurance Commissioners. See Alabama Code 45-41-84
  • actuary: A person who is a member in good standing of the American Academy of Actuaries. See Alabama Code 45-40-244
  • actuary: A person who is a member in good standing of the American Academy of Actuaries. See Alabama Code 45-41-83.16
  • Adjourn: A motion to adjourn a legislative chamber or a committee, if passed, ends that day's session.
  • administer: The direct application of a controlled substance, whether by injection, inhalation, ingestion, or any other means, to the body of a patient or research subject by:

    a. See Alabama Code 20-2-2

  • administer: The direct application of a controlled substance, whether by injection, inhalation, ingestion, or any other means, to the body of a patient by any of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 20-2-60

  • administer: The direct application of a controlled substance whether by injection, inhalation, ingestion, or any other means, to the body of a patient by any of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 20-2-250

  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • agent: An authorized person who acts on behalf of or at the direction of a manufacturer, distributor, or dispenser. See Alabama Code 20-2-2
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • APPRENTICE ATHLETIC TRAINER: A person who assists in the duties usually performed by an athletic trainer and who works under the direct supervision of a licensed athletic trainer. See Alabama Code 20-2-189
  • APPROPRIATE FEDERAL AGENCY: The federal agency or department or administrative federal officer charged with the enforcement and administration of the federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act. See Alabama Code 20-1-71
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Arraignment: A proceeding in which an individual who is accused of committing a crime is brought into court, told of the charges, and asked to plead guilty or not guilty.
  • article: When referring to food or drugs, such term is used in the broad and comprehensive sense and has reference to the food product or the drug product in question. See Alabama Code 20-1-20
  • assessment: A standardized diagnostic evaluation for placement in a treatment program. See Alabama Code 45-41-83.01
  • ASSISTANT TO PHYSICIAN: Any person who is a graduate of an approved program, is licensed by the board, and is registered by the board to perform medical services under the supervision of a physician approved by the board to supervise an assistant to physician. See Alabama Code 20-2-60
  • ATHLETIC INJURY: An injury received by an athlete as a result of the preparation or participation of the athlete in an athletic activity. See Alabama Code 20-2-189
  • ATHLETIC TRAINER: A person licensed by the Alabama Board of Athletic Trainers as an athletic trainer and who practices athletic training on an athlete under the direction or referral, or both, of a licensed physician after meeting the requirements of this chapter and rules and regulations promulgated pursuant to this chapter. See Alabama Code 20-2-189
  • Attorney-in-fact: A person who, acting as an agent, is given written authorization by another person to transact business for him (her) out of court.
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • bank: A bank or trust company organized and existing under the laws of Alabama with authority to act as a fiduciary and a national banking association with its principal office in the State of Alabama and with authority to act as a fiduciary. See Alabama Code 19-4-1
  • bank: A bank or trust company organized and existing under the laws of Alabama with authority to act as a fiduciary and a national banking association with its principal office in the State of Alabama and with authority to act as a fiduciary. See Alabama Code 19-4-20
  • bank: A bank or trust company organized and existing under the laws of Alabama with authority to act as a fiduciary and a national banking association with its principal office in the State of Alabama and with authority to act as a fiduciary. See Alabama Code 19-4-40
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • beneficiary: Includes, in the case of a decedent's estate, an heir, legatee, and devisee and, in the case of a trust, an income beneficiary and a remainder beneficiary. See Alabama Code 19-3A-102
  • blind person: means a natural person who has no vision or whose vision with correcting glasses is so defective as to prevent the performance of ordinary activities for which eyesight is essential, or who has central visual acuity of 20/200 or less in the better eye with correcting glasses, or whose central visual acuity is more than 20/200 in the better eye with correcting glasses but whose peripheral field has contracted to such an extent that the widest diameter of the visual field subtends an angular distance no greater than 20 degrees. See Alabama Code 30-3D-610
  • BLIND PERSONS: Any person defined as a blind person by Section 1-1-3. See Alabama Code 21-1-40
  • board: The Board of Agriculture and Industries of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-4-82.02
  • board: The State Board of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 20-1-20
  • board: Alabama Soil and Water Conservation Committee for the Registration of Professional Soil Classifiers. See Alabama Code 19-3A-502
  • board: The Alabama Board of Electrical Contractors. See Alabama Code 20-2-26
  • board: The Alabama Board of Athletic Trainers. See Alabama Code 20-2-189
  • board: The Alabama Board of Licensure for Professional Geologists. See Alabama Code 20-2-254
  • board: The Alabama State Board of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 20-1-71
  • board: The Board of Medical Examiners of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 20-2-60
  • board: The Board of Medical Examiners of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 20-2-250
  • board: The Lee County Alternative Sentencing Board. See Alabama Code 45-41-83.01
  • bread: Such term includes and shall be limited to bread and rolls (or buns) of every kind and description made wholly or partly from wheat flour which conforms to the definition and standard of identity of bread set out in 21 Code of Federal Regulations, Part 17. See Alabama Code 20-1-71
  • BUSINESS CORPORATION: A corporation or foreign corporation as defined in Chapter 2. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • BUSINESS ENTITY: A corporation, limited liability company, partnership, limited partnership, registered limited liability partnership, or other entity organized to engage in business, whether for profit or not, created under the laws of the State of Alabama, predecessor law, or law of another jurisdiction. See Alabama Code 45-4-11
  • BUSINESS TRUST: A business trust as defined in Chapter 16. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Capital offense: A crime punishable by death.
  • CERTIFICATE OF DISSOLUTION: Any document such as a certificate of dissolution, statement of dissolution, or articles of dissolution, required or permitted to be filed publicly with respect to an entity's dissolution and winding up of its business, activity, activities, not for profit activity, or affairs. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • CERTIFYING BOARDS: The State Board of Medical Examiners, the State Board of Health, the State Board of Pharmacy, the State Board of Dental Examiners, the State Board of Podiatry, and the State Board of Veterinary Medical Examiners. See Alabama Code 20-2-2
  • CLEARING CORPORATION: A corporation:

    a. See Alabama Code 19-4-1

  • Clerk of court: An officer appointed by the court to work with the chief judge in overseeing the court's administration, especially to assist in managing the flow of cases through the court and to maintain court records.
  • COLLABORATING PHYSICIAN: A doctor of medicine or doctor of osteopathy licensed to practice medicine in Alabama who agrees in writing to practice in collaboration with one or more certified registered nurse practitioners or certified nurse midwives in accordance with Title 34, Chapter 21, Article 5, and the rules and regulations adopted by the Board of Medical Examiners and the Board of Nursing. See Alabama Code 20-2-250
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-4-82.02
  • commissioner: The Alabama Commissioner of Insurance. See Alabama Code 45-40-244
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Insurance. See Alabama Code 45-41-84
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 20-1-20
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 32-6-15
  • Committee membership: Legislators are assigned to specific committees by their party. Seniority, regional balance, and political philosophy are the most prominent factors in the committee assignment process.
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • contribution: A tangible or intangible benefit that a person transfers to an entity in consideration for an ownership interest in the entity or otherwise in the person's capacity as an owner or a member. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • CONTROLLED INSURER: A licensed insurer who is controlled, directly or indirectly, by a producer. See Alabama Code 45-41-84
  • CONTROLLED SUBSTANCE: A drug, substance, or immediate precursor in Schedules I through V of Article 2 of this chapter. See Alabama Code 20-2-2
  • CONTROLLED SUBSTANCE: The same as is defined in subdivision (5) of Section 20-2-2, as amended;

    (2) CANNABIS. See Alabama Code 20-2-112

  • CONTROLLED SUBSTANCE: A substance as defined in Section 20-2-2. See Alabama Code 20-2-141
  • CONTROLLING PERSON: Any person, firm, association, or corporation who directly or indirectly has the power to direct or cause to be directed, the management, control, or activities of the reinsurance intermediary. See Alabama Code 45-40-244
  • CONTROLLING PRODUCER: A producer who, directly or indirectly, controls an insurer. See Alabama Code 45-41-84
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • cornmeal: All meal for human consumption made from corn, either white or yellow, whole cornmeal, bolted cornmeal, and degerminated cornmeal as defined in definitions and standards of identity set out in 21 Code of Federal Regulations, Part 15. See Alabama Code 20-1-71
  • corporation: Includes a domestic or foreign business corporation as defined in Chapter 2, a domestic or foreign nonprofit corporation as defined in Chapter 3, a domestic or foreign professional corporation as defined in Chapter 4, and those entities specified in Chapter 20 as corporate. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • COUNTERFEIT SUBSTANCE: Substances which, or the container or labeling of which, without authorization, bears the trademark, trade name, or other identifying mark, imprint, number, or device or any likeness thereof of a manufacturer, distributor, or dispenser other than the person who in fact manufactured, distributed, or dispensed the substance. See Alabama Code 20-2-2
  • court: Every court and judge having jurisdiction in a case. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Court reporter: A person who makes a word-for-word record of what is said in court and produces a transcript of the proceedings upon request.
  • Cross examine: Questioning of a witness by the attorney for the other side.
  • day: When used in the computation of time excludes the first day and includes the last day of the period so computed, unless the last day is a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday, in which event the period runs until the end of the next day that is not a Saturday, a Sunday, or a legal holiday. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • dealer: A manufacturer, wholesaler, retailer, jobber, and similar establishments, mobile or permanent, engaged in the sale of food for consumption on premises. See Alabama Code 20-1-20
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defense attorney: Represent defendants in criminal matters.
  • department: The Department of Agriculture and Industries of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-4-82.02
  • department: The Alabama Department of Public Health. See Alabama Code 45-40-161
  • department: The Department of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 20-1-20
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • deposit: Physical delivery and also crediting by entry on the books of a clearing corporation without physical delivery. See Alabama Code 19-4-1
  • deposit: Physical delivery and also crediting by entry on the books of the federal reserve bank without physical delivery. See Alabama Code 19-4-40
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • director: The Executive Director of the Alabama Board of Electrical Contractors. See Alabama Code 20-2-26
  • director: An individual who serves on the board of directors, by whatever name known, of a foreign or domestic corporation. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • dispense: To deliver a controlled substance to an ultimate user or research subject by or pursuant to the lawful order of a practitioner, including the prescribing, administering, packaging, labeling, or compounding necessary to prepare the substance for that delivery. See Alabama Code 20-2-2
  • dispenser: A practitioner who dispenses. See Alabama Code 20-2-2
  • distribute: To deliver other than by administering or dispensing a controlled substance. See Alabama Code 20-2-2
  • distribute: The actual, constructive, or attempted transfer, delivery, or dispensing to another of an imitation controlled substance. See Alabama Code 20-2-141
  • distribution: A transfer of property, including cash, from an entity to an owner or member of the entity in the owner's or member's capacity as an owner or member. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • distributor: A person who distributes. See Alabama Code 20-2-2
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • domestic: With respect to an entity, that the entity is formed and exists under this title. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • DOMESTIC VIOLENCE PROTECTION ORDER: A domestic violence protection order is any protection from abuse order issued pursuant to the Protection from Abuse Act, Sections 30-5-1 to 30-5-11, inclusive. See Alabama Code 45-41-80.03
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • drug: All medicines and preparations recognized in the United States pharmacopoeia or national formulary for internal or external use and any substance or mixture of substances to be used for the cure, mitigation, or prevention of disease in man or domestic animals. See Alabama Code 20-1-20
  • drug: Includes all of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 45-41-83.01

  • ELECTRICAL CONTRACTING: Any job or project in the State of Alabama wherein the electrical contractor proposes to bid, install, maintain, alter, or repair any electric wiring devices or equipment. See Alabama Code 20-2-26
  • ELECTRICAL CONTRACTOR: Any person, firm, or corporation who is engaged in the business of soliciting and installing electrical power or control systems; maintaining, altering, or repairing electrical power or control systems, any electrical wiring devices, equipment, or any other electrical apparatus. See Alabama Code 20-2-26
  • enriched grits: means the appropriate food product, according to the federal standards of identity, that has been enriched to conform to the requirements of this article. See Alabama Code 20-1-71
  • enrichment: As applied to bread, flour, meal, or grits, such term means the addition thereto of vitamins and other ingredients of the nature required by this article and "enriched bread" "enriched flour" "enriched whole cornmeal" "enriched bolted meal" "enriched degerminated meal" or "enriched grits" means the appropriate food product, according to the federal standards of identity, that has been enriched to conform to the requirements of this article. See Alabama Code 20-1-71
  • enrollee: An individual who has contracted for or who participates in coverage under an insurance policy, a health maintenance organization contract, a health service corporation contract, an employee welfare benefit plan, a hospital or medical services plan, or any other benefit program providing payment, reimbursement, or indemnification for health care costs for the individual or the eligible dependents of the individual. See Alabama Code 45-40-161
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • entity: A domestic entity or foreign entity. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Extradition: The formal process of delivering an accused or convicted person from authorities in one state to authorities in another state.
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Federal Reserve System: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • fiduciary: A personal representative or a trustee. See Alabama Code 19-3A-102
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • fiduciary: An administrator, an administrator with the will annexed, an administrator de bonis non, an executor, a trustee, a guardian, a conservator, an agent, a custodian or a custodian or agent for another fiduciary or fiduciaries. See Alabama Code 19-4-1
  • fiduciary: An administrator, an administrator with the will annexed, an administrator de bonis non, an executor, a trustee, a guardian, a conservator, an agent or a custodian. See Alabama Code 19-4-20
  • fiduciary: An administrator, an administrator with the will annexed, an administrator de bonis non, an executor, a trustee, a guardian, a conservator, an agent or a custodian. See Alabama Code 19-4-40
  • FIDUCIARY ACCOUNT: An estate, a trust, a guardianship, a custodianship, an agency or any other fiduciary relationship, including a custodianship or agency for another fiduciary or fiduciaries. See Alabama Code 19-4-1
  • FIDUCIARY ACCOUNT: An estate, a trust, a guardianship, a custodianship, an agency or any other fiduciary relationship, including a custodianship or agency for another fiduciary or fiduciaries. See Alabama Code 19-4-20
  • FIDUCIARY ACCOUNT: An estate, a trust, a guardianship, a custodianship, an agency or any other fiduciary relationship, including a custodianship or agency for another fiduciary or fiduciaries. See Alabama Code 19-4-40
  • FILING ENTITY: A domestic entity that is a corporation, limited partnership, including a limited liability partnership, limited liability company, professional association, employee cooperative corporation, or real estate investment trust. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • FINANCIAL RIGHTS: Rights to a. See Alabama Code 45-4-11
  • flour: Such term includes and shall be limited to the foods defined as:

    a. See Alabama Code 20-1-71

  • food: All articles of food, drink, confectionery, or condiment, whether simple, mixed, or compound, used or intended for use by man or domestic animals. See Alabama Code 20-1-20
  • foreign: With respect to an entity, that the entity is formed and existing under the laws of a jurisdiction other than this state. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • FOREIGN LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY: An organization formed under the laws of any jurisdiction other than Alabama that is substantially similar to a limited liability company. See Alabama Code 45-4-11
  • Foreign limited liability company: means a limited liability company governed by the laws of a jurisdiction other than this state which would be a limited liability company if governed by the laws of this state. See Alabama Code 45-4-100.01
  • FOREIGN LIMITED LIABILITY PARTNERSHIP: A foreign limited liability partnership as defined in Chapter 8A. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • FOREIGN LIMITED PARTNERSHIP: A foreign limited partnership as defined in Chapter 9A. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Forgery: The fraudulent signing or alteration of another's name to an instrument such as a deed, mortgage, or check. The intent of the forgery is to deceive or defraud. Source: OCC
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • GENERAL PARTNERSHIP: A partnership as defined in Chapter 8A. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • geologist: A person who holds a degree in the geological sciences from an accredited college or university. See Alabama Code 20-2-254
  • GEOLOGIST-IN-TRAINING: A person who holds a degree in the geological sciences from an accredited college or university and who has successfully passed the part of the professional examination covering fundamental or academic geological subjects. See Alabama Code 20-2-254
  • geology: The science dealing with the earth and its history; its constituent rocks, minerals, liquids, gases, and other materials of which it is composed, and the study of the processes responsible for the development and change in the component parts of the earth, for the benefit of mankind. See Alabama Code 20-2-254
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • GOOD MORAL CHARACTER: Character that tends to ensure the faithful discharge of the professional duties of the licensed professional geologist based on truth and adherence to ethical principles. See Alabama Code 20-2-254
  • GOVERNANCE RIGHTS: All a member's rights as a member of a limited liability company except financial rights, including without limitation, the rights to participate in the management of the limited liability company and to bind the limited liability company as provided in Section 10A-5-3. See Alabama Code 45-4-11
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • grits: Grits, pearl grits, and degerminated grits made from corn by grinding or cracking as defined in the standards of identity set out in 21 Code of Federal Regulations, Part 15. See Alabama Code 20-1-71
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • IMITATION CONTROLLED SUBSTANCE: A substance, other than a legend controlled drug, that is not a controlled substance, which by dosage unit appearance (including color, size, shape, and markings), and by representations made, would lead a reasonable person to believe that the substance is a controlled substance. See Alabama Code 20-2-141
  • IMMEDIATE PRECURSOR: A substance which the State Board of Pharmacy has found to be and by rule designates as being the principal compound commonly used or produced primarily for use and which is an immediate chemical intermediary used or likely to be used in the manufacture of a controlled substance, the control of which is necessary to prevent, curtail, or limit manufacture. See Alabama Code 20-2-2
  • IMPROVED INDEXING SYSTEM: A system of indexing real property instruments and personal property instruments in the probate office and, in the discretion of the judge of probate, of indexing other instruments and documents, which system when completed, shall consist of the equipment necessary and suitable to prepare and index records. See Alabama Code 45-41-84.01
  • In forma pauperis: In the manner of a pauper. Permission given to a person to sue without payment of court fees on claim of indigence or poverty.
  • income: Money or property that a fiduciary receives as current return from a principal asset. See Alabama Code 19-3A-102
  • INCOME BENEFICIARY: A person to whom net income of a trust is or may be payable. See Alabama Code 19-3A-102
  • INCOME INTEREST: The right of an income beneficiary to receive all or part of net income, whether the terms of the trust require it to be distributed or authorize it to be distributed in the trustee's discretion. See Alabama Code 19-3A-102
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • individual: A natural person and the estate of an incompetent or deceased natural person. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • insolvent: A person who is unable to pay the person's debts as they become due in the usual course of business or affairs. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • insurer: Any person, firm, association, or corporation duly licensed in this state pursuant to the applicable provisions of the insurance law as an insurer. See Alabama Code 45-40-244
  • insurer: A person defined in subdivisions (2) and (3) of Section 27-1-2. See Alabama Code 45-41-83.16
  • Intangible property: Property that has no intrinsic value, but is merely the evidence of value such as stock certificates, bonds, and promissory notes.
  • Inter vivos: Transfer of property from one living person to another living person.
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • JOURNEYMAN ELECTRICIAN: A person who possesses necessary qualifications, training, and technical knowledge to install electrical wiring, apparatus, or equipment lighting, heating, or power or control covered by this chapter. See Alabama Code 20-2-26
  • JUDGE OF PROBATE: The judge of probate of the county in which a domestic entity's certificate of formation is filed, or, with respect to a statement of authority under Chapter 8A, which is to be filed in the real property records of a particular county, the judge of probate of the county in which that statement is filed. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Judgement: The official decision of a court finally determining the respective rights and claims of the parties to a suit.
  • label: A display of written, printed, or graphic matter upon the immediate container of any article. See Alabama Code 20-1-20
  • LABOR SERVITUDE: Work or service of economic or financial value which is performed or provided by another person and is induced or obtained by coercion or deception. See Alabama Code 45-41-81.03
  • law: Unless the context requires otherwise, both statutory and common law. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Legislative session: That part of a chamber's daily session in which it considers legislative business (bills, resolutions, and actions related thereto).
  • license: A valid and current certificate of registration issued by the director on behalf of the board which shall give the named person to whom it is issued authority to engage in the activity prescribed thereon. See Alabama Code 20-2-26
  • license: A certificate issued by the board recognizing the individual named in this certificate as meeting the requirements for licensing under this chapter. See Alabama Code 20-2-254
  • license: A license, certificate of registration, or other legal authorization. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • LICENSED PRODUCER: An insurance producer or reinsurance intermediary licensed pursuant to the applicable provision of the insurance law. See Alabama Code 45-40-244
  • LICENSED PROFESSIONAL GEOLOGIST: A person who holds a license as a professional geologist under this chapter. See Alabama Code 20-2-254
  • licensee: Any person holding a license. See Alabama Code 20-2-26
  • LICENSING AUTHORITY: The state court, state regulatory licensing board, or other like agency which has the power to issue a license or other legal authorization to render professional services. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY: A limited liability company as defined in Chapter 5A. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Limited liability company agreement: means any agreement (whether referred to as a limited liability company agreement, operating agreement or otherwise), written, oral or implied, of the member or members as to the activities and affairs of a limited liability company or series thereof. See Alabama Code 45-4-100.01
  • LIMITED LIABILITY LIMITED PARTNERSHIP: A limited liability limited partnership as defined in Chapter 9A. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • LIMITED LIABILITY PARTNERSHIP: A limited liability partnership as defined in Chapter 8A. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • LIMITED PARTNERSHIP: A limited partnership as defined in Chapter 9A. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • LISTED PRECURSOR CHEMICAL: A chemical substance specifically designated as such by the Alabama State Board of Pharmacy, that, in addition to legitimate uses, is used in the unlawful manufacture of a controlled substance or controlled substances. See Alabama Code 20-2-180
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • livestock: Cattle, swine, sheep, goats, equine or equidae, ratites, and poultry. See Alabama Code 45-4-82.02
  • LIVESTOCK MARKET: A place, concentration or collection point, or other public or private place where a person shall assemble livestock for either public or private sale by him and such service or the cost or expense thereof is to be compensated for by the owner, on a commission basis or otherwise, or where such person purchases livestock for resale. See Alabama Code 45-4-82.02
  • MANAGING GENERAL AGENT: Any person, firm, or association who does both of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 45-41-83.16

  • MANDATORY INCOME INTEREST: The right of an income beneficiary to receive net income that the terms of the trust require the fiduciary to distribute. See Alabama Code 19-3A-102
  • manufacture: The production, preparation, propagation, compounding, conversion, or processing of a controlled substance either directly or indirectly, by extraction from substances of natural origin or independently by means of chemical synthesis or by a combination of extraction and chemical synthesis, and includes any packaging or repackaging of the substance or labeling or relabeling of its container; except, that this term does not include the preparation, compounding, packaging, or labeling of a controlled substance:

    a. See Alabama Code 20-2-2

  • manufacture: The production, preparation, compounding, processing, encapsulating, packaging, or repackaging, labeling, or relabeling of an imitation controlled substance. See Alabama Code 20-2-141
  • Marital deduction: The deduction(s) that can be taken in the determination of gift and estate tax liabilities because of the existence of a marriage or marital relationship.
  • member: A person reflected in the required records of a limited liability company as the owner of some governance rights of a membership interest in the limited liability company. See Alabama Code 45-4-11
  • Member: means a person admitted under Section 10A-5A-4. See Alabama Code 45-4-100.01
  • merger: The combination of one or more domestic entities with one or more domestic entities or non-code organizations resulting in:

    (A) one or more surviving domestic entities or non-code organizations;

    (B) the creation of one or more new domestic entities or non-code organizations, or one or more surviving domestic entities or non-code organizations; or

    (C) one or more surviving domestic entities or non-code organizations and the creation of one or more new domestic entities or non-code organizations. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06

  • minor: A person under the age of 19. See Alabama Code 45-41-81.03
  • misbranded: Such term shall apply to all drugs or foods or articles which enter into the composition of food, the package or label of which shall bear or contain any statement, design, or device regarding such article or the ingredients or substances contained therein which shall be false or misleading in any particular and to any food or drug product which is falsely branded as to the state, territory, or country in which it is manufactured or produced. See Alabama Code 20-1-20
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • NARCOTIC DRUG: Any of the following, whether produced directly or indirectly by extraction from substances of vegetable origin or independently by means of chemical synthesis or by a combination of extraction and chemical synthesis:

    a. See Alabama Code 20-2-2

  • NET INCOME: The total receipts allocated to income during an accounting period minus the disbursements made from income during the period, plus or minus transfers under this chapter to or from income during the period. See Alabama Code 19-3A-102
  • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
  • NONPROFIT CORPORATION: A domestic or foreign nonprofit corporation as defined in Chapter 3. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • oath: includes affirmation. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • officer: An individual elected, appointed, or designated as an officer of an entity by the entity's governing authority or under the entity's governing documents. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • OPERATING AGREEMENT: A written agreement of the member or members governing the affairs of a limited liability company and the conduct of its business. See Alabama Code 45-4-11
  • opiate: Any substance having an addiction-forming or addiction-sustaining liability similar to morphine or being capable of conversion into a drug having addiction-forming or addiction-sustaining liability. See Alabama Code 20-2-2
  • OPIUM POPPY: The plant of the species Papaver somniferum L. See Alabama Code 20-2-2
  • Oral argument: An opportunity for lawyers to summarize their position before the court and also to answer the judges' questions.
  • organization: A corporation, limited partnership, general partnership, limited liability company, business trust, real estate investment trust, joint venture, joint stock company, cooperative, association, bank, insurance company, credit union, savings and loan association, or other organization, regardless of whether the organization is for profit, not for profit, nonprofit, domestic, or foreign. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Organization: means a general partnership, including a limited liability partnership; limited partnership, including a limited liability limited partnership; limited liability company; business trust; corporation; nonprofit corporation; professional corporation; or any other person having a governing statute. See Alabama Code 45-4-100.01
  • organizer: A person, who need not be an owner or member of the entity, who, having the capacity to contract, is authorized to execute documents in connection with the formation of the entity. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • OWNERSHIP INTEREST: An owner's interest in an entity. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • participant: A person who has been approved for participation in the program. See Alabama Code 45-41-83.01
  • partner: A limited partner or general partner. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • partnership: Includes a general partnership, a limited liability partnership, a foreign limited liability partnership, a limited partnership, a foreign limited partnership, a limited liability limited partnership, and a foreign limited liability limited partnership. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • PARTNERSHIP AGREEMENT: Any agreement (whether referred to as a partnership agreement or otherwise), written, oral or implied, of the partners as to the activities and affairs of a general partnership or a limited partnership. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • PARTY TO THE MERGER: A domestic entity or non-code organization that under a plan of merger is combined by a merger. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • person: An individual, including the estate of an incompetent or deceased individual, or an organization, whether created by the laws of this state or another state or foreign country, including, without limitation, a general partnership, limited liability partnership, limited partnership, limited liability limited partnership, limited liability company, corporation, professional corporation, professional association, trustee, personal representative, fiduciary, as defined in Section 19-3-150 or person performing in any similar capacity, business trust, estate, trust, association, joint venture, government, governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, or any other legal or commercial entity. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • person: An individual, corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, limited liability company, association, joint venture, government, governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, public corporation, or any other legal or commercial entity. See Alabama Code 19-3A-102
  • person: Any individual, partnership, corporation, association, or other legal entity or organization. See Alabama Code 45-4-82.02
  • person: Individual, corporation, government or governmental subdivision or agency, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, or association or any other legal entity. See Alabama Code 20-2-2
  • person: An individual, partnership, corporation, or association or any combination thereof. See Alabama Code 20-1-20
  • person: An individual, corporation, association, partnership, or other entity. See Alabama Code 20-1-153
  • person: A human person, not a legal entity. See Alabama Code 20-2-26
  • person: An individual, a partnership, a corporation or two or more individuals having a joint or common interest. See Alabama Code 32-6-15
  • person: An individual, a corporation, a partnership, an association, a joint stock company, a trust, or any unincorporated organization. See Alabama Code 20-1-71
  • person: Any individual, corporation, partnership, association, or other entity which manufactures, sells, transfers, or possesses a listed precursor chemical. See Alabama Code 20-2-180
  • personal property: includes money, goods, chattels, things in action and evidence of debt, deeds and conveyances. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • PERSONAL PROPERTY INSTRUMENT: Any instrument or document affecting the title to personal property only, as distinguished from real property, that may be now or hereafter titled for record in the probate office, in accordance with the applicable requirements of the law of this state, including and particularly Sections 34-4-50 and 34-4-90. See Alabama Code 45-41-84.01
  • PHYSICAL THERAPIST: A physical therapist licensed by the Alabama State Board of Physical Therapy. See Alabama Code 20-2-189
  • physician: A physician licensed by the Medical Licensure Commission of Alabama. See Alabama Code 20-2-189
  • PHYSICIAN SUPERVISION: A licensed athletic trainer acting under the supervision of a physician if:

    a. See Alabama Code 20-2-189

  • PHYSICIAN SUPERVISION: A formal relationship between a licensed assistant to physician and a supervising physician under whom the assistant to physician is authorized to practice as evidenced by a written job description approved in accordance with Article 7, Chapter 24, Title 34. See Alabama Code 20-2-60
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • POPPY STRAW: All parts, except the seeds, of the opium poppy, after mowing. See Alabama Code 20-2-2
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • preceding: means next before. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • President pro tempore: A constitutionally recognized officer of the Senate who presides over the chamber in the absence of the Vice President. The President Pro Tempore (or, "president for a time") is elected by the Senate and is, by custom, the Senator of the majority party with the longest record of continuous service.
  • PRESUMPTIVE REMAINDER BENEFICIARY: Those persons who would be entitled to the principal of a trust if the income interest were immediately terminated, and if a trust contains a power of appointment, the holder of such power of appointment shall also be a presumptive remainder beneficiary. See Alabama Code 19-3A-102
  • principal: Property transferred to or acquired by a fiduciary and held in trust for distribution to a remainder beneficiary when an income interest ends. See Alabama Code 19-3A-102
  • Pro se: A Latin term meaning "on one's own behalf"; in courts, it refers to persons who present their own cases without lawyers.
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Probation officers: Screen applicants for pretrial release and monitor convicted offenders released under court supervision.
  • producer: An insurance broker or brokers or any other person, firm, association, or corporation, when, for any compensation, commission, or other thing of value, the person, firm, association, or corporation acts or aids in any manner in soliciting, negotiating, or procuring the making of any insurance contract on behalf of another insured person, firm, association, or corporation. See Alabama Code 45-41-84
  • production: The manufacture, planting, cultivation, growing, or harvesting of a controlled substance. See Alabama Code 20-2-2
  • PROFESSIONAL CORPORATION: A domestic or foreign professional corporation as defined in Chapter 4. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • PROFESSIONAL SERVICE: Any type of service that may lawfully be performed only pursuant to a license issued by a state court, state regulatory licensing board, or other like agency pursuant to state laws. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • program: The Lee County Alternative Sentencing Program. See Alabama Code 45-41-83.01
  • property: Includes all property, whether real, personal, or mixed, or tangible or intangible, or any right or interest therein. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • property: includes both real and personal property. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • provider: A health care provider duly licensed or certified by the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-40-161
  • Public defender: Represent defendants who can't afford an attorney in criminal matters.
  • PUBLIC PRACTICE OF GEOLOGY: The performance of geological service or work, including, but not limited to, consultation, geological investigation, surveys, evaluations, planning, mapping, or review of geological work related to the public practice of geology, or both, in which the performance is related to the public welfare or safeguarding of life, health, property, and the environment except as otherwise specifically provided by this chapter. See Alabama Code 20-2-254
  • qacsc: A Qualified Alabama Controlled Substances Registration Certificate. See Alabama Code 20-2-250
  • QUALIFIED PROFESSIONAL SOIL CLASSIFIERS: Such persons who, by reason of their knowledge of soil classification acquired by professional education and practical experience, are qualified to engage in the practice of soil classification as defined. See Alabama Code 19-3A-502
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • real property: includes lands, tenements and hereditaments. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • REAL PROPERTY INSTRUMENT: Includes any instrument or document affecting the title to real property that may now or hereafter be filed for record in the probate office pursuant to the applicable requirements of the laws of this state, including but without limitation to, Section 12-13-43, and all statutes providing for the filing and recording of notices or statements of liens of any kind, notices of judgments, and plats or maps showing subdivisions of real estate. See Alabama Code 45-41-84.01
  • REGISTERED PROFESSIONAL SOIL CLASSIFIER: A person entitled under this chapter to take and use the title. See Alabama Code 19-3A-502
  • REINSURANCE INTERMEDIARY: A reinsurance intermediary-broker or a reinsurance intermediary-manager as these terms are defined in subdivisions (8) and (9). See Alabama Code 45-40-244
  • REINSURANCE INTERMEDIARY-BROKER: Any person, other than an officer or employee of the ceding insurer, firm, association, or corporation who solicits, negotiates, or places reinsurance cessions or retrocessions on behalf of a ceding insurer without the authority or power to bind reinsurance on behalf of such insurer. See Alabama Code 45-40-244
  • REINSURANCE INTERMEDIARY-MANAGER: Any person, firm, association, or corporation who has authority to bind or manages all or part of the assumed reinsurance business of a reinsurer, including the management of a separate division, department, or underwriting office, and acts as an agent for such reinsurer whether known as a reinsurance intermediary-manager, manager, or other similar term. See Alabama Code 45-40-244
  • reinsurer: Any person, firm, association, or corporation duly licensed in this state pursuant to the applicable provisions of the insurance law as an insurer with the authority to assume reinsurance. See Alabama Code 45-40-244
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • REMAINDER BENEFICIARY: A person entitled to receive principal when an income interest ends. See Alabama Code 19-3A-102
  • Remainderman: One entitled to the remainder of an estate after a particular reserved right or interest, such as a life tenancy, has expired.
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • RESPONSIBLE CHARGE OF WORK: The independent control and direction by the use of initiative, skill, and independent judgment of work or the supervision of such work. See Alabama Code 19-3A-502
  • SECRETARY OF STATE: The Secretary of State of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • SEXUAL CONDUCT: Any of the following acts:

    a. See Alabama Code 45-41-81.03

  • SEXUAL SERVITUDE: Any sexual conduct as defined in subdivision (3) of Section 14-11-30, for which anything of value is directly or indirectly given, promised to, or received by any person, which conduct is induced or obtained by coercion or deception from a person; provided, however, that if the sexual conduct is with a minor, no coercion or deception is required. See Alabama Code 45-41-81.03
  • SOIL CLASSIFICATION: The soil science evaluation of the nature, physio-chemical properties, formation, taxonomic classification, and general land use suitability on the basis of these parameters within a soil management criteria; it shall specifically include the mapping and identification of surficial and subsurface soil profiles, and the soil management interpretation of these data. See Alabama Code 19-3A-502
  • specialty: A branch of geology which is recognized as a subdiscipline for purposes of certification after registration as a licensed professional geologist. See Alabama Code 20-2-254
  • state: Includes, when referring to a part of the United States, a state or commonwealth, and its agencies and governmental subdivisions, and a territory or possession, and its agencies and governmental subdivisions, of the United States. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • state: When applied to a part of the United States, such term includes any state, district, commonwealth, territory, insular possession thereof, and any area subject to the legal authority of the United States of America. See Alabama Code 20-2-2
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • subordinate: Any person who assists a registered professional soil classifier without assuming the responsible charge of work. See Alabama Code 19-3A-502
  • subordinate: A person who assists a licensed professional geologist in the public practice of geology without assuming the responsible charge of work and who is under the direction and supervision of a licensed professional geologist. See Alabama Code 20-2-254
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • SUPERVISING PHYSICIAN: A doctor of medicine or a doctor of osteopathy licensed to practice medicine in Alabama who has been approved by the board to supervise assistants to physicians and who holds a valid, current, and unrestricted Alabama Controlled Substances Registration Certificate. See Alabama Code 20-2-60
  • Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
  • Testator: A male person who leaves a will at death.
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • TO BE IN VIOLATION: The reinsurance intermediary, insurer, or reinsurer for whom the reinsurance intermediary was acting failed to substantially comply with the provisions of this chapter. See Alabama Code 45-40-244
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • TRAFFICKING VICTIM: Any person, including minors, subjected to labor servitude, sexual servitude, or involuntary servitude. See Alabama Code 45-41-81.03
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Transferable interest: means a member's right to receive distributions from a limited liability company or a series thereof. See Alabama Code 45-4-100.01
  • Transferee: means a person to which all or part of a transferable interest has been transferred, whether or not the transferor is a member. See Alabama Code 45-4-100.01
  • TRANSIENT BUSINESS: Any business conducted for the sale of merchandise or services that is carried on in any building, structure, motor vehicle, railroad car, or real property for a period of less than six months in each year. See Alabama Code 20-1-153
  • TRANSIENT MERCHANT: Any person that transacts transient business in this state either in one locality or by traveling from place to place in this state. See Alabama Code 20-1-153
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Trust account: A general term that covers all types of accounts in a trust department, such as estates, guardianships, and agencies. Source: OCC
  • trustee: A person who serves as a trustee of a trust, including a real estate investment trust. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • trustee: An original, additional, or successor trustee, whether or not appointed or confirmed by a court. See Alabama Code 19-3A-102
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • ULTIMATE USER: A person who lawfully possesses a controlled substance for his or her own use or for the use of a member of his or her household or for administering to an animal owned by him or her or by a member of his or her household. See Alabama Code 20-2-2
  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
  • UNPROFESSIONAL CONDUCT: The practice of geology by a licensed professional geologist who willfully performs any act, causes omissions, or makes any assertions or representations which are fraudulent, deceitful, or misleading, or which in any manner whatsoever discredits or tends to discredit the profession of geology. See Alabama Code 20-2-254
  • UTILIZATION REVIEW: A system for prospective and concurrent review of the necessity and appropriateness in the allocation of health care resources and services given or proposed to be given to an individual within this state. See Alabama Code 45-40-161
  • UTILIZATION REVIEW AGENT: Any person or entity, including the State of Alabama, performing a utilization review, except the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 45-40-161

  • VENDING STAND: Such shelters, counters, shelves, display and wall cases, refrigerator apparatus, and other auxiliary equipment that may be needed in vending such articles as may be approved by the licensing agency, as well as manual or coin operated vending machines or similar devices. See Alabama Code 21-1-40
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Victim advocate: work with prosecutors and assist the victims of a crime.
  • violation: The knowing commission of any act prohibited by a domestic violence protection order or any willful failure to abide by its terms. See Alabama Code 45-41-80.03
  • VIOLENT OFFENSE: An offense or charge as defined in subdivision (14) of Section 12-25-32, to also include chemical endangerment of a child pursuant to Section 26-15-3. See Alabama Code 45-41-83.01
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.
  • Writ of certiorari: An order issued by the Supreme Court directing the lower court to transmit records for a case for which it will hear on appeal.