§ 602.1101 Definitions
§ 602.1102 Judicial branch
§ 602.1201 Supervision and administration
§ 602.1202 Judicial council
§ 602.1203 Personnel conferences
§ 602.1204 Procedures for judicial branch
§ 602.1205 Procedures for courts
§ 602.1206 Rules for judges and attorneys
§ 602.1207 Report of the condition of the judicial branch
§ 602.1208 State court administrator
§ 602.1209 General duties of the state court administrator
§ 602.1210 Selection of chief judges
§ 602.1211 Duties of chief judges
§ 602.1212 Judges for public utility rate cases
§ 602.1213 District judicial conferences
§ 602.1214 District court administrator
§ 602.1215 Clerk of the district court
§ 602.1216 Retention of clerks of the district court
§ 602.1217 Chief juvenile court officer
§ 602.1218 Removal for cause
§ 602.1301 Budget and fiscal procedures
§ 602.1302 State funding
§ 602.1303 Local funding
§ 602.1304 Revenues — enhanced court collections fund.
§ 602.1305 Distribution of revenues of the district court
§ 602.1401 Personnel system
§ 602.1402 Personnel control
§ 602.1501 Judicial salaries
§ 602.1502 State court administration salaries
§ 602.1508 Compensation of referees
§ 602.1509 Expenses
§ 602.1510 Bond expense
§ 602.1511 Board of examiners for shorthand reporters
§ 602.1512 Commission on judicial qualifications
§ 602.1513 Per diem compensation
§ 602.1514 Judicial compensation commission
§ 602.1601 Judicial proceedings public
§ 602.1602 Sunday — permissible acts.
§ 602.1603 Judge to be attorney
§ 602.1604 Judges shall not practice law
§ 602.1605 Special conditions for magistrates
§ 602.1606 Judicial officer disqualified
§ 602.1607 Court employees shall not practice law
§ 602.1608 Salaries exclusive
§ 602.1609 Compliance with ethics law
§ 602.1610 Mandatory retirement
§ 602.1611 Judicial retirement programs
§ 602.1612 Temporary service by retired judges
§ 602.1613 Court employee retirement
§ 602.1614 Acceptance, distribution, and retention of electronic records by the judicial branch
§ 602.2101 Authority
§ 602.2102 Commission on judicial qualifications
§ 602.2103 Operation of commission
§ 602.2104 Procedure before commission
§ 602.2105 Rules
§ 602.2106 Procedure before supreme court
§ 602.2107 Civil immunity
§ 602.2201 Impeachment
§ 602.2301 Judicial officer appointment— delay.
§ 602.3101 Board of examiners
§ 602.3102 Terms of office
§ 602.3103 Public members
§ 602.3104 Meetings
§ 602.3105 Applications
§ 602.3106 Fees — appropriation.
§ 602.3107 Examinations
§ 602.3108 Certification
§ 602.3201 Requirement of certification — use of title.
§ 602.3202 Transcript fee
§ 602.3203 Revocation or suspension
§ 602.3204 Transcript integrity
§ 602.3205 Audio recordings
§ 602.3206 Exempt status
§ 602.3301 Misuse of confidential information — penalty.
§ 602.3302 Violations punished
§ 602.4101 Justices — quorum.
§ 602.4102 Jurisdiction
§ 602.4103 Chief justice
§ 602.4103A Transition provisions
§ 602.4104 Divisions — full court.
§ 602.4105 Time and place court meets
§ 602.4106 Opinions — reports.
§ 602.4107 Divided court
§ 602.4108 Attendance of sheriff of Polk county
§ 602.4201 Rules governing actions and proceedings
§ 602.4202 Rulemaking procedure
§ 602.4301 Clerk of supreme court
§ 602.4302 Deputy clerk — staff.
§ 602.4303 Supreme court fees
§ 602.4304 Supreme court staff
§ 602.4305 Limitation on expenses
§ 602.5101 Court of appeals
§ 602.5102 Judges — quorum.
§ 602.5103 Jurisdiction
§ 602.5104 Sessions — location.
§ 602.5105 Chief judge
§ 602.5106 Decisions of the court — finality.
§ 602.5107 Rules
§ 602.5108 When decisions effective
§ 602.5109 Process — style — seal.
§ 602.5110 Records
§ 602.5111 Publication of opinions
§ 602.5112 Fees — costs.
§ 602.5201 Clerk of court
§ 602.5202 Secretary to judge
§ 602.5203 Law clerks
§ 602.5204 Physical facilities
§ 602.5205 Limitation on expenses
§ 602.6101 Unified trial court
§ 602.6102 Appeals and writs of error
§ 602.6103 Court in continuous session
§ 602.6104 Judicial officers
§ 602.6105 Places of holding court — magistrate schedules.
§ 602.6106 Sessions not at county seats — effect — duty of clerk.
§ 602.6107 Reorganization of judicial districts and judicial election districts
§ 602.6108 Reassignment of personnel
§ 602.6109 Judicial election districts and judgeships
§ 602.6110 Peer review court
§ 602.6111 Identification information filed with the clerk
§ 602.6112 Regional litigation centers — prohibition.
§ 602.6113 Apportionment of certain judicial officers — substantial disparity.
§ 602.6201 Office of district judge — apportionment.
§ 602.6202 Jurisdiction
§ 602.6203 Preparation and signing of record — alterations.
§ 602.6301 Number and apportionment of district associate judges
§ 602.6302 Appointment of district associate judge in lieu of magistrates
§ 602.6303 Appointment of magistrates in lieu of district associate judge
§ 602.6304 Appointment and resignation of district associate judges
§ 602.6305 Term, retention, qualifications
§ 602.6306 Jurisdiction, procedure, appeals
§ 602.6307 Appointment of district associate judge in lieu of full-time associate juvenile judge
§ 602.6401 Number and apportionment
§ 602.6402 Additional magistrate allowed
§ 602.6403 Appointment, qualification, and resignation of magistrates
§ 602.6404 Qualifications
§ 602.6405 Jurisdiction — procedure.
§ 602.6501 Composition of county magistrate appointing commissions
§ 602.6502 Prohibitions to appointment
§ 602.6503 Commissioners appointed by a county
§ 602.6504 Commissioners elected by attorneys
§ 602.6505 Vacancy
§ 602.6601 Court attendants
§ 602.6602 Referees and special masters
§ 602.6603 Court reporters
§ 602.6604 Dockets
§ 602.6605 Funds, reports
§ 602.6606 Administrative reports
§ 602.6607 Control of records — vacancies.
§ 602.6608 Child support referee
§ 602.6701 Circuit court records
§ 602.6702 Counties bordering on Missouri river
§ 602.6703 Declaratory judgment to adjudicate constitutional nexus issues regarding taxation
§ 602.7101 Juvenile court
§ 602.7102 Court records
§ 602.7103 Associate juvenile judge — jurisdiction — appeals.
§ 602.7103A Part-time associate juvenile judge — appointment — removal — qualifications.
§ 602.7103B Appointment and resignation of full-time associate juvenile judges
§ 602.7103C Full-time associate juvenile judges — term, retention, qualifications.
§ 602.7104 Physicians and nurses
§ 602.7201 Administration and supervision
§ 602.7202 Juvenile court officers
§ 602.7203 Juvenile victim restitution
§ 602.8101 Office of the clerk of the district court
§ 602.8102 General duties
§ 602.8102A Notices returned for unknown address — resending.
§ 602.8103 General powers
§ 602.8103A Transmission of record on appeal
§ 602.8104 Records and books
§ 602.8105 Fees for civil cases and other services — collection and disposition.
§ 602.8106 Collection of fees in criminal cases and disposition of fees and fines
§ 602.8107 Collection of court debt
§ 602.8108 Distribution of court revenue — court technology and modernization fund.
§ 602.8108A Prison infrastructure fund
§ 602.8109 Settlement of accounts of cities and counties
§ 602.9101 System created
§ 602.9102 Administered by court administrator
§ 602.9104 Deductions from judges’ salaries — contributions by state.
§ 602.9104A Moneys deposited in the judicial retirement fund — limitations — intent.
§ 602.9105 Rollovers of judges’ accounts.
§ 602.9106 Retirement
§ 602.9107 Amount of annuity
§ 602.9107A Optional retirement and decreased annuity
§ 602.9107B Minimum annuity benefit
§ 602.9107C Iowa public employees’ retirement system — service credit.
§ 602.9108 Individual accounts — refunding.
§ 602.9109 Payment of annuities
§ 602.9110 Other public employment prohibited
§ 602.9111 Investment of fund
§ 602.9112 Voluntary retirement for disability
§ 602.9113 Retirement benefits for disability
§ 602.9114 Forfeiture of benefits — refund.
§ 602.9115 Annuity for survivor of annuitant
§ 602.9115A Optional annuity for judge and survivor
§ 602.9116 Actuarial valuation
§ 602.9201 Short title
§ 602.9202 Definitions
§ 602.9203 Senior judgeship requirements — appointment and term.
§ 602.9204 Salary — annuity of senior judge and retired senior judge.
§ 602.9205 Practice of law prohibited
§ 602.9206 Temporary service by senior judge
§ 602.9207 Retirement of senior judge
§ 602.9208 Relinquishment of senior judgeship — removal for cause — retirement annuity.
§ 602.9209 Survivor’s annuity.
§ 602.10101 Admission to practice
§ 602.10102 Qualifications for admission
§ 602.10103 Board of law examiners
§ 602.10104 Examinations
§ 602.10105 Term of office
§ 602.10106 Oath — compensation.
§ 602.10107 Temporary appointments — expenses.
§ 602.10108 Fees — appropriation.
§ 602.10109 Practitioners from other United States jurisdictions
§ 602.10110 Oath or affirmation
§ 602.10111 Non-Iowa attorney — appointment of Iowa attorney.
§ 602.10112 Duties of attorneys and counselors
§ 602.10113 Deceit or collusion
§ 602.10114 Authority
§ 602.10115 Proof of authority
§ 602.10116 Attorney’s lien — notice.
§ 602.10117 Release of lien by bond
§ 602.10118 Automatic release
§ 602.10119 Unlawful retention of money
§ 602.10120 Excuse for nonpayment
§ 602.10121 Revocation of license
§ 602.10122 Grounds of revocation
§ 602.10123 Proceedings
§ 602.10124 Costs
§ 602.10125 Attorney general — appropriateness of procedure — order for appearance.
§ 602.10126 Copy of accusation — duty of clerk.
§ 602.10127 Notice to attorney general — duty.
§ 602.10128 Trial court
§ 602.10129 Time and place of hearing
§ 602.10130 Determination of issues
§ 602.10131 Record and judgment
§ 602.10132 Pleadings — evidence — preservation.
§ 602.10133 Costs and expenses
§ 602.10134 Plea of guilty or failure to plead
§ 602.10135 Appeal
§ 602.10136 Certification of judgment
§ 602.10137 Renewals
§ 602.10138 Client security fund not an insurance company
§ 602.10139 Officers
§ 602.10140 Public members
§ 602.10141 Disclosure of confidential information
§ 602.11101 Implementation by court component
§ 602.11102 Accrued employee rights
§ 602.11103 Life, health, and disability insurance
§ 602.11105 Hiring moratorium
§ 602.11106 Employee reclassification moratorium
§ 602.11107 Court property
§ 602.11108 Collective bargaining
§ 602.11110 Judgeships for election districts 5A and 5C
§ 602.11111 Judicial nominating commissions for election districts 5A and 5C
§ 602.11112 Fifth judicial election district
§ 602.11113 Bailiffs employed as court attendants
§ 602.11114 Temporary service by certain retired judicial magistrates
§ 602.11115 District associate judges’ retirement.
§ 602.11116 Associate juvenile judges and associate probate judges — retirement.

Terms Used In Iowa Code > Chapter 602 - Judicial Branch

  • Acquittal:
    1. Judgement that a criminal defendant has not been proved guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
    2. A verdict of "not guilty."
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • appellate court: means and includes both the supreme court and the court of appeals. See Iowa Code 4.1
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Bailiff: a court officer who enforces the rules of behavior in courtrooms.
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • Chief judge: means the district judge selected to serve as the chief judge of the judicial district pursuant to section 602. See Iowa Code 602.1101
  • Chief justice: means the chief justice of the supreme court selected pursuant to section 602. See Iowa Code 602.1101
  • Chief juvenile court officer: means a person appointed under section 602. See Iowa Code 602.1101
  • Child: includes child by adoption. See Iowa Code 4.1
  • clerk: means clerk of the court in which the action or proceeding is brought or is pending; and the words "clerk's office" mean the office of that clerk. See Iowa Code 4.1
  • Clerk of court: An officer appointed by the court to work with the chief judge in overseeing the court's administration, especially to assist in managing the flow of cases through the court and to maintain court records.
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Court reporter: A person who makes a word-for-word record of what is said in court and produces a transcript of the proceedings upon request.
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • District court administrator: means a person appointed pursuant to section 602. See Iowa Code 602.1101
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • employee of the judicial branch: means an officer or employee of the judicial branch except a judicial officer. See Iowa Code 602.1101
  • En banc: In the bench or "full bench." Refers to court sessions with the entire membership of a court participating rather than the usual quorum. U.S. courts of appeals usually sit in panels of three judges, but may expand to a larger number in certain cases. They are then said to be sitting en banc.
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • following: when used by way of reference to a chapter or other part of a statute mean the next preceding or next following chapter or other part. See Iowa Code 4.1
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Habeas corpus: A writ that is usually used to bring a prisoner before the court to determine the legality of his imprisonment. It may also be used to bring a person in custody before the court to give testimony, or to be prosecuted.
  • Impeachment: (1) The process of calling something into question, as in "impeaching the testimony of a witness." (2) The constitutional process whereby the House of Representatives may "impeach" (accuse of misconduct) high officers of the federal government for trial in the Senate.
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Judicial officer: means a supreme court justice, a judge of the court of appeals, a district judge, a district associate judge, an associate juvenile judge, an associate probate judge, or a magistrate. See Iowa Code 602.1101
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Juror: A person who is on the jury.
  • Law clerk: Assist judges with research and drafting of opinions.
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Livestock: includes but is not limited to an animal classified as an ostrich, rhea, or emu. See Iowa Code 4.1
  • Magistrate: means a person appointed under article 6, part 4 to exercise judicial functions. See Iowa Code 602.1101
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • month: means a calendar month, and the word "year" and the abbreviation "A. See Iowa Code 4.1
  • oath: includes affirmation in all cases where an affirmation may be substituted for an oath, and in like cases the word "swear" includes "affirm". See Iowa Code 4.1
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • person: means individual, corporation, limited liability company, government or governmental subdivision or agency, business trust, estate, trust, partnership or association, or any other legal entity. See Iowa Code 4.1
  • personal property: include money, goods, chattels, evidences of debt, and things in action. See Iowa Code 4.1
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Probate: Proving a will
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Probation officers: Screen applicants for pretrial release and monitor convicted offenders released under court supervision.
  • property: includes personal and real property. See Iowa Code 4.1
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Public defender: Represent defendants who can't afford an attorney in criminal matters.
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • real property: include lands, tenements, hereditaments, and all rights thereto and interests therein, equitable as well as legal. See Iowa Code 4.1
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • road: include public bridges, and may be held equivalent to the words "county way" "county road" "common road" and "state road". See Iowa Code 4.1
  • Rule: includes "regulation". See Iowa Code 4.1
  • seal: shall include an impression upon the paper alone, or upon wax, a wafer affixed to the paper, or an official stamp of a notarial officer as provided in chapter 9B. See Iowa Code 4.1
  • Senior judge: means a person who qualifies as a senior judge under article 9, part 2. See Iowa Code 602.1101
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Signature: includes an electronic signature as defined in section 554D. See Iowa Code 4.1
  • state: when applied to the different parts of the United States, includes the District of Columbia and the territories, and the words "United States" may include the said district and territories. See Iowa Code 4.1
  • State court administrator: means the person appointed by the supreme court pursuant to section 602. See Iowa Code 602.1101
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • United States: includes all the states. See Iowa Code 4.1
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • week: means seven consecutive days. See Iowa Code 4.1
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.
  • Writ of certiorari: An order issued by the Supreme Court directing the lower court to transmit records for a case for which it will hear on appeal.
  • year: means twelve consecutive months. See Iowa Code 4.1