§ 1 Maintenance; double sessions; subjects; twelve-month school year
§ 1A Period of silence
§ 1B Voluntary prayer
§ 1C Workshops on rights of students and their parents under special education laws of the commonwealth and the federal government
§ 2 Teaching of history and social science; professional development; student-led civic projects; commonwealth civics challenge
§ 2A Use of tobacco products within school buildings or facilities or on school grounds
§ 2B Courses in American sign language
§ 2C Implementation of policy and discipline code addressing teen dating violence in public schools
§ 3 Physical education
§ 4 High schools; maintenance; diplomas awarded to veterans
§ 4A Failure to keep schools open for required period; penalty
§ 6 Education in out-of-town high schools
§ 6A Admission of students from outside Commonwealth
§ 7A Transportation of pupils; payment of costs; limitations
§ 7B Transportation of pupils; reimbursement of costs; determination of amount; use of funds
§ 7C Bus transportation programs; financial assistance
§ 10 Expenses of physically disabled children
§ 11 High school; definition
§ 13 Requested courses; school committee approval
§ 13D High schools; required subjects; driver training
§ 13F Broadcast and television facilities; cost of program; executive committee for educational television
§ 13G Executive committee for educational television; rules and regulations; personnel
§ 13H Educational television program fund; accounts and reports
§ 13I Executive committee for educational television; powers and duties
§ 14 Regional school district planning committee; creation; membership
§ 14A Duties of planning board
§ 14B Regional school districts; formation; procedure
§ 14C Lease or sale of property to regional school districts
§ 14D Regional school district planning board; agreement; approval of indebtedness
§ 14E Regional school district committee membership options
§ 15 Acceptance of organization provisions by electorate
§ 16 Regional school districts; status; powers and duties
§ 16A Regional district school committee; selection, powers and duties of officers; signing of payroll and accounts payable warrants; audits
§ 16B Budgets; apportionment of expenses
§ 16B1/2 Excess and deficiency fund; surplus funds used to reduce assessments
§ 16C Regional school districts; school transportation
§ 16D Aid from state
§ 16D1/2 Monies received as nonresident tuition or reimbursements from commonwealth for foster care children
§ 16E Regional school districts; audits; payment of costs
§ 16F Retirement system
§ 16G Liability of towns for expenses of district
§ 16G1/2 Stabilization fund
§ 16I Severability of sections relating to regional school districts
§ 17A Culinary arts program; special fund
§ 18 Evening schools
§ 19 Evening classes in high schools
§ 20 Notice of evening schools; publication; fees for instruction
§ 20A Instructional Materials Trust Fund
§ 21 Continuation schools; establishment; conditions
§ 22 Attendance
§ 23 Use of existing educational facilities
§ 24 Cost of maintenance; source of funds
§ 25 Unemployed minors; attendance requirements
§ 26 Penalty for failure to establish or maintain school
§ 26A Extended school services for children; establishment; conditions
§ 26B Extended school services for children; organization and operation of plan
§ 26C Extended school services for children; contributions and federal funds; use
§ 26D Borrowing in anticipation of federal funds
§ 27 Lectures
§ 28 Summer schools
§ 30 Moral education
§ 31 Bible reading
§ 31A Guidelines for celebration of holidays authorized
§ 32 Observance of Memorial Day
§ 32A Sex education; policy regarding notice to parents, exception
§ 34 Support of schools; appropriations; recommendations
§ 34A Transcript of student’s record; availability
§ 34B Remedy for failure to furnish transcript of student’s record
§ 34D Student records; maintenance, storage, destruction, etc.; inspection by parent or guardian
§ 34E Inspection of student records; persons authorized
§ 34G Private schools; transfer of transcripts upon ceasing operation
§ 34H Noncustodial parents; receipt of information for child enrolled in public elementary or secondary schools; notice to custodial parent
§ 35 Beginning of term
§ 36 Secretary; appointment; duties
§ 36A Orientation for school committee members
§ 37 Powers and duties; superintendent serving joint districts
§ 37A Grants; acceptance and disbursement
§ 37B Purchase of or making payments to annuities or investments
§ 37C Promotion of racial balance
§ 37D Racial imbalance; definitions; statistics; transfers; priorities; plans for elimination; public hearings; regulations; jurisdiction; costs; attorney’s fees
§ 37E Legal counsel for collective bargaining
§ 37F Legal counsel for general purposes
§ 37G Corporal punishment of pupils prohibited; use of physical restraint; regulations
§ 37H Policies relative to conduct of teachers or students; student handbooks
§ 37H1/2 Felony complaint or conviction of student; suspension; expulsion; right to appeal
§ 37H3/4 Suspension or expulsion on grounds other than those set forth in Secs. 37H or 37H1/2
§ 37I Magnet school facilities; grants; application; approval; agreements; eligible costs; regulations
§ 37J Magnet educational programs; reimbursement for cost; definition; contracts; joining programs
§ 37K Business demonstration projects; disposition of proceeds
§ 37L Notification to school personnel of reporting requirements for child abuse and neglect and fires; reports of students possessing or using dangerous weapons on school premises; transferred students’ school records
§ 37M Consolidation of administrative functions with city or town
§ 37N Policy for school-sponsored student travel
§ 37O School bullying prohibited; bullying prevention and intervention plans; reporting of bullying incident date
§ 37P School resource officers
§ 37Q Mental health support plans
§ 37R Possession and access to two-way communication device for communicating with police and fire departments during emergency situation
§ 38 Employment of teachers, aides, principals, etc.; designation of Horace Mann teachers; performance evaluations; performance standards
§ 38A Duties; appointment of director of occupational guidance, duties of director
§ 38C Status of director of occupational guidance
§ 38D District directors of occupational guidance; appointment
§ 38F Fees for services of directors of occupational guidance; prohibition; penalty for violation
§ 38G Certification for certain teaching and administrative positions; provisional and standard certificates; policies and guidelines regarding requirements and qualifications; applications; recommendations; review; continuing education; renewal of certificate
§ 38G1/2 Specialist teacher endorsement in transition services; transition of students with disabilities to post-school activities
§ 38H School librarian and school library supervisor or co-ordinator; tenure
§ 38I Reimbursement of teachers for tuitions and fees
§ 38K Public relations bureau in school departments; establishment
§ 38M Student advisory committees
§ 38N Proposed annual budgets; public hearings required; quorum
§ 38O Sex education advisory committees
§ 38P School psychologists; tenure
§ 38Q Professional development plans; statewide assistance plan
§ 38Q1/2 Curriculum accommodation plan
§ 38R Criminal background check of current or prospective school employee, volunteer, or other persons having direct and unmonitored contact with children; criminal offender record information; state and national fingerprint-based criminal background checks
§ 39 Teacher’s application forms; questions concerning religion or politics
§ 40 Compensation of teachers; deferred payment
§ 41 Tenure of teachers and superintendents; persons entitled to professional teacher status; dismissal; review
§ 41A Leaves of absence of professional staff
§ 41B Leaves of absence; Peace Corps
§ 42 Dismissal or demotion of teachers or other employees of school or school district; arbitration
§ 42B Rights of school employees in regional districts
§ 42C Records of teachers; inspection
§ 42D Suspension of district employees
§ 43 Reduction of salaries; conditions
§ 44 Restrictions on teachers’ political rights; prohibition
§ 45 Procurement of teaching positions; regulation of fees; penalty for violation
§ 47 Athletic programs; school organizations; student activity accounts
§ 47A Athletic coaches; employment
§ 48 Textbooks and school supplies
§ 48A School safety patrols; functions, limitations; liability
§ 48B Uniforms of school employees
§ 49 Purchase of textbooks by pupils
§ 49A Orders for materials and equipment; contracts for services
§ 50 Change of school books
§ 51 Exhibition of school work at expositions
§ 52 Compensation of school committee members
§ 53 School physicians and nurses
§ 53A Employment of medical personnel by superintendency district or union; compensation; removal
§ 53B Towns within a superintendency district or union; exemption from appointment requirement
§ 54 Examination of children and school personnel
§ 54A Physician or person trained in emergency medical care; assignment to interscholastic football games
§ 54B Administration of medications in school settings; regulations
§ 54C Automated external defibrillators required at school facilities; certified AED providers; hardship waivers; personal liability; regulations
§ 55 Contagious diseases; regulations
§ 55A Sick, injured or incapacitated pupils; procedure for handling; emergency first aid or transportation; exemption from civil liability
§ 55C Eye protective devices
§ 55D Musical wind instruments; notification of sanitization and option to sterilize at parental expense
§ 56 Sick children; notification of parents
§ 57 Physical examination of pupils; eye examination, written report
§ 57A Students with potential indicators of a neurological learning disability; guidelines for development of screening procedures
§ 59 Superintendent of schools; appointment; compensation; powers and duties
§ 59A Superintendents of schools in small towns; appointment; state aid for compensation
§ 59B Principals; appointment; compensation; duties; appointment of other personnel
§ 59C School councils; members; meetings; duties
§ 59D School-community partnerships; grant program
§ 61 Superintendent of schools; employment by a town union; termination of town participation in a union
§ 62 Readjustment of town unions
§ 63 School committees as joint committee; representation: meetings; employment of superintendent, removal
§ 64 Union superintendent; compensation
§ 67 Superintendents of schools; penalty for accepting fees for obtaining positions; employment of immediate family of certain persons prohibited
§ 68 Duties of towns to maintain schools; transportation of children; school building committee representation
§ 69 Display of national flags; pledge of allegiance; penalty for violation
§ 69A Plaque reading ”For God and Country”; placement on public school buildings
§ 70 Location of schools
§ 71 Use of school property; purposes
§ 71A Highway safety stations; designation, discontinuance
§ 71B Adult physical fitness programs
§ 71C Community school programs; receipts; deposit and expenditure
§ 71D Prepayment of tuition to private schools or program sources
§ 71E Appropriations for and expenditure of receipts from adult education and continuing education programs
§ 71F Nonresident or foster care students; deposit of tuition payments and state reimbursements; expenditures and appropriations
§ 72 Sale of lunches
§ 73 Closing of school for teachers’ meetings
§ 74 Management of schools funds by private corporations
§ 75 Extended courses of instruction
§ 76 Rules of admission
§ 77 Joint establishment of extended courses
§ 79 Junior College designation, degrees
§ 80 Lunch period for teachers
§ 81 Junior colleges; restriction on establishment
§ 82 Public secondary schools; right of students to freedom of expression; limitations; definitions
§ 83 Dress and appearance of students protected
§ 84 Discipline of students on matters unrelated to school-sponsored activities prohibited
§ 85 Guidelines implementing Secs. 82 to 84; rules and regulations; adoption; emergencies; procedures
§ 86 Application of Secs. 83 to 85
§ 87 Intelligence test scores; records
§ 88 Military recruiters; on-campus recruiting opportunities
§ 89 Commonwealth charter schools; Horace Mann charter schools; applications; enrollment; employees; funding
§ 90 Classroom placement of twins or higher order multiples
§ 91 Recovery High School; definition; enrollment; student performance; rules and regulations; deduction of home school district allotment for failure to transfer funds as required
§ 92 Innovation Schools
§ 93 Policy regarding internet safety measures for schools providing computer access to students
§ 94 Commonwealth virtual schools
§ 95 Reimbursement aid to municipalities for costs incurred for federal military reservation students
§ 96 Substance use prevention and abuse education policies for public schools
§ 97 Verbal screening tool for substance abuse disorders
§ 1.5 Definitions; applicability of Sec. 2 of chapter 70

Terms Used In Massachusetts General Laws > Chapter 71 - Public Schools

  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Interests: includes any form of membership in a domestic or foreign nonprofit corporation. See Massachusetts General Laws ch. 156D sec. 11.01
  • Joint committee: Committees including membership from both houses of teh legislature. Joint committees are usually established with narrow jurisdictions and normally lack authority to report legislation.
  • Joint meeting: An occasion, often ceremonial, when the House and Senate each adopt a unanimous consent agreement
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Other entity: includes a domestic or foreign nonprofit corporation. See Massachusetts General Laws ch. 156D sec. 11.01
  • Outlays: Outlays are payments made (generally through the issuance of checks or disbursement of cash) to liquidate obligations. Outlays during a fiscal year may be for payment of obligations incurred in prior years or in the same year.
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Probate: Proving a will
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.