Terms Used In Michigan Laws > Chapter 289 > Act 211 of 1893 - Dairy and Food Commissioner
- Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
- Applicable regional transmission organization: means a nonprofit, member-based organization governed by an independent board of directors that serves as the regional transmission organization approved by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission with oversight responsibility for the region that includes the provider's service territory. See Michigan Laws 460.1003
- Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
- Commission: means the Michigan public service commission. See Michigan Laws 460.1003
- Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
- Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
- Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
- Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
- Electric provider: means any of the following:
(i) Any person or entity that is regulated by the commission for the purpose of selling electricity to retail customers in this state. See Michigan Laws 460.1005
Energy conservation: means the reduction of customer energy use through the installation of measures or changes in energy usage behavior. See Michigan Laws 460.1005 Energy efficiency: means a decrease in customer consumption of electricity or natural gas achieved through measures or programs that target customer behavior, equipment, devices, or materials without reducing the quality of energy services. See Michigan Laws 460.1005 Energy star: means the voluntary partnership among the United States Department of Energy, the United States Environmental Protection Agency, product manufacturers, local utilities, and retailers to help promote energy efficient products by labeling with the energy star logo, educate consumers about the benefits of energy efficiency, and help promote energy efficiency in buildings by benchmarking and rating energy performance. See Michigan Laws 460.1005 Energy waste reduction plan: means a plan under section 71. See Michigan Laws 460.1005 Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other. Federal approval: means approval by the applicable regional transmission organization or other Federal Energy Regulatory Commission-approved transmission planning process of a transmission project that includes the transmission line. See Michigan Laws 460.1005 Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006. in writing: shall be construed to include printing, engraving, and lithographing; except that if the written signature of a person is required by law, the signature shall be the proper handwriting of the person or, if the person is unable to write, the person's proper mark, which may be, unless otherwise expressly prohibited by law, a clear and classifiable fingerprint of the person made with ink or another substance. See Michigan Laws 8.3q Independent transmission company: means that term as defined in section 2 of the electric transmission line certification act, 1995 PA 30, MCL 460. See Michigan Laws 460.1007 Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt. Load management: means measures or programs that target equipment or behavior to result in decreased peak electricity demand such as by shifting demand from a peak to an off-peak period. See Michigan Laws 460.1007 Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement. month: means a calendar month; the word "year" a calendar year; and the word "year" alone shall be equivalent to the words "year of our Lord". See Michigan Laws 8.3j oath: shall be construed to include the word "affirmation" in all cases where by law an affirmation may be substituted for an oath; and in like cases the word "sworn" shall be construed to include the word "affirmed". See Michigan Laws 8.3k Oath: A promise to tell the truth. Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period. Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses. person: may extend and be applied to bodies politic and corporate, as well as to individuals. See Michigan Laws 8.3l plan: means a plan approved under section 22 or former section 21 or 23 or found to comply with this act under former section 25, with any amendments adopted under this act. See Michigan Laws 460.1011 Provider: means an electric provider or a natural gas provider. See Michigan Laws 460.1009 Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant. Renewable energy: means electricity or steam generated using a renewable energy system. See Michigan Laws 460.1011 Renewable energy standard: means the minimum renewable energy capacity portfolio, if applicable, and the renewable energy credit portfolio required to be achieved under section 28 or former section 27. See Michigan Laws 460.1011 Renewable energy system: means a facility, electricity generation system, or set of electricity generation systems that use 1 or more renewable energy resources to generate electricity or steam. See Michigan Laws 460.1011 seal: shall be construed to include any of the following:
(a) The impression of the seal on the paper alone. See Michigan Laws 8.3n
Site: means a contiguous site, regardless of the number of meters at that site. See Michigan Laws 460.1013 state: when applied to the different parts of the United States, shall be construed to extend to and include the District of Columbia and the several territories belonging to the United States; and the words "United States" shall be construed to include the district and territories. See Michigan Laws 8.3o Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system. Transmission line: means all structures, equipment, and real property necessary to transfer electricity at system bulk supply voltage of 100 kilovolts or more. See Michigan Laws 460.1013 Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence. Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust. United States: shall be construed to include the district and territories. See Michigan Laws 8.3o Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.