Subchapter 1 Wildlife
Subchapter 2 Hunting and Fishing Licenses
Subchapter 3 Fisheries
Subchapter 4 Forests

Terms Used In Michigan Laws > Chapter 324 > Act 451 of 1994 > Article III > Chapter 2

  • Abandoned property: means an aircraft; a watercraft, including a ship, boat, canoe, skiff, raft, or barge; the rigging, gear, fittings, trappings, and equipment of an aircraft or watercraft; the personal property of the officers, crew, and passengers of an aircraft or watercraft; and the cargo of an aircraft or watercraft, which have been deserted, relinquished, cast away, or left behind and for which attempts at reclamation have been abandoned by owners and insurers. See Michigan Laws 324.76101
  • Abandoned scrap tires: means an accumulation of scrap tires on property where the property owner is not responsible in whole or in part for the accumulation of the scrap tires. See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • Accessible and available market: means that opportunities exist to sell wastepaper products that are collected pursuant to this part at rates and at locations that make it fiscally reasonable to collect that paper. See Michigan Laws 324.16501
  • Accession: means goods that are physically united with other goods in such a manner that the identity of the original goods is not lost. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Account debtor: means a person obligated on an account, chattel paper, or general intangible. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • account for: means a right to payment of a monetary obligation, whether or not earned by performance, for property that has been or is to be sold, leased, licensed, assigned, or otherwise disposed of, for services rendered or to be rendered, for a policy of insurance issued or to be issued, for a secondary obligation incurred or to be incurred, for energy provided or to be provided, for the use or hire of a vessel under a charter or other contract, arising out of the use of a credit or charge card or information contained on or for use with the card, or as winnings in a lottery or other game of chance operated or sponsored by a state, governmental unit of a state, or person licensed or authorized to operate the game by a state or governmental unit of a state. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • accounting for: means a record that meets all of the following requirements:

    (i) Authenticated by a secured party. See Michigan Laws 440.9102

  • Accuser: means a person who signs and swears to charges, a person who directs that charges be signed and sworn to by another, or a person who has an interest other than an official interest in the prosecution of the accused. See Michigan Laws 32.1002
  • Acquittal:
    1. Judgement that a criminal defendant has not been proved guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
    2. A verdict of "not guilty."
     
  • Active cell-unit: means a cell-unit set forth in the approved progressive cell-unit mining and reclamation plan provided for in section 63706(1), in which vegetation and topsoil have been removed in preparation for sand dune mining or sand removal has been initiated after the date of issuance of the sand dune mining permit. See Michigan Laws 324.63701
  • Active service: means service, including active state service and special duty required by law, regulation, or pursuant to order of the governor. See Michigan Laws 32.505
  • Active service: means service, active state service, or special duty required by law, regulation, or order of the governor. See Michigan Laws 32.1002
  • Active state duty: means the actual weekend, annual training, or special call up duty in the state military forces and includes travel to and from the duty site or station. See Michigan Laws 32.1002
  • Active state service: means military service in support of civil authorities ordered by the governor or as provided by the Michigan military act. See Michigan Laws 32.1002
  • Ad valorem general property tax: means taxes levied under the general property tax act, 1893 PA 206, MCL 211. See Michigan Laws 324.51101
  • Adjourn: A motion to adjourn a legislative chamber or a committee, if passed, ends that day's session.
  • Adjudication of guilt: means any of the following:

    (i) Entry of a judgment or verdict of guilty, or guilty but mentally ill, following a trial. See Michigan Laws 28.602

  • Administrative act: includes an action, omission, decision, recommendation, practice, or other procedure of the department. See Michigan Laws 4.351
  • Administrative act: includes an action, omission, decision, recommendation, practice, or other procedure of the department. See Michigan Laws 4.771
  • Administratively complete: refers to an application for a mining permit under this part that includes the fee and all of the documents and other information required under this part and any rules promulgated under this part. See Michigan Laws 324.63401
  • Administrator: means the administrator of the authority as provided for in section 21525. See Michigan Laws 324.21502
  • Administratrix: The female counterpart of an administrator. See also
  • Adulterated: means adulterated as determined under the Michigan food law of 1968, Act No. See Michigan Laws 10.121
  • Adulterated product: means a product that contains any deleterious or harmful substance in sufficient amount to render it injurious to beneficial plant life, animals, humans, aquatic life, soil, or water when applied in accordance with directions for use on the label, or if adequate warning statements or directions for use that may be necessary to protect plant life, animals, humans, aquatic life, soil, or water are not shown on the label. See Michigan Laws 324.8501
  • Adverse resource impact: means any of the following:

    (i) Until February 1, 2009, decreasing the flow of a river or stream by part of the index flow such that the river's or stream's ability to support characteristic fish populations is functionally impaired. See Michigan Laws 324.32701

  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • Advisory board: means the Michigan cyber civilian corps advisory board created under section 9. See Michigan Laws 18.222
  • Advisory council: means the Michigan trails advisory council created in section 72110. See Michigan Laws 324.72101
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Affiliate: means a person that directly, or indirectly through 1 or more intermediaries, controls the person specified. See Michigan Laws 324.21502
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • Age: means chronological age except as otherwise provided by law. See Michigan Laws 37.2103
  • Agency: means a department of this state or a local department or agency, including public departments or agencies in a county, city, village, or township that in the course of conducting its business has or maintains access to federal information databases. See Michigan Laws 15.652
  • Agency: means a governmental agency. See Michigan Laws 15.671
  • Agreement: means the document entitled "Great Lakes protection fund agreement" signed by the governor on February 26, 1989. See Michigan Laws 324.33101
  • agreement: means a restrictive covenant, evidenced by an instrument in which the owner and the state, for a term of years, agree to jointly hold the right to undertake development of the land, and that contains a covenant running with the land, for a term of years, not to undertake development, subject to permitted uses. See Michigan Laws 324.36101
  • Agreement: shall mean "contract" and shall include renewals and alterations of a contract. See Michigan Laws 3.221
  • Agreement: means a written agreement between 1 or more law enforcement agencies in this state and at least 1 law enforcement agency in a physically adjacent state. See Michigan Laws 3.731
  • Agricultural biomass: means residue and waste generated on a farm or by farm co-operative members from the production and processing of agricultural products, animal wastes, food processing wastes, or other materials as approved by the director. See Michigan Laws 324.14501
  • Agricultural conservation easement: means a conveyance, by a written instrument, in which, subject to permitted uses, the owner relinquishes to the public in perpetuity his or her development rights and makes a covenant running with the land not to undertake development. See Michigan Laws 324.36101
  • Agricultural conservation easement: means a conveyance, by a written instrument, in which, subject to permitted uses, the owner relinquishes to the public in perpetuity his or her development rights and makes a covenant running with the land not to undertake development. See Michigan Laws 324.36201
  • agricultural drain: means a human-made conveyance of water that meets all of the following requirements:

    (a) Does not have continuous flow. See Michigan Laws 324.30103

  • agricultural drain: means a human-made conveyance of water that meets all of the following requirements:

    (a) Does not have continuous flow. See Michigan Laws 324.30305

  • Agricultural lien: means an interest, other than a security interest, in farm products that meets all of the following requirements:

    (i) The interest secures payment or performance of an obligation for 1 or more of the following:

    (A) Goods or services furnished in connection with a debtor's farming operation. See Michigan Laws 440.9102

  • Agricultural property: means real property used for farming in any of its branches, including cultivating of soil; growing and harvesting of any agricultural, horticultural, or floricultural commodity; dairying; raising of livestock, bees, fish, fur-bearing animals, or poultry; turf and tree farming; and performing any practices on a farm as an incident to, or in conjunction with, these farming operations. See Michigan Laws 324.20101
  • Agricultural purpose: means the agricultural production of plants and animals useful to human beings and includes, but is not limited to, forages and sod crops, grains and feed crops, field crops, dairy animals and dairy products, poultry and poultry products, cervidae, livestock, including breeding and grazing, equine, fish and other aquacultural products, bees and bee products, berries, herbs, fruits, vegetables, flowers, seeds, grasses, nursery stock, trees and tree products, mushrooms, and other similar products, or any other product, as determined by the commission of agriculture, that incorporates the use of food, feed, fiber, or fur. See Michigan Laws 324.32701
  • Agricultural use: means that term as defined in section 36101. See Michigan Laws 324.8501
  • Agricultural use: means the production of plants and animals useful to humans, including forages and sod crops; grains, feed crops, and field crops; dairy and dairy products; poultry and poultry products; livestock, including breeding and grazing of cattle, swine, captive cervidae, and similar animals; berries; herbs; flowers; seeds; grasses; nursery stock; fruits; vegetables; maple syrup production; Christmas trees; and other similar uses and activities. See Michigan Laws 324.36101
  • Agricultural use: means substantially undeveloped land devoted to the production of plants and animals useful to humans, including forages and sod crops; grains, feed crops, and field crops; dairy and dairy products; poultry and poultry products; livestock, including breeding and grazing of cattle, swine, captive cervidae, and similar animals; berries; herbs; flowers; seeds; grasses; nursery stock; fruits; vegetables; Christmas trees; and other similar uses and activities. See Michigan Laws 324.36201
  • Agricultural well: means a high-capacity well that is located on a farm and is used for an agricultural purpose as that term is defined in section 32701. See Michigan Laws 324.31701
  • Air: means ambient or indoor air at the point of exposure. See Michigan Laws 324.21302
  • Air contaminant: means a dust, fume, gas, mist, odor, smoke, vapor, or any combination thereof. See Michigan Laws 324.5501
  • Air pollution: means the presence in the outdoor atmosphere of air contaminants in quantities, of characteristics, under conditions and circumstances, and of a duration that are or can become injurious to human health or welfare, to animal life, to plant life, or to property, or that interfere with the enjoyment of life and property in this state, and excludes all aspects of employer-employee relationships as to health and safety hazards. See Michigan Laws 324.5501
  • Air pollution control equipment: means any method, process, or equipment that removes, reduces, or renders less noxious air contaminants discharged into the atmosphere. See Michigan Laws 324.5501
  • Aircraft: means that term as defined in section 2 of the aeronautics code of the state of Michigan, 1945 PA 327, MCL 259. See Michigan Laws 28.722
  • Alcoholic liquor: means that term as defined in section 1d of the Michigan vehicle code, 1949 PA 300, MCL 257. See Michigan Laws 324.81101
  • Alcoholic liquor: means that term as defined in section 105 of the Michigan liquor control code of 1998, 1998 PA 58, MCL 436. See Michigan Laws 18.421
  • Alcoholic liquor: means that term as defined in section 1d of the Michigan vehicle code, 1949 PA 300, MCL 257. See Michigan Laws 324.82101
  • Alcoholic liquor: means that term as defined in section 105 of the Michigan liquor control code of 1998, 1998 PA 58, MCL 436. See Michigan Laws 37.1103
  • Alkaline manganese battery: means a dry cell battery containing manganese dioxide and zinc electrodes and an alkaline electrolyte. See Michigan Laws 324.17101
  • All appropriate inquiry: means an evaluation of environmental conditions at a property at the time of purchase, occupancy, or foreclosure that reasonably defines the existing conditions and circumstances at the property in conformance with 40 CFR 312 (2014). See Michigan Laws 324.20101
  • All appropriate inquiry: means an evaluation of environmental conditions at a property at the time of purchase, occupancy, or foreclosure that reasonably defines the existing conditions and circumstances at the property in conformance with 40 CFR 312. See Michigan Laws 324.21302
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
  • Amphibian: means any frog, toad, or salamander of the class Amphibia. See Michigan Laws 324.41301
  • Ancillary facility: means any revolving credit agreement, agreement establishing a line of credit, or letter of credit; reimbursement agreement; interest rate exchange or similar agreement; currency exchange agreement; commodity exchange agreement; interest rate floor or cap; option, put, call, or similar agreement to hedge payment, currency, commodity, rate, spread, or similar exposure; investment agreement; float agreement; forward agreement or other investment arrangement; insurance contract; surety bond; commitment to purchase or sell securities; purchase or sale agreement or commitment; or other contract or agreement or other security agreement approved by the authority under this act, including without limitation any arrangement referred to in this act. See Michigan Laws 12.272
  • annual meeting: when applied to townships, mean the annual meeting required by law to be held on the Saturday immediately preceding the first Monday in April. See Michigan Laws 8.3d
  • Annual user costs: means an annual charge levied by a water supplier on users of the waterworks system to pay for each user's share of the cost for operation, maintenance, and replacement of the waterworks system. See Michigan Laws 324.5401
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Appliance: means a refrigerator, dehumidifier, freezer, oven, range, microwave oven, washer, dryer, dishwasher, trash compactor, window room air conditioner, television, or computer. See Michigan Laws 324.17201
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Apprehension: means the taking of a person into custody. See Michigan Laws 32.1002
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Approved claim: means a claim that is approved pursuant to section 21510. See Michigan Laws 324.21502
  • Approved holding tank: means a holding tank certified by the United States coast guard under part 159 of subchapter O of chapter I of title 33 of the code of federal regulations, 33 C. See Michigan Laws 324.9501
  • Aquatic invasive plant species: means an aquatic plant species, hybrid, or genotype that is not native and whose introduction causes, or is likely to cause, economic or environmental harm or harm to human health. See Michigan Laws 324.41401
  • Aquatic invasive species: means an aquatic species that is nonnative to the ecosystem under consideration and whose introduction causes or is likely to cause economic or environmental harm or harm to human health. See Michigan Laws 324.3301
  • Aquatic nuisance: means an organism that lives or propagates, or both, within the aquatic environment and that impairs the use or enjoyment of the waters of the state, including the intermediate aquatic hosts for schistosomes that cause swimmer's itch. See Michigan Laws 324.3301
  • Aquatic nuisance species: means a nonindigenous species that threatens the diversity or abundance of native species or the ecological stability of infested waters, or commercial, agricultural, aquacultural, or recreational activities dependent on such waters. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Aquifer: means a geologic formation, group of formations, or part of a formation capable of yielding a significant amount of groundwater to wells or springs. See Michigan Laws 324.8501
  • Aquifer: means any water bearing bed or stratum of earth or rock capable of yielding groundwater to a water well in sufficient quantities that can be withdrawn. See Michigan Laws 324.32801
  • Aquifer performance test: means a controlled field test in which all of the following are done:

    (i) At least 1 monitoring well is installed. See Michigan Laws 324.32706c

  • Aquifer sensitivity: means a hydrogeologic function representing the inherent abilities of materials surrounding the aquifer to attenuate the movement of nitrogen fertilizers into that aquifer. See Michigan Laws 324.8501
  • Area: means the whole of the state and the whole or any designated portion of any township or townships or county or counties within the state. See Michigan Laws 324.41101
  • Armory: means a building, facility, or the lots and grounds used by an army, navy, or air unit of the national guard or organized militia as a home station or for military training. See Michigan Laws 32.505
  • Arraignment: A proceeding in which an individual who is accused of committing a crime is brought into court, told of the charges, and asked to plead guilty or not guilty.
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Art: means an original, visual creation of quality executed in any size or shape, in any media, using any kind or combination of materials. See Michigan Laws 18.71
  • Artificial brine: means mineralized water formed by dissolving rock salt or other readily soluble rocks or minerals. See Michigan Laws 324.62501
  • As-extracted collateral: means 1 or more of the following:

    (i) Oil, gas, or other minerals that are subject to a security interest that is created by a debtor having an interest in the minerals before extraction and attaches to the minerals as extracted. See Michigan Laws 440.9102

  • Assessment tool: means the water withdrawal assessment tool provided for in section 32706a. See Michigan Laws 324.32701
  • Asset: means infrastructure related to drinking water, wastewater, stormwater, transportation, energy, or communications, including, but not limited to, drinking water supply systems, wastewater systems, stormwater systems, drains, roads, bridges, broadband and communication systems, and electricity and natural gas networks. See Michigan Laws 21.602
  • Asset class: means a single type of asset including its network and all associated appurtenances critical to its performance. See Michigan Laws 21.602
  • Asset management: means an ongoing process of maintaining, preserving, upgrading, and operating physical assets cost-effectively, based on a continuous physical inventory and condition assessment and investment to achieve performance goals. See Michigan Laws 21.602
  • Asset management plan: means a set of procedures to manage assets through their life cycles, based on principles of life cycle costing. See Michigan Laws 21.602
  • Asset management program: means the program that identifies the desired level of service at the lowest life cycle cost for rehabilitating, repairing, or replacing the assets associated with a municipality's wastewater or storm water system. See Michigan Laws 324.5201
  • Asset owner: means a person that owns or operates an asset. See Michigan Laws 21.602
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Assistance: means 1 or more of the following activities to the extent authorized by the federal water pollution control act:

    (i) Provision of loans to municipalities for construction of sewage treatment works projects, stormwater treatment projects, or nonpoint source projects. See Michigan Laws 324.5301

  • Assistance: means 1 or more of the following activities to the extent authorized by the federal safe drinking water act:

    (i) Provision of loans for the planning, design, and construction or alteration of waterworks systems. See Michigan Laws 324.5401

  • Associated facilities: means restrooms, shelters, campgrounds, and parking lots directly related to trails or waterways projects. See Michigan Laws 324.71101
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Attorney general: means the department of the attorney general. See Michigan Laws 324.20101
  • Attorney-at-law: A person who is legally qualified and licensed to practice law, and to represent and act for clients in legal proceedings.
  • Attorney-in-fact: A person who, acting as an agent, is given written authorization by another person to transact business for him (her) out of court.
  • ATV: means a vehicle with 3 or more wheels that is designed for off-road use, has low-pressure tires, has a seat designed to be straddled by the rider, and is powered by a 50cc to 1,000cc gasoline engine or an engine of comparable size using other fuels. See Michigan Laws 324.81101
  • Auction: means the sale or offer for sale by bidding of real or personal property at a public or private location. See Michigan Laws 324.82101
  • Auctioneer: means a person that is engaged in the business of conducting auctions or that offers to conduct an auction for compensation. See Michigan Laws 324.82101
  • Audit: means a post audit of financial transactions and accounts or performance audit as described in section 53 of article IV of the state constitution of 1963. See Michigan Laws 13.101
  • Auditor general: means the individual appointed auditor general under section 53 of article IV of the state constitution of 1963. See Michigan Laws 13.101
  • Authority: means the Michigan municipal bond authority created in section 4 of the shared credit rating act, 1985 PA 227, MCL 141. See Michigan Laws 324.5201
  • Authority: means the Michigan municipal bond authority created in the shared credit rating act, 1985 PA 227, MCL 141. See Michigan Laws 324.5301
  • Authority: means the Michigan municipal bond authority created in the shared credit rating act, 1985 PA 227, MCL 141. See Michigan Laws 324.5401
  • Authority: means the underground storage tank authority created in section 21523. See Michigan Laws 324.21502
  • Authority: means a base conversion authority as provided for in this act. See Michigan Laws 3.551
  • Authority: means a base conversion authority as provided for in this act. See Michigan Laws 3.571
  • Authority: means the Michigan forest finance authority created in section 50503. See Michigan Laws 324.50502
  • Authority: means the Michigan finance authority created by Executive Reorganization Order No. See Michigan Laws 12.272
  • Automotive recycler: means that term as defined in section 2a of the Michigan vehicle code, 1949 PA 300, MCL 257. See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • Background concentration: means the concentration or level of a hazardous substance that exists in the environment at or regionally proximate to a facility that is not attributable to any release at or regionally proximate to the facility. See Michigan Laws 324.20101
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Ballast water: means water and associated solids taken on board a vessel to control or maintain trim, draft, stability, or stresses on the vessel, without regard to the manner in which it is carried. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Ballast water treatment method: means a method of treating ballast water and sediments to remove or destroy living biological organisms through 1 or more of the following:

    (i) Filtration. See Michigan Laws 324.3101

  • Ballot container: means a container that is used for transporting and storing voted ballots, as described and approved under section 24j. See Michigan Laws 168.14a
  • Bank: means an organization that is engaged in the business of banking. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Barrier dune: means the first landward sand dune formation along the shoreline of a Great Lake or a sand dune formation designated by the department. See Michigan Laws 324.63701
  • Base: means a federal military installation on the final list of base or facility closures submitted by the base realignment and closure commission to the president of the United States and subsequently approved by congress. See Michigan Laws 3.571
  • Base flow: means groundwater discharge to rivers and streams. See Michigan Laws 324.32801
  • Baseline: Projection of the receipts, outlays, and other budget amounts that would ensue in the future without any change in existing policy. Baseline projections are used to gauge the extent to which proposed legislation, if enacted into law, would alter current spending and revenue levels.
  • Baseline environmental assessment: means a written document that describes the results of an all appropriate inquiry and the sampling and analysis that confirm that the property is or contains a facility. See Michigan Laws 324.20101
  • Baseline environmental assessment: means a written document that describes the results of an all appropriate inquiry and the sampling and analysis that confirm that the property is a site. See Michigan Laws 324.21302
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • Beneficiation: means to process sand for any of the following purposes, but does not include the drying process:

    (i) Regulating the grain size of the desired product. See Michigan Laws 324.63701

  • benefits: means advantages resulting from a project to public corporations, the inhabitants of public corporations, the inhabitants of this state, and property within public corporations. See Michigan Laws 324.30901
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • Billing address: means the location indicated in the books and records of the financial institution on the first day of the tax year or on a later date in the tax year when the customer relationship began as the address where any notice, statement, or bill relating to a customer's account is mailed. See Michigan Laws 206.651
  • Biological diversity: means the full range of variety and variability within and among living organisms and the natural associations in which they occur. See Michigan Laws 324.35501
  • Biosolids: means a product consisting in whole or in part of sewage sludge that is distributed to the public and that is disinfected by means of composting, pasteurization, wet air oxidation, heat treatment, or other means. See Michigan Laws 324.8501
  • Biota: means the plant and animal life in an area affected by a corrective action plan. See Michigan Laws 324.21302
  • Block: means block as that term is used by the United States department of commerce, bureau of the census in conducting the 2010 decennial census. See Michigan Laws 3.55
  • Block: means block as that term is used by the United States department of commerce, bureau of the census in conducting its 1980 decennial census. See Michigan Laws 4.804
  • Block: means block as that term is used by the United States department of commerce, bureau of the census in conducting the 2010 decennial census. See Michigan Laws 4.2006
  • Board: means the board of ethics. See Michigan Laws 15.341
  • Board: means the brownfield redevelopment board created in section 20104a. See Michigan Laws 324.20101
  • Board: means a board, commission, committee, or subcommittee in the department that has authority in regulatory actions concerning private individuals or entities. See Michigan Laws 15.481
  • Board: means the Michigan Great Lakes protection fund technical advisory board created in section 32908. See Michigan Laws 324.32901
  • Board: means board of county road commissioners. See Michigan Laws 324.35701
  • board: means the board of directors of the authority. See Michigan Laws 324.21502
  • Board: means the agricultural preservation fund board created in section 36204. See Michigan Laws 324.36201
  • Board: means the Michigan highway reciprocity board. See Michigan Laws 3.161
  • Board: means a county board of commissioners. See Michigan Laws 3.252
  • Board: means the board of directors of the Michigan forest finance authority, except where the context clearly requires a different definition. See Michigan Laws 324.50502
  • Board: means the Michigan natural resources trust fund board established in part 19. See Michigan Laws 324.2130
  • Board: means a river management board created as the governing body of a river management district in accordance with this part. See Michigan Laws 324.31101
  • Board: means the board of directors of the authority. See Michigan Laws 12.272
  • Board: means the board of foresters created in section 53505(1). See Michigan Laws 324.53501
  • Boat livery: means a place of business or any location where a person rents or offers for rent any vessel other than a nonmotorized raft to the general public for noncommercial use on the waters of this state. See Michigan Laws 324.44501
  • Bond: means a performance bond from a surety company authorized to transact business in this state, a certificate of deposit, a cash bond, or an irrevocable letter of credit, in favor of the department. See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • Bond: means a bond, note, financial instrument, or other evidence of indebtedness or obligation issued by the authority under this act. See Michigan Laws 12.272
  • Bond proceeds account: means the account within the fund to which proceeds of bonds or notes issued under this part have been credited. See Michigan Laws 324.21502
  • Bonds: means the bonds issued under part 713 or former Act No. See Michigan Laws 324.71501
  • Bonds: means the bonds issued under part 193 or former Act No. See Michigan Laws 324.19501
  • Bonds: means the bonds authorized under the clean Michigan initiative act, 1998 PA 284, MCL 324. See Michigan Laws 324.19601
  • Bonds: means the bonds authorized under the Great Lakes water quality bond authorization act. See Michigan Laws 324.19701
  • Bonds: means bonds of the authority issued as provided in this part. See Michigan Laws 324.50502
  • Bonds: means private activity bonds subject to the unified volume limitation and any other bonds, notes, and evidences of indebtedness, including certain lease and installment purchase obligations, that would be treated by the internal revenue service as private activity bonds unless issued with an allocation from the unified volume limitation. See Michigan Laws 12.112
  • Bonds or notes: means the bonds, notes, commercial paper, other obligations of indebtedness, or any combination of these, issued by the finance authority pursuant to this part. See Michigan Laws 324.21502
  • Bottomland: means the land area of an inland lake or stream that lies below the ordinary high-water mark and that may or may not be covered by water. See Michigan Laws 324.30101
  • Bottomlands: means land in the Great Lakes, and bays and harbors of the Great Lakes, lying below and lakeward of the ordinary high-water mark as described in section 32502. See Michigan Laws 324.32601
  • Bottomlands: means the unpatented lake bottomlands of the Great Lakes. See Michigan Laws 324.76101
  • Branch: includes a separately incorporated foreign branch of a bank. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Brand or product name: means a term, design, or trademark used in connection with 1 or more grades of fertilizer. See Michigan Laws 324.8501
  • Breast height: means 4. See Michigan Laws 324.52501
  • Bulk transfer: means a transfer of refined petroleum or a refined petroleum product from, or purchase for resale by, a refiner, pipeline terminal operator, supplier, or marine terminal operator to or from another refiner, pipeline terminal operator, supplier, or marine terminal operator through pipeline tender or marine delivery, including pipeline movements of refined petroleum or a refined petroleum product from 1 or more marine vessel movements of refined petroleum or a refined petroleum product. See Michigan Laws 324.21502
  • Bulk transfer terminal system: means the refined petroleum or refined petroleum product distribution system consisting of refineries, pipelines, marine vessels, and terminals and includes refined petroleum or refined petroleum product storage tanks and refined petroleum or refined petroleum product storage facilities that are part of a refinery, boat terminal transfer, or terminal owned, operated, or controlled by a refiner, marine terminal operator, or pipeline terminal operator. See Michigan Laws 324.21502
  • Bulkhead line: means a line that is established pursuant to this part beyond which dredging, filling, or construction of any kind is not allowed without a permit. See Michigan Laws 324.30101
  • Bureau: means the legislative service bureau. See Michigan Laws 4.1102
  • Buyer in ordinary course of business: means a person that buys goods in good faith, without knowledge that the sale violates the rights of another person in the goods, and in the ordinary course from a person, other than a pawnbroker, in the business of selling goods of that kind. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • by-product: means any material that is produced by, is incident to, or results from industrial, commercial, or governmental activity or any other activity or enterprise, that is determined to be liquid by method 9095 (paint filter liquids test) as described in "Test methods for evaluating solid wastes, physical/chemical methods" United States Environmental Protection Agency publication no. See Michigan Laws 324.12101
  • Capillary fringe: means the portion of the aquifer above an unconfined saturated zone in which groundwater is drawn upward by capillary force and can include the presence of LNAPL. See Michigan Laws 324.21302
  • Capitalization grant: means the federal grant made to this state by the United States environmental protection agency for the purpose of establishing a state water pollution control revolving fund, as provided in title VI of the federal water pollution control act, 33 USC 1381 to 1387. See Michigan Laws 324.5301
  • Capitalization grant: means the federal grant made to this state by the United States environmental protection agency, as provided in the federal safe drinking water act. See Michigan Laws 324.5401
  • carry passengers for hire: means the transporting of any individual on a vessel other than a nonmotorized raft for consideration directly or indirectly paid to the owner of the vessel, the owner's agent, the operator of the vessel, or any other person who holds any interest in the vessel. See Michigan Laws 324.44501
  • Cash proceeds: means proceeds that are money, checks, deposit accounts, or the like. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Casino: means that term as defined in section 110. See Michigan Laws 206.701
  • Casino licensee: means a person licensed to operate a casino under the Michigan gaming control and revenue act, 1996 IL 1, MCL 432. See Michigan Laws 206.701
  • Caucus: From the Algonquian Indian language, a caucus meant "to meet together." An informal organization of members of the legislature that exists to discuss issues of mutual concern and possibly to perform legislative research and policy planning for its members. There are regional, political or ideological, ethnic, and economic-based caucuses.
  • Cell-unit: means a subunit of the total sand dune mining project as determined in size and location by the operator. See Michigan Laws 324.63701
  • Certificate of completion: means a written response provided by the department confirming that a response activity has been completed in accordance with the applicable requirements of this part and is approved by the department. See Michigan Laws 324.20101
  • Certificate of coverage: means written authorization from the department to implement a project under a general permit. See Michigan Laws 324.3301
  • Certificate of title: means a certificate of title with respect to which a statute provides for the security interest in question to be indicated on the certificate as a condition or result of the security interest's obtaining priority over the rights of a lien creditor with respect to the collateral. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Certification: means a process where an independent third party organization assesses and evaluates forest management practices according to the standards of a certification program resulting in an issuance of a certificate of compliance or conformity. See Michigan Laws 324.52501
  • Certification program: means a program that develops specific standards that measure whether forest management practices are consistent with principles of sustainable forestry. See Michigan Laws 324.52501
  • Certified health department: means a city, county, or district department of health certified under section 11716. See Michigan Laws 324.11701
  • Certified prescribed burn manager: means an individual who has successfully completed the certification program of the department under section 51513 and possesses a valid certification number. See Michigan Laws 324.51501
  • Cesspool: means a cavity in the ground that receives waste to be partially absorbed directly or indirectly by the surrounding soil. See Michigan Laws 324.11701
  • Characteristic fish curve: means a fish functional response curve that describes the abundance of characteristic fish populations in response to reductions in index flow as published in the document entitled "Report to the Michigan Legislature in response to 2006 Public Act 34" by the former groundwater conservation advisory council dated July 2007, which is incorporated by reference. See Michigan Laws 324.32701
  • Charity: An agency, institution, or organization in existence and operating for the benefit of an indefinite number of persons and conducted for educational, religious, scientific, medical, or other beneficent purposes.
  • Charter boat: means a vessel other than a nonmotorized raft that is rented or offered for rent to carry passengers for hire if the owner or the owner's agent retains possession, command, and control of the vessel. See Michigan Laws 324.44501
  • Chattel paper: means a record or records that evidence both a monetary obligation and a security interest in specific goods, a security interest in specific goods and software used in the goods, a security interest in specific goods and license of software used in the goods, a lease of specific goods, or a lease of specific goods and license of software used in the goods. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Chief executive officer: means the mayor of a city, the village manager of a village, the township supervisor of a township, or the county executive of a county or, if the county does not have an elected county executive, the chairperson of the county board of commissioners. See Michigan Laws 324.19601
  • Chief information officer: means the individual within the department designated by the governor as the chief information officer for this state. See Michigan Laws 18.222
  • Child: means an individual, whether over or under the age of majority, who is or is alleged to be owed a duty of support by the individual's parent or who is or is alleged to be the beneficiary of a support order directed to the parent. See Michigan Laws 552.2102
  • Child-support order: means a support order for a child, including a child who has attained the age of majority under the law of the issuing state or foreign country. See Michigan Laws 552.2102
  • citation: means a complaint or notice upon which a police officer shall record an occurrence involving 1 or more vehicle law violations by the person cited. See Michigan Laws 257.727c
  • city: whenever used in this act , shall be construed to mean a city incorporated under this act, or made subject to its provisions. See Michigan Laws 113.10
  • City street: means city major street or city local street as described in section 9 of Act No. See Michigan Laws 324.35701
  • Claim: means the submission by the owner or operator or his or her representative of documentation on an application requesting payment by the authority. See Michigan Laws 324.21502
  • Claim period: means a 1-year period commencing on October 1 of each year and ending on September 30 the following year. See Michigan Laws 324.21502
  • Claimant: means a victim or intervenor who is injured, or any other person eligible for an award under section 4(1) or 5(1), who files a claim under this act. See Michigan Laws 18.351
  • Claims limit: means $1,000,000. See Michigan Laws 324.21502
  • Classification system: means a mechanism to identify the current use of land and any structures on the land. See Michigan Laws 324.60901
  • Clean air act: means chapter 360, 69 Stat. See Michigan Laws 324.5501
  • Clean air act: means chapter 360, 69 Stat. See Michigan Laws 324.5701
  • Cleaning agent: means a laundry detergent, dishwashing compound, household cleaner, metal cleaner, degreasing compound, commercial cleaner, industrial cleaner, phosphate compound, or other substance intended to be used for cleaning purposes. See Michigan Laws 324.3901
  • Cleanup criteria for unrestricted residential use: means any of the following:

    (i) Cleanup criteria that satisfy the requirements for the residential category in section 20120a(1)(a). See Michigan Laws 324.20101

  • Clerk: means the clerk of a township elected under chapter XVI of Act No. See Michigan Laws 41.1b
  • Client: means a municipal, educational, nonprofit, or business organization that has requested and is using the rapid response assistance of the Michigan cyber civilian corps under the direction of the department. See Michigan Laws 18.222
  • Closed session: means a meeting or part of a meeting of a public body that is closed to the public. See Michigan Laws 15.262
  • Code: means the Michigan vehicle code, 1949 PA 300, MCL 257. See Michigan Laws 324.81101
  • Cold river system: means a stream or small river that has the appropriate summer water temperature that, based on statewide averages, sustains a fish community composed predominantly of cold-water fish species, and where small increases in water temperature will not cause a decline in these populations, as determined by a scientific methodology adopted by order of the commission. See Michigan Laws 324.32701
  • Cold-transitional river system: means a stream or river that has the appropriate summer water temperature that, based on statewide averages, sustains a fish community composed predominantly of cold-water fish species, and where small increases in water temperature will cause a decline in the proportion of cold-water species, as determined by a scientific methodology adopted by order of the commission. See Michigan Laws 324.32701
  • Collateral: means the property subject to a security interest or agricultural lien. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Collecting sewers: means lateral, branch, submain, and trunk sewers consisting of pipes or conduits including pumps, lift stations, force mains, and other appurtenances necessary for a system to prevent or eliminate discharges of raw or inadequately treated sewage of human origin into any waters of the state. See Michigan Laws 324.4901
  • Collection site: means , subject to subdivision (e), a site consisting of a parcel or adjacent parcels of real property where any of the following are accumulated:

    (i) 500 or more scrap tires. See Michigan Laws 324.16901

  • Collector: means a person who receives covered electronic devices from consumers and arranges for the delivery of the covered electronic devices to a recycler. See Michigan Laws 324.17301
  • Commander-in-chief: means the governor of this state. See Michigan Laws 32.505
  • Commanding officer: includes only a commissioned officer. See Michigan Laws 32.1002
  • Commercial domicile: means the headquarters of the trade or business, that is the place from which the trade or business is principally managed and directed, or if a financial institution is organized under the laws of a foreign country, of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, or any territory or possession of the United States, such financial institution's commercial domicile shall be deemed for the purposes of this chapter to be the state of the United States or the District of Columbia from which such financial institution's trade or business in the United States is principally managed and directed. See Michigan Laws 206.651
  • commercial forestland: means forestland that is determined to be a commercial forest under section 51103. See Michigan Laws 324.51101
  • Commercial forestland: means commercial forestland that is enrolled under part 511. See Michigan Laws 324.51201
  • Commercial motor vehicle: means a commercial vehicle as defined in section 7 of the Michigan vehicle code, 1949 PA 300, MCL 257. See Michigan Laws 324.74101
  • Commercial motor vehicle: means that term as defined in section 74101. See Michigan Laws 324.78101
  • Commercial purposes: means offering for sale, selling, giving, or furnishing to others. See Michigan Laws 324.48728
  • Commercial tort claim: means a claim arising in tort with respect to which of the following applies:

    (i) The claimant is an organization. See Michigan Laws 440.9102

  • Commercial waste: means all types of solid waste generated by stores, offices, restaurants, warehouses, and other nonmanufacturing activities, but does not include household waste from single residences, hazardous waste, or industrial waste. See Michigan Laws 324.17501
  • Commission: means the Michigan commission on law enforcement standards created in this act or, by express delegation of the Michigan commission on law enforcement standards, its executive director and staff. See Michigan Laws 28.602
  • Commission: means the Mackinac Island state park commission created in section 76503. See Michigan Laws 324.76501
  • commission: means the Mackinac Island state park commission. See Michigan Laws 324.76701
  • Commission: means the civil service commission. See Michigan Laws 15.462
  • Commission: means the Michigan state waterways commission. See Michigan Laws 324.78101
  • Commission: means the Michigan law revision commission. See Michigan Laws 4.1102
  • Commission: means the Michigan state waterways commission created in part 781. See Michigan Laws 324.79101
  • Commission: means the Michigan jobs commission. See Michigan Laws 324.79501
  • Commission: means the Hispanic/Latino commission of Michigan created in section 2. See Michigan Laws 18.301
  • Commission: means the crime victim services commission. See Michigan Laws 18.351
  • Commission: means the state commission on criminal justice created in section 2. See Michigan Laws 18.401
  • Commission: means the Michigan commission on law enforcement standards created in section 3 of the Michigan commission on law enforcement standards act, 1965 PA 203, MCL 28. See Michigan Laws 18.421
  • Commission: means the commission of agriculture and rural development. See Michigan Laws 324.36201
  • Commission: means the civil rights commission established by section 29 of article V of the state constitution of 1963. See Michigan Laws 37.1103
  • Commission: means the Michigan superconducting super collider commission created in section 4. See Michigan Laws 3.813
  • Commission: means the civil rights commission established by section 29 of article V of the state constitution of 1963. See Michigan Laws 37.2103
  • Commission: means the commission of agriculture and rural development. See Michigan Laws 324.51301
  • Commission: means the Michigan state capitol commission established in section 5. See Michigan Laws 4.1942
  • Commission: means the commission of natural resources. See Michigan Laws 324.301
  • Commissioner: means the county drain commissioner or the county road commission in counties not having a drain commissioner, and, if more than 1 county is involved, each of the drain commissioners or drain commissioner and road commission in counties having no drain commissioner. See Michigan Laws 324.30701
  • Committee: means the underwater salvage and preserve committee created in section 76103. See Michigan Laws 324.76101
  • Committee: means the committee on art in public places. See Michigan Laws 18.71
  • Committee: means the joint legislative working committee on biological diversity created pursuant to section 35504. See Michigan Laws 324.35501
  • Commodity: means crumb rubber, tire chips, a ring or slab cut from a tire for use as a weight, or a product die-cut or punched from a tire, or any other product that, as determined by the department based on the product's production cost and value, is not likely to result in an accumulation, at the site of production or use, that poses a threat to public health or the environment. See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • Commodity account: means an account maintained by a commodity intermediary in which a commodity contract is carried for a commodity customer. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Commodity contract: means a commodity futures contract, an option on a commodity futures contract, a commodity option, or another contract if the contract or option is 1 of the following:

    (i) Traded on or subject to the rules of a board of trade that has been designated as a contract market for such a contract pursuant to federal commodities laws. See Michigan Laws 440.9102

  • Commodity customer: means a person for which a commodity intermediary carries a commodity contract on its books. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Commodity intermediary: means 1 of the following:

    (i) A person that is registered as a futures commission merchant under federal commodities law. See Michigan Laws 440.9102

  • Commodity storage area: means 1 or more locations within a collection site where a commodity is stored. See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • common source of supply: means a natural underground reservoir containing or appearing to contain a common accumulation of oil and gas. See Michigan Laws 324.61701
  • Communicate: means 1 or more of the following:

    (i) To send a written or other tangible record. See Michigan Laws 440.9102

  • Community cleanup site: means a site owned by a local unit of government or nonprofit organization that has received a scrap tire cleanup grant under section 16908(2)(c) and uses this site for the purpose of collecting scrap tires from residents as part of a community cleanup day or resident drop off. See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • Community district education trust fund: means the community district education trust fund created in section 12. See Michigan Laws 12.252
  • Community recreation plan: means a 5-year, comprehensive recreation plan for a given local unit of government, approval of which is required by the department for participation in the land and water conservation fund program pursuant to the land and water conservation fund act of 1965, public law 88-578, 78 Stat. See Michigan Laws 324.71601
  • Community supply: means that term as it is defined in section 2 of the safe drinking water act, 1976 PA 399, MCL 325. See Michigan Laws 324.32701
  • Community water supply: means a public water supply that provides year-round service to not less than 15 living units or which regularly provides year-round service to not less than 25 residents. See Michigan Laws 324.5401
  • Compact: means the Great Lakes-St. See Michigan Laws 324.32701
  • Compensation: means salaries. See Michigan Laws 4.511
  • Complainant: means a prisoner or legislator who files a complaint under section 4. See Michigan Laws 4.351
  • Complainant: means a resident veteran, family member of a resident veteran, legal guardian or individual with power of attorney for a resident veteran, or legislator who files a complaint under section 4. See Michigan Laws 4.771
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Complaint: means a complaint submitted under section 31702 alleging a potential groundwater dispute. See Michigan Laws 324.31701
  • Compliance assistance agent: means an individual who provides technical assistance to individuals, organizations, agencies, or others to aid them in complying with federal and state laws and local conservation ordinances. See Michigan Laws 324.9301
  • Computer: means a desktop personal computer or laptop computer, a computer monitor, or beginning April 1, 2011, a printer. See Michigan Laws 324.17301
  • Computer takeback program: means a program required under section 17305(c). See Michigan Laws 324.17301
  • Concurrent resolution: A legislative measure, designated "S. Con. Res." and numbered consecutively upon introduction, generally employed to address the sentiments of both chambers, to deal with issues or matters affecting both houses, such as a concurrent budget resolution, or to create a temporary joint committee. Concurrent resolutions are not submitted to the President/Governor and thus do not have the force of law.
  • Conference committee: A temporary, ad hoc panel composed of conferees from both chamber of a legislature which is formed for the purpose of reconciling differences in legislation that has passed both chambers. Conference committees are usually convened to resolve bicameral differences on major and controversial legislation.
  • Conference report: The compromise product negotiated by the conference committee. The "conference report" is submitted to each chamber for its consideration, such as approval or disapproval.
  • Confinement: means the physical restraint of a person. See Michigan Laws 32.1002
  • Conflict areas: means an aquifer or a portion of an aquifer in which the department has determined that there is reasonable, scientifically based evidence of a pattern of groundwater withdrawal conflicts or a single extended groundwater withdrawal conflict. See Michigan Laws 324.32801
  • Conformance bond: means a surety bond that has been executed by a surety company authorized to do business in this state, cash, a certificate of deposit, a letter of credit, or other security filed by a person and accepted by the department to ensure compliance with this part or rules promulgated under this part. See Michigan Laws 324.63401
  • Conformance bond: means a surety bond that is executed by a surety company authorized to do business in this state, cash, certificates of deposit, letters of credit, or other securities that are filed by an operator to ensure compliance with this part, rules promulgated under this part, or conditions of a sand dune mining permit. See Michigan Laws 324.63701
  • Connecting waterway: means the St. See Michigan Laws 324.32301
  • Conservation: means the wise use of natural resources. See Michigan Laws 324.52501
  • conservation district: means a governmental subdivision of this state, and a public body corporate and politic, organized in accordance with this part, for the purposes, with the powers, and subject to the restrictions set forth in this part. See Michigan Laws 324.9301
  • conservation district board: means the governing body of a conservation district. See Michigan Laws 324.9301
  • Conservation easement: means that term as it is defined in section 2140. See Michigan Laws 324.8201
  • Conservation easement: means an interest in land that provides limitation on the use of land or a body of water or requires or prohibits certain acts on or with respect to the land or body of water, whether or not the interest is stated in the form of a restriction, easement, covenant, or condition in a deed, will, or other instrument executed by or on behalf of the owner of the land or body of water or in an order of taking, which interest is appropriate to retaining or maintaining the land or body of water, including improvements on the land or body of water, predominantly in its natural, scenic, or open condition, or in an agricultural, farming, open space, or forest use, or similar use or condition. See Michigan Laws 324.2140
  • Conservation plan: means a plan approved by the department for all or a portion of a parcel of land that specifies the conservation practices to be undertaken and includes a schedule for implementation. See Michigan Laws 324.8201
  • Conservation practices: means practices, voluntarily implemented by the landowner, that protect and conserve water quality, soil, natural features, wildlife, or other natural resources and that meet 1 or more of the following:

    (i) The practices comply with United States natural resource conservation service standards and specifications as approved by the department. See Michigan Laws 324.8201

  • Conservation species: means those plant species beneficial for conservation practices as included on the list prepared under section 9304a by the conservation species advisory panel. See Michigan Laws 324.9301
  • Conservation species advisory panel: means the conservation species advisory panel created in section 9304a. See Michigan Laws 324.9301
  • Consignee: means a merchant to which goods are delivered in a consignment. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Consignment: means a transaction, regardless of its form, in which a person delivers goods to a merchant for the purpose of sale and that meets all of the following:

    (i) The merchant deals in goods of that kind under a name other than the name of the person making delivery, is not an auctioneer, and is not generally known by its creditors to be substantially engaged in selling the goods of others. See Michigan Laws 440.9102

  • Consignor: means a person that delivers goods to a consignee in a consignment. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Construction: means the engineering, architectural, legal, fiscal, and economic investigations and studies, surveys, designs, plans, working drawings, specifications, procedures, and other similar actions necessary to the construction of collecting sewers; the installation, erection, and building of collecting sewers; and the inspection and supervision of the construction of such sewers. See Michigan Laws 324.4901
  • Construction: means the process of building a building, road, utility, or another structure, including all of the following:

    (i) Assembling materials. See Michigan Laws 324.31701

  • Construction activities: means any actions undertaken in the planning, designing, or building of sewage treatment works projects, stormwater treatment projects, or nonpoint source projects. See Michigan Laws 324.5301
  • Construction activities: means any actions undertaken in the planning, designing, or building of a waterworks system. See Michigan Laws 324.5401
  • Consultant: means a person that meets the requirements set forth in section 21325. See Michigan Laws 324.21302
  • Consumer: means a person who used a covered electronic device primarily for personal or small business purposes in this state. See Michigan Laws 324.17301
  • Consumer: means an individual who enters into a transaction primarily for personal, family, or household purposes. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Consumer goods: means goods that are used or bought for use primarily for personal, family, or household purposes. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Consumer obligor: means an obligor who is an individual and who incurred the obligation as part of a transaction entered into primarily for personal, family, or household purposes. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Consumer product: means any food or beverage that is consumed by humans and any medicine including a prescription drug that is consumed or used by humans. See Michigan Laws 10.121
  • Consumer transaction: means a transaction in which an individual incurs an obligation primarily for personal, family, or household purposes, a security interest secures the obligation, and the collateral is held or acquired primarily for personal, family, or household purposes. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Consumer-goods transaction: means a consumer transaction in which an individual incurs an obligation primarily for personal, family, or household purposes and a security interest in consumer goods secures the obligation. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Consumptive use: means that portion of water withdrawn or withheld from the Great Lakes basin and assumed to be lost or otherwise not returned to the Great Lakes basin due to evaporation, incorporation into products or agricultural products, use as part of the packaging of products or agricultural products, or other processes. See Michigan Laws 324.32701
  • Containers: means glass, metal, or plastic bottles, cans, jars, or other receptacles that contain any substance. See Michigan Laws 324.16301
  • contaminated: means the presence of a regulated substance in soil, surface water, or groundwater or air that has been released from an underground storage tank system at a concentration exceeding the level set forth in the RCBA tier I screening levels established under section 20120a(1)(a) and (b). See Michigan Laws 324.21302
  • Contested case: means that term as defined in section 3 of the administrative procedures act of 1969, 1969 PA 306, MCL 24. See Michigan Laws 28.602
  • Contiguity: means in close proximity, touching, or near. See Michigan Laws 3.813
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Continuation statement: means an amendment of a financing statement which identifies, by its file number, the initial financing statement to which it relates and indicates that it is a continuation statement for, or that it is filed to continue the effectiveness of, the identified financing statement. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Contour change: includes any grading, filling, digging, or excavating that significantly alters the physical characteristic of a critical dune area, except that which is involved in sand dune mining as defined in part 637. See Michigan Laws 324.35301
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Contractor: means the private entity, nonprofit entity, or academic institution selected by the department under section 5 to evaluate certain economic development incentives. See Michigan Laws 18.1753
  • Contribution: means the promise, grant, or payment of money or property of any kind or value, including promises to pay made to an organization or professional fund-raiser. See Michigan Laws 14.302
  • Contribution: means a payment, gift, subscription, assessment, expenditure, contract, payment for services, dues, advance, forbearance, loan, or donation of money or anything of ascertainable monetary value, or a transfer of anything of ascertainable monetary value to a person, made for or allocated to the purpose of defending an elected official in a criminal, civil, or administrative action that arises directly out of the conduct of the elected official's governmental duties. See Michigan Laws 15.523
  • Controlled substance: means that term as defined in section 7104 of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333. See Michigan Laws 32.505
  • Controlled substance: means opium, heroin, cocaine, amphetamine, lysergic acid diethylamide, methamphetamine, phencyclidine, barbituric acid, marihuana, any compound or derivative of any such substance, and any other substance that is listed in schedules I through V of section 202 of the controlled substances act, 21 USC 812, including any subsequent amendments thereto. See Michigan Laws 32.1002
  • Controlled substance: means that term as defined in section 7104 of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333. See Michigan Laws 37.1103
  • Controls: means the possession or the contingent or noncontingent right to acquire possession, direct or indirect, of the power to direct or cause the direction of the management and policies of a person, whether through the ownership of voting securities or interests, by contract, other than a commercial contract for goods or nonmanagement services, by pledge of securities, or otherwise, unless the power is the result of an official position with or corporate office held by the person. See Michigan Laws 324.21502
  • Convention: means the Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance, concluded at The Hague on November 23, 2007. See Michigan Laws 552.2102
  • Conventional gravity sewer extension: means the installation of a new gravity sewer and connection to an existing collection system to provide sewer service to new areas previously not served by the public sewer system. See Michigan Laws 324.4101
  • Convicted: means 1 of the following:

    (i) Having a judgment of conviction or a probation order entered in any court having jurisdiction over criminal offenses, including, but not limited to, a tribal court or a military court, and including a conviction subsequently set aside under 1965 PA 213, MCL 780. See Michigan Laws 28.722

  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Conviction: means a final conviction, the payment of a fine, a plea of guilty or nolo contendere if accepted by the court, or a finding of guilt or probate court disposition on a violation of this part, regardless of whether the penalty is rebated or suspended. See Michigan Laws 324.82101
  • Cool river system: means a stream or river that has the appropriate summer water temperature that, based on statewide averages, sustains a fish community composed mostly of warm-water fish species, but also contains some cool-water species or cold-water species, or both, as determined by a scientific methodology adopted by order of the commission. See Michigan Laws 324.32701
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Correctional custody: means the physical restraint of a person during duty or nonduty while on active state duty and includes extra duty, fatigue duty, or hard labor. See Michigan Laws 32.1002
  • Corrective action: means that term as it is defined in section 21302. See Michigan Laws 324.19601
  • Corrective action: means the investigation, assessment, cleanup, removal, containment, isolation, treatment, or monitoring of regulated substances released into the environment from an underground storage tank system that is necessary under this part to prevent, minimize, or mitigate injury to the public health, safety, or welfare, the environment, or natural resources. See Michigan Laws 324.21302
  • Corrective action: means that term as it is defined in section 21302. See Michigan Laws 324.21502
  • Costs: means 1 or more of the following costs that may be chargeable to the waste management project as a capital cost under generally acceptable accounting principles:

    (i) The cost or fair market value of the acquisition or construction of lands, property rights, utility extensions, disposal facilities, buildings, structures, fixtures, machinery, equipment, access roads, easements, and franchises. See Michigan Laws 324.11901

  • costs of response activity: means all costs incurred in taking or conducting a response activity, including enforcement costs. See Michigan Laws 324.20101
  • Council: means a trail management council established pursuant to section 72106. See Michigan Laws 324.72101
  • Council: means the Great Lakes-St. See Michigan Laws 324.32701
  • Council: means the water resources conservation advisory council created under section 32803. See Michigan Laws 324.32801
  • Council: means the legislative council. See Michigan Laws 4.1102
  • Council: means the legislative council established under section 15 of article IV of the state constitution of 1963. See Michigan Laws 4.351
  • Council: means the legislative council established under section 15 of article IV of the state constitution of 1963. See Michigan Laws 4.771
  • Council: means a watershed council created under this part. See Michigan Laws 324.31101
  • Council administrator: means the chief executive officer of all legislative council agencies. See Michigan Laws 4.1102
  • Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff.
  • County agency: means an agency created or controlled by a county board of commissioners or a county executive, a board of county road commissioners, or an office of the county drain commissioner. See Michigan Laws 324.31201
  • County board: means the county board of commissioners, and if more than 1 county is involved, the boards of commissioners of each of those counties. See Michigan Laws 324.30701
  • County local road: means county local road as described in section 4 of Act No. See Michigan Laws 324.35701
  • County road: means a county primary road or county local road as described in section 5 of 1951 PA 51, MCL 247. See Michigan Laws 324.81101
  • Court: means a circuit court, and if more than 1 judicial circuit is involved, the circuit court designated by the county board or otherwise authorized by law to preside over an action. See Michigan Laws 324.30701
  • Covered computer: means a computer that was or will be used primarily for personal or small business purposes in this state. See Michigan Laws 324.17301
  • Covered electronic device: means a covered computer or covered video display device. See Michigan Laws 324.17301
  • Covered video display device: means a video display device that was or will be used primarily for personal or small business purposes in this state. See Michigan Laws 324.17301
  • Crayfish: means any arthropod of the decapoda family. See Michigan Laws 324.48728
  • Credit card: means a credit, travel, or entertainment card. See Michigan Laws 206.651
  • credit card holder is located in this state: means a borrower, other than a credit card holder, that is engaged in a trade or business which maintains its commercial domicile in this state, or a borrower that is not engaged in a trade or business or a credit card holder whose billing address is in this state. See Michigan Laws 206.651
  • Creditor: includes a general creditor, a secured creditor, a lien creditor, and any representative of creditors, including an assignee for the benefit of creditors, a trustee in bankruptcy, a receiver in equity, and an executor or administrator of an insolvent debtor's or assignor's estate. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Crest: means the line at which the first lakeward facing slope of a critical dune ridge breaks to a slope of less than 1-foot vertical rise in a 5-1/2-foot horizontal plane for a distance of at least 20 feet, if the areal extent where this break occurs is greater than 1/10 acre in size. See Michigan Laws 324.35301
  • Crime: means an act that is 1 of the following:

    (i) A crime under the laws of this state or the United States that causes an injury within this state. See Michigan Laws 18.351

  • Criminal justice in-service training: means a criminal justice program that includes education or training that is designed and intended to enhance the direct delivery of criminal justice services by participants who are authorized to receive education or training as provided in this act. See Michigan Laws 18.421
  • Critical dune area: means a geographic area designated in the "atlas of critical dune areas" dated February 1989 that was prepared by the department of natural resources. See Michigan Laws 324.35301
  • Crowfoot bar: means a bar of any material bearing a series of hooks designed to catch or adapted for catching mussels by the insertion of the hooks between the shells of mussels. See Michigan Laws 324.45701
  • Crumb rubber: means rubber material derived from tires that is less than 1/8 inch by 1/8 inch in size and is free of steel and fiber. See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • Crustacea: means any freshwater crayfish, shrimp, or prawn of the order decapoda. See Michigan Laws 324.48701
  • Crustacean: means freshwater crayfish, shrimp, or prawn of the order Decapoda. See Michigan Laws 324.41301
  • Custodial authority: means 1 or more of the following apply:

    (i) The actor was a member of the same household as the victim. See Michigan Laws 28.722

  • Custom blend: means a fertilizer blended according to specifications provided to a blender in a soil test nutrient recommendation or blended as specifically requested by the consumer prior to blending. See Michigan Laws 324.8501
  • Cybersecurity incident: means an event occurring on or conducted through a computer network that actually or imminently jeopardizes the integrity, confidentiality, or availability of computers, information or communications systems or networks, physical or virtual infrastructure controlled by computers or information systems, or information resident on any of these. See Michigan Laws 18.222
  • Dam: means an artificial barrier, including dikes, embankments, and appurtenant works, that impounds, diverts, or is designed to impound or divert water. See Michigan Laws 324.30101
  • Dam: means an artificial barrier, structure, or facility, and appurtenant works, used to regulate or maintain the level of an inland lake. See Michigan Laws 324.30701
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • damages: means the fair market value on the stump or at the mill, whichever is greater of a forest product cut or removed, or the fair and actual value of any other property removed or damaged in trespass, plus any other damages caused before, during, or after the cutting or removal. See Michigan Laws 324.2155
  • Dark sky preserve: means an area designated in section 75102. See Michigan Laws 324.75101
  • Data management system: means a mechanism which relies on a computer to manipulate, store, and retrieve information collected and updated during a resource inventory. See Michigan Laws 324.60901
  • Dealer: means a person engaged in the sale, lease, or rental of an ORV as a regular business or, for purposes of selling licenses under section 81116, any other person authorized by the department to sell licenses or permits, or both, under this act. See Michigan Laws 324.81101
  • Dealer: means any person engaged in the sale, lease, or rental of snowmobiles as a regular business, other than an auctioneer. See Michigan Laws 324.82101
  • Debtor: means 1 of the following:

    (i) A person having an interest, other than a security interest or other lien, in the collateral, whether or not the person is an obligor. See Michigan Laws 440.9102

  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Decision: means a determination, action, vote, or disposition upon a motion, proposal, recommendation, resolution, order, ordinance, bill, or measure on which a vote by members of a public body is required and by which a public body effectuates or formulates public policy. See Michigan Laws 15.262
  • declassification: means the removal of the commercial forest designation pursuant to section 51116. See Michigan Laws 324.51101
  • Deductible amount: means the amount of corrective action costs or indemnification costs that are required to be paid by an owner or operator as provided in section 21510a. See Michigan Laws 324.21502
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Degradable: means capable of being broken down by biodegradation, photodegradation, or chemical degradation into component parts within 360 days under exposure to the elements. See Michigan Laws 324.16301
  • Delegated authority: means the county drain commissioner or any other person designated by the county board to perform duties required under this part. See Michigan Laws 324.30701
  • Delivery: means either of the following:

    (i) With respect to an electronic document of title, a voluntary transfer of control. See Michigan Laws 440.1201

  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.17301
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.17501
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.32501
  • Department: means the department of natural resources. See Michigan Laws 324.71601
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.3301
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.32601
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.63401
  • Department: means the department of natural resources. See Michigan Laws 324.72101
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.19601
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.19701
  • Department: means the department of agriculture or its authorized representatives. See Michigan Laws 324.8201
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.32701
  • Department: means the department of agriculture and rural development. See Michigan Laws 324.8501
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.5201
  • Department: means the director or his or her designee to whom the director delegates a power or duty by written instrument. See Michigan Laws 324.20101
  • Department: means the department of licensing and regulatory affairs. See Michigan Laws 15.481
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.8801
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.32801
  • Department: means the department of natural resources. See Michigan Laws 324.78101
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality or its authorized agent or representative. See Michigan Laws 324.5402
  • Department: means the department of natural resources unless expressly indicated otherwise. See Michigan Laws 324.33924
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality or its authorized agent. See Michigan Laws 324.11701
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.35301
  • Department: means the department of natural resources, underground storage tank division. See Michigan Laws 324.21101
  • Department: means the department of management and budget. See Michigan Laws 18.71
  • Department: means the department of state police. See Michigan Laws 28.722
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.79501
  • Department: means the department of technology, management, and budget. See Michigan Laws 18.222
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.14721
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.12101
  • Department: means the department of agriculture and rural development. See Michigan Laws 324.9301
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.41401
  • Department: means the department of technology, management, and budget. See Michigan Laws 18.1753
  • Department: means the department of agriculture and rural development. See Michigan Laws 324.36201
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.21502
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.14301
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.30101
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.14501
  • Department: means the department of commerce. See Michigan Laws 3.551
  • Department: means the department of treasury. See Michigan Laws 21.602
  • Department: means the department of commerce. See Michigan Laws 3.571
  • Department: means the department of commerce. See Michigan Laws 3.813
  • Department: means the department of corrections. See Michigan Laws 4.351
  • Department: means the department of civil rights or its employees. See Michigan Laws 37.2103
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.30301
  • Department: means the department of natural resources. See Michigan Laws 324.61001
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.61501
  • Department: means the department of military and veterans affairs. See Michigan Laws 4.771
  • Department: means the department of natural resources. See Michigan Laws 324.51201
  • Department: means the department of agriculture and rural development. See Michigan Laws 324.51301
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • Department: means the department of natural resources. See Michigan Laws 324.51501
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.62501
  • Department: means the department of treasury. See Michigan Laws 12.131
  • Department: means the director of the department of natural resources or his or her designee to whom the director delegates a power or duty by written instrument. See Michigan Laws 324.301
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.31701
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.63101
  • Department: means the department of natural resources. See Michigan Laws 324.53501
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Department of natural resources: means the principal state department created in section 501. See Michigan Laws 324.301
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Deposit account: means a demand, time, savings, passbook, or similar account maintained with a bank. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • Depository library: means a depository library designated under section 10 of the library of Michigan act, Act No. See Michigan Laws 21.55
  • Derivative instrument or product: means either of the following:

    (i) A contract or convertible security that changes in value in concert with a related or underlying security, future, or other instrument or index; or that obtains much of its value from price movements in a related or underlying security, future, or other instrument or index; or both. See Michigan Laws 15.422

  • Derivative instrument or product: means either of the following, subject to subdivision (c):

    (i) A contract or convertible security that changes in value in concert with a related or underlying security, future, or other instrument or index; or that obtains much of its value from price movements in a related or underlying security, future, or other instrument or index; or both. See Michigan Laws 21.55

  • Designated facility: means a treatment facility, storage facility, disposal facility, or reclamation facility that receives liquid industrial by-product from off-site. See Michigan Laws 324.12101
  • Designated state official: means :

    (i) For an election affecting employees and officers in the judicial branch of state government, the state court administrator. See Michigan Laws 15.562

  • Designated state-operated public boating access site: means a state-operated public boating access site designated under section 78105(2). See Michigan Laws 324.78101
  • Detroit consumer price index: means the most comprehensive index of consumer prices available for the Detroit area from the United States Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Development: means an activity that materially alters or affects the existing conditions or use of any land. See Michigan Laws 324.36101
  • Development: means an activity that materially alters or affects the existing conditions or use of any land in a manner that is inconsistent with an agricultural use. See Michigan Laws 324.36201
  • Development rights: means an interest in land that includes the right to construct a building or structure, to improve land for development, to divide a parcel for development, or to extract minerals incidental to a permitted use or as set forth in an instrument recorded under this part. See Michigan Laws 324.36101
  • Development rights: means an interest in land that includes the right to construct a building or structure, to improve land for development, or to divide a parcel for development purposes. See Michigan Laws 324.36201
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • Dewatering well: means a well or pump that is used to remove water from a mining operation or that is used for a limited time period as part of a construction project to remove or pump water from a surface or subsurface area and ceases to be used upon completion of the construction project or shortly after completion of the construction project. See Michigan Laws 324.31701
  • Director: means the director of the department. See Michigan Laws 324.32501
  • Director: means the director of the department. See Michigan Laws 324.71601
  • Director: means the director of the department. See Michigan Laws 324.3301
  • Director: means the director of the department or his or her designee. See Michigan Laws 324.72101
  • Director: means the director of the Mackinac Island state park commission. See Michigan Laws 324.76501
  • Director: means the director of the department or his or her designee. See Michigan Laws 324.8501
  • Director: means the director of the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.20101
  • Director: means the director of the department. See Michigan Laws 324.8801
  • Director: means the director of the department. See Michigan Laws 324.32801
  • Director: means the administrative director of the commission. See Michigan Laws 324.78101
  • Director: means the director of the department of environmental quality or his or her designated representative. See Michigan Laws 324.5402
  • Director: means the director of the department of environmental quality or his or her designee. See Michigan Laws 324.11701
  • Director: means the director of the department of management and budget or the designated representative of the director. See Michigan Laws 18.71
  • Director: means the director of the office of Hispanic/Latino affairs. See Michigan Laws 18.301
  • Director: means the director of the office of criminal justice. See Michigan Laws 18.401
  • Director: means 1 of the members of the conservation district board, elected or appointed in accordance with this part. See Michigan Laws 324.9301
  • Director: means the director of the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.14501
  • Director: means the director of the department. See Michigan Laws 324.30301
  • Director: means the director of the department or his or her designee. See Michigan Laws 324.51301
  • Director: means the director of the department of natural resources. See Michigan Laws 324.301
  • Director: means the director of the department or his or her designee. See Michigan Laws 324.31701
  • Director: means director of the department of licensing and regulatory affairs, or his or her designee. See Michigan Laws 12.272
  • Directors: means the directors or their designees of the departments of environmental quality, community health, agriculture and rural development, and state police. See Michigan Laws 324.20101
  • disability: means 1 or more of the following:
  (i) A determinable physical or mental characteristic of an individual, which may result from disease, injury, congenital condition of birth, or functional disorder, if the characteristic:
  (A) For purposes of article 2, substantially limits 1 or more of the major life activities of that individual and is unrelated to the individual's ability to perform the duties of a particular job or position or substantially limits 1 or more of the major life activities of that individual and is unrelated to the individual's qualifications for employment or promotion. See Michigan Laws 37.1103
  • Disadvantaged community: means a municipality in which all of the following conditions are met:

    (i) Users within the area served by a proposed sewage treatment works project or stormwater treatment project are directly assessed for the costs of construction. See Michigan Laws 324.5301

  • Disadvantaged community: means a municipality in which all of the following conditions are met:

    (i) Users within the area served by a proposed public water supply project are directly assessed for the costs of construction. See Michigan Laws 324.5402

  • Discharge: means the accidental or intentional spilling, leaking, pumping, releasing, pouring, emitting, emptying, or dumping of liquid industrial by-product into the land, air, or water. See Michigan Laws 324.12101
  • Discharge: means spilling, leaking, pumping, pouring, emitting, emptying, or dumping. See Michigan Laws 324.9501
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Disposal: means the discharge, deposit, injection, dumping, spilling, leaking, or placing of any hazardous substance into or on any land or water so that the hazardous substance or any constituent of the hazardous substance may enter the environment or be emitted into the air or discharged into any groundwater or surface water. See Michigan Laws 324.20101
  • Disposal system: means a system used primarily for disposing of or isolating industrial waste and includes pipelines or conduits, pumping stations and force mains, and all other constructions, devices, appurtenances, and facilities used for collecting or conducting water-borne industrial waste to a point of disposal, treatment, or isolation, except that which is necessary to the manufacture of products. See Michigan Laws 324.3701
  • Disposal well: means a well drilled or converted for subsurface disposal of waste products or processed brine and its related surface facilities. See Michigan Laws 324.62501
  • Distribute: means to import, consign, sell, barter, offer for sale, solicit orders for sale, or otherwise supply fertilizer for sale or use in this state. See Michigan Laws 324.8501
  • Distributor: means any person who distributes fertilizer for sale or use in this state. See Michigan Laws 324.8501
  • Distributor: means a person who sells batteries to retailers in this state. See Michigan Laws 324.17101
  • District: means a river management district established under this part. See Michigan Laws 324.31101
  • Diversion: means a transfer of water from the Great Lakes basin into another watershed, or from the watershed of 1 of the Great Lakes into that of another by any means of transfer, including, but not limited to, a pipeline, canal, tunnel, aqueduct, channel, modification of the direction of a water course, tanker ship, tanker truck, or rail tanker but does not apply to water that is used in the Great Lakes basin or a Great Lake watershed to manufacture or produce a product that is then transferred out of the Great Lakes basin or watershed. See Michigan Laws 324.32701
  • DNAPL: means a dense nonaqueous-phase liquid with a specific gravity greater than 1 and composed of 1 or more organic compounds that are immiscible or sparingly soluble in water. See Michigan Laws 324.21302
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • Docking facility: means a public, private, or commercial marina, yacht club, dock, or wharf used for mooring, serving, or otherwise handling watercraft. See Michigan Laws 324.9501
  • Document: means a document of title or a receipt of the type described in section 7201(2). See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Document of title: means a record that in the regular course of business or financing is treated as adequately evidencing that the person in possession or control of the record is entitled to receive, control, hold, and dispose of the record and the goods the record covers and that purports to be issued by or addressed to a bailee and to cover goods in the bailee's possession which are either identified or are fungible portions of an identified mass. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Domestic purposes: refers to burning that is any of the following:

    (i) A fire within the curtilage of a dwelling where the material being burned has been properly placed in a debris burner constructed of metal or masonry, with a metal covering device with openings no larger than 3/4 of an inch. See Michigan Laws 324.51501

  • Domestic septage: means liquid or solid material removed from a septic tank, cesspool, portable toilet, type III marine sanitation device, or similar storage or treatment works that receives only domestic sewage. See Michigan Laws 324.11701
  • Domestic sewage: means waste and wastewater from humans or household operations. See Michigan Laws 324.11701
  • Domestic treatment plant septage: means biosolids generated during the treatment of domestic sewage in a treatment works and transported to a receiving facility or managed in accordance with a residuals management program approved by the department. See Michigan Laws 324.11701
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • Due care activities: means those activities conducted under sections 20107a and 21304c. See Michigan Laws 324.19601
  • Due notice: means notice published at least twice, with an interval of at least 7 days between the 2 publication dates, in a newspaper or other publication of general circulation within the appropriate area or, if a publication of general circulation is not available, by posting at a reasonable number of conspicuous places within the appropriate area. See Michigan Laws 324.4701
  • Duty of support: means an obligation imposed or imposable by law to provide support for a child, spouse, or former spouse, including an unsatisfied obligation to provide support. See Michigan Laws 552.2102
  • easement: means a grant, by an instrument, in which the owner relinquishes to the public in perpetuity or for a term of years the right to undertake development of the land, and that contains a covenant running with the land, not to undertake development, subject to permitted uses. See Michigan Laws 324.36101
  • Economic development incentive: means the abatements, tax credits, exemptions, grants, loans, or loan guarantees related to economic development activities in this state as determined by the Michigan strategic fund provided under the following acts:
  •   (i) The Michigan business tax act, 2007 PA 36, MCL 208. See Michigan Laws 18.1753
  • Ecosystem: means an assemblage of species, together with the species' physical environment, considered as a unit. See Michigan Laws 324.35501
  • educational institution: means a public or private institution or a separate school or department of a public or private institution, includes an academy, college, elementary or secondary school, extension course, kindergarten, nursery, school system, school district, or university, and a business, nursing, professional, secretarial, technical, or vocational school, and includes an agent of an educational institution. See Michigan Laws 37.1401
  • Elected official: means an individual who holds an elective office in state or local government in this state. See Michigan Laws 15.523
  • Election: means an election or primary election at which the electors of this state or of a subdivision of this state choose or nominate by ballot an individual for public office or decide a ballot question lawfully submitted to them. See Michigan Laws 168.2
  • election precinct: as used in this act shall mean a political subdivision, the area of which is embraced in its entirety within the confines of a city, ward, township or village, and for which not more than 1 polling place is provided for all qualified and registered electors residing therein. See Michigan Laws 168.654
  • Electronic: means relating to technology having electrical, digital, magnetic, wireless, optical, electromagnetic, or similar capabilities. See Michigan Laws 4.1121
  • Electronic chattel paper: means chattel paper evidenced by a record or records consisting of information stored in an electronic medium. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Electronic funds transfer: The transfer of money between accounts by consumer electronic systems-such as automated teller machines (ATMs) and electronic payment of bills-rather than by check or cash. (Wire transfers, checks, drafts, and paper instruments do not fall into this category.) Source: OCC
  • Eligible applicant: means a person that meets the requirements under section 41402. See Michigan Laws 324.41401
  • Eligible entity: means a governmental agency of the executive branch of this state or a subdivision of this state that is established and maintained in accordance with the laws of this state and that is authorized by the laws of this state to employ or appoint law enforcement officers licensed under sections 9 and 9a of the Michigan commission on law enforcement standards act, 1965 PA 203, MCL 28. See Michigan Laws 18.421
  • Eligible farmer or agricultural processor: means a person who processes agricultural products or a person who is engaged as an owner-operator of a farm in the production of agricultural goods as defined by section 35(1)(h) of the former single business tax act, 1975 PA 228, or by section 207(1)(d) of the Michigan business tax act, 2007 PA 36, MCL 208. See Michigan Laws 324.14501
  • Eligible production company: means that term as defined under section 455 of the Michigan business tax act, 2007 PA 36, MCL 208. See Michigan Laws 206.701
  • Eligible project: means a project that meets the requirements under section 41402. See Michigan Laws 324.41401
  • Emergency management coordinator: means that term as defined in section 2 of the emergency management act, 1976 PA 390, MCL 30. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Emission: means the emission of an air contaminant. See Michigan Laws 324.5501
  • Employee: means an employee, classified or unclassified, of the executive branch of this state. See Michigan Laws 15.341
  • Employee: means a person who performs a service for wages or other remuneration under a contract of hire, written or oral, express or implied. See Michigan Laws 15.361
  • Employee: means a person who is employed by or is an employee of a federal agency, an institution of higher education, a local unit of government, or a state agency. See Michigan Laws 15.501
  • Employee: means an individual employed by this state, an individual working for a private business entity under contract with this state, an individual working for a private business entity under contract with a county, city, village, or township, or an individual who is employed by a county, city, village, or township. See Michigan Laws 15.652
  • Employee: means an individual who is self-employed or works for any other entity as a full-time or part-time employee, contractual provider, or volunteer, regardless of whether he or she is financially compensated. See Michigan Laws 28.722
  • Employee or agent: means any of the following:
  •   (i) An individual who is employed by, or under contract with, an agency. See Michigan Laws 15.671
  • Employer: means a person who has 1 or more employees or a person who as contractor or subcontractor is furnishing material or performing work for the state or a governmental entity or agency of the state and includes an agent of such a person. See Michigan Laws 37.1201
  • Employer: means a person who has 1 or more employees. See Michigan Laws 15.361
  • Employer: means a person who has 1 or more employees, and includes an agent of that person. See Michigan Laws 37.2201
  • Employment agency: means a person regularly undertaking with or without compensation to procure employees for an employer or to procure for employees opportunities to work for an employer and includes an agent of such a person. See Michigan Laws 37.1201
  • Employment agency: means a person regularly undertaking with or without compensation to procure, refer, recruit, or place an employee for an employer or to procure, refer, recruit, or place for an employer or person the opportunity to work for an employer and includes an agent of that person. See Michigan Laws 37.2201
  • Encumbrance: means a right, other than an ownership interest, in real property. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • End-user: means any of the following:

    (i) A person who possesses a permit to burn tires under part 55. See Michigan Laws 324.16901

  • Endangered species: means any species of fish, plant life, or wildlife that is in danger of extinction throughout all or a significant part of its range, other than a species of insecta determined by the department or the secretary of the United States department of the interior to constitute a pest whose protection under this part would present an overwhelming and overriding risk to humans. See Michigan Laws 324.36501
  • Endowment fund: means the Michigan state parks endowment fund established in section 35a of article IX of the state constitution of 1963 and provided for in section 74119. See Michigan Laws 324.74101.amended
  • Energy advisory committee: means the committee created under section 2. See Michigan Laws 10.81
  • Energy emergency: means a condition of danger to the health, safety, or welfare of the citizens of this state due to an impending or present energy shortage. See Michigan Laws 10.81
  • Energy resource: means electricity, natural gas, synthetic gas, a petroleum product including a liquefied petroleum gas, coal, wood fuel, geothermal source, hydropower, nuclear material, or other source producing power or heat. See Michigan Laws 10.81
  • Energy shortage: means lack of adequate available energy resources in the state, or any part of the state, as determined by the energy advisory committee or the governor. See Michigan Laws 10.81
  • Enforcement costs: means court expenses, reasonable attorney fees of the attorney general, and other reasonable expenses of an executive department that are incurred in relation to enforcement under this part. See Michigan Laws 324.20101
  • Enhanced access: means a public record's immediate availability for public inspection, purchase, or copying by digital means. See Michigan Laws 15.442
  • Enlisted member: means a person in an enlisted grade. See Michigan Laws 32.1002
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • enumeration district: means enumeration district as that term is used by the United States department of commerce, bureau of the census in conducting its 1980 decennial census. See Michigan Laws 4.804
  • Environmental area: means an area of the shoreland determined by the department on the basis of studies and surveys to be necessary for the preservation and maintenance of fish and wildlife. See Michigan Laws 324.32301
  • Environmental audit: means a voluntary and internal evaluation conducted on or after the effective date of this part of 1 or more facilities or an activity at 1 or more facilities regulated under state, federal, regional, or local laws or ordinances, or of environmental management systems or processes related to the facilities or activity, or of a previously corrected specific instance of noncompliance, that is designed to identify historical or current noncompliance and prevent noncompliance or improve compliance with 1 or more of those laws, or to identify an environmental hazard, contamination, or other adverse environmental condition, or to improve an environmental management system or process. See Michigan Laws 324.14801
  • Environmental audit report: means a document or a set of documents, each labeled at the time it is created "environmental audit report: privileged document" and created as a result of an environmental audit. See Michigan Laws 324.14801
  • Environmental contamination: means the release of a hazardous substance, or the potential release of a discarded hazardous substance, in a quantity which is or may become injurious to the environment or to the public health, safety, or welfare. See Michigan Laws 324.20101
  • Environmental elements: means the biological, physical, and chemical characteristics of the environment, including but not limited to the following:

    (i) Watersheds. See Michigan Laws 324.63701

  • Environmental wastes: means all environmental pollutants, wastes, discharges, and emissions, regardless of how they are regulated and regardless of whether they are released to the general environment or the workplace environment. See Michigan Laws 324.14301
  • Environmentally sound and economically feasible water conservation measures: means those measures, methods, technologies, or practices for efficient water use and for reduction of water loss and waste or for reducing a withdrawal, consumptive use, or diversion that meet all of the following:

    (i) Are environmentally sound. See Michigan Laws 324.32701

  • Equine access locations: means open access roads, management roads, forestry access roads, 2-track and single-track trails that are not wildlife paths, staging areas for pack and saddle animals to be dropped off or picked up, and associated wilderness campsites. See Michigan Laws 324.72101
  • Equipment: means a system, part, or component of a vessel as originally manufactured, or a system, part, or component manufactured or sold for replacement, repair, or improvement of a system, part, or component of a vessel; an accessory or equipment for, or appurtenance to, a vessel; or a marine safety article, accessory, or equipment intended for use by an individual on board a vessel; but does not include radio equipment. See Michigan Laws 324.44501
  • Equipment: means goods other than inventory, farm products, or consumer goods. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escheat: Reversion of real or personal property to the state when 1) a person dies without leaving a will and has no heirs, or 2) when the property (such as a bank account) has been inactive for a certain period of time. Source: OCC
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Evaluation: means those activities including, but not limited to, investigation, studies, sampling, analysis, development of feasibility studies, and administrative efforts that are needed to determine the nature, extent, and impact of a release or threat of release and necessary response activities. See Michigan Laws 324.20101
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Exacerbation: means the occurrence of either of the following caused by an activity undertaken by the person who owns or operates the property, with respect to contamination for which the person is not liable:

    (i) Migration of contamination beyond the boundaries of the property that is the source of the release at levels above cleanup criteria for unrestricted residential use unless a criterion is not relevant because exposure is reliably restricted as otherwise provided in this part. See Michigan Laws 324.20101

  • Examination: means an inquiry, compilation, or review within the scope of the auditor general's authority under section 53 of article IV of the state constitution of 1963. See Michigan Laws 13.101
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Executrix: The female counterpart of an executor. See also
  • Expand: means to occupy a larger area of an inland lake or stream than authorized by a permit issued under this part for marina mooring structures and watercraft moored at the marina. See Michigan Laws 324.30101
  • Expedited review: means an expedited review of an application for a construction permit under section 4112. See Michigan Laws 324.4101
  • Expenses: means expenses incurred by the legislator in connection with the discharge of his official duties. See Michigan Laws 4.511
  • Exploratory purposes: means test well drilling for the specific purpose of discovering or outlining an orebody or mineable mineral resource. See Michigan Laws 324.62501
  • Extradition: The formal process of delivering an accused or convicted person from authorities in one state to authorities in another state.
  • Facility: means any disposal system, including disposal wells, or any treatment works, appliance, equipment, machinery, or installation constructed, used, or placed in operation primarily for the purpose of reducing, controlling, or eliminating water pollution caused by industrial waste. See Michigan Laws 324.3701
  • Facility: means that term as it is defined in part 201. See Michigan Laws 324.19601
  • Facility: means any area, place, parcel or parcels of property, or portion of a parcel of property where a hazardous substance in excess of the concentrations that satisfy the cleanup criteria for unrestricted residential use has been released, deposited, disposed of, or otherwise comes to be located. See Michigan Laws 324.20101
  • facility: means machinery, equipment, structures, or any part or accessories of machinery, equipment, or structures, installed or acquired for the primary purpose of controlling or disposing of air pollution that if released would render the air harmful or inimical to the public health or to property within this state. See Michigan Laws 324.5901
  • Facility: means all contiguous land and structures, other appurtenances, and improvements on land for treating, storing, disposing of, or reclamation of liquid industrial by-product. See Michigan Laws 324.12101
  • facility: means a Michigan veterans' facility established under 1885 PA 152, MCL 36. See Michigan Laws 4.771
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Familial status: means 1 or more individuals under the age of 18 residing with a parent or other person having custody or in the process of securing legal custody of the individual or individuals or residing with the designee of the parent or other person having or securing custody, with the written permission of the parent or other person. See Michigan Laws 37.2103
  • Farm: means that term as it is defined in section 2 of the Michigan right to farm act, 1981 PA 93, MCL 286. See Michigan Laws 324.32701
  • Farm: means that term as defined in section 2 of the Michigan right to farm act, 1981 PA 93, MCL 286. See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • Farm: means that term as it is defined in section 2 of the Michigan right to farm act, 1981 PA 93, MCL 286. See Michigan Laws 324.31701
  • Farm operation: has the meaning ascribed to it in the Michigan right to farm act, 1981 PA 93, MCL 286. See Michigan Laws 324.5501
  • Farm operation: means that term as defined in section 2 of the Michigan right to farm act, 1981 PA 93, MCL 286. See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • Farm product: means that term as defined in section 2 of the Michigan right to farm act, 1981 PA 93, MCL 286. See Michigan Laws 324.73101
  • Farm products: means goods, other than standing timber, with respect to which the debtor is engaged in a farming operation and which are 1 of the following:

    (i) Crops grown, growing, or to be grown, including crops produced on trees, vines, and bushes, and aquatic goods produced in aquacultural operations. See Michigan Laws 440.9102

  • Farm property: means land used in the production of a farm product and all lands contained within the farm. See Michigan Laws 324.73101
  • Farm vehicle: means either of the following:

    (i) An implement of husbandry as defined in section 21 of the Michigan vehicle code, 1949 PA 300, MCL 257. See Michigan Laws 324.81101

  • Farming operation: means raising, cultivating, propagating, fattening, grazing, or any other farming, livestock, or aquacultural operation. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Farmland: means 1 or more of the following:

    (i) A farm of 40 or more acres in 1 ownership, with 51% or more of the land area devoted to an agricultural use. See Michigan Laws 324.36101

  • Farmland: means 1 or more of the following:

    (i) A farm of 40 or more acres in 1 ownership, with 51% or more of the land area devoted to an agricultural use. See Michigan Laws 324.36201

  • Feasibility study: means a process for developing, evaluating, and selecting appropriate response activities. See Michigan Laws 324.20101
  • Federal agency: means an agency, board, bureau, commission, department, division, office, or subdivision thereof of the federal government. See Michigan Laws 15.501
  • Federal safe drinking water act: means the safe drinking water act, 42 USC 300f to 300j-26, and the rules promulgated under that act. See Michigan Laws 324.5402
  • Federal service: means military duty in the armed forces of the United States, including, without limitation, the army national guard of the United States and the air national guard of the United States, while subject to the uniform code of military justice, 10 USC, 801 to 946. See Michigan Laws 32.1002
  • Federal tax information: means any information created by the recipient that is derived from federal return or return information received from the Internal Revenue Service or obtained through a secondary source such as the Social Security Administration, Federal Office of Child Support Enforcement, Bureau of the Fiscal Service, or Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, or another entity acting on behalf of the Internal Revenue Service pursuant to an agreement under section 6103 of the internal revenue code, 26 USC 6103. See Michigan Laws 15.652
  • Federal water pollution control act: means 33 USC 1251 to 1387. See Michigan Laws 324.5301
  • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
  • Fee-subject air pollutant: means particulates, expressed as PM-10 pursuant to 1996 MR 11, R 336. See Michigan Laws 324.5501
  • Fee-subject facility: means the following sources:

    (i) Any major source as defined in 40 C. See Michigan Laws 324.5501

  • Feed storage location: means a location on a parcel or adjacent parcels of real property containing a farm operation where not more than 3,000 scrap tires are used to secure stored feed. See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Felony: means that term as defined in section 1 of chapter I of the code of criminal procedure, 1927 PA 174, MCL 761. See Michigan Laws 28.722
  • Ferrous product: means a commercially salable ferrous mineral in its final marketable form or state. See Michigan Laws 324.63101
  • Fertilizer: means a substance containing 1 or more recognized plant nutrients, which substance is used for its plant nutrient content and which is designed for use, or claimed to have value, in promoting plant growth. See Michigan Laws 324.8501
  • Fertilizer material: means a fertilizer to which 1 or more of the following apply:

    (i) Contains not more than 1 of the following as primary nutrients:

    (A) Total nitrogen (N). See Michigan Laws 324.8501

  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Field: means an underground reservoir or reservoirs containing oil or gas, or both. See Michigan Laws 324.61501
  • Field: means an underground reservoir or reservoirs containing oil or gas, or both. See Michigan Laws 324.61701
  • Field name: means the label or identification of an element of a computer data base that contains a specific item of information, and includes but is not limited to a subject heading such as a column header, data dictionary, or record layout. See Michigan Laws 15.232
  • File number: means the number assigned to an initial financing statement pursuant to section 9519(1). See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Filing office: means an office designated in section 9501 as the place to file a financing statement. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Filing-office rule: means a rule adopted pursuant to section 9526. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Fill material: means soil, rocks, sand, waste of any kind, or any other material that displaces soil or water or reduces water retention potential. See Michigan Laws 324.30301
  • Finance authority: means the Michigan finance authority created by Executive Reorganization Order No. See Michigan Laws 324.21502
  • Financial assurance: means a performance bond, escrow, cash, certificate of deposit, irrevocable letter of credit, corporate guarantee, or other equivalent security, or any combination thereof. See Michigan Laws 324.20101
  • Financial institution: means a state or nationally chartered bank or a state or federally chartered savings and loan association, savings bank, or credit union whose deposits are insured by an agency of the United States government and that maintains a principal office or branch office located in this state under the laws of this state or the United States. See Michigan Laws 15.523
  • Financial institution: means any of the following:

    (i) A bank holding company, a national bank, a state chartered bank, a state chartered savings bank, a federally chartered savings association, or a federally chartered farm credit system institution. See Michigan Laws 206.651

  • Financial report: means any of the following:

    (i) An audit report or other report for a local unit showing the cost and fiscal year end market value of derivative instruments or products in the local unit's pension or nonpension investment portfolio at fiscal year end reported both on an aggregate basis and itemized by issuer and type of derivative instrument or product, including but not limited to an annual financial report under section 4 of the uniform budgeting and accounting act, Act No. See Michigan Laws 15.422

  • Financial responsibility requirements: means the financial responsibility for taking corrective action and for compensating third parties for bodily injury and property damage caused by a release from a refined petroleum underground storage tank system that the owner or operator of a refined petroleum underground storage tank system must demonstrate under part 211 and the rules promulgated under that part. See Michigan Laws 324.21502
  • Financing costs: means all capitalized interest; operating and debt service reserves; costs of issuance; fees for credit and liquidity enhancements; any item of expense directly or indirectly payable or reimbursable by the authority and related to the authorization, sale, or issuance of bonds, including without limitation underwriting fees, counsel fees, fees of the attorney general, and fees and expenses of consultants, advisors, fiduciaries, and rating agencies; and other costs as the authority determines to be desirable in issuing, securing, and marketing and remarketing the bonds. See Michigan Laws 12.272
  • Financing statement: means a record or records composed of an initial financing statement and any filed record relating to the initial financing statement. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • firearm: except as otherwise specifically defined in statute, includes any weapon which will, is designed to, or may readily be converted to expel a projectile by action of an explosive. See Michigan Laws 8.3t
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Fish: means game fish or nongame fish as those terms are defined in section 48701. See Michigan Laws 324.73101
  • Fish or wildlife: means any member of the animal kingdom, including any mammal, fish, amphibian, mollusk, crustacean, arthropod, or other invertebrate, and includes any part, product, egg, or offspring, or the dead body or parts thereof. See Michigan Laws 324.36501
  • Fishing shanty: means a fishing house or any other structure or shelter placed on the ice on the waters over which this state has jurisdiction. See Michigan Laws 324.46501
  • Fixture filing: means the filing of a financing statement covering goods that are or are to become fixtures and satisfying section 9502(1) and (2). See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Fixtures: means goods that have become so related to particular real property that an interest in them arises under real property law. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Flammable material: means any substance that will burn, including, but not limited to, refuse, debris, waste forest material, brush, stumps, logs, rubbish, fallen timber, grass, stubble, leaves, fallow land, slash, crops, or crop residue. See Michigan Laws 324.51501
  • Flood risk area: means the area of the shoreland that is determined by the department on the basis of studies and surveys to be subject to flooding from effects of levels of the Great Lakes and is not limited to 1,000 feet. See Michigan Laws 324.32301
  • Flow-based safety factor: means a protective measure of the assessment tool that reduces the portion of index flow available for a withdrawal to 1/2 of the index flow for the purpose of minimizing the risk of adverse resource impacts caused by statistical uncertainty. See Michigan Laws 324.32701
  • Flow-through entity: means an entity that for the applicable tax year is treated as an S corporation under section 1362(a) of the internal revenue code, a general partnership, a limited partnership, a limited liability partnership, or a limited liability company, that for the applicable tax year is not taxed as a corporation for federal income tax purposes. See Michigan Laws 206.701
  • FOIA coordinator: means either of the following:

    (i) An individual who is a public body. See Michigan Laws 15.232

  • Follow-up work: means forest practices to promote the survival of seeds or seedlings or the protection or enhancement of other work previously undertaken under this part. See Michigan Laws 324.51301
  • Food establishment septage: means material pumped from a grease interceptor, grease trap, or other appurtenance used to retain grease or other fatty substances contained in restaurant wastes and that is blended into a uniform mixture, consisting of not more than 1 part of that restaurant-derived material per 3 parts of domestic septage, prior to land application or disposed of at a receiving facility. See Michigan Laws 324.11701
  • Forbearance: A means of handling a delinquent loan. A
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Foreclosure: means possession of a property by a lender on which it has foreclosed on a security interest or the expiration of a lawful redemption period, whichever occurs first. See Michigan Laws 324.20101
  • Foredune: means 1 or more low linear dune ridges that are parallel and adjacent to the shoreline of a Great Lake and are rarely greater than 20 feet in height. See Michigan Laws 324.35301
  • Foreign country: means a country, including a political subdivision thereof, other than the United States, that authorizes the issuance of support orders and 1 or more of the following:

    (i) That has been declared under the law of the United States to be a foreign reciprocating country. See Michigan Laws 552.2102

  • Foreign support order: means a support order of a foreign tribunal. See Michigan Laws 552.2102
  • Forensic laboratory: means a laboratory maintained by the department of state police or a municipality that meets all of the following criteria:

    (i) Has at least 1 regularly employed forensic scientist who conducts analyses of controlled substances or androgenic anabolic steroids for criminal justice agencies in criminal matters, and provides testimony with respect to those analyses. See Michigan Laws 12.202

  • Forensic test: means a drug analysis, toxicology analysis, or other forensic analysis or examination in areas including, but not limited to, latent prints, microchemistry, serology, firearms, toolmarks, or questioned documents. See Michigan Laws 12.202
  • Forest development fund: means the forest development fund created in section 50507. See Michigan Laws 324.53501
  • Forest improvement project: means any of the following:

    (i) Production, processing, handling, storage, marketing, or transportation of forest resources, including sawmills, hardboard mills, power stations, warehouses, air and water pollution control equipment, and solid waste disposal facilities. See Michigan Laws 324.51301

  • Forest management plan: means a written plan prepared and signed by a registered forester or a natural resources professional that prescribes measures to optimize production, utilization, and regeneration of forest resources. See Michigan Laws 324.51101
  • Forest practice: means that term as it is defined in section 7jj of the general property tax act, 1893 PA 206, MCL 211. See Michigan Laws 324.51301
  • Forest resources: means those products, uses, and values associated with forestland, including recreation and aesthetics, fish, forage, soil, timber, watershed, wilderness, and wildlife. See Michigan Laws 324.51301
  • Forest road: means that term as defined in section 81101. See Michigan Laws 324.72101
  • Forest road: means a hard surfaced road, gravel or dirt road, or other route capable of travel by a 2-wheel drive, 4-wheel conventional vehicle designed for road use. See Michigan Laws 324.81101
  • Forest trail: means a designated path or way that is not a route. See Michigan Laws 324.81101
  • Forester: means an individual who, by reason of his or her knowledge of the natural sciences, mathematics, and the principles of forestry, acquired by forestry education and practical experience, is qualified to engage in the practice of professional forestry. See Michigan Laws 324.53501
  • Forestland: means a tract of land that may include nonproductive land that is intermixed with productive land that is an integral part of a managed forest and that meets all the following:

    (i) Does not have material natural resources other than those resources suitable for forest growth or the potential for forest growth. See Michigan Laws 324.51101

  • Forestland: means that term as defined in part 511. See Michigan Laws 324.51201
  • Forestland: means a tract of land that may include nonproductive land that is intermixed with productive land that is an integral part of a managed forest and the owner of which agrees to develop, maintain, and actively manage the land as a private forest through planting, natural reproduction, or other silvicultural practices. See Michigan Laws 324.51301
  • Forestry commission: means a forestry commission appointed by a municipality pursuant to this part. See Michigan Laws 324.52701
  • Foundation: means the Michigan state parks foundation created in section 74302. See Michigan Laws 324.74301
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Free flowing: means existing or flowing in natural condition without impoundment, diversion, straightening, riprapping, or other modification. See Michigan Laws 324.30501
  • Freedom of Information Act: A federal law that mandates that all the records created and kept by federal agencies in the executive branch of government must be open for public inspection and copying. The only exceptions are those records that fall into one of nine exempted categories listed in the statute. Source: OCC
  • Fully shielded: means outdoor light fixtures shielded or constructed so that no light rays are emitted by the installed fixture at angles above 15 degrees below the horizontal plane and also constructed so that the filament or light source is not visible to the naked eye when viewed from a point higher than 15 degrees below the horizontal plane. See Michigan Laws 324.75101
  • Fund: means the recreation bond fund created in section 71506. See Michigan Laws 324.71501
  • Fund: means the environmental protection bond fund created in section 19506. See Michigan Laws 324.19501
  • Fund: means the submerged log recovery fund created in section 32610. See Michigan Laws 324.32601
  • Fund: means the small native copper mine surveillance fund created in section 63415. See Michigan Laws 324.63401
  • Fund: means the Pure Michigan Trails fund created in section 72109. See Michigan Laws 324.72101
  • Fund: means the clean Michigan initiative bond fund created in section 19606. See Michigan Laws 324.19601
  • Fund: means the infrastructure construction fund created in section 4113. See Michigan Laws 324.4101
  • Fund: means the Great Lakes water quality bond fund created in section 19706. See Michigan Laws 324.19701
  • Fund: means the agriculture pollution prevention fund created in section 8206. See Michigan Laws 324.8201
  • Fund: means the fertilizer control fund created under section 8514. See Michigan Laws 324.8501
  • Fund: means the strategic water quality initiatives fund created in section 5204. See Michigan Laws 324.5201
  • Fund: means the cleanup and redevelopment fund established in section 20108. See Michigan Laws 324.20101
  • Fund: means the state water pollution control revolving fund established under the shared credit rating act, 1985 PA 227, MCL 141. See Michigan Laws 324.5301
  • Fund: means the clean water fund created in section 8807. See Michigan Laws 324.8801
  • Fund: means the Michigan Great Lakes protection fund created in section 32905. See Michigan Laws 324.32901
  • Fund: means the safe drinking water revolving fund established under section 16b of the shared credit rating act, 1985 PA 227, MCL 141. See Michigan Laws 324.5402
  • fund: means the Great Lakes protection fund approved in the agreement. See Michigan Laws 324.33101
  • Fund: means the landfill maintenance trust fund created in section 11302 . See Michigan Laws 324.11301
  • Fund: means the septage waste program fund created in section 11717. See Michigan Laws 324.11701
  • Fund: means the underground storage tank regulatory enforcement fund created in section 21104. See Michigan Laws 324.21101
  • Fund: means the state art in public places fund. See Michigan Laws 18.71
  • Fund: means the emissions control fund created in section 5521. See Michigan Laws 324.5501
  • Fund: means the agricultural preservation fund created in section 36202. See Michigan Laws 324.36101
  • Fund: means the inland lake aquatic invasive plant species control and eradication fund created in section 41403. See Michigan Laws 324.41401
  • Fund: means the agricultural preservation fund created in section 36202. See Michigan Laws 324.36201
  • Fund: means the land and water management permit fee fund created in section 30113. See Michigan Laws 324.30101
  • Fund: means the underground storage tank cleanup fund created in section 21506b and includes the bond proceeds account established within the fund. See Michigan Laws 324.21502
  • Fund: means the commercial forest fund created under section 51112. See Michigan Laws 324.51101
  • Fund: means the oil and gas regulatory fund created in section 61525b. See Michigan Laws 324.61501
  • Fund: means the land exchange facilitation fund created in section 2134. See Michigan Laws 324.2130
  • Fund: means the Michigan state capitol historic site fund created in section 7. See Michigan Laws 4.1942
  • Fund: means the orphan well fund created in section 61602. See Michigan Laws 324.61601
  • Fund: means the private forestland enhancement fund created in section 51305. See Michigan Laws 324.51301
  • Fund: means the scrap tire regulatory fund created in section 16908. See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • Fund: means the mineral well regulatory fund created in section 62509b. See Michigan Laws 324.62501
  • Fund: means the aquifer protection revolving fund created in section 31710. See Michigan Laws 324.31701
  • Fundable range: means those projects, taken in descending order on the priority lists, for which sufficient funds are estimated by the department to exist to provide assistance at the beginning of each annual funding cycle. See Michigan Laws 324.5301
  • Fundable range: means those projects, taken in descending order on the priority list, for which the department estimates sufficient funds exist to provide assistance during each annual funding cycle. See Michigan Laws 324.5402
  • Funding unit: means 1 of the following, as applicable:

    (i) For a circuit other than the third circuit of the circuit court, each county in the circuit. See Michigan Laws 12.131

  • Fur-bearing animal: means that term as defined in section 43503. See Michigan Laws 324.73101
  • Game: means that term as defined in section 40103. See Michigan Laws 324.73101
  • Game: has the meaning given that term in part 401. See Michigan Laws 324.43504
  • Game and fish protection account: means the game and fish protection account of the Michigan conservation and recreation legacy fund provided for in section 2010. See Michigan Laws 324.43701
  • Game and fish protection account: means the game and fish protection account of the Michigan conservation and recreation legacy fund provided for in section 2010. See Michigan Laws 324.43504
  • Game fish: includes all species of fish in the families of salmonidae (trout and salmon), thymallidae (grayling), esocidae (northern pike and muskellunge), serranidae (white bass and striped bass), centrarchidae (bass, bluegill, and crappie), percidae (perch and walleye), acipenseridae (sturgeon), ictaluridae (catfish), and coregonidae (whitefish). See Michigan Laws 324.45901
  • Game fish: includes all of the following:

    (i) Lake trout (Salvelinus namaycush). See Michigan Laws 324.48701

  • Gaming facility: means a gaming facility regulated under the Michigan gaming control and revenue act, 1996 IL 1, MCL 432. See Michigan Laws 324.19601
  • Gaming facility: means a gaming facility regulated under the Michigan gaming control and revenue act, the initiated law of 1996, MCL 432. See Michigan Laws 324.79501
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • Gas: means a mixture of hydrocarbons and nonhydrocarbons in a gaseous state which may or may not be associated with oil and includes liquids resulting from the condensation of those hydrocarbons and nonhydrocarbons. See Michigan Laws 324.43701
  • Gas: means a mixture of hydrocarbons and varying quantities of nonhydrocarbons in a gaseous state which may or may not be associated with oil, and includes those liquids resulting from condensation. See Michigan Laws 324.61501
  • Gasoline: means gasoline, casing head or natural gasoline, benzole, benzine, and naphtha. See Michigan Laws 324.78101
  • General intangible: means any personal property, including things in action, other than accounts, chattel paper, commercial tort claims, deposit accounts, documents, goods, instruments, investment property, letter-of-credit rights, letters of credit, money, and oil, gas, or other minerals before extraction. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • general November election: means the election held on the November regular election date in an even numbered year. See Michigan Laws 168.2
  • General permit: means a permit for a category of activities that the department determines will not negatively impact human health and will have no more than minimal short-term adverse impacts on the natural resources and environment. See Michigan Laws 324.3302
  • General permit: means a permit to install, permit to operate authorized pursuant to rules promulgated under section 5505(6), or an operating permit under section 5506, for a category of similar sources, processes, or process equipment. See Michigan Laws 324.5501
  • Generally accepted agricultural and management practices: has the meaning ascribed to it in the Michigan right to farm act, 1981 PA 93, MCL 286. See Michigan Laws 324.5501
  • Generator: means a person whose act or process produces liquid industrial by-product. See Michigan Laws 324.12101
  • Genetic diversity: means the differences in genetic composition within and among populations of a given species. See Michigan Laws 324.35501
  • Genetic information: means information about a gene, gene product, or inherited characteristic of an individual derived from the individual's family history or a genetic test. See Michigan Laws 37.1201
  • Genetic test: means the analysis of human DNA, RNA, chromosomes, and those proteins and metabolites used to detect heritable or somatic disease-related genotypes or karyotypes for clinical purposes. See Michigan Laws 37.1201
  • Genetically engineered: refers to an organism whose genome, chromosomal or extrachromosomal, is modified permanently and heritably, using recombinant nucleic acid techniques, or the progeny of such an organism. See Michigan Laws 324.41301
  • Genetically engineered: refers to a fish whose genome, chromosomal or extrachromosomal, is modified permanently and heritably, using recombinant nucleic acid techniques. See Michigan Laws 324.45901
  • Genetically engineered: refers to a fish whose genome, chromosomal or extrachromosomal, is modified permanently and heritably, using recombinant nucleic acid techniques. See Michigan Laws 324.48701
  • Geographical information system: means an informational unit or network capable of producing customized maps based on a digital representation of geographical data. See Michigan Laws 15.442
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Good faith: except as otherwise provided in article 5, means honesty in fact and the observance of reasonable commercial standards of fair dealing. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Goods: means all things that are movable when a security interest attaches. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Governing board: means a board of regents, board of trustees, board of governors, board of control, or other governing body of an institution of higher education. See Michigan Laws 15.181
  • Governing body: means the county board of commissioners of a county; the township board of a township; the council, common council, or commission of a city; the council, commission, or board of trustees of a village; the board of education or district board of a school district; the board of an intermediate school district; the board of trustees of a community college district; the county drain commissioner or drainage board of a drainage district; the board of the district library; the legislative body of a metropolitan district; the port commission of a port district; and, in the case of another governmental authority or agency, that official or official body having general governing powers over the authority or agency. See Michigan Laws 141.2103
  • Governing body: shall mean the board, body, or persons in which the powers of a political subdivision as a body corporate, or otherwise, are vested. See Michigan Laws 3.221
  • Governing institution: means the state university within which the Michigan geological survey is established or continued under section 60102. See Michigan Laws 324.60101
  • governmental: includes the government of this state, the government of the United States, and any subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, corporate or otherwise, of either of them. See Michigan Laws 324.9301
  • Governmental agency: means the federal government, a county, city, village, or township, or a combination of any of these entities. See Michigan Laws 324.72101
  • Governmental unit: means a county, township, municipality, or regional authority. See Michigan Laws 324.11701
  • Governmental unit: means a subdivision, agency, department, county, parish, municipality, or other unit of the government of the United States, a state, or a foreign country. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Grab sample: means a single sample or measurement taken at a specific time or over as short a period as feasible. See Michigan Laws 324.21302
  • Grace period: The number of days you'll have to pay your bill for purchases in full without triggering a finance charge. Source: Federal Reserve
  • Grade: means the percentage guarantee of total nitrogen (N), available phosphate (P2O5), and soluble potash (K2O), of a fertilizer. See Michigan Laws 324.8501
  • Grade: means a step or degree, in a graduated scale of office or military rank, that is established and designated as a grade by law or rule. See Michigan Laws 32.1002
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Grant: means a local recreation grant under this part. See Michigan Laws 324.71601
  • Grant: means a grant from the grant program. See Michigan Laws 324.5201
  • Grant: means a nonpoint source pollution prevention and control grant or a wellhead protection grant under this part. See Michigan Laws 324.8801
  • Grant: means a waterfront redevelopment grant under this part. See Michigan Laws 324.79501
  • Grant: means an inland lake aquatic invasive plant species control or eradication grant issued through the program. See Michigan Laws 324.41401
  • Grant: means a grant for the purchase of an agriculture conservation easement under this part. See Michigan Laws 324.36201
  • Grant awards: means funds paid to grantees from the Michigan justice training fund as provided in this act. See Michigan Laws 18.421
  • Grant program: means the strategic water quality initiatives grant program established under this part. See Michigan Laws 324.5201
  • Grantee: means an entity eligible to receive grant awards from the Michigan justice training fund, including any of the following or a combination of any of the following:

    (i) An agency, department, division, bureau, board, commission, council, or authority of this state or of a city, village, township, or county. See Michigan Laws 18.421

  • grantee: may be construed as including every person to whom any such interest or estate passes in like manner. See Michigan Laws 8.3e
  • grantor: may be construed as including every person from or by whom any estate in lands passes in or by any deed. See Michigan Laws 8.3e
  • Great Lakes: means the Great Lakes and their connecting waters, including Lake St. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Great Lakes: means Lake Superior, Lake Michigan, Lake Huron, and Lake Erie, and includes Lake St. See Michigan Laws 324.32601
  • Great Lakes: means any of the Great Lakes that have a shoreline within this state. See Michigan Laws 324.63701
  • Great Lakes: means Lakes Superior, Michigan and Huron, Erie, and Ontario and their connecting waterways including the St. See Michigan Laws 324.32701
  • Great Lakes: means lakes Erie, Huron, Michigan, St. See Michigan Laws 324.76101
  • Great Lakes basin: means the watershed of the Great Lakes and the St. See Michigan Laws 324.32701
  • Great Lakes bottomlands preserve: means an area located on the bottomlands of the Great Lakes and extending upward to and including the surface of the water, which is delineated and set aside by rule for special protection of abandoned property of historical value, or ecological, educational, geological, or scenic features or formations having recreational, educational, or scientific value. See Michigan Laws 324.76101
  • Great Lakes charter: means the document establishing the principles for the cooperative management of the Great Lakes water resources, signed by the governors and premiers of the Great Lakes region on February 11, 1985. See Michigan Laws 324.32701
  • Great Lakes region: means the geographic region composed of the states of Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, New York, Ohio, and Wisconsin, the commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and the provinces of Ontario and Quebec, Canada. See Michigan Laws 324.32701
  • Groundwater: means underground water within the zone of saturation. See Michigan Laws 324.8501
  • Groundwater: means water below the land surface in a zone of saturation. See Michigan Laws 324.32801
  • Groundwater: means water below the land surface in the zone of saturation and capillary fringe. See Michigan Laws 324.21302
  • Groundwater: means the water in the zone of saturation that fills all of the pore spaces of the subsurface geologic material. See Michigan Laws 324.31701
  • Groundwater dispute: means a groundwater dispute declared by order of the director or the director of the department of agriculture and rural development under section 31703. See Michigan Laws 324.31701
  • Groundwater withdrawal conflict: means the failure of an existing water well that was constructed in compliance with part 127 of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333. See Michigan Laws 324.32801
  • Guaranteed analysis: means the minimum percentage of each plant nutrient guaranteed or claimed to be present. See Michigan Laws 324.8501
  • Guarantor: A party who agrees to be responsible for the payment of another party's debts should that party default. Source: OCC
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Habitat: means the area or type of environment in which an organism or biological population normally lives or occurs. See Michigan Laws 324.35501
  • Hand rod: means any mechanism of capture that is adapted for picking the mussels singly from the bottom of waters and is operated by the picker holding the hand rod in the hand. See Michigan Laws 324.45701
  • Harbor: means a portion of a lake or other body of water either naturally or artificially protected so as to be a place of safety for watercraft, including contrivances used or designed for navigation on water and used or owned by the United States. See Michigan Laws 324.78101
  • Harbor: means a portion of a lake or other body of water either naturally or artificially protected in order to be a place of safety for watercraft. See Michigan Laws 324.79101
  • Harbor facilities: means the structures at a harbor constructed to protect the lake or body of water and the facilities provided within the harbor and ashore for the mooring and servicing of watercraft and the servicing of crews and passengers. See Michigan Laws 324.78101
  • Harbor facilities: means the structures of a harbor constructed to protect the lake or body of water and the facilities provided within the harbor and on shore for the mooring and servicing of watercraft and the servicing of crews and passengers. See Michigan Laws 324.79101
  • Harvest: means that term as it is defined in section 7jj of the general property tax act, 1893 PA 206, MCL 211. See Michigan Laws 324.51301
  • Hazardous material: means a chemical or other material which is or may become injurious to the public health, safety, or welfare, or to the environment. See Michigan Laws 324.20301
  • Hazardous substance: means 1 or more of the following, but does not include fruit, vegetable, or field crop residuals or processing by-products, or aquatic plants, that are applied to the land for an agricultural use or for use as an animal feed, if the use is consistent with generally accepted agricultural management practices at the time of the application or stamp sands:

    (i) Any substance that the department demonstrates, on a case by case basis, poses an unacceptable risk to the public health, safety, or welfare, or the environment, considering the fate of the material, dose-response, toxicity, or adverse impact on natural resources. See Michigan Laws 324.20101

  • HDPE: means high density polyethylene. See Michigan Laws 324.16101
  • Health-care-insurance receivable: means an interest in or claim under a policy of insurance which is a right to payment of a monetary obligation for health-care goods or services provided. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Heating oil: means petroleum that is no. See Michigan Laws 324.21302
  • Height of the dam: means the difference in elevation measured vertically between the natural bed of an inland lake or stream at the downstream toe of the dam, or, if it is not across a stream channel or watercourse, from the lowest elevation of the downstream toe of the dam, to the design flood elevation or to the lowest point of the top of the dam, whichever is less. See Michigan Laws 324.30101
  • High-capacity well: means 1 or more water wells associated with an industrial or processing facility, an irrigation facility, or a farm that, in the aggregate from all sources and by all methods, have the capability of withdrawing 100,000 or more gallons of groundwater in 1 day. See Michigan Laws 324.31701
  • High-risk area: means an area of the shoreland that is determined by the department on the basis of studies and surveys to be subject to erosion. See Michigan Laws 324.32301
  • Highly restricted personal information: means an individual's photograph or image, social security number, digitized signature, and medical and disability information. See Michigan Laws 324.81101
  • Highly restricted personal information: means an individual's photograph or image, social security number, digitized signature, and medical and disability information. See Michigan Laws 324.82101
  • Highway: means a state trunk line highway or a segment of a state trunk line highway. See Michigan Laws 324.81101
  • Highway or street: means the entire width between the boundary lines of every way publicly maintained if any part of it is open to public use for vehicular travel. See Michigan Laws 324.82101
  • Historic preservation easement: means an interest in land that provides a limitation on the use of a structure or site that is listed as a national historic landmark under chapter 593, 49 Stat. See Michigan Laws 324.2140
  • Historic snowmobile: means a snowmobile that is over 25 years old and that is owned solely as a collector's item and for occasional use and for participation in club activities, exhibitions, tours, parades, and similar uses, including mechanical testing. See Michigan Laws 324.82101
  • Historical value: means value relating to, or illustrative of, Michigan history, including the statehood, territorial, colonial, and historic, and prehistoric native American periods. See Michigan Laws 324.76101
  • Holder: means any of the following:

    (i) A person in possession of a negotiable instrument that is payable either to bearer or to an identified person that is the person in possession. See Michigan Laws 440.1201

  • Household waste: means any solid waste that is derived from single residences, but does not include any of the following:

    (i) Commercial waste. See Michigan Laws 324.17501

  • Housing accommodation: includes improved or unimproved real property, or a part thereof, which is used or occupied, or is intended, arranged, or designed to be used or occupied, as the home or residence of 1 or more persons. See Michigan Laws 37.1501
  • Hunting dog: means a dog allowed to range freely to engage in or aid in hunting on the day the dog enters the property of another person. See Michigan Laws 324.73101
  • Identification for election purposes: means , if issued to the individual presenting the card or document and if presented for voting purposes the name on the card or document sufficiently matches the individual's name in his or her voter registration record so as to accurately identify the individual as the registered elector, or if issued to the individual presenting the card or document and if presented for voter registration purposes, any of the following:

    (i) An operator's or chauffeur's license issued under the Michigan vehicle code, 1949 PA 300, MCL 257. See Michigan Laws 168.2

  • Illegal oil or gas: means oil or gas that has been produced by an owner or producer in violation of this part, a rule promulgated under this part, or an order of the supervisor issued under this part. See Michigan Laws 324.61501
  • Illegal product: means a product of oil or gas or any part of a product of oil or gas that was knowingly processed or derived in whole or in part from illegal oil or gas. See Michigan Laws 324.61501
  • Immediate family: means a spouse, parent, child, or sibling. See Michigan Laws 37.1501
  • Immediate family: means an individual's father, mother, son, daughter, brother, sister, and spouse and a relative of any degree residing in the same household as that individual. See Michigan Laws 168.2
  • Immediate family member: means a grandparent, parent, parent-in-law, stepparent, sibling, spouse, child, or stepchild. See Michigan Laws 15.481
  • Immediately: means within 3 business days. See Michigan Laws 28.722
  • Impeachment: (1) The process of calling something into question, as in "impeaching the testimony of a witness." (2) The constitutional process whereby the House of Representatives may "impeach" (accuse of misconduct) high officers of the federal government for trial in the Senate.
  • Impervious surface: means a paved highway, street, sidewalk, parking lot, driveway, or other outdoor structure that prevents infiltration of water into the soil. See Michigan Laws 324.8501
  • Import: means to bring into, introduce into, or attempt to bring into or introduce into any place subject to the jurisdiction of this state. See Michigan Laws 324.36501
  • Impoundment: means water held back by a dam, dike, floodgate, or other barrier. See Michigan Laws 324.30101
  • Improvement program: means the construction, reconstruction, development, improvement, bettering, operating, maintaining, and extending a facility at a state park, including a site improvement, impoundment, road and parking lot, toilet building, concession building, shelter building, bathhouse, utility, outdoor center, visitor service facility, ski area, ski tow, ski shelter, and administration unit. See Michigan Laws 324.74101
  • in writing: shall be construed to include printing, engraving, and lithographing; except that if the written signature of a person is required by law, the signature shall be the proper handwriting of the person or, if the person is unable to write, the person's proper mark, which may be, unless otherwise expressly prohibited by law, a clear and classifiable fingerprint of the person made with ink or another substance. See Michigan Laws 8.3q
  • In-kind contributions: means services and goods as approved by the department that are provided by a grant recipient toward completion of a department-approved local snowmobile program under section 82107. See Michigan Laws 324.82101
  • Income-withholding order: means an order or other legal process directed to an obligor's employer or other debtor, as defined by the support and parenting time enforcement act, 1982 PA 295, MCL 552. See Michigan Laws 552.2102
  • Incompatible offices: means public offices held by a public official which, when the official is performing the duties of any of the public offices held by the official, results in any of the following with respect to those offices held:

    (i) The subordination of 1 public office to another. See Michigan Laws 15.181

  • Incorporation: means the mechanical mixing of surface-applied septage waste with the soil. See Michigan Laws 324.11701
  • Indemnification: means indemnification of an owner or operator for a legally enforceable judgment entered against the owner or operator by a third party, or a legally enforceable settlement entered between the owner or operator and a third party, compensating that third party for bodily injury or property damage, or both, caused by an accidental release as those terms are defined in R 29. See Michigan Laws 324.21502
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • Index flow: means the 50% exceedance flow for the lowest summer flow month of the flow regime, for the applicable stream reach, as determined over the period of record or extrapolated from analyses of the United States geological survey flow gauges in Michigan. See Michigan Laws 324.32701
  • Indigent: means an individual to whom 1 or more of the following apply:

    (i) He or she has been found by a court to be indigent within the last 6 months. See Michigan Laws 28.722

  • Industrial waste: means any liquid, gaseous, or solid waste substance resulting from any process of industry, manufacture, trade, or business, or from the development, processing, or recovery of any paper or wood, which is capable of polluting the waters of the state. See Michigan Laws 324.3701
  • Infrastructure improvement: means restoration of the natural environment or the renovation, repair, replacement, upgrading, or structural improvement of an existing facility that is not less than 15 years old, including any of the following:

    (i) Recreation centers. See Michigan Laws 324.71601

  • inhabitant: means a resident of a city, township, village, district or county. See Michigan Laws 8.3f
  • Injection: means the pressurized placement of septage waste below the surface of soil. See Michigan Laws 324.11701
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Inland lake: means a natural or artificial lake, pond, impoundment, or a part of 1 of those bodies of water. See Michigan Laws 324.30701
  • Inland lake: means a public inland lake or a private inland lake. See Michigan Laws 324.30901
  • Inland lake or stream: means that term as defined in section 30101. See Michigan Laws 324.78101
  • Inland lake or stream: means a natural or artificial lake, pond, or impoundment; a river, stream, or creek which may or may not be serving as a drain as defined by the drain code of 1956, 1956 PA 40, MCL 280. See Michigan Laws 324.30101
  • Inland waters: means all waters of this state, except navigable waters. See Michigan Laws 324.44501
  • Inland waters of this state: means the waters within the jurisdiction of the state except Saginaw river, Lakes Michigan, Superior, Huron, and Erie, and the bays and the connecting waters. See Michigan Laws 324.48701
  • Institution of higher education: means a college, university, community college, or junior college described in section 4, 5, or 6 of article 8 of the state constitution of 1963 or established under section 7 of article 8 of the state constitution of 1963. See Michigan Laws 15.181
  • Institution of higher education: means a public or private institution of a state which offers a degree or course of study beyond the twelfth grade. See Michigan Laws 15.501
  • Institution of higher education: means 1 or more of the following:

    (i) A public or private community college, college, or university. See Michigan Laws 28.722

  • Instrument: means a negotiable instrument or any other writing that evidences a right to the payment of a monetary obligation, is not itself a security agreement or lease, and is of a type that in ordinary course of business is transferred by delivery with any necessary indorsement or assignment. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Intangible property: Property that has no intrinsic value, but is merely the evidence of value such as stock certificates, bonds, and promissory notes.
  • Inter vivos: Transfer of property from one living person to another living person.
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Interested person: means a person who has a record interest in the title to, right of ingress to, or reversionary right to a piece or parcel of land that would be affected by a permanent change in the bottomland of a natural or artificial, public or private inland lake, or adjacent wetland. See Michigan Laws 324.30901
  • Interim cell-unit status: means a cell-unit as set forth in an approved progressive cell-unit mining and reclamation plan provided for in section 63706(1), in which all sand dune mining and reclamation within the cell-unit has been completed, but the vegetation has not sustained itself through 1 full growing season. See Michigan Laws 324.63701
  • Interim response activity: means the cleanup or removal of a released hazardous substance or the taking of other actions, prior to the implementation of a remedial action, as may be necessary to prevent, minimize, or mitigate injury to the public health, safety, or welfare, or to the environment. See Michigan Laws 324.20101
  • Intervenor: means a person who goes to the aid of one who has become a victim of a crime and who suffers personal physical injury. See Michigan Laws 18.351
  • Intestate: Dying without leaving a will.
  • Intrabasin transfer: means a diversion of water from the source watershed of a Great Lake prior to its use to the watershed of another Great Lake. See Michigan Laws 324.32701
  • Inventory: means goods, other than farm products, that meet 1 of the following:

    (i) Are leased by a person as lessor. See Michigan Laws 440.9102

  • Inventory: means the land resource and current use inventory. See Michigan Laws 324.60901
  • Investment property: means a security, whether certificated or uncertificated, security entitlement, securities account, commodity contract, or commodity account. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Involuntary statement: means information provided by a law enforcement officer, if compelled under threat of dismissal from employment or any other employment sanction, by the law enforcement agency that employs the law enforcement officer. See Michigan Laws 15.391
  • IRC: means the internal revenue code of 1954 as in effect on January 1, 1970. See Michigan Laws 14.272
  • Irrevocable trust: A trust arrangement that cannot be revoked, rescinded, or repealed by the grantor.
  • Issuer: means a municipal issuer or a state issuer. See Michigan Laws 12.112
  • Issuing state: means the state in which a tribunal issues a support order or a judgment determining parentage of a child. See Michigan Laws 552.2102
  • Issuing tribunal: means the tribunal of a state or foreign country that issues a support order or a judgment determining parentage of a child. See Michigan Laws 552.2102
  • Joint committee: Committees including membership from both houses of teh legislature. Joint committees are usually established with narrow jurisdictions and normally lack authority to report legislation.
  • Joint tenancy: A form of property ownership in which two or more parties hold an undivided interest in the same property that was conveyed under the same instrument at the same time. A joint tenant can sell his (her) interest but not dispose of it by will. Upon the death of a joint tenant, his (her) undivided interest is distributed among the surviving joint tenants.
  • Judge advocate: means an officer who is designated as a judge advocate by the state judge advocate general. See Michigan Laws 32.1002
  • Jurisdiction: means other states of the United States, the District of Columbia, territories and possessions of the United States, foreign countries or political subdivisions of foreign countries. See Michigan Laws 3.161
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Juror: A person who is on the jury.
  • Label: means any written, printed, or graphic matter on or attached to packaged fertilizer or used to identify fertilizer distributed in bulk or held in bulk storage. See Michigan Laws 324.8501
  • Label: means a molded, imprinted, or raised symbol on or near the bottom of a plastic product. See Michigan Laws 324.16101
  • Labeling: means all labels and other written, printed, electronic, or graphic matter upon or accompanying any fertilizer at any time, and includes advertising, sales literature, brochures, posters, and internet, television, and radio announcements used in promoting the sale of that fertilizer. See Michigan Laws 324.8501
  • Labor organization: includes :
  •   (i) An organization of any kind, an agency or employee representation committee, group, association, or plan in which employees participate and which exists for the purpose, in whole or in part, of dealing with employers concerning grievances, labor disputes, wages, rates of pay, hours, or other terms or conditions of employment. See Michigan Laws 37.1201
  • Labor organization: includes :
  •   (i) An organization of any kind, an agency or employee representation committee, group, association, or plan in which employees participate and which exists for the purpose, in whole or in part, of dealing with employers concerning grievances, labor disputes, wages, rates of pay, hours, or other terms or conditions of employment. See Michigan Laws 37.2201
  • Lake augmentation well: means a water well used to withdraw groundwater for the purpose of maintaining or raising water levels of an inland lake or stream as defined in section 30101. See Michigan Laws 324.32701
  • Lake management plan: means a document that contains all of the following:

    (i) A description of the physical, chemical, and biological attributes of a waterbody. See Michigan Laws 324.3302

  • Land: includes lands, tenements, and real estate and rights to and interests in lands, tenements, and real estate. See Michigan Laws 324.2130
  • land disposal wastewater management program: means the program developed in the United States army corps of engineers southeastern Michigan survey scope wastewater management study, as authorized by section 102 of title I of the federal water pollution control act, chapter 758, 86 Stat. See Michigan Laws 324.5101
  • land to be zoned: means the land in this state that borders or is adjacent to a Great Lake or a connecting waterway and that except for flood risk areas is situated within 1,000 feet landward from the ordinary high-water mark as defined in section 32501, land bordering or adjacent to waters affected by levels of the Great Lakes landward of the ordinary high-water mark as defined by section 30101(f), and land between the ordinary high-water mark and the water's edge. See Michigan Laws 324.32301
  • Landfill: means a landfill as defined in section 11504 that is licensed under part 115. See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • Landowner: includes any person who holds title to or has contracted to purchase any land lying within a district organized under this part or former 1937 PA 297. See Michigan Laws 324.9301
  • lands: as used in this part refers to the aforesaid described unpatented lake bottomlands and unpatented made lands and patented lands in the Great Lakes and the bays and harbors of the Great Lakes lying below and lakeward of the natural ordinary high-water mark, but this part does not affect property rights secured by virtue of a swamp land grant or rights acquired by accretions occurring through natural means or reliction. See Michigan Laws 324.32502
  • Large quantity withdrawal: means 1 or more cumulative total withdrawals of over 100,000 gallons of water per day average in any consecutive 30-day period that supply a common distribution system. See Michigan Laws 324.32701
  • Large river: means a river with a drainage area of 300 or more square miles. See Michigan Laws 324.32701
  • Law: includes decisional and statutory law and rules and regulations having the force of law. See Michigan Laws 552.2102
  • Law enforcement agency: means an entity that is established and maintained in accordance with the laws of this state and is authorized by the laws of this state to appoint or employ law enforcement officers. See Michigan Laws 28.602
  • Law enforcement agency: means the department of state police, the department of natural resources, or a law enforcement agency of a county, township, city, village, airport authority, community college, or university, that is responsible for the prevention and detection of crime and enforcement of the criminal laws of this state. See Michigan Laws 15.391
  • Law enforcement agency: means an entity that is established and maintained in accordance with the laws of this state and that is authorized by the laws of this state to appoint or employ law enforcement officers. See Michigan Laws 18.421
  • Law enforcement agency: means a police or sheriff's department that has the authority to enforce the general criminal laws of this state or a similar governmental organization of a physically adjacent state. See Michigan Laws 3.731
  • Law enforcement distribution: means funds paid to eligible entities as provided in this act. See Michigan Laws 18.421
  • Law enforcement officer: means :

    (i) Except as provided in subparagraph (ii), an individual employed by a law enforcement agency as 1 or more of the following:

    (A) An individual authorized by law, including common law, to prevent and detect crime and enforce the general criminal laws of this state. See Michigan Laws 28.602

  • Law enforcement officer: means all of the following:

    (i) A person who is trained and licensed or certified under the Michigan commission on law enforcement standards act, 1965 PA 203, MCL 28. See Michigan Laws 15.391

  • Law enforcement officer: means any law enforcement officer who is trained and licensed or certified under the Michigan commission on law enforcement standards act, 1965 PA 203, MCL 28. See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • Law enforcement training academy: means any of the following:

    (i) An agency basic law enforcement training academy. See Michigan Laws 28.602

  • Law of another state: means a law or ordinance enacted by any of the following:

    (i) Another state. See Michigan Laws 324.81101

  • Law of another state: means a law or ordinance enacted by any of the following:

    (i) Another state. See Michigan Laws 324.82101

  • Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
  • LDPE: means low density polyethylene. See Michigan Laws 324.16101
  • Lead acid battery: means a storage battery, that is used to start an internal combustion engine or as the principal electrical power source for a vehicle, in which the electrodes are grids of lead containing lead oxides that change in composition during charging and discharging, and the electrolyte is dilute sulfuric acid. See Michigan Laws 324.17101
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Legacy: A gift of property made by will.
  • Legal defense fund: means all contributions received, held, or expended for the legal defense of an elected official. See Michigan Laws 15.523
  • Legal material: means any of the following:
  •   (i) The state constitution of 1963. See Michigan Laws 4.1121
  • Legislative body: means any board of supervisors, township board, city or village legislative body, or school district board. See Michigan Laws 324.52701
  • Legislative council agencies: means the bureau, commission, and any other legislative council agency designated by the council. See Michigan Laws 4.1102
  • Legislative session: That part of a chamber's daily session in which it considers legislative business (bills, resolutions, and actions related thereto).
  • Legislator: means a member of the senate or the house of representatives of this state. See Michigan Laws 4.351
  • Legislator: means a member of the senate or the house of representatives of this state. See Michigan Laws 4.771
  • Lender: means any of the following:

    (i) A state or nationally chartered bank. See Michigan Laws 324.20101

  • Lessee: means lessees under oil and gas leases and also the owners of unleased lands or mineral rights having the right to develop them for oil and gas. See Michigan Laws 324.61701
  • Letter-of-credit right: means a right to payment or performance under a letter of credit, whether or not the beneficiary has demanded or is at the time entitled to demand payment or performance. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Level of stream flow: means a measure of water quantity including the amount of water passing a designated point over a designated period and the levels of lakes that are an integral part of the surface drainage system of the watershed. See Michigan Laws 324.31101
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • License: means documentation of licensure by the commission under this act. See Michigan Laws 28.602
  • License: means a hunting, fishing, or fur harvester's license or, in the discretion of the court, any combination of such licenses. See Michigan Laws 324.73101
  • License: includes the whole or part of an agency permit, certificate, approval, registration, charter, or similar form of permission required by law. See Michigan Laws 24.205
  • license: means a license issued by the department to operate a game bird hunting preserve. See Michigan Laws 324.41701
  • License: means a game breeder's license issued pursuant to this part. See Michigan Laws 324.42701
  • Licensed professional engineer: means a professional engineer licensed under article 20 of the occupational code, 1980 PA 299, MCL 339. See Michigan Laws 324.4101
  • Licensee: means the person who receives a license to manufacture or distribute fertilizers under this part. See Michigan Laws 324.8501
  • Licensing: includes agency activity involving the grant, denial, renewal, suspension, revocation, annulment, withdrawal, recall, cancellation, or amendment of a license. See Michigan Laws 24.205
  • Licensing standards: means the requirements with which a person must comply for licensure as a law enforcement officer under this act. See Michigan Laws 28.602
  • Licensure: means a determination by the commission that both of the following occurred in compliance with this act and rules promulgated under this act:

    (i) The person to whom the license is issued commenced employment as a law enforcement officer, subject to a written oath of office or other written instrument conferring law enforcement authority. See Michigan Laws 28.602

  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Lien creditor: means 1 or more of the following:

    (i) A creditor that has acquired a lien on the property involved by attachment, levy, or the like. See Michigan Laws 440.9102

  • Life estate: A property interest limited in duration to the life of the individual holding the interest (life tenant).
  • Life of the mine: means the period of time from issuance of a permit under this part through the completion of reclamation as required by this part. See Michigan Laws 324.63101
  • Life of the mine: means the period from initiation of mining activities through the completion of reclamation. See Michigan Laws 324.63401
  • Line of duty: as used in this act means an act performed by a member of the state military establishment in obedience to or in conformity with a law, rule, regulation, order, command or custom of the military service or an act performed which is not in violation of a law, rule, regulation, order, command or custom of the military service, or that will not bring discredit to the military service. See Michigan Laws 32.521
  • Lineal descendant: Direct descendant of the same ancestors.
  • Liquefied petroleum gas: means gases derived from petroleum or natural gases that are in the gaseous state at normal atmospheric temperature and pressure, but that may be maintained in the liquid state at normal atmospheric temperature by suitable pressure. See Michigan Laws 324.78101
  • Listed offense: means a tier I, tier II, or tier III offense. See Michigan Laws 28.722
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Litter: means any of the following:

    (i) Rubbish, refuse, waste material, garbage, offal, paper, glass, cans, bottles, trash, debris, or other foreign substances. See Michigan Laws 324.8901

  • Litter: means rubbish, refuse, waste material, garbage, offal, paper, glass, cans, bottles, trash, debris, oil, or other foreign substances of every kind and description. See Michigan Laws 324.9501
  • Livery boat: means a vessel, other than a nonmotorized raft, that is rented or offered for rent by a boat livery or a boat owner or his or her agent if the boat livery or boat owner or his or her agent relinquishes or offers to relinquish complete physical control of the vessel to the renter while retaining legal title to the vessel. See Michigan Laws 324.44501
  • LNAPL: means a light nonaqueous-phase liquid having a specific gravity less than 1 and composed of 1 or more organic compounds that are immiscible or sparingly soluble in water, and the term encompasses all potential occurrences of LNAPL. See Michigan Laws 324.21302
  • Loan: means a loan from the loan program. See Michigan Laws 324.5201
  • Loan: means any extension of credit resulting from direct negotiations between the financial institution and its customer, or the purchase, in whole or in part, of such extension of credit from another. See Michigan Laws 206.651
  • Loan program: means the strategic water quality initiatives loan program established under section 5202. See Michigan Laws 324.5201
  • Loan secured by real property: means that 50% or more of the aggregate value of the collateral used to secure a loan or other obligation, when valued at fair market value as of the time the original loan or obligation was incurred, was real property. See Michigan Laws 206.651
  • Local agencies: means local units of government or other public bodies created by or pursuant to state law and having jurisdiction over collecting sewers. See Michigan Laws 324.4901
  • Local agencies: means local units of government, special districts, or other legally constituted agencies of local units of government exercising powers that may affect water resources. See Michigan Laws 324.31101
  • Local authority: means an authority created under Act No. See Michigan Laws 324.11901
  • Local governing body: means 1 of the following:

    (i) With respect to farmland or open space land that is located in a city or village, the legislative body of the city or village. See Michigan Laws 324.36101

  • Local governing body: means the legislative body of a local unit of government. See Michigan Laws 324.30901
  • Local government: means a city, village, township, county, a local or intermediate school district, a community college district, or any special taxing district. See Michigan Laws 3.813
  • Local health department: means that term as defined in section 1105 of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Local health department: means that term as defined in section 1105 of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333. See Michigan Laws 324.20101
  • Local law enforcement agency: means the police department of a municipality. See Michigan Laws 28.722
  • Local public recreation project: means capital improvement projects including, but not limited to, the construction, expansion, development, or rehabilitation of recreational facilities, and the restoration of the natural environment. See Michigan Laws 324.71501
  • Local recreation project: means capital improvement projects including, but not limited to, the construction, expansion, development, or rehabilitation of recreational facilities. See Michigan Laws 324.71601
  • Local unit: means a county, city, village, or township or an agency or instrumentality of any of these entities. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Local unit: means an entity required to make an annual financial report under section 4 of Act No. See Michigan Laws 15.422
  • Local unit of government: means a county, city, township, village, school district, the Huron-Clinton metropolitan authority, or any authority composed of counties, cities, townships, villages, or school districts, or any combination of those entities, which authority is legally constituted to provide public recreation. See Michigan Laws 324.71501
  • Local unit of government: means a county, city, village, or township, or an agency of a county, city, village, or township; an authority or any other public body created by or pursuant to state law; or this state or an agency or department of this state. See Michigan Laws 324.19501
  • Local unit of government: means a county, city, township, village, the Huron-Clinton metropolitan authority, or any authority composed of counties, cities, townships, villages, or any combination of those entities, which authority is legally constituted to provide public recreation. See Michigan Laws 324.71601
  • Local unit of government: means a county, city, village, or township, or an agency of a county, city, village, or township; or a brownfield redevelopment authority, economic development corporation, or an authority or other public body created by or pursuant to state law. See Michigan Laws 324.19601
  • Local unit of government: means a city, county, township, village, school district, intermediate school district, or subdivision thereof of this state or any other state. See Michigan Laws 15.501
  • Local unit of government: means a county, city, township, or village, an agency of a local unit of government, an authority or any other public body or entity created by or pursuant to state law. See Michigan Laws 324.20101
  • Local unit of government: means a city, village, township, or county, a municipal electric utility system as defined in section 4 of the Michigan energy employment act of 1976, 1976 PA 448, MCL 460. See Michigan Laws 15.562
  • Local unit of government: means a county, city, village, or township, or an agency of a county, city, village, or township; the office of a county drain commissioner; a soil conservation district established under part 93; a watershed council; a local health department as defined in section 1105 of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333. See Michigan Laws 324.8801
  • Local unit of government: means a municipality, county, or governmental authority or any combination of municipalities, counties, or governmental authorities. See Michigan Laws 324.21101
  • Local unit of government: means a city, village, township, county, fire department, or local health department as defined in section 1105 of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333. See Michigan Laws 324.21302
  • Local unit of government: means a county, township, or municipality. See Michigan Laws 324.81101
  • Local unit of government: means a county, city, village, or township. See Michigan Laws 18.1701
  • Local unit of government: means a city, village, township, or county. See Michigan Laws 3.252
  • Local unit of government: means a county, city, township, village, or other governmental unit. See Michigan Laws 324.46501
  • Local unit of government: means a municipality or county. See Michigan Laws 324.301
  • Location: means a parcel of property where refined petroleum underground storage tank systems are registered pursuant to part 211. See Michigan Laws 324.21502
  • Lot: means an identifiable quantity of fertilizer that can be sampled officially according to methods adopted under section 8510, that is contained in a single vehicle, or that is delivered under a single invoice. See Michigan Laws 324.8501
  • Low-grade iron ore: means iron-bearing rock in the Upper Peninsula of this state that is not merchantable as ore in its natural state and from which merchantable ore can be produced only by beneficiation or treatment. See Michigan Laws 324.3501
  • Low-grade iron ore mining property: includes the ore beneficiation or treatment plant and other necessary buildings, facilities, and lands located in the Upper Peninsula of this state. See Michigan Laws 324.3501
  • MAEAP: means the Michigan agriculture environmental assurance program as that term is defined in part 87. See Michigan Laws 324.8801
  • Maintained portion: means the roadway and any shoulder of a street, county road, or highway. See Michigan Laws 324.81101
  • major political party: means each of the 2 political parties whose candidate for the office of secretary of state received the highest and second highest number of votes at the immediately preceding general election in which a secretary of state was elected. See Michigan Laws 168.16
  • Majority leader: see Floor Leaders
  • Manipulated manure: means animal or vegetable manure that is ground, pelletized, mechanically dried, packaged, supplemented with plant nutrients or other substances other than phosphorus, or otherwise treated in a manner to assist with the sale or distribution of the manure as a fertilizer or soil or plant additive. See Michigan Laws 324.8501
  • Manufacture: means to process, granulate, compound, produce, mix, blend, or alter the composition of fertilizer or fertilizer materials. See Michigan Laws 324.8501
  • Manufactured home: means a structure, transportable in 1 or more sections, which, in the traveling mode, is 8 body feet or more in width or 40 body feet or more in length, or when erected on site, is 320 or more square feet, and which is built on a permanent chassis and designed to be used as a dwelling with or without a permanent foundation when connected to the required utilities, and includes the plumbing, heating, air-conditioning, and electrical systems contained therein. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Manufactured-home transaction: means a secured transaction that creates a purchase-money security interest in a manufactured home, other than a manufactured home held as inventory, or in which a manufactured home, other than a manufactured home held as inventory, is the primary collateral. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Manufacturer: means a person, partnership, corporation, or association engaged in the production and manufacture of ORVs as a regular business. See Michigan Laws 324.81101
  • Manufacturer: means a person who produces batteries for sale in this state. See Michigan Laws 324.17101
  • Manufacturer: means a person that produces, imports, or distributes mercury thermometers in this state. See Michigan Laws 324.17201
  • Marina: means a site that contains harbor facilities. See Michigan Laws 324.78101
  • Marina: means a site which contains harbor facilities. See Michigan Laws 324.79101
  • Marina: means a facility that is owned or operated by a person, extends into or over an inland lake or stream, and offers service to the public or members of the marina for docking, loading, or other servicing of recreational watercraft. See Michigan Laws 324.30101
  • Marina purposes: means an operation making use of submerged bottomlands or filled-in bottomlands of the Great Lakes for the purpose of service to boat owners or operators, which operation may restrict or prevent the free public use of the affected bottomlands or filled-in lands. See Michigan Laws 324.32501
  • Marine sanitation device: means equipment designed for installation on board a watercraft or installed on board a watercraft to receive, retain, treat, or discharge sewage. See Michigan Laws 324.9501
  • Marine terminal operator: means a person that stores refined petroleum or a refined petroleum product at a boat terminal transfer. See Michigan Laws 324.21502
  • Market demand: means the actual demand for oil or gas from any particular pool or field for current requirements for current consumption and use within or outside the state, together with the demand for such amounts as are necessary for building up or maintaining reasonable storage reserves of oil or gas or the products of oil or gas. See Michigan Laws 324.61501
  • martial rule: means the exercise of partial or complete military control over domestic territory in time of emergency because of public necessity. See Michigan Laws 32.505
  • MCOLES information and tracking network: means the commission's web-enabled information system for the licensing, reporting, and tracking of personnel and training records for Michigan law enforcement officers. See Michigan Laws 18.421
  • Measurable economic benefit: means the permanent jobs that are created or retained, the capital invested, or the increased tax base to the applicable county, city, village, and township where the project is located. See Michigan Laws 324.19601
  • Measurable environmental benefit: means the extent that the requirements of part 201 or part 213, or both, are advanced at a brownfield project where environmental conditions inhibit the site's redevelopment or reuse. See Michigan Laws 324.19601
  • Mechanical or other assistance: means all humanmade devices, including pry bars, wrenches and other hand or power tools, cutting torches, explosives, winches, flotation bags, lines to surface, extra divers buoyancy devices, and other buoyance devices, used to raise or remove artifacts. See Michigan Laws 324.76101
  • Medicaid benefits trust fund: means the Michigan Medicaid benefits trust fund established in section 5. See Michigan Laws 12.252
  • Medicaid program: means a program for medical assistance established under title XIX of the social security act, 42 USC 1396 to 1396w-5. See Michigan Laws 12.252
  • Medicaid special financing payments: means the Medicaid special adjustor payments each year authorized in the department of community health appropriations act. See Michigan Laws 12.252
  • Medical benefit plan: means a plan established and maintained by a carrier, a voluntary employees' beneficiary association described in section 501(c)(9) of the internal revenue code of 1986, 26 USC 501, or by 1 or more public employers, that provides for the payment of medical benefits, including, but not limited to, hospital and physician services, prescription drugs, and related benefits, for public employees or elected public officials. See Michigan Laws 15.562
  • Medical benefit plan coverage year: means the 12-month period after the effective date of the contractual or self-insured medical coverage plan that a public employer provides to its employees or public officials. See Michigan Laws 15.562
  • Medical benefits: means medical, optical, or dental benefits, including, but not limited to, hospital and physician services, prescription drugs, and related benefits. See Michigan Laws 15.582
  • Meeting: means the convening of a public body at which a quorum is present for the purpose of deliberating toward or rendering a decision on a public policy, or any meeting of the board of a nonprofit corporation formed by a city under section 4o of the home rule city act, 1909 PA 279, MCL 117. See Michigan Laws 15.262
  • Member: means a shareholder of an S corporation, a partner in a general partnership, a limited partnership, or a limited liability partnership, a member of a limited liability company, or a beneficiary of a trust, that is a flow-through entity. See Michigan Laws 206.701
  • Member: means a municipality, county, county agency, public school district, public college or university, or other local or regional public agency that is a member of a watershed alliance as provided for in this part. See Michigan Laws 324.31201
  • Mercuric oxide battery: means a dry cell battery that delivers an essentially constant output voltage throughout its useful life by means of a chemical reaction between zinc and mercuric oxide. See Michigan Laws 324.17101
  • Mercury fever thermometer: means a mercury thermometer used for measuring body temperature. See Michigan Laws 324.17201
  • Mercury thermometer: means a product or component, other than a dry cell battery, of a product used for measuring temperature that contains mercury or a mercury compound intentionally added to the product or component. See Michigan Laws 324.17201
  • Method detection limit: means the minimum concentration of a hazardous substance that can be measured and reported with 99% confidence that the analyte concentration is greater than zero and is determined from analysis of a sample in a given matrix that contains the analyte. See Michigan Laws 324.20101
  • Metropolitan district: means a district incorporated under the metropolitan district act, 1929 PA 312, MCL 119. See Michigan Laws 168.17
  • Michigan conservation and recreation legacy fund: means the Michigan conservation and recreation legacy fund established in section 40 of article IX of the state constitution of 1963 and provided for in section 2002. See Michigan Laws 324.301
  • Michigan cyber civilian corps: means the program established by this act under which civilian volunteers who have expertise in addressing cybersecurity incidents may volunteer at the invitation of the department to provide rapid response assistance to a municipal, educational, nonprofit, or business organization in need of expert assistance during a cybersecurity incident. See Michigan Laws 18.222
  • Michigan cyber civilian corps volunteer: means an individual who has entered into a volunteer agreement with the department to serve as a volunteer in the Michigan cyber civilian corps. See Michigan Laws 18.222
  • Michigan justice training fund: means the Michigan justice training fund created in this act. See Michigan Laws 18.421
  • Michigan merit award trust fund: means the Michigan merit award trust fund established in section 9. See Michigan Laws 12.252
  • Michigan national guard: means the army national guard and the air national guard. See Michigan Laws 32.505
  • Michigan obligations: means a bond, note, or other obligation issued by a governmental unit described in section 3 of the shared credit rating act, 1985 PA 227, MCL 141. See Michigan Laws 206.651
  • Michigan register: means the publication described in section 8. See Michigan Laws 24.205
  • Michigan tribal law enforcement officer: means an individual employed as a law enforcement officer by a federally recognized Indian tribe that has trust lands located within this state, subject to a written instrument authorizing the individual to enforce the laws of this state. See Michigan Laws 28.602
  • Migrating NAPL: means NAPL that is observed to spread or expand laterally or vertically or otherwise result in an increased volume of the NAPL extent, usually indicated by time series data or observation. See Michigan Laws 324.21302
  • Mileage: means cost of transportation via the shortest traveled route either by train, bus or private automobile from the residence of the legislator to Lansing. See Michigan Laws 4.511
  • Military: means a reference to all components of the state military establishment. See Michigan Laws 32.505
  • Military: includes each armed force of the United States and each component of the state military establishment. See Michigan Laws 32.1002
  • Military court: means a court-martial, a court of inquiry, or the military appeals tribunal. See Michigan Laws 32.1002
  • Military establishment: means the organized militia of this state, including the employees and equipment assigned or necessary to carry out the provisions of this act. See Michigan Laws 32.505
  • Military judge: means a judge advocate designated as a military judge by the state judge advocate general or an official of a general or special court-martial appointed pursuant to section 26. See Michigan Laws 32.1002
  • Mineral: means an inorganic substance that can be extracted from the earth, except for oil or gas, and includes rock, metal ores, and mineral water. See Michigan Laws 324.43701
  • Mineral: means that term as defined in section 2 of the nonferrous metallic minerals extraction severance tax act. See Michigan Laws 206.31b
  • mineral: means ferrous ore or material mined for its ferrous content. See Michigan Laws 324.63101
  • Mineral well: means any well subject to this part. See Michigan Laws 324.62501
  • mining: means an operation to excavate or remove earth material that generates not less than 10,000 tons and not more than 75,000 tons of waste rock in a calendar year or disturbs not less than 1 acre and not more than 10 acres of land in a calendar year in the regular operation of a business for the primary purpose of extracting native copper by 1 or both of the following:

    (i) Removing the overburden lying above natural deposits of native copper and excavating directly from the natural deposits thus exposed or by excavating directly from deposits lying exposed in their natural state. See Michigan Laws 324.63401

  • Mining area: means all of the following:

    (i) Land from which material is removed by surface or open pit mining methods. See Michigan Laws 324.63401

  • Mining operation: means a ferrous mineral mining operation. See Michigan Laws 324.63101
  • Minnows: means chubs, shiners, suckers, when of a size ordinarily used for bait in hook and line fishing, dace, stonerollers, muddlers, and mudminnows. See Michigan Laws 324.48728
  • Minor: means a victim of a listed offense who was less than 18 years of age at the time the offense was committed. See Michigan Laws 28.722
  • Minor drainage: includes ditching and tiling for the removal of excess soil moisture incidental to the planting, cultivating, protecting, or harvesting of crops or improving the productivity of land in established use for agriculture, horticulture, silviculture, or lumbering. See Michigan Laws 324.30301
  • Minor offense: means an offense under a punitive section of this act that a commanding officer considers minor. See Michigan Laws 32.1002
  • Minor offense: means either of the following violations of this part if the project involved in the offense is a minor project or the department determines that restoration of the affected property is not required:

    (i) The failure to obtain a permit under this part. See Michigan Laws 324.30101

  • Minority leader: See Floor Leaders
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Mixed fertilizer: means a fertilizer containing any combination or mixture of fertilizer materials. See Michigan Laws 324.8501a
  • Model zoning plan: means the model zoning plan provided for in sections 35304 to 35309 and 35311a to 35324. See Michigan Laws 324.35301
  • Mollusk: means any mollusk of the classes Bivalvia and Gastropoda. See Michigan Laws 324.41301
  • Mollusks: means any mollusk of the classes bivalvia and gastropoda. See Michigan Laws 324.48701
  • monetary obligation: means a monetary obligation secured by the goods or owed under a lease of the goods and includes a monetary obligation with respect to software used in the goods. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Money: means a medium of exchange authorized or adopted by a domestic or foreign government. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • month: means a calendar month; the word "year" a calendar year; and the word "year" alone shall be equivalent to the words "year of our Lord". See Michigan Laws 8.3j
  • Mooring structures: means structures used to moor watercraft, including, but not limited to, docks, piers, pilings, mooring anchors, lines and buoys, and boat hoists. See Michigan Laws 324.30101
  • Mortgage: means a consensual interest in real property, including fixtures, which secures payment or performance of an obligation. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • Mortgagor: The person who pledges property to a creditor as collateral for a loan and who receives the money.
  • Motor oil: means oil used as a lubricant in a motor vehicle. See Michigan Laws 324.16701
  • Motor vehicle: means any device that is self-propelled, or partially self-propelled, by which a person or property may be transported or drawn. See Michigan Laws 324.76501
  • Motor vehicle: means a vehicle that is self-propelled. See Michigan Laws 324.74101
  • Motor vehicle: means that term as defined in section 74101. See Michigan Laws 324.78101
  • motor vehicle liability policy: as used in this chapter , shall mean an owner's or an operator's policy of liability insurance, certified as provided in section 518 or section 519 as proof of financial responsibility, and issued, except as otherwise provided in section 519, by an insurance carrier duly authorized to transact business in this state, to or for the benefit of the person named therein as insured. See Michigan Laws 257.520
  • Municipal issuer: means a city, village, township, county, school district, or community college district, or an agency, instrumentality, authority, or district created by 1 or more of the foregoing that is authorized by law to issue bonds. See Michigan Laws 12.112
  • Municipal security: means a security that when issued was not exempt from this act or former 1943 PA 202 by the provisions of this act or by former 1943 PA 202 or by the provisions of the law authorizing its issuance and that is payable from or secured by any of the following:

    (i) Ad valorem real and personal property taxes. See Michigan Laws 141.2103

  • municipalities: as used in this part means and includes a county, city, village, township, school district, metropolitan district, port district, drainage district, authority, or other governmental authority, agency, or department within or of the state with power to acquire, construct, improve, or operate facilities for the prevention or abatement of water pollution, or any combination of such governmental agencies. See Michigan Laws 324.4501
  • Municipality: means this state, a county, city, village, or township, or an agency or instrumentality of any of these entities. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Municipality: includes a metropolitan district, a water or sewer authority created by law, or a county, township, charter township, incorporated city, or incorporated village. See Michigan Laws 324.4701
  • Municipality: means that term as it is defined in section 5301. See Michigan Laws 324.5201
  • Municipality: means a city, village, county, township, authority, or other public body, including an intermunicipal agency of 2 or more municipalities, authorized or created under state law; or an Indian tribe that has jurisdiction over construction and operation of sewage treatment works or other projects qualifying under section 319 of title III of the federal water pollution control act, 33 USC 1329. See Michigan Laws 324.5301
  • Municipality: means a city, village, county, township, authority, public school district, or other public body with taxing authority, including an intermunicipal agency of 2 or more municipalities, authorized or created under state law. See Michigan Laws 324.5402
  • Municipality: means a county, township, city, village, school district, intermediate school district, community college district, metropolitan district, port district, drainage district, district library, or another governmental authority or agency in this state that has the power to issue a security. See Michigan Laws 141.2103
  • Municipality: means a city, village, or township of this state. See Michigan Laws 28.722
  • Municipality: means a county, city, township, village, or local authority, or a combination thereof. See Michigan Laws 324.11901
  • Municipality: means a city or village. See Michigan Laws 324.81101
  • Municipality: means a county, township, city, or village. See Michigan Laws 12.202
  • Municipality: means a county, township, city, village, or school district. See Michigan Laws 324.52701
  • Municipality: means a city, village, or township. See Michigan Laws 324.301
  • Mussel: means the pearly freshwater mussel, clam, or naiad, and the shells of the pearly freshwater mussel, clam, or naiad. See Michigan Laws 324.45701
  • Name that was formally changed: means a name changed by a proceeding under chapter XI of the probate code of 1939, 1939 PA 288, MCL 711. See Michigan Laws 168.3
  • NAPL: means that term as it is defined in section 21303. See Michigan Laws 324.20101
  • NAPL: means a nonaqueous-phase liquid or a nonaqueous-phase liquid solution composed of 1 or more organic compounds that are immiscible or sparingly soluble in water. See Michigan Laws 324.21303
  • National Bank: A bank that is subject to the supervision of the Comptroller of the Currency. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is a bureau of the U.S. Treasury Department. A national bank can be recognized because it must have "national" or "national association" in its name. Source: OCC
  • National origin: includes the national origin of an ancestor. See Michigan Laws 37.2103
  • National response center: means the National Communications Center established under the clean water act, 33 USC 1251 to 1387, located in Washington, DC, that receives and relays notice of oil discharge or releases of hazardous substances to appropriate federal officials. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Nationwide permit: means a nationwide permit issued by the United States army corps of engineers under 72 FR 11091 to 11198 (March 12, 2007), including all general conditions, regional conditions, and conditions imposed by this state pursuant to a water quality certification under section 401 of title IV of the federal water pollution control act, 33 USC 1341, or a coastal zone management consistency determination under section 307 of the coastal zone management act of 1972, 16 USC 1456. See Michigan Laws 324.30301
  • Native: means indigenous to any location in this state. See Michigan Laws 324.41301
  • Native copper: means copper in its elemental form. See Michigan Laws 324.63401
  • Native vegetation: means original or indigenous plants of this state including trees, shrubs, vines, wild flowers, aquatic plants, or ground cover. See Michigan Laws 324.35701
  • Natural: means in a state provided by nature, without human-made changes, wild, or uncultivated. See Michigan Laws 324.35701
  • Natural area: means a tract of state land or water under control of the department and dedicated and regulated by the department pursuant to this part which:

    (i) Has retained or reestablished its natural character, or has unusual flora and fauna or biotic, geologic, scenic, or other similar features of educational or scientific value, but it need not be undisturbed. See Michigan Laws 324.35101

  • Natural brine: means naturally occurring mineralized water other than potable or fresh water. See Michigan Laws 324.62501
  • Natural fertilizer: means a substance composed only of natural organic, natural inorganic, or both types of fertilizer materials and natural fillers. See Michigan Laws 324.8501
  • Natural gas: means natural gas, synthetic gas, and manufactured gas. See Michigan Laws 324.21101
  • natural resources: means land, surface water, groundwater, subsurface strata, air, fish, wildlife, or biota within the state. See Michigan Laws 324.20101
  • Natural resources professional: means a person who is acknowledged by the department as having the education, knowledge, experience, and skills to identify, schedule, and implement appropriate forest management practices needed to achieve the purposes of this part on land subject to or to be subject to this part. See Michigan Laws 324.51101
  • Natural river: means a river that has been designated by the department for inclusion in the wild, scenic, and recreational rivers system. See Michigan Laws 324.30501
  • Navigable waters: means those waters of the state over which this state and the United States Coast Guard exercise concurrent jurisdiction, including the Great Lakes and waters connected to the Great Lakes, to the upstream limit of navigation as determined by the United States Army Corps of Engineers. See Michigan Laws 324.44501
  • Navigable waters livery boat: means a livery boat other than a nonmotorized canoe or kayak that is more than 20 feet in length and is rented or offered for rent for use on navigable waters. See Michigan Laws 324.44501
  • New debtor: means a person that becomes bound as debtor under section 9203(4) by a security agreement previously entered into by another person. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • New or increased large quantity withdrawal: means a new water withdrawal of over 100,000 gallons of water per day average in any consecutive 30-day period or an increase of over 100,000 gallons of water per day average in any consecutive 30-day period beyond the baseline capacity of a withdrawal. See Michigan Laws 324.32701
  • New or increased withdrawal capacity: means new or additional water withdrawal capacity to supply a common distribution system that is an increase from the person's baseline capacity. See Michigan Laws 324.32701
  • New value: means money, money's worth in property, services, or new credit, or release by a transferee of an interest in property previously transferred to the transferee. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • No further action letter: means a written response provided by the department under section 20114d confirming that a no further action report has been approved after review by the department. See Michigan Laws 324.20101
  • No further action report: means a report under section 20114d detailing the completion of remedial actions and including a postclosure plan and a postclosure agreement, if appropriate. See Michigan Laws 324.20101
  • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
  • Nonaquatic: describes a bird, insect other than a wiggler, or mammal. See Michigan Laws 324.41301
  • Noncash proceeds: means proceeds other than cash proceeds. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Noncommunity water supply: means a public water supply that is not a community water supply, but that has not less than 15 service connections or that serves not less than 25 individuals on an average daily basis for not less than 60 days per year. See Michigan Laws 324.5402
  • Nongame fish: includes all kinds of fish except game fish. See Michigan Laws 324.48701
  • Nongame fish and wildlife: means fish or wild animals that are unconfined and not ordinarily taken for sport, fur, or food, and the habitat that supports them. See Michigan Laws 324.43901
  • Nonindustrial private forestland: means a privately owned tract of land consisting of 20 or more acres, or the timber rights in the land if the timber rights have been severed, that has the productive capacity to grow on average not less than 20 cubic feet per acre per year and that meets either of the following conditions:

    (i) For a tract of land that contains less than 40 acres, at least 80% of the land is occupied by forest tree species. See Michigan Laws 324.51301

  • Nonnative: means not native. See Michigan Laws 324.41301
  • Nonoceangoing vessel: means a vessel that is not an oceangoing vessel. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Nonpoint source pollution: means water pollution from diffuse sources, including runoff from precipitation or snowmelt contaminated through contact with pollutants in the soil or on other surfaces and either infiltrating into the groundwater or being discharged to surface waters, or runoff or wind causing erosion of soil into surface waters. See Michigan Laws 324.8801
  • Nonpoint source project: means construction activities designed to reduce nonpoint source pollution consistent with the state nonpoint source management plan pursuant to section 319 of title III of the federal water pollution control act, 33 USC 1329. See Michigan Laws 324.5301
  • Nonresident: means an individual who is not a resident of or domiciled in this state, a business entity that does not have its commercial domicile in this state, or a trust not organized in this state. See Michigan Laws 206.701
  • Nonresident: means a person who is not a resident. See Michigan Laws 324.48701
  • Nonresident motor vehicle: means a motor vehicle other than a commercial motor vehicle that is not registered as a motor vehicle in this state. See Michigan Laws 324.74101
  • Nonresidential: means that category of land use for parcels of property or portions of parcels of property that is not residential. See Michigan Laws 324.20101
  • Normal level: means the level or levels of the water of an inland lake that provide the most benefit to the public; that best protect the public health, safety, and welfare; that best preserve the natural resources of the state; and that best preserve and protect the value of property around the lake. See Michigan Laws 324.30701
  • Note: means a note issued by a municipality pursuant to this part. See Michigan Laws 324.11901
  • Notes: means notes of the authority issued as provided in this part, including commercial paper. See Michigan Laws 324.50502
  • Notice: means a written or electronic record that informs a person of past or future action of the person generating the record. See Michigan Laws 24.205
  • Notice of objection: means the record adopted by the committee that indicates the committee's formal objection to a proposed rule. See Michigan Laws 24.205
  • Nutrient: means a substance or combination of substances that, when added to the waters of this state in a sufficient quantity, provide nourishment that promotes the growth of aquatic vegetation in the waters to such a density as to interfere with or be detrimental to use of the waters by human beings or by an animal, fish, or plant useful to human beings. See Michigan Laws 324.3901
  • oath: shall be construed to include the word "affirmation" in all cases where by law an affirmation may be substituted for an oath; and in like cases the word "sworn" shall be construed to include the word "affirmed". See Michigan Laws 8.3k
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Obligee: means 1 or more of the following:

    (i) An individual to whom a duty of support is or is alleged to be owed or in whose favor a support order or a judgment determining parentage of a child has been issued. See Michigan Laws 552.2102

  • Obligor: means a person that, with respect to an obligation secured by a security interest in or an agricultural lien on the collateral, owes payment or other performance of the obligation, has provided property other than the collateral to secure payment or other performance of the obligation, or is otherwise accountable in whole or in part for payment or other performance of the obligation. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Obligor: means an individual about whom 1 of the following is true, or the estate of a decedent about whom 1 of the following was true before the individual's death:

    (i) Owes or is alleged to owe a duty of support. See Michigan Laws 552.2102

  • Oceangoing vessel: means a vessel that operates on the Great Lakes or the St. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Off-road vehicle: means ORV as it is defined in part 811, which is required to be registered under part 811. See Michigan Laws 324.71101
  • Off-road vehicle account: means the off-road vehicle account of the Michigan conservation and recreation legacy fund established in section 2015. See Michigan Laws 324.81101
  • Office: means , unless expressly stated otherwise, the office of performance and transformation. See Michigan Laws 24.205
  • Office: means the office of Hispanic/Latino affairs as created in section 4. See Michigan Laws 18.301
  • Office: means the office of the small business clean air ombudsman. See Michigan Laws 324.5701
  • Office: means the office of criminal justice created in section 3. See Michigan Laws 18.401
  • Office: means the office of the legislative corrections ombudsman created under this act. See Michigan Laws 4.351
  • Office: means the office of the Michigan veterans' facility ombudsman created under this act. See Michigan Laws 4.771
  • Officer: means a commissioned officer and a warrant officer, unless a distinction between commissioned officer and warrant officer is clearly evident. See Michigan Laws 32.505
  • Officer: means a commissioned or warrant officer. See Michigan Laws 32.1002
  • Officer: means a supervisor, treasurer, clerk, or trustee. See Michigan Laws 41.1b
  • Officer: means the village president, clerk, or treasurer, a village trustee, or an appointed person authorized by the council. See Michigan Laws 61.1a
  • Official: means an official or employee of the department of corrections. See Michigan Laws 4.351
  • Official publisher: means :
  •   (i) For the state constitution of 1963, the legislative service bureau. See Michigan Laws 4.1121
  • Oil: means oil of any kind or in any form, including petroleum, fuel oil, sludge, and oil refuse. See Michigan Laws 324.9501
  • Oil: means natural crude oil or petroleum and other hydrocarbons, regardless of gravity, which are produced at the well in liquid form by ordinary production methods and which are not the result of condensation of gas after it leaves the underground reservoir. See Michigan Laws 324.43701
  • Oil: means petroleum based oil. See Michigan Laws 324.16701
  • Oil: means natural crude oil or petroleum and other hydrocarbons, regardless of gravity, that are produced at the well in liquid form by ordinary production methods and that are not the result of condensation of gas after it leaves the underground reservoir. See Michigan Laws 324.61501
  • Oil and gas: means oil and gas as such in combination one with the other and also means oil, gas, casinghead gas, casinghead gasoline, gas distillate, or other hydrocarbons, or any combination or combinations of these substances, which may be found in or produced from a common source of supply of oil, gas, oil and gas, or gas distillate. See Michigan Laws 324.61701
  • Oil or gas well: means a well drilled pursuant to part 615, or its predecessor acts, or a well drilled prior to the effective dates of part 615 or its predecessor acts as determined by the supervisor, for oil or gas exploration or development or storage, or associated production or disposal activities. See Michigan Laws 324.61601
  • Ombudsman: means the small business clean air ombudsman. See Michigan Laws 324.5701
  • Ombudsman: means the superconducting super collider ombudsman created in section 19. See Michigan Laws 3.813
  • Ombudsman: means the office of legislative corrections ombudsman. See Michigan Laws 4.351
  • Ombudsman: means the Michigan veterans' facility ombudsman. See Michigan Laws 4.771
  • Online registration process: means the online registration process provided for in section 32706. See Michigan Laws 324.32701
  • Open season: means the time during which fish may be legally taken or killed and includes both the first and last day of the season or period designated by this part. See Michigan Laws 324.48701
  • Open space land: means 1 of the following:

    (i) Lands defined as 1 or more of the following:

    (A) Any undeveloped site included in a national registry of historic places or designated as a historic site pursuant to state or federal law. See Michigan Laws 324.36101

  • Operate: means to ride in or on, and be in actual physical control of, the operation of an ORV. See Michigan Laws 324.81101
  • Operate: means to ride in or on and be in actual physical control of the operation of a snowmobile. See Michigan Laws 324.82101
  • Operate: when used with reference to a vessel, means to start any propulsion engine or to physically control the motion, direction, or speed of the vessel. See Michigan Laws 324.44501
  • Operating expenses: means the reasonable operating expenses of the authority under this act, including without limitation the cost of preparation of accounting and other reports; costs of maintaining the ratings on the bonds; bond insurance premiums; costs of authority meetings or other required activities of the authority under this act; counsel fees, including the fees of the attorney general; fees and expenses incurred for consultants, advisors, and fiduciaries relating to bonds or activities of the authority authorized by this act; and any other costs arising from activities authorized in section 8(2). See Michigan Laws 12.272
  • Operating expenses: includes , but is not limited to, a public body's direct cost of creating, compiling, storing, maintaining, processing, upgrading, or enhancing information or data in a form available for enhanced access, including the cost of computer hardware and software, system development, employee time, and the actual cost of supplying the information or record in the form requested by the purchaser. See Michigan Laws 15.442
  • Operating plan: means a plan developed by a receiving facility for receiving septage waste that specifies at least all of the following:

    (i) Categories of septage waste that the receiving facility will receive. See Michigan Laws 324.11701

  • Operator: means a person that is engaged in or preparing to engage in mining activities, whether individually or jointly, or through agents, employees, or contractors, and that has overall responsibility for the mining activities. See Michigan Laws 324.63401
  • Operator: means an owner or lessee of mineral rights or any other person engaged in or preparing to engage in sand dune mining activities with respect to mineral rights within a sand dune area. See Michigan Laws 324.63701
  • Operator: means a person who is in control of or responsible for the operation of a facility. See Michigan Laws 324.20101
  • Operator: means a person who is presently, or was at the time of a release, in control of or responsible for the operation of an underground storage tank system. See Michigan Laws 324.21101
  • Operator: means a person who is presently, or was at the time of a release, in control of, or responsible for, the operation of an underground storage tank system. See Michigan Laws 324.21303
  • Operator: means an individual who operates or is in actual physical control of the operation of an ORV. See Michigan Laws 324.81101
  • Operator: means any individual who operates a snowmobile. See Michigan Laws 324.82101
  • Operator: means that term as it is defined in section 21303 or a person to whom an approved claim has been assigned or transferred. See Michigan Laws 324.21502
  • Operator: means the person authorized by contract or agreement by the owner to drill, operate, maintain, or plug a well. See Michigan Laws 324.61601
  • Operator: means the person, whether owner or not, supervising or responsible for the drilling, operating, repairing, abandoning, or plugging of wells subject to this part. See Michigan Laws 324.62501
  • operator: means a person who owns or leases the plant and equipment utilized in a mining area and is engaged in the business of mining ferrous minerals or preparing to engage in mining operations. See Michigan Laws 324.63101
  • Opioid antagonist: means naloxone hydrochloride or any other similarly acting and equally safe drug approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of drug overdose. See Michigan Laws 15.671
  • Opioid-related overdose: means a condition, including, but not limited to, extreme physical illness, decreased level of consciousness, respiratory depression, coma, or death, that results from the consumption or use of an opioid or another substance with which an opioid was combined or that a reasonable person would believe to be an opioid-related overdose that requires medical assistance. See Michigan Laws 15.671
  • Oral argument: An opportunity for lawyers to summarize their position before the court and also to answer the judges' questions.
  • Order: means a cease and desist order issued under section 8511. See Michigan Laws 324.8501a
  • Ordinary high-water mark: means the elevations described in section 32502. See Michigan Laws 324.32601
  • Ordinary high-water mark: means the line between upland and bottomland that persists through successive changes in water levels, below which the presence and action of the water is so common or recurrent that the character of the land is marked distinctly from the upland and is apparent in the soil itself, the configuration of the surface of the soil, and the vegetation. See Michigan Laws 324.30101
  • Ordinary high-water mark: means the ordinary high-water mark as specified in section 32502. See Michigan Laws 324.30301
  • organization: means any group, organization, association, union, or conference of current or former law enforcement officers, fire fighters, correctional officers, employees thereof or any other entity that represents itself to be affiliated or associated with such organizations that meet both of the following:

    (i) The voting membership is comprised of at least 75% of individuals who are currently or formerly law enforcement officers, fire fighters, or correctional officers. See Michigan Laws 14.302

  • Organization: means a person other than an individual. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Original debtor: means , except as used in section 9310(3), a person that, as debtor, entered into a security agreement to which a new debtor has become bound under section 9203(4). See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • ORV safety certificate: means an ORV safety certificate issued under section 81130 or, except as used in section 81130, a comparable safety certificate issued under the authority of another state or province of Canada. See Michigan Laws 324.81101
  • OTHER: means multilayer. See Michigan Laws 324.16101
  • Out-of-pocket loss: means the unreimbursed and unreimbursable expenses or indebtedness reasonably incurred for medical care, psychological counseling, replacement services, any nonmedical remedial treatment rendered in accordance with a recognized religious method of healing, or other services necessary as a result of the injury upon which a claim is based. See Michigan Laws 18.351
  • outdoors: means in a place other than a building or covered vehicle. See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • Outstanding: means with respect to bonds, all bonds except those that have been paid in full at maturity or that are not outstanding under the terms of the applicable authority resolution, trust indenture, or trust agreement authorizing the issuance of the bonds. See Michigan Laws 12.272
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Owner: means a person who owns a facility. See Michigan Laws 324.20101
  • Owner: means a person who holds, or at the time of a release who held, a legal, equitable, or possessory interest of any kind in an underground storage tank system or in the property on which an underground storage tank system is located, including, but not limited to, a trust, vendor, vendee, lessor, or lessee. See Michigan Laws 324.21101
  • Owner: means a person who holds, or at the time of a release who held, a legal, equitable, or possessory interest of any kind in an underground storage tank system or in the property on which an underground storage tank system is or was located including, but not limited to, a trust, vendor, vendee, lessor, or lessee. See Michigan Laws 324.21303
  • Owner: means a person having a freehold estate in land coupled with possession and enjoyment. See Michigan Laws 324.36101
  • Owner: means any of the following:

    (i) A vendee or lessee of an ORV that is the subject of an agreement for the conditional sale or lease of the ORV, with the right of purchase upon performance of the conditions stated in the agreement, and with an immediate right of possession vested in the conditional vendee or lessee. See Michigan Laws 324.81101

  • Owner: means a person having a freehold estate in land coupled with possession and enjoyment. See Michigan Laws 324.36201
  • Owner: means any of the following:

    (i) A person that holds the legal title to a snowmobile. See Michigan Laws 324.82101

  • Owner: when used in reference to a vessel, means a person who claims lawful possession of the vessel by virtue of legal title or an equitable interest in a vessel that entitles that person to possession of the vessel. See Michigan Laws 324.44501
  • Owner: means that term as it is defined in section 21303. See Michigan Laws 324.21502
  • Owner: means a person who holds title to the surface estate of forestland subject to this part. See Michigan Laws 324.51101
  • Owner: means the person who has the right to drill a well into a pool, to produce from a pool, and to receive and distribute the value of the production from the pool for himself or herself either individually or in combination with others. See Michigan Laws 324.61501
  • Owner: means the person who has the right to drill a well into a pool, to produce from a pool, and to receive and distribute the value of the production from the pool for himself or herself either individually or in combination with others. See Michigan Laws 324.61601
  • Owner: means the person who has the right to drill, convert, or operate any well subject to this part. See Michigan Laws 324.62501
  • Owner of a high-capacity well: means the person that owns or controls the parcel of property where a high-capacity well is located. See Michigan Laws 324.31701
  • Owner of a small-quantity well: means the person that owns or controls the parcel of property where a small-capacity well is located. See Michigan Laws 324.31701
  • Pack and saddle trails: means trails and equine access locations that may be used by pack and saddle animals. See Michigan Laws 324.72101
  • packaged: means any type of product regulated by this part that is distributed in individual labeled containers. See Michigan Laws 324.8501a
  • Panel: means the response activity review panel created in section 20114e. See Michigan Laws 324.20101
  • Parcel: means that portion of a property that has unity of ownership, contiguity, and unity of use. See Michigan Laws 3.813
  • parent: includes a person who is pregnant. See Michigan Laws 37.2103
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Partnership: means a taxpayer that is required to or has elected to file as a partnership for federal income tax purposes. See Michigan Laws 206.701
  • Party: means a person or agency named, admitted, or properly seeking and entitled of right to be admitted, as a party in a contested case. See Michigan Laws 24.205
  • Passenger: means an individual carried on board a charter boat except any of the following:

    (i) The owner of the vessel or the owner's agent. See Michigan Laws 324.44501

  • Patented lands: means any bottomlands lying within a specific government grant area, including a private claim patent or federal patent. See Michigan Laws 324.32601
  • Pathogen: means a disease-causing agent. See Michigan Laws 324.11701
  • Payment intangible: means a general intangible under which the account debtor's principal obligation is a monetary obligation. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • PBDE: means polybrominated diphenyl ether. See Michigan Laws 324.14721
  • Peace officer: means a sheriff or sheriff's deputy, a village or township marshal, an officer of the police department of any city, village, or township, any officer of the Michigan state police, any peace officer who is trained and licensed or certified under the Michigan commission on law enforcement standards act, 1965 PA 203, MCL 28. See Michigan Laws 324.11701
  • Peace officer: means any law enforcement officer who is trained and licensed or certified under the Michigan commission on law enforcement standards act, 1965 PA 203, MCL 28. See Michigan Laws 324.12102
  • Peace officer: means a sheriff or sheriff's deputy; village or township marshal; officer of the police department of any city, village, or township; officer of the Michigan state police; or other police officer or law enforcement officer who is trained and licensed or certified under the Michigan commission on law enforcement standards act, 1965 PA 203, MCL 28. See Michigan Laws 324.44501
  • Peace officer: means any of the following:

    (i) A sheriff. See Michigan Laws 324.82101

  • peat: means a deposit of unconsolidated, naturally occurring soil material consisting of decomposed and partially decomposed mosses, sedges, trees, and other wetland plants, having 12% or greater organic carbon content on a dry weight basis. See Michigan Laws 324.64101
  • Performance goals: means standards of system performance that reflect asset management principles for asset preservation and sustainability, operations, capacity consistent with local needs, and identified levels of service. See Michigan Laws 21.602
  • permit: means a permit issued under section 63405 for conducting mining activities. See Michigan Laws 324.63401
  • Permit: means a permit for a use within a critical dune area under this part. See Michigan Laws 324.35301
  • Permitted aquatic species: means a species listed as provided in section 41302a. See Michigan Laws 324.41301
  • Permitted release: means 1 or more of the following:

    (i) A release in compliance with an applicable, legally enforceable permit issued under state law. See Michigan Laws 324.20101

  • Permitted use: means any use expressly authorized within a development rights agreement, development rights easement, or agriculture conservation easement that is consistent with the farming operation or that does not alter the open space character of the land. See Michigan Laws 324.36101
  • Permitted use: means any use expressly authorized within an agriculture conservation easement consistent with the farming operation or that does not adversely affect the productivity of the farmland. See Michigan Laws 324.36201
  • Permittee: means a person that holds a mining permit. See Michigan Laws 324.63401
  • Person: means an individual, corporation, limited or general partnership, association, joint venture, limited liability company, or a governmental entity, including this state. See Michigan Laws 12.272
  • Person: means an individual, partnership, corporation, association, governmental entity, or other legal entity. See Michigan Laws 324.31701
  • Person: means an individual, organization, group, association, partnership, corporation, trust, professional fund-raiser, or any combination of those entities. See Michigan Laws 14.302
  • Person: means any natural person, corporation, association, partnership, receiver, trustee, judiciary or common law trust, guardian, executor, administrator, or fiduciary of any kind. See Michigan Laws 324.63301
  • Person: means an individual, corporation, limited liability company, partnership, firm, organization, association, governmental entity, or other legal entity. See Michigan Laws 15.232
  • Person: means an individual, corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, limited liability company, association, joint venture, government, governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, public corporation, or any other legal or commercial entity. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Person: means an individual, sole proprietorship, partnership, corporation, association, or any other legal entity. See Michigan Laws 15.361
  • Person: means that term as defined in section 2 of the freedom of information act, 1976 PA 442, MCL 15. See Michigan Laws 15.442
  • Person: means an individual, partnership, association, firm, limited liability company, or corporation. See Michigan Laws 324.8501a
  • Person: includes any individual, partnership, corporation, association, or body politic, except the United States and this state, and includes any trustee, receiver, assignee, or other similar representative of those entities. See Michigan Laws 324.78101
  • Person: means a business, individual, proprietorship, firm, partnership, joint venture, syndicate, business trust, labor organization, company, corporation, association, committee, or any other organization or group of persons acting jointly. See Michigan Laws 15.523
  • Person: means an individual, partnership, corporation, association, or other nongovernmental legal entity. See Michigan Laws 324.33924
  • Person: means an individual, partnership, association, corporation, limited liability company, limited liability partnership, governmental subdivision, or public or private organization of any kind other than the agency engaged in the particular processing of a rule, declaratory ruling, or contested case. See Michigan Laws 24.205
  • Person: includes an individual, corporation, limited liability company, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, or association, or 2 or more persons having a joint or common interest in land. See Michigan Laws 324.36101
  • Person: means an individual, firm, partnership, association, corporation, unincorporated joint venture, or trust, organized, permitted, or existing under the laws of this state or any other state, including a federal corporation, or a combination thereof, but excluding a municipality, special district having taxing powers, or other political subdivision of this state. See Michigan Laws 324.11901
  • Person: means an individual, partnership, or corporation. See Michigan Laws 324.9301
  • Person: means any individual, firm, partnership, association and corporation. See Michigan Laws 3.161
  • Person: includes an individual, agent, association, corporation, joint apprenticeship committee, joint-stock company, labor union, legal representative, mutual company, partnership, receiver, trust, trustee in bankruptcy, unincorporated organization, this state, or any other legal, commercial, or governmental entity or agency. See Michigan Laws 37.1103
  • Person: means an individual, partnership, corporation, association, governmental entity, or other legal entity. See Michigan Laws 21.602
  • Person: means an individual, partnership, corporation, association, governmental entity, or other legal entity. See Michigan Laws 324.21503
  • Person: means an individual, agent, association, corporation, joint apprenticeship committee, joint stock company, labor organization, legal representative, mutual company, partnership, receiver, trust, trustee in bankruptcy, unincorporated organization, the state or a political subdivision of the state or an agency of the state, or any other legal or commercial entity. See Michigan Laws 37.2103
  • Person: means an individual, sole proprietorship, partnership, corporation, association, municipality, this state, an instrumentality or agency of this state, the federal government, an instrumentality or agency of the federal government, or other legal entity. See Michigan Laws 324.30301
  • person: may extend and be applied to bodies politic and corporate, as well as to individuals. See Michigan Laws 8.3l
  • Person: means an individual, partnership, corporation, association, governmental entity, or other legal entity. See Michigan Laws 4.1942
  • Person: means an individual, partnership, corporation, organization, or association of any kind. See Michigan Laws 10.81
  • Person: means an individual, partnership, corporation, association, governmental entity, or other legal entity. See Michigan Laws 324.301
  • person who is liable: includes a person who is described as being subject to liability in section 20126. See Michigan Laws 324.20101
  • Person with a disability: means an individual who has 1 or more of the following physical characteristics:

    (i) Blindness. See Michigan Laws 324.81101

  • Personal information: means information that identifies an individual, including an individual's driver identification number, name, address not including zip code, and telephone number, but does not include information on ORV operation or equipment-related violations or civil infractions, operator or vehicle registration status, accidents, or other behaviorally related information. See Michigan Laws 324.81101
  • Personal information: means information that identifies an individual, including an individual's driver identification number, name, address not including zip code, and telephone number, but does not include information on snowmobile operation or equipment-related violations or civil infractions, operator or snowmobile registration status, accidents, or other behaviorally-related information. See Michigan Laws 324.82101
  • Personal physical injury: means actual bodily harm and includes pregnancy. See Michigan Laws 18.351
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Personal use: means use for any noncommercial purpose. See Michigan Laws 324.51101
  • Personal watercraft: means a vessel that meets all of the following requirements:

    (i) Uses a motor-driven propeller or an internal combustion engine powering a water jet pump as its primary source of propulsion. See Michigan Laws 324.44501

  • PETE: means polyethylene terephthalate. See Michigan Laws 324.16101
  • physical disability: means that term as defined in section 6 of the adult foster care facility licensing act, 1979 PA 218, MCL 400. See Michigan Laws 168.19
  • Pipeline terminal operator: means a person that receives and stores refined petroleum or a refined petroleum product in tanks and other equipment used in receiving and storing refined petroleum or a refined petroleum product from interstate and intrastate pipelines, pending wholesale bulk reshipment. See Michigan Laws 324.21503
  • Place of public accommodation: means a business, educational institution, refreshment, entertainment, recreation, health, or transportation facility of any kind, whether licensed or not, whose goods, services, facilities, privileges, advantages, or accommodations are extended, offered, sold, or otherwise made available to the public. See Michigan Laws 37.1301
  • Place of public accommodation: means a business, or an educational, refreshment, entertainment, recreation, health, or transportation facility, or institution of any kind, whether licensed or not, whose goods, services, facilities, privileges, advantages, or accommodations are extended, offered, sold, or otherwise made available to the public. See Michigan Laws 37.2301
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Plan: means a comprehensive adult or juvenile justice plan developed under federal or state law requirements. See Michigan Laws 18.401
  • Plan: means the forestry development, conservation, and recreation management plan for state forests as provided for in section 52503. See Michigan Laws 324.52501
  • Planning commission: means the body or entity within a local government that is responsible for zoning and land use planning for the local unit of government. See Michigan Laws 324.35301
  • Planning commission: means a planning commission created under the Michigan planning enabling act, 2008 PA 33, MCL 125. See Michigan Laws 324.36101
  • Plans and specifications: means a true description or representation of the entire sewerage system and parts of a system as the sewerage system exists or is to be constructed, and also a full and fair statement of how the system is to be operated. See Michigan Laws 324.4101
  • plant: means a tree, bough, shrub, vine, or other native plant, or a part of a tree, bough, shrub, vine, or other native plant, listed in subsection (1). See Michigan Laws 324.52901
  • Plant rescue: means to physically move native conservation species of plants from 1 location in Michigan to another location in Michigan for the purpose of reestablishing the native conservation species. See Michigan Laws 324.9301
  • Plastic: means any material made of polymeric organic compounds and additives that can be shaped by flow. See Michigan Laws 324.16101
  • Plastic product: means a plastic bottle and any other rigid plastic container. See Michigan Laws 324.16101
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Police officer: means a police officer as defined in section 42 of the Michigan vehicle code, Act No. See Michigan Laws 324.9501
  • Political subdivision: includes all public bodies corporate within but not including the state, including all agencies thereof or any non-incorporated body within the state of whatever nature, including all agencies thereof. See Michigan Laws 15.303
  • Political subdivision: means a municipal corporation, county, county road commission, school district, community college district, public library, port district, metropolitan district, or transportation authority or a combination of 2 or more of these when acting jointly; a district or authority authorized by law or formed by 1 or more political subdivisions; or an agency, department, court, board, or council of a political subdivision. See Michigan Laws 15.671
  • political subdivision: means any local unit of government or port district of this state and any other governmental agency or subdivision, public corporation, authority, or district in this state, which is or may be authorized by law to acquire, establish, construct, maintain, improve, and operate harbors, channels, and other navigational facilities. See Michigan Laws 324.79301
  • Political subdivision: shall mean any agency or unit of this state which now is, or hereafter shall be, authorized to levy taxes or empowered to cause taxes to be levied. See Michigan Laws 3.221
  • Political subdivision: means a county, city, village, township, school district, or special district or authority of this state. See Michigan Laws 37.1103
  • Political subdivision: means a county, city, village, township, school district, or special district or authority of the state. See Michigan Laws 37.2103
  • Pollution: means damage or injury from the loss, escape, or unapproved disposal of any substance at any well subject to this part. See Michigan Laws 324.62501
  • Pollution prevention: means all of the following:

    (i) "Source reduction" as defined in the pollution prevention act of 1990, subtitle G of title VI of the omnibus budget reconciliation act of 1990, Public Law 101-508, 42 U. See Michigan Laws 324.14301

  • Pollution prevention: means all of the following:

    (i) "Source reduction" as defined in 42 USC 13102. See Michigan Laws 324.14501

  • Pool: means an underground reservoir containing a common accumulation of oil or gas, or both. See Michigan Laws 324.61501
  • Portable: means not permanently affixed to a watercraft and capable of being immediately removed from a watercraft. See Michigan Laws 324.9501
  • Portable shredding operation: means a person who operates scrap tire shredding equipment that produces a commodity or tire shreds and that can be moved from site to site. See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • Portable toilet: means a receptacle for human waste temporarily in a location for human use. See Michigan Laws 324.11701
  • Postclosure agreement: means an agreement between the department and a person who has submitted a no further action report that prescribes, as appropriate, activities required to be undertaken upon completion of remedial actions as provided for in section 20114d. See Michigan Laws 324.20101
  • Postclosure plan: means a plan for land use or resource use restrictions or permanent markers at a facility upon completion of remedial actions as provided for in section 20114c. See Michigan Laws 324.20101
  • Potable water: means water that at the point of use is acceptable for human consumption. See Michigan Laws 324.31701
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Practice of professional forestry: means the science, art, and practice of creating, managing, using, planning and researching, and conserving forests and associated resources for human benefit and in a sustainable manner to meet desired goals, needs, and values. See Michigan Laws 324.53501
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Preliminary costs: includes costs of the engineering feasibility report, economic study, estimate of total cost, and cost of setting up the assessment district. See Michigan Laws 324.30901
  • prescribed burning: means the burning, in compliance with a prescription and to meet planned fire or land management objectives, of a continuous cover of fuels. See Michigan Laws 324.51501
  • Prescription: means a written plan establishing the criteria necessary for starting, controlling, and extinguishing a burn. See Michigan Laws 324.51501
  • Presentence report: A report prepared by a court's probation officer, after a person has been convicted of an offense, summarizing for the court the background information needed to determine the appropriate sentence. Source: U.S. Courts
  • President pro tempore: A constitutionally recognized officer of the Senate who presides over the chamber in the absence of the Vice President. The President Pro Tempore (or, "president for a time") is elected by the Senate and is, by custom, the Senator of the majority party with the longest record of continuous service.
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • Pretrial conference: A meeting of the judge and lawyers to discuss which matters should be presented to the jury, to review evidence and witnesses, to set a timetable, and to discuss the settlement of the case.
  • Preventative measure: means an action affecting a stream or river that prevents an adverse resource impact by diminishing the effect of a withdrawal on stream or river flow or the temperature regime of the stream or river. See Michigan Laws 324.32701
  • primary election: as used in this act , shall mean a primary election held for the purpose of deciding by ballot who shall be the nominees for the offices named in this act, or for the election by ballot of delegates to political conventions. See Michigan Laws 168.7
  • Primary nutrients: means total nitrogen, available phosphate, or soluble potash, or any combination of those nutrients. See Michigan Laws 324.8501a
  • Primary public safety answering point: means that term as defined in section 102 of the emergency telephone service enabling act, 1986 PA 32, MCL 484. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Primary public safety answering point: means that term as defined in section 102 of the emergency 9-1-1 service enabling act, 1986 PA 32, MCL 484. See Michigan Laws 324.51501
  • Printer: means a printer or a multifunction or "all-in-one" device that in addition to printing performs 1 or more other operations such as copying, scanning, or faxing, that is designed to be placed on a desk or other work surface, and that may use any of various print technologies, such as laser and LED (electrographic), ink jet, dot matrix, thermal, or digital sublimation. See Michigan Laws 324.17301
  • Prior conviction: means a conviction for any of the following, whether under a law of this state, a local ordinance substantially corresponding to a law of this state, a law of the United States substantially corresponding to a law of this state, or a law of another state substantially corresponding to a law of this state:

    (i) A violation or an attempted violation of section 81134(1), (3), (4), (5), (6), or (7), except that only 1 violation or attempted violation of section 81134(6), a local ordinance substantially corresponding to section 81134(6), a law of another state substantially corresponding to section 81134(6), or a law of the United States substantially corresponding to section 81134(6) may be used as a prior conviction other than for enhancement purposes as provided in section 81134(11)(b). See Michigan Laws 324.81101

  • Prior conviction: means a conviction for any of the following, whether under a law of this state, a local ordinance substantially corresponding to a law of this state, a law of the United States substantially corresponding to a law of this state, or a law of another state substantially corresponding to a law of this state:

    (i) A violation or an attempted violation of section 82127(1), (3), (4), (5), (6), or (7), except that only 1 violation or attempted violation of section 82127(6), a local ordinance substantially corresponding to section 82127(6), or a law of another state substantially corresponding to section 82127(6), or a law of the United States substantially corresponding to section 82127(6) may be used as a prior conviction other than for enhancement purposes as provided in section 82129a(1)(b). See Michigan Laws 324.82101

  • Priority list: means the annual ranked listing of projects developed by the department in section 5303 or used by the department pursuant to section 5315. See Michigan Laws 324.5301
  • Priority list: means the annual ranked listing of projects developed by the department in section 5406. See Michigan Laws 324.5403
  • Prisoner: means a person committed to or under the jurisdiction of the department. See Michigan Laws 4.351
  • Private activity bonds: means bonds, notes, or other evidences of indebtedness issued as private activity bonds as authorized by law and as defined in section 141 of the internal revenue code. See Michigan Laws 12.112
  • private enterprise: means a business which provides goods or services and which is not a governmental entity. See Michigan Laws 17.51
  • Private foundation trust: means a trust, including a trust described in section 4947(a)(1) of the IRC, as defined in section 509(a) of the IRC. See Michigan Laws 14.272
  • Private inland lake: means an inland lake other than a public inland lake. See Michigan Laws 324.30901
  • Privilege: means the privilege provided to an environmental audit report as provided in this part. See Michigan Laws 324.14801
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probate: Proving a will
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Proceeds: means , except as used in section 9609(2), 1 or more of the following property:

    (i) Whatever is acquired upon the sale, lease, license, exchange, or other disposition of collateral. See Michigan Laws 440.9102

  • Process: means an action, operation, or a series of actions or operations at a source that emits or has the potential to emit an air contaminant. See Michigan Laws 324.5501
  • Process equipment: means all equipment, devices, and auxiliary components, including air pollution control equipment, stacks, and other emission points, used in a process. See Michigan Laws 324.5501
  • Processing of a rule: means the action required or authorized by this act regarding a rule that is to be promulgated, including the rule's adoption, and ending with the rule's promulgation. See Michigan Laws 24.205
  • Producer: means the operator, whether owner or not, of a well or wells capable of producing oil or gas or both in paying quantities. See Michigan Laws 324.61501
  • Product: means any commodity or thing made or manufactured from oil or gas, and all derivatives of oil or gas, including refined crude oil, crude tops, topped crude, processed crude petroleum, residue treated crude oil, residuum, gas oil, naphtha, distillate, gasoline, casing-head gasoline, natural gas gasoline, kerosene, benzine, wash oil, waste oil, lubricating oil, and blends or mixtures of oil or gas or any derivatives of oil or gas whether enumerated or not. See Michigan Laws 324.61501
  • Professional association: means a national, state, or local police union, or an association or fraternal organization of police officers, correctional officers, or prosecuting attorneys. See Michigan Laws 18.421
  • Professional fund-raiser: means a person who for compensation or other consideration plans, conducts, manages, or carries on, either directly or through paid individual solicitors, a drive or campaign of soliciting contributions for or on behalf of a public safety organization or person. See Michigan Laws 14.302
  • Professional hydrologist or hydrogeologist: means an individual holding a license or registration from any state as a professional hydrologist, hydrogeologist, or geologist, or a current certification as a professional geologist by the American Institute of Professional Geology. See Michigan Laws 324.32706c
  • Program: means the small business clean air assistance program. See Michigan Laws 324.5701
  • Program: means the inland lake aquatic invasive plant species control and eradication program established in section 41402. See Michigan Laws 324.41401
  • Prohibited use: means a use that is not consistent with an agricultural use for farmland subject to a development rights agreement or is not consistent with the open space character of the land for lands subject to a development rights easement. See Michigan Laws 324.36101
  • project: means the entire project to be undertaken, including, but not limited to, the actual site remediation and its resulting economic development. See Michigan Laws 324.19601
  • Project: means a proposal to install within 1 general area a new wastewater collection system. See Michigan Laws 324.4101
  • Project: means a sewage treatment works project, a stormwater treatment project, or a nonpoint source project, or a combination of these. See Michigan Laws 324.5301
  • Project: means a project related to the planning, design, and construction or alteration of a waterworks system. See Michigan Laws 324.5403
  • Project: shall mean any resettlement project or rural rehabilitation project for resettlement purposes of the United States located within a political subdivision, and shall include the persons inhabiting such project. See Michigan Laws 3.221
  • Project: means an activity that requires a permit pursuant to section 30102. See Michigan Laws 324.30101
  • Project refinancing assistance: means buying or refinancing the debt obligations of municipalities within the state if construction activities commenced after March 7, 1985 and the debt obligation was incurred after March 7, 1985. See Michigan Laws 324.5301
  • Promissory note: means an instrument that evidences a promise to pay a monetary obligation, does not evidence an order to pay, and does not contain an acknowledgment by a bank that the bank has received for deposit a sum of money or funds. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Property: means real estate that is contaminated by a release from an underground storage tank system. See Michigan Laws 324.21303
  • Property rights: means the ownership of an easement over, or any other interest in, real property or water located in this state. See Michigan Laws 3.252
  • Property taxes: means general ad valorem taxes levied after January 1, 1974, on lands and structures in this state, including collection fees, but not including special assessments, penalties, or interest. See Michigan Laws 324.36101
  • Proposal: means a record authenticated by a secured party which includes the terms on which the secured party is willing to accept collateral in full or partial satisfaction of the obligation it secures pursuant to sections 9620, 9621, and 9622. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Protected animal: means that term as defined in section 40103. See Michigan Laws 324.73101
  • Public agency: means the department or a local or federal unit of government. See Michigan Laws 324.81101
  • Public boating access site: means a publicly owned site for the launching of recreational watercraft. See Michigan Laws 324.78101
  • Public body: means any of the following:

    (i) A state officer, employee, agency, department, division, bureau, board, commission, council, authority, or other body in the executive branch of the state government, but does not include the governor or lieutenant governor, the executive office of the governor or lieutenant governor, or employees thereof. See Michigan Laws 15.232

  • Public body: means any state or local legislative or governing body, including a board, commission, committee, subcommittee, authority, or council, that is empowered by state constitution, statute, charter, ordinance, resolution, or rule to exercise governmental or proprietary authority or perform a governmental or proprietary function; a lessee of such a body performing an essential public purpose and function pursuant to the lease agreement; or the board of a nonprofit corporation formed by a city under section 4o of the home rule city act, 1909 PA 279, MCL 117. See Michigan Laws 15.262
  • Public body: means all of the following:

    (i) A state officer, employee, agency, department, division, bureau, board, commission, council, authority, or other body in the executive branch of state government. See Michigan Laws 15.361

  • Public body: means that term as defined in section 2 of the freedom of information act, 1976 PA 442, MCL 15. See Michigan Laws 15.442
  • Public charitable organization: means an organization described in section 509(a)(1), (2) or (3) of the IRC and exempt from tax under section 501(a) of the IRC. See Michigan Laws 14.272
  • Public debt: Cumulative amounts borrowed by the Treasury Department or the Federal Financing Bank from the public or from another fund or account. The public debt does not include agency debt (amounts borrowed by other agencies of the Federal Government). The total public debt is subject to a statutory limit.
  • Public domain: means all land owned by the state or land deeded to the state under state law. See Michigan Laws 324.301
  • Public employee: means an employee of this state, an employee of a city, village, township, or county of this state, or an employee of a department, board, agency, institution, commission, authority, division, council, college, university, school district, intermediate school district, special district, or other public entity of this state or of a city, village, township, or county in this state, but does not include a person whose employment results from election or appointment. See Michigan Laws 15.181
  • public employee: means an employee of the state classified civil service, or an employee of a political subdivision of the state who is not an elected official. See Michigan Laws 15.401
  • Public employee: means a person holding a position by appointment or employment in the government of this state; in the government of 1 or more of the political subdivisions of this state; in the public school service; in a public or special district; in the service of an authority, commission, or board of this state or a political subdivision of this state; or in any other branch of the public service. See Michigan Laws 15.582
  • Public employer: means this state; a local unit of government or other political subdivision of this state; any intergovernmental, metropolitan, or local department, agency, or authority, or other local political subdivision; a school district, a public school academy, or an intermediate school district, as those terms are defined in sections 4 to 6 of the revised school code, 1976 PA 451, MCL 380. See Michigan Laws 15.562
  • Public employer: means a county, township, village, city, authority, school district, or other political subdivision of this state and includes any entity jointly created by 2 or more public employers. See Michigan Laws 15.601
  • Public entity: means the state including all agencies thereof, any public body corporate within the state, including all agencies thereof, or any non-incorporated public body within the state of whatever nature, including all agencies thereof. See Michigan Laws 15.321
  • Public highway: means a road or highway under the jurisdiction of the state transportation department, a county road commission, or a local unit of government. See Michigan Laws 324.21303
  • Public inland lake: means a lake that is accessible to the public by publicly owned lands or highways contiguous to publicly owned lands or by the bed of a stream, except the Great Lakes and connecting waters. See Michigan Laws 324.30901
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • Public officer: means a person who is elected or appointed to any of the following:

    (i) An office established by the state constitution of 1963. See Michigan Laws 15.181

  • Public officer: means a person appointed by the governor or another executive department official. See Michigan Laws 15.341
  • Public or private property or water: includes , but is not limited to, any of the following:

    (i) The right-of-way of a road or highway, a body of water or watercourse, or the shore or beach of a body of water or watercourse, including the ice above the water. See Michigan Laws 324.8901

  • Public organic record: means a record that is available to the public for inspection and is any of the following:

    (i) A record consisting of the record initially filed with or issued by a state or the United States to form or organize an organization and any record filed with or issued by the state or the United States which amends or restates the initial record. See Michigan Laws 440.9102

  • Public record: means a writing prepared, owned, used, in the possession of, or retained by a public body in the performance of an official function, from the time it is created. See Michigan Laws 15.232
  • Public record: means that term as defined in section 2 of the freedom of information act, 1976 PA 442, MCL 15. See Michigan Laws 15.442
  • Public servant: includes all persons serving any public entity, except members of the legislature and state officers who are within the provisions of section 10 of article 4 of the state constitution as implemented by legislative act. See Michigan Laws 15.321
  • Public service: means a public facility, department, agency, board, or commission owned, operated, or managed by or on behalf of this state or a subdivision of this state, a county, city, village, township, or independent or regional district in this state or a tax exempt private agency established to provide service to the public, except that public service does not include a state or county correctional facility with respect to actions or decisions regarding an individual serving a sentence of imprisonment. See Michigan Laws 37.1301
  • Public service: means a public facility, department, agency, board, or commission, owned, operated, or managed by or on behalf of the state, a political subdivision, or an agency thereof or a tax exempt private agency established to provide service to the public, except that public service does not include a state or county correctional facility with respect to actions and decisions regarding an individual serving a sentence of imprisonment. See Michigan Laws 37.2301
  • Public water supply: means a waterworks system that provides water for drinking or household purposes to persons other than the supplier of the water, except for those waterworks systems that supply water to only 1 house, apartment, or other domicile occupied or intended to be occupied on a day-to-day basis by an individual, family group, or equivalent. See Michigan Laws 324.5403
  • Publicly owned treatment works: means any entity that treats municipal sewage or industrial waste or liquid industrial by-product that is owned by the state or a municipality, as that term is defined in 33 USC 1362. See Michigan Laws 324.12102
  • Publicly traded partnership: means that term as defined under section 7704 of the internal revenue code. See Michigan Laws 206.701
  • Purchase: means taking by sale, lease, discount, negotiation, mortgage, pledge, lien, security interest, issue or reissue, gift, or any other voluntary transaction creating an interest in property. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Purchaser: means a person that takes by purchase. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Pure Michigan Trail: means a trail designated as a "Pure Michigan Trail" under section 72103. See Michigan Laws 324.72101
  • Pure Michigan Trail Town: means a "Pure Michigan Trail Town" designated under section 72104. See Michigan Laws 324.72101
  • Pure Michigan Water Trail: means a water trail designated as a "Pure Michigan Water Trail" under section 72103. See Michigan Laws 324.72101
  • Qualified agricultural energy production system: means the structures, equipment, and apparatus to be used to produce a gaseous fuel from the noncombustive decomposition of agricultural biomass and the apparatus and equipment used to generate electricity or heat from the gaseous fuel or store the gaseous fuel for future generation of electricity or heat. See Michigan Laws 324.14501
  • qualified elector: as used in this act , means a person who possesses the qualifications of an elector as prescribed in section 1 of article II of the state constitution of 1963 and who has resided in the city or township 30 days. See Michigan Laws 168.10
  • Qualified forester: means that term as it is defined in section 7jj of the general property tax act, 1893 PA 206, MCL 211. See Michigan Laws 324.51301
  • Qualified taxpayer: means a taxpayer subject to the minerals severance tax levied under the nonferrous metallic minerals extraction severance tax act. See Michigan Laws 206.31b
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Quorum: means , except as otherwise defined, 1 of the following:

    (i) Three council members, if the village has adopted an ordinance reducing the number of trustees under chapter II. See Michigan Laws 61.1a

  • Racecourse: means a commercially operated track for go-carts, off-road recreational vehicles, motorcycles, or other vehicles that uses scrap tires as bumpers along the track for safety purposes and that meets 1 or more of the following requirements:

    (i) Uses not more than 3,000 scrap tires for bumpers. See Michigan Laws 324.16901

  • Rack: means a mechanism for delivering refined petroleum or a refined petroleum product from a refiner, a pipeline terminal operator, or a marine terminal operator into a railroad tank car, a transport truck, a tank wagon, or the fuel supply tank of a marine vessel. See Michigan Laws 324.21503
  • Rail-trail: means a former railroad bed that is in public ownership and used as a trail. See Michigan Laws 324.72101
  • Rare and imperiled wetland: means any of the following:

    (i) Great Lakes marsh. See Michigan Laws 324.30301

  • RBCA: means the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) document entitled standard guide for risk-based corrective action applied at petroleum release sites, designation E 1739-95 (reapproved 2010) E1; standard guide for risk-based corrective action designation E 2081-00 (reapproved 2010) E1; and standard guide for development of conceptual site models and remediation strategies for light nonaqueous-phase liquids released to the subsurface designation E 2531-06 E1, all of which are hereby incorporated by reference. See Michigan Laws 324.21303
  • RBSL: means the unrestricted residential and nonresidential generic cleanup criteria developed by the department pursuant to part 201. See Michigan Laws 324.21303
  • Real estate broker or salesman: means a person, whether licensed or not, who, for or with the expectation of receiving a consideration, lists, sells, purchases, exchanges, rents, or leases real property, or who negotiates or attempts to negotiate any of these activities, or who holds himself out as engaged in these activities, or who negotiates or attempts to negotiate a loan secured or to be secured by a mortgage or other encumbrance upon real property, or who is engaged in the business of listing real property in a publication; or a person employed by or acting on behalf of any of these persons. See Michigan Laws 37.1501
  • Real estate transaction: means the sale, exchange, rental, or lease of real property, or an interest therein. See Michigan Laws 37.1501
  • Real property: includes a building, structure, mobile home, real estate, land, mobile home park, trailer park, tenement, leasehold, or an interest in a real estate cooperative or condominium. See Michigan Laws 37.1501
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Reasonable fee: means a charge calculated to enable a public body to recover over time only those operating expenses directly related to the public body's provision of enhanced access. See Michigan Laws 15.442
  • Receiving agency: means a federal agency, institution of higher education, local unit of government, or a state agency which receives an employee from a sending agency pursuant to this act. See Michigan Laws 15.501
  • Receiving facility: means a structure that is designed to receive septage waste for treatment at a wastewater treatment plant or at a research, development, and demonstration project authorized under section 11511b to which the structure is directly connected, and that is available for that purpose as provided for in an ordinance of the local unit of government where the structure is located or in an operating plan. See Michigan Laws 324.11701
  • Recess: A temporary interruption of the legislative business.
  • Reclamation: means either processing to recover a usable product or regeneration. See Michigan Laws 324.12102
  • Recombinant nucleic acid techniques: means laboratory techniques through which genetic material is isolated and manipulated in vitro and then inserted into an organism. See Michigan Laws 324.41301
  • Recombinant nucleic acid techniques: means laboratory techniques through which genetic material is isolated and manipulated in vitro and then inserted into an organism. See Michigan Laws 324.45901
  • Recombinant nucleic acid techniques: means laboratory techniques through which genetic material is isolated and manipulated in vitro and then inserted into an organism. See Michigan Laws 324.48701
  • Reconfigure: means to, without expanding the marina, do either of the following:

    (i) Change the location of the dock or docks and other mooring structures at the marina to occupy an area of the inland lake or stream that was not previously authorized by a permit issued under this part. See Michigan Laws 324.30101

  • Record: means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in perceivable form. See Michigan Laws 4.1121
  • Record: means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in perceivable form. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Record: means information that is inscribed on a paper or electronic medium. See Michigan Laws 24.205
  • Record: means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in perceivable form. See Michigan Laws 552.2102
  • record owner: means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or which is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in perceivable form. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
  • Recreation improvement account: means the recreation improvement account of the Michigan conservation and recreation legacy fund provided for in section 2020. See Michigan Laws 324.71101
  • Recreation passport fee: means that term as defined in section 2001. See Michigan Laws 324.74101
  • Recreation passport fee: means that term as defined in section 2001. See Michigan Laws 324.78101
  • Recreational boating facilities: means boat launches, harbors, marinas, and locks assisting recreational boats accessing water bodies at different elevations. See Michigan Laws 324.78101
  • Recreational projects: means , in addition to the activities provided for in this part, the construction, maintenance, and operation of trails and associated facilities that may be used by off-road vehicles, cross-country skiers, horseback riders, and hikers, and inland lake cleanup grants as provided by part 309. See Michigan Laws 324.71101
  • Recreational snowmobile trail improvement subaccount: means the recreational snowmobile trail improvement subaccount of the snowmobile account created in section 82110. See Michigan Laws 324.82101
  • Recreational value: means value relating to an activity that the public engages in, or may engage in, for recreation or sport, including scuba diving and fishing. See Michigan Laws 324.76101
  • Recyclable materials: means that term as it is defined in section 11505. See Michigan Laws 324.17501
  • Recycle: means to prepare used oil for reuse as a petroleum product by refining, rerefining, reclaiming, reprocessing, or other means to utilize used oil in a manner that substitutes for a petroleum product made from new oil, if the preparation or use is operationally safe, environmentally sound, and complies with the law, rules, and regulations of this state and the United States. See Michigan Laws 324.16701
  • Recycled paper: means a paper product that contains not less than 50% wastepaper. See Michigan Laws 324.16501
  • Recycler: means a person who as a principal component of business operations acquires covered electronic devices and sorts and processes the covered electronic devices to facilitate recycling or resource recovery techniques. See Michigan Laws 324.17301
  • Recycling: means an action or process, such as separation, sorting, baling, or shipping, applied to reportable recyclable materials for the purposes of reuse or conversion into raw materials or new products. See Michigan Laws 324.17501
  • Recycling establishment: means an establishment engaged in recycling of, or brokering of, reportable recyclable materials. See Michigan Laws 324.17501
  • Refined petroleum: means aviation gasoline, middle distillates, jet fuel, kerosene, gasoline, residual oils, and any oxygenates that have been blended with any of these. See Michigan Laws 324.21503
  • Refined petroleum fund: means the refined petroleum fund established under section 21506a. See Michigan Laws 324.21503
  • Refined petroleum underground storage tank: means an underground storage tank system used for the storage of refined petroleum. See Michigan Laws 324.21503
  • Refiner: means a person that meets both of the following:

    (i) Manufactures or produces refined petroleum or a refined petroleum product at a refinery. See Michigan Laws 324.21503

  • Refinery: means a facility used by a refiner to produce refined petroleum or a refined petroleum product from crude oil, unfinished oils, natural gas liquids, or other hydrocarbons by any process involving substantially more than the blending of refined petroleum and from which refined petroleum or a refined petroleum product may be removed by pipeline or marine vessel or at a rack. See Michigan Laws 324.21503
  • Reforestation: means adequate stocking of forestland is assured by natural seeding, sprouting, suckering, or by planting seeds or seedlings. See Michigan Laws 324.52501
  • Regional planning commission: means a regional planning commission designated by the governor pursuant to executive directive to carry out planning in a multicounty region of the state. See Michigan Laws 324.60901
  • Register: means to record in a tribunal of this state a support order or judgment determining parentage of a child issued in another state or a foreign country. See Michigan Laws 552.2102
  • Registered forester: means a forester registered under section 53509. See Michigan Laws 324.53501
  • Registered forester: means a person registered under article 21 of the occupational code, 1980 PA 299, MCL 339. See Michigan Laws 324.51101
  • Registered organization: means an organization organized solely under the law of a single state or the United States by the filing of a public organic record with, the issuance of a public organic record by, or the enactment of legislation by the state or the United States. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Registering authority: means the local law enforcement agency or sheriff's office having jurisdiction over the individual's residence, place of employment, or institution of higher learning, or the nearest department post designated to receive or enter sex offender registration information within a registration jurisdiction. See Michigan Laws 28.722
  • Registering tribunal: means a tribunal in which a support order or judgment determining parentage of a child is registered. See Michigan Laws 552.2102
  • Registrant: means a person who has registered a water withdrawal under section 32705. See Michigan Laws 324.32701
  • Registrant: means the person who registers a product under this part. See Michigan Laws 324.8501a
  • Registration jurisdiction: means each of the 50 states, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, the United States Virgin Islands, American Samoa, and the Indian tribes within the United States that elect to function as a registration jurisdiction. See Michigan Laws 28.722
  • Regular election: means an election held on a regular election date to elect an individual to, or nominate an individual for, elective office in the regular course of the terms of that elective office. See Michigan Laws 168.3
  • Regular place of business: means an office at which the financial institution carries on its business in a regular and systematic manner and which is continuously maintained, occupied, and used by employees of the financial institution. See Michigan Laws 206.651
  • Regulated substance: means any of the following:

    (i) A substance defined in section 101(14) of title I of the comprehensive environmental response, compensation, and liability act of 1980, Public Law 96-510, 42 U. See Michigan Laws 324.21101

  • Regulated substance: means any of the following:

    (i) A substance defined in section 101(14) of title I of the comprehensive environmental response, compensation, and liability act of 1980, Public Law 96-510, 42 USC 9601, but not including a substance regulated as a hazardous waste under subtitle C of the solid waste disposal act, title II of Public Law 89-272, 42 USC 6921 to 6939e. See Michigan Laws 324.21303

  • Regulatory fee: means the environmental protection regulatory fee imposed under section 21508. See Michigan Laws 324.21503
  • Release: includes , but is not limited to, any spilling, leaking, pumping, pouring, emitting, emptying, discharging, injecting, escaping, leaching, dumping, or disposing of a hazardous substance into the environment, or the abandonment or discarding of barrels, containers, and other closed receptacles containing a hazardous substance. See Michigan Laws 324.20101
  • Release: means any spilling, leaking, emitting, discharging, escaping, leaching, or disposing from an underground storage tank system into groundwater, surface water, or subsurface soils. See Michigan Laws 324.21101
  • Release: means any spilling, leaking, emitting, discharging, escaping, or leaching from an underground storage tank system into groundwater, surface water, or subsurface soils. See Michigan Laws 324.21303
  • Release: means that term as it is defined in section 21303. See Michigan Laws 324.21503
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Remainderman: One entitled to the remainder of an estate after a particular reserved right or interest, such as a life tenancy, has expired.
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • Remedial action: includes , but is not limited to, cleanup, removal, containment, isolation, destruction, or treatment of a hazardous substance released or threatened to be released into the environment, monitoring, maintenance, or the taking of other actions that may be necessary to prevent, minimize, or mitigate injury to the public health, safety, or welfare, or to the environment. See Michigan Laws 324.20101
  • Remedial action plan: means a work plan for performing remedial action under this part. See Michigan Laws 324.20101
  • removed: means a physical transfer other than by evaporation, loss, or destruction of refined petroleum or a refined petroleum product from a refiner, pipeline terminal operator, or marine terminal operator. See Michigan Laws 324.21503
  • Replacement services: means homemaking tasks, child care, transportation, and other services previously performed by the victim that, because of the victim's injury, must temporarily or permanently be performed by a person other than the victim. See Michigan Laws 18.351
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • Reporting department: means a state department or agency that is required by the committee under this part to file 1 or more reports. See Michigan Laws 324.35501
  • Representative: means a person empowered to act for another, including an agent, an officer of a corporation or association, and a trustee, executor, or administrator of an estate. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Reptile: means any turtle, snake, or lizard of the class Reptilia. See Michigan Laws 324.41301
  • Reptiles: means any turtle, snake, or lizard of the class reptilia. See Michigan Laws 324.48701
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • Residence: as used in this act , for registration and voting purposes means that place at which a person habitually sleeps, keeps his or her personal effects, and has a regular place of lodging. See Michigan Laws 28.722
  • Residence: as used in this act , for registration and voting purposes means that place at which a person habitually sleeps, keeps his or her personal effects, and has a regular place of lodging. See Michigan Laws 168.11
  • Resident: means a person who is of legal age to vote and can demonstrate residency in the district with 1 piece of identification. See Michigan Laws 324.9301
  • Resident: means either of the following:

    (i) A person who resides in a settled or permanent home or domicile within the boundaries of this state with the intention of remaining in this state. See Michigan Laws 324.44101

  • Resident: means either of the following:

    (i) A person who resides in a settled or permanent home or domicile with the intention of remaining in this state. See Michigan Laws 324.48701

  • Resident motor vehicle: means a motor vehicle other than a commercial motor vehicle that is registered as a motor vehicle in this state. See Michigan Laws 324.74101
  • Resident motor vehicle: means that term as defined in section 74101. See Michigan Laws 324.78101
  • Resident veteran: means a veteran who is a resident of a Michigan veterans' facility or an individual who is a resident of a Michigan veterans' facility by virtue of the individual's relationship with a veteran. See Michigan Laws 4.771
  • Residential: means that category of land use for parcels of property or portions of parcels of property where people live and sleep for significant periods of time such that the frequency of exposure is reasonably expected or foreseeable to meet the exposure assumptions used by the department to develop generic residential cleanup criteria as set forth in rules promulgated under this part. See Michigan Laws 324.20101
  • Response activity: means that term as it is defined in part 201 or corrective action as defined in part 213. See Michigan Laws 324.19601
  • Response activity: means evaluation, interim response activity, remedial action, demolition, providing an alternative water supply, or the taking of other actions necessary to protect the public health, safety, or welfare, or the environment or the natural resources. See Michigan Laws 324.20101
  • Response activity: means response activity as defined in part 201. See Michigan Laws 324.11301
  • Response activity plan: means a plan for undertaking response activities. See Michigan Laws 324.20101
  • Responsible official: means for the purposes of signing and certifying as to the truth, accuracy, and completeness of permit applications, monitoring reports, and compliance certifications any of the following:

    (i) For a corporation: a president, secretary, treasurer, or vice-president in charge of a principal business function, or any other person who performs similar policy or decision making functions for the corporation, or an authorized representative of that person if the representative is responsible for the overall operation of 1 or more manufacturing, production, or operating facilities applying for or subject to a permit under this part and either the facilities employ more than 250 persons or have annual sales or expenditures exceeding $25,000,000. See Michigan Laws 324.5501

  • Restabilization: means restoration of the natural contours of a critical dune to the extent practicable, the restoration of the protective vegetative cover of a critical dune through the establishment of indigenous vegetation, and the placement of snow fencing or other temporary sand trapping measures for the purpose of preventing erosion, drifting, and slumping of sand. See Michigan Laws 324.35301
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • Retailer: means a person that sells a covered electronic device to a consumer by any means, including transactions conducted through sales outlets, catalogs, mail order, or the internet, whether or not the person has a physical presence in this state. See Michigan Laws 324.17301
  • Retailer: means a person who sells or offers for sale new, retreaded, or remanufactured tires to consumers in this state. See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • Retailer: means a place of business that offers consumer products for sale to the general public. See Michigan Laws 10.121
  • Retailer: means a person who sells or offers to sell batteries to consumers within this state. See Michigan Laws 324.17101
  • RETAP: means the retired engineers technical assistance program created in section 14511. See Michigan Laws 324.14501
  • Retreader: means a person who retreads, recases, or recaps tire casings for reuse. See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • Return: means any tax or information return, estimated tax declaration, or refund claim, and includes amendments, supplements, supporting schedules, attachments, or lists required by or permitted under the internal revenue code and filed with the Internal Revenue Service by, on behalf of, or with respect to any person or entity. See Michigan Laws 15.652
  • Return information: means any information collected or generated by the Internal Revenue Service with regard to any person's liability or possible liability under the internal revenue code. See Michigan Laws 15.652
  • Revenue: means money or income received by a municipality as a result of activities authorized by this part, including loan repayments and interest on loan repayments; proceeds from the sale of real or personal property; interest payments on investments; rentals and other payments due and owing on account of an instrument, lease, contract, or agreement to which the municipality is a party; and gifts, grants, bestowals, or other moneys or payments to which a municipality is entitled under this part or other law. See Michigan Laws 324.11901
  • Revocable trust: A trust agreement that can be canceled, rescinded, revoked, or repealed by the grantor (person who establishes the trust).
  • Revolving credit: A credit agreement (typically a credit card) that allows a customer to borrow against a preapproved credit line when purchasing goods and services. The borrower is only billed for the amount that is actually borrowed plus any interest due. (Also called a charge account or open-end credit.) Source: OCC
  • Right: includes remedy. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Right-of-way: means that portion of a highway or street less the roadway and any shoulder. See Michigan Laws 324.82101
  • Riparian interest area: means that portion of an inland lake or stream over which a riparian owner has an ownership interest. See Michigan Laws 324.30101
  • Riparian owner: means a person who owns frontage bordering bottomlands. See Michigan Laws 324.32601
  • Riparian owner: means a person who has riparian rights. See Michigan Laws 324.30101
  • Riparian rights: means those rights that are associated with the ownership of frontage bordering bottomlands, subject to the public trust. See Michigan Laws 324.32601
  • Riparian rights: means those rights which are associated with the ownership of the bank or shore of an inland lake or stream. See Michigan Laws 324.30101
  • River: means a flowing body of water with a drainage area of 80 or more square miles. See Michigan Laws 324.32701
  • River: means a flowing body of water or a portion or tributary of a flowing body of water, including streams, creeks, or impoundments and small lakes thereon. See Michigan Laws 324.30501
  • River management: means the control of river flow by the operation of dams, reservoirs, conduits, and other human-made devices in order to improve and expand the uses of the river for those who depend upon it for a variety of private and public benefits. See Michigan Laws 324.31101
  • Roadway: means the portion of a street, county road, or highway improved, designed, or ordinarily used for travel by vehicles registered under the code. See Michigan Laws 324.81101
  • Roadway: means that portion of a highway or street improved, designated, or ordinarily used for vehicular travel. See Michigan Laws 324.82101
  • Route: means a forest road or other road that is designated for purposes of this part by the department. See Michigan Laws 324.81101
  • Royalty interest: means that share of the product or profit that the owner of the land or mineral rights in the land reserves or is entitled to, whether under a lease or under this part, in consideration of permitting the development of the mineral rights. See Michigan Laws 324.63301
  • Rule: means a rule promulgated pursuant to the administrative procedures act of 1969, 1969 PA 306, MCL 24. See Michigan Laws 324.301
  • S corporation: means a corporation electing taxation under subchapter S of chapter 1 of subtitle A of the internal revenue code, sections 1361 to 1379 of the internal revenue code. See Michigan Laws 206.701
  • SAF: means Society of American Foresters. See Michigan Laws 324.53501
  • Saginaw bay: means those waters lying inside of a line drawn from Tawas point lighthouse in Iosco county to a monument which shall be erected by the department on Oak point in Huron county, including the waters of Tawas bay, in which area nets may be set and used as provided by law. See Michigan Laws 324.47339
  • Sand dune area: means that area designated by the department that includes those geomorphic features composed primarily of sand, whether windblown or of other origin and that lies within 2 miles of the ordinary high-water mark on a Great Lake as defined in section 32502, and includes critical dune areas as defined in part 353. See Michigan Laws 324.63701
  • Sand dune mining: means the removal of sand from sand dune areas for commercial or industrial purposes, or both. See Michigan Laws 324.63701
  • Sanitary sewer cleanout septage: means sanitary sewage or cleanout residue removed from a separate sanitary sewer collection system that is not land applied and that is transported by a vehicle licensed under this part elsewhere within the same system or to a receiving facility that is approved by the department. See Michigan Laws 324.11701
  • Saturated zone: means a soil area where the soil pores are filled with groundwater and can include the presence of LNAPL. See Michigan Laws 324.21303
  • Schedule of compliance: means , for a source not in compliance with all applicable requirements of this part, rules promulgated under this part, and the clean air act at the time of issuance of an operating permit, a schedule of remedial measures including an enforceable sequence of actions or operations leading to compliance with an applicable requirement and a schedule for submission of certified progress reports at least every 6 months. See Michigan Laws 324.5501
  • Schedule of costs: means the list of allowable reimbursement amounts that may be paid on a claim, as established in section 21510b. See Michigan Laws 324.21503
  • School board: means the governing body of a school district, including the board of trustees of a community college. See Michigan Laws 168.4
  • School district: means a school district, local act school district, or intermediate school district as those terms are defined in the revised school code, 1976 PA 451, MCL 380. See Michigan Laws 15.601
  • School district: means a school district, a local act school district, or an intermediate school district, as those terms are defined in the revised school code, 1976 PA 451, MCL 380. See Michigan Laws 168.4
  • Scrap tire: means a tire that is no longer being used for its original intended purpose including, but not limited to, a used tire, a reusable tire casing, or portions of a tire. See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • Scrap tire hauler: means a person who transports more than 10 scrap tires at once in a vehicle on a public road or street. See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • Scrap tire processor: means either of the following:

    (i) A person who is authorized by this part to accumulate scrap tires and is engaged in the business of buying or otherwise acquiring scrap tires and reducing their volume by shredding or otherwise facilitating recycling or resource recovery techniques for scrap tires. See Michigan Laws 324.16901

  • seal: means a seal of high tensile strength that is approved by the secretary of state under section 36. See Michigan Laws 168.14a
  • seal: shall be construed to include any of the following:

    (a) The impression of the seal on the paper alone. See Michigan Laws 8.3n

  • Seasonal structure: includes any type of dock, boat hoist, ramp, raft, or other recreational structure that is placed into an inland lake or stream and removed at the end of the boating season. See Michigan Laws 324.30101
  • Seawall: means a vertically sloped wall constructed to break the force of waves and retain soil for the purpose of shore protection. See Michigan Laws 324.30101
  • Secondary obligor: means an obligor to the extent that the obligor's obligation is secondary or the obligor has a right of recourse with respect to an obligation secured by collateral against the debtor, another obligor, or property of either. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Secretary of state: means the secretary of state of this state, acting directly or through a duly authorized deputy, investigators, agents, and employees. See Michigan Laws 324.78101
  • Secured party: means 1 or more of the following:

    (i) A person in whose favor a security interest is created or provided for under a security agreement, whether or not any obligation to be secured is outstanding. See Michigan Laws 440.9102

  • Security: means an evidence of debt such as a bond, note, contract, obligation, refunding obligation, certificate of indebtedness, or other similar instrument issued by a municipality, which pledges payment of the debt by the municipality from an identified source of revenue. See Michigan Laws 141.2103
  • Security agreement: means an agreement that creates or provides for a security interest. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Security interest: means an interest in personal property or fixtures which secures payment or performance of an obligation. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Security interest: means any interest, including a reversionary interest, in real property created or established for the purpose of securing a loan or other obligation. See Michigan Laws 324.20101
  • Sediments: means any matter settled out of ballast water within a vessel. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Sending agency: means a federal agency, institution of higher education, local unit of government, or a state agency which sends an employee to a receiving agency pursuant to this act. See Michigan Laws 15.501
  • Septage waste: means the fluid mixture of untreated and partially treated sewage solids, liquids, and sludge of human or domestic origin that is removed from a wastewater system. See Michigan Laws 324.11701
  • Septage waste servicing license: means a septage waste servicing license as provided for under sections 11703 and 11706. See Michigan Laws 324.11701
  • Septage waste vehicle: means a vehicle that is self-propelled or towed and that includes a tank used to transport septage waste. See Michigan Laws 324.11701
  • Septage waste vehicle license: means a septage waste vehicle license as provided for under sections 11704 and 11706. See Michigan Laws 324.11701
  • Septic tank: means a septic toilet, chemical closet, or other enclosure used for the decomposition of domestic sewage. See Michigan Laws 324.11701
  • service area: means the territory for which a receiving facility has the capacity and is available to receive and treat septage waste, except that the geographic service area of a receiving facility shall not extend more than 25 radial miles from the receiving facility. See Michigan Laws 324.11701
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Services: shall mean such public and municipal functions as are performed for property in, and for persons residing within, a political subdivision. See Michigan Laws 3.221
  • servicing: means cleaning, removing, transporting, or disposing, by application to land or otherwise, of septage waste. See Michigan Laws 324.11701
  • session days: means any calendar day on which the commission meets and a quorum is present. See Michigan Laws 15.212
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Severed oil and gas rights: means those subsurface oil and gas rights held by the department on land in which the department does not own the surface rights to the land. See Michigan Laws 324.61001
  • Sewage: means human body wastes, treated or untreated. See Michigan Laws 324.9501
  • Sewage disposal systems: includes all interceptor sewers, storm sewers, sanitary sewers, combined sanitary and storm sewers, sewage treatment plants, and all other plants, works, instrumentalities, and properties used or useful in connection with the collection, treatment, and disposal of sewage and industrial wastes. See Michigan Laws 324.4701
  • Sewage sludge: means sewage sludge generated in the treatment of domestic sewage, other than only septage or industrial waste. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Sewage sludge: means sewage sludge generated in the treatment of domestic sewage, other than only septage or industrial waste. See Michigan Laws 324.8501
  • Sewage sludge derivative: means a product for land application derived from sewage sludge that does not include solid waste or other waste regulated under this act. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Sewage sludge distributor: means a person who applies, markets, or distributes, except at retail, a sewage sludge derivative. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Sewage sludge generator: means a person who generates sewage sludge that is applied to land. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Sewage treatment works project: means construction activities on any device or system for the treatment, storage, collection, conveyance, recycling, or reclamation of the sewage of a municipality, including combined sewer overflow correction and major rehabilitation of sewers. See Michigan Laws 324.5301
  • Sewerage system: means a system of pipes and structures including pipes, channels, conduits, manholes, pumping stations, sewage or waste treatment works, diversion and regulatory devices, outfall structures, and appurtenances, collectively or severally, actually used or intended for use by the public for the purpose of collecting, conveying, transporting, treating, or otherwise handling sanitary sewage or other industrial liquid wastes that are capable of adversely affecting the public health. See Michigan Laws 324.4101
  • Sex: includes , but is not limited to, pregnancy, childbirth, or a medical condition related to pregnancy or childbirth that does not include nontherapeutic abortion not intended to save the life of the mother. See Michigan Laws 37.2201
  • Shall: is a lways mandatory and "may" is always discretionary. See Michigan Laws 206.2
  • shall not apply: means that the pertinent provision is not operative as to certain persons or things or in conjunction with a particular date or dates. See Michigan Laws 8.4c
  • Shipping document: means a log, an invoice, a bill of lading, or other record, in either written or electronic form, that includes all of the following information:

    (i) The name and address of the generator. See Michigan Laws 324.12102

  • Shoreland: means the land, water, and land beneath the water that is in close proximity to the shoreline of a Great Lake or a connecting waterway. See Michigan Laws 324.32301
  • Shoreline: means that area of the shorelands where land and water meet. See Michigan Laws 324.32301
  • Shoulder: means that portion of a street, county road, or highway contiguous to the roadway and generally extending the contour of the roadway, not designed for vehicular travel but maintained for the temporary accommodation of disabled or stopped motor vehicles otherwise permitted on the roadway. See Michigan Laws 324.81101
  • Shoulder: means that portion of a highway or street on either side of the roadway that is normally snowplowed for the safety and convenience of vehicular traffic. See Michigan Laws 324.82101
  • Silvicultural practices: means the management and manipulation of forest vegetation for the protection, growth, and enhancement of forest products. See Michigan Laws 324.51101
  • Simple pumping station and force main: means the installation of a duplex pumping station and a force main with only 1 high point and of length of no more than 2,000 feet that is to be connected to an existing gravity collection system to provide sewer service to new areas previously not served by the public sewer system. See Michigan Laws 324.4101
  • Site: means a location or locations on a parcel or tract, as those terms are defined in section 102 of the land division act, 1967 PA 288, MCL 560. See Michigan Laws 324.11701
  • Site: means a location where a release has occurred or a threat of release exists from an underground storage tank system, excluding any location where corrective action was completed which satisfies the applicable RBSL or SSTL. See Michigan Laws 324.21303
  • Site: means that term as it is defined in section 21303. See Michigan Laws 324.21503
  • Site identification number: means a number that is assigned by the United States Environmental Protection Agency or the department to a transporter or facility. See Michigan Laws 324.12102
  • Site permit: means a permit issued under section 11709 authorizing the application of septage waste to a site. See Michigan Laws 324.11701
  • Site restoration: means the filling and leveling of all cellars, pits, and excavations; the removal or elimination of all debris; the elimination of conditions that may create a fire or pollution hazard; the minimization of erosion; and the restoration of the well site as nearly as practicable to the original land contour or to a condition approved by the supervisor after consulting with the surface owner of the land and with the operator of a natural gas storage field if the well site is within the boundary of a natural gas storage field. See Michigan Laws 324.61601
  • Site-specific review: means the department's independent review under section 32706c to determine whether the withdrawal is a zone A, zone B, zone C, or zone D withdrawal and whether a withdrawal is likely to cause an adverse resource impact. See Michigan Laws 324.32701
  • Small business: means a business with 10 or fewer employees. See Michigan Laws 324.17301
  • Small business: means a business that is independently owned and operated and that is not dominant in its field as defined in 13 C. See Michigan Laws 324.5701
  • Small business: means a business that is not dominant in its field as described in 13 CFR part 121 and meets both of the following requirements:

    (i) Is independently owned or operated, by a person that employs 500 or fewer individuals. See Michigan Laws 324.14501

  • Small diameter pressure sewer and grinder pumping station: means a single project that includes the installation of new pressure sewers totaling not more than 5,000 feet and not more than 25 grinder pumping stations with each grinder pumping station serving not more than 5 separate owners and that is to be connected to an existing gravity collection system to provide sewer service to new areas previously not served by the public sewer system. See Michigan Laws 324.4101
  • Small river: means a river with a drainage area of less than 300 square miles. See Michigan Laws 324.32701
  • Small-quantity well: means 1 or more water wells of a person at the same location that, in the aggregate from all sources and by all methods, do not have the capability of withdrawing 100,000 or more gallons of groundwater in 1 day. See Michigan Laws 324.31701
  • Snowmobile: means any motor-driven vehicle designed for travel primarily on snow or ice of a type that utilizes sled-type runners or skis, an endless belt tread, or any combination of these or other similar means of contact with the surface upon which it is operated, but is not a vehicle that must be registered under the Michigan vehicle code, 1949 PA 300, MCL 257. See Michigan Laws 324.82101
  • Snowmobile account: means the snowmobile account of the Michigan conservation and recreation legacy fund provided for in section 2025. See Michigan Laws 324.71101
  • Snowmobile account: means the snowmobile account of the Michigan conservation and recreation legacy fund provided for in section 2025. See Michigan Laws 324.82101
  • Snowmobile registration fee subaccount: means the snowmobile registration fee subaccount of the snowmobile account created in section 82111. See Michigan Laws 324.82101
  • Software: means a computer program and any supporting information provided in connection with a transaction relating to the program. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Software: means a set of statements or instructions that when incorporated in a machine usable medium is capable of causing a machine or device having information processing capabilities to indicate, perform, or achieve a particular function, task, or result. See Michigan Laws 15.232
  • Software: means a set of statements or instructions that when incorporated in a machine-usable medium is capable of causing a machine or device having information processing capabilities to indicate, perform, or achieve a particular function, task, or result. See Michigan Laws 15.442
  • Soil conditioner: means any substance that is used or intended for use to improve the physical characteristics of soil, including, but not limited to, materials such as peat moss and peat products, composted products, synthetic soil conditioners, or other products that are worked into the soil or are applied on the surface to improve the properties of the soil for enhancing plant growth. See Michigan Laws 324.8501a
  • Soil scientist: means a person who meets the qualification standards of the GS-470 soil scientist series established by the United States civil service commission. See Michigan Laws 324.60701
  • Soil survey: means the identification and description of kinds of soil, the plotting of boundaries on aerial photographs between kinds of soils, and the description and evaluation of their importance and response under various uses and management practices. See Michigan Laws 324.60701
  • Solid waste hauler: means a solid waste hauler as defined in section 11506 who transports less than 25% by weight or volume of scrap tires along with other solid waste in any truckload to a disposal area licensed under part 115. See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • Source: means any storage, handling, distribution, or processing equipment from which the release originates and first enters the environment. See Michigan Laws 324.20101
  • Source: means a stationary source as defined in section 302(z) of title III of the clean air act, 77 Stat. See Michigan Laws 324.5501
  • Source watershed: means the watershed from which a withdrawal originates. See Michigan Laws 324.32701
  • Southern county: means Muskegon, Kent, Ionia, Clinton, Shiawassee, Genesee, Lapeer, or Macomb county, or a county lying south of the territory constituted by these counties. See Michigan Laws 324.81101
  • Special duty: means military service in support of the full-time operation of the state military establishment for a period of not less than 1 day if ordered by competent authority. See Michigan Laws 32.505
  • Special election: means an election to elect an individual to, or nominate an individual for, a partial term in office or to submit a ballot question to the electors. See Michigan Laws 168.4
  • Special primary: means a primary called by competent authority for the nomination of candidates to be voted for at a special election. See Michigan Laws 168.4
  • Special use project: means any of the following:

    (i) A proposed use in a critical dune area for an industrial or commercial purpose regardless of the size of the site. See Michigan Laws 324.35301

  • Specialty fertilizer: means any fertilizer distributed primarily for nonfarm use, such as use in connection with home gardens, lawns, shrubbery, flowers, golf courses, parks, and cemeteries, and may include fertilizers used for research or experimental purposes. See Michigan Laws 324.8501a
  • Species: includes any subspecies of fish, plant life, or wildlife and any other group of fish, plants, or wildlife of the same species or smaller taxa in common spatial arrangement that interbreed or cross-pollinate when mature. See Michigan Laws 324.36501
  • Species diversity: means the richness and variety of native species. See Michigan Laws 324.35501
  • Spill: means any leaking, pumping, pouring, emptying, emitting, discharging, escaping, leaching, or disposing of a hazardous material in a quantity which is or may become injurious to the public health, safety, welfare, or to the environment. See Michigan Laws 324.20301
  • Split interest trust: means a trust for individual and charitable beneficiaries that is subject to section 4947(a)(2) of the IRC. See Michigan Laws 14.272
  • SSTL: means an RBCA risk-based remedial action target level for contamination developed for a site under RBCA tier II and tier III evaluations. See Michigan Laws 324.21303
  • Staff judge advocate: means the commissioned officer responsible for supervising the administration of military justice within a command. See Michigan Laws 32.1002
  • Stamp sands: means finely grained crushed rock resulting from mining, milling, or smelting of copper ore and includes native substances contained within the crushed rock and any ancillary material associated with the crushed rock. See Michigan Laws 324.20101
  • State: means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, or any territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. See Michigan Laws 4.1121
  • State: means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, or any territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • State: means this state and its agencies, departments, commissions, courts, boards, councils, and statutorily created task forces. See Michigan Laws 15.671
  • State: means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, or any territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. See Michigan Laws 552.2102
  • State: means this state. See Michigan Laws 324.9301
  • state: when applied to the different parts of the United States, shall be construed to extend to and include the District of Columbia and the several territories belonging to the United States; and the words "United States" shall be construed to include the district and territories. See Michigan Laws 8.3o
  • State agency: means an agency, board, bureau, commission, department, division, office, or subdivision thereof of this state or another state. See Michigan Laws 15.501
  • State agency: means a state department, board, commission, office, agency, institution, or other unit of state government. See Michigan Laws 18.1701
  • State agency: means a department, board, commission, office, agency, authority, or other unit of state government. See Michigan Laws 2.161
  • State average weekly wage: means the state average weekly wage as determined by the Michigan employment security commission under section 27 of the Michigan employment security act, 1936 (Ex Sess) PA 1, MCL 421. See Michigan Laws 37.1103
  • State drinking water standards: means rules promulgated under Act 399 that establish water quality standards necessary to protect public health or that establish treatment techniques to meet these water quality standards. See Michigan Laws 324.5403
  • State forest: means state land owned or controlled by the department that is designated as state forest by the director. See Michigan Laws 324.52501
  • State forester: means that term as defined in section 50502. See Michigan Laws 324.53501
  • State forester: means an employee of the department who has a 4-year degree in forest management from an accredited college or university and experience in forest management and who is designated as the state forester by the director. See Michigan Laws 324.50502
  • State geologist: means the chief of the office of oil, gas, and minerals, or a successor office, of the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.60101
  • State income tax act: means the income tax act of 1967, 1967 PA 281, MCL 206. See Michigan Laws 324.36101
  • State issuer: means the state of Michigan, an agency, authority, or other instrumentality created by the laws of this state, the governing body of which is composed of members elected by the people or appointed in whole or in part by a state officer, or a state college or university listed or described in section 4 of article VIII of the state constitution of 1963, which entity is authorized to issue bonds. See Michigan Laws 12.112
  • State judge advocate general: means the commissioned officer responsible for supervising the administration of the military justice in the state military forces. See Michigan Laws 32.1002
  • State land use agency: means the department of agriculture and rural development. See Michigan Laws 324.36101
  • State military forces: means the national guard of the state, as defined in 32 USC 101(3), and any other military force organized under the laws of the state. See Michigan Laws 32.1002
  • state officer: means only a person occupying one of the following offices established by the constitution: governor; lieutenant governor; secretary of state; state treasurer; attorney general; auditor general; superintendent of public instruction; member of the state board of education; regent of the university of Michigan; trustee of Michigan State University; governor of Wayne State University; member of a board of control of one of the other institutions of higher education named in section 4 of article 8 of the constitution or established by law as therein provided; president of each of the foregoing universities and institutions of higher learning; member of the state board for public community and junior colleges; member of the supreme court; member of the court of appeals; member of the state highway commission; director of the state highway commission; member of the liquor control commission; member of the board of state canvassers; member of the commission on legislative apportionment; member of the civil service commission; state personnel director; or member of the civil rights commission; together with his principal deputy who by law under specified circumstances, may exercise independently some or all of the sovereign powers of his principal whenever the deputy is actually exercising such powers. See Michigan Laws 15.303
  • State park: means a state park or state recreation area designated by the director. See Michigan Laws 324.74101
  • State park: means a state park or state recreation area designated by the director. See Michigan Laws 324.74301
  • State park improvement account: means the state park improvement account of the Michigan conservation and recreation legacy fund provided for in section 2030. See Michigan Laws 324.74101
  • State park revenues: means all revenues collected for state parks, including but not limited to, revenue from recreation passport fees, motor vehicle permits, concession fees, nonmotorized trail permits, fees, leases, camping fees, sale of farm animals from Maybury state park, donations, and gifts. See Michigan Laws 324.74101
  • State strategy: means the recommended state strategy prepared by the committee. See Michigan Laws 324.35501
  • State treasurer: means the state treasurer of this state or his or her designee, if the designee is authorized to exercise delegated signatory power for purposes of this act in a written instrument signed by the state treasurer and maintained in a permanent file. See Michigan Laws 12.272
  • State university: means a state university described in section 4, 5, or 6 of article VIII of the state constitution of 1963. See Michigan Laws 324.60101
  • State water pollution control revolving fund: means the state water pollution control revolving fund established under section 16a of the shared credit rating act, 1985 PA 227, MCL 141. See Michigan Laws 324.5201
  • Statewide trail network: means the statewide trail network established in section 72114. See Michigan Laws 324.72101
  • Static water level: means the distance between the ground surface and the water level within a well that is not being pumped. See Michigan Laws 324.32801
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • Statutes at large: A chronological listing of the laws enacted each Congress. They are published in volumes numbered by Congress.
  • Stock: means game. See Michigan Laws 324.42701
  • Stockpile: means material, including, but not limited to, surface overburden, rock, or lean ore, that in the process of ferrous mineral mining and beneficiation or treatment has been removed from the earth and stored on the surface. See Michigan Laws 324.63101
  • Storage: means the containment of liquid industrial by-product, on a temporary basis, in a manner that does not constitute disposal of the by-product. See Michigan Laws 324.12102
  • Storage facility: means a structure that receives septage waste for storage but not for treatment. See Michigan Laws 324.11701
  • Storage requirements: means the requirements of section 16903(1) and, if applicable, (2). See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • Storage well: means a well drilled into a subsurface formation to develop an underground storage cavity for subsequent use in storage operations. See Michigan Laws 324.62501
  • Stormwater treatment project: means construction activities of a municipality on any device or system for the treatment, storage, recycling, or reclamation of storm water that is conveyed by a storm sewer that is separate from a sanitary sewer. See Michigan Laws 324.5301
  • strategic fund: means the fund under the Michigan strategic fund act, 1984 PA 270, MCL 125. See Michigan Laws 18.1753
  • Stream: means a flowing body of water with a drainage area of less than 80 square miles. See Michigan Laws 324.32701
  • Stream reach: means a segment of a stream or river. See Michigan Laws 324.32701
  • Streamflow depletion calculation: means an evaluation of the potential streamflow depletion in which all of the following are done:

    (i) The streambed conductance of the potentially impacted streams shall be measured in-situ using slug testing, seepage meter testing, or both. See Michigan Laws 324.32706c

  • Street: means city street or village street. See Michigan Laws 324.35701
  • Street: means a city or village major street or city or village local street as described in section 9 of 1951 PA 51, MCL 247. See Michigan Laws 324.81101
  • Structure: includes a wharf, dock, pier, seawall, dam, weir, stream deflector, breakwater, groin, jetty, sewer, pipeline, cable, and bridge. See Michigan Laws 324.30101
  • Student: means an individual enrolled on a full- or part-time basis in a public or private educational institution, including, but not limited to, a secondary school, trade school, professional institution, or institution of higher education. See Michigan Laws 28.722
  • Submerged log: means a portion of the trunk of a felled tree that has not been further processed for any end use and is located on, in, over, or under bottomlands. See Michigan Laws 324.32601
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Subpoena duces tecum: A command to a witness to produce documents.
  • Substantially undeveloped: means any parcel or area of land essentially unimproved except for a dwelling, building, structure, road, or other improvement that is incidental to agricultural and open space uses. See Michigan Laws 324.36101
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Superconducting super collider: means a 20 trillion electron volt superconducting super colliding particle beam accelerator proposed by the United States department of energy. See Michigan Laws 3.813
  • Supervisor: means the supervisor of a township elected under chapter XVI of the Michigan election law, Act No. See Michigan Laws 41.1b
  • Supervisor: means the supervisor of wells as provided by part 615 or his or her designee. See Michigan Laws 324.61601
  • Supervisor of mineral wells: means the state geologist. See Michigan Laws 324.62501
  • Supervisor of reclamation: means the department. See Michigan Laws 324.63101
  • supervisor of wells: means the department. See Michigan Laws 324.61501
  • Supplemental appropriation: Budget authority provided in an appropriations act in addition to regular or continuing appropriations already provided. Supplemental appropriations generally are made to cover emergencies, such as disaster relief, or other needs deemed too urgent to be postponed until the enactment of next year's regular appropriations act.
  • supplier: means a municipality or its designated representative accepted by the director, a legal business entity, or any other person who owns a public water supply. See Michigan Laws 324.5403
  • Supplier: means a supplier or permissive supplier licensed under the motor fuel tax act, 2000 PA 403, MCL 207. See Michigan Laws 324.21503
  • Support: means actual monetary payments made by a victim or intervenor to or for a person principally dependent on the victim or intervenor. See Michigan Laws 18.351
  • Support enforcement agency: means a public official or governmental entity or private agency authorized to do 1 or more of the following:

    (i) Seek enforcement of support orders or laws relating to the duty of support. See Michigan Laws 552.2102

  • Support order: means a judgment, decree, order, decision, or directive, whether temporary, final, or subject to modification, issued in a state or foreign country for the benefit of a child, a spouse, or a former spouse, that provides for monetary support, health care, arrearages, retroactive support, or reimbursement for financial assistance provided to an individual obligee in place of child support. See Michigan Laws 552.2102
  • Supporting obligation: means a letter-of-credit right or secondary obligation that supports the payment or performance of an account, chattel paper, a document, a general intangible, an instrument, or investment property. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Surface impoundment: means a treatment facility, storage facility, or disposal facility or part of a treatment, storage, or disposal facility that is either a natural topographic depression, a human-made excavation, or a diked area formed primarily of earthen materials. See Michigan Laws 324.12102
  • Surface or open pit mining: means the mining of more than 10,000 tons of a ferrous mineral or disturbing more than 1 acre of land a year in the regular operation of a business either by removing the overburden lying above a natural deposit of a ferrous mineral and mining directly from the natural deposit exposed or by mining directly from a deposit lying exposed in the ferrous mineral's natural state. See Michigan Laws 324.63101
  • Surface water: means all of the following, but does not include groundwater or an enclosed sewer, other utility line, storm water retention basin, or drainage ditch:

    (i) The Great Lakes and their connecting waters. See Michigan Laws 324.21303

  • Sustainable forest conservation easement: means a conservation easement described in section 2140 on commercial forestland that is approved by the department and meets all of the following:

    (i) Is an easement granted in perpetuity to this state, a political subdivision of this state, or a charitable organization described in section 501(c)(3) of the internal revenue code, 26 USC 501, that also meets the requirements of section 170(h)(3) of the internal revenue code, 26 USC 170. See Michigan Laws 324.51201

  • Sustainable forestry: means that term as it is defined in section 52501. See Michigan Laws 324.50502
  • Sustainable forestry: means forestry practices that are designed to meet present and future needs by employing a land stewardship ethic that integrates the reforestation, managing, growing, nurturing, and harvesting of trees for useful products with the conservation of soil, air and water quality, wildlife and fish habitat, and visual qualities. See Michigan Laws 324.52501
  • Sustained yield: means the achievement and maintenance in perpetuity of regular periodic output of the various renewable resources without impairment of the productivity of the land. See Michigan Laws 324.35501
  • system: means a system of pipes and structures through which water is obtained or distributed and includes any of the following that are actually used or intended to be used for the purpose of furnishing water for drinking or household purposes:

    (i) Wells and well structures. See Michigan Laws 324.5403

  • System: means all of those rivers or portions of rivers designated under this part. See Michigan Laws 324.30501
  • Take: means , in reference to fish and wildlife, to harass, harm, pursue, hunt, shoot, wound, kill, trap, capture, collect, or attempt to engage in any such conduct. See Michigan Laws 324.36501
  • takeback program: means a computer takeback program or a video display device takeback program. See Michigan Laws 324.17301
  • Tangible chattel paper: means chattel paper evidenced by a record or records consisting of information that is inscribed on a tangible medium. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Tank: means an enclosed container placed on a septage waste vehicle to carry or transport septage waste. See Michigan Laws 324.11701
  • Tank wagon: means a straight truck having 1 or more compartments other than the fuel supply tank designed or used to carry fuel. See Michigan Laws 324.21503
  • Target detection limit: means the detection limit for a hazardous substance in a given environmental medium that is specified by the department on a list that it publishes not more than once a year. See Michigan Laws 324.20101
  • Technical assistance: means the aid that the department shall provide to municipalities, counties, and other interested groups and individuals, on the use of the land resource and current use inventory and related information for planning and resource management decisions. See Michigan Laws 324.60901
  • Technical assistance: means direct on-site assistance provided to individuals. See Michigan Laws 324.51301
  • Temporary employee: means an employee hired for a position that will not exceed 90 days in duration. See Michigan Laws 37.1103
  • Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
  • Tenancy in common: A type of property ownership in which two or more individuals have an undivided interest in property. At the death of one tenant in common, his (her) fractional percentage of ownership in the property passes to the decedent
  • Term: means a portion of an agreement that relates to a particular matter. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Terminal: means a refined petroleum or refined petroleum products storage and distribution facility that meets all of the following requirements:

    (i) Is registered as a qualified terminal by the internal revenue service. See Michigan Laws 324.21503

  • Termination statement: means an amendment of a financing statement that identifies, by its file number, the initial financing statement to which it relates and indicates either that it is a termination statement or that the identified financing statement is no longer effective. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • termination statement: as used in this act mean those terms as defined in the uniform commercial code, 1962 PA 174, MCL 440. See Michigan Laws 257.58b
  • Test well: means a well, core hole, core test, observation well, or other well drilled from the surface to determine the presence of a mineral, mineral resource, ore, or rock unit, or to obtain geological or geophysical information or other subsurface data related to mineral exploration and extraction. See Michigan Laws 324.62501
  • Testator: A male person who leaves a will at death.
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Thermostat: means a consumer product that uses a switch that contains mercury or a mercury compound to sense and control room temperature, including room temperature in residential, commercial, industrial, and other buildings, by communicating with heating, ventilating, or air-conditioning equipment. See Michigan Laws 324.17201
  • Third party: means a person who requests a geographical information system or output from a geographical information system under this act. See Michigan Laws 15.442
  • this part: includes "rules promulgated under this part". See Michigan Laws 324.20101
  • threat of release: means any circumstance that may reasonably be anticipated to cause a release. See Michigan Laws 324.20101
  • threatened release: means any circumstance that may reasonably be anticipated to cause a release. See Michigan Laws 324.21303
  • Threatened species: means any species which is likely to become an endangered species within the foreseeable future throughout all or a significant portion of its range. See Michigan Laws 324.36501
  • Threshold reporting quantity: means that term as defined in R 324. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Thriving fish curve: means a fish functional response curve that describes the initial decline in density of thriving fish populations in response to reductions in index flow as published in the document entitled "Report to the Michigan Legislature in response to 2006 Public Act 34" by the former groundwater conservation advisory council dated July 2007, which is incorporated by reference. See Michigan Laws 324.32701
  • Timber: means wood growth, mature or immature, growing or dead, standing or down. See Michigan Laws 324.51301
  • Tire: means a continuous solid or pneumatic rubber covering encircling the wheel of a tractor or other farm machinery or of a vehicle. See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • Tire storage area: means a location within a collection site where tires are accumulated. See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • Tobacco settlement revenue: means money received by this state that is attributable to the master settlement agreement incorporated into a consent decree and final judgment entered into on December 7, 1998 in Kelly Ex Rel. See Michigan Laws 12.252
  • Ton: means a net weight of 2,000 pounds avoirdupois. See Michigan Laws 324.8501a
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Township board: means the township board of a township constituted as provided in section 70. See Michigan Laws 41.1b
  • Tract: means tract as that term is used by the United States department of commerce, bureau of the census in conducting the 2010 decennial census. See Michigan Laws 3.55
  • Tract: means tract as that term is used by the United States department of commerce, bureau of the census in conducting its 1980 decennial census. See Michigan Laws 4.804
  • Tract: means tract as that term is used by the United States department of commerce, bureau of the census in conducting the 2010 decennial census. See Michigan Laws 4.2006
  • Traffic lane: means a clearly marked lane on a roadway. See Michigan Laws 324.81101
  • Trail: means a right-of-way adapted to foot, horseback, motorized, or other nonmotorized travel. See Michigan Laws 324.72101
  • trail: means a right-of-way adapted to foot or horseback travel. See Michigan Laws 324.72301
  • Training or instructional purposes: means the teaching of any individual in the handling and navigation of a vessel or the techniques of waterskiing. See Michigan Laws 324.44501
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Transmitting utility: means a person primarily engaged in the business of 1 of the following:

    (i) Operating a railroad, subway, street railway, or trolley bus. See Michigan Laws 440.9102

  • Transmix: means the mixed product that results from the buffer or interface of 2 different products in a pipeline shipment, or a mixture of 2 different products within a refinery or terminal that results in an off-grade mixture. See Michigan Laws 324.21503
  • Transport truck: means a semitrailer combination rig designed or used for the purpose of transporting refined petroleum or a refined petroleum product over the public roads or highways. See Michigan Laws 324.21503
  • Transportation: means the movement of liquid industrial by-product by air, rail, public or private roadway, or water. See Michigan Laws 324.12102
  • Transportation asset management council: means the transportation asset management council created in section 9a of 1951 PA 51, MCL 247. See Michigan Laws 21.602
  • Transporter: means a person engaged in the off-site transportation of liquid industrial by-product by air, rail, public roadway, or water. See Michigan Laws 324.12102
  • Treasurer: means the individual designated as responsible for a legal defense fund's record keeping, report preparation, or report filing or, in the absence of such an individual, the elected official who is the beneficiary of the legal defense fund. See Michigan Laws 15.523
  • Treasurer: means the treasurer of a township elected under chapter XVI of Act No. See Michigan Laws 41.1b
  • Treasurer: means the state treasurer or a deputy or employee of the department of treasury that the state treasurer authorizes to act under this act. See Michigan Laws 12.112
  • Treatment: means any method, technique, or process, including neutralization, designed to change the physical, chemical, or biological character or composition of any liquid industrial by-product, to neutralize the by-product, or to render the by-product safer to transport, store, or dispose of, amenable to recovery, amenable to storage, or reduced in volume. See Michigan Laws 324.12102
  • Treatment works: means any plant, pumping station, incinerator, or other works or reservoir used primarily for the purpose of treating, stabilizing, isolating, or holding industrial waste. See Michigan Laws 324.3701
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Tribunal: means a court, administrative agency, or quasi-judicial entity authorized to establish, enforce, or modify support orders or to determine parentage of a child. See Michigan Laws 552.2102
  • Trout stream: means any stream or portion of a stream that contains a significant population of any species of trout or salmon as determined by the department. See Michigan Laws 324.48701
  • Trust: means an express trust created by a trust instrument, including a will. See Michigan Laws 14.272
  • Trust account: A general term that covers all types of accounts in a trust department, such as estates, guardianships, and agencies. Source: OCC
  • Trust fund: means the Michigan game and fish protection trust fund established in section 41 of article IX of the state constitution of 1963 and provided for in section 43702. See Michigan Laws 324.43701
  • Trust fund: means the Michigan nongame fish and wildlife trust fund established in section 42 of article IX of the state constitution of 1963 and provided for in section 43902. See Michigan Laws 324.43901
  • Trust fund: means the game and fish lifetime license trust fund created in section 44104. See Michigan Laws 324.44101
  • Trustee: means the trustee or person possessing a power referred to in this act. See Michigan Laws 14.272
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Trustee: means a trustee of a township elected under chapter XVI of Act No. See Michigan Laws 41.1b
  • Turf: means land, including residential, commercial, or industrial property, golf courses, or publicly owned land, that is planted in closely mowed, managed grass, except land used in the operation of a commercial farm. See Michigan Laws 324.8501
  • Underground storage cavity: means a cavity formed by dissolving rock salt or other readily soluble rock or mineral, by nuclear explosion, or by any other method for the purpose of storage or disposal. See Michigan Laws 324.62501
  • Underground storage tank system: means a tank or combination of tanks, including underground pipes connected to the tank or tanks, which is, was, or may have been used to contain an accumulation of regulated substances, and the volume of which, including the volume of the underground pipes connected to the tank or tanks, is 10% or more beneath the surface of the ground. See Michigan Laws 324.21101
  • Underground storage tank system: means a tank or combination of tanks, including underground pipes connected to the tank or tanks, which is, was, or may have been used to contain an accumulation of regulated substances, and the volume of which, including the volume of the underground pipes connected to the tank or tanks, is 10% or more beneath the surface of the ground. See Michigan Laws 324.21303
  • Underground storage tank system: means that term as it is defined in section 21303. See Michigan Laws 324.21503
  • Underground waste: means damage or injury to potable water, mineralized water, or other subsurface resources. See Michigan Laws 324.62501
  • Unethical conduct: means a violation of the standards in section 2. See Michigan Laws 15.341
  • Unified volume limitation: means the ceiling for this state on the aggregate amount of bonds that may be issued by all issuers in the state as prescribed by section 146 of the internal revenue code for a particular year. See Michigan Laws 12.112
  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
  • Uniform voting system: means the type of voting system that is used at all elections in every election precinct throughout the state. See Michigan Laws 168.4
  • Uniformed and overseas citizens absentee voting act: means the uniformed and overseas citizens absentee voting act, 42 USC 1973ff to 1973ff-6. See Michigan Laws 168.18
  • Unit: means a regularly organized body of the military that is not larger than a company or squadron. See Michigan Laws 32.1002
  • Unit area: means the formation or formations that are unitized and surface acreage that is a part of the unitized lands, as described in the plan for unit operations that is the subject of the supervisor's order as provided in section 61706. See Michigan Laws 324.61701
  • Unit expense: means any and all cost, expense, or indebtedness incurred by the unit in the establishment of its organization or incurred in the conduct and management of its affairs or the operations conducted by it. See Michigan Laws 324.61701
  • Unit of local government: means a political subdivision of this state, including school districts, community college districts, intermediate school districts, public school academies, cities, villages, townships, counties, and authorities, if the political subdivision has as its primary purpose the providing of local governmental service for citizens in a geographically limited area of the state and has the power to act primarily on behalf of that area. See Michigan Laws 2.161
  • Unit production: means all indigenous oil and gas produced and saved from a unit area after the effective date of the order of the supervisor creating the unit, regardless of the well or tract within the unit area from which that oil and gas is produced. See Michigan Laws 324.61701
  • United States: means the federal government, or any agency or instrumentality of the federal government. See Michigan Laws 3.252
  • United States: shall be construed to include the district and territories. See Michigan Laws 8.3o
  • United States obligations: means all obligations of the United States exempt from taxation under 31 USC 3124(a) or exempt under the United States constitution or any federal statute, including the obligations of any instrumentality or agency of the United States that are exempt from state or local taxation under the United States constitution or any statute of the United States. See Michigan Laws 206.651
  • Unmaintained portion: means the portion of a street, county road, or highway that is not the maintained portion. See Michigan Laws 324.81101
  • Unpatented lands: means all bottomlands except patented lands. See Michigan Laws 324.32601
  • Unusual circumstances: means any 1 or a combination of the following, but only to the extent necessary for the proper processing of a request:

    (i) The need to search for, collect, or appropriately examine or review a voluminous amount of separate and distinct public records pursuant to a single request. See Michigan Laws 15.232

  • Uphold: The decision of an appellate court not to reverse a lower court decision.
  • Upland: means the land area that lies above the ordinary high-water mark. See Michigan Laws 324.30101
  • Use: means the loading, mixing, applying, storing, transporting, or disposing of a fertilizer. See Michigan Laws 324.8501a
  • Use: means a developmental, silvicultural, or recreational activity done or caused to be done by a person that significantly alters the physical characteristic of a critical dune area or a contour change done or caused to be done by a person. See Michigan Laws 324.35301
  • Used oil: means oil which through use, storage, or handling has become unsuitable for its original purpose due to the presence of impurities or loss of original properties. See Michigan Laws 324.16701
  • utility line: means any pipe or pipeline used for the transportation of any gaseous, liquid, liquescent, or slurry substance, for any purpose, and any cable, line, or wire for the transmission for any purpose of electrical energy, telephone or telegraph messages, or radio or television communication. See Michigan Laws 324.30305
  • Vadose zone: means the soil between the land surface and the top of the capillary fringe. See Michigan Laws 324.21303
  • Variable Rate: Having a "variable" rate means that the APR changes from time to time based on fluctuations in an external rate, normally the Prime Rate. This external rate is known as the "index." If the index changes, the variable rate normally changes. Also see Fixed Rate.
  • Vehicle: means a motor vehicle registered or required to be registered under the Michigan vehicle code, 1949 PA 300, MCL 257. See Michigan Laws 324.8901
  • Vehicle: means that term as defined in section 79 of the Michigan vehicle code, 1949 PA 300, MCL 257. See Michigan Laws 28.722
  • vehicle: means a motor-driven off-road recreation vehicle capable of cross-country travel without benefit of a road or trail, on or immediately over land, snow, ice, marsh, swampland, or other natural terrain. See Michigan Laws 324.81101
  • Vehicle: means a transport vehicle as defined by 49 CFR 171. See Michigan Laws 324.12102
  • Vehicle: means a device in, upon, or by which a person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a highway. See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • Vehicle support stand: means equipment used to support a stationary vehicle consisting of an inflated tire and wheel that is attached to another wheel. See Michigan Laws 324.16901
  • Venting groundwater: means groundwater that is entering a surface water of this state from a facility. See Michigan Laws 324.20101
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • verify: means a determination by the department that 1 or more conservation practices have been established and are being maintained in accordance with a conservation plan. See Michigan Laws 324.8201
  • Vessel: means all watercraft except the following:

    (i) Watercraft used for commercial fishing. See Michigan Laws 324.71101

  • Vessel: means a vessel registered under part 801. See Michigan Laws 324.8901
  • Vessel: means all watercraft except the following:

    (i) Watercraft used for commercial fishing. See Michigan Laws 324.78101

  • Vessel: means that term as defined in section 44501 of the natural resources and environmental protection act, 1994 PA 451, MCL 324. See Michigan Laws 28.722
  • Vessel: means every description of watercraft, other than a seaplane, used or capable of being used as a means of transportation on water irrespective of the method of operation or propulsion. See Michigan Laws 324.44501
  • Veteran: means that term as defined in section 2a of 1885 PA 152, MCL 36. See Michigan Laws 4.771
  • Veto: The procedure established under the Constitution by which the President/Governor refuses to approve a bill or joint resolution and thus prevents its enactment into law. A regular veto occurs when the President/Governor returns the legislation to the house in which it originated. The President/Governor usually returns a vetoed bill with a message indicating his reasons for rejecting the measure. In Congress, the veto can be overridden only by a two-thirds vote in both the Senate and the House.
  • Victim: means a person who suffers a personal physical injury as a direct result of a crime. See Michigan Laws 18.351
  • Victim advocate: work with prosecutors and assist the victims of a crime.
  • Video display device: means an electronic device with a viewable screen of 4 inches or larger that contains a tuner that locks on to a selected carrier frequency and is capable of receiving and displaying television or video programming via broadcast, cable, or satellite. See Michigan Laws 324.17301
  • Video display device takeback program: means a program required under section 17305(d). See Michigan Laws 324.17301
  • village: as used in this act , shall mean an incorporated village. See Michigan Laws 168.9
  • Village street: means village major street or village local street as described in section 9 of Act No. See Michigan Laws 324.35701
  • Violation of this part: means a violation of a provision of this part or a permit, certificate of coverage, or order issued under or rule promulgated under this part. See Michigan Laws 324.3302
  • Violations committee: means the violations committee appointed under section 53505. See Michigan Laws 324.53501
  • Visual supervision: means the direct observation of the operator with the unaided or normally corrected eye, where the observer is able to come to the immediate aid of the operator. See Michigan Laws 324.81101
  • Vital resource: means a public or private building, facility, property, or location that the governor considers necessary to protect the public health, safety, and welfare of the citizens of this state. See Michigan Laws 32.505
  • Voice vote: A vote in which the Presiding Officer states the question, then asks those in favor and against to say "Yea" or "Nay," respectively, and announces the result according to his or her judgment. The names or numbers of legisators voting on each side are not recorded.
  • Volunteer: means an individual who is designated as a volunteer by the public entity designated by the governor and is acting solely on behalf of that entity without remuneration beyond reimbursement for out-of-pocket expenses in connection with the assistance. See Michigan Laws 324.20301
  • Volunteer agreement: means the contract entered into between the department and a Michigan cyber civilian corps volunteer under section 4. See Michigan Laws 18.222
  • Voting accessibility for the elderly and handicapped act: means the voting accessibility for the elderly and handicapped act, 42 USC 1973ee to 1973ee-6. See Michigan Laws 168.18
  • Warm river system: means a stream or river that has the appropriate summer water temperature that, based on statewide averages, sustains a fish community composed predominantly of warm-water fish species, as determined by a scientific methodology adopted by order of the commission. See Michigan Laws 324.32701
  • Waste: means a discarded solid or semisolid material, including garbage, refuse, rubbish, ashes, liquid material, and other discarded materials generated by residential, commercial, agricultural, municipal, or industrial activities, including waste from sewage collected and treated in a municipal sewage system. See Michigan Laws 324.11901
  • Waste management project: means 1 or more parts of a waste collection, transportation, disposal, or resource recovery system, including plants, works, systems, facility or transfer stations planned, designed, or financed under this part. See Michigan Laws 324.11901
  • Waste rock: means earth material that is excavated during mining, from which the economically recoverable native copper has been separated, and that is stored on the surface for 1 year or more. See Michigan Laws 324.63401
  • Wastepaper: means any discarded paper or corrugated paper board that is generated after the completion of the paper manufacturing process, and includes, but is not limited to, trimmings, printed paper, cutting and converting paper, newsprint, telephone books, catalogs, or other mixed postconsumer paper. See Michigan Laws 324.16501
  • Water asset management council: means the water asset management council created in section 5002 of the natural resources and environmental protection act, 1994 PA 451, MCL 324. See Michigan Laws 21.602
  • Water conditioner: means a water softening chemical, antiscale chemical, corrosion inhibitor, or other substance intended to be used to treat water. See Michigan Laws 324.3901
  • Water dependent: means requiring access or proximity to or siting within an aquatic site to fulfill its basic purpose. See Michigan Laws 324.30301
  • Water supply system: includes all plants, work, instrumentalities, and properties used or useful in connection with obtaining a water supply, the treatment of water, and the distribution of water. See Michigan Laws 324.4701
  • Water table: means the surface in an unconfined aquifer at which the pressure is atmospheric. See Michigan Laws 324.63701
  • Water trail: means a designated route on a body of water. See Michigan Laws 324.72101
  • Water well: means an opening in the surface of the earth, however constructed, that is used for the purpose of withdrawing groundwater. See Michigan Laws 324.31701
  • water withdrawal: means the removal of water from its source for any purpose. See Michigan Laws 324.30103
  • waterbody: means groundwaters, lakes, ponds, rivers, streams, and wetlands and all other watercourses and waters within the jurisdiction of this state including the Great Lakes bordering this state. See Michigan Laws 324.3302
  • Watercraft: means any contrivance that is used or designed for navigation on water, including, but not limited to, any vessel, ship, boat, motor vessel, steam vessel, vessel operated by machinery, motorboat, sailboat, barge, scow, tugboat, and rowboat, but does not include watercraft used or owned by the United States. See Michigan Laws 324.71101
  • Watercraft: means any contrivance used or designed for navigation on water, including, but not limited to, any vessel, ship, boat, motor vessel, steam vessel, vessel operated by machinery, motorboat, sailboat, barge, scow, tugboat, and rowboat, but does not include contrivances used or owned by the United States. See Michigan Laws 324.78101
  • Watercraft: means any contrivance used or designed for navigation on water, including, but not limited to, any vessel, ship, boat, motor vessel, steam vessel, vessel operated by machinery, motorboat, sailboat, barge, scow, tugboat, and rowboat. See Michigan Laws 324.79101
  • Watercraft: means a contrivance used or capable of being used for navigation upon water, whether or not capable of self-propulsion, including foreign and domestic vessels engaged in commerce upon the waters of this state, passenger or other cargo-carrying vessels, and privately owned recreational watercraft. See Michigan Laws 324.9501
  • Waterfront: means land that is contiguous to the Great Lakes or their connecting waterways, a river, or a lake or impoundment that has a surface area of not less than 50 acres. See Michigan Laws 324.79501
  • Waterfront planning area: means the geographic area included within a waterfront redevelopment plan. See Michigan Laws 324.79501
  • Waterfront redevelopment plan: means a waterfront redevelopment plan prepared by a local unit of government under section 79503 or a state approved recreation plan that includes waterfront improvements. See Michigan Laws 324.79501
  • Waters: means any inland lake, stream, river, pond, or other body of water including the Great Lakes and connecting waters, any part or portion of such waters, and any and all chains, systems, or combinations of such waters, in any township or townships or county or counties, within this state, and in which any species of fish or waterfowl are protected by the laws of this state. See Michigan Laws 324.41101
  • Waters of the state: means groundwaters, lakes, rivers, and streams and all other watercourses and waters, including the Great Lakes, within the jurisdiction of this state. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Waters of the state: means groundwater, lakes, rivers, and streams and all other watercourses and waters, including the Great Lakes, within the territorial boundaries of the state. See Michigan Laws 324.32701
  • Waters of the state: means all groundwaters, lakes, rivers, streams, and other watercourses including the Great Lakes and their connecting waterways within the jurisdiction of the state. See Michigan Laws 324.20301
  • Waters of the state: means any waters within the territorial limits of this state and includes those waters of the Great Lakes which are under the jurisdiction of this state. See Michigan Laws 324.44501
  • Waters of this state: means waters within the territorial limits of this state including the waters of the Great Lakes that are under the jurisdiction of this state. See Michigan Laws 324.9501
  • Watershed: means the drainage area of a stream. See Michigan Laws 324.31101
  • Watershed: means a geographic area in the state within which surface water drains into a common river, stream, or body of water. See Michigan Laws 324.31201
  • Watershed alliance: means an organization established under section 31202. See Michigan Laws 324.31201
  • Waterway: means any body of water. See Michigan Laws 324.78101
  • Waterways account: means the waterways account of the Michigan conservation and recreation legacy fund provided for in section 2035. See Michigan Laws 324.71101
  • Waterways account: means the waterways account of the Michigan conservation and recreation legacy fund provided for in section 2035. See Michigan Laws 324.78101
  • Waterways account: means the waterways account of the Michigan conservation and recreation legacy fund provided for in section 2035. See Michigan Laws 324.44501
  • Well drilling contractor: means a well drilling contractor registered under part 127 of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333. See Michigan Laws 324.31701
  • Well maintained: means that any structure on the land complies with township building codes and current county and state sanitation codes and part 325 and that the land is adequately protected from erosion. See Michigan Laws 324.33924
  • Wetland: means land characterized by the presence of water at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and that under normal circumstances does support, wetland vegetation or aquatic life, and is commonly referred to as a bog, swamp, or marsh, and which is any of the following:

    (i) Contiguous to the Great Lakes or Lake St. See Michigan Laws 324.30301

  • Wetland: means land characterized by the presence of water at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and that under normal circumstances does support, wetland vegetation or aquatic life, and is commonly referred to as a bog, swamp, or marsh. See Michigan Laws 324.51501
  • Wetland mitigation bank: means a site where wetlands are restored, created, or preserved for the purpose of doing both of the following:

    (i) To provide compensatory mitigation in accordance with the provisions of part 303, in advance of authorized, unavoidable impacts to wetlands. See Michigan Laws 324.5201

  • Wiggler: means an aquatic egg, nymph, or larva of an insect. See Michigan Laws 324.41301
  • Wigglers: means Mayfly nymphs or any other aquatic insect nymphs or larvae. See Michigan Laws 324.48728
  • Wild area: means a tract of undeveloped state land or water under control of the department and dedicated and regulated by the department pursuant to this part which:

    (i) Is less than 3,000 acres of state land. See Michigan Laws 324.35101

  • Wilderness area: means a tract of undeveloped state land or water under control of the department and dedicated and regulated by the department pursuant to this part which:

    (i) Has 3,000 or more acres of state land or is an island of any size. See Michigan Laws 324.35101

  • Wildlife and fisheries: includes any member of the wild animal kingdom, including any mammal, bird, fish, reptile, amphibian, or invertebrate found in this state at any point in its natural life cycle. See Michigan Laws 324.43504
  • Withdrawal: means the removal of water from surface water or groundwater. See Michigan Laws 324.32701
  • Work invoice: means a list of goods or services for costs of corrective action related to a claim, including a statement of the amount due. See Michigan Laws 324.21503
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.
  • writing: includes printing, typewriting, or any other intentional reduction to tangible form. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Writing: means handwriting, typewriting, printing, photostating, photographing, photocopying, and every other means of recording, and includes letters, words, pictures, sounds, or symbols, or combinations thereof, and papers, maps, magnetic or paper tapes, photographic films or prints, microfilm, microfiche, magnetic or punched cards, discs, drums, or other means of recording or retaining meaningful content. See Michigan Laws 15.232
  • Written request: means a writing that asks for information, and includes a writing transmitted by facsimile, electronic mail, or other electronic means. See Michigan Laws 15.232
  • Zinc carbon battery: means a dry cell battery containing manganese dioxide and zinc electrodes and an electrolyte consisting of ammonium chloride or a zinc chloride solution, or both. See Michigan Laws 324.17101
  • Zone D withdrawal: means , beginning February 1, 2009, a withdrawal that is likely to cause an adverse resource impact. See Michigan Laws 324.32701
  • Zoning ordinance: means an ordinance of a local unit of government that regulates the development of critical dune areas within the local unit of government pursuant to the requirements of this part. See Michigan Laws 324.35301