Chapter I Incorporation
Chapter II Changes of Boundaries
Chapter III Wards
Chapter IV Electors and Registration
Chapter V Officers
Chapter VI Elections
Chapter VII Duties and Compensation of Officers
Chapter VIII The City Council
Chapter IX Ordinances
Chapter X Enforcement of Ordinances
Chapter XI General Powers of City Corporations
Chapter XII Police
Chapter XIII City Prison
Chapter XV Cemeteries
Chapter XVI Pounds
Chapter XVII Harbors, Wharves and Harbormasters
Chapter XVIII Ferries
Chapter XIX Markets
Chapter XX Public Buildings, Grounds and Parks
Chapter XXI Sewers, Drains and Water-Courses
Chapter XXII Streets and Public Grounds
Chapter XXIII Sidewalks
Chapter XXIVA Special Assessments
Chapter XXV Appropriation of Private Property
Chapter XXVI Waterworks
Chapter XXVII Lighting
Chapter XXVIII Board of Public Works
Chapter XXIX Fire Department
Chapter XXX Finance and Taxation
Chapter XXXI Assessment and Collection of Taxes
Chapter XXXIII Fourth Class Cities–Miscellaneous

Terms Used In Michigan Laws > Chapters 81-113 > Act 215 of 1895

  • Accession: means goods that are physically united with other goods in such a manner that the identity of the original goods is not lost. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Account: means an arrangement under a terms-of-service agreement in which the digital custodian carries, maintains, processes, receives, or stores a digital asset of the user or provides goods or services to the user. See Michigan Laws 700.1002
  • Account debtor: means a person obligated on an account, chattel paper, or general intangible. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • account for: means a right to payment of a monetary obligation, whether or not earned by performance, for property that has been or is to be sold, leased, licensed, assigned, or otherwise disposed of, for services rendered or to be rendered, for a policy of insurance issued or to be issued, for a secondary obligation incurred or to be incurred, for energy provided or to be provided, for the use or hire of a vessel under a charter or other contract, arising out of the use of a credit or charge card or information contained on or for use with the card, or as winnings in a lottery or other game of chance operated or sponsored by a state, governmental unit of a state, or person licensed or authorized to operate the game by a state or governmental unit of a state. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • accounting for: means a record that meets all of the following requirements:

    (i) Authenticated by a secured party. See Michigan Laws 440.9102

  • Accuser: means a person who signs and swears to charges, a person who directs that charges be signed and sworn to by another, or a person who has an interest other than an official interest in the prosecution of the accused. See Michigan Laws 32.1002
  • Acquittal:
    1. Judgement that a criminal defendant has not been proved guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
    2. A verdict of "not guilty."
     
  • Active service: means service, including active state service and special duty required by law, regulation, or pursuant to order of the governor. See Michigan Laws 32.505
  • Active service: means service, active state service, or special duty required by law, regulation, or order of the governor. See Michigan Laws 32.1002
  • Active service: means that term as defined in section 105 of the Michigan military act, 1967 PA 150, MCL 32. See Michigan Laws 32.432
  • Active state duty: means the actual weekend, annual training, or special call up duty in the state military forces and includes travel to and from the duty site or station. See Michigan Laws 32.1002
  • Active state service: means military service in support of civil authorities ordered by the governor or as provided by the Michigan military act. See Michigan Laws 32.1002
  • Ad valorem general property tax: means taxes levied under the general property tax act, 1893 PA 206, MCL 211. See Michigan Laws 324.51101
  • Adjourn: A motion to adjourn a legislative chamber or a committee, if passed, ends that day's session.
  • Adjutant general: means the adjutant general of this state. See Michigan Laws 32.432
  • Adjutant general: means the adjutant general of this state. See Michigan Laws 35.922
  • Adjutant general: means the adjutant general of this state. See Michigan Laws 35.972
  • Adjutant general: means the adjutant general of this state. See Michigan Laws 35.1022
  • Administrative act: includes an action, omission, decision, recommendation, practice, or other procedure of the department. See Michigan Laws 4.351
  • Administratively complete: describes an application for a mining permit under this part that contains all of the documents and information required under this part and any rules promulgated under this part. See Michigan Laws 324.63201
  • Administratively complete: refers to an application for a mining permit under this part that includes the fee and all of the documents and other information required under this part and any rules promulgated under this part. See Michigan Laws 324.63401
  • administrator: means the administrator of veterans affairs, or his successor. See Michigan Laws 35.71
  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • Advisor: means a person who is given authority by the terms of a trust instrument to remove, appoint, or both, 1 or more trustees or to direct, consent to, approve, or veto a trustee's actual or proposed investment or distribution decisions. See Michigan Laws 700.1042
  • Advisory board: means the Michigan cyber civilian corps advisory board created under section 9. See Michigan Laws 18.222
  • Affected area: means an area outside of the mining area where the land surface, surface water, groundwater, or air resources are determined through an environmental impact assessment to be potentially affected by mining operations within the proposed mining area. See Michigan Laws 324.63201
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • Agent: means an attorney-in-fact granted authority under a durable or nondurable power of attorney. See Michigan Laws 700.1002
  • agricultural drain: means a human-made conveyance of water that meets all of the following requirements:

    (a) Does not have continuous flow. See Michigan Laws 324.30103

  • agricultural drain: means a human-made conveyance of water that meets all of the following requirements:

    (a) Does not have continuous flow. See Michigan Laws 324.30305

  • Agricultural lien: means an interest, other than a security interest, in farm products that meets all of the following requirements:

    (i) The interest secures payment or performance of an obligation for 1 or more of the following:

    (A) Goods or services furnished in connection with a debtor's farming operation. See Michigan Laws 440.9102

  • Agricultural use: means that term as defined in section 36101. See Michigan Laws 324.8501
  • Alcoholic liquor: means that term as defined in section 105 of the Michigan liquor control code of 1998, 1998 PA 58, MCL 436. See Michigan Laws 18.421
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
  • Amphibian: means any frog, toad, or salamander of the class Amphibia. See Michigan Laws 324.41301
  • annual meeting: when applied to townships, mean the annual meeting required by law to be held on the Saturday immediately preceding the first Monday in April. See Michigan Laws 8.3d
  • Annual user costs: means an annual charge levied by a water supplier on users of the waterworks system to pay for each user's share of the cost for operation, maintenance, and replacement of the waterworks system. See Michigan Laws 324.5401
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Apprehension: means the taking of a person into custody. See Michigan Laws 32.1002
  • Approved holding tank: means a holding tank certified by the United States coast guard under part 159 of subchapter O of chapter I of title 33 of the code of federal regulations, 33 C. See Michigan Laws 324.9501
  • Aquatic nuisance: means an organism that lives or propagates, or both, within the aquatic environment and that impairs the use or enjoyment of the waters of the state, including the intermediate aquatic hosts for schistosomes that cause swimmer's itch. See Michigan Laws 324.3301
  • Aquatic nuisance species: means a nonindigenous species that threatens the diversity or abundance of native species or the ecological stability of infested waters, or commercial, agricultural, aquacultural, or recreational activities dependent on such waters. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Area: means the whole of the state and the whole or any designated portion of any township or townships or county or counties within the state. See Michigan Laws 324.41101
  • Armory: means a building, facility, or the lots and grounds used by an army, navy, or air unit of the national guard or organized militia as a home station or for military training. See Michigan Laws 32.505
  • Arraignment: A proceeding in which an individual who is accused of committing a crime is brought into court, told of the charges, and asked to plead guilty or not guilty.
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Art: means an original, visual creation of quality executed in any size or shape, in any media, using any kind or combination of materials. See Michigan Laws 18.71
  • Artificial brine: means mineralized water formed by dissolving rock salt or other readily soluble rocks or minerals. See Michigan Laws 324.62501
  • As-extracted collateral: means 1 or more of the following:

    (i) Oil, gas, or other minerals that are subject to a security interest that is created by a debtor having an interest in the minerals before extraction and attaches to the minerals as extracted. See Michigan Laws 440.9102

  • Ascertainable standard: means that term as defined in section 7103 of the estates and protected individuals code, 1998 PA 386, MCL 700. See Michigan Laws 700.1042
  • Asset management program: means the program that identifies the desired level of service at the lowest life cycle cost for rehabilitating, repairing, or replacing the assets associated with a municipality's wastewater or storm water system. See Michigan Laws 324.5201
  • Assistance: means 1 or more of the following activities to the extent authorized by the federal water pollution control act:

    (i) Provision of loans to municipalities for construction of sewage treatment works projects, stormwater treatment projects, or nonpoint source projects. See Michigan Laws 324.5301

  • Assistance: means 1 or more of the following activities to the extent authorized by the federal safe drinking water act:

    (i) Provision of loans for the planning, design, and construction or alteration of waterworks systems. See Michigan Laws 324.5401

  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Attorney-at-law: A person who is legally qualified and licensed to practice law, and to represent and act for clients in legal proceedings.
  • Attorney-in-fact: A person who, acting as an agent, is given written authorization by another person to transact business for him (her) out of court.
  • Authority: means the Michigan municipal bond authority created in section 4 of the shared credit rating act, 1985 PA 227, MCL 141. See Michigan Laws 324.5201
  • Authority: means the Michigan municipal bond authority created in the shared credit rating act, 1985 PA 227, MCL 141. See Michigan Laws 324.5301
  • Authority: means the Michigan municipal bond authority created in the shared credit rating act, 1985 PA 227, MCL 141. See Michigan Laws 324.5401
  • Authority: means the Michigan forest finance authority created in section 50503. See Michigan Laws 324.50502
  • Authorizing body: means any of the following that issues a contract as provided in this part:

    (i) The board of a school district. See Michigan Laws 380.501

  • Authorizing body: means the governing board of a state public university that issues a contract as provided in this part. See Michigan Laws 380.521
  • Authorizing body: means any of the following that issues a contract as provided in this part:

    (i) The board of a school district. See Michigan Laws 380.551

  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Ballast water: means water and associated solids taken on board a vessel to control or maintain trim, draft, stability, or stresses on the vessel, without regard to the manner in which it is carried. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Ballast water treatment method: means a method of treating ballast water and sediments to remove or destroy living biological organisms through 1 or more of the following:

    (i) Filtration. See Michigan Laws 324.3101

  • Bank: means an organization that is engaged in the business of banking. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Barrier dune: means the first landward sand dune formation along the shoreline of a Great Lake or a sand dune formation designated by the department. See Michigan Laws 324.63701
  • Baseline: Projection of the receipts, outlays, and other budget amounts that would ensue in the future without any change in existing policy. Baseline projections are used to gauge the extent to which proposed legislation, if enacted into law, would alter current spending and revenue levels.
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • Beneficiary: means , in relation to a deceased veteran, the surviving husband or wife, the child or children, or the surviving dependent mother, dependent father, dependent person standing in loco parentis, or dependent brothers and sisters, in the order named, which determination may be made by the probate court of the county of residence of the veteran at the time of death on petition of the adjutant general. See Michigan Laws 35.922
  • Beneficiary: means , in relation to a deceased veteran, the surviving husband or wife, child or children, or the surviving mother, father, person standing in loco parentis, brothers and sisters, in the order named, which determination may be made by the probate court of the county of residence of the veteran at the time of death on petition of the adjutant general. See Michigan Laws 35.972
  • Beneficiary: means in relation to a deceased veteran the surviving husband or wife, child or children, or the dependent surviving mother or father, in the order named which determination may be made by the probate court of the county of residence of the veteran at the time of death. See Michigan Laws 35.1001
  • Beneficiation: means to process sand for any of the following purposes, but does not include the drying process:

    (i) Regulating the grain size of the desired product. See Michigan Laws 324.63701

  • benefits: shall mean all moneys paid or payable by the United States through the veterans administration. See Michigan Laws 35.71
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • Block: means block as that term is used by the United States department of commerce, bureau of the census in conducting the 2010 decennial census. See Michigan Laws 3.55
  • Board: means the Michigan highway reciprocity board. See Michigan Laws 3.161
  • Board: means the board of directors of the Michigan forest finance authority, except where the context clearly requires a different definition. See Michigan Laws 324.50502
  • Board: means the Michigan natural resources trust fund board established in part 19. See Michigan Laws 324.2130
  • Board: means the Michigan veterans' trust fund board of trustees created in subsection (1). See Michigan Laws 35.603b
  • Board: means the state administrative board. See Michigan Laws 35.922
  • Board: means the state administrative board. See Michigan Laws 35.972
  • Board certified: means certified to practice in a particular medical specialty by a national board recognized by the American Board of Medical Specialties or the American Osteopathic Association. See Michigan Laws 333.2701
  • Bonds: means bonds of the authority issued as provided in this part. See Michigan Laws 324.50502
  • Bottomland: means the land area of an inland lake or stream that lies below the ordinary high-water mark and that may or may not be covered by water. See Michigan Laws 324.30101
  • Branch: includes a separately incorporated foreign branch of a bank. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Bulkhead line: means a line that is established pursuant to this part beyond which dredging, filling, or construction of any kind is not allowed without a permit. See Michigan Laws 324.30101
  • Bureau: means the legislative service bureau. See Michigan Laws 4.1102
  • Buyer in ordinary course of business: means a person that buys goods in good faith, without knowledge that the sale violates the rights of another person in the goods, and in the ordinary course from a person, other than a pawnbroker, in the business of selling goods of that kind. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Capitalization grant: means the federal grant made to this state by the United States environmental protection agency for the purpose of establishing a state water pollution control revolving fund, as provided in title VI of the federal water pollution control act, 33 USC 1381 to 1387. See Michigan Laws 324.5301
  • Capitalization grant: means the federal grant made to this state by the United States environmental protection agency, as provided in the federal safe drinking water act. See Michigan Laws 324.5401
  • Care: includes treatment, control, transportation, confinement, and isolation in a facility or other location. See Michigan Laws 333.5101
  • Carrier: means an individual who serves as a potential source of infection and who harbors or who the department reasonably believes to harbor a specific infectious agent or a serious communicable disease or infection, whether or not there is present discernible disease. See Michigan Laws 333.5201
  • Carries: means engaging in the transmission of an electronic communication. See Michigan Laws 700.1002
  • Cash proceeds: means proceeds that are money, checks, deposit accounts, or the like. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Catalogue of electronic communications: means information that identifies each person with which a user has had an electronic communication, the time and date of the communication, and the electronic address of the person. See Michigan Laws 700.1002
  • Cell-unit: means a subunit of the total sand dune mining project as determined in size and location by the operator. See Michigan Laws 324.63701
  • Certificate of coverage: means written authorization from the department to implement a project under a general permit. See Michigan Laws 324.3301
  • Certificate of title: means a certificate of title with respect to which a statute provides for the security interest in question to be indicated on the certificate as a condition or result of the security interest's obtaining priority over the rights of a lien creditor with respect to the collateral. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Certificated teacher: means an individual who holds a valid teaching certificate issued by the superintendent of public instruction under section 1531. See Michigan Laws 380.551
  • Certified nurse midwife: means an individual who is licensed as a registered professional nurse under part 172 who has been granted a specialty certification in the practice of nurse midwifery by the Michigan board of nursing under section 17210. See Michigan Laws 333.2701
  • Certified nurse practitioner: means an individual who is licensed as a registered professional nurse under part 172 who has been granted a specialty certification as a nurse practitioner by the Michigan board of nursing under section 17210. See Michigan Laws 333.2701
  • Chattel paper: means a record or records that evidence both a monetary obligation and a security interest in specific goods, a security interest in specific goods and software used in the goods, a security interest in specific goods and license of software used in the goods, a lease of specific goods, or a lease of specific goods and license of software used in the goods. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Chief executive official: means :

    (i) In the case of a county with an elected county executive, the county executive. See Michigan Laws 30.402

  • Chief information officer: means the individual within the department designated by the governor as the chief information officer for this state. See Michigan Laws 18.222
  • Child: means an individual, whether over or under the age of majority, who is or is alleged to be owed a duty of support by the individual's parent or who is or is alleged to be the beneficiary of a support order directed to the parent. See Michigan Laws 552.2102
  • Child care article: means a product designed or intended by the manufacturer to facilitate the sleep, relaxation, or feeding of children or to help children with sucking or teething. See Michigan Laws 333.5491
  • Child-support order: means a support order for a child, including a child who has attained the age of majority under the law of the issuing state or foreign country. See Michigan Laws 552.2102
  • Children: means individuals who are 7 years old or younger. See Michigan Laws 333.5481
  • Children: means individuals who are 7 years old or younger. See Michigan Laws 333.5491
  • chronic disease: includes an impairment or deviation from normal having 1 or more of the following characteristics:

    (a) It is permanent. See Michigan Laws 333.5401

  • citation: means a complaint or notice upon which a police officer shall record an occurrence involving 1 or more vehicle law violations by the person cited. See Michigan Laws 257.727c
  • city: whenever used in this act , shall be construed to mean a city incorporated under this act, or made subject to its provisions. See Michigan Laws 113.10
  • Claim: means a right to payment, whether or not the right is reduced to judgment, liquidated, unliquidated, fixed, contingent, matured, unmatured, disputed, undisputed, legal, equitable, secured, or unsecured. See Michigan Laws 700.1042
  • Claimant: means a victim or intervenor who is injured, or any other person eligible for an award under section 4(1) or 5(1), who files a claim under this act. See Michigan Laws 18.351
  • Classification system: means a mechanism to identify the current use of land and any structures on the land. See Michigan Laws 324.60901
  • Client: means a municipal, educational, nonprofit, or business organization that has requested and is using the rapid response assistance of the Michigan cyber civilian corps under the direction of the department. See Michigan Laws 18.222
  • Clinical nurse specialist-certified: means an individual who is licensed as a registered professional nurse under part 172 who has been granted a specialty certification as a clinical nurse specialist by the Michigan board of nursing under section 17210. See Michigan Laws 333.2701
  • Collateral: means the property subject to a security interest or agricultural lien. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Collecting sewers: means lateral, branch, submain, and trunk sewers consisting of pipes or conduits including pumps, lift stations, force mains, and other appurtenances necessary for a system to prevent or eliminate discharges of raw or inadequately treated sewage of human origin into any waters of the state. See Michigan Laws 324.4901
  • Combat veteran: means a veteran eligible to wear the Vietnam Service Medal or Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal. See Michigan Laws 35.1001
  • Combat veteran: means a veteran listed as missing in action, or a veteran eligible to wear the Vietnam Service Medal or the Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal if eligibility for the award occurred during the period of service. See Michigan Laws 35.1022
  • Commander-in-chief: means the governor of this state. See Michigan Laws 32.505
  • Commanding officer: includes only a commissioned officer. See Michigan Laws 32.1002
  • commercial forestland: means forestland that is determined to be a commercial forest under section 51103. See Michigan Laws 324.51101
  • Commercial purposes: means offering for sale, selling, giving, or furnishing to others. See Michigan Laws 324.48728
  • Commercial tort claim: means a claim arising in tort with respect to which of the following applies:

    (i) The claimant is an organization. See Michigan Laws 440.9102

  • Commission: means the Michigan law revision commission. See Michigan Laws 4.1102
  • Commission: means the Hispanic/Latino commission of Michigan created in section 2. See Michigan Laws 18.301
  • Commission: means the crime victim services commission. See Michigan Laws 18.351
  • Commission: means the state commission on criminal justice created in section 2. See Michigan Laws 18.401
  • Commission: means the Michigan commission on law enforcement standards created in section 3 of the Michigan commission on law enforcement standards act, 1965 PA 203, MCL 28. See Michigan Laws 18.421
  • Commission: means the health information technology commission created under section 2503. See Michigan Laws 333.2501
  • Commissioner: means the commissioner of the office of financial and insurance services of the department of consumer and industry services. See Michigan Laws 21.147
  • Committee: means the committee on art in public places. See Michigan Laws 18.71
  • Commodity account: means an account maintained by a commodity intermediary in which a commodity contract is carried for a commodity customer. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Commodity contract: means a commodity futures contract, an option on a commodity futures contract, a commodity option, or another contract if the contract or option is 1 of the following:

    (i) Traded on or subject to the rules of a board of trade that has been designated as a contract market for such a contract pursuant to federal commodities laws. See Michigan Laws 440.9102

  • Commodity customer: means a person for which a commodity intermediary carries a commodity contract on its books. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Commodity intermediary: means 1 of the following:

    (i) A person that is registered as a futures commission merchant under federal commodities law. See Michigan Laws 440.9102

  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • common source of supply: means a natural underground reservoir containing or appearing to contain a common accumulation of oil and gas. See Michigan Laws 324.61701
  • Communicable disease: means an illness due to a specific infectious agent or its toxic products that results from transmission of that infectious agent or its products from a reservoir to a susceptible host, directly as from an infected individual or animal, or indirectly through the agency of an intermediate plant or animal host, vector, or the inanimate environment. See Michigan Laws 333.5101
  • Communicate: means 1 or more of the following:

    (i) To send a written or other tangible record. See Michigan Laws 440.9102

  • Community college: means a community college organized under the community college act of 1966, 1966 PA 331, MCL 389. See Michigan Laws 380.501
  • Community college: means a community college organized under the community college act of 1966, 1966 PA 331, MCL 389. See Michigan Laws 380.551
  • Community water supply: means a public water supply that provides year-round service to not less than 15 living units or which regularly provides year-round service to not less than 25 residents. See Michigan Laws 324.5401
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Compliance assistance agent: means an individual who provides technical assistance to individuals, organizations, agencies, or others to aid them in complying with federal and state laws and local conservation ordinances. See Michigan Laws 324.9301
  • Concurrent resolution: A legislative measure, designated "S. Con. Res." and numbered consecutively upon introduction, generally employed to address the sentiments of both chambers, to deal with issues or matters affecting both houses, such as a concurrent budget resolution, or to create a temporary joint committee. Concurrent resolutions are not submitted to the President/Governor and thus do not have the force of law.
  • Conference committee: A temporary, ad hoc panel composed of conferees from both chamber of a legislature which is formed for the purpose of reconciling differences in legislation that has passed both chambers. Conference committees are usually convened to resolve bicameral differences on major and controversial legislation.
  • Conference report: The compromise product negotiated by the conference committee. The "conference report" is submitted to each chamber for its consideration, such as approval or disapproval.
  • Confinement: means the physical restraint of a person. See Michigan Laws 32.1002
  • Conformance bond: means a surety bond that has been executed by a surety company authorized to do business in this state, cash, a certificate of deposit, a letter of credit, or other security filed by a person and accepted by the department to ensure compliance with this part or rules promulgated under this part. See Michigan Laws 324.63401
  • Conformance bond: means a surety bond that is executed by a surety company authorized to do business in this state, cash, certificates of deposit, letters of credit, or other securities that are filed by an operator to ensure compliance with this part, rules promulgated under this part, or conditions of a sand dune mining permit. See Michigan Laws 324.63701
  • conservation district: means a governmental subdivision of this state, and a public body corporate and politic, organized in accordance with this part, for the purposes, with the powers, and subject to the restrictions set forth in this part. See Michigan Laws 324.9301
  • conservation district board: means the governing body of a conservation district. See Michigan Laws 324.9301
  • Conservation easement: means an interest in land that provides limitation on the use of land or a body of water or requires or prohibits certain acts on or with respect to the land or body of water, whether or not the interest is stated in the form of a restriction, easement, covenant, or condition in a deed, will, or other instrument executed by or on behalf of the owner of the land or body of water or in an order of taking, which interest is appropriate to retaining or maintaining the land or body of water, including improvements on the land or body of water, predominantly in its natural, scenic, or open condition, or in an agricultural, farming, open space, or forest use, or similar use or condition. See Michigan Laws 324.2140
  • Conservation species: means those plant species beneficial for conservation practices as included on the list prepared under section 9304a by the conservation species advisory panel. See Michigan Laws 324.9301
  • Conservation species advisory panel: means the conservation species advisory panel created in section 9304a. See Michigan Laws 324.9301
  • Conservator: means a person that is appointed by a court to manage all or part of the estate of a protected person. See Michigan Laws 700.1002
  • Consignee: means a merchant to which goods are delivered in a consignment. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Consignment: means a transaction, regardless of its form, in which a person delivers goods to a merchant for the purpose of sale and that meets all of the following:

    (i) The merchant deals in goods of that kind under a name other than the name of the person making delivery, is not an auctioneer, and is not generally known by its creditors to be substantially engaged in selling the goods of others. See Michigan Laws 440.9102

  • Consignor: means a person that delivers goods to a consignee in a consignment. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Construction: means the engineering, architectural, legal, fiscal, and economic investigations and studies, surveys, designs, plans, working drawings, specifications, procedures, and other similar actions necessary to the construction of collecting sewers; the installation, erection, and building of collecting sewers; and the inspection and supervision of the construction of such sewers. See Michigan Laws 324.4901
  • Construction activities: means any actions undertaken in the planning, designing, or building of sewage treatment works projects, stormwater treatment projects, or nonpoint source projects. See Michigan Laws 324.5301
  • Construction activities: means any actions undertaken in the planning, designing, or building of a waterworks system. See Michigan Laws 324.5401
  • Consumer: means an individual who enters into a transaction primarily for personal, family, or household purposes. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Consumer: means that term as used in the consumer product safety act, 15 USC 2051 to 2085. See Michigan Laws 333.5481
  • Consumer: means that term as used in the consumer product safety act, 15 USC 2051 to 2085. See Michigan Laws 333.5491
  • Consumer goods: means goods that are used or bought for use primarily for personal, family, or household purposes. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Consumer obligor: means an obligor who is an individual and who incurred the obligation as part of a transaction entered into primarily for personal, family, or household purposes. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Consumer transaction: means a transaction in which an individual incurs an obligation primarily for personal, family, or household purposes, a security interest secures the obligation, and the collateral is held or acquired primarily for personal, family, or household purposes. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Consumer-goods transaction: means a consumer transaction in which an individual incurs an obligation primarily for personal, family, or household purposes and a security interest in consumer goods secures the obligation. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Content of an electronic communication: means information concerning the substance or meaning of an electronic communication to which all of the following apply:

    (i) The information has been sent or received by a user. See Michigan Laws 700.1002

  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Continuation statement: means an amendment of a financing statement which identifies, by its file number, the initial financing statement to which it relates and indicates that it is a continuation statement for, or that it is filed to continue the effectiveness of, the identified financing statement. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Contract: means the executive act taken by an authorizing body that evidences the authorization of a public school academy and that establishes, subject to the constitutional powers of the state board and applicable law, the written instrument executed by an authorizing body conferring certain rights, franchises, privileges, and obligations on a public school academy, as provided by this part, and confirming the status of a public school academy as a public school in this state. See Michigan Laws 380.501
  • Contract: means the executive act taken by an authorizing body that evidences the authorization of an urban high school academy and that establishes, subject to the constitutional powers of the state board and applicable law, the written instrument executed by an authorizing body conferring certain rights, franchises, privileges, and obligations on an urban high school academy, as provided by this part, and confirming the status of an urban high school academy as a public school in this state. See Michigan Laws 380.521
  • Contract: means the executive act taken by an authorizing body that evidences the authorization of a school of excellence and that establishes, subject to the constitutional powers of the state board and applicable law, the written instrument executed by an authorizing body conferring certain rights, franchises, privileges, and obligations on a school of excellence, as provided by this part, and confirming the status of a school of excellence as a public school in this state. See Michigan Laws 380.551
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Contractor: means the private entity, nonprofit entity, or academic institution selected by the department under section 5 to evaluate certain economic development incentives. See Michigan Laws 18.1753
  • Controlled substance: means that term as defined in section 7104 of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333. See Michigan Laws 32.505
  • Controlled substance: means opium, heroin, cocaine, amphetamine, lysergic acid diethylamide, methamphetamine, phencyclidine, barbituric acid, marihuana, any compound or derivative of any such substance, and any other substance that is listed in schedules I through V of section 202 of the controlled substances act, 21 USC 812, including any subsequent amendments thereto. See Michigan Laws 32.1002
  • Convention: means the Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance, concluded at The Hague on November 23, 2007. See Michigan Laws 552.2102
  • Conventional gravity sewer extension: means the installation of a new gravity sewer and connection to an existing collection system to provide sewer service to new areas previously not served by the public sewer system. See Michigan Laws 324.4101
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Correctional custody: means the physical restraint of a person during duty or nonduty while on active state duty and includes extra duty, fatigue duty, or hard labor. See Michigan Laws 32.1002
  • Council: means the legislative council. See Michigan Laws 4.1102
  • Council: means the Michigan emergency management advisory council. See Michigan Laws 30.402
  • Council: means the legislative council established under section 15 of article IV of the state constitution of 1963. See Michigan Laws 4.351
  • Council administrator: means the chief executive officer of all legislative council agencies. See Michigan Laws 4.1102
  • Course of study: means an individual class, or group of classes, in which an eligible person is enrolled for the purpose of obtaining a not-yet-completed training program, obtaining a not-yet-completed certificate program, or obtaining a not-yet-completed associate, bachelor's, or master's degree. See Michigan Laws 32.432
  • Court: means the probate court or, when applicable, the circuit court. See Michigan Laws 700.1002
  • Crayfish: means any arthropod of the decapoda family. See Michigan Laws 324.48728
  • Creditor: includes a general creditor, a secured creditor, a lien creditor, and any representative of creditors, including an assignee for the benefit of creditors, a trustee in bankruptcy, a receiver in equity, and an executor or administrator of an insolvent debtor's or assignor's estate. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Creditor: means , with respect to a transferor, a person who has a claim whether directly or indirectly. See Michigan Laws 700.1042
  • Crime: means an act that is 1 of the following:

    (i) A crime under the laws of this state or the United States that causes an injury within this state. See Michigan Laws 18.351

  • Criminal justice in-service training: means a criminal justice program that includes education or training that is designed and intended to enhance the direct delivery of criminal justice services by participants who are authorized to receive education or training as provided in this act. See Michigan Laws 18.421
  • Crustacean: means freshwater crayfish, shrimp, or prawn of the order Decapoda. See Michigan Laws 324.41301
  • Cyber school: means a school of excellence established under this part that has been issued a contract to be organized and operated as a cyber school under section 552(2) and that provides full-time instruction to pupils through online learning or otherwise on a computer or other technology, which instruction and learning may be remote from a school facility. See Michigan Laws 380.551
  • Cybersecurity incident: means an event occurring on or conducted through a computer network that actually or imminently jeopardizes the integrity, confidentiality, or availability of computers, information or communications systems or networks, physical or virtual infrastructure controlled by computers or information systems, or information resident on any of these. See Michigan Laws 18.222
  • Dam: means an artificial barrier, including dikes, embankments, and appurtenant works, that impounds, diverts, or is designed to impound or divert water. See Michigan Laws 324.30101
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • damages: means the fair market value on the stump or at the mill, whichever is greater of a forest product cut or removed, or the fair and actual value of any other property removed or damaged in trespass, plus any other damages caused before, during, or after the cutting or removal. See Michigan Laws 324.2155
  • Data management system: means a mechanism which relies on a computer to manipulate, store, and retrieve information collected and updated during a resource inventory. See Michigan Laws 324.60901
  • Debt: means liability on a claim. See Michigan Laws 700.1042
  • Debtor: means 1 of the following:

    (i) A person having an interest, other than a security interest or other lien, in the collateral, whether or not the person is an obligor. See Michigan Laws 440.9102

  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • declassification: means the removal of the commercial forest designation pursuant to section 51116. See Michigan Laws 324.51101
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Delivery: means either of the following:

    (i) With respect to an electronic document of title, a voluntary transfer of control. See Michigan Laws 440.1201

  • Dental school: means an accredited program for the training of individuals to become dentists. See Michigan Laws 333.2701
  • Dentist: means an individual who is licensed to engage in the practice of dentistry under part 166. See Michigan Laws 333.2701
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.63201
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.3301
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.63401
  • Department: means the department of agriculture and rural development. See Michigan Laws 324.8501
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.5201
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.8801
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality or its authorized agent or representative. See Michigan Laws 324.5402
  • Department: means the department of management and budget. See Michigan Laws 18.71
  • Department: means the department of technology, management, and budget. See Michigan Laws 18.222
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.14721
  • Department: means the department of agriculture and rural development. See Michigan Laws 324.9301
  • Department: means the department of technology, management, and budget. See Michigan Laws 18.1753
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.30101
  • Department: means the department of state police. See Michigan Laws 30.402
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.30301
  • Department: means the department of community health. See Michigan Laws 333.2501
  • Department: means the department of natural resources. See Michigan Laws 324.61001
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.61501
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.62501
  • Department: means the director of the department of natural resources or his or her designee to whom the director delegates a power or duty by written instrument. See Michigan Laws 324.301
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.63101
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Deposit: includes the purchase of, or investment in, shares of credit unions. See Michigan Laws 21.147
  • Deposit account: means a demand, time, savings, passbook, or similar account maintained with a bank. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • Depository library: means a depository library designated under section 10 of the library of Michigan act, Act No. See Michigan Laws 21.55
  • Deputy: means any deputy, assistant or other subordinate officer, authorized pursuant to law to exercise all of the powers and discharge the duties of the office. See Michigan Laws 31.2
  • Derivative instrument or product: means either of the following, subject to subdivision (c):

    (i) A contract or convertible security that changes in value in concert with a related or underlying security, future, or other instrument or index; or that obtains much of its value from price movements in a related or underlying security, future, or other instrument or index; or both. See Michigan Laws 21.55

  • Designated nurse: means a certified nurse midwife, certified nurse practitioner, or clinical nurse specialist-certified. See Michigan Laws 333.2701
  • Designated physician: means a physician qualified in 1 of the physician specialty areas identified in section 2711. See Michigan Laws 333.2701
  • Designated professional: means a designated physician, designated nurse, dentist, or physician's assistant. See Michigan Laws 333.2701
  • Designated recipient: means a person chosen by a user using an online tool to administer digital assets of the user. See Michigan Laws 700.1002
  • Detroit consumer price index: means the most comprehensive index of consumer prices available for the Detroit area from the United States Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Developmental disability: means that term as defined in section 100a of the mental health code, 1974 PA 258, MCL 330. See Michigan Laws 700.1002
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • Digital asset: means an electronic record in which a user has a right or interest. See Michigan Laws 700.1002
  • Digital custodian: means a person that carries, maintains, processes, receives, or stores a digital asset of a user. See Michigan Laws 700.1002
  • Director: means the director of the department. See Michigan Laws 324.3301
  • Director: means the director of the department or his or her designee. See Michigan Laws 324.8501
  • Director: means the director of the department. See Michigan Laws 324.8801
  • Director: means the director of the department of environmental quality or his or her designated representative. See Michigan Laws 324.5402
  • Director: means the director of the department of management and budget or the designated representative of the director. See Michigan Laws 18.71
  • Director: means the director of the office of Hispanic/Latino affairs. See Michigan Laws 18.301
  • Director: means the director of the office of criminal justice. See Michigan Laws 18.401
  • Director: means 1 of the members of the conservation district board, elected or appointed in accordance with this part. See Michigan Laws 324.9301
  • Director: means the director of the department. See Michigan Laws 324.30301
  • Disadvantaged community: means a municipality in which all of the following conditions are met:

    (i) Users within the area served by a proposed sewage treatment works project or stormwater treatment project are directly assessed for the costs of construction. See Michigan Laws 324.5301

  • Disadvantaged community: means a municipality in which all of the following conditions are met:

    (i) Users within the area served by a proposed public water supply project are directly assessed for the costs of construction. See Michigan Laws 324.5402

  • Disaster: means an occurrence or threat of widespread or severe damage, injury, or loss of life or property resulting from a natural or human-made cause, including, but not limited to, fire, flood, snowstorm, ice storm, tornado, windstorm, wave action, oil spill, water contamination, utility failure, hazardous peacetime radiological incident, major transportation accident, hazardous materials incident, epidemic, air contamination, blight, drought, infestation, explosion, or hostile military action or paramilitary action, or similar occurrences resulting from terrorist activities, riots, or civil disorders. See Michigan Laws 30.402
  • Disaster: means an extraordinary misfortune caused by an enemy attack upon the United States or by civil disorder and resulting in widespread destruction of life and property. See Michigan Laws 31.2
  • Disaster relief forces: means all agencies of state, county, and municipal government, private and volunteer personnel, public officers and employees, and all other persons or groups of persons having duties or responsibilities under this act or pursuant to a lawful order or directive authorized by this act. See Michigan Laws 30.402
  • Discharge: means spilling, leaking, pumping, pouring, emitting, emptying, or dumping. See Michigan Laws 324.9501
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Discretionary trust provision: means that term as defined in section 7103 of the estates and protected individuals code, 1998 PA 386, MCL 700. See Michigan Laws 700.1042
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Disposal well: means a well drilled or converted for subsurface disposal of waste products or processed brine and its related surface facilities. See Michigan Laws 324.62501
  • Disposition: means a transfer of property that either creates a new fiduciary relation between at least 1 trustee and a trust beneficiary or newly subjects property to a preexisting fiduciary relation between at least 1 trustee and a trust beneficiary. See Michigan Laws 700.1042
  • Distribution decision: means a decision regarding the distribution of trust property to or for the benefit of a trust beneficiary. See Michigan Laws 700.1042
  • Distributor: means any person who distributes fertilizer for sale or use in this state. See Michigan Laws 324.8501
  • District coordinator: means the state police emergency management division district coordinator. See Michigan Laws 30.402
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • Docking facility: means a public, private, or commercial marina, yacht club, dock, or wharf used for mooring, serving, or otherwise handling watercraft. See Michigan Laws 324.9501
  • Document: means a document of title or a receipt of the type described in section 7201(2). See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Document of title: means a record that in the regular course of business or financing is treated as adequately evidencing that the person in possession or control of the record is entitled to receive, control, hold, and dispose of the record and the goods the record covers and that purports to be issued by or addressed to a bailee and to cover goods in the bailee's possession which are either identified or are fungible portions of an identified mass. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Domestic service: means military service by a veteran during the period of service in 1 or more states of the United States or in the District of Columbia. See Michigan Laws 35.922
  • Domestic service: means military service by a veteran during the period of service in any state of the United States and the District of Columbia. See Michigan Laws 35.972
  • Donee: The recipient of a gift.
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • Due notice: means notice published at least twice, with an interval of at least 7 days between the 2 publication dates, in a newspaper or other publication of general circulation within the appropriate area or, if a publication of general circulation is not available, by posting at a reasonable number of conspicuous places within the appropriate area. See Michigan Laws 324.4701
  • Duty of support: means an obligation imposed or imposable by law to provide support for a child, spouse, or former spouse, including an unsatisfied obligation to provide support. See Michigan Laws 552.2102
  • Economic development incentive: means the abatements, tax credits, exemptions, grants, loans, or loan guarantees related to economic development activities in this state as determined by the Michigan strategic fund provided under the following acts:
  (i) The Michigan business tax act, 2007 PA 36, MCL 208. See Michigan Laws 18.1753
  • Educational management company: means an entity that enters into an agreement with the governing board of a public school to provide comprehensive educational, administrative, management, or instructional services or staff to the public school. See Michigan Laws 380.521
  • Educational management organization: means an entity that enters into an agreement with the governing board of a public school to provide comprehensive educational, administrative, management, or instructional services or staff to the public school. See Michigan Laws 380.551
  • Election: means an election or primary election at which the electors of this state or of a subdivision of this state choose or nominate by ballot an individual for public office or decide a ballot question lawfully submitted to them. See Michigan Laws 168.2
  • Electronic: means relating to technology having electrical, digital, magnetic, wireless, optical, electromagnetic, or similar capabilities. See Michigan Laws 700.1002
  • Electronic: means relating to technology having electrical, digital, magnetic, wireless, optical, electromagnetic, or similar capabilities. See Michigan Laws 4.1121
  • Electronic chattel paper: means chattel paper evidenced by a record or records consisting of information stored in an electronic medium. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Electronic communication: means that term as defined in 18 USC 2510. See Michigan Laws 700.1002
  • Electronic communication service: means a digital custodian that provides to a user the ability to send or receive an electronic communication. See Michigan Laws 700.1002
  • Eligible educational institution: means a public or private college, university, vocational school, technical school, or trade school located in this state. See Michigan Laws 32.432
  • Eligible entity: means a governmental agency of the executive branch of this state or a subdivision of this state that is established and maintained in accordance with the laws of this state and that is authorized by the laws of this state to employ or appoint law enforcement officers licensed under sections 9 and 9a of the Michigan commission on law enforcement standards act, 1965 PA 203, MCL 28. See Michigan Laws 18.421
  • Eligible person: means a member of the Michigan national guard who meets all of the following conditions:

    (i) Is in active service. See Michigan Laws 32.432

  • Emergency: means any occasion or instance in which the governor determines state assistance is needed to supplement local efforts and capabilities to save lives, protect property and the public health and safety, or to lessen or avert the threat of a catastrophe in any part of the state. See Michigan Laws 30.402
  • Emergency interim successor: means a person designated pursuant to this act who, in the event the incumbent or his deputy is unavailable, is to exercise the powers and discharge the duties of an office until a successor is appointed or elected and qualified as may be provided by law, or until the lawful incumbent or his deputy is able to resume the exercise of the powers and discharge of the duties of the office. See Michigan Laws 31.2
  • Emergency management coordinator: means that term as defined in section 2 of the emergency management act, 1976 PA 390, MCL 30. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Emergency management coordinator: means that term as defined in section 2 of the emergency management act, 1976 PA 390, MCL 30. See Michigan Laws 324.63201
  • Emergency management coordinator: means a person appointed pursuant to section 9 to coordinate emergency management within the county or municipality. See Michigan Laws 30.402
  • Enemy attack: means any attack or series of attacks by a power hostile to the United States which causes or may cause death, injury or substantial damage to the people and property in the United States by sabotage, or by the use of bombs, missiles or shells, or any other weapons of conventional, atomic, radiological, chemical, bacteriological, biological or any other nature, process or means. See Michigan Laws 31.2
  • Enlisted member: means a person in an enlisted grade. See Michigan Laws 32.1002
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Entity: means a partnership, nonprofit or business corporation, labor organization, or any other association, corporation, trust, or other legal entity. See Michigan Laws 380.501
  • Entity: means a nonprofit corporation that is organized under the nonprofit corporation act, 1982 PA 162, MCL 450. See Michigan Laws 380.521
  • Entity: means a partnership, nonprofit or business corporation, labor organization, or any other association, corporation, trust, or other legal entity. See Michigan Laws 380.551
  • Environmental elements: means the biological, physical, and chemical characteristics of the environment, including but not limited to the following:

    (i) Watersheds. See Michigan Laws 324.63701

  • Equipment: means goods other than inventory, farm products, or consumer goods. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escheat: Reversion of real or personal property to the state when 1) a person dies without leaving a will and has no heirs, or 2) when the property (such as a bank account) has been inactive for a certain period of time. Source: OCC
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Estate: means the ownership of real or personal property at the time of death, the title to which was held either in the sole name of the decedent or by the entireties, tenancy in common, or joint tenancy with the spouse, child, or parent of the decedent, but does not include real property owned by the decedent as the homestead of the decedent. See Michigan Laws 35.801
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Expand: means to occupy a larger area of an inland lake or stream than authorized by a permit issued under this part for marina mooring structures and watercraft moored at the marina. See Michigan Laws 324.30101
  • Expedited review: means an expedited review of an application for a construction permit under section 4112. See Michigan Laws 324.4101
  • Exploratory purposes: means test well drilling for the specific purpose of discovering or outlining an orebody or mineable mineral resource. See Michigan Laws 324.62501
  • Extradition: The formal process of delivering an accused or convicted person from authorities in one state to authorities in another state.
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Farm products: means goods, other than standing timber, with respect to which the debtor is engaged in a farming operation and which are 1 of the following:

    (i) Crops grown, growing, or to be grown, including crops produced on trees, vines, and bushes, and aquatic goods produced in aquacultural operations. See Michigan Laws 440.9102

  • Farming operation: means raising, cultivating, propagating, fattening, grazing, or any other farming, livestock, or aquacultural operation. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Federal safe drinking water act: means the safe drinking water act, 42 USC 300f to 300j-26, and the rules promulgated under that act. See Michigan Laws 324.5402
  • Federal service: means military duty in the armed forces of the United States, including, without limitation, the army national guard of the United States and the air national guard of the United States, while subject to the uniform code of military justice, 10 USC, 801 to 946. See Michigan Laws 32.1002
  • Federal water pollution control act: means 33 USC 1251 to 1387. See Michigan Laws 324.5301
  • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Ferrous product: means a commercially salable ferrous mineral in its final marketable form or state. See Michigan Laws 324.63101
  • Fertilizer: means a substance containing 1 or more recognized plant nutrients, which substance is used for its plant nutrient content and which is designed for use, or claimed to have value, in promoting plant growth. See Michigan Laws 324.8501
  • Fertilizer material: means a fertilizer to which 1 or more of the following apply:

    (i) Contains not more than 1 of the following as primary nutrients:

    (A) Total nitrogen (N). See Michigan Laws 324.8501

  • Fiduciary: means a person who is an original, additional, or successor personal representative, conservator, agent, or trustee. See Michigan Laws 700.1002
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Fiduciary disposition: means a disposition made by a trustee acting in a fiduciary capacity. See Michigan Laws 700.1042
  • Fiduciary qualified disposition: means a qualified disposition made by a trustee acting in a fiduciary capacity. See Michigan Laws 700.1042
  • Field: means an underground reservoir or reservoirs containing oil or gas, or both. See Michigan Laws 324.61501
  • Field: means an underground reservoir or reservoirs containing oil or gas, or both. See Michigan Laws 324.61701
  • File number: means the number assigned to an initial financing statement pursuant to section 9519(1). See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Filing office: means an office designated in section 9501 as the place to file a financing statement. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Filing-office rule: means a rule adopted pursuant to section 9526. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Fill material: means soil, rocks, sand, waste of any kind, or any other material that displaces soil or water or reduces water retention potential. See Michigan Laws 324.30301
  • financial institution: means a state or nationally chartered bank or a state or federally chartered savings and loan association, savings bank, or credit union whose deposits are insured by an agency of the United States government and which maintains a principal office or branch office located in this state under the laws of this state or the United States. See Michigan Laws 21.147
  • Financing statement: means a record or records composed of an initial financing statement and any filed record relating to the initial financing statement. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • firearm: except as otherwise specifically defined in statute, includes any weapon which will, is designed to, or may readily be converted to expel a projectile by action of an explosive. See Michigan Laws 8.3t
  • Fixture filing: means the filing of a financing statement covering goods that are or are to become fixtures and satisfying section 9502(1) and (2). See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Fixtures: means goods that have become so related to particular real property that an interest in them arises under real property law. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Foreign country: means a country, including a political subdivision thereof, other than the United States, that authorizes the issuance of support orders and 1 or more of the following:

    (i) That has been declared under the law of the United States to be a foreign reciprocating country. See Michigan Laws 552.2102

  • Foreign service: means military service by a veteran during the period of service anywhere outside of any state of the United States and the District of Columbia. See Michigan Laws 35.922
  • Foreign service: means military service by a veteran during the period of service anywhere outside of any state of the United States and the District of Columbia. See Michigan Laws 35.972
  • Foreign support order: means a support order of a foreign tribunal. See Michigan Laws 552.2102
  • Forest management plan: means a written plan prepared and signed by a registered forester or a natural resources professional that prescribes measures to optimize production, utilization, and regeneration of forest resources. See Michigan Laws 324.51101
  • Forestland: means a tract of land that may include nonproductive land that is intermixed with productive land that is an integral part of a managed forest and that meets all the following:

    (i) Does not have material natural resources other than those resources suitable for forest growth or the potential for forest growth. See Michigan Laws 324.51101

  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Freedom of Information Act: A federal law that mandates that all the records created and kept by federal agencies in the executive branch of government must be open for public inspection and copying. The only exceptions are those records that fall into one of nine exempted categories listed in the statute. Source: OCC
  • Fund: means the nonferrous metallic mineral surveillance fund created in section 63217. See Michigan Laws 324.63201
  • Fund: means the small native copper mine surveillance fund created in section 63415. See Michigan Laws 324.63401
  • Fund: means the infrastructure construction fund created in section 4113. See Michigan Laws 324.4101
  • Fund: means the fertilizer control fund created under section 8514. See Michigan Laws 324.8501
  • Fund: means the strategic water quality initiatives fund created in section 5204. See Michigan Laws 324.5201
  • Fund: means the state water pollution control revolving fund established under the shared credit rating act, 1985 PA 227, MCL 141. See Michigan Laws 324.5301
  • Fund: means the clean water fund created in section 8807. See Michigan Laws 324.8801
  • Fund: means the safe drinking water revolving fund established under section 16b of the shared credit rating act, 1985 PA 227, MCL 141. See Michigan Laws 324.5402
  • Fund: means the state art in public places fund. See Michigan Laws 18.71
  • Fund: means the land and water management permit fee fund created in section 30113. See Michigan Laws 324.30101
  • Fund: means the commercial forest fund created under section 51112. See Michigan Laws 324.51101
  • Fund: means the Michigan national guard tuition assistance fund created in section 4. See Michigan Laws 32.432
  • Fund: means the oil and gas regulatory fund created in section 61525b. See Michigan Laws 324.61501
  • Fund: means the land exchange facilitation fund created in section 2134. See Michigan Laws 324.2130
  • Fund: means the orphan well fund created in section 61602. See Michigan Laws 324.61601
  • Fund: means the mineral well regulatory fund created in section 62509b. See Michigan Laws 324.62501
  • Fundable range: means those projects, taken in descending order on the priority lists, for which sufficient funds are estimated by the department to exist to provide assistance at the beginning of each annual funding cycle. See Michigan Laws 324.5301
  • Fundable range: means those projects, taken in descending order on the priority list, for which the department estimates sufficient funds exist to provide assistance during each annual funding cycle. See Michigan Laws 324.5402
  • Game fish: includes all of the following:

    (i) Lake trout (Salvelinus namaycush). See Michigan Laws 324.48701

  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • Gas: means a mixture of hydrocarbons and varying quantities of nonhydrocarbons in a gaseous state which may or may not be associated with oil, and includes those liquids resulting from condensation. See Michigan Laws 324.61501
  • General intangible: means any personal property, including things in action, other than accounts, chattel paper, commercial tort claims, deposit accounts, documents, goods, instruments, investment property, letter-of-credit rights, letters of credit, money, and oil, gas, or other minerals before extraction. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • General permit: means a permit for a category of activities that the department determines will not negatively impact human health and will have no more than minimal short-term adverse impacts on the natural resources and environment. See Michigan Laws 324.3302
  • General power of appointment: means a general power as that term is defined in section 2 of the powers of appointment act of 1967, 1967 PA 224, MCL 556. See Michigan Laws 700.1042
  • Genetically engineered: refers to an organism whose genome, chromosomal or extrachromosomal, is modified permanently and heritably, using recombinant nucleic acid techniques, or the progeny of such an organism. See Michigan Laws 324.41301
  • Genetically engineered: refers to a fish whose genome, chromosomal or extrachromosomal, is modified permanently and heritably, using recombinant nucleic acid techniques. See Michigan Laws 324.48701
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Good faith: except as otherwise provided in article 5, means honesty in fact and the observance of reasonable commercial standards of fair dealing. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Goods: means all things that are movable when a security interest attaches. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Governing institution: means the state university within which the Michigan geological survey is established or continued under section 60102. See Michigan Laws 324.60101
  • governmental: includes the government of this state, the government of the United States, and any subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, corporate or otherwise, of either of them. See Michigan Laws 324.9301
  • Governmental unit: means a subdivision, agency, department, county, parish, municipality, or other unit of the government of the United States, a state, or a foreign country. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Grace period: The number of days you'll have to pay your bill for purchases in full without triggering a finance charge. Source: Federal Reserve
  • Grade: means a step or degree, in a graduated scale of office or military rank, that is established and designated as a grade by law or rule. See Michigan Laws 32.1002
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Grant: means a grant from the grant program. See Michigan Laws 324.5201
  • Grant: means a nonpoint source pollution prevention and control grant or a wellhead protection grant under this part. See Michigan Laws 324.8801
  • Grant awards: means funds paid to grantees from the Michigan justice training fund as provided in this act. See Michigan Laws 18.421
  • Grant program: means the strategic water quality initiatives grant program established under this part. See Michigan Laws 324.5201
  • Grantee: means an entity eligible to receive grant awards from the Michigan justice training fund, including any of the following or a combination of any of the following:

    (i) An agency, department, division, bureau, board, commission, council, or authority of this state or of a city, village, township, or county. See Michigan Laws 18.421

  • grantee: may be construed as including every person to whom any such interest or estate passes in like manner. See Michigan Laws 8.3e
  • grantor: may be construed as including every person from or by whom any estate in lands passes in or by any deed. See Michigan Laws 8.3e
  • Great Lakes: means the Great Lakes and their connecting waters, including Lake St. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Great Lakes: means any of the Great Lakes that have a shoreline within this state. See Michigan Laws 324.63701
  • Guardian: means that term as defined in section 1104 of the estates and protected individuals code, 1998 PA 386, MCL 700. See Michigan Laws 700.1002
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Health resource shortage area: means a geographic area, population group, or health facility designated by the department under section 2717. See Michigan Laws 333.2701
  • Health threat to others: means that an individual who is a carrier has demonstrated an inability or unwillingness to conduct himself or herself in such a manner as to not place others at risk of exposure to a serious communicable disease or infection. See Michigan Laws 333.5201
  • Health-care-insurance receivable: means an interest in or claim under a policy of insurance which is a right to payment of a monetary obligation for health-care goods or services provided. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Height of the dam: means the difference in elevation measured vertically between the natural bed of an inland lake or stream at the downstream toe of the dam, or, if it is not across a stream channel or watercourse, from the lowest elevation of the downstream toe of the dam, to the design flood elevation or to the lowest point of the top of the dam, whichever is less. See Michigan Laws 324.30101
  • Historic preservation easement: means an interest in land that provides a limitation on the use of a structure or site that is listed as a national historic landmark under chapter 593, 49 Stat. See Michigan Laws 324.2140
  • HIV: means human immunodeficiency virus. See Michigan Laws 333.5101
  • HIV infected: means the status of an individual who has tested positive for HIV, as evidenced by either a double positive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay test, combined with a positive western blot assay test, or a positive result under an HIV test that is considered reliable by the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and is approved by the department. See Michigan Laws 333.5101
  • Holder: means any of the following:

    (i) A person in possession of a negotiable instrument that is payable either to bearer or to an identified person that is the person in possession. See Michigan Laws 440.1201

  • Homestead: means a dwelling or a unit in a multiple unit dwelling and includes a mobile home or trailer coach. See Michigan Laws 35.801
  • Honorable service: means that service as evidenced by:

    (i) Honorable or general discharge, or separation under honorable conditions. See Michigan Laws 35.1001

  • Honorable service: means that service as evidenced by:

    (i) Honorable or general discharge, or separation under honorable conditions. See Michigan Laws 35.1022

  • Identification for election purposes: means , if issued to the individual presenting the card or document and if presented for voting purposes the name on the card or document sufficiently matches the individual's name in his or her voter registration record so as to accurately identify the individual as the registered elector, or if issued to the individual presenting the card or document and if presented for voter registration purposes, any of the following:

    (i) An operator's or chauffeur's license issued under the Michigan vehicle code, 1949 PA 300, MCL 257. See Michigan Laws 168.2

  • Illegal oil or gas: means oil or gas that has been produced by an owner or producer in violation of this part, a rule promulgated under this part, or an order of the supervisor issued under this part. See Michigan Laws 324.61501
  • Illegal product: means a product of oil or gas or any part of a product of oil or gas that was knowingly processed or derived in whole or in part from illegal oil or gas. See Michigan Laws 324.61501
  • Immunization: means the process of increasing an individual's immunity to a disease by use of a vaccine, antibody preparation, or other substance. See Michigan Laws 333.5101
  • Impeachment: (1) The process of calling something into question, as in "impeaching the testimony of a witness." (2) The constitutional process whereby the House of Representatives may "impeach" (accuse of misconduct) high officers of the federal government for trial in the Senate.
  • Impoundment: means water held back by a dam, dike, floodgate, or other barrier. See Michigan Laws 324.30101
  • in writing: shall be construed to include printing, engraving, and lithographing; except that if the written signature of a person is required by law, the signature shall be the proper handwriting of the person or, if the person is unable to write, the person's proper mark, which may be, unless otherwise expressly prohibited by law, a clear and classifiable fingerprint of the person made with ink or another substance. See Michigan Laws 8.3q
  • income: shall include only moneys received by the guardian from the veterans administration, all earnings, interest, and profit derived therefrom and all property acquired therewith. See Michigan Laws 35.71
  • Income-withholding order: means an order or other legal process directed to an obligor's employer or other debtor, as defined by the support and parenting time enforcement act, 1982 PA 295, MCL 552. See Michigan Laws 552.2102
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Infection: means the invasion of the body with microorganisms or parasites, whether or not the invasion results in detectable pathologic effects. See Michigan Laws 333.5101
  • Information: means data, text, images, videos, sounds, codes, computer programs, software, databases, or the like. See Michigan Laws 700.1002
  • inhabitant: means a resident of a city, township, village, district or county. See Michigan Laws 8.3f
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Inland lake or stream: means a natural or artificial lake, pond, or impoundment; a river, stream, or creek which may or may not be serving as a drain as defined by the drain code of 1956, 1956 PA 40, MCL 280. See Michigan Laws 324.30101
  • Inland waters of this state: means the waters within the jurisdiction of the state except Saginaw river, Lakes Michigan, Superior, Huron, and Erie, and the bays and the connecting waters. See Michigan Laws 324.48701
  • Instrument: means a negotiable instrument or any other writing that evidences a right to the payment of a monetary obligation, is not itself a security agreement or lease, and is of a type that in ordinary course of business is transferred by delivery with any necessary indorsement or assignment. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Interim cell-unit status: means a cell-unit as set forth in an approved progressive cell-unit mining and reclamation plan provided for in section 63706(1), in which all sand dune mining and reclamation within the cell-unit has been completed, but the vegetation has not sustained itself through 1 full growing season. See Michigan Laws 324.63701
  • Intervenor: means a person who goes to the aid of one who has become a victim of a crime and who suffers personal physical injury. See Michigan Laws 18.351
  • Inventory: means goods, other than farm products, that meet 1 of the following:

    (i) Are leased by a person as lessor. See Michigan Laws 440.9102

  • Inventory: means the land resource and current use inventory. See Michigan Laws 324.60901
  • Investment decision: means a decision regarding whether or not to purchase, sell, exchange, tender, or pledge any trust property. See Michigan Laws 700.1042
  • Investment property: means a security, whether certificated or uncertificated, security entitlement, securities account, commodity contract, or commodity account. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Issuing state: means the state in which a tribunal issues a support order or a judgment determining parentage of a child. See Michigan Laws 552.2102
  • Issuing tribunal: means the tribunal of a state or foreign country that issues a support order or a judgment determining parentage of a child. See Michigan Laws 552.2102
  • Joint committee: Committees including membership from both houses of teh legislature. Joint committees are usually established with narrow jurisdictions and normally lack authority to report legislation.
  • Joint tenancy: A form of property ownership in which two or more parties hold an undivided interest in the same property that was conveyed under the same instrument at the same time. A joint tenant can sell his (her) interest but not dispose of it by will. Upon the death of a joint tenant, his (her) undivided interest is distributed among the surviving joint tenants.
  • Judge advocate: means an officer who is designated as a judge advocate by the state judge advocate general. See Michigan Laws 32.1002
  • Jurisdiction: means other states of the United States, the District of Columbia, territories and possessions of the United States, foreign countries or political subdivisions of foreign countries. See Michigan Laws 3.161
  • Juror: A person who is on the jury.
  • Lake management plan: means a document that contains all of the following:

    (i) A description of the physical, chemical, and biological attributes of a waterbody. See Michigan Laws 324.3302

  • Land: includes lands, tenements, and real estate and rights to and interests in lands, tenements, and real estate. See Michigan Laws 324.2130
  • land disposal wastewater management program: means the program developed in the United States army corps of engineers southeastern Michigan survey scope wastewater management study, as authorized by section 102 of title I of the federal water pollution control act, chapter 758, 86 Stat. See Michigan Laws 324.5101
  • Landowner: includes any person who holds title to or has contracted to purchase any land lying within a district organized under this part or former 1937 PA 297. See Michigan Laws 324.9301
  • Law: includes decisional and statutory law and rules and regulations having the force of law. See Michigan Laws 552.2102
  • Law enforcement agency: means an entity that is established and maintained in accordance with the laws of this state and that is authorized by the laws of this state to appoint or employ law enforcement officers. See Michigan Laws 18.421
  • Law enforcement distribution: means funds paid to eligible entities as provided in this act. See Michigan Laws 18.421
  • Lead-bearing substance: means an item or substance that contains lead, or a coating on an item that contains lead, so that the lead content is more than 0. See Michigan Laws 333.5481
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Legacy: A gift of property made by will.
  • Legal material: means any of the following:
  •   (i) The state constitution of 1963. See Michigan Laws 4.1121
  • Legally incapacitated individual: means that term as defined in section 1105 of the estates and protected individuals code, 1998 PA 386, MCL 700. See Michigan Laws 700.1002
  • Legislative council agencies: means the bureau, commission, and any other legislative council agency designated by the council. See Michigan Laws 4.1102
  • Legislative session: That part of a chamber's daily session in which it considers legislative business (bills, resolutions, and actions related thereto).
  • Legislator: means a member of the senate or the house of representatives of this state. See Michigan Laws 4.351
  • Lessee: means lessees under oil and gas leases and also the owners of unleased lands or mineral rights having the right to develop them for oil and gas. See Michigan Laws 324.61701
  • Letter-of-credit right: means a right to payment or performance under a letter of credit, whether or not the beneficiary has demanded or is at the time entitled to demand payment or performance. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Letters: means that term as described in section 1105 of the estates and protected individuals code, 1998 PA 386, MCL 700. See Michigan Laws 700.1002
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • license: means a license issued by the department to operate a game bird hunting preserve. See Michigan Laws 324.41701
  • License: means a game breeder's license issued pursuant to this part. See Michigan Laws 324.42701
  • Licensed professional engineer: means a professional engineer licensed under article 20 of the occupational code, 1980 PA 299, MCL 339. See Michigan Laws 324.4101
  • Licensee: means the person who receives a license to manufacture or distribute fertilizers under this part. See Michigan Laws 324.8501
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Lien creditor: means 1 or more of the following:

    (i) A creditor that has acquired a lien on the property involved by attachment, levy, or the like. See Michigan Laws 440.9102

  • Life of the mine: means the period of time from issuance of a permit under this part through the completion of reclamation as required by this part. See Michigan Laws 324.63101
  • Life of the mine: means the period from initiation of mining activities through the completion of reclamation. See Michigan Laws 324.63401
  • Line of duty: as used in this act means an act performed by a member of the state military establishment in obedience to or in conformity with a law, rule, regulation, order, command or custom of the military service or an act performed which is not in violation of a law, rule, regulation, order, command or custom of the military service, or that will not bring discredit to the military service. See Michigan Laws 32.521
  • Lineal descendant: Direct descendant of the same ancestors.
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Litter: means any of the following:

    (i) Rubbish, refuse, waste material, garbage, offal, paper, glass, cans, bottles, trash, debris, or other foreign substances. See Michigan Laws 324.8901

  • Litter: means rubbish, refuse, waste material, garbage, offal, paper, glass, cans, bottles, trash, debris, oil, or other foreign substances of every kind and description. See Michigan Laws 324.9501
  • Loan: means a loan from the loan program. See Michigan Laws 324.5201
  • Loan program: means the strategic water quality initiatives loan program established under section 5202. See Michigan Laws 324.5201
  • Local agencies: means local units of government or other public bodies created by or pursuant to state law and having jurisdiction over collecting sewers. See Michigan Laws 324.4901
  • Local health department: means that term as defined in section 1105 of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Local state of emergency: means a proclamation or declaration that activates the response and recovery aspects of any and all applicable local or interjurisdictional emergency operations plans and authorizes the furnishing of aid, assistance, and directives under those plans. See Michigan Laws 30.402
  • Local unit: means a county, city, village, or township or an agency or instrumentality of any of these entities. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Local unit of government: means a county, city, village, or township, or an agency of a county, city, village, or township; the office of a county drain commissioner; a soil conservation district established under part 93; a watershed council; a local health department as defined in section 1105 of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333. See Michigan Laws 324.8801
  • Local unit of government: means a county, city, village, or township. See Michigan Laws 18.1701
  • Local unit of government: means a municipality or county. See Michigan Laws 324.301
  • MAEAP: means the Michigan agriculture environmental assurance program as that term is defined in part 87. See Michigan Laws 324.8801
  • major political party: means each of the 2 political parties whose candidate for the office of secretary of state received the highest and second highest number of votes at the immediately preceding general election in which a secretary of state was elected. See Michigan Laws 168.16
  • Majority leader: see Floor Leaders
  • Manufactured home: means a structure, transportable in 1 or more sections, which, in the traveling mode, is 8 body feet or more in width or 40 body feet or more in length, or when erected on site, is 320 or more square feet, and which is built on a permanent chassis and designed to be used as a dwelling with or without a permanent foundation when connected to the required utilities, and includes the plumbing, heating, air-conditioning, and electrical systems contained therein. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Manufactured-home transaction: means a secured transaction that creates a purchase-money security interest in a manufactured home, other than a manufactured home held as inventory, or in which a manufactured home, other than a manufactured home held as inventory, is the primary collateral. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Manufacturer: means a person that prepares, produces, derives, propagates, compounds, processes, packages, or repackages a drug or device salable on prescription only, or otherwise changes the container or the labeling of a drug or device salable on prescription only, and that supplies, distributes, sells, offers for sale, barters, or otherwise disposes of that drug or device and any other drug or device salable on prescription only, to another person for resale, compounding, or dispensing. See Michigan Laws 333.17706
  • Marina: means a facility that is owned or operated by a person, extends into or over an inland lake or stream, and offers service to the public or members of the marina for docking, loading, or other servicing of recreational watercraft. See Michigan Laws 324.30101
  • Marine sanitation device: means equipment designed for installation on board a watercraft or installed on board a watercraft to receive, retain, treat, or discharge sewage. See Michigan Laws 324.9501
  • Market demand: means the actual demand for oil or gas from any particular pool or field for current requirements for current consumption and use within or outside the state, together with the demand for such amounts as are necessary for building up or maintaining reasonable storage reserves of oil or gas or the products of oil or gas. See Michigan Laws 324.61501
  • martial rule: means the exercise of partial or complete military control over domestic territory in time of emergency because of public necessity. See Michigan Laws 32.505
  • MCOLES information and tracking network: means the commission's web-enabled information system for the licensing, reporting, and tracking of personnel and training records for Michigan law enforcement officers. See Michigan Laws 18.421
  • Medicaid: means benefits under the program of medical assistance established under title XIX of the social security act, 42 USC 1396 to 1396w-5, and administered by the department under the social welfare act, 1939 PA 280, MCL 400. See Michigan Laws 333.2701
  • Medical school: means an accredited program for the training of individuals to become physicians. See Michigan Laws 333.2701
  • Medicare: means benefits under the federal Medicare program established under title XVIII of the social security act, 42 USC 1395 to 1395lll. See Michigan Laws 333.2701
  • Metallic product: means a commercially salable mineral produced primarily for its nonferrous metallic mineral content in its final marketable form or state. See Michigan Laws 324.63201
  • Michigan conservation and recreation legacy fund: means the Michigan conservation and recreation legacy fund established in section 40 of article IX of the state constitution of 1963 and provided for in section 2002. See Michigan Laws 324.301
  • Michigan cyber civilian corps: means the program established by this act under which civilian volunteers who have expertise in addressing cybersecurity incidents may volunteer at the invitation of the department to provide rapid response assistance to a municipal, educational, nonprofit, or business organization in need of expert assistance during a cybersecurity incident. See Michigan Laws 18.222
  • Michigan cyber civilian corps volunteer: means an individual who has entered into a volunteer agreement with the department to serve as a volunteer in the Michigan cyber civilian corps. See Michigan Laws 18.222
  • Michigan emergency management plan: means the plan prepared and maintained by the emergency management division of the department and signed by the governor. See Michigan Laws 30.402
  • Michigan justice training fund: means the Michigan justice training fund created in this act. See Michigan Laws 18.421
  • Michigan national guard: means the army national guard and the air national guard. See Michigan Laws 32.505
  • Military: means a reference to all components of the state military establishment. See Michigan Laws 32.505
  • Military: includes each armed force of the United States and each component of the state military establishment. See Michigan Laws 32.1002
  • Military court: means a court-martial, a court of inquiry, or the military appeals tribunal. See Michigan Laws 32.1002
  • military duty: means (1) training and service performed by an inductee, enlistee or reservist or any entrant into a temporary component of the armed forces of the United States, and (2) time spent in reporting for and returning from such training and service, or if a rejection occurs, from the place of reporting therefor: Provided, That the time spent does not exceed the minimum time required by law for the inductee or not exceed 3 years for the first enlistment, or not exceed 3 years for the reservist after being recalled to active duty or as soon after the expiration of such 3 years as the reservist is able to obtain orders relieving him from active duty: And provided further, That if the re-employment provision of the selective service act is amended to provide a period of other than 3 years, such a period provided by the selective service act shall apply. See Michigan Laws 35.351
  • Military establishment: means the organized militia of this state, including the employees and equipment assigned or necessary to carry out the provisions of this act. See Michigan Laws 32.505
  • Military judge: means a judge advocate designated as a military judge by the state judge advocate general or an official of a general or special court-martial appointed pursuant to section 26. See Michigan Laws 32.1002
  • mineral: means ferrous ore or material mined for its ferrous content. See Michigan Laws 324.63101
  • Mineral well: means any well subject to this part. See Michigan Laws 324.62501
  • mining: means an operation to excavate or remove earth material that generates not less than 10,000 tons and not more than 75,000 tons of waste rock in a calendar year or disturbs not less than 1 acre and not more than 10 acres of land in a calendar year in the regular operation of a business for the primary purpose of extracting native copper by 1 or both of the following:

    (i) Removing the overburden lying above natural deposits of native copper and excavating directly from the natural deposits thus exposed or by excavating directly from deposits lying exposed in their natural state. See Michigan Laws 324.63401

  • Mining area: means an area of land from which earth material is removed in connection with nonferrous metallic mineral mining, the lands on which material from that mining is stored or deposited, the lands on which beneficiating or treatment plants and auxiliary facilities are located, the lands on which the water reservoirs used in the nonferrous metallic mineral mining process are located, and auxiliary lands that are used in connection with the mining. See Michigan Laws 324.63201
  • Mining area: means all of the following:

    (i) Land from which material is removed by surface or open pit mining methods. See Michigan Laws 324.63401

  • Mining operation: means a ferrous mineral mining operation. See Michigan Laws 324.63101
  • Mining permit: means a permit issued under this part for conducting nonferrous metallic mineral mining and reclamation operations. See Michigan Laws 324.63201
  • Minnows: means chubs, shiners, suckers, when of a size ordinarily used for bait in hook and line fishing, dace, stonerollers, muddlers, and mudminnows. See Michigan Laws 324.48728
  • Minor: means that term as defined in section 1106 of the estates and protected individuals code, 1998 PA 386, MCL 700. See Michigan Laws 700.1002
  • Minor drainage: includes ditching and tiling for the removal of excess soil moisture incidental to the planting, cultivating, protecting, or harvesting of crops or improving the productivity of land in established use for agriculture, horticulture, silviculture, or lumbering. See Michigan Laws 324.30301
  • Minor offense: means an offense under a punitive section of this act that a commanding officer considers minor. See Michigan Laws 32.1002
  • Minor offense: means either of the following violations of this part if the project involved in the offense is a minor project or the department determines that restoration of the affected property is not required:

    (i) The failure to obtain a permit under this part. See Michigan Laws 324.30101

  • Minority leader: See Floor Leaders
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Mollusk: means any mollusk of the classes Bivalvia and Gastropoda. See Michigan Laws 324.41301
  • Mollusks: means any mollusk of the classes bivalvia and gastropoda. See Michigan Laws 324.48701
  • monetary obligation: means a monetary obligation secured by the goods or owed under a lease of the goods and includes a monetary obligation with respect to software used in the goods. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Money: means a medium of exchange authorized or adopted by a domestic or foreign government. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Mooring structures: means structures used to moor watercraft, including, but not limited to, docks, piers, pilings, mooring anchors, lines and buoys, and boat hoists. See Michigan Laws 324.30101
  • Mortgage: means a consensual interest in real property, including fixtures, which secures payment or performance of an obligation. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Mortgage loan: A loan made by a lender to a borrower for the financing of real property. Source: OCC
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • Mortgagor: The person who pledges property to a creditor as collateral for a loan and who receives the money.
  • motor vehicle liability policy: as used in this chapter , shall mean an owner's or an operator's policy of liability insurance, certified as provided in section 518 or section 519 as proof of financial responsibility, and issued, except as otherwise provided in section 519, by an insurance carrier duly authorized to transact business in this state, to or for the benefit of the person named therein as insured. See Michigan Laws 257.520
  • municipalities: as used in this part means and includes a county, city, village, township, school district, metropolitan district, port district, drainage district, authority, or other governmental authority, agency, or department within or of the state with power to acquire, construct, improve, or operate facilities for the prevention or abatement of water pollution, or any combination of such governmental agencies. See Michigan Laws 324.4501
  • Municipality: means this state, a county, city, village, or township, or an agency or instrumentality of any of these entities. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Municipality: includes a metropolitan district, a water or sewer authority created by law, or a county, township, charter township, incorporated city, or incorporated village. See Michigan Laws 324.4701
  • Municipality: means that term as it is defined in section 5301. See Michigan Laws 324.5201
  • Municipality: means a city, village, county, township, authority, or other public body, including an intermunicipal agency of 2 or more municipalities, authorized or created under state law; or an Indian tribe that has jurisdiction over construction and operation of sewage treatment works or other projects qualifying under section 319 of title III of the federal water pollution control act, 33 USC 1329. See Michigan Laws 324.5301
  • Municipality: means a city, village, county, township, authority, public school district, or other public body with taxing authority, including an intermunicipal agency of 2 or more municipalities, authorized or created under state law. See Michigan Laws 324.5402
  • Municipality: means a city, village, or township. See Michigan Laws 30.402
  • National Health Service Corps: means the agency established under 42 USC 254d. See Michigan Laws 333.2701
  • National response center: means the National Communications Center established under the clean water act, 33 USC 1251 to 1387, located in Washington, DC, that receives and relays notice of oil discharge or releases of hazardous substances to appropriate federal officials. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Nationwide permit: means a nationwide permit issued by the United States army corps of engineers under 72 FR 11091 to 11198 (March 12, 2007), including all general conditions, regional conditions, and conditions imposed by this state pursuant to a water quality certification under section 401 of title IV of the federal water pollution control act, 33 USC 1341, or a coastal zone management consistency determination under section 307 of the coastal zone management act of 1972, 16 USC 1456. See Michigan Laws 324.30301
  • Native: means indigenous to any location in this state. See Michigan Laws 324.41301
  • Native copper: means copper in its elemental form. See Michigan Laws 324.63401
  • Natural brine: means naturally occurring mineralized water other than potable or fresh water. See Michigan Laws 324.62501
  • Natural resources professional: means a person who is acknowledged by the department as having the education, knowledge, experience, and skills to identify, schedule, and implement appropriate forest management practices needed to achieve the purposes of this part on land subject to or to be subject to this part. See Michigan Laws 324.51101
  • New debtor: means a person that becomes bound as debtor under section 9203(4) by a security agreement previously entered into by another person. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • New value: means money, money's worth in property, services, or new credit, or release by a transferee of an interest in property previously transferred to the transferee. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
  • Nonaquatic: describes a bird, insect other than a wiggler, or mammal. See Michigan Laws 324.41301
  • Noncash proceeds: means proceeds other than cash proceeds. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Noncommunity water supply: means a public water supply that is not a community water supply, but that has not less than 15 service connections or that serves not less than 25 individuals on an average daily basis for not less than 60 days per year. See Michigan Laws 324.5402
  • Nonferrous metallic mineral: means any ore or material to be excavated from the natural deposits on or in the earth for its metallic content, but not primarily for its iron or iron mineral content, to be used for commercial or industrial purposes. See Michigan Laws 324.63201
  • Nongame fish: includes all kinds of fish except game fish. See Michigan Laws 324.48701
  • Nonnative: means not native. See Michigan Laws 324.41301
  • Nonoceangoing vessel: means a vessel that is not an oceangoing vessel. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Nonpoint source pollution: means water pollution from diffuse sources, including runoff from precipitation or snowmelt contaminated through contact with pollutants in the soil or on other surfaces and either infiltrating into the groundwater or being discharged to surface waters, or runoff or wind causing erosion of soil into surface waters. See Michigan Laws 324.8801
  • Nonpoint source project: means construction activities designed to reduce nonpoint source pollution consistent with the state nonpoint source management plan pursuant to section 319 of title III of the federal water pollution control act, 33 USC 1329. See Michigan Laws 324.5301
  • Nonresident: means a person who is not a resident. See Michigan Laws 324.48701
  • Notes: means notes of the authority issued as provided in this part, including commercial paper. See Michigan Laws 324.50502
  • Nurse: means an individual who is licensed to engage in the practice of nursing under part 172. See Michigan Laws 333.2701
  • Nursing program: means an accredited program for the training of individuals to become nurses. See Michigan Laws 333.2701
  • oath: shall be construed to include the word "affirmation" in all cases where by law an affirmation may be substituted for an oath; and in like cases the word "sworn" shall be construed to include the word "affirmed". See Michigan Laws 8.3k
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Obligee: means 1 or more of the following:

    (i) An individual to whom a duty of support is or is alleged to be owed or in whose favor a support order or a judgment determining parentage of a child has been issued. See Michigan Laws 552.2102

  • Obligor: means a person that, with respect to an obligation secured by a security interest in or an agricultural lien on the collateral, owes payment or other performance of the obligation, has provided property other than the collateral to secure payment or other performance of the obligation, or is otherwise accountable in whole or in part for payment or other performance of the obligation. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Obligor: means an individual about whom 1 of the following is true, or the estate of a decedent about whom 1 of the following was true before the individual's death:

    (i) Owes or is alleged to owe a duty of support. See Michigan Laws 552.2102

  • Oceangoing vessel: means a vessel that operates on the Great Lakes or the St. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Office: means the office of Hispanic/Latino affairs as created in section 4. See Michigan Laws 18.301
  • Office: means the office of criminal justice created in section 3. See Michigan Laws 18.401
  • Office: means the office of the legislative corrections ombudsman created under this act. See Michigan Laws 4.351
  • Officer: means a commissioned officer and a warrant officer, unless a distinction between commissioned officer and warrant officer is clearly evident. See Michigan Laws 32.505
  • Officer: means a commissioned or warrant officer. See Michigan Laws 32.1002
  • Officer: means a supervisor, treasurer, clerk, or trustee. See Michigan Laws 41.1b
  • Officer: means the village president, clerk, or treasurer, a village trustee, or an appointed person authorized by the council. See Michigan Laws 61.1a
  • Official: means an official or employee of the department of corrections. See Michigan Laws 4.351
  • Official publisher: means :
  •   (i) For the state constitution of 1963, the legislative service bureau. See Michigan Laws 4.1121
  • Oil: means oil of any kind or in any form, including petroleum, fuel oil, sludge, and oil refuse. See Michigan Laws 324.9501
  • Oil: means natural crude oil or petroleum and other hydrocarbons, regardless of gravity, that are produced at the well in liquid form by ordinary production methods and that are not the result of condensation of gas after it leaves the underground reservoir. See Michigan Laws 324.61501
  • Oil and gas: means oil and gas as such in combination one with the other and also means oil, gas, casinghead gas, casinghead gasoline, gas distillate, or other hydrocarbons, or any combination or combinations of these substances, which may be found in or produced from a common source of supply of oil, gas, oil and gas, or gas distillate. See Michigan Laws 324.61701
  • Ombudsman: means the office of legislative corrections ombudsman. See Michigan Laws 4.351
  • Online tool: means an electronic service provided by a digital custodian that allows the user, in an agreement distinct from the terms-of-service agreement between the digital custodian and user, to provide directions for disclosure or nondisclosure of digital assets to a third person. See Michigan Laws 700.1002
  • Open season: means the time during which fish may be legally taken or killed and includes both the first and last day of the season or period designated by this part. See Michigan Laws 324.48701
  • operator: means a permittee or other person who is engaged in, or who is preparing to engage in, mining operations for nonferrous metallic minerals, whether individually or jointly, or through agents, employees, or contractors. See Michigan Laws 324.63201
  • Operator: means a person that is engaged in or preparing to engage in mining activities, whether individually or jointly, or through agents, employees, or contractors, and that has overall responsibility for the mining activities. See Michigan Laws 324.63401
  • Operator: means an owner or lessee of mineral rights or any other person engaged in or preparing to engage in sand dune mining activities with respect to mineral rights within a sand dune area. See Michigan Laws 324.63701
  • Operator: means the person authorized by contract or agreement by the owner to drill, operate, maintain, or plug a well. See Michigan Laws 324.61601
  • Operator: means the person, whether owner or not, supervising or responsible for the drilling, operating, repairing, abandoning, or plugging of wells subject to this part. See Michigan Laws 324.62501
  • operator: means a person who owns or leases the plant and equipment utilized in a mining area and is engaged in the business of mining ferrous minerals or preparing to engage in mining operations. See Michigan Laws 324.63101
  • Oral argument: An opportunity for lawyers to summarize their position before the court and also to answer the judges' questions.
  • Order: means a cease and desist order issued under section 8511. See Michigan Laws 324.8501a
  • Ordinary high-water mark: means the line between upland and bottomland that persists through successive changes in water levels, below which the presence and action of the water is so common or recurrent that the character of the land is marked distinctly from the upland and is apparent in the soil itself, the configuration of the surface of the soil, and the vegetation. See Michigan Laws 324.30101
  • Ordinary high-water mark: means the ordinary high-water mark as specified in section 32502. See Michigan Laws 324.30301
  • Organization: means that term as defined in section 1106 of the estates and protected individuals code, 1998 PA 386, MCL 700. See Michigan Laws 700.1042
  • Organization: means a person other than an individual. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Original debtor: means , except as used in section 9310(3), a person that, as debtor, entered into a security agreement to which a new debtor has become bound under section 9203(4). See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Out-of-pocket loss: means the unreimbursed and unreimbursable expenses or indebtedness reasonably incurred for medical care, psychological counseling, replacement services, any nonmedical remedial treatment rendered in accordance with a recognized religious method of healing, or other services necessary as a result of the injury upon which a claim is based. See Michigan Laws 18.351
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Owner: means a person who holds title to the surface estate of forestland subject to this part. See Michigan Laws 324.51101
  • Owner: means the person who has the right to drill a well into a pool, to produce from a pool, and to receive and distribute the value of the production from the pool for himself or herself either individually or in combination with others. See Michigan Laws 324.61501
  • Owner: means the person who has the right to drill a well into a pool, to produce from a pool, and to receive and distribute the value of the production from the pool for himself or herself either individually or in combination with others. See Michigan Laws 324.61601
  • Owner: means the person who has the right to drill, convert, or operate any well subject to this part. See Michigan Laws 324.62501
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Payment intangible: means a general intangible under which the account debtor's principal obligation is a monetary obligation. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • PBDE: means polybrominated diphenyl ether. See Michigan Laws 324.14721
  • Period of service: means the period of time between September 16, 1940 and June 30, 1946 and, for purposes of former section 25 of article X of the state constitution of 1908, also means the period of time between June 27, 1950 and the termination of the state of national emergency, which state of national emergency was proclaimed on December 16, 1950. See Michigan Laws 35.922
  • Period of service: means the period of time between June 27, 1950 and December 31, 1953. See Michigan Laws 35.972
  • Period of service: means that period of time between 12:01 a. See Michigan Laws 35.1001
  • Period of service: means that period of time between 12:01 a. See Michigan Laws 35.1022
  • period of war: means that phrase as described in 38 CFR 3. See Michigan Laws 35.602
  • permit: means a permit issued under section 63405 for conducting mining activities. See Michigan Laws 324.63401
  • Permittee: means a person who holds a mining permit. See Michigan Laws 324.63201
  • Permittee: means a person that holds a mining permit. See Michigan Laws 324.63401
  • Person: means that term as defined in section 1106 of the estates and protected individuals code, 1998 PA 386, MCL 700. See Michigan Laws 700.1002
  • Person: means any natural person, corporation, association, partnership, receiver, trustee, judiciary or common law trust, guardian, executor, administrator, or fiduciary of any kind. See Michigan Laws 324.63301
  • Person: means that term as defined in section 1106 of the estates and protected individuals code, 1998 PA 386, MCL 700. See Michigan Laws 700.1042
  • Person: means an individual, corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, limited liability company, association, joint venture, government, governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, public corporation, or any other legal or commercial entity. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Person: means an individual, partnership, association, firm, limited liability company, or corporation. See Michigan Laws 324.8501a
  • Person: means an individual, partnership, or corporation. See Michigan Laws 324.9301
  • Person: means any individual, firm, partnership, association and corporation. See Michigan Laws 3.161
  • Person: means an individual, partnership, corporation, association, governmental entity, or any other entity. See Michigan Laws 30.402
  • Person: means an individual, sole proprietorship, partnership, corporation, association, municipality, this state, an instrumentality or agency of this state, the federal government, an instrumentality or agency of the federal government, or other legal entity. See Michigan Laws 324.30301
  • person: includes a partnership, corporation or an association. See Michigan Laws 35.71
  • person: may extend and be applied to bodies politic and corporate, as well as to individuals. See Michigan Laws 8.3l
  • Person: means an individual, partnership, corporation, association, governmental entity, or other legal entity. See Michigan Laws 333.5481
  • Person: means an individual, partnership, corporation, association, governmental entity, or other legal entity. See Michigan Laws 333.5491
  • Personal physical injury: means actual bodily harm and includes pregnancy. See Michigan Laws 18.351
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Personal representative: means that term as defined in section 1106 of the estates and protected individuals code, 1998 PA 386, MCL 700. See Michigan Laws 700.1002
  • Personal use: means use for any noncommercial purpose. See Michigan Laws 324.51101
  • Physician: means an individual who is licensed as a physician under part 170 or part 175. See Michigan Laws 333.2701
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Plan: means a comprehensive adult or juvenile justice plan developed under federal or state law requirements. See Michigan Laws 18.401
  • Plans and specifications: means a true description or representation of the entire sewerage system and parts of a system as the sewerage system exists or is to be constructed, and also a full and fair statement of how the system is to be operated. See Michigan Laws 324.4101
  • Plant rescue: means to physically move native conservation species of plants from 1 location in Michigan to another location in Michigan for the purpose of reestablishing the native conservation species. See Michigan Laws 324.9301
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Police officer: means a police officer as defined in section 42 of the Michigan vehicle code, Act No. See Michigan Laws 324.9501
  • Political subdivision: means a county, municipality, school district, or any other governmental unit, agency, body, board, or commission which is not a state department, board, commission, or agency of state government. See Michigan Laws 30.402
  • Pollution: means damage or injury from the loss, escape, or unapproved disposal of any substance at any well subject to this part. See Michigan Laws 324.62501
  • Pool: means an underground reservoir containing a common accumulation of oil or gas, or both. See Michigan Laws 324.61501
  • Portable: means not permanently affixed to a watercraft and capable of being immediately removed from a watercraft. See Michigan Laws 324.9501
  • position: means employment, whether probationary or otherwise, held by a public employee at the time of entrance into military duty, but shall not include temporary or casual employment or an office filled by election, nor officers appointed for a fixed term. See Michigan Laws 35.351
  • Postclosure monitoring period: means a period following closure of a nonferrous metallic mineral mine during which the permittee is required to conduct monitoring of groundwater and surface water. See Michigan Laws 324.63201
  • Power of attorney: means a record that grants an agent authority to act in the place of a principal. See Michigan Laws 700.1002
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Presentence report: A report prepared by a court's probation officer, after a person has been convicted of an offense, summarizing for the court the background information needed to determine the appropriate sentence. Source: U.S. Courts
  • President pro tempore: A constitutionally recognized officer of the Senate who presides over the chamber in the absence of the Vice President. The President Pro Tempore (or, "president for a time") is elected by the Senate and is, by custom, the Senator of the majority party with the longest record of continuous service.
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • Pretrial conference: A meeting of the judge and lawyers to discuss which matters should be presented to the jury, to review evidence and witnesses, to set a timetable, and to discuss the settlement of the case.
  • primary election: as used in this act , shall mean a primary election held for the purpose of deciding by ballot who shall be the nominees for the offices named in this act, or for the election by ballot of delegates to political conventions. See Michigan Laws 168.7
  • Primary public safety answering point: means that term as defined in section 102 of the emergency telephone service enabling act, 1986 PA 32, MCL 484. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Principal: means a person that grants authority to an agent in a power of attorney. See Michigan Laws 700.1002
  • Priority list: means the annual ranked listing of projects developed by the department in section 5303 or used by the department pursuant to section 5315. See Michigan Laws 324.5301
  • Priority list: means the annual ranked listing of projects developed by the department in section 5406. See Michigan Laws 324.5403
  • Prisoner: means a person committed to or under the jurisdiction of the department. See Michigan Laws 4.351
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probate: Proving a will
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Proceeding: means that term as defined in section 1106 of the estates and protected individuals code, 1998 PA 386, MCL 700. See Michigan Laws 700.1002
  • Proceeds: means , except as used in section 9609(2), 1 or more of the following property:

    (i) Whatever is acquired upon the sale, lease, license, exchange, or other disposition of collateral. See Michigan Laws 440.9102

  • Producer: means the operator, whether owner or not, of a well or wells capable of producing oil or gas or both in paying quantities. See Michigan Laws 324.61501
  • Product: means any commodity or thing made or manufactured from oil or gas, and all derivatives of oil or gas, including refined crude oil, crude tops, topped crude, processed crude petroleum, residue treated crude oil, residuum, gas oil, naphtha, distillate, gasoline, casing-head gasoline, natural gas gasoline, kerosene, benzine, wash oil, waste oil, lubricating oil, and blends or mixtures of oil or gas or any derivatives of oil or gas whether enumerated or not. See Michigan Laws 324.61501
  • Professional association: means a national, state, or local police union, or an association or fraternal organization of police officers, correctional officers, or prosecuting attorneys. See Michigan Laws 18.421
  • Project: means a proposal to install within 1 general area a new wastewater collection system. See Michigan Laws 324.4101
  • Project: means a sewage treatment works project, a stormwater treatment project, or a nonpoint source project, or a combination of these. See Michigan Laws 324.5301
  • Project: means a project related to the planning, design, and construction or alteration of a waterworks system. See Michigan Laws 324.5403
  • Project: means an activity that requires a permit pursuant to section 30102. See Michigan Laws 324.30101
  • Project refinancing assistance: means buying or refinancing the debt obligations of municipalities within the state if construction activities commenced after March 7, 1985 and the debt obligation was incurred after March 7, 1985. See Michigan Laws 324.5301
  • Promissory note: means an instrument that evidences a promise to pay a monetary obligation, does not evidence an order to pay, and does not contain an acknowledgment by a bank that the bank has received for deposit a sum of money or funds. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Property: means that term as defined in section 1106 of the estates and protected individuals code, 1998 PA 386, MCL 700. See Michigan Laws 700.1042
  • Proposal: means a record authenticated by a secured party which includes the terms on which the secured party is willing to accept collateral in full or partial satisfaction of the obligation it secures pursuant to sections 9620, 9621, and 9622. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Protected individual: means that term as defined in section 1106 of the estates and protected individuals code, 1998 PA 386, MCL 700. See Michigan Laws 700.1002
  • Protected person: includes any of the following:

    (i) A protected individual. See Michigan Laws 700.1002

  • Public debt: Cumulative amounts borrowed by the Treasury Department or the Federal Financing Bank from the public or from another fund or account. The public debt does not include agency debt (amounts borrowed by other agencies of the Federal Government). The total public debt is subject to a statutory limit.
  • Public domain: means all land owned by the state or land deeded to the state under state law. See Michigan Laws 324.301
  • public employee: means any person holding a position in public employment, both classified and unclassified. See Michigan Laws 35.351
  • public employer: means any government, department or agency mentioned in subsection (b) of this section employing a public employee in a position. See Michigan Laws 35.351
  • public employment: means remunerative employment by the government of this state, or of any county, municipality, or other civil or political subdivision thereof, including any department, agency or instrumentality thereof. See Michigan Laws 35.351
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • Public or private property or water: includes , but is not limited to, any of the following:

    (i) The right-of-way of a road or highway, a body of water or watercourse, or the shore or beach of a body of water or watercourse, including the ice above the water. See Michigan Laws 324.8901

  • Public organic record: means a record that is available to the public for inspection and is any of the following:

    (i) A record consisting of the record initially filed with or issued by a state or the United States to form or organize an organization and any record filed with or issued by the state or the United States which amends or restates the initial record. See Michigan Laws 440.9102

  • Public water supply: means a waterworks system that provides water for drinking or household purposes to persons other than the supplier of the water, except for those waterworks systems that supply water to only 1 house, apartment, or other domicile occupied or intended to be occupied on a day-to-day basis by an individual, family group, or equivalent. See Michigan Laws 324.5403
  • Purchase: means taking by sale, lease, discount, negotiation, mortgage, pledge, lien, security interest, issue or reissue, gift, or any other voluntary transaction creating an interest in property. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Purchaser: means a person that takes by purchase. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Qualified disposition: means , subject to subparagraphs (iii) and (iv), a disposition after which both subparagraphs (i) and (ii) apply to the subject property:

    (i) The subject property is owned by 1 or more trustees at least 1 of whom is a qualified trustee. See Michigan Laws 700.1042

  • qualified military veteran: means an individual who meets all of the following requirements:

    (a) Before graduation from a high school, the military veteran enlisted in or was drafted into the armed forces of the United States during World War II between December 16, 1940 and December 31, 1946, during the Korean conflict between June 27, 1950 and January 31, 1955, or during the Vietnam era between February 28, 1961 and May 7, 1975. See Michigan Laws 35.341

  • Qualified trust beneficiary: means that term as defined in section 7103 of the estates and protected individuals code, 1998 PA 386, MCL 700. See Michigan Laws 700.1042
  • Qualified trustee: means a person, other than the transferor, who meets all of the following conditions:

    (i) For an individual, the individual is a resident of this state or, in all other cases, is authorized by the law of this state to act as a trustee and whose activities are subject to supervision by the department of insurance and financial services, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, the Comptroller of the Currency, or the Office of Thrift Supervision. See Michigan Laws 700.1042

  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Rare and imperiled wetland: means any of the following:

    (i) Great Lakes marsh. See Michigan Laws 324.30301

  • Recess: A temporary interruption of the legislative business.
  • Recombinant nucleic acid techniques: means laboratory techniques through which genetic material is isolated and manipulated in vitro and then inserted into an organism. See Michigan Laws 324.41301
  • Reconfigure: means to, without expanding the marina, do either of the following:

    (i) Change the location of the dock or docks and other mooring structures at the marina to occupy an area of the inland lake or stream that was not previously authorized by a permit issued under this part. See Michigan Laws 324.30101

  • Record: means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in perceivable form. See Michigan Laws 4.1121
  • Record: means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in perceivable form. See Michigan Laws 700.1002
  • Record: means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in perceivable form. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Record: means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in perceivable form. See Michigan Laws 552.2102
  • record owner: means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or which is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in perceivable form. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
  • Regional planning commission: means a regional planning commission designated by the governor pursuant to executive directive to carry out planning in a multicounty region of the state. See Michigan Laws 324.60901
  • Register: means to record in a tribunal of this state a support order or judgment determining parentage of a child issued in another state or a foreign country. See Michigan Laws 552.2102
  • Registered forester: means a person registered under article 21 of the occupational code, 1980 PA 299, MCL 339. See Michigan Laws 324.51101
  • Registered organization: means an organization organized solely under the law of a single state or the United States by the filing of a public organic record with, the issuance of a public organic record by, or the enactment of legislation by the state or the United States. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Registering tribunal: means a tribunal in which a support order or judgment determining parentage of a child is registered. See Michigan Laws 552.2102
  • Regular election: means an election held on a regular election date to elect an individual to, or nominate an individual for, elective office in the regular course of the terms of that elective office. See Michigan Laws 168.3
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • Remote-computing service: means a digital custodian that provides to a user computer processing services or the storage of digital assets by means of an electronic communications system. See Michigan Laws 700.1002
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • Representative: means a person empowered to act for another, including an agent, an officer of a corporation or association, and a trustee, executor, or administrator of an estate. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Reptile: means any turtle, snake, or lizard of the class Reptilia. See Michigan Laws 324.41301
  • Reptiles: means any turtle, snake, or lizard of the class reptilia. See Michigan Laws 324.48701
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • Residence: as used in this act , for registration and voting purposes means that place at which a person habitually sleeps, keeps his or her personal effects, and has a regular place of lodging. See Michigan Laws 168.11
  • Resident: means a person who is of legal age to vote and can demonstrate residency in the district with 1 piece of identification. See Michigan Laws 324.9301
  • Resident: means either of the following:

    (i) A person who resides in a settled or permanent home or domicile with the intention of remaining in this state. See Michigan Laws 324.48701

  • Resident: means a person who meets 1 or more of the following:

    (i) Was born in and lived in this state until entrance into the armed forces of the United States. See Michigan Laws 35.922

  • Resident: means a person who meets 1 or more of the following:

    (i) Was born in and lived in this state until entrance into the armed forces of the United States. See Michigan Laws 35.972

  • Resident: means a person who has acquired a status as follows:

    (i) Was born in and lived in this state until entrance into the armed forces of the United States. See Michigan Laws 35.1022

  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • Retirement benefit: means an interest in 1 of the following types of assets if payable to a trust as a beneficiary or owned by the trust: a qualified or nonqualified annuity; a benefit under a qualified or nonqualified plan of deferred compensation; any account in, or benefit payable under, any pension, profit-sharing, stock bonus, or other qualified retirement plan; any individual retirement account or trust; and all benefits under a plan or arrangement that is established under section 401, 403, 408, 408A, or 457 or a similar provision of the internal revenue code of 1986, 26 USC 401, 403, 408, 408A, and 457. See Michigan Laws 700.1042
  • Right: includes remedy. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Riparian interest area: means that portion of an inland lake or stream over which a riparian owner has an ownership interest. See Michigan Laws 324.30101
  • Riparian owner: means a person who has riparian rights. See Michigan Laws 324.30101
  • Riparian rights: means those rights which are associated with the ownership of the bank or shore of an inland lake or stream. See Michigan Laws 324.30101
  • Royalty interest: means that share of the product or profit that the owner of the land or mineral rights in the land reserves or is entitled to, whether under a lease or under this part, in consideration of permitting the development of the mineral rights. See Michigan Laws 324.63301
  • Rule: means a rule promulgated pursuant to the administrative procedures act of 1969, Act No. See Michigan Laws 30.402
  • Rule: means a rule promulgated pursuant to the administrative procedures act of 1969, 1969 PA 306, MCL 24. See Michigan Laws 324.301
  • Sand dune area: means that area designated by the department that includes those geomorphic features composed primarily of sand, whether windblown or of other origin and that lies within 2 miles of the ordinary high-water mark on a Great Lake as defined in section 32502, and includes critical dune areas as defined in part 353. See Michigan Laws 324.63701
  • Sand dune mining: means the removal of sand from sand dune areas for commercial or industrial purposes, or both. See Michigan Laws 324.63701
  • seal: means a seal of high tensile strength that is approved by the secretary of state under section 36. See Michigan Laws 168.14a
  • seal: shall be construed to include any of the following:

    (a) The impression of the seal on the paper alone. See Michigan Laws 8.3n

  • Seasonal structure: includes any type of dock, boat hoist, ramp, raft, or other recreational structure that is placed into an inland lake or stream and removed at the end of the boating season. See Michigan Laws 324.30101
  • Seawall: means a vertically sloped wall constructed to break the force of waves and retain soil for the purpose of shore protection. See Michigan Laws 324.30101
  • Secondary obligor: means an obligor to the extent that the obligor's obligation is secondary or the obligor has a right of recourse with respect to an obligation secured by collateral against the debtor, another obligor, or property of either. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Secured party: means 1 or more of the following:

    (i) A person in whose favor a security interest is created or provided for under a security agreement, whether or not any obligation to be secured is outstanding. See Michigan Laws 440.9102

  • Security agreement: means an agreement that creates or provides for a security interest. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Security interest: means an interest in personal property or fixtures which secures payment or performance of an obligation. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Sediments: means any matter settled out of ballast water within a vessel. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Serious communicable disease or infection: means a communicable disease or infection that is designated as serious by the department pursuant to this part. See Michigan Laws 333.5101
  • service: means service in the armed forces of the United States during a period of war as described in 38 CFR 3. See Michigan Laws 35.801
  • Service obligation: means the contractual obligation undertaken by an individual under section 2705 or section 2707 to provide health care services for a determinable time period at a site designated by the department. See Michigan Laws 333.2701
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Settlor: means that term as defined in section 7103 of the estates and protected individuals code, 1998 PA 386, MCL 700. See Michigan Laws 700.1002
  • Settlor: means that term as defined in section 7103 of the estates and protected individuals code, 1998 PA 386, MCL 700. See Michigan Laws 700.1042
  • Severed oil and gas rights: means those subsurface oil and gas rights held by the department on land in which the department does not own the surface rights to the land. See Michigan Laws 324.61001
  • Sewage: means human body wastes, treated or untreated. See Michigan Laws 324.9501
  • Sewage disposal systems: includes all interceptor sewers, storm sewers, sanitary sewers, combined sanitary and storm sewers, sewage treatment plants, and all other plants, works, instrumentalities, and properties used or useful in connection with the collection, treatment, and disposal of sewage and industrial wastes. See Michigan Laws 324.4701
  • Sewage sludge: means sewage sludge generated in the treatment of domestic sewage, other than only septage or industrial waste. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Sewage sludge derivative: means a product for land application derived from sewage sludge that does not include solid waste or other waste regulated under this act. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Sewage sludge distributor: means a person who applies, markets, or distributes, except at retail, a sewage sludge derivative. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Sewage sludge generator: means a person who generates sewage sludge that is applied to land. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Sewage treatment works project: means construction activities on any device or system for the treatment, storage, collection, conveyance, recycling, or reclamation of the sewage of a municipality, including combined sewer overflow correction and major rehabilitation of sewers. See Michigan Laws 324.5301
  • Sewerage system: means a system of pipes and structures including pipes, channels, conduits, manholes, pumping stations, sewage or waste treatment works, diversion and regulatory devices, outfall structures, and appurtenances, collectively or severally, actually used or intended for use by the public for the purpose of collecting, conveying, transporting, treating, or otherwise handling sanitary sewage or other industrial liquid wastes that are capable of adversely affecting the public health. See Michigan Laws 324.4101
  • Sexually transmitted infection: means syphilis, gonorrhea, chancroid, lymphogranuloma venereum, granuloma inguinale, and other sexually transmitted infections that the department may designate and require to be reported under section 5111. See Michigan Laws 333.5101
  • shall not apply: means that the pertinent provision is not operative as to certain persons or things or in conjunction with a particular date or dates. See Michigan Laws 8.4c
  • Silvicultural practices: means the management and manipulation of forest vegetation for the protection, growth, and enhancement of forest products. See Michigan Laws 324.51101
  • Simple pumping station and force main: means the installation of a duplex pumping station and a force main with only 1 high point and of length of no more than 2,000 feet that is to be connected to an existing gravity collection system to provide sewer service to new areas previously not served by the public sewer system. See Michigan Laws 324.4101
  • Site restoration: means the filling and leveling of all cellars, pits, and excavations; the removal or elimination of all debris; the elimination of conditions that may create a fire or pollution hazard; the minimization of erosion; and the restoration of the well site as nearly as practicable to the original land contour or to a condition approved by the supervisor after consulting with the surface owner of the land and with the operator of a natural gas storage field if the well site is within the boundary of a natural gas storage field. See Michigan Laws 324.61601
  • Small diameter pressure sewer and grinder pumping station: means a single project that includes the installation of new pressure sewers totaling not more than 5,000 feet and not more than 25 grinder pumping stations with each grinder pumping station serving not more than 5 separate owners and that is to be connected to an existing gravity collection system to provide sewer service to new areas previously not served by the public sewer system. See Michigan Laws 324.4101
  • Software: means a computer program and any supporting information provided in connection with a transaction relating to the program. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Soil conditioner: means any substance that is used or intended for use to improve the physical characteristics of soil, including, but not limited to, materials such as peat moss and peat products, composted products, synthetic soil conditioners, or other products that are worked into the soil or are applied on the surface to improve the properties of the soil for enhancing plant growth. See Michigan Laws 324.8501a
  • Soil scientist: means a person who meets the qualification standards of the GS-470 soil scientist series established by the United States civil service commission. See Michigan Laws 324.60701
  • Soil survey: means the identification and description of kinds of soil, the plotting of boundaries on aerial photographs between kinds of soils, and the description and evaluation of their importance and response under various uses and management practices. See Michigan Laws 324.60701
  • Special duty: means military service in support of the full-time operation of the state military establishment for a period of not less than 1 day if ordered by competent authority. See Michigan Laws 32.505
  • Special election: means an election to elect an individual to, or nominate an individual for, a partial term in office or to submit a ballot question to the electors. See Michigan Laws 168.4
  • Special fiduciary: means a special fiduciary appointed by the court under sections 1308, 1309, 7704, 7815, and 7901 of the estates and protected individuals code, 1998 PA 386, MCL 700. See Michigan Laws 700.1002
  • Special power of appointment: means a special power as defined in section 2 of the powers of appointment act of 1967, 1967 PA 224, MCL 556. See Michigan Laws 700.1042
  • Spendthrift provision: means that term as defined in section 7103 of the estates and protected individuals code, 1998 PA 386, MCL 700. See Michigan Laws 700.1042
  • Staff judge advocate: means the commissioned officer responsible for supervising the administration of military justice within a command. See Michigan Laws 32.1002
  • State: means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, or any territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. See Michigan Laws 4.1121
  • State: means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, or any territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • State: means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, or any territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. See Michigan Laws 552.2102
  • State: means this state. See Michigan Laws 324.9301
  • State agency: means a state department, board, commission, office, agency, institution, or other unit of state government. See Michigan Laws 18.1701
  • State agency: means a department, board, commission, office, agency, authority, or other unit of state government. See Michigan Laws 2.161
  • State drinking water standards: means rules promulgated under Act 399 that establish water quality standards necessary to protect public health or that establish treatment techniques to meet these water quality standards. See Michigan Laws 324.5403
  • State executive officers: means the elected heads of the principal departments of this state. See Michigan Laws 31.2
  • State forester: means an employee of the department who has a 4-year degree in forest management from an accredited college or university and experience in forest management and who is designated as the state forester by the director. See Michigan Laws 324.50502
  • State geologist: means the chief of the office of oil, gas, and minerals, or a successor office, of the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.60101
  • State judge advocate general: means the commissioned officer responsible for supervising the administration of the military justice in the state military forces. See Michigan Laws 32.1002
  • State military forces: means the national guard of the state, as defined in 32 USC 101(3), and any other military force organized under the laws of the state. See Michigan Laws 32.1002
  • State of disaster: means an executive order or proclamation that activates the disaster response and recovery aspects of the state, local, and interjurisdictional emergency operations plans applicable to the counties or municipalities affected. See Michigan Laws 30.402
  • State of emergency: means an executive order or proclamation that activates the emergency response and recovery aspects of the state, local, and interjurisdictional emergency operations plans applicable to the counties or municipalities affected. See Michigan Laws 30.402
  • State public university: means a state university described in section 4, 5, or 6 of article VIII of the state constitution of 1963. See Michigan Laws 380.501
  • State public university: means a state university described in section 4, 5, or 6 of article VIII of the state constitution of 1963. See Michigan Laws 380.521
  • State public university: means a state university described in section 4, 5, or 6 of article VIII of the state constitution of 1963. See Michigan Laws 380.551
  • State university: means a state university described in section 4, 5, or 6 of article VIII of the state constitution of 1963. See Michigan Laws 324.60101
  • State water pollution control revolving fund: means the state water pollution control revolving fund established under section 16a of the shared credit rating act, 1985 PA 227, MCL 141. See Michigan Laws 324.5201
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • Statutes at large: A chronological listing of the laws enacted each Congress. They are published in volumes numbered by Congress.
  • Stock: means game. See Michigan Laws 324.42701
  • Stockpile: means material, including, but not limited to, surface overburden, rock, or lean ore, that in the process of ferrous mineral mining and beneficiation or treatment has been removed from the earth and stored on the surface. See Michigan Laws 324.63101
  • Stockpile: means material, including, but not limited to, surface overburden, rock, or lean ore, that in the process of mining and beneficiation or treatment has been removed from the earth and stored on the surface. See Michigan Laws 324.63201
  • Storage well: means a well drilled into a subsurface formation to develop an underground storage cavity for subsequent use in storage operations. See Michigan Laws 324.62501
  • Stormwater treatment project: means construction activities of a municipality on any device or system for the treatment, storage, recycling, or reclamation of storm water that is conveyed by a storm sewer that is separate from a sanitary sewer. See Michigan Laws 324.5301
  • strategic fund: means the fund under the Michigan strategic fund act, 1984 PA 270, MCL 125. See Michigan Laws 18.1753
  • Structure: includes a wharf, dock, pier, seawall, dam, weir, stream deflector, breakwater, groin, jetty, sewer, pipeline, cable, and bridge. See Michigan Laws 324.30101
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Superior commissioned officer: means a commissioned officer superior in rank or command. See Michigan Laws 32.1002
  • Supervisor: means the supervisor of a township elected under chapter XVI of the Michigan election law, Act No. See Michigan Laws 41.1b
  • Supervisor: means the supervisor of wells as provided by part 615 or his or her designee. See Michigan Laws 324.61601
  • Supervisor of mineral wells: means the state geologist. See Michigan Laws 324.62501
  • Supervisor of reclamation: means the department. See Michigan Laws 324.63101
  • supervisor of wells: means the department. See Michigan Laws 324.61501
  • Supplemental appropriation: Budget authority provided in an appropriations act in addition to regular or continuing appropriations already provided. Supplemental appropriations generally are made to cover emergencies, such as disaster relief, or other needs deemed too urgent to be postponed until the enactment of next year's regular appropriations act.
  • supplier: means a municipality or its designated representative accepted by the director, a legal business entity, or any other person who owns a public water supply. See Michigan Laws 324.5403
  • Support: means actual monetary payments made by a victim or intervenor to or for a person principally dependent on the victim or intervenor. See Michigan Laws 18.351
  • Support enforcement agency: means a public official or governmental entity or private agency authorized to do 1 or more of the following:

    (i) Seek enforcement of support orders or laws relating to the duty of support. See Michigan Laws 552.2102

  • Support order: means a judgment, decree, order, decision, or directive, whether temporary, final, or subject to modification, issued in a state or foreign country for the benefit of a child, a spouse, or a former spouse, that provides for monetary support, health care, arrearages, retroactive support, or reimbursement for financial assistance provided to an individual obligee in place of child support. See Michigan Laws 552.2102
  • Support provision: means that term as defined in section 7103 of the estates and protected individuals code, 1998 PA 386, MCL 700. See Michigan Laws 700.1042
  • Supporting obligation: means a letter-of-credit right or secondary obligation that supports the payment or performance of an account, chattel paper, a document, a general intangible, an instrument, or investment property. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Surface or open pit mining: means the mining of more than 10,000 tons of a ferrous mineral or disturbing more than 1 acre of land a year in the regular operation of a business either by removing the overburden lying above a natural deposit of a ferrous mineral and mining directly from the natural deposit exposed or by mining directly from a deposit lying exposed in the ferrous mineral's natural state. See Michigan Laws 324.63101
  • Sustainable forestry: means that term as it is defined in section 52501. See Michigan Laws 324.50502
  • system: means a system of pipes and structures through which water is obtained or distributed and includes any of the following that are actually used or intended to be used for the purpose of furnishing water for drinking or household purposes:

    (i) Wells and well structures. See Michigan Laws 324.5403

  • Tangible chattel paper: means chattel paper evidenced by a record or records consisting of information that is inscribed on a tangible medium. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Technical assistance: means the aid that the department shall provide to municipalities, counties, and other interested groups and individuals, on the use of the land resource and current use inventory and related information for planning and resource management decisions. See Michigan Laws 324.60901
  • Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
  • Tenancy in common: A type of property ownership in which two or more individuals have an undivided interest in property. At the death of one tenant in common, his (her) fractional percentage of ownership in the property passes to the decedent
  • Term: means a portion of an agreement that relates to a particular matter. See Michigan Laws 440.1201
  • Termination statement: means an amendment of a financing statement that identifies, by its file number, the initial financing statement to which it relates and indicates either that it is a termination statement or that the identified financing statement is no longer effective. See Michigan Laws 440.9102
  • Terms-of-service agreement: means an agreement that controls the relationship between a user and a digital custodian. See Michigan Laws 700.1002
  • Test well: means a well, core hole, core test, observation well, or other well drilled from the surface to determine the presence of a mineral, mineral resource, ore, or rock unit, or to obtain geological or geophysical information or other subsurface data related to mineral exploration and extraction. See Michigan Laws 324.62501
  • Testator: A male person who leaves a will at death.
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Threshold reporting quantity: means that term as defined in R 324. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Township board: means the township board of a township constituted as provided in section 70. See Michigan Laws 41.1b
  • Toxic substance: means a substance that contains lead, or a coating on an item that contains lead, so that the lead content is more than 0. See Michigan Laws 333.5491
  • Toy: means an article designed and made for the amusement of a minor or for the minor's use in play. See Michigan Laws 333.5491
  • Tract: means tract as that term is used by the United States department of commerce, bureau of the census in conducting the 2010 decennial census. See Michigan Laws 3.55
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Transferor: means any of the following, as applicable:

    (i) A person and, for more than 1 owner of undivided interests, each of several persons, who, as a beneficial owner of certain property, or as the holder of a general power of appointment over certain property, directly or indirectly, makes a disposition of the property or causes a disposition to be made. See Michigan Laws 700.1042

  • Transmitting utility: means a person primarily engaged in the business of 1 of the following:

    (i) Operating a railroad, subway, street railway, or trolley bus. See Michigan Laws 440.9102

  • Treasurer: means the treasurer of a township elected under chapter XVI of Act No. See Michigan Laws 41.1b
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Tribunal: means a court, administrative agency, or quasi-judicial entity authorized to establish, enforce, or modify support orders or to determine parentage of a child. See Michigan Laws 552.2102
  • Trout stream: means any stream or portion of a stream that contains a significant population of any species of trout or salmon as determined by the department. See Michigan Laws 324.48701
  • Trust: means that term as defined in section 1107 of the estates and protected individuals code, 1998 PA 386, MCL 700. See Michigan Laws 700.1002
  • Trust beneficiary: means that term as defined in section 7103 of the estates and protected individuals code, 1998 PA 386, MCL 700. See Michigan Laws 700.1042
  • Trust instrument: means an instrument appointing a qualified trustee or qualified trustees for the property that is the subject of a disposition to which all of the following apply:

    (i) The instrument expressly incorporates the law of this state to govern the validity, construction, and administration of the trust. See Michigan Laws 700.1042

  • Trustee: means that term as defined in section 1107 of the estates and protected individuals code, 1998 PA 386, MCL 700. See Michigan Laws 700.1002
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Trustee: means a trustee of a township elected under chapter XVI of Act No. See Michigan Laws 41.1b
  • Tuition: means the cost of a course of study at an eligible educational institution, including the cost of instructional fees, laboratory fees, computer fees, and other fees directly related to that eligible person's specific course of study at that eligible educational institution. See Michigan Laws 32.432
  • Tuition assistance program: means the Michigan national guard tuition assistance program created in section 3. See Michigan Laws 32.432
  • Turf: means land, including residential, commercial, or industrial property, golf courses, or publicly owned land, that is planted in closely mowed, managed grass, except land used in the operation of a commercial farm. See Michigan Laws 324.8501
  • Unavailable: means that the lawful incumbent of the office, including any deputy exercising the powers and discharging the duties of the office because of a vacancy, and his duly authorized deputy are not available to exercise the powers and discharge the duties of the office. See Michigan Laws 31.2
  • Underground storage cavity: means a cavity formed by dissolving rock salt or other readily soluble rock or mineral, by nuclear explosion, or by any other method for the purpose of storage or disposal. See Michigan Laws 324.62501
  • Underground waste: means damage or injury to potable water, mineralized water, or other subsurface resources. See Michigan Laws 324.62501
  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
  • Unit: means a regularly organized body of the military that is not larger than a company or squadron. See Michigan Laws 32.1002
  • Unit area: means the formation or formations that are unitized and surface acreage that is a part of the unitized lands, as described in the plan for unit operations that is the subject of the supervisor's order as provided in section 61706. See Michigan Laws 324.61701
  • Unit expense: means any and all cost, expense, or indebtedness incurred by the unit in the establishment of its organization or incurred in the conduct and management of its affairs or the operations conducted by it. See Michigan Laws 324.61701
  • Unit of local government: means a political subdivision of this state, including school districts, community college districts, intermediate school districts, public school academies, cities, villages, townships, counties, and authorities, if the political subdivision has as its primary purpose the providing of local governmental service for citizens in a geographically limited area of the state and has the power to act primarily on behalf of that area. See Michigan Laws 2.161
  • Unit production: means all indigenous oil and gas produced and saved from a unit area after the effective date of the order of the supervisor creating the unit, regardless of the well or tract within the unit area from which that oil and gas is produced. See Michigan Laws 324.61701
  • Upland: means the land area that lies above the ordinary high-water mark. See Michigan Laws 324.30101
  • Use: means the loading, mixing, applying, storing, transporting, or disposing of a fertilizer. See Michigan Laws 324.8501a
  • User: means a person that has an account with a digital custodian. See Michigan Laws 700.1002
  • utility line: means any pipe or pipeline used for the transportation of any gaseous, liquid, liquescent, or slurry substance, for any purpose, and any cable, line, or wire for the transmission for any purpose of electrical energy, telephone or telegraph messages, or radio or television communication. See Michigan Laws 324.30305
  • Variable Rate: Having a "variable" rate means that the APR changes from time to time based on fluctuations in an external rate, normally the Prime Rate. This external rate is known as the "index." If the index changes, the variable rate normally changes. Also see Fixed Rate.
  • Vehicle: means a motor vehicle registered or required to be registered under the Michigan vehicle code, 1949 PA 300, MCL 257. See Michigan Laws 324.8901
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • Vessel: means a vessel registered under part 801. See Michigan Laws 324.8901
  • veteran: means an individual who meets all of the following:

    (a) Is a veteran as defined in section 1 of 1965 PA 190, MCL 35. See Michigan Laws 35.441

  • veteran: means an individual who meets all of the following:

    (a) Is a veteran as defined in section 1 of 1965 PA 190, MCL 35. See Michigan Laws 35.602

  • Veteran: means an individual who meets all of the following:

    (i) Is a veteran as defined in section 1 of 1965 PA 190, MCL 35. See Michigan Laws 35.922

  • Veteran: means an individual who meets both of the following:

    (i) Is a veteran as defined in section 1 of 1965 PA 190, MCL 35. See Michigan Laws 35.972

  • Veteran: means an individual who meets both of the following:

    (i) Is a veteran as defined in section 1 of 1965 PA 190, MCL 35. See Michigan Laws 35.1001

  • Veteran: means an individual who meets both of the following:

    (i) Is a veteran as defined in section 1 of 1965 PA 190, MCL 35. See Michigan Laws 35.1022

  • veterans administration: means the United States veterans administration, its predecessors or successors. See Michigan Laws 35.71
  • Veto: The procedure established under the Constitution by which the President/Governor refuses to approve a bill or joint resolution and thus prevents its enactment into law. A regular veto occurs when the President/Governor returns the legislation to the house in which it originated. The President/Governor usually returns a vetoed bill with a message indicating his reasons for rejecting the measure. In Congress, the veto can be overridden only by a two-thirds vote in both the Senate and the House.
  • Victim: means a person who suffers a personal physical injury as a direct result of a crime. See Michigan Laws 18.351
  • Vital resource: means a public or private building, facility, property, or location that the governor considers necessary to protect the public health, safety, and welfare of the citizens of this state. See Michigan Laws 32.505
  • Voice vote: A vote in which the Presiding Officer states the question, then asks those in favor and against to say "Yea" or "Nay," respectively, and announces the result according to his or her judgment. The names or numbers of legisators voting on each side are not recorded.
  • Volunteer agreement: means the contract entered into between the department and a Michigan cyber civilian corps volunteer under section 4. See Michigan Laws 18.222
  • ward: means a beneficiary of the veterans administration. See Michigan Laws 35.71
  • Waste rock: means earth material that is excavated during mining, from which the economically recoverable native copper has been separated, and that is stored on the surface for 1 year or more. See Michigan Laws 324.63401
  • Water supply system: includes all plants, work, instrumentalities, and properties used or useful in connection with obtaining a water supply, the treatment of water, and the distribution of water. See Michigan Laws 324.4701
  • Water table: means the surface in an unconfined aquifer at which the pressure is atmospheric. See Michigan Laws 324.63701
  • water withdrawal: means the removal of water from its source for any purpose. See Michigan Laws 324.30103
  • waterbody: means groundwaters, lakes, ponds, rivers, streams, and wetlands and all other watercourses and waters within the jurisdiction of this state including the Great Lakes bordering this state. See Michigan Laws 324.3302
  • Watercraft: means a contrivance used or capable of being used for navigation upon water, whether or not capable of self-propulsion, including foreign and domestic vessels engaged in commerce upon the waters of this state, passenger or other cargo-carrying vessels, and privately owned recreational watercraft. See Michigan Laws 324.9501
  • Waters: means any inland lake, stream, river, pond, or other body of water including the Great Lakes and connecting waters, any part or portion of such waters, and any and all chains, systems, or combinations of such waters, in any township or townships or county or counties, within this state, and in which any species of fish or waterfowl are protected by the laws of this state. See Michigan Laws 324.41101
  • Waters of the state: means groundwaters, lakes, rivers, and streams and all other watercourses and waters, including the Great Lakes, within the jurisdiction of this state. See Michigan Laws 324.3101
  • Waters of this state: means waters within the territorial limits of this state including the waters of the Great Lakes that are under the jurisdiction of this state. See Michigan Laws 324.9501
  • Wetland: means land characterized by the presence of water at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and that under normal circumstances does support, wetland vegetation or aquatic life, and is commonly referred to as a bog, swamp, or marsh, and which is any of the following:

    (i) Contiguous to the Great Lakes or Lake St. See Michigan Laws 324.30301

  • Wetland mitigation bank: means a site where wetlands are restored, created, or preserved for the purpose of doing both of the following:

    (i) To provide compensatory mitigation in accordance with the provisions of part 303, in advance of authorized, unavoidable impacts to wetlands. See Michigan Laws 324.5201

  • Wiggler: means an aquatic egg, nymph, or larva of an insect. See Michigan Laws 324.41301
  • Wigglers: means Mayfly nymphs or any other aquatic insect nymphs or larvae. See Michigan Laws 324.48728
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.
  • writing: includes printing, typewriting, or any other intentional reduction to tangible form. See Michigan Laws 440.1201