§ 559 Legislative Findings
§ 560 Short Title
§ 561 Definitions
§ 562 Tuition Reimbursement Payments to Parents
§ 563 Commissioner; Powers

Terms Used In New York Laws > Education > Title 1 > Article 12-A

  • Approved assessing unit: shall mean an assessing unit certified by the commissioner, pursuant to section nineteen hundred two of this chapter, as having completed a revaluation which is in conformance with the commissioner's rules and regulations. See N.Y. Real Property Tax Law 701
  • assessed value: means the determination made by assessors or the board of assessment review of the valuation of real property, including the valuation of exempt real property. See N.Y. Real Property Tax Law 701
  • assessed value: means the determination made by assessors or the board of assessment review of the valuation of real property, including the valuation of exempt real property. See N.Y. Real Property Tax Law 729
  • City: means the city of New York. See N.Y. Real Property Tax Law 583
  • Class designation: shall mean :

    (a) In an assessing unit other than a special assessing unit, the determination, pursuant to section nineteen hundred three of this chapter, of whether real property is included in the homestead class; or

    (b) In a special assessing unit, the determination, pursuant to section eighteen hundred two of this chapter, of whether real property is included in class one, two, three or four. See N.Y. Real Property Tax Law 701

  • Commissioner: means the commissioner, director or superintendent of financial services in any other state. See N.Y. Real Property Tax Law 730
  • Commissioner: means the commissioner of education of the State of New York. See N.Y. Penal Law 55.10
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Finance charge: The total cost of credit a customer must pay on a consumer loan, including interest. The Truth in Lending Act requires disclosure of the finance charge. Source: OCC
  • Financially impaired: means a risk retention group:

    (1) whose admitted assets are less than the sum of its aggregate liabilities and the amount of surplus to policyholders required to be maintained by a domestic risk retention group authorized to do the same kind or kinds of insurance; or

    (2) whose admitted assets are less than the sum of its aggregate liabilities and outstanding capital stock; or

    (3) which is insolvent. See N.Y. Real Property Tax Law 730

  • Hazardous financial condition: means that, based on its present or reasonably anticipated financial condition, a risk retention group, although not yet financially impaired, is unlikely to be able:

    (1) to meet obligations to policyholders with respect to known claims and reasonably anticipated claims; or

    (2) to pay other obligations in the normal course of business. See N.Y. Real Property Tax Law 730

  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Liability: means legal liability for damages (including costs of defense, legal costs and fees, and other claims expenses) because of injuries to other persons, damage to their property, or other damage or loss to such other persons resulting from or arising out of:

    (1) (A) any business (whether profit or nonprofit), trade, product, services (including professional services), premises, or operations; or

    (B) any activity of any state or local government, or any agency or political subdivision thereof; and

    (2) does not include personal risk liability and an employer's liability with respect to its employees other than legal liability under the Federal Employers' Liability Act (45 U. See N.Y. Real Property Tax Law 730

  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Market: means a line, subline or classification (other than a classification delineated by geographic location) of property/casualty insurance not subject to subsection (b) of section two thousand three hundred five, section two thousand three hundred twenty-eight or section three thousand four hundred twenty-five of this chapter. See N.Y. Real Property Tax Law 589-A
  • Nonpublic school: means any nonprofit elementary or secondary school in the State of New York, other than a public school, which (i) is providing instruction in accordance with article seventeen and section thirty-two hundred four of this chapter, (ii) has not been found to be in violation of Title VI Civil Rights Act of 1964, 78 Stat. See N.Y. Penal Law 55.10
  • Parent: means a legal resident of the state of New York with a New York taxable income of under five thousand dollars who is a parent, stepparent, adoptive parent and the spouse of an adoptive parent of a pupil enrolled in a nonpublic school, or a resident with such taxable income standing in loco parentis to such pupil. See N.Y. Penal Law 55.10
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Plan of operation or feasibility study: means an analysis which presents the expected activities and results of a risk retention group making application to become chartered and licensed as a domestic property/casualty insurer in this state, including at least the following:

    (1) information sufficient to verify that its members are engaged in businesses or activities similar or related with respect to the liability to which such members are exposed by virtue of any related, similar, or common business, trade, product, services, premises or operations;

    (2) for each state in which it intends to operate, the coverages, deductibles, coverage limits, rates, and rating classification systems for each kind of insurance the group intends to offer;

    (3) historical and expected loss experience of the proposed members and national experience of similar exposures to the extent that this experience is reasonably available;

    (4) pro forma financial statements and projections;

    (5) appropriate opinions by a qualified, independent casualty actuary, including a determination of minimum premium or participation levels required to commence operations and to prevent the development of a hazardous financial condition;

    (6) identification of management, underwriting and claims procedures, marketing methods, managerial oversight methods, investment policies and reinsurance agreements;

    (7) identification of each state in which the risk retention group has obtained, or sought to obtain, a charter and license, and a description of its status in each state; and

    (8) such other matters as may be prescribed by the commissioner of the state in which the risk retention group is chartered for liability insurance companies authorized by the insurance laws of the state. See N.Y. Real Property Tax Law 730

  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Pretrial conference: A meeting of the judge and lawyers to discuss which matters should be presented to the jury, to review evidence and witnesses, to set a timetable, and to discuss the settlement of the case.
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Product liability: means liability for damages because of any personal injury, death, emotional harm, consequential economic damage, or property damage (including damages resulting from the loss of use of property) arising out of the manufacture, design, importation, distribution, packaging, labeling, lease, or sale of a product, but does not include the liability of any person for those damages if the product involved was in the possession of such a person when the incident giving rise to the claim occurred. See N.Y. Real Property Tax Law 730
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Pupil: means a resident of the state of New York who has been enrolled full-time in a nonpublic school and whose parents' combined taxable income is less than five thousand dollars. See N.Y. Penal Law 55.10
  • Purchasing group: means any group formed pursuant to the federal liability risk retention act of 1986 which:

    (1) has as one of its purposes the purchase of liability insurance on a group basis;

    (2) purchases such insurance only for its group members and only to cover their similar or related liability exposure, as described in paragraph three of this subsection;

    (3) is composed of members whose businesses or activities are similar or related with respect to the liability to which members are exposed by virtue of any related, similar, or common business, trade, product, services, premises, or operations; and

    (4) is domiciled in any state. See N.Y. Real Property Tax Law 730

  • Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
  • Regular school year: means all of the months of the calendar year exclusive of July and August. See N.Y. Penal Law 55.10
  • Risk retention group: means any corporation or other limited liability association formed pursuant to the federal liability risk retention act of 1986:

    (1) whose primary activity consists of assuming and spreading all, or any portion, of the liability exposure of its group members;

    (2) which is organized for the primary purpose of conducting the activity described under paragraph one of this subsection;

    (3) which:

    (A) is chartered and licensed as a liability insurance company and authorized to engage in the business of insurance under the laws of any state; or

    (B) before January first, nineteen hundred eighty-five, was chartered or licensed and authorized to engage in the business of insurance under the laws of Bermuda or the Cayman Islands and, before such date, had certified to the insurance commissioner of at least one state that it satisfied the capitalization requirements of such state, except that any such group shall be considered to be a risk retention group only if it has been engaged in business continuously since such date and only for the purpose of continuing to provide insurance to cover product liability or completed operations liability;

    (4) which does not exclude any person from membership in the group solely to provide for members of such a group a competitive advantage over such a person;

    (5) which:

    (A) has as its owners only persons who comprise the membership of the risk retention group and who are provided insurance by such group; or

    (B) has as its sole owner an organization which has as its members only persons who comprise the membership of the risk retention group and which organization has as its owners only persons who comprise the membership of the risk retention group and who are provided insurance by the risk retention group;

    (6) whose members are engaged in businesses or activities similar or related with respect to the liability of which such members are exposed by virtue of any related, similar, or common business trade, product, services, premises or operations;

    (7) whose activities do not include the provision of insurance other than:

    (A) liability insurance for assuming and spreading all or any portion of the liability of its group members; and

    (B) reinsurance with respect to the liability of any other risk retention group (or any member of such other risk retention group) which is engaged in businesses or activities which meet the requirement described in paragraph six of this subsection for membership in the risk retention group which provides such reinsurance; and

    (8) the name of which includes the phrase "risk retention group". See N.Y. Real Property Tax Law 730

  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Special assessing unit: shall mean an assessing unit with a population of one million or more. See N.Y. Real Property Tax Law 701
  • State: means any state of the United States or the District of Columbia. See N.Y. Real Property Tax Law 730
  • Superintendent: means the superintendent of financial services of this state. See N.Y. Real Property Tax Law 730
  • Tax district: means a county, city, town, village, school district or special district by or on behalf of which a tax or special ad valorem levy is imposed. See N.Y. Real Property Tax Law 729
  • taxable assessed value: means the assessed valuation of real property less partial exemptions. See N.Y. Real Property Tax Law 701
  • taxable assessed value: means the assessed valuation of real property less partial exemptions. See N.Y. Real Property Tax Law 729
  • Taxable income: means the amount of combined net taxable income, if any, of both parents computed in accordance with the provisions of section six hundred eleven of the tax law computed without the benefit of the modification of federal adjusted gross income for nonpublic school tuition pursuant to paragraph (14) of subsection (c) of section six hundred twelve of the tax law, for the year for which a tuition reimbursement payment is sought. See N.Y. Penal Law 55.10
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Tuition: means the amount actually paid by a parent for the enrollment of a pupil at a nonpublic school for the calendar year for which a tuition reimbursement payment is sought. See N.Y. Penal Law 55.10
  • Watershed agricultural easement: means a watershed conservation easement which allows the land subject to such easement to be utilized in agricultural production. See N.Y. Real Property Tax Law 583
  • Watershed conservation easement: means an easement, covenant, restriction or other interest in real property purchased by or on behalf of the city of New York that is located in those areas of the counties of Delaware, Dutchess, Greene, Putnam, Schoharie, Sullivan, Ulster and Westchester located in the watershed of the New York city water supply, created under and subject to the provisions of article forty-nine of the environmental conservation law which, for the purpose of maintaining the open space, natural condition, or character of the real property in a manner consistent with the protection of water quality generally and the New York city water supply specifically, limits or restricts development, management or use of such real property. See N.Y. Real Property Tax Law 583
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.
  • Writ of certiorari: An order issued by the Supreme Court directing the lower court to transmit records for a case for which it will hear on appeal.