§ 3313.01 Membership of board of education or governing board of service center
§ 3313.02 Membership of boards in city school districts
§ 3313.03 Redistricting into subdistricts
§ 3313.04 Petition for submission of question of number of members and organization of board
§ 3313.05 Submission of plans to electors – contents – separate ballot
§ 3313.06 Election – expense of commission
§ 3313.07 Adoption by majority vote
§ 3313.08 Election of members
§ 3313.09 Term of office of members
§ 3313.10 Oath of office of member
§ 3313.11 Vacancy in board
§ 3313.12 Compensation and mileage
§ 3313.13 Membership restriction
§ 3313.131 Member of governing authority of community school prohibited from membership on board of education
§ 3313.14 Annual organizational meeting
§ 3313.15 Regular meetings of board
§ 3313.16 Special meetings of board
§ 3313.17 Corporate powers of the board
§ 3313.171 Consultant services
§ 3313.172 Purchase, lease, or lease-purchase of motor vehicles
§ 3313.173 Reward for information on person who commits violation of law
§ 3313.18 Quorum – recording of votes – adoption of annual appropriation resolution
§ 3313.19 Power of board to compound or release claims due from banks
§ 3313.20 Rules – locker search policy – professional meetings
§ 3313.201 Procurement of insurance against liability of officers, employees, and pupils of district
§ 3313.202 Insurance and fringe benefits
§ 3313.203 Liability insurance – indemnification
§ 3313.204 Advertise offering of adult education classes
§ 3313.205 Notification of student’s absence from school
§ 3313.206 McGruff House symbol
§ 3313.207 Latchkey program definitions
§ 3313.208 School district participation in provision of latchkey programs
§ 3313.209 Options for districts that do not operate a latchkey program
§ 3313.21 Authority of school board over selection of instructional materials and curriculum
§ 3313.211 Employee compensation while serving as juror
§ 3313.212 Parental review of instructional materials, etc
§ 3313.22 Appointment of treasurer – re-employment – evaluation
§ 3313.222 Agreement of districts to jointly employ treasurer
§ 3313.23 Absence or incapacitation of treasurer
§ 3313.24 Compensation of treasurer
§ 3313.25 Bond of treasurer of board
§ 3313.26 Record of proceedings
§ 3313.261 Treasurer to notify board of elections of changes in boundaries
§ 3313.27 Delivery of funds to board at expiration of term of treasurer – certificate
§ 3313.28 Delivery of records to successor
§ 3313.29 Treasurer to keep account of school funds – vouchers
§ 3313.291 Petty cash account
§ 3313.30 Declaration that school district is unauditable; notice
§ 3313.31 Treasurer to perform all duties relating to moneys
§ 3313.32 Moneys to be placed with treasurer when depository ceases to act
§ 3313.33 Conveyances and contracts
§ 3313.34 Process against boards
§ 3313.35 Legal adviser of boards of education and governing board of an educational service center
§ 3313.351 Information regarding contracting with online service providers
§ 3313.36 Acceptance of bequests, gifts, or endowments
§ 3313.37 Powers regarding school buildings and facilities; educational service centers; acquisition of property and equipment
§ 3313.371 Governing board of service center may borrow money to purchase computer equipment
§ 3313.372 Installment payment contract for purchase and installation of energy conservation measures
§ 3313.373 Shared-savings contract
§ 3313.374 Installment payment contract for construction and purchase of administrative offices
§ 3313.375 Lease-purchase agreement for building or improvements to building
§ 3313.376 Service centers may jointly purchase commodities
§ 3313.38 Residence for principal or teacher when school district inaccessible from mainland
§ 3313.39 Appropriation of land
§ 3313.40 Exchange of real estate
§ 3313.41 Disposal of real or personal property – acquisition of real property
§ 3313.411 Lease or sale of unused school facilities
§ 3313.412 Direct sale or lease of real property to STEM school
§ 3313.413 Priority consideration of high-performing community schools in sale or lease of real property or school facilities
§ 3313.42 School district of this state and another state may maintain a school jointly
§ 3313.43 Dedication of school lands for street purposes – certificate of dedication
§ 3313.44 School property exempt from taxation
§ 3313.45 Board may execute and deliver contracts or leases to mineral lands
§ 3313.451 Investigation, exploration, production of oil and gas
§ 3313.46 Contract bidding process – exceptions
§ 3313.47 Management and control of schools vested in board of education
§ 3313.471 Presentation of career information
§ 3313.472 Policy on parental and foster caregiver involvement in schools
§ 3313.48 Free education to be provided; hours in a school year
§ 3313.481 School schedule
§ 3313.482 Plans for completion of make up days via web access
§ 3313.483 Delaying opening for financial reasons
§ 3313.484 Loans after 3-1-98 prohibited – subsidy for interest expense
§ 3313.487 Report on district’s financial condition
§ 3313.488 Board to prepare fiscal statements for current and ensuing year
§ 3313.489 Determining whether district may be unable to operate during entire school year
§ 3313.4810 Receiving loans
§ 3313.49 Suspension of school – resolution of board – transfer of pupils
§ 3313.50 Record of tests – statistical data – individual records
§ 3313.51 Disbursement and deposit of school funds
§ 3313.52 Evening schools
§ 3313.53 Special instruction departments and schools – pupil-activity programs
§ 3313.531 Adult high school continuation program
§ 3313.5310 Information and training regarding sudden cardiac arrest
§ 3313.5311 Access to public school extracurricular activities by nonpublic school students
§ 3313.5312 Access to public school extracurricular activities by homeschooled students
§ 3313.5314 Participation in college credit plus program
§ 3313.532 Excusing of disabled adults from taking achievement tests
§ 3313.533 Alternative school – plan
§ 3313.534 Policy of zero tolerance for violent, disruptive or inappropriate behavior
§ 3313.535 Conditions for participation in interscholastic extracurricular activities
§ 3313.536 School emergency management plans
§ 3313.537 Community school student participation in public school activities
§ 3313.538 Participation in interscholastic sports; residency
§ 3313.539 Concussions and school athletics
§ 3313.54 Americanization schools
§ 3313.55 Provision for education of children in hospital or institution
§ 3313.56 Part-time schools or classes
§ 3313.57 Summer vacation period activities provided or approved by boards
§ 3313.58 Supervision of social and recreational work – employment of instructors
§ 3313.59 Cooperation with public officials to provide other recreational activities
§ 3313.60 Prescribed curriculum
§ 3313.601 Moment of silence – free exercise or expression of religious beliefs
§ 3313.602 Pledge of allegiance – principles of democracy and ethics – Veterans’ day observance
§ 3313.603 Requirements for high school graduation – workforce or college preparatory units
§ 3313.604 Courses in American sign language
§ 3313.605 Community service education program
§ 3313.606 Education television courses and programs
§ 3313.607 Career plan and individual career passport for students
§ 3313.608 Fourth grade reading capability
§ 3313.609 Grade promotion and retention policy
§ 3313.6010 Contracting with academic remediation and intervention providers
§ 3313.6011 Instruction in venereal disease education emphasizing abstinence
§ 3313.6012 Policy governing conduct of academic prevention/intervention services
§ 3313.6013 Advanced standing programs for college credit
§ 3313.6014 Parental notification of core curriculum requirements
§ 3313.6015 Resolution describing how district will address college and career readiness and financial literacy
§ 3313.6016 Daily physical activity for students; pilot program
§ 3313.6017 Alternative methods of delivering content
§ 3313.6018 Extended programming
§ 3313.6019 Agricultural education programs
§ 3313.6020 Policy on career advising
§ 3313.6021 Instruction in cardiopulmonary resuscitation and the use of an automated external defibrillator in high schools
§ 3313.6022 Released time courses in religious instruction
§ 3313.6023 Training in the use of an automated external defibrillator for school district employees
§ 3313.61 Diploma or honors diploma
§ 3313.611 Standards for awarding high school credit equivalent to credit for completion of high school academic and vocational education courses
§ 3313.6110 Diploma granted by parent or guardian
§ 3313.6111 State seal of biliteracy
§ 3313.612 Graduation test requirements or alternative conditions for nonpublic schools
§ 3313.613 Awarding high school credit for course completed outside regular school hours at accredited post-secondary institution
§ 3313.614 Testing requirements for fulfilling curriculum requirement for diploma
§ 3313.615 Alternative conditions for eligibility for diploma where person passes all but one graduation test
§ 3313.616 Diploma may be granted to veteran
§ 3313.618 Extra-curricular requirements for diploma
§ 3313.619 Diploma for students attaining designated score on assessment approved by department
§ 3313.62 School year, week
§ 3313.63 School holidays specified
§ 3313.64 Free schooling – tuition for nonresidents
§ 3313.641 Summer schools, adult classes, postgraduate instruction and other classes
§ 3313.6411 Providing report card to parent
§ 3313.642 Materials for course of instruction
§ 3313.643 Eye protective devices
§ 3313.644 Contracts for training of out-of-school youth or adults
§ 3313.645 Admission without tuition
§ 3313.646 Preschool programs
§ 3313.647 Policy guaranteeing specific level of competency of certain graduates of district
§ 3313.648 Prohibiting incentives to enroll in district
§ 3313.649 Enrolling child subject of power of attorney or caretaker authorization affidavit
§ 3313.6410 Withdrawal of computer-based school student failing to take tests
§ 3313.66 Suspension, expulsion or permanent exclusion – removal from curricular or extracurricular activities
§ 3313.661 Policy regarding suspension, expulsion, removal, and permanent exclusion
§ 3313.662 Adjudication order permanently excluding pupil from public schools
§ 3313.663 Parental education or training program
§ 3313.664 Policy prohibiting student from participating in extracurricular activities
§ 3313.665 Conditions for adopting dress code or school uniform policy
§ 3313.666 District policy prohibiting harassment, intimidation, or bullying required
§ 3313.667 District bullying prevention initiatives
§ 3313.668 Removal from school based on absences
§ 3313.67 Immunization of pupils – immunization record – annual summary
§ 3313.671 Proof of required immunizations – exceptions
§ 3313.672 Presenting school records, custody order if applicable and certification of birth by new pupil
§ 3313.673 Screening of beginning pupils for special learning needs
§ 3313.674 Body mass index and weight screening
§ 3313.68 Employment of physicians, dentists and nurses – delegation of duties and powers to board of health
§ 3313.69 Hearing and visual tests of school children – exemptions
§ 3313.70 Member of board cannot be school physician, dentist, or nurse
§ 3313.71 Examinations and diagnoses by school physician
§ 3313.711 Applicable to which schools
§ 3313.7110 Procurement of epinephrine autoinjectors for public schools
§ 3313.7111 Procurement of epinephrine autoinjectors for nonpublic schools
§ 3313.7112 Diabetes care
§ 3313.7113 Procurement of inhalers by board
§ 3313.7114 Procurement of inhalers by nonpublic school
§ 3313.712 Emergency medical authorization
§ 3313.713 Policy for employees to administer drugs prescribed by physicians to students
§ 3313.714 Healthcheck program for recipients of medical assistance
§ 3313.715 District board may request identification numbers of students who are medicaid recipients
§ 3313.716 Possession and use metered dose inhaler or dry powder inhaler to alleviate asthmatic symptoms
§ 3313.717 Placement of automatic external defibrillator in schools – staff training – qualified immunity
§ 3313.718 Possession and use of epinephrine autoinjector to treat anaphylaxis
§ 3313.719 Food allergy protection policy
§ 3313.72 Contract with health district for services of physician, dentist, or nurse
§ 3313.721 Health care for students
§ 3313.73 Board of health to make examination – report – recommendations to parents
§ 3313.74 Certain institutions and establishments not permitted near schools
§ 3313.75 Use of school premises generally
§ 3313.751 Prohibition against tobacco possession or use
§ 3313.752 Posting of warning concerning anabolic steroids to be posted in locker rooms
§ 3313.753 Prohibition against students carrying electronic communications devices
§ 3313.76 School premises available for educational and recreational purposes
§ 3313.77 Use of school premises for public meetings and entertainments
§ 3313.78 Political meetings on school premises – liability for damage
§ 3313.79 Responsibility for damage – payment of actual expenses
§ 3313.791 Liability for damages arising from use of school premises
§ 3313.80 Display of the national flag
§ 3313.801 Display of national and Ohio mottoes
§ 3313.81 Management and control of food service operation – provision of meals to the elderly
§ 3313.811 Sale of uniform school supplies
§ 3313.812 Food service to multiple districts or schools within districts
§ 3313.813 Food programs – outdoor education centers
§ 3313.814 Standards governing types of foods and beverages sold on school premises
§ 3313.815 Employee trained in Heimlich maneuver to be present while students served food
§ 3313.816 Sale of a la carte beverage items
§ 3313.817 A la carte foods; determination of nutritional value; software
§ 3313.82 Business advisory councils
§ 3313.83 Regional student education districts
§ 3313.84 Exchange of teaching services authorized – regulations
§ 3313.841 Sharing on cooperative basis services of supervisory, special instruction, and special education teachers
§ 3313.842 Joint educational programs
§ 3313.843 Agreement for educational service center to provide services to city or exempted village district
§ 3313.844 Agreement for providing educational service center services to community school
§ 3313.845 Additional agreement for educational service center to provide services to school district
§ 3313.846 Provision of services to political subdivisions by educational service center
§ 3313.848 Disposition of unexpended funds under service agreement
§ 3313.849 Agreements to share services
§ 3313.85 Failure of board of education or governing board to fill vacancy
§ 3313.86 Health and safety review
§ 3313.87 Board of education may join school boards’ association
§ 3313.871 Payment of annual membership dues and service fees to accrediting associations
§ 3313.89 Publication of information regarding online education and career planning tool
§ 3313.90 Career-technical education programs
§ 3313.901 Plan for accelerating modernization of vocational curriculum
§ 3313.902 Adult career opportunity pilot program
§ 3313.903 Measures of skill attainment
§ 3313.91 Contract to purchase vocational education or vocational rehabilitation service
§ 3313.911 Assigning district to a joint vocational district
§ 3313.92 Joint school building projects
§ 3313.93 Occupational work adjustment laboratory – student wages
§ 3313.941 Racial data collection for students to include multiracial category
§ 3313.95 Contract for police officer to assist in working with students concerning use of alcohol and drugs of abuse
§ 3313.96 Informational programs relative to missing children – fingerprinting program
§ 3313.97 Alternative school open enrollment policy procedures
§ 3313.974 Pilot project scholarship program definitions
§ 3313.975 Pilot project scholarship program
§ 3313.976 Registering school
§ 3313.977 Priorities for admission of students
§ 3313.978 Implementation of program
§ 3313.979 Payment of scholarships or grants
§ 3313.98 Procedures for enrolling students from adjacent districts or other districts
§ 3313.981 Reporting numbers of adjacent district and other district joint vocational students
§ 3313.982 Restricting admission schools on basis of academic, athletic, artistic, or other skills
§ 3313.983 Joint vocational school district to adopt policy for enrollment of students from adjacent or other district
§ 3313.99 Penalty

Terms Used In Ohio Code > Chapter 3313

  • advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • agriculture: includes farming; ranching; aquaculture; algaculture meaning the farming of algae; apiculture and related apicultural activities, production of honey, beeswax, honeycomb, and other related products; horticulture; viticulture, winemaking, and related activities; animal husbandry, including, but not limited to, the care and raising of livestock, equine, and fur-bearing animals; poultry husbandry and the production of poultry and poultry products; dairy production; the production of field crops, tobacco, fruits, vegetables, nursery stock, ornamental shrubs, ornamental trees, flowers, sod, or mushrooms; timber; pasturage; any combination of the foregoing; the processing, drying, storage, and marketing of agricultural products when those activities are conducted in conjunction with, but are secondary to, such husbandry or production; and any additions or modifications to the foregoing made by the director of agriculture by rule adopted in accordance with Chapter 119. See Ohio Code 1.61
  • amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • annual percentage rate: The cost of credit at a yearly rate. It is calculated in a standard way, taking the average compound interest rate over the term of the loan so borrowers can compare loans. Lenders are required by law to disclose a card account's APR. Source: FDIC
  • Another: when used to designate the owner of property which is the subject of an offense, includes not only natural persons but also every other owner of property. See Ohio Code 1.02
  • appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • attorney-in-fact: A person who, acting as an agent, is given written authorization by another person to transact business for him (her) out of court.
  • bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • Bond: includes an undertaking. See Ohio Code 1.02
  • Certified nurse practitioner: means an advanced practice registered nurse who holds a current, valid license issued under Chapter 4723. See Ohio Code 1.64
  • Certified nurse-midwife: means an advanced practice registered nurse who holds a current, valid license issued under Chapter 4723. See Ohio Code 1.64
  • Child: includes child by adoption. See Ohio Code 1.59
  • Clinical nurse specialist: means an advanced practice registered nurse who holds a current, valid license issued under Chapter 4723. See Ohio Code 1.64
  • common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • devise: To gift property by will.
  • discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • executive session: A portion of the Senate's daily session in which it considers executive business.
  • fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • imprisonment: means being imprisoned under a sentence imposed for an offense or serving a term of imprisonment, prison term, jail term, term of local incarceration, or other term under a sentence imposed for an offense in an institution under the control of the department of rehabilitation and correction, a county, multicounty, municipal, municipal-county, or multicounty-municipal jail or workhouse, a minimum security jail, a community-based correctional facility, or another facility described or referred to in section Ohio Code 1.05
  • in writing: includes any representation of words, letters, symbols, or figures; this provision does not affect any law relating to signatures. See Ohio Code 1.59
  • indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Internet: means the international computer network of both federal and nonfederal interoperable packet switched data networks, including the graphical subnetwork known as the world wide web. See Ohio Code 1.59
  • jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • juror: A person who is on the jury.
  • lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • minority leader: See Floor Leaders
  • mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • mortgage loan: A loan made by a lender to a borrower for the financing of real property. Source: OCC
  • Oath: includes affirmation, and "swear" includes affirm. See Ohio Code 1.59
  • obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Person: includes an individual, corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, and association. See Ohio Code 1.59
  • personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Physician assistant: means an individual who is licensed under Chapter 4730. See Ohio Code 1.64
  • Population: means that shown by the most recent regular federal census. See Ohio Code 1.59
  • power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • probate: Proving a will
  • Property: means real and personal property. See Ohio Code 1.59
  • prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • recess: A temporary interruption of the legislative business.
  • remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Rule: includes regulation. See Ohio Code 1.59
  • settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • State: when applied to a part of the United States, includes any state, district, commonwealth, territory, insular possession thereof, and any area subject to the legislative authority of the United States of America. See Ohio Code 1.59
  • state agency: except as otherwise provided in the title, means every organized body, office, or agency established by the laws of the state for the exercise of any function of state government. See Ohio Code 1.60
  • statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • the state: means the state of Ohio. See Ohio Code 1.59
  • tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • United States: includes all the states. See Ohio Code 1.59
  • veto: The procedure established under the Constitution by which the President/Governor refuses to approve a bill or joint resolution and thus prevents its enactment into law. A regular veto occurs when the President/Governor returns the legislation to the house in which it originated. The President/Governor usually returns a vetoed bill with a message indicating his reasons for rejecting the measure. In Congress, the veto can be overridden only by a two-thirds vote in both the Senate and the House.
  • Whoever: includes all persons, natural and artificial; partners; principals, agents, and employees; and all officials, public or private. See Ohio Code 1.02