§ 12.001 Execution of Laws
§ 12.0011 Authority to Enter Into Cooperative Agreements
§ 12.0012 Notification
§ 12.002 Development of Agriculture
§ 12.0025 Nutrition Programs
§ 12.0026 Interagency Farm-to-School Coordination Task Force
§ 12.0027 Nutrition Outreach Program
§ 12.0028 Limitation On Sanctions Imposed On School Districts for Sale of Foods of Minimal Nutritional Value
§ 12.0029 Summer Nutrition Programs
§ 12.003 Agricultural Societies
§ 12.006 Development of Domestic and Foreign Markets
§ 12.007 Plant Diseases and Pests
§ 12.010 Correspondence With Government Agencies and Others
§ 12.011 Agricultural Resource Statistics
§ 12.013 Employees
§ 12.0135 Conflict Provisions
§ 12.0144 Fee Schedule
§ 12.0145 Submission of Proposed Fee Schedule
§ 12.015 Cooperation With Texas a & M University and Experiment Stations
§ 12.016 Rules
§ 12.0175 Grown or Produced in Texas Program
§ 12.0176 Cooperation With Certain Commodity Producers Boards
§ 12.0177 Texas Nursery and Floral Account
§ 12.0178 Texas Nursery and Floral Advisory Council
§ 12.018 Testing
§ 12.020 Administrative Penalties
§ 12.0201 License Sanctions
§ 12.0202 Administrative Hearings
§ 12.0203 Negotiated Rulemaking and Alternative Dispute Resolution
§ 12.021 Fee for Phytosanitation Inspection; Issuance of Certificate
§ 12.022 Authority to Solicit and Accept Gifts, Grants, and Donations
§ 12.023 Expiration of Registration or Licenses
§ 12.024 Late Renewal of License or Registration
§ 12.025 Program Accessibility Plan
§ 12.026 Public Interest Information; Complaints
§ 12.0261 Administrative Procedure
§ 12.027 Economic Development Program
§ 12.0271 Rural Economic Development and Investment Program
§ 12.0272 Texas Economic Development Fund
§ 12.0273 Limitations On Loans and Grants From Texas Economic Development Fund
§ 12.028 Competitive Bidding or Advertising
§ 12.029 Minority and Female-Owned Business Contracts
§ 12.031 Advertising, Publications, and Fees
§ 12.032 Cooperation With State Office of Administrative Hearings
§ 12.033 Multiple Licenses
§ 12.034 Refund or Waiver of Fees
§ 12.035 Notice to Examinee
§ 12.036 Licensing Out-of-State Applicants
§ 12.037 Continuing Education
§ 12.038 Office of Rural Affairs
§ 12.039 Certain Wine Produced or Bottled in This State
§ 12.040 Texas Certified Retirement Community Program
§ 12.041 School Breakfast and Lunch Program
§ 12.042 Home-Delivered Meal Grant Program
§ 12.046 Texas Rural Investment Fund
§ 12.047 Use of Technology
§ 12.048 Obtaining Criminal History Record Information
§ 12.050 Trade Agricultural Inspection Grant Program

Terms Used In Texas Agriculture Code Chapter 12

  • Affidavit: means a statement in writing of a fact or facts signed by the party making it, sworn to before an officer authorized to administer oaths, and officially certified to by the officer under his seal of office. See Texas Government Code 312.011
  • Agricultural use: means use or activity involving agriculture. See Texas Local Government Code 397A.051
  • Agriculture: means :
    (A) cultivating the soil to produce crops for human food, animal feed, seed for planting, or the production of fibers;
    (B) practicing floriculture, viticulture, silviculture, or horticulture;
    (C) raising, feeding, or keeping animals for breeding purposes or for the production of food, fiber, leather, pelts, or other tangible products having commercial value;
    (D) planting cover crops, including cover crops cultivated for transplantation, or leaving land idle for the purpose of participating in a government program or normal crop or livestock rotation procedure; or
    (E) engaging in wildlife management. See Texas Local Government Code 397A.051
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • Charity: An agency, institution, or organization in existence and operating for the benefit of an indefinite number of persons and conducted for educational, religious, scientific, medical, or other beneficent purposes.
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Home-rule municipality: means a municipality designated by Chapter Texas Local Government Code 1.005
  • in writing: includes any representation of words, letters, or figures, whether by writing, printing, or other means. See Texas Government Code 312.011
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Justice: when applied to a magistrate, means justice of the peace. See Texas Government Code 312.011
  • Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Mortgage loan: A loan made by a lender to a borrower for the financing of real property. Source: OCC
  • Mortgagor: The person who pledges property to a creditor as collateral for a loan and who receives the money.
  • Municipality: means a general-law municipality, home-rule municipality, or special-law municipality. See Texas Local Government Code 1.005
  • Oath: includes affirmation. See Texas Government Code 311.005
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Population: means the population shown by the most recent federal decennial census. See Texas Government Code 311.005
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Revolving credit: A credit agreement (typically a credit card) that allows a customer to borrow against a preapproved credit line when purchasing goods and services. The borrower is only billed for the amount that is actually borrowed plus any interest due. (Also called a charge account or open-end credit.) Source: OCC
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Signature: includes the mark of a person unable to write, and "subscribe" includes the making of such a mark. See Texas Government Code 312.011
  • Signed: includes any symbol executed or adopted by a person with present intention to authenticate a writing. See Texas Government Code 311.005
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Succeeding: means immediately following. See Texas Government Code 312.011
  • sworn: includes affirm or affirmed. See Texas Government Code 312.011
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
  • Uphold: The decision of an appellate court not to reverse a lower court decision.
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Week: means seven consecutive days. See Texas Government Code 311.005
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.