41-6a-1106.  Bicycles and human powered vehicle or device to yield right-of-way to pedestrians on sidewalks, paths, or trails — Uses prohibited — Negligent collision prohibited — Speed restrictions — Rights and duties same as pedestrians.

(1)  A person operating a bicycle or a vehicle or device propelled by human power shall:

Terms Used In Utah Code 41-6a-1106

(a) that part of a roadway at an intersection included within the connections of the lateral lines of the sidewalks on opposite sides of the highway measured from:
(i) 
(A) the curbs; or
(B) in the absence of curbs, from the edges of the traversable roadway; and
(ii) in the absence of a sidewalk on one side of the roadway, that part of a roadway included within the extension of the lateral lines of the existing sidewalk at right angles to the centerline; or
(b) any portion of a roadway at an intersection or elsewhere distinctly indicated for pedestrian crossing by lines or other markings on the surface. See Utah Code 41-6a-102
  • Pedestrian: means a person traveling:
    (a) on foot; or
    (b) in a wheelchair. See Utah Code 41-6a-102
  • Person: means every natural person, firm, copartnership, association, or corporation. See Utah Code 41-6a-102
  • Right-of-way: means the right of one vehicle or pedestrian to proceed in a lawful manner in preference to another vehicle or pedestrian approaching under circumstances of direction, speed, and proximity that give rise to danger of collision unless one grants precedence to the other. See Utah Code 41-6a-102
  • Roadway: means that portion of highway improved, designed, or ordinarily used for vehicular travel. See Utah Code 41-6a-102
  • Sidewalk: means that portion of a street between the curb lines, or the lateral lines of a roadway, and the adjacent property lines intended for the use of pedestrians. See Utah Code 41-6a-102
  • Traffic: means pedestrians, ridden or herded animals, vehicles, and other conveyances either singly or together while using any highway for the purpose of travel. See Utah Code 41-6a-102
  • Traffic-control device: means a sign, signal, marking, or device not inconsistent with this chapter placed or erected by a highway authority for the purpose of regulating, warning, or guiding traffic. See Utah Code 41-6a-102
  • Vehicle: means a device in, on, or by which a person or property is or may be transported or drawn on a highway, except devices used exclusively on stationary rails or tracks. See Utah Code 41-6a-102
  • (a)  yield the right-of-way to any pedestrian; and

    (b)  give an audible signal before overtaking and passing a pedestrian.
  • (2)  A person 18 years of age or older may not operate a bicycle or a vehicle or device propelled by human power on a sidewalk, path, or trail, or across a roadway in a crosswalk, where prohibited by a traffic-control device or ordinance.

    (3)  A person may not operate a bicycle or a vehicle or device propelled by human power in a negligent manner so as to collide with a:

    (a)  pedestrian; or

    (b)  person operating a:

    (i)  bicycle; or

    (ii)  vehicle or device propelled by human power.

    (4)  A person operating a bicycle or a vehicle or device propelled by human power on a sidewalk, path, or trail, or across a driveway, or across a roadway on a crosswalk may not operate at a speed greater than is reasonable and prudent under the existing conditions, giving regard to the actual and potential hazards then existing.

    (5)  Except as provided under Subsections (1) and (4), a person operating a bicycle or a vehicle or device propelled by human power on a sidewalk, path, or trail, or across a roadway on a crosswalk, has all the rights and duties applicable to a pedestrian under the same circumstances.

    Amended by Chapter 175, 2018 General Session

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