53-2a-102.  Definitions.
     As used in this chapter:

(1)  “Alerting authority” means a political subdivision that has received access to send alerts through the Integrated Public Alert and Warning System.

Terms Used In Utah Code 53-2a-102

  • Attack: means a nuclear, cyber, conventional, biological, act of terrorism, or chemical warfare action against the United States of America or this state. See Utah Code 53-2a-102
  • Commissioner: means the commissioner of the Department of Public Safety or the commissioner's designee. See Utah Code 53-2a-102
  • Department: means the Department of Public Safety created in Section 53-1-103. See Utah Code 53-1-102
  • Director: means the division director appointed under Section 53-2a-103 or the director's designee. See Utah Code 53-2a-102
  • Disaster: means an event that:
(a) causes, or threatens to cause, loss of life, human suffering, public or private property damage, or economic or social disruption resulting from attack, internal disturbance, natural phenomena, or technological hazard; and
(b) requires resources that are beyond the scope of local agencies in routine responses to emergencies and accidents and may be of a magnitude or involve unusual circumstances that require response by government, not-for-profit, or private entities. See Utah Code 53-2a-102
  • Division: means the Division of Emergency Management created in Section 53-2a-103. See Utah Code 53-2a-102
  • Energy: includes the energy resources defined in this chapter. See Utah Code 53-2a-102
  • Internal disturbance: means a riot, prison break, terrorism, or strike. See Utah Code 53-2a-102
  • Natural phenomena: means any earthquake, tornado, storm, flood, landslide, avalanche, forest or range fire, drought, or epidemic. See Utah Code 53-2a-102
  • Person: means :Utah Code 68-3-12.5
  • Property: includes both real and personal property. See Utah Code 68-3-12.5
  • State: when applied to the different parts of the United States, includes a state, district, or territory of the United States. See Utah Code 68-3-12.5
  • Technological hazard: means any hazardous materials accident, mine accident, train derailment, air crash, radiation incident, pollution, structural fire, or explosion. See Utah Code 53-2a-102
  • Terrorism: means activities or the threat of activities that:
    (a) involve acts dangerous to human life;
    (b) are a violation of the criminal laws of the United States or of this state; and
    (c) to a reasonable person, would appear to be intended to:
    (i) intimidate or coerce a civilian population;
    (ii) influence the policy of a government by intimidation or coercion; or
    (iii) affect the conduct of a government by mass destruction, assassination, or kidnapping. See Utah Code 53-2a-102
  • United States: includes each state, district, and territory of the United States of America. See Utah Code 68-3-12.5
  • (2)  “Attack” means a nuclear, cyber, conventional, biological, act of terrorism, or chemical warfare action against the United States of America or this state.

    (3)  “Commissioner” means the commissioner of the Department of Public Safety or the commissioner’s designee.

    (4)  “Director” means the division director appointed under Section 53-2a-103 or the director’s designee.

    (5)  “Disaster” means an event that:

    (a)  causes, or threatens to cause, loss of life, human suffering, public or private property damage, or economic or social disruption resulting from attack, internal disturbance, natural phenomena, or technological hazard; and

    (b)  requires resources that are beyond the scope of local agencies in routine responses to emergencies and accidents and may be of a magnitude or involve unusual circumstances that require response by government, not-for-profit, or private entities.

    (6)  “Division” means the Division of Emergency Management created in Section 53-2a-103.

    (7)  “Energy” includes the energy resources defined in this chapter.

    (8)  “Expenses” means actual labor costs of government and volunteer personnel, and materials.

    (9)  “Hazardous materials emergency” means a sudden and unexpected release of any substance that because of its quantity, concentration, or physical, chemical, or infectious characteristics presents a direct and immediate threat to public safety or the environment and requires immediate action to mitigate the threat.

    (10)  “Internal disturbance” means a riot, prison break, terrorism, or strike.

    (11)  “IPAWS” means the Integrated Public Alert and Warning System administered by the Federal Emergency Management Agency.

    (12)  “Municipality” means the same as that term is defined in Section 10-1-104.

    (13)  “Natural phenomena” means any earthquake, tornado, storm, flood, landslide, avalanche, forest or range fire, drought, or epidemic.

    (14)  “State of emergency” means a condition in any part of this state that requires state government emergency assistance to supplement the local efforts of the affected political subdivision to save lives and to protect property, public health, welfare, or safety in the event of a disaster, or to avoid or reduce the threat of a disaster.

    (15)  “Technological hazard” means any hazardous materials accident, mine accident, train derailment, air crash, radiation incident, pollution, structural fire, or explosion.

    (16)  “Terrorism” means activities or the threat of activities that:

    (a)  involve acts dangerous to human life;

    (b)  are a violation of the criminal laws of the United States or of this state; and

    (c)  to a reasonable person, would appear to be intended to:

    (i)  intimidate or coerce a civilian population;

    (ii)  influence the policy of a government by intimidation or coercion; or

    (iii)  affect the conduct of a government by mass destruction, assassination, or kidnapping.

    (17)  “Urban search and rescue” means the location, extrication, and initial medical stabilization of victims trapped in a confined space as the result of a structural collapse, transportation accident, mining accident, or collapsed trench.

    Amended by Chapter 85, 2020 General Session