Terms Used In Utah Code > Title 53 > Chapter 3 > Part 3
Allegation: something that someone says happened.
Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
Extradition: The formal process of delivering an accused or convicted person from authorities in one state to authorities in another state.
Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
Health care professional: means a physician or surgeon licensed to practice medicine in the state, or when recommended by the Medical Advisory Board, may include other health care professionals licensed to conduct physical examinations in this state. See Utah Code 53-3-302
Highway: means the entire width between property lines of every way or place of any nature when any part of it is open to the use of the public, as a matter of right, for traffic. See Utah Code 53-3-102
Impaired person: means a person who has a mental, emotional, or nonstable physical disability or disease that may impair the person's ability to exercise reasonable and ordinary control at all times over a motor vehicle while driving on the highways. See Utah Code 53-3-302
Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
Renewal: means to validate a license certificate so that it expires at a later date. See Utah Code 53-3-102
Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
State: when applied to the different parts of the United States, includes a state, district, or territory of the United States. See Utah Code 48-2e-1156
Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
United States: includes each state, district, and territory of the United States of America. See Utah Code 48-2e-1156
Vehicle: means every device in, upon, or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a highway, excepting devices used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks. See Utah Code 53-1-102