Administrator: includes "executor" when the subject matter justifies the use. See Utah Code 48-2e-1156
Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
Bequest: Property gifted by will.
Chief administrator: means the principal of a school or the chief administrator of a school that does not have a principal, and includes the administrator's designee or representative. See Utah Code 76-8-1401
Citation: means a summons, ticket, or other official document issued by a peace officer for a traffic violation, containing an order that requires the motorist to respond. See Utah Code 53-3-702
Highway: means the entire width between property lines of every way or place of any nature when any part of it is open to the use of the public, as a matter of right, for traffic. See Utah Code 53-3-102
Home jurisdiction: means the jurisdiction that issued the driver's license of the traffic violator. See Utah Code 53-3-702
Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
Issuing jurisdiction: means the jurisdiction in which the traffic citation was issued to the motorist. See Utah Code 53-3-702
Jurisdiction: means a state, territory, or possession of the United States, the District of Columbia, or the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. See Utah Code 53-3-702
Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
Material: means capable of affecting the course or outcome of an official proceeding, unless the person who made the statement or provided the information retracts the statement or information before the earlier of:
the end of the official proceeding in which the statement was made or the information was provided;
when it becomes manifest that the false or misleading nature of the statement or information has been or will be exposed; or
when the statement or information substantially affects the proceeding. See Utah Code 76-8-501
Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
Personal recognizance: means an agreement by a motorist made at the time of issuance of the traffic citation that he will comply with the terms of that traffic citation. See Utah Code 53-3-702
Preliminary hearing: A hearing where the judge decides whether there is enough evidence to make the defendant have a trial.
Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
Process: means a writ or summons issued in the course of a judicial proceeding. See Utah Code 48-2e-1156
public money: means funds, money, and accounts, regardless of the source from which they are derived, that are owned, held, or administered by the state or any of its boards, commissions, institutions, departments, divisions, agencies, bureaus, laboratories, or other similar instrumentalities, or any county, city, school district, political subdivision, or other public body. See Utah Code 76-8-401
Public officer: means :
all elected officials of the state, a political subdivision of the state, a county, town, city, precinct, or district;
a person appointed to or serving an unexpired term of an elected office;
a judge of a court of record and not of record including justice court judges; and
Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
United States: includes each state, district, and territory of the United States of America. See Utah Code 48-2e-1156
Vehicle: means every device in, upon, or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a highway, excepting devices used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks. See Utah Code 53-1-102
White-collar crime: A nonviolent criminal act involving deceit, concealment, subterfuge, or other fraudulent activity.