Sections
Part A General Provisions 3.2-1100 – 3.2-1106
Part B Commodity Boards 3.2-1200 – 3.2-2411
Part C Other Commodity-Related Boards, Councils, and Foundations 3.2-2600 – 3.2-3006
Part D Tobacco Region Revitalization Commission and Virginia Tobacco Region Revolving Fund 3.2-3100 – 3.2-3121

Terms Used In Virginia Code > Title 3.2 > Subtitle II

  • Abandon: means to desert, forsake, or absolutely give up an animal without having secured another owner or custodian for the animal or by failing to provide the elements of basic care as set forth in §
  • Adjournment sine die: The end of a legislative session "without day." These adjournments are used to indicate the final adjournment of an annual or the two-year session of legislature.
  • Adoption: means the transfer of ownership of a dog or a cat, or any other companion animal, from a releasing agency to an individual. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • Advisory agency: means any board, commission, committee or post which does not exercise any sovereign power or duty, but is appointed by a governmental agency or officer or is created by law for the purpose of making studies or recommendations, or advising or consulting with a governmental agency. See Virginia Code 2.2-3101
  • Advisory Committee: means the Six-Year Capital Outlay Plan Advisory Committee established pursuant to § 2. See Virginia Code 2.2-1515
  • Affiliated business entity relationship: means a relationship, other than a parent-subsidiary relationship, that exists when (i) one business entity has a controlling ownership interest in the other business entity, (ii) a controlling owner in one entity is also a controlling owner in the other entity, or (iii) there is shared management or control between the business entities. See Virginia Code 2.2-3101
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • Agency: means the Department of State Police, the Division of Capitol Police, the Virginia Marine Resources Commission, the Virginia Port Authority, the Department of Game and Inland Fisheries, the Virginia Alcoholic Beverage Control Authority, the Department of Conservation and Recreation, or the Department of Motor Vehicles; or the political subdivision or the campus police department of any public institution of higher education of the Commonwealth employing the law-enforcement officer. See Virginia Code 9.1-500
  • Agency: means any authority, instrumentality, officer, board or other unit of the state government empowered by the basic laws to make regulations or decide cases. See Virginia Code 2.2-4001
  • agency: shall be deemed to include without limitation any department, division, commission, association, board, or other administrative body established pursuant to the laws of a jurisdiction. See Virginia Code 8.01-385
  • Agency action: means either an agency's regulation or case decision or both, any violation, compliance, or noncompliance with which could be a basis for the imposition of injunctive orders, penal or civil sanctions of any kind, or the grant or denial of relief or of a license, right, or benefit by any agency or court. See Virginia Code 2.2-4001
  • Agreement: means the agreement or agreements between the Commonwealth, as seller of the Tobacco Assets, and the Corporation, as purchaser of the Tobacco Assets. See Virginia Code 3.2-3100
  • Agreement: means a commercial relationship, not required to be evidenced in writing, of definite or indefinite duration, between a winery and wine wholesaler pursuant to which the wholesaler has been authorized to distribute one or more of the winery's brands of wine. See Virginia Code 4.1-401
  • Agreement: means a commercial relationship, not required to be evidenced in writing, of definite or indefinite duration, between a brewery and beer wholesaler pursuant to which the wholesaler has been authorized to distribute one or more of the brewery's brands of beer. See Virginia Code 4.1-500
  • Agricultural animals: means all livestock and poultry. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Agricultural commodity: means any plant or part thereof, animal, or animal product, produced by a person (including farmers, ranchers, vineyardists, plant propagators, Christmas tree growers, aquaculturists, floriculturists, orchardists, foresters, nurserymen, wood treaters not for hire, or other comparable persons) primarily for sale, consumption, propagation, or other use by man or animals. See Virginia Code 3.2-3900
  • Agricultural produce: means fruits and vegetables. See Virginia Code 3.2-4738
  • Agricultural products: means any livestock, aquaculture, poultry, horticultural, floricultural, viticulture, silvicultural, or other farm crops. See Virginia Code 3.2-6400
  • Agritourism activity: means any activity carried out on a farm or ranch that allows members of the general public, for recreational, entertainment, or educational purposes, to view or enjoy rural activities, including farming, wineries, ranching, historical, cultural, harvest-your-own activities, or natural activities and attractions. See Virginia Code 3.2-6400
  • Agritourism professional: means any person who is engaged in the business of providing one or more agritourism activities, whether or not for compensation. See Virginia Code 3.2-6400
  • Air navigation facility: means any airport ground or air navigation facility, other than one owned and operated by the United States, used in, available for use in, or designed for use in aid of air navigation, including any structures, buildings, mechanisms, lights, beacons, markers, communicating systems, or other instrumentalities or devices, and any combination of any or all of such facilities, used or useful as an aid, or constituting any advantage or convenience, to the safe taking off, navigation, and landing of aircraft; in the safe and efficient operation or maintenance of an airport; in the safe, efficient and convenient handling or processing of aviation passengers, mail or cargo; or in the servicing or maintenance of aircraft or ground equipment. See Virginia Code 5.1-1
  • Aircraft: means any contrivance now known, or hereafter invented, used, or designed for navigation of or flight in the air, including a balloon or other contrivance designed for maneuvering in airspace at an altitude greater than 24 inches above ground or water level, except that any contrivance now or hereafter invented of fixed or flexible wing design, operating without the assistance of any motor, engine, or other mechanical propulsive device, which is designed to utilize the feet and legs of the operator or operators as the sole means of initiating and sustaining forward motion during the launch and of providing the point of contact with the ground upon landing and commonly called a "hang glider" shall not be included within this definition. See Virginia Code 5.1-1
  • Airman: means any individual, including the person in command and any pilot, mechanic, or member of the crew, who engages in the navigation of aircraft while under way within Virginia airspace; any individual who is directly in charge of the inspection, maintenance, overhauling, or repair of aircraft, aircraft engines, propellers, or accessories; and any individual who serves in the capacity of aircraft dispatcher. See Virginia Code 5.1-1
  • Airport: means any area of land or water which is used, or intended for public use, for the landing and takeoff of aircraft, and any appurtenant areas that are used, or intended for use, for airport buildings or other airport facilities or rights-of-way, easements and together with all airport buildings and facilities located thereon. See Virginia Code 5.1-1
  • Airport hazard: means any structure, object or natural growth, or use of land that obstructs the airspace required for the flight of aircraft in landing or taking off at an airport or is otherwise hazardous to such landing or taking off of aircraft. See Virginia Code 5.1-1
  • Airspace: means all that space above the land and waters within the boundary of the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 5.1-1
  • Alcohol: means the product known as ethyl or grain alcohol obtained by distillation of any fermented liquor, rectified either once or more often, whatever the origin, and shall include synthetic ethyl alcohol, but shall not include methyl alcohol and alcohol completely denatured in accordance with formulas approved by the government of the United States. See Virginia Code 4.1-100
  • Alcohol vaporizing device: means any device, machine, or process that mixes any alcoholic beverages with pure oxygen or other gas to produce a vaporized product for the purpose of consumption by inhalation. See Virginia Code 4.1-100
  • Alcoholic beverages: includes alcohol, spirits, wine, and beer, and any one or more of such varieties containing one-half of one percent or more of alcohol by volume, including mixed alcoholic beverages, and every liquid or solid, powder or crystal, patented or not, containing alcohol, spirits, wine, or beer and capable of being consumed by a human being. See Virginia Code 4.1-100
  • Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
  • Animal: means any nonhuman vertebrate species except fish. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Animal: means any organism of the kingdom Animalia, other than a human being. See Virginia Code 3.2-5900
  • Animal control officer: means a person appointed as an animal control officer or deputy animal control officer as provided in § Source: FDIC
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Applicant: means a customer who applies for a refund anticipation loan through a facilitator. See Virginia Code 6.2-2500
  • Applicant: means any and all persons seeking or holding a permit required under this chapter. See Virginia Code 10.1-1400
  • Applicant: means the person applying for a certification of site suitability or submitting a notice of intent to apply therefor. See Virginia Code 10.1-1433
  • Application: means an application to the Board for a certification of site suitability. See Virginia Code 10.1-1433
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Approved seed potatoes: means disease-free potatoes and parts thereof that conform to the standards established by the Potato Board. See Virginia Code 3.2-1800
  • Aquaculture: means the propagation, rearing, enhancement, and harvest of aquatic organisms in controlled or selected environments, conducted in marine, estuarine, brackish, or fresh water. See Virginia Code 3.2-2600
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Art instruction studio: means any commercial establishment that provides to its customers all required supplies and step-by-step instruction in creating a painting or other work of art during a studio instructional session. See Virginia Code 4.1-100
  • Arts venue: means a commercial or nonprofit establishment that is open to the public and in which works of art are sold or displayed. See Virginia Code 4.1-100
  • Assessment: means moneys to be collected as authorized by this chapter. See Virginia Code 3.2-1500
  • Assisted conception: means a pregnancy resulting from any intervening medical technology, whether in vivo or in vitro, which completely or partially replaces sexual intercourse as the means of conception. See Virginia Code 20-156
  • Association: means a corporation organized as an industrial loan association under the provisions of the Virginia Stock Corporation Act (§ 13. See Virginia Code 6.2-1400
  • Attorney-at-law: A person who is legally qualified and licensed to practice law, and to represent and act for clients in legal proceedings.
  • Attorney-in-fact: A person who, acting as an agent, is given written authorization by another person to transact business for him (her) out of court.
  • Authority: means the Virginia Alcoholic Beverage Control Authority created pursuant to this title. See Virginia Code 4.1-100
  • Authority: means the Virginia Resources Authority created in Chapter 21 (§ 62. See Virginia Code 3.2-3112
  • Authority: means the Virginia Resources Authority created in Chapter 21 (§ 62. See Virginia Code 5.1-30.1
  • Bale: means a closely pressed package of ginned cotton that weighs approximately 480 pounds. See Virginia Code 3.2-1500
  • Bank: means a corporation authorized by statute to accept deposits and to hold itself out to the public as engaged in the banking business in the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 6.2-800
  • Bank holding company: has the meaning assigned to it in 12 U. See Virginia Code 6.2-700
  • Bank holding company: means any corporation (i) that directly or indirectly owns, controls, or holds with power to vote, 25 percent or more of the voting shares of one or more banks or of a corporation that is or becomes a bank holding company by virtue of this definition, (ii) that controls in any manner the election of a majority of the directors of one or more banks, or (iii) for the benefit of whose shareholders or members 25 percent or more of the voting shares of one or more banks or bank holding companies is held by trustees. See Virginia Code 6.2-800
  • Bank-offered spot rate: means the spot rate of exchange at which a bank will sell foreign money at a spot rate. See Virginia Code 8.01-465.14
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Barrel: means any container or vessel having a capacity of more than 43 ounces. See Virginia Code 4.1-100
  • Baseline: Projection of the receipts, outlays, and other budget amounts that would ensue in the future without any change in existing policy. Baseline projections are used to gauge the extent to which proposed legislation, if enacted into law, would alter current spending and revenue levels.
  • basic laws: means provisions of the Constitution and statutes of the Commonwealth authorizing an agency to make regulations or decide cases or containing procedural requirements therefor. See Virginia Code 2.2-4001
  • bed and breakfast establishment: includes any property offered to the public for short-term rental, as that term is defined in § Virginia Code 3.2-4738
  • Cattle: means beef-type and dairy-type cattle sold for a consideration in excess of $100 per head in the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 3.2-1300
  • Certificate: means a document issued or authorized by the Commissioner indicating that a regulated article is not contaminated with a pest. See Virginia Code 3.2-700
  • Certificate: means the document issued to a certified applicator or registered technician who has completed all the requirements of Article 3. See Virginia Code 3.2-3900
  • Certificate of Conformance: means a document issued by the National Type Evaluation Program of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) of the U. See Virginia Code 3.2-5700
  • certification: means the certification issued by the Board pursuant to this chapter. See Virginia Code 10.1-1433
  • certified: means the recognition granted by the Board to an applicator who has completed all the requirements of Article 3. See Virginia Code 3.2-3900
  • Certified applicator: means a person who: (i) has satisfactorily completed the Board requirements for certification as a commercial applicator, registered technician, or private applicator; and (ii) has been issued a valid certificate. See Virginia Code 3.2-3900
  • Certified prescribed burn manager: means any person who has successfully completed a certification process established by the State Forester under § 10. See Virginia Code 10.1-1150.1
  • Chambers: A judge's office.
  • Check casher: means a person engaged in the business of cashing checks, drafts, or money orders for compensation. See Virginia Code 6.2-2100
  • Chesapeake Bay Agreement: means the Chesapeake Bay Agreement of 2000 and any amendments thereto. See Virginia Code 10.1-2117
  • Chief judge: The judge who has primary responsibility for the administration of a court but also decides cases; chief judges are determined by seniority.
  • Civil aircraft: means any aircraft other than a public aircraft. See Virginia Code 5.1-1
  • Civil forfeiture: The loss of ownership of property used to conduct illegal activity.
  • Clerk of court: An officer appointed by the court to work with the chief judge in overseeing the court's administration, especially to assist in managing the flow of cases through the court and to maintain court records.
  • Club: means any private nonprofit corporation or association which is the owner, lessee, or occupant of an establishment operated solely for a national, social, patriotic, political, athletic, or other like purpose, but not for pecuniary gain, the advantages of which belong to all of the members. See Virginia Code 4.1-100
  • Collar: means a well-fitted device, appropriate to the age and size of the animal, attached to the animal's neck in such a way as to prevent trauma or injury to the animal. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Commercial aircraft: means any civil aircraft used in flight activity for compensation or for hire. See Virginia Code 5.1-1
  • Commercial applicator: means any person who has completed the requirements for certification to use or supervise the use of any pesticide for any purpose or on any property other than as provided in the definition of private applicator. See Virginia Code 3.2-3900
  • Commercial dog breeder: means any person who, during any 12-month period, maintains 30 or more adult female dogs for the primary purpose of the sale of their offspring as companion animals. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Commercial lifestyle center: means a mixed-use commercial development covering a minimum of 25 acres of land and having at least 100,000 square feet of retail space featuring national specialty chain stores and a combination of dining, entertainment, office, residential, or hotel establishments located in a physically integrated outdoor setting that is pedestrian friendly and that is governed by a commercial owners' association that is responsible for the management, maintenance, and operation of the common areas thereof. See Virginia Code 4.1-100
  • Commercial unit: means such a unit of goods as by commercial usage is a single whole for purposes of lease and division of which materially impairs its character or value on the market or in use. See Virginia Code 8.2A-103
  • Commission: means the State Corporation Commission. See Virginia Code 13.1-559
  • Commission: means the State Corporation Commission. See Virginia Code 6.2-100
  • Commission: means the Tobacco Region Revitalization Commission created pursuant to § 3. See Virginia Code 3.2-3100
  • Commission: means the Tobacco Region Revitalization Commission created pursuant to § 3. See Virginia Code 3.2-3112
  • Commission Allocation: means 50 percent of the annual amount received under the Master Settlement Agreement by the Commonwealth, or that would have been received but for a sale of such allocation pursuant to an agreement, between the commencing and ending dates specified in the agreement. See Virginia Code 3.2-3100
  • Commission merchant: means any person, who: (i) operates an auction market; (ii) receives farm products for sale on commission or contracts with the producer for farm products sold on commission or for a fee; (iii) accepts in trust from the producer for the purpose of sale; (iv) sells or offers for sale on commission; (v) solicits consignments of any kind of farm products; or (vi) handles the account of or as an agent of the producer any kind of farm products. See Virginia Code 3.2-4709
  • Commissioner: means the Commissioner of Financial Institutions. See Virginia Code 6.2-100
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Companion animal: means any domestic or feral dog, domestic or feral cat, nonhuman primate, guinea pig, hamster, rabbit not raised for human food or fiber, exotic or native animal, reptile, exotic or native bird, or any feral animal or any animal under the care, custody, or ownership of a person or any animal that is bought, sold, traded, or bartered by any person. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Company: means a bank, trust company, or other entity conducting the business of renting safe deposit boxes. See Virginia Code 6.2-2300
  • Compensation: means payment of any valuable consideration for services in excess of reasonable medical and ancillary costs. See Virginia Code 20-156
  • Computer equipment: means a desktop or notebook computer and may include a computer monitor or other display device. See Virginia Code 10.1-1425.27
  • Condemnation tag: means a tag applied to a weight or measure that fails to pass an official inspection, the application of which tag requires the immediate removal of the weight or measure from service. See Virginia Code 3.2-5700
  • Consignment: means any transfer of agricultural produce by the seller to the custody of another person who acts as the agent for the seller for the purpose of selling such agricultural produce. See Virginia Code 3.2-4738
  • Construction: means building, altering, repairing, improving or demolishing any structure, building or highway, and any draining, dredging, excavation, grading or similar work upon real property. See Virginia Code 2.2-4301
  • Construction phase: means the following steps, as set out in the Construction and Professional Services Manual of the Department of General Services: preparation of final working drawings and specifications, advertising for a sealed bid or proposal, awarding a contract pursuant to law, and actual construction of a project. See Virginia Code 2.2-1515
  • Consumer: means any natural person purchasing an animal from a dealer or pet shop or hiring the services of a boarding establishment. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Consumer: means an individual who uses computer equipment that is purchased primarily for personal or home business use. See Virginia Code 10.1-1425.27
  • Consumer lease: means a lease that a lessor regularly engaged in the business of leasing or selling makes to a lessee who is an individual and who takes under the lease primarily for a personal, family, or household purpose. See Virginia Code 8.2A-103
  • Container: means any barrel, bottle, carton, keg, vessel or other receptacle used for holding alcoholic beverages. See Virginia Code 4.1-100
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Contract: includes a subcontract only when the contract of which it is a part is with the officer's or employee's own governmental agency. See Virginia Code 2.2-3101
  • contract carrier: means any person not included under the definitions of "common carrier by aircraft" or "restricted common carrier by aircraft" as defined in § Virginia Code 8.01-385
  • Courts of record: means the Supreme Court of Virginia, the Court of Appeals of Virginia, and the circuit courts. See Virginia Code 1-212
  • Coworking establishment: means a facility that has at least 100 members, a majority of whom are 21 years of age or older, to whom it offers shared office space and related amenities, including desks, conference rooms, Internet access, printers, copiers, telephones, and fax machines. See Virginia Code 4.1-100
  • Credit: means the right granted by a creditor to a debtor to defer payment of debt or to incur debt and defer its payment or to purchase property or services and defer payment therefor. See Virginia Code 6.2-500
  • Credit report: A detailed report of an individual's credit history prepared by a credit bureau and used by a lender in determining a loan applicant's creditworthiness. Source: OCC
  • Credit union: means a cooperative, nonprofit corporation organized under the laws of the Commonwealth and authorized to do business under this chapter for the purposes of encouraging thrift among its members, creating a source of credit at fair and reasonable rates of interest, providing an opportunity for its members to use and control their own money on a democratic basis in order to improve their economic and social condition, and conducting any other business, engaging in any other activity, and providing any other service that may be of benefit to its members, consistent with the provisions of this chapter and any regulations adopted by the Commission under this chapter. See Virginia Code 6.2-1300
  • Credit union service organization: means any organization, corporation, or association, if (i) the membership or ownership, as the case may be, of such organization, corporation, or association is primarily confined or restricted to credit unions or organizations of credit unions and (ii) the purpose for which such organization, corporation, or association is organized is to strengthen or advance the development of credit unions or credit union organizations. See Virginia Code 6.2-1300
  • Creditor: means any person who regularly extends, renews, or continues credit; any person who regularly arranges for the extension, renewal, or continuation of credit; or any assignee of an original creditor who participates in the decision to extend, renew, or continue credit. See Virginia Code 6.2-500
  • Criteria: means the criteria adopted by the Board, pursuant to § 10. See Virginia Code 10.1-1433
  • Cross pollination: means the transfer of pollen from the anthers of blossoms to the stigmas of other blossoms of the same crops or a variety of the same crop. See Virginia Code 3.2-2800
  • Cryopreservation: means freezing and storing of gametes and embryos for possible future use in assisted conception. See Virginia Code 20-156
  • Customer: means an individual for whom tax preparation services are performed. See Virginia Code 6.2-2500
  • Day spa: means any commercial establishment that offers to the public both massage therapy, performed by persons licensed in accordance with § Virginia Code 9.1-400
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Defoliant: means any substance or mixture of substances intended for causing the leaves or foliage to drop from a plant, with or without causing abscission. See Virginia Code 3.2-3900
  • Department: means the Department of Taxation. See Virginia Code 9.1-209
  • Department: means the Department of Environmental Quality. See Virginia Code 10.1-1400
  • Department: means the Department of Historic Resources. See Virginia Code 10.1-2200
  • Department: means the Department of Environmental Quality. See Virginia Code 10.1-2120
  • Department: means the Department of Environmental Quality. See Virginia Code 10.1-2123
  • Department: means the Department of Aviation. See Virginia Code 5.1-1
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • Desiccant: means any substance or mixture of substances intended for artificially accelerating the drying of plant tissue. See Virginia Code 3.2-3900
  • Designated area: means a room or area approved by the Board for on-premises licensees. See Virginia Code 4.1-100
  • Detailed planning: means the preparation of architectural and engineering documents up to the preliminary design stage, as defined in the Construction and Professional Services Manual of the Department of General Services. See Virginia Code 2.2-1515
  • Device: means any instrument or contrivance intended for: (i) trapping, destroying, repelling, or mitigating insects or rodents; or (ii) destroying, repelling, or mitigating fungi, bacteria, weeds or other pests as may be designated by the Commissioner. See Virginia Code 3.2-3900
  • Direct and immediate threat: means any clear and imminent danger to an animal's health, safety or life. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Directly engages in an ox activity: means a person who rides, trains, drives, leads, or is a passenger upon an ox, whether mounted or unmounted, or on an ox drawn vehicle, but does not mean a spectator at an ox activity or a person who participates in the ox activity but does not ride, train, drive, lead, or ride as a passenger upon an ox or ox drawn vehicle. See Virginia Code 3.2-6300
  • Director: means the Executive Director of the Department of Fire Programs. See Virginia Code 9.1-209
  • Director: means the Director of the Division of Marketing. See Virginia Code 3.2-4700
  • Director: means the Director of the Department of Environmental Quality. See Virginia Code 10.1-1400
  • Director: means the Director of the Department of Historic Resources. See Virginia Code 10.1-2200
  • Director: means the Director of the Department of Environmental Quality. See Virginia Code 10.1-2120
  • Director: means the Director of the Department of Environmental Quality. See Virginia Code 10.1-2123
  • Disabled person: includes any state employee included in the definition of a deceased person who was disabled on or after January 1, 1966. See Virginia Code 9.1-400
  • Disclosure statement: means a sworn statement or affirmation, in such form as may be required by the Director, which includes:

    1. See Virginia Code 10.1-1400

  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Disposal: means the discharge, deposit, injection, dumping, spilling, leaking or placing of any solid waste into or on any land or water so that such solid waste or any constituent thereof may enter the environment or be emitted into the air or discharged into any waters, including ground waters. See Virginia Code 10.1-1400
  • Distribution proceeding: means a judicial or nonjudicial proceeding for the distribution of a fund in which one or more foreign-money claims are asserted and includes an accounting, an assignment for the benefit of creditors, a foreclosure, the liquidation or rehabilitation of a corporation or other entity, and the distribution of an estate, trust, or other fund. See Virginia Code 8.01-465.14
  • Distributor: means any person who takes title to products or packaging purchased for resale. See Virginia Code 10.1-1425.21
  • District: means one of the districts set forth in § 3. See Virginia Code 3.2-1200
  • Division: means the Division of Marketing of the Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. See Virginia Code 3.2-4700
  • Division superintendent: means the division superintendent of schools of a school division. See Virginia Code 22.1-1
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • Donee: The recipient of a gift.
  • Donor: means an individual, other than a surrogate, who contributes the sperm or egg used in assisted conception. See Virginia Code 20-156
  • Dump: means to knowingly desert, forsake, or absolutely give up without having secured another owner or custodian any dog, cat, or other companion animal in any public place including the right-of-way of any public highway, road or street or on the property of another. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Eggs for use: means eggs that are incorporated into another product at a Virginia location so as to lose their character as eggs. See Virginia Code 3.2-1600
  • Elementary: includes kindergarten. See Virginia Code 22.1-1
  • Eligible employee stock ownership plan: means an employee stock ownership plan as such term is defined in § 4975(e)(7) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, sponsored by a professional corporation and with respect to which:

    1. See Virginia Code 13.1-543

  • Eligible nonsignificant discharger: means any publicly owned treatment works that is not a significant discharger but due to expansion or new construction is subject to a technology-based standard under § 62. See Virginia Code 10.1-2117
  • Embryo: means the organism resulting from the union of a sperm and an ovum from first cell division until approximately the end of the second month of gestation. See Virginia Code 20-156
  • Embryo transfer: means the placing of a viable embryo into the uterus of a gestational mother. See Virginia Code 20-156
  • Emergency medical services personnel: means any person who holds a valid certificate issued by the Commissioner and who is employed solely within the fire department, emergency medical services agency, or public safety department of an employing agency as a full-time emergency medical services personnel whose primary responsibility is the provision of emergency care to the sick and injured, using either basic or advanced techniques. See Virginia Code 9.1-300
  • Emergency veterinary treatment: means veterinary treatment to stabilize a life-threatening condition, alleviate suffering, prevent further disease transmission, or prevent further disease progression. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Employee: means any person who would be covered or whose spouse, dependents, or beneficiaries would be covered under the benefits of this chapter if the person became a disabled person or a deceased person. See Virginia Code 9.1-400
  • Employee: means any person who is regularly employed full time on either a salaried or wage basis, whose tenure is not restricted as to temporary or provisional appointment, in the service of, and whose compensation is payable by, no more often than biweekly, in whole or in part, a state agency. See Virginia Code 2.2-307
  • Employee: means all persons employed by a governmental or advisory agency, unless otherwise limited by the context of its use. See Virginia Code 2.2-3101
  • Employer: means (i) the employer of a person who is a covered employee or (ii) in the case of a volunteer who is a member of any fire company or department or rescue squad described in the definition of "deceased person" the county, city, or town that by ordinance or resolution recognized such fire company or department or rescue squad as an integral part of the official safety program of such locality. See Virginia Code 9.1-400
  • Employer: means any political subdivision of the Commonwealth, including any county, city, town, authority, or special district that employs fire protection employees except any locality with five or fewer paid firefighters that is exempt from overtime rules by 29 U. See Virginia Code 9.1-700
  • Employing agency: means any municipality of the Commonwealth or any political subdivision thereof, including authorities and special districts, that employs firefighters and emergency medical services personnel. See Virginia Code 9.1-300
  • Enclosure: means a structure used to house or restrict animals from running at large. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Endowment: means the Tobacco Indemnification and Community Revitalization Endowment established pursuant to § 3. See Virginia Code 3.2-3100
  • Endowment: means the Tobacco Indemnification and Community Revitalization Endowment as established in § 3. See Virginia Code 3.2-3112
  • Engages in an equine activity: means : (i) any person, whether mounted or unmounted, who rides, handles, trains, drives, assists in providing medical or therapeutic treatment of, or is a passenger upon an equine; (ii) any person who participates in an equine activity but does not necessarily ride, handle, train, drive, or ride as a passenger upon an equine; (iii) any person visiting, touring or utilizing an equine facility as part of an event or activity; or (iv) any person who assists a participant or equine activity sponsor or management in an equine activity. See Virginia Code 3.2-6200
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Entity: means any corporation, partnership, association, cooperative, limited liability company, trust, joint venture, government, political subdivision, or other legal or commercial entity. See Virginia Code 6.2-100
  • Equal Credit Opportunity Act: Prohibits creditors from discriminating against credit applicants on the basis of race, color, religion, national origin, sex, marital status, age, or because an applicant receives income from a public assistance program. Source: OCC
  • Equine: means a horse, pony, mule, donkey, or hinny. See Virginia Code 3.2-6200
  • Equine activity: means : (i) equine shows, fairs, competitions, performances, or parades that involve any or all breeds of equines and any of the equine disciplines, including dressage, hunter and jumper horse shows, grand prix jumping, three-day events, combined training, rodeos, driving, pulling, cutting, polo, steeple chasing, endurance trail riding and western games, and hunting; (ii) equine training or teaching activities; (iii) boarding equines; (iv) riding, inspecting, or evaluating an equine belonging to another whether or not the owner has received some monetary consideration or other thing of value for the use of the equine or is permitting a prospective purchaser of the equine to ride, inspect, or evaluate the equine; (v) rides, trips, hunts, or other equine activities of any type however informal or impromptu that are sponsored by an equine activity sponsor; (vi) conducting general hoofcare, including placing or replacing horseshoes or hoof trimming of an equine; and (vii) providing or assisting in breeding or therapeutic veterinary treatment. See Virginia Code 3.2-6200
  • Equine activity sponsor: means any person or his agent who, for profit or not for profit, sponsors, organizes, or provides the facilities for an equine activity, including pony clubs, 4-H clubs, hunt clubs, riding clubs, school- and college-sponsored classes and programs, therapeutic riding programs, and operators, instructors, and promoters of equine facilities, including stables, clubhouses, ponyride strings, fairs, and arenas where the activity is held. See Virginia Code 3.2-6200
  • Equine professional: means a person or his agent engaged for compensation in: (i) instructing a participant or renting to a participant an equine for the purpose of riding, driving, or being a passenger upon an equine; or (ii) renting equipment or tack to a participant. See Virginia Code 3.2-6200
  • Equity: means any contribution to a project other than debt financing, including a federal, state, or local grant, except that the grant shall not be a Commission grant. See Virginia Code 3.2-3112
  • Establishment: means any place where alcoholic beverages of one or more varieties are lawfully manufactured, sold, or used. See Virginia Code 4.1-100
  • Euthanasia: means the humane destruction of an animal accomplished by a method that involves instantaneous unconsciousness and immediate death or by a method that involves anesthesia, produced by an agent that causes painless loss of consciousness, and death during such loss of consciousness. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • exercise: means the opportunity for the animal to move sufficiently to maintain normal muscle tone and mass for the age, species, size, and condition of the animal. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Exporter: means any person offering corn for export sale. See Virginia Code 3.2-1400
  • Exporter: means any person offering small grains for export sale. See Virginia Code 3.2-2200
  • Extradition: The formal process of delivering an accused or convicted person from authorities in one state to authorities in another state.
  • Facilitator: means a person who receives or accepts for delivery an application for a refund anticipation loan, delivers a check in payment of refund anticipation loan proceeds, or in any other manner acts to allow the making of a refund anticipation loan. See Virginia Code 6.2-2500
  • Facility: means a building or portion thereof as designated by the State Veterinarian, other than a private residential dwelling and its surrounding grounds, that is used to contain a primary enclosure or enclosures in which animals are housed or kept. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • facility: means any facility, including land and structures, appurtenances, improvements and equipment for the treatment, storage or disposal of hazardous wastes, which accepts hazardous waste for storage, treatment or disposal. See Virginia Code 10.1-1433
  • Fair Debt Collection Practices Act: The Fair Debt Collection Practices Act is a set of United States statutes added as Title VIII of the Consumer Credit Protection Act. Its purpose is to ensure ethical practices in the collection of consumer debts and to provide consumers with an avenue for disputing and obtaining validation of debt information in order to ensure the information's accuracy. It is often used in conjunction with the Fair Credit Reporting Act. Source: OCC
  • Farm or ranch: means one or more areas of land used for the production, cultivation, growing, harvesting or processing of agricultural products. See Virginia Code 3.2-6400
  • farm products: means horticultural, viticulture, forestry, dairy, livestock, poultry, bee, and other products ordinarily produced on farms. See Virginia Code 3.2-4709
  • Farm winery: means (i) an establishment (a) located on a farm in the Commonwealth on land zoned agricultural with a producing vineyard, orchard, or similar growing area and with facilities for fermenting and bottling wine on the premises where the owner or lessee manufactures wine that contains not more than 21 percent alcohol by volume or (b) located in the Commonwealth on land zoned agricultural with a producing vineyard, orchard, or similar growing area or agreements for purchasing grapes or other fruits from agricultural growers within the Commonwealth, and with facilities for fermenting and bottling wine on the premises where the owner or lessee manufactures wine that contains not more than 21 percent alcohol by volume or (ii) an accredited public or private institution of higher education, provided that (a) no wine manufactured by the institution shall be sold, (b) the wine manufactured by the institution shall be used solely for research and educational purposes, (c) the wine manufactured by the institution shall be stored on the premises of such farm winery that shall be separate and apart from all other facilities of the institution, and (d) such farm winery is operated in strict conformance with the requirements of this clause (ii) and Board regulations. See Virginia Code 4.1-100
  • Farming activity: means , consistent with standard animal husbandry practices, the raising, management, and use of agricultural animals to provide food, fiber, or transportation and the breeding, exhibition, lawful recreational use, marketing, transportation, and slaughter of agricultural animals pursuant to such purposes. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Farming unit: means any sole proprietorship, corporation, or partnership and includes land owned and leased by any such business entity. See Virginia Code 3.2-1500
  • farmland: includes all land defined as follows:

    "Important farmland" other than prime or unique farmland, is land that is of statewide or local importance for the production of food, feed, fiber, forage, nursery, oilseed, or other agricultural crops, as determined by the appropriate state agency or local government agency, and that the U. See Virginia Code 3.2-205

  • Fault: means wrongful act, omission, breach, or default. See Virginia Code 8.2A-103
  • Federal acts: means any act of Congress providing for waste management and regulations promulgated thereunder. See Virginia Code 10.1-1400
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation: A government corporation that insures the deposits of all national and state banks that are members of the Federal Reserve System. Source: OCC
  • Federal Reserve System: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC
  • Feeder pig: means a hog not weighing 140 pounds or less. See Virginia Code 3.2-2000
  • Fiduciary: shall include any one or more of the following:

    a. See Virginia Code 8.01-2

  • Fighter or attack jet: means a jet-powered aircraft designed for military (i) combat training or (ii) operational mission execution. See Virginia Code 5.1-1
  • Finance lease: means a lease with respect to which:

    (i) The lessor does not select, manufacture, or supply the goods;

    (ii) The lessor acquires the goods or the right to possession and use of the goods in connection with the lease; and

    (iii) One of the following occurs:

    (A) The lessee receives a copy of the contract by which the lessor acquired the goods or the right to possession and use of the goods before signing the lease contract;

    (B) The lessee's approval of the contract by which the lessor acquired the goods or the right to possession and use of the goods is a condition to effectiveness of the lease contract;

    (C) The lessee, before signing the lease contract, receives an accurate and complete statement designating the promises and warranties, and any disclaimers of warranties, limitations or modifications of remedies, or liquidated damages, including those of a third party, such as the manufacturer of the goods, provided to the lessor by the person supplying the goods in connection with or as part of the contract by which the lessor acquired the goods or the right to possession and use of the goods; or

    (D) If the lease is not a consumer lease, the lessor, before the lessee signs the lease contract, informs the lessee in writing (a) of the identity of the person supplying the goods to the lessor, unless the lessee has selected that person and directed the lessor to acquire the goods or the right to possession and use of the goods from that person, (b) that the lessee is entitled under this title to the promises and warranties, including those of any third party, provided to the lessor by the person supplying the goods in connection with or as part of the contract by which the lessor acquired the goods or the right to possession and use of the goods, and (c) that the lessee may communicate with the person supplying the goods to the lessor and receive an accurate and complete statement of those promises and warranties, including any disclaimers and limitations of them or of remedies. See Virginia Code 8.2A-103

  • Financial institution: means any bank, trust company, savings institution, industrial loan association, consumer finance company, credit union, broker-dealer as defined in subsection A of § 13. See Virginia Code 2.2-3101
  • Financial institution: means any bank, trust company, savings institution, industrial loan association, consumer finance company, or credit union. See Virginia Code 6.2-100
  • Financial institution: means any entity authorized to do business under state or federal laws relating to financial institutions that is authorized to establish accounts, including, without limitation, banks, trust companies, savings institutions, and credit unions. See Virginia Code 6.2-604
  • Financial institution holding company: means any person that has control over any financial institution or that has control over any person that controls any financial institution. See Virginia Code 6.2-700
  • Firefighter: means any person who is employed solely within the fire department or public safety department of an employing agency as a full-time firefighter whose primary responsibility is the prevention and extinguishment of fires, the protection of life and property, and the enforcement of local and state fire prevention codes and laws pertaining to the prevention and control of fires. See Virginia Code 9.1-300
  • Forbearance: A means of handling a delinquent loan. A
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Foreign country: means a government other than any of the following: the United States; a state, district, commonwealth, territory, or insular possession of the United States; or a government with regard to which the decision in the Commonwealth as to whether to recognize a judgment of that government's courts is initially subject to determination under the Full Faith and Credit Clause of the United States Constitution. See Virginia Code 8.01-465.13:1
  • foreign judgment: means any judgment, decree, or order of a court of the United States or of any other court which is entitled to full faith and credit in this state. See Virginia Code 8.01-465.1
  • Foreign money: means money other than money of the United States of America. See Virginia Code 8.01-465.14
  • Foreign-country judgment: means a judgment of a court of a foreign country. See Virginia Code 8.01-465.13:1
  • Foreign-money claim: means a claim upon an obligation to pay, or a claim for recovery of a loss, expressed in or measured by a foreign money. See Virginia Code 8.01-465.14
  • Forgery: The fraudulent signing or alteration of another's name to an instrument such as a deed, mortgage, or check. The intent of the forgery is to deceive or defraud. Source: OCC
  • Foster care provider: means a person who provides care or rehabilitation for companion animals through an affiliation with a public or private animal shelter, home-based rescue, releasing agency, or other animal welfare organization. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Foster home: means a private residential dwelling and its surrounding grounds, or any facility other than a public or private animal shelter, at which site through an affiliation with a public or private animal shelter, home-based rescue, releasing agency, or other animal welfare organization care or rehabilitation is provided for companion animals. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Franchise: means a written contract or agreement between two or more persons, by which:

    1. See Virginia Code 13.1-559

  • Franchisee: means a person to whom a franchise is granted or sold. See Virginia Code 13.1-559
  • Franchisor: means a person, including a subfranchisor, who grants or sells, or offers to grant or sell, a franchise. See Virginia Code 13.1-559
  • Fund: means the Virginia Growth and Opportunity Fund. See Virginia Code 2.2-2484
  • Fund: means the Line of Duty Death and Health Benefits Trust Fund established pursuant to § Virginia Code 10.1-2127.1
  • Fund: means the Virginia Water Quality Improvement Fund established by Article 4 (§ 10. See Virginia Code 10.1-2117
  • Fungicide: means any substance or mixture of substances intended for preventing, destroying, repelling, or mitigating any fungi or plant disease. See Virginia Code 3.2-3900
  • Gamete: means either a sperm or an ovum. See Virginia Code 20-156
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • Genetic parent: means an individual who contributes a gamete resulting in a conception. See Virginia Code 20-156
  • Gestational mother: means the woman who gives birth to a child, regardless of her genetic relationship to the child. See Virginia Code 20-156
  • Gift: means any gratuity, favor, discount, entertainment, hospitality, loan, forbearance, or other item having monetary value. See Virginia Code 2.2-3101
  • Gift shop: means any bona fide retail store selling, predominantly, gifts, books, souvenirs, specialty items relating to history, original and handmade arts and products, collectibles, crafts, and floral arrangements, which is open to the public on a regular basis. See Virginia Code 4.1-100
  • Goods: means all things that are movable at the time of identification to the lease contract, or are fixtures (§ 8. See Virginia Code 8.2A-103
  • Goods: means all material, equipment, supplies, printing, and automated data processing hardware and software. See Virginia Code 2.2-4301
  • Gourmet brewing shop: means an establishment which sells to persons to whom wine or beer may lawfully be sold, ingredients for making wine or brewing beer, including packaging, and rents to such persons facilities for manufacturing, fermenting and bottling such wine or beer. See Virginia Code 4.1-100
  • Gourmet shop: means an establishment provided with adequate inventory, shelving, and storage facilities, where, in consideration of payment, substantial amounts of domestic and imported wines and beers of various types and sizes and related products such as cheeses and gourmet foods are habitually furnished to persons. See Virginia Code 4.1-100
  • Governing body: means the board of supervisors of a county, council of a city, or council of a town, as the context may require. See Virginia Code 15.2-102
  • Government store: means a store established by the Authority for the sale of alcoholic beverages. See Virginia Code 4.1-100
  • Government utility corporation: means any county or municipality, or entity or agency thereof, which provides or operates one or more of the following authorized utility services: gas, pipeline, electric light, heat, power, water supply, sewer, telephone, or telegraph. See Virginia Code 1-219.1
  • Governmental agency: means each component part of the legislative, executive or judicial branches of state and local government, including each office, department, authority, post, commission, committee, and each institution or board created by law to exercise some regulatory or sovereign power or duty as distinguished from purely advisory powers or duties. See Virginia Code 2.2-3101
  • Grace period: The number of days you'll have to pay your bill for purchases in full without triggering a finance charge. Source: Federal Reserve
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Grape grower: means a commercial grower who: (i) sells at least $10,000 worth of grapes annually; or (ii) has planted and maintains at least three acres of vines of a type used for the production of wine. See Virginia Code 3.2-3000
  • Groomer: means any person who, for a fee, cleans, trims, brushes, makes neat, manicures, or treats for external parasites any animal. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Grower: means any person actually engaged in the growing and producing of bright flue-cured tobacco or type 21 dark-fired tobacco. See Virginia Code 3.2-2400
  • Guarantor: A party who agrees to be responsible for the payment of another party's debts should that party default. Source: OCC
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Guidance document: means the same as that term is defined in § Virginia Code 3.2-1800
  • Handler: means a commercial enterprise that gins cotton. See Virginia Code 3.2-1500
  • Handler: means any person who operates a grading station, a packer, distributor, or other person who purchases, sells, or handles eggs that are used at the wholesale level for consumption in Virginia or, a farmer who packs, processes, or otherwise performs the functions of a handler. See Virginia Code 3.2-1600
  • Handler: means the operator of a stockyard, livestock dealership, slaughterhouse, packing plant, or livestock auction market, or any other person making a purchase from a sheep producer, at the point where the sheep is sold or traded. See Virginia Code 3.2-2100
  • Handler: means any person who purchases small grains from a producer and any producer who transports and sells his own small grains out of state. See Virginia Code 3.2-2200
  • Handler: means any manufacturer, dealer, processor, or any other business entity that purchases tobacco directly from the grower. See Virginia Code 3.2-2400
  • Hazardous substance: means a substance listed under United States Public Law 96-510, entitled the Comprehensive Environmental Response Compensation and Liability Act. See Virginia Code 10.1-1400
  • Hazardous waste: means a solid waste or combination of solid waste which, because of its quantity, concentration or physical, chemical or infectious characteristics, may:

    1. See Virginia Code 10.1-1400

  • Hearing: means agency processes other than those informational or factual inquiries of an informal nature provided in §§ Virginia Code 2.2-4001
  • Hearsay: Statements by a witness who did not see or hear the incident in question but heard about it from someone else. Hearsay is usually not admissible as evidence in court.
  • Historic cinema house: means a nonprofit establishment exempt from taxation under § 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code that was built prior to 1970 and that exists for the primary purpose of showing motion pictures to the public. See Virginia Code 4.1-100
  • Home state: means :

    1. See Virginia Code 6.2-700

  • Horse: means any stallion, colt, gelding, mare, or filly. See Virginia Code 3.2-5900
  • Host: means any plant or plant product upon which a pest is dependent for completion of any portion of its life cycle. See Virginia Code 3.2-700
  • Host community: means any county, city or town within whose jurisdictional boundaries construction of a hazardous waste facility is proposed. See Virginia Code 10.1-1433
  • Hotel: means any duly licensed establishment, provided with special space and accommodation, where, in consideration of payment, food and lodging are habitually furnished to persons, and which has four or more bedrooms. See Virginia Code 4.1-100
  • Household hazardous waste: means any waste material derived from households (including single and multiple residences, hotels, motels, bunkhouses, ranger stations, crew quarters, campgrounds, picnic grounds and day-use recreation areas) which, except for the fact that it is derived from a household, would be classified as a hazardous waste, including but not limited to, nickel, cadmium, mercuric oxide, manganese, zinc-carbon or lead batteries; solvent-based paint, paint thinner, paint strippers, or other paint solvents; any product containing trichloroethylene, toxic art supplies, used motor oil and unusable gasoline or kerosene, fluorescent or high intensity light bulbs, ammunition, fireworks, banned pesticides, or restricted-use pesticides as defined in § 3. See Virginia Code 10.1-1400
  • Humane: means any action taken in consideration of and with the intent to provide for the animal's health and well-being. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Humane investigator: means a person who has been appointed by a circuit court as a humane investigator as provided in § Virginia Code 3.2-6200
  • Irrevocable trust: A trust arrangement that cannot be revoked, rescinded, or repealed by the grantor.
  • Item: means a check, draft, or money order. See Virginia Code 6.2-2100
  • Joint account: means an account payable on request to one or more of two or more parties whether or not mention is made of any right of survivorship. See Virginia Code 6.2-604
  • Joint account transactions: means a transaction between a dealer and grower in which the dealer pays the grower based on the price for which the agricultural produce sells in relation to the price agreed upon between the dealer and grower. See Virginia Code 3.2-4738
  • Judge: means any judge, associate judge or substitute judge of any court or any magistrate. See Virginia Code 19.2-5
  • Kennel: means any establishment in which five or more canines, felines, or hybrids of either are kept for the purpose of breeding, hunting, training, renting, buying, boarding, selling, or showing. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Key personnel: means the applicant itself and any person employed by the applicant in a managerial capacity, or empowered to make discretionary decisions, with respect to the solid waste or hazardous waste operations of the applicant in Virginia, but shall not include employees exclusively engaged in the physical or mechanical collection, transportation, treatment, storage, or disposal of solid or hazardous waste and such other employees as the Director may designate by regulation. See Virginia Code 10.1-1400
  • Label: means the written, printed or graphic matter on, or attached to, the pesticide or device, or the immediate container thereof, and the outside container or wrapper of the retail package, if any, of the pesticide or device. See Virginia Code 3.2-3900
  • Labeling: means all labels and other written, printed, or graphic matter: (i) upon the pesticide or device or any of its containers or wrappers; (ii) accompanying the pesticide or device at any time; or (iii) referenced on the label or in literature accompanying the pesticide or device. See Virginia Code 3.2-3900
  • land zoned agricultural: means (1) land zoned as an agricultural district or classification or (2) land otherwise permitted by a locality for farm winery use. See Virginia Code 4.1-100
  • Law-enforcement employee: means any person who is responsible for the prevention and detection of crime and the enforcement of the penal, traffic or highway laws of the Commonwealth, other than an employee who is exempt from the overtime provisions of the Fair Labor Standards Act, and who is a full-time employee of either (i) a police department or (ii) a sheriff's office that is part of or administered by the Commonwealth or any political subdivision thereof. See Virginia Code 9.1-700
  • Law-enforcement officer: means any person, other than a Chief of Police or the Superintendent of the Department of State Police, who, in his official capacity, is (i) authorized by law to make arrests and (ii) a nonprobationary officer of one of the following agencies:

    a. See Virginia Code 9.1-500

  • Law-enforcement officer: means any person who is a full-time or part-time employee of a police department or sheriff's office that is part of or administered by the Commonwealth or any political subdivision thereof and who is responsible for the prevention and detection of crime and the enforcement of the penal, traffic or highway laws of the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
  • Lease: means a transfer of the right to possession and use of goods for a term in return for consideration, but a sale, including a sale on approval or a sale or return, or retention or creation of a security interest is not a lease. See Virginia Code 8.2A-103
  • Lease agreement: means the bargain, with respect to the lease, of the lessor and the lessee in fact as found in their language or by implication from other circumstances including course of dealing or usage of trade or course of performance as provided in this title. See Virginia Code 8.2A-103
  • Lease contract: means the total legal obligation that results from the lease agreement as affected by this title and any other applicable rules of law. See Virginia Code 8.2A-103
  • Leasehold interest: means the interest of the lessor or the lessee under a lease contract. See Virginia Code 8.2A-103
  • Legacy: A gift of property made by will.
  • Legal or contractual custody: means having authority granted by law, contract, or court order to make decisions concerning the use of an embryo. See Virginia Code 20-156
  • Legal tender: coins, dollar bills, or other currency issued by a government as official money. Source: U.S. Mint
  • Legislative session: That part of a chamber's daily session in which it considers legislative business (bills, resolutions, and actions related thereto).
  • Lessee: means a person who acquires the right to possession and use of goods under a lease. See Virginia Code 8.2A-103
  • lessee: shall include a cooperative formed by an association of individuals for the purpose of manufacturing wine. See Virginia Code 4.1-100
  • Lessee: means the person renting a box from a company. See Virginia Code 6.2-2300
  • Lessor: means a person who transfers the right to possession and use of goods under a lease. See Virginia Code 8.2A-103
  • Licensed: means the holding of a valid license granted by the Authority. See Virginia Code 4.1-100
  • Licensee: means any person to whom a license has been granted by the Authority. See Virginia Code 4.1-100
  • Licensee: means a person to whom a license has been issued under this chapter. See Virginia Code 6.2-2200
  • Licensee: means any person who has been granted a license to operate, conduct, or carry on the business of a commission merchant. See Virginia Code 3.2-4709
  • licensee: means a person issued a license by the Board to engage in the sale, storage, distribution, recommendation, or application of pesticides for compensation. See Virginia Code 3.2-3900
  • Lien: means a charge against or interest in goods to secure payment of a debt or performance of an obligation, but the term does not include a security interest. See Virginia Code 8.2A-103
  • Life estate: A property interest limited in duration to the life of the individual holding the interest (life tenant).
  • Line of duty: means any action the deceased or disabled person was obligated or authorized to perform by rule, regulation, condition of employment or service, or law. See Virginia Code 9.1-400
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Livestock: includes all domestic or domesticated: bovine animals; equine animals; ovine animals; porcine animals; cervidae animals; capradae animals; animals of the genus Lama or Vicugna; ratites; fish or shellfish in aquaculture facilities, as defined in § Virginia Code 3.2-5900
  • Livestock auction market: means any place of business or establishment where, during the regular course of business, cattle, sheep, swine, or other livestock are offered or exposed for sale, or sold, by weight, or by head, at auction, for compensation or profit. See Virginia Code 3.2-5600
  • Livestock market: means a place where a person assembles livestock for public sale if such person is required to procure a license or permit from the Department to operate such market. See Virginia Code 3.2-6100
  • loan agreement: means a written document that sets out the terms and conditions under which a licensee agrees to make a motor vehicle title loan to a borrower, and the borrower agrees to give to the licensee a security interest in a motor vehicle owned by the borrower to secure repayment of the motor vehicle title loan and performance of the other obligations under the loan agreement. See Virginia Code 6.2-2200
  • Local government: means any county, city, town, municipal corporation, authority, district, commission, or political subdivision created by the General Assembly or pursuant to the Constitution of Virginia or laws of the Commonwealth, or any combination of any two or more of the foregoing, located in any of the tobacco-dependent communities in the Southside and Southwest regions of Virginia. See Virginia Code 3.2-3112
  • Local government: means any county, city, town, municipal corporation, authority, district, commission or political subdivision created by the General Assembly or pursuant to the Constitution or laws of the Commonwealth or any combination of any two or more of the foregoing. See Virginia Code 5.1-30.1
  • Local government: means any county, city, town, municipal corporation, authority, district, commission or political subdivision of the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 10.1-2117
  • Local workforce development board: means a local workforce development board established under § 107 of the WIOA. See Virginia Code 2.2-2470
  • Low alcohol beverage cooler: means a drink containing one-half of one percent or more of alcohol by volume, but not more than seven and one-half percent alcohol by volume, and consisting of spirits mixed with nonalcoholic beverages or flavoring or coloring materials; it may also contain water, fruit juices, fruit adjuncts, sugar, carbon dioxide, preservatives or other similar products manufactured by fermenting fruit or fruit juices. See Virginia Code 4.1-100
  • Majority leader: see Floor Leaders
  • Manifest: means the form used for identifying the quantity, composition, origin, routing and destination of hazardous waste during its transportation from the point of generation to the point of disposal, treatment or storage of such hazardous waste. See Virginia Code 10.1-1400
  • Manufactured equine feed: means a commercial feed as defined by § 3. See Virginia Code 3.2-1712
  • Manufacturer: means (i) a person who manufactures or otherwise produces, or causes to be manufactured or produced, cigarettes intended for sale in the Commonwealth, including cigarettes intended for sale in the United States through an importer; (ii) the first purchaser anywhere that intends to resell in the United States cigarettes that the original manufacturer or maker does not intend for sale in the United States; or (iii) the successor to a person listed in clause (i) or (ii). See Virginia Code 9.1-209
  • Manufacturer: means any person who manufactures equine feed and is licensed to conduct business in the Commonwealth under § 3. See Virginia Code 3.2-1712
  • Manufacturer: means any person that produces products, packages, packaging, or components of products or packaging. See Virginia Code 10.1-1425.21
  • Manufacturer: means a person who in any calendar year:

    1. See Virginia Code 10.1-1425.27

  • Markup: The process by which congressional committees and subcommittees debate, amend, and rewrite proposed legislation.
  • Master Settlement Agreement: means the settlement agreement and related documents between the Commonwealth and leading United States tobacco product manufacturers dated November 23, 1998, and including the Consent Decree and Final Judgment entered in the Circuit Court of the City of Richmond on February 23, 1999, Chancery Number HJ-2241-4. See Virginia Code 3.2-3100
  • Meal-assembly kitchen: means any commercial establishment that offers its customers, for off-premises consumption, ingredients for the preparation of meals and entrees in professional kitchen facilities located at the establishment. See Virginia Code 4.1-100
  • Meals: means , for a mixed beverage license, an assortment of foods commonly ordered in bona fide, full-service restaurants as principal meals of the day. See Virginia Code 4.1-100
  • Member: means a member of the Apple Board. See Virginia Code 3.2-1200
  • Middle school: means separate schools for early adolescents and the middle school grades that might be housed at elementary or high schools. See Virginia Code 22.1-1
  • Mixer: means any prepackaged ingredients containing beverages or flavoring or coloring materials, and which may also contain water, fruit juices, fruit adjuncts, sugar, carbon dioxide, or preservatives which are not commonly consumed unless combined with alcoholic beverages, whether or not such ingredients contain alcohol. See Virginia Code 4.1-100
  • Money: means a medium of exchange for the payment of obligations or a store of value authorized or adopted by a government or by intergovernmental agreement. See Virginia Code 8.01-465.14
  • Money of the claim: means the money determined as proper pursuant to § 8. See Virginia Code 8.01-465.14
  • Mortgage loan: means a loan made to an individual, the proceeds of which are to be used primarily for personal, family or household purposes, which loan is secured by a mortgage or deed of trust upon any interest in one- to four-family residential property located in the Commonwealth, regardless of where made, including the renewal or refinancing of any such loan, but excluding (i) loans or extensions of credit to buyers of real property for any part of the purchase price of such property by persons selling such property owned by them, (ii) loans to persons related to the lender by blood or marriage, and (iii) loans to persons who are bona fide employees of the lender. See Virginia Code 6.2-1400
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • Motor vehicle: means an automobile, motorcycle, mobile home, truck, van, or other vehicle operated on public highways and streets. See Virginia Code 6.2-2200
  • Move: means to ship, offer for shipment, receive for transportation, carry, or otherwise transport, move or allow to be moved. See Virginia Code 3.2-700
  • Multiple-party account: means any of the following types of account: (i) a joint account, (ii) a P. See Virginia Code 6.2-604
  • National Credit Union Administration: The federal regulatory agency that charters and supervises federal credit unions. (NCUA also administers the National Credit Union Share Insurance Fund, which insures the deposits of federal credit unions.) Source: OCC
  • Net weight: means the net weight of a commodity, that is, the weight of the commodity exclusive of any wrapper, and any other material or thing weighed or packed with such commodity, and excluding the vehicle or vessel containing the commodity. See Virginia Code 3.2-5600
  • New owner: means an individual who is legally competent to enter into a binding agreement pursuant to subdivision B 2 of §
  • Ordinance: means any law, rule, regulation, or ordinance adopted by the governing body of any locality. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Original bill: A bill which is drafted by a committee. It is introduced by the committee or subcommittee chairman after the committee votes to report it.
  • Other officer: includes all other persons employed or elected by the people of Virginia, or by any locality, whose duty it is to preserve the peace, to make arrests, or to enforce the law. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Out-of-state bank holding company: means a bank holding company that has as its home state a state other than the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 6.2-700
  • Ovum: means the female gamete or reproductive cell prior to fertilization. See Virginia Code 20-156
  • Owner: means any person who: (i) has a right of property in an animal; (ii) keeps or harbors an animal; (iii) has an animal in his care; or (iv) acts as a custodian of an animal. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Owner: means a person who owns a facility or a part of a facility. See Virginia Code 10.1-1433
  • Ox activity: means : (i) ox shows, fairs, competitions, rodeos, pulling, driving, performances, or parades; (ii) ox training or teaching activities; (iii) boarding oxen; (iv) riding, inspecting, or evaluating an ox belonging to another whether or not the owner has received some monetary consideration or other thing of value for the use of the ox or is permitting a prospective purchaser of the ox to ride, inspect, or evaluate the ox; and (v) rides, trips or other ox activities of any type however informal or impromptu that are sponsored by an ox activity sponsor. See Virginia Code 3.2-6300
  • Ox activity sponsor: means any person or his agent who, for profit or not for profit, sponsors, organizes, or provides the facilities for an ox activity, including 4-H clubs, riding clubs, school-sponsored and college-sponsored classes and programs, therapeutic riding programs, and operators, instructors, and promoters of ox facilities, including stables, fairs, and arenas where the activity is held. See Virginia Code 3.2-6300
  • Ox professional: means a person or his agent engaged for compensation in: (i) instructing a participant or renting to a participant an ox for the purpose of riding, driving, or being a passenger upon an ox; or (ii) renting equipment or tack to a participant. See Virginia Code 3.2-6300
  • Package: means any container which provides a means of marketing, protecting, or handling a product, including a unit package, intermediate package, or a shipping container, as defined in the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) specification D996. See Virginia Code 10.1-1425.21
  • Packaging component: means any individual assembled part of a package, including, but not limited to, interior and exterior blocking, bracing, cushioning, weatherproofing, exterior strapping, coatings, closures, inks, and labels. See Virginia Code 10.1-1425.21
  • Parent-subsidiary relationship: means a relationship that exists when one corporation directly or indirectly owns shares possessing more than 50 percent of the voting power of another corporation. See Virginia Code 2.2-3101
  • parents: means any parent, guardian, legal custodian, or other person having control or charge of a child. See Virginia Code 22.1-1
  • Participant: means any person, other than an agritourism professional, who engages in an agritourism activity. See Virginia Code 3.2-6400
  • Participant: means any person, whether amateur or professional, who engages in an equine activity, whether or not a fee is paid to participate in the equine activity. See Virginia Code 3.2-6200
  • Participant: means any person, whether amateur or professional, who directly engages in an ox activity, whether or not a fee is paid to participate in the ox activity. See Virginia Code 3.2-6300
  • Participating employer: means any employer that is a state agency or is a political subdivision of the Commonwealth that did not make an election to become a nonparticipating employer. See Virginia Code 9.1-400
  • Party: means a person who, by the terms of the account, has a present right, subject to request, to payment from a multiple-party account. See Virginia Code 6.2-604
  • Passport: means a document that may be used in lieu of a Certificate of Veterinary Inspection and shall contain animal identifiers and health maintenance history such as vaccinations and laboratory tests. See Virginia Code 3.2-5900
  • Period of sale: means the time during which a purchaser under an agreement is entitled to receive the Commission Allocation. See Virginia Code 3.2-3100
  • Permit: means a document issued or authorized by the Commissioner to provide for the movement of regulated articles to restricted destinations for limited handling, utilization, or processing. See Virginia Code 3.2-700
  • Person: shall include individuals, a trust, an estate, a partnership, an association, an order, a corporation, or any other legal or commercial entity;

    6. See Virginia Code 8.01-2

  • Person: means any individual, corporation, partnership, association, cooperative, limited liability company, trust, joint venture, or other legal or commercial entity. See Virginia Code 6.2-2200
  • Person: means the term as defined in § 1-230. See Virginia Code 3.2-700
  • Person: means any individual, corporation, partnership, association, cooperative, limited liability company, trust, joint venture, government, political subdivision, or other legal or commercial entity. See Virginia Code 6.2-100
  • Person: includes an individual, corporation, partnership, association, a governmental body, a municipal corporation or any other legal entity. See Virginia Code 10.1-1400
  • Person: means a natural person, corporation, partnership, trust, agency or other entity as well as the individual officers, directors or other persons in active control of the activities of each such entity. See Virginia Code 4.1-401
  • Person: means a natural person, corporation, partnership, trust, agency, or other entity as well as the individual officers, directors or other persons in active control of the activities of each such entity. See Virginia Code 4.1-500
  • Person: means an individual, a corporation, government or governmental subdivision or agency, business trust, estate, trust, joint venture, partnership, association, two or more persons having a joint or common interest, or any other legal or commercial entity. See Virginia Code 8.01-465.14
  • Person: means any individual, corporation, government, political subdivision of the Commonwealth, or governmental subdivision or agency, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, two or more of any of the foregoing having a joint or common interest, or any other legal or commercial entity. See Virginia Code 5.1-1
  • Person of school age: means a person who will have reached his fifth birthday on or before September 30 of the school year and who has not reached twenty years of age on or before August 1 of the school year. See Virginia Code 22.1-1
  • Person under a disability: shall include :

    a. See Virginia Code 8.01-2

  • Personal estate: includes chattels real and such other estate as, upon the death of the owner intestate, would devolve upon his personal representative. See Virginia Code 1-233
  • Personal interest: means a financial benefit or liability accruing to an officer or employee or to a member of his immediate family. See Virginia Code 2.2-3101
  • Personal interest in a contract: means a personal interest that an officer or employee has in a contract with a governmental agency, whether due to his being a party to the contract or due to a personal interest in a business that is a party to the contract. See Virginia Code 2.2-3101
  • Personal interest in a transaction: means a personal interest of an officer or employee in any matter considered by his agency. See Virginia Code 2.2-3101
  • Personal representative: includes the executor of a will or the administrator of the estate of a decedent, the administrator of such estate with the will annexed, the administrator of such estate unadministered by a former representative, whether there is a will or not, any person who is under the order of a circuit court to take into his possession the estate of a decedent for administration, and every other curator of a decedent's estate, for or against whom suits may be brought for causes of action that accrued to or against the decedent. See Virginia Code 1-234
  • Pest: means an insect, disease, parasitic plant, or other organism of any character whatever, in any living stage, vertebrate or invertebrate, causing or capable of causing injury or damage to any plant or part thereof or any processed, manufactured, or other product of plants, or otherwise creating a public nuisance. See Virginia Code 3.2-700
  • Pest: means any deleterious organism that is: (i) any vertebrate animal other than man; (ii) any invertebrate animal excluding any internal parasite of living man or other living animals; (iii) any plant growing where not wanted, and any plant part such as a root; or (iv) any bacterium, virus, or other microorganisms (except for those on or in living man or other living animals and those on or in processed food or processed animal feed, beverages, drugs as defined by the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act at 21 U. See Virginia Code 3.2-3900
  • Pesticide: means : (i) any substance or mixture of substances intended for preventing, destroying, repelling, or mitigating any insects, rodents, fungi, bacteria, weeds, other forms of plant or animal life, bacterium, or viruses, except viruses on or in living man or other animals, which the Commissioner shall declare to be a pest; (ii) any substance or mixture of substances intended for use as a plant regulator, defoliant, or desiccant; and (iii) any substance intended to become an active ingredient in any substance defined in clause (i) and (ii). See Virginia Code 3.2-3900
  • Pesticide business: means any person engaged in the business of: distributing, applying or recommending the use of a product; or storing, selling, or offering for sale pesticides directly to the user. See Virginia Code 3.2-3900
  • Pet shop: means a retail establishment where companion animals are bought, sold, exchanged, or offered for sale or exchange to the general public. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Place of business: means a building or portion thereof from which the goods or services authorized by the franchise are sold or offered for sale in person by the franchisee or employees or agents of the franchisee, or a truck or van used in the sale of such goods which is of a type designated by the franchisor and is equipped and marked in conformance with requirements of the franchisor. See Virginia Code 13.1-559
  • Plant regulator: means any substance or mixture of substances, intended through physiological action, for accelerating or retarding the rate of growth or rate of maturation, or for otherwise altering the behavior of ornamental or crop plants or the produce thereof, but shall not include substances to the extent that they are intended as plant nutrients, trace elements, nutritional chemicals, plant inoculants, and soil amendments. See Virginia Code 3.2-3900
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Point source pollution: means pollution of state waters resulting from any discernible, defined or discrete conveyances. See Virginia Code 10.1-2117
  • Pollution prevention: means eliminating or reducing the use, generation or release at the source of environmental waste. See Virginia Code 10.1-1425.10
  • Potatoes: means all varieties of potatoes except sweet potatoes. See Virginia Code 3.2-1800
  • Poultry: includes all domestic fowl and game birds raised in captivity. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Poultry: includes all domestic fowl and game birds raised in captivity. See Virginia Code 3.2-5900
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Pre-planning: means a process meant to obtain a more detailed definition and cost estimate of a project. See Virginia Code 2.2-1515
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Preliminary hearing: A hearing where the judge decides whether there is enough evidence to make the defendant have a trial.
  • Premarital agreement: means an agreement between prospective spouses made in contemplation of marriage and to be effective upon marriage. See Virginia Code 20-148
  • Preopening obligations: means the franchisor's obligations to provide to the franchisee, prior to the opening of the franchisee's business, real estate, improvements, equipment, inventory, training, or other items to be included in the offering. See Virginia Code 13.1-559
  • Prescribed burning: means the controlled application of fire or wildland fuels in either the natural or modified state, under specified environmental conditions, which allows a fire to be confined to a predetermined area and produces the fire behavior and fire characteristics necessary to attain planned fire treatment and ecological, silvicultural, and wildlife management objectives. See Virginia Code 10.1-1150.1
  • Prescription: means a written statement defining the objectives to be attained by a prescribed burning and the conditions of temperature, humidity, wind direction and speed, fuel moisture, and soil moisture under which a fire will be allowed to burn. See Virginia Code 10.1-1150.1
  • present sale: means a sale which is accomplished by the making of the contract. See Virginia Code 8.2-106
  • President pro tempore: A constitutionally recognized officer of the Senate who presides over the chamber in the absence of the Vice President. The President Pro Tempore (or, "president for a time") is elected by the Senate and is, by custom, the Senator of the majority party with the longest record of continuous service.
  • Principal: means any person who, directly or indirectly, owns or controls (i) 10 percent or more of the outstanding stock of a stock corporation or (ii) a 10 percent or greater interest in any other type of entity. See Virginia Code 6.2-2200
  • Principal stockholder: means any person who individually or in concert with his spouse and immediate family members beneficially owns or controls, directly or indirectly, five percent or more of the equity ownership of any person that is a licensee of the Authority, or who in concert with his spouse and immediate family members has the power to vote or cause the vote of five percent or more of any such equity ownership. See Virginia Code 4.1-100
  • Private animal shelter: means a facility operated for the purpose of finding permanent adoptive homes for animals that is used to house or contain animals and that is owned or operated by an incorporated, nonprofit, and nongovernmental entity, including a humane society, animal welfare organization, society for the prevention of cruelty to animals, or any other similar organization. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Private applicator: means an individual who uses or supervises the use of any pesticide that is classified for restricted use for purposes of producing any agricultural commodity on property owned or rented by him or his employer or, if applied without compensation other than trading of personal services between producers of agricultural commodities, on the property of another person. See Virginia Code 3.2-3900
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probate: Proving a will
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Processor: means any person who changes the physical form or characteristic of corn for the purpose of preparing it for sale. See Virginia Code 3.2-1400
  • Processor: means any person that cleans, shells, or crushes peanuts. See Virginia Code 3.2-1900
  • Processor: means any person that slaughters hogs commercially, or agent thereof. See Virginia Code 3.2-2000
  • Processor: means any person who changes the physical form or characteristic of small grains in preparation for sale. See Virginia Code 3.2-2200
  • Processor: means any person operating any plant in the Commonwealth that freezes, dehydrates, cans, or otherwise changes the physical form or characteristics of agricultural produce. See Virginia Code 3.2-4738
  • Producer: means any person who, in a calendar year, grows or causes to be grown within the Commonwealth, for sale, a minimum of 5,000 tree run bushels of apples. See Virginia Code 3.2-1200
  • Producer: means any person engaged in the business of raising cattle. See Virginia Code 3.2-1300
  • Producer: means any person who grew corn in the Commonwealth and sold corn during the preceding three years. See Virginia Code 3.2-1400
  • Producer: means any person who, in a calendar year, grows a minimum of 40,000 pounds of potatoes in the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 3.2-1800
  • Producer: means any person who grows, harvests, and sells cotton in Virginia. See Virginia Code 3.2-1500
  • Producer: means any person who has grown and sold small grains in the Commonwealth in the preceding three years. See Virginia Code 3.2-2200
  • Producer: means any person who produces agricultural produce in Virginia. See Virginia Code 3.2-4738
  • Professional business entity: means any entity as defined in § 13. See Virginia Code 13.1-543
  • Professional corporation: means a corporation whose articles of incorporation set forth a sole and specific purpose permitted by this chapter and that is either (i) organized under this chapter for the sole and specific purpose of rendering professional service other than that of architects, professional engineers, land surveyors, or landscape architects, or using a title other than that of certified interior designers and, except as expressly otherwise permitted by this chapter, that has as its shareholders or members only individuals or professional business entities that are duly licensed or otherwise legally authorized to render the same professional service as the corporation, including the trustees of an eligible employee stock ownership plan or (ii) organized under this chapter for the sole and specific purpose of rendering the professional services of architects, professional engineers, land surveyors, or landscape architects, or using the title of certified interior designers, or any combination thereof, and at least two-thirds of whose shares are held by persons duly licensed within the Commonwealth to perform the services of an architect, professional engineer, land surveyor, or landscape architect, including the trustees of an eligible employee stock ownership plan, or by persons legally authorized within the Commonwealth to use the title of certified interior designer; or (iii) organized under this chapter or under Chapter 10 (§ 13. See Virginia Code 13.1-543
  • Professional service: means any type of personal service to the public that requires as a condition precedent to the rendering of such service or use of such title the obtaining of a license, certification, or other legal authorization and shall be limited to the personal services rendered by pharmacists, optometrists, physical therapists and physical therapist assistants, practitioners of the healing arts, nurse practitioners, practitioners of the behavioral science professions, veterinarians, surgeons, dentists, architects, professional engineers, land surveyors, landscape architects, certified interior designers, public accountants, certified public accountants, attorneys-at-law, insurance consultants, audiologists or speech pathologists, and clinical nurse specialists. See Virginia Code 13.1-543
  • Professional services: means work performed by an independent contractor within the scope of the practice of accounting, actuarial services, architecture, land surveying, landscape architecture, law, dentistry, medicine, optometry, pharmacy or professional engineering. See Virginia Code 2.2-4301
  • Project: means the same as that term is defined in § 62. See Virginia Code 3.2-3112
  • Project: means a capital outlay project included in the six-year capital outlay plan described in § 2. See Virginia Code 2.2-1515
  • Project: means all or any part of an airport as defined in § 5. See Virginia Code 5.1-30.1
  • Proof of death: includes a death certificate; a certificate of qualification upon a decedent's estate; or an authenticated copy of any record or report of a governmental agency, domestic or foreign, that a person is dead. See Virginia Code 6.2-604
  • Property: means an interest, present or future, legal or equitable, vested or contingent, in real or personal property, including income and earnings. See Virginia Code 20-148
  • Public aircraft: includes any fighter or attack jet that is leased or owned by a private entity, provided that the aircraft operations are conducted exclusively for the purpose of military combat training in service to the federal government. See Virginia Code 5.1-1
  • Public animal shelter: means a facility operated by the Commonwealth, or any locality, for the purpose of impounding or sheltering seized, stray, homeless, abandoned, unwanted, or surrendered animals or a facility operated for the same purpose under a contract with any locality. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Public assistance and social services programs: means those programs specified in § Virginia Code 9.1-801
  • Publicly owned treatment works: means a publicly owned sewage collection system consisting of pipelines or conduits, pumping stations and force mains, and all other construction, devices, and appliances appurtenant thereto, or any equipment, plant, treatment works, structure, machinery, apparatus, interest in land, or any combination of these, not including an onsite sewage system, that is used, operated, acquired, or constructed for the storage, collection, treatment, neutralization, stabilization, reduction, recycling, reclamation, separation, or disposal of wastewater, or for the final disposal of residues resulting from the treatment of sewage, including but not limited to: treatment or disposal plants; outfall sewers, interceptor sewers, and collector sewers; pumping and ventilating stations, facilities, and works; and other real or personal property and appurtenances incident to their development, use, or operation. See Virginia Code 10.1-2117
  • Purchase: includes taking by sale, lease, mortgage, security interest, pledge, gift, or any other voluntary transaction creating an interest in goods. See Virginia Code 8.2A-103
  • Purchase: includes , but is not limited to, the sale of stock, sale of assets, merger, lease, transfer or consolidation. See Virginia Code 4.1-401
  • Purchase: includes , but is not limited to, the sale of stock, sale of assets, merger, lease, transfer or consolidation. See Virginia Code 4.1-500
  • Quality control and quality assurance program: means laboratory procedures implemented to ensure that operator bias, systematic and nonsystematic methodological errors, and equipment-related problems do not affect the results of the testing, and the testing repeatability remains within the required repeatability value for any test trial used to certify cigarettes under this chapter. See Virginia Code 9.1-209
  • Rate of exchange: means the rate at which money of one country may be converted into money of another country in a free financial market convenient to or reasonably usable by a person obligated to pay or to state a rate of conversion. See Virginia Code 8.01-465.14
  • Reasonable medical and ancillary costs: means the costs of the performance of assisted conception, the costs of prenatal maternal health care, the costs of maternal and child health care for a reasonable postpartum period, the reasonable costs for medications and maternity clothes, and any additional and reasonable costs for housing and other living expenses attributable to the pregnancy. See Virginia Code 20-156
  • Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
  • Refund anticipation loan: means a loan, whether provided through a facilitator or by another entity such as a financial institution, in anticipation of, and whose payment is secured by, a customer's federal or state income tax refund or by both. See Virginia Code 6.2-2500
  • Refund anticipation loan fee: means any fee, charge, or other consideration imposed by a lender or a facilitator for a refund anticipation loan. See Virginia Code 6.2-2500
  • Refund anticipation loan fee schedule: means a list or table of refund anticipation loan fees that (i) includes three or more representative refund anticipation loan amounts; (ii) lists separately each fee or charge imposed, as well as a total of all fees imposed, related to the making of a refund anticipation loan; and (iii) includes, for each representative loan amount, the estimated annual percentage rate calculated under the guidelines established by the federal Truth in Lending Act (15 U. See Virginia Code 6.2-2500
  • Region: means one or more planning districts or otherwise defined areas designated as a region by the Board for the purpose of administering grants provided pursuant to this article. See Virginia Code 2.2-2484
  • Regional activity: means an economic or workforce development-focused collaborative project or program that is (i) endorsed by a regional council, (ii) consistent with the economic growth and diversification plan developed by the regional council, and (iii) carried out, performed on behalf of, or contracted for by two or more localities, political subdivisions, or public bodies corporate and politic within a region. See Virginia Code 2.2-2484
  • Regional council: means a public body certified by the Board as eligible to receive grants pursuant to this article and that is supported by or affiliated with an existing or newly established organization that engages in collaborative planning or execution of economic or workforce development activities within a region. See Virginia Code 2.2-2484
  • Registered handler: means any person who has registered with the Tax Commissioner to receive monthly return forms and report the egg tax. See Virginia Code 3.2-1600
  • Registered technician: means an individual who has satisfactorily completed the Board requirements for certification to apply general use pesticides, and to apply restricted use pesticides while under the direct supervision of a certified commercial applicator. See Virginia Code 3.2-3900
  • Registrant: means a person registered under this chapter. See Virginia Code 6.2-2100
  • Registrant: means the person registering any pesticide pursuant to the provisions of this chapter. See Virginia Code 3.2-3900
  • Registrar: means the Registrar of Regulations employed as provided in § Virginia Code 2.2-3101
  • Releasing agency: means (i) a public animal shelter or (ii) a private animal shelter, humane society, animal welfare organization, society for the prevention of cruelty to animals, or other similar entity or home-based rescue that releases companion animals for adoption. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Remainderman: One entitled to the remainder of an estate after a particular reserved right or interest, such as a life tenancy, has expired.
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • Repeatability: means the range of values within which the repeat results of cigarette test trials from a single laboratory will fall 95 percent of the time. See Virginia Code 9.1-209
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • Request: means a proper request for withdrawal, or a check or order for payment, that complies with all conditions of the account, including special requirements concerning necessary signatures and regulations of the financial institution. See Virginia Code 6.2-604
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • Reserves: means the total of allowances for loan losses, regular, special, and any other type of funds held in reserve. See Virginia Code 6.2-1300
  • Residence: means any building or part of a building or structure where a person resides, but does not include any part of a building which is not actually and exclusively used as a private residence, nor any part of a hotel or club other than a private guest room thereof. See Virginia Code 4.1-100
  • Resort complex: means a facility (i) with a hotel owning year-round sports and recreational facilities located contiguously on the same property or (ii) owned by a nonstock, nonprofit, taxable corporation with voluntary membership which, as its primary function, makes available golf, ski and other recreational facilities both to its members and the general public. See Virginia Code 4.1-100
  • Restaurant: means , for a beer, or wine and beer license or a limited mixed beverage restaurant license, any establishment provided with special space and accommodation, where, in consideration of payment, meals or other foods prepared on the premises are regularly sold. See Virginia Code 4.1-100
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • Retailer: means a person who (i) sells cigarettes to consumers through vending machines on fewer than 40 premises; (ii) otherwise sells cigarettes to consumers; or (iii) holds cigarettes for sale to consumers. See Virginia Code 9.1-209
  • Retained earnings: means undivided earnings, regular reserve, reserve for contingencies, supplemental reserves, reserves for losses, and other appropriations from undivided earnings as designated by management or the Bureau. See Virginia Code 6.2-1300
  • Right of rescission: Right to cancel, within three business days, a contract that uses the home of a person as collateral, except in the case of a first mortgage loan. There is no fee to the borrower, who receives a full refund of all fees paid. The right of rescission is guaranteed by the Truth in Lending Act (TILA). Source: OCC
  • Right of survivorship: The ownership rights that result in the acquisition of title to property by reason of having survived other co-owners.
  • Rodenticide: means any substance or mixture of substances intended for preventing, destroying, repelling or mitigating rodents or any other vertebrate animal declared by the Commissioner to be a pest. See Virginia Code 3.2-3900
  • safe deposit box: means any safe or box that is available for rent within the vaults of a company. See Virginia Code 6.2-2300
  • sales territory: means the area of primary sales responsibility within the Commonwealth expressly or implicitly designated by any agreement between any wine wholesaler and winery for the brand or brands of any winery. See Virginia Code 4.1-401
  • sales territory: means the area of sales responsibility within the Commonwealth expressly or impliedly designated by any agreement between any beer wholesaler and brewery for the brand or brands of any brewer. See Virginia Code 4.1-500
  • Sangria: means a drink consisting of red or white wine mixed with some combination of sweeteners, fruit, fruit juice, soda, or soda water that may also be mixed with brandy, triple sec, or other similar spirits. See Virginia Code 4.1-100
  • School board: means the school board that governs a school division. See Virginia Code 22.1-1
  • Securitization transaction: means a transaction relating to the issuance or transfer by a special purpose entity of beneficial interests or undivided interests, which entitle their holders to receive payments or other distributions that depend primarily on the cash flow from assets, including financial assets and other credit exposures, in which that special purpose entity has rights or the power to transfer rights. See Virginia Code 6.2-2400
  • Seed potatoes: means potatoes and parts thereof intended for the propagation or production of commercial potatoes. See Virginia Code 3.2-1800
  • Seedsman: means any person who offers corn seeds for sale. See Virginia Code 3.2-1400
  • Seedsman: means any person who offers small grains seeds for sale. See Virginia Code 3.2-2200
  • sell: includes soliciting or receiving an order for; keeping, offering or exposing for sale; peddling, exchanging or bartering; or delivering otherwise than gratuitously, by any means, alcoholic beverages. See Virginia Code 4.1-100
  • sell: includes every contract or agreement of sale or grant of, contract to sell, or disposition of a franchise or interest in a franchise for value. See Virginia Code 13.1-559
  • Seller: means a person who sells or contracts to sell goods. See Virginia Code 8.2-103
  • Service agency: means : (i) a business; or (ii) that portion of a government or political subdivision engaged in the adjustment, installation, placing in service, recommending for use, reconditioning, repairing, servicing, or selling of any weight or measure commercially used or employed (a) in establishing the size, quantity, extent, area, or measurement of quantities, things, products, or articles for distribution or consumption, purchased, offered, or submitted for sale, hire, or award, or (b) in computing any basic charge or payment for services rendered on the basis of something's weight or its measure. See Virginia Code 3.2-5700
  • Service technician: means any individual who for hire, award, commission, or any other payment of any kind, adjusts, installs, places in service, recommends for use, reconditions, repairs, services, or sells a commercial weight or measure. See Virginia Code 3.2-5700
  • Services: means any work performed by an independent contractor wherein the service rendered does not consist primarily of acquisition of equipment or materials, or the rental of equipment, materials and supplies. See Virginia Code 2.2-4301
  • Shares: means the interest of a member having an account in a credit union. See Virginia Code 6.2-1300
  • Sheep: means sheep or lambs of all ages. See Virginia Code 3.2-2100
  • Sheriff: shall include deputy sheriffs and such other persons designated in § 15. See Virginia Code 8.01-2
  • Significant discharger: means (i) a publicly owned treatment works discharging to the Chesapeake Bay watershed with a design capacity of 0. See Virginia Code 10.1-2117
  • Slaughter hog: means a hog weighing in excess of 140 pounds. See Virginia Code 3.2-2000
  • Sludge: means any solid, semisolid or liquid wastes with similar characteristics and effects generated from a public, municipal, commercial or industrial wastewater treatment plant, water supply treatment plant, air pollution control facility or any other waste producing facility. See Virginia Code 10.1-1400
  • Small grains: means barley, oats, rye, or wheat. See Virginia Code 3.2-2200
  • Sole custody: means that one person retains responsibility for the care and control of a child and has primary authority to make decisions concerning the child. See Virginia Code 20-124.1
  • Solid waste: means any garbage, refuse, sludge and other discarded material, including solid, liquid, semisolid or contained gaseous material, resulting from industrial, commercial, mining and agricultural operations, or community activities but does not include (i) solid or dissolved material in domestic sewage, (ii) solid or dissolved material in irrigation return flows or in industrial discharges which are sources subject to a permit from the State Water Control Board, or (iii) source, special nuclear, or by-product material as defined by the Federal Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended. See Virginia Code 10.1-1400
  • Solid waste management facility: means a site used for planned treating, long term storage, or disposing of solid waste. See Virginia Code 10.1-1400
  • Special agent: means an employee of the Virginia Alcoholic Beverage Control Authority whom the Board has designated as a law-enforcement officer pursuant to § Virginia Code 3.2-5900
  • State waters: means all waters on the surface or under the ground, wholly or partially within or bordering the Commonwealth or within its jurisdictions. See Virginia Code 10.1-2117
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • sterilization: means a surgical or chemical procedure performed by a licensed veterinarian that renders a dog or cat permanently incapable of reproducing. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Storage: means the containment or holding of hazardous wastes pending treatment, recycling, reuse, recovery or disposal. See Virginia Code 10.1-1433
  • Strategic Plan: means the strategic plan required pursuant to subsection C of § 3. See Virginia Code 3.2-3100
  • Subfranchisor: means a person who is authorized by a franchisor to grant a franchise within a particular geographic region. See Virginia Code 13.1-559
  • Sublease: means a lease of goods the right to possession and use of which was acquired by the lessor as a lessee under an existing lease. See Virginia Code 8.2A-103
  • Subordinate: means (i) one or more but less than a quorum of the members of a board constituting an agency, (ii) one or more of its staff members or employees, or (iii) any other person or persons designated by the agency to act in its behalf. See Virginia Code 2.2-4001
  • Subpoena duces tecum: A command to a witness to produce documents.
  • Subsidiary: means an entity over which another person has control. See Virginia Code 6.2-700
  • Sums on deposit: means the balance payable on a multiple-party account including interest, dividends, and in addition any deposit life insurance proceeds added to the account by reason of the death of a party. See Virginia Code 6.2-604
  • Supervisor: means a member of the board of supervisors of a county. See Virginia Code 15.2-102
  • Supplier: means a person from whom a lessor buys or leases goods to be leased under a finance lease. See Virginia Code 8.2A-103
  • Supply contract: means a contract under which a lessor buys or leases goods to be leased. See Virginia Code 8.2A-103
  • Surrogacy contract: means an agreement between the intended parent, a surrogate, and her spouse, if any, in which the surrogate agrees to be impregnated through the use of assisted conception, to carry any resulting fetus, and to relinquish to the intended parent the custody of and parental rights to any resulting child. See Virginia Code 20-156
  • Surrogate: means any adult woman who agrees to bear a child carried for the intended parent. See Virginia Code 20-156
  • Surviving brewery: means a brewery which purchases a nonsurviving brewery as provided in § 4. See Virginia Code 4.1-500
  • Surviving winery: means the winery which purchases a nonsurviving winery as provided in § 4. See Virginia Code 4.1-401
  • sworn: means "affirm" or "affirmed. See Virginia Code 1-250
  • Tax return: means a return, declaration, statement, refund claim, or other document required to be made or filed in connection with state or federal income taxes. See Virginia Code 6.2-2500
  • Tenancy in common: A type of property ownership in which two or more individuals have an undivided interest in property. At the death of one tenant in common, his (her) fractional percentage of ownership in the property passes to the decedent
  • Testate: To die leaving a will.
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • title loan: means a loan secured by a non-purchase money security interest in a motor vehicle. See Virginia Code 6.2-2200
  • Tobacco Assets: means all right, title, and interest in and to the portion of the Commission Allocation that may be sold to the Corporation. See Virginia Code 3.2-3100
  • Town: means any existing town or an incorporated community within one or more counties which became a town before noon, July one, nineteen hundred seventy-one, as provided by law or which has within defined boundaries a population of 1,000 or more and which has become a town as provided by law. See Virginia Code 15.2-102
  • Traceability: means an accounting of the relationship of the calibration of a weight or measure standard or calibrating equipment to a national standard maintained or adopted by the National Institute of Standards and Technology of the U. See Virginia Code 3.2-5700
  • Transaction: means any matter considered by any governmental or advisory agency, whether in a committee, subcommittee, or other entity of that agency or before the agency itself, on which official action is taken or contemplated. See Virginia Code 2.2-3101
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • transportation: means any movement of property and any packing, loading, unloading or storage incidental thereto. See Virginia Code 10.1-1400
  • Treasurer: includes the treasurer and his assistants of each county or city or other officer designated by law to collect taxes in such county or city. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Treatment: means any method, technique or process, including incineration or neutralization, designed to change the physical, chemical or biological character or composition of any hazardous waste to neutralize it or to render it less hazardous or nonhazardous, safer for transport, amenable to recovery or storage or reduced in volume. See Virginia Code 10.1-1433
  • Treatment: means any method, technique or process, including incineration or neutralization, designed to change the physical, chemical or biological character or composition of any waste to neutralize it or to render it less hazardous or nonhazardous, safer for transport, amenable to recovery or storage or reduced in volume. See Virginia Code 10.1-1400
  • Tree run bushel: means a container, with a content of not less than 2,140 cubic inches or more than 2,500 cubic inches, of apples that have not yet been graded or sized. See Virginia Code 3.2-1200
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Trust account: means an account in the name of one or more parties as trustee for one or more beneficiaries where the relationship is established by the form of the account and the deposit agreement with the financial institution and there is no subject of the trust other than the sums on deposit in the account, without regard to whether payment to the beneficiary is mentioned in the deposit agreement. See Virginia Code 6.2-604
  • Trust account: A general term that covers all types of accounts in a trust department, such as estates, guardianships, and agencies. Source: OCC
  • Trust business: has the meaning assigned to it in § 6. See Virginia Code 6.2-800
  • Trust company: has the meaning assigned to it in § 6. See Virginia Code 6.2-800
  • Truth in Lending Act: The Truth in Lending Act is a federal law that requires lenders to provide standardized information so that borrowers can compare loan terms. In general, lenders must provide information on Source: OCC
  • Under the direct supervision of: means the act or process whereby the application of a pesticide is made by a competent person acting under the instructions and control of a certified applicator who is responsible for the actions of that person. See Virginia Code 3.2-3900
  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
  • United States: shall be deemed to refer to the United States of America and to include any of its territories, commonwealths, insular possessions, the District of Columbia, and any of its other political subdivisions other than states. See Virginia Code 8.01-385
  • Unreasonable adverse effects on the environment: means any unreasonable risk to man or the environment, taking into account the economic, social, and environmental costs and benefits of the use of any pesticide. See Virginia Code 3.2-3900
  • Use: means the employment of a pesticide for the purposes of: (i) preventing, destroying, repelling, or mitigating any pest; or (ii) regulating plant growth, causing defoliation or desiccation of plants. See Virginia Code 3.2-3900
  • Usury: Charging an illegally high interest rate on a loan. Source: OCC
  • Value engineering: means a systematic process of review and analysis of a project by a team of appropriate professionals licensed in accordance with Chapter 4 (§ 54. See Virginia Code 2.2-1515
  • Variable Rate: Having a "variable" rate means that the APR changes from time to time based on fluctuations in an external rate, normally the Prime Rate. This external rate is known as the "index." If the index changes, the variable rate normally changes. Also see Fixed Rate.
  • Vehicle: means any device in, upon, or by which any property, produce, commodity, or article is or may be transported or drawn. See Virginia Code 3.2-5800
  • Vending machine operator: means a person who (i) holds cigarettes for sale to consumers through vending machines on 40 or more premises or (ii) sells cigarettes to consumers through vending machines on 40 or more premises. See Virginia Code 9.1-209
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • Veterinary treatment: means treatment by or on the order of a duly licensed veterinarian. See Virginia Code 3.2-6500
  • Virginia bank: means a bank that is organized under the laws of the Commonwealth or of the United States and that has the Commonwealth as its home state. See Virginia Code 6.2-700
  • Virginia bank holding company: means a bank holding company that has the Commonwealth as its home state and is not controlled by a bank holding company other than a Virginia bank holding company. See Virginia Code 6.2-700
  • Virginia financial institution: means a financial institution authorized to do business in the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 6.2-700
  • Virginia financial institution holding company: means any person that has control over any financial institution authorized to do business in the Commonwealth or has control over a person that controls any such financial institution. See Virginia Code 6.2-700
  • Virginia Register of Regulations: means the publication issued under the provisions of Article 6 (§ Virginia Code 4.1-100
  • Withdrawal: includes payment to a third person pursuant to check or other directive of a party. See Virginia Code 6.2-604
  • work of art: means all paintings, mural decorations, stained glass, statues, bas-reliefs, tablets, sculptures, monuments, fountains, arches or other structure of a permanent character intended for ornament or commemoration. See Virginia Code 2.2-2401