As used in this subchapter:
Terms Used In Wisconsin Statutes 50.01
- Adult: means a person who has attained the age of 18 years, except that for purposes of investigating or prosecuting a person who is alleged to have violated any state or federal criminal law or any civil law or municipal ordinance, "adult" means a person who has attained the age of 17 years. See Wisconsin Statutes 403.504
- Following: when used by way of reference to any statute section, means the section next following that in which the reference is made. See Wisconsin Statutes 403.504
- in writing: includes any representation of words, letters, symbols or figures. See Wisconsin Statutes 403.504
- Licensed practical nurse: includes a licensed practical/vocational nurse who holds a multistate license, as defined in s. See Wisconsin Statutes 403.504
- Person: includes all partnerships, associations and bodies politic or corporate. See Wisconsin Statutes 403.504
- Registered nurse: includes a registered nurse who holds a multistate license, as defined in s. See Wisconsin Statutes 403.504
- State: when applied to states of the United States, includes the District of Columbia, the commonwealth of Puerto Rico and the several territories organized by Congress. See Wisconsin Statutes 403.504
- Village: means incorporated village. See Wisconsin Statutes 403.504
- Week: means 7 consecutive days. See Wisconsin Statutes 403.504
(1) “Adult family home” means one of the following and does not include a place that is specified in sub. (1g) (a) to (d), (f), or (g):
(a) A private residence to which all of the following apply:
1. Care and maintenance above the level of room and board but not including nursing care are provided in the private residence by the care provider whose primary domicile is this residence for 3 or 4 adults, or more adults if all of the adults are siblings, each of whom has a developmental disability, as defined in s. 51.01 (5), or, if the residence is licensed as a foster home, care and maintenance are provided to children, the combined total of adults and children so served being no more than 4, or more adults or children if all of the adults or all of the children are siblings.
2. The private residence was licensed under s. 48.62 as a home for the care of the adults specified in subd. 1. at least 12 months before any of the adults attained 18 years of age.
(b) A place where 3 or 4 adults who are not related to the operator reside and receive care, treatment or services that are above the level of room and board and that may include up to 7 hours per week of nursing care per resident.
(1b) “Advanced practice nurse prescriber” means an advanced practice nurse who is certified under s. 441.16 (2) to issue prescription orders.
(1e) “Basic care” includes periodic skilled nursing services or physical, emotional, social or restorative care.
(1g) “Community-based residential facility” means a place where 5 or more adults who are not related to the operator or administrator and who do not require care above intermediate level nursing care reside and receive care, treatment or services that are above the level of room and board but that include no more than 3 hours of nursing care per week per resident. “Community-based residential facility” does not include any of the following:
(a) A convent or facility owned or operated by members of a religious order exclusively for the reception and care or treatment of members of that order.
(b) A facility or private home that provides care, treatment, and services only for victims of domestic abuse, as defined in s. 49.165 (1) (a), and their children.
(c) A shelter facility as defined under s. 16.308 (1) (d).
(d) A place that provides lodging for individuals and in which all of the following conditions are met:
1. Each lodged individual is able to exit the place under emergency conditions without the assistance of another individual.
2. No lodged individual receives from the owner, manager or operator of the place or the owner’s, manager’s or operator’s agent or employee any of the following:
a. Personal care, supervision or treatment, or management, control or supervision of prescription medications.
b. Care or services other than board, information, referral, advocacy or job guidance; location and coordination of social services by an agency that is not affiliated with the owner, manager or operator, for which arrangements were made for an individual before he or she lodged in the place; or, in the case of an emergency, arrangement for the provision of health care or social services by an agency that is not affiliated with the owner, manager or operator.
(e) An adult family home.
(f) A residential care apartment complex.
(g) A residential facility in the village of Union Grove that was authorized to operate without a license under a final judgment entered by a court before January 1, 1982, and that continues to comply with the judgment notwithstanding the expiration of the judgment.
(h) A private residence that is the home to adults who independently arrange for and receive care, treatment, or services for themselves from a person or agency that has no authority to exercise direction or control over the residence.
(i) A group home licensed under s. 48.625 or a residential care center for children and youth licensed under s. 48.60 that provides care and maintenance for persons who are in extended out-of-home care under s. 48.366 or 938.366.
(1m) “Facility” means a nursing home or community-based residential facility. If notice is required to be served on a facility or a facility is required to perform any act, “facility” means the person licensed or required to be licensed under s. 50.03 (1).
(1ng) “Immediate jeopardy” means a situation in which a nursing home’s noncompliance with one or more requirements under 42 CFR 483 related to the operation of a nursing home has caused, or is likely to cause, serious injury, harm, impairment, or death to a resident.
(1r) “Home health agency” has the meaning given under s. 50.49 (1) (a).
(1s) “Intensive skilled nursing care” means care requiring specialized nursing assessment skills and the performance of specific services and procedures that are complex because of the resident’s condition or the type or number of procedures that are necessary, including any of the following:
(a) Direct patient observation or monitoring or performance of complex nursing procedures by registered nurses or licensed practical nurses on a continuing basis.
(b) Repeated application of complex nursing procedures or services every 24 hours.
(c) Frequent monitoring and documentation of the resident’s condition and response to therapeutic measures.
(1t) “Intermediate level nursing care” means basic care that is required by a person who has a long-term illness or disability that has reached a relatively stable plateau.
(1w) “Licensed practical nurse” means a licensed practical nurse who is licensed or has a temporary permit under s. 441.10 or who holds a multistate license, as defined in s. 441.51 (2) (h), issued in a party state, as defined in s. 441.51 (2) (k).
(2) “Nurse aide” means a person who performs routine patient care duties delegated by a registered nurse or licensed practical nurse who supervises the person, for the direct health care of a patient or resident. “Nurse aide” does not mean a feeding assistant, as defined in s. 146.40 (1) (aw); a person who is licensed, permitted, certified, or registered under ch. 441, 448, 449, 450, 451, 455, 459, or 460; or a person whose duties primarily involve skills that are different than those taught in instructional programs for nurse aides.
(2m) “Nursing care” means nursing procedures, other than personal care, that are permitted to be performed by a registered nurse under s. 441.01 (3) or by a licensed practical nurse under s. 441.001 (3), directly on or to a resident.
(3) “Nursing home” means a place where 5 or more persons who are not related to the operator or administrator reside, receive care or treatment and, because of their mental or physical condition, require access to 24-hour nursing services, including limited nursing care, intermediate level nursing care and skilled nursing services. “Nursing home” does not include any of the following:
(c) A convent or facility owned or operated exclusively by and for members of a religious order that provides reception and care or treatment of an individual.
(d) A hospice, as defined in s. 50.90 (1), that directly provides inpatient care.
(e) A residential care apartment complex.
(4) “Nursing home administrator” has the meaning assigned in s. 456.01 (3).
(4m) “Operator” means any person licensed or required to be licensed under s. 50.03 (1) or a person who operates an adult family home that is licensed under s. 50.033 (1m) (b).
(4o) “Personal care” means assistance with the activities of daily living, such as eating, dressing, bathing and ambulation, but does not include nursing care.
(4p) “Physician assistant” has the meaning given in s. 448.01 (6).
(4r) “Plan of correction” means a nursing home’s response to alleged deficiencies cited by the department on forms provided by the department.
(5m) “Recuperative care” means care anticipated to be provided in a nursing home for a period of 90 days or less for a resident whose physician has certified that he or she is convalescing or recuperating from an illness or medical treatment.
(5r) “Registered nurse” means a registered nurse who is licensed under s. 441.06 or permitted under s. 441.08 or who holds a multistate license, as defined in s. 441.51 (2) (h), issued in a party state, as defined in s. 441.51 (2) (k).
(6) “Resident” means a person who is cared for or treated in and is not discharged from a nursing home, community-based residential facility or adult family home, irrespective of how admitted.
(6d) “Residential care apartment complex” means a place where 5 or more adults reside that consists of independent apartments, each of which has an individual lockable entrance and exit, a kitchen, including a stove, and individual bathroom, sleeping and living areas, and that provides, to a person who resides in the place, not more than 28 hours per week of services that are supportive, personal and nursing services. “Residential care apartment complex” does not include a nursing home or a community-based residential facility, but may be physically part of a structure that is a nursing home or community-based residential facility. In this subsection, “stove” means a cooking appliance that is a microwave oven of at least 1,000 watts or that consists of burners and an oven.
(6g) “Respite care” means care anticipated to be provided in a nursing home for a period of 28 days or less for the purpose of temporarily relieving a family member or other caregiver from his or her daily caregiving duties.
(6r) “Short-term care” means recuperative care or respite care provided in a nursing home.
(6v) “Skilled nursing services” means those services, to which all of the following apply, that are provided to a resident under a physician’s orders:
(a) The services require the skills of and are provided directly by or under the supervision of a person whose licensed, registered, certified or permitted scope of practice is at least equivalent to that of a licensed practical nurse.
(b) Any of the following circumstances exist:
1. The inherent complexity of a service prescribed for a resident is such that it can be safely and effectively performed only by or under the supervision of registered nurses or licensed practical nurses.
2. The full recovery or medical improvement of the resident is not possible, but the services are needed to prevent, to the extent possible, deterioration of the resident’s condition or to sustain current capacities of the resident.
3. Because of special medical complications, performing or supervising a service that is generally unskilled or observing the resident necessitates the use of a person whose licensed, registered, certified or permitted scope of practice is at least equivalent to that of a licensed practical nurse.
(7) “Violation” means a failure to comply with any provision of this subchapter or administrative rule promulgated thereunder. An alleged deficiency in a nursing home reported in writing to the department by any of its authorized representatives shall not be deemed to be a violation until the department determines it is a violation by serving notice under s. 50.04 (4). If the facility contests the department determination, the facility shall be afforded the due process procedures in this subchapter.