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Indiana Code 35-42-4-4. Child exploitation; possession of child pornography; exemptions; defenses

     Note: This version of section effective until 7-1-2013. See also

following version of this section amended by P.L.214-2013, SEC.38, effective 7-1-2013, and following version of this section amended by P.L.158-2013, SEC.440, effective 7-1-2014.
    Sec. 4. (a) The following definitions apply throughout this section:
        (1) "Disseminate" means to transfer possession for free or for a consideration.
        (2) "Matter" has the same meaning as in IC 35-49-1-3.
        (3) "Performance" has the same meaning as in IC 35-49-1-7.
        (4) "Sexual conduct" means:
            (A) sexual intercourse;
            (B) deviate sexual conduct;
            (C) exhibition of the:
                (i) uncovered genitals; or
                (ii) female breast with less than a fully opaque covering of any part of the nipple;
            intended to satisfy or arouse the sexual desires of any person;
            (D) sadomasochistic abuse;
            (E) sexual intercourse or deviate sexual conduct with an animal; or
            (F) any fondling or touching of a child by another person or of another person by a child intended to arouse or satisfy the sexual desires of either the child or the other person.
    (b) A person who:
        (1) knowingly or intentionally manages, produces, sponsors, presents, exhibits, photographs, films, videotapes, or creates a digitized image of any performance or incident that includes sexual conduct by a child under eighteen (18) years of age;
        (2) knowingly or intentionally disseminates, exhibits to another person, offers to disseminate or exhibit to another person, or sends or brings into Indiana for dissemination or exhibition matter that depicts or describes sexual conduct by a child under eighteen (18) years of age;
        (3) knowingly or intentionally makes available to another person a computer, knowing that the computer's fixed drive or peripheral device contains matter that depicts or describes sexual conduct by a child less than eighteen (18) years of age; or
        (4) with the intent to satisfy or arouse the sexual desires of any person:
            (A) knowingly or intentionally:
                (i) manages;
                (ii) produces;
                (iii) sponsors;
                (iv) presents;
                (v) exhibits;
                (vi) photographs;
                (vii) films;
                (viii) videotapes; or


                (ix) creates a digitized image of;
            any performance or incident that includes the uncovered genitals of a child less than eighteen (18) years of age or the exhibition of the female breast with less than a fully opaque covering of any part of the nipple by a child less than eighteen (18) years of age;
            (B) knowingly or intentionally:
                (i) disseminates to another person;
                (ii) exhibits to another person;
                (iii) offers to disseminate or exhibit to another person; or
                (iv) sends or brings into Indiana for dissemination or exhibition;
            matter that depicts the uncovered genitals of a child less than eighteen (18) years of age or the exhibition of the female breast with less than a fully opaque covering of any part of the nipple by a child less than eighteen (18) years of age; or
            (C) makes available to another person a computer, knowing that the computer's fixed drive or peripheral device contains matter that depicts the uncovered genitals of a child less than eighteen (18) years of age or the exhibition of the female breast with less than a fully opaque covering of any part of the nipple by a child less than eighteen (18) years of age;
commits child exploitation, a Class C felony.
    (c) A person who knowingly or intentionally possesses:
        (1) a picture;
        (2) a drawing;
        (3) a photograph;
        (4) a negative image;
        (5) undeveloped film;
        (6) a motion picture;
        (7) a videotape;
        (8) a digitized image; or
        (9) any pictorial representation;
that depicts or describes sexual conduct by a child who the person knows is less than sixteen (16) years of age or who appears to be less than sixteen (16) years of age, and that lacks serious literary, artistic, political, or scientific value commits possession of child pornography, a Class D felony.
    (d) Subsections (b) and (c) do not apply to a bona fide school, museum, or public library that qualifies for certain property tax exemptions under IC 6-1.1-10, or to an employee of such a school, museum, or public library acting within the scope of the employee's employment when the possession of the listed materials is for legitimate scientific or educational purposes.
    (e) It is a defense to a prosecution under this section that:
        (1) the person is a school employee; and
        (2) the acts constituting the elements of the offense were performed solely within the scope of the person's employment as a school employee.
    (f) Except as provided in subsection (g), it is a defense to a

prosecution under subsection (b) or (c) if all of the following apply:
        (1) A cellular telephone, another wireless or cellular communications device, or a social networking web site was used to possess, produce, or disseminate the image.
        (2) The defendant is not more than four (4) years older or younger than the person who is depicted in the image or who received the image.
        (3) The relationship between the defendant and the person who received the image or who is depicted in the image was a dating relationship or an ongoing personal relationship. For purposes of this subdivision, the term "ongoing personal relationship" does not include a family relationship.
        (4) The crime was committed by a person less than twenty-two (22) years of age.
        (5) The person receiving the image or who is depicted in the image acquiesced in the defendant's conduct.
    (g) The defense to a prosecution described in subsection (f) does not apply if:
        (1) the person who receives the image disseminates it to a person other than the person:
            (A) who sent the image; or
            (B) who is depicted in the image;
        (2) the image is of a person other than the person who sent the image or received the image; or
        (3) the dissemination of the image violates:
            (A) a protective order to prevent domestic or family violence issued under IC 34-26-5 (or, if the order involved a family or household member, under IC 34-26-2 or IC 34-4-5.1-5 before their repeal);
            (B) an ex parte protective order issued under IC 34-26-5 (or, if the order involved a family or household member, an emergency order issued under IC 34-26-2 or IC 34-4-5.1 before their repeal);
            (C) a workplace violence restraining order issued under IC 34-26-6;
            (D) a no contact order in a dispositional decree issued under IC 31-34-20-1, IC 31-37-19-1, or IC 31-37-5-6 (or IC 31-6-4-15.4 or IC 31-6-4-15.9 before their repeal) or an order issued under IC 31-32-13 (or IC 31-6-7-14 before its repeal) that orders the person to refrain from direct or indirect contact with a child in need of services or a delinquent child;
            (E) a no contact order issued as a condition of pretrial release, including release on bail or personal recognizance, or pretrial diversion, and including a no contact order issued under IC 35-33-8-3.6;
            (F) a no contact order issued as a condition of probation;
            (G) a protective order to prevent domestic or family violence issued under IC 31-15-5 (or IC 31-16-5 or IC 31-1-11.5-8.2 before their repeal);


            (H) a protective order to prevent domestic or family violence issued under IC 31-14-16-1 in a paternity action;
            (I) a no contact order issued under IC 31-34-25 in a child in need of services proceeding or under IC 31-37-25 in a juvenile delinquency proceeding;
            (J) an order issued in another state that is substantially similar to an order described in clauses (A) through (I);
            (K) an order that is substantially similar to an order described in clauses (A) through (I) and is issued by an Indian:
                (i) tribe;
                (ii) band;
                (iii) pueblo;
                (iv) nation; or
                (v) organized group or community, including an Alaska Native village or regional or village corporation as defined in or established under the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (43 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.);
            that is recognized as eligible for the special programs and services provided by the United States to Indians because of their special status as Indians;
            (L) an order issued under IC 35-33-8-3.2; or
            (M) an order issued under IC 35-38-1-30.
As added by Acts 1978, P.L.148, SEC.5. Amended by P.L.325-1983, SEC.1; P.L.206-1986, SEC.1; P.L.37-1990, SEC.25; P.L.59-1995, SEC.3; P.L.216-1996, SEC.19; P.L.3-2002, SEC.2; P.L.216-2007, SEC.43; P.L.180-2011, SEC.3; P.L.6-2012, SEC.226; P.L.181-2013, SEC.1.
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