(a) A person is guilty of criminal solicitation if, with the intent that another person engage in conduct constituting a crime, he solicits, requests, commands or importunes such other person to engage in such conduct.
Terms Used In Alabama Code 13A-4-1
- Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
- Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
- Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
- person: includes a corporation as well as a natural person. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
- state: when applied to the different parts of the United States, includes the District of Columbia and the several territories of the United States. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
- Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
A person may not be convicted of criminal solicitation upon the uncorroborated testimony of the person allegedly solicited, and there must be proof of circumstances corroborating both the solicitation and the defendant‘s intent.
(b) A person is not liable under this section if, under circumstances manifesting a voluntary and complete renunciation of his criminal intent, he (1) notified the person solicited of his renunciation and (2) gave timely and adequate warning to the law enforcement authorities or otherwise made a substantial effort to prevent the commission of the criminal conduct solicited. The burden of injecting this issue is on the defendant, but this does not shift the burden of proof.
(c) A person is not liable under this section when his solicitation constitutes conduct of a kind that is necessarily incidental to the commission of the offense solicited. When the solicitation constitutes an offense other than criminal solicitation which is related to but separate from the offense solicited, defendant is guilty of such related offense only and not of criminal solicitation.
(d) It is no defense to a prosecution for criminal solicitation that the person solicited could not be guilty of the offense solicited because of:
(1) Criminal irresponsibility or other legal incapacity or exemption; or
(2) Unawareness of the criminal nature of the conduct solicited or of the defendant’s criminal purpose; or
(3) Any other factor precluding the mental state required for the commission of the offense in question.
(e) It is no defense to a prosecution for criminal solicitation that defendant belongs to a class of persons who by definition are legally incapable in an individual capacity of committing the offense that he solicited another to commit.
(f) Criminal solicitation is a:
(1) Class A felony if the offense solicited is murder.
(2) Class B felony if the offense solicited is a Class A felony.
(3) Class C felony if the offense solicited is a Class B felony.
(4) Class A misdemeanor if the offense solicited is a Class C felony.
(5) Class B misdemeanor if the offense solicited is a Class A misdemeanor.
(6) Class C misdemeanor if the offense solicited is a Class B misdemeanor.
(7) Violation if the offense solicited is a Class C misdemeanor.