§ 13A-8-1 Definitions
§ 13A-8-2 Theft of property – Definition; limitations period
§ 13A-8-3 Theft of property in the first degree
§ 13A-8-4 Theft of property in the second degree
§ 13A-8-4.1 Theft of property in the third degree
§ 13A-8-5 Theft of property in the fourth degree
§ 13A-8-6 Theft of lost property – Definition
§ 13A-8-7 Theft of lost property in the first degree
§ 13A-8-8 Theft of lost property in the second degree
§ 13A-8-8.1 Theft of lost property in the third degree
§ 13A-8-9 Theft of lost property in the fourth degree
§ 13A-8-10 Theft of services – Definition
§ 13A-8-10.1 Theft of services in the first degree
§ 13A-8-10.2 Theft of services in the second degree
§ 13A-8-10.25 Theft of services in the third degree
§ 13A-8-10.3 Theft of services in the fourth degree
§ 13A-8-10.4 Theft of trademarks or trade secrets
§ 13A-8-10.5 Theft of valor
§ 13A-8-10.6 Cargo theft
§ 13A-8-10.7 Fifth wheel tampering
§ 13A-8-11 Unauthorized use of vehicle; unlawful breaking and entering a vehicle
§ 13A-8-12 Defenses to prosecutions for theft and unauthorized use of vehicle
§ 13A-8-13 Extortion – Definition
§ 13A-8-14 Extortion in the first degree
§ 13A-8-15 Extortion in the second degree
§ 13A-8-16 Receiving stolen property – Definition
§ 13A-8-17 Receiving stolen property in the first degree
§ 13A-8-18 Receiving stolen property in the second degree
§ 13A-8-18.1 Receiving stolen property in the third degree
§ 13A-8-19 Receiving stolen property in the fourth degree
§ 13A-8-20 Bringing stolen property into this state
§ 13A-8-21 Bringing into state property obtained by false pretense elsewhere
§ 13A-8-22 Obscuring identity of vehicle
§ 13A-8-22.1 Advertisement for purchase of a salvage or junk branded motor vehicle
§ 13A-8-23 Tampering with availability of gas, electricity, or water

Terms Used In Alabama Code > Title 13A > Chapter 8 > Article 1

  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Attorney-at-law: A person who is legally qualified and licensed to practice law, and to represent and act for clients in legal proceedings.
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • city: The City of Auburn, Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-41A-10.01
  • Clerk of court: An officer appointed by the court to work with the chief judge in overseeing the court's administration, especially to assist in managing the flow of cases through the court and to maintain court records.
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Embezzlement: In most states, embezzlement is defined as theft/larceny of assets (money or property) by a person in a position of trust or responsibility over those assets. Embezzlement typically occurs in the employment and corporate settings. Source: OCC
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • FIFTH WHEEL: Coupling between a trailer and a vehicle used for towing. See Alabama Code 45-41-170
  • firearm: A weapon from which a shot is discharged by gunpowder. See Alabama Code 45-41-170
  • following: means next after. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • government: The United States, any state or any county, municipality, or other political unit within territory belonging to the United States, or any department, agency, or subdivision of any of the foregoing, or any corporation or other association carrying out the functions of government, or any corporation or agency formed pursuant to interstate compact or international treaty. See Alabama Code 45-41-170
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • month: means a calendar month. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • oath: includes affirmation. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • obtains: Such term means:

    a. See Alabama Code 45-41-170

  • owner: A person, other than the defendant, who has possession of or any other interest in the property involved, even though that interest or possession is unlawful, and without whose consent the defendant has no authority to exert control over the property. See Alabama Code 45-41-170
  • person: includes a corporation as well as a natural person. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • personal property: includes money, goods, chattels, things in action and evidence of debt, deeds and conveyances. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • preceding: means next before. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • Probate: Proving a will
  • PROPELLED VEHICLE: Any propelled device in, upon, or by which any person or property is transported on land, water, or in the air, and such term includes motor vehicles, motorcycles, motorboats, aircraft, and any vessel propelled by machinery, whether or not that machinery is the principal source of propulsion. See Alabama Code 45-41-170
  • property: Any money, tangible or intangible personal property, property (whether real or personal) the location of which can be changed (including things growing on, affixed to, or found in land and documents, although the rights represented hereby have no physical location), contract right, chose-in-action, interest in a claim to wealth, credit, or any other article or thing of value of any kind. See Alabama Code 45-41-170
  • property: includes both real and personal property. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • receiving: Such term includes, but is not limited to, acquiring possession, control, or title and taking a security interest in the property. See Alabama Code 45-41-170
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • state: includes any state, territory, or possession of the United States, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. See Alabama Code 45-41-170
  • state: when applied to the different parts of the United States, includes the District of Columbia and the several territories of the United States. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-41A-10.01
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • stolen: Obtained by theft, theft by appropriating lost property, robbery, or extortion. See Alabama Code 45-41-170
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Subpoena duces tecum: A command to a witness to produce documents.
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • threat: A menace, however communicated, to:

    a. See Alabama Code 45-41-170

  • United States: includes the territories thereof and the District of Columbia. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • value: The market value of the property at the time and place of the criminal act. See Alabama Code 45-41-170
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.