Article 1 Theft and Related Offenses 13A-8-1 – 13A-8-23
Article 1A Secondary Metal Recycling 13A-8-30 – 13A-8-39
Article 2 Robbery 13A-8-40 – 13A-8-44
Article 2A Pharmacy Robbery 13A-8-50 – 13A-8-52
Article 3 Shopping Carts 13A-8-60 – 13A-8-64
Article 3A Traffic Signs 13A-8-70 – 13A-8-73
Article 3B Theft of Consigned Motor Fuels 13A-8-75 – 13A-8-78
Article 4 Copying and Sale of Recorded Devices 13A-8-80 – 13A-8-86
Article 4A Unlawful Operation of a Recording Device in Motion Picture Theater 13A-8-90
Article 5 Alabama Computer Crime Act 13A-8-100 – 13A-8-103
Article 5A The Alabama Digital Crime Act 13A-8-110 – 13A-8-119
Article 6 Theft of Cable Television Services 13A-8-120 – 13A-8-126
Article 7 Theft by Fraudulent Leasing or Rental of Property 13A-8-140 – 13A-8-144
Article 8 Telecommunication Equipment or Plans, Prohibited Possession, Distribution, Use 13A-8-150 – 13A-8-152
Article 9 Leaving Premises of Gasoline Sales Establishment without Remitting Payment 13A-8-170
Article 10 The Consumer Identity Protection Act 13A-8-190 – 13A-8-201

Terms Used In Alabama Code > Title 13A > Chapter 8

  • access: To gain entry to, instruct, communicate with, store data in, retrieve or intercept data from, alter data or computer software in, or otherwise make use of any resource of a computer, computer system, or computer network. See Alabama Code 13A-8-111
  • ADVISORY PLANNING: Continuing and systematic studies of the land economics and land policies of a region in terms of social and economic betterment of said region, together with the submission of interim and final results of said systematic and continuous studies to the governing bodies of constituent governmental units for review, adoption, rejection, or implementation thereof in whole or in part. See Alabama Code 11-85-20
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • affiliate: A person who controls, is controlled by, or is under common control with another person. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • agency: when used in reference to an office of a foreign bank, shall have the same meaning as is set forth in Section 1(b)(1) of the Federal International Banking Act (12 U. See Alabama Code 5-13B-41
  • ALABAMA INSURANCE CODE: Title 27 of the Code of Alabama 1975. See Alabama Code 27-19A-2
  • Alabama state branch: when used in reference to an office of a foreign bank, shall mean a branch of a foreign bank that is located in this state and licensed pursuant to the provisions of Division 3 of this article. See Alabama Code 5-13B-41
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • associate: When used to indicate a relationship with:

    (A) a domestic or foreign entity or organization for which the person is:

    (i) an officer or governing person; or

    (ii) a beneficial owner of 10 percent or more of a class of voting ownership interests or similar securities of the entity or organization;

    (B) a trust or estate in which the person has a substantial beneficial interest or for which the person serves as trustee or in a similar fiduciary capacity;

    (C) the person's spouse or a relative of the person related by consanguinity or affinity within the fifth degree who resides with the person; or

    (D) a governing person or an affiliate or officer of the person. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03

  • association: Includes, but is not limited to, an unincorporated nonprofit association as defined in Chapter 17 and an unincorporated professional association as defined in Article 1 of Chapter 30. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Attorney-in-fact: A person who, acting as an agent, is given written authorization by another person to transact business for him (her) out of court.
  • authority: The public corporation organized pursuant to the provisions of this chapter. See Alabama Code 22-3A-2
  • authority: The public corporation organized pursuant to this article. See Alabama Code 11-85-100
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • bank: as used in this article shall not in any event include a foreign bank or a branch or agency of a foreign bank. See Alabama Code 5-13B-41
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • board: The State Board of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 2-19-121
  • board: The State Board of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 2-25-1
  • BOARD OF DIRECTORS: The Board of Directors of the Alabama Revolving Loan Fund Authority. See Alabama Code 11-85-100
  • BOLL WEEVIL: Anthonomus grandis Boheman in any stage of development. See Alabama Code 2-19-121
  • bonds: The bonds issued under the provisions of this chapter. See Alabama Code 22-3A-2
  • bonds: The bonds issued under this article. See Alabama Code 11-85-100
  • borrower: A county or incorporated municipality, as the case may be, exercising the powers conferred by this article. See Alabama Code 11-81-160
  • branch: when used in reference to an office of a foreign bank, shall have the same meaning as set forth in Section 1(b)(3) of the Federal International Banking Act (12 U. See Alabama Code 5-13B-41
  • BUSINESS TRUST: A business trust as defined in Chapter 16. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Case law: The law as laid down in cases that have been decided in the decisions of the courts.
  • Caucus: From the Algonquian Indian language, a caucus meant "to meet together." An informal organization of members of the legislature that exists to discuss issues of mutual concern and possibly to perform legislative research and policy planning for its members. There are regional, political or ideological, ethnic, and economic-based caucuses.
  • certificate: A document issued or authorized by the commissioner indicating that a regulated article is not contaminated with boll weevils. See Alabama Code 2-19-121
  • CERTIFICATE OF DISSOLUTION: Any document such as a certificate of dissolution, statement of dissolution, or articles of dissolution, required or permitted to be filed publicly with respect to an entity's dissolution and winding up of its business, activity, activities, not for profit activity, or affairs. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Chambers: A judge's office.
  • COMBINED SYSTEM: A consolidated system resulting from the combination of any two or more of the following: a waterworks system, a sanitary system, a gas system and an electric system. See Alabama Code 11-81-160
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 2-19-100
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries or his designated representative. See Alabama Code 2-19-121
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries or his authorized representatives. See Alabama Code 2-25-1
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • company: means any franchised or other duly licensed company which is operated or intended to be operated to perform the service of receiving and amplifying the signals broadcast by one or more television stations and redistributing such signals by wire, cable or other device or means for accomplishing such redistribution, to members of the public who subscribe to such service, or distributing through such company's antennae, poles, wires, cables, conduits or other property used in providing service to its subscribers and customers any television signals whether broadcast or not. See Alabama Code 13A-8-120
  • COMPREHENSIVE ADVISORY PLANNING: Comprehensive studies of the present and future development of the land economics and land policies of a region, with due regard to neighboring regions and the state as a whole. See Alabama Code 11-85-20
  • computer: An electronic, magnetic, optical, electrochemical, or other high speed data processing device or system that performs logical, arithmetic, or memory functions by the manipulations of electronic or magnetic impulses and includes all input, output, processing, storage, or communication facilities that are connected or related to the device. See Alabama Code 13A-8-111
  • COMPUTER NETWORK: The interconnection of two or more computers or computer systems that transmit data over communication circuits connecting them. See Alabama Code 13A-8-111
  • COMPUTER PROGRAM: An ordered set of data representing coded instructions or statements that when executed by a computer cause the computer to process data or perform specific functions. See Alabama Code 13A-8-111
  • COMPUTER SECURITY SYSTEM: The design, procedures, or other measures that the person responsible for the operation and use of a computer employs to restrict the use of the computer to particular persons or uses or that the owner or licensee of data stored or maintained by a computer in which the owner or licensee is entitled to store or maintain the data employs to restrict access to the data. See Alabama Code 13A-8-111
  • COMPUTER SERVICES: The product of the use of a computer, the information stored in the computer, or the personnel supporting the computer, including computer time, data processing, and storage functions. See Alabama Code 13A-8-111
  • COMPUTER SOFTWARE: A set of instructions or statements, and related data, that when executed in actual or modified form, cause a computer, computer system, or computer network to perform specific functions. See Alabama Code 13A-8-111
  • COMPUTER SYSTEM: A set of related or interconnected computer or computer network equipment, devices and software. See Alabama Code 13A-8-111
  • CONSERVATION EASEMENT: A nonpossessory interest of a holder in real property imposing limitations or affirmative obligations the purposes of which include retaining or protecting natural, scenic, or open-space values of real property, assuring its availability for agricultural, silvicultural, forest, recreational, or open-space use, protecting natural resources, maintaining or enhancing air or water quality, or preserving the historical, architectural, archaeological, paleontological, or cultural aspects of real property. See Alabama Code 35-18-1
  • Constituent limited liability company: means a constituent organization that is a limited liability company. See Alabama Code 10A-5A-1.02
  • Constituent organization: means an organization that is party to a merger under Article 10. See Alabama Code 10A-5A-1.02
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • CONTRACTUAL OBLIGATION: Any obligation under covered policies or employee benefit plans. See Alabama Code 27-19A-2
  • CONVERTED ENTITY: An entity resulting from a conversion. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Converted organization: means the organization into which a converting organization converts pursuant to Article 10. See Alabama Code 10A-5A-1.02
  • CONVERTING ENTITY: An entity as the entity existed before the entity's conversion. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Converting limited liability company: means a converting organization that is a limited liability company. See Alabama Code 10A-5A-1.02
  • Converting organization: means an organization that converts into another organization pursuant to Article 10. See Alabama Code 10A-5A-1.02
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • cooperative: Includes an employee cooperative as defined in Chapter 11. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • cooperative: A cooperative marketing association for marketing of farm products. See Alabama Code 2-1-1
  • corporation: Includes a domestic or foreign business corporation as defined in Chapter 2 or Chapter 2A, as applicable, a domestic or foreign nonprofit corporation as defined in Chapter 3, a domestic or foreign professional corporation as defined in Chapter 4, and those entities specified in Chapter 20 as corporate. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • cotton: Any cotton plant or cotton plant product upon which the boll weevil is dependent for completion of any portion of its life cycle. See Alabama Code 2-19-121
  • COTTON BUYER: A person who buys cotton from a producer on a forward contract. See Alabama Code 2-19-100
  • COTTON GROWER: Any person who is engaged in and has an economic risk in the business of producing or causing to be produced, for market, cotton. See Alabama Code 2-19-121
  • COTTON PRODUCER: A person who grows cotton. See Alabama Code 2-19-100
  • court: Every court and judge having jurisdiction in a case. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • COVERED POLICY OR PLAN: Any policy, employee benefit plan, or contract within the scope of this chapter. See Alabama Code 27-19A-2
  • Credit report: A detailed report of an individual's credit history prepared by a credit bureau and used by a lender in determining a loan applicant's creditworthiness. Source: OCC
  • data: A representation of information, knowledge, facts, concepts, or instructions, which are prepared and are intended for use in a computer, computer system, or computer network. See Alabama Code 13A-8-111
  • dealer: Any person not a grower of nursery stock who buys, receives on consignment or otherwise acquires and has in his possession nursery stock for the purpose of offering or exposing for sale, reselling, reshipping or distributing same. See Alabama Code 2-25-1
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • DENTAL CARE SERVICES: Any services furnished to any person for the purpose of preventing, alleviating, curing, or healing human dental illness or injury. See Alabama Code 27-19A-2
  • dentist: Any person who furnishes dental care services and who is licensed as a dentist by the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 27-19A-2
  • department: The Alabama Department of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 2-19-121
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • depository institution: means any institution that is included for any purpose within the definitions of "insured depository institution" as set forth in Sections 3(c)(2) and 3(c)(3) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act (12 U. See Alabama Code 5-13B-41
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • directors: The board of directors of the authority. See Alabama Code 22-3A-2
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • distribution: The movement of nursery stock from the property where it is grown or kept to any other property that is not contiguous thereto, regardless of the ownership of the properties concerned. See Alabama Code 2-25-1
  • district: A geographical area designated by the Governor as provided in this article. See Alabama Code 11-85-50
  • DISTRICT ATTORNEY: The district attorney of the judicial circuit in which the county is located. See Alabama Code 11-81-220
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • domestic: With respect to an entity, that the entity is formed and exists pursuant to this title. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • domestic: When used with reference to a waterworks system, a waterworks system designed to supply or distribute water primarily for human consumption. See Alabama Code 11-81-160
  • DOMESTIC ENTITY: An organization formed and existing pursuant to this title. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • DOMESTIC WATER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM: A waterworks system designed to distribute water primarily for human consumption. See Alabama Code 11-81-160
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • ELECTRIC SYSTEM: Facilities for the generation, manufacture and distribution, or any thereof, of electricity, together with all appurtenances to such facilities. See Alabama Code 11-81-160
  • electronic: Relating to technology having electrical, digital, magnetic, wireless, optical, electromagnetic, or similar capabilities. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • ELECTRONIC MAIL MESSAGE: A message sent to a unique destination that consists of a unique user name or mailbox and a reference to an Internet domain, whether or not displayed, to which such message can be sent or delivered. See Alabama Code 13A-8-111
  • Embezzlement: In most states, embezzlement is defined as theft/larceny of assets (money or property) by a person in a position of trust or responsibility over those assets. Embezzlement typically occurs in the employment and corporate settings. Source: OCC
  • EMPLOYEE BENEFIT PLAN: Any plan, fund, or program heretofore or hereafter established or maintained by an employer or by an employee organization, or by both, to the extent that such plan, fund, or program was established or is maintained for the purpose of providing for its participants or their beneficiaries, through the purchase of insurance or otherwise, dental care benefits in the event of accident or sickness. See Alabama Code 27-19A-2
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • entity: A domestic entity or foreign entity. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • EXCEEDS AUTHORIZATION OF USE: Accessing a computer, computer network, or other digital device with actual or perceived authorization, and using such access to obtain or alter information that the accessor is not entitled to obtain or alter. See Alabama Code 13A-8-111
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Fair Credit Reporting Act: A federal law, established in 1971 and revised in 1997, that gives consumers the right to see their credit records and correct any mistakes. Source: OCC
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Act: means the Federal Deposit Insurance Act, as amended (12 U. See Alabama Code 5-13B-41
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation: A government corporation that insures the deposits of all national and state banks that are members of the Federal Reserve System. Source: OCC
  • federal International Banking Act: means the federal International Banking Act of 1978, as amended (12 U. See Alabama Code 5-13B-41
  • Federal Reserve System: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC
  • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • FERROUS METALS: Any metals containing significant quantities of iron or steel, excluding motor vehicles purchased in accordance with Section 32-8-87. See Alabama Code 13A-8-30
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • FIFTH WHEEL: Coupling between a trailer and a vehicle used for towing. See Alabama Code 13A-8-1
  • FILING ENTITY: A domestic entity that is a corporation, limited partnership, limited liability limited partnership, limited liability company, professional association, employee cooperative corporation, or real estate investment trust. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • FILING INSTRUMENT: An instrument, document, or statement that is required or permitted by this title to be delivered for filing by or for an entity to a filing officer. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • FILING OFFICER: The officer with whom a filing instrument is required or permitted to be delivered for filing pursuant to this title. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • FINANCIAL INSTITUTION: A bank, insurance company, credit union, safety deposit company, savings and loan association, investment trust, or other organization held out to the public as a place of deposit of funds or medium of savings or collective investment. See Alabama Code 13A-8-1
  • FINANCIAL INSTRUMENT: Includes, but is not limited to, any check, cashier's check, draft, warrant, money order, certificate of deposit, negotiable instrument, letter of credit, bill of exchange, credit or debit card, transaction authorization mechanism, marketable security, or any computer system representation thereof. See Alabama Code 13A-8-111
  • firearm: A weapon from which a shot is discharged by gunpowder. See Alabama Code 13A-8-1
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • foreign: With respect to an entity, that the entity is formed and existing under the laws of a jurisdiction other than this state. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • foreign bank: means any company organized under the laws of a foreign country, a territory of the United States, Puerto Rico, Guam, American Samoa, or the Virgin Islands, that engages directly in the business of banking. See Alabama Code 5-13B-41
  • FOREIGN ENTITY: An organization formed and existing under the laws of a jurisdiction other than this state. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • FOREIGN FILING ENTITY: A foreign entity that registers or is required to register as a foreign entity under Article 7. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • FOREIGN GOVERNMENTAL AUTHORITY: A governmental official, agency, or instrumentality of a jurisdiction other than this state. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Foreign limited liability company: means a limited liability company governed by the laws of a jurisdiction other than this state which would be a limited liability company if governed by the laws of this state. See Alabama Code 10A-5A-1.02
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • GAS SYSTEM: Facilities for the manufacture, conditioning, transmission and distribution, or any thereof, of manufactured or natural gas, together with all appurtenances to such facilities. See Alabama Code 11-81-160
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • GOVERNING AUTHORITY: A person or group of persons who are entitled to manage and direct the affairs of an entity pursuant to this title and the governing documents of the entity, except that if the governing documents of the entity or this title divide the authority to manage and direct the affairs of the entity among different persons or groups of persons according to different matters, governing authority means the person or group of persons entitled to manage and direct the affairs of the entity with respect to a matter under the governing documents of the entity or this title. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • GOVERNING BODY: In the case of a county, the county commission exercising the legislative functions of the county and, in the case of a municipality, the board of commissioners, the mayor and council or other similar body exercising the legislative functions of the municipality. See Alabama Code 11-81-160
  • GOVERNING BODY: The chief legislative body of a governmental unit. See Alabama Code 11-85-20
  • GOVERNING BODY: The chief legislative body of a governmental unit. See Alabama Code 11-85-50
  • GOVERNING PERSON: A person serving as part of the governing authority of an entity. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Governing statute: means the statute that governs an organization's internal affairs. See Alabama Code 10A-5A-1.02
  • government: The United States, any state or any county, municipality, or other political unit within territory belonging to the United States, or any department, agency, or subdivision of any of the foregoing, or any corporation or other association carrying out the functions of government, or any corporation or agency formed pursuant to interstate compact or international treaty. See Alabama Code 13A-8-1
  • GOVERNMENT SECURITIES: Any bonds or other obligations which as to principal and interest constitute direct obligations of, or are unconditionally guaranteed by, the United States of America, including obligations of any federal agency to the extent such obligations are unconditionally guaranteed by the United States of America and any certificates or any other evidences of an ownership interest in such obligation of, or unconditionally guaranteed by, the United States of America or in specified portions thereof (which may consist of the principal thereof or the interest thereon). See Alabama Code 22-3A-2
  • GOVERNMENTAL UNIT: Counties and municipalities. See Alabama Code 11-85-20
  • GOVERNMENTAL UNIT: Counties and municipalities. See Alabama Code 11-85-50
  • Grace period: The number of days you'll have to pay your bill for purchases in full without triggering a finance charge. Source: Federal Reserve
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • grantee: The several existing regional planning and development commissions, as provided for in Sections 11-85-50 to 11-85-73, inclusive. See Alabama Code 11-85-100
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • Guarantor: A party who agrees to be responsible for the payment of another party's debts should that party default. Source: OCC
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Habeas corpus: A writ that is usually used to bring a prisoner before the court to determine the legality of his imprisonment. It may also be used to bring a person in custody before the court to give testimony, or to be prosecuted.
  • harm: Partial or total alteration, damage, or erasure of stored data, interruption of computer services, introduction of a virus, or any other loss, disadvantage, or injury that might reasonably be suffered as a result of the actor's conduct. See Alabama Code 13A-8-111
  • HEALTH INSURANCE POLICY: Any individual, group, blanket, or franchise insurance policy, insurance agreement, or group hospital service contract providing benefits for dental care expenses incurred as a result of an accident or sickness. See Alabama Code 27-19A-2
  • holder: Either of the following to whom a conservation easement is conveyed:

    a. See Alabama Code 35-18-1

  • host: Any plant or plant product upon which the boll weevil is dependent for completion of any portion of its life cycle. See Alabama Code 2-19-121
  • IDENTIFICATION DOCUMENT: Any document containing data that is issued to an individual and which that individual, and only that individual, uses alone or in conjunction with any other information for the primary purpose of establishing his or her identity or accessing his or her financial information or benefits. See Alabama Code 13A-8-111
  • IDENTIFYING INFORMATION: Specific details that can be used to access a person's financial accounts, obtain identification, or to obtain goods or services, including, but not limited to:

    a. See Alabama Code 13A-8-111

  • Impeachment: (1) The process of calling something into question, as in "impeaching the testimony of a witness." (2) The constitutional process whereby the House of Representatives may "impeach" (accuse of misconduct) high officers of the federal government for trial in the Senate.
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • individual: A natural person and the estate of an incompetent or deceased natural person. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • industrial: When used with reference to a waterworks system, a waterworks system designed to supply or distribute water primarily for use other than human consumption. See Alabama Code 11-81-160
  • infestation: The actual presence of plant pests and/or noxious weeds or the existence of circumstances that make it reasonable to believe plant pests and/or noxious weeds are present. See Alabama Code 2-25-1
  • infested: Actually infested with a boll weevil or so exposed to infestation that it would be reasonable to believe that an infestation exists. See Alabama Code 2-19-121
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • insurer: Such term shall have the meaning ascribed in Section 27-1-2. See Alabama Code 27-19A-2
  • INTEGRATED CIRCUIT CARD: Also known as a smart card or chip card, a pocket sized, plastic card with embedded integrated circuits used for data storage or special purpose processing used to validate personal identification numbers (PINs), authorize purchases, verify account balances and store personal records. See Alabama Code 13A-8-111
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Joint session: When both chambers of a legislature adopt a concurrent resolution to meet together.
  • JUDGE OF PROBATE: The judge of probate of the county in which a domestic entity is required or permitted to deliver a filing instrument for filing pursuant to this title. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Judgement: The official decision of a court finally determining the respective rights and claims of the parties to a suit.
  • law: Unless the context requires otherwise, both statutory and common law. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICER: A duly constituted and certified peace officer of the State of Alabama or of any county or municipality within the state. See Alabama Code 13A-8-30
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • license: A license, certificate of registration, or other legal authorization. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY: A limited liability company as defined in Chapter 5A. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Limited liability company agreement: means any agreement (whether referred to as a limited liability company agreement, operating agreement or otherwise), written, oral or implied, of the member or members as to the activities and affairs of a limited liability company or series thereof. See Alabama Code 10A-5A-1.02
  • LIMITED LIABILITY PARTNERSHIP: A limited liability partnership as defined in Chapter 8A. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • LIMITED PARTNERSHIP: A limited partnership as defined in Chapter 9A. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • MANAGERIAL OFFICIAL: An officer or a governing person. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Member: means a person admitted under Section 10A-5A-4. See Alabama Code 10A-5A-1.02
  • merger: The combination of one or more domestic entities with one or more domestic entities or non-code organizations resulting in:

    (A) one or more surviving domestic entities or non-code organizations;

    (B) the creation of one or more new domestic entities or non-code organizations, or one or more surviving domestic entities or non-code organizations; or

    (C) one or more surviving domestic entities or non-code organizations and the creation of one or more new domestic entities or non-code organizations. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03

  • METAL PROPERTY: Metals as defined in this section as either ferrous or nonferrous metals. See Alabama Code 13A-8-30
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • month: means a calendar month. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • Mortgagor: The person who pledges property to a creditor as collateral for a loan and who receives the money.
  • MULTI-STATE POOLING INITIATIVE: A group of two or more states working together to reduce the cost of pharmaceuticals purchased or paid for by those states. See Alabama Code 22-2A-2
  • municipality: Such term shall include cities and towns. See Alabama Code 11-85-20
  • municipality: Cities or towns. See Alabama Code 11-85-50
  • NONFERROUS METALS: Metals not containing significant quantities of iron or steel, including, without limitation, copper, brass, aluminum other than aluminum cans, bronze, lead, zinc, nickel, stainless steel, and alloys thereof, including stainless steel beer kegs. See Alabama Code 13A-8-30
  • NONPROFIT ENTITY: An entity that is a nonprofit corporation, nonprofit association, or other entity that is organized solely for one or more nonprofit purposes. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • NOXIOUS WEED: Any living stage, including, but not limited to, seeds and productive parts of a parasitic or other plant of a kind, or subdivision of a kind, which may be a serious agricultural threat in Alabama. See Alabama Code 2-25-1
  • nursery: Any grounds or premises on or in which nursery stock is grown or propagated for sale or distribution. See Alabama Code 2-25-1
  • NURSERY STOCK: All plants, trees, shrubs, vines, cuttings, grafts, scions and buds grown or kept for or capable of propagation, distribution or sale, unless specifically excluded by the rules and regulations promulgated pursuant to this article. See Alabama Code 2-25-1
  • nurseryman: Any person engaged in the production of nursery stock for sale or distribution to include any person who obtains nursery stock for the purpose of growing it to a more mature size over a period of one growing season or more. See Alabama Code 2-25-1
  • obligations: Bonds, warrants, certificates of indebtedness and notes of a unit, including bonds, warrants, certificates and notes that are general obligations of the issuing unit and those that are payable solely from a specified source. See Alabama Code 11-81-220
  • obtains: Such term means:

    a. See Alabama Code 13A-8-1

  • officer: An individual elected, appointed, or designated as an officer of an entity by the entity's governing authority or under the entity's governing documents. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • organization: A corporation, limited partnership, general partnership, limited liability company, business trust, real estate investment trust, joint venture, joint stock company, cooperative, association, bank, insurance company, credit union, savings and loan association, or other organization, regardless of whether the organization is for profit, not for profit, nonprofit, domestic, or foreign. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Organization: means a general partnership, including a limited liability partnership; limited partnership, including a limited liability limited partnership; limited liability company; business trust; corporation; nonprofit corporation; professional corporation; or any other person having a governing statute. See Alabama Code 10A-5A-1.02
  • Organizational documents: means :

    (1) for a general partnership or foreign general partnership, its partnership agreement and if applicable, its registration as a limited liability partnership or a foreign limited liability partnership;

    (2) for a limited partnership or foreign limited partnership, its certificate of formation and partnership agreement, or comparable writings as provided in its governing statute;

    (3) for a limited liability company or foreign limited liability company, its certificate of formation and limited liability company agreement, or comparable writings as provided in its governing statute;

    (4) for a business or statutory trust or foreign business or statutory trust its agreement of trust and declaration of trust, or comparable writings as provided in its governing statute;

    (5) for a corporation for profit or foreign corporation for profit, its certificate of formation, bylaws, and other agreements among its shareholders that are authorized by its governing statute, or comparable writings as provided in its governing statute;

    (6) for a nonprofit corporation or foreign nonprofit corporation, its certificate of formation, bylaws, and other agreements that are authorized by its governing statute, or comparable writings as provided in its governing statute;

    (7) for a professional corporation or foreign professional corporation, its certificate of formation, bylaws, and other agreements among its shareholders that are authorized by its governing statute, or comparable writings as provided in its governing statute; and

    (8) for any other organization, the basic writings that create the organization and determine its internal governance and the relations among the persons that own it, have an interest in it, or are members of it. See Alabama Code 10A-5A-1.02

  • organizer: A person, who need not be an owner or member of the entity, who, having the capacity to contract, is authorized to execute documents in connection with the formation of the entity. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • ORGANIZING SUBDIVISION: With respect to any unit, each municipality or county which may have granted authorization or made determinations respecting the incorporation of the unit or the governing body of which may have granted such authorization or made such determinations and, in the case of a board of education, the county or city with respect to which such board of education is organized. See Alabama Code 11-81-220
  • out-of-state bank: means a bank, the home state of which is a state other than Alabama. See Alabama Code 5-13B-41
  • out-of-state foreign bank: means a foreign bank, the home state of which is a state other than Alabama. See Alabama Code 5-13B-41
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • owner: A person, other than the defendant, who has possession of or any other interest in the property involved, even though that interest or possession is unlawful, and without whose consent the defendant has no authority to exert control over the property. See Alabama Code 13A-8-1
  • owner: as used in this article , shall mean the person who owns, or has the exclusive license in the United States to reproduce or the exclusive license in the United States to distribute to the public copies of the original fixation of sounds embodied in the master phonograph record, master disc, master tape, master film or other device used for reproducing recorded sounds on phonograph records, discs, tapes, films, videocassettes or other articles now known or later developed on which sound is recorded and from which the transferred sounds are directly or indirectly derived, or the person who owns the rights to record or to authorize the recording of a live performance. See Alabama Code 13A-8-80
  • owner: An owner or lessee of a computer or a computer network, or an owner, lessee, or licensee of computer data, computer programs, or computer software. See Alabama Code 13A-8-111
  • partner: A limited partner or general partner. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • partnership: Includes a general partnership, a limited liability partnership, a foreign limited liability partnership, a limited partnership, a foreign limited partnership, a limited liability limited partnership, and a foreign limited liability limited partnership. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • PARTY TO THE MERGER: A domestic entity or non-code organization that under a plan of merger is combined by a merger. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • permit: A document issued or authorized by the commissioner to provide for the movement of regulated articles to restricted designations for limited handling, utilization, or processing. See Alabama Code 2-19-121
  • PERMITTED INVESTMENTS: (i) Government securities; (ii) bonds, debentures, notes or other evidences of indebtedness issued by any of the following agencies: Bank for Cooperatives; Federal Intermediate Credit Banks; Federal Financing Bank; Federal Home Loan Banks; Federal Farm Credit Bank; Export-Import Bank of the United States; Federal Land Banks, or Farmers Home Administration or any other agency or corporation which has been or may hereafter be created by or pursuant to an act of the Congress of the United States as an agency or instrumentality thereof; (iii) bonds, notes, pass through securities or other evidences of indebtedness of Government National Mortgage Association and participation certificates of Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation; (iv) full faith and credit obligations of any state, provided that at the time of purchase such obligations are rated at least "AA" by Standard & Poor's Corporation and at least "Aa" by Moody's Investors Service; (v) public housing bonds issued by public agencies or municipalities and fully secured as to the payment of both principal and interest by contracts with the United States of America, or temporary notes, preliminary notes or project notes issued by public agencies or municipalities, in each case fully secured as to the payment of both principal and interest by a requisition or payment agreement with the United States of America; (vi) time deposits evidenced by certificates of deposit issued by banks or savings and loan associations which are members of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, provided that, to the extent such time deposits are not covered by federal deposit insurance, such time deposits (including interest thereon) are fully secured by a pledge of obligations described in clauses (i), (ii), (iii), and (v) above, which at all times have a market value (exclusive of accrued interest) not less than the amount of such bank time deposits required to be so secured and which meet the greater of 100 percent collateralization or the "AA" collateral levels established by Standard & Poor's Corporation for structured financings, (vii) repurchase agreements for obligations of the type specified in clauses (i), (ii), (iii), and (v) above, provided such repurchase agreements are fully collateralized and secured by such obligations which have a market value (exclusive of accrued interest) at least equal to the purchase price of such repurchase agreements, which are held by a depository satisfactory to the State Treasurer in such manner as may be required to provide a perfected security interest in such obligations, and which meet the greater of 100 percent collateralization or the "AA" collateral levels established by Standard & Poor's Corporation for structured financings; and (viii) uncollateralized investment agreements with, or certificates of deposit issued by, banks or bank holding companies, the senior long-term securities of which are rated at least "AA" by Standard & Poor's Corporation and at least "Aa" by Moody's Investors Service. See Alabama Code 22-3A-2
  • person: An individual, association, partnership, corporation or other private entity. See Alabama Code 2-19-100
  • person: Any individual, corporation, company, society, or association, or other business entity. See Alabama Code 2-19-121
  • person: Any individual, corporation, company, society, association or other business entity. See Alabama Code 2-25-1
  • person: Such term shall have the meaning ascribed in Section 27-1-2. See Alabama Code 27-19A-2
  • person: An individual, including the estate of an incompetent or deceased individual, or an organization, whether created by the laws of this state or another state or foreign country, including, without limitation, a general partnership, limited liability partnership, limited partnership, limited liability limited partnership, limited liability company, corporation, professional corporation, nonprofit corporation, professional association, trustee, personal representative, fiduciary, as defined in Section 19-3-150 or person performing in any similar capacity, business trust, estate, trust, association, joint venture, government, governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, or any other legal or commercial entity. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • person: An individual, a partnership, a corporation or two or more individuals having a joint or common interest. See Alabama Code 2-1-1
  • person: An individual, partnership, corporation, joint venture, trust, association, or any other legal entity. See Alabama Code 13A-8-30
  • PERSONAL IDENTIFICATION CARD: A driver's license or identification card issued by the Alabama State Law Enforcement Agency or a similar card issued by another state, a military identification card, a passport, or an appropriate work authorization issued by the U. See Alabama Code 13A-8-30
  • personal property: includes money, goods, chattels, things in action and evidence of debt, deeds and conveyances. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • PHARMACEUTICAL PROGRAM: A program administered by the Department of Mental Health, Department of Corrections, Department of Public Health, Department of Youth Services, or the Department of Rehabilitation Services, pursuant to which pharmaceuticals are purchased for use by clients. See Alabama Code 22-2A-2
  • pharmacy: Any building, warehouse, physician's office, hospital, pharmaceutical house or other structure used in whole or in part for the sale, storage and/or dispensing of any controlled substance as defined in Section 20-2-2 as amended. See Alabama Code 13A-8-51
  • PHARMACY ROBBERY: A person commits the offense of "pharmacy robbery" under this article if in the course of committing a theft of any controlled substance as defined in Section 20-2-2 such person violates Section 13A-8-41. See Alabama Code 13A-8-51
  • photograph: A still photographic image, including an image captured in digital format, which is of such quality that the persons and objects depicted are identifiable. See Alabama Code 13A-8-30
  • places: Vessels, railroad cars, automobiles, aircraft, and other vehicles, buildings, docks, nurseries, orchards and other premises where plants or plant products are grown, kept or handled. See Alabama Code 2-25-1
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • PLANT PEST: Any living stage of any insects, mites, nematodes, slugs, snails, protozoa, or other invertebrate animals, bacteria, fungi, other parasitic plants or reproductive parts thereof, or viruses, or any organisms similar to or allied with any of the foregoing, or any infectious substances which can directly or indirectly injure or cause disease or damage in any plants or parts thereof or any processed, manufactured, or other products of plants and which may be a serious agricultural or horticultural threat in Alabama. See Alabama Code 2-25-1
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • preceding: means next before. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • PROFESSIONAL CORPORATION: A domestic or foreign professional corporation as defined in Chapter 4. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • PROFESSIONAL ENTITY: A professional association and a professional corporation. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • PROFESSIONAL SERVICE: Any type of service that may lawfully be performed only pursuant to a license issued by a state court, state regulatory licensing board, or other like agency pursuant to state laws. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • PROPELLED VEHICLE: Any propelled device in, upon, or by which any person or property is transported on land, water, or in the air, and such term includes motor vehicles, motorcycles, motorboats, aircraft, and any vessel propelled by machinery, whether or not that machinery is the principal source of propulsion. See Alabama Code 13A-8-1
  • property: Includes all property, whether real, personal, or mixed, or tangible or intangible, or any right or interest therein. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • property: Any money, tangible or intangible personal property, property (whether real or personal) the location of which can be changed (including things growing on, affixed to, or found in land and documents, although the rights represented hereby have no physical location), contract right, chose-in-action, interest in a claim to wealth, credit, or any other article or thing of value of any kind. See Alabama Code 13A-8-1
  • property: Includes a financial instrument, data, databases, data while in transit, computer software, computer programs, documents associated with computer systems and computer programs, or copies whether tangible or intangible. See Alabama Code 13A-8-111
  • PUBLIC HATCHERY: Any establishment that regularly artificially hatches and sells or offers for sale to the public baby chicks or the young of any domestic fowl under six weeks of age or hatching eggs or that does custom hatching. See Alabama Code 2-16-1
  • PUBLIC HEALTH FACILITIES: Land, buildings, other improvements to realty, machinery, equipment and any other property of a similar nature which is or may be used by or useful to the State Board of Health or any county board of health in providing the public health services for which provision is made in Chapter 3 of Subtitle 1 of Title 22, and includes alterations, modifications, improvements to and equipment for facilities now owned or operated by the State Board of Health or any county board of health. See Alabama Code 22-3A-2
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • Puffing: means an exaggerated commendation of wares or services. See Alabama Code 13A-8-1
  • PURCHASE TRANSACTION: A transaction in which a secondary metals recycler gives consideration in exchange for regulated metal property. See Alabama Code 13A-8-30
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • REAL ESTATE INVESTMENT TRUST: An unincorporated trust, association, or other entity as defined in Chapter 10. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • real property: includes lands, tenements and hereditaments. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • receiving: Such term includes, but is not limited to, acquiring possession, control, or title and taking a security interest in the property. See Alabama Code 13A-8-1
  • reencoder: An electronic device that places encoded information from the magnetic strip, integrated circuit, RFID tag of an identification document onto the magnetic strip, integrated circuit, or RFID tag of a different identification document. See Alabama Code 13A-8-111
  • region: All the geographical area contained within the aggregate territorial limits of all governmental units participating in the establishment of a region for planning as provided in this article. See Alabama Code 11-85-20
  • region: All the geographical area contained within the aggregate territorial limits of all governmental units participating in a regional planning and development commission as provided in this article. See Alabama Code 11-85-50
  • REGULATED ARTICLE: Any article of any character carrying or capable of carrying the boll weevil, including but not limited to, cotton plants, seed cotton, other hosts, gin trash, and mechanical cotton pickers. See Alabama Code 2-19-121
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • REVOLVING LOAN FUNDS: The monies provided by the sale of the bonds pursuant to this article. See Alabama Code 11-85-100
  • SANITARY SEWER SYSTEM: Facilities for the collection, transmission, treatment and disposal of sewage, together with all appurtenances to any such facilities. See Alabama Code 11-81-160
  • SCANNING DEVICE: A scanner, reader, or any other electronic device that is used to access, read, scan, obtain, memorize, or store, temporarily or permanently, information encoded on the magnetic strip, integrated circuit, or RFID tag of an identification document. See Alabama Code 13A-8-111
  • SECONDARY METALS RECYCLER: Any person, whether licensed or not licensed, who is engaged, from a fixed location or otherwise, in the business of paying compensation for ferrous or nonferrous metals, whether or not engaged in the business of performing the manufacturing process by which ferrous metals or nonferrous metals are converted into raw material products consisting of prepared grades and having an existing or potential economic value. See Alabama Code 13A-8-30
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • shopping cart: when used in this article, shall mean those pushcarts of the type or types which are commonly provided by grocery stores, drugstores or other merchant stores or markets for the use of the public in transporting commodities in stores and markets and incidentally from the store to a place outside the store. See Alabama Code 13A-8-60
  • state: Includes, when referring to a part of the United States, a state or commonwealth, and its agencies and governmental subdivisions, and a territory or possession, and its agencies and governmental subdivisions, of the United States. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 22-3A-2
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 11-85-100
  • state: includes any state, territory, or possession of the United States, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. See Alabama Code 13A-8-1
  • STATE AGENCY: The Department of Mental Health, Department of Corrections, Department of Public Health, Department of Youth Services, and the Department of Rehabilitation Services. See Alabama Code 22-2A-2
  • STATE BOARD OF HEALTH: The State Board of Health provided for in Chapter 2 of Subtitle 1 of Title 22. See Alabama Code 22-3A-2
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • stolen: Obtained by theft, theft by appropriating lost property, robbery, or extortion. See Alabama Code 13A-8-1
  • Subpoena duces tecum: A command to a witness to produce documents.
  • subsidiary: An entity or organization at least 50 percent of:

    (A) the ownership or membership interest of which is owned by a parent entity or parent organization; or

    (B) the voting power of which is possessed by a parent entity or parent organization. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03

  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • superintendent: means the superintendent then in office and, where appropriate, all of his or her successors and predecessors in office. See Alabama Code 5-13B-41
  • supplier: A wholesaler or manufacturer of pharmaceuticals. See Alabama Code 22-2A-2
  • Surviving organization: means an organization into which one or more other organizations are merged under Article 10, whether the organization pre-existed the merger or was created pursuant to the merger. See Alabama Code 10A-5A-1.02
  • Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • THIRD-PARTY RIGHT OF ENFORCEMENT: A right expressly provided in a conservation easement to enforce any of its terms granted to a governmental body, charitable corporation, charitable association, or charitable trust, which, although eligible to be a holder, is not a holder. See Alabama Code 35-18-1
  • threat: A menace, however communicated, to:

    a. See Alabama Code 13A-8-1

  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • traffic sign: shall mean any traffic sign, traffic signal, warning sign, guideboard, milepost, road marker, emergency telephone sign, or any similar sign, signal, or device used by the state or any political subdivision of the state on the highways, roads, bridges, or streets of this state for the warning, instruction, or information of the public. See Alabama Code 13A-8-70
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Transfer: means an assignment, conveyance, deed, bill of sale, lease, mortgage, security interest, encumbrance, gift, or transfer by operation of law. See Alabama Code 10A-5A-1.02
  • Transferable interest: means a member's right to receive distributions from a limited liability company or a series thereof. See Alabama Code 10A-5A-1.02
  • Transferee: means a person to which all or part of a transferable interest has been transferred, whether or not the transferor is a member. See Alabama Code 10A-5A-1.02
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • trustee: A person who serves as a trustee of a trust, including a real estate investment trust. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • unit: Any public corporation organized in this state pursuant to authorization or determination by any municipality or municipalities or county or counties or a municipality and a county or by any combination of municipalities and counties or by the governing body of any one or more thereof and shall include also any county board of education and any city board of education. See Alabama Code 11-81-220
  • United States: when used in a geographical sense, means the several states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, Guam, American Samoa, the American Virgin Islands, the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, and any other territory of the United States; and, when used in a political sense, means the federal government of the United States. See Alabama Code 5-13B-41
  • value: The market value of the property at the time and place of the criminal act. See Alabama Code 13A-8-1
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • VERIFIABLE DOCUMENTATION: Written evidence of ownership which may be verified, including, but not limited to, receipts, bills of sale, titles, certificates of title, purchase agreements, shipping manifests, work orders, etc. See Alabama Code 13A-8-30
  • virus: Means an unwanted computer program or other set of instructions inserted into a computer's memory, operating system, or program that is specifically constructed with the ability to replicate itself or to affect the other programs or files in the computer by attaching a copy of the unwanted program or other set of instructions to one or more computer programs or files. See Alabama Code 13A-8-111
  • WATERWORKS SYSTEM: Facilities for the gathering, collecting, impounding, treatment, transmission and distribution, or any of them, of water for domestic use or for industrial use or both, together with all appurtenances to any such facilities. See Alabama Code 11-81-160
  • WEB PAGE: A location that has a single uniform resource locator or other single location with respect to the Internet. See Alabama Code 13A-8-111
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.