Part 21 LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES
Part 22 SCHOOL OPERATIONS
Part 23 SUPPLEMENTAL SERVICES
Part 23.5 TRANSPORTATION
Part 24 SCHOOL FINANCE
Part 24.5 SCHOOL FINANCE, INSTRUCTION, AND ACCOUNTABILITY IN THE 2020-21 SCHOOL YEAR
Part 25 EMPLOYEES

Terms Used In California Codes > Education Code > Title 2 > Division 3

  • Abstract of judgment: In a federal criminal proceeding, A certification from a U.S. District Court clerk that a judgment of restitution was entered against the defendant owing to the victim. If the defendant inherits, owns, or sells real property or holdings, these assets can then be attached at the state and local levels as well.
  • academic purpose: means any school sponsored activity or class of instruction scheduled during the schoolday. See California Education Code 49330
  • Access: means a personal inspection and review of a record or an accurate copy of a record, or receipt of an accurate copy of a record, an oral description or communication of a record or an accurate copy of a record, and a request to release a copy of any record. See California Education Code 49061
  • Acquiring district: means a school district that has all or portions of one or more other school districts transferred into, or lapsed into, its boundaries pursuant to subdivision (b) of Section 35511 or Section 35780. See California Education Code 35514
  • Acquittal:
    1. Judgement that a criminal defendant has not been proved guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
    2. A verdict of "not guilty."
     
  • Act: means the California School Finance Authority Act. See California Education Code 17173
  • Added sweetener: means an additive other than 100 percent fruit juice that enhances the sweetness of a beverage. See California Education Code 49430
  • Additional place of practice: as used in this article , means any place of practice that increases the number of places of practice of the applicant, and includes an additional office that the applicant proposes to originally establish, either individually or in association with another, as well as an established place of practice that the applicant acquires or proposes to acquire, in whole or in part, by purchase, repossession, reassignment, gift, devise, bequest, or operation of law, except as otherwise provided in this article. See California Business and Professions Code 1658.2
  • Adjourn: A motion to adjourn a legislative chamber or a committee, if passed, ends that day's session.
  • Adjournment sine die: The end of a legislative session "without day." These adjournments are used to indicate the final adjournment of an annual or the two-year session of legislature.
  • Administrative agency: means the state agency responsible for programming bond funds made available by Chapter 12. See California Government Code 8879.50
  • Administrator: means the Administrator of Local Agency Security of the State of California. See California Government Code 53630
  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • Advisory Council: means the Dispute Resolution Advisory Council. See California Business and Professions Code 466
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Affinity: signifies the connection existing in consequence of marriage, between each of the married persons and the blood relatives of the other when applied to the marriage relation. See California Code of Civil Procedure 17
  • Agency: means any statewide office, nonelective officer, department, division, bureau, board, commission or agency in the executive branch of the state government, except that it shall not apply to any agency whose primary function is service to the Legislature or judicial branches of state government or to any agency that is administered by an elective officer. See California Government Code 12080
  • agency: means every state office, officer, department, division, bureau, board, commission, or other state agency, except that the term agency shall not include:

    California Civil Code 1798.3

  • Agency that is administered by an elective officer: includes the State Board of Equalization but not a board or commission on which an elective officer serves in an ex officio capacity. See California Government Code 12080
  • Agent: means a county or city board of education or superintendent of schools acting with the board's consent, on behalf of one or more school districts for any purpose of this chapter, the Board of Governors of the California Community Colleges or the Chancellor of the California Community Colleges acting with the Board of Governors' consent, on behalf of one or more community college districts for any purpose of this chapter, and the school district, county office of education, or other chartering entity acting with the consent of, and on behalf of, one or more charter schools for any purpose of this chapter. See California Education Code 17173
  • Agent of depository: means a trust company or trust department of a state or national bank located in this state, including the trust department of a depository where authorized, and the Federal Home Loan Bank of San Francisco, which is authorized to act as an agent of depository for the purposes of this article pursuant to Section 53657. See California Government Code 53630
  • agreement: means the total legal obligation that results from the parties' agreement as determined by this code and as supplemented by any other applicable laws. See California Commercial Code 1201
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • alternative certification program: is a program operated by a school district, county office of education, college or university, or other public education entity, individually or in collaboration with other public education entities in the region to be served, and designed to provide a concentrated program leading to a permanent teaching credential. See California Education Code 44381
  • Alternative dispute resolution: means mediation, arbitration, conciliation, or other nonjudicial procedure that involves a neutral party in the decisionmaking process. See California Civil Code 5925
  • Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Any school district: means a school district or a county superintendent of schools who employs classroom teachers in the public schools. See California Education Code 45343
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Aquaculture: means that form of agriculture devoted to the propagation, cultivation, maintenance, and harvesting of aquatic plants and animals in marine, brackish, and fresh water. See California Fish and Game Code 17
  • Armed forces: means the United States Air Force, Army, Navy, Marine Corps, or Coast Guard. See California Education Code 45294
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • arts: includes , but is not limited to, all of the following: dance. See California Education Code 8951
  • Asset: means property of a debtor, but the term does not include the following:

    California Civil Code 3439.01

  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Assistive device: means any instrument, apparatus, or contrivance, including any component or part thereof or accessory thereto, that is used or intended to be used, to assist an individual with a disability in the mitigation or treatment of an injury or disease or to assist or affect or replace the structure or any function of the body of an individual with a disability, except that this term does not include prescriptive lenses and other ophthalmic goods unless they are sold or dispensed to a blind person, as defined in Section 19153 of the Welfare and Institutions Code and unless they are intended to assist the limited vision of the person so disabled. See California Civil Code 1791
  • Associate: when used with respect to a licensee, means all of the following:

    California Corporations Code 28820

  • Association: means any corporation organized under this part. See California Corporations Code 13202
  • at-risk: means there is evidence of, or there are indications of, any of the following:

    California Penal Code 14215

  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Attorney-in-fact: A person who, acting as an agent, is given written authorization by another person to transact business for him (her) out of court.
  • Authority: means the California School Finance Authority, or any board, body, commission, department, or officer succeeding to the principal functions of the authority, or to which the powers conferred upon the authority by this chapter shall be given by law. See California Education Code 17173
  • average daily attendance: means the average daily attendance used to compute a school district's second principal apportionment. See California Education Code 41860
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Bailiff: a court officer who enforces the rules of behavior in courtrooms.
  • Balanced budget: A budget in which receipts equal outlays.
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Baseline: Projection of the receipts, outlays, and other budget amounts that would ensue in the future without any change in existing policy. Baseline projections are used to gauge the extent to which proposed legislation, if enacted into law, would alter current spending and revenue levels.
  • beginning teacher: means a teacher with a valid California credential, as defined in Section 44259. See California Education Code 44279.1
  • Benefit corporation: means a corporation organized under the General Corporation Law that has elected to become subject to this part and whose status as a benefit corporation has not been terminated as provided in this part. See California Corporations Code 14601
  • Benefit enforcement proceeding: means a claim or action relating to any of the following:

    California Corporations Code 14601

  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • Bill of sale: means a written instrument, conforming to the requirements of this chapter, which evidences a transfer of grain. See California Civil Code 1880.1
  • Bird: means a wild bird or part of a wild bird. See California Fish and Game Code 22
  • Board: means the State Allocation Board. See California Education Code 17243
  • Board: means any department receiving an allocation of bond proceeds pursuant to this chapter. See California Government Code 8879.22
  • Board: as used in this chapter , means the Board of Vocational Nursing and Psychiatric Technicians of the State of California. See California Business and Professions Code 4501
  • board: refers to any healing arts board, division, or examining committee which licenses or certifies health professionals. See California Business and Professions Code 701
  • Bonds: means bonds, notes, or other evidence of indebtedness issued by a local agency pursuant to Part 2 (commencing with Section 55100) of this division, including bonds issued to refund previously issued bonds or other indebtedness. See California Health and Safety Code 55001
  • book: signifies the recordation of an arrest in official police records, and the taking by the police of fingerprints and photographs of the person arrested, or any of these acts following an arrest. See California Penal Code 7
  • Budget authority: Authority provided by law to enter into obligations that will result in outlays of Federal funds. Budget authority may be classified by the period of availability (one-year, multiyear, no-year), by the timing of congressional action (current or permanent), or by the manner of determining the amount available (definite or indefinite).
  • Building: includes each of the following:

    California Education Code 17400

  • Bureau: refers to the Bureau of Household Goods and Services, as established in Section 9810. See California Business and Professions Code 19225.5
  • Buyer: means a purchaser of grain which is thereafter stored in private bulk storage, and includes the assigns and successors in interest of such buyer. See California Civil Code 1880.1
  • Bylaws: as used in this part means the code or codes of rules used, adopted, or recognized for the regulation or management of the affairs of the corporation irrespective of the name or names by which such rules are designated. See California Corporations Code 9150
  • candidate: includes any officeholder who is subject to a recall election. See California Elections Code 305
  • Capitol area: includes both of the following:

    California Government Code 8160.1

  • capstone college course: means a community college course described in subparagraph (A) or (B) of paragraph (3) of subdivision (d) of Section 48800. See California Education Code 48810.5
  • Case law: The law as laid down in cases that have been decided in the decisions of the courts.
  • Casualty broker-agent: means a person licensed pursuant to Section 1625. See California Insurance Code 33.5
  • Catalog or similar sale: means a sale in which neither the seller nor any employee or agent of the seller nor any person related to the seller nor any person with a financial interest in the sale participates in the diagnosis of the buyer's condition or in the selection or fitting of the device. See California Civil Code 1791
  • center: means the Violent Crime Information Center. See California Penal Code 14215
  • Central city: means that area of the City of Sacramento bounded on the north by the American River, on the west by the Sacramento River, and on the south and east by Interstate Highway 80. See California Government Code 8160.1
  • Chambers: A judge's office.
  • Charter school: means a school established pursuant to Part 26. See California Education Code 17173
  • child: is a ny person under 18 years of age. See California Penal Code 14215
  • Child development program: means a full-day or part-day comprehensive developmental program for children ages 0 to 14 years that is administered by the State Department of Education. See California Education Code 8971
  • child nutrition entity: means any school district, county superintendent of schools, child development program operated pursuant to Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 8200) or Chapter 2. See California Education Code 49530.5
  • City: includes "city and county" and "incorporated town" but does not include "unincorporated town" or "village. See California Government Code 20
  • City: includes "city and county. See California Insurance Code 15
  • City: includes city and county. See California Business and Professions Code 18
  • claim for relief: means a right to payment, whether or not the right is reduced to judgment, liquidated, unliquidated, fixed, contingent, matured, unmatured, disputed, undisputed, legal, equitable, secured, or unsecured. See California Civil Code 3439.01
  • Classification: means that each position in the classified service shall have a designated title, a regular minimum number of assigned hours per day, days per week, and months per year, a specific statement of the duties required to be performed by the employees in each such position, and the regular monthly salary ranges for each such position. See California Education Code 45101
  • Clerk of court: An officer appointed by the court to work with the chief judge in overseeing the court's administration, especially to assist in managing the flow of cases through the court and to maintain court records.
  • Close relative: means ancestor, lineal descendant, brother or sister and lineal descendants of either, spouse, father-in-law, mother-in-law, son-in-law, brother-in-law, daughter-in-law, or sister-in-law. See California Corporations Code 28820
  • Clothing: means any wearing apparel, worn for any purpose, including under and outer garments, shoes, and accessories composed primarily of woven material, natural or synthetic yarn, fiber, or leather or similar fabric. See California Civil Code 1791
  • Combination foods: means products that contain two or more components representing two or more of the recommended food groups: fruit, vegetable, dairy, protein, or grains. See California Education Code 49430
  • Commercial real property: includes any part, portion, or unit thereof, and any related facilities, space, or services, except the following:

    California Civil Code 1954.26

  • Commercial real property: has the meaning specified in subdivision (d) of Section 1954. See California Civil Code 1993
  • Commercial rental control: includes any action of a public entity taken by statute, charter, ordinance, resolution, administrative regulation, or any other governmental enactment to establish, continue, implement, or enforce any control or system of controls, on the price at which, or the term for which, commercial real property may be offered for rent, or control or system of controls which would select, mandate, dictate, or otherwise designate a specific tenant or specific person or entity with whom the owner must negotiate on the formation, extension, or renewal of a tenancy. See California Civil Code 1954.26
  • Commission: means the Fish and Game Commission, and "commissioner" means a member of the Fish and Game Commission. See California Fish and Game Code 30
  • Commission: means the California Transportation Commission. See California Government Code 14501
  • Commission: means the Seismic Safety Commission. See California Government Code 8878.52
  • Commission: means the California Transportation Commission. See California Government Code 8879.50
  • Commissioner: means any county agricultural commissioner. See California Food and Agricultural Code 26
  • Commissioner: means the Insurance Commissioner of this State. See California Insurance Code 20
  • Committee: means the Higher Education Facilities Finance Committee created pursuant to Section 67353. See California Education Code 67332
  • Committee: means the Higher Education Facilities Finance Committee created pursuant to Section 67353. See California Education Code 67345.2
  • Committee: means the Higher Education Facilities Finance Committee created pursuant to Section 67353. See California Education Code 67358.2
  • Committee: means the Earthquake Safety and Public Buildings Rehabilitation Finance Committee created pursuant to subdivision (a) of Section 8878. See California Government Code 8878.52
  • Committee: means the Highway Safety, Traffic Reduction, Air Quality, and Port Security Committee created pursuant to Section 8879. See California Government Code 8879.22
  • Committee membership: Legislators are assigned to specific committees by their party. Seniority, regional balance, and political philosophy are the most prominent factors in the committee assignment process.
  • Common board: as used in this article means a board with identical members that governs more than one school district. See California Education Code 45220
  • Common disaster: A sudden and extraordinary misfortune that brings about the simultaneous or near-simultaneous deaths of two or more associated persons, such as husband and wife.
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Comparable units: means rental units that have approximately the same living space, have the same number of bedrooms, are located in the same or similar neighborhoods, and feature the same, similar, or equal amenities and housing services. See California Civil Code 1954.51
  • Competitive foods: means all food and beverages other than meals reimbursed under programs authorized by the federal Richard B. See California Education Code 49430
  • Complaint: includes a cross-complaint. See California Code of Civil Procedure 587.5
  • compliance audit: means an audit that ascertains and verifies whether or not funds provided through apportionment, contract, or grant, either federal or state, have been properly disbursed and expended as required by law or regulation or both and includes the verification of each of the following:

    California Education Code 14501

  • Concurrent resolution: A legislative measure, designated "S. Con. Res." and numbered consecutively upon introduction, generally employed to address the sentiments of both chambers, to deal with issues or matters affecting both houses, such as a concurrent budget resolution, or to create a temporary joint committee. Concurrent resolutions are not submitted to the President/Governor and thus do not have the force of law.
  • Conduit: includes pipe, millrace, ditch, flume, siphon, tunnel, canal, and any other conduit or diversion used for the purpose of taking or receiving water from any river, creek, stream, or lake. See California Fish and Game Code 5900
  • Consumables: means any product that is intended for consumption by individuals, or use by individuals for purposes of personal care or in the performance of services ordinarily rendered within the household, and that usually is consumed or expended in the course of consumption or use. See California Civil Code 1791
  • Consumer: means any individual who seeks or acquires, by purchase or lease, any goods, services, money, or credit for personal, family, or household purposes. See California Business and Professions Code 302
  • Consumer goods: means any new product or part thereof that is used, bought, or leased for use primarily for personal, family, or household purposes, except for clothing and consumables. See California Civil Code 1791
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Contractor: means any person who is a general building contractor within the meaning of Section 7057 of the Business and Professions Code. See California Civil Code 1797.1
  • Conversion coverage: means health insurance benefits providing hospital, surgical, major medical, or comprehensive medical coverage issued to an individual under a converted policy. See California Insurance Code 12671
  • Converted policy: means a policy or contract providing conversion coverage issued by an insurance company or by a hospital service corporation, or individual hospital, surgical, major medical, or comprehensive medical coverage otherwise provided by a policyholder to its employees or members. See California Insurance Code 12671
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Core area: means that area of the City of Sacramento within the area bounded by "G" Street on the north, "R" Street on the south, 5th Street on the west, and 17th Street on the east. See California Government Code 8160.1
  • Corporation: as used in this part means a corporation which is organized under, or subject to this part, including a central organization. See California Corporations Code 12232
  • Corporation: includes a corporation, a company, an association, and a joint stock association. See California Business and Professions Code 19225.5
  • County: includes city and county. See California Fish and Game Code 32
  • County: includes city and county. See California Food and Agricultural Code 29
  • County: includes city and county. See California Government Code 19
  • County: includes "city and county. See California Insurance Code 14
  • County: includes city and county. See California Business and Professions Code 17
  • County: includes "city and county. See California Code of Civil Procedure 17
  • county: includes "city and county". See California Penal Code 7
  • County: includes "city and county. See California Corporations Code 14
  • County: includes "city and county. See California Public Resources Code 14
  • County placing agency: means the county social service department or county probation department. See California Education Code 49061
  • Credible science: means the best available scientific information that is not overly prescriptive due to the dynamic nature of science, and includes the evaluation principles of relevance, inclusiveness, objectivity, transparency, timeliness, verification, validation, and peer review of information as appropriate. See California Fish and Game Code 33
  • Credit report: A detailed report of an individual's credit history prepared by a credit bureau and used by a lender in determining a loan applicant's creditworthiness. Source: OCC
  • Credit Score: A number, roughly between 300 and 800, that measures an individual's credit worthiness. The most well-known type of credit score is the FICO score. This score represents the answer from a mathematical formula that assigns numerical values to various pieces of information in your credit report. Source: OCC
  • Creditor: means a person that has a claim, and includes an assignee of a general assignment for the benefit of creditors, as defined in Section 493. See California Civil Code 3439.01
  • creditor: means a person who has a claim, as defined in Section 3439. See California Civil Code 3440
  • Creditor: means "creditor" as defined in Section 3439. See California Civil Code 3445
  • Crime: means an act committed in this state which, if committed by a competent adult, would constitute a misdemeanor or felony. See California Penal Code 679.01
  • Currency: means any coined money, banknotes, or other paper money as are authorized by law which circulates from hand to hand as the medium of exchange. See California Business and Professions Code 22515
  • Dam: includes all artificial obstructions. See California Fish and Game Code 5900
  • Day: means calendar day, and "week" means calendar week. See California Fish and Game Code 35
  • Day: means a calendar day unless otherwise specifically provided. See California Education Code 48925
  • Dealer: means any person who is a dealer within the meaning of Section 18002. See California Civil Code 1797.1
  • Debt: means liability on a claim. See California Civil Code 3439.01
  • Debtor: means a person that is liable on a claim. See California Civil Code 3439.01
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Deep fried: means a food item that is cooked by total submersion in oil or fat. See California Education Code 49430
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Defendant: includes a cross-defendant. See California Code of Civil Procedure 587.5
  • Defense attorney: Represent defendants in criminal matters.
  • Deliver: means to deliver by personal service or by placing a copy of the notice in the mail, postage prepaid, by certified mail, return receipt requested, addressed to the party at the address for the receipt of notices under the lease. See California Civil Code 1954.26
  • Demotion: means assignment to an inferior position or status, without the employee's written voluntary consent. See California Education Code 45101
  • Department: means the Department of Fish and Wildlife. See California Fish and Game Code 37
  • Department: means the Department of Transportation. See California Government Code 14501
  • Department: means the Department of Consumer Affairs. See California Business and Professions Code 302
  • department: refers to the State Department of Health Services. See California Business and Professions Code 550
  • Department: means the Department of Transportation. See California Government Code 8879.50
  • department: whenever used in this code , unless the context otherwise requires, means the State Department of Education. See California Education Code 89
  • Department: means Department of Industrial Relations. See California Labor Code 19
  • Department: means the Department of General Services. See California Government Code 8160.1
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • Depository: means a state or national bank, savings association or federal association, a state or federal credit union, or a federally insured industrial loan company, in this state in which the moneys of a local agency are deposited. See California Government Code 53630
  • depressed: means the condition of a fishery that exhibits declining fish population abundance levels below those consistent with maximum sustainable yield. See California Fish and Game Code 90.7
  • Developer: means any person who enters into an agreement with a redevelopment agency for the purpose of developing specific commercial real property within a redevelopment project area with the intention of acquiring ownership of that property, even if that person does not own that property when the agreement is executed. See California Civil Code 1954.26
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • Director: means the Director of Fish and Wildlife. See California Fish and Game Code 39
  • director: refer to the Department of General Services and the Director of General Services, respectively, unless the context otherwise requires. See California Government Code 14602
  • Director: means the Director of the Department of Consumer Affairs. See California Business and Professions Code 302
  • Director: means Director of Industrial Relations. See California Labor Code 20
  • Director: means the Director of General Services. See California Government Code 8160.1
  • directors: means natural persons, designated in the articles or bylaws or elected by the incorporators, and their successors and natural persons designated, elected, or appointed by any other name or title to act as members of the governing body of the corporation. See California Corporations Code 5047
  • Directory information: means one or more of the following items: pupil's name, address, telephone number, date of birth, email address, major field of study, participation in officially recognized activities and sports, weight and height of members of athletic teams, dates of attendance, degrees and awards received, and the most recent previous public or private school attended by the pupil. See California Education Code 49061
  • disaster: means a war or enemy-caused calamity occurring in the State of California, such as an attack by nuclear weapons, as a result of which the incumbent Governor is either killed, missing or so seriously injured as to be unable to perform his duties. See California Government Code 12060
  • Disciplinary action: includes any action whereby an employee is deprived of any classification or any incident of any classification in which he has permanence, including dismissal, suspension, demotion, or any reassignment, without his voluntary consent, except a layoff for lack of work or lack of funds. See California Education Code 45101
  • disclose: means to disclose, release, transfer, disseminate, or otherwise communicate all or any part of any record orally, in writing, or by electronic or any other means to any person or entity. See California Civil Code 1798.3
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Dispute resolution: includes , but is not limited to, mediation, conciliation, and arbitration. See California Business and Professions Code 466
  • Distributor: means any individual, partnership, corporation, association, or other legal relationship that stands between the manufacturer and the retail seller in purchases, consignments, or contracts for sale of consumer goods. See California Civil Code 1791
  • District: means fish and game district. See California Fish and Game Code 41
  • Districts: means school districts of every kind or class. See California Education Code 35514
  • Divided district: means a school district that has had a portion of its territory become part of a new school district or transferred into one or more other school districts by an action to reorganize taken pursuant to Section 35511. See California Education Code 35514
  • Division: means the Division of Consumer Services. See California Business and Professions Code 302
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • drop procedure: means an activity whereby each student and staff member takes cover under a table or desk, dropping to his or her knees, with the head protected by the arms, and the back to the windows. See California Education Code 35297
  • Early primary program: means an integrated, experiential, and developmentally appropriate educational program for children in preschool, kindergarten, and grades 1 to 3, inclusive, that incorporates various instructional strategies and authentic assessment practices, including educationally appropriate curricula, heterogeneous groupings, active learning activities, oral language development, small group instruction, peer interaction, use of concrete manipulative materials in the classroom, planned articulation among preschool, kindergarten, and primary grades, and parent involvement and education. See California Education Code 8971
  • Educational facility: means any property, facility, structure, equipment, or furnishings used or operated in conjunction with one or more public schools, including charter schools, or community colleges, including, but not limited to, all of the following:

    California Education Code 17173

  • electrified security fence: means any fence, other than an electrified fence described in Section 17151 of the Food and Agricultural Code, that meets the following requirements:

    California Civil Code 835

  • Electronic: means relating to technology having electrical, digital, magnetic, wireless, optical, electromagnetic, or similar capabilities. See California Civil Code 3439.01
  • Electronic funds transfer: The transfer of money between accounts by consumer electronic systems-such as automated teller machines (ATMs) and electronic payment of bills-rather than by check or cash. (Wire transfers, checks, drafts, and paper instruments do not fall into this category.) Source: OCC
  • Electronic transmission to the corporation: means a communication (a) delivered by (1) facsimile telecommunication or electronic mail when directed to the facsimile number or electronic mail address, respectively, which the corporation has provided from time to time to shareholders or members and directors for sending communications to the corporation, (2) posting on an electronic message board or network which the corporation has designated for those communications, and which transmission shall be validly delivered upon the posting, or (3) other means of electronic communication, (b) as to which the corporation has placed in effect reasonable measures to verify that the sender is the shareholder or member (in person or by proxy) or director purporting to send the transmission, and (c) that creates a record that is capable of retention, retrieval, and review, and that may thereafter be rendered into clearly legible tangible form. See California Corporations Code 21
  • Elementary school: means a school operated and maintained by a school district or county office of education that maintains any grade from kindergarten to grade 6, inclusive, but no grade higher than grade 6. See California Education Code 49430
  • Embezzlement: In most states, embezzlement is defined as theft/larceny of assets (money or property) by a person in a position of trust or responsibility over those assets. Embezzlement typically occurs in the employment and corporate settings. Source: OCC
  • Emergency situation: as used in this article , means a situation determined by the principal, the principal's designee, or the district superintendent of schools to constitute a clear and present danger to the life, safety, or health of pupils or school personnel. See California Education Code 48911
  • Enforcement action: means a civil action or proceeding, other than a cross-complaint, for any of the following purposes:

    California Civil Code 5925

  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escheat: Reversion of real or personal property to the state when 1) a person dies without leaving a will and has no heirs, or 2) when the property (such as a bank account) has been inactive for a certain period of time. Source: OCC
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Evidence of debt: means a note or negotiable instrument. See California Civil Code 1918.5
  • executed: when used with respect to the documents filed pursuant to this code or pursuant to regulations adopted under this code, and presented to the Secretary of State, include a document bearing a signature under subdivision (a). See California Corporations Code 17.1
  • Executive session: A portion of the Senate's daily session in which it considers executive business.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Executrix: The female counterpart of an executor. See also
  • Expulsion: means removal of a pupil from (1) the immediate supervision and control, or (2) the general supervision, of school personnel, as those terms are used in Section 46300. See California Education Code 48925
  • Extradition: The formal process of delivering an accused or convicted person from authorities in one state to authorities in another state.
  • Fair Credit Reporting Act: A federal law, established in 1971 and revised in 1997, that gives consumers the right to see their credit records and correct any mistakes. Source: OCC
  • Fair Debt Collection Practices Act: The Fair Debt Collection Practices Act is a set of United States statutes added as Title VIII of the Consumer Credit Protection Act. Its purpose is to ensure ethical practices in the collection of consumer debts and to provide consumers with an avenue for disputing and obtaining validation of debt information in order to ensure the information's accuracy. It is often used in conjunction with the Fair Credit Reporting Act. Source: OCC
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation: A government corporation that insures the deposits of all national and state banks that are members of the Federal Reserve System. Source: OCC
  • Federal Reserve System: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC
  • Federally insured industrial loan company: means an industrial loan company licensed under Division 7 (commencing with Section 18000) of the Financial Code, the investment certificates of which are insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. See California Government Code 53630
  • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Finance charge: The total cost of credit a customer must pay on a consumer loan, including interest. The Truth in Lending Act requires disclosure of the finance charge. Source: OCC
  • Financing: means a loan made by the local agency pursuant to this division to the owner of an eligible building for eligible costs and which is secured by a deed of trust or mortgage upon the real property improved thereby. See California Health and Safety Code 55001
  • Fish: means a wild fish, mollusk, crustacean, invertebrate, amphibian, or part, spawn, or ovum of any of those animals. See California Fish and Game Code 45
  • Fishery products: includes fish, crustaceans, mollusks, and marine products for human consumption. See California Corporations Code 13202
  • Fixed Rate: Having a "fixed" rate means that the APR doesn't change based on fluctuations of some external rate (such as the "Prime Rate"). In other words, a fixed rate is a rate that is not a variable rate. A fixed APR can change over time, in several circumstances:
    • You are late making a payment or commit some other default, triggering an increase to a penalty rate
    • The bank changes the terms of your account and you do not reject the change.
    • The rate expires (if the rate was fixed for only a certain period of time).
  • Flash fried: means a food item that is quickly fried on both sides in oil with a temperature of 400 degrees Fahrenheit or higher. See California Education Code 49430
  • Forbearance: A means of handling a delinquent loan. A
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Forgery: The fraudulent signing or alteration of another's name to an instrument such as a deed, mortgage, or check. The intent of the forgery is to deceive or defraud. Source: OCC
  • Former district: means a school district that has been wholly included in another school district, or has had all of its territory made part of two or more other school districts, through any action taken pursuant to Section 35511 or through a lapsation pursuant to Section 35780. See California Education Code 35514
  • Fund: means the 1988 Higher Education Capital Outlay Bond Fund created pursuant to Section 67333. See California Education Code 67332
  • Fund: means the June 1990 Higher Education Capital Outlay Bond Fund created pursuant to Section 67346. See California Education Code 67345.2
  • Fund: means the 1992 Higher Education Capital Outlay Bond Fund created pursuant to Section 67358. See California Education Code 67358.2
  • Fund: means the Earthquake Safety and Public Buildings Rehabilitation Fund of 1990 created pursuant to Section 8878. See California Government Code 8878.52
  • Fund: means the Highway Safety, Traffic Reduction, Air Quality, and Port Security Fund of 2006 created pursuant to Section 8879. See California Government Code 8879.22
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • general assignment for the benefit of creditors: means an assignment which satisfies all of the following requirements:

    California Code of Civil Procedure 493.010

  • General public benefit: means a material positive impact on society and the environment, taken as a whole, as assessed against a third-party standard, from the business and operations of a benefit corporation. See California Corporations Code 14601
  • Genuine: means free of forgery or counterfeiting. See California Commercial Code 1201
  • Good faith: except as otherwise provided in Division 5 (commencing with Section 5101), means honesty in fact and the observance of reasonable commercial standards of fair dealing. See California Commercial Code 1201
  • good faith improver: means :

    California Code of Civil Procedure 871.1

  • Grace period: The number of days you'll have to pay your bill for purchases in full without triggering a finance charge. Source: Federal Reserve
  • Grain: includes barley, corn, flax, hay, grain sorghums, oats, rice, rye, and wheat. See California Civil Code 1880.1
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • grey market goods: means consumer goods bearing a trademark and normally accompanied by an express written warranty valid in the United States of America which are imported into the United States through channels other than the manufacturer's authorized United States distributor and which are not accompanied by the manufacturer's express written warranty valid in the United States. See California Civil Code 1797.8
  • Group policy: means a group health insurance policy providing medical, hospital, surgical, major medical, or comprehensive medical coverage issued by an insurer, a group contract issued by a hospital service corporation, or medical, hospital, surgical, major medical, or comprehensive medical coverage otherwise provided by a policyholder to its employees or members, except for self-insurance programs provided by employers that are not exempt from the federal Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (ERISA), as specified in subdivision (i). See California Insurance Code 12671
  • Guarantor: A party who agrees to be responsible for the payment of another party's debts should that party default. Source: OCC
  • Hearsay: Statements by a witness who did not see or hear the incident in question but heard about it from someone else. Hearsay is usually not admissible as evidence in court.
  • High school: means a school operated and maintained by a school district or county office of education maintaining any of grades 9 to 12, inclusive. See California Education Code 49430
  • Holder: means :

    California Commercial Code 1201

  • Home appliance: means any refrigerator, freezer, range, microwave oven, washer, dryer, dishwasher, garbage disposal, trash compactor, or room air-conditioner normally used or sold for personal, family, or household purposes. See California Civil Code 1791
  • Home electronic product: means any television, radio, antenna rotator, audio or video recorder or playback equipment, video camera, video game, video monitor, computer equipment, telephone, telecommunications equipment, electronic alarm system, electronic appliance control system, or other kind of electronic product, if it is normally used or sold for personal, family, or household purposes. See California Civil Code 1791
  • home-to-school transportation: includes all of the following:

    California Education Code 41850

  • Household mover: includes every corporation or person, their lessees, trustee, receivers, or trustees appointed by any court whatsoever, engaged in the permitted or unpermitted transportation for compensation or hire as a business by means of a motor vehicle or motor vehicles being used in the transportation of used household goods and personal effects over any public highway in this state. See California Business and Professions Code 19225.5
  • Impasse notice: means a written notice which states either of the following:

    California Civil Code 1954.26

  • Impeachment: (1) The process of calling something into question, as in "impeaching the testimony of a witness." (2) The constitutional process whereby the House of Representatives may "impeach" (accuse of misconduct) high officers of the federal government for trial in the Senate.
  • Implied warranty of fitness: means (1) that when the retailer, distributor, or manufacturer has reason to know any particular purpose for which the consumer goods are required, and further, that the buyer is relying on the skill and judgment of the seller to select and furnish suitable goods, then there is an implied warranty that the goods shall be fit for such purpose and (2) that when there is a sale of an assistive device sold at retail in this state, then there is an implied warranty by the retailer that the device is specifically fit for the particular needs of the buyer. See California Civil Code 1791.1
  • In forma pauperis: In the manner of a pauper. Permission given to a person to sue without payment of court fees on claim of indigence or poverty.
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • independent service dealer: means any individual, partnership, corporation, association, or other legal entity, not an employee or subsidiary of a manufacturer or distributor, that engages in the business of servicing and repairing consumer goods. See California Civil Code 1791
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • individual: means a natural person. See California Civil Code 1798.3
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • injurious object: shall mean those objects specified in the following sections:

    California Education Code 49330

  • instructional aide: means a person employed to assist classroom teachers and other certificated personnel in the performance of their duties and in the supervision of pupils and in instructional tasks which, in the judgment of the certificated personnel to whom the instructional aide is assigned, may be performed by a person not licensed as a classroom teacher. See California Education Code 45343
  • Insurance: refers to health insurance, major medical, or comprehensive coverage paid by premium or contribution under a group policy, a hospital service contract, or as otherwise provided by a policyholder to its employees or members other than by self-insuring except in the case of a plan that is exempt from ERISA, but does include an employer plan that is exempt from ERISA as specified in subdivision (i). See California Insurance Code 12671
  • Insurer: means the entity issuing a group policy, an individual or converted policy, a hospital service contract or an employer or employee organization otherwise providing medical, hospital, surgical, major medical, or comprehensive medical coverage to its employees or members. See California Insurance Code 12671
  • Intangible property: Property that has no intrinsic value, but is merely the evidence of value such as stock certificates, bonds, and promissory notes.
  • Inter vivos: Transfer of property from one living person to another living person.
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Intestate: Dying without leaving a will.
  • Irrevocable trust: A trust arrangement that cannot be revoked, rescinded, or repealed by the grantor.
  • Joint tenancy: A form of property ownership in which two or more parties hold an undivided interest in the same property that was conveyed under the same instrument at the same time. A joint tenant can sell his (her) interest but not dispose of it by will. Upon the death of a joint tenant, his (her) undivided interest is distributed among the surviving joint tenants.
  • Judge: means the administrative law judge presiding over the dismissal or suspension hearing. See California Education Code 44990
  • Juror: A person who is on the jury.
  • Kelp: means kelp or other marine aquatic plants and the seeds thereof. See California Fish and Game Code 51
  • knowingly: import s only a knowledge that the facts exist which bring the act or omission within the provisions of this code. See California Penal Code 7
  • Landlord: means any operator, keeper, lessor, or sublessor of any furnished or unfurnished premises for hire, or his or her agent or successor in interest. See California Civil Code 1980
  • Landlord: means any operator, keeper, lessor, or sublessor of any furnished or unfurnished premises for hire, or his or her agent or successor in interest. See California Civil Code 1993
  • Lease: means any contract for the lease or bailment for the use of consumer goods by an individual, for a term exceeding four months, primarily for personal, family, or household purposes, whether or not it is agreed that the lessee bears the risk of the consumer goods' depreciation. See California Civil Code 1791
  • lease or agreement: shall include a lease-purchase agreement. See California Education Code 17401
  • Legacy: A gift of property made by will.
  • Legatee: A beneficiary of a decedent
  • Legislative session: That part of a chamber's daily session in which it considers legislative business (bills, resolutions, and actions related thereto).
  • Lessee: means an individual who leases consumer goods under a lease. See California Civil Code 1791
  • Lessor: means a person who regularly leases consumer goods under a lease. See California Civil Code 1791
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • license: shall include a permit or a certificate issued by a state agency. See California Penal Code 23
  • licensee: means an insurer, agent, broker, or any other person who is required to be licensed by the department. See California Insurance Code 38.6
  • licensing agency: means a panel of the Division of Medical Quality. See California Business and Professions Code 825
  • Licensing board: means any board, as defined in Section 22, the State Bar of California, and the Department of Real Estate. See California Business and Professions Code 30
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Lien: means a charge against or an interest in property to secure payment of a debt or performance of an obligation, and includes a security interest created by agreement, a judicial lien obtained by legal or equitable process or proceedings, a common-law lien, or a statutory lien. See California Civil Code 3439.01
  • Life estate: A property interest limited in duration to the life of the individual holding the interest (life tenant).
  • Lineal descendant: Direct descendant of the same ancestors.
  • Local agency: means a city, county, or city and county. See California Health and Safety Code 55001
  • Local agency: means county, city, city and county, including a chartered city or county, a community college district, or other public agency or corporation in this state. See California Government Code 53630
  • local educational agency: means a school district as defined in Section 41302. See California Education Code 47640
  • Local government: means any city, county, city and county, or special district. See California Government Code 8878.52
  • magistrate: signifies any one of the officers mentioned in Section 808. See California Penal Code 7
  • maintain: includes maintain, acquire, use, or disclose. See California Civil Code 1798.3
  • maliciously: import a wish to vex, annoy, or injure another person, or an intent to do a wrongful act, established either by proof or presumption of law. See California Penal Code 7
  • Mammal: means a wild or feral mammal or part of a wild or feral animal, but not a wild, feral, or undomesticated burro. See California Fish and Game Code 54
  • mandatory supervision: shall mean the portion of a defendant's sentenced term during which time he or she is supervised by the county probation officer pursuant to subparagraph (B) of paragraph (5) of subdivision (h) of Section 1170. See California Penal Code 19.9
  • Manufacturer: means any individual, partnership, corporation, association, or other legal relationship that manufactures, assembles, or produces consumer goods. See California Civil Code 1791
  • Medicare: means Title XVIII of the United States Social Security Act as added by the Social Security Amendments of 1965 or as later amended or superseded. See California Insurance Code 12671
  • Member: as used in this chapter , means all persons who become members of the plan under this part on or after October 16, 1992, and all persons who were members as of October 15, 1992, who elected, pursuant to Chapter 21. See California Education Code 23850
  • Member: includes members of associations without capital stock and holders of common stock in associations organized with shares of stock. See California Corporations Code 13202
  • Members: as used in this chapter , means all members who were receiving a disability allowance on October 15, 1992, and all persons who were members of the plan under this part on October 15, 1992, who were not receiving an allowance and who did not elect, pursuant to Chapter 21. See California Education Code 23800
  • Metropolitan area: means the greater metropolitan Sacramento area, including the City of Sacramento, the County of Sacramento, and the eastern part of Yolo County. See California Government Code 8160.1
  • Middle school: means a school operated and maintained by a school district or county office of education that maintains grade 7 or 8, grades 7 to 9, inclusive, or grades 7 to 10, inclusive. See California Education Code 49430
  • Mile: means either a statute mile (5,280 feet) or a nautical mile (6,077 feet) depending on the application. See California Fish and Game Code 55
  • mineral right: means an interest in minerals, regardless of character, whether fugacious or nonfugacious, organic or inorganic, that is created by grant or reservation, regardless of form, whether a fee or lesser interest, mineral, royalty, or leasehold, absolute or fractional, corporeal or incorporeal, and includes express or implied appurtenant surface rights. See California Civil Code 883.110
  • minimal sedation: means a drug-induced state during which patients respond normally to verbal commands. See California Business and Professions Code 1647.30
  • Minimum status vote: means that:

    California Corporations Code 14601

  • Minor: means any person under 18 years of age. See California Education Code 44990
  • missing person: includes , but is not limited to, any of the following:

    California Penal Code 14215

  • Money: means a medium of exchange currently authorized or adopted by a domestic or foreign government. See California Commercial Code 1201
  • Money exchange house: means any individual or business engaged in the business of exchanging or dealing in the currency of the United States, Mexico, or any other country. See California Business and Professions Code 22515
  • month: means a calendar month, unless otherwise expressed. See California Civil Code 14
  • month: means a calendar month, unless otherwise expressed. See California Penal Code 7
  • Month: means a calendar month, unless otherwise expressed. See California Code of Civil Procedure 17
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Mortgage loan: A loan made by a lender to a borrower for the financing of real property. Source: OCC
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • Mortgagor: The person who pledges property to a creditor as collateral for a loan and who receives the money.
  • Motor vehicle: means every motor truck, tractor, or other self-propelled vehicle used for transportation of property over the public highways, other than upon fixed rails or tracks, and any trailer, semitrailer, dolly, or other vehicle drawn thereby. See California Business and Professions Code 19225.5
  • municipally owned transit system: means a transit system owned by a city, or by a district created under Part 1 (commencing with Section 24501) of Division 10 of the Public Utilities Code. See California Education Code 39800
  • National Bank: A bank that is subject to the supervision of the Comptroller of the Currency. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is a bureau of the U.S. Treasury Department. A national bank can be recognized because it must have "national" or "national association" in its name. Source: OCC
  • National Credit Union Administration: The federal regulatory agency that charters and supervises federal credit unions. (NCUA also administers the National Credit Union Share Insurance Fund, which insures the deposits of federal credit unions.) Source: OCC
  • Negotiation notice: means a written notice by a tenant in privity of estate, and in privity of contract with the owner, stating either of the following:

    California Civil Code 1954.26

  • New district: means a school district that is formed from all or portions of one or more other school districts by an action to reorganize taken pursuant to subdivision (a) of Section 35511. See California Education Code 35514
  • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
  • Nominate: means the selection, at a state-conducted primary election, of candidates who are entitled by law to participate in the general election for that office, but does not mean any other lawful mechanism that a political party may adopt for the purposes of choosing the candidate who is preferred by the party for a nonpartisan or voter-nominated office. See California Elections Code 332.5
  • Nonresident: means a person who is not a resident as defined in Section 70. See California Fish and Game Code 57
  • Notice: includes all papers and orders required to be served in any proceedings before any court, board, or officer, or when required by law to be served independently of such proceeding. See California Government Code 26660
  • Oath: includes affirmation. See California Government Code 15
  • Oath: A promise to tell the truth.
  • office: means the Office of Emergency Services. See California Government Code 8878.52
  • online dating service: means any person or organization engaged in the business of offering dating, matrimonial, or social referral services online, where the services are offered primarily online, such as by means of an Internet Web site or a mobile application. See California Civil Code 1694
  • Open season: means that period of time during which the taking of birds, mammals, fish, reptiles, or amphibians is allowed as prescribed in this code and regulations adopted by the commission. See California Fish and Game Code 62
  • Open-end credit: A credit agreement (typically a credit card) that allows a customer to borrow against a preapproved credit line when purchasing goods and services. The borrower is only billed for the amount that is actually borrowed plus any interest due. (Also called a charge account or revolving credit.) Source: OCC
  • Organization: means a person other than an individual. See California Civil Code 3439.01
  • Original district: means a school district as it existed before an action to reorganize pursuant to Section 35511 or before an action to lapse a school district pursuant to Section 35780. See California Education Code 35514
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Owner: includes the United States (except that for the purpose of Sections 5901, 5931, 5933, and 5938, "owner" does not include the United States as to any dam in the condition the dam existed on September 15, 1945), the State, a person, political subdivision, or district (other than a fish and game district) owning, controlling or operating a dam or pipe. See California Fish and Game Code 5900
  • Owner: includes any person, acting as principal or through an agent, having the right to offer commercial real property for rent, and includes any predecessor in interest to the owner. See California Civil Code 1954.26
  • Owner: includes any person, acting as principal or through an agent, having the right to offer residential real property for rent, and includes a predecessor in interest to the owner, except that this term does not include the owner or operator of a mobilehome park, or the owner of a mobilehome or his or her agent. See California Civil Code 1954.51
  • Owner: means any person other than the landlord who has any right, title, or interest in personal property. See California Civil Code 1980
  • Owner: means any person other than the landlord who has any right, title, or interest in property. See California Civil Code 1993
  • Ownership or management: means the ownership or management of a subdivision, cooperative, or condominium for mobilehomes, or of a resident-owned mobilehome park. See California Civil Code 799
  • Ownership or management: means the ownership or management of a cooperative or condominium for floating homes. See California Civil Code 800.300
  • Par fried: means a food item that is fried to reach an internal temperature of 160 degrees Fahrenheit then it is cooled to room temperature so that it may be refrigerated or frozen for future frying. See California Education Code 49430
  • parent: means the natural, adoptive, or foster parent of a pupil, a surrogate parent, a family member acting on behalf of the parent, or any person having legal authority to make educational decisions on behalf of a pupil. See California Education Code 51131
  • Parent: means a natural parent, an adopted parent, or legal guardian. See California Education Code 49061
  • Participating party: means :

    California Education Code 17173

  • peace officer: signify any one of the officers mentioned in Chapter 4. See California Penal Code 7
  • permanent employee: includes tenure in the classification in which the employee passed the required probationary period, and includes all of the incidents of that classification. See California Education Code 45101
  • person: includes an unincorporated association. See California Code of Civil Procedure 871.2
  • person: means any individual, partnership, corporation, limited liability company, association, or other legal entity that engages in any of these businesses. See California Civil Code 1791
  • Person: means any natural person or any partnership, corporation, limited liability company, trust, or other type of association. See California Fish and Game Code 67
  • person: means any natural person, corporation, partnership, limited liability company, firm, or association. See California Civil Code 1798.3
  • person: includes any individual, partnership, firm, association, or corporation. See California Business and Professions Code 17506
  • Person: means an individual, partnership, corporation, limited liability company, association, or other group, however organized. See California Business and Professions Code 302
  • person: as used in this article includes an individual, firm, partnership, association, corporation, limited liability company, or cooperative association. See California Business and Professions Code 653
  • Person: means any person, association, organization, partnership, business trust, limited liability company, or corporation. See California Insurance Code 19
  • Person: means an individual, corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, limited liability company, association, joint venture, government, governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, public corporation, or any other legal or commercial entity. See California Commercial Code 1201
  • person: includes a corporation as well as a natural person. See California Penal Code 7
  • Person: includes an individual, a firm, or a copartnership. See California Business and Professions Code 19225.5
  • Person: includes a corporation as well as a natural person. See California Corporations Code 18
  • Person: means an individual, partnership, corporation, limited liability company, association, government or governmental subdivision, instrumentality or agency, business trust, estate, trust, business or nonprofit entity, or other legal entity. See California Civil Code 3439.01
  • Person: means any individual, firm, corporation, partnership, limited liability company, association, trustee, receiver or assignee for the benefit of creditors. See California Business and Professions Code 18402
  • personal information: means any information that is maintained by an agency that identifies or describes an individual, including, but not limited to, his or her name, social security number, physical description, home address, home telephone number, education, financial matters, and medical or employment history. See California Civil Code 1798.3
  • personal property: include money, goods, chattels, things in action, and evidences of debt. See California Civil Code 14
  • Personal property: includes money, goods, chattels, things in action, and evidences of debt. See California Code of Civil Procedure 17
  • personal property: include money, goods, chattels, things in action, and evidences of debt. See California Penal Code 7
  • Place of business: means , for the purposes of any retail seller that sells consumer goods by catalog or mail order, the distribution point for consumer goods. See California Civil Code 1791
  • Plaintiff: includes a cross-complainant. See California Code of Civil Procedure 587.5
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Policyholder: means the holder of a group policy issued by an insurer, a holder of a group contract issued by a hospital service corporation or an employer, employee association, or other entity otherwise providing medical, hospital, surgical, major medical, or comprehensive medical coverage on a group basis to its employees or members. See California Insurance Code 12671
  • Pooled securities: means eligible securities held by an agent of depository for a depository and securing deposits of one or more local agencies. See California Government Code 53630
  • Portfolio material: means a selection of representative samples of the child's performance within the program setting that may include, but not be limited to, teacher observations, work samples, developmental profiles, photographs, and audio or video recordings that present a picture of the child's progress over time. See California Education Code 8971
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Preliminary hearing: A hearing where the judge decides whether there is enough evidence to make the defendant have a trial.
  • Premises: includes any common areas associated therewith. See California Civil Code 1980
  • Premises: includes any common areas associated therewith. See California Civil Code 1993
  • Premium: means contribution or other consideration paid or payable for coverage under a group policy or converted policy. See California Insurance Code 12671
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • Pretrial conference: A meeting of the judge and lawyers to discuss which matters should be presented to the jury, to review evidence and witnesses, to set a timetable, and to discuss the settlement of the case.
  • Prevailing market rent: means the rental rate that would be authorized pursuant to 42 U. See California Civil Code 1954.51
  • Price: includes any charge or fee, however denominated, for the hiring of commercial real property and includes any security or deposit subject to Section 1950. See California Civil Code 1954.26
  • Primary election: includes all primary nominating elections provided for by this code. See California Elections Code 341
  • Private admonition: as used in this article and in Article 3 (commencing with Section 44240) of Chapter 2, is a warning, in writing, to the applicant or credential holder that states in ordinary and concise language the act or omission of the applicant or credential holder and further states that repetition of such act or omission may result in denial, suspension, or revocation of the credential. See California Education Code 44438
  • Private bulk storage: means the storage of grain in storage facilities after sale of such grain by a seller. See California Civil Code 1880.1
  • Pro se: A Latin term meaning "on one's own behalf"; in courts, it refers to persons who present their own cases without lawyers.
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probate: Proving a will
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Probation officers: Screen applicants for pretrial release and monitor convicted offenders released under court supervision.
  • Process: includes a writ or summons issued in the course of judicial proceedings of either a civil or criminal nature. See California Government Code 22
  • Process: signifies a writ or summons issued in the course of a judicial proceeding. See California Code of Civil Procedure 17
  • Program: means an entity that provides dispute resolution. See California Business and Professions Code 466
  • Project: means the acquisition, construction, expansion, remodeling, renovation, improvement, furnishing, or equipping of an educational facility to be financed or refinanced pursuant to this chapter. See California Education Code 17173
  • Project: means a program of work to retrofit, reconstruct, repair, replace, or relocate, for local government-owned facilities only, a building, facility, or both, which is owned by any city, county, city and county, or special district and which is included in an application for a grant of funds. See California Government Code 8878.52
  • project: means any major, localized, undertaking by or under the jurisdiction of the State Department of Water Resources, or by or under the jurisdiction of the State Department of Water Resources and the federal government, jointly, which has a duration, estimated by the Director of the Department of Water Resources, of more than three years. See California Education Code 41930
  • project: includes equipment purchase, construction, right-of-way acquisition, and project delivery costs. See California Government Code 8879.50
  • Project: as used in this chapter , means the California Science Project. See California Education Code 52955
  • property: includes property real and personal. See California Civil Code 14
  • Property: includes both personal and real property. See California Code of Civil Procedure 17
  • property: includes both real and personal property. See California Penal Code 7
  • Property: means anything that may be the subject of ownership. See California Civil Code 3439.01
  • Property broker-agent: means a person licensed pursuant to Section 1625. See California Insurance Code 33.5
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • psychiatric technician: means any person who, for compensation or personal profit, implements procedures and techniques that involve understanding of cause and effect and that are used in the care, treatment, and rehabilitation of mentally ill or emotionally disturbed persons, or persons with intellectual disabilities, and who has one or more of the following:

    California Business and Professions Code 4502

  • Public debt: Cumulative amounts borrowed by the Treasury Department or the Federal Financing Bank from the public or from another fund or account. The public debt does not include agency debt (amounts borrowed by other agencies of the Federal Government). The total public debt is subject to a statutory limit.
  • Public defender: Represent defendants who can't afford an attorney in criminal matters.
  • Public highway: includes every public street, road, or highway in this state. See California Business and Professions Code 19225.5
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • Pupil: includes a pupil's parent or guardian or legal counsel. See California Education Code 48925
  • Pupil record: means any item of information directly related to an identifiable pupil, other than directory information, that is maintained by a school district or required to be maintained by an employee in the performance of his or her duties whether recorded by handwriting, print, tapes, film, microfilm, or other means. See California Education Code 49061
  • Purchase: means "buy" as defined in Section 24. See California Fish and Game Code 68
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Recess: A temporary interruption of the legislative business.
  • Recipient agency: means the recipient of bond funds made available by Chapter 12. See California Government Code 8879.50
  • Reclassification: means the upgrading of a position to a higher classification as a result of the gradual increase of the duties being performed by the incumbent in such position. See California Education Code 45101
  • record: means any file or grouping of information about an individual that is maintained by an agency by reference to an identifying particular such as the individual's name, photograph, finger or voice print, or a number or symbol assigned to the individual. See California Civil Code 1798.3
  • Record: means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in perceivable form. See California Civil Code 3439.01
  • Records: means any material, regardless of the physical form, on which information is recorded or preserved by any means, including in written or spoken words, graphically depicted, printed, or electromagnetically transmitted. See California Civil Code 1980
  • Records: means any material, regardless of the physical form, on which information is recorded or preserved by any means, including in written or spoken words, graphically depicted, printed, or electromagnetically transmitted. See California Civil Code 1993
  • Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
  • regulatory agency: means the Department of Business Oversight, the Department of Insurance, the Bureau of Real Estate, and agencies of the United States or of any other state responsible for regulating financial institutions. See California Civil Code 1798.3
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Remedy: means any remedial right to which an aggrieved party is entitled with or without resort to a tribunal. See California Commercial Code 1201
  • Rent: means to hire real property and includes a lease or sublease. See California Civil Code 1954.26
  • Reorganization: means :

    California Government Code 12080

  • Reorganized district: means a school district that is a "new district" an "acquiring district" or a "divided district. See California Education Code 35514
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • Representative of the respondent: means either counsel for, or an exclusive labor representative of, the respondent. See California Education Code 44990
  • Resident: means a person who maintains a residence in a subdivision, cooperative, or condominium for mobilehomes, or a resident-owned mobilehome park. See California Civil Code 799
  • Resident: means a person who maintains a residence in a cooperative or condominium for floating homes. See California Civil Code 800.300
  • Resident: means any person who has resided continuously in the State of California for six months or more immediately prior to the date of his application for a license or permit, any person on active military duty with the Armed Forces of the United States or auxiliary branch thereof, or any person enrolled in the Job Corps established pursuant to Section 2883 of Title 29 of the United States Code. See California Fish and Game Code 70
  • Resident: means residing in this State, "nonresident" means not residing in this State. See California Insurance Code 30
  • Resident-owned mobilehome park: means any entity other than a subdivision, cooperative, or condominium for mobilehomes, through which the residents have an ownership interest in the mobilehome park. See California Civil Code 799
  • Residential real property: includes any dwelling or unit that is intended for human habitation. See California Civil Code 1954.51
  • Resolution: means a resolution of either house of the Legislature resolving as follows:

    California Government Code 12080

  • Respondent: means the party against whom a petition has been filed. See California Education Code 44990
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • retail buyer: means any individual who buys consumer goods from a person engaged in the business of manufacturing, distributing, or selling consumer goods at retail. See California Civil Code 1791
  • retailer: means any individual, partnership, corporation, association, or other legal relationship that engages in the business of selling or leasing consumer goods to retail buyers. See California Civil Code 1791
  • Retrofit: means to either strengthen the structure of a building or facility, or to provide the means necessary to reduce the seismic force level experienced by a building or facility during an earthquake, so as to significantly reduce hazards to life and safety while concomitantly providing for the substantially safe egress of occupants during and immediately after such an earthquake. See California Government Code 8878.52
  • revenue bonds: means bonds, notes, lease obligations, certificates of participation, commercial paper, and any other evidences of indebtedness. See California Education Code 17173
  • Revocable trust: A trust agreement that can be canceled, rescinded, revoked, or repealed by the grantor (person who establishes the trust).
  • Right: includes remedy. See California Commercial Code 1201
  • Right of rescission: Right to cancel, within three business days, a contract that uses the home of a person as collateral, except in the case of a first mortgage loan. There is no fee to the borrower, who receives a full refund of all fees paid. The right of rescission is guaranteed by the Truth in Lending Act (TILA). Source: OCC
  • Right of survivorship: The ownership rights that result in the acquisition of title to property by reason of having survived other co-owners.
  • Sale: means either of the following:

    California Civil Code 1791

  • sale: includes a lease of more than four months. See California Civil Code 1797.8
  • School campus: means all areas of the property under the jurisdiction of the school that are accessible to pupils during the schoolday. See California Education Code 49430
  • School district: includes county offices of education. See California Education Code 8971
  • School district: means any school district maintaining any kindergarten or any of grades 1 to 12, inclusive, any public school providing instruction in any kindergarten or any of grades 1 to 12, inclusive, the office of the county superintendent of schools, or any special school operated by the department. See California Education Code 49061
  • school district with an anticipated increase in enrollment: means a school district in which the level of enrollment is projected by the district to be higher during any of the five years, including the year in which the projection is made, than the year preceding the year in which the projection is made. See California Education Code 17243
  • Schoolday: means a day upon which the schools of the district are in session or weekdays during the summer recess. See California Education Code 48925
  • Schoolday: means the period from the midnight before to 30 minutes after the end of the official schoolday. See California Education Code 49430
  • seal: includes an impression of such seal upon the paper alone, or upon any substance attached to the paper capable of receiving a visible impression. See California Penal Code 7
  • season: means "open season. See California Fish and Game Code 62
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of the Business, Consumer Services, and Housing. See California Civil Code 1918.5
  • Security: means any of the eligible securities or obligations listed in Section 53651. See California Government Code 53630
  • Security document: means a mortgage contract, deed of trust, real estate sales contract, or any note or negotiable instrument issued in connection therewith, when its purpose is to finance the purchase or construction of real property occupied or intended to be occupied by the borrower, containing four or fewer residential units or on which four or fewer residential units are to be constructed. See California Civil Code 1918.5
  • Security interest: includes any interest of a consignor and a buyer of accounts, chattel paper, a payment intangible, or a promissory note in a transaction that is subject to Division 9 (commencing with Section 9101). See California Commercial Code 1201
  • Self-insured governmental plan: means a self-insured plan established or maintained for its employees by a public entity, as defined in Section 811. See California Insurance Code 12671
  • Sell: includes offer or possess for sale, barter, exchange, or trade. See California Fish and Game Code 75
  • Seller: means a producer of grain who continues to store grain after sale thereof by him in storage facilities owned, operated, or controlled by him. See California Civil Code 1880.1
  • Service contract: means a contract in writing to perform, over a fixed period of time or for a specified duration, services relating to the maintenance or repair of a consumer product, except that this term does not include a policy of automobile insurance, as defined in Section 116 of the Insurance Code. See California Civil Code 1791
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Sheriff: includes marshal. See California Code of Civil Procedure 17
  • Signature: includes mark when the signer cannot write, such signer's name being written near the mark by a witness who writes his own name near the signer's name. See California Corporations Code 17
  • Signed: includes using any symbol executed or adopted with present intention to adopt or accept a writing. See California Commercial Code 1201
  • Site: includes one or more sites, and also may include any building or buildings located or to be located on a site. See California Education Code 17400
  • Snack: means a food that is generally regarded as supplementing a meal, including, but not limited to, chips, crackers, yogurt, cheese, nuts, seeds, fruit, or vegetables. See California Education Code 49430
  • Sold: means the exchange of food or beverages for money, coupons, vouchers, or order forms when any part of the exchange occurs on a school campus. See California Education Code 49430
  • special district: shall mean an agency of the state, formed pursuant to general law or special act, for the local performance of governmental or proprietary functions within limited boundaries which utilizes the county treasury as a depository for its funds. See California Government Code 53950
  • special education transportation: means either of the following:

    California Education Code 41850

  • Specific public benefit: includes all of the following:

    California Corporations Code 14601

  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Government Code 12.2
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Insurance Code 12.2
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Business and Professions Code 14.2
  • spouse: includes a registered domestic partner, as required by Section 297. See California Civil Code 14
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Code of Civil Procedure 17
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Corporations Code 12.2
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Fish and Game Code 83
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Insurance Code 28
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Education Code 77
  • State: means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, or any territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. See California Commercial Code 1201
  • state: when applied to the different parts of the United States, includes the District of Columbia and the territories, and the words "United States" may include the district and territories. See California Penal Code 7
  • state agency: includes every state office, officer, department, division, bureau, board, and commission. See California Government Code 11000
  • State Architect: means the Office of the State Architect. See California Government Code 8878.52
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • stock: means a species, subspecies, geographical grouping, or other category of fish capable of management as a unit. See California Fish and Game Code 98.5
  • Storage facilities: means any bin, building, elevator, protected enclosure, or other structure owned, operated, or controlled by the seller of the grain stored therein. See California Civil Code 1880.1
  • Subdivision: means a subdivision of the section in which that term occurs unless some other section is expressly mentioned. See California Fish and Game Code 73
  • Subdivision: means a subdivision of the section in which that term occurs unless some other section is expressly mentioned. See California Food and Agricultural Code 49
  • Subdivision: means a subdivision of the section in which the term occurs unless some other section is expressly mentioned. See California Government Code 10
  • Subdivision: means a subdivision of the section in which that term occurs, unless some other section is expressly mentioned. See California Business and Professions Code 15
  • Subdivision: means a subdivision of the section in which the term appears unless some other section is expressly mentioned. See California Corporations Code 10
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Subpoena duces tecum: A command to a witness to produce documents.
  • substitute: means a person who performs the duties of the individual who made the notes on a temporary basis, and does not refer to a person who permanently succeeds the maker of the notes in his or her position. See California Education Code 49061
  • Supplemental appropriation: Budget authority provided in an appropriations act in addition to regular or continuing appropriations already provided. Supplemental appropriations generally are made to cover emergencies, such as disaster relief, or other needs deemed too urgent to be postponed until the enactment of next year's regular appropriations act.
  • Support person: means an adult attendant, victim advocate, or other witness who is able, because of education, experience, or familiarity with the minor, to ensure that the minor's mental health, welfare, and well-being are protected. See California Education Code 44990
  • Suspension: means removal of a pupil from ongoing instruction for adjustment purposes. See California Education Code 48925
  • system of records: means one or more records, which pertain to one or more individuals, which is maintained by any agency, from which information is retrieved by the name of an individual or by some identifying number, symbol or other identifying particular assigned to the individual. See California Civil Code 1798.3
  • Take: means hunt, pursue, catch, capture, or kill, or attempt to hunt, pursue, catch, capture, or kill. See California Fish and Game Code 86
  • Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
  • Tenancy: includes the lawful occupation of property and includes a lease or sublease. See California Civil Code 1954.51
  • Tenant: includes a lessee, subtenant, and sublessee. See California Civil Code 1954.26
  • Tenant: includes any paying guest, lessee, or sublessee of any premises for hire. See California Civil Code 1980
  • Tenant: includes any lessee or sublessee of any commercial real property and its premises for hire. See California Civil Code 1993
  • Term: means a portion of an agreement that relates to a particular matter. See California Commercial Code 1201
  • Term: means the period of time for which real property is rented or offered for rent, and includes any provision for a termination or extension of such a period or renewal thereof, except that nothing in this chapter supersedes the specific provisions of this code or of the Code of Civil Procedure which of themselves establish, prescribe, limit, or define the term for which real property may be rented. See California Civil Code 1954.26
  • Testate: To die leaving a will.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Third-party standard: means a standard for defining, reporting, and assessing overall corporate social and environmental performance to which all of the following apply:

    California Corporations Code 14601

  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Transfer: means every mode, direct or indirect, absolute or conditional, voluntary or involuntary, of disposing of or parting with an asset or an interest in an asset, and includes payment of money, release, lease, license, and creation of a lien or other encumbrance. See California Civil Code 3439.01
  • Transfer: means "transfer" as defined in Section 3439. See California Civil Code 3445
  • Transferee: means the person to whom property was transferred or an obligation was incurred, or the successors or assigns of the person. See California Civil Code 3445
  • Transport: includes offer or receive for transportation. See California Fish and Game Code 88
  • Treasurer: means treasurer of the local agency. See California Government Code 53630
  • Trial jury: A group of citizens who hear the evidence presented by both sides at trial and determine the facts in dispute. Federal criminal juries consist of 12 persons. Federal civil juries consist of six persons.
  • Trust account: A general term that covers all types of accounts in a trust department, such as estates, guardianships, and agencies. Source: OCC
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Trustor: The person who makes or creates a trust. Also known as the grantor or settlor.
  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
  • United States: means the United States of America, and in relation to any particular matter includes the officers, agents, employees, agencies, or instrumentalities authorized to act in relation thereto. See California Fish and Game Code 5900
  • Uphold: The decision of an appellate court not to reverse a lower court decision.
  • User fees: Fees charged to users of goods or services provided by the government. In levying or authorizing these fees, the legislature determines whether the revenue should go into the treasury or should be available to the agency providing the goods or services.
  • Usury: Charging an illegally high interest rate on a loan. Source: OCC
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • vessel: means a vessel as defined in subdivision (c) of Section 651 of the Harbors and Navigation Code. See California Penal Code 7
  • Veteran: as used in this article means any person who has served in the United States armed forces in time of war, or national emergency declared by the President of the United States of America, and who has been discharged or released under conditions other than dishonorable, proof of which shall be submitted to the commission at the time of the examination. See California Education Code 45294
  • Veto: The procedure established under the Constitution by which the President/Governor refuses to approve a bill or joint resolution and thus prevents its enactment into law. A regular veto occurs when the President/Governor returns the legislation to the house in which it originated. The President/Governor usually returns a vetoed bill with a message indicating his reasons for rejecting the measure. In Congress, the veto can be overridden only by a two-thirds vote in both the Senate and the House.
  • Victim: means a person against whom a crime has been committed. See California Penal Code 679.01
  • Victim advocate: work with prosecutors and assist the victims of a crime.
  • Victim Impact Statement: A written or spoken statement by the victim or his or her representative about the physical, emotional, and financial impact of a crime on the victim. The statement is given to the court before sentencing.
  • Voir dire: The process by which judges and lawyers select a petit jury from among those eligible to serve, by questioning them to determine knowledge of the facts of the case and a willingness to decide the case only on the evidence presented in court. "Voir dire" is a phrase meaning "to speak the truth."
  • Wildlife: means and includes all wild animals, birds, plants, fish, amphibians, reptiles, and related ecological communities, including the habitat upon which the wildlife depends for its continued viability. See California Fish and Game Code 89.5
  • will: includes codicil. See California Civil Code 14
  • will: includes codicil. See California Penal Code 7
  • Will: includes codicil. See California Code of Civil Procedure 17
  • willfully: when applied to the intent with which an act is done or omitted, implies simply a purpose or willingness to commit the act, or make the omission referred to. See California Penal Code 7
  • Witness: means any person who has been or is expected to testify for the prosecution, or who, by reason of having relevant information, is subject to call or likely to be called as a witness for the prosecution, whether or not any action or proceeding has yet been commenced. See California Penal Code 679.01
  • Working capital: means funds to be used by, or on behalf of, a participating party to pay maintenance or operating expenses, or any other costs that would be treated as an expense item under generally accepted accounting principles in connection with the ownership or operation of an educational facility, including, but not limited to, all of the following:

    California Education Code 17173

  • Writ: means an order or precept in writing, issued in the name of the people, or of a court or judicial officer. See California Code of Civil Procedure 17
  • Writing: includes printing and typewriting. See California Code of Civil Procedure 17