Division 1 PRELIMINARY PROVISIONS
Division 2 FIREARM SAFETY DEVICES, GUN SAFES, AND RELATED WARNINGS
Division 3 DISGUISED OR MISLEADING APPEARANCE
Division 4 STORAGE OF FIREARMS
Division 4.5 LOST OR STOLEN FIREARMS
Division 5 CARRYING FIREARMS
Division 6 SALE, LEASE, OR TRANSFER OF FIREARMS
Division 7 MANUFACTURE OF FIREARMS
Division 8 MISCELLANEOUS RULES RELATING TO FIREARMS GENERALLY
Division 9 SPECIAL FIREARM RULES RELATING TO PARTICULAR PERSONS
Division 10 SPECIAL RULES RELATING TO PARTICULAR TYPES OF FIREARMS OR FIREARM EQUIPMENT
Division 11 FIREARM IN CUSTODY OF COURT OR LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCY OR SIMILAR SITUATION
Division 12 MISCELLANEOUS DUTIES OF THE DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE

Terms Used In California Codes > Penal Code > Part 6 > Title 4 - FIREARMS

  • Abstract of judgment: In a federal criminal proceeding, A certification from a U.S. District Court clerk that a judgment of restitution was entered against the defendant owing to the victim. If the defendant inherits, owns, or sells real property or holdings, these assets can then be attached at the state and local levels as well.
  • Accepted credit card: means any credit card that the cardholder has requested or applied for and received or has signed, or has used, or has authorized another person to use, for the purpose of obtaining money, property, labor, or services on credit. See California Civil Code 1747.02
  • Acquittal:
    1. Judgement that a criminal defendant has not been proved guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
    2. A verdict of "not guilty."
     
  • Acute psychiatric hospital: means a health facility having a duly constituted governing body with overall administrative and professional responsibility and an organized medical staff that provides 24-hour inpatient care for persons with mental health disorders or other patients referred to in Division 5 (commencing with Section 5000) or Division 6 (commencing with Section 6000) of the Welfare and Institutions Code, including the following basic services: medical, nursing, rehabilitative, pharmacy, and dietary services. See California Health and Safety Code 1250
  • Adequate notice: means a printed notice to a cardholder that sets forth the pertinent facts clearly and conspicuously so that a person against whom it is to operate could reasonably be expected to have noticed it and understood its meaning. See California Civil Code 1747.02
  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • Age: refers to the chronological age of any individual who has reached a 40th birthday. See California Government Code 12926
  • Agency head: means the individual responsible for the overall operations of a state agency. See California Government Code 13404
  • Agreement: includes , but is not limited to, agreements providing for valuations, appraisals, and similar proceedings and agreements between employers and employees or between their respective representatives. See California Code of Civil Procedure 1280
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • ammunition: includes , but is not limited to, any bullet, cartridge, magazine, clip, speed loader, autoloader, ammunition feeding device, or projectile capable of being fired from a firearm with a deadly consequence. See California Penal Code 16150
  • ammunition vendor: means any person, firm, corporation, or other business enterprise that holds a current ammunition vendor license issued pursuant to Section 30385. See California Penal Code 16151
  • Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
  • Annual percentage rate: The cost of credit at a yearly rate. It is calculated in a standard way, taking the average compound interest rate over the term of the loan so borrowers can compare loans. Lenders are required by law to disclose a card account's APR. Source: FDIC
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • application to purchase: means either of the following:

    California Penal Code 16190

  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Arraignment: A proceeding in which an individual who is accused of committing a crime is brought into court, told of the charges, and asked to plead guilty or not guilty.
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • assault weapon: means the following designated semiautomatic firearms:

    California Penal Code 30510

  • assessed value: means 25 percent of full value to, and including, the 1980-81 fiscal year, and 100 percent of full value for the 1981-82 fiscal year and fiscal years thereafter. See California Government Code 25
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Attorney-at-law: A person who is legally qualified and licensed to practice law, and to represent and act for clients in legal proceedings.
  • Award: includes , but is not limited to, an award made pursuant to an agreement not in writing. See California Code of Civil Procedure 1280
  • Awarding department: means any state agency, department, governmental entity, or other officer of an entity empowered by law to enter into contracts on behalf of the State of California. See California Public Contract Code 10470
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Bailiff: a court officer who enforces the rules of behavior in courtrooms.
  • ballistics identification system: includes , but is not limited to, any automated image analysis system that is capable of storing firearm ballistic markings and tracing those markings to the firearm that produced them. See California Penal Code 16230
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Baseline: Projection of the receipts, outlays, and other budget amounts that would ensue in the future without any change in existing policy. Baseline projections are used to gauge the extent to which proposed legislation, if enacted into law, would alter current spending and revenue levels.
  • basic firearms safety certificate: means a certificate issued before January 1, 2003, by the Department of Justice pursuant to former Article 8 (commencing with Section 12800) of Chapter 6 of Title 2 of Part 4, as that article read at any time from when it became operative on January 1, 1992, to when it was repealed on January 1, 2003. See California Penal Code 16240
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • billing error: means an error by omission or commission in (1) posting any debit or credit, or (2) in computation or similar error of an accounting nature contained in a statement given to the cardholder by the card issuer. See California Civil Code 1747.02
  • board: means the California Victim Compensation Board. See California Government Code 13900
  • board: means the California Department of Tax and Fee Administration. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 20
  • book: signifies the recordation of an arrest in official police records, and the taking by the police of fingerprints and photographs of the person arrested, or any of these acts following an arrest. See California Penal Code 7
  • bribe: signifies anything of value or advantage, present or prospective, or any promise or undertaking to give any, asked, given, or accepted, with a corrupt intent to influence, unlawfully, the person to whom it is given, in his or her action, vote, or opinion, in any public or official capacity. See California Penal Code 7
  • Budget authority: Authority provided by law to enter into obligations that will result in outlays of Federal funds. Budget authority may be classified by the period of availability (one-year, multiyear, no-year), by the timing of congressional action (current or permanent), or by the manner of determining the amount available (definite or indefinite).
  • Buyer: has the meaning set forth in subdivision (c) of Section 2981 of the Civil Code. See California Penal Code 574
  • Buyer: means any natural person who is solicited to purchase or who purchases the services of a credit services organization. See California Civil Code 1789.12
  • camouflaging firearm container: means a container that meets all of the following criteria:

    California Penal Code 16320

  • cane gun: means any firearm mounted or enclosed in a stick, staff, rod, crutch, or similar device, designed to be, or capable of being used as, an aid in walking, if the firearm may be fired while mounted or enclosed therein. See California Penal Code 16330
  • Capital offense: A crime punishable by death.
  • Card issuer: means any person who issues a credit card or the agent of that person for that purpose with respect to the credit card. See California Civil Code 1747.02
  • Cardholder: means a natural person to whom a credit card is issued for consumer credit purposes, or a natural person who has agreed with the card issuer to pay consumer credit obligations arising from the issuance of a credit card to another natural person. See California Civil Code 1747.02
  • Case law: The law as laid down in cases that have been decided in the decisions of the courts.
  • CCW: means "carry concealed weapons. See California Penal Code 16360
  • chamber load indicator: means a device that plainly indicates that a cartridge is in the firing chamber. See California Penal Code 16380
  • Chambers: A judge's office.
  • Charged-off consumer debt: means a consumer debt that has been removed from a creditor's books as an asset and treated as a loss or expense. See California Civil Code 1788.50
  • Charity: An agency, institution, or organization in existence and operating for the benefit of an indefinite number of persons and conducted for educational, religious, scientific, medical, or other beneficent purposes.
  • check casher: means a person or entity that for compensation engages, in whole or in part, in the business of cashing checks, warrants, drafts, money orders, or other commercial paper serving the same purpose. See California Civil Code 1789.31
  • Chief administrative officer: means either of the following:

    California Penal Code 626

  • child: means a person under 18 years of age. See California Penal Code 25000
  • City: includes "city and county" and "incorporated town. See California Streets and Highways Code 15
  • City: includes incorporated city, city and county, municipal corporation, municipality, town, and incorporated town. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 14
  • commission: means the California Transportation Commission. See California Streets and Highways Code 22
  • Commission: means the California Transportation Commission. See California Government Code 14501
  • commission: means the California Transportation Commission. See California Government Code 14002.5
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Community college: means any public community college established pursuant to the Education Code. See California Penal Code 626
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Concurrent resolution: A legislative measure, designated "S. Con. Res." and numbered consecutively upon introduction, generally employed to address the sentiments of both chambers, to deal with issues or matters affecting both houses, such as a concurrent budget resolution, or to create a temporary joint committee. Concurrent resolutions are not submitted to the President/Governor and thus do not have the force of law.
  • Conditional sale contract: has the meaning set forth in subdivision (a) of Section 2981 of the Civil Code. See California Penal Code 574
  • consultant-evaluator: means a consultant or evaluator who, in the course of that person's profession is loaned firearms from a person licensed pursuant to Chapter 44 (commencing with Section 921) of Title 18 of the United States Code and the regulations issued pursuant thereto, for research or evaluation, and has a current certificate of eligibility issued pursuant to Section 26710. See California Penal Code 16410
  • Consulting services contract: as used in this article , means services that do all of the following:

    California Public Contract Code 10335.5

  • Consumer: means an individual who seeks, uses, or acquires, by purchase or lease, any goods or services for personal, family, or household purposes. See California Code of Civil Procedure 1280
  • Consumer: means a natural person who has entered into a consumer contract with a seller. See California Civil Code 1799.201
  • Consumer contract: means a writing prepared by a seller and, except as provided in subdivision (c) of Section 1799. See California Civil Code 1799.201
  • Consumer contract guaranty: means a writing prepared by a seller and signed, or to be signed, by a guarantor which guarantees the obligation of a consumer under a consumer contract. See California Civil Code 1799.201
  • Consumer credit contract: means any of the following obligations to pay money on a deferred payment basis, where the money, property, services or other consideration which is the subject matter of the contract is primarily for personal, family or household purposes:

    California Civil Code 1799.90

  • Consumer credit reporting agency: means a consumer credit reporting agency subject to the Consumer Credit Reporting Agencies Act, Title 1. See California Civil Code 1789.12
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Contract: includes any agreement or joint development agreement to provide labor, services, materials, supplies, or equipment in the performance of a contract, franchise, concession, or lease granted, let, or awarded for and on behalf of the State of California. See California Public Contract Code 10470
  • contract for dance studio lessons and other services: means a contract for instruction in ballroom or other types of dancing, and includes lessons and other services, whether given to students individually or in groups. See California Civil Code 1812.51
  • contract for health studio services: means a contract for instruction, training or assistance in physical culture, body building, exercising, reducing, figure development, or any other such physical skill, or for the use by an individual patron of the facilities of a health studio, gymnasium or other facility used for any of the above purposes, or for membership in any group, club, association or organization formed for any of the above purposes. See California Civil Code 1812.81
  • Controller: means the State Controller. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 21
  • Controversy: means any question arising between parties to an agreement whether the question is one of law or of fact or both. See California Code of Civil Procedure 1280
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Copy: means a reproduction, facsimile, or duplicate. See California Civil Code 1799.201
  • Correctional treatment center: means a health facility operated by the Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation, the Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation, Division of Juvenile Facilities, or a county, city, or city and county law enforcement agency that, as determined by the department, provides inpatient health services to that portion of the inmate population who do not require a general acute care level of basic services. See California Health and Safety Code 1250
  • corruptly: import s a wrongful design to acquire or cause some pecuniary or other advantage to the person guilty of the act or omission referred to, or to some other person. See California Penal Code 7
  • costs incurred by the county: means all costs, except normal salaries and expenses, incurred by the county in bringing to trial or trials, including the trial or trials of, a person or persons for the offense of homicide, including costs, except normal salaries and expenses, incurred by the district attorney in investigation and prosecution, by the sheriff in investigation, by the public defender or court-appointed attorney or attorneys in investigation and defense, and all other costs, except normal salaries and expenses, incurred by the county in connection with bringing the person or persons to trial including the trial itself, which include extraordinary expenses for such services as witness fees and expenses, court-appointed expert witness fees and expenses, reporter fees, and costs in preparing transcripts. See California Government Code 15201
  • Council: means the Fair Employment and Housing Council and "council member" means a member of the council. See California Government Code 12925
  • Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff.
  • County: includes city and county. See California Health and Safety Code 14
  • county: includes "city and county". See California Penal Code 7
  • County: includes city and county. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 15
  • Credit card: means any card, plate, coupon book, or other single credit device existing for the purpose of being used from time to time upon presentation to obtain money, property, labor, or services on credit. See California Civil Code 1747.02
  • Credit report: A detailed report of an individual's credit history prepared by a credit bureau and used by a lender in determining a loan applicant's creditworthiness. Source: OCC
  • Credit services organization: means a person who, with respect to the extension of credit by others, sells, provides, or performs, or represents that he or she can or will sell, provide or perform, any of the following services, in return for the payment of money or other valuable consideration:

    California Civil Code 1789.12

  • Creditor: means an individual, partnership, corporation, association or other entity, however designated, who enters into or arranges for consumer credit contracts in the ordinary course of business. See California Civil Code 1799.90
  • creed: include all aspects of religious belief, observance, and practice, including religious dress and grooming practices. See California Government Code 12926
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Days: means calendar days. See California Civil Code 1799.201
  • Debt buyer: means a person or entity that is regularly engaged in the business of purchasing charged-off consumer debt for collection purposes, whether it collects the debt itself, hires a third party for collection, or hires an attorney-at-law for collection litigation. See California Civil Code 1788.50
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Defense attorney: Represent defendants in criminal matters.
  • department: means the Department of General Services. See California Government Code 14977
  • Department: means the Department of Fair Employment and Housing. See California Government Code 12925
  • Department: means the Department of General Services. See California Public Contract Code 10290
  • Department: means the Department of Transportation. See California Government Code 14501
  • department: refer to the Director and Department of Finance, respectively, unless the context otherwise requires. See California Government Code 13001
  • Department: means the Department of Transportation. See California Government Code 14002.5
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • Designee: is a person whom the principal has authorized to register outsiders pursuant to this chapter. See California Penal Code 627.1
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • Direct loan agreement: means an agreement between a lender and a purchaser whereby the lender has advanced funds pursuant to a loan secured by the motor vehicle which the purchaser has purchased. See California Penal Code 574
  • Director: means the Director of Fair Employment and Housing. See California Government Code 12925
  • Director: means the Director of General Services. See California Public Contract Code 10290
  • director: refer to the Department of General Services and the Director of General Services, respectively, unless the context otherwise requires. See California Government Code 14602
  • Director: means "State Director of Health Services. See California Health and Safety Code 21
  • Director: means the Director of Transportation. See California Government Code 14002.5
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Discrimination: includes refusal to sell, rent, or lease housing accommodations. See California Government Code 12927
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Division: means the Public Safety Communications Division established by this part. See California Government Code 15251
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • domestic violence: means abuse perpetrated against any of the following persons:

    California Penal Code 16490

  • Donee: The recipient of a gift.
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • drop safety requirement for handguns: means that at the conclusion of the firing requirements for handguns described in Section 31905, the same certified independent testing laboratory shall subject the same three handguns of the make and model for which certification is sought, to the following test:

    California Penal Code 31900

  • Electronic funds transfer: The transfer of money between accounts by consumer electronic systems-such as automated teller machines (ATMs) and electronic payment of bills-rather than by check or cash. (Wire transfers, checks, drafts, and paper instruments do not fall into this category.) Source: OCC
  • Embezzlement: In most states, embezzlement is defined as theft/larceny of assets (money or property) by a person in a position of trust or responsibility over those assets. Embezzlement typically occurs in the employment and corporate settings. Source: OCC
  • Employee: means any current employee, former employee, or applicant for employment. See California Code of Civil Procedure 1280
  • Employer: includes any person regularly employing five or more persons, or any person acting as an agent of an employer, directly or indirectly, the state or any political or civil subdivision of the state, and cities, except as follows:

    California Government Code 12926

  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • executive officer of the board: means the director of the California Department of Tax and Fee Administration for those duties, powers, and responsibilities transferred to the California Department of Tax and Fee Administration pursuant to Section 15570. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 20.5
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Extension of credit: means the right to defer payment of debt or to incur debt and defer its payment, offered or granted primarily for personal, family, or household purposes. See California Civil Code 1789.12
  • Extradition: The formal process of delivering an accused or convicted person from authorities in one state to authorities in another state.
  • Fair Credit Reporting Act: A federal law, established in 1971 and revised in 1997, that gives consumers the right to see their credit records and correct any mistakes. Source: OCC
  • Fair Debt Collection Practices Act: The Fair Debt Collection Practices Act is a set of United States statutes added as Title VIII of the Consumer Credit Protection Act. Its purpose is to ensure ethical practices in the collection of consumer debts and to provide consumers with an avenue for disputing and obtaining validation of debt information in order to ensure the information's accuracy. It is often used in conjunction with the Fair Credit Reporting Act. Source: OCC
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Federal Reserve System: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC
  • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Finance charge: The total cost of credit a customer must pay on a consumer loan, including interest. The Truth in Lending Act requires disclosure of the finance charge. Source: OCC
  • Financial institution: means any commercial bank, trust company, savings and loan association, credit union, industrial loan company, insurance company, or person engaged in the business of lending money. See California Civil Code 1799.201
  • firearm: includes the frame or receiver of the weapon:

    California Penal Code 16520

  • firearm precursor part: means a component of a firearm that is necessary to build or assemble a firearm and is described in either of the following categories:

    California Penal Code 16531

  • firearm precursor part vendor: means a person, firm, corporation, or other business enterprise that holds a valid firearm precursor part vendor license issued pursuant to Section 30485. See California Penal Code 16532
  • firearm safety certificate: means a certificate issued by the Department of Justice pursuant to Sections 31610 to 31700, inclusive, or pursuant to former Article 8 (commencing with Section 12800) of Chapter 6 of Title 2 of Part 4, as that article was operative at any time from January 1, 2003, until it was repealed by the Deadly Weapons Recodification Act of 2010. See California Penal Code 16535
  • firearm safety device: means a device other than a gun safe that locks and is designed to prevent children and unauthorized users from firing a firearm. See California Penal Code 16540
  • firing requirement for handguns: means a test in which the manufacturer provides three handguns of the make and model for which certification is sought to an independent testing laboratory certified by the Attorney General pursuant to Section 32010. See California Penal Code 31905
  • Fixed Rate: Having a "fixed" rate means that the APR doesn't change based on fluctuations of some external rate (such as the "Prime Rate"). In other words, a fixed rate is a rate that is not a variable rate. A fixed APR can change over time, in several circumstances:
    • You are late making a payment or commit some other default, triggering an increase to a penalty rate
    • The bank changes the terms of your account and you do not reject the change.
    • The rate expires (if the rate was fixed for only a certain period of time).
  • flechette dart: means a dart, capable of being fired from a firearm, that measures approximately one inch in length, with tail fins that take up approximately five-sixteenths of an inch of the body. See California Penal Code 16570
  • Forbearance: A means of handling a delinquent loan. A
  • Forgery: The fraudulent signing or alteration of another's name to an instrument such as a deed, mortgage, or check. The intent of the forgery is to deceive or defraud. Source: OCC
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Fresh Pursuit: includes close pursuit and hot pursuit. See California Penal Code 852.1
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • Gender: means sex, and includes a person's gender identity and gender expression. See California Government Code 12926
  • Gender expression: means a person's gender-related appearance and behavior whether or not stereotypically associated with the person's assigned sex at birth. See California Government Code 12926
  • general acute care hospital: includes a "rural general acute care hospital. See California Health and Safety Code 1250
  • Genetic information: includes any request for, or receipt of, genetic services, or participation in clinical research that includes genetic services, by an individual or any family member of the individual. See California Government Code 12926
  • Germane: On the subject of the pending bill or other business; a strict standard of relevance.
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • gift certificate: includes gift cards, but does not include any gift card usable with multiple sellers of goods or services, provided the expiration date, if any, is printed on the card. See California Civil Code 1749.45
  • Goods: means all types of tangible personal property, including materials, supplies, and equipment. See California Public Contract Code 10290
  • Goods: means tangible and intangible personal property. See California Civil Code 1799.201
  • Grace period: The number of days you'll have to pay your bill for purchases in full without triggering a finance charge. Source: Federal Reserve
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • Guarantor: A party who agrees to be responsible for the payment of another party's debts should that party default. Source: OCC
  • Guarantor: means a person who guarantees the obligation of a consumer under a consumer contract by signing a consumer contract guaranty. See California Civil Code 1799.201
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • gun safe: means a locking container that fully contains and secures one or more firearms, and that meets the standards for gun safes adopted pursuant to Section 23650. See California Penal Code 16610
  • gunsmith: means any person who is licensed as a dealer pursuant to Chapter 44 (commencing with Section 921) of Title 18 of the United States Code and the regulations issued pursuant thereto, who is engaged primarily in the business of repairing firearms, or making or fitting special barrels, stocks, or trigger mechanisms to firearms, or the agent or employee of that person. See California Penal Code 16630
  • Habeas corpus: A writ that is usually used to bring a prisoner before the court to determine the legality of his imprisonment. It may also be used to bring a person in custody before the court to give testimony, or to be prosecuted.
  • handgun: means any pistol, revolver, or firearm capable of being concealed upon the person. See California Penal Code 16640
  • handgun safety certificate: means a certificate issued by the Department of Justice pursuant to Sections 31610 to 31700, inclusive, or pursuant to former Article 8 (commencing with Section 12800) of Chapter 6 of Title 2 of Part 4, as that article was operative at any time from January 1, 2003, until it was repealed by the Deadly Weapons Recodification Act of 2010. See California Penal Code 16670
  • health facility: means a facility, place, or building that is organized, maintained, and operated for the diagnosis, care, prevention, and treatment of human illness, physical or mental, including convalescence and rehabilitation and including care during and after pregnancy, or for any one or more of these purposes, for one or more persons, to which the persons are admitted for a 24-hour stay or longer, and includes the following types:

    California Health and Safety Code 1250

  • Health systems agency: means a health systems agency established pursuant to Public Law 93-641. See California Health and Safety Code 1339.5
  • Hearsay: Statements by a witness who did not see or hear the incident in question but heard about it from someone else. Hearsay is usually not admissible as evidence in court.
  • Hospice facility: means a health facility licensed pursuant to this chapter with a capacity of no more than 24 beds that provides hospice services. See California Health and Safety Code 1250
  • Housing accommodation: includes a building, structure, or portion thereof that is occupied, or intended to be occupied, pursuant to a transaction facilitated by a hosting platform, as defined in Section 22590 of the Business and Professions Code. See California Government Code 12927
  • immediate family member: means either of the following relationships:

    California Penal Code 16720

  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • inquiry: is a writing that is posted by mail to the address of the card issuer to which payments are normally tendered, unless another address is specifically indicated on the statement for that purpose, then to that other address, and that is received by the card issuer no later than 60 days after the card issuer transmitted the first periodic statement that reflects the alleged billing error, and that does all of the following:

    California Civil Code 1747.02

  • Intangible property: Property that has no intrinsic value, but is merely the evidence of value such as stock certificates, bonds, and promissory notes.
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Intermediate care facility: means a health facility that provides inpatient care to ambulatory or nonambulatory patients who have recurring need for skilled nursing supervision and need supportive care, but who do not require availability of continuous skilled nursing care. See California Health and Safety Code 1250
  • internal control: means a process, including a continuous built-in component of operations, effected by a state agency's oversight body, management, and other personnel that provide reasonable assurance that the state agency's objectives will be achieved. See California Government Code 13403
  • Intestate: Dying without leaving a will.
  • Joint committee: Committees including membership from both houses of teh legislature. Joint committees are usually established with narrow jurisdictions and normally lack authority to report legislation.
  • Juror: A person who is on the jury.
  • Jury instructions: A judge's directions to the jury before it begins deliberations regarding the factual questions it must answer and the legal rules that it must apply. Source: U.S. Courts
  • knowingly: import s only a knowledge that the facts exist which bring the act or omission within the provisions of this code. See California Penal Code 7
  • large-capacity magazine: means any ammunition feeding device with the capacity to accept more than 10 rounds, but shall not be construed to include any of the following:

    California Penal Code 16740

  • Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
  • lease contract: includes a lease for business or commercial purposes. See California Penal Code 574
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • license: shall include a permit or a certificate issued by a state agency. See California Penal Code 23
  • licensed gun show producer: means a person who has been issued a certificate of eligibility by the Department of Justice pursuant to Section 27200. See California Penal Code 16800
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • locked container: means a secure container that is fully enclosed and locked by a padlock, keylock, combination lock, or similar locking device. See California Penal Code 16850
  • long-gun safe: means a locking container designed to fully contain and secure a rifle or shotgun, which has a locking system consisting of either a mechanical combination lock or an electronic combination lock that has at least 1,000 possible unique combinations consisting of a minimum of three numbers, letters, or symbols per combination, and is not listed on the roster maintained pursuant to Section 23655. See California Penal Code 16870
  • machinegun: means any weapon that shoots, is designed to shoot, or can readily be restored to shoot, automatically more than one shot, without manual reloading, by a single function of the trigger. See California Penal Code 16880
  • magazine disconnect mechanism: means a mechanism that prevents a semiautomatic pistol that has a detachable magazine from operating to strike the primer of ammunition in the firing chamber when a detachable magazine is not inserted in the semiautomatic pistol. See California Penal Code 16900
  • magistrate: signifies any one of the officers mentioned in Section 808. See California Penal Code 7
  • malfunction: means a failure to properly feed, fire, or eject a round, or failure of a pistol to accept or eject the magazine, or failure of a pistol's slide to remain open after the magazine has been expended. See California Penal Code 31905
  • maliciously: import a wish to vex, annoy, or injure another person, or an intent to do a wrongful act, established either by proof or presumption of law. See California Penal Code 7
  • mandatory supervision: shall mean the portion of a defendant's sentenced term during which time he or she is supervised by the county probation officer pursuant to subparagraph (B) of paragraph (5) of subdivision (h) of Section 1170. See California Penal Code 19.9
  • Markup: The process by which congressional committees and subcommittees debate, amend, and rewrite proposed legislation.
  • Medical condition: means either of the following:

    California Government Code 12926

  • Minority business enterprise: means a business concern which is all of the following:

    California Public Contract Code 10470

  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Monitoring: means the activities management establishes and operates to assess the quality of performance over time and promptly resolve the findings of audits and other reviews. See California Government Code 13403
  • month: means a calendar month, unless otherwise expressed. See California Civil Code 14
  • month: means a calendar month, unless otherwise expressed. See California Penal Code 7
  • Mortgage loan: A loan made by a lender to a borrower for the financing of real property. Source: OCC
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • Mortgagor: The person who pledges property to a creditor as collateral for a loan and who receives the money.
  • Motor vehicle: means any vehicle required to be registered under the Vehicle Code. See California Penal Code 574
  • Multiburst trigger activator: includes , but is not limited to, any of the following devices:

    California Penal Code 16930

  • Multiple award: means a contract of indefinite quantity for one or more similar goods, information technology, or services to more than one supplier. See California Public Contract Code 10290
  • negligently: import a want of such attention to the nature or probable consequences of the act or omission as a prudent man ordinarily bestows in acting in his own concerns. See California Penal Code 7
  • Neutral arbitrator: means an arbitrator who is (1) . See California Code of Civil Procedure 1280
  • newspaper: means a newspaper of general circulation. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 36.5
  • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
  • Nursing facility: means a health facility licensed pursuant to this chapter that is certified to participate as a provider of care either as a skilled nursing facility in the federal Medicare Program under Title XVIII of the federal Social Security Act (42 U. See California Health and Safety Code 1250
  • Oath: A promise to tell the truth.
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Office: means the Office of Procurement in the Department of General Services. See California Public Contract Code 10290
  • Office: means the Office of Emergency Services. See California Government Code 15251
  • On the bases enumerated in this part: means or refers to discrimination on the basis of one or more of the following: race, religious creed, color, national origin, ancestry, physical disability, mental disability, medical condition, genetic information, marital status, sex, age, sexual orientation, or veteran or military status. See California Government Code 12926
  • Open-end credit: A credit agreement (typically a credit card) that allows a customer to borrow against a preapproved credit line when purchasing goods and services. The borrower is only billed for the amount that is actually borrowed plus any interest due. (Also called a charge account or revolving credit.) Source: OCC
  • outsider: is a ny person other than:

    California Penal Code 627.1

  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Owner: includes the lessee, sublessee, assignee, managing agent, real estate broker or salesperson, or any person having any legal or equitable right of ownership or possession or the right to rent or lease housing accommodations, and includes the state and any of its political subdivisions and any agency thereof. See California Government Code 12927
  • partnership: shall include limited liability company, registered limited liability partnership, and foreign limited liability partnership, except where the context or the specific provisions of this division otherwise require. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 28.5
  • Party to the arbitration: means a party to the arbitration agreement, including any of the following:

    California Code of Civil Procedure 1280

  • Peace officer: means any peace officer or member of any duly organized State, county, or municipal peace unit or police force of another State. See California Penal Code 852.1
  • peace officer: signify any one of the officers mentioned in Chapter 4. See California Penal Code 7
  • Person: includes one or more individuals, partnerships, associations, corporations, limited liability companies, legal representatives, trustees, trustees in bankruptcy, and receivers or other fiduciaries. See California Government Code 12925
  • Person: means any person, firm, association, organization, partnership, business trust, corporation, limited liability company, or company. See California Health and Safety Code 19
  • Person: means an individual, company, firm, association, partnership, trust, corporation, limited liability company, or other legal entity. See California Penal Code 574
  • person: as used in this article , means any individual, partnership, joint venture, or association or any other organization or any combination thereof. See California Public Contract Code 10285
  • Person: includes a corporation as well as a natural person. See California Code of Civil Procedure 17
  • person: includes a corporation as well as a natural person. See California Penal Code 7
  • Person: includes an individual, corporation, partnership, joint venture, or any business entity. See California Civil Code 1789.12
  • Person: includes any person, firm, partnership, general partner of a partnership, limited liability company, registered limited liability partnership, foreign limited liability partnership, association, corporation, company, syndicate, estate, trust, business trust, or organization of any kind. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 19
  • personal firearm importer: means an individual who meets all of the following criteria:

    California Penal Code 17000

  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • personal property: include money, goods, chattels, things in action, and evidences of debt. See California Civil Code 14
  • personal property: include money, goods, chattels, things in action, and evidences of debt. See California Penal Code 7
  • Physical disability: includes , but is not limited to, all of the following:

    California Government Code 12926

  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Plea agreement: An arrangement between the prosecutor, the defense attorney, and the defendant in which the defendant agrees to plead guilty in exchange for special considerations. Source:
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Preliminary hearing: A hearing where the judge decides whether there is enough evidence to make the defendant have a trial.
  • prescription drug claims processor: as used in this part , means any nongovernmental entity which has a contractual relationship with purchasers of prepaid or insured prescription drug benefits, and which processes, consults, advises on, or otherwise assists in the processing of prepaid or insured prescription drug benefit claims submitted by a licensed California pharmacy or patron thereof. See California Civil Code 2527
  • Price schedule: means an agreement between the Office of Procurement and a supplier under which the supplier agrees to accept orders from the office or a state agency for specified goods at set prices for a specified period of time but which does not obligate the office or state agencies to contract for the specified goods from the supplier. See California Public Contract Code 10290
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Probation officers: Screen applicants for pretrial release and monitor convicted offenders released under court supervision.
  • Process: includes a writ or summons issued in the course of judicial proceedings of either a civil or criminal nature. See California Government Code 22
  • prohibited area: means any place where it is unlawful to discharge a weapon. See California Penal Code 17030
  • project: includes the erection, construction, alteration, repair, or improvement of any state structure, building, road, or other state improvement of any kind that will exceed a total cost calculated pursuant to subdivision (b). See California Public Contract Code 10105
  • property: includes property real and personal. See California Civil Code 14
  • property: includes both real and personal property. See California Penal Code 7
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Protective hairstyles: includes , but is not limited to, such hairstyles as braids, locks, and twists. See California Government Code 12926
  • Public defender: Represent defendants who can't afford an attorney in criminal matters.
  • Purchase: means the purchase, loan, or transfer of a firearm. See California Penal Code 28150
  • Purchase: means the purchase, loan, or transfer of a firearm. See California Penal Code 28200
  • Purchaser: has the meaning set forth in paragraph (30) of subdivision (b) of Section 1201 of the Commercial Code. See California Penal Code 574
  • Purchaser: means the purchaser or transferee of a firearm or the person being loaned a firearm. See California Penal Code 28150
  • Purchaser: means the purchaser or transferee of a firearm or the person being loaned a firearm. See California Penal Code 28200
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
  • Regional contract: means a contract of the same type as a statewide contract but applicable only to specified contracting in a particular area or region of the state. See California Public Contract Code 10290
  • Religious corporation: means any corporation formed under, or otherwise subject to, Part 4 (commencing with Section 9110) or Part 6 (commencing with Section 10000) of Division 2 of Title 1 of the Corporations Code, and also includes a corporation that is formed primarily or exclusively for religious purposes under the laws of any other state to administer the affairs of an organized religious group and that is not organized for private profit. See California Government Code 12926.2
  • Religious duties: means duties of employment connected with carrying on the religious activities of a religious corporation or association. See California Government Code 12926.2
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • reorganization: as used in this chapter , shall have the same meaning as that term is defined in Section 368 of the Internal Revenue Code. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 23251
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • required number: means :

    California Penal Code 888.2

  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • response: is a writing that is responsive to an inquiry and mailed to the cardholder's address last known to the card issuer. See California Civil Code 1747.02
  • responsible adult: means a person at least 21 years of age who is not prohibited by state or federal law from possessing, receiving, owning, or purchasing a firearm. See California Penal Code 17070
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • Retail motor fuel dispenser: means a device that dispenses fuel that is used to power internal combustion engines, including motor vehicle engines, that processes the sale of fuel through a remote electronic payment system, and that is in a location where an employee or other agent of the seller is not present. See California Civil Code 1747.02
  • Retail motor fuel payment island automated cashier: means a remote electronic payment processing station that processes the retail sale of fuel that is used to power internal combustion engines, including motor vehicle engines, that is in a location where an employee or other agent of the seller is not present, and that is located in close proximity to a retail motor fuel dispenser. See California Civil Code 1747.02
  • Retailer: means every person other than a card issuer who furnishes money, goods, services, or anything else of value upon presentation of a credit card by a cardholder. See California Civil Code 1747.02
  • Revolving credit: A credit agreement (typically a credit card) that allows a customer to borrow against a preapproved credit line when purchasing goods and services. The borrower is only billed for the amount that is actually borrowed plus any interest due. (Also called a charge account or open-end credit.) Source: OCC
  • Royalty recipient: means a party to a contract for the furnishing of services in the production of sound recordings, as defined in Section 101 of Title 17 of the United States Code, who has the right to receive royalties under that contract. See California Civil Code 2500
  • safety: is a utomatically applied by the pistol, this feature shall not be defeated. See California Penal Code 31900
  • Sale: means the sale, loan, or transfer of a firearm. See California Penal Code 28150
  • Sale: means the sale, loan, or transfer of a firearm. See California Penal Code 28200
  • School: means any public or private elementary school, junior high school, four-year high school, senior high school, adult school or any branch thereof, opportunity school, continuation high school, regional occupational center, evening high school, or technical school or any public right-of-way situated immediately adjacent to school property or any other place if a teacher and one or more pupils are required to be at that place in connection with assigned school activities. See California Penal Code 626
  • seal: includes an impression of such seal upon the paper alone, or upon any substance attached to the paper capable of receiving a visible impression. See California Penal Code 7
  • secretary: refer to the Transportation Agency and the Secretary of Transportation, respectively, unless the context otherwise requires. See California Government Code 13976
  • secretary: refer to the Labor and Workforce Development Agency and the Secretary of Labor and Workforce Development, respectively, unless the context otherwise requires. See California Government Code 15550
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Transportation. See California Government Code 14002.5
  • secure facility: means that the facility satisfies all of the following:

    California Penal Code 29141

  • Secured credit card: means any credit card issued under an agreement or other instrument that pledges, hypothecates, or places a lien on real property or money or other personal property to secure the cardholder's obligations to the card issuer. See California Civil Code 1747.02
  • Seller: has the meaning set forth in subdivision (b) of Section 2981 of the Civil Code, and includes the present holder of the conditional sale contract. See California Penal Code 574
  • Seller: means , if the transaction is being conducted pursuant to Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 28050), the person selling, loaning, or transferring the firearm. See California Penal Code 28200
  • Seller: means a person who has entered into a consumer contract with a consumer. See California Civil Code 1799.201
  • series: includes all other models that are only variations, with minor differences, of those models listed in subdivision (a), regardless of the manufacturer. See California Penal Code 30510
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Services: means work, labor, and services, including depository services and other banking services. See California Civil Code 1799.201
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Sex: includes , but is not limited to, the following:

    California Government Code 12926

  • Sexual orientation: means heterosexuality, homosexuality, and bisexuality. See California Government Code 12926
  • short-barreled rifle: means any of the following:

    California Penal Code 17170

  • short-barreled shotgun: means any of the following:

    California Penal Code 17180

  • Skilled nursing facility: includes a "small house skilled nursing facility (SHSNF)" as defined in Section 1323. See California Health and Safety Code 1250
  • Source of income: includes a federal Department of Housing and Urban Development Veterans Affairs Supportive Housing voucher. See California Government Code 12927
  • Special hospital: means a health facility having a duly constituted governing body with overall administrative and professional responsibility and an organized medical or dental staff that provides inpatient or outpatient care in dentistry or maternity. See California Health and Safety Code 1250
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Government Code 12.2
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Health and Safety Code 12.2
  • spouse: includes a registered domestic partner, as required by Section 297. See California Civil Code 14
  • spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Penal Code 7
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 12.2
  • State: means any State of the United States and the District of Columbia. See California Penal Code 852.1
  • State: includes the District of Columbia and the territories when applied to the different parts of the United States, and the words "United States" may include the district and territories. See California Code of Civil Procedure 17
  • state: when applied to the different parts of the United States, includes the District of Columbia and the territories, and the words "United States" may include the district and territories. See California Penal Code 7
  • state agencies: means every state office, officer, department, division, bureau, board, and commission and the California State University and the Regents of the University of California. See California Government Code 14938
  • State agency: as used in this chapter does not include educational institutions. See California Government Code 14773
  • state agency: includes every state office, officer, department, division, bureau, board, and commission. See California Government Code 11000
  • State agency: as used in this article , means every state office, department, division, bureau, board, or commission, but does not include the Legislature, the courts, or any agency in the judicial branch of government. See California Public Contract Code 10335.7
  • state agency: shall include any state board, commission, bureau, or division created pursuant to the provisions of the Business and Professions Code, the Education Code, or the Chiropractic Initiative Act to license and regulate individuals who engage in certain businesses and professions. See California Penal Code 23
  • State agency: means every entity included in subdivision (a) of Section 11000 and the California State University. See California Government Code 13404
  • State Board of Equalization meeting as a public body: means the California Department of Tax and Fee Administration for those duties, powers, and responsibilities transferred to the California Department of Tax and Fee Administration pursuant to Section 15570. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 20.5
  • State university: means any California state university, and includes any campus or facility owned, operated, or controlled by the Trustees of the California State University. See California Penal Code 626
  • Statewide contract: means a contract awarded by the Office of Procurement to one or more suppliers for the acquisition of specified goods for a period of time, at a price, and in an amount set forth in the contract. See California Public Contract Code 10290
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • Student credit card: means any credit card that is provided to a student at a public or private college or university and is provided to that student solely based on his or her enrollment in a public or private university, or is provided to a student who would not otherwise qualify for that credit card on the basis of his or her income. See California Civil Code 1747.02
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Subpoena duces tecum: A command to a witness to produce documents.
  • subscription: includes mark. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 18
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Tax: as used in this part , except in Chapters 4 (commencing with Section 32151) and 5 (commencing with Section 32201), means the excise tax imposed by this part on beer or wine or on distilled spirits. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 32004
  • telecommuting: means the partial or total substitution of computers or telecommunication technologies, or both, for the commute to work by employees residing in California. See California Government Code 14200
  • Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
  • Testator: A male person who leaves a will at death.
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Town: includes "unincorporated town" and "village. See California Government Code 21
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • True bill: Another word for indictment.
  • Trust account: A general term that covers all types of accounts in a trust department, such as estates, guardianships, and agencies. Source: OCC
  • Truth in Lending Act: The Truth in Lending Act is a federal law that requires lenders to provide standardized information so that borrowers can compare loan terms. In general, lenders must provide information on Source: OCC
  • Unauthorized use: means the use of a credit card by a person, other than the cardholder, (1) who does not have actual, implied, or apparent authority for that use and (2) from which the cardholder receives no benefit. See California Civil Code 1747.02
  • unconventional pistol: means a firearm with both of the following characteristics:

    California Penal Code 17270

  • undetectable firearm: means any weapon that meets either of the following requirements:

    California Penal Code 17280

  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
  • University: means the University of California, and includes any affiliated institution thereof and any campus or facility owned, operated, or controlled by the Regents of the University of California. See California Penal Code 626
  • unsafe handgun: means any pistol, revolver, or other firearm capable of being concealed upon the person, for which any of the following is true:

    California Penal Code 31910

  • Uphold: The decision of an appellate court not to reverse a lower court decision.
  • Variable Rate: Having a "variable" rate means that the APR changes from time to time based on fluctuations in an external rate, normally the Prime Rate. This external rate is known as the "index." If the index changes, the variable rate normally changes. Also see Fixed Rate.
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • vessel: means a vessel as defined in subdivision (c) of Section 651 of the Harbors and Navigation Code. See California Penal Code 7
  • Veteran or military status: means a member or veteran of the United States Armed Forces, United States Armed Forces Reserve, the United States National Guard, and the California National Guard. See California Government Code 12926
  • wallet gun: means any firearm mounted or enclosed in a case, resembling a wallet, designed to be or capable of being carried in a pocket or purse, if the firearm may be fired while mounted or enclosed in the case. See California Penal Code 17330
  • wholesaler: means any person who is licensed as a dealer pursuant to Chapter 44 (commencing with Section 921) of Title 18 of the United States Code and the regulations issued pursuant thereto, who sells, transfers, or assigns firearms, or parts of firearms, to persons who are licensed as manufacturers, importers, or gunsmiths pursuant to Chapter 44 (commencing with Section 921) of Title 18 of the United States Code, or persons licensed pursuant to Sections 26700 to 26915, inclusive, and includes persons who receive finished parts of firearms and assemble them into completed or partially completed firearms in furtherance of that purpose. See California Penal Code 17340
  • will: includes codicil. See California Civil Code 14
  • will: includes codicil. See California Penal Code 7
  • willfully: when applied to the intent with which an act is done or omitted, implies simply a purpose or willingness to commit the act, or make the omission referred to. See California Penal Code 7
  • Women business enterprise: means a business concern which is all of the following:

    California Public Contract Code 10470

  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.
  • writ: signifies an order or precept in writing, issued in the name of the people, or of a court or judicial officer, and the word "process" a writ or summons issued in the course of judicial proceedings. See California Penal Code 7
  • Writ of certiorari: An order issued by the Supreme Court directing the lower court to transmit records for a case for which it will hear on appeal.
  • Writing: includes printing and typewriting. See California Code of Civil Procedure 17
  • zip gun: means any weapon or device that meets all of the following criteria:

    California Penal Code 17360