Terms Used In Hawaii Revised Statutes > Chapter 386
- Able to resume work: means an industrially injured worker's injury has stabilized after a period of recovery and the worker is capable of performing work in an occupation for which the worker has received previous training or for which the worker has demonstrated aptitude. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 386-1
- Acquire: means gain ownership of. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 134-1
- Adult: means an individual who has attained the age of twenty-one years. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 553A-1
- Adult: means an individual who has attained the age of eighteen years. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 554B-1
- Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
- Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
- Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
- Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
- Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
- Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
- Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
- Appellate board: means the labor and industrial relations appeals board. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 386-1
- Appraisal: A determination of property value.
- Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
- Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
- Assault pistol: means a semiautomatic pistol that accepts a detachable magazine and has two or more of the following characteristics:
(1) An ammunition magazine that attaches to the pistol outside of the pistol grip;
(2) A threaded barrel capable of accepting a barrel extender, flash suppressor, forward hand grip, or silencer;
(3) A shroud that is attached to or partially or completely encircles the barrel and permits the shooter to hold the firearm with the second hand without being burned;
(4) A manufactured weight of fifty ounces or more when the pistol is unloaded;
(5) A centerfire pistol with an overall length of twelve inches or more; or
(6) It is a semiautomatic version of an automatic firearm;
but does not include a firearm with a barrel sixteen or more inches in length, an antique pistol as defined in this section, or a curio or relic as those terms are used in 18 United States Code section 921(a)(13) or 27 Code of Federal Regulations section 478. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 134-1
- Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
- Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
- Attending physician: means a physician who is primarily responsible for the treatment of a work injury. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 386-1
- Attorney-in-fact: A person who, acting as an agent, is given written authorization by another person to transact business for him (her) out of court.
- Automatic firearm: means any firearm that shoots, is designed to shoot, or can be readily modified to shoot automatically more than one shot, without a manual reloading, by a single function of the trigger. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 134-1
- Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
- Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
- Beneficiary: means an individual for whom property has been delivered to a custodial trustee for the individual's use and benefit under this chapter. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 554B-1
- Bequest: Property gifted by will.
- Bona fide prospective purchaser: means a person (or a tenant of a person) who acquires ownership of a facility after October 1, 2009, and establishes each of the following by a preponderance of the evidence:
(1) All disposal of hazardous substances at the facility occurred before the person acquired the facility;
(2) The person carried out all appropriate inquiries when, on or before the date on which the person acquired the facility:
(A) The person made all appropriate inquiries into the previous ownership and uses of the facility in accordance with generally accepted good commercial and customary standards and practices in accordance with subparagraphs (B) and (C);
(B) The standards and practices referred to in 42 United States Code section 9601(35)(B)(ii) and (iv) and 40 Code of Federal Regulations Part 312 are used unless the director requires otherwise by rules adopted pursuant to chapter 91; and
(C) In the case of property in residential use or other similar use at the time of purchase by a nongovernmental or noncommercial entity, a facility inspection and title search that reveal no basis for further investigation shall be considered to satisfy the requirements of this paragraph;
(3) The person provides all legally required notices with respect to the discovery or release of any hazardous substances at the facility;
(4) The person exercises appropriate care with respect to hazardous substances found at the facility by taking reasonable steps to:
(A) Stop any continuing release;
(B) Prevent any threatened future release; and
(C) Prevent or limit human, environmental, or natural resource exposure to any previously released hazardous substance;
(5) The person provides full cooperation, assistance, and access to persons who are authorized to conduct response actions or natural resource restoration at a vessel or facility (including the cooperation and access necessary for the installation, integrity, operation, and maintenance of any complete or partial response actions or natural resource restoration at the vessel or facility);
(6) The person:
(A) Is in compliance with any land use restrictions established or relied on in connection with the response action at a vessel or facility; and
(B) Does not impede the effectiveness or integrity of any institutional control employed at the vessel or facility in connection with a response action;
(7) The person complies with any request for information or administrative subpoena issued by the President of the United States under 42 United States Code Chapter 103, by the director under chapter 128D, or issued by any state or federal court; and
(8) The person is not:
(A) Potentially liable, or affiliated with any other person who is potentially liable, for response costs at a facility through:
(i) Any direct or indirect familial relationship; or
(ii) Any contractual, corporate, or financial relationship (other than a contractual, corporate, or financial relationship that is created by the instruments by which title to the facility is conveyed or financed or by a contract for the sale of goods or services); or
(B) The result of a reorganization of a business entity that was potentially liable. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 128D-1
- Broker: means a person lawfully engaged in the business of effecting transactions in securities or commodities for the person's own account or for the account of others. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 553A-1
- Case law: The law as laid down in cases that have been decided in the decisions of the courts.
- CERCLA: means the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980, P. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 128D-1
- Characteristic: means a distinctive appearance, gesture, or mannerism recognized as an identifying attribute of a personality. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 482P-1
- Chief of police: means the chief of police of the counties of Hawaii, Maui, Kauai, or the city and county of Honolulu. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 134-1
- Clean Water Act: means the Federal Water Pollution Control Act of 1972, P. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 128D-1
- Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
- Compensation: means all benefits accorded by this chapter to an employee or the employee's dependents on account of a work injury as defined in this section; it includes medical and rehabilitation benefits, income and indemnity benefits in cases of disability or death, and the allowance for funeral and burial expenses. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 386-1
- Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
- Conservator: means a person appointed or qualified by a court to act as general, limited, or temporary guardian of a minor's property or a person legally authorized to perform substantially the same functions. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 553A-1
- Conservator: means a person appointed or qualified by a court to manage the estate of an individual or a person legally authorized to perform substantially the same functions. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 554B-1
- Construction design professional: means any person who is a professional engineer, architect, or land surveyor who is registered under chapter 464 to practice that profession in the State. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 386-1
- Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
- Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
- Contractual relationship: means relationships involving land contracts, deeds or other instruments transferring title or possession. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 128D-1
- Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
- Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
- county: includes the city and county of Honolulu. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 1-22
- Court: means the circuit court of the State. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 553A-1
- Court: means the circuit court of the State. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 554B-1
- Covered employment: means employment of an employee as defined in this section or of a person for whom the employer has provided voluntary coverage pursuant to section 386-4. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 386-1
- Crime of violence: means any offense, as defined in title 37, that involves injury or threat of injury to the person of another, including sexual assault in the fourth degree under section 707-733 and harassment by stalking under section 711-1106. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 134-1
- Custodial property: means (1) any interest in property transferred to a custodian under this chapter and (2) the income from and proceeds of that interest in property. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 553A-1
- Custodial trust property: means an interest in property transferred to a custodial trustee under this chapter and the income from and proceeds of that interest. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 554B-1
- Custodial trustee: means a person designated as trustee of a custodial trust under this chapter and includes a substitute or successor custodial trustee. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 554B-1
- Custodian: means a person so designated under section 553A-9 or a successor or substitute custodian designated under section 553A-18. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 553A-1
- Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
- Deceased individual: means any individual, regardless of the individual's place of domicile, residence, or citizenship at the time of death or otherwise, who has died. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 482P-1
- Deceased personality: means any individual, regardless of the personality's place of domicile, residence, or citizenship at the time of death or otherwise, whose name, voice, signature, or likeness had commercial value at the time of the individual's death, whether or not during the lifetime of that individual, the individual used the individual's name, voice, signature, or likeness on or in products, merchandise, goods, or for purposes of advertising, selling, or soliciting the purchase or sale of products, merchandise, goods, or services. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 482P-1
- Decedent: A deceased person.
- Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
- Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
- Department: means the department of labor and industrial relations. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 386-1
- Department: means the department of health. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 128D-1
- Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
- Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
- Director: means the director of labor and industrial relations. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 386-1
- Director: means the director of health. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 128D-1
- Director: means the director of commerce and consumer affairs. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 482E-2
- Director: means the director of commerce and consumer affairs. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 482P-1
- Disability: means loss or impairment of a physical or mental function. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 386-1
- Disciplinary action: means personnel action by an employer in the form of punishment against an employee for infraction of employer or contract rules, in the form of a reprimand, suspension, or discharge. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 386-1
- Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
- Donee: The recipient of a gift.
- Donor: The person who makes a gift.
- Electronic funds transfer: The transfer of money between accounts by consumer electronic systems-such as automated teller machines (ATMs) and electronic payment of bills-rather than by check or cash. (Wire transfers, checks, drafts, and paper instruments do not fall into this category.) Source: OCC
- Employee: means any individual in the employment of another person. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 386-1
- Employee in comparable employment: means a person, other than the injured employee, who is employed in the same grade in the same type of work by the same employer or, if there is no person so employed, a person, who is employed in the same grade in the same type of work by another employer in the same district. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 386-1
- Employer: means any person having one or more persons in the person's employment. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 386-1
- Employment: means any service performed by an individual for another person under any contract of hire or apprenticeship, express or implied, oral or written, whether lawfully or unlawfully entered into. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 386-1
- Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
- Environment: means any waters, including surface water, ground water, or drinking water supply, any land surface or any subsurface strata, or any ambient air within the State of Hawaii or under the jurisdiction of the State. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 128D-1
- Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
- Escheat: Reversion of real or personal property to the state when 1) a person dies without leaving a will and has no heirs, or 2) when the property (such as a bank account) has been inactive for a certain period of time. Source: OCC
- Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
- Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
- Extradition: The formal process of delivering an accused or convicted person from authorities in one state to authorities in another state.
- Facility: means any building, structure, installation, equipment, pipe or pipeline (including any pipe into a sewer or publicly owned treatment works), well, pit, pond, lagoon, impoundment, ditch, landfill, storage container, motor vehicle, rolling stock, or aircraft, or any site or area where a hazardous substance or pollutant or contaminant has been deposited, stored, disposed of, or placed, or otherwise comes to be located; but does not include any consumer product in consumer use. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 128D-1
- Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
- Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
- Financial institution: means a bank, trust company, savings institution, or credit union, chartered and supervised under state or federal law. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 553A-1
- Firearm: means any weapon, for which the operating force is an explosive, including but not limited to pistols, revolvers, rifles, shotguns, automatic firearms, noxious gas projectors, mortars, bombs, and cannon. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 134-1
- Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
- Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
- Franchise: means an oral or written contract or agreement, either expressed or implied, in which a person grants to another person, a license to use a trade name, service mark, trademark, logotype or related characteristic in which there is a community interest in the business of offering, selling, or distributing goods or services at wholesale or retail, leasing, or otherwise, and in which the franchisee is required to pay, directly or indirectly, a franchise fee. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 482E-2
- Franchisee: means a person to whom a franchise is offered or granted. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 482E-2
- Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
- Fugitive from justice: means any person (1) who has fled from any state, territory, the District of Columbia, or possession of the United States, to avoid prosecution for a felony or to avoid giving testimony in any criminal proceeding or (2) who has fled from any country other than the United States and is avoiding lawful extradition back to that country. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 134-1
- Fund: means the environmental response revolving fund. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 128D-1
- Fund-raising: means an organized activity to solicit donations of money or other goods or services from persons or entities by an organization, company, or public entity. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 482P-1
- Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
- Good cause: means a substantial reason amounting in law to be a legal excuse for failing to perform an act required by law considered under the circumstances of the individual case. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 386-1
- Guarantor: A party who agrees to be responsible for the payment of another party's debts should that party default. Source: OCC
- Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
- Guardian: means a person appointed or qualified by a court as a guardian of an individual and includes a limited guardian, but excludes a person who is merely a guardian ad litem. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 554B-1
- guidelines: means an indication of a suggested criteria, course, or means to a particular end, and not an authoritative or exclusive prescription which limits the exercise of independent judgment, expertise, or care. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 386-1
- Hazardous substance: includes any substance designated pursuant to section 311(b)(2)(A) of the Clean Water Act; any element, compound, mixture, solution, or substance designated pursuant to section 102 of CERCLA; any hazardous waste having the characteristics identified under or listed pursuant to section 3001 of the Solid Waste Disposal Act; any toxic pollutant listed under section 307(a) of the Clean Water Act; any hazardous air pollutant listed under section 112 of the Clean Air Act, as amended (42 U. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 128D-1
- Health care provider: means a person qualified by the director to render health care and service and who has a license for the practice of:
(1) Medicine or osteopathy under chapter 453;
(2) Dentistry under chapter 448;
(3) Chiropractic under chapter 442;
(4) Naturopathic medicine under chapter 455;
(5) Optometry under chapter 459;
(6) Podiatry under chapter 463E;
(7) Psychology under chapter 465; and
(8) Advanced practice registered nurse under chapter 457. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 386-1
- Incapacitated: means that an individual lacks the ability to manage property and business affairs effectively by reason of mental illness, mental deficiency, physical illness or disability, chronic use of drugs, chronic intoxication, confinement, detention by a foreign power, disappearance, minority, or other cause. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 554B-1
- Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
- Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
- Individual: means a natural person, living or dead. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 482P-1
- Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
- Inter vivos: Transfer of property from one living person to another living person.
- Interrogatories: Written questions asked by one party of an opposing party, who must answer them in writing under oath; a discovery device in a lawsuit.
- Intestate: Dying without leaving a will.
- Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
- Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
- Legal representative: means an individual's personal representative or conservator. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 553A-1
- Legal representative: means a personal representative or conservator. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 554B-1
- Legatee: A beneficiary of a decedent
- Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
- Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
- Likeness: means an image, photograph, painting, sketching, model, diagram, or other recognizable representation of an individual's face or body, and includes, in the case of a personality, a characteristic. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 482P-1
- Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
- Minor: means an individual who has not attained the age of twenty-one years. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 553A-1
- Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
- month: means a calendar month; and the word "year" a calendar year. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 1-20
- Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
- Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
- Name: means the actual or assumed name, or nickname, of a living or deceased individual that is intended to identify that individual. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 482P-1
- National contingency plan: means the national contingency plan published under section 311(d) of the Clean Water Act or revised pursuant to section 105 of CERCLA. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 128D-1
- Natural resources: means land, fish, wildlife, biota, air, water, ground water, drinking water supplies, and other such resources belonging to, managed by, held in trust by, appertaining to, or otherwise controlled by the State of Hawaii, any county, or by the United States to the extent that the latter are subject to state law. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 128D-1
- oath: includes a solemn affirmation. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 1-21
- Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
- Oil: means oil of any kind or in any form, including, but not limited to, petroleum, fuel oil, sludge, oil refuse, oil mixed with wastes, crude oil or any fraction or residue. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 128D-1
- operator: means :
(1) In the case of a vessel, any person owning, operating, or chartering by demise the vessel;
(2) In the case of an onshore facility or an offshore facility, any person owning or operating the facility; and
(3) In the case of any facility, title or control of which was conveyed due to bankruptcy, foreclosure, tax delinquency, abandonment, or similar means to a unit of a state or local government, any person who owned, operated, or otherwise controlled activities at the facility immediately beforehand. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 128D-1
- Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
- Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
- Person: means any individual, firm, corporation, association, partnership, consortium, joint venture, commercial entity, state, county, commission, political subdivision of the State, or, to the extent they are subject to this chapter, the United States or any interstate body. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 128D-1
- Person: means a natural person, corporation, partnership, trust, or other entity and in the case of an entity, it includes any other entity which has a majority interest in such an entity or effectively controls such other entity as well as the individual officers, directors, and other persons in act of control of the activities of each such entity. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 482E-2
- Person: means any natural person, firm, association, partnership, corporation, company, syndicate, receiver, common law trust, conservator, statutory trust, or any other entity by whatever name known or however organized, formed, or created, and includes nonprofit corporations, associations, educational and religious institutions, political parties, and community, civic, or other organizations. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 482P-1
- Person: means an individual, corporation, organization, or other legal entity. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 553A-1
- Person: means an individual, corporation, organization, or other legal entity. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 554B-1
- Personal injury: includes death resulting therefrom. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 386-1
- Personal property: All property that is not real property.
- Personal representative: means an executor, administrator, successor personal representative, or special administrator of a decedent's estate or a person legally authorized to perform substantially the same functions. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 553A-1
- Personal representative: includes an executor, administrator, or special administrator of a decedent's estate or a person legally authorized to perform substantially the same functions and includes a successor personal representative. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 554B-1
- Personality: means any individual whose name, voice, signature, likeness, or other attribute of their personality has commercial value, whether or not that individual uses the individual's name, voice, signature, likeness, or other attribute of their personality on or in products, merchandise, goods, or for purposes of marketing, advertising, selling, or soliciting the purchase of products, merchandise, goods, or services. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 482P-1
- Photograph: means any photograph or photographic reproduction, still or moving, or any videotape, online or live television transmission, of any individual, in which the individual is readily identifiable. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 482P-1
- Physician: includes a doctor of medicine, a dentist, a chiropractor, an osteopath, a naturopathic physician, a psychologist, an optometrist, an advanced practice registered nurse, and a podiatrist. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 386-1
- Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
- Pollutant or contaminant: means any element, substance, compound, or mixture, which after release into the environment and upon exposure, ingestion, inhalation, or assimilation into any organism either directly from the environment or indirectly by ingestion through food chains, will or may reasonably be anticipated to cause death, disease, behavioral abnormalities, cancer, genetic mutation, physiological malfunctions (including malfunctions in reproduction) or physical deformations, in such organisms or their offspring. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 128D-1
- Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
- Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
- Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
- Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
- Prospective purchaser: means a prospective owner, operator, tenant, developer, lender, or any other party who would not otherwise be liable under section 128D-6, prior to a voluntary response action being conducted. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 128D-32
- Prudent person: means a trustee whose exercise of trust powers is reasonable and equitable in view of the interests of income or principal beneficiaries, or both, and in view of the manner in which persons of ordinary prudence, diligence, discretion, and judgment would act in the management of their own affairs. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 554A-1
- Psychologist: means a licensed clinical psychologist with a doctorate degree in psychology and who either has at least two years clinical experience in a recognized health setting, or has met the standards of the National Register of the Health Service Providers in Psychology. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 386-1
- Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
- Recipient of social service payments: includes :
(1) A person who is an eligible recipient of social services such as attendant care and day care services; and
(2) A corporation or private agency that contracts directly with the department of human services to provide attendant care and day care authorized under the Social Security Act, as amended. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 386-1
- Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
- Release: means any spilling, leaking, pumping, pouring, emitting, emptying, discharging, injecting, escaping, leaching, dumping, or disposing of any hazardous substance or pollutant or contaminant into the environment, (including the abandonment or discarding of barrels, containers, and other closed receptacles containing any hazardous substance or pollutant or contaminant); but excludes:
(1) Any release which results in exposure of persons solely within a workplace, with respect to a claim which such exposed persons may assert against their employer;
(2) Emissions from the engine exhaust of a motor vehicle, rolling stock, aircraft, vessel, or pipeline pumping station engine;
(3) Release of source, byproduct, or special nuclear material from a nuclear incident, as those terms are defined in the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 U. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 128D-1
- Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
- remedial action: means those actions consistent with permanent correction taken instead of or in addition to removal actions in the event of a release or threatened release of a hazardous substance or pollutant or contaminant into the environment, to prevent or minimize the release of hazardous substances so that they do not migrate to cause substantial danger to present or future public health or welfare or the environment. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 128D-1
- removal action: means the cleanup of released hazardous substances or pollutants or contaminants from the environment, such actions as may be necessary to take in the event of the threat of release of hazardous substances or pollutants or contaminants into the environment, such actions as may be necessary to monitor, assess, and evaluate the release or threat of release of hazardous substances or pollutants or contaminants, the disposal of removed material, or the taking of such other actions as may be necessary to prevent, minimize, or mitigate damage to the public health or welfare or to the environment, which may otherwise result from a release or threat of release. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 128D-1
- Requesting party: means the person or persons submitting an application to conduct a voluntary response action. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 128D-32
- Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
- response: means remove, removal, remedy, or remedial action; and all such terms include government enforcement activities related thereto. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 128D-1
- Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
- revolver: means any firearm of any shape with a barrel less than sixteen inches in length and capable of discharging loaded ammunition or any noxious gas. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 134-1
- Right of survivorship: The ownership rights that result in the acquisition of title to property by reason of having survived other co-owners.
- Semiautomatic: means the mode of operation by which a firearm uses the energy of the explosive in a fixed cartridge to extract a fired cartridge and chamber a fresh cartridge with each single pull of a trigger. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 134-1
- Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
- Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
- Signature: means a handwritten or otherwise legally binding form of an individual's name, written or authorized by that individual, that distinguishes the individual from all other individuals. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 482P-1
- State: includes any state of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and any territory or possession subject to the legislative authority of the United States. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 553A-1
- State: means a state, commonwealth, territory, or possession of the United States, or the District of Columbia. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 554B-1
- State average weekly wage: means the amount determined by the director under section 383-22 as the average weekly wage. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 386-1
- State on-scene coordinator: means the state official designated by the department of health to coordinate and direct responses under this chapter. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 128D-1
- Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
- Subfranchisor: means a person to whom an area franchise is granted. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 482E-2
- Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
- Suitable gainful employment: means employment or self-employment within the geographical area where the employee resides, which is reasonably attainable and which offers an opportunity to restore the employee's earnings capacity as nearly as possible to that level which the employee was earning at the time of injury and to return the employee to the active labor force as quickly as possible in a cost-effective manner, giving due consideration to the employee's qualifications, interests, incentives, future earnings capacity, and the present and future labor market. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 386-1
- Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
- Testator: A male person who leaves a will at death.
- Testify: Answer questions in court.
- Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
- Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
- Total disability: means disability of such an extent that the disabled employee has no reasonable prospect of finding regular employment of any kind in the normal labor market. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 386-1
- Transfer: means a transaction that creates custodial property under section 553A-9. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 553A-1
- Transferor: means a person who makes a transfer under this chapter. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 553A-1
- Transferor: means a person who creates a custodial trust by transfer or declaration. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 554B-1
- Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
- Trust: means an express trust created by a trust instrument including a will, whereby a trustee has the duty to administer a trust asset for the benefit of a named or otherwise described income or principal beneficiary, or both. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 554A-1
- Trust company: means a financial institution, corporation, or other legal entity, authorized to exercise general trust powers. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 553A-1
- Trust company: means a financial institution, corporation, or other legal entity, authorized to exercise general trust powers. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 554B-1
- Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
- Trustee: means an original, added, or successor trustee. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 554A-1
- Trustor: The person who makes or creates a trust. Also known as the grantor or settlor.
- Uphold: The decision of an appellate court not to reverse a lower court decision.
- Usual and customary employment: means the line or type of work in the gainful employment market consistent with a claimant's background, training, and experience. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 386-1
- Vessel: means every description of watercraft or other artificial contrivance used, or capable of being used, as a means of transportation on water. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 128D-1
- Vocational rehabilitation plan: means an approved plan prepared by a certified rehabilitation provider with an employee that is designed to assist the employee in obtaining and maintaining suitable gainful employment. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 386-1
- Vocational rehabilitation services: means services provided in a rehabilitation program to assist an employee in obtaining and maintaining suitable gainful employment that may include but shall not be limited to on-the-job training, job modification, vocational evaluation, adjustment to disability, counseling, guidance, vocational and personal adjustment, referrals, transportation, training, supplies, equipment, appliances, aid, occupational licenses, and other goods and services needed to assist an employee in obtaining and maintaining suitable gainful employment. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 386-1
- Voluntary response action: means a response conducted voluntarily by a requesting party. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 128D-32
- Wages: means all remuneration for services constituting employment. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 386-1
- Work injury: means a personal injury suffered under the conditions specified in section 386-3. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 386-1
- Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.