Chapter 1 Record of Liens; Duty to Satisfy Record After Release or Discharge of Liens
Chapter 2 Limitation on and Reinstatement of Liens After Destruction of Records
Chapter 3 Mechanic’s Liens
Chapter 4 Foreclosure and Expiration of a Mortgage or Vendor’s Lien
Chapter 5 Release of Liens on Conveyance of Real Estate
Chapter 6 Release of Mechanic’s Liens
Chapter 7 Mechanic’s Liens and Liens on Public Improvements; Foreclosures and Expiration
Chapter 8 Foreclosure and Expiration of Liens on Public Improvements
Chapter 9 Limiting Time for Reopening Judgments Foreclosing Liens for Public Improvements
Chapter 10 Real Estate: Employees’ Lien on Strip Mines
Chapter 11 Engineer’s, Land Surveyor’s, and Architect’s Liens
Chapter 12 Corporate Employees’ Liens
Chapter 12.5 Commercial Real Estate Broker Liens
Chapter 13 Common Law Liens
Chapter 14 Homeowners Association Liens

Terms Used In Indiana Code > Title 32 > Article 28

  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Attorney: includes a counselor or other person authorized to appear and represent a party in an action or special proceeding. See Indiana Code 1-1-4-5
  • authority: refers to the Indiana stadium and convention building authority created by this chapter. See Indiana Code 5-1-17-1
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • board: refers to the board of directors of the authority. See Indiana Code 5-1-17-2
  • bonds: means bonds, notes, commercial paper, or other evidences of indebtedness. See Indiana Code 5-1-17-3
  • broker company: has the meaning set forth in IC 25-34. See Indiana Code 32-28-12.5-0.5
  • capital improvement board: refers to a capital improvement board of managers created by IC 36-10-8 or IC 36-10-9. See Indiana Code 5-1-17-4
  • Clerk: means the clerk of the court or a person authorized to perform the clerk's duties. See Indiana Code 1-1-4-5
  • commercial real estate: means any real estate other than:

    Indiana Code 32-28-12.5-1

  • common expenses: means :

    Indiana Code 32-28-14-1

  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • common law lien: means a lien against real or personal property that is not:

    Indiana Code 32-28-13-1

  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • fees or commissions: means compensation owed to a broker company for performing services requiring a license under IC 25-34. See Indiana Code 32-28-12.5-2
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • homeowners association: means all the owners of real estate in a subdivision acting as an entity in accordance with any:

    Indiana Code 32-28-14-2

  • Judgment: means all final orders, decrees, and determinations in an action and all orders upon which executions may issue. See Indiana Code 1-1-4-5
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • managing broker: has the meaning set forth in IC 25-34. See Indiana Code 32-28-12.5-3
  • Month: means a calendar month, unless otherwise expressed. See Indiana Code 1-1-4-5
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • Mortgagor: The person who pledges property to a creditor as collateral for a loan and who receives the money.
  • Oath: includes "affirmation" and "to swear" includes to "affirm". See Indiana Code 1-1-4-5
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Population: has the meaning set forth in IC 1-1-3. See Indiana Code 1-1-4-5
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • President pro tempore: A constitutionally recognized officer of the Senate who presides over the chamber in the absence of the Vice President. The President Pro Tempore (or, "president for a time") is elected by the Senate and is, by custom, the Senator of the majority party with the longest record of continuous service.
  • property owner: means the owner of record of real or personal property. See Indiana Code 32-28-13-2
  • public employee: means an individual who is an employee in the executive, judicial, or legislative branch of:

    Indiana Code 32-28-13-1.5

  • public official: means an individual who holds office or formerly held office at any time during the preceding four (4) years in the executive, judicial, or legislative branch of:

    Indiana Code 32-28-13-3

  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • real estate: has the meaning set forth in IC 25-34. See Indiana Code 32-28-12.5-4
  • real estate: means a right, a title, or an interest in real property. See Indiana Code 32-28-14-3
  • real property: include lands, tenements, and hereditaments. See Indiana Code 1-1-4-5
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Revolving credit: A credit agreement (typically a credit card) that allows a customer to borrow against a preapproved credit line when purchasing goods and services. The borrower is only billed for the amount that is actually borrowed plus any interest due. (Also called a charge account or open-end credit.) Source: OCC
  • Sheriff: means the sheriff of the county or another person authorized to perform sheriff's duties. See Indiana Code 1-1-4-5
  • strip mine: means a tract of land on which the surface soil has been removed or is being removed or is proposed to be removed from the coal seam by one (1) group of operating machines or machinery and where mine run coal is being produced in the raw state ready for direct sale to a consumer or for transportation to a cleaning or preparation plant. See Indiana Code 32-28-10-1
  • subdivision: means the division of a parcel of land into lots, parcels, tracts, units, or interests in the manner defined and prescribed by a subdivision control ordinance adopted by a legislative body under IC 36-7-4. See Indiana Code 32-28-14-4
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • United States: includes the District of Columbia and the commonwealths, possessions, states in free association with the United States, and the territories. See Indiana Code 1-1-4-5
  • Verified: when applied to pleadings, means supported by oath or affirmation in writing. See Indiana Code 1-1-4-5
  • Veto: The procedure established under the Constitution by which the President/Governor refuses to approve a bill or joint resolution and thus prevents its enactment into law. A regular veto occurs when the President/Governor returns the legislation to the house in which it originated. The President/Governor usually returns a vetoed bill with a message indicating his reasons for rejecting the measure. In Congress, the veto can be overridden only by a two-thirds vote in both the Senate and the House.
  • Year: means a calendar year, unless otherwise expressed. See Indiana Code 1-1-4-5