Sections
Article 130* General Provisions 6500 – 6516
Article 131 Medicine 6520 – 6529
Article 131-A Definitions of Professional Misconduct Applicable to Physicians, Physician’s Assistants and Specialist’s Assistants 6530 – 6532
Article 131-B Physician Assistants 6540 – 6546
Article 131-C Specialist Assistants 6547 – 6549-B
Article 132 Chiropractic 6550 – 6556
Article 133 Dentistry, Dental Hygiene, and Registered Dental Assisting 6600 – 6613
Article 134 Licensed Perfusionists 6630 – 6636
Article 135 Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health Technology 6700 – 6714
Article 136 Physical Therapy and Physical Therapist Assistants 6730 – 6743
Article 137 Pharmacy 6800 – 6832
Article 137-A Registered Pharmacy Technicians 6840 – 6844
Article 139 Nursing 6900 – 6911
Article 140 Professional Midwifery Practice Act 6950 – 6958
Article 141 Podiatry 7000 – 7010
Article 143 Optometry 7100 – 7107
Article 144 Ophthalmic Dispensing 7120 – 7128
Article 145 Engineering, Land Surveying and Geology 7200 – 7212
Article 147 Architecture 7300 – 7308
Article 148 Landscape Architecture 7320 – 7328
Article 149 Public Accountancy 7400 – 7410
Article 151 Shorthand Reporting 7500 – 7504
Article 153 Psychology 7600 – 7607
Article 154 Social Work 7700 – 7710
Article 155 Massage Therapy 7800 – 7807
Article 156 Occupational Therapy 7900 – 7908
Article 157 Dietetics and Nutrition 8000 – 8006
Article 159 Speech-Language Pathologists and Audiologists 8200 – 8209
Article 160 Acupuncture 8210 – 8216
Article 161 Interior Design 8300 – 8307
Article 162 Athletic Trainers 8350 – 8358
Article 163 Mental Health Practitioners 8400 – 8412
Article 164 Respiratory Therapists and Respiratory Therapy Technicians 8500 – 8513
Article 165 Clinical Laboratory Technology Practice Act. 8600 – 8610
Article 166 Medical Physics Practice 8700 – 8709
Article 167 Applied Behavior Analysis 8800 – 8808
Article 168 Licensed Pathologists’ Assistants 8850 – 8856

Terms Used In New York Laws > Education > Title 8 - The Professions

  • ABA: means the design, implementation, and evaluation of environmental modifications, using behavioral stimuli and consequences, to produce socially significant improvement in human behavior, including the use of direct observation, measurement, and functional analysis of the relationship between environment and behavior. See N.Y. Education Law 8801
  • accredited investor: shall mean (i) a natural person whose individual net worth (or joint net worth with his or her spouse) will exceed one million dollars at the time of purchase, or (ii) a natural person who has an individual income (exclusive of any income attributable to a spouse) of more than two hundred thousand dollars for

    the past two years or joint income with a spouse of more than three hundred thousand dollars in each of those years and has a reasonable expectation of reaching the same income level in the current year, or (iii) an entity in which each equity owner is an accredited investor under subparagraph (i) or (ii) of this paragraph, or (iv) either an organization described in section 501 (C)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, a corporation, a Massachusetts or similar business trust, or a partnership, in each case not formed for the specific purpose of acquiring the securities being offered, and with total assets in excess of five million dollars, or (v) a trust, with total assets in excess of five million dollars, not formed for the specific purpose of acquiring the securities, whose purchase of the securities is directed by a person who has such knowledge and experience in business and financial matters that he or she is capable, as defined by the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, of evaluating the merits and risks of the prospective investment, or a bank, as defined in section 3(a)(2) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, (A) acting in its fiduciary capacity as trustee, or (B) subscribing for the purchase of securities being offered on its own behalf. See N.Y. Arts and Cultural Affairs Law 23.03

  • Accused: shall mean a person accused of a violation who has not yet entered an institution's judicial or conduct process. See N.Y. Education Law 6439
  • Acquiring corporation: means a corporation that is participating in a procedure pursuant to which such corporation is acquiring all of the outstanding shares of one or more classes of a subject corporation. See N.Y. Business Corporation Law 913
  • Acquittal:
    1. Judgement that a criminal defendant has not been proved guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
    2. A verdict of "not guilty."
     
  • Adaptive measures: means any adjustment, whether passive, reactive or anticipatory, that may be taken to ameliorate the anticipated adverse consequences associated with flood events. See N.Y. Canal Law 139-A
  • Adjourn: A motion to adjourn a legislative chamber or a committee, if passed, ends that day's session.
  • Adopter: means any faculty member or academic department at institutions of higher learning responsible for considering and choosing textbooks and/or supplemental materials to be utilized in connection with the accredited courses taught at institutions of higher education. See N.Y. Education Law 720
  • Adoption: means the delivery to any natural person eighteen years of age or older, for the limited purpose of harboring a pet, of any dog, seized or surrendered, or any cat. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 108
  • adoptor: shall mean a person adopting and "adoptive child" or "adoptee" shall mean a person adopted. See N.Y. Domestic Relations Law 109
  • Adulterated: means the same as set forth in section two hundred of this chapter. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 96-Z-21
  • advance ticket: shall mean a ticket of admission sold more than twelve hours in advance of the time of performance of the event for which the ticket is purchased. See N.Y. Arts and Cultural Affairs Law 23.03
  • advertising: means all representations, other than the required label statements made in any manner or by any means relating to seed within the scope of this act. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 136
  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • Advisory committee: shall mean the Central Pine Barrens advisory committee to the commission established pursuant to subdivision nine of section 57-0119 of this title. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 57-0107
  • AEM: means agricultural environmental management. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 150
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
  • Amount: shall include , but is not limited to, any dividend, profit or other distribution, whether in cash or securities, and any interest or other payment on or of principal, including the cash value of any security which has matured or has been called for full or partial redemption or is payable to security owners or former security owners

    entitled to payments as the result of a merger, consolidation, acquisition or conversion of any type. See N.Y. Abandoned Property Law 500

  • Amount: shall mean that term as defined in subdivision seven of section five hundred of this chapter. See N.Y. Abandoned Property Law 510
  • Animal: means any animal, domestic or feral, or any domesticated bird. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 96-Y
  • Animal: means cattle, swine, sheep, goats, horses and other large domesticated mammals. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 96-G
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Antique firearm: means :

    Any unloaded muzzle loading pistol or revolver with a matchlock, flintlock, percussion cap, or similar type of ignition system, or a pistol or revolver which uses fixed cartridges which are no longer available in the ordinary channels of commercial trade. See N.Y. Penal Law 265.00

  • Apiary: shall mean any location used for raising honey bees or producing honey or other bee related products. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 173-A
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • approved program: means a program for the education of physician assistants which has been formerly approved by the department. See N.Y. Education Law 6540
  • approved program: means a program for the education of specialist assistants which has been approved by the department. See N.Y. Education Law 6547
  • Armor piercing ammunition: means any ammunition capable of being used in pistols or revolvers containing a projectile or projectile core, or a projectile or projectile core for use in such ammunition, that is constructed entirely (excluding the presence of traces of other

    substances) from one or a combination of any of the following: tungsten alloys, steel, iron, brass, bronze, beryllium copper, or uranium. See N.Y. Penal Law 265.00

  • Arraignment: A proceeding in which an individual who is accused of committing a crime is brought into court, told of the charges, and asked to plead guilty or not guilty.
  • Assault weapon: means

    (a) a semiautomatic rifle that has an ability to accept a detachable magazine and has at least one of the following characteristics:

    (i) a folding or telescoping stock;

    (ii) a pistol grip that protrudes conspicuously beneath the action of the weapon;

    (iii) a thumbhole stock;

    (iv) a second handgrip or a protruding grip that can be held by the non-trigger hand;

    (v) a bayonet mount;

    (vi) a flash suppressor, muzzle break, muzzle compensator, or threaded barrel designed to accommodate a flash suppressor, muzzle break, or muzzle compensator;

    (vii) a grenade launcher; or

    (b) a semiautomatic shotgun that has at least one of the following characteristics:

    (i) a folding or telescoping stock;

    (ii) a thumbhole stock;

    (iii) a second handgrip or a protruding grip that can be held by the non-trigger hand;

    (iv) a fixed magazine capacity in excess of seven rounds;

    (v) an ability to accept a detachable magazine; or

    (c) a semiautomatic pistol that has an ability to accept a detachable magazine and has at least one of the following characteristics:

    (i) a folding or telescoping stock;

    (ii) a thumbhole stock;

    (iii) a second handgrip or a protruding grip that can be held by the non-trigger hand;

    (iv) capacity to accept an ammunition magazine that attaches to the pistol outside of the pistol grip;

    (v) a threaded barrel capable of accepting a barrel extender, flash suppressor, forward handgrip, or silencer;

    (vi) a shroud that is attached to, or partially or completely encircles, the barrel and that permits the shooter to hold the firearm with the non-trigger hand without being burned;

    (vii) a manufactured weight of fifty ounces or more when the pistol is unloaded; or

    (viii) a semiautomatic version of an automatic rifle, shotgun or firearm;

    (d) a revolving cylinder shotgun;

    (e) a semiautomatic rifle, a semiautomatic shotgun or a semiautomatic pistol or weapon defined in subparagraph (v) of paragraph (e) of subdivision twenty-two of section 265. See N.Y. Penal Law 265.00

  • Assisted project: shall mean any project in respect of which the authority has granted a loan or guaranteed a loan. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 1801
  • athletic trainer: means any person who is duly certified in accordance with this article to perform athletic training under the supervision of a physician and limits his or her practice to secondary schools, institutions of postsecondary education, professional athletic organizations, or a person who, under the supervision of a physician, carries out comparable functions on orthopedic athletic injuries, excluding spinal cord injuries, in a health care organization. See N.Y. Education Law 8351
  • Attest: means providing the following public accountancy services which all require the independence of licensees:

    a. See N.Y. Education Law 7401-A

  • Attorney-at-law: A person who is legally qualified and licensed to practice law, and to represent and act for clients in legal proceedings.
  • Attorney-in-fact: A person who, acting as an agent, is given written authorization by another person to transact business for him (her) out of court.
  • auction: means a public sale of cattle, swine or horses to the highest bidder. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 90-B
  • auctioneer: means a person who sells, or makes a business of selling cattle, swine or horses, at auction. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 90-B
  • Authority: shall mean the New York job development authority created by subdivision one of section eighteen hundred two of this title. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 1801
  • Authorized agency: shall mean an authorized agency as defined in the social services law and, for the purpose of this article, shall include such corporations incorporated or organized under the laws of this state as may be specifically authorized by their certificates of incorporation to receive children for purposes of adoption. See N.Y. Domestic Relations Law 109
  • baby chicks: as used in this article , means any domestic fowl under the age of six weeks. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 175-M
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • balance sheet liability contribution: when used in relation to the New York city employees' retirement system, shall mean a payment of contribution which is required by the provisions of item (iv) of subparagraph (a) of paragraph one of subdivision b of section 13-127 of the administrative code of the city of New York to be made to such retirement system with respect to any fiscal year of the city preceding July first, nineteen hundred ninety. See N.Y. Education Law 6202
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Baseline: Projection of the receipts, outlays, and other budget amounts that would ensue in the future without any change in existing policy. Baseline projections are used to gauge the extent to which proposed legislation, if enacted into law, would alter current spending and revenue levels.
  • Beekeeper: shall mean any individual or entity that maintains managed honey bees for profit, research, recreational, or educational purposes. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 173-A
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • Benefit corporation: means a business corporation incorporated under this article and whose status as a benefit corporation has not been terminated as provided in this article. See N.Y. Business Corporation Law 1702
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • Binary trigger system: means any device that, when installed in or attached to a semi-automatic firearm rifle, or shotgun causes that weapon to fire once when the trigger is pulled and again when the trigger is released. See N.Y. Penal Law 265.00
  • Biological agent: means any micro-organism, virus, infectious substance, or biological product that may be engineered as a result of biotechnology, or any naturally occurring or bioengineered component of

    any such micro-organism, virus, infectious substance, or biological product, capable of causing:

    (a) death, disease, or other biological malfunction in a human, an animal, a plant, or another living organism;

    (b) deterioration of food, water, equipment, supplies, or material of any kind; or

    (c) deleterious alteration of the environment. See N.Y. Penal Law 490.05

  • Biological weapon: means any biological agent, toxin, vector, or delivery system or combination thereof. See N.Y. Penal Law 490.05
  • board: means the board of trustees of the state university of New York. See N.Y. Education Law 390
  • Board: shall mean the board of trustees of the New York state higher education services corporation. See N.Y. Education Law 651
  • board: means the board of higher education of the city of New York. See N.Y. Education Law 6250
  • board of trustees: means the board of trustees of the city university of New York. See N.Y. Education Law 6202
  • borrower: shall mean (i) a student who is a resident of New York state attending, or accepted for enrollment at, an eligible college, or (ii) the parent, legal guardian, or sponsor, as defined by the corporation in regulation, of a student attending, or accepted for enrollment at, an eligible college who is a resident of New York state, and who obtains an education loan from a lending institution to pay for or finance higher education expenses under this program. See N.Y. Education Law 690
  • Brand: means each commercial feed identified by and differing from others either in name, trademark, descriptive designation or other method or marking, composition or guaranteed analysis. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 128
  • brand: shall mean a term, name, design, or trademark used in connection with one or several grades of commercial fertilizer. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 143
  • Brand name: means any word, name, symbol or device, or any combination thereof, identifying the commercial feed of a distributor or registrant and distinguishing it from that of others. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 128
  • Broker: shall include any individual or corporation engaging in the purchase, sale or exchange of securities for or on behalf of any customer. See N.Y. Abandoned Property Law 510
  • Bump stock: means any device or instrument that increases the rate of fire achievable with a semi-automatic firearm, rifle or shotgun by using energy from the recoil of the weapon to generate a reciprocating action that facilitates repeated activation of the trigger. See N.Y. Penal Law 265.00
  • Burst trigger system: means any device that, when installed in or attached to a semi-automatic firearm, rifle, or shot gun, allows that weapon to discharge two or more shots with a single pull or the trigger by altering the trigger reset. See N.Y. Penal Law 265.00
  • Bystander: shall mean a person who observes a crime, impending crime, conflict, potentially violent or violent behavior, or conduct that is in violation of rules or policies of an institution. See N.Y. Education Law 6439
  • camelid: means the entire family of camelidae. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 90-B
  • Canal system: shall mean the canal waterways, lands and infrastructure as set out in section two of this chapter. See N.Y. Canal Law 139-A
  • Cane Sword: means a cane or swagger stick having concealed within it a blade that may be used as a sword or stilletto. See N.Y. Penal Law 265.00
  • Capital offense: A crime punishable by death.
  • Carcass: means all parts, including viscera of a slaughtered animal, that are capable of being used for human food. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 96-G
  • Cathode ray tube: means a vacuum tube or picture tube used to convert an electronic signal into a visual image. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 27-2601
  • cattle: means the entire family of bovidae. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 90-B
  • Central Pine Barrens area: shall mean the contiguous area as described and bounded as follows:

    Beginning at a point where the southerly side of Route 25A intersects the easterly side of Miller Place Road; thence southward along the easterly boundary of Miller Place Road to Helme Avenue; thence southward along the easterly boundary of Helme Avenue to Miller Place-Middle Island Road; thence southward along the easterly boundary of Miller Place-Middle Island Road to Whiskey Road; thence westward along the southerly boundary of Whiskey Road to Mount Sinai-Coram Road; thence southward along the easterly boundary of Mount Sinai-Coram Road to Middle Country Road (Route 25); thence westward along the southerly boundary of Route 25 to Patchogue-Mount Sinai Road (County Route 83); thence southward along the easterly boundary of County Route 83 to Bicycle Path Drive; thence southeastward along the easterly side of Bicycle Path Drive to Mt. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 57-0107

  • certified ESL school: shall mean a language school conducted for-profit which provides instruction in English as a second language and which accepts no public funds and is certified pursuant to paragraph f of subdivision four of this section; and

    c. See N.Y. Education Law 5001

  • Chairman: means the chairman of the dormitory authority. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 1695
  • Chemical: means a substance with a distinct molecular composition or a group of structurally related substances and includes the breakdown products of the substance or substances that form through decomposition, degradation or metabolism. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 37-0901
  • Chemical of concern: means a chemical identified by the department by rule pursuant to subdivision one of section 37-0905 of this title. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 37-0901
  • Chemical weapon: means the following, together or separately:

    (a) a toxic chemical or its precursors;

    (b) a munition or device specifically designed to cause death or other harm through the toxic properties of a toxic chemical or its precursors, which would be released as a result of the employment of such munition or device;

    (c) any equipment specifically designed for use directly in connection with the employment of munitions or devices; or

    (d) any device that is designed to release radiation or radioactivity at a level dangerous to human life. See N.Y. Penal Law 490.05

  • child care product: means all pacifiers and unfilled beverage containers to be used by children under three years old for the consumption of liquids including pacifiers, baby bottles, baby bottle liners and cups, cup lids, straws and sippy cups. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 37-0503
  • Child care product: means a consumer product intended for use by children under three years of age, such as baby products, toys, car seats, nursing pillows, crib mattresses, and strollers. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 37-0703
  • Children: means a person or persons aged twelve and under. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 37-0901
  • Chuka stick: means any device designed primarily as a weapon, consisting of two or more lengths of a rigid material joined together by a thong, rope or chain in such a manner as to allow free movement of a portion of the device while held in the hand and capable of being rotated in such a manner as to inflict serious injury upon a person by striking or choking. See N.Y. Penal Law 265.00
  • city: shall mean the city of New York. See N.Y. Education Law 6250
  • city university: shall mean the city university of New York, including each senior college and each community college. See N.Y. Education Law 6202
  • city university: means the city university of New York under the jurisdiction of the board of higher education of the city of New York. See N.Y. Education Law 6250
  • Civil forfeiture: The loss of ownership of property used to conduct illegal activity.
  • Clerk: means the clerk of any county, town, city or village where licenses are validated or issued pursuant to this article. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 108
  • Clinic: shall mean a facility located either within or outside of a state university health care facility providing services related to the medical education mission of the university, but shall not include state university student health services. See N.Y. Education Law 350
  • Clinical: shall mean activities directly relating to the treatment or diagnosis of human ailments. See N.Y. Education Law 8701
  • Code of conduct: shall mean the written policies adopted by an institution governing student behavior, rights, and responsibilities while such student is matriculated in the institution. See N.Y. Education Law 6439
  • Colony: shall mean any production unit of bees. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 173-A
  • Commercial feed: means all materials except unmixed whole seeds or physically altered entire unmixed seeds, when not adulterated within the meaning of subdivision one of section one hundred thirty-two of this article, which are distributed for use as feed or for mixing in feed, and includes pet food and specialty pet food. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 128
  • commercial fertilizer: shall mean any substances containing one or more recognized plant nutrients which is used for its plant nutrient content, and which is designed for use or claimed to have value in promoting plant growth, except unmanipulated animal and vegetable manures, agricultural liming material, wood ashes, gypsum and other products exempted by regulation of the commissioner. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 143
  • Commission: shall mean the Central Pine Barrens Joint Planning and Policy Commission established pursuant to section 57-0119 of this title. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 57-0107
  • Commissioner: means the state commissioner of agriculture and markets. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 108
  • Commissioner: means the commissioner of agriculture and markets. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 128
  • Commissioner: means the commissioner of education of the state of New York. See N.Y. Education Law 340
  • commissioner: means the commissioner of agriculture and markets. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 143
  • Commissioner: shall mean the commissioner of environmental conservation except that within and for the purposes of title eleven of this article, the commissioner of parks and recreation. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 51-0101
  • Commissioner: means the commissioner of environmental conservation except that within and for the purposes of title nine of this article, the term shall mean the commissioner of parks, recreation and historic preservation. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 52-0101
  • Commissioner: shall mean the commissioner of consumer and worker protection. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 20-102
  • commissioner: means the commissioner of agriculture and markets of the state of New York. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 71-U
  • Commissioner: means the commissioner of agriculture and markets. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 96-G
  • Commissioner of finance: means the commissioner of finance of the city;

    6. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 11-601

  • Commissioners: shall mean the state commissioner of environmental conservation and the state commissioner of parks, recreation and historic preservation. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 49-0201
  • committee: means the state committee for perfusion created by section sixty-six hundred thirty-four of this article. See N.Y. Education Law 6630
  • committee: means the state committee for pathologists' assistants created by this article. See N.Y. Education Law 8850
  • Common area: shall mean a portion of a multiple dwelling that is not within a dwelling unit and is regularly used by occupants for access to and egress from any dwelling unit within such multiple dwelling. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 27-2056.2
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • community college: shall mean an institution of higher education in the city of New York, which is governed and administered as such, by the board of trustees on July first, nineteen hundred seventy-nine, whose primary purpose is providing certificate and associate degree post secondary programs in general and technical educational subjects, and is receiving financial assistance from the state as a community college. See N.Y. Education Law 6202
  • Community garden: shall mean public or private lands upon which citizens of the state have the opportunity to garden on lands which they do not individually own. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 31-G
  • Compatible growth area: shall mean the compatible growth area which comprises that area within the central pine barrens, but outside the core preservation area as defined. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 57-0107
  • Compilation: means providing a service that presents, in the form of financial statements, information that is the representation of the management or owners of the client without undertaking to express any assurance of the accuracy of the information in the statements, to be performed in accordance with standards, developed by a federal governmental agency, commission or board or a recognized international or national professional accountancy organization, that are acceptable to the department in accordance with the commissioner's regulations. See N.Y. Education Law 7401-A
  • Compounding: means the combining, admixing, mixing, diluting, pooling, reconstituting, or otherwise altering of a drug or bulk drug substance to create a drug. See N.Y. Education Law 6842
  • comptroller: shall mean the comptroller of the city of New York. See N.Y. Education Law 6250
  • Comptroller: shall mean the comptroller of the state. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 1801
  • comptroller: means the comptroller of the state of New York with respect to the state university or the appropriate fiscal officer with respect to other employers. See N.Y. Education Law 398
  • Computer: means an electronic, magnetic, optical, electrochemical or other high-speed data processing device performing a logical, arithmetic or storage function, including a laptop computer and desktop computer, and includes any cable, cord, or wiring permanently affixed to or incorporated into such product, and may include both a computer central processing unit and a monitor; but such term shall not include an automated typewriter or typesetter, a portable hand-held calculator, a portable digital assistant, server, or other similar device. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 27-2601
  • Computerized test: means any test form administered to test subjects by means of a computer. See N.Y. Education Law 340
  • concert: shall mean any live performance whether musical or spoken, dramatic or nondramatic, by one or more performers, which is presented to the public in a place of entertainment, as defined in this subdivision. See N.Y. Arts and Cultural Affairs Law 23.03
  • Conservation easement: means an easement, covenant, restriction or other interest in real property, created under and subject to the provisions of this title which limits or restricts development, management or use of such real property for the purpose of preserving or maintaining the scenic, open, historic, archaeological, architectural, or natural condition, character, significance or amenities of the real property in a manner consistent with the public policy and purpose set forth in section 49-0301 of this title, provided that no such easement shall be acquired or held by the state which is subject to the provisions of article fourteen of the constitution. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 49-0303
  • Consolidated corporation: means the new corporation into which two or more constituent corporations are consolidated. See N.Y. Business Corporation Law 901
  • Consolidation: means a procedure of the character described in subparagraph (a) (2). See N.Y. Business Corporation Law 901
  • Constituent corporation: means an existing corporation that is participating in the merger or consolidation with one or more other corporations. See N.Y. Business Corporation Law 901
  • Constituent entity: means a domestic or foreign corporation or other business entity, that is participating in the merger or consolidation with one or more domestic or foreign corporations. See N.Y. Business Corporation Law 901
  • Consumer: means a person located in the state who owns or uses covered electronic equipment, including but not limited to an individual, a business, corporation, limited partnership, not-for-profit corporation, the state, a public corporation, public school, school district, private or parochial school or board of cooperative educational services or governmental entity, but does not include an entity involved in a wholesale transaction between a distributor and retailer. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 27-2601
  • Consumer product: means any product that is regularly used or purchased to be used for personal, family or household purposes. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 37-1001
  • Container: shall mean any portable device in which a material is stored, transported, treated, disposed of or otherwise handled. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 27-2301
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • contributions for twenty-year amortization of nineteen hundred ninety senior college consolidated UAL and senior college remainder of BSL: shall mean all of the installments of contribution and contributions referred to in subdivisions 8-i to 8-n, inclusive, of this section which are required to be paid by the city and the state during the applicable twenty-year amortization period pursuant to section sixty-two hundred thirty-one of this article and the applicable provisions of subdivision bb of section 13-638. See N.Y. Education Law 6202
  • Core preservation area: shall mean the core preservation area of the Central Pine Barrens area which comprise the largest intact areas of undeveloped pine barrens as described and bounded as follows:

    Beginning at a point where the northwestern corner of the New York State Rocky Point Natural Resource Management Area (the "NYS Rocky Point Land") intersects the southerly side of NYS Route 25A; thence generally southward and eastward along the generally westerly and southerly boundaries of the NYS Rocky Point Land (including the Currans Road Pond State Wildlife Management Area, all adjacent or contiguous undeveloped Town of Brookhaven parks, preserves, open space areas, or reserved areas, and the crossings of the undeveloped Suffolk County property known as the Port Jefferson - Westhampton road right of way, Whiskey Road, County Route 21, and Currans Road), and including those properties identified as District 200, Section 346, Block 1, Lots 3 and 4, to the point where the NYS Rocky Point Land meets the northerly side of NYS Route 25 (Middle Country Road); thence eastward along the northerly boundary of NYS Route 25 to the southeastern corner of that property west of Woodlots Road which is identified as District 200, Section 349, Block 2, Lot 1. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 57-0107

  • Corporation: shall mean the New York state higher education services corporation. See N.Y. Education Law 651
  • Corporation: shall mean any corporation (other than a public corporation as defined in paragraph (b) of this subdivision), joint stock company, association of two or more individuals, committee, partnership, investment company (as defined by, and which is registered under, an act of Congress of the United States entitled the "Investment Company Act of 1940" as amended), unit investment trust or business trust, whether or not for profit. See N.Y. Abandoned Property Law 500
  • Corporation: shall include any joint stock company, corporation, association of two or more individuals, committee, public authority, or business trust. See N.Y. Abandoned Property Law 510
  • Cost: means the cost of an approved project, which shall include engineering and architectural services, plans and specifications, consultant and legal services, and other direct expenses incident to such project less any federal assistance received or to be received and any other assistance from responsible parties or otherwise. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 52-0101
  • Cost: means the cost of an approved project, which shall include engineering and architectural services, plans and specifications, consultant and legal services, and other direct expenses incident to such project less any federal assistance received or to be received and any other assistance from other parties. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 54-0101
  • Cost: means the cost of an approved project, which shall include appraisal, surveying, engineering and architectural services, plans and specifications, consultant and legal services, construction and other direct expenses incident to such project less any federal or state funds, other than those provided pursuant to this article, for such project received or to be received. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 56-0101
  • Cost: means the capital cost of a municipal landfill closure project or a municipal landfill gas management project, including engineering and architectural services, plans and specifications, consultant and legal services, and other direct capital expenses incident to such project, less any federal or other assistance for such project received or to be received. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 54-0501
  • Cost: means the capital cost of a municipal recycling project including engineering and architectural services, surveys, plans and specifications; consultant and legal services; lands acquired pursuant to the conditions set forth in section 54-0709 of this title, and other direct capital expenses incident to such a project, less any federal assistance or other assistance received or to be received. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 54-0701
  • Council: shall mean the Long Island Pine Barrens maritime reserve council created by section 57-0111 of this title. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 57-0107
  • county: shall mean any county in this state, except a county wholly within a city. See N.Y. Tax Law 1215
  • Covered electronic equipment: means : a computer; computer peripheral; small electronic equipment; small-scale server; cathode ray tube; or television, as defined in this section. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 27-2601
  • CPA: means any person who has received a license from the department or any other state as a certified public accountant for the practice of public accountancy. See N.Y. Education Law 7401-A
  • creosote: means a substance obtained from the high temperature treatment of coal and coal tar and that is used primarily as a wood preservative. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 27-2501
  • crop seeds: include the seeds of grass, forage, cereal, field beans, and fiber crops, including "industrial hemp" as defined in section five hundred five of this chapter, or any other kinds of seeds commonly recognized within this state as agricultural seeds, lawn seeds, and mixtures of such seeds. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 136
  • curd: as used in this article applies to the substance otherwise known as "pot cheese" or "cottage cheese. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 48
  • Custom slaughtered meat: means meat from animals which have been slaughtered by a custom slaughterer for the owner exclusively for use, in the household of such owner, by him and members of his household and his non-paying guests and employees. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 96-G
  • Custom slaughterer: means a person, firm, corporation or association who or which operates a place or establishment where animals are delivered by the owner thereof for slaughter exclusively for use, in the household of such owner, by him and members of his household and his non-paying guests and employees, provided, that such custom slaughterer does not engage in the business of buying or selling any carcasses, parts of carcasses, meat or meat products of any animal. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 96-G
  • Custom upholsterer: means a person who, either by himself or herself or through employees or agents, repairs, reupholsters, recovers, restores, or renews upholstered furniture. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 37-1001
  • Customer: shall include any individual or corporation entering into a contract with a broker or dealer by which such broker or dealer agrees to effect the purchase, sale, or exchange, or to keep custody of any security for or on behalf of such individual or corporation. See N.Y. Abandoned Property Law 510
  • Customer-formula feed: means commercial feed which consists of a mixture of commercial feeds and/or feed ingredients, each batch of which is manufactured according to the specific instructions of the final purchaser, including feed mixed from components supplied by the purchaser. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 128
  • dairy product: means all milk and milk products defined by the definitions and standards of identity promulgated pursuant to section forty-six-a of this chapter and such other food products derived from milk as the commissioner shall designate by regulation. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 71-U
  • Dangerous dog: means any dog which (i) without justification attacks a person, companion animal as defined in subdivision five of section three hundred fifty of this chapter, farm animal as defined in subdivision four of section three hundred fifty of this chapter or domestic animal as defined in subdivision seven of this section and causes physical injury or death, or (ii) behaves in a manner which a reasonable person would believe poses a serious and unjustified imminent threat of serious physical injury or death to one or more persons, companion animals, farm animals or domestic animals or (iii) without justification attacks a service dog, guide dog or hearing dog and causes physical injury or death. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 108
  • Dealer: shall include any individual or corporation engaging in any state as a regular business in the purchase, sale or exchange of securities for his or its own account, through a broker or otherwise. See N.Y. Abandoned Property Law 510
  • Decharacterization: means the uniform application of sufficient quantities of dye, charcoal, malodorous fish oil, acid, or any other agent approved by the commissioner upon and into the freely slashed flesh of meat or meat product not being rendered so as to unequivocally preclude its use for human food. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 96-Y
  • deer: means any member of the family of cervidae. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 90-B
  • Deface: means to remove, deface, cover, alter or destroy the manufacturer's serial number or any other distinguishing number or identification mark. See N.Y. Penal Law 265.00
  • Delivery system: means :

    (a) any apparatus, equipment, device, or means of delivery specifically designed to deliver or disseminate a biological agent, toxin, or vector; or

    (b) any vector. See N.Y. Penal Law 490.05

  • Department: means the department of agriculture and markets. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 128
  • Department: means the department of environmental conservation. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 52-0101
  • Department: shall mean the department of consumer and worker protection. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 20-102
  • Department: means the department of environmental conservation. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 54-0101
  • Department: means the department of agriculture and markets. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 96-G
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Design professional: means an individual licensed and registered pursuant to title eight of the education law to practice professional engineering, architecture, landscape architecture, geology or land surveying. See N.Y. Business Corporation Law 1501
  • Design professional service corporation: means a corporation organized under this article practicing professional engineering, architecture, landscape architecture, geology, or land surveying, or practicing any combination of such professions. See N.Y. Business Corporation Law 1501
  • Detection dog: means any dog that is trained and is actually used for such purposes or is undergoing training to be used for the purpose of detecting controlled substances, explosives, ignitable liquids, firearms, cadavers, or school or correctional facility contraband. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 108
  • Deteriorated subsurface: shall mean an unstable or unsound painted subsurface, an indication of which can be observed through a visual inspection, including, but not limited to, rotted or decayed wood, or wood or plaster that has been subject to moisture or disturbance. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 27-2056.2
  • Development: shall mean the performance of any building activity or mining operation, the making of any material change in the use or intensity of use of any structure or land and the creation or termination of rights of access or riparian rights. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 57-0107
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • direction and supervision: means continuous direction and supervision, but shall not be construed as necessarily requiring the physical presence of the supervising physician at the time and place where such services are performed. See N.Y. Education Law 8850
  • Discharge: shall mean the accidental or intentional spilling, leaking, pumping, pouring, emitting, emptying or dumping of any solid waste, or solid waste constituent, including leachate, into or on any air, land or water. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 27-2301
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Disguised gun: means any weapon or device capable of being concealed on the person from which a shot can be discharged through the energy of an explosive and is designed and intended to appear to be either; (a) something other than a gun; or (b) a toy gun that shall include, but not be limited to, any rifle, pistol, shotgun or machine-gun displaying a color finish other than the original manufacture color, a decorative pattern or plastic like surface; provided, however, that any rifle or shotgun displaying a camouflage color finish or pattern that is intended for hunting, as defined by article eleven of the environmental conservation law, shall not be considered a "disguised gun" for purposes of this section. See N.Y. Penal Law 265.00
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Disposal plant: means the premises or place where bodies, carcasses or portions thereof of dead, dying, diseased, disabled or condemned animals or inedible meat are received and held for the purpose of burning, processing or rendering or otherwise obtaining the hides, skins, grease or meat therefrom in any manner whatsoever. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 96-Y
  • Dispose of: means to dispose of, give, give away, lease, loan, keep for sale, offer, offer for sale, sell, transfer and otherwise dispose of. See N.Y. Penal Law 265.00
  • Distribute: means to offer for sale, sell, exchange, or barter commercial feed; or to supply, furnish, or otherwise provide commercial feed to a contract feeder. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 128
  • distribute: means to offer for sale, sell, barter, exchange or otherwise supply commercial fertilizers. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 143
  • Distributor: means any person who distributes. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 128
  • distributor: means any person who distributes and includes, but is not limited to, manufacturing plants, blending plants and bulk storage facilities. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 143
  • Distributor: means a person who sells children's products to retail establishments on a wholesale basis. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 37-0901
  • Dog: means any member of the species canis familiaris. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 108
  • Dog control officer: means any individual appointed by a municipality to assist in the enforcement of this article or any authorized officer, agent or employee of an incorporated humane society or similar incorporated dog protective association under contract with a municipality to assist in the enforcement of this article. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 108
  • Domestic animal: means any domesticated sheep, horse, cattle, fallow deer, red deer, sika deer, whitetail deer which is raised under license from the department of environmental conservation, llama, goat, swine, fowl, duck, goose, swan, turkey, confined domestic hare or rabbit, pheasant or other bird which is raised in confinement under license from the state department of environmental conservation before release from captivity, except that the varieties of fowl commonly used for cock fights shall not be considered domestic animals for the purposes of this article. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 108
  • domestic animals: as used in this article shall mean domesticated sheep, horses, cattle, swine and goats. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 105-D
  • Domestic corporation: shall mean any corporation organized under the laws of this state or under the laws of this state and one or more other states or foreign countries, but shall not mean a banking organization as defined in this chapter. See N.Y. Abandoned Property Law 500
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • Dormitory facilities revenue fund: means the fund established pursuant to § 1680-q of the public authorities law. See N.Y. Education Law 350
  • Dormitory facilities revenues: means all moneys, including rents, fees and charges, derived from the use or occupancy of dormitory facilities. See N.Y. Education Law 350
  • Dormitory facility: means a dormitory, as such term is defined in paragraph (a) of subdivision two of § 1676 of the public authorities law. See N.Y. Education Law 350
  • Drug: means any article intended for use in the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment or prevention of disease in animals other than man and articles other than feed intended to affect the structure or any function of the animal body. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 128
  • drug: means any drug, as defined in subdivision seven of section sixty-eight hundred two of the education law. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 27-2701*2
  • ear tag: means a unique, tamper-resistant device which, when affixed to the ears of cattle, deer, swine or camelid, identifies and distinguishes such animals. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 90-B
  • Education loan: shall mean any loan that is made under this program to finance or refinance higher education expenses at an eligible college. See N.Y. Education Law 690
  • electing employee: shall mean any eligible employee who exercises his election pursuant to this article to come under the optional retirement program. See N.Y. Education Law 390
  • electing employee: shall mean any eligible employee who exercises his election pursuant to this article to come under the optional retirement program. See N.Y. Education Law 6250
  • electing employer: means a community college which elects to offer the optional retirement program as herein provided. See N.Y. Education Law 390
  • Electronic display: means a consumer product with a display screen and associated electronics that, as its primary function, displays visual information from wired or wireless sources and is available for purchase by individuals or households for personal use in a residential space. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 37-1001
  • Electronic waste: means covered electronic equipment that has been discarded or is no longer wanted by its owner, or for any other reason enters the waste collection, recovery, treatment, processing, or recycling system. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 27-2601
  • Electronic waste collection site: means a facility at a fixed or temporary site at which electronic waste is accepted from consumers and temporarily stored for more than five days in a calendar year before

    such waste is transported to an electronic waste consolidation facility or electronic waste recycling facility. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 27-2601

  • Electronic waste consolidation facility: means a facility that receives and stores electronic waste for the purpose of organizing, categorizing or consolidating items of electronic waste before such waste is transported to an electronic waste recycling facility. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 27-2601
  • Electronic waste recycling facility: means a facility at which electronic waste is recycled. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 27-2601
  • Eligible business facility: shall mean any type of business facility to be used or occupied by any person in an enterprise deemed to offer a reasonable likelihood for promoting the creation or retention of job opportunities in the state, and includes, but is not limited to, industrial or manufacturing plants, facilities for research and development purposes, facilities for conducting wholesale, receiving and distributing operations, facilities for conducting office operations, warehousing operations, or any other operation dealing in the exchange of goods, wares, services or other types of property of any type or description. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 1801
  • Eligible co-signer: shall mean a parent, legal guardian or otherwise credit worthy individual over twenty-one years of age who satisfies applicable credit criteria approved by the corporation and is a resident of New York state. See N.Y. Education Law 690
  • Eligible college: shall mean a post-secondary institution, located within New York state, eligible for funds under Title IV of the Higher Education Act of nineteen hundred sixty-five, as amended, or successor statute offering a two-year, four-year, graduate or professional degree granting or certificate program. See N.Y. Education Law 690
  • eligible employees: means those employees in positions requiring the performance of educational functions in teacher education, agriculture, home economics, forestry, ceramics, liberal and applied arts and sciences, engineering, technical skills, crafts, business education, labor and industrial relations, medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine, pharmacy, nursing, law, public affairs, maritime officer training, academic administration, library service, student activities, student personnel service and other professions required to carry on the work of the state university and the colleges, schools, institutes, research centers, facilities and institutions comprising it and of the community colleges. See N.Y. Education Law 390
  • eligible employees: means members of the instructional staffs of the colleges administered by the board of higher education in the city of New York pursuant to the provisions of Article one hundred twenty-five of the education law, who are employed in the following titles: president, dean, director, professor, associate professor, assistant professor, instructor, tutor, fellow, lecturer, librarian, associate librarian, assistant librarian, library assistant, registrar, assistant registrar, registrar's assistant, principal, first assistant, supervisor, assistant teacher, critic teacher, teacher, college science assistant, college science technician, college engineering technician, and any other members of the instructional staffs of such colleges as defined in section sixty-two hundred six, subdivision 1b of the education law, and such other titles as the board in its discretion may add thereto, by reason of their close relationship to the educational purposes required to carry on the functions of the city university. See N.Y. Education Law 6250
  • employee: means a person employed by the state university, the board of higher education of the city of New York, or a community college established and operated under article one hundred twenty-six of this chapter. See N.Y. Education Law 398
  • employer: means the state university of New York, the board of higher education of the city of New York, or a community college established and operated under article one hundred twenty-six of this chapter. See N.Y. Education Law 398
  • End of life vehicle: shall mean any motor vehicle sold, given, or otherwise disposed of as junk or salvage. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 27-2301
  • Entertainment: means all forms of entertainment including, but not limited to, theatrical or operatic performances, concerts, motion pictures, all forms of entertainment at fair grounds, amusement parks and all types of athletic competitions including football, basketball, baseball, boxing, tennis, hockey, and any other sport, and all other forms of diversion, recreation or show. See N.Y. Arts and Cultural Affairs Law 25.03
  • entire board: means the total number of directors which the corporation would have if there were no vacancies. See N.Y. Business Corporation Law 702
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Environmental restoration project: means a project to investigate or to remediate contamination pursuant to title five of this article. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 56-0101
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Equity security: means any stock, bond, or other obligation of a target company, the holder of which has the right to vote for the election of members of the board of directors, or those exercising a similar function if the target company is not a corporation, of such target company. See N.Y. Business Corporation Law 1601
  • Escheat: Reversion of real or personal property to the state when 1) a person dies without leaving a will and has no heirs, or 2) when the property (such as a bank account) has been inactive for a certain period of time. Source: OCC
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Established price: means the price fixed at the time of sale by the operator of any place of entertainment for admission thereto, which must be printed or endorsed on each ticket of admission. See N.Y. Arts and Cultural Affairs Law 25.03
  • event: shall mean a theatrical production or sporting event, as those terms are defined in this subdivision, or any other public exhibition, game, show, contest or performance which is presented to the public in a place of entertainment as defined in this subdivision. See N.Y. Arts and Cultural Affairs Law 23.03
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Executive authority: includes the governor, and any person performing the functions of governor in a state other than this state. See N.Y. Criminal Procedure Law 570.04
  • Extradition: The formal process of delivering an accused or convicted person from authorities in one state to authorities in another state.
  • Facility: means any structure or site improvement including paths, trails, roads, bridges, ramps and buildings. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 54-0101
  • Facility: means all buildings, equipment, structures, and other stationary items located on a single site or adjacent sites and owned or operated by the same person (or by any person who controls, is controlled by, or is under common control with, such person). See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 37-0301
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Farm dressed meat: means meat from animals slaughtered by a bona fide farmer who, as an incident of such farm operation, slaughters his own domestic animals on his own premises exclusively for use, in his household, by him and members of his household and his non-paying guests and employees. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 96-G
  • Federal agency: shall mean the United States of America, and any officer, department, board, commissioner, bureau, division, corporation, agency or instrumentality thereof. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 1801
  • Federal assistance: shall mean funds available, other than by loan, from the federal government, either directly or through allocation by the state for construction or program purposes pursuant to any federal law or program. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 52-0101
  • Federal assistance: means funds available, other than by loan, from the federal government, either directly or through allocation by the state for construction or program purposes pursuant to any federal law or program. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 54-0101
  • Federal assistance: means funds available, other than by loan, from the federal government, either directly or through allocation by the state for construction or program purposes pursuant to any federal law or program. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 56-0101
  • Federal inspection: means the poultry and poultry products inspection maintained by the United States department of agriculture. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 96-Z-21
  • Federal inspection: means the meat inspection maintained by the United States department of agriculture. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 96-G
  • Federal law: means the federal meat inspection act and all acts amendatory thereof and supplementary thereto. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 96-G
  • Federal Reserve System: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC
  • Federal student aid programs: shall mean the programs of the United States government making financial aid available to pay for the cost of attending post-secondary institutions and established under Title IV of the Higher Education Act of nineteen hundred sixty-five, as amended, or any successor statute. See N.Y. Education Law 651
  • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
  • Feed: means all edible materials which are consumed by animals and contribute energy or nutrients to the animal's diet. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 128
  • Feed ingredient: means each of the constitutent materials making up a commercial feed. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 128
  • Fiduciary: shall mean any individual or any domestic or foreign corporation holding a security for a resident or receiving, as agent of a corporation or as holder of a security, any amount due or to become due a resident as the holder or owner of a security but shall not mean any individual or corporation so acting by direction of a court in any case where such court has not directed a distribution of such amount or security. See N.Y. Abandoned Property Law 500
  • Film plastic: means uncontaminated non-rigid film plastic packaging products composed of plastic resins, which include, but are not limited to, newspaper bags, dry cleaning bags and shrink-wrap. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 27-2701
  • Final auction price: shall mean the price paid for a single ticket by a winning bidder. See N.Y. Arts and Cultural Affairs Law 25.03
  • fire retired employee: shall mean any person who was retired for service on or after April eighth, nineteen hundred sixty and prior to May first, nineteen hundred and sixty-three, or retired for disability on or after April eighth, nineteen hundred sixty and prior to May first, nineteen hundred sixty-four and receives, as a result of such retirement, a retirement allowance or pension from a retirement or pension system or plan of the city for members of the uniformed force of the fire department. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 13-671
  • Firearm: means (a) any pistol or revolver; or (b) a shotgun having one or more barrels less than eighteen inches in length; or (c) a rifle having one or more barrels less than sixteen inches in length; or (d) any weapon made from a shotgun or rifle whether by alteration, modification, or otherwise if such weapon as altered, modified, or otherwise has an overall length of less than twenty-six inches; or (e) an assault weapon. See N.Y. Penal Law 265.00
  • Firearm silencer: means any instrument, attachment, weapon or appliance for causing the firing of any gun, revolver, pistol or other firearms to be silent, or intended to lessen or muffle the noise of the firing of any gun, revolver, pistol or other firearms. See N.Y. Penal Law 265.00
  • Firm: means a domestic or foreign entity organized as a sole proprietorship, a professional service corporation, a partnership, a professional service limited liability company, a foreign professional service limited liability company, a registered limited liability partnership, a foreign registered limited liability partnership, or any other form of organization that is established for the business purpose of lawfully engaging in the practice of public accountancy. See N.Y. Education Law 7401-A
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Fixed Rate: Having a "fixed" rate means that the APR doesn't change based on fluctuations of some external rate (such as the "Prime Rate"). In other words, a fixed rate is a rate that is not a variable rate. A fixed APR can change over time, in several circumstances:
    • You are late making a payment or commit some other default, triggering an increase to a penalty rate
    • The bank changes the terms of your account and you do not reject the change.
    • The rate expires (if the rate was fixed for only a certain period of time).
  • flower seeds: includes seeds of herbaceous plants grown for their blooms, ornamental foliage, or other ornamental parts and commonly known and sold under the name of flower seeds in this state. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 136
  • Forbearance: A means of handling a delinquent loan. A
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Foreign corporation: shall mean any corporation organized under the laws of a state other than New York or under the laws of a foreign country and doing business in this state or authorized to do business in this state, but shall not mean a banking organization as defined in this chapter. See N.Y. Abandoned Property Law 500
  • foreign dairy product: means any dairy product produced, processed or manufactured outside the United States. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 71-U
  • Foreign professional service corporation: means a professional service corporation, whether or not denominated as such, organized under the laws of a jurisdiction other than this state, all of the shareholders, directors and officers of which are authorized and licensed to practice the profession for which such corporation is licensed to do business; except that all shareholders, directors and officers of a foreign professional service corporation which provides health services in this state shall be licensed in this state. See N.Y. Business Corporation Law 1525
  • Forgery: The fraudulent signing or alteration of another's name to an instrument such as a deed, mortgage, or check. The intent of the forgery is to deceive or defraud. Source: OCC
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Friction Surface: shall mean any painted surface that touches or is in contact with another surface, such that the two surfaces are capable of relative motion and abrade, scrape, or bind when in relative motion. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 27-2056.2
  • Game or wild game: means any deer or big game, or portions thereof, as defined in section 11-0103 of the environmental conservation law, taken by lawful hunting. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 71-Y
  • Garden: shall mean a piece or parcel of land appropriate for the cultivation of herbs, fruits, flowers, nuts, honey, poultry for egg production, maple syrup, ornamental or vegetable plants, nursery products, or vegetables. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 31-G
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • Gel foam mattress: means a mattress in which interior foam layers are composed of polyurethane foam or latex foam which has a polyurethane-based gel material either mixed with the foam or applied to the outer surface of polyurethane or latex foam, or a mattress in which the core or padding layers are composed solely of gel material. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 37-1001
  • General public benefit: means a material positive impact on society and the environment, taken as a whole, assessed against a third-party standard, from the business and operations of a benefit corporation. See N.Y. Business Corporation Law 1702
  • Ghost gun: means a firearm, rifle or shotgun that does not comply with the provisions of section 265. See N.Y. Penal Law 265.00
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Good condition: shall mean no severe rusting, apparent structural defects or deteriorations and not leaking. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 27-2301
  • Governing body: shall mean

    a. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 51-0101

  • Governing body: means

    (a) in the case of a town, a town board;

    (b) in the case of a county outside of the city of New York, the county board of supervisors or other elective governing body;

    (c) in the case of a city or village, the local legislative body thereof, as the term is defined in the municipal home rule law;

    (d) in the case of a public benefit corporation, the board of directors, members or trustees thereof;

    (e) in the case of a school district, the board of education thereof;

    (f) in the case of a supervisory district, the board of cooperative educational services thereof. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 52-0101

  • Governing body: means :

    a. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 54-0101

  • Governing body: means :

    (a) in the case of a county outside of the city of New York, the county board of supervisors or other elective governing body;

    (b) in the case of a city or village, the local legislative body thereof, as the term is defined in the municipal home rule law;

    (c) in the case of a town, the town board;

    (d) in the case of a school district, the board of education thereof;

    (e) in the case of a supervisory district, the board of cooperative educational services thereof;

    (f) in the case of a public benefit corporation, the board of directors, members or trustees thereof;

    (g) in the case of a public authority, the governing board of directors, members, or trustees thereof;

    (h) in the case of a not-for-profit corporation, the board of directors thereof or such other body designated in the certificate of incorporation to manage the corporation; and

    (i) in the case of an Indian tribe, any governing body recognized by the United States or the state of New York. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 56-0101

  • Governor: includes any person performing the functions of governor by authority of the law of this state. See N.Y. Criminal Procedure Law 570.04
  • Grace period: The number of days you'll have to pay your bill for purchases in full without triggering a finance charge. Source: Federal Reserve
  • grade: shall mean the percentages of total nitrogen, available phosphoric acid and soluble potash stated in the order and form required in the guaranteed analysis. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 143
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • Groundwater: shall mean water below the land surface in a saturated zone of soil or rock. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 27-2301
  • guaranteed analysis: shall mean a statement of the minimum percentage of plant nutrients claimed expressed in the order and form provided in section one hundred forty-four hereof. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 143
  • Guarantor: A party who agrees to be responsible for the payment of another party's debts should that party default. Source: OCC
  • Guide dog: means any dog that is trained to aid a person who is blind and is actually used for such purpose, or any dog during the period such dog is being trained or bred for such purpose. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 108
  • Gunsmith: means any person, firm, partnership, corporation or company who engages in the business of repairing, altering, assembling,

    manufacturing, cleaning, polishing, engraving or trueing, or who performs any mechanical operation on, any firearm, large capacity ammunition feeding device or machine-gun. See N.Y. Penal Law 265.00

  • Habeas corpus: A writ that is usually used to bring a prisoner before the court to determine the legality of his imprisonment. It may also be used to bring a person in custody before the court to give testimony, or to be prosecuted.
  • harassment: shall mean any act or omission by or on behalf of an owner that (i) causes or is intended to cause any person lawfully entitled to occupancy of a dwelling unit to vacate such dwelling unit or to surrender or waive any rights in relation to such occupancy, and (ii) includes one or more of the following acts or omissions, provided that there shall be a rebuttable presumption that such acts or omissions were intended to cause such person to vacate such dwelling unit or to surrender or waive any rights in relation to such occupancy, except that such presumption shall not apply to such acts or omissions with respect to a private dwelling, as defined in paragraph six of subdivision a of section 27-2004:

    a. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 27-2004

  • Hearing dog: means any dog that is trained to aid a person who is deaf or hard of hearing and is actually used for such purpose, or any dog during the period such dog is being trained or bred for such purpose. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 108
  • Heritage area project: means a project undertaken by or through a municipality, public benefit corporation or a not-for-profit corporation identified in a management plan prepared and approved by the commissioner of the office of parks, recreation and historic preservation in accordance with the provisions of section 35. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 56-0101
  • High-priority chemical: means (a) a chemical designated pursuant to paragraph (a) of subdivision two of section 37-0905 of this title; and

    (b) a chemical adopted by the department pursuant to paragraph (b) of subdivision two of section 37-0905 of this title. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 37-0901

  • Higher education expenses: shall mean the cost of attendance at an eligible college and shall include tuition and fees, books, room and board, and other educationally related expenses, as determined by the corporation. See N.Y. Education Law 690
  • Historic preservation project: means :

    (a) State historic preservation projects. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 52-0101

  • Historic preservation project: means a project undertaken by a municipality or a not-for-profit corporation to acquire, improve, restore or rehabilitate property listed on the state or national registers of historic places, including, but not limited to, projects at zoos, botanical gardens, and aquaria, to protect the historic, cultural, archeological, or architectural significance thereof, or undertaken by the office of parks, recreation and historic preservation to improve, restore or rehabilitate state historic properties listed on the state or national registers of historic places to protect the historical, cultural or architectural significance thereof. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 56-0101
  • Historic preservation project: means a project undertaken by a municipality or a not-for-profit corporation to acquire, improve, restore or rehabilitate property listed on the state or national registers of historic places to protect the historic, cultural or architectural significance thereof or a project for planning or structural assessments for such properties. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 54-0901
  • Holder: shall mean , with respect to an education loan: (i) a lender; (ii) a public benefit corporation authorized to finance the purchase or making of education loans pursuant to the public authorities law; or (iii) any assignee of such lender or public benefit corporation. See N.Y. Education Law 690
  • horse: means the entire family of equidae. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 90-B
  • horticulture: shall mean any production of plants or animals useful to man, including but not limited to: forage or sod crops; grains and feed crops; dairy animals and dairy products; poultry and poultry products; livestock, including beef cattle, sheep, swine, horses, ponies, mules or goats, and including the breeding and grazing of any or all of such animals; bees and apiary products; fur animals; trees and forest products; fruits of all kinds including wineries; vegetables; nursery, floral, ornamental and greenhouse products and farmstands for selling products raised or produced on site and other associated structures required for their production. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 57-0107
  • hospital: means an institution or facility possessing a valid operating certificate issued pursuant to Article 28 of the public health law and authorized to employ physician assistants in accordance with rules and regulations of the public health and health planning council. See N.Y. Education Law 6540
  • hospital: means an institution or facility possessing a valid operating certificate issued pursuant to article twenty-eight of the public health law and authorized to employ specialist assistants in accordance with rules and regulations of the public health and health planning council. See N.Y. Education Law 6547
  • Hospitality personal care product: means a product provided by a hotel and intended to be applied to or used on the human body or any part thereof for cleansing, conditioning, or moisturizing. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 27-3201
  • Hotel: means a building or portion of a building which is regularly used and kept open as such for the lodging of guests. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 27-3201
  • Household hazardous waste: shall mean solid waste emanating from households (including single and multiple residences, hotels and motels, bunkhouses, ranger stations, crew quarters, campgrounds, picnic grounds and day-use recreation areas) which but for their point of generation, would be a hazardous waste under title 9 of article 27 of this chapter or a "pesticide" as defined in article 33 of this chapter. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 54-0701
  • hybrid: means the first generation of a cross produced under controlled pollination. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 136
  • Identification tag: means a tag issued by the licensing municipality which sets forth an identification number, together with the name of the municipality, the state of New York, contact information, including telephone number, for the municipality and such other information as the licensing municipality deems appropriate. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 108
  • Identified dog: means any dog carrying an identification tag as provided in section one hundred eleven of this article. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 108
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • Independent: means that a person has no material relationship with a benefit corporation or any of its subsidiaries. See N.Y. Business Corporation Law 1702
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Inedible meat: means meat and meat products derived from dead, dying, disabled, diseased or condemned animals, and meat or meat products, regardless of origin, which are adulterated within the meaning of section two hundred of this chapter. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 96-Y
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Inspection legend: means a mark or a statement authorized by the provisions of the federal law, on a carcass, meat, meat by-product, or meat food product indicating the product has been inspected and passed. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 96-G
  • Institution: shall mean any college or university chartered by the regents or incorporated by special act of the legislature that maintains a campus in New York. See N.Y. Education Law 6439
  • insurer: shall mean a life insurance corporation, or other corporation subject to supervision by the department of financial services of the state of New York. See N.Y. Education Law 6250
  • insurer: shall mean a life insurance corporation, or other corporation subject to department of financial services supervision. See N.Y. Education Law 390
  • insurer: means a life insurance corporation or other corporation subject to department of financial services supervision. See N.Y. Education Law 398
  • Intangible property: Property that has no intrinsic value, but is merely the evidence of value such as stock certificates, bonds, and promissory notes.
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Intestate: Dying without leaving a will.
  • Judge: shall mean a judge of the family court of any county in the state. See N.Y. Domestic Relations Law 109
  • Judgement: The official decision of a court finally determining the respective rights and claims of the parties to a suit.
  • Jurisprudence: The study of law and the structure of the legal system.
  • Juror: A person who is on the jury.
  • kind: means one or more related species or subspecies which singly or collectively is known by one common name, for example, corn, oats, alfalfa, and timothy. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 136
  • Kung Fu star: means a disc-like object with sharpened points on the circumference thereof and is designed for use primarily as a weapon to be thrown. See N.Y. Penal Law 265.00
  • Label: means a display of written, printed or graphic matter upon or affixed to the container in which a commercial feed is distributed, or on the invoice or delivery slip with which a commercial feed is distributed. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 128
  • label: means the display of all written, printed or graphic matter upon the immediate container or statement accompanying a commercial fertilizer. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 143
  • Label: means a marker on the surface of covered electronic equipment conveying information; for the purposes of this title, labels must be permanent and can be attached, printed, engraved or incorporated in any other permanent way that is obvious and visible to users of the product. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 27-2601
  • Labeling: means any and all labels and other written, printed or graphic matter (a) upon a commercial feed or any of its containers or wrappers or (b) accompanying such commercial feed. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 128
  • labeling: refers to statements written or imprinted on the seed container itself or on a tag or label securely attached to it as specified in the label requirements of this law. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 136
  • labelling: means all written, printed or graphic matter, upon or accompanying any commercial fertilizer, or advertisements, brochures, posters, television and radio announcements used in promoting the sale of such commercial fertilizers. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 143
  • Land use plan: shall mean the comprehensive Central Pine Barrens land use plan pursuant to section 57-0121 of this title, including the generic environmental impact statement thereon. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 57-0107
  • Landfill: means a disposal facility or part of one at which solid waste, or its residue after treatment, is intentionally placed in or on land, at which solid waste will remain after closure, and which is not a landspreading facility, a surface impoundment, or an injection well. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 52-0101
  • Landfill: means a disposal facility or part of one at which solid waste, or its residue after treatment, is intentionally placed in or on land, and at which solid waste will remain after closure and which is not a land spreading facility, a surface impoundment, or an injection well. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 54-0501
  • Landfill: means a disposal facility or part of one at which solid waste, or its residue after treatment, is intentionally placed in or on land, and at which solid waste will remain after closure and which is not a land spreading facility, a surface impoundment, or an injection well. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 56-0403
  • Landfill gas management system: means an active system for the control, capture, and management of gas created within and emitted from a solid waste landfill. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 54-0501
  • Landfill gas management system: means a system for the control, capture, and management of gas created within and emitted from a solid waste landfill. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 56-0403
  • Lands: shall mean lands, improvements and structures thereon or rights, franchises, and interests therein, lands under water and riparian rights, and shall also mean any and all interests in lands less than full title, including without limitations, easements, permanent or temporary, rights of way, uses, leases, licenses, and any other estate, interests or right in lands, legal or equitable. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 51-0101
  • Large capacity ammunition feeding device: means a magazine, belt, drum, feed strip, or similar device, that (a) has a capacity of, or that can be readily restored or converted to accept, more than ten rounds of ammunition, or * (b) contains more than seven rounds of ammunition, or (c) is obtained after the effective date of the chapter of the laws of two thousand thirteen which amended this subdivision and has a capacity of, or that can be readily restored or converted to accept, more than seven rounds of ammunition

    * NB Suspended and NOT Effective per ch 1/2013 § 58, as amended by ch 57/2013 Pt. See N.Y. Penal Law 265.00

  • Lawful custody: shall mean a custody (a) specifically authorized by statute or (b) pursuant to judgment, decree or order of a court or (c) otherwise authorized by law. See N.Y. Domestic Relations Law 109
  • lawyer: shall mean an attorney or counselor governed by Article 15 of the judiciary law, who receives remuneration or other compensation from a school district or board of cooperative educational services in exchange for legal services provided to such district or board. See N.Y. Education Law 2050
  • Lead-based paint: means paint or other similar surface coating material containing 1. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 27-2056.2
  • Lead-based paint hazard: shall mean any condition in a dwelling or dwelling unit that causes exposure to lead from lead-contaminated dust, from lead-based paint that is peeling, or from lead-based paint that is present on chewable surfaces, deteriorated subsurfaces, friction surfaces, or impact surfaces that would result in adverse human health effects. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 27-2056.2
  • Lead-contaminated dust: shall mean dust containing lead at a mass per area concentration of 10 or more micrograms per square foot on a floor, 50 or more micrograms per square foot on window sills, and 100 or more micrograms per square foot on window wells, or such more stringent standards as may be adopted by rule of the department of health and mental hygiene, provided that, if the federal environmental protection agency or a successor agency, or the federal department of housing and urban development or a successor agency, adopts lower definitions of lead-contaminated dust, the board of health shall define in the health code such lower levels for the purposes of this subchapter. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 27-2056.2
  • Lead-contaminated dust clearance test: shall mean a test for lead-contaminated dust on floors, window wells, and window sills in a dwelling, that is made in accordance with section 27-2056. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 27-2056.2
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Legacy: A gift of property made by will.
  • Lend: shall include one or more of the following services: the origination, disbursement, servicing, and/or collection of any student or parent education loan made by or on behalf of a lending institution a government entity, or an institution of higher education for the purpose of paying for higher education expenses as well as serving as a secondary market for these loans. See N.Y. Education Law 651
  • lender: shall mean any entity that itself or through an affiliate originates education loans, other than an entity authorized to finance the purchase or making of education loans through the issuance of bonds pursuant to the public authorities law. See N.Y. Education Law 690
  • lettuce: means iceberg type lettuce. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 160-P
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • License: shall mean an authorization by the department of consumer and worker protection to carry on various activities within its jurisdiction, which may take the form of a license, permit, registration, certification or such other form as is designated under law, regulation or rule. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 20-102
  • Licensed pharmacist: means a person licensed to practice pharmacy pursuant to article one hundred thirty-seven of this title. See N.Y. Education Law 6842
  • Licensee: means any person who has licensed a commercial feed manufacturing facility pursuant to section one hundred twenty-eight-a of this article. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 128
  • licensee: shall mean a person whose license, pursuant to section one hundred forty-six hereof, has been issued by the commissioner and is still in effect. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 143
  • licensing authority: means the regents of the university of the state of New York or the state education department, as the case may be, in the case of all professions licensed under title eight of the education law, and the appropriate appellate division of the supreme court in the case of the profession of law. See N.Y. Business Corporation Law 1501
  • Licensing authority: means the regents of the university of the state of New York or the state education department, as the case may be, in the case of all professions licensed under title eight of the education law, and the appropriate appellate division of the supreme court in the case of the profession of law. See N.Y. Business Corporation Law 1525
  • Licensing officer: means in the city of New York the police commissioner of that city; in the county of Nassau the commissioner of police of that county; in the county of Suffolk the sheriff of that county except in the towns of Babylon, Brookhaven, Huntington, Islip and Smithtown, the commissioner of police of that county; for the purposes of section 400. See N.Y. Penal Law 265.00
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Lineal descendant: Direct descendant of the same ancestors.
  • Loaded firearm: means any firearm loaded with ammunition or any firearm which is possessed by one who, at the same time, possesses a quantity of ammunition which may be used to discharge such firearm. See N.Y. Penal Law 265.00
  • Loan: shall mean (i) a mortgage loan evidenced by a bond, note or other obligation of a local development corporation secured by a mortgage on a project, defined in subdivision fourteen (i) and (ii) of this section, made by a local development corporation, a project occupant or other person, firm or corporation; (ii) a loan evidenced by a bond, note or other obligation of a local development corporation, a project occupant, or other person, firm or corporation secured by a loan agreement, contract or such other instrument deemed necessary or

    convenient on a project defined in subdivision fourteen (iii) of this section; (iii) a loan evidenced by a bond, note or other obligation of a local development corporation, a project occupant, or other person, firm or corporation secured by a security interest in machinery and equipment as provided in section eighteen hundred fourteen; and (iv) an employee ownership assistance loan made pursuant to paragraph (v) of subdivision fourteen of this section. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 1801

  • Loan guarantee: shall mean the guaranteeing by the authority of a loan made by a banking organization on a project as defined in subdivision fourteen of this section. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 1801
  • Local development corporation: shall mean a non-profit corporation incorporated or reincorporated under the laws of this state, regardless of its particular name, which shall meet the additional requirements of section eighteen hundred twenty-five of this title. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 1801
  • local sponsor: means any city, county, intermediate school district, or school district approved by the board, sponsoring or participating in the establishment or operation of a community college. See N.Y. Education Law 390
  • Long Island Pine Barrens maritime reserve: shall mean the reserve created pursuant to section 57-0109 of this title. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 57-0107
  • lot: means a definite quantity of seed which is identified by a lot number or other mark, and which has been so handled that each portion or container is representative of the whole quantity. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 136
  • Machine-gun: means a weapon of any description, irrespective of size, by whatever name known, loaded or unloaded, from which a number of shots or bullets may be rapidly or automatically discharged from a magazine with one continuous pull of the trigger and includes a sub-machine gun. See N.Y. Penal Law 265.00
  • Majority leader: see Floor Leaders
  • Manufacture: means to grind, mix or blend, or further process a commercial feed for distribution. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 128
  • manufacture: means to produce, prepare, import, or compound a toxic chemical. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 37-0301
  • Manufacturer: means a person who: (a) assembles or substantially assembles covered electronic equipment for sale in the state; (b) manufactures covered electronic equipment under its own brand name or under any other brand name for sale in the state; (c) sells, under its own brand name, covered electronic equipment sold in the state; (d) owns a brand name that it licenses to another person for use on covered electronic equipment sold in the state; (e) imports covered electronic equipment for sale in the state; or (f) manufactures covered electronic equipment for sale in the state without affixing a brand name. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 27-2601
  • Manufacturer: means the producer of a plastic carryout bag or film plastic sold to a store or the manufacturer's agent or broker who sold the plastic carryout bag or film plastic to the store. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 27-2701
  • manufacturer: includes the importer or first domestic distributor of the children's product if the person who currently manufactures or assembles the children's product or whose brand name is affixed to the children's product does not have a presence in the United States. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 37-0901
  • Manufacturing plant: shall include a plant used in connection with making, creating,

    working,

    preparing,

    processing,

    milling, manufacturing, finishing, fashioning, fabricating, or producing in any manner, goods, wares, merchandise, metals, fabrics, materials, products or substances of any kind or nature. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 1801

  • Marine holding tank: means any container aboard any vessel, as defined in § 2 of the navigation law, that is designed and used for the purpose of collecting and storing treated or untreated sewage from marine toilets. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 56-0101
  • Material support or resources: means currency or other financial securities, financial services, lodging, training, safehouses, false documentation or identification, communications equipment, facilities, weapons, lethal substances, explosives, personnel, transportation, and other physical assets, except medicine or religious materials. See N.Y. Penal Law 490.05
  • Mattress: means a ticking filled with a resilient material used alone or in combination with other products intended or promoted for sleeping upon. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 37-1001
  • mayor: shall mean the mayor of the city of New York. See N.Y. Education Law 6202
  • Meat: means the entire bodies, carcasses or portions thereof of animals or birds. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 96-Y
  • Meat: means the edible part of the muscle of cattle, swine, sheep, goats, horses and other large domesticated animals which is skeletal or which is found in the tongue, in the diaphragm, in the heart or in the esophagus, with or without the accompanying or overlying fat, and the portions of bone, skin, nerve and blood vessels which normally accompany the muscle tissue and which are not separated from it in the process of dressing. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 96-G
  • Meat by-product: means any edible part other than meat which has been derived from cattle, swine, sheep, goats, horses and other large domesticated animals. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 96-G
  • Meat food product: means any product capable of use as human food which is made wholly or in part from any meat or other portion of the carcass of any animal, excepting products which contain meat or other portions of such carcasses only in a relatively small proportion or historically have not been considered by consumers as products of the meat food industry, and which are exempted from definition as a meat food product by the commissioner under such conditions as he may prescribe to assure that the meat or other portions of such carcasses contained in such product are not adulterated and that such products are not represented as meat food products. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 96-G
  • Meat label: means a display of written, printed, or graphic matter authorized by the provisions of the federal law on a container indicating the meat, meat by-products, or meat food products contained therein have been inspected and passed. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 96-G
  • Meat product: means any product which is made or derived wholly or in part from the body, carcass or portions thereof of animals or birds. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 96-Y
  • Medical physics: shall mean the branch of physics limited to the field of radiological physics. See N.Y. Education Law 8701
  • Merger: means a procedure of the character described in subparagraph (a) (1). See N.Y. Business Corporation Law 901
  • Metal knuckle knife: means a weapon that, when closed, cannot function as a set of plastic knuckles or metal knuckles, nor as a knife and when open, can function as both a set of plastic knuckles or metal knuckles as well as a knife. See N.Y. Penal Law 265.00
  • Minimum status vote: means that, in addition to any other approval or vote required by this chapter, the certificate of incorporation or a bylaw adopted by the shareholders:

    (1) The holders of shares of every class or series that are entitled to vote on the corporate action shall be entitled to vote as a class on the corporate action; and

    (2) The corporate action must be approved by vote of the shareholders of each class or series entitled to cast at least three-quarters of the votes that all shareholders of the class or series are entitled to cast thereon. See N.Y. Business Corporation Law 1702

  • Minority leader: See Floor Leaders
  • mixed: means seed consisting of more than one kind, each in excess of five percent by weight of the whole. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 136
  • Monitor: means a separate visual display component of a computer, whether sold separately or together with a computer central processing unit, and includes a cathode ray tube, liquid crystal display, gas plasma, digital light processing or other image projection technology, greater than four inches when measured diagonally, and its case, interior wires and circuitry, and any cable cord or wiring permanently affixed thereto or incorporated into such product. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 27-2601
  • mortgage: shall include housing loans as defined below. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 2402
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Mortgage loan: A loan made by a lender to a borrower for the financing of real property. Source: OCC
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • Mortgagor: The person who pledges property to a creditor as collateral for a loan and who receives the money.
  • Mulch: means a protective covering of any suitable substance placed with seed which acts to retain sufficient moisture to support seed germination and sustain early seedling growth and aid in the prevention of the evaporation of soil moisture, the control of weeds, and the prevention of erosion. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 136
  • Municipal park project: means a project undertaken by a municipality or a not-for-profit corporation for the planning, structural assessment, acquisition, development or improvement of recreational facilities including construction of structures, roads and parking facilities. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 54-0901
  • Municipal landfill closure project: means activities undertaken to close, including by reclamation, a landfill owned or operated by a municipality to achieve compliance with regulations promulgated by the department, or activities undertaken to implement a landfill gas management system. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 54-0501
  • Municipal park project: means a project including an urban cultural park undertaken by a municipality for the acquisition, development or improvement of outdoor or indoor recreation facilities, including, but not limited to site acquisition, improvement, construction, reconstruction and improvement of structures, roads and parking facilities. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 52-0101
  • Municipality: means any county, town, city and village. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 108
  • Municipality: shall mean any county, city, town or village in the state. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 1801
  • Municipality: except as otherwise defined within this article, shall mean a city, county, town, village, public benefit corporation or school district or an improvement district within a city, county, town or village, or any combination thereof. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 51-0101
  • Municipality: except as otherwise defined within this article, means a city, county, town, village, public benefit corporation or school district or an improvement district within a city, county, town or village, or Indian tribe residing within New York state, or any combination thereof. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 52-0101
  • Municipality: means a local public authority or public benefit corporation, a county, city, town, village, or Indian tribe or nation residing within New York state, or any combination thereof. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 54-0101
  • Municipality: means a local public authority or public benefit corporation, a county, city, town, village, school district, supervisory district, district corporation, improvement district within a county, city, town or village, or Indian nation or tribe recognized by the state or the United States with a reservation wholly or partly within the boundaries of New York state, or any combination thereof. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 56-0101
  • Municipality: shall mean any county, town, village, city, school district, board of cooperative educational services, other special district, or any office or agency thereof. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 31-G
  • National Bank: A bank that is subject to the supervision of the Comptroller of the Currency. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is a bureau of the U.S. Treasury Department. A national bank can be recognized because it must have "national" or "national association" in its name. Source: OCC
  • nineteen hundred eighty unfunded accrued liability adjustment: when used in relation to the New York city employees' retirement system, shall mean the total amount which is determined pursuant to the provisions of items (i), (ii), (iii), (iv) and (v) of subparagraph (c) of paragraph (3) of subdivision b of section 13-127 of the administrative code of the city of New York to be the amount to be paid as a charge or applied as a credit, as the case may be, pursuant to the provisions of subparagraph (b) of paragraph (1) of such subdivision b, with respect to employer contributions to such retirement system for any fiscal year of the city preceding July first, nineteen hundred ninety. See N.Y. Education Law 6202
  • nineteen hundred eighty-two unfunded accrued liability adjustment: when used in relation to the New York city employees' retirement system, shall mean the total amount which is determined pursuant to the provisions of item (vi) of subparagraph (c) of paragraph three of subdivision b of section 13-127 of the administrative code of the city of New York to be the amount to be applied as a credit pursuant to the provisions of subparagraph (b) of paragraph (1) of such subdivision b, with respect to employer contributions to such retirement system for any fiscal year of the city preceding July first, nineteen hundred ninety. See N.Y. Education Law 6202
  • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
  • Not-for-profit conservation organization: means a not-for-profit corporation organized inter alia for the conservation or preservation of real property and which has the power to acquire interests in real property. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 49-0303
  • Not-for-profit corporation: means a corporation formed pursuant to the not-for-profit corporation law and qualified for tax-exempt status under section 501(c)(3) of the federal internal revenue code. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 52-0101
  • Not-for-profit corporation: means a corporation formed pursuant to the not-for-profit corporation law and qualified for tax-exempt status under the federal internal revenue code. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 54-0101
  • Not-for-profit corporation: means a corporation formed pursuant to the not-for-profit corporation law and qualified for tax-exempt status under the federal internal revenue code. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 56-0101
  • Not-for-profit organization: means a domestic corporation incorporated pursuant to or otherwise subject to the not-for-profit corporation law, a charitable organization registered with the department of law, a religious corporation as defined in § 66 of the general construction law, a trustee as defined in section 8-1. See N.Y. Arts and Cultural Affairs Law 25.03
  • noxious weeds: means any living stage (including but not limited to, seeds and reproductive parts) of any parasitic or other plant of a kind, or subdivision of a kind, which is of foreign origin, is new to or not widely prevalent in this state, and can directly or indirectly injure crops, other useful plants, livestock, or poultry or other interests of agriculture, including irrigation. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 161
  • nursery: means the grounds and premises, private or public, on or in which nursery stock is propagated, grown or cultivated for the purpose of distribution or selling the same as a business and shall include grounds or premises owned, leased or managed by the state or any agency of the state government, and the owner or operator of such business shall be a "nursery grower"; provided, however, that the term "nursery grower" shall not include persons engaged in the part-time production of plant products not sold in the regular channels of business. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 161
  • NYCTRS installment of nineteen hundred ninety BSL contribution attributable to the senior colleges: shall mean any

    installment defined in paragraph forty-eight of subdivision a of section 13-638. See N.Y. Education Law 6202

  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Obscene sexual performance: means any performance which, for purposes of section 263. See N.Y. Penal Law 263.00
  • Offeree: means the beneficial owner, residing in this state, of securities which an offeror acquires or offers to acquire in connection with a takeover bid. See N.Y. Business Corporation Law 1601
  • offeror: includes an issuer of securities whose securities are or are to be the subject of a takeover bid whether or not the issuer, upon acquisition, will become the beneficial owner of such securities. See N.Y. Business Corporation Law 1601
  • Office: shall mean the office of parks and recreation. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 51-0101
  • Office: means the office of parks, recreation and historic preservation. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 52-0101
  • Office: means the office of parks, recreation and historic preservation. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 54-0101
  • Office: means the office of parks, recreation and historic preservation. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 56-0101
  • Office: shall mean the office of community gardens. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 31-G
  • Office: shall mean the state office of parks, recreation and historic preservation. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 49-0201
  • official backtag: means a unique device which, when affixed to cattle, deer, swine or camelid, identifies and distinguishes such animals. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 90-B
  • Official sample: means a sample of feed taken by the commissioner or his authorized agent in accordance with the provisions of section one hundred thirty-five-a of this article. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 128
  • Officially recognized: means recognized and designated by the laws or regulations of any state, the United States, any province of Canada, or the government of any foreign country wherein said seeds were produced, except that if said seeds are produced in New York state, section one hundred forty-one shall govern. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 136
  • online education marketplace: shall mean a website or other internet-based online technology tool with which a licensed private career school or certified ESL school contracts for marketing or advertising services, or services in connection with the collection of tuition and/or fees, to the extent authorized in subdivision three of section five thousand four of this article. See N.Y. Education Law 5001
  • Open space: means open or natural land in or near urban or suburban areas necessary to serve the scenic or recreation needs thereof. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 52-0101
  • Open space land conservation project: means acquisition projects undertaken with willing sellers including, but not limited to, the purchase of conservation easements, undertaken by the commissioner, the commissioner of the office of parks, recreation and historic preservation or by municipalities pursuant to article twenty-five-AAA of the agriculture and markets law. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 56-0101
  • Operator: means any person who owns, operates, or controls a place of entertainment or who promotes or produces an entertainment. See N.Y. Arts and Cultural Affairs Law 25.03
  • Operator: means a person in control of, or having daily responsibility for, the daily operation of a store, which may include, but is not limited to, the owner of the store. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 27-2701
  • optional retirement program: means the retirement program established pursuant to this article. See N.Y. Education Law 390
  • optional retirement program: means the retirement program established pursuant to this article. See N.Y. Education Law 6250
  • Organization: shall mean a business entity, including but not limited to a corporation, trust, estate, partnership, cooperative, association, firm, club or society. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 20-102
  • Other business entity: means any person other than a natural person, general partnership (including any registered limited liability partnership or registered foreign limited liability partnership) or a domestic or foreign business corporation. See N.Y. Business Corporation Law 901
  • Outlays: Outlays are payments made (generally through the issuance of checks or disbursement of cash) to liquidate obligations. Outlays during a fiscal year may be for payment of obligations incurred in prior years or in the same year.
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • owner: shall be deemed to include, in addition to those mentioned hereinabove, all the officers, directors and persons having an interest in more than ten per cent of the issued and outstanding stock of the owner as herein defined, as holder or beneficial owner thereof, if such owner be a corporation other than a banking organization as defined in section two of the banking law, a national banking association, a federal savings and loan association, the mortgage facilities corporation, savings banks life insurance fund, the savings banks retirement system, an authorized insurer as defined in § 107 of the insurance law, or a trust company or other corporation organized under the laws of this state all the capital stock of which is owned by at least twenty savings banks or by at least twenty savings and loan associations or a subsidiary corporation all of the capital stock of which is owned by such trust company or other corporation. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 27-2004
  • Owner: means any person who harbors or keeps any dog. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 108
  • Owner: shall mean any person or persons who owns a dwelling unit or commercial space located on real property. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 27-2401
  • Owner of record: means the person in whose name any dog was last licensed pursuant to this article, except that if any license is issued on application of a person under eighteen years of age, the owner of record shall be deemed to be the parent or guardian of such person. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 108
  • ownership or control interest: means : with respect to a school that is organized as or owned by a corporation, a position as an officer or director of such corporation; or, with respect to a school that is organized as or owned by a partnership, a position as a partner; or any other interest totaling ten percent or more, whether direct or indirect, in the total equity or assets of such school. See N.Y. Education Law 5001
  • Paper carryout bag: means a paper bag, other than an exempt bag, that is provided to a customer by a person required to collect tax to be used by the customer to carry tangible personal property, regardless of whether such person required to collect tax sells any tangible personal property or service to the customer, and regardless of whether any tangible personal property or service sold is exempt from tax under Article 28 of the tax law. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 27-2801
  • Park project: means a project undertaken by a municipality, state agency, public benefit corporation, public authority, or not-for-profit corporation for the acquisition, development or improvement of parks, preserves, beaches, shorefronts, recreational sites and facilities including construction of structures, roads and parking facilities. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 56-0101
  • Part: means each portion of a test for which a score is calculated. See N.Y. Education Law 340
  • Peconic Bay system: shall mean the series of interconnected bodies of surface waters, including Flanders Bay, Great Peconic Bay, Little Peconic Bay, Noyack Bay, Shelter Island Sound, Southold Bay, Northwest Harbor, Orient Harbor, Gardiners Bay, Napeague Bay, Fort Pond Bay, the western portion of Block Island Sound, other semi-enclosed bays and harbors contiguous thereto, and all of the tidal creeks and freshwater streams that discharge into these interconnected basins. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 57-0107
  • Peeling: shall mean that the paint or other surface-coating material is curling, cracking, scaling, flaking, blistering, chipping, chalking or loose in any manner, such that a space or pocket of air is behind a portion thereof or such that the paint is not completely adhered to the underlying surface. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 27-2056.2
  • percentage: means the percentage by weight. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 143
  • percentage of germination: means the percentage of seeds, other than hard seeds, which are capable of producing normal seedlings under favorable conditions. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 136
  • Performance: means any play, motion picture, photograph or dance. See N.Y. Penal Law 263.00
  • perfusion: means the provision of extracorporeal or intracorporeal patient care services to support or replace the circulatory or respiratory function of a patient, including the administration of pharmacological and therapeutic agents, and blood products, and the management, treatment and monitoring of the physiological status of a patient during the operation of extracorporeal circulation equipment or intracorporeal equipment that replaces or support circulatory or respiratory functions. See N.Y. Education Law 6630
  • perfusionist: means a person who is licensed to practice perfusion pursuant to this article. See N.Y. Education Law 6630
  • Person: means any person, firm, corporation, or association. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 96-Z-21
  • person: shall be deemed to include, in addition to those mentioned hereinabove, all the officers, directors and persons having an interest in more than ten percent of the issued and outstanding stock of the owner as herein defined, as holder or beneficial owner thereof, if such person be a corporation other than a banking organization as defined in section two of the banking law, a national banking association, a federal savings and loan association, the mortgage facilities corporation, savings banks life insurance fund, the savings banks retirement system, an authorized insurer as defined in § 107 of the insurance law, or a trust company or other corporation organized under the laws of this state all the capital stock of which is owned by at least twenty savings banks or by at least twenty savings and loan associations or a subsidiary corporation all of the capital stock of which is owned by such trust company or other corporation. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 27-2004
  • Person: means any individual, corporation, partnership, association or other organized group of persons, municipality, or other legal entity. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 108
  • person: shall mean an individual, firm, company, partnership, corporation, trust or association. See N.Y. Arts and Cultural Affairs Law 23.03
  • Person: means any association, corporation, joint stock company, estate, general partnership (including any registered limited liability partnership or foreign limited liability partnership), limited association, limited liability company (including a professional service limited liability company), foreign limited liability company (including a foreign professional service limited liability company), joint venture, limited partnership, natural person, real estate investment trust, business trust or other trust, custodian, nominee or any other individual or entity in its own or any representative capacity. See N.Y. Business Corporation Law 901
  • Person: means any person, firm, partnership, corporation or association. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 128
  • person: shall include any individual, partnership, corporation, company, society, or association. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 136
  • person: includes individual, partnership, association, firm or corporation. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 143
  • Person: shall mean a natural person or an organization. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 20-102
  • Person: means any individual, business entity, partnership, company,

    corporation,

    not-for-profit corporation, association, governmental entity, public benefit corporation, public authority, firm, organization, or any other group of individuals, or any officer or employee or agent thereof. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 27-2601

  • Person: means any person, firm, corporation, or association. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 96-G
  • Person required to collect tax: means any vendor of tangible personal property subject to the tax imposed by subdivision (a) of § 1105 of the tax law. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 27-2801
  • Person with a disability: means any person with a disability as that term is defined in subdivision twenty-one of § 292 of the executive law. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 108
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Pet: means any domesticated animal normally maintained in or near the household(s) of the owner(s) thereof. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 128
  • Pet food: means any commercial feed prepared and distributed for consumption by pets. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 128
  • Petitioner: means a person who seeks enforcement of an order for return of a child under the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction or enforcement of a child custody determination. See N.Y. Domestic Relations Law 77
  • Pharmacy intern: means a person practicing under a limited permit pursuant to section sixty-eight hundred six of this title. See N.Y. Education Law 6842
  • Physical injury: means impairment of physical condition or substantial pain. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 108
  • physician: means a practitioner of medicine licensed to practice medicine pursuant to article one hundred thirty-one of this chapter. See N.Y. Education Law 6540
  • physician: means a practitioner of medicine licensed to practice medicine pursuant to article one hundred thirty-one of this chapter. See N.Y. Education Law 6547
  • physician: means a practitioner of medicine licensed to practice medicine pursuant to article one hundred thirty-one of this title. See N.Y. Education Law 8850
  • physician assistant: means a person who is licensed as a physician assistant pursuant to this article. See N.Y. Education Law 6540
  • Pilum ballistic knife: means any knife which has a blade which can be projected from the handle by hand pressure applied to a button, lever, spring or other device in the handle of the knife. See N.Y. Penal Law 265.00
  • Pine barrens: means a natural community of such biota as pitch pine, jack pine, and scrub oak which may be found associated with a variety of natural resources. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 52-0101
  • place of entertainment: shall mean a theatre, dinner theatre, hall, coliseum, convention center, arena, auditorium, stadium, concert hall, garden, outdoor space or other place of amusement operated as a for profit entity and located in this state in which theatrical productions, sporting events or other events are presented. See N.Y. Arts and Cultural Affairs Law 23.03
  • Place of entertainment: means any privately or publicly owned and operated entertainment facility such as a theatre, stadium, arena, racetrack, museum, amusement park, or other place where performances, concerts, exhibits, athletic games or contests are held for which an entry fee is charged. See N.Y. Arts and Cultural Affairs Law 25.03
  • Plan: shall mean the comprehensive management plan created pursuant to section 57-0115 of this title. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 57-0107
  • Plant: shall mean real property, the buildings, improvements and structures thereon and the fixtures thereon other than machinery or equipment used by a project occupant in its operations. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 1801
  • Plastic carryout bag: means a plastic carryout bag provided by a store to a customer at the point of sale. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 27-2701
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • police retired employee: shall mean any person who was retired for service on or after June fifth, nineteen hundred sixty and prior to May first, nineteen hundred sixty-three and receives, as a result of such retirement, a retirement allowance or pension from a retirement or pension system or plan of the city for members of the uniformed force of the police department. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 13-662
  • Police work dog: means any dog owned or harbored by any state or municipal police department or any state or federal law enforcement agency, which has been trained to aid law enforcement officers and is actually being used for police work purposes. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 108
  • population: shall mean the number of people in the particular taxing jurisdiction as shown by the latest federal census. See N.Y. Tax Law 1215
  • Poultry: means any domesticated bird, whether live or dead. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 96-Z-21
  • poultry: means a domesticated fowl including chickens, turkeys, waterfowl, guinea fowl and game birds commonly used for the production of meat and eggs. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 90-B
  • poultry dealer: means any person who buys or sells poultry as a business enterprise. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 90-B
  • Poultry product: means any poultry carcass, or part thereof; or any product which is made wholly or in part from any poultry carcass or part thereof, excepting products which contain poultry ingredients only in a relative small portion or historically have not been considered by consumers as products of the poultry food industry, and which are exempted by the commissioner from definition as a poultry product under such conditions as the commissioner may prescribe to assure that the poultry ingredients in such products are not adulterated and that such products are not represented as poultry products. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 96-Z-21
  • poultry transporter: means any person who transports poultry as a business enterprise. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 90-B
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Precursor: means any chemical reactant that takes part at any stage in the production by whatever method of a toxic chemical, including any key component of a binary or multicomponent chemical system, and includes precursors which have been identified for application of verification measures under article VI of the convention in schedules contained in the annex on chemicals of the chemical weapons convention. See N.Y. Penal Law 490.05
  • President: shall mean the president of the corporation. See N.Y. Education Law 651
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • principal: shall mean and include every person or firm directly or indirectly controlling the business affairs or operations of a theatrical production company or of a ticket distributor, as defined herein. See N.Y. Arts and Cultural Affairs Law 23.03
  • Principal place of business: means the office location designated by the licensee from which the person directs, controls, and coordinates his or her professional services. See N.Y. Education Law 7401-A
  • Private law: A private bill enacted into law. Private laws have restricted applicability, often addressing immigration and naturalization issues affecting individuals.
  • Private-placement adoption: shall mean any adoption other than that of a minor who has been placed for adoption by an authorized agency. See N.Y. Domestic Relations Law 109
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probate: Proving a will
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Processing: means any method whereby meat or meat products derived from animals are cut, boned, mixed, blended, canned, cured or otherwise prepared for purposes other than for human consumption. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 96-Y
  • Product name: means the name of the commmercial feed which identifies it as to kind, class, or specific use. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 128
  • Professional judgment: means professional decision-making by a licensed pharmacist, including, but not limited to, such activities as:

    a. See N.Y. Education Law 6842

  • Professional service: means any type of service to the public which may be lawfully rendered by a member of a profession within the purview of his or her profession. See N.Y. Business Corporation Law 1501
  • Professional service: means any type of service to the public which may be lawfully rendered by a member of a profession within the purview of his profession. See N.Y. Business Corporation Law 1525
  • Professional service corporation: means a corporation organized under this article. See N.Y. Business Corporation Law 1501
  • Program: shall mean the New York Higher Education Loan Program established by this article. See N.Y. Education Law 690
  • Project: shall mean (i) the construction of a new industrial or manufacturing plant, a new research and development building or other new eligible business facility, (ii) the acquisition, rehabilitation or improvement of a former or existing industrial or manufacturing plant, of a former or existing building to be used for research and development, of a former or existing other eligible business facility, (iii) the construction, acquisition, rehabilitation or improvement of pollution control facilities, (iv) the purchase of machinery and equipment, for which financial assistance from the authority is sought, or (v) assistance to employees under an employee ownership assistance loan agreement made pursuant to subtitle six of this title; provided, however, that any such plant, building, facility or machinery and equipment therefore shall not be primarily used in making retail sales of goods or services to customers who personally visit such facilities to obtain such goods or services, or used primarily as a hotel, apartment house or other place of business which furnishes dwelling space or accommodations to either residents or transients. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 1801
  • Project occupant: shall mean the business enterprise which proposes to use a project after construction, acquisition, rehabilitation or improvement. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 1801
  • Property: includes , but is not limited to, money, rights to claim refunds or rebates, postal savings deposits, bonds, notes, certificates, policies of insurance, other instruments of value, choses in action, obligations whether written or unwritten, and any thing of value of any nature whatsoever. See N.Y. Abandoned Property Law 1214
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Public access: means access to lands for public use, including stream rights and waterways. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 52-0101
  • Public body: means the state or a municipal corporation as that term is defined in section two of the general municipal law or the United States of America acting by and through the department of the interior. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 49-0303
  • Public corporation: shall mean any state and a public corporation as defined in § 66 of the general construction law, but shall not mean an agency or political subdivision of the United States or of a foreign nation. See N.Y. Abandoned Property Law 500
  • Public issuer: shall include the United States, the several states and territories thereof, political subdivisions and municipal corporations within such states and territories, foreign countries and political subdivisions and municipal corporations within such foreign countries. See N.Y. Abandoned Property Law 510
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • Publisher: means any publishing house, publishing firm, or publishing company that publishes textbooks and supplemental materials. See N.Y. Education Law 720
  • Pupil: means a child for whom transportation aid is paid and who lives more than one and one-half miles from the school which he or she attends, measured by the nearest available road to such school, or a child who lives more than one mile from an approved route, measured by the nearest available road to such route, and also lives more than one and one-half miles from the school which he or she attends. See N.Y. Education Law 3621
  • Pure seed: means agricultural, vegetable, flower, tree, or shrub seeds exclusive of inert matter, weed seeds, and all other seeds distinguishable from the kinds, or kinds and varieties being considered. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 136
  • Queen: shall mean the single reproductive female in a colony of honey bees. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 173-A
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Radiation: shall mean all ionizing radiation above background levels or any non-ionizing radiation used in diagnostic imaging or in radiation oncology. See N.Y. Education Law 8701
  • Radiological physics: shall mean diagnostic radiological physics, therapeutic radiological physics or radiation oncology physics, medical nuclear physics and medical health physics. See N.Y. Education Law 8701
  • Rapid-fire modification device: means any bump stock, trigger crank, binary trigger system, burst trigger system, or any other device that is designed to accelerate the rate of fire of a semi-automatic firearm, rifle or shotgun. See N.Y. Penal Law 265.00
  • Real property: shall mean lands, tenements and hereditaments. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 27-2401
  • Recess: A temporary interruption of the legislative business.
  • Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
  • Recyclables recovery program: means a program undertaken by a municipality consistent with requirements of section one hundred twenty-aa of the general municipal law to provide for the environmentally sound recovery of recyclables, primarily involving the collection, aggregation and processing of recyclable materials for their use as raw materials for new products or for other useful purposes other than for energy recovery, through facilities planned, designed and constructed to ensure environmental protection and to maximize the potential for recyclables recovery. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 54-0701
  • Recycle: means to separate, dismantle or process the materials, components or commodities contained in electronic waste for the purpose of preparing the materials, components or commodities for use or reuse in new products or components thereof, but not for energy recovery or energy generation by means of combustion, gasification, pyrolysis or other means. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 27-2601
  • Recycling project: means recyclables recovery equipment, source separation equipment, a recyclables recovery program or any combination thereof required by a recyclables recovery program and the reimbursement to municipalities and not-for-profit corporations, as such terms are defined in section 54-0101 of this article, for the cost of a redemption center as defined in section 27-1003 of this chapter. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 54-0701
  • region: shall include a county, except a county wholly encompassed by a city and any county with a population of one million or more. See N.Y. Canal Law 139-A
  • Registrant: means any person who has registered a commercial feed manufacturing facility or brand of pet food or specialty pet food pursuant to the provisions of section one hundred twenty-nine of this article. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 128
  • registration number: means the number assigned to and that identifies a particular domestic animal, which number and the identifying characteristics of such domestic animal are set forth in a registry maintained by a breed association recognized by the department. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 90-B
  • release: means any spilling, leaking, pumping, pouring, emitting, emptying, discharging, injecting, escaping, leaching, dumping, or disposing into the environment (including the abandonment or discarding of barrels, containers, and other closed receptacles) of any hazardous chemical, extremely hazardous substance, or toxic chemical. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 37-0301
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • Remediate: shall mean the reduction or elimination of a lead-based paint hazard through the wet scraping and repainting, removal, encapsulation, enclosure, or replacement of lead-based paint, or other method approved by the commissioner of health and mental hygiene. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 27-2056.2
  • Rendering: means the method by which animal bodies, carcasses or portions thereof, and meat or meat product are melted down and the fat or grease extracted therefrom. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 96-Y
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • Resale: means any sale of a ticket for entrance to a place of entertainment located within the boundaries of the state of New York other than a sale by the operator or the operator's agent who is expressly authorized to make first sales of such tickets. See N.Y. Arts and Cultural Affairs Law 25.03
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • Reserve: shall mean a region in which there is a combination of publicly and privately owned lands and land uses, within a defined area where there are traditional cultural patterns including agriculture, finfishing, shellfishing and tourism, which due to their pattern and configuration, and because of the need for sustained productivity could best be protected and managed through the development of a comprehensive management plan around a preserve of protected, publicly owned lands and/or privately owned land dedicated for such purposes. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 57-0107
  • Resident: shall mean :

    (a) An individual domiciled in this state;

    (b) A domestic corporation;

    (c) A banking organization, as defined in section one hundred three of this chapter; and

    (d) This state and any public corporation organized under its laws. See N.Y. Abandoned Property Law 500

  • Resides: shall mean to routinely spend 10 or more hours per week within a dwelling unit. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 27-2056.2
  • Respondent: shall mean a person accused of a violation who has entered an institution's judicial or conduct process. See N.Y. Education Law 6439
  • Respondent: means a person against whom a proceeding has been commenced for enforcement of an order for return of a child under the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction or enforcement of a child custody determination. See N.Y. Domestic Relations Law 77
  • Responsible party: means a party responsible under applicable principles of statutory or common law liability to remediate the contamination located at, or emanating from, real property subject to an environmental restoration project. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 56-0101
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • Retailer: means a person who sells covered electronic equipment to a person in the state through any means, including, but not limited to, transactions conducted through retail sales outlets, mail, catalogs, the telephone or the internet, or any electronic means. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 27-2601
  • Reupholstered furniture: means furniture whose original fabric, padding, decking, barrier material, foam, or other resilient filling has been replaced by a custom upholsterer, that has not been sold since the time of the replacement. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 37-1001
  • Reuse: means the use of electronic waste that is tested and certified to be in good working order and which was removed from the waste stream for use for the same purpose for which it was manufactured, including the continued use of whole systems or components. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 27-2601
  • revised unfunded accrued liability contribution: when used in relation to the New York city employees' retirement system, shall mean a payment of contribution which is required by the provisions of item (iii) of subparagraph (a) of paragraph one of subdivision b of section 13-127 of the administrative code of the city of New York to be made to such retirement system with respect to any fiscal year of the city preceding July first, nineteen hundred ninety. See N.Y. Education Law 6202
  • Rifle: means a weapon designed or redesigned, made or remade, and intended to be fired from the shoulder and designed or redesigned and made or remade to use the energy of the explosive in a fixed metallic cartridge to fire only a single projectile through a rifled bore for each single pull of the trigger. See N.Y. Penal Law 265.00
  • Route: means a highway or highways over and upon which a school bus regularly travels in accordance with a schedule maintained for the transportation of pupils from their homes to school. See N.Y. Education Law 3621
  • rules: shall mean a rule or rules promulgated pursuant to section 1043 of the New York city charter. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 27-2056.2
  • Sado-masochistic abuse: means the conduct defined in subdivision five of section 235. See N.Y. Penal Law 263.00
  • salary: means all amounts paid by or for the state as compensation for services rendered by an eligible employee holding a position with the state university or by or for a community college as compensation for services rendered by an eligible employee holding a position at such college. See N.Y. Education Law 390
  • salary: means that amount fixed by or pursuant to law and paid by or for an employer to an employee as compensation for services rendered by the employee to the employer. See N.Y. Education Law 398
  • salary: means all amounts paid by or for the city of New York as compensation for services rendered by an eligible employee. See N.Y. Education Law 6250
  • sale: means any transfer for consideration of title or the right to use, from a manufacturer or retailer to a person, including, but not limited to, transactions conducted through retail sales outlets, catalogs, mail, the telephone, the internet, or any electronic means; this includes transfer of new products or used products that may have been refurbished by their manufacturer or manufacturer-approved party and that are offered for sale by a manufacturer or retailer, but does not include consumer-to-consumer second-hand transfer. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 27-2601
  • School bus: means any vehicle or other means of conveyance used for the purpose of transporting pupils. See N.Y. Education Law 3621
  • School district: means common school districts, to the extent that they provide transportation of students in grades seven through twelve to a school outside the district, consolidated school districts, central school districts, central high school districts, union free school districts, except special act school districts as defined in section four thousand one of this chapter, and city school districts. See N.Y. Education Law 3621
  • Secretary: means the secretary of state. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 54-0101
  • Security: shall mean :

    (a) Any instrument issued by a corporation or public corporation or any entry on the books and records of such corporation or public corporation evidencing an obligation to make any payment of the principal amount of a debt or of any increment due or to become due thereon; or

    (b) Any instrument issued by a corporation to evidence a proprietary interest therein or any intangible interest in a corporation as evidenced by the books and records of the corporation except:

    (i) A policy of insurance issued by a mutual insurance corporation, or

    (ii) A share issued by a savings and loan association, a building and loan association, or a credit union. See N.Y. Abandoned Property Law 500

  • Security: shall include :

    (a) Any instrument issued by a corporation or public issuer to evidence an obligation to make any payment of the principal amount of a debt or of any increment due or to become due thereon, or

    (b) Any instrument issued by a corporation to evidence a proprietary interest therein except:

    (i) A policy of insurance issued by a mutual insurance corporation, or

    (ii) A share issued by a savings and loan association, a building and loan association, or a credit union. See N.Y. Abandoned Property Law 510

  • seed: means botanical structures used for planting purposes and commonly referred to as "seed" within this state. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 136
  • Select chemical agent: shall mean a chemical weapon which has been identified in regulations promulgated pursuant to subdivision twenty of § 206 of the public health law. See N.Y. Penal Law 490.05
  • Semiautomatic: means any repeating rifle, shotgun or pistol, regardless of barrel or overall length, which utilizes a portion of the energy of a firing cartridge or shell to extract the fired cartridge case or spent shell and chamber the next round, and which requires a separate pull of the trigger to fire each cartridge or shell. See N.Y. Penal Law 265.00
  • Serialized: means bearing a visible identification number and/or symbol in accordance with the requirements imposed on licensed importers and licensed manufacturers pursuant to subsection (i) of Section 923 of Title 18 of the United States Code and regulations issued pursuant thereto in effect at the time of assembly, except for antique firearms as defined in subdivision fourteen of this section, as added by chapter nine hundred eighty-six of the laws of nineteen hundred seventy-four, or any firearm, rifle or shotgun manufactured prior to nineteen hundred sixty-eight. See N.Y. Penal Law 265.00
  • Serious offense: means (a) any of the following offenses defined in the current penal law and any offense in any jurisdiction or the former penal law that includes all of the essential elements of any of the following offenses: illegally using, carrying or possessing a pistol or other dangerous weapon; possession of burglar's tools; criminal possession of stolen property in the third degree; escape in the third degree; jostling; fraudulent accosting; endangering the welfare of a child; obscenity in the third degree; issuing abortional articles; permitting prostitution; promoting prostitution in the third degree; stalking in the fourth degree; stalking in the third degree; sexual misconduct; forcible touching; sexual abuse in the third degree; sexual abuse in the second degree; criminal possession of a controlled substance in the seventh degree; criminally possessing a hypodermic instrument; criminally using drug paraphernalia in the second degree; criminal possession of methamphetamine manufacturing material in the second degree; and a hate crime defined in article four hundred eighty-five of this chapter. See N.Y. Penal Law 265.00
  • Serious physical injury: means physical injury which creates a substantial risk of death, or which causes death or serious or protracted disfigurement, protracted impairment of health or protracted loss or impairment of the function of any bodily organ. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 108
  • Service dog: means any dog that has been or is being individually trained to do work or perform tasks for the benefit of a person with a disability. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 108
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Sexual conduct: means actual or simulated sexual intercourse, oral sexual conduct, anal sexual conduct, sexual bestiality, masturbation, sado-masochistic abuse, or lewd exhibition of the genitals. See N.Y. Penal Law 263.00
  • Sexual performance: means any performance or part thereof which, for purposes of section 263. See N.Y. Penal Law 263.00
  • sheep: means any member of the genus ovis. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 90-B
  • Shotgun: means a weapon designed or redesigned, made or remade, and intended to be fired from the shoulder and designed or redesigned and made or remade to use the energy of the explosive in a fixed shotgun shell to fire through a smooth bore either a number of ball shot or a single projectile for each single pull of the trigger. See N.Y. Penal Law 265.00
  • Simulated: means the explicit depiction of any of the conduct set forth in subdivision three of this section which creates the appearance of such conduct and which exhibits any uncovered portion of the breasts, genitals or buttocks. See N.Y. Penal Law 263.00
  • Small business: means a business which is independently owned and operated, and which is not dominant in the field of operation. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 1695
  • Small business: means any business which is resident in this state, independently owned and operated, not dominant in its field, and employs not more than one hundred individuals. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 56-0101
  • Small electronic equipment: means any portable digital music player that has memory capability and is battery-powered, video cassette recorder, a digital video disc player, digital video recorder, digital converter box, cable or satellite receiver, or electronic or video game console, and includes any cable, cord, or wiring permanently affixed to or incorporated into any such product. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 27-2601
  • Small plastic bottle: means a plastic container with less than a twelve ounce capacity that is intended to be non-reusable by the end user. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 27-3201
  • Small-scale server: means a computer that typically uses desktop components in a desktop form factor, but is designed primarily to be a storage host for other computers. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 27-2601
  • soil: means the commonly accepted medium or other medium in which plants are grown and which is or may be capable of harboring or transmitting insect pests and plant diseases. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 161
  • Soil health: means soils that have the continuing capacity to function as a vital, living ecosystem that sustains plants, animals, and humans. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 151-L
  • Soil health practices: means agricultural and land management practices that improve the function of soils through actions that follow the principles of: minimizing soil disturbance from soil preparation; maximizing soil vegetation cover; maximizing the diversity of beneficial soil organisms; maximizing presence of living roots; and integrating animals into land management; and in support of such principles, include such practices as conservation tillage or no-till, cover-cropping, precision nitrogen and phosphorous application, planned rotational grazing, integrated crop-livestock systems, agroforestry, perennial crops, integrated pest management, nutrient best management practices, and those practices recommended by the United States Department of Agriculture Natural Resources Conservation Service and that are supported by the state soil and water conservation committee. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 151-L
  • Source separation equipment: shall mean :

    (a) Add-ons or trailers designed to modify collection vehicles to allow sorting and separation of collected wastes held for the purpose of recycling or collection vehicles whose function and design are exclusively for such purpose;

    (b) Containers for the source separation and temporary storage of recyclable wastes by residents or business prior to collection;

    (c) Bins, sheds or other facilities for the temporary storage of materials prior to transport for the purposes of recycling. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 51-0903

  • specialist assistant: means a person who is registered pursuant to this article as a specialist assistant for a particular medical specialty as defined by regulations promulgated by the commissioner of health pursuant to § 3711 of the public health law. See N.Y. Education Law 6547
  • specialty fertilizer: shall mean a commercial fertilizer distributed primarily for non-farm use, as the commissioner may define by regulation. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 143
  • Specialty pet: means any domesticated pet normally maintained in a cage or tank, such as, but not limited to, gerbils, hamsters, canaries, psittacine birds, mynahs, finches, tropical fish, goldfish, snakes and turtles. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 128
  • Specific public benefit: includes :

    (1) providing low-income or underserved individuals or communities with beneficial products or services;

    (2) promoting economic opportunity for individuals or communities beyond the creation of jobs in the normal course of business;

    (3) preserving the environment;

    (4) improving human health;

    (5) promoting the arts, sciences or advancement of knowledge;

    (6) increasing the flow of capital to entities with a public benefit purpose; and

    (7) the accomplishment of any other particular benefit for society or the environment. See N.Y. Business Corporation Law 1702

  • State: means any state of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the U. See N.Y. Education Law 7401-A
  • State: shall mean the state of New York. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 1801
  • State agency: shall mean any officer, department, board, commission,

    bureau, division, public corporation, agency or instrumentality of the state. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 1801

  • State agency: means :

    (a) each state department;

    (b) division of military and naval affairs, division of state police, division of housing and community renewal, division for youth, office of general services, office of parks, recreation and historic preservation, and state university of New York;

    (c) any division, board, commission, office, or bureau of any state department which is required to obtain a permit issued by the department or which undertakes an activity for which it must register with the department; and

    (d) dormitory authority of the state of New York, facilities development corporation, metropolitan

    transportation

    authority (including the operations of all of its operating units), New York state energy research and development authority, New York state environmental facilities corporation, New York state olympic regional development authority, New York state thruway authority, New York state urban development corporation, port authority of New York and New Jersey, and power authority of the state of New York. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 37-0301

  • State agency: shall mean any department, bureau, commission, board, public authority or other agency of the state, including any public benefit corporation of which any member of whose board is appointed by the governor. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 31-G
  • State assistance payment: means the payment of monies by the state for projects authorized by the environmental protection fund, to preserve, enhance, restore and improve the quality of the state's environment. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 54-0101
  • State assistance payment: means payment of the state share of the cost of projects authorized by this act to preserve, enhance, restore and improve the quality of the state's environment. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 56-0101
  • state university: means the state university of New York and the term "community college" means a college established and operated under article one hundred twenty-six of this chapter. See N.Y. Education Law 390
  • State university health care facility: shall mean a hospital, as defined in § 2801 of the public health law, operated by the state university, or a clinic, as defined in subdivision six of this section, of a state university health sciences center at Brooklyn, Buffalo, Stony Brook and Syracuse, or the College of Optometry. See N.Y. Education Law 350
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • Storage: means any school bus garage facilities or sites which may be approved by the commissioner. See N.Y. Education Law 3621
  • Store: means a retail establishment that provides plastic carryout bags to its customers as a result of the sale of a product and (a) has over ten thousand square feet of retail space, or (b) such retail establishment is part of a chain engaged in the same general field of business which operates five or more units of over five thousand square feet of retail space in this state under common ownership and management. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 27-2701
  • Student: shall mean any individual who is enrolled at least half-time, as defined by the commissioner, in a two year, four year, graduate or professional degree granting or certificate program at an eligible college. See N.Y. Education Law 690
  • Subject corporation: means a corporation that is participating in a procedure pursuant to which all of the outstanding shares of one or more classes of such corporation are being acquired by an acquiring corporation. See N.Y. Business Corporation Law 913
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Supplemental materials: means materials that supplement the primary textbook or textbooks that come in the form of another book, online technologies, a workbook, CD-ROM, or any other format, and that can be used by a faculty member or a student during the teaching of a course. See N.Y. Education Law 720
  • Surface water: shall mean lakes, bays, sounds, ponds, impounding reservoirs, perennial streams and springs, rivers, creeks, estuaries, marshes, inlets, canals, the Atlantic ocean within the territorial limits of New York state, and all other perennial bodies of surface water, natural or artificial, inland or coastal, fresh or salt, public or private, pursuant to article 15 of this chapter. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 27-2301
  • Surrogate: shall mean the surrogate of any county in the state and any other judicial officer while acting in the capacity of surrogate. See N.Y. Domestic Relations Law 109
  • Surviving corporation: means the constituent corporation into which one or more other constituent corporations are merged. See N.Y. Business Corporation Law 901
  • swine: means the entire super family of suidoidae, both feral and domestic. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 90-B
  • Switchblade knife: means any knife which has a blade which opens automatically by hand pressure applied to a button, spring or other device in the handle of the knife. See N.Y. Penal Law 265.00
  • Syndication: shall mean all forms, methods and devices for pooling of investment funds for the chief purpose of participating in a theatrical production company, as defined herein. See N.Y. Arts and Cultural Affairs Law 23.03
  • Takeover bid: means the acquisition of or offer to acquire by an offeror from an offeree, pursuant to a tender offer or request or invitation for tenders, any equity security of a target company, if after acquisition thereof the offeror would, directly or indirectly, be a beneficial owner of more than five percent of any class of the issued and outstanding equity securities of such target company. See N.Y. Business Corporation Law 1601
  • Target company: means a corporation, organized under the laws of this state and having its principal executive offices or significant business operations located within this state. See N.Y. Business Corporation Law 1601
  • Taxpayer: means any corporation, association or other entity or individual subject to tax under this chapter;

    2. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 11-601

  • Television: means a display system containing a cathode ray tube or any other type of display primarily intended to receive video

    programming via broadcast, cable or satellite transmission, having a viewable area greater than four inches when measured diagonally. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 27-2601

  • test: means any test that is given in New York at the expense of the test subject and designed for use and used in the process of selection for post-secondary or professional school admissions. See N.Y. Education Law 340
  • Test agency: means any organization, association, corporation, partnership, or individual or person that develops, sponsors or administers a test. See N.Y. Education Law 340
  • Test form: means the test booklet or instrument used for each part of each test. See N.Y. Education Law 340
  • Test subject: means an individual to whom a test is administered. See N.Y. Education Law 340
  • Test year: means the twelve-month period commencing September first during which the test agency administers a particular test. See N.Y. Education Law 340
  • Testator: A male person who leaves a will at death.
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Textbook: means any textbook that is adopted for a course, as determined by the faculty member or members or entity charged with choosing that textbook. See N.Y. Education Law 720
  • theatrical production: shall mean those live-staged dramatic productions, dramatic-musical productions and concerts, as defined in this subdivision, which hereafter are shown to the public for profit and which are financed wholly or in part by the offering or sale in or from this state, directly, or through agents or distributors, of investment agreements, evidences of interest, limited partnerships, producer shares, equity or debt securities, pre-organization subscriptions or any other syndication participation, when any persons are offered, solicited to purchase or sell, directly or indirectly, such syndication interests for moneys or services within or from the state of New York; provided, however, that for purposes of paragraphs (h) and (i) of this subdivision a "theatrical production" shall mean any live-staged dramatic production, dramatic-musical production or concert which is presented to the public in a place of entertainment as defined in this subdivision. See N.Y. Arts and Cultural Affairs Law 23.03
  • theatrical production company: shall mean any entity formed to (i) develop, produce, invest in or otherwise exploit, or any combination thereof, one or more specified or nonspecified theatrical productions, and (ii) conduct all activities related thereto. See N.Y. Arts and Cultural Affairs Law 23.03
  • Therapy dog: means any dog that is trained to aid the emotional and physical health of patients in hospitals, nursing homes, retirement homes and other settings and is actually used for such purpose, or any dog during the period such dog is being trained or bred for such purpose, and does not qualify under federal or state law or regulations as a service dog. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 108
  • Third-party standard: means a recognized standard for defining, reporting and assessing general public benefit that is:

    (1) developed by a person that is independent of the benefit corporation; and

    (2) transparent because the following information about the standard is publicly available:

    (A) the factors considered when measuring the performance of a business;

    (B) the relative weightings of those factors; and

    (C) the identity of the persons who developed and control changes to the standard and the process by which those changes are made. See N.Y. Business Corporation Law 1702

  • Ticket: means any evidence of the right of entry to any place of entertainment. See N.Y. Arts and Cultural Affairs Law 25.03
  • Ticking: means the outermost layer of fabric or related material that encloses the core and upholstery materials of a mattress or mattress pad. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 37-1001
  • Title IX Coordinator: shall mean the Title IX Coordinator and/or his or her designee or designees. See N.Y. Education Law 6439
  • ton: means a net weight of two thousand pounds avoirdupois. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 143
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • toxic chemical: means a substance on the list described in 42 U. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 37-0301
  • Toxic chemical: means any chemical which through its chemical action on life processes can cause death, serious physical injury or permanent harm to humans or animals, including all such chemicals, regardless of their origin or of their method of production, and regardless of whether they are produced in facilities, in munitions or elsewhere, and includes toxic chemicals which have been identified by the commissioner of health and included on the list of toxic chemicals pursuant to subdivision twenty of § 206 of the public health law. See N.Y. Penal Law 490.05
  • Toy: means a product designed or intended by the manufacturer to be used by children at play. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 37-0901
  • Trace contaminant: means a trace amount of a chemical or chemicals that is incidental to manufacturing, including an unintended by-product of chemical reactions during the manufacture of the children's product, a trace impurity in feed-stock, an incompletely reacted chemical mixture, or a degradation product. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 37-0901
  • Trade name: shall mean that name under which an organization or person solicits, engages in, conducts or transacts a business or activity. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 20-102
  • Trailways: means recreational trails developed under guidelines established for the development of a statewide trails system. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 52-0101
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Transportation service: means the operation within the state of a vehicle or vehicles by a person not otherwise licensed to operate a disposal plant, for the purpose of transporting for hire unprocessed animal bodies, carcasses or portions thereof, and meat or meat products which are not intended for eventual use for human consumption. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 96-Y
  • treated: means that the seed has received an effective application of an approved substance or method designed to control or repel plant disease organisms, insects, or other pests; or has received some other treatment to improve its planting value. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 136
  • TRIS: shall include TCEP (TRIS (2-chloroethyl) phosphate) and TDCPP (TRIS (1,3-dichloro-2-propyl) phosphate). See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 37-0703
  • True bill: Another word for indictment.
  • Trust account: A general term that covers all types of accounts in a trust department, such as estates, guardianships, and agencies. Source: OCC
  • Turnover: shall mean the occupancy of a dwelling unit subsequent to the termination of a tenancy and the vacatur by a prior tenant of such dwelling unit. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 27-2056.2
  • Underlying defect: shall mean a physical condition in a dwelling or dwelling unit that is causing or has caused paint to peel or a painted surface to deteriorate or fail, such as a structural or plumbing failure that allows water to intrude into a dwelling or dwelling unit. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 27-2056.2
  • Undetectable knife: means any knife or other instrument, which does not utilize materials that are detectable by a metal detector or magnetometer when set at a standard calibration, that is capable of ready use as a stabbing or cutting weapon and was commercially manufactured to be used as a weapon. See N.Y. Penal Law 265.00
  • Unfinished frame or receiver: means any material that does not constitute the frame or receiver of a firearm, rifle or shotgun but that has been shaped or formed in any way for the purpose of becoming the frame or receiver of a firearm, rifle or shotgun, and which may readily be made into a functional frame or receiver through milling, drilling or other means. See N.Y. Penal Law 265.00
  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
  • Unique character: means lands of special natural beauty, wilderness character, geological, ecological or historical significance suitable for the state nature and historic preserve and similar lands within a forest preserve county outside the Adirondack and Catskill parks. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 52-0101
  • United States: means any officer, agency, department or instrumentality of the United States of America, other than a court, and any corporation organized under its laws. See N.Y. Abandoned Property Law 1214
  • University centers: shall mean the university centers at Albany, Binghamton, Buffalo and Stony Brook. See N.Y. Education Law 350
  • Uphold: The decision of an appellate court not to reverse a lower court decision.
  • Upholstered furniture: means any item of furniture, that consists, in whole or in part, of leather, plastic, fabric or other material that contains cotton, wool, polyurethane or other natural or synthetic material that is placed in cushions or on the frame of the furniture. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 37-1001
  • Urban areas: means cities, villages or towns with a population density of greater than one thousand persons per square mile. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 53-0303
  • Urban forestry: means the planning, establishment, protection and other management of trees and other vegetation in urban areas for present and potential contribution to the physiological, sociological, and economic well-being of urban society. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 53-0303
  • Use: shall mean to avail oneself of or to employ without conveyance of title gardens on vacant public lands by any individual or organization. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 31-G
  • Usury: Charging an illegally high interest rate on a loan. Source: OCC
  • Vacant public land: shall mean any land owned by the state or a public corporation including a municipality that is not in use for a public purpose, is otherwise unoccupied, idle or not being actively utilized for a period of at least six months and is suitable for garden use. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 31-G
  • Variable Rate: Having a "variable" rate means that the APR changes from time to time based on fluctuations in an external rate, normally the Prime Rate. This external rate is known as the "index." If the index changes, the variable rate normally changes. Also see Fixed Rate.
  • variety: means a subdivision of a kind characterized by growth, yield, disease resistance, plant, flower, fruit, seed or other characteristics by which it may be differentiated under certain conditions from other plants of the same kind. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 136
  • Vector: shall mean a carrier that is capable of transmitting a pathogen from one organism to another including, but not limited to, flies and other insects, rodents, birds and vermin. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 27-2301
  • Vector: means a living organism, or molecule, including a recombinant molecule, or biological product that may be engineered as a result of biotechnology, capable of carrying a biological agent or toxin to a host. See N.Y. Penal Law 490.05
  • vegetable seeds: includes seeds of those food crops which are grown in gardens and on truck farms and are generally known and sold under the name of vegetable or herb seeds in this state. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 136
  • Vehicle: means a conveyance or any piece of equipment whatsoever used in transportation service. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 96-Y
  • Very bioaccumulative: means having a bioconcentration factor or bioaccumulation factor greater than or equal to five thousand, or if neither are available, having a log Kow greater than 5. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 37-0901
  • Very persistent: means having a half-life greater than or equal to one of the following: (a) a half-life in soil or sediment of greater than one hundred eighty days; (b) a half-life greater than or equal to sixty days in water or evidence of long-range transport. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 37-0901
  • Veto: The procedure established under the Constitution by which the President/Governor refuses to approve a bill or joint resolution and thus prevents its enactment into law. A regular veto occurs when the President/Governor returns the legislation to the house in which it originated. The President/Governor usually returns a vetoed bill with a message indicating his reasons for rejecting the measure. In Congress, the veto can be overridden only by a two-thirds vote in both the Senate and the House.
  • Wages: shall include moneys payable, under contract or otherwise, for services rendered to a domestic or foreign corporation or fiduciary, including but not limited to payment of salaries, commissions, royalties, expenses, employee benefits, and insurance benefits payable by a corporation pursuant to a self-insurance plan, less lawful deductions. See N.Y. Abandoned Property Law 500
  • Wages: shall include moneys payable, under contract or otherwise, for services rendered to a broker or dealer, less lawful deductions. See N.Y. Abandoned Property Law 510
  • War dog: means any dog which has been honorably discharged from the United States armed services. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 108
  • Waste reduction projects: means projects undertaken to reduce the volume or toxicity of material entering the municipal solid waste stream, by reducing the volume or toxicity of such material at the point of generation. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 54-0701
  • Wetlands: means freshwater wetlands as defined in article twenty-four of this chapter and tidal wetlands as defined in article twenty-five of this chapter. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 52-0101
  • Wildlife habitat: means specific areas essential for the conservation of threatened and endangered species which require special management considerations or protection for maintenance of such species. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 52-0101
  • Window: shall mean the non-glass parts of a window, including but not limited to any window sash, window well, window jamb, window sill, or window molding. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 27-2056.2
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.