§ 2903.01 Aggravated murder
§ 2903.02 Murder
§ 2903.03 Voluntary manslaughter
§ 2903.04 Involuntary manslaughter
§ 2903.041 Reckless homicide
§ 2903.05 Negligent homicide
§ 2903.06 Aggravated vehicular homicide – vehicular homicide – vehicular manslaughter
§ 2903.08 Aggravated vehicular assault; vehicular assault
§ 2903.081 Warning signs in construction zones
§ 2903.09 Unlawful termination of another’s pregnancy
§ 2903.10 Functionally impaired person, caretaker defined
§ 2903.11 Felonious assault
§ 2903.12 Aggravated assault
§ 2903.13 Assault
§ 2903.14 Negligent assault
§ 2903.15 Permitting child abuse
§ 2903.16 Failing to provide for a functionally impaired person
§ 2903.21 Aggravated menacing
§ 2903.211 Menacing by stalking
§ 2903.212 Bail for violations of certain protection orders
§ 2903.213 Motion for and hearing on protection order
§ 2903.214 Petition for protection order in menacing by stalking cases
§ 2903.215 Protection orders on behalf of organization
§ 2903.22 Menacing
§ 2903.31 Hazing
§ 2903.32 Female genital mutilation
§ 2903.33 Patient abuse and neglect in care facilities definitions
§ 2903.34 Patient abuse or neglect
§ 2903.341 Patient endangerment
§ 2903.35 Filing false patient abuse or neglect complaints
§ 2903.36 Whistleblower protection
§ 2903.37 License revocation upon conviction
§ 2903.41 Definitions related to violent offender database
§ 2903.42 Enrollment in violent offender database; presumption
§ 2903.421 Qualifying out-of-state offenders
§ 2903.43 Offenders who have VOD duties; enrollment
§ 2903.44 Out-of-state offenders with VOD duties; enrollment

Terms Used In Ohio Code > Chapter 2903 - Homicide and Assault

  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Another: when used to designate the owner of property which is the subject of an offense, includes not only natural persons but also every other owner of property. See Ohio Code 1.02
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Bond: includes an undertaking. See Ohio Code 1.02
  • Child: includes child by adoption. See Ohio Code 1.59
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • imprisonment: means being imprisoned under a sentence imposed for an offense or serving a term of imprisonment, prison term, jail term, term of local incarceration, or other term under a sentence imposed for an offense in an institution under the control of the department of rehabilitation and correction, a county, multicounty, municipal, municipal-county, or multicounty-municipal jail or workhouse, a minimum security jail, a community-based correctional facility, or another facility described or referred to in section 2929. See Ohio Code 1.05
  • in writing: includes any representation of words, letters, symbols, or figures; this provision does not affect any law relating to signatures. See Ohio Code 1.59
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Person: includes an individual, corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, and association. See Ohio Code 1.59
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Preliminary hearing: A hearing where the judge decides whether there is enough evidence to make the defendant have a trial.
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Property: means real and personal property. See Ohio Code 1.59
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Rule: includes regulation. See Ohio Code 1.59
  • state: means the state of Ohio. See Ohio Code 1.59
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • United States: includes all the states. See Ohio Code 1.59
  • Victim advocate: work with prosecutors and assist the victims of a crime.
  • Whoever: includes all persons, natural and artificial; partners; principals, agents, and employees; and all officials, public or private. See Ohio Code 1.02