§ 36-1-101 Purpose of part — Construction
§ 36-1-102 Part definitions
§ 36-1-103 Prior adoptions and terminations of parental rights involving minors and prior adoptions of adults ratified
§ 36-1-104 Withholding of material information concerning the status of the parents or guardian of a child subject to surrender, termination of parental rights or adoption– Misdemeanor
§ 36-1-105 Violation of criminal provisions of part by state employee — Dismissal
§ 36-1-106 Readoption
§ 36-1-107 Persons to whom this part is applicable
§ 36-1-108 Entities authorized to place children for adoption — Advisory and agency capacity authorized — Injunction to stop illegal payments
§ 36-1-109 Illegal payments in connection with placement of child — Penalty
§ 36-1-110 Parent under eighteen years of age — Surrender
§ 36-1-111 Presurrender request for home study or preliminary home study — Surrender of child — Consent for adoption by parent — Effect of Surrender — Form of surrender — Waiver of interest — Interpreter for non-English speaking parents
§ 36-1-112 Revocation of surrender or parental consent — Form
§ 36-1-113 Termination of parental or guardianship rights
§ 36-1-114 Venue
§ 36-1-115 Persons eligible to file adoption petition — Residence requirements — Preference for foster parents
§ 36-1-116 Home study — Adoption petition — Order of reference
§ 36-1-117 Parties to proceedings — Termination of rights of putative father — Consent of parent or guardian — Service of process
§ 36-1-118 Dismissal of adoption proceedings and guardianship orders — Revocation of surrender by court — Notice — Disposition of child
§ 36-1-119 Final order of adoption — When entered
§ 36-1-120 Final order of adoption — Contents — Report of foreign birth
§ 36-1-121 Effect of adoption on relationship
§ 36-1-122 Binding effect of adoption
§ 36-1-123 Biological parents illegally obtaining custody of a child — Custodial interference — Survival of existing restraining order
§ 36-1-124 Contested terminations of parental rights and adoptions — Appeals — Expedited schedule
§ 36-1-125 Confidentiality of records — Penalties for unauthorized disclosure — Protected orders
§ 36-1-126 Record kept under seal — Confidential records — Access to certain records — Preservation of records
§ 36-1-127 Availability of records to adopted persons and certain other persons for adoptions finalized or attempted prior to certain dates
§ 36-1-128 Contact veto registry — Persons eligible to have names entered
§ 36-1-129 Procedures for filing contact veto or giving consent
§ 36-1-130 Access to records — Search of registry — Restrictions on contact
§ 36-1-131 Search of sealed adoption record, sealed record or post-adoption records — Opportunity to veto contact
§ 36-1-132 Violation of contact veto a misdemeanor — Injunction and damages — Attorney’s fees — Using information to injure persons whose names were obtained
§ 36-1-133 Release of nonidentifying information concerning biological or legal family
§ 36-1-134 Transmission of information between affected parties — Access to records of deceased or disabled persons — Updating of information to allow contact
§ 36-1-135 Updated medical information in records — Searches for persons affected
§ 36-1-136 Notification made as part of search, contact or identifying requests
§ 36-1-137 Inability of department to verify adoptive status of relationships — Waiting period to request further searches — Limitations on searches
§ 36-1-138 Court orders for the release of information from adoption and sealed records
§ 36-1-139 Penalty for providing false information related to information requests
§ 36-1-140 Immunity for actions in good faith by department personnel and immunity of certain other persons
§ 36-1-141 Fees for searches, registration of contact vetoes, and copies — Promulgation of rules — Forms
§ 36-1-142 Voluntary delivery of infant to facility, revocation of voluntary delivery, and termination of parental rights
§ 36-1-143 Post-adoption services to support permanency in adoption
§ 36-1-144 Categories of information to be provided to adoptive family
§ 36-1-145 Written contract for post-adoption contact between certain parties — Requirements — Enforcement — Modification — Termination
§ 36-1-146 Rebuttable presumption that guardian ad litem’s fees divided equally between parties

Terms Used In Tennessee Code > Title 36 > Chapter 1 > Part 1

  • abandonment: means that:

    • (i) For a period of four (4) consecutive months immediately preceding the filing of a proceeding, pleading, petition, or any amended petition to terminate the parental rights of the parent or parents or the guardian or guardians of the child who is the subject of the petition for termination of parental rights or adoption, that the parent or parents or the guardian or guardians either have failed to visit or have failed to support or have failed to make reasonable payments toward the support of the child. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102

    • Abandonment of an infant: means , for purposes of terminating parental or guardian rights, "abandonment" of a child under one (1) year of age. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102
    • Actual malice: means knowledge that information is false, or reckless disregard of whether it is false. See Tennessee Code 56-53-101
    • Administrator: means a third party, other than the warrantor, who is designated by the warrantor to be responsible for the administration of vehicle protection product warranties. See Tennessee Code 56-55-102
    • Adopted person: means :

      • (A) Any person who is or has been adopted under this part or under the laws of any state, territory, or foreign country. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102

      • Adoption: means the social and legal process of establishing by court order, other than by paternity or legitimation proceedings or by voluntary acknowledgment of paternity, the legal relationship of parent and child. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102
      • Adoption assistance: means the federal or state programs that exist to provide financial assistance to adoptive parents to enable them to provide a permanent home to a special needs child as defined by the department. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102
      • Adoption record: means :

        • (A)

          • (i) The records, reports, or other documents maintained in any medium by the judge or clerk of the court, or by any other person pursuant to this part who is authorized to witness the execution of surrenders or revocations of surrenders, which records, reports, or documents relate to an adoption petition, a surrender or parental consent, a revocation of a surrender or parental consent, or which reasonably relate to other information concerning the adoption of a person, and which information in such records, reports, or documents exists during the pendency of an adoption or a termination of parental rights proceeding, or which records, reports, or documents exist subsequent to the conclusion of those proceedings, even if no order of adoption or order of dismissal is entered, but which records, reports or documents exist prior to those records, reports, or documents becoming a part of a sealed record or a sealed adoption record pursuant to §. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102

          • Adoptive parent or parents: means the person or persons who have been made the legal parents of a child by the entry of an order of adoption under this part or under of the laws of any state, territory or foreign country. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102
          • Adult: means any person who is eighteen (18) years of age or older. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102
          • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
          • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
          • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
          • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
          • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
          • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
          • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
          • Attorney: means the person designated and authorized by subscribers as the attorney-in-fact having authority to obligate them on reciprocal insurance contracts. See Tennessee Code 56-16-102
          • Attorney-in-fact: A person who, acting as an agent, is given written authorization by another person to transact business for him (her) out of court.
          • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
          • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
          • Biological parents: means the woman and man who physically or genetically conceived the child who is the subject of the adoption or termination proceedings or who conceived the child who has made a request for information pursuant to this part. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102
          • Chambers: A judge's office.
          • Charitable organization: means an entity described by:

            • (A) Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (26 U. See Tennessee Code 56-52-102

            • Chartered child-placing agency: means an agency that had received a charter from the state of Tennessee through legislative action or by incorporation for the operation of an entity or a program of any type that engaged in the placement of children for foster care or residential care as part of a plan or program for which those children were or could have been made available for adoptive placement and that may have, at sometime during its existence, become subject to any licensing requirements by the department or its predecessors. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102
            • Child-caring agency: means any agency authorized by law to care for children outside their own homes for twenty-four (24) hours per day. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102
            • children: means any person or persons under eighteen (18) years of age. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102
            • Claim: means :

              • (A) A demand for monetary damages for injury or death caused by health care liability. See Tennessee Code 56-54-103

              • Claimant: means a person, including a decedent's estate, that is seeking or has sought monetary damages for injury or death caused by health care liability. See Tennessee Code 56-54-103
              • Closed claim: means a claim that has been settled or otherwise disposed of by the insuring entity, self-insurer, facility or provider. See Tennessee Code 56-54-103
              • Code: includes the Tennessee Code and all amendments and revisions to the code and all additions and supplements to the code. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
              • Commissioner: means the commissioner of commerce and insurance. See Tennessee Code 56-52-102
              • Commissioner: means the commissioner of commerce and insurance. See Tennessee Code 56-54-103
              • Commissioner: means the commissioner of commerce and insurance. See Tennessee Code 56-55-102
              • Commissioner: means the commissioner of commerce and insurance. See Tennessee Code 56-57-101
              • Commissioner: means the commissioner of commerce and insurance. See Tennessee Code 56-1-102
              • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
              • Companion claims: means separate claims involving the same incident of health care liability made against other providers or facilities. See Tennessee Code 56-54-103
              • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
              • Consent: means :

                • (A) The written authorization to relinquish a child for adoption, which is given by an agency such as the department or a public child care agency of another state or country or licensed child-placing agency of this or another state, which agency has the authority, by court order or by surrender or by operation of law or by any combination of these, to place a child for adoption and to give permission for the adoption of that child by other persons. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102

                • Conservator: means a person or entity appointed by a court to provide partial or full supervision, protection, and assistance of the person or property, or both, of a disabled adult pursuant to title 34, chapter 1 or the equivalent law of another state. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102
                • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
                • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
                • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
                • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
                • court: includes the juvenile court for purposes of the authority to accept the surrender or revocation of surrenders of a child and to issue any orders of reference, orders of guardianship, or other orders resulting from a surrender or revocation that it accepts and for purposes of authorizing the termination of parental rights pursuant to §. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102
                • Court report: means the report to the adoption or surrender court in response to an order of reference that describes to the court the status of the child and the prospective adoptive parents or the persons to whom the child is surrendered. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102
                • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
                • Decedent: A deceased person.
                • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
                • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
                • Department: means the department of commerce and insurance. See Tennessee Code 56-1-102
                • Department: means the department of children's services or any of its divisions or units. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102
                • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
                • Devise: To gift property by will.
                • disability: means that the individual is a minor pursuant to any state, territorial, or federal law, or the law of any foreign country, or that the individual has been determined by any such laws to be in need of a person or entity to care for the individual due to that individual's physical or mental incapacity or infirmity. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102
                • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
                • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
                • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
                • Economic damages: means objectively verifiable monetary losses, including medical expenses, loss of earnings, burial costs, loss of use of property, cost of replacement or repair, cost of obtaining substitute domestic services, and loss of business or employment opportunities. See Tennessee Code 56-54-103
                • Eligible person: means , for purposes of §§. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102
                • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
                • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
                • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
                • Executor: includes an administrator, where the subject matter applies to an administrator. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                • facility: means an entity licensed under title 68, including a clinic, diagnostic center, hospital, laboratory, mental health center, nursing home, office, surgical facility, treatment facility, or similar place where a health care provider provides health care to patients. See Tennessee Code 56-54-103
                • failed to visit: means the failure, for a period of four (4) consecutive months, to visit or engage in more than token visitation. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102
                • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
                • Final court report: means a written document completed by the department or a licensed child-placing agency or licensed clinical social worker after submission of any prior court reports in response to the court's order of reference. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102
                • Financially able: means that the petitioners for adoption of a child are able, by use of any and all income and economic resources of the petitioners, including, but not limited to, assistance from public or private sources, to ensure that any physical, emotional, or special needs of the child are met. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102
                • Foster care: has the meaning given to that term in §. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102
                • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
                • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
                • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
                • Health care liability: means an actual or alleged negligent act, error, or omission in providing or failing to provide health care services. See Tennessee Code 56-54-103
                • Home study: means the product of a preparation process in which individuals or families are assessed by themselves and the department or licensed child-placing agency, or a licensed clinical social worker as to their suitability for adoption and their desires with regard to the child they wish to adopt. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102
                • Incidental costs: means expenses specified in the warranty, incurred by the warranty holder, related to the failure of the vehicle protection product to perform as provided in the warranty. See Tennessee Code 56-55-102
                • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
                • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
                • insurance company: includes all corporations, associations, partnerships, or individuals engaged as principals in the business of insurance. See Tennessee Code 56-1-102
                • Insurance policy: means the written instrument in which are set forth the terms of any certificate of insurance, binder of coverage or contract of insurance, including a certificate, binder or contract issued by a state-assigned risk plan, benefit plan, nonprofit hospital service plan, health maintenance organization, motor club service plan, or surety bond, cash bond or any other alternative to insurance authorized by a state's financial responsibility act. See Tennessee Code 56-53-101
                • Insurance professional: means sales agents, managing general agents, brokers, producers, adjusters and third-party administrators. See Tennessee Code 56-53-101
                • Insurance transaction: means a transaction by, between or among:for the purpose of obtaining insurance or reinsurance, calculating insurance premiums, submitting a claim, negotiating or adjusting a claim, or otherwise obtaining insurance, self-insurance, or reinsurance or obtaining the benefits of insurance, self-insurance, or reinsurance or from insurance, self-insurance, or reinsurance. See Tennessee Code 56-53-101
                • Insurer: includes , but is not limited to, an insurance company, self-insurer, reinsurer, reciprocal exchange, interinsurer, risk retention group, Lloyd's insurer, fraternal benefit society, surety, medical service, health maintenance organization, dental, optometric or any other similar health service plan, and any other legal entity engaged or purportedly engaged in the business of insurance, including any person or entity that falls within the definition of "insurer" found within this title. See Tennessee Code 56-53-101
                • Insuring entity: means :

                  • (A) An authorized insurer. See Tennessee Code 56-54-103

                  • Interrogatories: Written questions asked by one party of an opposing party, who must answer them in writing under oath; a discovery device in a lawsuit.
                  • Joint resolution: A legislative measure which requires the approval of both chambers.
                  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
                  • Legal parent: means :

                    • (i) The biological mother of a child. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102

                    • Legal relative: means a person who is included in the class of persons set forth in the definition of "biological relative" or "legal parent" and who, at the time a request for services or information is made pursuant to §§. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102
                    • Legal representative: means :

                      • (i) The conservator, guardian, legal custodian, or other person or entity with legal authority to make decisions for an individual with a disability or an attorney-in-fact, an attorney at law representing a person for purposes of obtaining information pursuant to this part, or the legally appointed administrator, executor, or other legally appointed representative of a person's estate. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102

                      • Licensed child-placing agency: means any agency operating under a license to place children for adoption issued by the department, or operating under a license from any governmental authority from any other state or territory or the District of Columbia, or any agency that operates under the authority of another country with the right to make placement of children for adoption and that has, in the department's sole determination, been authorized to place children for adoption in this state. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102
                      • Licensed clinical social worker: means an individual who holds a license as an independent practitioner from the board of social worker certification and licensure pursuant to title 63, chapter 23, and, in addition, is licensed by the department to provide adoption placement services. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102
                      • Lineal ancestor: means any degree of grandparent or great-grandparent, either by birth or adoption. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102
                      • Lineal descendant: means a person who descended directly from another person who is the biological or adoptive ancestor of such person, such as the daughter of the daughter's mother or granddaughter of the granddaughter's grandmother. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102
                      • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
                      • Member: means any person who enrolls at no cost, or who pays fees, dues, charges or other consideration for the right to enroll to receive the purported benefits of a prescription drug discount plan. See Tennessee Code 56-57-101
                      • Minor: means any person who has not attained eighteen (18) years of age. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                      • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
                      • Month: means a calendar month. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                      • Noneconomic damages: means subjective, nonmonetary losses, including pain, suffering, inconvenience, mental anguish, disability, or disfigurement incurred by the injured party, emotional distress, loss of society and companionship, loss of consortium, humiliation and injury to reputation, and destruction of the parent-child relationship. See Tennessee Code 56-54-103
                      • Oath: includes affirmation. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                      • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
                      • Operator: means any person that engages as principal in the business of offering, selling, marketing, advertising or otherwise distributing a prescription drug discount plan within this state. See Tennessee Code 56-57-101
                      • Order of reference: means the order from the court where the surrender is executed or filed or where the adoption petition is filed that directs the department or a licensed child-placing agency or licensed clinical social worker to conduct a home study or preliminary home study or to complete a report of the status of the child who is or may be the subject of an adoption proceeding, and that seeks information as to the suitability of the prospective adoptive parents to adopt a child. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102
                      • Parental consent: means the consent described in subdivision (15)(C). See Tennessee Code 36-1-102
                      • Parental rights: means the legally recognized rights and responsibilities to act as a parent, to care for, to name, and to claim custodial rights with respect to a child. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102
                      • parents: means any biological, legal, adoptive parent or parents or, for purposes of §§. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102
                      • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
                      • Pattern or practice: means repeated, routine or generalized in nature, and not merely isolated or sporadic. See Tennessee Code 56-53-101
                      • Person: includes a corporation, firm, company or association. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                      • Person: means a natural person, company, corporation, unincorporated association, partnership, professional corporation, agency of government and any other entity. See Tennessee Code 56-53-101
                      • Person: means an individual, corporation, partnership, association, joint venture, joint stock company, trust, unincorporated organization, limited liability company, any similar entity, or any combination of these entities. See Tennessee Code 56-57-101
                      • Person: means any association, aggregate of individuals, business, company, corporation, individual, joint-stock company, Lloyds-type organization, organization, partnership, receiver, reciprocal or interinsurance exchange, trustee or society. See Tennessee Code 56-16-102
                      • Personal property: includes money, goods, chattels, things in action, and evidences of debt. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                      • Personal representative: when applied to those who represent a decedent, includes executors and administrators, unless the context implies heirs and distributees. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                      • Physical custody: means physical possession and care of a child. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102
                      • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
                      • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
                      • Post-adoption record: means :

                        • (A) The record maintained in any medium by the department, separately from the sealed record or sealed adoption record and subsequent to the sealing of an adoption record or that is maintained about any sealed record or sealed adoption record. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102

                        • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
                        • Practitioner: means a licensee of this state authorized to practice medicine and surgery, psychology, chiropractic or law or any other licensee of the state or person required to be licensed in the state whose services are compensated either in whole or in part, directly or indirectly, by insurance proceeds, including, but not limited to, automotive repair shops, building contractors and insurance adjusters, or a licensee similarly licensed in other states and nations or the licensed practitioner of any nonmedical treatment rendered in accordance with a recognized religious method of healing. See Tennessee Code 56-53-101
                        • Preliminary hearing: A hearing where the judge decides whether there is enough evidence to make the defendant have a trial.
                        • Preliminary home study: means an initial home study conducted prior to or, in limited situations, immediately after, the placement of a child with prospective adoptive parents who have not previously been subject to a home study that was conducted or updated not less than six (6) months prior to the date a surrender is sought to be executed to the prospective adoptive parents or prior to the date of the filing of the adoption petition. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102
                        • Premium: includes any payments, whether due within the insurance policy term or otherwise, and deductible payments, whether advanced by the insurer or insurance professional and subject to reimbursement by the insured or otherwise, any self-insured retention or payments, whether advanced by the insurer or insurance professional and subject to reimbursement by the insured or otherwise, and any collateral or security to be provided to collateralize obligations to pay any of the above. See Tennessee Code 56-53-101
                        • Premium finance company: means a person engaged or purporting to engage in the business of advancing money, directly or indirectly, to an insurer or producer at the request of an insured pursuant to the terms of a premium finance agreement, including but not limited to loan contracts, notes, agreements or obligations, wherein the insured has assigned the unearned premiums, accrued dividends, or loss payments as security for the advancement in payment of premiums on insurance policies only, and does not include the financing of insurance premiums purchased in connection with the financing of goods and services. See Tennessee Code 56-53-101
                        • Premium finance transaction: means a transaction by, between or among an insured, a producer or other party claiming to act on behalf of an insured and a third-party premium finance company, for the purposes of purportedly or actually advancing money directly or indirectly to an insurer or producer at the request of an insured pursuant to the terms of a premium finance agreement, wherein the insured has assigned the unearned premiums, accrued dividends or loan payments as security for the advancement in payment of premiums on insurance policies only, and does not include the financing of insurance premiums purchased in connection with the financing of goods and services. See Tennessee Code 56-53-101
                        • Prescription drug discount plan: means any card or other purchasing mechanism or device, that is not insurance, that purports to offer discounts or access to discounts to any person for the retail purchase of prescription drugs from licensed pharmacies. See Tennessee Code 56-57-101
                        • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
                        • Property: includes both personal and real property. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                        • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
                        • Prospective adoptive parents: means a nonagency person or persons who are seeking to adopt a child and who have made application with a licensed child-placing agency or licensed clinical social worker or the department for approval, or who have been previously approved, to receive a child for adoption, or who have received or who expect to receive a surrender of a child, or who have filed a petition for termination or for adoption. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102
                        • provider: means :

                          • (A) A person licensed in either title 63, except chapter 12, or title 68 to provide health care or related services, including, but not limited to, an acupuncturist, a physician, a surgeon, an osteopathic physician, a dentist, a nurse, an optometrist, a podiatrist, a chiropractor, a physical therapist, a psychologist, a pharmacist, an optician, a physician assistant, a certified professional midwife, an orthopedic physician assistant, or a nurse practitioner. See Tennessee Code 56-54-103

                          • Putative father: means a biological or alleged biological father of a child who, at the time of the filing of the petition to terminate the parental rights of such person, or if no such petition is filed, at the time of the filing of a petition to adopt a child, meets at least one (1) of the criteria set out in §. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102
                          • Reciprocal: means the aggregation of subscribers under a common name. See Tennessee Code 56-16-102
                          • Reckless: means without reasonable belief of the truth, or, for the purposes of §. See Tennessee Code 56-53-101
                          • Record: means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in a perceivable form. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                          • Related: means grandparents or any degree of great-grandparents, aunts or uncles, or any degree of great-aunts or great-uncles, or step-parent, or cousins of the first degree, or first cousins once removed, or any siblings of the whole or half degree or any spouse of the above listed relatives. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102
                          • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
                          • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
                          • Representative: when applied to those who represent a decedent, includes executors and administrators, unless the context implies heirs and distributees. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                          • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
                          • Sealed adoption record: means :

                            • (i) The adoption record as it exists subsequent to its transmittal to the department, or subsequent to its sealing by the court, pursuant to the requirements of §. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102

                            • Sealed record: means :

                              • (i) Any records, reports, or documents that are maintained at any time by a court, a court clerk, a licensed or chartered child-placing agency, licensed clinical social worker, the department, the department of health, or any other information source concerning the foster care or agency care placement, or placement for adoption, of a person by any branch of the Tennessee children's home society authorized by Public Chapter 113 (1919). See Tennessee Code 36-1-102

                              • Self-insurer: means any health care provider, facility, or other individual or entity that assumes operational or financial risk for claims of health care liability. See Tennessee Code 56-54-103
                              • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
                              • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
                              • Sibling: means anyone having a sibling relationship. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102
                              • signed: includes a mark, the name being written near the mark and witnessed, or any other symbol or methodology executed or adopted by a party with intention to authenticate a writing or record, regardless of being witnessed. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                              • State: when applied to the different parts of the United States, includes the District of Columbia and the several territories of the United States. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                              • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
                              • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
                              • Surrender: means a document executed under §. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102
                              • Surrogate birth: means :

                                • (i) The union of the wife's egg and the husband's sperm, which are then placed in another woman, who carries the fetus to term and who, pursuant to a contract, then relinquishes all parental rights to the child to the biological parents pursuant to the terms of the contract. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102

                                • Testator: A male person who leaves a will at death.
                                • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
                                • token visitation: means that the visitation, under the circumstances of the individual case, constitutes nothing more than perfunctory visitation or visitation of such an infrequent nature or of such short duration as to merely establish minimal or insubstantial contact with the child. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102
                                • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
                                • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
                                • United States: includes the District of Columbia and the several territories of the United States. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                                • Vehicle protection product: includes , but is not limited to, alarm systems, body part marking products, steering locks, window etch products, pedal and ignition locks, fuel and ignition kill switches, and electronic, radio, and satellite tracking devices. See Tennessee Code 56-55-102
                                • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
                                • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
                                • Veto: The procedure established under the Constitution by which the President/Governor refuses to approve a bill or joint resolution and thus prevents its enactment into law. A regular veto occurs when the President/Governor returns the legislation to the house in which it originated. The President/Governor usually returns a vetoed bill with a message indicating his reasons for rejecting the measure. In Congress, the veto can be overridden only by a two-thirds vote in both the Senate and the House.
                                • warrantor: means a person who is contractually obligated to the warranty holder under the terms of the vehicle protection product warranty agreement. See Tennessee Code 56-55-102
                                • warranty: means a written agreement by a warrantor that provides that, if the vehicle protection product fails to prevent loss or damage to a vehicle from a specific cause, then the warranty holder shall be paid specified incidental costs by the warrantor as a result of the failure of the vehicle protection product to perform pursuant to the terms of the warranty. See Tennessee Code 56-55-102
                                • Warranty holder: means the person who purchases a vehicle protection product or who is a permitted transferee. See Tennessee Code 56-55-102
                                • Warranty reimbursement insurance policy: means a policy of insurance that is issued to the vehicle protection product warrantor to provide reimbursement to the warrantor, or to pay on behalf of the warrantor, all covered contractual obligations incurred by the warrantor under the terms and conditions of the insured vehicle protection product warranties sold by the warrantor. See Tennessee Code 56-55-102
                                • written: includes printing, typewriting, engraving, lithography, and any other mode of representing words and letters. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                                • Year: means a calendar year, unless otherwise expressed. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105