§ 14901 Findings and purposes
§ 14902 Definitions
Subchapter I United States Central Authority
Subchapter II Provisions Relating to Accreditation and Approval
Subchapter III Recognition of Convention Adoptions in the United States
Subchapter IV Administration and Enforcement
Subchapter V General Provisions

Terms Used In U.S. Code > Title 42 > Chapter 143

  • abroad: means all areas not included within the United States. See 47 USC 335
  • accredited agency: means an agency accredited under subchapter II to provide adoption services in the United States in cases subject to the Convention. See 47 USC 765e
  • accrediting entity: means an entity designated under section 14922(a) of this title to accredit agencies and approve persons under subchapter II. See 47 USC 765e
  • adoption service: means --

    (A) identifying a child for adoption and arranging an adoption. See 47 USC 765e

  • agency: means any person other than an individual. See 47 USC 765e
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • approved person: means a person approved under subchapter II to provide adoption services in the United States in cases subject to the Convention. See 47 USC 765e
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • association: when used in reference to a corporation, shall be deemed to embrace the words "successors and assigns of such company or association" in like manner as if these last-named words, or words of similar import, were expressed. See 19 USC 2295
  • Attorney General: means the Attorney General, acting through the Commissioner of Immigration and Naturalization. See 47 USC 765e
  • central authority: means the entity designated as such by any Convention country under Article 6(1) of the Convention. See 47 USC 765e
  • central authority function: means any duty required to be carried out by a central authority under the Convention. See 47 USC 765e
  • collective bargaining: means the performance of the mutual obligation of the management representative of the Department and of the exclusive representative of employees to meet at reasonable times and to consult and bargain in a good-faith effort to reach agreement with respect to the conditions of employment affecting employees, and to execute, if requested by either party, a written document incorporating any collective bargaining agreement reached, but this obligation does not compel either party to agree to a proposal or to make a concession. See 48 USC 1902
  • Commission: means the Federal Communications Commission. See 47 USC 769
  • Commission: means the Federal Communications Commission. See 47 USC 702
  • COMSAT: means the corporation established pursuant to subchapter III of this chapter, or the successor in interest to such corporation. See 47 USC 769
  • conditions of employment: means personnel policies, practices, and matters, whether established by regulation or otherwise, affecting working conditions, but does not include policies, practices, and matters--

    (A) relating to political activities prohibited abroad or prohibited under subchapter III of chapter 73 of title 5. See 48 USC 1902

  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Convention: means the Convention on Protection of Children and Co-operation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption, done at The Hague on May 29, 1993. See 47 USC 765e
  • Convention adoption: means an adoption of a child resident in a foreign country party to the Convention by a United States citizen, or an adoption of a child resident in the United States by an individual residing in another Convention country. See 47 USC 765e
  • Convention country: means a country party to the Convention. See 47 USC 765e
  • Convention record: means any item, collection, or grouping of information contained in an electronic or physical document, an electronic collection of data, a photograph, an audio or video tape, or any other information storage medium of any type whatever that contains information about a specific past, current, or prospective Convention adoption (regardless of whether the adoption was made final) that has been preserved in accordance with section 14941(a) of this title by the Secretary of State or the Attorney General. See 47 USC 765e
  • corporation: means the corporation authorized by subchapter III of this chapter. See 47 USC 702
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Department: means the Department of State, except that with reference to the exercise of functions under this chapter with respect to another agency authorized by law to utilize the Foreign Service personnel system, such term means that other agency. See 47 USC 335
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Foreign Service: means the Foreign Service of the United States. See 47 USC 335
  • Government: means the Government of the United States. See 47 USC 335
  • individual: shall include every infant member of the species homo sapiens who is born alive at any stage of development. See 19 USC 2297
  • Inmarsat: means the International Mobile Satellite Organization established pursuant to the Convention on the International Maritime Organization. See 47 USC 769
  • INTELSAT: means the International Telecommunications Satellite Organization established pursuant to the Agreement Relating to the International Telecommunications Satellite Organization (INTELSAT). See 47 USC 769
  • International Telecommunication Union: means the intergovernmental organization that is a specialized agency of the United Nations in which member countries cooperate for the development of telecommunications, including adoption of international regulations governing terrestrial and space uses of the frequency spectrum as well as use of the geostationary satellite orbit. See 47 USC 769
  • Joint resolution: A legislative measure which requires the approval of both chambers.
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • marriage: means only a legal union between one man and one woman as husband and wife, and the word "spouse" refers only to a person of the opposite sex who is a husband or a wife. See 19 USC 2296
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • other Convention country: means a Convention country other than the United States. See 47 USC 765e
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of State, except that (subject to section 3921 of this title) with reference to the exercise of functions under this Act with respect to any agency authorized by law to utilize the Foreign Service personnel system, such term means the head of that agency. See 47 USC 335
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of State. See 47 USC 765e
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • State: means the 50 States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, and the Virgin Islands. See 47 USC 765e
  • telecommunication: means any transmission, emission or reception of signs, signals, writings, images, and sounds or intelligence of any nature by wire, radio, optical, or other electromagnetic systems. See 47 USC 702
  • United States: when used in a geographic sense, means the several States and the District of Columbia. See 47 USC 335
  • vehicle: includes every description of carriage or other artificial contrivance used, or capable of being used, as a means of transportation on land. See 19 USC 2294
  • whoever: include corporations, companies, associations, firms, partnerships, societies, and joint stock companies, as well as individuals. See 19 USC 2291