Sections
Article 1 General Provisions 8-101 – 8-136
Article 2 Adoption Subsidies 8-141 – 8-145
Article 3 Nonrecurring Adoption Expenses 8-161 – 8-166
Article 4 Interstate Adoption Assistance Compacts 8-171 – 8-173

Terms Used In Arizona Laws > Title 8 > Chapter 1

  • Abuse: means the infliction or allowing of physical injury, impairment of bodily function or disfigurement or the infliction of or allowing another person to cause serious emotional damage as evidenced by severe anxiety, depression, withdrawal or untoward aggressive behavior and which emotional damage is diagnosed by a medical doctor or psychologist and is caused by the acts or omissions of an individual who has the care, custody and control of a child. See Arizona Laws 8-201
  • Acquittal:
    1. Judgement that a criminal defendant has not been proved guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
    2. A verdict of "not guilty."
     
  • Additional wagering facility: means a facility that is not the enclosure in which authorized racing takes place but that meets the requirements of section 5-111, subsection A and is used by a permittee for handling pari-mutuel wagering. See Arizona Laws 5-101
  • adoption agency: means a person other than the division licensed by the division to place children for adoption, including an attorney or law firm. See Arizona Laws 8-101
  • Adoption subsidy: means a grant that is provided to a child with special needs and that has been applied for through the department. See Arizona Laws 8-141
  • Adult: means a person eighteen years of age or older. See Arizona Laws 8-101
  • Adult: means a person who is eighteen years of age or older. See Arizona Laws 8-201
  • Adult: means a person who has attained eighteen years of age. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Advance deposit wagering: means a form of pari-mutuel wagering that allows a person to deposit monies in advance in an account with an advance deposit provider and use the monies to pay for pari-mutuel wagering on live or simulcast racing that the advance deposit pari-mutuel wagering permittee accepts or makes. See Arizona Laws 5-101
  • Advance deposit wagering provider: means a betting system or multijurisdictional wagering provider that is authorized to conduct advance deposit wagering pursuant to this article. See Arizona Laws 5-101
  • Affected group: means two or more employees designated by the employer to participate in a shared work plan. See Arizona Laws 23-761
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • Agency: means any agency, department, board or commission of this state or a county, city or town that issues a license for purposes of operating a business in this state. See Arizona Laws 23-211
  • Agency: means the department or a child welfare agency that is authorized in its license issued by the department to place or care for children in foster care. See Arizona Laws 8-141
  • Agency placement adoption: means an adoption proceeding in which one or more of the requisite consents are given to an agency pursuant to section 8-107, subsection D, paragraph 1. See Arizona Laws 8-101
  • Alcohol: means ethanol, isopropanol or methanol. See Arizona Laws 23-493
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Applicant: means a person, partnership, association or corporation placing before the department an application for a permit or license. See Arizona Laws 5-101
  • Application: means the completion of the department application form with documentation of the child's special needs. See Arizona Laws 8-141
  • Application: means the completion of the department application form with documentation of the child's special needs and nonrecurring expenses related to the adoption. See Arizona Laws 8-161
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • approved plan: means an employer's shared work plan which meets the requirements of section 23-762 and which the department approves in writing. See Arizona Laws 23-761
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • association: when used in reference to a corporation, includes successors or assigns. See Arizona Laws 4-101
  • Association: means a body of persons, corporations, partnerships or associations, united and acting together without a charter from the state for the prosecution of some common enterprise. See Arizona Laws 5-101
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Attorney-at-law: A person who is legally qualified and licensed to practice law, and to represent and act for clients in legal proceedings.
  • Authorized representative: means the boiler chief and boiler inspector employed by the division. See Arizona Laws 23-471
  • Authorized representative: means the elevator chief and elevator inspector employed by the division. See Arizona Laws 23-491
  • Automatic elevator: means a passenger or freight lift operated by push buttons so that the starting, moving, leveling, holding and opening and closing of the doors is entirely automatic. See Arizona Laws 23-230
  • Award: means the finding or decision of an administrative law judge or the commission as to the amount of compensation or benefit due an injured employee or the dependents of a deceased employee. See Arizona Laws 23-901
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Beer: means any beverage obtained by the alcoholic fermentation, infusion or decoction of barley malt, hops, or other ingredients not drinkable, or any combination of them. See Arizona Laws 4-101
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • Benefit: means anything of value or advantage, present or prospective. See Arizona Laws 3-1703
  • Board: means a review board established pursuant to section 23-422. See Arizona Laws 23-401
  • Board: means the state liquor board. See Arizona Laws 4-101
  • Boiler: means a closed vessel in which water or other liquid is heated, steam or vapor is generated or steam or vapor is superheated, or any combination thereof, under pressure or vacuum for a use that is external to itself, by the direct application of heat from the combustion of fuels or from electricity. See Arizona Laws 23-471
  • Boxing: means the act of attack and defense with the fists, using padded gloves, that is practiced as a sport. See Arizona Laws 5-221
  • Bribe: means anything of value or advantage, present or prospective, asked, offered, given, accepted or promised with a corrupt intent to influence, unlawfully, the person to whom it is given in that person's action, vote or opinion, in any public or official capacity. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Broken package: means any container of spirituous liquor on which the United States tax seal has been broken or removed, or from which the cap, cork or seal placed thereupon by the manufacturer has been removed. See Arizona Laws 4-101
  • Certificate: means a certificate of competency. See Arizona Laws 23-471
  • Certificate: means a certificate of inspection issued by the division. See Arizona Laws 23-491
  • Certificate inspection: means an internal inspection, when construction permits, otherwise it means as complete an inspection as possible. See Arizona Laws 23-471
  • Chambers: A judge's office.
  • Charity: An agency, institution, or organization in existence and operating for the benefit of an indefinite number of persons and conducted for educational, religious, scientific, medical, or other beneficent purposes.
  • Child: means any person under eighteen years of age. See Arizona Laws 8-101
  • Child: means any person who is under the age of eighteen years, who is legally free for adoption and who otherwise may not be adopted because the person has special needs. See Arizona Laws 8-141
  • Child: means a person who is under the age of eighteen years and who is adopted in this state or placed for adoption from this state. See Arizona Laws 8-161
  • Civil forfeiture: The loss of ownership of property used to conduct illegal activity.
  • Client: means a person who contracts with a professional employer organization under a professional employer agreement. See Arizona Laws 23-561
  • Client: means an individual, association, company, firm, partnership, corporation or any other legally recognized entity that is subject to this chapter and that enters into a professional employer agreement with a professional employer organization. See Arizona Laws 23-901
  • Club: includes any of the following organizations where the sale of spirituous liquor for consumption on the premises is made only to members, spouses of members, families of members, bona fide guests of members and guests at other events authorized in this title:

    (a) A post, chapter, camp or other local unit composed solely of veterans and its duly recognized auxiliary that has been chartered by the Congress of the United States for patriotic, fraternal or benevolent purposes and that has, as the owner, lessee or occupant, operated an establishment for that purpose in this state. See Arizona Laws 4-101

  • Co-employee: means every person employed by an injured employee's employer. See Arizona Laws 23-901
  • Co-employer: means a professional employer organization or a client. See Arizona Laws 23-561
  • Commercial horse racing: means horse racing conducted other than by a county fair association. See Arizona Laws 5-101
  • Commission: means the industrial commission of Arizona. See Arizona Laws 23-311
  • Commission: means the industrial commission of Arizona. See Arizona Laws 23-340
  • Commission: means the industrial commission of Arizona, any successor agency, or such other agency as the governor shall designate to implement this article. See Arizona Laws 23-362; Version 2
  • Commission: means the industrial commission of Arizona. See Arizona Laws 23-401
  • Commission: means the industrial commission of Arizona. See Arizona Laws 23-471
  • Commission: means the industrial commission of Arizona. See Arizona Laws 23-491
  • Commission: means the Arizona racing commission. See Arizona Laws 5-101
  • Commission: means the industrial commission of Arizona. See Arizona Laws 23-901
  • Commission: means the Arizona state boxing and mixed martial arts commission. See Arizona Laws 5-221
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Community supervision: means that portion of a felony sentence that is imposed by the court pursuant to section 13-603, subsection I and that is served in the community after completing a period of imprisonment or served in prison in accordance with section 41-1604. See Arizona Laws 3-1703
  • Compensation: means the compensation and benefits provided by this chapter. See Arizona Laws 23-901
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Concessionaire: means a person, partnership, association or corporation that offers goods or services for sale to the public, a permittee or a licensee at an enclosure in which authorized racing takes place or an additional wagering facility. See Arizona Laws 5-101
  • Construction: means building, altering, repairing, adding to, subtracting from, improving, moving, wrecking or demolishing a building, highway, road, railroad, excavation or other structure, project, development or improvement, including the erection and use of scaffolding or a similar structure and providing mechanical or structural service for a structure, project, development or improvement. See Arizona Laws 23-230
  • Contest: means any boxing or mixed martial arts bout, event, contest, match or exhibition between two persons. See Arizona Laws 5-221
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Contraband: means any dangerous drug, narcotic drug, marijuana, intoxicating liquor of any kind, deadly weapon, dangerous instrument, explosive, wireless communication device, multimedia storage device or other article whose use or possession would endanger the safety, security or preservation of order in a correctional facility or a juvenile secure care facility as defined in section 41-2801, or of any person within a correctional or juvenile secure care facility. See Arizona Laws 5-109
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Control: means the power to direct or cause the direction of the management and policies of an applicant or licensee, whether through the ownership of voting securities or a partnership interest, by agreement or otherwise. See Arizona Laws 4-101
  • Controlling person: means a person directly or indirectly possessing control of an applicant or licensee. See Arizona Laws 4-101
  • Conveyance: means an elevator, dumbwaiter, escalator, moving walk, manlift, personnel hoist, material hoist, stage lift and special purpose personnel elevator, excluding conveyances located at mines and subject to regulation and inspection by the state mine inspector pursuant to title 27, chapter 3. See Arizona Laws 23-491
  • Correctional facility: means any place used for the confinement or control of a person:

    (a) Charged with or convicted of an offense; or

    (b) Held for extradition; or

    (c) Pursuant to an order of court for law enforcement purposes. See Arizona Laws 5-109

  • Corruptly: means a wrongful design to acquire or cause some pecuniary or other advantage to the person guilty of the act or omission referred to, or to some other person. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff.
  • County fair racing association: means an association duly authorized by the board of supervisors to conduct a county fair racing meeting for the benefit of the county. See Arizona Laws 5-101
  • court: means the juvenile division of the superior court. See Arizona Laws 8-101
  • Court reporter: A person who makes a word-for-word record of what is said in court and produces a transcript of the proceedings upon request.
  • Criminal street gang: means an ongoing formal or informal association of persons in which members or associates individually or collectively engage in the commission, attempted commission, facilitation or solicitation of any felony act and that has at least one individual who is a criminal street gang member. See Arizona Laws 3-1703
  • Current use of any drug: means drug use that has occurred recently enough to justify an employer's reasonable belief that involvement with drugs is ongoing. See Arizona Laws 23-493
  • Custody: means a status embodying all of the following rights and responsibilities:

    (a) The right to have the physical possession of the child. See Arizona Laws 8-101

  • Custody: means the imposition of actual or constructive restraint pursuant to an on-site arrest or court order but does not include detention in a correctional facility, juvenile detention center or state hospital. See Arizona Laws 5-109
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Dangerous drug: means dangerous drug as defined in section 13-3401. See Arizona Laws 3-1703
  • Dangerous instrument: means anything that under the circumstances in which it is used, attempted to be used or threatened to be used is readily capable of causing death or serious physical injury. See Arizona Laws 3-1703
  • Daytime: means the period between sunrise and sunset. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Deadly weapon: means anything designed for lethal use, including a firearm. See Arizona Laws 3-1703
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Department: means the labor department of the industrial commission of Arizona. See Arizona Laws 23-350
  • Department: means the department of economic security. See Arizona Laws 23-501
  • Department: means the department of liquor licenses and control. See Arizona Laws 4-101
  • Department: means the department of child safety. See Arizona Laws 8-201
  • Department: means the department of gaming. See Arizona Laws 5-101
  • Department: means the department of gaming. See Arizona Laws 5-221
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • Desensitized: means that a horse's legs on arrival at the receiving barn or saddling paddock do not respond appropriately to tests for feeling administered by an official veterinarian. See Arizona Laws 5-101
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • Direct placement adoption: means an adoption proceeding in which one or more of the requisite consents are given to a particular person pursuant to section 8-107, subsection D, paragraph 2. See Arizona Laws 8-101
  • Director: means the director of the division. See Arizona Laws 23-401
  • Director: means the director of the division of occupational safety and health. See Arizona Laws 23-471
  • Director: means the director of the division of occupational safety and health. See Arizona Laws 23-491
  • Director: means the director of the department. See Arizona Laws 23-501
  • Director: means the director of the department of liquor licenses and control. See Arizona Laws 4-101
  • Director: means the director of the department of gaming. See Arizona Laws 5-101
  • Director: means the director of the department of gaming. See Arizona Laws 5-221
  • Directory order: means a temporary order which becomes mandatory as provided in this article. See Arizona Laws 23-311
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Distilled spirits: includes alcohol, brandy, whiskey, rum, tequila, mescal, gin, absinthe, a compound or mixture of any of them or of any of them with any vegetable or other substance, alcohol bitters, bitters containing alcohol, fruits preserved in ardent spirits, and any alcoholic mixture or preparation, whether patented or otherwise, that may in sufficient quantities produce intoxication. See Arizona Laws 4-101
  • Division: means the division of occupational safety and health within the commission. See Arizona Laws 23-401
  • Division: means the division of occupational safety and health of the commission. See Arizona Laws 23-471
  • Division: means the division of occupational safety and health of the industrial commission. See Arizona Laws 23-491
  • Division: means the department of child safety. See Arizona Laws 8-101
  • Division: means the department of economic security. See Arizona Laws 23-501
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • Dog racing: means racing in which greyhound dogs chase a mechanical lure. See Arizona Laws 5-101
  • Drugs: means any substance considered unlawful under the schedules of the controlled substances section of the comprehensive drug abuse prevention and control act of 1970, as amended, (P. See Arizona Laws 23-493
  • E-verify program: means the employment verification pilot program as jointly administered by the United States department of homeland security and the social security administration or any of its successor programs. See Arizona Laws 23-211
  • Economic loss: means any loss incurred by a person as a result of the commission of an offense. See Arizona Laws 3-1703
  • Elevator: means a power-driven hoisting or lowering mechanism equipped with a car or platform which moves in guides in a substantially vertical direction. See Arizona Laws 23-230
  • Elevator: means a hoisting and lowering mechanism equipped with a car or platform that moves in guides in substantially vertical direction and that serves two or more floors of a building or structure. See Arizona Laws 23-491
  • Elevator company: means a person that is engaged in the business of erecting, constructing, installing, altering, servicing, repairing or maintaining conveyances. See Arizona Laws 23-491
  • Embezzlement: In most states, embezzlement is defined as theft/larceny of assets (money or property) by a person in a position of trust or responsibility over those assets. Embezzlement typically occurs in the employment and corporate settings. Source: OCC
  • Employ: means hiring an employee after December 31, 2007. See Arizona Laws 23-211
  • Employee: means every minor in receipt of or entitled to compensation for labor performed for any employer. See Arizona Laws 23-311
  • Employee: means every woman or man in receipt of or entitled to compensation for labor performed for any employer. See Arizona Laws 23-340
  • Employee: means any person who performs services for an employer under a contract of employment either made in this state or to be performed wholly or partly within this state. See Arizona Laws 23-350
  • Employee: means any person who is or was employed by an employer but does not include any person who is employed by a parent or a sibling, or who is employed performing babysitting services in the employer's home on a casual basis. See Arizona Laws 23-362; Version 2
  • Employee: means any person performing services for an employer, including any person defined as an employee pursuant to section 23-901, except employees engaged in household domestic labor. See Arizona Laws 23-401
  • Employee: means any person in the service of an employer. See Arizona Laws 23-493
  • Employee: means any person who performs any service on licensed premises on a full-time, part-time or contract basis with consent of the licensee, whether or not the person is denominated an employee, independent contractor or otherwise. See Arizona Laws 4-101
  • Employee: includes a person employed by an enterprise or an agent or fiduciary of a principal. See Arizona Laws 5-131
  • Employer: means any individual or type of organization that transacts business in this state, that has a license issued by an agency in this state and that employs one or more employees in this state. See Arizona Laws 23-211
  • Employer: means every person, firm, corporation, agent, manager, representative, contractor, subcontractor, principal or other person having control or direction of any minor employed at any labor, or responsible directly or indirectly for the wages of another. See Arizona Laws 23-311
  • Employer: means this state and any political subdivision of this state which receives state tax monies and every person, firm, corporation, agent, manager, representative, contractor, subcontractor, principal or other person having control or direction of any woman or man employed at any labor, or responsible directly or indirectly for the wages of another. See Arizona Laws 23-340
  • Employer: means any individual, partnership, association, joint stock company, trust or corporation, the administrator or executor of the estate of a deceased individual or the receiver, trustee or successor of any of such persons employing any person. See Arizona Laws 23-350
  • Employer: includes any corporation, proprietorship, partnership, joint venture, limited liability company, trust, association, political subdivision of the state, individual or other entity acting directly or indirectly in the interest of an employer in relation to an employee, but does not include the state of Arizona, the United States, or a small business. See Arizona Laws 23-362; Version 2
  • Employer: means any individual or type of organization, including this state and all political subdivisions of this state, that has in its employ one or more individuals performing services for it in employment and includes self-employed persons, but does not include employers of household domestic labor. See Arizona Laws 23-401
  • Employer: means this state, a political subdivision of this state or any person, firm, company, corporation, labor organization, employment agency or joint labor-management committee, including any public utility, transit district or special taxing district organized pursuant to title 48, chapter 17 or 22, that has one or more full-time employees employed in the same business, or in or about the same establishment, under any contract of hire, express or implied, oral or written. See Arizona Laws 23-493
  • Employer: includes an enterprise or principal. See Arizona Laws 5-131
  • Entered: means that a horse or dog has been registered with an authorized racing official as a participant in a specified race and has not been withdrawn prior to presentation of the horse or dog for inspection and testing as provided in section 5-105. See Arizona Laws 5-101
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • escape: means :

    (i) A departure from custody or from a juvenile secure care facility, a juvenile detention facility or an adult correctional facility in which the person is held or detained, with knowledge that the departure is not permitted, or the failure to return to custody or detention following a temporary leave granted for a specific purpose or for a limited period. See Arizona Laws 3-1703

  • Escape: means departure from custody or from a juvenile secure care facility as described in section 41-2816, a juvenile detention facility or an adult correctional facility in which a person is held or detained with knowledge that such departure is unpermitted or failure to return to custody or detention following a temporary leave granted for a specific purpose or for a limited period. See Arizona Laws 5-109
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Executive director: means the executive director of the commission. See Arizona Laws 5-221
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Extradition: The formal process of delivering an accused or convicted person from authorities in one state to authorities in another state.
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Fair wage: means a wage both fairly and reasonably commensurate with the value of the service or class of service rendered, and sufficient to meet the minimum cost of living necessary for health. See Arizona Laws 23-311
  • Farm winery: means a winery in the United States or in a territory or possession of the United States that holds a license pursuant to section 4-205. See Arizona Laws 4-101
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation: A government corporation that insures the deposits of all national and state banks that are members of the Federal Reserve System. Source: OCC
  • Federal public defender: An attorney employed by the federal courts on a full-time basis to provide legal defense to defendants who are unable to afford counsel. The judiciary administers the federal defender program pursuant to the Criminal Justice Act. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Federal Reserve System: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Felony: means an offense for which a sentence to a term of imprisonment in the custody of the state department of corrections is authorized by any law of this state. See Arizona Laws 3-1703
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Financial interest: means any direct pecuniary interest. See Arizona Laws 5-101
  • Firearm: means any loaded or unloaded handgun, pistol, revolver, rifle, shotgun or other weapon that will or is designed to or may readily be converted to expel a projectile by the action of expanding gases, except that it does not include a firearm in permanently inoperable condition. See Arizona Laws 3-1703
  • Firm: means a business unit or enterprise that transacts business. See Arizona Laws 5-101
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Forgery: The fraudulent signing or alteration of another's name to an instrument such as a deed, mortgage, or check. The intent of the forgery is to deceive or defraud. Source: OCC
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Good faith: means reasonable reliance on fact, or that which is held out to be factual, without the intent to deceive or be deceived and without reckless or malicious disregard for the truth. See Arizona Laws 23-493
  • Government: means the state, any political subdivision of the state or any department, agency, board, commission, institution or governmental instrumentality of or within the state or political subdivision. See Arizona Laws 3-1703
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Grand jury: means a body of the required number of qualified persons who are duly convened and impanelled by the presiding judge of the superior court and who are sworn to inquire into public offenses that may be tried within the county, including corrupt or willful misconduct in office of public officials within the county. See Arizona Laws 21-401
  • Guarantor: A party who agrees to be responsible for the payment of another party's debts should that party default. Source: OCC
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Handle: means the total amount of money contributed to all pari-mutuel pools by bettors. See Arizona Laws 5-101
  • Harness racing: means horse racing in which the horses are harnessed to a sulky, carriage or similar vehicle and driven by a driver. See Arizona Laws 5-101
  • Hazardous agricultural chemicals: means any substance that has a toxicity level that requires manufacturer or distributor labeling as category I, category II and category III toxicity in accordance with the regulations adopted by the administrator pursuant to the federal environmental pesticide control act of 1972, as amended. See Arizona Laws 23-230
  • Horse racing: means racing in which horses are mounted and ridden by jockeys. See Arizona Laws 5-101
  • Human smuggling organization: means an ongoing formal or informal association of persons in which members or associates individually or collectively engage in the smuggling of human beings. See Arizona Laws 3-1703
  • Impairment: means symptoms that a prospective employee or employee while working may be under the influence of drugs or alcohol that may decrease or lessen the employee's performance of the duties or tasks of the employee's job position, including symptoms of the employee's speech, walking, standing, physical dexterity, agility, coordination, actions, movement, demeanor, appearance, clothing, odor, irrational or unusual behavior, negligence or carelessness in operating equipment, machinery or production or manufacturing processes, disregard for the safety of the employee or others, involvement in an accident that results in serious damage to equipment, machinery or property, disruption of a production or manufacturing process, any injury to the employee or others or other symptoms causing a reasonable suspicion of the use of drugs or alcohol. See Arizona Laws 23-493
  • Independent contractor: means any individual or entity that carries on an independent business, that contracts to do a piece of work according to the individual's or entity's own means and methods and that is subject to control only as to results. See Arizona Laws 23-211
  • Indictment: means an accusatory statement that is in writing, that is presented by the grand jury to the superior court and that charges the commission of a public offense that may be tried within the county. See Arizona Laws 21-401
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Insurance carrier: means every insurance carrier duly authorized by the director of insurance to write workers' compensation or occupational disease compensation insurance in this state. See Arizona Laws 23-901
  • Intangible property: Property that has no intrinsic value, but is merely the evidence of value such as stock certificates, bonds, and promissory notes.
  • Interested party: means the commission and the commission's agents, the employer and the affected employees of such employer. See Arizona Laws 23-401
  • Interested party: means the commission, agents of the commission and any owner or operator who has been issued a notice of violation. See Arizona Laws 23-471
  • Interested party: means the commission and its agents and the owner or operator who has been issued a correction order. See Arizona Laws 23-491
  • Interested party: means the employer, the employee, or if the employee is deceased, the employee's estate, the surviving spouse or dependents, the commission, the insurance carrier or their representative. See Arizona Laws 23-901
  • Joint committee: Committees including membership from both houses of teh legislature. Joint committees are usually established with narrow jurisdictions and normally lack authority to report legislation.
  • Juror: A person who is on the jury.
  • Juror pool: means the persons who are summoned and who report on a specific date to or for a specific location for either trial or grand jury service. See Arizona Laws 21-101
  • Jury commissioner: means the clerk of the superior court, except that in any county having a population of more than five hundred thousand persons, the presiding judge of the superior court may appoint a jury commissioner. See Arizona Laws 21-101
  • Jury manager: means the person who is responsible for jury management in a justice of the peace court or a municipal court. See Arizona Laws 21-101
  • Jury panel: means a group of jurors who are drawn at random from the juror pool and who are assigned to a specific case or trial. See Arizona Laws 21-101
  • juvenile: means an individual who is under the age of eighteen years. See Arizona Laws 8-201
  • Juvenile court: means the juvenile division of the superior court when exercising its jurisdiction over children in any proceeding relating to delinquency, dependency or incorrigibility. See Arizona Laws 8-201
  • Kickboxing: means a form of boxing, including muay thai pursuant to rules and regulations of the United States muay thai association or another muay thai sanctioning body that is approved by the commission, in which blows are delivered with any part of the arm below the shoulder, including the hand, and any part of the leg below the hip, including the foot. See Arizona Laws 5-221
  • Knowingly employ an unauthorized alien: means the actions described in 8 United States Code section 1324a. See Arizona Laws 23-211
  • Law enforcement officer: means the attorney general, a city attorney, a county attorney or a town attorney. See Arizona Laws 23-362; Version 2
  • Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Legal drinking age: means twenty-one years of age or older. See Arizona Laws 4-101
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • License: means a license or an interim retail permit issued pursuant to this title. See Arizona Laws 4-101
  • License: means the license issued by the department to each employee or other person participating in any capacity in a racing meeting, including officials and employees of the pari-mutuel department. See Arizona Laws 5-101
  • licensed premises: means the area from which the licensee is authorized to sell, dispense or serve spirituous liquors under the provision of the license. See Arizona Laws 4-101
  • Licensee: means a person who has been issued a license or an interim retail permit pursuant to this title or a special event licensee. See Arizona Laws 4-101
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Lined hot water heater: means a fired lined water heater with linings providing corrosion resistance for supplying potable hot water for commercial purposes. See Arizona Laws 23-471
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Logging: means felling timber, bucking or converting timber into logs, poles, piles, ties, bolts, pulpwood, chemical wood, excelsior wood, cordwood, fence posts or similar products, collecting, skidding, yarding, loading, transporting and unloading such products, constructing, repairing and maintaining roads, railroads, flumes or camps used in connection with logging, moving, installing, rigging and maintenance of machinery or equipment used in logging, operation of a sawmill, lath mill, shingle mill or cooperage stock mill in connection with the storing of logs and bolts, converting logs or bolts into sawed lumber, laths, shingles or cooperage stock and storing, drying and shipping lumber, laths, shingles and cooperage stock or other products of such mills. See Arizona Laws 23-230
  • Maintenance: means money payments not to exceed the estimated cost of subsistence during vocational rehabilitation. See Arizona Laws 23-501
  • Manager: means a natural person who meets the standards required of licensees and who has authority to organize, direct, carry on, control or otherwise operate a licensed business on a temporary or full-time basis. See Arizona Laws 4-101
  • Manufacturing: means designing, assembling, fabricating, producing, constructing or preparing a product or part of a product before sale or use. See Arizona Laws 23-230
  • Master jury file: means a list of prospective jurors who are randomly selected from the master jury list. See Arizona Laws 21-101
  • Master jury list: means a record of the names and addresses of eligible persons who reside in the county and includes persons on the voter registration list of the county and other persons who are eligible for jury service and who have been licensed pursuant to title 28, chapter 8, article 4 or 5. See Arizona Laws 21-101
  • Microbrewery: means a brewery in the United States or in a territory or possession of the United States that meets the requirements of section 4-205. See Arizona Laws 4-101
  • Mine or quarry: means an underground or surface rock or mineral extracting, placer, dredging or bore-hole operation including all grinding and metal mills, washer plants and any other cutting, crushing, grinding, screening, sizing, washing or cleaning operation performed on extracted rocks or minerals. See Arizona Laws 23-230
  • Minimum wage: means the nondiscretionary minimum compensation due an employee by reason of employment, including the employee's commissions, but excluding tips or gratuities. See Arizona Laws 23-350
  • Minor: means a person of either sex under the age of eighteen years. See Arizona Laws 23-311
  • Minor: means a person under the age of eighteen years. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Minor children: means persons under the age of eighteen years. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Mixed martial arts: means any form of competition or contest, other than boxing or kickboxing, in which blows are delivered and in which the competitors use any combination of tactics including boxing, wrestling, striking, kicking, martial arts and submission techniques. See Arizona Laws 5-221
  • Model system: means an exemplary and voluntary implemented worker safety and health management system that:

    (a) Exceeds basic compliance with occupational safety and health laws and regulations. See Arizona Laws 23-401

  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Mortgage loan: A loan made by a lender to a borrower for the financing of real property. Source: OCC
  • Motor vehicle: means an automobile, truck, truck tractor, trailer, semitrailer, motorcycle or similar vehicle propelled or drawn by mechanical power and designed for use as a means of transportation. See Arizona Laws 23-230
  • municipal court: as used in this title includes city or town magistrates' courts and all other courts established by law in incorporated cities and towns. See Arizona Laws 22-401
  • Narcotic drug: means narcotic drugs as defined in section 13-3401. See Arizona Laws 3-1703
  • National Credit Union Administration: The federal regulatory agency that charters and supervises federal credit unions. (NCUA also administers the National Credit Union Share Insurance Fund, which insures the deposits of federal credit unions.) Source: OCC
  • Nighttime: means the period between sunset and sunrise. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • No true bill: A legal procedure to dismiss charges against a defendant when the grand jury does not find enough evidence to charge the defendant with violating a law. Also called a "no bill."
  • Non-serious violation: means a condition or practice in a place of employment that does not constitute a serious violation but that violates a standard or regulation and has a direct or immediate relationship to safety or health, unless the employer did not, and could not with the exercise of reasonable diligence, know of the presence of such condition or practice. See Arizona Laws 23-401
  • Nonrecurring adoption expenses: means reasonable and necessary adoption fees, court costs, attorney fees and expenses which are directly related to the legal process of adoption of a child with special needs including costs relating to the adoption study, health and psychological examinations, supervision of the placement before the adoption, transportation and reasonable costs of lodging and food for the child or adoptive parents which are incurred to complete the adoption process, meet federal requirements and are not reimbursed by other sources. See Arizona Laws 8-161
  • Normal weekly hours of work: means the number of hours in a week that the employee normally would work for the shared work employer or forty hours, whichever is less. See Arizona Laws 23-761
  • Oath: includes an affirmation or declaration. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Occupation: means any class of work in any industry, trade, business, or branch thereof, in which minors are gainfully employed, but does not include domestic service in the home of an employer or agricultural labor. See Arizona Laws 23-311
  • Off-sale retailer: means any person operating a bona fide regularly established retail liquor store selling spirituous liquors, wines and beer, and any established retail store selling commodities other than spirituous liquors and engaged in the sale of spirituous liquors only in the original unbroken package, to be taken away from the premises of the retailer and to be consumed off the premises. See Arizona Laws 4-101
  • On-sale retailer: means any person operating an establishment where spirituous liquors are sold in the original container for consumption on or off the premises or in individual portions for consumption on the premises. See Arizona Laws 4-101
  • operator: means any individual or type of organization, including this state and all political subdivisions of this state, that has title to or controls, or has the duty to control, the operation of one or more boilers, pressure vessels or lined hot water heaters. See Arizona Laws 23-471
  • operator: means an individual or organization including this state and all political subdivisions of this state who has title to, controls or has the duty to control the operation of one or more conveyances, but shall not include an individual or organization engaged in mining or metallurgical operations whose operation is subject to regulation and inspection by the state mine inspector pursuant to title 27, chapter 3. See Arizona Laws 23-491
  • Oppressive and unreasonable wage: means a wage which is both less than the fair and reasonable value of the services rendered and less than sufficient to meet the minimum cost of living necessary for health. See Arizona Laws 23-311
  • Oral argument: An opportunity for lawyers to summarize their position before the court and also to answer the judges' questions.
  • Order: means and includes any rule, direction, requirement, standard, determination or decision other than an award or a directive by the commission or an administrative law judge relative to any entitlement to compensation benefits, or to the amount of compensation benefits, and any procedural ruling relative to the processing or adjudicating of a compensation matter. See Arizona Laws 23-901
  • Outside helper: means a person who rides on a motor vehicle other than in the driver or passenger compartment for the purpose of transporting, loading or unloading items. See Arizona Laws 23-230
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Pari-mutuel wagering: means a system of betting that provides for the distribution among the winning patrons of at least the total amount wagered less the amount withheld under state law. See Arizona Laws 5-101
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Party officer: means a person who holds any position or office in a political party, whether by election, appointment or otherwise. See Arizona Laws 5-131
  • Payroll card account: means an account that is directly or indirectly established through an employer and to which electronic fund transfers of an employee's wages are made on a recurring basis whether the account is operated or managed by the employer, a third-party payroll processor, a depository institution or any other person. See Arizona Laws 23-350
  • Peace officers: means sheriffs of counties, constables, marshals, policemen of cities and towns, commissioned personnel of the department of public safety, personnel who are employed by the state department of corrections and the department of juvenile corrections and who have received a certificate from the Arizona peace officer standards and training board, peace officers who are appointed by a multicounty water conservation district and who have received a certificate from the Arizona peace officer standards and training board, police officers who are appointed by community college district governing boards and who have received a certificate from the Arizona peace officer standards and training board, police officers who are appointed by the Arizona board of regents and who have received a certificate from the Arizona peace officer standards and training board, police officers who are appointed by the governing body of a public airport pursuant to section 28-8426 and who have received a certificate from the Arizona peace officer standards and training board, peace officers who are appointed by a private postsecondary institution pursuant to section 15-1897 and who have received a certificate from the Arizona peace officer standards and training board and special agents from the office of the attorney general, or of a county attorney, and who have received a certificate from the Arizona peace officer standards and training board. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Permanent guardian: means a legal guardian appointed by the court pursuant to section 8-871. See Arizona Laws 8-101
  • Permanent occupancy: means the maximum occupancy of the building or facility as set by the office of the state fire marshal for the jurisdiction in which the building or facility is located. See Arizona Laws 4-101
  • Permit: means a permit for a racing meeting issued under the provisions of this article. See Arizona Laws 5-101
  • Person: includes a partnership, limited liability company, association, company or corporation, as well as a natural person. See Arizona Laws 4-101
  • Person: means any individual, partnership, corporation, limited liability company or other legally recognized entity. See Arizona Laws 23-561
  • Person with a disability: means any individual who has a physical or mental disability and a substantial disadvantage to employment, which is of such a nature that vocational rehabilitation services may reasonably be expected to render the person fit to engage in a gainful occupation, including a gainful occupation which is more consistent with the person's capacities and abilities, or for whom vocational rehabilitation services are necessary for the purpose of extended evaluation to determine rehabilitation potential. See Arizona Laws 23-501
  • Personal property: includes money, goods, chattels, things in action and evidences of debt. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Petition: means a written statement of the essential facts that allege delinquency, incorrigibility or dependency. See Arizona Laws 8-201
  • Petitioner: includes both petitioners under a joint petition. See Arizona Laws 8-101
  • Physical force: means force used upon or directed toward the body of another person and includes confinement, but does not include deadly physical force. See Arizona Laws 3-1703
  • Physical injury: means the impairment of physical condition. See Arizona Laws 3-1703
  • Physical restoration: means medical, surgical or therapeutic treatment necessary to correct or reduce the employment disadvantage of a person with a disability and includes medical, psychiatric, dental and surgical treatment, nursing service, hospital care not to exceed ninety days, convalescent home care, drugs, medical and surgical supplies and prosthetic appliances and other related services as defined in the vocational rehabilitation act, as amended. See Arizona Laws 23-501
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • plan: means an employer's voluntary written plan for reducing unemployment under which a specified group of employees shares the work remaining after their normal weekly hours of work are reduced. See Arizona Laws 23-761
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Plea agreement: An arrangement between the prosecutor, the defense attorney, and the defendant in which the defendant agrees to plead guilty in exchange for special considerations. Source:
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Population: means the population according to the most recent United States decennial census. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Possess: means knowingly to have physical possession or otherwise to exercise dominion or control over property. See Arizona Laws 3-1703
  • Possession: means a voluntary act if the defendant knowingly exercised dominion or control over property. See Arizona Laws 3-1703
  • Power-driven bakery machine: means a horizontal or vertical dough mixer, batter mixer, bread dividing, rounding or molding machine, dough brake, dough sheeter, combination bread slicing and wrapping machine, cake cutting band saw, cookie machine or cracker machine. See Arizona Laws 23-230
  • Power-driven hoist: means an apparatus for raising or lowering a load by the application of a pulling or pushing force including a crane, derrick or forklift. See Arizona Laws 23-230
  • Power-driven meat processing machine: means a meat patty forming machine, meat and bone cutting saw or knife, head splitter, guillotine cutter, snout puller, jaw puller, skinning machine, horizontal rotary washing machine, casing cleaning machine, grinding, mixing, chopping and hashing machines and meat presses. See Arizona Laws 23-230
  • Power-driven paper products machine: means a platen die-cutting press, platen printing press, punch press which involves hand feeding of the machine, arm-type wirestitcher or stapler, circular or band saw, corner cutter or mitering machine, corrugating and single or double-lacing machine, envelope die-cutting press, guillotine paper cutter or shear, horizontal bar scorer, laminating or combining machine, sheeting machine, scrap paper baler or vertical slotter or other machine used in the remanufacture or conversion of paper or pulp into a finished product. See Arizona Laws 23-230
  • Power-driven woodworking machine: means a fixed or portable machine or tool driven by power and used or designed for cutting, shaping, forming, surfacing, nailing, stapling, wire stitching, fastening, assembling, pressing or printing wood or veneer. See Arizona Laws 23-230
  • Preliminary hearing: A hearing where the judge decides whether there is enough evidence to make the defendant have a trial.
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • Pressure vessel: means a container for the containment of pressure, either internal or external. See Arizona Laws 23-471
  • Private elevator inspector: means an individual who is authorized by the commission under section 23-491. See Arizona Laws 23-491
  • Private employer: means a sole proprietor, corporation, partnership, limited liability company or other entity with one or more employees. See Arizona Laws 23-495
  • Pro se: A Latin term meaning "on one's own behalf"; in courts, it refers to persons who present their own cases without lawyers.
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Processing: means an activity involving an addition to, subtraction from, change in or cleaning of any food or foodstuff including filleting fish, dressing poultry or cracking nuts. See Arizona Laws 23-230
  • Professional: means any person who competes for any money prize or a prize that exceeds the value of thirty-five dollars or teaches or pursues or assists in the practice of boxing or mixed martial arts as a means of obtaining a livelihood or pecuniary gain. See Arizona Laws 5-221
  • Professional employer agreement: means a written contract between a professional employer organization and a client that provides for:

    (a) The co-employment of covered employees. See Arizona Laws 23-561

  • Professional employer agreement: means a written contract between a client and a professional employer organization:

    (a) In which the professional employer organization expressly agrees to co-employ all or a majority of the employees providing services for the client. See Arizona Laws 23-901

  • Professional employer services: means the service of entering into a co-employment relationship under this article in which all or a majority of the employees who provide services to a client or to a division or work unit of the client are covered employees. See Arizona Laws 23-561
  • Program: means the voluntary protection program or any other program under which the director recognizes and partners with workplaces that have implemented a model system. See Arizona Laws 23-401
  • Property: includes both real and personal property. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Prospective employee: means any person who has made application to any employer, whether written or oral, to become an employee. See Arizona Laws 23-493
  • Public defender: Represent defendants who can't afford an attorney in criminal matters.
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Racing meeting: means a number of days of racing allotted by the commission in one permit. See Arizona Laws 5-101
  • Radiation: means ionizing radiation including gamma rays, x-rays, alpha and beta particles, high speed electrons, neutrons, protons and other nuclear particles or rays. See Arizona Laws 23-230
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Recess: A temporary interruption of the legislative business.
  • Recognized hazard: means an unsafe or unhealthful condition or practice recognized as such with respect to the standard of knowledge in the industry. See Arizona Laws 23-401
  • Referral: means a report that is submitted to the juvenile court and that alleges that a child is dependent or incorrigible or that a juvenile has committed a delinquent or criminal act. See Arizona Laws 8-201
  • Registered mail: includes certified mail. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Registered retail agent: means any person who is authorized pursuant to section 4-222 to purchase spirituous liquors for and on behalf of himself and other retail licensees. See Arizona Laws 4-101
  • Registrant: means a professional employer organization that is registered under this article. See Arizona Laws 23-561
  • Regulation: means any written regulation of occupational safety and health governing places of employment formulated pursuant to section 23-410, exclusive of standards, and shall have the same meaning as and include the term "rule". See Arizona Laws 23-401
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • Roofing: means all work performed in connection with the application of weatherproofing materials and substances, including tar, pitch, asphalt, prepared paper, tile, slate, metal, translucent materials and shingles of asbestos, asphalt or wood, to roofs of buildings and other structures. See Arizona Laws 23-230
  • Safety-sensitive position: means any job designated by an employer as a safety-sensitive position or any job that includes tasks or duties that the employer in good faith believes could affect the safety or health of the employee performing the task or others, including any of the following:

    (a) Operating a motor vehicle, other vehicle, equipment, machinery or power tools. See Arizona Laws 23-493

  • Sample: means urine, blood, breath, saliva, hair or other substances from the person being tested. See Arizona Laws 23-493
  • Sell: includes soliciting or receiving an order for, keeping or exposing for sale, directly or indirectly delivering for value, peddling, keeping with intent to sell and trafficking in. See Arizona Laws 4-101
  • Serious physical injury: includes physical injury that creates a reasonable risk of death, or that causes serious and permanent disfigurement, serious impairment of health or loss or protracted impairment of the function of any bodily organ or limb. See Arizona Laws 3-1703
  • Serious violation: means a condition or practice in a place of employment that violates a standard, regulation or section 23-403, subsection A and produces a substantial probability that death or serious physical harm could result, unless the employer did not, and could not with the exercise of reasonable diligence, know of the presence of such condition or practice. See Arizona Laws 23-401
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Shared work benefits: means benefits, including benefits payable to federal civilian employees and to ex-servicemen pursuant to 5 United States Code, chapter 85, payable to an individual under this article for weeks of reduced work under an approved shared work plan. See Arizona Laws 23-761
  • Shared work employer: means an employer with a shared work plan in effect. See Arizona Laws 23-761
  • Silica refractory products: means items produced from raw materials and containing free silica as their main constituent. See Arizona Laws 23-230
  • Simulcast: means the telecast shown within this state of live audio and visual signals of horse, harness or dog races conducted at an out-of-state track or the telecast shown outside this state of live audio and visual signals of horse or harness races originating within this state for the purpose of pari-mutuel wagering. See Arizona Laws 5-101
  • small claims division: means a forum in justice courts in which procedures shall allow the inexpensive, speedy and informal resolution of small claims. See Arizona Laws 22-501
  • Social security number verification service: means the program administered by the social security administration or any of its successor programs. See Arizona Laws 23-211
  • Source market fee: means the fee that an advance deposit wagering provider pays to a commercial permittee in the state where the advance deposit wagering customer resides. See Arizona Laws 5-101
  • Spirituous liquor: includes alcohol, brandy, whiskey, rum, tequila, mescal, gin, wine, porter, ale, beer, any malt liquor or malt beverage, absinthe, a compound or mixture of any of them or of any of them with any vegetable or other substance, alcohol bitters, bitters containing alcohol, any liquid mixture or preparation, whether patented or otherwise, which produces intoxication, fruits preserved in ardent spirits, and beverages containing more than one-half of one percent of alcohol by volume. See Arizona Laws 4-101
  • Standard: means any occupational safety and health standard that has been adopted and promulgated by a nationally recognized standards-producing organization or the federal government and shall have the same meaning as, and include the term "code". See Arizona Laws 23-401
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • subscription: includes a mark, if a person cannot write, with the person's name written near it and witnessed by a person who writes the person's own name as witness. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Telephone: means any device that a person uses for voice communications in connection with the services of a telephone company. See Arizona Laws 5-101
  • Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
  • Testify: includes every manner of oral statement under oath or affirmation. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Tough man contest: means any boxing match consisting of one minute rounds, between two or more persons who use their hands, wearing padded gloves that weigh at least twelve ounces, or their feet, or both, in any manner. See Arizona Laws 5-221
  • Trade secret: means a plan or process, tool, mechanism, or compound not patented, known only to its owner and those of the owner's employees to whom it is necessary to confide it, or other information that the employer treats as confidential and has a reasonable basis for doing so. See Arizona Laws 23-401
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Trial jury: A group of citizens who hear the evidence presented by both sides at trial and determine the facts in dispute. Federal criminal juries consist of 12 persons. Federal civil juries consist of six persons.
  • True bill: Another word for indictment.
  • Trust account: A general term that covers all types of accounts in a trust department, such as estates, guardianships, and agencies. Source: OCC
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Unauthorized alien: means an alien who does not have the legal right or authorization under federal law to work in the United States as described in 8 United States Code section 1324a(h)(3). See Arizona Laws 23-211
  • Unlawful: means contrary to law or, where the context so requires, not permitted by law. See Arizona Laws 3-1703
  • Usury: Charging an illegally high interest rate on a loan. Source: OCC
  • Vehicle: means a device in, upon or by which any person or property is, may be or could have been transported or drawn upon a highway, waterway or airway, excepting devices moved by human power or used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks. See Arizona Laws 3-1703
  • Vehicle: means any means of transportation by land, water or air, and includes everything made use of in any way for such transportation. See Arizona Laws 4-101
  • Vending machine: means a machine that dispenses merchandise through the means of coin, token, credit card or other nonpersonal means of accepting payment for merchandise received. See Arizona Laws 4-101
  • Veteran: means a person who served on active duty in the United States armed forces and who was discharged or released under honorable conditions. See Arizona Laws 23-495
  • Veteran: means a person who has served in the United States air force, army, navy, marine corps or coast guard, as an active nurse in the services of the American red cross, in the army and navy nurse corps in time of war, or in any expedition of the armed forces of the United States, and who has received a discharge other than dishonorable. See Arizona Laws 4-101
  • vocational rehabilitation service: means a service determined by the director to be necessary to enable a person with a disability to engage in a remunerative occupation and includes medical and vocational diagnosis, vocational guidance, counsel and placement, rehabilitation, training, physical restoration, transportation, occupational licenses, customary occupational tools and equipment, maintenance and training books and materials, follow up, evaluation and work adjustment and other related services as defined in the vocational rehabilitation act, as amended. See Arizona Laws 23-501
  • Voir dire: The process by which judges and lawyers select a petit jury from among those eligible to serve, by questioning them to determine knowledge of the facts of the case and a willingness to decide the case only on the evidence presented in court. "Voir dire" is a phrase meaning "to speak the truth."
  • Wage: means monetary compensation due to an employee by reason of employment, including an employee's commissions, but not tips or gratuities. See Arizona Laws 23-362; Version 2
  • Wage board: means a board created as provided in section 23-314. See Arizona Laws 23-311
  • wages: means any compensation for labor measured by time, piece, or otherwise. See Arizona Laws 23-311
  • wages: means any compensation for labor measured by time, piece, or otherwise. See Arizona Laws 23-340
  • Wages: means nondiscretionary compensation due an employee in return for labor or services rendered by an employee for which the employee has a reasonable expectation to be paid whether determined by a time, task, piece, commission or other method of calculation. See Arizona Laws 23-350
  • Warehousing: means loading, unloading, storing or otherwise moving any item or items to and from trucks, railroad cars, conveyors and buildings. See Arizona Laws 23-230
  • Week: means seven consecutive days beginning on Monday and ending on Sunday, mountain standard time. See Arizona Laws 5-101
  • Wilfully: means , with respect to conduct or to a circumstance described by a statute defining an offense, that a person is aware or believes that the person's conduct is of that nature or that the circumstance exists. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Wine: means the product obtained by the fermentation of grapes, other agricultural products containing natural or added sugar or cider or any such alcoholic beverage fortified with grape brandy and containing not more than twenty-four percent of alcohol by volume. See Arizona Laws 4-101
  • Workplace: means a location or site wherein work, either temporary or permanent, is being conducted in connection with an industry, trade or business. See Arizona Laws 23-401
  • Writ: means an order or precept in writing issued in the name of the state or by a court or judicial officer. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Writ of certiorari: An order issued by the Supreme Court directing the lower court to transmit records for a case for which it will hear on appeal.
  • Writing: includes printing. See Arizona Laws 1-215