Part 1 General Provisions 36-1-101 – 36-1-147
Part 2 Interstate Compact on Adoption and Medical Assistance 36-1-201 – 36-1-206
Part 3 Adoption Contact Veto Registry 36-1-301 – 36-1-305

Terms Used In Tennessee Code > Title 36 > Chapter 1 - Adoption

  • abandonment: means that:
    1. For a period of four (4) consecutive months immediately preceding the filing of a proceeding, pleading, petition, or any amended petition to terminate the parental rights of the  parent or parents or the guardian or guardians of the child who is the subject of the petition for termination of parental rights or adoption, that the  parent or parents or the guardian or guardians either have failed to visit or have failed to support or have failed to make reasonable payments toward the support of the child. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102
    2. Abandonment of an infant: means , for purposes of terminating parental or guardian rights, "abandonment" of a child under one (1) year of age. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102
    3. accident and sickness insurance: includes any policy or contract covering insurance against loss resulting from sickness or from bodily injury or death by accident, or both. See Tennessee Code 56-26-101
    4. Adopted person: means :

      Any person who is or has been adopted under this part or under the laws of any state, territory, or foreign country. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102

    5. Adoption: means the social and legal process of establishing by court order, other than by paternity or legitimation proceedings or by voluntary acknowledgment of paternity, the legal relationship of parent and child. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102
    6. Adoption assistance: means the federal or state programs that exist to provide financial assistance to adoptive parents to enable them to provide a permanent home to a special needs child as defined by the department. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102
    7. Adoption record: means :

      (i)  The records, reports, or other documents maintained in any medium by the judge or clerk of the court, or by any other person pursuant to this part who is authorized to witness the execution of surrenders or revocations of surrenders, which records, reports, or documents relate to an adoption petition, a surrender or parental consent, a revocation of a surrender or parental consent, or which reasonably relate to other information concerning the adoption of a person, and which information in such records, reports, or documents exists during the pendency of an adoption or a termination of parental rights proceeding, or which records, reports, or documents exist subsequent to the conclusion of those proceedings, even if no order of adoption or order of dismissal is entered, but which records, reports or documents exist prior to those records, reports, or documents becoming a part of a sealed record or a sealed adoption record pursuant to §. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102

    8. Adoptive parent or parents: means the person or persons who have been made the legal parents of a child by the entry of an order of adoption under this part or under of the laws of any state, territory or foreign country. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102
    9. Adult: means any person who is eighteen (18) years of age or older. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102
    10. advance notice period: means the fifteen-day period from the date of mailing a notice regarding the impending release of adoption records, sealed records, sealed adoption records, post-adoption records, or any other records or papers to a person who has requested that the department provide advance notice prior to releasing the information. See Tennessee Code 36-1-302
    11. Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
    12. Age of majority: means eighteen (18) years of age or older. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
    13. Allegation: something that someone says happened.
    14. Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
    15. Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
    16. Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
    17. Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
    18. Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
    19. Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
    20. Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
    21. Attorney: means the person designated and authorized by subscribers as the attorney-in-fact having authority to obligate them on reciprocal insurance contracts. See Tennessee Code 56-16-102
    22. Attorney-in-fact: A person who, acting as an agent, is given written authorization by another person to transact business for him (her) out of court.
    23. Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
    24. Benefit contract: means the agreement for provision of benefits authorized by §. See Tennessee Code 56-25-104
    25. Benefit member: means an adult member who is designated by the laws or rules of the society to be a benefit member under a benefit contract. See Tennessee Code 56-25-104
    26. Bequest: Property gifted by will.
    27. Biological parents: means the woman and man who physically or genetically conceived the child who is the subject of the adoption or termination proceedings or who conceived the child who has made a request for information pursuant to this part. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102
    28. Bonds: means bonds or interim certificates issued pending preparation or delivery of definitive bonds of a local government issued pursuant to this chapter. See Tennessee Code 9-21-105
    29. Certificate: means the document issued as written evidence of the benefit contract. See Tennessee Code 56-25-104
    30. Certificate of authority: means a legal right granted by the commissioner and enjoyed by a county mutual insurance company to provide insurance as provided for in this chapter. See Tennessee Code 56-22-103
    31. Chambers: A judge's office.
    32. Charge data: means information and figures concerning the dollar amount billed by hospitals to patients on account of care, services, goods, accommodations, facilities and equipment furnished by or in a hospital. See Tennessee Code 56-26-301
    33. Charity: An agency, institution, or organization in existence and operating for the benefit of an indefinite number of persons and conducted for educational, religious, scientific, medical, or other beneficent purposes.
    34. Chartered child-placing agency: means an agency that had received a charter from the state of Tennessee through legislative action or by incorporation for the operation of an entity or a program of any type that engaged in the placement of children for foster care or residential care as part of a plan or program for which those children were or could have been made available for adoptive placement and that may have, at sometime during its existence, become subject to any licensing requirements by the department or its predecessors. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102
    35. Child-caring agency: means any agency authorized by law to care for children outside their own homes for twenty-four (24) hours per day. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102
    36. children: means any person or persons under eighteen (18) years of age. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102
    37. Code: includes the Tennessee Code and all amendments and revisions to the code and all additions and supplements to the code. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
    38. Commissioner: means the commissioner of commerce and insurance. See Tennessee Code 56-22-103
    39. Commissioner: means the commissioner of commerce and insurance. See Tennessee Code 56-27-102
    40. Commissioner: means the commissioner of commerce and insurance. See Tennessee Code 56-25-104
    41. Commissioner: means the commissioner of commerce and insurance. See Tennessee Code 56-26-101
    42. Commissioner: means the commissioner of commerce and insurance. See Tennessee Code 56-26-301
    43. Commissioner: means the commissioner of commerce and insurance. See Tennessee Code 56-1-102
    44. Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
    45. Consent: means :

      The written authorization to relinquish a child for adoption, which is given by an agency such as the department or a public child care agency of another state or country or licensed child-placing agency of this or another state, which agency has the authority, by court order or by surrender or by operation of law or by any combination of these, to place a child for adoption and to give permission for the adoption of that child by other persons. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102

    46. Conservator: means a person or entity appointed by a court to provide partial or full supervision, protection, and assistance of the person or property, or both, of a disabled adult pursuant to title 34, chapter 1 or the equivalent law of another state. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102
    47. Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
    48. Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
    49. Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
    50. Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
    51. County mutual insurance company: means a person that is authorized to provide insurance coverage pursuant to this chapter. See Tennessee Code 56-22-103
    52. court: includes the juvenile court for purposes of the authority to accept the surrender or revocation of surrenders of a child and to issue any orders of reference, orders of guardianship, or other orders resulting from a surrender or revocation that it accepts and for purposes of authorizing the termination of parental rights pursuant to §. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102
    53. Court report: means the report to the adoption or surrender court in response to an order of reference that describes to the court the status of the child and the prospective adoptive parents or the persons to whom the child is surrendered. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102
    54. Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
    55. Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
    56. Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
    57. Department: means the department of commerce and insurance. See Tennessee Code 56-22-103
    58. Department: means the department of children's services or any of its divisions or units. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102
    59. Department: means the department of commerce and insurance. See Tennessee Code 56-1-102
    60. Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
    61. Devise: To gift property by will.
    62. disability: means that the individual is a minor pursuant to any state, territorial, or federal law, or the law of any foreign country, or that the individual has been determined by any such laws to be in need of a person or entity to care for the individual due to that individual's physical or mental incapacity or infirmity. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102
    63. Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
    64. Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
    65. Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
    66. Eligible person: means , for purposes of §. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102
    67. Employees: includes the officers, managers and employees of the employer, the individual proprietor or partner if the employer is an individual proprietor or partnership, the officers, managers and employees of subsidiary or affiliated corporations, and the individual proprietors, partners and employees of individuals and firms, if the business of the employer and the individual or firm is under common control through stock ownership, contract, or otherwise. See Tennessee Code 56-26-201
    68. Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
    69. Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
    70. Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
    71. Executor: includes an administrator, where the subject matter applies to an administrator. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
    72. failed to visit: means the failure, for a period of four (4) consecutive months, to visit or engage in more than token visitation. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102
    73. Final court report: means a written document completed by the department or a licensed child-placing agency or licensed clinical social worker after submission of any prior court reports in response to the court's order of reference. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102
    74. Financially able: means that the petitioners for adoption of a child are able, by use of any and all income and economic resources of the petitioners, including, but not limited to, assistance from public or private sources, to ensure that any physical, emotional, or special needs of the child are met. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102
    75. Foreign: when used without limitation, includes all companies formed by authority of any other state or government. See Tennessee Code 56-1-102
    76. Foster care: has the meaning given to that term in §. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102
    77. Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
    78. Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
    79. Governing body: means the legislative body of any local government of this state or any other authority charged with the governing of the affairs of any local government in this state. See Tennessee Code 9-21-105
    80. Grace period: The number of days you'll have to pay your bill for purchases in full without triggering a finance charge. Source: Federal Reserve
    81. Gross premium: means maximum gross premiums as provided in the policy contracts, new and renewal, including policy or membership fees, whether paid in part or in whole by cash, automatic premium loans, dividends applied in any manner whatsoever, and without deduction or exclusion of dividends in any manner, but excluding premiums returned on cancelled policies, on account of reduction in rates, or reductions in the amount insured. See Tennessee Code 56-22-103
    82. Group accident and health insurance: means that form of accident and health insurance covering groups of persons as defined in the policy, with or without one (1) or more members of their families or one (1) or more of their dependents, or covering one (1) or more members of the families or one (1) or more dependents, under a policy issued to an employer or trustees of a fund established by an employer, or to an association or other organization that qualifies under §. See Tennessee Code 56-26-201
    83. Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
    84. Guardian: means a person or entity appointed by a court to provide care, custody, control, supervision, and protection for a child, and authorized by the court to adopt or consent to the adoption of the child as a result of a surrender, parental consent, or termination of parental rights. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102
    85. Guardianship: means the status created by a court order appointing a person or entity guardian of the child. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102
    86. Home study: means the product of a preparation process in which individuals or families are assessed by themselves and the department or licensed child-placing agency, or a licensed clinical social worker as to their suitability for adoption and their desires with regard to the child they wish to adopt. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102
    87. Hospital: means any institution, place, building or agency as defined by §. See Tennessee Code 56-26-301
    88. Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
    89. Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
    90. insurance company: means any corporation, association, partnership or individual engaged as a principal in the business of insurance not licensed pursuant to this chapter. See Tennessee Code 56-22-103
    91. Insured: as used in this chapter , shall not be construed as preventing a person other than the insured with a proper insurable interest from making application for, and owning a policy covering the insured, or from being entitled under such a policy to any indemnities, benefits and rights provided in the policy. See Tennessee Code 56-26-112
    92. Interrogatories: Written questions asked by one party of an opposing party, who must answer them in writing under oath; a discovery device in a lawsuit.
    93. Joint resolution: A legislative measure which requires the approval of both chambers.
    94. Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
    95. Laws: means the society's articles of incorporation, charter, constitution and bylaws, however designated. See Tennessee Code 56-25-104
    96. Legal parent: means :

      The biological mother of a child. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102

    97. Legal relative: means a person who is included in the class of persons set forth in the definition of "biological relative" or "legal parent" and who, at the time a request for services or information is made pursuant to §. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102
    98. Legal representative: means :

      The conservator, guardian, legal custodian, or other person or entity with legal authority to make decisions for an individual with a disability or an attorney-in-fact, an attorney at law representing a person for purposes of obtaining information pursuant to this part, or the legally appointed administrator, executor, or other legally appointed representative of a person's estate. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102

    99. Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
    100. Licensed child-placing agency: means any agency operating under a license to place children for adoption issued by the department, or operating under a license from any governmental authority from any other state or territory or the District of Columbia, or any agency that operates under the authority of another country with the right to make placement of children for adoption and that has, in the department's sole determination, been authorized to place children for adoption in this state. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102
    101. Licensed clinical social worker: means an individual who holds a license as an independent practitioner from the board of social worker certification and licensure pursuant to title 63, chapter 23, and, in addition, is licensed by the department to provide adoption placement services. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102
    102. Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
    103. Lineal ancestor: means any degree of grandparent or great-grandparent, either by birth or adoption. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102
    104. Lineal descendant: Direct descendant of the same ancestors.
    105. Lineal descendant: means a person who descended directly from another person who is the biological or adoptive ancestor of such person, such as the daughter of the daughter's mother or granddaughter of the granddaughter's grandmother. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102
    106. Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
    107. Livestock: means all equine as well as animals that are being raised primarily for use as food or fiber for human utilization or consumption including, but not limited to, cattle, sheep, swine, goats, and poultry. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
    108. Local government: means any county, municipality or metropolitan government in this state. See Tennessee Code 9-21-105
    109. Lodge: means subordinate member units of the society, known as camps, courts, councils, branches or by any other designation. See Tennessee Code 56-25-104
    110. Major purchasers: means persons who have health insurance coverage and who consist of one hundred (100) employees or more under a group plan of insurance. See Tennessee Code 56-26-301
    111. Medical service plan: means a plan or arrangement under which medical services are or may be rendered to a subscriber, a covered dependent or other beneficiary by a licensed physician and surgeon at the expense of a medical service plan corporation or other person, in consideration of periodical prepayments made by the subscriber or another in the subscriber's behalf prior to the occurrence of the condition calling for the rendition of medical or surgical services. See Tennessee Code 56-27-102
    112. Medical service plan corporation: means a corporation organized without capital stock and not for profit, and incorporated in accordance with §. See Tennessee Code 56-27-102
    113. Medical services: means the general and usual services and care rendered and administered by doctors of medicine. See Tennessee Code 56-27-102
    114. Minor: means any person who has not attained eighteen (18) years of age. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
    115. Month: means a calendar month. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
    116. Oath: includes affirmation. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
    117. Oath: A promise to tell the truth.
    118. Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
    119. Order of reference: means the order from the court where the surrender is executed or filed or where the adoption petition is filed that directs the department or a licensed child-placing agency or licensed clinical social worker to conduct a home study or preliminary home study or to complete a report of the status of the child who is or may be the subject of an adoption proceeding, and that seeks information as to the suitability of the prospective adoptive parents to adopt a child. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102
    120. Parental consent: means the consent described in subdivision (15)(C). See Tennessee Code 36-1-102
    121. Parental rights: means the legally recognized rights and responsibilities to act as a parent, to care for, to name, and to claim custodial rights with respect to a child. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102
    122. parents: means any biological, legal, adoptive parent or parents or, for purposes of §. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102
    123. Participating physician: means a doctor of medicine licensed to practice medicine and surgery in this state under title 63, chapter 6, who agrees in writing with a medical service plan corporation to perform the medical services specified in the subscription certificates issued by the corporation, and at the rates of compensation as shall be determined by the board of directors of the corporation, and who agrees to abide by the bylaws, rules and regulations of the corporation applicable to participating physicians. See Tennessee Code 56-27-102
    124. Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
    125. Person: means an individual, a corporation, a partnership, an association, a joint stock company, a trust, an unincorporated organization, any similar entity or any combination of these acting in concert. See Tennessee Code 56-22-103
    126. Person: includes a natural person, a copartnership, an association, a common-law trust or a corporation. See Tennessee Code 56-27-102
    127. Person: includes a corporation, firm, company or association. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
    128. Person: means any association, aggregate of individuals, business, company, corporation, individual, joint-stock company, Lloyds-type organization, organization, partnership, receiver, reciprocal or interinsurance exchange, trustee or society. See Tennessee Code 56-16-102
    129. Personal property: All property that is not real property.
    130. Personal property: includes money, goods, chattels, things in action, and evidences of debt. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
    131. Physical custody: means physical possession and care of a child. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102
    132. Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
    133. Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
    134. Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
    135. Policyholder: means a person who is insured by a county mutual insurance company. See Tennessee Code 56-22-103
    136. Post-adoption record: means :

      The record maintained in any medium by the department, separately from the sealed record or sealed adoption record and subsequent to the sealing of an adoption record or that is maintained about any sealed record or sealed adoption record. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102

    137. Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
    138. Preliminary hearing: A hearing where the judge decides whether there is enough evidence to make the defendant have a trial.
    139. Preliminary home study: means an initial home study conducted prior to or, in limited situations, immediately after, the placement of a child with prospective adoptive parents who have not previously been subject to a home study that was conducted or updated not less than six (6) months prior to the date a surrender is sought to be executed to the prospective adoptive parents or prior to the date of the filing of the adoption petition. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102
    140. Premium: means money given in consideration to a county mutual insurance company on account of or in connection with an insurance policy for a specified policy period. See Tennessee Code 56-22-103
    141. Premiums: means premiums, rates, dues or other required contributions by whatever name known, which are payable under the certificate. See Tennessee Code 56-25-104
    142. Principal place of business: means the primary office maintained by a county mutual insurance company in the county in which a county mutual insurance company was first granted a certificate of authority. See Tennessee Code 56-22-103
    143. Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
    144. Property: includes both personal and real property. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
    145. Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
    146. Prospective adoptive parents: means a nonagency person or persons who are seeking to adopt a child and who have made application with a licensed child-placing agency or licensed clinical social worker or the department for approval, or who have been previously approved, to receive a child for adoption, or who have received or who expect to receive a surrender of a child, or who have filed a petition for termination or for adoption. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102
    147. Public works project: includes any one (1) or any combination of the following: abattoirs, acquisitions of land for the purpose of providing or preserving open land, airports, alleys, ambulances, auditoriums, bridges, city and town halls, local government stables or garages, community houses, corrective, detention and penal facilities, including, but not limited to, jails, workhouses and reformatories, courthouses, culverts, curbs, dispensaries, drainage systems, including storm water sewers and drains, electric plants and systems, expositions, facilities for the handicapped, including physically and mentally handicapped, facilities for the indigent, fairgrounds and fairground facilities, fire department equipment and buildings, fire alarm systems, flood control, garbage collection and disposal systems, gas and natural gas systems and storage facilities, heat plants and systems, harbor and riverfront improvements, health centers and clinics, including medical and mental health centers and clinics, highways, major roads, highway and street equipment, hospitals, hotels and supporting or incidental facilities built by local governments which are built adjacent to and as a supporting facility of civic or convention centers located in municipalities which have created a central business improvement district under the Central Business Improvement District Act of 1971, compiled in title 7, chapter 84, improvements made pursuant to a plan of improvement for a central business improvement district created pursuant to the Central Business Improvement District Act of 1971, law enforcement and emergency services equipment, levees, libraries, markets, memorials, museums, nursing homes, parks, parking facilities, parkways, playgrounds, plazas, port facilities, docks and dock facilities, including any terminal storage and transportation facilities incident thereto, public art, public buildings, preserves, railroads, including the extension of railroads, and railway beltlines and switches, reclamation of land, recreation centers and facilities, reservoirs, rights-of-way, river and navigation improvements, roads, sanitariums, schools, transportation equipment for schools, sewers, sewage and waste water systems, including, but not limited to, collection, drainage, treatment and disposal systems, ship canals, sidewalks, stadiums, streets, swimming pools, thermal transfer generating plants and/or distribution systems, tunnels, viaducts, voting machines, water treatment distribution and storage systems, wharves and zoos. See Tennessee Code 9-21-105
    148. Putative father: means a biological or alleged biological father of a child who, at the time of the filing of the petition to terminate the parental rights of such person, or if no such petition is filed, at the time of the filing of a petition to adopt a child, meets at least one (1) of the criteria set out in §. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102
    149. Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
    150. Record: means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in a perceivable form. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
    151. Related: means grandparents or any degree of great-grandparents, aunts or uncles, or any degree of great-aunts or great-uncles, or step-parent, or cousins of the first degree, or first cousins once removed, or any siblings of the whole or half degree or any spouse of the above listed relatives. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102
    152. Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
    153. Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
    154. Representative: when applied to those who represent a decedent, includes executors and administrators, unless the context implies heirs and distributees. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
    155. Revenues: means all fees, rents, tolls, rates, rentals, interest earnings, or other charges received or receivable by the local government from any public works project or enterprise then existing or thereafter to be constructed, including any revenues derived or to be derived by a local government from a lease, agreement or contract with any other local government, local government instrumentality, the state, or a state or federal agency for the use of or in connection with a public works project or enterprise, or all other charges to be levied and collected in connection with and all other income and receipts of whatever kind or character derived by the local government from the operation of any public works project or enterprise or arising from any public works project or enterprise. See Tennessee Code 9-21-105
    156. Rules: means all rules, regulations or resolutions adopted by the supreme governing body or board of directors that are intended to have general application to the members of the society. See Tennessee Code 56-25-104
    157. Sealed adoption record: means :

      The adoption record as it exists subsequent to its transmittal to the department, or subsequent to its sealing by the court, pursuant to the requirements of §. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102

    158. Sealed record: means :

      Any records, reports, or documents that are maintained at any time by a court, a court clerk, a licensed or chartered child-placing agency, licensed clinical social worker, the department, the department of health, or any other information source concerning the foster care or agency care placement, or placement for adoption, of a person by any branch of the Tennessee children's home society authorized by Public Chapter 113 (1919). See Tennessee Code 36-1-102

    159. Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
    160. Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
    161. Sibling: means anyone having a sibling relationship. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102
    162. signed: includes a mark, the name being written near the mark and witnessed, or any other symbol or methodology executed or adopted by a party with intention to authenticate a writing or record, regardless of being witnessed. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
    163. Society: means fraternal benefit society, unless otherwise indicated. See Tennessee Code 56-25-104
    164. State: means the state of Tennessee. See Tennessee Code 9-21-105
    165. State: when applied to the different parts of the United States, includes the District of Columbia and the several territories of the United States. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
    166. Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
    167. Subscriber: means a person to whom a subscription certificate is issued by a medical service plan corporation that sets forth the beneficiaries and the kinds and extent of the medical services for which the corporation is liable to make payment. See Tennessee Code 56-27-102
    168. Subscription: includes a mark, the name being written near the mark and witnessed. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
    169. Surplus: means the accumulated assets of a county mutual insurance company that exceed the county mutual insurance company's accrued losses and expenses. See Tennessee Code 56-22-103
    170. Surrender: means a document executed under §. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102
    171. Surrogate birth: means :

      The union of the wife's egg and the husband's sperm, which are then placed in another woman, who carries the fetus to term and who, pursuant to a contract, then relinquishes all parental rights to the child to the biological parents pursuant to the terms of the contract. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102

    172. Taxable property: means all property subject to ad valorem taxation within the local government, or any portion of the local government, if applicable. See Tennessee Code 9-21-105
    173. Testator: A male person who leaves a will at death.
    174. Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
    175. token visitation: means that the visitation, under the circumstances of the individual case, constitutes nothing more than perfunctory visitation or visitation of such an infrequent nature or of such short duration as to merely establish minimal or insubstantial contact with the child. See Tennessee Code 36-1-102
    176. Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
    177. Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
    178. United States: includes the District of Columbia and the several territories of the United States. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
    179. Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
    180. Veto: The procedure established under the Constitution by which the President/Governor refuses to approve a bill or joint resolution and thus prevents its enactment into law. A regular veto occurs when the President/Governor returns the legislation to the house in which it originated. The President/Governor usually returns a vetoed bill with a message indicating his reasons for rejecting the measure. In Congress, the veto can be overridden only by a two-thirds vote in both the Senate and the House.
    181. Writ of certiorari: An order issued by the Supreme Court directing the lower court to transmit records for a case for which it will hear on appeal.
    182. written: includes printing, typewriting, engraving, lithography, and any other mode of representing words and letters. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
    183. Year: means a calendar year, unless otherwise expressed. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105