A. In this chapter, unless the context otherwise requires:
Terms Used In Arizona Laws 13-1801
- conduct: means an act or omission and its accompanying culpable mental state. See Arizona Laws 13-105
- defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
- economic loss: means any loss incurred by a person as a result of the commission of an offense. See Arizona Laws 13-105
- evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
- fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
- including: means not limited to and is not a term of exclusion. See Arizona Laws 1-215
- indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
- person: means a human being and, as the context requires, an enterprise, a public or private corporation, an unincorporated association, a partnership, a firm, a society, a government, a governmental authority or an individual or entity capable of holding a legal or beneficial interest in property. See Arizona Laws 13-105
- possession: means a voluntary act if the defendant knowingly exercised dominion or control over property. See Arizona Laws 13-105
- property: means anything of value, tangible or intangible. See Arizona Laws 13-105
- unlawful: means contrary to law or, where the context so requires, not permitted by law. See Arizona Laws 13-105
- vehicle: means a device in, upon or by which any person or property is, may be or could have been transported or drawn upon a highway, waterway or airway, excepting devices moved by human power or used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks. See Arizona Laws 13-105
- writing: includes printing. See Arizona Laws 1-215
1. “Check” means any check, draft or other negotiable or nonnegotiable instrument of any kind.
2. “Control” or “exercise control” means to act so as to exclude others from using their property except on the defendant’s own terms.
3. “Credit” means an express agreement with the drawee for the payment of a check.
4. “Deprive” means to withhold the property interest of another either permanently or for so long a time period that a substantial portion of its economic value or usefulness or enjoyment is lost, to withhold with the intent to restore it only on payment of any reward or other compensation or to transfer or dispose of it so that it is unlikely to be recovered.
5. “Draw” means making, drawing, uttering, preparing, writing or delivering a check.
6. “Funds” means money or credit.
7. “Issue” means to deliver or cause to be delivered a check to a person who thereby acquires a right against the drawer with respect to the check. A person who draws a check with the intent that it be so delivered is deemed to have issued it if the delivery occurs.
8. “Material misrepresentation” means a pretense, promise, representation or statement of present, past or future fact that is fraudulent and that, when used or communicated, is instrumental in causing the wrongful control or transfer of property or services. The pretense may be verbal or it may be a physical act.
9. “Means of transportation” means any vehicle.
10. “Obtain” means to bring about or to receive the transfer of any interest in property, whether to a defendant or to another, or to secure the performance of a service or the possession of a trade secret.
11. “Pass” means, for a payee, holder or bearer of a check that previously has been or purports to have been drawn and issued by another, to deliver a check, for a purpose other than collection, to a third person who by delivery acquires a right with respect to the check.
12. “Property” means any thing of value, tangible or intangible, including trade secrets.
13. “Property of another” means property in which any person other than the defendant has an interest on which the defendant is not privileged to infringe, including property in which the defendant also has an interest, notwithstanding the fact that the other person might be precluded from civil recovery because the property was used in an unlawful transaction or was subject to forfeiture as contraband. Property in possession of the defendant is not deemed property of another person who has only a security interest in the property, even if legal title is in the creditor pursuant to a security agreement.
14. “Services” includes labor, professional services, transportation, cable television, computer or communication services, gas or electricity services, accommodation in hotels, restaurants or leased premises or elsewhere, admission to exhibitions and use of vehicles or other movable property.
15. “Value” means the fair market value of the property or services at the time of the theft. The value of ferrous metal or nonferrous metal, as defined in section 44-1641, is the average fair market value of the metal in the local area together with the repair or replacement value of any property from which the metal was removed at the time of the theft. Written instruments that do not have a readily ascertained market value have as their value either the face amount of indebtedness less the portion satisfied or the amount of economic loss involved in deprivation of the instrument, whichever is greater. When property has an undeterminable value the trier of fact shall determine its value and, in reaching its decision, may consider all relevant evidence, including evidence of the property’s value to its owner.
B. In determining the classification of the offense, the state may aggregate in the indictment or information amounts taken in thefts committed pursuant to one scheme or course of conduct, whether the amounts were taken from one or several persons.