Article 1 General Provisions
Article 2 The Platinum Group
Article 3 Gold

Terms Used In California Codes > Business and Professions Code > Division 8 > Chapter 12

  • Action: includes a civil action and a special proceeding of a civil nature. See California Government Code 14172
  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Agency: means the Labor and Workforce Development Agency. See California Education Code 32290
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • assessed value: means 25 percent of full value to, and including, the 1980-81 fiscal year, and 100 percent of full value for the 1981-82 fiscal year and fiscal years thereafter. See California Education Code 19460.5
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Authority: means an entity established by the state that requires its members, including, but not limited to, local government entities, to adopt a resolution stating their intent to participate. See California Education Code 1200
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Bailiff: a court officer who enforces the rules of behavior in courtrooms.
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Board: means the Wildlife Conservation Board created pursuant to Article 2 (commencing with Section 1320) of Chapter 4 of Division 20 of the Fish and Game Code. See California Education Code 1207
  • Bonds: as used in this chapter means the written evidence of any obligation incurred by the board payable out of revenues as provided in this chapter in order to secure funds with which to carry out the purposes of this chapter irrespective of the form of such obligation whether in the form of bonds, notes, debentures, interest bearing certificates or other forms prescribed by the board. See California Government Code 26486
  • Budget authority: Authority provided by law to enter into obligations that will result in outlays of Federal funds. Budget authority may be classified by the period of availability (one-year, multiyear, no-year), by the timing of congressional action (current or permanent), or by the manner of determining the amount available (definite or indefinite).
  • Bureau: means the Professional Fiduciaries Bureau within the Department of Consumer Affairs, established pursuant to Section 6510. See California Government Code 27502
  • Charity: An agency, institution, or organization in existence and operating for the benefit of an indefinite number of persons and conducted for educational, religious, scientific, medical, or other beneficent purposes.
  • City: includes city and county. See California Education Code 17322
  • City: includes "city and county" and "incorporated town. See California Education Code 7007
  • City: includes incorporated city, city and county, municipal corporation, municipality, town and incorporated town. See California Education Code 8205
  • City: includes "city and county" and "incorporated town" but does not include "unincorporated town" or "village. See California Education Code 19429
  • Civil engineer: as used in this chapter means a professional engineer in the branch of civil engineering and refers to one who practices or offers to practice civil engineering in any of its phases. See California Government Code 26605
  • commission: means the California Transportation Commission. See California Education Code 7054.1
  • Commissioner: means the Insurance Commissioner of this State. See California Education Code 25022.5
  • Commissioner: means any county agricultural commissioner. See California Education Code 19957.5
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • comprehensive water resources management plan: means a plan for coordinating and managing the supply and distribution of water for residential, commercial, industrial or other purposes and for coordinating and managing the treatment and disposal of waste water from all sources. See California Government Code 25712
  • Conservation easement: means a conservation easement, as defined by Section 815. See California Education Code 1207
  • Construction: includes :

    California Education Code 8091

  • Corporation: as used in this part means a corporation which is organized under, or subject to this part, including a central organization. See California Corporations Code 12232
  • Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff.
  • County: includes city and county. See California Education Code 17321
  • County: includes "city and county. See California Education Code 17389
  • County: includes "city and county. See California Education Code 17491
  • County: includes "city and county. See California Education Code 7005
  • County: includes city and county. See California Education Code 8206
  • County: includes city and county. See California Education Code 19428
  • county: means the County of San Mateo. See California Government Code 25711
  • Court: means the trial court in which the action is pending, unless otherwise specified. See California Government Code 14172
  • Credit report: A detailed report of an individual's credit history prepared by a credit bureau and used by a lender in determining a loan applicant's creditworthiness. Source: OCC
  • creditor: means the state or the department or agency of the state seeking to collect the liability. See California Code of Civil Procedure 688.040
  • debtor: means the debtor from whom the liability is sought to be collected. See California Code of Civil Procedure 688.040
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Department: means the Department of Consumer Affairs. See California Government Code 27502
  • Department: means Department of Industrial Relations. See California Education Code 32295.5
  • department: means the Department of Parks and Recreation and "director" means the Director of Parks and Recreation. See California Unemployment Insurance Code 134
  • Department: means the Department of Conservation. See California Education Code 1200
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • Directors: means natural persons, designated in the articles or bylaws or elected by the incorporators, and their successors and natural persons designated, elected, or appointed by any other name or title to act as members of the governing body of the corporation. See California Corporations Code 12233
  • Educational institution: means a school district, a community college district, a state university, the University of California, and the State Department of Education special schools. See California Education Code 32220
  • Electrical engineer: as used in this chapter means a professional engineer in the branch of electrical engineering and refers to one who practices or offers to practice electrical engineering in any of its phases. See California Government Code 26605.1
  • Electronic: means relating to technology having electrical, digital, magnetic, wireless, optical, electromagnetic, or similar capabilities. See California Government Code 14172
  • Electronic transmission by the corporation: means a communication (a) delivered by (1) facsimile telecommunication or electronic mail when directed to the facsimile number or electronic mail address, respectively, for that recipient on record with the corporation, (2) posting on an electronic message board or network which the corporation has designated for those communications, together with a separate notice to the recipient of the posting, which transmission shall be validly delivered upon the later of the posting or delivery of the separate notice thereof, or (3) other means of electronic communication, (b) to a recipient who has provided an unrevoked consent to the use of those means of transmission for communications under or pursuant to this code, and (c) that creates a record that is capable of retention, retrieval, and review, and that may thereafter be rendered into clearly legible tangible form. See California Education Code 17498
  • Electronically stored information: means information that is stored in an electronic medium. See California Government Code 14172
  • Escheat: Reversion of real or personal property to the state when 1) a person dies without leaving a will and has no heirs, or 2) when the property (such as a bank account) has been inactive for a certain period of time. Source: OCC
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • escrow agent: as used in this division includes joint control agents and Internet escrow agents. See California Government Code 25831
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Executive session: A portion of the Senate's daily session in which it considers executive business.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • Governing board: means the governing board of a school district or community college district, the Trustees of the California State University, and the Regents of the University of California. See California Education Code 32220
  • Grace period: The number of days you'll have to pay your bill for purchases in full without triggering a finance charge. Source: Federal Reserve
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Grant program: means the program established pursuant to Section 10280. See California Education Code 1200
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • In forma pauperis: In the manner of a pauper. Permission given to a person to sue without payment of court fees on claim of indigence or poverty.
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Joint committee: Committees including membership from both houses of teh legislature. Joint committees are usually established with narrow jurisdictions and normally lack authority to report legislation.
  • Joint powers authority: means a joint powers authority established pursuant to Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 6500) of Division 7 of Title 1 of the Government Code that is formed in part to protect agricultural land. See California Education Code 1200
  • Juror: A person who is on the jury.
  • Landscape architect: means a person who holds a license to practice landscape architecture in this state under the authority of this chapter. See California Government Code 26421
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • Local government entity: means any city, county, city and county, or district, including, but not limited to, park and open-space districts, resource conservation districts, and other special districts. See California Education Code 1200
  • Local public agency: means any city, county, city and county, resource conservation district, district formed pursuant to Article 3 (commencing with Section 5500) of Chapter 3 of Division 5, authority formed pursuant to Division 26 (commencing with Section 35100), or joint powers authority made up of two or more local public agencies and one or more state agencies. See California Education Code 1207
  • maintenance: includes any of the following:

    California Education Code 8070

  • Mechanical engineer: as used in this chapter means a professional engineer in the branch of mechanical engineering and refers to one who practices or offers to practice mechanical engineering in any of its phases. See California Government Code 26605.5
  • Member of an athletic team: means member of any extramural athletic team engaged in athletic events on or outside the school grounds, maintained or sponsored by the educational institution or a student body organization thereof. See California Education Code 32220
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Mortgagor: The person who pledges property to a creditor as collateral for a loan and who receives the money.
  • Nonprofit organization: means any nonprofit public benefit corporation that has among its purposes the conservation of agricultural lands, and holds a tax exemption, as defined under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code, and further qualifies as an organization under Section 170(b)(1)(A)(iv) or 170(h)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code. See California Education Code 1200
  • Nonprofit organization: means any nonprofit public benefit corporation formed pursuant to the Nonprofit Corporation Law (Division 2 (commencing with Section 5000) of Title 1 of the Corporations Code), qualified to do business in California, and qualified under Section 501(c)(3) of Title 26 of the Internal Revenue Code as a tax-exempt corporation that has as a principal purpose the conservation of land and water resources. See California Education Code 1207
  • Notice: includes all papers and orders required to be served in any proceedings before any court, board, or officer, or when required by law to be served independently of such proceeding. See California Government Code 26660
  • Oath: includes affirmation. See California Education Code 17324
  • Oath: includes affirmation. See California Education Code 18558
  • Person: means any person, association, organization, partnership, business trust, limited liability company, or corporation. See California Education Code 25022
  • Person: includes a corporation as well as a natural person. See California Education Code 17389
  • Person: includes a corporation as well as a natural person. See California Education Code 17496
  • Person: means any person, firm, partnership, association, corporation, organization, limited liability company, or business trust. See California Education Code 7052
  • Person: includes any person, firm, partnership, association, corporation, company, limited liability company, syndicate, estate, trust, business trust, or organization of any kind. See California Education Code 18561
  • Person: includes any person, firm, association, organization, partnership, limited liability company, business trust, corporation, or company. See California Education Code 19426
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Probate: Proving a will
  • Process: signifies a writ or summons issued in the course of a judicial proceeding. See California Education Code 17389
  • Process: includes all writs, warrants, summons, and orders of courts of justice, or judicial officers. See California Government Code 26660
  • Process: includes a writ or summons issued in the course of judicial proceedings of either a civil or criminal nature. See California Education Code 19431
  • Professional fiduciary: means either of the following:

    California Government Code 27502

  • property: includes property real and personal. See California Education Code 17413
  • Property: includes both personal and real property. See California Education Code 17389
  • Property: means any real property, and any perpetual interest therein, including land, conservation easements, and land containing water rights. See California Education Code 1207
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Public entity: means the state, a county, city, district, public authority, public agency, and any other political subdivision in the state. See California Code of Civil Procedure 708.710
  • Qualified property: means property that is rangeland, grazing land, or grassland and is used or is suitable for grazing. See California Education Code 1207
  • quality mark: means any mark indicating or purporting to indicate that any article is composed of gold or of any of its alloys or indicating or purporting to indicate the quality, fineness, quantity, weight or kind of gold or its alloys in an article. See California Government Code 53398.81
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • Revenue: as used in this chapter shall mean all fees, rates, charges, rentals or other income and revenue actually received or receivable by or for the account of the board from the operation of any particular project including without limiting the generality of the foregoing interest allowed on any moneys or securities and any proceeds derived from the sale of any securities and any consideration in any way derived from the particular project owned, operated or maintained by the board. See California Government Code 26487
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 17389
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 18552
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Education Code 32033
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Education Code 77
  • State: includes the District of Columbia and the territories when applied to the different parts of the United States, and the words "United States" may include the district and territories. See California Education Code 17389
  • State: means the State of California. See California Code of Civil Procedure 708.710
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Education Code 19427
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Education Code 19510
  • State agency: means a state office, officer, department, division, bureau, board, commission or agency claims against which are paid by warrants drawn by the Controller. See California Code of Civil Procedure 708.710
  • State agency: means any public entity created by statute within the Resources Agency. See California Education Code 1207
  • Student body organization: means any student organization under supervision of the educational institution or its officers. See California Education Code 32220
  • Subdivision: means a subdivision of the section in which the term appears unless some other section is expressly mentioned. See California Education Code 17486
  • Subdivision: means a subdivision of the section in which the term occurs unless some other section is expressly mentioned. See California Education Code 19404
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Surplus line broker: means a person licensed under Section 1765 and authorized to do business under Chapter 6 (commencing with Section 1760) of Part 2 of Division 1. See California Education Code 32224
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Trial jury: A group of citizens who hear the evidence presented by both sides at trial and determine the facts in dispute. Federal criminal juries consist of 12 persons. Federal civil juries consist of six persons.
  • Trust account: A general term that covers all types of accounts in a trust department, such as estates, guardianships, and agencies. Source: OCC
  • two-way communication devices: include , but are not necessarily limited to, telephones, intercoms, walkie-talkies, or portable radios. See California Education Code 32226
  • User fees: Fees charged to users of goods or services provided by the government. In levying or authorizing these fees, the legislature determines whether the revenue should go into the treasury or should be available to the agency providing the goods or services.
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Writing: includes any form of recorded message capable of comprehension by ordinary visual means. See California Education Code 18535