Part 43 THE CALIFORNIA COMMUNITY COLLEGES
Part 44 BOARD OF GOVERNORS
Part 45 DISTRICTS AND GOVERNING BOARDS
Part 46 DISTRICT REORGANIZATION OR FORMATION
Part 46.5 California Online Community College Act
Part 47 STUDENTS
Part 48 COMMUNITY COLLEGES, EDUCATION PROGRAMS
Part 49 COMMUNITY COLLEGES, EDUCATION FACILITIES
Part 50 FINANCE
Part 51 EMPLOYEES
Part 52.5 CALIFORNIA COMMUNITY COLLEGES ECONOMIC AND WORKFORCE DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM
Part 52.7 California STEM Pathways Grant Program
Part 53 Basic Skills Partnership Pilot Program
Part 53.5 Pathways to Law School Programs
Part 54 Community Colleges Basic Skills and Student Outcomes Transformation Program
Part 54.3 Student Success for Basic Skills Program
Part 54.5 Strong Workforce Program
Part 54.8 The Community College Completion Grant Program
Part 54.81 California Community College Guided Pathways Grant Program
Part 54.82 Community Colleges Student Success Completion Grant

Terms Used In California Codes > Education Code > Title 3 > Division 7 - COMMUNITY COLLEGES

  • Abstract of judgment: In a federal criminal proceeding, A certification from a U.S. District Court clerk that a judgment of restitution was entered against the defendant owing to the victim. If the defendant inherits, owns, or sells real property or holdings, these assets can then be attached at the state and local levels as well.
  • Access: means a personal inspection and review of a record or an accurate copy of a record, or an oral description or communication of a record or an accurate copy of a record, and a request to release a copy of any record. See California Education Code 76210
  • Accessories: when used in connection with an antenna or rotator installation or repair, includes, but is not limited to, masts, towers, clamps, guy wires, eye hooks, standoff insulators, roof saddles, vent pipe mounts, chimney mount kits, signal amplifiers/boosters, multiset couplers, transmission lines, control cables, directional control units, and other devices as may be used from time to time to effect installation or repair. See California Business and Professions Code 9801
  • acquire: includes , but is not restricted to, taking by condemnation, purchase, or lease and receiving by donation or dedication. See California Public Resources Code 13070.1
  • Acquittal:
    1. Judgement that a criminal defendant has not been proved guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
    2. A verdict of "not guilty."
     
  • Administering agency: means the agency designated by the committee pursuant to Section 25262. See California Health and Safety Code 25260
  • administrator: means a person who performs or arranges the collection, maintenance, or disbursement of moneys to compensate any party for claims or repairs pursuant to a service contract, and who also performs or arranges any of the following activities on behalf of service contract sellers:

    California Business and Professions Code 9855

  • Administrator: means the senior executive appointed to operate a home. See California Military and Veterans Code 1010
  • advertisement: means any communication, disseminated by television or radio, by any print medium, including, but not limited to, newspapers and billboards, or by means of a mailing directed generally to members of the public and not to a specific person, that solicits employment of legal services provided by a licensee, and is directed to the general public and is paid for by, or on the behalf of, an attorney. See California Business and Professions Code 6157
  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • Advisory team: means the team convened by the committee pursuant to Section 25263. See California Health and Safety Code 25260
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • Agency: means the Labor and Workforce Development Agency. See California Labor Code 18.5
  • Agency: means any city, county, district, commission, the state, or any department, agency, or political subdivision thereof, that has jurisdiction under a state or local law, ordinance, or regulation to supervise, oversee, or approve a site investigation and a remedial action at a hazardous materials release site. See California Health and Safety Code 25260
  • Agent: means a person who was an officer or director of a corporation, as defined in subdivision (e), at the time the fraudulent acts occurred, was named in a final criminal restitution order in connection with the fraudulent acts, and was acting in the person's capacity as the corporation's officer or director when committing the fraudulent acts. See California Corporations Code 2281
  • Agent: as used in this chapter , means a person acting in accordance with Title 9 (commencing with Section 2295) of Part 4 of Division 3 of the Civil Code for purposes of managing, operating, leasing, or performing a similar function with respect to a building subject to this chapter. See California Health and Safety Code 25919.6
  • agreement: means a joint powers agreement entered into pursuant to Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 6500) of Division 7 of Title 1 of the Government Code, an agreement to transfer the functions of a public entity or an employee thereof to another public entity pursuant to Part 2 (commencing with Section 51300) of Division 1 of Title 5 of the Government Code, and any other agreement under which a public entity undertakes to perform any function, service or act with or for any other public entity or employee thereof with its consent, whether such agreement is expressed by resolution, contract, ordinance or in any other manner provided by law. See California Government Code 895
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
  • Amusement ride: includes the business of operating bungee jumping services or providing services to facilitate bungee jumping, but does not include slides, playground equipment, coin-operated devices or conveyances which operate directly on the ground or on the surface or pavement directly on the ground or the operation of amusement devices of a permanent nature. See California Labor Code 7901
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Antenna: includes , but is not limited to, a resonant device designed especially for the purpose of capturing electromagnetic energy transmitted by direct satellite or commercial radio or television broadcasting facilities. See California Business and Professions Code 9801
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appeals board: means the Workers' Compensation Appeals Board. See California Labor Code 6101
  • Appeals board: means the Occupational Safety and Health Appeals Board, within the department. See California Labor Code 6302
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Appliance repair industry: means those activities defined in paragraph (4) of subdivision (f). See California Business and Professions Code 9801
  • Application: means a request for payment from the fund submitted to the Secretary of State pursuant to this chapter. See California Corporations Code 2281
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Aquaculture: means that form of agriculture devoted to the propagation, cultivation, maintenance, and harvesting of aquatic plants and animals in marine, brackish, and fresh water. See California Fish and Game Code 17
  • Armed forces: means the United States Air Force, Army, Navy, Marine Corps, or Coast Guard. See California Education Code 88113
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Asbestos: as used in this chapter , has the same meaning as defined in Section 6501. See California Health and Safety Code 25918
  • Asbestos-containing construction material: as used in this chapter , means any manufactured construction material, including structural, mechanical and building material, which contains more than one-tenth of 1 percent asbestos by weight. See California Health and Safety Code 25919
  • assessed value: means 25 percent of full value to, and including, the 1980-81 fiscal year, and 100 percent of full value for the 1981-82 fiscal year and fiscal years thereafter. See California Government Code 25
  • assessment: as used in this chapter , shall have the same meaning as the term "evaluation" in the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, as provided in Section 1414 of Title 20 of the United States Code. See California Education Code 56302.5
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • assignment order: means an order made under Section 3761. See California Family Code 3760
  • Assisted reproduction: means conception by any means other than sexual intercourse. See California Family Code 7606
  • Assisted reproduction agreement: means a written contract that includes a person who intends to be the legal parent of a child or children born through assisted reproduction and that defines the terms of the relationship between the parties to the contract. See California Family Code 7606
  • at-risk: means there is evidence of, or there are indications of, any of the following:

    California Penal Code 14215

  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • attorney: means a licensee or former licensee of the State Bar. See California Business and Professions Code 6180.14
  • Attorney-in-fact: A person who, acting as an agent, is given written authorization by another person to transact business for him (her) out of court.
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • ballot: means any of the following:

    California Elections Code 301

  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • Best value: means a value determined by objective criteria and may include, but need not be limited to, price, features, functions, life-cycle costs, and other criteria deemed appropriate by the community college district. See California Education Code 81701
  • Bird: means a wild bird or part of a wild bird. See California Fish and Game Code 22
  • Board: means the Public Employment Relations Board created pursuant to Section 3541. See California Government Code 3540.1
  • Board: means the governing board of a community college district. See California Education Code 81902
  • board: means the California Veterans Board. See California Military and Veterans Code 61
  • Board of directors: means the board of directors of a district that establishes policies for the operation of the district. See California Government Code 61002
  • board of governors: shall be deemed to refer to the board of trustees. See California Business and Professions Code 6010
  • Bona fide association: means an organization of employees and former employees of an agency of the state and the California State University, and which does not have as one of its purposes representing these employees in their employer-employee relations. See California Government Code 1150
  • book: signifies the recordation of an arrest in official police records, and the taking by the police of fingerprints and photographs of the person arrested, or any of these acts following an arrest. See California Penal Code 7
  • bribe: signifies anything of value or advantage, present or prospective, or any promise or undertaking to give any, asked, given, or accepted, with a corrupt intent to influence, unlawfully, the person to whom it is given, in his or her action, vote, or opinion, in any public or official capacity. See California Penal Code 7
  • Building: as used in this chapter , means all or part of any "public and commercial building" as defined in Section 2642 of Title 15 of the United States Code, as that section reads on January 1, 1989, except that "building" shall not mean residential dwellings. See California Health and Safety Code 25919.2
  • building: includes (a) one or more buildings located or to be located on one or more sites. See California Education Code 81330
  • building: includes onsite and offsite facilities, utilities and improvements which as agreed upon by the parties are appropriate for the proper operation or function of the building to be occupied jointly by the district and private person, firm, or corporation. See California Education Code 81390
  • building: includes onsite and offsite facilities, utilities and improvements which as agreed upon by the parties are appropriate for the proper operation or function of the building to be jointly occupied and used. See California Education Code 81421
  • Bureau: means the Bureau of Household Goods and Services. See California Business and Professions Code 9801
  • Buy: includes an offer to buy, purchase, barter, exchange, or trade. See California Fish and Game Code 24
  • CalWORKs recipient: means a recipient of aid under Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 11200) of Part 3 of Division 9 of the Welfare and Institutions Code or any successor program. See California Education Code 79200
  • candidate: includes any officeholder who is subject to a recall election. See California Elections Code 305
  • Case law: The law as laid down in cases that have been decided in the decisions of the courts.
  • Caucus: From the Algonquian Indian language, a caucus meant "to meet together." An informal organization of members of the legislature that exists to discuss issues of mutual concern and possibly to perform legislative research and policy planning for its members. There are regional, political or ideological, ethnic, and economic-based caucuses.
  • center: means the Violent Crime Information Center. See California Penal Code 14215
  • certified employee organization: means an organization that has been certified by the board as the exclusive representative of the public school employees in an appropriate unit after a proceeding under Article 5 (commencing with Section 3544). See California Government Code 3540.1
  • Chambers: A judge's office.
  • Chief: means the Chief of the Bureau of Household Goods and Services. See California Business and Professions Code 9801
  • child: is a ny person under 18 years of age. See California Penal Code 14215
  • Child support obligee: as used in this chapter means either the parent, guardian, or other person to whom child support has been ordered to be paid or the local child support agency designated by the court to receive the payment. See California Family Code 4550
  • City: includes "city and county" and "incorporated town" but does not include "unincorporated town" or "village. See California Government Code 20
  • City: includes city and county. See California Business and Professions Code 18
  • City measure: includes any proposed city charter, any proposed amendment to a city charter, any proposition for the issuance of bonds by the city, any advisory question, or any other question or proposition submitted to the voters of a city. See California Elections Code 306
  • Claim: means a demand for monetary compensation or damages, arising under or relating to the performance of any public works contract. See California Public Contract Code 22200
  • Claimant: means an aggrieved person who resides in the state at the time of the fraud and who submits an application pursuant to this chapter. See California Corporations Code 2281
  • Clerk: means the county elections official, registrar of voters, city clerk, or other officer or board charged with the duty of conducting any election. See California Elections Code 307
  • Clerk of court: An officer appointed by the court to work with the chief judge in overseeing the court's administration, especially to assist in managing the flow of cases through the court and to maintain court records.
  • Client: means a person who has, within the three years preceding the sale of financial products by a lawyer to that person, employed that lawyer for legal services. See California Business and Professions Code 6175
  • collaboration: include employer and employee relationships, joint ventures, partnerships, general corporations, and consulting relationships formed by written agreement in which the architect provides immediate and responsible direction of architectural services. See California Business and Professions Code 5535.25
  • commercial user: means any person who deals in or engages in the business of selling bunk beds or who otherwise by one's occupation holds oneself out as having knowledge or skill peculiar to bunk beds, or any person who sells bunk beds. See California Health and Safety Code 24532
  • Commission: means the Fish and Game Commission, and "commissioner" means a member of the Fish and Game Commission. See California Fish and Game Code 30
  • Committee: means the Site Designation Committee created by Section 25261. See California Health and Safety Code 25260
  • Committee membership: Legislators are assigned to specific committees by their party. Seniority, regional balance, and political philosophy are the most prominent factors in the committee assignment process.
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Community college: means a community college maintained by the district issuing bonds under this chapter. See California Education Code 81902
  • Community-based punishment: means correctional sanctions and programming encompassing a range of custodial and noncustodial responses to criminal or noncompliant offender activity. See California Penal Code 17.5
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Computer system: includes , but is not limited to, a central processing unit that performs data manipulation functions, and any associated peripheral devices, including, but not limited to, keyboards, display terminals, printers, or disk drives. See California Business and Professions Code 9801
  • Conduit: includes pipe, millrace, ditch, flume, siphon, tunnel, canal, and any other conduit or diversion used for the purpose of taking or receiving water from any river, creek, stream, or lake. See California Fish and Game Code 5900
  • Construction or alteration: as used in this article , includes any construction, reconstruction, or alteration of, or addition to, any school building. See California Education Code 81130.5
  • Consumer goods: means any new or used product or part thereof that is used, bought, or leased for use primarily for personal, family, or household purposes, including assistive devices. See California Business and Professions Code 9855
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation: means a domestic corporation as defined by Section 162 or 2509 or a foreign corporation that is qualified to transact business in California pursuant to Section 2105. See California Corporations Code 2281
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Corporation: as used in this part and Part 5 (commencing with Section 9910), refers to corporations defined in subdivisions (b), (c), and (d). See California Corporations Code 5046
  • Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff.
  • County: includes city and county. See California Fish and Game Code 32
  • County: includes city and county. See California Government Code 19
  • County: means a county and a city and county. See California Government Code 16265.2
  • County: includes city and county. See California Health and Safety Code 14
  • County: means the county, or city and county, in which all or a majority of the assessed valuation of the community college district lies at the time bonds are issued under this chapter. See California Education Code 81902
  • County: includes city and county. See California Business and Professions Code 17
  • County: includes city and county. See California Military and Veterans Code 13
  • county: includes "city and county". See California Penal Code 7
  • County: includes "city and county. See California Corporations Code 14
  • County: includes "city and county. See California Public Resources Code 14
  • County: includes city and county. See California Family Code 67
  • County costs of eligible programs: means the amount of money other than federal and state funds, as reported by the State Department of Social Services to the Department of Finance or as derived from the Controller's "Annual Report of Financial Transactions Concerning Counties of California" that each county spends for each of the following:

    California Government Code 16265.2

  • County office: means the office filled by any county officer. See California Elections Code 313
  • County treasurer: means the treasurer of the county in which all or a majority of the assessed valuation of the district lies at the time bonds are issued under this chapter. See California Education Code 81902
  • Credible science: means the best available scientific information that is not overly prescriptive due to the dynamic nature of science, and includes the evaluation principles of relevance, inclusiveness, objectivity, transparency, timeliness, verification, validation, and peer review of information as appropriate. See California Fish and Game Code 33
  • Crime: means an act committed in this state which, if committed by a competent adult, would constitute a misdemeanor or felony. See California Penal Code 679.01
  • Criminal justice agency: means the Department of Justice and any district attorney's office, sheriff's department, police department, or city attorney's office of this state. See California Penal Code 14161
  • Currency: means United States currency or coin, the currency or coin of any foreign country, and any legal tender or coin defined as currency by Section 103. See California Penal Code 14161
  • Dam: includes all artificial obstructions. See California Fish and Game Code 5900
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Day: means calendar day, and "week" means calendar week. See California Fish and Game Code 35
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defense attorney: Represent defendants in criminal matters.
  • Demotion: means assignment to an inferior position or status without the employee's written voluntary consent. See California Education Code 88001
  • Department: means the Department of Fish and Wildlife. See California Fish and Game Code 37
  • department: means the Department of Veterans Affairs. See California Military and Veterans Code 690
  • Department: means the Department of Consumer Affairs. See California Business and Professions Code 9801
  • department: means State Department of Health Services. See California Health and Safety Code 20
  • department: whenever used in this code , unless the context otherwise requires, means the State Department of Education. See California Education Code 89
  • Department: means Department of Industrial Relations. See California Labor Code 19
  • Department: means the Department of Industrial Relations. See California Labor Code 6302
  • department: means the Department of Veterans Affairs. See California Military and Veterans Code 60
  • Department: means the Department of Veterans Affairs. See California Military and Veterans Code 1010
  • Department: means the Department of Justice. See California Penal Code 14161
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Deposit holder: as used in this chapter means the district attorney, county officer, or trustee designated by the court to receive assets deposited pursuant to this chapter to secure future support payments. See California Family Code 4601
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • depressed: means the condition of a fishery that exhibits declining fish population abundance levels below those consistent with maximum sustainable yield. See California Fish and Game Code 90.7
  • Design-build: means a procurement process in which both the design and construction of a project are procured from a single entity. See California Education Code 81701
  • Design-build entity: means a corporation, limited partnership, partnership, or other association that is able to provide appropriately licensed contracting, architectural, and engineering services as needed pursuant to a design-build contract. See California Education Code 81701
  • designated instruction and services: means "related services" as that term is defined in Section 1401(26) of Title 20 of the United States Code and Section 300. See California Education Code 56363
  • Detention facility: means any facility in which persons are incarcerated or otherwise involuntarily confined for purposes of execution of a punitive sentence imposed by a court or detention pending a trial, hearing, or other judicial or administrative proceeding. See California Penal Code 9500
  • Developmentally Disabled Assistance Act: means the Developmentally Disabled Assistance and Bill of Rights Act, as amended (P. See California Business and Professions Code 6213
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • Direct satellite signal receiving equipment: includes , but is not limited to, receivers, down converters, amplifiers, and audio or video processors related to the reception of audio, video, or data signals broadcasted or rebroadcasted by communication satellites located in space. See California Business and Professions Code 9801
  • Director: means the Director of Fish and Wildlife. See California Fish and Game Code 39
  • Director: means the Director of Consumer Affairs. See California Business and Professions Code 9801
  • Director: means "State Director of Health Services. See California Health and Safety Code 21
  • Director: means Director of Industrial Relations. See California Labor Code 20
  • director: means the Director of Emergency Services. See California Penal Code 14113
  • directors: means natural persons, designated in the articles or bylaws or elected by the incorporators, and their successors and natural persons designated, elected, or appointed by any other name or title to act as members of the governing body of the corporation. See California Corporations Code 5047
  • Directory information: means one or more of the following items: a student's name, address, telephone number, date and place of birth, major field of study, participation in officially recognized activities and sports, weight and height of members of athletic teams, dates of attendance, degrees and awards received, the most recent previous public or private school attended by the student, and any other information authorized in writing by the student. See California Education Code 76210
  • Disciplinary action: includes any action whereby an employee is deprived of any classification or any incident of any classification in which he or she has permanence, including dismissal, suspension, demotion, or any reassignment, without his or her voluntary consent, except a layoff for lack of work or lack of funds. See California Education Code 88001
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Disqualified person: means a licensed person who for any reason becomes legally disqualified (temporarily or permanently) to render the professional services that the particular professional corporation or foreign professional corporation of which he or she is an officer, director, shareholder, or employee is or was rendering. See California Corporations Code 13401
  • dissenting shareholder: means the recordholder of dissenting shares and includes a transferee of record. See California Corporations Code 1300
  • dissenting shares: means shares to which all of the following apply:

    California Corporations Code 1300

  • District: means fish and game district. See California Fish and Game Code 41
  • district: means any agency of the state formed pursuant to general law or special act, for the local performance of governmental or proprietary functions within limited boundaries. See California Government Code 1090
  • District: means a community services district created pursuant to this division or any of its statutory predecessors. See California Government Code 61002
  • District governing board: includes the Board of Governors of the California Community Colleges, unless the context requires otherwise. See California Education Code 72670.5
  • Division: means the Division of Occupational Safety and Health. See California Labor Code 6302
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • effective date: means January 1, 1977. See California Corporations Code 2300
  • Election: means any election including a primary that is provided for under this code. See California Elections Code 318
  • Elections official: means any of the following:

    California Elections Code 320

  • Elector: means a person who is a United States citizen 18 years of age or older and, except as specified in subdivision (b), is a resident of an election precinct in this state on or before the day of an election. See California Elections Code 321
  • Electronic funds transfer: The transfer of money between accounts by consumer electronic systems-such as automated teller machines (ATMs) and electronic payment of bills-rather than by check or cash. (Wire transfers, checks, drafts, and paper instruments do not fall into this category.) Source: OCC
  • Electronic repair industry: means those activities defined in paragraph (1), (2), or (3) of subdivision (f). See California Business and Professions Code 9801
  • Electronic set: includes , but is not limited to, any television, radio, audio or video recorder or playback equipment, video camera, video game, video monitor, computer system, photocopier, or facsimile machine normally used or sold for personal, family, household, or home office use. See California Business and Professions Code 9801
  • Electronic transmission by the corporation: means a communication (a) delivered by (1) facsimile telecommunication or electronic mail when directed to the facsimile number or electronic mail address, respectively, for that recipient on record with the corporation, (2) posting on an electronic message board or network which the corporation has designated for those communications, together with a separate notice to the recipient of the posting, which transmission shall be validly delivered upon the later of the posting or delivery of the separate notice thereof, or (3) other means of electronic communication, (b) to a recipient who has provided an unrevoked consent to the use of those means of transmission for communications under or pursuant to this code, and (c) that creates a record that is capable of retention, retrieval, and review, and that may thereafter be rendered into clearly legible tangible form. See California Corporations Code 20
  • Eligible institution: means either of the following:

    California Business and Professions Code 6213

  • Embezzlement: In most states, embezzlement is defined as theft/larceny of assets (money or property) by a person in a position of trust or responsibility over those assets. Embezzlement typically occurs in the employment and corporate settings. Source: OCC
  • employee: means a person employed by a public school employer except persons elected by popular vote, persons appointed by the Governor of this state, management employees, and confidential employees. See California Government Code 3540.1
  • Employee: as used in this chapter , means every person who is required or directed by any employer, to engage in any employment, and who performs that employment other than on a casual or incidental basis in any building subject to this chapter, or any person contracting with an owner who is required or directed to perform services, other than on a casual or incidental basis, in any building subject to this chapter. See California Health and Safety Code 25919.3
  • Employee benefit plan: includes public and private retirement, pension, annuity, savings, profit sharing, stock bonus, stock option, thrift, vacation pay, and similar plans of deferred or fringe benefit compensation, whether of the defined contribution or defined benefit type whether or not such plan is qualified under the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (P. See California Family Code 80
  • Employee organization: means an organization that includes employees of a public school employer and that has as one of its primary purposes representing those employees in their relations with that public school employer. See California Government Code 3540.1
  • Employee organization: means an organization which represents employees of a public employer and that has been recognized or certified by the public employer or the Public Employment Relations Board as the exclusive representative of the employees. See California Government Code 1150
  • employer: means the governing board of a school district, a school district, a county board of education, a county superintendent of schools, a charter school that has declared itself a public school employer pursuant to subdivision (b) of Section 47611. See California Government Code 3540.1
  • Employer: includes the United States government and any public entity as defined in Section 811. See California Family Code 3760
  • employer: means :

    California Labor Code 3300

  • energy management systems: means solar, energy, or solar and energy management systems. See California Education Code 81660
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • equipment: includes (1) schoolbuses, (2) other motor vehicles, (3) test materials, educational films, and audiovisual materials, and (4) all other items defined as equipment or service systems in the Community College Budget and Accounting Manual. See California Education Code 81550
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escheat: Reversion of real or personal property to the state when 1) a person dies without leaving a will and has no heirs, or 2) when the property (such as a bank account) has been inactive for a certain period of time. Source: OCC
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Evidence-based practices: refers to supervision policies, procedures, programs, and practices demonstrated by scientific research to reduce recidivism among individuals under probation, parole, or post release supervision. See California Penal Code 17.5
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Exclusive representative: means the employee organization recognized or certified as the exclusive negotiating representative of public school employees, as "public school employee" is defined in subdivision (j), in an appropriate unit of a public school employer. See California Government Code 3540.1
  • executed: when used with respect to the documents filed pursuant to this code or pursuant to regulations adopted under this code, and presented to the Secretary of State, include a document bearing a signature under subdivision (a). See California Corporations Code 17.1
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Extradition: The formal process of delivering an accused or convicted person from authorities in one state to authorities in another state.
  • faculty service area: means a service or instructional subject area or group of related services or instructional subject areas performed by faculty and established by a community college district. See California Education Code 87743.1
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Family support: means an agreement between the parents, or an order or judgment, that combines child support and spousal support without designating the amount to be paid for child support and the amount to be paid for spousal support. See California Family Code 92
  • Fee generating case: means a case or matter that, if undertaken on behalf of an indigent person by an attorney in private practice, reasonably may be expected to result in payment of a fee for legal services from an award to a client, from public funds, or from the opposing party. See California Business and Professions Code 6213
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Final judgment: means a judgment, arbitration award, or criminal restitution order for which appeals have been exhausted or for which the period for appeal has expired, enforcement of which is not barred by the order of any court or by any statutory provision, which has not been nullified or rendered void by any court order or statutory provision, and for which the claimant has not otherwise been fully reimbursed. See California Corporations Code 2281
  • Financial institution: means , when located or doing business in this state, any national bank or banking association, state bank or banking association, commercial bank or trust company organized under the laws of the United States or any state, any private bank, industrial savings bank, savings bank or thrift institution, savings and loan association, or building and loan association organized under the laws of the United States or any state, any insured institution as defined in Section 401 of the National Housing Act, any credit union organized under the laws of the United States or any state, any national banking association or corporation acting under Chapter 6 (commencing with Section 601) of Title 12 of the United States Code, any foreign bank, any currency dealer or exchange, any person or business engaged primarily in the cashing of checks, any person or business who regularly engages in the issuing, selling, or redeeming of traveler's checks, money orders, or similar instruments, any broker or dealer in securities registered or required to be registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, any licensed sender of money, any investment banker or investment company, any insurance company, any dealer in coins, precious metals, stones, or jewelry, any pawnbroker, any telegraph company, any person or business engaged in controlled gambling within the meaning of subdivision (e) of Section 19805 of the Business and Professions Code, whether registered or licensed to do so or not, and any person or business defined as a "bank" "financial agency" or "financial institution" by Section 5312 of Title 31 of the United States Code or Section 103. See California Penal Code 14161
  • Financial products: means long-term care insurance, life insurance, and annuities governed by the Insurance Code, or its successors. See California Business and Professions Code 6175
  • firearm: has the meaning provided in subdivision (a) of Section 16520. See California Penal Code 12001
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Fish: means a wild fish, mollusk, crustacean, invertebrate, amphibian, or part, spawn, or ovum of any of those animals. See California Fish and Game Code 45
  • Fishery: means both of the following:

    California Fish and Game Code 94

  • Flag: as used in this division , means the State Flag of California and the Flag of the United States, as defined in this section. See California Military and Veterans Code 611
  • Flag of the United States: includes any flag, standard, colors, or ensign authorized by the laws of the United States or any picture or representation of either, or of any part or parts of either, made of any substance or represented on any substance, of any size evidently purporting to be either of said flag, standard, colors, or ensign of the United States of America, or a picture or a representation of either, upon which shall be shown the colors, the stars and the stripes, in any number of either thereof, or of any part or parts of either, by which the average person seeing the same without deliberation may believe the same to represent the flag, standards, colors, or ensign of the United States of America. See California Military and Veterans Code 611
  • flash incarceration: is a period of detention in a city or county jail due to a violation of an offender's conditions of postrelease supervision. See California Penal Code 3454
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Foreign professional corporation: means a corporation organized under the laws of a state of the United States other than this state that is engaged in a profession of a type for which there is authorization in the Business and Professions Code for the performance of professional services by a foreign professional corporation. See California Corporations Code 13401
  • Forgery: The fraudulent signing or alteration of another's name to an instrument such as a deed, mortgage, or check. The intent of the forgery is to deceive or defraud. Source: OCC
  • Foster family home: includes a small family home as defined in paragraph (6) of subdivision (a) of Section 1502 of the Health and Safety Code, a certified family home of a foster family agency as defined in Section 1506 of the Health and Safety Code, and a resource family as defined in Section 1517 of the Health and Safety Code and Section 16519. See California Education Code 56155.5
  • Foster family home: includes a small family home as defined in paragraph (6) of subdivision (a) of Section 1502 of the Health and Safety Code, a certified family home of a foster family agency as defined in Section 1506 of the Health and Safety Code, and a resource family as defined in Section 1517 of the Health and Safety Code and Section 16519. See California Education Code 56155.5
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Fund: means State Compensation Insurance Fund. See California Labor Code 6101
  • Fund: means the Victims of Corporate Fraud Compensation Fund created by Section 2280. See California Corporations Code 2281
  • General election: means either of the following:

    California Elections Code 324

  • General manager: means the highest level management appointee who is directly responsible to the board of directors for the implementation of the policies established by the board of directors. See California Government Code 61002
  • General purpose revenues: means revenues received by a county whose purpose is not restricted by state law to a particular purpose or program, as reported in the Controller's "Annual Report of Financial Transactions Concerning Counties of California. See California Government Code 16265.2
  • Germane: On the subject of the pending bill or other business; a strict standard of relevance.
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • good cause: includes , but is not limited to, the following offenses, occurring while enrolled as a student:

    California Education Code 76033

  • Governing body: means the board of supervisors in the case of a county, or the city council or board of trustees or other governing board in the case of a city, district, or other local governmental agency. See California Military and Veterans Code 1260
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Habeas corpus: A writ that is usually used to bring a prisoner before the court to determine the legality of his imprisonment. It may also be used to bring a person in custody before the court to give testimony, or to be prosecuted.
  • Hazardous material: includes , but is not limited to, all of the following:

    California Health and Safety Code 25260

  • Health insurance coverage: as used in this article includes all of the following:

    California Family Code 3750

  • health insurance coverage assignment: includes vision care and dental care coverage whether the vision care or dental care coverage is part of existing health insurance coverage or is issued as a separate policy or plan. See California Family Code 3760
  • Home: means any facility operated by the department for the provision of long-term care, assisted living, adult day health, independent living, or other health care services to eligible veterans. See California Military and Veterans Code 1010
  • Impasse: means that the parties to a dispute over matters within the scope of representation have reached a point in meeting and negotiating at which their differences in positions are so substantial or prolonged that future meetings would be futile. See California Government Code 3540.1
  • In forma pauperis: In the manner of a pauper. Permission given to a person to sue without payment of court fees on claim of indigence or poverty.
  • Income and expense declaration: means the form for an income and expense declaration in family law matters adopted by the Judicial Council. See California Family Code 95
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Indigent person: means a person whose income is (1) 125 percent or less of the current poverty threshold established by the United States Office of Management and Budget, or (2) who is eligible for Supplemental Security Income or free services under the Older Americans Act or Developmentally Disabled Assistance Act. See California Business and Professions Code 6213
  • informed consent: means the authorization given pursuant to Section 24175 to have a medical experiment performed after each of the following conditions have been satisfied:

    California Health and Safety Code 24173

  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • injury: as used in this division , includes cancer, including leukemia, that develops or manifests itself during a period in which any member described in subdivision (a) is in the service of the department or unit, if the member demonstrates that he or she was exposed, while in the service of the department or unit, to a known carcinogen as defined by the International Agency for Research on Cancer, or as defined by the director. See California Labor Code 3212.1
  • Inspector: means the supervisor of the precinct board of which he or she is a member. See California Elections Code 325
  • instructional aide: means a person employed to assist classroom instructors and other faculty in the performance of their duties and in the supervision of students and in instructional tasks which, in the judgment of the faculty to whom the instructional aide is assigned, may be performed by a person not qualified as a classroom instructor. See California Education Code 88243
  • Insurer: includes the State Compensation Insurance Fund and any private company, corporation, mutual association, and reciprocal or interinsurance exchange, authorized under the laws of this state to insure employers against liability for compensation under this part and under Division 4 (commencing with Section 3201), and any employer to whom a certificate of consent to self-insure has been issued. See California Labor Code 6302
  • Inter vivos: Transfer of property from one living person to another living person.
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Intestate: Dying without leaving a will.
  • IOLTA account: means an account or investment product established and maintained pursuant to subdivision (a) of Section 6211 that is any of the following:

    California Business and Professions Code 6213

  • Irrevocable trust: A trust arrangement that cannot be revoked, rescinded, or repealed by the grantor.
  • Joint meeting: An occasion, often ceremonial, when the House and Senate each adopt a unanimous consent agreement
  • Joint tenancy: A form of property ownership in which two or more parties hold an undivided interest in the same property that was conveyed under the same instrument at the same time. A joint tenant can sell his (her) interest but not dispose of it by will. Upon the death of a joint tenant, his (her) undivided interest is distributed among the surviving joint tenants.
  • Judgment debtor: means a corporation or agent against which a judgment, arbitration award, or criminal restitution order has been entered for conduct constituting intentional fraud. See California Corporations Code 2281
  • judicial branch entity: means any superior court, court of appeal, the California Supreme Court, the Judicial Council, the Habeas Corpus Resource Center, or the Administrative Office of the Courts. See California Public Contract Code 19205
  • Judicial office: means the office filled by any judicial officer. See California Elections Code 326
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Jurisprudence: The study of law and the structure of the legal system.
  • Justice reinvestment: is a data-driven approach to reduce corrections and related criminal justice spending and reinvest savings in strategies designed to increase public safety. See California Penal Code 17.5
  • Kelp: means kelp or other marine aquatic plants and the seeds thereof. See California Fish and Game Code 51
  • knowingly: import s only a knowledge that the facts exist which bring the act or omission within the provisions of this code. See California Penal Code 7
  • landholder: means any person who owns, leases, or has a possessory interest in land. See California Fish and Game Code 3402
  • Landscape architect: means a person who holds a license to practice landscape architecture in this state under the authority of this chapter. See California Business and Professions Code 5615
  • law: means any federal law relating to internal revenue. See California Government Code 1170
  • law practice: means (a) a law practice conducted by an individual. See California Business and Professions Code 6180.14
  • Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
  • Lawyer: means a licensee of the State Bar or a person who is admitted and in good standing and eligible to practice before the bar of any United States court or the highest court of the District of Columbia or any state, territory, or insular possession of the United States, or licensed to practice law in, or is admitted in good standing and eligible to practice before the bar of the highest court of, a foreign country or any political subdivision thereof, and includes any agent of the lawyer or law firm or law corporation doing business in the state. See California Business and Professions Code 6175
  • Lawyer: means a licensee of the State Bar or a person who is admitted in good standing and eligible to practice before the bar of any United States court or the highest court of the District of Columbia or any state, territory, or insular possession of the United States, or is licensed to practice law in, or is admitted in good standing and eligible to practice before the bar of the highest court of, a foreign country or any political subdivision thereof, and includes any agent of the lawyer, law firm, or law corporation doing business in the state. See California Business and Professions Code 6157
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • lease or agreement: shall include a lease purchase agreement. See California Education Code 81331
  • Legacy: A gift of property made by will.
  • Legal Services Corporation: means the Legal Services Corporation established under the Legal Services Corporation Act of 1974 (P. See California Business and Professions Code 6213
  • Legal tender: coins, dollar bills, or other currency issued by a government as official money. Source: U.S. Mint
  • Legatee: A beneficiary of a decedent
  • Legislative session: That part of a chamber's daily session in which it considers legislative business (bills, resolutions, and actions related thereto).
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • License: means a basic permit to operate a pediatric day health and respite care facility. See California Health and Safety Code 1760.2
  • license: means license, certificate, registration, or other means to engage in a business or profession regulated by this code or referred to in Section 1000 or 3600. See California Business and Professions Code 23.7
  • license: shall include a permit or a certificate issued by a state agency. See California Penal Code 23
  • Licensed adjuster: means a person licensed by the bureau for adjusting lamps in licensed lamp adjusting stations or for adjusting brakes in licensed brake adjusting stations. See California Business and Professions Code 9888.1
  • Licensed person: means any natural person who is duly licensed under the provisions of the Business and Professions Code, the Chiropractic Act, or the Osteopathic Act to render the same professional services as are or will be rendered by the professional corporation or foreign professional corporation of which he or she is, or intends to become, an officer, director, shareholder, or employee. See California Corporations Code 13401
  • Licensed station: means a station licensed by the bureau pursuant to this chapter. See California Business and Professions Code 9888.1
  • Licensee: means any person authorized by a license, certificate, registration, or other means to engage in a business or profession regulated by this code or referred to in Sections 1000 and 3600. See California Business and Professions Code 23.8
  • Licensee: means a licensee in good standing of the State Bar and includes any agent of the licensee and any law firm or law corporation doing business in the State of California. See California Business and Professions Code 6157
  • Licensing board: means any board, as defined in Section 22, the State Bar of California, and the Department of Real Estate. See California Business and Professions Code 30
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Local agency: as used in this article , means a county, city, city and county, political subdivision, district, or municipal corporation. See California Government Code 1125
  • magistrate: signifies any one of the officers mentioned in Section 808. See California Penal Code 7
  • maliciously: import a wish to vex, annoy, or injure another person, or an intent to do a wrongful act, established either by proof or presumption of law. See California Penal Code 7
  • Mammal: means a wild or feral mammal or part of a wild or feral animal, but not a wild, feral, or undomesticated burro. See California Fish and Game Code 54
  • mandatory supervision: shall mean the portion of a defendant's sentenced term during which time he or she is supervised by the county probation officer pursuant to subparagraph (B) of paragraph (5) of subdivision (h) of Section 1170. See California Penal Code 19.9
  • Markup: The process by which congressional committees and subcommittees debate, amend, and rewrite proposed legislation.
  • material: means ten thousand dollars ($10,000) or more in securities or other assets valued at the date of disclosure, or in relevant cumulative salary or other income, regardless of when it is earned or expected to be earned. See California Health and Safety Code 24173
  • Measure: means any constitutional amendment or other proposition submitted to a popular vote at any election. See California Elections Code 329
  • medical experiment: means :

    California Health and Safety Code 24174

  • Medically fragile: means having an acute or chronic health problem that requires therapeutic intervention and skilled nursing care during all or part of the day. See California Health and Safety Code 1760.2
  • Meeting and negotiating: means meeting, conferring, negotiating, and discussing by the exclusive representative and the public school employer in a good faith effort to reach agreement on matters within the scope of representation and the execution, if requested by either party, of a written document incorporating any agreements reached, which document shall, when accepted by the exclusive representative and the public school employer, become binding upon both parties and, notwithstanding Section 3543. See California Government Code 3540.1
  • Member: means a veteran or nonveteran spouse or domestic partner who has been admitted to residency at a veterans' home. See California Military and Veterans Code 1010
  • Mile: means either a statute mile (5,280 feet) or a nautical mile (6,077 feet) depending on the application. See California Fish and Game Code 55
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • missing person: includes , but is not limited to, any of the following:

    California Penal Code 14215

  • Mistrial: An invalid trial, caused by fundamental error. When a mistrial is declared, the trial must start again from the selection of the jury.
  • mobile unit: means a special purpose commercial coach as defined in Section 18012. See California Health and Safety Code 1765.105
  • Monetary instrument: means United States currency and coin. See California Penal Code 14161
  • month: means a calendar month, unless otherwise expressed. See California Penal Code 7
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Municipal election: means elections in general law cities and where applicable in chartered cities. See California Elections Code 330
  • National Bank: A bank that is subject to the supervision of the Comptroller of the Currency. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is a bureau of the U.S. Treasury Department. A national bank can be recognized because it must have "national" or "national association" in its name. Source: OCC
  • National Credit Union Administration: The federal regulatory agency that charters and supervises federal credit unions. (NCUA also administers the National Credit Union Share Insurance Fund, which insures the deposits of federal credit unions.) Source: OCC
  • National medical support notice: means the notice required by Section 666(a)(19) of Title 42 of the United States Code with respect to an order made pursuant to Section 3773. See California Family Code 3760
  • negligently: import a want of such attention to the nature or probable consequences of the act or omission as a prudent man ordinarily bestows in acting in his own concerns. See California Penal Code 7
  • Net: means any gear made of any kind of twine, thread, string, rope, wire, wood, or other materials used for the gilling, entangling, trapping, or impounding of fish. See California Fish and Game Code 56
  • new law: means this division of the Corporations Code as amended by act of the California Legislature, 1975-76 Regular Session, effective January 1, 1977, and as in effect on that date. See California Corporations Code 2300
  • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
  • Nominate: means the selection, at a state-conducted primary election, of candidates who are entitled by law to participate in the general election for that office, but does not mean any other lawful mechanism that a political party may adopt for the purposes of choosing the candidate who is preferred by the party for a nonpartisan or voter-nominated office. See California Elections Code 332.5
  • Nomination documents: means declaration of candidacy and nomination papers. See California Elections Code 333
  • Nonpartisan office: means an office, except for a voter-nominated office, for which no party may nominate a candidate. See California Elections Code 334
  • Nonresident: means a person who is not a resident as defined in Section 70. See California Fish and Game Code 57
  • Oath: includes affirmation. See California Government Code 15
  • Oath: includes affirmation. See California Business and Professions Code 20
  • Oath: includes affirmation. See California Military and Veterans Code 15
  • Oath: A promise to tell the truth.
  • Occupational Safety and Health Standards Board: as used in this part means the Occupational Safety and Health Standards Board of the Division of Occupational Safety and Health, Department of Industrial Relations, State of California. See California Labor Code 7801
  • office: means the Office of Emergency Services. See California Penal Code 14113
  • offsite building: is a building that is situated on land that is neither owned by a community college district nor leased by a community college district under a lease containing an option to purchase the land. See California Education Code 81130.5
  • offsite building: is a building which is situated on land which is neither owned by a community college district nor leased by a community college district under a lease containing an option to purchase the land. See California Education Code 81160
  • Older Americans Act: means the Older Americans Act of 1965, as amended (P. See California Business and Professions Code 6213
  • Open season: means that period of time during which the taking of birds, mammals, fish, reptiles, or amphibians is allowed as prescribed in this code and regulations adopted by the commission. See California Fish and Game Code 62
  • Open-end credit: A credit agreement (typically a credit card) that allows a customer to borrow against a preapproved credit line when purchasing goods and services. The borrower is only billed for the amount that is actually borrowed plus any interest due. (Also called a charge account or revolving credit.) Source: OCC
  • Optical products: means prescription and nonprescription eyewear. See California Business and Professions Code 9855
  • Oral argument: An opportunity for lawyers to summarize their position before the court and also to answer the judges' questions.
  • order: include a decree, as appropriate under the circumstances. See California Family Code 100
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • owner: means a person who owns or controls or has the duty to control the operation of an amusement ride. See California Labor Code 7901
  • owner: means a person who owns or controls or has the duty to control the operation of an amusement ride. See California Labor Code 7921
  • Owner: includes the United States (except that for the purpose of Sections 5901, 5931, 5933, and 5938, "owner" does not include the United States as to any dam in the condition the dam existed on September 15, 1945), the State, a person, political subdivision, or district (other than a fish and game district) owning, controlling or operating a dam or pipe. See California Fish and Game Code 5900
  • Owner: as used in this chapter , means an owner, lessee, sublessee, or agent of the owner of a building or part of a building, including, but not limited to, the state or another public entity. See California Health and Safety Code 25919.5
  • Parent and child relationship: as used in this part means the legal relationship existing between a child and the child's natural or adoptive parents incident to which the law confers or imposes rights, privileges, duties, and obligations. See California Family Code 7601
  • Parent facility: means a health facility licensed pursuant to Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 1250) of Division 2, or a clinic licensed pursuant to Chapter 1 (commencing with Section 1200) of Division 2. See California Health and Safety Code 1765.105
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Party: means a political party or organization that has qualified for participation in any primary or presidential general election. See California Elections Code 338
  • peace officer: signify any one of the officers mentioned in Chapter 4. See California Penal Code 7
  • Pediatric day health and respite care facility: means a facility that provides an organized program of therapeutic social and day health activities and services and limited 24-hour inpatient respite care to medically fragile children 21 years of age or younger, including terminally ill and technology-dependent patients, except as provided in paragraph (2) and Section 1763. See California Health and Safety Code 1760.2
  • Permanent amusement ride: includes the business of operating bungee jumping services or providing services to facilitate bungee jumping, but does not include slides, playground equipment, coin-operated devices or conveyances that operate directly on the ground or on a surface or pavement directly on the ground. See California Labor Code 7921
  • permanent employee: includes tenure in the classification in which the employee passed the required probationary period and includes all of the incidents of that classification. See California Education Code 88001
  • Permit: means a document issued by the division which indicates that an inspection of the ride has been performed pursuant to rules and regulations adopted by the division. See California Labor Code 7901
  • Person: means any natural person or any partnership, corporation, limited liability company, trust, or other type of association. See California Fish and Game Code 67
  • Person: includes a firm, partnership, association, limited liability company, or corporation. See California Business and Professions Code 9801
  • Person: includes any person, firm, association, organization, partnership, limited liability company, business trust, corporation, or company. See California Government Code 17
  • person: includes any individual, firm, partnership, general corporation, professional corporation, or limited liability partnership, as authorized by the Corporations Code. See California Business and Professions Code 5535
  • Person: includes any individual, firm, corporation, association, copartnership, trust, business trust, or receiver or any trustee or conservator for any thereof, but does not include the state or any public corporation, political subdivision, city, county, district or any agency thereof or of the state. See California Education Code 81902
  • Person: means any person, firm, association, organization, partnership, business trust, corporation, limited liability company, or company. See California Health and Safety Code 19
  • Person: means any person, association, organization, partnership, business trust, limited liability company, or corporation. See California Labor Code 18
  • person: includes a corporation as well as a natural person. See California Penal Code 7
  • Person: includes a corporation as well as a natural person. See California Corporations Code 18
  • Person: includes a natural person, firm, association, organization, partnership, business trust, corporation, limited liability company, or public entity. See California Family Code 105
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • personal property: include money, goods, chattels, things in action, and evidences of debt. See California Penal Code 7
  • Petitioner: includes plaintiff, where appropriate. See California Family Code 126
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Political subdivision: means any city, county, district, or other local governmental agency. See California Military and Veterans Code 1260
  • Polling place: means a location where a voter casts a ballot and includes the following terms, as applicable: poll, polling location, and vote center. See California Elections Code 338.5
  • Possession limit: means the maximum, in number or amount, of birds, mammals, fish, reptiles, or amphibians that may be lawfully possessed by one person. See California Fish and Game Code 19
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Precinct: means a geographical area within a county that is made up of voters and is formed pursuant to Chapter 3 (commencing with Section 12200) of Division 12. See California Elections Code 338.6
  • Preliminary hearing: A hearing where the judge decides whether there is enough evidence to make the defendant have a trial.
  • Premarital agreement: means an agreement between prospective spouses made in contemplation of marriage and to be effective upon marriage. See California Family Code 1610
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • Primary election: includes all primary nominating elections provided for by this code. See California Elections Code 341
  • Principal county: means the county having all or the greatest portion of the entire assessed valuation, as shown on the last equalized assessment roll of the county or counties, of all taxable property in the district. See California Government Code 61002
  • prior law: means the applicable law as in effect prior to January 1, 1977. See California Corporations Code 2300
  • prisoner: includes an inmate of a prison, jail, or penal or correctional facility. See California Government Code 844
  • Private detention facility: means a detention facility that is operated by a private, nongovernmental, for-profit entity, and operating pursuant to a contract or agreement with a governmental entity. See California Penal Code 9500
  • private school children with disabilities: means children with disabilities enrolled by a parent in private schools or facilities that meet the definition of "elementary school" in Section 300. See California Education Code 56170
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probate: Proving a will
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Probation officers: Screen applicants for pretrial release and monitor convicted offenders released under court supervision.
  • Proceeding: includes an action. See California Family Code 110
  • Process: includes a writ or summons issued in the course of judicial proceedings of either a civil or criminal nature. See California Government Code 22
  • Professional corporation: means a corporation organized under the General Corporation Law or pursuant to subdivision (b) of Section 13406 that is engaged in rendering professional services in a single profession, except as otherwise authorized in Section 13401. See California Corporations Code 13401
  • Professional services: means any type of professional services that may be lawfully rendered only pursuant to a license, certification, or registration authorized by the Business and Professions Code, the Chiropractic Act, or the Osteopathic Act. See California Corporations Code 13401
  • Project: means any one or more dormitories or other housing facilities, boarding facilities, student union or activity facilities, vehicle parking facilities, or any other auxiliary or supplementary facilities for individual or group accommodation, owned or operated or authorized to be acquired, constructed, furnished, equipped, and operated by the board for use by students, faculty members, or other employees of any one or more community colleges, or a combination of such facilities, which may include facilities already completed and facilities authorized for future completion, designated by the board as a project in providing for the issuance of revenue bonds. See California Education Code 81902
  • Property: means an interest, present or future, legal or equitable, vested or contingent, in real or personal property, including income and earnings. See California Family Code 1610
  • property: includes both real and personal property. See California Penal Code 7
  • Property: includes real and personal property and any interest therein. See California Family Code 113
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Protection: means formal admission into a witness protection program established by this title memorialized by a written agreement between local or state prosecutors and the witness. See California Penal Code 14021
  • Proxy voting: The practice of allowing a legislator to cast a vote in committee for an absent legislator.
  • public agency: has the meaning given that term by Section 53050. See California Government Code 960
  • Public agency: includes counties, cities, municipal corporations, political subdivisions, public districts, and other public agencies of the state. See California Government Code 1150
  • public agency: includes every port district, river port district, municipal port district, harbor district, harbor improvement district, joint harbor improvement district, Board of State Harbor Commissioners, board of harbor commissioners, city, county, and city and county in this state. See California Corporations Code 10700
  • public body: means any county, city and county, city, municipal corporation, political subdivision, school district, or any other public district or public corporation, any public authority, or any agency of any thereof. See California Government Code 1101
  • Public defender: Represent defendants who can't afford an attorney in criminal matters.
  • Public employer: means the state, the Regents of the University of California, the Trustees of the California State University and the California State University, the Judicial Council, a trial court, a county, city, district, public authority, including transit district, public agency, or any other political subdivision or public corporation of the state, except as provided in paragraph (2). See California Government Code 1150
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • public securities: means any issue of bonds, notes, warrants, or other evidences of indebtedness and the interest coupons, if any, attached thereto, issued by any public body. See California Government Code 1100
  • Public works contract: means , except for a contract awarded pursuant to the State Contract Act (Part 2 (commencing with Section 10100)), a contract awarded through competitive bids or otherwise by the state, any of its political subdivisions or public agencies for the erection, construction, alteration, repair, or improvement of any kind upon real property. See California Public Contract Code 22200
  • Purchase: means "buy" as defined in Section 24. See California Fish and Game Code 68
  • Qualified court investigator: as used in this article , has the meaning provided by Section 8543. See California Family Code 7852
  • Qualified legal services project: means either of the following:

    California Business and Professions Code 6213

  • Qualified safety inspector: means either of the following:

    California Labor Code 7921

  • Quasi-community property: means all real or personal property, wherever situated, acquired before or after the operative date of this code in any of the following ways:

    California Family Code 125

  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Recipient: means a qualified legal services project or support center receiving financial assistance under this article. See California Business and Professions Code 6213
  • Reclassification: means the upgrading of a position to a higher classification as a result of the gradual increase of the duties being performed by the incumbent in that position. See California Education Code 88001
  • recognized employee organization: means an employee organization that has been recognized by an employer as the exclusive representative pursuant to Article 5 (commencing with Section 3544). See California Government Code 3540.1
  • Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
  • Regular election: is a n election, the specific time for the holding of which is prescribed by law. See California Elections Code 348
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • Remedial action: includes , but is not limited to, the cleanup or removal of released hazardous materials from the environment, monitoring, testing and analysis of the site, site operation and maintenance, and the placing of conditions, limitations, or restrictions on the uses of the site after remedial action has been completed. See California Health and Safety Code 25260
  • remote interest: means any of the following:

    California Government Code 1091

  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • Resident: means any person who has resided continuously in the State of California for six months or more immediately prior to the date of his application for a license or permit, any person on active military duty with the Armed Forces of the United States or auxiliary branch thereof, or any person enrolled in the Job Corps established pursuant to Section 2883 of Title 29 of the United States Code. See California Fish and Game Code 70
  • Respite care: means day and 24-hour relief for the parent or guardian and care for the patient. See California Health and Safety Code 1760.2
  • Respondent: includes defendant, where appropriate. See California Family Code 127
  • Responsible party: means any person, except for an independent contractor, who agrees to carry out a site investigation and remedial action at a hazardous materials release site for one of the following reasons:

    California Health and Safety Code 25260

  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • Revocable trust: A trust agreement that can be canceled, rescinded, revoked, or repealed by the grantor (person who establishes the trust).
  • Right of survivorship: The ownership rights that result in the acquisition of title to property by reason of having survived other co-owners.
  • Rotator: when used in connection with an antenna installation or repair, includes, but is not limited to, an electromechanical device operated from a remote location to rotate an antenna on a horizontal plane. See California Business and Professions Code 9801
  • School building: as used in this article , means any building used, or designed to be used, for community college purposes and constructed by the state, by any city, county, or city and county, by any district of any kind within the state, by any regional occupational center or program created by or authorized to act by an agreement under joint exercise of power, or by the United States government, or any agency thereof. See California Education Code 81050
  • School building: as used in this article , means and includes any building used, or designed to be used, for community college purposes and constructed, reconstructed, altered, or added to, by the state or by any city or city and county, by any political subdivision, by any district of any kind within the state, by any regional occupational center or program created by or authorized to act by an agreement under joint exercise of power, or by the United States government, or any agency thereof. See California Education Code 81130.5
  • School building: as used in this article excludes any building which is used for community college district administrative buildings located on a site separate from the community college campuses of the district, and into which students are not required to enter. See California Education Code 81160
  • seal: includes an impression of such seal upon the paper alone, or upon any substance attached to the paper capable of receiving a visible impression. See California Penal Code 7
  • season: means "open season. See California Fish and Game Code 62
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Labor and Workforce Development. See California Labor Code 19.5
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Veterans Affairs. See California Military and Veterans Code 1010
  • Secretary: means the secretary of the board of directors. See California Government Code 61002
  • Sell: includes offer or possess for sale, barter, exchange, or trade. See California Fish and Game Code 75
  • sell: means remanufacturing, retrofitting, selling, contracting to sell or resell, leasing, subletting, or otherwise placing in the stream of commerce. See California Health and Safety Code 24532
  • Sell: means to act as a broker for a commission. See California Business and Professions Code 6175
  • seller: means a person who sells or offers to sell a service contract to a service contractholder, including a person who is the obligor under a service contract sold by the seller, manufacturer, or repairer of the product covered by the service contract. See California Business and Professions Code 9855
  • Serious injury or illness: means any injury or illness occurring in a place of employment or in connection with any employment that requires inpatient hospitalization, for other than medical observation or diagnostic testing, or in which an employee suffers an amputation, the loss of an eye, or any serious degree of permanent disfigurement, but does not include any injury or illness or death caused by an accident on a public street or highway, unless the accident occurred in a construction zone. See California Labor Code 6302
  • Service contract: means a contract in writing to perform, over a fixed period of time or for a specified duration, services relating to the maintenance, replacement, or repair of consumer goods and may include provisions for incidental payment of indemnity under limited circumstances, including, but not limited to, power surges, food spoilage, or accidental damage from handling. See California Business and Professions Code 9855
  • Service contract reimbursement insurance policy: means a policy of insurance issued by an insurer admitted to do business in this state providing coverage for all obligations and liabilities incurred by a service contract seller under the terms of the service contracts sold in this state by the service contract seller to a service contractholder. See California Business and Professions Code 9855
  • Service contractholder: means a person who purchases or receives a service contract from a service contract seller. See California Business and Professions Code 9855
  • Service contractor: means a service contract administrator or a service contract seller. See California Business and Professions Code 9855
  • Service dealer: means a person who, for compensation, engages in, or holds himself or herself out to the public as offering services in the business of:

    California Business and Professions Code 9801

  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Signature: includes either of the following:

    California Elections Code 354.5

  • Signature: includes mark when the signer cannot write, such signer's name being written near the mark by a witness who writes his own name near the signer's name. See California Corporations Code 17
  • site: means any area, location, or facility where a hazardous material has been released or threatens to be released into the environment. See California Health and Safety Code 25260
  • site: includes one or more sites, and also may include any building or buildings located or to be located on a site. See California Education Code 81330
  • Site investigation: means those actions that are necessary to determine the full extent of a release or threatened release of a hazardous material at a hazardous materials release site, identify the public health and safety or environmental threat posed by the release or threatened release, collect data on possible remedies, and otherwise evaluate the hazardous materials release site for the purpose of implementing remedial action. See California Health and Safety Code 25260
  • Special election: is a n election, the specific time for the holding of which is not prescribed by law. See California Elections Code 356
  • Spousal support: means support of the spouse of the obligor. See California Family Code 142
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Government Code 12.2
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Health and Safety Code 12.2
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Business and Professions Code 14.2
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Military and Veterans Code 19
  • spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Penal Code 7
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Corporations Code 12.2
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Family Code 143
  • Standards board: means the Occupational Safety and Health Standards Board, within the department. See California Labor Code 6302
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Fish and Game Code 83
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Government Code 18
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Health and Safety Code 23
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Education Code 77
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Business and Professions Code 21
  • state: when applied to the different parts of the United States, includes the District of Columbia and the territories, and the words "United States" may include the district and territories. See California Penal Code 7
  • State: means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, or a commonwealth, territory, or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. See California Family Code 145
  • State agency: means any agency, department, division, commission, board, bureau, officer, or other authority of the State of California. See California Labor Code 6101
  • state agency: includes every state office, officer, department, division, bureau, board, and commission. See California Government Code 11000
  • state agency: shall include any state board, commission, bureau, or division created pursuant to the provisions of the Business and Professions Code, the Education Code, or the Chiropractic Initiative Act to license and regulate individuals who engage in certain businesses and professions. See California Penal Code 23
  • state board: whenever used in this code means the State Board of Education, unless the context requires otherwise. See California Education Code 88
  • State department: means the State Department of Public Health. See California Health and Safety Code 1760.2
  • State employee: means all persons who receive wages for services through the uniform payroll system established and administered by the Controller under Section 12470. See California Government Code 1150
  • Station: means a lamp adjusting station or a brake adjusting station. See California Business and Professions Code 9888.1
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • stock: means a species, subspecies, geographical grouping, or other category of fish capable of management as a unit. See California Fish and Game Code 98.5
  • Student record: means any item of information directly related to an identifiable student, other than directory information, which is maintained by a community college or required to be maintained by any employee in the performance of his or her duties, whether recorded by handwriting, print, tapes, film, microfilm or other means. See California Education Code 76210
  • Subdivision: means a subdivision of the section in which that term occurs unless some other section is expressly mentioned. See California Fish and Game Code 73
  • Subdivision: means a subdivision of the section in which the term occurs unless some other section is expressly mentioned. See California Government Code 10
  • Subdivision: means a subdivision of the section in which the term appears unless some other section is expressly mentioned. See California Corporations Code 10
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Subpoena duces tecum: A command to a witness to produce documents.
  • subscription: includes mark when the signer or subscriber can not write, such signer's or subscriber's name being written near the mark by a witness who writes his own name near the signer's or subscriber's name. See California Government Code 16
  • substitute: means a person who performs, on a temporary basis, the duties of the individual who made the notes and does not refer to a person who permanently succeeds the maker of the notes in his or her position. See California Education Code 76210
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Support: refers to a support obligation owing on behalf of a child, spouse, or family, or an amount owing pursuant to Section 17402. See California Family Code 150
  • support order: means a child, family, or spousal support order. See California Family Code 3650
  • Support order: means a judgment or order of support in favor of an obligee, whether temporary or final, or subject to modification, termination, or remission, regardless of the kind of action or proceeding in which it is entered. See California Family Code 155
  • Take: means hunt, pursue, catch, capture, or kill, or attempt to hunt, pursue, catch, capture, or kill. See California Fish and Game Code 86
  • Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
  • Tenancy in common: A type of property ownership in which two or more individuals have an undivided interest in property. At the death of one tenant in common, his (her) fractional percentage of ownership in the property passes to the decedent
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Title IV-D: means Title IV-D of the federal Social Security Act (42 U. See California Family Code 4252
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Transaction: includes the deposit, withdrawal, transfer, bailment, loan, payment, or exchange of currency, or a monetary instrument, as defined by subdivision (c), by, through, or to, a financial institution, as defined by subdivision (a). See California Penal Code 14161
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Transport: includes offer or receive for transportation. See California Fish and Game Code 88
  • Trust account: A general term that covers all types of accounts in a trust department, such as estates, guardianships, and agencies. Source: OCC
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • unidentified person: means a person, living or deceased, whose identity the local investigative agency is unable to determine. See California Penal Code 14215
  • United States: means the United States of America, and in relation to any particular matter includes the officers, agents, employees, agencies, or instrumentalities authorized to act in relation thereto. See California Fish and Game Code 5900
  • Uphold: The decision of an appellate court not to reverse a lower court decision.
  • User fees: Fees charged to users of goods or services provided by the government. In levying or authorizing these fees, the legislature determines whether the revenue should go into the treasury or should be available to the agency providing the goods or services.
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • vessel: means a vessel as defined in subdivision (c) of Section 651 of the Harbors and Navigation Code. See California Penal Code 7
  • Veteran: as used in this article means any person who has served in the United States armed forces in time of war, or national emergency declared by the President of the United States of America, and who has been discharged or released under conditions other than dishonorable, proof of which shall be submitted to the commission at the time of the examination. See California Education Code 88113
  • Veteran: means a person who is eligible for benefits under this chapter. See California Military and Veterans Code 1010
  • veterans service organization: means any association or organization which is composed solely of persons who served honorably in time of war or in time of peace in a campaign or expedition for service in which a medal has been authorized by the government of the United States, as members of the Armed Forces of the United States, or who as citizens of the United States served honorably in time of war as members of the armed forces of any nation whose government was allied with the United States during that war, and which is organized for patriotic, fraternal, and benevolent objects. See California Military and Veterans Code 1260
  • Victim: means a person against whom a crime has been committed. See California Penal Code 679.01
  • Victim advocate: work with prosecutors and assist the victims of a crime.
  • Victim Impact Statement: A written or spoken statement by the victim or his or her representative about the physical, emotional, and financial impact of a crime on the victim. The statement is given to the court before sentencing.
  • Video game: includes , but is not limited to, any electronic amusement device that utilizes a computer, microprocessor, or similar electronic circuitry and its own cathode ray tube or a television set or a monitor. See California Business and Professions Code 9801
  • Violation: includes a failure to comply with any requirement of the code. See California Labor Code 22
  • Voter: means any elector who is registered under this code. See California Elections Code 359
  • Voter: means a voter as defined by Section 359 of the Elections Code. See California Government Code 61002
  • Voter-nominated office: means a congressional or state elective office for which a candidate may choose to have his or her party preference or lack of party preference indicated upon the ballot. See California Elections Code 359.5
  • war: shall mean : (a) whenever Congress has declared war and peace has not been formally restored. See California Military and Veterans Code 18
  • Wildlife: means and includes all wild animals, birds, plants, fish, amphibians, reptiles, and related ecological communities, including the habitat upon which the wildlife depends for its continued viability. See California Fish and Game Code 89.5
  • will: includes codicil. See California Penal Code 7
  • willfully: when applied to the intent with which an act is done or omitted, implies simply a purpose or willingness to commit the act, or make the omission referred to. See California Penal Code 7
  • Witness: means any person who has been or is expected to testify for the prosecution, or who, by reason of having relevant information, is subject to call or likely to be called as a witness for the prosecution, whether or not any action or proceeding has yet been commenced. See California Penal Code 679.01
  • Witness: means any person who has been summoned, or is reasonably expected to be summoned, to testify in a criminal matter, including grand jury proceedings, for the people whether or not formal legal proceedings have been filed. See California Penal Code 14021
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.
  • Zone: means a zone formed pursuant to Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 61140) of Part 3. See California Government Code 61002