1.    The definition of an offense in sections 12.1-06-01 to 12.1-06-04 does not apply to another offense also defined in sections 12.1-06-01 to 12.1-06-04.

Terms Used In North Dakota Code 12.1-06-05

  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Harm: means loss, disadvantage, or injury to the person affected, and includes loss, disadvantage, or injury to any other person in whose welfare the person affected is interested. See North Dakota Code 12.1-01-04
  • Individual: means a human being. See North Dakota Code 1-01-49
  • Offense: means conduct for which a term of imprisonment or a fine is authorized by statute after conviction. See North Dakota Code 12.1-01-04
  • Property: includes property, real and personal. See North Dakota Code 1-01-49
  • State: when applied to the different parts of the United States, includes the District of Columbia and the territories. See North Dakota Code 1-01-49

2.    Whenever “attempt” or “conspiracy” is made an offense outside this chapter, it means attempt or conspiracy, as the case may be, as defined in this chapter.

3.     a.    Other than as provided in subsection 4, in a prosecution under section 12.1-06-01, it is an affirmative defense that, under circumstances manifesting a voluntary and complete renunciation of criminal intent, the defendant avoided the commission of the crime attempted by abandoning any criminal effort and, if mere abandonment was insufficient to accomplish such avoidance, by taking further and affirmative steps which prevented the commission thereof.

b.    Other than as provided in subsection 4, in a prosecution under section 12.1-06-03 or 12.1-06-04, it is an affirmative defense that, under circumstances manifesting a voluntary and complete renunciation of criminal intent, the defendant prevented the commission of the crime solicited or of the crime or crimes contemplated by the conspiracy.

c.    A renunciation is not “voluntary and complete” within the meaning of this section if it is motivated in whole or in part by (1) a belief that a circumstance exists which increases the probability of detection or apprehension of the defendant or another participant in the criminal operation, or which makes more difficult the consummation of the crime, or (2) a decision to postpone the criminal conduct until another time or to substitute another victim, or another but similar objective.

4.    An individual is immune from prosecution under this chapter if:

a.    The individual voluntarily and completely renounced the individual’s criminal intent;

b.    The individual is a student enrolled in an elementary school, middle school, or a high school in this state or is enrolled at an institution of higher education in this state;

c.    The offense would have resulted in:

(1) Harm to another student enrolled in an elementary school, middle school, or a high school in this state;

    (2) Harm to another student enrolled in an institution of higher education in this state;

(3) Harm to an employee of a school district or a nonpublic school in this state; (4) Harm to an employee of an institution of higher education in this state; or

(5) Damage to property of a school district in this state or property of an institution of higher education in this state; and

d.    The renunciation was given to a law enforcement officer, to an administrator of a school or school district in this state, or to an official of an institution of higher education in this state before any harm to others or damage to property occurs.