§ 28-01-01 Actions relating to real estate brought by state of North Dakota – Limitations
§ 28-01-02 Actions relating to real estate brought by person claiming through grant from state – Limitations
§ 28-01-03 Actions relating to real estate when state grant judicially declared void – Limitations
§ 28-01-04 Actions for recovery or possession of real property – Limitations
§ 28-01-05 Actions founded upon title to real estate or to rents or services therefrom – Limitations
§ 28-01-06 Actions founded upon entry upon real estate – Limitations
§ 28-01-07 Presumption against adverse possession of real estate
§ 28-01-08 Adverse possession when based upon written instrument
§ 28-01-09 Acts constituting adverse possession based upon a written instrument
§ 28-01-10 Extent of real estate affected by adverse possession not based on written instrument
§ 28-01-11 Acts constituting adverse possession not based upon a written instrument
§ 28-01-12 When possession of tenant presumed to be possession of landlord
§ 28-01-13 Possession not affected by descent
§ 28-01-14 Disabilities extend limitations on actions affecting real estate
§ 28-01-15 Actions having ten-year limitations
§ 28-01-16 Actions having six-year limitations
§ 28-01-17 Actions having three-year limitations – Exceptions
§ 28-01-18 Actions having two-year limitations
§ 28-01-19 Actions having one-year limitations
§ 28-01-20 Limitations on actions for forfeitures brought by persons or state
§ 28-01-21 Limitations on actions founded on right of homestead
§ 28-01-22 Limitations on actions not specifically provided for
§ 28-01-22.1 Actions against state – Limitation
§ 28-01-23 Limitations in chapter applicable to state
§ 28-01-24 Limitations on claims for relief fraudulently concealed
§ 28-01-25 Disabilities extend limitations on actions generally – Exceptions
§ 28-01-25.1 Limitation on actions alleging childhood sexual abuse
§ 28-01-26 Limitation in case of death
§ 28-01-26.1 Survival of claims for relief
§ 28-01-27 Limitation in case of war
§ 28-01-28 Limitation when judgment reversed
§ 28-01-29 Limitation when commencement of action stayed
§ 28-01-30 When limitation for disability available
§ 28-01-31 Limitation for coexisting disabilities
§ 28-01-32 Absence from state tolls limitations – Exception
§ 28-01-33 Actions against directors or stockholders of moneyed corporations or banking associations for statutory penalties or forfeiture – Limitation
§ 28-01-34 Actions upon judgments rendered in courts of state not maintainable without leave of court
§ 28-01-35 Bank notes
§ 28-01-36 New promise must be in writing in order to extend limitation – Effect of any payment
§ 28-01-37 When claim for relief upon open account accrues
§ 28-01-38 When action deemed commenced
§ 28-01-39 Defense of limitations to be taken by answer
§ 28-01-42 Cancellation or enforcement of contract for sale of real estate – Limitation – When time begins to run – Commencement of proceedings
§ 28-01-44 Limitation of action – Person submitting plans for improvements to real estate
§ 28-01-45 Limitation of action against abstracter
§ 28-01-46 Expert opinion required to maintain an action based upon alleged medical negligence except in obvious cases
§ 28-01-46.1 Waiver of privilege for health care providers and informal discussion
§ 28-01-47 Limitation of action for asbestos claims
§ 28-01-48 Action based on real estate transaction duty – Three-year limitation

Terms Used In North Dakota Code > Chapter 28-01 - Time for Commencing Actions

  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff.
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • following: when used by way of reference to a chapter or other part of a statute means the next preceding or next following chapter or other part. See North Dakota Code 1-01-49
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • Individual: means a human being. See North Dakota Code 1-01-49
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Organization: includes a foreign or domestic association, business trust, corporation, enterprise, estate, joint venture, limited liability company, limited liability partnership, limited partnership, partnership, trust, or any legal or commercial entity. See North Dakota Code 1-01-49
  • Person: means an individual, organization, government, political subdivision, or government agency or instrumentality. See North Dakota Code 1-01-49
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Process: means a writ or summons issued in the course of judicial proceedings. See North Dakota Code 1-01-49
  • Property: includes property, real and personal. See North Dakota Code 1-01-49
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Rule: includes regulation. See North Dakota Code 1-01-49
  • State: when applied to the different parts of the United States, includes the District of Columbia and the territories. See North Dakota Code 1-01-49
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • United States: includes the District of Columbia and the territories. See North Dakota Code 1-01-49
  • written: include "typewriting" and "typewritten" and "printing" and "printed" except in the case of signatures and when the words are used by way of contrast to typewriting and printing. See North Dakota Code 1-01-37
  • year: means twelve consecutive months. See North Dakota Code 1-01-33