§ 4511.01 Traffic laws – operation of motor vehicles definitions
§ 4511.011 Designating freeway, expressway, and thruway
§ 4511.03 Emergency vehicles at red signal or stop sign
§ 4511.031 Portable preemption signal devices prohibited
§ 4511.04 Exception to traffic rules
§ 4511.041 Exceptions to traffic rules for emergency or public safety vehicle responding to emergency call
§ 4511.042 Exceptions to traffic rules for coroner’s vehicles
§ 4511.043 Ticket, summons, or citation for secondary traffic offense
§ 4511.05 Persons riding or driving animals upon roadways
§ 4511.051 Freeways – prohibited acts
§ 4511.06 Applicability and uniformity of traffic laws
§ 4511.07 Local traffic regulations
§ 4511.071 No liability for lessor under written lease
§ 4511.08 Use of private property for vehicular travel
§ 4511.09 Manual for uniform system of traffic control devices
§ 4511.091 Arrest or citation of driver based on radar, timing device or radio message from another officer
§ 4511.0910 Violations for which civil penalty imposed
§ 4511.0911 Traffic law photo-monitoring device maintenance records; accuracy; issuance of certain tickets prohibited
§ 4511.0912 Speeding tickets
§ 4511.0913 Applicable law
§ 4511.0914 Bans on use of traffic law photo-monitoring devices
§ 4511.0915 Operation of traffic law photo-monitoring device; statement of compliance
§ 4511.092 Definitions
§ 4511.093 Traffic law photo-monitoring devices
§ 4511.094 Signs required for photo-monitoring devices
§ 4511.095 Prerequisites for deployment of device
§ 4511.096 Examination of evidence
§ 4511.097 Classification of violation as civil violation
§ 4511.098 Rights of those ticketed
§ 4511.099 Contesting tickets
§ 4511.10 Placement and maintenance of traffic control devices
§ 4511.101 Placement of business logos on directional signs along interstates
§ 4511.102 Tourist-oriented directional sign program definitions
§ 4511.103 Administrative rules for placement of tourist-oriented directional signs and trailblazer markers
§ 4511.104 Participation in tourist-oriented directional sign program
§ 4511.105 Tourist-oriented directional signs to conform to federal manual of uniform traffic control devices
§ 4511.106 Local tourist-oriented directional sign programs
§ 4511.107 Acquiring outdoor advertising devices
§ 4511.108 Traffic generator sign program
§ 4511.11 Local conformity to manual for uniform system of traffic control devices
§ 4511.12 Obedience to traffic control devices
§ 4511.121 Bypassing vehicle weighing locations
§ 4511.13 Highway traffic signal indications; section not applicable to railroad crossings
§ 4511.131 Lane-use control signal indications
§ 4511.132 Operation at intersections with malfunctioning traffic control signal lights
§ 4511.14 Special pedestrian control signals
§ 4511.16 Unauthorized sign or signal resembling a traffic control device
§ 4511.17 Tampering with traffic control device, freshly applied pavement material, manhole covers
§ 4511.18 Purchase, possession or sale of traffic control device
§ 4511.181 OVI definitions
§ 4511.19 Operating vehicle under the influence of alcohol or drugs – OVI
§ 4511.192 Advice to OVI arrestee
§ 4511.193 Portion fine deposited in municipal or county indigent drivers alcohol treatment fund
§ 4511.194 Having physical control of vehicle while under the influence
§ 4511.195 Seizing and detaining vehicle if operator has prior conviction
§ 4511.196 Initial appearance
§ 4511.197 Appeal of implied consent suspension
§ 4511.198 Limited driving privileges – remote continuous alcohol monitor
§ 4511.20 Operation in willful or wanton disregard of the safety of persons or property
§ 4511.201 Operation off street or highway in willful or wanton disregard of the safety of persons or property
§ 4511.202 Operation without being in reasonable control of vehicle, trolley, or streetcar
§ 4511.203 Wrongful entrustment of motor vehicle
§ 4511.204 Driving while texting
§ 4511.205 Use of devices by persons under 18 years of age
§ 4511.21 Speed limits – assured clear distance
§ 4511.211 Establishing speed limit on private road or driveway
§ 4511.212 Complaint of noncompliance by local authority with school zone sign laws
§ 4511.213 Approaching stationary public safety vehicle displaying emergency light
§ 4511.214 Operation of low-speed, under-speed, or utility vehicle, or a mini-truck
§ 4511.215 Local authorization for operation of low-speed, under-speed, or utility vehicle, or a mini-truck
§ 4511.22 Slow speed
§ 4511.23 Speed limits on bridges
§ 4511.24 Speed limits not applicable to emergency or public safety vehicles
§ 4511.25 Lanes of travel upon roadways of sufficient width
§ 4511.251 Street racing
§ 4511.252 Closing roads for supervised sports car racing
§ 4511.26 Vehicles traveling in opposite directions
§ 4511.27 Overtaking and passing of vehicles proceeding in the same direction
§ 4511.28 Overtaking and passing upon the right of another vehicle
§ 4511.29 Driving to left of center of roadway in overtaking and passing traffic proceeding in same direction
§ 4511.30 Driving upon left side of roadway
§ 4511.31 Establishing hazardous zones
§ 4511.32 One-way traffic – rotary islands
§ 4511.33 Driving in marked lanes
§ 4511.34 Space between moving vehicles
§ 4511.35 Divided roadways
§ 4511.351
§ 4511.36 Rules for turns at intersections
§ 4511.37 Turning in roadway prohibited – exceptions
§ 4511.38 Rules for starting and backing vehicles
§ 4511.39 Turn and stop signals
§ 4511.40 Hand and arm signals
§ 4511.41 Right-of-way rule at intersections
§ 4511.42 Right-of-way rule when turning left
§ 4511.43 Right-of-way rule at through highways, stop signs, yield signs
§ 4511.431 Stop prior to driving on sidewalk area
§ 4511.432 Stop signs on private residential road or driveway
§ 4511.44 Right-of-way at highway from any place other than another roadway
§ 4511.441 Right-of-way of pedestrian on sidewalk
§ 4511.45 Right-of-way of public safety or coroner’s vehicle
§ 4511.451 Right-of way of funeral vehicle
§ 4511.452 Right-of-way yielded by pedestrian to public safety vehicle
§ 4511.453 Immunity of funeral home operator
§ 4511.454 Reporting failure of motor vehicle operator to yield right-of-way to public safety vehicle
§ 4511.46 Right-of-way of pedestrian within crosswalk
§ 4511.47 Right-of-way of blind person
§ 4511.48 Right-of-way yielded by pedestrian
§ 4511.481 Intoxicated or drugged pedestrian on highway
§ 4511.49 Pedestrians on right half of crosswalk
§ 4511.491 Motorized wheelchair operator has rights and duties of pedestrian
§ 4511.50 Pedestrian walking in roadway
§ 4511.51 Hitchhiking – soliciting employment, business, or contributions from occupant of vehicle
§ 4511.511 Pedestrian on bridge or railroad grade crossing
§ 4511.512 Operation of electric personal assistive mobility devices
§ 4511.52 Bicycles – issuance of ticket – points not assessed
§ 4511.521 Operation of motorized bicycles
§ 4511.53 Operation of bicycles, motorcycles and snowmobiles
§ 4511.54 Prohibition against attaching bicycles and sleds to vehicles
§ 4511.55 Operating bicycles and motorcycles on roadway
§ 4511.56 Bicycle signal devices
§ 4511.57 Passing on left side of streetcar
§ 4511.58 Vehicle shall not pass streetcar discharging passengers – exception
§ 4511.59 Driving and turning in front of streetcars
§ 4511.60 Driving through safety zone
§ 4511.61 Stop signs at dangerous highway crossings over railroad tracks
§ 4511.62 Stopping at railroad grade crossing
§ 4511.63 Stopping at grade crossings
§ 4511.64 Slow-moving vehicles or equipment crossing railroad tracks
§ 4511.65 Designation of through highways
§ 4511.66 Prohibition against parking on highways
§ 4511.661 Unattended motor vehicles
§ 4511.67 Police may remove illegally parked vehicle
§ 4511.68 Parking – prohibited acts
§ 4511.681 Parking on private property – prohibited acts
§ 4511.69 Parking requirements
§ 4511.70 Obstructing view and control of driver – opening door into moving traffic
§ 4511.701 Occupying moving trailer prohibited
§ 4511.71 Prohibition against driving upon closed highway
§ 4511.711 Driving on sidewalk
§ 4511.712 Obstructing intersection
§ 4511.713 Use of bicycle paths
§ 4511.714 Operation of vehicle on roadway covered by water
§ 4511.72 Following an emergency or public safety vehicle too closely
§ 4511.73 Driving over unprotected fire hose
§ 4511.74 Placing injurious material on highway
§ 4511.75 Stopping for stopped school bus
§ 4511.751 School bus operator to report violations
§ 4511.76 Administrative rules for school bus construction, design, equipment, operation and licensing
§ 4511.761 School bus inspections
§ 4511.762 School bus no longer used for transporting school children
§ 4511.763 Licensing by department of public safety
§ 4511.764 School buses must be registered and have identifying number
§ 4511.77 School bus – painting and marking
§ 4511.771 Signal lamps to be equipped with flashing red and amber lights
§ 4511.772 Occupant restraining device for operator
§ 4511.78 Mass transit system – transportation of school children
§ 4511.79 Driving commercial vehicle with impaired ability or alertness prohibited
§ 4511.81 Child restraint system – child highway safety fund
§ 4511.82 Littering offenses
§ 4511.84 Earphones or earplugs on operator prohibited
§ 4511.85 Chauffeured limousines
§ 4511.90 Chautauqua assembly
§ 4511.98 Signs as to increased penalties in construction zones
§ 4511.99 Penalty

Terms Used In Ohio Code > Chapter 4511

  • Agricultural tractor: means every self-propelling vehicle designed or used for drawing other vehicles or wheeled machinery but having no provision for carrying loads independently of such other vehicles, and used principally for agricultural purposes. See Ohio Code 4511.01
  • Alley: means a street or highway intended to provide access to the rear or side of lots or buildings in urban districts and not intended for the purpose of through vehicular traffic, and includes any street or highway that has been declared an "alley" by the legislative authority of the municipal corporation in which such street or highway is located. See Ohio Code 4511.01
  • Another: when used to designate the owner of property which is the subject of an offense, includes not only natural persons but also every other owner of property. See Ohio Code 1.02
  • Beacon: means a highway traffic signal with one or more signal sections that operate in a flashing mode. See Ohio Code 4511.01
  • Bicycle: means every device, other than a device that is designed solely for use as a play vehicle by a child, that is propelled solely by human power upon which a person may ride, and that has two or more wheels, any of which is more than fourteen inches in diameter. See Ohio Code 4511.01
  • Bond: includes an undertaking. See Ohio Code 1.02
  • Bus: means every motor vehicle designed for carrying more than nine passengers and used for the transportation of persons other than in a ridesharing arrangement, and every motor vehicle, automobile for hire, or funeral car, other than a taxicab or motor vehicle used in a ridesharing arrangement, designed and used for the transportation of persons for compensation. See Ohio Code 4511.01
  • Business district: means the territory fronting upon a street or highway, including the street or highway, between successive intersections within municipal corporations where fifty per cent or more of the frontage between such successive intersections is occupied by buildings in use for business, or within or outside municipal corporations where fifty per cent or more of the frontage for a distance of three hundred feet or more is occupied by buildings in use for business, and the character of such territory is indicated by official traffic control devices. See Ohio Code 4511.01
  • cancellation: means the annulment or termination by the bureau of motor vehicles of a driver's license, commercial driver's license, temporary instruction permit, probationary license, or nonresident operating privilege because it was obtained unlawfully, issued in error, altered, or willfully destroyed, or because the holder no longer is entitled to the license, permit, or privilege. See Ohio Code 4510.01
  • Child: includes child by adoption. See Ohio Code 1.59
  • Commercial tractor: means every motor vehicle having motive power designed or used for drawing other vehicles and not so constructed as to carry any load thereon, or designed or used for drawing other vehicles while carrying a portion of such other vehicles, or load thereon, or both. See Ohio Code 4511.01
  • Controlled-access highway: means every street or highway in respect to which owners or occupants of abutting lands and other persons have no legal right of access to or from the same except at such points only and in such manner as may be determined by the public authority having jurisdiction over such street or highway. See Ohio Code 4511.01
  • Crosswalk: means :

    Ohio Code 4511.01

  • Emergency vehicle: means emergency vehicles of municipal, township, or county departments or public utility corporations when identified as such as required by law, the director of public safety, or local authorities, and motor vehicles when commandeered by a police officer. See Ohio Code 4511.01
  • Expressway: means a divided arterial highway for through traffic with full or partial control of access with an excess of fifty per cent of all crossroads separated in grade. See Ohio Code 4511.01
  • Freeway: means a divided multi-lane highway for through traffic with all crossroads separated in grade and with full control of access. See Ohio Code 4511.01
  • Funeral escort vehicle: means any motor vehicle, including a funeral hearse, while used to facilitate the movement of a funeral procession. See Ohio Code 4511.01
  • highway: means the entire width between the boundary lines of every way open to the use of the public as a thoroughfare for purposes of vehicular travel. See Ohio Code 4511.01
  • Highway maintenance vehicle: means a vehicle used in snow and ice removal or road surface maintenance, including a snow plow, traffic line striper, road sweeper, mowing machine, asphalt distributing vehicle, or other such vehicle designed for use in specific highway maintenance activities. See Ohio Code 4511.01
  • Highway traffic signal: means a power-operated traffic control device by which traffic is warned or directed to take some specific action. See Ohio Code 4511.01
  • Ignition interlock device: means a device approved by the director of public safety that connects a breath analyzer to a motor vehicle's ignition system, that is constantly available to monitor the concentration by weight of alcohol in the breath of any person attempting to start that motor vehicle by using its ignition system, and that deters starting the motor vehicle by use of its ignition system unless the person attempting to start the vehicle provides an appropriate breath sample for the device and the device determines that the concentration by weight of alcohol in the person's breath is below a preset level. See Ohio Code 4510.01
  • Immobilizing or disabling device: includes an ignition interlock device, and any prototype device that is used according to protocols designed to ensure efficient and effective monitoring of limited driving privileges granted by a court to an offender. See Ohio Code 4510.01
  • imprisonment: means being imprisoned under a sentence imposed for an offense or serving a term of imprisonment, prison term, jail term, term of local incarceration, or other term under a sentence imposed for an offense in an institution under the control of the department of rehabilitation and correction, a county, multicounty, municipal, municipal-county, or multicounty-municipal jail or workhouse, a minimum security jail, a community-based correctional facility, or another facility described or referred to in section Ohio Code 1.05
  • in writing: includes any representation of words, letters, symbols, or figures; this provision does not affect any law relating to signatures. See Ohio Code 1.59
  • Intersection: means :

    Ohio Code 4511.01

  • Local authorities: means every county, municipal, and other local board or body having authority to adopt police regulations under the constitution and laws of this state. See Ohio Code 4511.01
  • Median: means the area between two roadways of a divided highway, measured from edge of traveled way to edge of traveled way, but excluding turn lanes. See Ohio Code 4511.01
  • Motor vehicle: means every vehicle propelled or drawn by power other than muscular power or power collected from overhead electric trolley wires, except motorized bicycles, road rollers, traction engines, power shovels, power cranes, and other equipment used in construction work and not designed for or employed in general highway transportation, hole-digging machinery, well-drilling machinery, ditch-digging machinery, farm machinery, and trailers designed and used exclusively to transport a boat between a place of storage and a marina, or in and around a marina, when drawn or towed on a street or highway for a distance of no more than ten miles and at a speed of twenty-five miles per hour or less. See Ohio Code 4511.01
  • Motorcycle: means every motor vehicle, other than a tractor, having a seat or saddle for the use of the operator and designed to travel on not more than three wheels in contact with the ground, including, but not limited to, motor vehicles known as "motor-driven cycle" "motor scooter. See Ohio Code 4511.01
  • motorized bicycle: means any vehicle having either two tandem wheels or one wheel in the front and two wheels in the rear, that is capable of being pedaled and is equipped with a helper motor of not more than fifty cubic centimeters piston displacement that produces no more than one brake horsepower and is capable of propelling the vehicle at a speed of no greater than twenty miles per hour on a level surface. See Ohio Code 4511.01
  • Motorized wheelchair: means any self-propelled vehicle designed for, and used by, a handicapped person and that is incapable of a speed in excess of eight miles per hour. See Ohio Code 4511.01
  • Moving violation: means any violation of any statute or ordinance that regulates the operation of vehicles, streetcars, or trackless trolleys on the highways or streets. See Ohio Code 4510.01
  • Oath: includes affirmation, and "swear" includes affirm. See Ohio Code 1.59
  • Operate: means to cause or have caused movement of a vehicle, streetcar, or trackless trolley. See Ohio Code 4511.01
  • Pedestrian: means any natural person afoot. See Ohio Code 4511.01
  • Person: includes an individual, corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, and association. See Ohio Code 1.59
  • Person: means every natural person, firm, co-partnership, association, or corporation. See Ohio Code 4511.01
  • Police officer: means every officer authorized to direct or regulate traffic, or to make arrests for violations of traffic regulations. See Ohio Code 4511.01
  • Population: means that shown by the most recent regular federal census. See Ohio Code 1.59
  • Predicate motor vehicle or traffic offense: means any of the following:

    Ohio Code 4511.01

  • Private road open to public travel: includes a gated toll road but does not include a road within a private gated property where access is restricted at all times, a parking area, a driving aisle within a parking area, or a private grade crossing. See Ohio Code 4511.01
  • Private road or driveway: means every way or place in private ownership used for vehicular travel by the owner and those having express or implied permission from the owner but not by other persons. See Ohio Code 4511.01
  • Property: means real and personal property. See Ohio Code 1.59
  • Public safety vehicle: means any of the following:

    Ohio Code 4511.01

  • Railroad: means a carrier of persons or property operating upon rails placed principally on a private right-of-way. See Ohio Code 4511.01
  • Railroad sign or signal: means any sign, signal, or device erected by authority of a public body or official or by a railroad and intended to give notice of the presence of railroad tracks or the approach of a railroad train. See Ohio Code 4511.01
  • Railroad train: means a steam engine or an electric or other motor, with or without cars coupled thereto, operated by a railroad. See Ohio Code 4511.01
  • Registered mail: includes certified mail and "certified mail" includes registered mail. See Ohio Code 1.02
  • Residence district: means the territory, not comprising a business district, fronting on a street or highway, including the street or highway, where, for a distance of three hundred feet or more, the frontage is improved with residences or residences and buildings in use for business. See Ohio Code 4511.01
  • Right-of-way: means either of the following, as the context requires:

    Ohio Code 4511.01

  • Road service vehicle: means wreckers, utility repair vehicles, and state, county, and municipal service vehicles equipped with visual signals by means of flashing, rotating, or oscillating lights. See Ohio Code 4511.01
  • Roadway: means that portion of a highway improved, designed, or ordinarily used for vehicular travel, except the berm or shoulder. See Ohio Code 4511.01
  • Rule: includes regulation. See Ohio Code 1.59
  • Safety zone: means the area or space officially set apart within a roadway for the exclusive use of pedestrians and protected or marked or indicated by adequate signs as to be plainly visible at all times. See Ohio Code 4511.01
  • School bus: means every bus designed for carrying more than nine passengers that is owned by a public, private, or governmental agency or institution of learning and operated for the transportation of children to or from a school session or a school function, or owned by a private person and operated for compensation for the transportation of children to or from a school session or a school function, provided "school bus" does not include a bus operated by a municipally owned transportation system, a mass transit company operating exclusively within the territorial limits of a municipal corporation, or within such limits and the territorial limits of municipal corporations immediately contiguous to such municipal corporation, nor a common passenger carrier certified by the public utilities commission unless such bus is devoted exclusively to the transportation of children to and from a school session or a school function, and "school bus" does not include a van or bus used by a licensed child day-care center or type A family day-care home to transport children from the child day-care center or type A family day-care home to a school if the van or bus does not have more than fifteen children in the van or bus at any time. See Ohio Code 4511.01
  • Semitrailer: means every vehicle designed or used for carrying persons or property with another and separate motor vehicle so that in operation a part of its own weight or that of its load, or both, rests upon and is carried by another vehicle. See Ohio Code 4511.01
  • Sidewalk: means that portion of a street between the curb lines, or the lateral lines of a roadway, and the adjacent property lines, intended for the use of pedestrians. See Ohio Code 4511.01
  • State: when applied to a part of the United States, includes any state, district, commonwealth, territory, insular possession thereof, and any area subject to the legislative authority of the United States of America. See Ohio Code 1.59
  • state agency: except as otherwise provided in the title, means every organized body, office, or agency established by the laws of the state for the exercise of any function of state government. See Ohio Code 1.60
  • State highway: means a highway under the jurisdiction of the department of transportation, outside the limits of municipal corporations, provided that the authority conferred upon the director of transportation in section Ohio Code 4511.01
  • State route: means every highway that is designated with an official state route number and so marked. See Ohio Code 4511.01
  • Stop intersection: means any intersection at one or more entrances of which stop signs are erected. See Ohio Code 4511.01
  • Streetcar: means a car, other than a railroad train, for transporting persons or property, operated upon rails principally within a street or highway. See Ohio Code 4511.01
  • suspension: means the permanent or temporary withdrawal, by action of a court or the bureau of motor vehicles, of a driver's license, commercial driver's license, temporary instruction permit, probationary license, or nonresident operating privilege for the period of the suspension or the permanent or temporary withdrawal of the privilege to obtain a license, permit, or privilege of that type for the period of the suspension. See Ohio Code 4510.01
  • the state: means the state of Ohio. See Ohio Code 1.59
  • Through highway: means every street or highway as provided in section Ohio Code 4511.01
  • Thruway: means a through highway whose entire roadway is reserved for through traffic and on which roadway parking is prohibited. See Ohio Code 4511.01
  • Trackless trolley: means every car that collects its power from overhead electric trolley wires and that is not operated upon rails or tracks. See Ohio Code 4511.01
  • Traffic: means pedestrians, ridden or herded animals, vehicles, streetcars, trackless trolleys, and other devices, either singly or together, while using for purposes of travel any highway or private road open to public travel. See Ohio Code 4511.01
  • Traffic control device: means a flagger, sign, signal, marking, or other device used to regulate, warn, or guide traffic, placed on, over, or adjacent to a street, highway, private road open to public travel, pedestrian facility, or shared-use path by authority of a public agency or official having jurisdiction, or, in the case of a private road open to public travel, by authority of the private owner or private official having jurisdiction. See Ohio Code 4511.01
  • Traffic control signal: means any highway traffic signal by which traffic is alternately directed to stop and permitted to proceed. See Ohio Code 4511.01
  • Trailer: means every vehicle designed or used for carrying persons or property wholly on its own structure and for being drawn by a motor vehicle, including any such vehicle when formed by or operated as a combination of a "semitrailer" and a vehicle of the dolly type, such as that commonly known as a "trailer dolly" a vehicle used to transport agricultural produce or agricultural production materials between a local place of storage or supply and the farm when drawn or towed on a street or highway at a speed greater than twenty-five miles per hour, and a vehicle designed and used exclusively to transport a boat between a place of storage and a marina, or in and around a marina, when drawn or towed on a street or highway for a distance of more than ten miles or at a speed of more than twenty-five miles per hour. See Ohio Code 4511.01
  • Truck: means every motor vehicle, except trailers and semitrailers, designed and used to carry property. See Ohio Code 4511.01
  • United States: includes all the states. See Ohio Code 1.59
  • Urban district: means the territory contiguous to and including any street or highway which is built up with structures devoted to business, industry, or dwelling houses situated at intervals of less than one hundred feet for a distance of a quarter of a mile or more, and the character of such territory is indicated by official traffic control devices. See Ohio Code 4511.01
  • Vehicle: means every device, including a motorized bicycle, in, upon, or by which any person or property may be transported or drawn upon a highway, except that "vehicle" does not include any motorized wheelchair, any electric personal assistive mobility device, any device that is moved by power collected from overhead electric trolley wires or that is used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks, or any device, other than a bicycle, that is moved by human power. See Ohio Code 4511.01
  • Whoever: includes all persons, natural and artificial; partners; principals, agents, and employees; and all officials, public or private. See Ohio Code 1.02