Part 1 Assault and Related Offenses 76-5-101 – 76-5-113
Part 2 Criminal Homicide 76-5-201 – 76-5-209
Part 3 Kidnapping, Trafficking, and Smuggling 76-5-301 – 76-5-310
Part 4 Sexual Offenses 76-5-401 – 76-5-415
Part 5 HIV Testing – Sexual Offenders and Victims 76-5-501 – 76-5-504

Terms Used In Utah Code > Title 76 > Chapter 5

  • arraignment: A proceeding in which an individual who is accused of committing a crime is brought into court, told of the charges, and asked to plead guilty or not guilty.
  • arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • civil forfeiture: The loss of ownership of property used to conduct illegal activity.
  • continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Guardian: includes a person who:Utah Code 68-3-12.5
  • hearsay: Statements by a witness who did not see or hear the incident in question but heard about it from someone else. Hearsay is usually not admissible as evidence in court.
  • indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Intellectual disability: means a significant, subaverage general intellectual functioning that:Utah Code 68-3-12.5
  • jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • juror: A person who is on the jury.
  • lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Person: means :Utah Code 68-3-12.5
  • plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Process: means a writ or summons issued in the course of a judicial proceeding. See Utah Code 68-3-12.5
  • Property: includes both real and personal property. See Utah Code 68-3-12.5
  • public money: means funds, money, and accounts, regardless of the source from which they are derived, that are owned, held, or administered by the state or any of its boards, commissions, institutions, departments, divisions, agencies, bureaus, laboratories, or other similar instrumentalities, or any county, city, school district, political subdivision, or other public body. See Utah Code 76-8-401
  • State: when applied to the different parts of the United States, includes a state, district, or territory of the United States. See Utah Code 68-3-12.5
  • statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Testify: means to make an oral statement under oath or affirmation. See Utah Code 68-3-12.5
  • testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • United States: includes each state, district, and territory of the United States of America. See Utah Code 68-3-12.5
  • Utah Code: means the 1953 recodification of the Utah Code, as amended, unless the text expressly references a portion of the 1953 recodification of the Utah Code as it existed:Utah Code 68-3-12.5
  • verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • Writing: includes :Utah Code 68-3-12.5