Part 26 ATTENDANCE FOR COMPUTING APPORTIONMENTS
Part 26.8 CHARTER SCHOOLS
Part 27 PUPILS
Part 28 GENERAL INSTRUCTIONAL PROGRAMS
Part 29 PROGRAMS FOR DISADVANTAGED PUPILS
Part 30 SPECIAL EDUCATION PROGRAMS
Part 31 EXPERIMENTAL SCHOOL PROGRAMS
Part 32 STATE SPECIAL SCHOOLS AND CENTERS
Part 33 INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS AND TESTING
Part 34 EVALUATION AND SUNSETTING OF PROGRAMS
Part 35 USE OF CATEGORICAL FUNDS
Part 36 CONSOLIDATED APPLICATION PROCESS
Part 37 SCHOOL PLANS FOR STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT
Part 37.5 CATEGORICAL FUNDING
Part 38 SCHOOLSITE COUNCILS

Terms Used In California Codes > Education Code > Title 2 > Division 4

  • Abbreviated contract of admission: means a contract which meets the provisions of this chapter, except as otherwise provided, for a resident who is receiving respite care services, as defined in Section 1418. See California Government Code 55305
  • Abstract of judgment: In a federal criminal proceeding, A certification from a U.S. District Court clerk that a judgment of restitution was entered against the defendant owing to the victim. If the defendant inherits, owns, or sells real property or holdings, these assets can then be attached at the state and local levels as well.
  • Access: means a personal inspection and review of a record or an accurate copy of a record, or receipt of an accurate copy of a record, an oral description or communication of a record or an accurate copy of a record, and a request to release a copy of any record. See California Education Code 49061
  • Achievement level descriptors: means a narrative description of the knowledge, skills, and processes expected of pupils at different grade levels and at different performance levels on achievement tests. See California Education Code 60603
  • Achievement test: means any summative standardized test that measures the level of performance that a pupil has achieved on state-adopted content standards. See California Education Code 60603
  • Act: means the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act (16 U. See California Government Code 12473
  • Action: includes a civil action and a criminal action. See California Education Code 17524
  • Action: means an action for partition under this title. See California Education Code 18743
  • Acupuncture: means the stimulation of a certain point or points on or near the surface of the body by the insertion of needles to prevent or modify the perception of pain or to normalize physiological functions, including pain control for the treatment of certain diseases or dysfunctions of the body, and includes the techniques of electroacupuncture, cupping, and moxibustion. See California Education Code 54420
  • Acupuncturist: means an individual to whom a license has been issued to practice acupuncture pursuant to this chapter, which is in effect and is not suspended or revoked. See California Education Code 54420
  • Added sweetener: means an additive other than 100 percent fruit juice that enhances the sweetness of a beverage. See California Education Code 49430
  • Adjourn: A motion to adjourn a legislative chamber or a committee, if passed, ends that day's session.
  • Administrative director: means the Administrative Director of the Division of Workers' Compensation. See California Government Code 12572
  • Administrator: means the senior executive appointed to operate a home. See California Government Code 13995.102
  • Adult patient: means a dental patient 13 years of age or older. See California Education Code 67358.7
  • Advertise: as used in this chapter , includes, but is not limited to, any public communication, as defined in subdivision (a) of Section 651, the issuance of any card, sign, or device to any person, or the causing, permitting, or allowing of any sign or marking on, or in, any building or structure, or in any newspaper or magazine or in any directory, or any printed matter whatsoever, with or without any limiting qualification. See California Education Code 54703
  • Advertising: as used in this chapter , includes, but is not limited to, any public communication as defined in subdivision (a) of Section 651, the issuance of any card, sign, or device to any person, or the causing, permitting, or allowing of any sign or marking on, or in, any building or structure, or in any newspaper, magazine, or directory, or any printed matter whatsoever, with or without any limiting qualification. See California Education Code 56243
  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • Advisory committee: means the Advisory Committee on Salmon and Steelhead Trout, established pursuant to Resolution Chapter 141 of the Statutes of 1983, except that there shall be two additional members appointed by the Joint Committee on Fisheries and Aquaculture after consultation with the Director of Fish and Game and the Fish and Game Commission. See California Government Code 12481
  • Advisory Council: means the Dispute Resolution Advisory Council. See California Education Code 51203
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Affinity: signifies the connection existing in consequence of marriage, between each of the married persons and the blood relatives of the other when applied to the marriage relation. See California Education Code 17389
  • Age: refers to the chronological age of any individual who has reached a 40th birthday. See California Government Code 19878.5
  • Agency: means the Labor and Workforce Development Agency. See California Education Code 32290
  • agency: means every state office, officer, department, division, bureau, board, commission, or other state agency, except that the term agency shall not include:

    California Civil Code 1798.3

  • Aggrieved person: includes any person who claims to have been injured by a discriminatory housing practice or believes that the person will be injured by a discriminatory housing practice that is about to occur. See California Government Code 19880.1
  • Agreement: includes but is not limited to agreements providing for valuations, appraisals and similar proceedings and agreements between employers and employees or between their respective representatives. See California Government Code 38733
  • Aide: means an individual who provides supportive services to an occupational therapist or occupational therapy assistant and who is trained by an occupational therapist or occupational therapy assistant to perform, under appropriate supervision, delegated, selected client and nonclient-related tasks for which the aide has demonstrated competency. See California Education Code 56126
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Alternative education project: includes , but is not limited to, the use of video recordings, models, films, books, and computers, which would provide an alternate avenue for obtaining the knowledge, information, or experience required by the course of study in question. See California Education Code 51007
  • Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
  • Anadromous fish: means fish which spawn in fresh water and spend a portion of their lives in the ocean. See California Government Code 51914
  • Angling: means the taking of, or attempting to take, fish by hook and line with the line held in the hand, or by hook and line with the line attached to a pole or rod which is closely attended or held in the hand in such a manner that the fish voluntarily takes the bait or lure in its mouth. See California Government Code 51915
  • Animal: means any living organism of the kingdom animalia, beings that typically differ from plants in capacity for spontaneous movement and rapid motor response to stimulation by a usually greater mobility with some degree of voluntary locomotor ability and by greater irritability commonly mediated through a more or less centralized nervous system, beings that are characterized by a requirement for complex organic nutrients including proteins or their constituents that are usually digested in an internal cavity before assimilation into the body proper, and beings that are distinguished from typical plants by lack of chlorophyll, by an inability to perform photosynthesis, by cells that lack cellulose walls, and by the frequent presence of discrete complex sense organs. See California Education Code 51007
  • Annual percentage rate: The cost of credit at a yearly rate. It is calculated in a standard way, taking the average compound interest rate over the term of the loan so borrowers can compare loans. Lenders are required by law to disclose a card account's APR. Source: FDIC
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Appeals board: means the Workers' Compensation Appeals Board. See California Government Code 12572
  • Appliance: means any new television, radio, audio or video recorder, or playback device normally used or sold for use in the home or in a private motor vehicle, or any new refrigerator, freezer, range, oven, washer, dryer, dishwasher, room air conditioner, or sewing machine normally used or sold for use in the home, or any new typewriter, adding machine, calculator, or other similar machine, or any electrically operated tool, any of which appliances have a manufacturer's invoice sale value of fifty dollars ($50) or more. See California Education Code 67345.2
  • Applicant for licensure: as used in this chapter , means an unlicensed person who has completed the required education and required hours of supervised experience for licensure. See California Education Code 54703
  • application: includes the original documents or writings filed and any other supporting documents or writings including supporting documents provided or filed contemporaneously, or later, in support of the application whether provided or filed by the applicant or by any other person in support of the application. See California Education Code 52329
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Aquaculture: means that form of agriculture devoted to the propagation, cultivation, maintenance, and harvesting of aquatic plants and animals in marine, brackish, and fresh water. See California Government Code 51917
  • arts: includes , but is not limited to, all of the following: dance. See California Education Code 52522.2
  • assessment: as used in this chapter , shall have the same meaning as the term "evaluation" in the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, as provided in Section 1414 of Title 20 of the United States Code. See California Education Code 56302.5
  • assessment level: means the estimated gross dollar amount received by assessment from all assessed businesses on an annual basis, and "assessment formula" means the allocation method used within each industry segment (for example, percentage of gross revenue or percentage of transaction charges). See California Government Code 13995.60
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Assistive device: means any instrument, apparatus, or contrivance, including any component or part thereof or accessory thereto, that is used or intended to be used, to assist an individual with a disability in the mitigation or treatment of an injury or disease or to assist or affect or replace the structure or any function of the body of an individual with a disability, except that this term does not include prescriptive lenses and other ophthalmic goods unless they are sold or dispensed to a blind person, as defined in Section 19153 of the Welfare and Institutions Code and unless they are intended to assist the limited vision of the person so disabled. See California Civil Code 1791
  • Associate: as used in this chapter , means an unlicensed person who has earned his or her master's or doctoral degree qualifying him or her for licensure and is registered with the board as an associate. See California Education Code 54703
  • Association: means the Occupational Therapy Association of California or a similarly constituted organization representing occupational therapists in this state. See California Education Code 56126
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Attorney-at-law: A person who is legally qualified and licensed to practice law, and to represent and act for clients in legal proceedings.
  • Award: includes but is not limited to an award made pursuant to an agreement not in writing. See California Government Code 38733
  • Award year: means one academic year, or the equivalent, of attendance at a qualifying institution. See California Education Code 69432.7
  • Bag limit: means the maximum limit, in number or amount, of birds, mammals, fish, reptiles, or amphibians that may lawfully be taken by any one person during a specified period of time. See California Government Code 51918
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Bailiff: a court officer who enforces the rules of behavior in courtrooms.
  • ballot: means any of the following:

    California Education Code 88078

  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Baseline: Projection of the receipts, outlays, and other budget amounts that would ensue in the future without any change in existing policy. Baseline projections are used to gauge the extent to which proposed legislation, if enacted into law, would alter current spending and revenue levels.
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • Best value: means a value determined by objective criteria and may include, but need not be limited to, price, features, functions, life-cycle costs, and other criteria deemed appropriate by the community college district. See California Education Code 56366.2
  • bioanalyst: means a person licensed under Section 1260 to engage in clinical laboratory practice and direction of a clinical laboratory. See California Education Code 56836.31
  • Board: as used in this chapter , means the Board of Vocational Nursing and Psychiatric Technicians of the State of California. See California Education Code 52050
  • Board: means the Veterinary Medical Board. See California Education Code 52180
  • Board: means the Acupuncture Board. See California Education Code 54420
  • board: means the Occupational Safety and Health Standards Board. See California Government Code 12620
  • Board: as used in this chapter , means the Board of Behavioral Sciences. See California Education Code 54703
  • Board: as used in this chapter , Chapter 13 (commencing with Section 4980), Chapter 13. See California Education Code 56174
  • board: refers to any healing arts board, division, or examining committee which licenses or certifies health professionals. See California Education Code 51935
  • board: refers to the State Board of Chiropractic Examiners. See California Education Code 56836.159
  • Board: includes "bureau" "commission" "committee" "department" "division" "examining committee" "program" and "agency. See California Education Code 52328
  • Board: as used in this chapter , includes a board, advisory board, commission, examining committee, committee or other similarly constituted body exercising powers under this code. See California Education Code 52314
  • board: as used in this chapter means the Medical Board of California. See California Education Code 68071
  • Board: means the Osteopathic Medical Board of California. See California Education Code 69516
  • Board: means the California Board of Occupational Therapy. See California Education Code 56126
  • Board: means the California Board of Podiatric Medicine. See California Education Code 69618.3
  • Board: means the State Public Works Board. See California Education Code 56145
  • Board: means the governing board of a community college district. See California Education Code 56366.12
  • Board of Governors: means the Board of Governors of the California Community Colleges. See California Education Code 52302.5
  • board of supervisors: means the board of supervisors of the county within which the city or territory is situated. See California Government Code 16367.8
  • Bond: means a bond, authorized by Sections 8878. See California Government Code 14106
  • bribe: signifies anything of value or advantage, present or prospective, or any promise or undertaking to give any, asked, given, or accepted, with a corrupt intent to influence, unlawfully, the person to whom it is given, in his or her action, vote, or opinion, in any public or official capacity. See California Education Code 1012
  • building: includes onsite and offsite facilities, utilities, and improvements which, as agreed upon by the parties, are appropriate for the proper operation or function of the building to be jointly occupied and used. See California Education Code 17528
  • Buy: includes an offer to buy, purchase, barter, exchange, or trade. See California Government Code 51921
  • Bycatch: includes discards. See California Government Code 52004
  • candidate: includes any officeholder who is subject to a recall election. See California Education Code 88085
  • capstone college course: means a community college course described in subparagraph (A) or (B) of paragraph (3) of subdivision (d) of Section 48800. See California Education Code 48810.5
  • Case law: The law as laid down in cases that have been decided in the decisions of the courts.
  • Casualty broker-agent: means a person licensed pursuant to Section 1625. See California Education Code 32061
  • Catalog or similar sale: means a sale in which neither the seller nor any employee or agent of the seller nor any person related to the seller nor any person with a financial interest in the sale participates in the diagnosis of the buyer's condition or in the selection or fitting of the device. See California Civil Code 1791
  • Caucus: From the Algonquian Indian language, a caucus meant "to meet together." An informal organization of members of the legislature that exists to discuss issues of mutual concern and possibly to perform legislative research and policy planning for its members. There are regional, political or ideological, ethnic, and economic-based caucuses.
  • Census administration: means a test administration in which all pupils take comparable assessments of the same content and where results of individual performance are appropriate and meaningful to parents, pupils, and teachers. See California Education Code 60603
  • Certificate: means a valid certificate issued by the council pursuant to this chapter. See California Education Code 56021
  • certificate: as used in this chapter are deemed to be synonomous. See California Education Code 70011.9
  • Certificated mechanic: means an individual person who is the duly authorized holder of a Federal Aviation Administration Mechanic Certificate, with either an "Airframe" a "Powerplant" or an "Inspection Authorization" rating, which has been issued to that person pursuant to the provisions of Part 65 of Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations. See California Education Code 56302.1
  • Certificated repair station: means a person or business entity which is the duly authorized holder of a Federal Aviation Administration certificated repair station designation pursuant to the provisions of Part 145 of Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations. See California Education Code 56302.1
  • Certification: means the issuance of a certificate to a dentist licensed by the board who provides the board with his or her name, and the location where the administration of oral conscious sedation will occur, and fulfills the requirements specified in Sections 1647. See California Education Code 67347.8
  • Certification: means the issuance of a certificate to a dentist licensed by the board who provides the board with his or her name and the location at which the administration of oral conscious sedation will occur, and fulfills the requirements specified in Sections 1647. See California Education Code 67358.7
  • Certified interior designer: means a person who prepares and submits nonstructural or nonseismic plans consistent with Sections 5805 and 5538 to local building departments that are of sufficient complexity so as to require the skills of a licensed contractor to implement them, and who engages in programming, planning, designing, and documenting the construction and installation of nonstructural or nonseismic elements, finishes and furnishings within the interior spaces of a building, and has demonstrated by means of education, experience and examination, the competency to protect and enhance the health, safety, and welfare of the public. See California Education Code 56363.1
  • Chambers: A judge's office.
  • Chancellor: means the Chancellor of the California Community Colleges. See California Education Code 52302.5
  • Change in ownership: means any change in the persons who are owners. See California Education Code 59001
  • Charity: An agency, institution, or organization in existence and operating for the benefit of an indefinite number of persons and conducted for educational, religious, scientific, medical, or other beneficent purposes.
  • Chief judge: The judge who has primary responsibility for the administration of a court but also decides cases; chief judges are determined by seniority.
  • Child development program: means a full-day or part-day comprehensive developmental program for children ages 0 to 14 years that is administered by the State Department of Education. See California Education Code 52550
  • child nutrition entity: means any school district, county superintendent of schools, child development program operated pursuant to Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 8200) or Chapter 2. See California Education Code 49530.5
  • City: includes city and county. See California Education Code 17322
  • City: includes "city and county. See California Education Code 25018.6
  • City measure: includes any proposed city charter, any proposed amendment to a city charter, any proposition for the issuance of bonds by the city, any advisory question, or any other question or proposition submitted to the voters of a city. See California Education Code 88086.5
  • clear legible type: means type which meets all the following qualifications:

    California Education Code 60648.5

  • Clerk of court: An officer appointed by the court to work with the chief judge in overseeing the court's administration, especially to assist in managing the flow of cases through the court and to maintain court records.
  • CLIA laboratory director: means the person identified as the laboratory director on the CLIA certificate issued to the laboratory by the federal Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS). See California Education Code 56842
  • Client centered advocacy: as used in this chapter , includes, but is not limited to, researching, identifying, and accessing resources, or other activities, related to obtaining or providing services and supports for clients or groups of clients receiving psychotherapy or counseling services. See California Education Code 54703
  • clinical histocompatibility scientist: means any person, other than a person licensed to direct a clinical laboratory, or licensed as a clinical laboratory scientist or trainee, who is licensed under Sections 1261, 1261. See California Education Code 59000
  • clinical laboratory scientist: means any person, other than a licensed clinical laboratory bioanalyst or trainee, who is licensed under Sections 1261 and 1262 to engage in clinical laboratory practice under the overall operation and administration of a laboratory director, unless serving as a director of a waived laboratory as provided in Section 1209. See California Education Code 56836.39
  • Closed season: means that period of time during which the taking of birds, mammals, fish, amphibians, or reptiles is prohibited. See California Government Code 51923
  • Clothing: means any wearing apparel, worn for any purpose, including under and outer garments, shoes, and accessories composed primarily of woven material, natural or synthetic yarn, fiber, or leather or similar fabric. See California Civil Code 1791
  • Combination foods: means products that contain two or more components representing two or more of the recommended food groups: fruit, vegetable, dairy, protein, or grains. See California Education Code 49430
  • Commercial purposes: include the determination of the weight, measure, or count of any commodity or thing that is sold on the basis of weight, measure, or count. See California Education Code 59030
  • Commission: means the Seismic Safety Commission. See California Government Code 14135
  • commission: means the Student Aid Commission created by this article. See California Education Code 69515
  • commission: means the Student Aid Commission. See California Education Code 69618
  • commission: means the California Transportation Commission. See California Government Code 14002.5
  • Commission: means the Fish and Game Commission, and "commissioner" means a member of the Fish and Game Commission. See California Government Code 51924
  • Commission: means the Student Aid Commission. See California Education Code 69432.7
  • Commissioner: means the Insurance Commissioner of this State. See California Education Code 25022.5
  • Committee: means the California Earthquake Safety and Housing Rehabilitation Finance Committee. See California Government Code 14106
  • Committee: means the Earthquake Safety and Public Buildings Rehabilitation Finance Committee created pursuant to subdivision (a) of Section 8878. See California Government Code 14135
  • Committee: means a diversion evaluation committee created by this article. See California Education Code 69516
  • Committee: means the Higher Education Facilities Finance Committee created pursuant to Section 67353. See California Education Code 67332
  • Committee: means the Higher Education Facilities Finance Committee created pursuant to Section 67353. See California Education Code 67345.2
  • Committee: means the Higher Education Facilities Finance Committee created pursuant to Section 67353. See California Education Code 67358.2
  • Committee: means the Higher Education Facilities Finance Committee, created pursuant to Section 67353. See California Education Code 56145
  • Committee membership: Legislators are assigned to specific committees by their party. Seniority, regional balance, and political philosophy are the most prominent factors in the committee assignment process.
  • Common disaster: A sudden and extraordinary misfortune that brings about the simultaneous or near-simultaneous deaths of two or more associated persons, such as husband and wife.
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Community college: means a community college maintained by the district issuing bonds under this chapter. See California Education Code 56366.12
  • Community-based organizations: means public nonprofit benefit corporations of demonstrated effectiveness approved by the superintendent to provide educational services to eligible legalized persons. See California Education Code 52302.5
  • Compensation: means a payment, loan, advance, donation, contribution, deposit, or gift of money, or anything of value. See California Education Code 56021
  • Competitive foods: means all food and beverages other than meals reimbursed under programs authorized by the federal Richard B. See California Education Code 49430
  • compliance audit: means an audit that ascertains and verifies whether or not funds provided through apportionment, contract, or grant, either federal or state, have been properly disbursed and expended as required by law or regulation or both and includes the verification of each of the following:

    California Education Code 51224

  • Concurrent resolution: A legislative measure, designated "S. Con. Res." and numbered consecutively upon introduction, generally employed to address the sentiments of both chambers, to deal with issues or matters affecting both houses, such as a concurrent budget resolution, or to create a temporary joint committee. Concurrent resolutions are not submitted to the President/Governor and thus do not have the force of law.
  • Conduct: includes all active and passive behavior, both verbal and nonverbal. See California Education Code 17528
  • conscious sedation: means a minimally depressed level of consciousness produced by a pharmacologic or nonpharmacologic method, or a combination thereof, that retains the patient's ability to maintain independently and continuously an airway, and respond appropriately to physical stimulation or verbal command. See California Education Code 67337
  • Consortium: means a multistate collaborative organized to develop a comprehensive system of assessments or formative tools such as described in Section 60605. See California Education Code 60603
  • Consumables: means any product that is intended for consumption by individuals, or use by individuals for purposes of personal care or in the performance of services ordinarily rendered within the household, and that usually is consumed or expended in the course of consumption or use. See California Civil Code 1791
  • Consumer: means any individual who seeks or acquires, by purchase or lease, any goods, services, money, or credit for personal, family, or household purposes. See California Education Code 52950
  • Consumer goods: means any new product or part thereof that is used, bought, or leased for use primarily for personal, family, or household purposes, except for clothing and consumables. See California Civil Code 1791
  • Content standards: means the specific academic knowledge, skills, and abilities that all public schools in this state are expected to teach, and all pupils are expected to learn, in reading, writing, mathematics, history-social science, world languages, visual and performing arts, and science, at each grade level tested. See California Education Code 60603
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Continuing competence: means a dynamic and multidimensional process in which the occupational therapist or occupational therapy assistant develops and maintains the knowledge, performance skills, interpersonal abilities, critical reasoning, and ethical reasoning skills necessary to perform current and future roles and responsibilities within the profession. See California Education Code 56126
  • Contract of admission: includes all documents which a resident or his or her representative must sign at the time of, or as a condition of, admission to a long-term health care facility, as defined in Section 1326. See California Government Code 55305
  • Controversy: means any question arising between parties to an agreement whether such question is one of law or of fact or both. See California Government Code 38733
  • Conversion coverage: means health insurance benefits providing hospital, surgical, major medical, or comprehensive medical coverage issued to an individual under a converted policy. See California Government Code 12186
  • Converted policy: means a policy or contract providing conversion coverage issued by an insurance company or by a hospital service corporation, or individual hospital, surgical, major medical, or comprehensive medical coverage otherwise provided by a policyholder to its employees or members. See California Government Code 12186
  • Correct: means any weight or measure or weighing, measuring, or counting instrument that meet all of the tolerance and specification requirements established by the secretary pursuant to Section 12107. See California Education Code 59030
  • Council: means the California Massage Therapy Council created pursuant to this chapter, which shall be a nonprofit organization exempt from taxation under Section 501(c)(3) of Title 26 of the United States Code. See California Education Code 56021
  • Council: means the Pacific Fishery Management Council established pursuant to the act, or its successor agency. See California Government Code 12473
  • Council: means the Fair Employment and Housing Council and "council member" means a member of the council. See California Government Code 19878
  • Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff.
  • County: includes "city and county. See California Education Code 32284
  • County: includes city and county. See California Education Code 17321
  • County: includes city and county. See California Education Code 32381
  • County: includes "city and county. See California Education Code 17389
  • County: includes "city and county. See California Education Code 1915
  • County: includes city and county. See California Government Code 51925
  • county: means a county in which a county firewarden has been appointed. See California Government Code 55601
  • County: includes city and county. See California Education Code 19958
  • County: means the county, or city and county, in which all or a majority of the assessed valuation of the community college district lies at the time bonds are issued under this chapter. See California Education Code 56366.12
  • County office: means the office filled by any county officer. See California Education Code 88092
  • County placing agency: means the county social service department or county probation department. See California Education Code 49061
  • County treasurer: means the treasurer of the county in which all or a majority of the assessed valuation of the district lies at the time bonds are issued under this chapter. See California Education Code 56366.12
  • Court reporter: A person who makes a word-for-word record of what is said in court and produces a transcript of the proceedings upon request.
  • Credible science: means the best available scientific information that is not overly prescriptive due to the dynamic nature of science, and includes the evaluation principles of relevance, inclusiveness, objectivity, transparency, timeliness, verification, validation, and peer review of information as appropriate. See California Government Code 51926
  • Credit report: A detailed report of an individual's credit history prepared by a credit bureau and used by a lender in determining a loan applicant's creditworthiness. Source: OCC
  • creed: include all aspects of religious belief, observance, and practice, including religious dress and grooming practices. See California Government Code 19878.5
  • Customer: means any person who requests a repairperson to do work on a general aviation aircraft which is in the possession of that person. See California Education Code 56302.1
  • Customer: means a natural person who deals with a depositary. See California Civil Code 1858
  • Day: means a calendar day unless otherwise specifically provided. See California Education Code 48925
  • Day: means calendar day, and "week" means calendar week. See California Government Code 51927
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Declarant: is a person who makes a statement. See California Education Code 17530
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Deep fried: means a food item that is cooked by total submersion in oil or fat. See California Education Code 49430
  • Deep sedation: means a drug-induced depression of consciousness during which patients cannot be easily aroused but respond purposefully following repeated or painful stimulation. See California Education Code 67305
  • Defendant: means a person (including corporation, association, partnership and firm or governmental entity) against whom a litigation is brought or maintained or sought to be brought or maintained. See California Education Code 69618.5
  • Defense attorney: Represent defendants in criminal matters.
  • Dental college approved by the board: means a dental school or college that is approved by the Commission on Dental Accreditation of the American Dental Association, that is accredited by a body that has a reciprocal accreditation agreement with that commission, or that has been approved by the Dental Board of California through its own approval process. See California Education Code 66900
  • Department: means Department of Housing and Community Development. See California Government Code 14106
  • Department: means the Department of Consumer Affairs. See California Education Code 52950
  • Department: means the Department of General Services. See California Government Code 14837
  • department: means the Department of Veterans Affairs. See California Government Code 13104
  • Department: means the Department of Veterans Affairs. See California Government Code 13995.102
  • Department: means Department of Industrial Relations. See California Education Code 32295.5
  • department: refers to the State Department of Health Services. See California Education Code 51760.5
  • department: means the State Department of Public Health. See California Education Code 56836.25
  • department: refer to the Director and Department of Finance, respectively, unless the context otherwise requires. See California Government Code 13001
  • Department: means the Department of Transportation. See California Government Code 14002.5
  • Department: means the Department of Fish and Wildlife. See California Government Code 51928
  • Department: means the Department of Food and Agriculture. See California Education Code 19959
  • Department: means the Department of Fair Employment and Housing. See California Government Code 19878
  • Department: means the State Department of Education. See California Education Code 52302.5
  • Department: as used in this article , means the Department of Transportation as to work within its jurisdiction, the Department of Water Resources as to work within its jurisdiction, the Department of Boating and Waterways as to any project under the jurisdiction of that department pursuant to Article 2. See California Government Code 14155
  • Department: means the State Department of Health Services or its designee. See California Government Code 55305
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Depositary: means a person who in the ordinary course of business regularly receives property from customers for the purpose of repair or alteration. See California Civil Code 1858
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • depressed: means the condition of a fishery that exhibits declining fish population abundance levels below those consistent with maximum sustainable yield. See California Government Code 52005
  • Design-build: means a procurement process in which both the design and construction of a project are procured from a single entity. See California Education Code 56366.2
  • Design-build entity: means a corporation, limited partnership, partnership, or other association that is able to provide appropriately licensed contracting, architectural, and engineering services as needed pursuant to a design-build contract. See California Education Code 56366.2
  • designated instruction and services: means "related services" as that term is defined in Section 1401(26) of Title 20 of the United States Code and Section 300. See California Education Code 56363
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • Director: means the Director of the Department of Consumer Affairs. See California Education Code 52950
  • Director: means the Director of General Services. See California Government Code 14837
  • Director: means Director of Industrial Relations. See California Education Code 32390
  • Director: means the Director of Transportation. See California Government Code 14002.5
  • Director: means the Director of Fish and Wildlife. See California Government Code 51929
  • Director: means the Director of Fair Employment and Housing. See California Government Code 19878
  • Director: means "State Director of Health Services. See California Education Code 24944
  • Directory information: means one or more of the following items: pupil's name, address, telephone number, date of birth, email address, major field of study, participation in officially recognized activities and sports, weight and height of members of athletic teams, dates of attendance, degrees and awards received, and the most recent previous public or private school attended by the pupil. See California Education Code 49061
  • Disabled veteran business enterprise: means an enterprise that has been certified as meeting the qualifications established by paragraph (7) of subdivision (b) of Section 999 of the Military and Veterans Code. See California Government Code 14837
  • Discipline: means an advanced dental educational program in an area of dental practice not approved as a specialty by the American Dental Association. See California Education Code 66900
  • disclose: means to disclose, release, transfer, disseminate, or otherwise communicate all or any part of any record orally, in writing, or by electronic or any other means to any person or entity. See California Civil Code 1798.3
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Discrimination: includes refusal to sell, rent, or lease housing accommodations. See California Government Code 19880.1
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Dispute resolution: includes , but is not limited to, mediation, conciliation, and arbitration. See California Education Code 51203
  • Distributor: means any individual, partnership, corporation, association, or other legal relationship that stands between the manufacturer and the retail seller in purchases, consignments, or contracts for sale of consumer goods. See California Civil Code 1791
  • District: means fish and game district. See California Government Code 51929.5
  • Diversion program: means a treatment program created by this article for osteopathic physicians and surgeons whose competency may be threatened or diminished due to abuse of drugs or alcohol. See California Education Code 69516
  • Division: means the Division of Consumer Services. See California Education Code 52950
  • Division: means the Division of Workers' Compensation. See California Government Code 12572
  • Division: means the Division of Labor Standards Enforcement. See California Government Code 12751
  • Division of Licensing: shall be deemed to refer to the board. See California Education Code 68071
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • Donee: The recipient of a gift.
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • Early primary program: means an integrated, experiential, and developmentally appropriate educational program for children in preschool, kindergarten, and grades 1 to 3, inclusive, that incorporates various instructional strategies and authentic assessment practices, including educationally appropriate curricula, heterogeneous groupings, active learning activities, oral language development, small group instruction, peer interaction, use of concrete manipulative materials in the classroom, planned articulation among preschool, kindergarten, and primary grades, and parent involvement and education. See California Education Code 52550
  • Election: means any election including a primary that is provided for under this code. See California Education Code 88097
  • Elections official: means any of the following:

    California Education Code 88100

  • Elector: means a person who is a United States citizen 18 years of age or older and, except as specified in subdivision (b), is a resident of an election precinct in this state on or before the day of an election. See California Education Code 88101
  • Electronic funds transfer: The transfer of money between accounts by consumer electronic systems-such as automated teller machines (ATMs) and electronic payment of bills-rather than by check or cash. (Wire transfers, checks, drafts, and paper instruments do not fall into this category.) Source: OCC
  • Elementary school: means a school operated and maintained by a school district or county office of education that maintains any grade from kindergarten to grade 6, inclusive, but no grade higher than grade 6. See California Education Code 49430
  • Embezzlement: In most states, embezzlement is defined as theft/larceny of assets (money or property) by a person in a position of trust or responsibility over those assets. Embezzlement typically occurs in the employment and corporate settings. Source: OCC
  • Employer: includes any person regularly employing five or more persons, or any person acting as an agent of an employer, directly or indirectly, the state or any political or civil subdivision of the state, and cities, except as follows:

    California Government Code 19878.5

  • Employer: means any person who, directly or indirectly or through an employee, agent, independent contractor, or any other person, employs an industrial homeworker. See California Government Code 12751
  • Employment agency: includes any person undertaking for compensation to procure employees or opportunities to work. See California Government Code 19878.5
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Escheat: Reversion of real or personal property to the state when 1) a person dies without leaving a will and has no heirs, or 2) when the property (such as a bank account) has been inactive for a certain period of time. Source: OCC
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • establishment: means a fixed location where massage is performed for compensation, excluding those locations where massage is only provided on an out-call basis. See California Education Code 56021
  • Evidence: means testimony, writings, material objects, or other things presented to the senses that are offered to prove the existence or nonexistence of a fact. See California Education Code 17531
  • Examination: means an entry level examination for occupational therapists and occupational therapy assistants administered by the National Board for Certification in Occupational Therapy or by another nationally recognized credentialing body. See California Education Code 56126
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Executrix: The female counterpart of an executor. See also
  • Experience: as used in this chapter , means experience in interpersonal relationships, psychotherapy, marriage and family therapy, direct clinical counseling, and nonclinical practice that satisfies the requirements for licensure as a marriage and family therapist. See California Education Code 54703
  • Expulsion: means removal of a pupil from (1) the immediate supervision and control, or (2) the general supervision, of school personnel, as those terms are used in Section 46300. See California Education Code 48925
  • Extradition: The formal process of delivering an accused or convicted person from authorities in one state to authorities in another state.
  • FAA Aircraft Registry: means that particular system for the recording of conveyances and other documents which affect the title to, or any interest in, civil aircraft of the United States, which was originally created pursuant to Section 503 of the Federal Aviation Act of 1958 as set forth in Section 1403 of Title 49 of the United States Code and which is more specifically identified in Section 49. See California Education Code 56302.1
  • Fair Debt Collection Practices Act: The Fair Debt Collection Practices Act is a set of United States statutes added as Title VIII of the Consumer Credit Protection Act. Its purpose is to ensure ethical practices in the collection of consumer debts and to provide consumers with an avenue for disputing and obtaining validation of debt information in order to ensure the information's accuracy. It is often used in conjunction with the Fair Credit Reporting Act. Source: OCC
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Federal Reserve System: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC
  • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Field test: means an assessment or assessment items administered to a representative sample of a population to ensure that the test or item produces results that are valid, reliable, and fair. See California Education Code 60603
  • Finance charge: The total cost of credit a customer must pay on a consumer loan, including interest. The Truth in Lending Act requires disclosure of the finance charge. Source: OCC
  • Financial services: as used in this chapter means financial services or products that are considered to be financial in nature as described in Section 1843(k) of Title 12 of the United States Code. See California Education Code 60204
  • Fish: means a wild fish, mollusk, crustacean, invertebrate, amphibian, or part, spawn, or ovum of any of those animals. See California Government Code 51930
  • Fish offal: means the heads, viscera, and other parts of fish taken off in preparing for canning, preserving, packing, and preparing for consumption in a fresh state. See California Government Code 12512
  • Fishery: means both of the following:

    California Government Code 52008

  • Fixed Rate: Having a "fixed" rate means that the APR doesn't change based on fluctuations of some external rate (such as the "Prime Rate"). In other words, a fixed rate is a rate that is not a variable rate. A fixed APR can change over time, in several circumstances:
    • You are late making a payment or commit some other default, triggering an increase to a penalty rate
    • The bank changes the terms of your account and you do not reject the change.
    • The rate expires (if the rate was fixed for only a certain period of time).
  • Flash fried: means a food item that is quickly fried on both sides in oil with a temperature of 400 degrees Fahrenheit or higher. See California Education Code 49430
  • Forbearance: A means of handling a delinquent loan. A
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Foreign country: means a government other than any of the following:

    California Government Code 12599.5

  • Foreign-country judgment: means a judgment of a court of a foreign country. See California Government Code 12599.5
  • Forgery: The fraudulent signing or alteration of another's name to an instrument such as a deed, mortgage, or check. The intent of the forgery is to deceive or defraud. Source: OCC
  • Formative assessment tools: means assessment tools and processes that are embedded in instruction and used by teachers and pupils to provide timely feedback for purposes of adjusting instruction to improve learning. See California Education Code 60603
  • Foster family home: includes a small family home as defined in paragraph (6) of subdivision (a) of Section 1502 of the Health and Safety Code, a certified family home of a foster family agency as defined in Section 1506 of the Health and Safety Code, and a resource family as defined in Section 1517 of the Health and Safety Code and Section 16519. See California Education Code 56155.5
  • Foster family home: includes a small family home as defined in paragraph (6) of subdivision (a) of Section 1502 of the Health and Safety Code, a certified family home of a foster family agency as defined in Section 1506 of the Health and Safety Code, and a resource family as defined in Section 1517 of the Health and Safety Code and Section 16519. See California Education Code 56155.5
  • frog: means all species of frog. See California Government Code 12402
  • frog-jumping contest: means a contest generally and popularly known as a frog-jumping contest which is open to the public and is advertised or announced in a newspaper. See California Government Code 12410
  • Fund: means the Housing Rehabilitation Loan Fund established by Section 50661 of the Health and Safety Code. See California Government Code 14106
  • Fund: means the Earthquake Safety and Public Buildings Rehabilitation Fund of 1990 created pursuant to Section 8878. See California Government Code 14135
  • Fund: means the 1988 Higher Education Capital Outlay Bond Fund created pursuant to Section 67333. See California Education Code 67332
  • Fund: means the June 1990 Higher Education Capital Outlay Bond Fund created pursuant to Section 67346. See California Education Code 67345.2
  • Fund: means the 1992 Higher Education Capital Outlay Bond Fund created pursuant to Section 67358. See California Education Code 67358.2
  • Fund: means the Higher Education Capital Outlay Bond Fund, created pursuant to subdivision (e) of Section 67354. See California Education Code 56145
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • Gender: means sex, and includes a person's gender identity and gender expression. See California Government Code 19878.5
  • Gender expression: means a person's gender-related appearance and behavior whether or not stereotypically associated with the person's assigned sex at birth. See California Government Code 19878.5
  • General anesthesia: as used in this article , means a controlled state of depressed consciousness or unconsciousness, accompanied by partial or complete loss of protective reflexes, produced by a pharmacologic or nonpharmacologic method, or a combination thereof. See California Education Code 66903.2
  • General anesthesia: means a drug-induced loss of consciousness during which patients are not arousable, even by painful stimulation. See California Education Code 67305
  • General aviation: means all aviation with the exception of air carrier and military aviation. See California Education Code 56302.1
  • General election: means either of the following:

    California Education Code 88104

  • Genetic information: includes any request for, or receipt of, genetic services, or participation in clinical research that includes genetic services, by an individual or any family member of the individual. See California Government Code 19878.5
  • Germane: On the subject of the pending bill or other business; a strict standard of relevance.
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • good faith improver: means :

    California Government Code 12324

  • Good standing: means that the person has a current, valid license to practice occupational therapy or assist in the practice of occupational therapy and has not been disciplined by the recognized professional licensing or standard-setting body within five years prior to application or renewal of the person's license. See California Education Code 56126
  • governing boards: means the local boards of trustees and the Board of Governors of the California Community Colleges, the Trustees of the California State University, and the Regents of the University of California. See California Education Code 66011
  • Governing body: means the board of supervisors in the case of a county, or the city council or board of trustees or other governing board in the case of a city, district, or other local governmental agency. See California Government Code 13995.83
  • Grace period: The number of days you'll have to pay your bill for purchases in full without triggering a finance charge. Source: Federal Reserve
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • Greenhouse: means a structure covered with transparent or translucent materials for the purpose of admitting natural light and controlling the atmosphere for growing plants, including floricultural, ornamental, or other nursery and agricultural products. See California Education Code 19960
  • Group policy: means a group health insurance policy providing medical, hospital, surgical, major medical, or comprehensive medical coverage issued by an insurer, a group contract issued by a hospital service corporation, or medical, hospital, surgical, major medical, or comprehensive medical coverage otherwise provided by a policyholder to its employees or members, except for self-insurance programs provided by employers that are not exempt from the federal Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (ERISA), as specified in subdivision (i). See California Government Code 12186
  • Guarantor: A party who agrees to be responsible for the payment of another party's debts should that party default. Source: OCC
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Guide boat: means a boat or vessel under 25 feet in length, which is used by a guide, who is licensed under Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 2535) of Division 3, in inland waters for any of the following purposes:

    California Government Code 51931

  • Habeas corpus: A writ that is usually used to bring a prisoner before the court to determine the legality of his imprisonment. It may also be used to bring a person in custody before the court to give testimony, or to be prosecuted.
  • health fair: means a program of health assessment procedures offered to the general public that may include screening, self-ordered, or diagnostic clinical laboratory tests or examinations performed by a clinical laboratory licensed or registered under subdivision (a) of Section 1265 that meets all the requirements of this chapter. See California Education Code 59002.5
  • hearing: means the hearing at which a question under this code arises, and not some earlier or later hearing. See California Education Code 17532
  • Hearsay: Statements by a witness who did not see or hear the incident in question but heard about it from someone else. Hearsay is usually not admissible as evidence in court.
  • High school: means a school operated and maintained by a school district or county office of education maintaining any of grades 9 to 12, inclusive. See California Education Code 49430
  • histocompatibility laboratory director: means a physician and surgeon licensed to practice medicine pursuant to Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 2000) who is qualified pursuant to Section 1209, a bioanalyst licensed pursuant to Section 1260 who is qualified pursuant to Sections 1203 and 1209, or a person who has earned a doctoral degree in a biological science, who has completed, subsequent to graduation, four years of experience in immunology, two of which have been in histocompatibility testing. See California Education Code 56844
  • Home: means any facility operated by the department for the provision of long-term care, assisted living, adult day health, independent living, or other health care services to eligible veterans. See California Government Code 13995.102
  • Home: means any room, house, apartment, or other premises, whichever is most extensive, used in whole or in part as a place of dwelling. See California Government Code 12751
  • Home appliance: means any refrigerator, freezer, range, microwave oven, washer, dryer, dishwasher, garbage disposal, trash compactor, or room air-conditioner normally used or sold for personal, family, or household purposes. See California Civil Code 1791
  • Home electronic product: means any television, radio, antenna rotator, audio or video recorder or playback equipment, video camera, video game, video monitor, computer equipment, telephone, telecommunications equipment, electronic alarm system, electronic appliance control system, or other kind of electronic product, if it is normally used or sold for personal, family, or household purposes. See California Civil Code 1791
  • Identifiable writing: means any handwriting, typewriting, printing, photostating, photographing, photocopying, transmitting by electronic mail or facsimile, and every other means of recording upon any tangible thing, any form of communication or representation, including, but not limited to, letters, words, pictures, sounds, or symbols, or combinations thereof, and any record thereby created, regardless of the manner in which the record has been stored. See California Education Code 59041
  • Immigrant: means a person who is a citizen of a country other than the United States and is eligible for education services in California or a naturalized United States citizen who is now residing in California. See California Education Code 52302.5
  • Impeachment: (1) The process of calling something into question, as in "impeaching the testimony of a witness." (2) The constitutional process whereby the House of Representatives may "impeach" (accuse of misconduct) high officers of the federal government for trial in the Senate.
  • Implied warranty of fitness: means (1) that when the retailer, distributor, or manufacturer has reason to know any particular purpose for which the consumer goods are required, and further, that the buyer is relying on the skill and judgment of the seller to select and furnish suitable goods, then there is an implied warranty that the goods shall be fit for such purpose and (2) that when there is a sale of an assistive device sold at retail in this state, then there is an implied warranty by the retailer that the device is specifically fit for the particular needs of the buyer. See California Civil Code 1791.1
  • In forma pauperis: In the manner of a pauper. Permission given to a person to sue without payment of court fees on claim of indigence or poverty.
  • Incorrect: means any instrument that fails to meet all of the requirements of Section 12107. See California Education Code 59030
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • independent service dealer: means any individual, partnership, corporation, association, or other legal entity, not an employee or subsidiary of a manufacturer or distributor, that engages in the business of servicing and repairing consumer goods. See California Civil Code 1791
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • individual: means a natural person. See California Civil Code 1798.3
  • individualized instruction based upon performance criteria: means an educational method in which (a) aptitudes, interests, motivations, and other characteristics of each student play a major role in the selection of educational objectives and the determination of the sequence of study and choice of materials and procedures. See California Education Code 54704
  • Industrial homework: means any manufacture in a home of materials or articles for an employer when such articles or materials are not for the personal use of the employer or a member of his or her family. See California Government Code 12751
  • Industrial homeworker: means any person who does industrial homework. See California Government Code 12751
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • injurious object: shall mean those objects specified in the following sections:

    California Education Code 49330

  • injury: as used in this division , includes cancer, including leukemia, that develops or manifests itself during a period in which any member described in subdivision (a) is in the service of the department or unit, if the member demonstrates that he or she was exposed, while in the service of the department or unit, to a known carcinogen as defined by the International Agency for Research on Cancer, or as defined by the director. See California Public Utilities Code 27013
  • Inspector: means the supervisor of the precinct board of which he or she is a member. See California Education Code 88104.5
  • Insurance: refers to health insurance, major medical, or comprehensive coverage paid by premium or contribution under a group policy, a hospital service contract, or as otherwise provided by a policyholder to its employees or members other than by self-insuring except in the case of a plan that is exempt from ERISA, but does include an employer plan that is exempt from ERISA as specified in subdivision (i). See California Government Code 12186
  • Insurer: includes an insurance company and any person authorized to represent the insurer with respect to a claim. See California Education Code 56350
  • Insurer: means the entity issuing a group policy, an individual or converted policy, a hospital service contract or an employer or employee organization otherwise providing medical, hospital, surgical, major medical, or comprehensive medical coverage to its employees or members. See California Government Code 12186
  • Intangible property: Property that has no intrinsic value, but is merely the evidence of value such as stock certificates, bonds, and promissory notes.
  • Inter vivos: Transfer of property from one living person to another living person.
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • interior design organization: means a nonprofit organization, exempt from taxation under Section 501(c)(3) of Title 26 of the United States Code, of certified interior designers whose governing board shall include representatives of the public, except that an organization that is not currently exempt under that section that submits an application to the Internal Revenue Service requesting an exemption under that section shall be eligible to be an interior design organization if it meets the requirements under that section within a reasonable period of time. See California Education Code 56363.1
  • Interrogatories: Written questions asked by one party of an opposing party, who must answer them in writing under oath; a discovery device in a lawsuit.
  • Intestate: Dying without leaving a will.
  • Irrevocable trust: A trust arrangement that cannot be revoked, rescinded, or repealed by the grantor.
  • item: includes but is not limited to any paper, document, book, map, or other type of record. See California Government Code 12220
  • Joint committee: means the Joint Committee on Fisheries and Aquaculture created pursuant to Resolution Chapter 88 of the Statutes of 1981. See California Government Code 12473
  • Joint committee: Committees including membership from both houses of teh legislature. Joint committees are usually established with narrow jurisdictions and normally lack authority to report legislation.
  • Joint tenancy: A form of property ownership in which two or more parties hold an undivided interest in the same property that was conveyed under the same instrument at the same time. A joint tenant can sell his (her) interest but not dispose of it by will. Upon the death of a joint tenant, his (her) undivided interest is distributed among the surviving joint tenants.
  • Judgment creditor: means the person or persons who can bring an action to enforce a sister state judgment. See California Government Code 12591.1
  • Judgment debtor: means the person or persons against whom an action to enforce a sister state judgment can be brought. See California Government Code 12591.1
  • Judicial office: means the office filled by any judicial officer. See California Education Code 88105
  • Kelp: means kelp or other marine aquatic plants and the seeds thereof. See California Government Code 51933
  • knowingly: import s only a knowledge that the facts exist which bring the act or omission within the provisions of this code. See California Education Code 1012
  • Labor Commissioner: means Chief of the Division of Labor Standards Enforcement. See California Education Code 32400
  • Labor organization: includes any organization that exists and is constituted for the purpose, in whole or in part, of collective bargaining or of dealing with employers concerning grievances, terms or conditions of employment, or of other mutual aid or protection. See California Government Code 19878.5
  • laboratory director: means any person who is any of the following:

    California Education Code 56842

  • Landlord: includes a tenant who is a sublandlord under a sublease. See California Civil Code 1995.020
  • Landlord: includes a tenant who is a sublandlord under a sublease. See California Civil Code 1997.020
  • Law: includes constitutional, statutory, and decisional law. See California Education Code 17534
  • Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
  • Lease: means any contract for the lease or bailment for the use of consumer goods by an individual, for a term exceeding four months, primarily for personal, family, or household purposes, whether or not it is agreed that the lessee bears the risk of the consumer goods' depreciation. See California Civil Code 1791
  • Lease: means a lease or sublease of real property for other than residential purposes, and includes modifications and other agreements affecting a lease. See California Civil Code 1995.020
  • Lease: means a lease or sublease of real property for other than residential purposes, and includes modifications and other agreements affecting a lease. See California Civil Code 1997.020
  • Legacy: A gift of property made by will.
  • Legatee: A beneficiary of a decedent
  • legislative body: means the city council or board of trustees in the case of a city, the board of supervisors in the case of a county or a city and county, or the board of directors, trustees, or governors or other governing body in the case of a special district or any other municipal or public corporation or district. See California Government Code 54706
  • legislative body: means board of trustees, city council, or other governing body of a city. See California Government Code 16367.71
  • Legislative session: That part of a chamber's daily session in which it considers legislative business (bills, resolutions, and actions related thereto).
  • Lender: as used in this chapter means a bank, savings and loan association, savings bank, credit union, industrial bank, or other lender licensed to make loans in California or a subsidiary or an affiliate of one of those entities. See California Education Code 60204
  • Lender: means any person other than an automobile dealer or automobile distributor who is engaged in the business of financing the purchase or sale of motor vehicles or of buying conditional sales contracts, chattel mortgages or leases on motor vehicles sold at retail within this state. See California Education Code 60222
  • Lessee: means an individual who leases consumer goods under a lease. See California Civil Code 1791
  • Lessor: means a person who regularly leases consumer goods under a lease. See California Civil Code 1791
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • License: includes certificate, registration or other means to engage in a business or profession regulated by this code. See California Education Code 52328
  • license: shall include a permit or a certificate issued by a state agency. See California Education Code 1097
  • license: includes a license, limited permit, or any other authorization to engage in practice regulated by this chapter. See California Education Code 56163
  • licensee: means an insurer, agent, broker, or any other person who is required to be licensed by the department. See California Education Code 32080
  • licensee: as used in this chapter means the holder of a physician's and surgeon's certificate or doctor of podiatric medicine's certificate, as the case may be, who is engaged in the professional practice authorized by the certificate under the jurisdiction of the appropriate board. See California Education Code 70020
  • licensing agency: means a panel of the Division of Medical Quality. See California Education Code 51741
  • Licensing board: means any board, as defined in Section 22, the State Bar of California, and the Department of Real Estate. See California Education Code 17351
  • Licentiate: means any person authorized by a license, certificate, registration, or other means to engage in a business or profession regulated by this code or referred to in Sections 1000 and 3600. See California Education Code 17331
  • Lien: means a mortgage, deed of trust, or other security interest in property whether arising from contract, statute, common law, or equity. See California Education Code 18743
  • Litigation: means any civil action or proceeding, commenced, maintained or pending in any state or federal court. See California Education Code 69618.5
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • local agency: means any city, county, city and county, special district, or any other municipal corporation or district. See California Government Code 54705
  • local agency: means municipal corporation or sanitary district. See California Government Code 55000
  • local agency: means county, city, and sanitary district. See California Government Code 55300
  • Local agency: means any city, city and county, or county. See California Government Code 14106
  • local agency: means a city, chartered city, or a fire protection district. See California Government Code 55600
  • local agency: means a neighboring city, county, fire protection district, joint powers authority that provides fire protection services, police protection district, federal government or any federal department or agency. See California Government Code 55631
  • local educational agency: means a school district as defined in Section 41302. See California Education Code 47640
  • Local educational agency: means a county office of education, school district, state special school, or direct-funded charter school as described in Section 47651. See California Education Code 60603
  • Local government: means any city, county, city and county, or special district. See California Government Code 14135
  • maintain: includes maintain, acquire, use, or disclose. See California Civil Code 1798.3
  • maliciously: import a wish to vex, annoy, or injure another person, or an intent to do a wrongful act, established either by proof or presumption of law. See California Education Code 1012
  • Manufacturer: means (i) . See California Education Code 60222
  • Manufacturer: means any individual, partnership, corporation, association, or other legal relationship which is involved in the manufacture, assembly, or production of an appliance or whose brand name appears on any appliance. See California Education Code 67345.2
  • Manufacturer: means any individual, partnership, corporation, association, or other legal relationship that manufactures, assembles, or produces consumer goods. See California Civil Code 1791
  • Markup: The process by which congressional committees and subcommittees debate, amend, and rewrite proposed legislation.
  • Massage: means the scientific manipulation of the soft tissues. See California Education Code 56021
  • Massage practitioner: means a person who is certified by the council pursuant to Section 4604. See California Education Code 56021
  • Massage therapist: means a person who is certified by the council under Section 4604 and who administers massage for compensation. See California Education Code 56021
  • materia medica: as used in this code or in any initiative act referred to in this code, means those substances listed in the official United States Pharmacopoeia, the official Homeopathic Pharmacopoeia of the United States, the official United States Dispensatory, New and Nonofficial Remedies, or the National Formulary, or any supplement thereof, except substances covered by subdivision (a) of Section 4052 and Section 4057 of this code. See California Education Code 17314
  • material: includes a statement or omission substantially related to the qualifications, functions, or duties of the business or profession. See California Education Code 52329
  • Matrix sampling: means administering different portions of a single assessment to different groups of pupils for the purpose of sampling a broader representation of content and reducing testing time. See California Education Code 60603
  • mayor: includes president of the legislative body. See California Government Code 16368
  • Measure: means any constitutional amendment or other proposition submitted to a popular vote at any election. See California Education Code 88108
  • Measuring instrument: means any device, contrivance, apparatus, or instrument used, or designed to be used, for ascertaining measure and includes any tool, appliance, or accessory used or connected therewith. See California Education Code 59030
  • mediation: means a process in which a neutral person or persons facilitate communication between the disputants to assist them in reaching a mutually acceptable agreement. See California Education Code 70039
  • Medical condition: means either of the following:

    California Government Code 19878.5

  • Medical director: means the physician appointed by the administrative director pursuant to Section 122. See California Government Code 12572
  • Medicare: means Title XVIII of the United States Social Security Act as added by the Social Security Amendments of 1965 or as later amended or superseded. See California Government Code 12186
  • Member: means a veteran or nonveteran spouse or domestic partner who has been admitted to residency at a veterans' home. See California Government Code 13995.102
  • Member: as used in this chapter , means all persons who become members of the plan under this part on or after October 16, 1992, and all persons who were members as of October 15, 1992, who elected, pursuant to Chapter 21. See California Education Code 48053
  • Mental disability: includes , but is not limited to, all of the following:

    California Government Code 19878.5

  • Microbusiness: is a small business which, together with affiliates, has average annual gross receipts of two million five hundred thousand dollars ($2,500,000) or less over the previous three years, or is a manufacturer, as defined in subdivision (c), with 25 or fewer employees. See California Government Code 14837
  • Middle school: means a school operated and maintained by a school district or county office of education that maintains grade 7 or 8, grades 7 to 9, inclusive, or grades 7 to 10, inclusive. See California Education Code 49430
  • Mile: means either a statute mile (5,280 feet) or a nautical mile (6,077 feet) depending on the application. See California Government Code 51936
  • Military and veteran status: means a member or veteran of the United States Armed Forces, United States Armed Forces Reserve, the United States National Guard, and the California National Guard. See California Government Code 19878.5
  • mineral right: means an interest in minerals, regardless of character, whether fugacious or nonfugacious, organic or inorganic, that is created by grant or reservation, regardless of form, whether a fee or lesser interest, mineral, royalty, or leasehold, absolute or fractional, corporeal or incorporeal, and includes express or implied appurtenant surface rights. See California Civil Code 883.110
  • minimal sedation: means a drug-induced state during which patients respond normally to verbal commands. See California Education Code 66010
  • Minimum finance charge: The minimum, or fixed, finance charge that will be imposed during a billing cycle. A minimum finance charge usually applies only when a finance charge is imposed, that is, when you carry over a balance. Source: Federal Reserve
  • Minor patient: means a dental patient under the age of 13 years. See California Education Code 67347.8
  • moderate sedation: means a drug-induced depression of consciousness during which a patient responds purposefully to verbal commands, either alone or accompanied by light tactile stimulation, no interventions are required to maintain a patient's airway, spontaneous ventilation is adequate, and cardiovascular function is usually maintained. See California Education Code 67345.2
  • month: means a calendar month, unless otherwise expressed. See California Education Code 17413
  • Month: means a calendar month, unless otherwise expressed. See California Education Code 17389
  • Mortgage loan: A loan made by a lender to a borrower for the financing of real property. Source: OCC
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • Mortgagor: The person who pledges property to a creditor as collateral for a loan and who receives the money.
  • Multidisciplinary committee: means the Veterinary Medicine Multidisciplinary Advisory Committee established pursuant to Section 4809. See California Education Code 52180
  • Municipal election: means elections in general law cities and where applicable in chartered cities. See California Education Code 88109
  • National Bank: A bank that is subject to the supervision of the Comptroller of the Currency. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is a bureau of the U.S. Treasury Department. A national bank can be recognized because it must have "national" or "national association" in its name. Source: OCC
  • National Credit Union Administration: The federal regulatory agency that charters and supervises federal credit unions. (NCUA also administers the National Credit Union Share Insurance Fund, which insures the deposits of federal credit unions.) Source: OCC
  • Native amphibians: as used in this article means salamanders, toads, or any other member of the class amphibia native to California. See California Government Code 12413
  • natural resource: includes land, water, air, minerals, vegetation, wildlife, silence, historic or aesthetic sites, or any other natural resource which, irrespective of ownership contributes, or in the future may contribute, to the health, safety, welfare, or enjoyment of a substantial number of persons, or to the substantial balance of an ecological community. See California Government Code 12605
  • negligently: import a want of such attention to the nature or probable consequences of the act or omission as a prudent man ordinarily bestows in acting in his own concerns. See California Education Code 1012
  • Net: means any gear made of any kind of twine, thread, string, rope, wire, wood, or other materials used for the gilling, entangling, trapping, or impounding of fish. See California Government Code 51937
  • Neutral arbitrator: means an arbitrator who is (1) . See California Government Code 38733
  • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
  • Nominate: means the selection, at a state-conducted primary election, of candidates who are entitled by law to participate in the general election for that office, but does not mean any other lawful mechanism that a political party may adopt for the purposes of choosing the candidate who is preferred by the party for a nonpartisan or voter-nominated office. See California Education Code 88112
  • Nomination documents: means declaration of candidacy and nomination papers. See California Education Code 88113
  • Nonpartisan office: means an office, except for a voter-nominated office, for which no party may nominate a candidate. See California Education Code 88114
  • Nonresident: means a person who is not a resident as defined in Section 70. See California Government Code 51938
  • Oath: includes affirmation. See California Education Code 32287
  • Oath: includes affirmation. See California Education Code 17324
  • Oath: includes affirmation. See California Education Code 32383
  • Oath: includes affirmation. See California Education Code 88115
  • Oath: includes an affirmation or declaration. See California Education Code 17389
  • Oath: includes affirmation. See California Education Code 19423
  • Occupational therapist: means an individual who meets the minimum education requirements specified in Section 2570. See California Education Code 56126
  • Occupational therapy: means the therapeutic use of purposeful and meaningful goal-directed activities (occupations) with individuals, groups, populations, or organizations, to support participation, performance, and function in roles and situations in home, school, workplace, community, and other settings. See California Education Code 56126
  • Occupational therapy assistant: means an individual who is licensed pursuant to the provisions of this chapter, who is in good standing as determined by the board, and based thereon, who is qualified to assist in the practice of occupational therapy under this chapter, and who works under the appropriate supervision of a licensed occupational therapist. See California Education Code 56126
  • Occupational therapy services: means the services of an occupational therapist or the services of an occupational therapy assistant under the appropriate supervision of an occupational therapist. See California Education Code 56126
  • office: means the Office of Emergency Services. See California Government Code 14135
  • On the bases enumerated in this part: means or refers to discrimination on the basis of one or more of the following: race, religious creed, color, national origin, ancestry, physical disability, mental disability, medical condition, genetic information, marital status, sex, age, sexual orientation, or military and veteran status. See California Government Code 19878.5
  • on-premises advertising displays: means any structure, housing, sign, device, figure, statuary, painting, display, message placard, or other contrivance, or any part thereof, that has been designed, constructed, created, intended, or engineered to have a useful life of 15 years or more, and intended or used to advertise, or to provide data or information in the nature of advertising, for any of the following purposes:

    California Education Code 56324

  • Open season: means that period of time during which the taking of birds, mammals, fish, reptiles, or amphibians is allowed as prescribed in this code and regulations adopted by the commission. See California Government Code 51939.2
  • Open-end credit: A credit agreement (typically a credit card) that allows a customer to borrow against a preapproved credit line when purchasing goods and services. The borrower is only billed for the amount that is actually borrowed plus any interest due. (Also called a charge account or revolving credit.) Source: OCC
  • oral and maxillofacial pathologist: means any person licensed by the department under Section 1264 to engage in, or supervise others engaged in, clinical laboratory practice limited to his or her area of specialization or to direct a clinical laboratory, or portion thereof, limited to his or her area of specialization. See California Education Code 56840
  • Oral argument: An opportunity for lawyers to summarize their position before the court and also to answer the judges' questions.
  • Oral conscious sedation: means a minimally depressed level of consciousness produced by oral medication that retains the patient's ability to maintain independently and continuously an airway, and respond appropriately to physical stimulation or verbal command. See California Education Code 67347.8
  • Oral conscious sedation: means a minimally depressed level of consciousness produced by oral medication that retains the patient's ability to maintain independently and continuously an airway, and respond appropriately to physical stimulation or verbal command. See California Education Code 67358.7
  • Original: means the writing itself or any counterpart intended to have the same effect by a person executing or issuing it. See California Education Code 17582
  • Overfishing: means a rate or level of taking that the best available scientific information, and other relevant information that the commission or department possesses or receives, indicates is not sustainable or that jeopardizes the capacity of a marine fishery to produce the maximum sustainable yield on a continuing basis. See California Government Code 52030
  • owner: means any person with an ownership or control interest in a clinical laboratory. See California Education Code 59001
  • Owner: means any person, including his or her legal representative, who has or had a legal or equitable interest in unclaimed property. See California Government Code 12525
  • Ownership or management: means the ownership or management of a subdivision, cooperative, or condominium for mobilehomes, or of a resident-owned mobilehome park. See California Civil Code 799
  • Ownership or management: means the ownership or management of a cooperative or condominium for floating homes. See California Civil Code 800.300
  • Packer: means any person canning fish or preserving fish by the common methods of drying, salting, pickling, smoking, cold packing, or vacuum packing. See California Government Code 12512
  • Par fried: means a food item that is fried to reach an internal temperature of 160 degrees Fahrenheit then it is cooled to room temperature so that it may be refrigerated or frozen for future frying. See California Education Code 49430
  • parent: means the natural, adoptive, or foster parent of a pupil, a surrogate parent, a family member acting on behalf of the parent, or any person having legal authority to make educational decisions on behalf of a pupil. See California Education Code 51131
  • Parent: means a natural parent, an adopted parent, or legal guardian. See California Education Code 49061
  • Participant: means a California-licensed osteopathic physician and surgeon. See California Education Code 69516
  • Party: means a political party or organization that has qualified for participation in any primary or presidential general election. See California Education Code 88122
  • Party to the arbitration: means a party to the arbitration agreement:

    California Government Code 38733

  • peace officer: signify any one of the officers mentioned in Chapter 4. See California Education Code 1012
  • Person: means any person, association, organization, partnership, business trust, limited liability company, or corporation. See California Education Code 25022
  • Person: means an individual, partnership, corporation, limited liability company, association, or other group, however organized. See California Education Code 52950
  • Person: means any individual, organization, or corporate body, except that only individuals may be licensed under this chapter. See California Education Code 54420
  • Person: means any person, association, organization, partnership, business trust, limited liability company, or corporation. See California Education Code 32289
  • person: as used in this article includes an individual, firm, partnership, association, corporation, limited liability company, or cooperative association. See California Education Code 51796.2
  • person: includes firm, association, partnership, individual, limited liability company, and corporation. See California Education Code 56836.24
  • Person: means an individual, partnership, unincorporated organization, or corporation. See California Education Code 56126
  • Person: means any individual, firm, corporation, partnership, limited liability company, association, trustee, receiver or assignee for the benefit of creditors. See California Education Code 60222
  • person: means any individual, partnership, corporation, limited liability company, association, or other legal entity that engages in any of these businesses. See California Civil Code 1791
  • person: means any natural person, corporation, partnership, limited liability company, firm, or association. See California Civil Code 1798.3
  • Person: includes one or more individuals, partnerships, associations, corporations, limited liability companies, legal representatives, trustees, trustees in bankruptcy, and receivers or other fiduciaries. See California Government Code 19878
  • Person: means any natural person or any partnership, corporation, limited liability company, trust, or other type of association. See California Government Code 51941
  • Person: means any individual, partnership, association, corporation, limited liability company, or any organized group of persons whether incorporated or not. See California Education Code 19963
  • person: includes any person, firm, association, organization, partnership, business trust, corporation, limited liability company, company, district, county, city and county, city, town, the state, and any of the agencies and political subdivisions of such entities. See California Government Code 12604
  • person: includes an unincorporated association. See California Government Code 12325
  • Person: includes any individual, partnership, corporation, limited liability company, unincorporated association, or other legal entity. See California Government Code 12525
  • Person: includes any person, firm, association, organization, partnership, limited liability company, business trust, corporation, or company. See California Education Code 19426
  • Person: means any individual, partnership and each partner thereof, corporation, limited liability company, or association. See California Government Code 12751
  • person: means any individual, partnership, corporation, limited liability company, or association. See California Education Code 56245
  • Person: includes any individual, firm, corporation, association, copartnership, trust, business trust, or receiver or any trustee or conservator for any thereof, but does not include the state or any public corporation, political subdivision, city, county, district or any agency thereof or of the state. See California Education Code 56366.12
  • personal information: means any information that is maintained by an agency that identifies or describes an individual, including, but not limited to, his or her name, social security number, physical description, home address, home telephone number, education, financial matters, and medical or employment history. See California Civil Code 1798.3
  • personal property: include money, goods, chattels, things in action, and evidences of debt. See California Education Code 17413
  • Personal property: includes money, goods, chattels, things in action, and evidences of debt. See California Education Code 17389
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Personal property: includes money, goods, chattels, things in action, and evidences of debt. See California Education Code 17568
  • personally identifiable: as used in this part , includes all of the following information:

    California Education Code 54444.5

  • Physical agent modalities: means techniques that produce a response in soft tissue through the use of light, water, temperature, sound, or electricity. See California Education Code 56126
  • Physical disability: includes , but is not limited to, all of the following:

    California Government Code 19878.5

  • Place of business: means , for the purposes of any retail seller that sells consumer goods by catalog or mail order, the distribution point for consumer goods. See California Civil Code 1791
  • Plaintiff: means the person who commences, institutes or maintains a litigation or causes it to be commenced, instituted or maintained, including an attorney at law acting in propria persona. See California Education Code 69618.5
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Plea agreement: An arrangement between the prosecutor, the defense attorney, and the defendant in which the defendant agrees to plead guilty in exchange for special considerations. Source:
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Podiatric licensing authority: refers to any officer, board, commission, committee, or department of another state that may issue a license to practice podiatric medicine. See California Education Code 69618.3
  • podiatric medicine: means the diagnosis, medical, surgical, mechanical, manipulative, and electrical treatment of the human foot, including the ankle and tendons that insert into the foot and the nonsurgical treatment of the muscles and tendons of the leg governing the functions of the foot. See California Education Code 69624
  • podiatric residency: means a program of supervised postgraduate clinical training, one year or more in duration, approved by the board. See California Education Code 69628
  • Policyholder: means the holder of a group policy issued by an insurer, a holder of a group contract issued by a hospital service corporation or an employer, employee association, or other entity otherwise providing medical, hospital, surgical, major medical, or comprehensive medical coverage on a group basis to its employees or members. See California Government Code 12186
  • Political subdivision: means any city, county, district, or other local governmental agency. See California Government Code 13995.83
  • Polling place: means a location where a voter casts a ballot and includes the following terms, as applicable: poll, polling location, and vote center. See California Education Code 88123
  • Population sampling: means administering assessments to a representative sample of pupils instead of the entire pupil population. See California Education Code 60603
  • Portfolio material: means a selection of representative samples of the child's performance within the program setting that may include, but not be limited to, teacher observations, work samples, developmental profiles, photographs, and audio or video recordings that present a picture of the child's progress over time. See California Education Code 52550
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Precinct: means a geographical area within a county that is made up of voters and is formed pursuant to Chapter 3 (commencing with Section 12200) of Division 12. See California Education Code 88124
  • Preliminary hearing: A hearing where the judge decides whether there is enough evidence to make the defendant have a trial.
  • Premium: means contribution or other consideration paid or payable for coverage under a group policy or converted policy. See California Government Code 12186
  • prepare: means to put into condition for intended use. See California Education Code 56245
  • Primary election: includes all primary nominating elections provided for by this code. See California Education Code 88127
  • private school children with disabilities: means children with disabilities enrolled by a parent in private schools or facilities that meet the definition of "elementary school" in Section 300. See California Education Code 56170
  • Pro per: A slang expression sometimes used to refer to a pro se litigant. It is a corruption of the Latin phrase "in propria persona." Source: U.S. Courts
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probate: Proving a will
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Probation officers: Screen applicants for pretrial release and monitor convicted offenders released under court supervision.
  • Process: signifies a writ or summons issued in the course of a judicial proceeding. See California Education Code 17389
  • Process: includes a writ or summons issued in the course of judicial proceedings of either a civil or criminal nature. See California Education Code 19431
  • Program: means an entity that provides dispute resolution. See California Education Code 51203
  • Program manager: means the staff manager of the diversion program, as designated by the executive officer of the board. See California Education Code 69516
  • Project: means a program of work to retrofit, reconstruct, repair, replace, or relocate, for local government-owned facilities only, a building, facility, or both, which is owned by any city, county, city and county, or special district and which is included in an application for a grant of funds. See California Government Code 14135
  • Project: as used in this chapter , means the California Science Project. See California Education Code 52955
  • Project: means any one or more dormitories or other housing facilities, boarding facilities, student union or activity facilities, vehicle parking facilities, or any other auxiliary or supplementary facilities for individual or group accommodation, owned or operated or authorized to be acquired, constructed, furnished, equipped, and operated by the board for use by students, faculty members, or other employees of any one or more community colleges, or a combination of such facilities, which may include facilities already completed and facilities authorized for future completion, designated by the board as a project in providing for the issuance of revenue bonds. See California Education Code 56366.12
  • property: includes property real and personal. See California Education Code 17413
  • property: includes both real and personal property. See California Education Code 1012
  • Property: means personal property used for or intended for personal, family, or household purposes, but does not include any motor vehicle within the meaning of Section 415 of the Vehicle Code. See California Civil Code 1858
  • Property: includes real and personal property. See California Education Code 18743
  • Property broker-agent: means a person licensed pursuant to Section 1625. See California Education Code 32061
  • psychiatric technician: means any person who, for compensation or personal profit, implements procedures and techniques that involve understanding of cause and effect and that are used in the care, treatment, and rehabilitation of mentally ill or emotionally disturbed persons, or persons with intellectual disabilities, and who has one or more of the following:

    California Education Code 52055.700

  • Public debt: Cumulative amounts borrowed by the Treasury Department or the Federal Financing Bank from the public or from another fund or account. The public debt does not include agency debt (amounts borrowed by other agencies of the Federal Government). The total public debt is subject to a statutory limit.
  • Public defender: Represent defendants who can't afford an attorney in criminal matters.
  • Public entity: includes a nation, state, county, city and county, city, district, public authority, public agency, or any other political subdivision or public corporation, whether foreign or domestic. See California Education Code 17572
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • Pupil: includes a pupil's parent or guardian or legal counsel. See California Education Code 48925
  • Pupil: means a person under 18 years of age who is matriculated in a course of instruction in an educational institution within the scope of Section 32255. See California Education Code 51007
  • Pupil record: means any item of information directly related to an identifiable pupil, other than directory information, that is maintained by a school district or required to be maintained by an employee in the performance of his or her duties whether recorded by handwriting, print, tapes, film, microfilm, or other means. See California Education Code 49061
  • purchase: include exchange, barter, gift, and offer of contract to sell or buy. See California Education Code 60222
  • Purchase: means "buy" as defined in Section 24. See California Government Code 51942
  • Qualified medical evaluator: means physicians appointed by the administrative director pursuant to Section 139. See California Government Code 12572
  • Qualifying institution: means an institution that complies with paragraphs (2) and (3) and is any of the following:

    California Education Code 69432.7

  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Recess: A temporary interruption of the legislative business.
  • record: means any file or grouping of information about an individual that is maintained by an agency by reference to an identifying particular such as the individual's name, photograph, finger or voice print, or a number or symbol assigned to the individual. See California Civil Code 1798.3
  • Reduction plant: means any plant used in the reduction or conversion of fish into fish flour, fishmeal, fish scrap, fertilizer, fish oil, or other fishery products or byproducts. See California Government Code 12512
  • Regional occupational program: as used in this chapter , means a sequence of career technical or technical training programs that meet the criteria and standards of instructional programs in regional occupational centers and are conducted in a variety of physical facilities that are not necessarily situated in one single plant or site. See California Education Code 52303
  • Regular election: is a n election, the specific time for the holding of which is prescribed by law. See California Education Code 88136
  • Regulations: means the rules and regulations set forth in Division 20 (commencing with Section 2000) of Title 16 of the California Code of Regulations. See California Education Code 52180
  • regulatory agency: means the Department of Business Oversight, the Department of Insurance, the Bureau of Real Estate, and agencies of the United States or of any other state responsible for regulating financial institutions. See California Civil Code 1798.3
  • related services: means transportation, and such developmental, corrective, and other supportive services (including speech-language pathology and audiology services, interpreting services, psychological services, physical and occupational therapy, recreation, including therapeutic recreation, social work services, school nurse services designed to enable an individual with exceptional needs to receive a free appropriate public education as described in the individualized education program of the child, counseling services, including rehabilitation counseling, orientation, and mobility services, and medical services, except that such medical services shall be for diagnostic and evaluation purposes only) as may be required to assist an individual with exceptional needs to benefit from special education, and includes the early identification and assessment of disabling conditions in children. See California Education Code 56363
  • Religious dress practice: shall be construed broadly to include the wearing or carrying of religious clothing, head or face coverings, jewelry, artifacts, and any other item that is part of an individual observing a religious creed. See California Government Code 19878.5
  • Religious grooming practice: shall be construed broadly to include all forms of head, facial, and body hair that are part of an individual observing a religious creed. See California Government Code 19878.5
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Remainder: includes reversion, reversionary interest, right of entry, and executory interest. See California Education Code 18743
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • Repairperson: means any person engaged in the business of repairing general aviation aircraft. See California Education Code 56302.1
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • Resident: means residing in this State, "nonresident" means not residing in this State. See California Education Code 32040
  • Resident: means a person who maintains a residence in a subdivision, cooperative, or condominium for mobilehomes, or a resident-owned mobilehome park. See California Civil Code 799
  • Resident: means a person who maintains a residence in a cooperative or condominium for floating homes. See California Civil Code 800.300
  • Resident: means any person who has resided continuously in the State of California for six months or more immediately prior to the date of his application for a license or permit, any person on active military duty with the Armed Forces of the United States or auxiliary branch thereof, or any person enrolled in the Job Corps established pursuant to Section 2883 of Title 29 of the United States Code. See California Government Code 51943
  • Resident-owned mobilehome park: means any entity other than a subdivision, cooperative, or condominium for mobilehomes, through which the residents have an ownership interest in the mobilehome park. See California Civil Code 799
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • Restriction on transfer: means a provision in a lease that restricts the right of transfer of the tenant's interest in the lease. See California Civil Code 1995.020
  • Restriction on use: means a provision in a lease that restricts the use of leased property by a tenant, whether by limiting use to a specified purpose, mandating use for a specified purpose, prohibiting use for a specified purpose, limiting or prohibiting a change in use, or otherwise. See California Civil Code 1997.020
  • retail buyer: means any individual who buys consumer goods from a person engaged in the business of manufacturing, distributing, or selling consumer goods at retail. See California Civil Code 1791
  • Retailer: means any person who is engaged or who intends to engage in the business of selling motor vehicles at retail in this state. See California Education Code 60222
  • retailer: means any individual, partnership, corporation, association, or other legal relationship that engages in the business of selling or leasing consumer goods to retail buyers. See California Civil Code 1791
  • Retrofit: means to either strengthen the structure of a building or facility, or to provide the means necessary to reduce the seismic force level experienced by a building or facility during an earthquake, so as to significantly reduce hazards to life and safety while concomitantly providing for the substantially safe egress of occupants during and immediately after such an earthquake. See California Government Code 14135
  • Revocable trust: A trust agreement that can be canceled, rescinded, revoked, or repealed by the grantor (person who establishes the trust).
  • Right of rescission: Right to cancel, within three business days, a contract that uses the home of a person as collateral, except in the case of a first mortgage loan. There is no fee to the borrower, who receives a full refund of all fees paid. The right of rescission is guaranteed by the Truth in Lending Act (TILA). Source: OCC
  • Right of survivorship: The ownership rights that result in the acquisition of title to property by reason of having survived other co-owners.
  • Sale: means either of the following:

    California Civil Code 1791

  • school: means any place, establishment, or institution organized and operated to offer training for one or more of the personnel classifications included in this chapter or the regulations pertaining thereto. See California Education Code 59002
  • school building: as used in this article includes a facility that a county office of education is authorized to use pursuant to Article 3 (commencing with Section 17280) of Chapter 3. See California Education Code 17582
  • School campus: means all areas of the property under the jurisdiction of the school that are accessible to pupils during the schoolday. See California Education Code 49430
  • School district: means any school district maintaining any kindergarten or any of grades 1 to 12, inclusive, any public school providing instruction in any kindergarten or any of grades 1 to 12, inclusive, the office of the county superintendent of schools, or any special school operated by the department. See California Education Code 49061
  • School district: includes county offices of education. See California Education Code 52550
  • school meals: includes breakfasts, lunches, or the serving of foods or beverages, or both, during other nutrition periods, or any combination thereof. See California Education Code 49500
  • Schoolday: means a day upon which the schools of the district are in session or weekdays during the summer recess. See California Education Code 48925
  • Schoolday: means the period from the midnight before to 30 minutes after the end of the official schoolday. See California Education Code 49430
  • seal: includes an impression of such seal upon the paper alone, or upon any substance attached to the paper capable of receiving a visible impression. See California Education Code 1012
  • season: means "open season. See California Government Code 51939.2
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Veterans Affairs. See California Government Code 13995.102
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Labor and Workforce Development. See California Education Code 32300
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Transportation. See California Government Code 14002.5
  • Secretary: means the federal Secretary of Commerce. See California Government Code 12473
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Food and Agriculture. See California Education Code 19961
  • Security: means an undertaking to assure payment, to the party for whose benefit the undertaking is required to be furnished, of the party's reasonable expenses, including attorney's fees and not limited to taxable costs, incurred in or in connection with a litigation instituted, caused to be instituted, or maintained or caused to be maintained by a vexatious litigant. See California Education Code 69618.5
  • Sell: includes offer or possess for sale, barter, exchange, or trade. See California Government Code 51945
  • Sell: includes offer for sale, expose for sale, possess for sale, exchange, barter, or trade. See California Education Code 19966
  • Sequester: To separate. Sometimes juries are sequestered from outside influences during their deliberations.
  • service: includes the cost of maintaining any facility used to provide any service. See California Government Code 54708
  • Service contract: means a contract in writing to perform, over a fixed period of time or for a specified duration, services relating to the maintenance or repair of a consumer product, except that this term does not include a policy of automobile insurance, as defined in Section 116 of the Insurance Code. See California Civil Code 1791
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Service station: as used in this chapter , means any establishment which offers for sale or sells gasoline or other motor vehicle fuel to the public. See California Education Code 59001
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Sex: includes , but is not limited to, the following:

    California Government Code 19878.5

  • Sexual orientation: means heterosexuality, homosexuality, and bisexuality. See California Government Code 19878.5
  • Sheriff: includes "marshal. See California Education Code 32425
  • Sheriff: includes marshal. See California Education Code 17389
  • Signature: includes either of the following:

    California Education Code 88166

  • Sister state judgment: means that part of any judgment, decree, or order of a court of a state of the United States, other than California, which requires the payment of money, but does not include a support order as defined in Section 155 of the Family Code. See California Government Code 12591.1
  • SLIAG: means the State Legalization Impact-Assistance Grants as set forth in Section 204 of the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986, (Sec. See California Education Code 52302.5
  • Small business: means an independently owned and operated business that is not dominant in its field of operation, the principal office of which is located in California, the officers of which are domiciled in California, and which, together with affiliates, has 100 or fewer employees, and average annual gross receipts of ten million dollars ($10,000,000) or less over the previous three years, or is a manufacturer, as defined in subdivision (c), with 100 or fewer employees. See California Government Code 14837
  • Snack: means a food that is generally regarded as supplementing a meal, including, but not limited to, chips, crackers, yogurt, cheese, nuts, seeds, fruit, or vegetables. See California Education Code 49430
  • social media: means an electronic service or account, or electronic content, including, but not limited to, videos or still photographs, blogs, video blogs, podcasts, instant and text messages, email, online services or accounts, or Internet Web site profiles or locations. See California Education Code 51251
  • Sold: means the exchange of food or beverages for money, coupons, vouchers, or order forms when any part of the exchange occurs on a school campus. See California Education Code 49430
  • Special election: is a n election, the specific time for the holding of which is not prescribed by law. See California Education Code 88167.5
  • Specialty: means an area of dental practice approved by the American Dental Association and recognized by the board. See California Education Code 66900
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 17317
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 32283
  • spouse: includes a registered domestic partner, as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 17413
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 1001
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 17389
  • spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 1012
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Government Code 51902
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 19407
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 24935
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 25018.1
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Education Code 32033
  • State: includes the District of Columbia and the territories when applied to the different parts of the United States, and the words "United States" may include the district and territories. See California Education Code 17389
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Education Code 17576
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Government Code 51950
  • state agency: includes every state office, officer, department, division, bureau, board, and commission. See California Government Code 11000
  • State Architect: means the Office of the State Architect. See California Government Code 14135
  • State building or facility: means any building or structure owned by a state agency, which is identified pursuant to Section 8878. See California Government Code 14135
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • stock: means a species, subspecies, geographical grouping, or other category of fish capable of management as a unit. See California Government Code 52032
  • Subdivision: means a subdivision of the section in which that term occurs unless some other section is expressly mentioned. See California Government Code 51944
  • Subdivision: means a subdivision of the section in which that term occurs unless some other section is expressly mentioned. See California Education Code 19970
  • Subdivision: means a subdivision of the section in which the term occurs unless some other section is expressly mentioned. See California Education Code 19404
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Subpoena duces tecum: A command to a witness to produce documents.
  • subscription: includes mark when the signer or subscriber can not write, such signer's or subscriber's name being written near the mark by a witness who writes his own name near the signer's or subscriber's name. See California Education Code 32288
  • Summative assessment: means an assessment designed to be given near the end of the school year to evaluate a pupil's knowledge and skills relative to a specific set of academic standards. See California Education Code 60603
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • sunset date: as used in this part , mean the date on which specific categorical programs cease to be operative and Sections 62002, 62003, 62004, 62005, and 62005. See California Education Code 56033.5
  • Superintendent: means the Superintendent of Public Instruction. See California Education Code 52302.5
  • supervision: means responsibility for, and control of, the quality of mental health and related services provided by the supervisee. See California Education Code 56021
  • Supervision: includes , but is not limited to, all of the following:

    California Education Code 56338

  • supervision: means responsibility for, and control of, the quality of mental health and related services provided by the supervisee. See California Education Code 56363
  • Supervisor: as used in this chapter , means an individual who meets all of the following requirements:

    California Education Code 54703

  • Supervisor: as used in this chapter , means an individual who meets all of the following requirements:

    California Education Code 56338

  • Supervisor: means any individual having the authority, in the interest of the employer, to hire, transfer, suspend, lay off, recall, promote, discharge, assign, reward, or discipline other employees, or the responsibility to direct them, or to adjust their grievances, or effectively to recommend that action, if, in connection with the foregoing, the exercise of that authority is not of a merely routine or clerical nature, but requires the use of independent judgment. See California Government Code 19878.5
  • Supplemental appropriation: Budget authority provided in an appropriations act in addition to regular or continuing appropriations already provided. Supplemental appropriations generally are made to cover emergencies, such as disaster relief, or other needs deemed too urgent to be postponed until the enactment of next year's regular appropriations act.
  • Suspension: means removal of a pupil from ongoing instruction for adjustment purposes. See California Education Code 48925
  • system of records: means one or more records, which pertain to one or more individuals, which is maintained by any agency, from which information is retrieved by the name of an individual or by some identifying number, symbol or other identifying particular assigned to the individual. See California Civil Code 1798.3
  • Take: means hunt, pursue, catch, capture, or kill, or attempt to hunt, pursue, catch, capture, or kill. See California Government Code 51951
  • tax obligation: means the tax imposed under, or in accordance with, Part 1 (commencing with Section 6001), Part 1. See California Education Code 17352
  • Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
  • Tenant: includes a subtenant or assignee. See California Civil Code 1995.020
  • Tenant: includes a subtenant or assignee. See California Civil Code 1997.020
  • Testify: includes any mode of oral statement made under oath or affirmation. See California Education Code 17389
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • To employ: means to engage, suffer or permit any person to do industrial homework, or to tolerate, suffer, or permit articles or materials under one's custody or control to be manufactured in a home by industrial homework. See California Government Code 12751
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Town: includes "unincorporated town" and "village. See California Education Code 19430
  • Trainee: as used in this chapter , means an unlicensed person who is currently enrolled in a master's or doctoral degree program, as specified in Sections 4980. See California Education Code 54703
  • trainee: means any person licensed under this chapter for the purpose of receiving comprehensive practical experience and instruction in clinical laboratory procedures in one of the sciences or in general clinical laboratory science under the direct and responsible supervision of a person authorized to direct a laboratory under the provisions of this chapter, clinical laboratory scientist, clinical chemist scientist, clinical microbiologist scientist, clinical toxicologist scientist, clinical immunohematologist scientist, clinical genetic molecular biologist scientist, clinical cytogeneticist scientist, clinical histocompatibility scientist, or other equivalent licensee in the science or specialty or subspecialty for which he or she is licensed in a clinical laboratory certified for this purpose by the department under this chapter. See California Education Code 56836.40
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Transport: includes offer or receive for transportation. See California Government Code 51952
  • Trier of fact: includes (a) the jury and (b) the court when the court is trying an issue of fact other than one relating to the admissibility of evidence. See California Education Code 17579
  • Trust account: A general term that covers all types of accounts in a trust department, such as estates, guardianships, and agencies. Source: OCC
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • trustees: means the Trustees of the California State University, created under Section 66600. See California Education Code 89000
  • Trustor: The person who makes or creates a trust. Also known as the grantor or settlor.
  • Truth in Lending Act: The Truth in Lending Act is a federal law that requires lenders to provide standardized information so that borrowers can compare loan terms. In general, lenders must provide information on Source: OCC
  • UC campus foundation: means the following corporations organized under the laws of the State of California: University of California, Berkeley Foundation, UC Davis Foundation, the University of California, Irvine Foundation, the UCLA Foundation, University of California, Merced Foundation, UC Riverside Foundation, U. See California Education Code 59041
  • unavailable: means that an officer is either killed, missing, or so seriously injured as to be unable to attend meetings and otherwise perform his duties. See California Government Code 38756
  • Unclaimed property: means any tangible personal property or intangible personal property, including choses in action in amounts certain, and all debts owed or entrusted funds or other property held by any federal agency or any officer or employee thereof, whether occasioned by contract or operation of law or otherwise, except bonuses and gratuities, which has remained unclaimed by the owner for:

    California Government Code 12525

  • Undue hardship: means an action requiring significant difficulty or expense, when considered in light of the following factors:

    California Government Code 19878.5

  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
  • University: as used in this article , means the University of California. See California Education Code 69511.5
  • unlicensed laboratory personnel: means a laboratory aide, histocompatibility technician, cardiopulmonary technician, or other person performing the activities authorized by Section 1269. See California Education Code 59001.4
  • Uphold: The decision of an appellate court not to reverse a lower court decision.
  • User fees: Fees charged to users of goods or services provided by the government. In levying or authorizing these fees, the legislature determines whether the revenue should go into the treasury or should be available to the agency providing the goods or services.
  • Usury: Charging an illegally high interest rate on a loan. Source: OCC
  • Variable Rate: Having a "variable" rate means that the APR changes from time to time based on fluctuations in an external rate, normally the Prime Rate. This external rate is known as the "index." If the index changes, the variable rate normally changes. Also see Fixed Rate.
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Veteran: means a person who is eligible for benefits under this chapter. See California Government Code 13995.102
  • veterans service organization: means any association or organization which is composed solely of persons who served honorably in time of war or in time of peace in a campaign or expedition for service in which a medal has been authorized by the government of the United States, as members of the Armed Forces of the United States, or who as citizens of the United States served honorably in time of war as members of the armed forces of any nation whose government was allied with the United States during that war, and which is organized for patriotic, fraternal, and benevolent objects. See California Government Code 13995.83
  • Veto: The procedure established under the Constitution by which the President/Governor refuses to approve a bill or joint resolution and thus prevents its enactment into law. A regular veto occurs when the President/Governor returns the legislation to the house in which it originated. The President/Governor usually returns a vetoed bill with a message indicating his reasons for rejecting the measure. In Congress, the veto can be overridden only by a two-thirds vote in both the Senate and the House.
  • Vexatious litigant: means a person who does any of the following:

    California Education Code 69618.5

  • Victim advocate: work with prosecutors and assist the victims of a crime.
  • Violation: includes a failure to comply with any requirement of the code. See California Education Code 32400 v2
  • Voir dire: The process by which judges and lawyers select a petit jury from among those eligible to serve, by questioning them to determine knowledge of the facts of the case and a willingness to decide the case only on the evidence presented in court. "Voir dire" is a phrase meaning "to speak the truth."
  • Vote by mail voter: means any voter casting a ballot in any way other than at the polling place. See California Education Code 88076
  • Voter: means any elector who is registered under this code. See California Education Code 88183
  • Voter-nominated office: means a congressional or state elective office for which a candidate may choose to have his or her party preference or lack of party preference indicated upon the ballot. See California Education Code 88185
  • war: shall mean : (a) whenever Congress has declared war and peace has not been formally restored. See California Education Code 1000
  • Weighing instrument: means any device, contrivance, apparatus, or instrument used, or designed to be used, for ascertaining weight and includes any tool, appliance, or accessory used or connected therewith. See California Education Code 59030
  • Wildlife: means and includes all wild animals, birds, plants, fish, amphibians, reptiles, and related ecological communities, including the habitat upon which the wildlife depends for its continued viability. See California Government Code 52001
  • Writ: means an order or precept in writing, issued in the name of the people, or of a court or judicial officer. See California Education Code 17389
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.
  • Writ of certiorari: An order issued by the Supreme Court directing the lower court to transmit records for a case for which it will hear on appeal.
  • Writing: means handwriting, typewriting, printing, photostating, photographing, photocopying, transmitting by electronic mail or facsimile, and every other means of recording upon any tangible thing, any form of communication or representation, including letters, words, pictures, sounds, or symbols, or combinations thereof, and any record thereby created, regardless of the manner in which the record has been stored. See California Education Code 17581
  • Written agreement: shall be deemed to include a written agreement which has been extended or renewed by an oral or implied agreement. See California Government Code 38733