Sections
STATE COMMISSIONER OF HEALTH 144.011 – 144.12
RADIATION HAZARDS 144.1201 – 144.1215
FEES, LICENSES, PERMITS 144.122
POOLS; ENCLOSED SPORTS ARENAS 144.1222
DIAGNOSTIC IMAGING 144.1225 – 144.123
NEWBORN TESTS FOR MEDICAL CONDITIONS 144.125 – 144.128
PUBLIC HEALTH MEASURES 144.14 – 144.145
SUMMER HEALTH CARE INTERNS 144.1464
RURAL HOSPITAL GRANTS 144.1465 – 144.147
RURAL PHARMACY PLANNING AND TRANSITION GRANT PROGRAM 144.1476
RURAL HOSPITAL GRANT PROGRAM 144.148
RURAL AND URBAN HEALTH; HEALTH PROFESSIONS PROGRAMS 144.1481 – 144.1912
BIOLOGICAL AND HEALTH DATA 144.192 – 144.193
VITAL RECORDS 144.211 – 144.227
HEALTH RECORDS AND REPORTS 144.29
MINNESOTA HEALTH RECORDS ACT 144.291 – 144.34
CONSENT OF MINORS FOR HEALTH SERVICES 144.341 – 144.347
WATER POLLUTION 144.35 – 144.37
SAFE DRINKING WATER ACT 144.381 – 144.387
FEMALE GENITAL MUTILATION; EDUCATION AND OUTREACH 144.3872
PROMOTION OF NONSMOKING 144.391 – 144.394
TOBACCO USE PREVENTION 144.396
CLEAN INDOOR AIR ACT 144.411 – 144.417
HEALTH THREAT PROCEDURES 144.4171 – 144.4185
DATA PRACTICES 144.4186
ISOLATION AND QUARANTINE 144.419 – 144.4196
PUBLIC HEALTH EMERGENCY; VACCINATION; TREATMENT 144.4197 – 144.4199
TUBERCULOSIS 144.441 – 144.445
TUBERCULOSIS HEALTH THREAT ACT 144.4801 – 144.49
STROKE CENTERS AND STROKE HOSPITALS 144.492 – 144.494
HOSPITALS DESIGNATED AS STEMI RECEIVING CENTERS 144.4941
FORMALDEHYDE GASES IN BUILDING MATERIALS 144.495
MINNESOTA RADON AWARENESS ACT 144.496
MINNESOTA RADON LICENSING ACT 144.4961
ST ELEVATION MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION HEART ATTACKS 144.497
HOSPITALS AND OTHER HEALTH CARE INSTITUTIONS 144.50 – 144.586
STATEWIDE TRAUMA SYSTEM 144.602 – 144.606
COMPREHENSIVE ADVANCED LIFE SUPPORT 144.6062 – 144.615
NURSING HOME ADMISSION CONTRACTS; CARE OF RESIDENTS 144.6501 – 144.6503
SUBACUTE CARE WAIVERS 144.6505
PATIENTS BILL OF RIGHTS 144.651 – 144.652
HEALTH CARE FACILITIES 144.6521 – 144.657
EPIDEMIOLOGICAL DATA 144.658 – 144.6581
HEALTH CARE PROVIDERS 144.6585
SEXUAL ASSAULT VICTIMS RIGHTS 144.6586
TRAUMATIC BRAIN AND SPINAL CORD INJURIES 144.661 – 144.665
CANCER SURVEILLANCE SYSTEM 144.671 – 144.69
GRIEVANCES OR COMPLAINTS 144.691
MEDICAL MALPRACTICE CLAIMS 144.693
HEALTH CARE COST INFORMATION 144.695 – 144.703
STAFFING PLAN REPORTS 144.7055
ADVERSE HEALTH CARE EVENTS REPORTING 144.706 – 144.7069
YOUTH CAMPS 144.71 – 144.74
BLOOD-BORNE PATHOGENS; EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICES PERSON 144.7401 – 144.7415
ALCOHOLISM COUNSELOR 144.84
HUMAN GENETICS 144.91 – 144.92
MOSQUITO CONTROL 144.945 – 144.95
LEAD POISONING PREVENTION ACT 144.9501 – 144.9512
HEALTHY HOUSING PROGRAMS 144.9513
EARLY HEARING DETECTION AND INTERVENTION PROGRAM 144.966
ACCREDITATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL LABORATORIES 144.97 – 144.98
HEALTH ENFORCEMENT CONSOLIDATION ACT OF 1993 144.989 – 144.993
ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH TRACKING 144.995 – 144.998
EPINEPHRINE AUTO-INJECTOR; AUTHORIZED ENTITIES 144.999

Terms Used In Minnesota Statutes > Chapter 144

  • abode: means domicile;

    (2) "action" means any proceeding in any court of this state;

    (3) "adult" means an individual 18 years of age or over;

    (4) "as now provided by law" means a reference to the laws in force at the time the law containing the phrase was finally enacted;

    (5) "as provided by law" means a reference to the laws in force at the particular time the law containing the phrase is applied;

    (6) "attorney at law" means an individual admitted to practice law by a court of record of this state;

    (7) "attorney of record" means an attorney at law who is entered on the docket or record of a court as appearing for or representing a party in a legal proceeding;

    (8) "child" or "children" includes children by birth or adoption;

    (9) "day" comprises the time from midnight to the next midnight;

    (10) "fiscal year" means the year by or for which accounts are reckoned;

    (11) "hereafter" means a reference to the time after the time when the law containing such word takes effect;

    (12) "heretofore" means a reference to the time previous to the time when the law containing such word takes effect;

    (13) "judicial sale" means a sale conducted by an officer or person authorized for the purpose by some competent tribunal;

    (14) "minor" means an individual under the age of 18 years;

    (15) "money" means lawful money of the United States;

    (16) "night time" means the time from sunset to sunrise;

    (17) "non compos mentis" refers to an individual of unsound mind;

    (18) "notary" means a notary public;

    (19) "now" in any provision of a law referring to other laws in force, or to persons in office, or to any facts or circumstances as existing, relates to the laws in force, or to the persons in office, or to the facts or circumstances existing, respectively, on the effective date of such provision;

    (20) "verified" when used in reference to writings, means supported by oath or affirmation. See Minnesota Statutes 645.45

  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Appellate courts: means the supreme court and the court of appeals. See Minnesota Statutes 645.44
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Attorney-in-fact: A person who, acting as an agent, is given written authorization by another person to transact business for him (her) out of court.
  • Balanced budget: A budget in which receipts equal outlays.
  • Baseline: Projection of the receipts, outlays, and other budget amounts that would ensue in the future without any change in existing policy. Baseline projections are used to gauge the extent to which proposed legislation, if enacted into law, would alter current spending and revenue levels.
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • Caucus: From the Algonquian Indian language, a caucus meant "to meet together." An informal organization of members of the legislature that exists to discuss issues of mutual concern and possibly to perform legislative research and policy planning for its members. There are regional, political or ideological, ethnic, and economic-based caucuses.
  • Chambers: A judge's office.
  • Charity: An agency, institution, or organization in existence and operating for the benefit of an indefinite number of persons and conducted for educational, religious, scientific, medical, or other beneficent purposes.
  • children: includes children by birth or adoption;

    (9) "day" comprises the time from midnight to the next midnight;

    (10) "fiscal year" means the year by or for which accounts are reckoned;

    (11) "hereafter" means a reference to the time after the time when the law containing such word takes effect;

    (12) "heretofore" means a reference to the time previous to the time when the law containing such word takes effect;

    (13) "judicial sale" means a sale conducted by an officer or person authorized for the purpose by some competent tribunal;

    (14) "minor" means an individual under the age of 18 years;

    (15) "money" means lawful money of the United States;

    (16) "night time" means the time from sunset to sunrise;

    (17) "non compos mentis" refers to an individual of unsound mind;

    (18) "notary" means a notary public;

    (19) "now" in any provision of a law referring to other laws in force, or to persons in office, or to any facts or circumstances as existing, relates to the laws in force, or to the persons in office, or to the facts or circumstances existing, respectively, on the effective date of such provision;

    (20) "verified" when used in reference to writings, means supported by oath or affirmation. See Minnesota Statutes 645.45

  • Committee membership: Legislators are assigned to specific committees by their party. Seniority, regional balance, and political philosophy are the most prominent factors in the committee assignment process.
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • court administrator: means the court administrator of the court in which the action or proceeding is pending, and "court administrator's office" means that court administrator's office. See Minnesota Statutes 645.44
  • Cross examine: Questioning of a witness by the attorney for the other side.
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • estimated market value: has the meaning given in section 273. See Minnesota Statutes 645.44
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Hearsay: Statements by a witness who did not see or hear the incident in question but heard about it from someone else. Hearsay is usually not admissible as evidence in court.
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Irrevocable trust: A trust arrangement that cannot be revoked, rescinded, or repealed by the grantor.
  • Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Legislative session: That part of a chamber's daily session in which it considers legislative business (bills, resolutions, and actions related thereto).
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Majority leader: see Floor Leaders
  • Minor: means an individual under the age of 18. See Minnesota Statutes 645.451
  • Minority: means with respect to an individual the period of time during which the individual is a minor. See Minnesota Statutes 645.451
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Mortgagor: The person who pledges property to a creditor as collateral for a loan and who receives the money.
  • Oral argument: An opportunity for lawyers to summarize their position before the court and also to answer the judges' questions.
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Preliminary hearing: A hearing where the judge decides whether there is enough evidence to make the defendant have a trial.
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probate: Proving a will
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Public waters: means public waters as defined in section 103G. See Minnesota Statutes 645.44
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • seal: includes an impression thereof upon the paper alone, as well as an impression on a wafer, wax, or other substance thereto attached. See Minnesota Statutes 645.44
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Small business: means a business entity organized for profit, including but not limited to any individual, partnership, corporation, joint venture, association or cooperative, which entity:

    (1) is not an affiliate or subsidiary of a business dominant in its field of operation; and

    (2) has 20 or fewer full-time employees; or

    (3) in the preceding fiscal year has not had more than the equivalent of $1,000,000 in annual gross revenues; or

    (4) if the business is a technical or professional service, shall not have had more than the equivalent of $2,500,000 in annual gross revenues in the preceding fiscal year. See Minnesota Statutes 645.445

  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • verified: when used in reference to writings, means supported by oath or affirmation. See Minnesota Statutes 645.45
  • Violate: includes failure to comply with. See Minnesota Statutes 645.44
  • Wetlands: means lands transitional between terrestrial and aquatic systems where the water table is usually at or near the surface or the land is covered by shallow water. See Minnesota Statutes 645.44
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.