Terms Used In South Carolina Code > Title 40 > Chapter 22 - Engineers and Surveyors
- ABET: means the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology. See South Carolina Code 40-22-20
- Administrator: means the individual to whom the director has delegated authority to administer the programs of a specific board or of a professional or occupational group for which the department has regulatory authority or has delegated authority to administer the programs of a specific board;
(2) "Authorization to practice" or "Practice authorization" means the approval to practice the specified profession, engage in the specified occupation, or use a title protected under this article, which has been granted by the applicable board. See South Carolina Code 40-1-20
- Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
- affiliate: means a person that directly, or indirectly through one or more intermediaries, controls, is controlled by, or is under common control with a specified person. See South Carolina Code 35-2-201
- Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
- announcement date: when used in reference to any business combination, means the date of the first public announcement of the definitive proposal for the business combination, without regard to subsequent amendments. See South Carolina Code 35-2-202
- Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
- Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
- Applicant: means a person that files an application for a license pursuant to this act. See South Carolina Code 35-11-105
- Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
- associate: when used to indicate a relationship with any person, means:
(1) any corporation or organization of which the person is an officer or partner or is (directly or indirectly) the beneficial owner of ten percent or more of any class of voting shares;
(2) any trust or other estate in which the person has a substantial beneficial interest or as to which the person serves as trustee or in a similar fiduciary capacity; and
(3) any relative or spouse of the person, or any relative of the spouse, who has the same home as the person. See South Carolina Code 35-2-203
- Authorized delegate: means a person a licensee designates to provide money services on behalf of the licensee. See South Carolina Code 35-11-105
- Bank: means an institution organized under federal or state law which:
(a) accepts demand deposits or deposits that the depositor may use for payment to third parties and which engages in the business of making commercial loans; or
(b) engages in credit card operations and maintains only one office that accepts deposits, does not accept demand deposits or deposits that the depositor may use for payments to third parties, does not accept a savings or time deposit less than one hundred thousand dollars, and does not engage in the business of making commercial loans. See South Carolina Code 35-11-105
- Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
- beneficial owner: when used with respect to any shares, means a person that:
(1) individually or with or through any of its affiliates or associates beneficially owns the shares (directly or indirectly);
(2) individually or with or through any of its affiliates or associates has:
(A) the right to acquire the shares (whether the right is exercisable immediately or only after the passage of time) under any agreement, arrangement, or understanding (whether or not in writing), or upon the exercise of conversion rights, exchange rights, warrants or options, or otherwise. See South Carolina Code 35-2-204
- Board: means the South Carolina State Board of Registration for Professional Engineers and Surveyors created pursuant to this chapter. See South Carolina Code 40-22-20
- Branch office: means a place of business separate from the principal place of business where engineering services or surveying services are provided. See South Carolina Code 40-22-20
- business combination: when used in reference to any resident domestic corporation and any interested shareholder of the resident domestic corporation, means any of the following:
(1) Any merger of the resident domestic corporation or any subsidiary of the resident domestic corporation with:
(A) the interested shareholder; or
(B) any other corporation (whether or not itself an interested shareholder of the resident domestic corporation) that is, or after the merger or consolidation would be, an affiliate or associate of the interested shareholder. See South Carolina Code 35-2-205
- Clerk of court: An officer appointed by the court to work with the chief judge in overseeing the court's administration, especially to assist in managing the flow of cases through the court and to maintain court records.
- Commissioner: means the South Carolina Attorney General. See South Carolina Code 35-11-105
- common stock: means any shares other than preferred shares. See South Carolina Code 35-2-206
- Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
- Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
- Control: means :
(a) ownership of, or the power to vote, directly or indirectly, at least twenty-five percent of a class of voting securities or voting interests of a licensee or person in control of a licensee;
(b) power to elect a majority of executive officers, managers, directors, trustees, or other persons exercising managerial authority of a licensee or person in control of a licensee; or
(c) power to exercise directly or indirectly, a controlling influence over the management or policies of a licensee or person in control of a licensee. See South Carolina Code 35-11-105
- control share acquisition: means the acquisition (directly or indirectly) by any person of ownership of, or the power to direct the exercise of voting power with respect to, issued and outstanding control shares. See South Carolina Code 35-2-102
- control shares: means shares that, except for this article, would have voting power with respect to shares of an issuing public corporation that, when added to all other shares of the issuing public corporation owned by a person or in respect to which that person may exercise or direct the exercise of voting power would entitle that person, immediately after acquisition of the shares (directly or indirectly, alone or as a part of a group), to exercise or direct the exercise of the voting power of the issuing public corporation in the election of directors within any of the following ranges of voting power:
(1) one-fifth or more but less than one-third of all voting power;
(2) one-third or more but less than a majority of all voting power;
(3) a majority or more of all voting power. See South Carolina Code 35-2-101
- Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
- Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
- Currency exchange: means receipt of revenues from the exchange of money of one government for money of another government. See South Carolina Code 35-11-105
- Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
- Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
- Department: means the Department of Labor, Licensing and Regulation. See South Carolina Code 40-22-20
- Design coordination: includes the review and coordination of those technical submissions prepared by others, including as appropriate and without limitation, consulting engineers, architects, landscape architects, surveyors, and other professionals working under the direction of the engineer. See South Carolina Code 40-22-20
- Electronic funds transfer: The transfer of money between accounts by consumer electronic systems-such as automated teller machines (ATMs) and electronic payment of bills-rather than by check or cash. (Wire transfers, checks, drafts, and paper instruments do not fall into this category.) Source: OCC
- Engaged in practice: means holding one's self out to the public as being qualified and available to perform engineering or surveying services. See South Carolina Code 40-22-20
- Engineer: means a professional engineer as defined in this section. See South Carolina Code 40-22-20
- Engineer-in-training: means a person who has qualified for and passed the NCEES Fundamentals of Engineering examination as provided in this chapter and is entitled to receive a certificate as an engineer-in-training. See South Carolina Code 40-22-20
- Engineering surveys: means all minor survey activities required to support the sound conception, planning, design, construction, maintenance, operation, and investigation of engineered projects but exclude the surveying of real property for the establishment of land boundaries, rights-of-way, and easements and the independent surveys or resurveys of general land masses. See South Carolina Code 40-22-20
- Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
- Exchange Act: means the act of Congress known as the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. See South Carolina Code 35-2-209
- Executive officer: means a president, chairperson of the executive committee, chief financial officer, responsible individual, or other individual who performs similar functions. See South Carolina Code 35-11-105
- Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
- Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
- Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
- Firm: means a business entity functioning as a sole proprietorship, partnership, limited liability partnership, professional association, professional corporation, business corporation, limited liability company, joint venture, or other legally constituted organization which practices or offers to practice engineering or surveying, or both. See South Carolina Code 40-22-20
- Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
- Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
- GIS: means geographic information systems. See South Carolina Code 40-22-20
- Good character: refers to a person of good moral character and one who has not been convicted of a violent crime, as defined in Section 16-1-60, or a crime of moral turpitude. See South Carolina Code 40-22-20
- Grace period: The number of days you'll have to pay your bill for purchases in full without triggering a finance charge. Source: Federal Reserve
- Gross negligence: means an act or course of action, or inaction, which denotes a lack of reasonable care and a conscious disregard or indifference to the rights, safety, or welfare of others and which does or could result in financial loss, injury, or damage to life or property. See South Carolina Code 40-22-20
- Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
- interested shareholder: when used in reference to any resident domestic corporation, means any person (other than the resident domestic corporation or any subsidiary of the resident domestic corporation) that is:
(1) the beneficial owner (directly or indirectly) of ten percent or more of the voting power of the outstanding voting shares of the resident domestic corporation; or
(2) an affiliate or associate of the resident domestic corporation and at any time within the two-year period immediately before the date in question was the beneficial owner (directly or indirectly) of ten percent or more of the voting power of the then outstanding shares of the resident domestic corporation. See South Carolina Code 35-2-210
- interested shares: means the shares of an issuing public corporation in respect of which any of the following persons may exercise or direct the exercise of the voting power of the corporation in the election of directors:
(1) an acquiring person or member of a group with respect to a control share acquisition;
(2) any officer of the issuing public corporation;
(3) any employee of the issuing public corporation who is also a director of the corporation. See South Carolina Code 35-2-103
- issuing public corporation: means a domestic corporation that has either:
(1) a class of voting shares registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission or another federal agency under Section 12 of the 1934 Exchange Act; and
(2) its principal place of business, its principal office, or substantial assets within South Carolina; and either:
(A) more than ten percent of its shareholders resident in South Carolina;
(B) more than ten percent of its shares owned by South Carolina residents; or
(C) ten thousand shareholders resident in South Carolina. See South Carolina Code 35-2-104
- Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
- Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
- Licensed: means authorized by this board, pursuant to the statutory powers delegated by the State to this board, to engage in the practice of engineering, or surveying, or engineering and surveying, as evidenced by the board's certificate issued to the registered license holder. See South Carolina Code 40-22-20
- Licensee: means a person licensed pursuant to this act. See South Carolina Code 35-11-105
- Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
- market value: when used in reference to shares or property of any resident domestic corporation, means the following:
(1) In the case of shares, the highest closing sale price of a share during the thirty-day period immediately preceding the date in question on the composite tape for New York Stock Exchange listed shares, or, if the shares are not quoted on the composite tape or not listed on the New York Stock Exchange, on the principal United States securities exchange registered under the Exchange Act on which the shares are listed, or, if the shares are not listed on any such exchange, the highest closing bid quotation with respect to a share during the thirty-day period preceding the date in question on the National Association of Securities Dealers, Inc. See South Carolina Code 35-2-211
- Misconduct: means the violation of a provision of this chapter or of a regulation promulgated by the board pursuant to this chapter. See South Carolina Code 40-22-20
- Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
- Monetary value: means a medium of exchange, whether or not redeemable in money. See South Carolina Code 35-11-105
- Money: means a medium of exchange that is authorized or adopted by the United States or a foreign government. See South Carolina Code 35-11-105
- Money services: means money transmission or currency exchange. See South Carolina Code 35-11-105
- Money transmission: means selling or issuing payment instruments, stored value, or receiving money or monetary value for transmission. See South Carolina Code 35-11-105
- Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
- NCEES examination: means those written or electronic tests developed and administered by the National Council of Examiners for Engineering and Surveying for the purpose of providing one indication of competency to practice engineering. See South Carolina Code 40-22-20
- Oath: A promise to tell the truth.
- Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
- Payment instrument: means a check, draft, money order, traveler's check, or other instrument for the transmission or payment of money or monetary value, whether or not negotiable. See South Carolina Code 35-11-105
- Person: means an individual, corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, limited-liability company, association, joint venture, government, governmental subdivision, agency or instrumentality, public corporation, or another legal or commercial entity. See South Carolina Code 35-11-105
- Person: means an individual human being, firm, partnership, or corporation. See South Carolina Code 40-22-20
- Personal property: All property that is not real property.
- Practice of engineering: means any service or creative work, the adequate performance of which requires engineering education, training, and experience in the application of special knowledge of the mathematical, physical, and engineering sciences to such services or creative work as commissioning, consultation, investigation, expert technical testimony, evaluation, design and design coordination of engineering works and systems, design for development and use of land and water, performing engineering surveys and studies, and the review of construction for the purpose of monitoring compliance with drawings and specifications, any of which embraces such services or work, either public or private, in connection with any utilities, structures, buildings, machines, equipment, processes, work systems projects, and industrial or consumer products or equipment of control systems, chemical, communications, mechanical, electrical, environmental, hydraulic, pneumatic, or thermal nature, insofar as they involve safeguarding life, health, or property, and including such other professional services as may be necessary to the planning, progress, and completion of any engineering services. See South Carolina Code 40-22-20
- Professional engineer: means a license holder who, by reason of his special knowledge of the mathematical and physical sciences and the principles and methods of engineering analysis and design, acquired by professional education and practical experience, is qualified to practice engineering as defined in this section as attested by his license and registration as a professional engineer in this State. See South Carolina Code 40-22-20
- Professional surveyor: means a licensee who is qualified to practice any discipline of TIER A or TIER B surveying in this State, as defined in this section and as attested by his license and registration as a TIER A or TIER B professional surveyor in this State. See South Carolina Code 40-22-20
- Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
- Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
- Record: means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in perceivable form. See South Carolina Code 35-11-105
- Registered: means the engineer or surveyor is licensed and registered in the State. See South Carolina Code 40-22-20
- Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
- resident domestic corporation: means a domestic corporation that has a class of voting shares registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission or another federal agency under Section 12 of the 1934 Exchange Act. See South Carolina Code 35-2-213
- responsible charge: means that there is a clear-cut personal connection to the project or employee supervised, marked by firsthand knowledge and direct control and assumption of professional responsibility for the work. See South Carolina Code 40-22-20
- Responsible individual: means an individual who is employed by a licensee and has principal managerial authority over the provision of money services by the licensee in this State. See South Carolina Code 35-11-105
- Retired from active practice: means not engaging or offering to engage in the practice of engineering or surveying as defined in this section. See South Carolina Code 40-22-20
- Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
- Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
- share: means :
(1) any share or similar security, any certificate of interest, and participation in any profit sharing agreement, any voting trust certificate, or any certificate of deposit for a share; and
(2) any security convertible, with or without consideration, into shares, or any warrant, call, or other option or privilege of buying shares without being bound to do so, or any other security carrying any right to acquire, subscribe to, or purchase shares. See South Carolina Code 35-2-214
- State: means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, or a territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. See South Carolina Code 35-11-105
- Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
- Stored value: means monetary value that is evidenced by an electronic record. See South Carolina Code 35-11-105
- Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
- Surveyor-in-training: means a person who has qualified for and passed the NCEES Fundamentals of Surveying examination as provided in this chapter and is entitled to receive a certificate as a surveyor-in-training. See South Carolina Code 40-22-20
- Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
- Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
- Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
- Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
- under common control with: means the possession (directly or indirectly) of the power to direct or cause the direction of the management and policies of a person, whether through the ownership of voting securities, by contract, or otherwise. See South Carolina Code 35-2-208
- voting shares: means shares of capital stock of a corporation entitled to vote generally in the election of directors. See South Carolina Code 35-2-217