Sections
Chapter 3791 Lorena Municipal Management District No. 1 3791.0101 – 3791.0901
Chapter 3792 Orchard Management District No. 1 3792.0101 – 3792.0901
Chapter 3793 Trr 243 Municipal Management District 3793.0101 – 3793.0603
Chapter 3795 Liberty County Municipal Management District No. 1 3795.001 – 3795.906
Chapter 3798 Celina Municipal Management District No. 2 3798.001 – 3798.906
Chapter 3799 Harris County Improvement District No. 24 3799.001 – 3799.206
Chapter 3801 Houston Downtown Management District 3801.001 – 3801.201
Chapter 3802 Westchase District 3802.001 – 3802.201
Chapter 3803 Greater Greenspoint Management District of Harris County 3803.001 – 3803.159
Chapter 3804 First Colony Management District 3804.001 – 3804.201
Chapter 3805 Harris County Improvement District No. 3 3805.001 – 3805.255
Chapter 3806 Harris County Improvement District No. 2 3806.001 – 3806.201
Chapter 3807 Greater East End Management District 3807.001 – 3807.201
Chapter 3808 East Downtown Management District 3808.001 – 3808.201
Chapter 3809 Midtown Management District 3809.001 – 3809.201
Chapter 3810 Harris County Municipal Management District No. 1 3810.001 – 3810.201
Chapter 3811 Near Northwest Management District 3811.001 – 3811.201
Chapter 3812 Greater Northside Management District 3812.001 – 3812.201
Chapter 3813 Old Town Spring Improvement District 3813.001 – 3813.203
Chapter 3814 Harris County Improvement District No. 4 3814.001 – 3814.201
Chapter 3815 Greater Southeast Management District 3815.001 – 3815.201
Chapter 3816 Frisco Square Management District 3816.001 – 3816.201
Chapter 3817 East Aldine Management District 3817.001 – 3817.201
Chapter 3818 Harris County Improvement District No. 1 3818.001 – 3818.219
Chapter 3819 Baybrook Management District 3819.001 – 3819.201
Chapter 3820 Buffalo Bayou Management District 3820.001 – 3820.201
Chapter 3821 Downtown Midland Management District 3821.001 – 3821.201
Chapter 3822 Fall Creek Management District 3822.001 – 3822.201
Chapter 3823 Great Southwest Improvement District 3823.001 – 3823.201
Chapter 3824 Harborside Management District 3824.001 – 3824.201
Chapter 3825 Harris County Road Improvement District No. 1 3825.001 – 3825.157
Chapter 3826 Harris County Road Improvement District No. 2 3826.001 – 3826.157
Chapter 3827 Katy Towne Centre Development District 3827.001 – 3827.158
Chapter 3828 Lake View Management and Development District 3828.001 – 3828.251
Chapter 3829 Sienna Plantation Management District 3829.001 – 3829.254
Chapter 3830 Spring Branch Area Community Improvement District 3830.001 – 3830.201
Chapter 3831 Temple Health and Bioscience Economic Development District 3831.001 – 3831.304
Chapter 3832 Waller County Road Improvement District No. 1 3832.001 – 3832.156
Chapter 3833 Espada Development District 3833.001 – 3833.452
Chapter 3834 Harris County Improvement District No. 5 3834.001 – 3834.255
Chapter 3835 West Fort Bend Management District 3835.001 – 3835.201
Chapter 3836 Las Damas Management District 3836.001 – 3836.301
Chapter 3837 West Ranch Management District 3837.001 – 3837.201
Chapter 3838 Pearland Municipal Management District No. 1 3838.001 – 3838.255
Chapter 3839 Towne Lake Management District 3839.001 – 3839.201
Chapter 3840 Spectrum Management District 3840.001 – 3840.251
Chapter 3841 Galveston County Management District No. 1 3841.001 – 3841.201
Chapter 3842 Nasa Area Management District 3842.001 – 3842.251
Chapter 3843 Harris County Improvement District No. 6 3843.001 – 3843.251
Chapter 3844 Harris County Improvement District No. 7 3844.001 – 3844.251
Chapter 3845 Tornillo Management District 3845.001 – 3845.204
Chapter 3846 East Montgomery County Improvement District 3846.001 – 3846.456
Chapter 3847 Airline Improvement District 3847.001 – 3847.201
Chapter 3848 Harris County Improvement District No. 8 3848.001 – 3848.251
Chapter 3849 International Management District 3849.001 – 3849.201
Chapter 3850 Greater Sharpstown Management District 3850.001 – 3850.201
Chapter 3851 Triple Creek Municipal Management District 3851.001 – 3851.201
Chapter 3852 Pflugerville Municipal Management District No. 1 3852.001 – 3852.201
Chapter 3853 Dickinson Management District No. 1 3853.001 – 3853.251
Chapter 3854 Chambers County Improvement District No. 1 3854.001 – 3854.251
Chapter 3855 League City Improvement District 3855.001 – 3855.255
Chapter 3856 Galveston Grand Beach Management District 3856.001 – 3856.201
Chapter 3857 Chambers-Liberty Counties Improvement District 3857.001 – 3857.201
Chapter 3858 Driftwood Economic Development Municipal 3858.001 – 3858.157
Chapter 3859 Harris County Improvement District No. 9 3859.001 – 3859.251
Chapter 3860 Harris County Improvement District No. 10 3860.001 – 3860.251
Chapter 3861 Viridian Municipal Management District 3861.001 – 3861.253
Chapter 3862 Central Laredo Municipal Management District 3862.001 – 3862.254
Chapter 3863 Travis County Improvement District No. 1 3863.001 – 3863.351
Chapter 3864 Jefferson County Management District No. 1 3864.001 – 3864.301
Chapter 3865 Aliana Management District 3865.001 – 3865.203
Chapter 3866 Kennedale Towncenter Development District 3866.001 – 3866.201
Chapter 3867 Pearland Municipal Management District No. 2 3867.001 – 3867.207
Chapter 3868 Valencia Municipal Management District No. 1 3868.001 – 3868.253
Chapter 3869 Padre Island Gateway Municipal Management District 3869.001 – 3869.203
Chapter 3870 Maverick Improvement District 3870.001 – 3870.203
Chapter 3871 Trinity River West Municipal Management District 3871.001 – 3871.254
Chapter 3872 Chambers County Improvement District No. 2 3872.001 – 3872.252
Chapter 3873 Kaufman County Parks Improvement District 3873.001 – 3873.251
Chapter 3874 Cypress Waters Municipal Management District 3874.001 – 3874.254
Chapter 3875 Smith County Economic Development District 3875.001 – 3875.133
Chapter 3876 Alden Lake Management District 3876.001 – 3876.255
Chapter 3877 Waller Town Center Management District 3877.001 – 3877.351
Chapter 3878 Harris County Improvement District No. 11 3878.001 – 3878.301
Chapter 3879 Harris County Improvement District No. 18 3879.001 – 3879.401
Chapter 3880 Harris County Improvement District No. 12 3880.001 – 3880.255
Chapter 3881 Harris County Improvement District No. 13 3881.001 – 3881.301
Chapter 3882 Harris County Improvement District No. 14 3882.001 – 3882.301
Chapter 3883 Harris County Improvement District No. 15 3883.001 – 3883.301
Chapter 3884 North Oak Cliff Municipal Management District 3884.001 – 3884.306
Chapter 3885 Mustang Ranch Municipal Management District No. 1 3885.001 – 3885.303
Chapter 3886 Prosper Management District No. 1 3886.001 – 3886.253
Chapter 3887 Guadalupe County Development and Management District 3887.001 – 3887.201
Chapter 3888 Sales Tax Revenue Authority for Baytown Municipal Development District 3888.101 – 3888.102
Chapter 3889 Gulfton Area Municipal Management District 3889.001 – 3889.254
Chapter 3890 Harris County Improvement District No. 16 3890.001 – 3890.255
Chapter 3891 Harris-Montgomery Counties Management District 3891.001 – 3891.159
Chapter 3892 Harris County Improvement District No. 21 3892.001 – 3892.301
Chapter 3893 Harris County Improvement District No. 20 3893.001 – 3893.301
Chapter 3894 Rowlett Downtown Management District 3894.001 – 3894.203
Chapter 3895 Rowlett Pecan Grove Management District 3895.001 – 3895.203
Chapter 3896 Rowlett Waterfront Entertainment Management District 3896.001 – 3896.203
Chapter 3897 Timber Springs Municipal Management District 3897.001 – 3897.354
Chapter 3898 Fort Bend County Improvement District No. 24 3898.001 – 3898.254
Chapter 3899 North Fort Bend County Improvement District No. 1 3899.001 – 3899.255
Chapter 3900 Montecillo Municipal Management District No. 1 3900.001 – 3900.208
Chapter 3901 Bridgeland Management District 3901.001 – 3901.351
Chapter 3902 Club Municipal Management District No. 1 3902.001 – 3902.304
Chapter 3903 Fulshear Town Center Management District 3903.001 – 3903.253
Chapter 3904 Harris County Improvement District No. 22 3904.001 – 3904.301
Chapter 3905 Near Northside Management District 3905.001 – 3905.201
Chapter 3906 Port Isabel Improvement District No. 1 3906.001 – 3906.353
Chapter 3908 Rock Prairie Management District No. 1 3908.001 – 3908.202
Chapter 3909 Rock Prairie Management District No. 2 3909.001 – 3909.206
Chapter 3910 Harris County Improvement District No. 23 3910.001 – 3910.206
Chapter 3911 Midlothian Municipal Management District No. 2 3911.001 – 3911.353
Chapter 3912 Padre Isles Management District 3912.001 – 3912.252
Chapter 3913 Burnet County Improvement District No. 1 3913.001 – 3913.255
Chapter 3914 Waller County Improvement District No. 2 3914.001 – 3914.205
Chapter 3915 Waller County Improvement District No. 1 3915.001 – 3915.205
Chapter 3916 Generation Park Management District 3916.001 – 3916.352
Chapter 3917 Westwood Management District 3917.001 – 3917.251
Chapter 3918 Leander Municipal Management District No. 1 3918.0101 – 3918.0901
Chapter 3919 Old Celina Municipal Management District No. 1 3919.001 – 3919.253
Chapter 3920 Highway 380 Municipal Management District No. 1 3920.001 – 3920.206
Chapter 3921 Texas Heritage Parkway Improvement District 3921.001 – 3921.256
Chapter 3922 Mesquite Medical Center Management District 3922.001 – 3922.206
Chapter 3924 Onion Creek Metro Park District 3924.001 – 3924.206
Chapter 3926 Joshua Farms Municipal Management District No. 1 3926.001 – 3926.304
Chapter 3927 Fort Bend County Municipal Management District No. 1 3927.001 – 3927.207
Chapter 3928 Kendleton Improvement District 3928.001 – 3928.301
Chapter 3929 Joshua Farms Municipal Management District No. 2 3929.001 – 3929.304
Chapter 3930 Barrett Management District 3930.001 – 3930.201
Chapter 3931 Missouri City Management District No. 1 3931.001 – 3931.206
Chapter 3932 Missouri City Management District No. 2 3932.001 – 3932.206
Chapter 3933 Vineyard Municipal Management District No. 1 3933.001 – 3933.451
Chapter 3934 Simonton Management District No. 1 3934.001 – 3934.206
Chapter 3935 Katy Management District No. 1 3935.001 – 3935.206
Chapter 3936 East Lake Houston Management District 3936.001 – 3936.253
Chapter 3937 East Waller County Management District 3937.001 – 3937.253
Chapter 3938 Grand Lake Estates Management District 3938.001 – 3938.253
Chapter 3940 Valley Ranch Medical Center Management District 3940.001 – 3940.251
Chapter 3941 Valley Ranch Town Center Management District 3941.001 – 3941.251
Chapter 3943 Channelview Improvement District 3943.0101 – 3943.0905
Chapter 3944 Brazoria County Management District No. 1 3944.001 – 3944.301
Chapter 3945 Brazoria County Management District No. 2 3945.0101 – 3945.0901
Chapter 3946 Windsor Hills Municipal Management District No. 1 3946.001 – 3946.303
Chapter 3947 University Hills Municipal Management District 3947.001 – 3947.254
Chapter 3948 River Ranch Improvement District of Liberty County 3948.001 – 3948.255
Chapter 3949 Grand Northwest Municipal Management District 3949.001 – 3949.251
Chapter 3950 Stadium Park Management District 3950.001 – 3950.303
Chapter 3951 Lakewood Improvement District of Harris County 3951.001 – 3951.351
Chapter 3952 Midlothian Municipal Management District No. 3 3952.001 – 3952.353
Chapter 3953 Telfair Tract 5 Commercial Management District 3953.001 – 3953.253
Chapter 3954 Prairie Ridge Municipal Management District No. 1 3954.001 – 3954.253
Chapter 3956 Port Neches Improvement District 3956.001 – 3956.206
Chapter 3957 Fort Bend County Municipal Management District No. 2 3957.001 – 3957.301
Chapter 3958 Harris County Improvement District No. 25 3958.001 – 3958.251
Chapter 3959 Sterrett Road Municipal Management District 3959.0001 – 3959.0901
Chapter 3960 Beaumont Municipal Management District No. 1 3960.001 – 3960.206
Chapter 3962 West Pecos Management District 3962.0101 – 3962.0901
Chapter 3963 Sogood Cedars Municipal Management District 3963.0101 – 3963.0901
Chapter 3964 City of Conroe Municipal Management District No. 3 3964.0101 – 3964.0606
Chapter 3965 Celina Municipal Management District No. 3 3965.0101 – 3965.0806
Chapter 3966 New Park Municipal Management District 3966.0101 – 3966.0901
Chapter 3967 Wood Trace Management District of Montgomery County, Texas 3967.0101 – 3967.0901
Chapter 3971 Sh130 Municipal Management District No. 1 3971.0101 – 3971.0901
Chapter 3972 City of El Paso Municipal Management District No. 1 3972.0101 – 3972.0901
Chapter 3973 Tarkington Management District No. 1 of Liberty County 3973.0101 – 3973.0706
Chapter 3974 Wright Farm Municipal Management District of Johnson County 3974.0101 – 3974.1006
Chapter 3975 Richfield Ranch Management District of Harris County, Texas 3975.0101 – 3975.0901
Chapter 3976 City of Kemah Municipal Management District No. 1 3976.0101 – 3976.0706
Chapter 3979 Montgomery County Management District No. 1 3979.0101 – 3979.0901
Chapter 3980 Hunter Ranch Improvement District No. 1 of Denton County, Texas 3980.0101 – 3980.0801
Chapter 3981 Cole Ranch Improvement District No. 1 of Denton County, Texas 3981.0101 – 3981.0801
Chapter 3982 Plum Creek Management District No. 1 of Liberty County 3982.0101 – 3982.0706
Chapter 3983 Oak Farms Municipal Management District 3983.0101 – 3983.0901
Chapter 3984 Fort Bend County Management District No. 3 3984.0101 – 3984.0901
Chapter 3985 Gateway Park Municipal Management District 3985.0101 – 3985.0901
Chapter 3986 North Celina Municipal Management District No. 3 3986.0101 – 3986.0901
Chapter 3988 Save Historic Muny District 3988.0101 – 3988.0901
Chapter 3992 New Waverly Municipal Management District No. 1 3992.0101 – 3992.0502
Chapter 3994 Veale Ranch Municipal Management District No. 1 3994.0101 – 3994.0901
Chapter 4501 Texas State Railroad Authority 4501.001 – 4501.201

Terms Used In Texas Special District Local Laws Code > Title 4 > Subtitle C - Development, Improvement, and Management

  • Abstract of judgment: In a federal criminal proceeding, A certification from a U.S. District Court clerk that a judgment of restitution was entered against the defendant owing to the victim. If the defendant inherits, owns, or sells real property or holdings, these assets can then be attached at the state and local levels as well.
  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • Affidavit: means a statement in writing of a fact or facts signed by the party making it, sworn to before an officer authorized to administer oaths, and officially certified to by the officer under his seal of office. See Texas Government Code 312.011
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Annual percentage rate: The cost of credit at a yearly rate. It is calculated in a standard way, taking the average compound interest rate over the term of the loan so borrowers can compare loans. Lenders are required by law to disclose a card account's APR. Source: FDIC
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Asset forfeiture: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Association: means an entity governed as an association under Title 6 or 7. See Texas Business Organizations Code 1.002
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Attorney-in-fact: A person who, acting as an agent, is given written authorization by another person to transact business for him (her) out of court.
  • Bailiff: a court officer who enforces the rules of behavior in courtrooms.
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Baseline: Projection of the receipts, outlays, and other budget amounts that would ensue in the future without any change in existing policy. Baseline projections are used to gauge the extent to which proposed legislation, if enacted into law, would alter current spending and revenue levels.
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • Business: means a trade, occupation, profession, or other commercial activity. See Texas Business Organizations Code 1.002
  • Case law: The law as laid down in cases that have been decided in the decisions of the courts.
  • Certificate of formation: means :
    (A) the document required to be filed with the filing officer under Chapter Texas Business Organizations Code 1.002
  • Chambers: A judge's office.
  • Charity: An agency, institution, or organization in existence and operating for the benefit of an indefinite number of persons and conducted for educational, religious, scientific, medical, or other beneficent purposes.
  • Child: includes an adopted child, regardless of whether the adoption occurred through:
    (1) an existing or former statutory procedure; or
    (2) an equitable adoption or acts of estoppel. See Texas Estates Code 22.004
  • Codicil: An addition, change, or supplement to a will executed with the same formalities required for the will itself.
  • Committee membership: Legislators are assigned to specific committees by their party. Seniority, regional balance, and political philosophy are the most prominent factors in the committee assignment process.
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Concurrent resolution: A legislative measure, designated "S. Con. Res." and numbered consecutively upon introduction, generally employed to address the sentiments of both chambers, to deal with issues or matters affecting both houses, such as a concurrent budget resolution, or to create a temporary joint committee. Concurrent resolutions are not submitted to the President/Governor and thus do not have the force of law.
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Conversion: means :
    (A) the continuance of a domestic entity as a non-code organization of any type;
    (B) the continuance of a non-code organization as a domestic entity of any type;
    (C) the continuance of a domestic entity of one type as a domestic entity of another type;
    (D) the continuance of a domestic entity of one type as a foreign entity of the same type that may be treated as a domestication, continuance, or transfer transaction under the laws of the jurisdiction of formation of the foreign entity; or
    (E) the continuance of a foreign entity of one type as a domestic entity of the same type that may be treated as a domestication, continuance, or transfer transaction under the laws of the jurisdiction of formation of the foreign entity. See Texas Business Organizations Code 1.002
  • Converted entity: means an organization resulting from a conversion. See Texas Business Organizations Code 1.002
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Corporation: means an entity governed as a corporation under Title 2 or 7. See Texas Business Organizations Code 1.002
  • Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff.
  • County election precinct: means an election precinct established under Section Texas Election Code 1.005
  • County office: means an office of the county government that is voted on countywide. See Texas Election Code 1.005
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • Devisee: includes a legatee. See Texas Estates Code 22.009
  • Director: means an individual who serves on the board of directors of a foreign or domestic corporation. See Texas Business Organizations Code 1.002
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • District office: means an office of the federal or state government that is not voted on statewide. See Texas Election Code 1.005
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • Domestic: means , with respect to an entity, that the entity is formed under this code or the entity's internal affairs are governed by this code. See Texas Business Organizations Code 1.002
  • Domestic entity: means an organization formed under or the internal affairs of which are governed by this code. See Texas Business Organizations Code 1.002
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • Effective date of this code: means January 1, 2006. See Texas Business Organizations Code 1.002
  • Effects: includes all personal property and all interest in that property. See Texas Government Code 312.011
  • Election official: means :
    (A) a county clerk;
    (B) a permanent or temporary deputy county clerk;
    (C) an elections administrator;
    (D) a permanent or temporary employee of an elections administrator;
    (E) an election judge;
    (F) an alternate election judge;
    (G) an early voting clerk;
    (H) a deputy early voting clerk;
    (I) an election clerk;
    (J) the presiding judge of an early voting ballot board;
    (K) the alternate presiding judge of an early voting ballot board;
    (L) a member of an early voting ballot board;
    (M) the chair of a signature verification committee;
    (N) the vice chair of a signature verification committee;
    (O) a member of a signature verification committee;
    (P) the presiding judge of a central counting station;
    (Q) the alternate presiding judge of a central counting station;
    (R) a central counting station manager;
    (S) a central counting station clerk;
    (T) a tabulation supervisor;
    (U) an assistant to a tabulation supervisor; and
    (V) a chair of a county political party holding a primary election or a runoff primary election. See Texas Election Code 1.005
  • Electronic funds transfer: The transfer of money between accounts by consumer electronic systems-such as automated teller machines (ATMs) and electronic payment of bills-rather than by check or cash. (Wire transfers, checks, drafts, and paper instruments do not fall into this category.) Source: OCC
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Entity: means a domestic entity or foreign entity. See Texas Business Organizations Code 1.002
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escheat: Reversion of real or personal property to the state when 1) a person dies without leaving a will and has no heirs, or 2) when the property (such as a bank account) has been inactive for a certain period of time. Source: OCC
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Exempt property: means the property in a decedent's estate that is exempt from execution or forced sale by the constitution or laws of this state, and any allowance paid instead of that property. See Texas Estates Code 22.013
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation: A government corporation that insures the deposits of all national and state banks that are members of the Federal Reserve System. Source: OCC
  • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Filing entity: means a domestic entity that is a corporation, limited partnership, limited liability company, professional association, cooperative, or real estate investment trust. See Texas Business Organizations Code 1.002
  • Filing instrument: means an instrument, document, consent, or statement that is required or authorized by this code to be filed by or for an entity with the filing officer in accordance with Chapter Texas Business Organizations Code 1.002
  • Filing officer: means :
    (A) with respect to an entity other than a domestic real estate investment trust, the secretary of state; or
    (B) with respect to a domestic real estate investment trust, the county clerk of the county in which the real estate investment trust's principal office is located in this state. See Texas Business Organizations Code 1.002
  • Final canvass: means the canvass from which the official result of an election is determined. See Texas Election Code 1.005
  • Finance charge: The total cost of credit a customer must pay on a consumer loan, including interest. The Truth in Lending Act requires disclosure of the finance charge. Source: OCC
  • For-profit corporation: means a corporation governed as a for-profit corporation under Chapter Texas Business Organizations Code 1.002
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Foreign: means , with respect to an entity, that the entity is formed under, and the entity's internal affairs are governed by, the laws of a jurisdiction other than this state. See Texas Business Organizations Code 1.002
  • Foreign entity: means an organization formed under, and the internal affairs of which are governed by, the laws of a jurisdiction other than this state. See Texas Business Organizations Code 1.002
  • Foreign filing entity: means a foreign entity, other than a foreign limited liability partnership, that registers or is required to register as a foreign entity under Chapter Texas Business Organizations Code 1.002
  • Foreign nonfiling entity: means a foreign entity that is not a foreign filing entity. See Texas Business Organizations Code 1.002
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • General election: means an election, other than a primary election, that regularly recurs at fixed dates. See Texas Election Code 1.005
  • General election for state and county officers: means the general election at which officers of the federal, state, and county governments are elected. See Texas Election Code 1.005
  • General partner: means :
    (A) each partner in a general partnership; or
    (B) a person who has become, and has not ceased to be, a general partner in a limited partnership in accordance with the governing documents of the limited partnership or this code. See Texas Business Organizations Code 1.002
  • General partnership: means a partnership governed as a general partnership under Chapter Texas Business Organizations Code 1.002
  • Germane: On the subject of the pending bill or other business; a strict standard of relevance.
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Governing authority: means a person or group of persons who are entitled to manage and direct the affairs of an entity under this code and the governing documents of the entity, except that if the governing documents of the entity or this code divide the authority to manage and direct the affairs of the entity among different persons or groups of persons according to different matters, "governing authority" means the person or group of persons entitled to manage and direct the affairs of the entity with respect to a matter under the governing documents of the entity or this code. See Texas Business Organizations Code 1.002
  • Governing documents: means :
    (A) in the case of a domestic entity:
    (i) the certificate of formation for a domestic filing entity or the document or agreement under which a domestic nonfiling entity is formed; and
    (ii) the other documents or agreements adopted by the entity under this code to govern the formation or the internal affairs of the entity; or
    (B) in the case of a foreign entity, the instruments, documents, or agreements adopted under the law of its jurisdiction of formation to govern the formation or the internal affairs of the entity. See Texas Business Organizations Code 1.002
  • Governing person: means a person serving as part of the governing authority of an entity. See Texas Business Organizations Code 1.002
  • Grace period: The number of days you'll have to pay your bill for purchases in full without triggering a finance charge. Source: Federal Reserve
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • Guarantor: A party who agrees to be responsible for the payment of another party's debts should that party default. Source: OCC
  • Gubernatorial general election: means the general election held every four years to elect a governor for a full term. See Texas Election Code 1.005
  • Habeas corpus: A writ that is usually used to bring a prisoner before the court to determine the legality of his imprisonment. It may also be used to bring a person in custody before the court to give testimony, or to be prosecuted.
  • Heir: means a person who is entitled under the statutes of descent and distribution to a part of the estate of a decedent who dies intestate. See Texas Estates Code 22.015
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • Independent candidate: means a candidate in a nonpartisan election or a candidate in a partisan election who is not the nominee of a political party. See Texas Election Code 1.005
  • Independent executor: means the personal representative of an estate under independent administration as provided by Chapter Texas Estates Code 22.017
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Individual: means a natural person. See Texas Business Organizations Code 1.002
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Internal Revenue Code: means the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended. See Texas Business Organizations Code 1.002
  • Interrogatories: Written questions asked by one party of an opposing party, who must answer them in writing under oath; a discovery device in a lawsuit.
  • Intestate: Dying without leaving a will.
  • Joint committee: Committees including membership from both houses of teh legislature. Joint committees are usually established with narrow jurisdictions and normally lack authority to report legislation.
  • Joint tenancy: A form of property ownership in which two or more parties hold an undivided interest in the same property that was conveyed under the same instrument at the same time. A joint tenant can sell his (her) interest but not dispose of it by will. Upon the death of a joint tenant, his (her) undivided interest is distributed among the surviving joint tenants.
  • Juror: A person who is on the jury.
  • Justice: when applied to a magistrate, means justice of the peace. See Texas Government Code 312.011
  • Law: means a constitution, statute, city charter, or city ordinance. See Texas Election Code 1.005
  • Law: means , unless the context requires otherwise, both statutory and common law. See Texas Business Organizations Code 1.002
  • Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Legacy: A gift of property made by will.
  • Legislative session: That part of a chamber's daily session in which it considers legislative business (bills, resolutions, and actions related thereto).
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • License: means a license, certificate of registration, or other legal authorization. See Texas Business Organizations Code 1.002
  • lien: include :
    (1) a deed of trust;
    (2) a vendor's lien, a mechanic's, materialman's, or laborer's lien, an attachment or garnishment lien, and a federal or state tax lien;
    (3) a chattel mortgage;
    (4) a judgment; and
    (5) a pledge by hypothecation. See Texas Estates Code 22.024
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Limited liability company: means an entity governed as a limited liability company under Title 3 or 7. See Texas Business Organizations Code 1.002
  • Limited liability partnership: means a partnership governed as a limited liability partnership under Title 4. See Texas Business Organizations Code 1.002
  • Limited partnership: means a partnership that is governed as a limited partnership under Title 4 and that has one or more general partners and one or more limited partners. See Texas Business Organizations Code 1.002
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Local canvass: means the canvass of the precinct election returns. See Texas Election Code 1.005
  • Managerial official: means an officer or a governing person. See Texas Business Organizations Code 1.002
  • Measure: means a question or proposal submitted in an election for an expression of the voters' will. See Texas Election Code 1.005
  • Member: means :
    (A) in the case of a limited liability company, a person who has become, and has not ceased to be, a member in the limited liability company as provided by its governing documents or this code;
    (B) in the case of a nonprofit corporation, a person who has membership rights in the nonprofit corporation under its governing documents;
    (C) in the case of a cooperative association, a member of a nonshare or share association;
    (D) in the case of a nonprofit association, a person who has membership rights in the nonprofit association under its governing documents; or
    (E) in the case of a professional association, a person who has membership rights in the professional association under its governing documents. See Texas Business Organizations Code 1.002
  • Merger: means :
    (A) the division of a domestic entity into two or more new domestic entities or other organizations or into a surviving domestic entity and one or more new domestic or foreign entities or non-code organizations; or
    (B) the combination of one or more domestic entities with one or more domestic entities or non-code organizations resulting in:
    (i) one or more surviving domestic entities or non-code organizations;
    (ii) the creation of one or more new domestic entities or non-code organizations; or
    (iii) one or more surviving domestic entities or non-code organizations and the creation of one or more new domestic entities or non-code organizations. See Texas Business Organizations Code 1.002
  • Minor: means a person younger than 18 years of age who:
    (1) has never been married; and
    (2) has not had the disabilities of minority removed for general purposes. See Texas Estates Code 22.022
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Month: means a calendar month. See Texas Government Code 312.011
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • Mortgagor: The person who pledges property to a creditor as collateral for a loan and who receives the money.
  • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
  • Nonprofit association: means an association governed as a nonprofit association under Chapter Texas Business Organizations Code 1.002
  • Nonprofit corporation: means a corporation governed as a nonprofit corporation under Chapter Texas Business Organizations Code 1.002
  • Oath: includes affirmation. See Texas Government Code 311.005
  • Oath: A promise to tell the truth.
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Officer: means an individual elected, appointed, or designated as an officer of an entity by the entity's governing authority or under the entity's governing documents. See Texas Business Organizations Code 1.002
  • Organization: means a corporation, limited or general partnership, limited liability company, business trust, real estate investment trust, joint venture, joint stock company, cooperative, association, bank, insurance company, credit union, savings and loan association, or other organization, regardless of whether the organization is for-profit, nonprofit, domestic, or foreign. See Texas Business Organizations Code 1.002
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Ownership interest: means an owner's interest in an entity. See Texas Business Organizations Code 1.002
  • Partner: means a limited partner or general partner. See Texas Business Organizations Code 1.002
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Partnership: means an entity governed as a partnership under Title 4. See Texas Business Organizations Code 1.002
  • Person: means an individual or a corporation, partnership, limited liability company, business trust, trust, association, or other organization, estate, government or governmental subdivision or agency, or other legal entity, or a series of a domestic limited liability company or foreign entity. See Texas Business Organizations Code 1.002
  • Personal property: includes an interest in:
    (1) goods;
    (2) money;
    (3) a chose in action;
    (4) an evidence of debt; and
    (5) a real chattel. See Texas Estates Code 22.028
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • personal representative: include :
    (1) an executor and independent executor;
    (2) an administrator, independent administrator, and temporary administrator; and
    (3) a successor to an executor or administrator listed in Subdivision (1) or (2). See Texas Estates Code 22.031
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Political subdivision: means a county, city, or school district or any other governmental entity that:
    (A) embraces a geographic area with a defined boundary;
    (B) exists for the purpose of discharging functions of government; and
    (C) possesses authority for subordinate self-government through officers selected by it. See Texas Election Code 1.005
  • Population: means the population shown by the most recent federal decennial census. See Texas Government Code 311.005
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Preliminary hearing: A hearing where the judge decides whether there is enough evidence to make the defendant have a trial.
  • President: means the:
    (A) individual designated as president of an entity under the entity's governing documents; or
    (B) officer or committee of persons authorized to perform the functions of the principal executive officer of an entity without regard to the designated name of the officer or committee. See Texas Business Organizations Code 1.002
  • Presidential primary election: means an election held under Subchapter Texas Election Code 1.005
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • Primary election: means an election held by a political party under Chapter Texas Election Code 1.005
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Professional corporation: has the meaning assigned by Section Texas Business Organizations Code 1.002
  • Professional entity: has the meaning assigned by Section Texas Business Organizations Code 1.002
  • Professional individual: has the meaning assigned by Section Texas Business Organizations Code 1.002
  • Professional limited liability company: has the meaning assigned by Section Texas Business Organizations Code 1.002
  • Professional service: has the meaning assigned by Section Texas Business Organizations Code 1.002
  • Property: includes tangible and intangible property and an interest in that property. See Texas Business Organizations Code 1.002
  • Proposition: means the wording appearing on a ballot to identify a measure. See Texas Election Code 1.005
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Real estate investment trust: means an entity governed as a real estate investment trust under Title 5. See Texas Business Organizations Code 1.002
  • Real property: includes estates and interests in land, whether corporeal or incorporeal or legal or equitable. See Texas Estates Code 22.030
  • Registered voter: means a person registered to vote in this state whose registration is effective. See Texas Election Code 1.005
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • Residence address: means the street address and any apartment number, or the address at which mail is received if the residence has no address, and the city, state, and zip code that correspond to a person's residence. See Texas Election Code 1.005
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • Revolving credit: A credit agreement (typically a credit card) that allows a customer to borrow against a preapproved credit line when purchasing goods and services. The borrower is only billed for the amount that is actually borrowed plus any interest due. (Also called a charge account or open-end credit.) Source: OCC
  • Rule: includes regulation. See Texas Government Code 311.005
  • Secretary: means the:
    (A) individual designated as secretary of an entity under the entity's governing documents; or
    (B) officer or committee of persons authorized to perform the functions of secretary of an entity without regard to the designated name of the officer or committee. See Texas Business Organizations Code 1.002
  • Sequester: To separate. Sometimes juries are sequestered from outside influences during their deliberations.
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Share: means a unit into which the ownership interest in a for-profit corporation, professional corporation, real estate investment trust, or professional association is divided, regardless of whether the share is certificated or uncertificated. See Texas Business Organizations Code 1.002
  • Signature: includes the mark of a person unable to write, and "subscribe" includes the making of such a mark. See Texas Government Code 312.011
  • Special election: means an election that is not a general election or a primary election. See Texas Election Code 1.005
  • Statewide office: means an office of the federal or state government that is voted on statewide. See Texas Election Code 1.005
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • Statutory probate court: means a court created by statute and designated as a statutory probate court under Chapter Texas Estates Code 22.007
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Succeeding: means immediately following. See Texas Government Code 312.011
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Surety: includes a personal surety and a corporate surety. See Texas Estates Code 22.032
  • Swear: includes affirm. See Texas Government Code 311.005
  • Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
  • Tenancy by the entirety: A type of joint tenancy between husband and wife that is recognized in some States. Neither party can sever the joint tenancy relationship; when a spouse dies, the survivor acquires full title to the property.
  • Tenancy in common: A type of property ownership in which two or more individuals have an undivided interest in property. At the death of one tenant in common, his (her) fractional percentage of ownership in the property passes to the decedent
  • Testate: To die leaving a will.
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Trust account: A general term that covers all types of accounts in a trust department, such as estates, guardianships, and agencies. Source: OCC
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Uniform election date: means an election date prescribed by Section Texas Election Code 1.005
  • United States: includes a department, bureau, or other agency of the United States of America. See Texas Government Code 311.005
  • Uphold: The decision of an appellate court not to reverse a lower court decision.
  • User fees: Fees charged to users of goods or services provided by the government. In levying or authorizing these fees, the legislature determines whether the revenue should go into the treasury or should be available to the agency providing the goods or services.
  • Usury: Charging an illegally high interest rate on a loan. Source: OCC
  • Variable Rate: Having a "variable" rate means that the APR changes from time to time based on fluctuations in an external rate, normally the Prime Rate. This external rate is known as the "index." If the index changes, the variable rate normally changes. Also see Fixed Rate.
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • Voting station: means the voting booth or other place where voters mark their ballots or otherwise indicate their votes at a polling place. See Texas Election Code 1.005
  • Voting year: means the 12-month period beginning January 1 of each year. See Texas Election Code 1.005
  • Week: means seven consecutive days. See Texas Government Code 311.005
  • Will: includes :
    (1) a codicil; and
    (2) a testamentary instrument that merely:
    (A) appoints an executor or guardian;
    (B) directs how property may not be disposed of; or
    (C) revokes another will. See Texas Estates Code 22.034
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.
  • written: means an expression of words, letters, characters, numbers, symbols, figures, or other textual information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium that is retrievable in a perceivable form. See Texas Business Organizations Code 1.002