Article 1 General Provisions and Definitions
Article 2 General Administration and Enforcement
Article 2.5 Backstretch Worker Labor Relations
Article 3 Licenses Generally
Article 4 Licenses for Track Operators
Article 4.5 Jockeys
Article 5 Stewards and Racing Officials
Article 5.5 Other Licenses
Article 5.6 Interstate Compact on Horse Racing Occupational Licensing
Article 6 Racing Days Generally
Article 6.5 Fairs and Expositions
Article 7 Charity Racing Days
Article 8 Regulation Generally
Article 8.5 Equine Medication
Article 9 Wagering
Article 9.1 Exchange Wagering
Article 9.2 Satellite Wagering
Article 9.5 License Fees, Commissions, and Purses
Article 10 Revenue
Article 11 Penalties

Terms Used In California Codes > Business and Professions Code > Division 8 > Chapter 4

  • Abbreviated contract of admission: means a contract which meets the provisions of this chapter, except as otherwise provided, for a resident who is receiving respite care services, as defined in Section 1418. See California Government Code 55305
  • Abstract of judgment: In a federal criminal proceeding, A certification from a U.S. District Court clerk that a judgment of restitution was entered against the defendant owing to the victim. If the defendant inherits, owns, or sells real property or holdings, these assets can then be attached at the state and local levels as well.
  • abuse: means any of the following:

    California Revenue and Taxation Code 41130

  • Accessories: when used in connection with an antenna or rotator installation or repair, includes, but is not limited to, masts, towers, clamps, guy wires, eye hooks, standoff insulators, roof saddles, vent pipe mounts, chimney mount kits, signal amplifiers/boosters, multiset couplers, transmission lines, control cables, directional control units, and other devices as may be used from time to time to effect installation or repair. See California Government Code 26292.2
  • Acquire: includes purchase, condemnation, lease, and gift. See California Government Code 19243.2
  • Acquire: includes acquisition by gift, purchase, lease, eminent domain, or otherwise. See California Government Code 12271
  • Acquittal:
    1. Judgement that a criminal defendant has not been proved guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
    2. A verdict of "not guilty."
     
  • Act: means the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act (16 U. See California Government Code 12473
  • Act: means the California Library Services Act. See California Education Code 18710
  • action: as used in this Title is to be construed, whenever it is necessary so to do, as including a special proceeding of a civil nature. See California Government Code 13304
  • Action: includes a civil action and a special proceeding of a civil nature. See California Government Code 14172
  • Action: means an action for partition under this title. See California Education Code 18743
  • Adjourn: A motion to adjourn a legislative chamber or a committee, if passed, ends that day's session.
  • Administrative agency: means the state agency responsible for programming bond funds made available by Chapter 12. See California Government Code 14556.41
  • Administrative director: means the Administrative Director of the Division of Workers' Compensation. See California Government Code 12572
  • Administrator: means the senior executive appointed to operate a home. See California Government Code 13995.102
  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • Advisory committee: means the Advisory Committee on Salmon and Steelhead Trout, established pursuant to Resolution Chapter 141 of the Statutes of 1983, except that there shall be two additional members appointed by the Joint Committee on Fisheries and Aquaculture after consultation with the Director of Fish and Game and the Fish and Game Commission. See California Government Code 12481
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Affinity: signifies the connection existing in consequence of marriage, between each of the married persons and the blood relatives of the other when applied to the marriage relation. See California Education Code 17389
  • Affirmative actions: means any activity for the purpose of eliminating discrimination in housing accommodations because of race, color, religion, sex, marital status, national origin, ancestry, familial status, or disability. See California Government Code 19880.1
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • Affix: means physically attached to or imprinting an electronic validation to a license document. See California Government Code 51916
  • affordable price: means , in the case of a purchaser, other than a lower income household, the price for residential property for which the purchaser's monthly payments will not exceed that portion of the purchasing household's adjusted income as determined in accordance with the regulations of the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development, issued pursuant to Section 235 of the National Housing Act. See California Government Code 54236
  • affordable rent: means , in the case of an occupant person or family, other than a person or family of low or moderate income, rent for residential property that is not more than 25 percent of the occupant household's gross monthly income, and in the case of an occupant person or family of low or moderate income, rent for residential property that is not more than the percentage of the adjusted income of the occupant person or family as permitted under regulations of the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development issued pursuant to Section 8 of the United States Housing Act of 1937, but not in excess of the market rental value for comparable property. See California Government Code 54236
  • Age: refers to the chronological age of any individual who has reached a 40th birthday. See California Government Code 19878.5
  • Agency: means the Labor and Workforce Development Agency. See California Education Code 32290
  • Aggrieved person: includes any person who claims to have been injured by a discriminatory housing practice or believes that the person will be injured by a discriminatory housing practice that is about to occur. See California Government Code 19880.1
  • air gauge knife: means a device that appears to be an air gauge but has concealed within it a pointed, metallic shaft that is designed to be a stabbing instrument which is exposed by mechanical action or gravity which locks into place when extended. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 41132
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Alternative dispute resolution: means mediation, arbitration, conciliation, or other nonjudicial procedure that involves a neutral party in the decisionmaking process. See California Education Code 41036
  • Alternative energy equipment: means alternative energy equipment, as defined in subdivision (d) of Section 15814. See California Government Code 14710
  • ammunition: includes , but is not limited to, any bullet, cartridge, magazine, clip, speed loader, autoloader, or projectile capable of being fired from a firearm with a deadly consequence. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 41133
  • Amusement ride: includes the business of operating bungee jumping services or providing services to facilitate bungee jumping, but does not include slides, playground equipment, coin-operated devices or conveyances which operate directly on the ground or on the surface or pavement directly on the ground or the operation of amusement devices of a permanent nature. See California Government Code 12980
  • Anadromous fish: means fish which spawn in fresh water and spend a portion of their lives in the ocean. See California Government Code 51914
  • Angling: means the taking of, or attempting to take, fish by hook and line with the line held in the hand, or by hook and line with the line attached to a pole or rod which is closely attended or held in the hand in such a manner that the fish voluntarily takes the bait or lure in its mouth. See California Government Code 51915
  • Annex project related work: means all work closely related to the Capitol building annex project, including, but not limited to, any visitor's center or parking facility constructed pursuant to Section 9112 of the Government Code. See California Government Code 16202
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • antique cannon: means any cannon manufactured before January 1, 1899, which has been rendered incapable of firing or for which ammunition is no longer manufactured in the United States and is not readily available in the ordinary channels of commercial trade. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 41133.3
  • antique rifle: means a firearm conforming to the definition of an "antique firearm" in Section 479. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 41135
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appeals board: means the Workers' Compensation Appeals Board. See California Government Code 12572
  • Appeals board: means the Occupational Safety and Health Appeals Board, within the department. See California Public Utilities Code 99234.1
  • Appeals board: means the Workers' Compensation Appeals Board. See California Government Code 12952
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Aquaculture: means that form of agriculture devoted to the propagation, cultivation, maintenance, and harvesting of aquatic plants and animals in marine, brackish, and fresh water. See California Government Code 51917
  • Archival value: means the ongoing usefulness or significance of a record based on the administrative, legal, fiscal, evidential, or historical information it contains, justifying its permanent preservation. See California Government Code 12271
  • area median income: means median household income, adjusted for family size as determined in accordance with the regulations of the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development issued pursuant to Section 235 of the National Housing Act, as amended (Public Law 90-448), for the standard metropolitan statistical area (SMSA), in which surplus residential property to be disposed of pursuant to this article is located, or the county in which the property is located, if it is outside an SMSA. See California Government Code 54236
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • assessed value: means 25 percent of full value to, and including, the 1980-81 fiscal year, and 100 percent of full value for the 1981-82 fiscal year and fiscal years thereafter. See California Education Code 19460.5
  • assessment level: means the estimated gross dollar amount received by assessment from all assessed businesses on an annual basis, and "assessment formula" means the allocation method used within each industry segment (for example, percentage of gross revenue or percentage of transaction charges). See California Government Code 13995.60
  • Assistance: means direct financial assistance for a multifamily housing development, including, but not limited to, assistance provided pursuant to this division by the department or agency, and mortgage and construction financing provided by a public agency. See California Government Code 54343
  • at-risk: means there is evidence of, or there are indications of, any of the following:

    California Government Code 14669.17

  • Attorney-at-law: A person who is legally qualified and licensed to practice law, and to represent and act for clients in legal proceedings.
  • Attorney-in-fact: A person who, acting as an agent, is given written authorization by another person to transact business for him (her) out of court.
  • Authority: means the Capitol Area Development Authority created by the joint powers agreement executed pursuant to Section 8169. See California Government Code 14706
  • average daily attendance: means the average daily attendance used to compute a school district's second principal apportionment. See California Education Code 41860
  • Bag limit: means the maximum limit, in number or amount, of birds, mammals, fish, reptiles, or amphibians that may lawfully be taken by any one person during a specified period of time. See California Government Code 51918
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • bait net: means a lampara or round haul type net, the mesh of which is constructed of twine not exceeding Standard No. See California Government Code 13995.63
  • Balanced budget: A budget in which receipts equal outlays.
  • ballistic knife: means a device that propels a knifelike blade as a projectile by means of a coil spring, elastic material, or compressed gas. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 41137
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Baseline: Projection of the receipts, outlays, and other budget amounts that would ensue in the future without any change in existing policy. Baseline projections are used to gauge the extent to which proposed legislation, if enacted into law, would alter current spending and revenue levels.
  • BB device: means any instrument that expels a projectile, such as a BB or a pellet, through the force of air pressure, gas pressure, or spring action, or any spot marker gun. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 41139
  • beginning teacher: means a teacher with a valid California credential, as defined in Section 44259. See California Education Code 44279.1
  • belt buckle knife: is a knife that is made an integral part of a belt buckle and consists of a blade with a length of at least two and one-half inches. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 41140
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • Bill of lading: means a document evidencing the receipt of goods for shipment issued by a person engaged in the business of transporting or forwarding goods. See California Education Code 78031
  • Bird: means a wild bird or part of a wild bird. See California Government Code 51920
  • blowgun: means a hollow tube designed and intended to be used as a tube through which a dart is propelled by the force of the breath of the user. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 41141
  • Board: means the California Victim Compensation Board. See California Government Code 13951
  • Board: means any department receiving an allocation from the Department of Finance. See California Government Code 14554.8
  • Board: means any department receiving an allocation of bond proceeds pursuant to this chapter. See California Government Code 14556.12
  • board: means the Occupational Safety and Health Standards Board. See California Government Code 12620
  • board: means the California Veterans Board. See California Government Code 13105
  • Board: means the State Allocation Board. See California Government Code 54125
  • Board: means the Sex Offender Management Board created in this chapter. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 41112
  • board: means the California Department of Tax and Fee Administration. See California Education Code 5301
  • Board: means the State Board of Forestry and Fire Protection. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 45858
  • board: means the State Mining and Geology Board and "division" means the California Geological Survey of the department. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 45751
  • Board: means the State Public Works Board. See California Government Code 19243.2
  • Board: means the governing board of the San Joaquin Joint Powers Authority established under Section 14074. See California Government Code 14074
  • Board: means the governing board of the Capitol Corridor Joint Powers Authority established under Section 14076. See California Government Code 14076
  • board of supervisors: means the board of supervisors of the county within which the city or territory is situated. See California Government Code 16367.8
  • body shield: means any bullet-resistant material intended to provide ballistic and trauma protection for the wearer or holder. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 41143.4
  • Bond: means a bond, authorized by Sections 8878. See California Government Code 14106
  • Bonds: as used in this chapter means the written evidence of any obligation incurred by the board payable out of revenues as provided in this chapter in order to secure funds with which to carry out the purposes of this chapter irrespective of the form of such obligation whether in the form of bonds, notes, debentures, interest bearing certificates or other forms prescribed by the board. See California Government Code 26399
  • boobytrap: means any concealed or camouflaged device designed to cause great bodily injury when triggered by an action of any unsuspecting person coming across the device. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 41144
  • book: signifies the recordation of an arrest in official police records, and the taking by the police of fingerprints and photographs of the person arrested, or any of these acts following an arrest. See California Education Code 1012
  • Business association: means any private corporation, joint stock company, business trust, partnership, or any association for business purposes of two or more individuals, whether or not for profit, including, but not by way of limitation, a banking organization, financial organization, life insurance corporation, and utility. See California Education Code 18338
  • Buy: includes an offer to buy, purchase, barter, exchange, or trade. See California Government Code 51921
  • Bycatch: includes discards. See California Government Code 52004
  • camouflaging firearm container: means a container that meets all of the following criteria:

    California Revenue and Taxation Code 41150

  • cane gun: means any firearm mounted or enclosed in a stick, staff, rod, crutch, or similar device, designed to be, or capable of being used as, an aid in walking, if the firearm may be fired while mounted or enclosed therein. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 41152
  • cane sword: means a cane, swagger stick, stick, staff, rod, pole, umbrella, or similar device, having concealed within it a blade that may be used as a sword or stiletto. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 41160
  • Capitol area: includes both of the following:

    California Government Code 14679.5

  • Capitol building annex project: means any work of construction of a state capitol building annex or restoration, rehabilitation, renovation, or reconstruction of the State Capitol Building Annex described in Section 9105 of the Government Code that is performed pursuant to Article 5. See California Government Code 16202
  • Case law: The law as laid down in cases that have been decided in the decisions of the courts.
  • Casualty broker-agent: means a person licensed pursuant to Section 1625. See California Education Code 32061
  • Caucus: From the Algonquian Indian language, a caucus meant "to meet together." An informal organization of members of the legislature that exists to discuss issues of mutual concern and possibly to perform legislative research and policy planning for its members. There are regional, political or ideological, ethnic, and economic-based caucuses.
  • center: means the Violent Crime Information Center. See California Government Code 14669.17
  • Central city: means that area of the City of Sacramento bounded on the north by the American River, on the west by the Sacramento River, and on the south and east by Interstate Highway 80. See California Government Code 14679.5
  • Chambers: A judge's office.
  • Charity: An agency, institution, or organization in existence and operating for the benefit of an indefinite number of persons and conducted for educational, religious, scientific, medical, or other beneficent purposes.
  • Chief judge: The judge who has primary responsibility for the administration of a court but also decides cases; chief judges are determined by seniority.
  • child: is a ny person under 18 years of age. See California Government Code 14669.17
  • Cigarette: means a cigarette as defined in Section 30003 of the Revenue and Taxation Code, but does not include a little cigar. See California Government Code 54238.5
  • Cigarette lighter: includes a device, such as a watch, that may be used to light cigarettes, cigars, and pipes even though it is primarily used for other purposes. See California Government Code 54238
  • City: includes city and county. See California Education Code 17322
  • City: includes incorporated city, city and county, municipal corporation, municipality, town, and incorporated town. See California Education Code 5227
  • City: includes incorporated city, city and county, municipal corporation, municipality, town and incorporated town. See California Education Code 18555
  • City: includes "city and county" and "incorporated town" but does not include "unincorporated town" or "village. See California Education Code 19429
  • City: includes city and county. See California Education Code 19480
  • City: includes "city and county. See California Education Code 25018.6
  • Claim: means a demand for monetary compensation or damages, arising under or relating to the performance of any public works contract. See California Government Code 14036.9
  • Clerk of court: An officer appointed by the court to work with the chief judge in overseeing the court's administration, especially to assist in managing the flow of cases through the court and to maintain court records.
  • Closed season: means that period of time during which the taking of birds, mammals, fish, amphibians, or reptiles is prohibited. See California Government Code 51923
  • Cogeneration equipment: means equipment used for cogeneration, as defined in Section 216. See California Government Code 14710
  • Commission: means the Seismic Safety Commission. See California Government Code 14135
  • Commission: means the California Transportation Commission. See California Government Code 14556.41
  • commission: means the California Transportation Commission. See California Government Code 14002.5
  • Commission: means the Fish and Game Commission, and "commissioner" means a member of the Fish and Game Commission. See California Government Code 51924
  • Commission: means the California Transportation Commission. See California Government Code 20037.9
  • commission: means the Orange County Regional Justice Facilities Commission created pursuant to Article 2 (commencing with Section 26296). See California Government Code 26295.4
  • Commissioner: means the Insurance Commissioner of this State. See California Education Code 25022.5
  • Commissioner: means any county agricultural commissioner. See California Education Code 19957.5
  • Committee: means the California Earthquake Safety and Housing Rehabilitation Finance Committee. See California Government Code 14106
  • Committee: means the Earthquake Safety and Public Buildings Rehabilitation Finance Committee created pursuant to subdivision (a) of Section 8878. See California Government Code 14135
  • Committee: means the Seismic Retrofit Finance Committee created pursuant to Section 8879. See California Government Code 14554.8
  • Committee: means the Highway Safety, Traffic Reduction, Air Quality, and Port Security Committee created pursuant to Section 8879. See California Government Code 14556.12
  • Committee membership: Legislators are assigned to specific committees by their party. Seniority, regional balance, and political philosophy are the most prominent factors in the committee assignment process.
  • Common disaster: A sudden and extraordinary misfortune that brings about the simultaneous or near-simultaneous deaths of two or more associated persons, such as husband and wife.
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Complaint: includes a cross-complaint. See California Government Code 14880
  • Concurrent resolution: A legislative measure, designated "S. Con. Res." and numbered consecutively upon introduction, generally employed to address the sentiments of both chambers, to deal with issues or matters affecting both houses, such as a concurrent budget resolution, or to create a temporary joint committee. Concurrent resolutions are not submitted to the President/Governor and thus do not have the force of law.
  • Construction: includes the extension, enlargement, repair, renovation, restoration, improvement, furnishing, and equipping of any public building. See California Government Code 19243.2
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Contract of admission: includes all documents which a resident or his or her representative must sign at the time of, or as a condition of, admission to a long-term health care facility, as defined in Section 1326. See California Government Code 55305
  • Contractor: means the department, division, or other unit of a person or organization responsible for the performance under the contract. See California Government Code 14856
  • Controlled substance: means a controlled substance in schedules I through V of Section 202 of the Controlled Substances Act (21 U. See California Government Code 14856
  • Controller: means the State Controller. See California Education Code 5303
  • Conversion coverage: means health insurance benefits providing hospital, surgical, major medical, or comprehensive medical coverage issued to an individual under a converted policy. See California Government Code 12186
  • Converted policy: means a policy or contract providing conversion coverage issued by an insurance company or by a hospital service corporation, or individual hospital, surgical, major medical, or comprehensive medical coverage otherwise provided by a policyholder to its employees or members. See California Government Code 12186
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Cooperative library system: means a public library system that consists of two or more jurisdictions entering into a written agreement to implement a regional program in accordance with this chapter, and that, as of the effective date of this chapter, was designated a library system under the Public Library Services Act of 1963 or was a successor to that library system. See California Education Code 18710
  • Core area: means that area of the City of Sacramento within the area bounded by "G" Street on the north, "R" Street on the south, 5th Street on the west, and 17th Street on the east. See California Government Code 14679.5
  • corridor: means the Los Angeles-Bakersfield-Fresno-Stockton-Sacramento-Oakland intercity passenger rail corridor. See California Government Code 14074
  • corridor: means the Colfax-Sacramento-Suisun City-Oakland-San Jose rail corridor. See California Government Code 14076
  • Council: means the Pacific Fishery Management Council established pursuant to the act, or its successor agency. See California Government Code 12473
  • Council: means the Fair Employment and Housing Council and "council member" means a member of the council. See California Government Code 19878
  • Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff.
  • County: includes "city and county. See California Education Code 32284
  • County: includes city and county. See California Education Code 17321
  • County: includes city and county. See California Education Code 32381
  • County: includes "city and county. See California Education Code 17389
  • county: includes "city and county". See California Education Code 1012
  • County: includes "city and county. See California Education Code 17491
  • County: includes city and county. See California Education Code 5228
  • County: includes city and county. See California Government Code 51925
  • county: means a county in which a county firewarden has been appointed. See California Government Code 55601
  • County: includes city and county. See California Education Code 18556
  • County: includes city and county. See California Education Code 19428
  • County: includes city and county. See California Education Code 19479
  • county: means the County of Orange. See California Government Code 26295.8
  • County: includes "city and county. See California Education Code 25018.5
  • Court: means the trial court in which the action is pending, unless otherwise specified. See California Government Code 14172
  • Credible science: means the best available scientific information that is not overly prescriptive due to the dynamic nature of science, and includes the evaluation principles of relevance, inclusiveness, objectivity, transparency, timeliness, verification, validation, and peer review of information as appropriate. See California Government Code 51926
  • Credit report: A detailed report of an individual's credit history prepared by a credit bureau and used by a lender in determining a loan applicant's creditworthiness. Source: OCC
  • creditor: means the state or the department or agency of the state seeking to collect the liability. See California Code of Civil Procedure 688.040
  • creed: include all aspects of religious belief, observance, and practice, including religious dress and grooming practices. See California Government Code 19878.5
  • Crime: includes an act of terrorism, as defined in Section 2331 of Title 18 of the United States Code, committed against a resident of the state, whether or not the act occurs within the state. See California Government Code 13951
  • Crime: means an act committed in this state which, if committed by a competent adult, would constitute a misdemeanor or felony. See California Government Code 14907
  • Criminal justice agency: means the Department of Justice and any district attorney's office, sheriff's department, police department, or city attorney's office of this state. See California Government Code 14556.52
  • Currency: means United States currency or coin, the currency or coin of any foreign country, and any legal tender or coin defined as currency by Section 103. See California Government Code 14556.52
  • dagger: means a knife or other instrument with or without a handguard that is capable of ready use as a stabbing weapon that may inflict great bodily injury or death. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 41171.5 v2
  • Day: means calendar day, and "week" means calendar week. See California Government Code 51927
  • debtor: means the debtor from whom the liability is sought to be collected. See California Code of Civil Procedure 688.040
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Defendant: includes a cross-defendant. See California Government Code 14880
  • Defense attorney: Represent defendants in criminal matters.
  • Department: means Department of Housing and Community Development. See California Government Code 14106
  • department: whenever used in this code , unless the context otherwise requires, means the State Department of Education. See California Education Code 89
  • Department: means the Department of General Services. See California Government Code 14837
  • department: means the Department of Veterans Affairs. See California Government Code 13104
  • Department: means the Department of Transportation. See California Government Code 14556.41
  • Department: means the Department of Veterans Affairs. See California Government Code 13995.102
  • Department: means Department of Industrial Relations. See California Education Code 32295.5
  • Department: means the Department of Justice. See California Government Code 14556.52
  • department: refer to the Director and Department of Finance, respectively, unless the context otherwise requires. See California Government Code 13001
  • Department: means the Department of Transportation. See California Government Code 14002.5
  • Department: means the Department of General Services. See California Government Code 14679.5
  • department: means the Department of Parks and Recreation and "director" means the Director of Parks and Recreation. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 45155
  • department: means the Department of Conservation and "director" means the Director of Conservation. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 45651
  • Department: means the Department of Forestry and Fire Protection. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 45858
  • Department: means the California Department of Tax and Fee Administration. See California Government Code 54238.5
  • Department: means the Department of Fish and Wildlife. See California Government Code 51928
  • Department: means the Department of Housing and Community Development. See California Government Code 54310
  • department: means the Department of Veterans Affairs. See California Government Code 13332.14
  • Department: means the Department of Fair Employment and Housing. See California Government Code 19878
  • Department: as used in this article , means the Department of Transportation as to work within its jurisdiction, the Department of Water Resources as to work within its jurisdiction, the Department of Boating and Waterways as to any project under the jurisdiction of that department pursuant to Article 2. See California Government Code 14155
  • Department: means the State Department of Health Services or its designee. See California Government Code 55305
  • Department: means the Department of Transportation. See California Government Code 20037.9
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • depressed: means the condition of a fishery that exhibits declining fish population abundance levels below those consistent with maximum sustainable yield. See California Government Code 52005
  • Derivative victim: means an individual who sustains pecuniary loss as a result of injury or death to a victim. See California Government Code 13951
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • Director: means the Director of Consumer Affairs. See California Government Code 26292.2
  • Director: means the Director of General Services. See California Government Code 14837
  • Director: means Director of Industrial Relations. See California Education Code 32390
  • Director: means the Director of Transportation. See California Government Code 14002.5
  • Director: means the Director of General Services. See California Government Code 14679.5
  • Director: means the Director of Forestry and Fire Protection. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 45858
  • Director: means the Director of Fish and Wildlife. See California Government Code 51929
  • Director: means the Director of Fair Employment and Housing. See California Government Code 19878
  • director: refer to the Department of General Services and the Director of General Services, respectively, unless the context otherwise requires. See California Government Code 20963
  • Director: means "State Director of Health Services. See California Education Code 24944
  • directors: means natural persons, designated in the articles or bylaws or elected by the incorporators, and their successors and natural persons designated, elected, or appointed by any other name or title to act as members of the governing body of the corporation. See California Government Code 31831.2
  • Disabled veteran business enterprise: means an enterprise that has been certified as meeting the qualifications established by paragraph (7) of subdivision (b) of Section 999 of the Military and Veterans Code. See California Government Code 14837
  • Disaster: means any flood, fire, hurricane, earthquake, storm, tidal wave, or other catastrophe occurring on or after January 1, 1996, for which the Governor of the state has certified the need for assistance and which the President of the United States has determined to be a major disaster pursuant to the Robert T. See California Government Code 15820.41
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Discrimination: includes refusal to sell, rent, or lease housing accommodations. See California Government Code 19880.1
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • displacement: includes , but is not limited to, persons who will have to move from surplus residential property that they occupy when it is sold by a state agency because they are unable to afford to pay the price that the state agency is asking for the residential property. See California Government Code 54236
  • Disposable earnings: means the portion of an individual's earnings that remains after deducting all amounts required to be withheld by law. See California Code of Civil Procedure 706.011
  • dissenting interest: means the interest of a limited partner that satisfies all of the following conditions:

    California Government Code 16366.8

  • dissenting limited partner: means the recordholder of a dissenting interest, and includes an assignee of record of such an interest. See California Government Code 16366.8
  • Distributor: means a distributor as defined in Section 30011 of the Revenue and Taxation Code. See California Government Code 54238.5
  • District: means fish and game district. See California Government Code 51929.5
  • Division: means the Division of Workers' Compensation. See California Government Code 12572
  • Division: means the Division of Occupational Safety and Health. See California Public Utilities Code 99234.1
  • Division: means the Division of Labor Standards Enforcement. See California Government Code 12751
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • domestic violence: means abuse perpetrated against any of the following persons:

    California Revenue and Taxation Code 41172.5

  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • Drug-free workplace: means a site for the performance of work done in connection with a specific grant or contract described in Article 2 (commencing with Section 8355) of an entity at which employees of the entity are prohibited from engaging in the unlawful manufacture, distribution, dispensation, possession, or use of a controlled substance in accordance with the requirements of this chapter. See California Government Code 14856
  • Dwelling: means all housing whether owned or rented. See California Government Code 54343
  • Earnings: means compensation payable by an employer to an employee for personal services performed by such employee, whether denominated as wages, salary, commission, bonus, or otherwise. See California Code of Civil Procedure 706.011
  • Earnings assignment order for support: means an order, made pursuant to Chapter 8 (commencing with Section 5200) of Part 5 of Division 9 of the Family Code or Section 3088 of the Probate Code, which requires an employer to withhold earnings for support. See California Code of Civil Procedure 706.011
  • Earthquake hazard mitigation technologies: includes , but is not limited to, seismic isolation, energy dissipation, ductility, damping systems, and other technologies which endeavor to reasonably protect buildings and nonstructural components, building contents, and functional capability from earthquake damage. See California Government Code 54245
  • Elderly or handicapped household: means , two or more persons who live together as a household, without regard to any specific relationship, and at least one of whom is an elderly or handicapped person or an elderly and handicapped person. See California Government Code 54343
  • Electronic: means relating to technology having electrical, digital, magnetic, wireless, optical, electromagnetic, or similar capabilities. See California Government Code 14172
  • Electronic funds transfer: The transfer of money between accounts by consumer electronic systems-such as automated teller machines (ATMs) and electronic payment of bills-rather than by check or cash. (Wire transfers, checks, drafts, and paper instruments do not fall into this category.) Source: OCC
  • Electronic record: means a document or record created, generated, sent, communicated, received, or stored by electronic means. See California Government Code 14039
  • Electronic set: includes , but is not limited to, any television, radio, audio or video recorder or playback equipment, video camera, video game, video monitor, computer system, photocopier, or facsimile machine normally used or sold for personal, family, household, or home office use. See California Government Code 26292.2
  • Electronic transmission by the corporation: means a communication (a) delivered by (1) facsimile telecommunication or electronic mail when directed to the facsimile number or electronic mail address, respectively, for that recipient on record with the corporation, (2) posting on an electronic message board or network which the corporation has designated for those communications, together with a separate notice to the recipient of the posting, which transmission shall be validly delivered upon the later of the posting or delivery of the separate notice thereof, or (3) other means of electronic communication, (b) to a recipient who has provided an unrevoked consent to the use of those means of transmission for communications under or pursuant to this code, and (c) that creates a record that is capable of retention, retrieval, and review, and that may thereafter be rendered into clearly legible tangible form. See California Education Code 17498
  • Electronic transmission to the corporation: means a communication (a) delivered by (1) facsimile telecommunication or electronic mail when directed to the facsimile number or electronic mail address, respectively, which the corporation has provided from time to time to shareholders or members and directors for sending communications to the corporation, (2) posting on an electronic message board or network which the corporation has designated for those communications, and which transmission shall be validly delivered upon the posting, or (3) other means of electronic communication, (b) as to which the corporation has placed in effect reasonable measures to verify that the sender is the shareholder or member (in person or by proxy) or director purporting to send the transmission, and (c) that creates a record that is capable of retention, retrieval, and review, and that may thereafter be rendered into clearly legible tangible form. See California Education Code 17499
  • Electronically stored information: means information that is stored in an electronic medium. See California Government Code 14172
  • Embezzlement: In most states, embezzlement is defined as theft/larceny of assets (money or property) by a person in a position of trust or responsibility over those assets. Embezzlement typically occurs in the employment and corporate settings. Source: OCC
  • Employee: means the employee of a grantee or contractor directly engaged in the performance of work pursuant to the grant or contract described in Article 2 (commencing with Section 8355) . See California Government Code 14856
  • Employee: means a public officer and any individual who performs services subject to the right of the employer to control both what shall be done and how it shall be done. See California Code of Civil Procedure 706.011
  • Employer: means a person for whom an individual performs services as an employee. See California Code of Civil Procedure 706.011
  • Employer: includes any person regularly employing five or more persons, or any person acting as an agent of an employer, directly or indirectly, the state or any political or civil subdivision of the state, and cities, except as follows:

    California Government Code 19878.5

  • Employer: means any person who, directly or indirectly or through an employee, agent, independent contractor, or any other person, employs an industrial homeworker. See California Government Code 12751
  • Employment agency: includes any person undertaking for compensation to procure employees or opportunities to work. See California Government Code 19878.5
  • Enforcement action: means a civil action or proceeding, other than a cross-complaint, for any of the following purposes:

    California Education Code 41036

  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Equal access: means the right of the residents of jurisdictions that are members of a cooperative library system to use on an equal basis with one another the services and loan privileges of any and all other members of the same system. See California Education Code 18710
  • Escheat: Reversion of real or personal property to the state when 1) a person dies without leaving a will and has no heirs, or 2) when the property (such as a bank account) has been inactive for a certain period of time. Source: OCC
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Excess payment to a revolving fund: means overpayment received by a state agency in connection with a revolving fund in the State Treasury maintained by such an agency for the purpose of assisting persons under the jurisdiction or care of the agency, or providing for the welfare of such persons. See California Government Code 13140
  • executed: when used with respect to the documents filed pursuant to this code or pursuant to regulations adopted under this code, and presented to the Secretary of State, include a document bearing a signature under subdivision (a). See California Education Code 17495
  • executive officer of the board: means the director of the California Department of Tax and Fee Administration for those duties, powers, and responsibilities transferred to the California Department of Tax and Fee Administration pursuant to Section 15570. See California Education Code 5302
  • Executive session: A portion of the Senate's daily session in which it considers executive business.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • fair market value: shall mean fair market value as of the date the offer of sale is made by the selling agency pursuant to the provisions of this article and shall reflect the existing "as is" condition of the property, taking into account any repairs required to make the property safe and habitable. See California Government Code 54236
  • Fax: is a n abbreviation for "facsimile" and refers, as indicated by the context, to a facsimile transmission or to a document so transmitted. See California Government Code 14039
  • Fax transmission: includes , but is not limited to, the use of a facsimile machine or the process of integrating an electronic fax software application to automate the sending and receiving of a faxed document as an electronic record, in portable data format, by e-mail or similar electronic means. See California Government Code 14039
  • Feasible: means capable of being accomplished in a successful manner within a reasonable period of time, taking into account life-cycle costing analyses, and environmental, social, and technological factors, however, renewable technologies shall not be exempt based solely on cost considerations. See California Government Code 14710
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation: A government corporation that insures the deposits of all national and state banks that are members of the Federal Reserve System. Source: OCC
  • Fee: includes any monetary exaction imposed or collected for or as a condition precedent to the issuing, making, taking or securing of any permit, filing, examination, or inspection. See California Government Code 13140
  • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Financial institution: means , when located or doing business in this state, any national bank or banking association, state bank or banking association, commercial bank or trust company organized under the laws of the United States or any state, any private bank, industrial savings bank, savings bank or thrift institution, savings and loan association, or building and loan association organized under the laws of the United States or any state, any insured institution as defined in Section 401 of the National Housing Act, any credit union organized under the laws of the United States or any state, any national banking association or corporation acting under Chapter 6 (commencing with Section 601) of Title 12 of the United States Code, any foreign bank, any currency dealer or exchange, any person or business engaged primarily in the cashing of checks, any person or business who regularly engages in the issuing, selling, or redeeming of traveler's checks, money orders, or similar instruments, any broker or dealer in securities registered or required to be registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, any licensed sender of money, any investment banker or investment company, any insurance company, any dealer in coins, precious metals, stones, or jewelry, any pawnbroker, any telegraph company, any person or business engaged in controlled gambling within the meaning of subdivision (e) of Section 19805 of the Business and Professions Code, whether registered or licensed to do so or not, and any person or business defined as a "bank" "financial agency" or "financial institution" by Section 5312 of Title 31 of the United States Code or Section 103. See California Government Code 14556.52
  • firearm: has the meaning provided in subdivision (a) of Section 16520. See California Government Code 15050
  • firearm: includes the frame or receiver of the weapon:

    California Revenue and Taxation Code 41176

  • firearm safety device: means a device other than a gun safe that locks and is designed to prevent children and unauthorized users from firing a firearm. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 43054
  • Fish: means a wild fish, mollusk, crustacean, invertebrate, amphibian, or part, spawn, or ovum of any of those animals. See California Government Code 51930
  • Fish offal: means the heads, viscera, and other parts of fish taken off in preparing for canning, preserving, packing, and preparing for consumption in a fresh state. See California Government Code 12512
  • Fishery: means both of the following:

    California Government Code 52008

  • Fixed Rate: Having a "fixed" rate means that the APR doesn't change based on fluctuations of some external rate (such as the "Prime Rate"). In other words, a fixed rate is a rate that is not a variable rate. A fixed APR can change over time, in several circumstances:
    • You are late making a payment or commit some other default, triggering an increase to a penalty rate
    • The bank changes the terms of your account and you do not reject the change.
    • The rate expires (if the rate was fixed for only a certain period of time).
  • Flag: as used in this division , means the State Flag of California and the Flag of the United States, as defined in this section. See California Government Code 13311.1
  • flechette dart: means a dart, capable of being fired from a firearm, that measures approximately one inch in length, with tail fins that take up approximately five-sixteenths of an inch of the body. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 43057
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Foreign country: means a government other than any of the following:

    California Government Code 12599.5

  • Foreign-country judgment: means a judgment of a court of a foreign country. See California Government Code 12599.5
  • Forestry: as used in this article , refers to the science and practice of managing forested landscapes and the treatment of the forest cover in general, and includes, among other things, the application of scientific knowledge and forestry principles in the fields of fuels management and forest protection, timber growing and utilization, forest inventories, forest economics, forest valuation and finance, and the evaluation and mitigation of impacts from forestry activities on watershed and scenic values, to achieve the purposes of this article. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 46163
  • Forgery: The fraudulent signing or alteration of another's name to an instrument such as a deed, mortgage, or check. The intent of the forgery is to deceive or defraud. Source: OCC
  • frog: means all species of frog. See California Government Code 12402
  • frog-jumping contest: means a contest generally and popularly known as a frog-jumping contest which is open to the public and is advertised or announced in a newspaper. See California Government Code 12410
  • Fund: means the Housing Rehabilitation Loan Fund established by Section 50661 of the Health and Safety Code. See California Government Code 14106
  • Fund: means the Earthquake Safety and Public Buildings Rehabilitation Fund of 1990 created pursuant to Section 8878. See California Government Code 14135
  • Fund: means the Seismic Retrofit Bond Fund of 1996 created pursuant to Section 8879. See California Government Code 14554.8
  • Fund: means the Highway Safety, Traffic Reduction, Air Quality, and Port Security Fund of 2006 created pursuant to Section 8879. See California Government Code 14556.12
  • Fund: means State Compensation Insurance Fund. See California Government Code 12952
  • garbage: means any waste which consists in whole or in part of any animal waste that results from the handling, preparing, cooking, and consuming of food, including the offal from any animal carcass or from any part of an animal carcass. See California Government Code 54667
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • Gender: means sex, and includes a person's gender identity and gender expression. See California Government Code 19878.5
  • Gender expression: means a person's gender-related appearance and behavior whether or not stereotypically associated with the person's assigned sex at birth. See California Government Code 19878.5
  • general assignment for the benefit of creditors: means an assignment which satisfies all of the following requirements:

    California Government Code 14672.85

  • General fund reserves: means the general fund reserve balance as of July 1, 1978, that is not legally obligated. See California Government Code 16271
  • Genetic information: includes any request for, or receipt of, genetic services, or participation in clinical research that includes genetic services, by an individual or any family member of the individual. See California Government Code 19878.5
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • good faith improver: means :

    California Government Code 12324

  • Governing board: means board of school trustees, community college board of trustees, and city, and city and county board of education. See California Education Code 78
  • Governing body: means the board of supervisors except that in the case of a subsidiary district "governing body" means the city council, and in the case of a multi-county district "governing body" means the governing body of the multi-county district itself. See California Government Code 16271
  • Governing body: means the board of supervisors in the case of a county, or the city council or board of trustees or other governing board in the case of a city, district, or other local governmental agency. See California Government Code 13995.83
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Grantee: means the department, division, or other unit of a person or organization responsible for the performance under the grant. See California Government Code 14856
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • Group policy: means a group health insurance policy providing medical, hospital, surgical, major medical, or comprehensive medical coverage issued by an insurer, a group contract issued by a hospital service corporation, or medical, hospital, surgical, major medical, or comprehensive medical coverage otherwise provided by a policyholder to its employees or members, except for self-insurance programs provided by employers that are not exempt from the federal Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (ERISA), as specified in subdivision (i). See California Government Code 12186
  • Guarantor: A party who agrees to be responsible for the payment of another party's debts should that party default. Source: OCC
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Guide boat: means a boat or vessel under 25 feet in length, which is used by a guide, who is licensed under Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 2535) of Division 3, in inland waters for any of the following purposes:

    California Government Code 51931

  • gun safe: means a locking container that fully contains and secures one or more firearms, and that meets the standards for gun safes adopted pursuant to Section 23650. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 43152.7
  • gunsmith: means any person who is licensed as a dealer pursuant to Chapter 44 (commencing with Section 921) of Title 18 of the United States Code and the regulations issued pursuant thereto, who is engaged primarily in the business of repairing firearms, or making or fitting special barrels, stocks, or trigger mechanisms to firearms, or the agent or employee of that person. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 43152.9
  • Habeas corpus: A writ that is usually used to bring a prisoner before the court to determine the legality of his imprisonment. It may also be used to bring a person in custody before the court to give testimony, or to be prosecuted.
  • handgun: means any pistol, revolver, or firearm capable of being concealed upon the person. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 43152.10
  • Hearsay: Statements by a witness who did not see or hear the incident in question but heard about it from someone else. Hearsay is usually not admissible as evidence in court.
  • Holder: means any person in possession of property subject to this chapter belonging to another, or who is trustee in case of a trust, or is indebted to another on an obligation subject to this chapter. See California Education Code 18338
  • Home: means any facility operated by the department for the provision of long-term care, assisted living, adult day health, independent living, or other health care services to eligible veterans. See California Government Code 13995.102
  • Home: means any room, house, apartment, or other premises, whichever is most extensive, used in whole or in part as a place of dwelling. See California Government Code 12751
  • home-to-school transportation: includes all of the following:

    California Education Code 41850

  • Housing accommodation: means any building, structure, or portion thereof that is occupied as, or intended for occupancy as, a residence by one or more families and any vacant land that is offered for sale or lease for the construction thereon of any building, structure, or portion thereof intended to be so occupied. See California Government Code 19880.1
  • imitation firearm: means any BB device, toy gun, replica of a firearm, or other device that is so substantially similar in coloration and overall appearance to an existing firearm as to lead a reasonable person to perceive that the device is a firearm. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 43152.16
  • Impeachment: (1) The process of calling something into question, as in "impeaching the testimony of a witness." (2) The constitutional process whereby the House of Representatives may "impeach" (accuse of misconduct) high officers of the federal government for trial in the Senate.
  • In forma pauperis: In the manner of a pauper. Permission given to a person to sue without payment of court fees on claim of indigence or poverty.
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • Independent public library: means a public library that is not a member of a system. See California Education Code 18710
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Industrial homework: means any manufacture in a home of materials or articles for an employer when such articles or materials are not for the personal use of the employer or a member of his or her family. See California Government Code 12751
  • Industrial homeworker: means any person who does industrial homework. See California Government Code 12751
  • Information processing system: means an electronic system for creating, generating, sending, receiving, storing, displaying, retrieving, or processing information, but does not include a fax machine. See California Government Code 14039
  • infrastructure: means real property, including land and improvements to the land, structures and equipment integral to the operation of structures, easements, rights-of-way and other forms of interest in property, roadways, and water conveyances. See California Government Code 13101
  • injury: as used in this division , includes cancer, including leukemia, that develops or manifests itself during a period in which any member described in subdivision (a) is in the service of the department or unit, if the member demonstrates that he or she was exposed, while in the service of the department or unit, to a known carcinogen as defined by the International Agency for Research on Cancer, or as defined by the director. See California Public Utilities Code 27013
  • Insolvent: means :

    California Education Code 78031

  • Insurance: refers to health insurance, major medical, or comprehensive coverage paid by premium or contribution under a group policy, a hospital service contract, or as otherwise provided by a policyholder to its employees or members other than by self-insuring except in the case of a plan that is exempt from ERISA, but does include an employer plan that is exempt from ERISA as specified in subdivision (i). See California Government Code 12186
  • Insurer: includes the State Compensation Insurance Fund and any private company, corporation, mutual association, and reciprocal or interinsurance exchange, authorized under the laws of this state to insure employers against liability for compensation under this part and under Division 4 (commencing with Section 3201), and any employer to whom a certificate of consent to self-insure has been issued. See California Public Utilities Code 99234.1
  • Insurer: means the entity issuing a group policy, an individual or converted policy, a hospital service contract or an employer or employee organization otherwise providing medical, hospital, surgical, major medical, or comprehensive medical coverage to its employees or members. See California Government Code 12186
  • Intangible property: Property that has no intrinsic value, but is merely the evidence of value such as stock certificates, bonds, and promissory notes.
  • Inter vivos: Transfer of property from one living person to another living person.
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Interrogatories: Written questions asked by one party of an opposing party, who must answer them in writing under oath; a discovery device in a lawsuit.
  • Intestate: Dying without leaving a will.
  • item: includes but is not limited to any paper, document, book, map, or other type of record. See California Government Code 12220
  • Joint committee: means the Joint Committee on Fisheries and Aquaculture created pursuant to Resolution Chapter 88 of the Statutes of 1981. See California Government Code 12473
  • Joint committee: Committees including membership from both houses of teh legislature. Joint committees are usually established with narrow jurisdictions and normally lack authority to report legislation.
  • joint powers board: means the governing board of a joint exercise of powers agency established pursuant to Article 5. See California Government Code 14070
  • Judgment creditor: means the person or persons who can bring an action to enforce a sister state judgment. See California Government Code 12591.1
  • Judgment debtor: includes a person from whom the state is seeking to collect a tax liability under Article 4 (commencing with Section 706. See California Code of Civil Procedure 706.011
  • Judgment debtor: means the person or persons against whom an action to enforce a sister state judgment can be brought. See California Government Code 12591.1
  • judicial branch entity: means any superior court, court of appeal, the California Supreme Court, the Judicial Council, the Habeas Corpus Resource Center, or the Administrative Office of the Courts. See California Government Code 14036.1
  • Jurisdiction: means a county, city and county, city, or any district that is authorized by law to provide public library services and that operates a public library. See California Education Code 18710
  • Juror: A person who is on the jury.
  • Jury instructions: A judge's directions to the jury before it begins deliberations regarding the factual questions it must answer and the legal rules that it must apply. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Kelp: means kelp or other marine aquatic plants and the seeds thereof. See California Government Code 51933
  • knowingly: import s only a knowledge that the facts exist which bring the act or omission within the provisions of this code. See California Education Code 1012
  • Labor Commissioner: means Chief of the Division of Labor Standards Enforcement. See California Education Code 32400
  • Labor organization: includes any organization that exists and is constituted for the purpose, in whole or in part, of collective bargaining or of dealing with employers concerning grievances, terms or conditions of employment, or of other mutual aid or protection. See California Government Code 19878.5
  • large-capacity magazine: means any ammunition feeding device with the capacity to accept more than 10 rounds, but shall not be construed to include any of the following:

    California Revenue and Taxation Code 43155

  • Law enforcement: means every district attorney, municipal police department, sheriff's department, district attorney's office, county probation department, and social services agency, the Department of Justice, the Department of Corrections, the Department of the Youth Authority, the Department of the California Highway Patrol, the police department of any campus of the University of California, California State University, or community college, and every agency of the State of California expressly authorized by statute to investigate or prosecute law violators. See California Government Code 13951
  • Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
  • leaded cane: means a staff, crutch, stick, rod, pole, or similar device, unnaturally weighted with lead. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 43157
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Legacy: A gift of property made by will.
  • Legal tender: coins, dollar bills, or other currency issued by a government as official money. Source: U.S. Mint
  • Legatee: A beneficiary of a decedent
  • legislative body: means the city council or board of trustees in the case of a city, the board of supervisors in the case of a county or a city and county, or the board of directors, trustees, or governors or other governing body in the case of a special district or any other municipal or public corporation or district. See California Government Code 54706
  • Legislative body: as used in this division , means board of supervisors in the case of a county or city and county, and city council or board of trustees in the case of a city, unless the context otherwise requires. See California Government Code 50002
  • legislative body: means the board of supervisors in the case of a county or city and county and the city council or board of trustees in the case of a city. See California Government Code 55701
  • legislative body: means board of trustees, city council, or other governing body of a city. See California Government Code 16367.71
  • Legislative session: That part of a chamber's daily session in which it considers legislative business (bills, resolutions, and actions related thereto).
  • Less lethal weapon: means any device that is designed to or that has been converted to expel or propel less lethal ammunition by any action, mechanism, or process for the purpose of incapacitating, immobilizing, or stunning a human being through the infliction of any less than lethal impairment of physical condition, function, or senses, including physical pain or discomfort. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 43158.5
  • Levying officer: means the sheriff or marshal acting as a ministerial officer pursuant to Section 26608 of the Government Code. See California Government Code 14039
  • Libraries for institutionalized persons: means libraries maintained by institutions for the purpose of serving their resident populations. See California Education Code 18710
  • license: shall include a permit or a certificate issued by a state agency. See California Education Code 1097
  • Licensed adjuster: means a person licensed by the bureau for adjusting lamps in licensed lamp adjusting stations or for adjusting brakes in licensed brake adjusting stations. See California Government Code 26299.064
  • Licensed station: means a station licensed by the bureau pursuant to this chapter. See California Government Code 26299.064
  • licensee: means an insurer, agent, broker, or any other person who is required to be licensed by the department. See California Education Code 32080
  • Licensee: means the holder of a license issued under Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 1250) or Chapter 8. See California Government Code 54423
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Lien: means a mortgage, deed of trust, or other security interest in property whether arising from contract, statute, common law, or equity. See California Education Code 18743
  • Life estate: A property interest limited in duration to the life of the individual holding the interest (life tenant).
  • Lineal descendant: Direct descendant of the same ancestors.
  • lipstick case knife: means a knife enclosed within and made an integral part of a lipstick case. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 43172
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • local agency: means any city, county, city and county, special district, or any other municipal corporation or district. See California Government Code 54705
  • local agency: means municipal corporation or sanitary district. See California Government Code 55000
  • local agency: means county, city, and sanitary district. See California Government Code 55300
  • Local agency: means any city, city and county, or county. See California Government Code 14106
  • Local agency: as used in this division means county, city, or city and county, unless the context otherwise requires. See California Government Code 50001
  • Local agency: means any city, city and county, county, or public district. See California Government Code 54125
  • Local agency: means county, city, municipal corporation, or public district. See California Government Code 54141
  • local agency: means every city, county, city and county, district, or any other local governmental body or corporation empowered to expend public funds for the acquisition of property. See California Government Code 54201
  • local agency: means every city, whether organized under general law or by charter, county, city and county, and district, including school districts of any kind or class, empowered to acquire and hold real property. See California Government Code 54221
  • Local agency: means any county, city, city and county, public district, public entity or authority or other public or municipal corporation other than the federal government or any federal department or agency, this state, an adjoining state, any state department or agency or any school district in the state. See California Government Code 54240
  • local agency: means a city, chartered city, or a fire protection district. See California Government Code 55600
  • local agency: means a neighboring city, county, fire protection district, joint powers authority that provides fire protection services, police protection district, federal government or any federal department or agency. See California Government Code 55631
  • local agency: means a county, city and county, and city, both chartered and general law. See California Government Code 55700
  • Local government: means any city, county, city and county, or special district. See California Government Code 14135
  • long-gun safe: means a locking container designed to fully contain and secure a rifle or shotgun, which has a locking system consisting of either a mechanical combination lock or an electronic combination lock that has at least 1,000 possible unique combinations consisting of a minimum of three numbers, letters, or symbols per combination, and is not listed on the roster maintained pursuant to Section 23655. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 43204
  • Long-term health care facility: means any facility licensed pursuant to Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 1250) that is any of the following:

    California Government Code 54423

  • machinegun: means any weapon that shoots, is designed to shoot, or can readily be restored to shoot, automatically more than one shot, without manual reloading, by a single function of the trigger. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 43301
  • magistrate: signifies any one of the officers mentioned in Section 808. See California Education Code 1012
  • Majority leader: see Floor Leaders
  • maliciously: import a wish to vex, annoy, or injure another person, or an intent to do a wrongful act, established either by proof or presumption of law. See California Education Code 1012
  • Mammal: means a wild or feral mammal or part of a wild or feral animal, but not a wild, feral, or undomesticated burro. See California Government Code 51934
  • Management: means a comprehensive and collaborative team approach to regulating, controlling, monitoring, and otherwise influencing the current and, insofar as is possible, the future behavior of sex offenders who are living in the community and are directly under the authority of the criminal justice system or of another governmental agency performing similar functions. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 41112
  • mandatory supervision: shall mean the portion of a defendant's sentenced term during which time he or she is supervised by the county probation officer pursuant to subparagraph (B) of paragraph (5) of subdivision (h) of Section 1170. See California Education Code 1094
  • Manufacturer: means any of the following:

    California Government Code 54238.5

  • Markup: The process by which congressional committees and subcommittees debate, amend, and rewrite proposed legislation.
  • master plan: means the plan for construction, furnishing, acquisition, maintenance, and operation of adult and juvenile detention facilities and courthouse facilities, and structures necessary or convenient to those facilities. See California Government Code 26295.12
  • Medical condition: means either of the following:

    California Government Code 19878.5

  • Medical director: means the physician appointed by the administrative director pursuant to Section 122. See California Government Code 12572
  • Medicare: means Title XVIII of the United States Social Security Act as added by the Social Security Amendments of 1965 or as later amended or superseded. See California Government Code 12186
  • Member: means a veteran or nonveteran spouse or domestic partner who has been admitted to residency at a veterans' home. See California Government Code 13995.102
  • Mental disability: includes , but is not limited to, all of the following:

    California Government Code 19878.5

  • metal knuckles: means any device or instrument made wholly or partially of metal that is worn for purposes of offense or defense in or on the hand and that either protects the wearer's hand while striking a blow or increases the force of impact from the blow or injury to the individual receiving the blow. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 43304
  • Metropolitan area: means the greater metropolitan Sacramento area, including the City of Sacramento, the County of Sacramento, and the eastern part of Yolo County. See California Government Code 14679.5
  • Microbusiness: is a small business which, together with affiliates, has average annual gross receipts of two million five hundred thousand dollars ($2,500,000) or less over the previous three years, or is a manufacturer, as defined in subdivision (c), with 25 or fewer employees. See California Government Code 14837
  • Mile: means either a statute mile (5,280 feet) or a nautical mile (6,077 feet) depending on the application. See California Government Code 51936
  • Military and veteran status: means a member or veteran of the United States Armed Forces, United States Armed Forces Reserve, the United States National Guard, and the California National Guard. See California Government Code 19878.5
  • missing person: includes , but is not limited to, any of the following:

    California Government Code 14669.17

  • Mobilehome Residency Law: means the Mobilehome Residency Law (Chapter 2. See California Government Code 54310
  • Monetary instrument: means United States currency and coin. See California Government Code 14556.52
  • month: means a calendar month, unless otherwise expressed. See California Education Code 17413
  • month: means a calendar month, unless otherwise expressed. See California Education Code 1012
  • Month: means a calendar month, unless otherwise expressed. See California Education Code 17389
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • Mortgagor: The person who pledges property to a creditor as collateral for a loan and who receives the money.
  • Multiburst trigger activator: includes , but is not limited to, any of the following devices:

    California Revenue and Taxation Code 43305

  • National Bank: A bank that is subject to the supervision of the Comptroller of the Currency. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is a bureau of the U.S. Treasury Department. A national bank can be recognized because it must have "national" or "national association" in its name. Source: OCC
  • Native amphibians: as used in this article means salamanders, toads, or any other member of the class amphibia native to California. See California Government Code 12413
  • natural resource: includes land, water, air, minerals, vegetation, wildlife, silence, historic or aesthetic sites, or any other natural resource which, irrespective of ownership contributes, or in the future may contribute, to the health, safety, welfare, or enjoyment of a substantial number of persons, or to the substantial balance of an ecological community. See California Government Code 12605
  • negligently: import a want of such attention to the nature or probable consequences of the act or omission as a prudent man ordinarily bestows in acting in his own concerns. See California Education Code 1012
  • Net: means any gear made of any kind of twine, thread, string, rope, wire, wood, or other materials used for the gilling, entangling, trapping, or impounding of fish. See California Government Code 51937
  • newspaper: means a newspaper of general circulation. See California Education Code 5344
  • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
  • Nonresident: means a person who is not a resident as defined in Section 70. See California Government Code 51938
  • Notice: includes all papers and orders required to be served in any proceedings before any court, board, or officer, or when required by law to be served independently of such proceeding. See California Government Code 26660
  • nunchaku: means an instrument consisting of two or more sticks, clubs, bars, or rods to be used as handles, connected by a rope, cord, wire, or chain, in the design of a weapon used in connection with the practice of a system of self-defense such as karate. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 43306
  • Oath: includes affirmation. See California Education Code 32287
  • Oath: includes affirmation. See California Education Code 17324
  • Oath: includes affirmation. See California Education Code 32383
  • Oath: includes an affirmation or declaration. See California Education Code 17389
  • Oath: includes affirmation. See California Education Code 18558
  • Oath: includes affirmation. See California Education Code 19423
  • Oath: A promise to tell the truth.
  • Occupational Safety and Health Standards Board: as used in this part means the Occupational Safety and Health Standards Board of the Division of Occupational Safety and Health, Department of Industrial Relations, State of California. See California Government Code 12973
  • offer: means to solicit proposals prior to sale in a manner calculated to achieve a sale under the conditions specified, and to hold the offer open for a reasonable period of time, which shall be no more than one year, unless the time is extended by the selling agency at its discretion, for a period to be specified by the selling agency. See California Government Code 54236
  • office: means the Office of Emergency Services. See California Government Code 14135
  • office: means the Office of Emergency Services. See California Government Code 14177
  • On the bases enumerated in this part: means or refers to discrimination on the basis of one or more of the following: race, religious creed, color, national origin, ancestry, physical disability, mental disability, medical condition, genetic information, marital status, sex, age, sexual orientation, or military and veteran status. See California Government Code 19878.5
  • Open season: means that period of time during which the taking of birds, mammals, fish, reptiles, or amphibians is allowed as prescribed in this code and regulations adopted by the commission. See California Government Code 51939.2
  • Open-end credit: A credit agreement (typically a credit card) that allows a customer to borrow against a preapproved credit line when purchasing goods and services. The borrower is only billed for the amount that is actually borrowed plus any interest due. (Also called a charge account or revolving credit.) Source: OCC
  • open-space purposes: means the use of land for public recreation, enjoyment of scenic beauty, or conservation or use of natural resources. See California Government Code 54221
  • Oral argument: An opportunity for lawyers to summarize their position before the court and also to answer the judges' questions.
  • Overfishing: means a rate or level of taking that the best available scientific information, and other relevant information that the commission or department possesses or receives, indicates is not sustainable or that jeopardizes the capacity of a marine fishery to produce the maximum sustainable yield on a continuing basis. See California Government Code 52030
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Owner: means a depositor in case of a deposit, a beneficiary in case of a trust, or creditor, claimant, or payee in case of other choses in action, or any person having a legal or equitable interest in property subject to this chapter, or his or her legal representative. See California Education Code 18338
  • Owner: means any person, including his or her legal representative, who has or had a legal or equitable interest in unclaimed property. See California Government Code 12525
  • owner: means a person who owns or controls or has the duty to control the operation of an amusement ride. See California Government Code 12980
  • owner: means a person who owns or controls or has the duty to control the operation of an amusement ride. See California Government Code 13070
  • Owner: includes the lessee, sublessee, assignee, managing agent, real estate broker or salesperson, or any person having any legal or equitable right of ownership or possession or the right to rent or lease housing accommodations, and includes the state and any of its political subdivisions and any agency thereof. See California Government Code 19880.1
  • Packer: means any person canning fish or preserving fish by the common methods of drying, salting, pickling, smoking, cold packing, or vacuum packing. See California Government Code 12512
  • partnership: shall include limited liability company, registered limited liability partnership, and foreign limited liability partnership, except where the context or the specific provisions of this division otherwise require. See California Education Code 5325
  • peace officer: signify any one of the officers mentioned in Chapter 4. See California Education Code 1012
  • Pecuniary loss: means an economic loss or expense resulting from an injury or death to a victim of crime that has not been and will not be reimbursed from any other source. See California Government Code 13951
  • Peer counseling: means counseling offered by a provider of mental health counseling services who has completed a specialized course in rape crisis counseling skills development, participates in continuing education in rape crisis counseling skills development, and provides rape crisis counseling within the State of California. See California Government Code 13951
  • Peer review: is a review conducted by a multidisciplinary group of experienced technical professionals, including, but not limited to, architects and structural and geotechnical engineers who have recognized expertise in the design and performance of earthquake hazard mitigation technologies, who are independent of the subject of the review, and who are peers with the same professional registration as that of the design professionals responsible for the subject of the review. See California Government Code 54245
  • Permanent amusement ride: includes the business of operating bungee jumping services or providing services to facilitate bungee jumping, but does not include slides, playground equipment, coin-operated devices or conveyances that operate directly on the ground or on a surface or pavement directly on the ground. See California Government Code 13070
  • Permit: includes application, license, certificate, or authorization. See California Government Code 13140
  • Permit: means a document issued by the division which indicates that an inspection of the ride has been performed pursuant to rules and regulations adopted by the division. See California Government Code 12980
  • Person: means any person, association, organization, partnership, business trust, limited liability company, or corporation. See California Education Code 25022
  • person: includes any individual, firm, partnership, general corporation, professional corporation, or limited liability partnership, as authorized by the Corporations Code. See California Government Code 26323
  • Person: means any individual, business association, government or governmental subdivision or agency, two or more persons having a joint or common interest, or any other legal or commercial entity, whether that person is acting in his or her own right or in a representative or fiduciary capacity. See California Education Code 18338
  • Person: means any person, association, organization, partnership, business trust, limited liability company, or corporation. See California Education Code 32289
  • Person: includes a corporation as well as a natural person. See California Education Code 17389
  • person: includes a corporation as well as a natural person. See California Education Code 1012
  • Person: includes a corporation as well as a natural person. See California Education Code 17496
  • Person: includes an individual, a corporation, a partnership or other unincorporated association, a limited liability company, and a public entity. See California Code of Civil Procedure 706.011
  • Person: includes any person, firm, partnership, general partner of a partnership, limited liability company, registered limited liability partnership, foreign limited liability partnership, association, corporation, company, syndicate, estate, trust, business trust, or organization of any kind. See California Education Code 5300
  • Person: as used in this article means any natural person. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 46202
  • Person: includes any person, firm, partnership, association, corporation, company, limited liability company, syndicate, estate, trust, business trust, or organization of any kind. See California Education Code 18561
  • Person: includes one or more individuals, partnerships, associations, corporations, limited liability companies, legal representatives, trustees, trustees in bankruptcy, and receivers or other fiduciaries. See California Government Code 19878
  • Person: means any natural person or any partnership, corporation, limited liability company, trust, or other type of association. See California Government Code 51941
  • person: includes any person, firm, association, organization, partnership, business trust, corporation, limited liability company, company, district, county, city and county, city, town, the state, and any of the agencies and political subdivisions of such entities. See California Government Code 12604
  • person: includes an unincorporated association. See California Government Code 12325
  • Person: includes any individual, partnership, corporation, limited liability company, unincorporated association, or other legal entity. See California Government Code 12525
  • Person: includes any person, firm, association, organization, partnership, limited liability company, business trust, corporation, or company. See California Education Code 19426
  • Person: means any individual, partnership and each partner thereof, corporation, limited liability company, or association. See California Government Code 12751
  • Person: means any person, firm, association, organization, partnership, limited liability company, business trust, corporation, or company. See California Education Code 19500
  • Person: includes a firm, partnership, association, limited liability company, or corporation. See California Government Code 26292.2
  • personal property: include money, goods, chattels, things in action, and evidences of debt. See California Education Code 17413
  • Personal property: includes money, goods, chattels, things in action, and evidences of debt. See California Education Code 17389
  • personal property: include money, goods, chattels, things in action, and evidences of debt. See California Education Code 1012
  • persons and families of low or moderate income: means persons and families who meet both of the following conditions:

    California Government Code 54236

  • Physical disability: includes , but is not limited to, all of the following:

    California Government Code 19878.5

  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Plaintiff: includes a cross-complainant. See California Government Code 14880
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Plea agreement: An arrangement between the prosecutor, the defense attorney, and the defendant in which the defendant agrees to plead guilty in exchange for special considerations. Source:
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Policyholder: means the holder of a group policy issued by an insurer, a holder of a group contract issued by a hospital service corporation or an employer, employee association, or other entity otherwise providing medical, hospital, surgical, major medical, or comprehensive medical coverage on a group basis to its employees or members. See California Government Code 12186
  • Political subdivision: means any city, county, district, or other local governmental agency. See California Government Code 13995.83
  • Possession limit: means the maximum, in number or amount, of birds, mammals, fish, reptiles, or amphibians that may be lawfully possessed by one person. See California Government Code 51919
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Preliminary hearing: A hearing where the judge decides whether there is enough evidence to make the defendant have a trial.
  • Premium: means contribution or other consideration paid or payable for coverage under a group policy or converted policy. See California Government Code 12186
  • Present value: means the amount as of a date certain of one or more sums payable in the future, discounted to the date certain. See California Education Code 78214
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • Pretrial conference: A meeting of the judge and lawyers to discuss which matters should be presented to the jury, to review evidence and witnesses, to set a timetable, and to discuss the settlement of the case.
  • Private law: A private bill enacted into law. Private laws have restricted applicability, often addressing immigration and naturalization issues affecting individuals.
  • Pro per: A slang expression sometimes used to refer to a pro se litigant. It is a corruption of the Latin phrase "in propria persona." Source: U.S. Courts
  • Pro se: A Latin term meaning "on one's own behalf"; in courts, it refers to persons who present their own cases without lawyers.
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probate: Proving a will
  • Probation officers: Screen applicants for pretrial release and monitor convicted offenders released under court supervision.
  • Process: signifies a writ or summons issued in the course of a judicial proceeding. See California Education Code 17389
  • Process: includes a writ or summons issued in the course of judicial proceedings of either a civil or criminal nature. See California Education Code 19431
  • Professional forester: as used in this article , means a person who, by reason of his or her knowledge of the natural sciences, mathematics, and the principles of forestry, acquired by forestry education and experience, performs services, including, but not limited to, consultation, investigation, evaluation, planning, or responsible supervision of forestry activities when those professional services require the application of forestry principles and techniques. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 46162
  • Program: means the Mobilehome Residency Law Protection Program established pursuant to this part. See California Government Code 54310
  • Project: means a program of work to retrofit, reconstruct, repair, replace, or relocate, for local government-owned facilities only, a building, facility, or both, which is owned by any city, county, city and county, or special district and which is included in an application for a grant of funds. See California Government Code 14135
  • project: includes equipment purchase, construction, right-of-way acquisition, and project delivery costs. See California Government Code 14556.41
  • project: means any major, localized, undertaking by or under the jurisdiction of the State Department of Water Resources, or by or under the jurisdiction of the State Department of Water Resources and the federal government, jointly, which has a duration, estimated by the Director of the Department of Water Resources, of more than three years. See California Education Code 41930
  • Project area: includes both of the following:

    California Government Code 14706

  • Project area: is a n area that meets both of the following requirements:

    California Government Code 15820.41

  • Property: includes both personal and real property. See California Education Code 17389
  • property: includes both real and personal property. See California Education Code 1012
  • Property: includes real and personal property. See California Education Code 18743
  • Property broker-agent: means a person licensed pursuant to Section 1625. See California Education Code 32061
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Public agency: includes a federal agency if the requirements of this part would not conflict with, or be preempted by, the requirements of federal law. See California Government Code 54343
  • Public agency: means any state agency, any county, city and county, city, regional agency, public district, redevelopment agency, or any other political subdivision. See California Government Code 54245
  • Public building: includes any structure, building, facility, or work that a state agency has jurisdiction of, or is authorized to design or construct, including, but not limited to, infrastructure, parking lots, landscaping, and other ancillary facilities, including furnishings and equipment, incidental to the use of any building, and also includes the site thereof, and any easements or rights of way appurtenant thereto or necessary for its full use. See California Government Code 19243.2
  • Public building: means a public building, as defined in Section 15802. See California Government Code 14710
  • Public debt: Cumulative amounts borrowed by the Treasury Department or the Federal Financing Bank from the public or from another fund or account. The public debt does not include agency debt (amounts borrowed by other agencies of the Federal Government). The total public debt is subject to a statutory limit.
  • Public defender: Represent defendants who can't afford an attorney in criminal matters.
  • Public leaseback: means any lease, sublease, contract or other agreement involving land or buildings, structures, or other facilities which are permanently attached to land, where the agreement is made directly or indirectly between the local agency and a public leaseback corporation, if the proceeds of the agreement provided by the local agency will be used in whole or in part by such public leaseback corporation for payment of principal of or interest on its bonds, notes or other evidences of indebtedness. See California Government Code 54240
  • public library: means any public library as defined in this code, or any county law library established pursuant to Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 6300) of Division 3 of the Business and Professions Code. See California Education Code 19307
  • Public library: means a library, or two or more libraries, that is operated by a single public jurisdiction and that serves its residents free of charge. See California Education Code 18710
  • Public record plant: means the plant, or any part thereof, or any record therein, of any person engaged in the business of searching or publishing public records or insuring or guaranteeing titles to real property, including copies of public records or abstracts and memoranda taken from public records that are owned by or in possession of that person or that are used by that person in his or her business. See California Government Code 12271
  • Purchase: means "buy" as defined in Section 24. See California Government Code 51942
  • Qualified medical evaluator: means physicians appointed by the administrative director pursuant to Section 139. See California Government Code 12572
  • Qualified safety inspector: means either of the following:

    California Government Code 13070

  • Quality control and quality assurance program: means the laboratory procedures implemented to ensure that operator bias, systematic and nonsystematic methodological errors, and equipment-related problems do not affect the results of the testing. See California Government Code 54238.5
  • Real estate-related transactions: include any of the following:

    California Government Code 19880.1

  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Recess: A temporary interruption of the legislative business.
  • Record: means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium, or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in perceivable form. See California Government Code 14039
  • records: means all papers, maps, exhibits, magnetic or paper tapes, photographic films and prints, punched cards, and other documents produced, received, owned or used by an agency, regardless of physical form or characteristics. See California Government Code 14741
  • Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
  • Redevelopment agency: means any agency provided for and authorized to function pursuant to the Community Redevelopment Law or this part. See California Government Code 15820.41
  • Redevelopment plan: means the Capitol Area Plan approved by the Director of General Services on March 15, 1977, and referred to in Section 8160, and the plan prepared pursuant to Section 8182. See California Government Code 14706
  • Reduction plant: means any plant used in the reduction or conversion of fish into fish flour, fishmeal, fish scrap, fertilizer, fish oil, or other fishery products or byproducts. See California Government Code 12512
  • region: means the region described in this section. See California Education Code 18926
  • Religious dress practice: shall be construed broadly to include the wearing or carrying of religious clothing, head or face coverings, jewelry, artifacts, and any other item that is part of an individual observing a religious creed. See California Government Code 19878.5
  • Religious grooming practice: shall be construed broadly to include all forms of head, facial, and body hair that are part of an individual observing a religious creed. See California Government Code 19878.5
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Remainder: includes reversion, reversionary interest, right of entry, and executory interest. See California Education Code 18743
  • Remainderman: One entitled to the remainder of an estate after a particular reserved right or interest, such as a life tenancy, has expired.
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • Repeatability: means the range of values within which the repeat results of cigarette test trials from a single laboratory will fall 95 percent of the time. See California Government Code 54238.5
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • Resident: means residing in this State, "nonresident" means not residing in this State. See California Education Code 32040
  • Resident: means any person who has resided continuously in the State of California for six months or more immediately prior to the date of his application for a license or permit, any person on active military duty with the Armed Forces of the United States or auxiliary branch thereof, or any person enrolled in the Job Corps established pursuant to Section 2883 of Title 29 of the United States Code. See California Government Code 51943
  • Retailer: means a person who engages in the sale of cigarettes, but not for the purpose of resale. See California Government Code 54238.5
  • Retrofit: means to either strengthen the structure of a building or facility, or to provide the means necessary to reduce the seismic force level experienced by a building or facility during an earthquake, so as to significantly reduce hazards to life and safety while concomitantly providing for the substantially safe egress of occupants during and immediately after such an earthquake. See California Government Code 14135
  • revenue: means revenue derived from the tax collected pursuant to the Bradley-Burns Uniform Local Sales and Use Tax Law provided for in Part 1. See California Government Code 55702
  • Revenue: as used in this chapter shall mean all fees, rates, charges, rentals or other income and revenue actually received or receivable by or for the account of the board from the operation of any particular project including without limiting the generality of the foregoing interest allowed on any moneys or securities and any proceeds derived from the sale of any securities and any consideration in any way derived from the particular project owned, operated or maintained by the board. See California Government Code 26400
  • Revocable trust: A trust agreement that can be canceled, rescinded, revoked, or repealed by the grantor (person who establishes the trust).
  • Right of rescission: Right to cancel, within three business days, a contract that uses the home of a person as collateral, except in the case of a first mortgage loan. There is no fee to the borrower, who receives a full refund of all fees paid. The right of rescission is guaranteed by the Truth in Lending Act (TILA). Source: OCC
  • safety: is a utomatically applied by the pistol, this feature shall not be defeated. See California Penal Code 31900
  • San Joaquin Joint Powers Authority: means a joint exercise of powers agency formed under Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 6500) of Division 7 of Title 1 for purposes of assuming administrative responsibility for the San Joaquin Corridor under an interagency transfer agreement pursuant to Article 5 (commencing with Section 14070). See California Government Code 14074
  • seal: includes an impression of such seal upon the paper alone, or upon any substance attached to the paper capable of receiving a visible impression. See California Education Code 1012
  • season: means "open season. See California Government Code 51939.2
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Veterans Affairs. See California Government Code 13995.102
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Labor and Workforce Development. See California Education Code 32300
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Transportation. See California Government Code 14002.5
  • Secretary: means the federal Secretary of Commerce. See California Government Code 12473
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Transportation. See California Government Code 14070
  • sell: means any transfer, exchange, or barter, in any manner or by any means whatever, or any agreement for these purposes. See California Government Code 54238.5
  • Sell: includes offer or possess for sale, barter, exchange, or trade. See California Government Code 51945
  • Sell: includes offer for sale, expose for sale, possess for sale, exchange, barter, or trade. See California Education Code 19966
  • Serious injury or illness: means any injury or illness occurring in a place of employment or in connection with any employment which requires inpatient hospitalization for a period in excess of 24 hours for other than medical observation or in which an employee suffers a loss of any member of the body or suffers any serious degree of permanent disfigurement, but does not include any injury or illness or death caused by the commission of a Penal Code violation, except the violation of Section 385 of the Penal Code, or an accident on a public street or highway. See California Public Utilities Code 99234.1
  • service: includes the cost of maintaining any facility used to provide any service. See California Government Code 54708
  • Service contractor: means a service contract administrator or a service contract seller. See California Government Code 26297
  • Service dealer: means a person who, for compensation, engages in, or holds himself or herself out to the public as offering services in the business of:

    California Government Code 26292.2

  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Service provider: means any public or private nonprofit agency which provides service directly to categorical populations. See California Government Code 16366.2
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Sex: includes , but is not limited to, the following:

    California Government Code 19878.5

  • Sex Offender: means any person who is required to register as a sex offender under Section 290 of the Penal Code. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 41112
  • Sexual orientation: means heterosexuality, homosexuality, and bisexuality. See California Government Code 19878.5
  • Sheriff: includes "marshal. See California Education Code 32425
  • Sheriff: includes marshal. See California Education Code 17389
  • shobi-zue: means a staff, crutch, stick, rod, or pole concealing a knife or blade within it, which may be exposed by a flip of the wrist or by a mechanical action. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 43444.2
  • short-barreled rifle: means any of the following:

    California Revenue and Taxation Code 43444.3

  • short-barreled shotgun: means any of the following:

    California Revenue and Taxation Code 43445

  • shuriken: means any instrument, without handles, consisting of a metal plate having three or more radiating points with one or more sharp edges and designed in the shape of a polygon, trefoil, cross, star, diamond, or other geometric shape, for use as a weapon for throwing. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 43447
  • Signature: includes mark when the signer cannot write, such signer's name being written near the mark by a witness who writes his own name near the signer's name. See California Education Code 17494
  • single-family residence: means a real property improvement used, or intended to be used, as a dwelling unit for one family. See California Government Code 54236
  • Sister state judgment: means that part of any judgment, decree, or order of a court of a state of the United States, other than California, which requires the payment of money, but does not include a support order as defined in Section 155 of the Family Code. See California Government Code 12591.1
  • Small business: means an independently owned and operated business that is not dominant in its field of operation, the principal office of which is located in California, the officers of which are domiciled in California, and which, together with affiliates, has 100 or fewer employees, and average annual gross receipts of ten million dollars ($10,000,000) or less over the previous three years, or is a manufacturer, as defined in subdivision (c), with 100 or fewer employees. See California Government Code 14837
  • solar collector: includes a fixed device, structure, or part of a device or structure that is used primarily to transform solar energy into thermal, chemical, or electrical energy and that is installed on the ground because a solar collector cannot be installed on the roof of the building receiving the energy due to inappropriate roofing material, slope of the roof, structural shading, or orientation of the building. See California Government Code 16368.1
  • Source of income: means lawful, verifiable income paid directly to a tenant or paid to a representative of a tenant. See California Government Code 19880.1
  • Special design: means a design of a cigarette lighter that results in the cigarette lighter being significantly difficult for children under five years of age to operate. See California Government Code 54238
  • Special district: includes a county service area, a maintenance district or area, an improvement district or improvement zone, or any other zone or area formed for the purpose of designating an area within which a property tax rate will be levied to pay for a service or improvement benefitting that area. See California Government Code 16271
  • special education transportation: means either of the following:

    California Education Code 41850

  • Special Services Programs: means a project establishing or improving service to the underserved of all ages. See California Education Code 18710
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 17317
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 32283
  • spouse: includes a registered domestic partner, as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 17413
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 1001
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 17389
  • spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 1012
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 17489
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 5223
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Government Code 51902
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 19407
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 24935
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 25018.1
  • Standards board: means the Occupational Safety and Health Standards Board, within the department. See California Public Utilities Code 99234.1
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Education Code 32033
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Education Code 77
  • State: includes the District of Columbia and the territories when applied to the different parts of the United States, and the words "United States" may include the district and territories. See California Education Code 17389
  • state: when applied to the different parts of the United States, includes the District of Columbia and the territories, and the words "United States" may include the district and territories. See California Education Code 1012
  • State: means the State of California and includes any officer, department, board, or agency thereof. See California Code of Civil Procedure 706.070
  • State: includes any department or agency thereof. See California Government Code 54141
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Government Code 51950
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Education Code 19427
  • state agency: shall include any state board, commission, bureau, or division created pursuant to the provisions of the Business and Professions Code, the Education Code, or the Chiropractic Initiative Act to license and regulate individuals who engage in certain businesses and professions. See California Education Code 1097
  • state agency: includes every state office, officer, department, division, bureau, board, and commission. See California Government Code 11000
  • State agency: means any agency, department, division, commission, board, bureau, officer, or other authority of the State of California. See California Government Code 12952
  • State Architect: means the Office of the State Architect. See California Government Code 14135
  • State board: means the California Library Services Board. See California Education Code 18710
  • State Board of Equalization meeting as a public body: means the California Department of Tax and Fee Administration for those duties, powers, and responsibilities transferred to the California Department of Tax and Fee Administration pursuant to Section 15570. See California Education Code 5302
  • State building or facility: means any building or structure owned by a state agency, which is identified pursuant to Section 8878. See California Government Code 14135
  • State Highway Account: means the State Highway Account in the State Transportation Fund. See California Government Code 14554.8
  • State office building project: means any work of construction, restoration, rehabilitation, renovation, or reconstruction of a state office building that is performed pursuant to Article 5. See California Government Code 16202
  • state park lands: means any lands subject to the control of the Department of Parks and Recreation. See California Government Code 54355
  • State tax liability: means an amount for which the state has a state tax lien as defined in Section 7162 of the Government Code excluding a state tax lien created pursuant to the Fish and Game Code. See California Code of Civil Procedure 706.070
  • Station: means a lamp adjusting station or a brake adjusting station. See California Government Code 26299.064
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • Statutes at large: A chronological listing of the laws enacted each Congress. They are published in volumes numbered by Congress.
  • stock: means a species, subspecies, geographical grouping, or other category of fish capable of management as a unit. See California Government Code 52032
  • Story: means that portion of a building included between the upper surface of any floor and the upper surface of the floor next above, except that the topmost story shall be that portion of a building included between the upper surface of the topmost floor and the ceiling or roof above. See California Government Code 54347
  • stun gun: means any item, except a less lethal weapon, used or intended to be used as either an offensive or defensive weapon that is capable of temporarily immobilizing a person by the infliction of an electrical charge. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 43449
  • Subdivision: means a subdivision of the section in which the term appears unless some other section is expressly mentioned. See California Education Code 17486
  • Subdivision: means a subdivision of the section in which that term occurs unless some other section is expressly mentioned. See California Government Code 51944
  • Subdivision: means a subdivision of the section in which the term occurs unless some other section is expressly mentioned. See California Education Code 19404
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Subpoena duces tecum: A command to a witness to produce documents.
  • subscription: includes mark when the signer or subscriber can not write, such signer's or subscriber's name being written near the mark by a witness who writes his own name near the signer's or subscriber's name. See California Education Code 32288
  • Subsidiary district: means a special district in which the city council of a city has been empowered to act as ex officio members of the board of directors of such district and either:

    California Government Code 16271

  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Supervision: means a specialized approach to the process of overseeing, insofar as authority to do so is granted to the supervising agency, all significant aspects of the lives of sex offenders who are being managed, as described in subdivision (d). See California Revenue and Taxation Code 41112
  • Supervisor: means any individual having the authority, in the interest of the employer, to hire, transfer, suspend, lay off, recall, promote, discharge, assign, reward, or discipline other employees, or the responsibility to direct them, or to adjust their grievances, or effectively to recommend that action, if, in connection with the foregoing, the exercise of that authority is not of a merely routine or clerical nature, but requires the use of independent judgment. See California Government Code 19878.5
  • surplus land: means land owned by any local agency, that is determined to be no longer necessary for the agency's use, except property being held by the agency for the purpose of exchange. See California Government Code 54221
  • surplus residential property: means land and structures owned by any agency of the state that is determined to be no longer necessary for the agency's use, and that is developed as single-family or multifamily housing, except property being held by the agency for the purpose of exchange. See California Government Code 54236
  • System: means a cooperative library system. See California Education Code 18710
  • Take: means hunt, pursue, catch, capture, or kill, or attempt to hunt, pursue, catch, capture, or kill. See California Government Code 51951
  • taker-up: means any person that takes up an estray animal pursuant to Section 17041. See California Government Code 54409
  • Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
  • Testate: To die leaving a will.
  • Testify: includes any mode of oral statement made under oath or affirmation. See California Education Code 17389
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Title report: includes a preliminary report, guarantee, binder, or policy of title insurance. See California Education Code 18743
  • To employ: means to engage, suffer or permit any person to do industrial homework, or to tolerate, suffer, or permit articles or materials under one's custody or control to be manufactured in a home by industrial homework. See California Government Code 12751
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Town: includes "unincorporated town" and "village. See California Education Code 19430
  • Transaction: includes the deposit, withdrawal, transfer, bailment, loan, payment, or exchange of currency, or a monetary instrument, as defined by subdivision (c), by, through, or to, a financial institution, as defined by subdivision (a). See California Government Code 14556.52
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Transmission record: means the electronic record or document printed by the sending fax machine, stating the telephone number of the receiving fax machine, the number of pages sent, the transmission time and date, and an indication of any errors in transmission. See California Government Code 14039
  • Transport: includes offer or receive for transportation. See California Government Code 51952
  • Treatment: means a set of specialized interventions delivered by qualified mental health professionals and designed to address the multiple psychological and physiological factors found to be associated with sexual offending. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 41112
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Trial jury: A group of citizens who hear the evidence presented by both sides at trial and determine the facts in dispute. Federal criminal juries consist of 12 persons. Federal civil juries consist of six persons.
  • Trust account: A general term that covers all types of accounts in a trust department, such as estates, guardianships, and agencies. Source: OCC
  • Trustor: The person who makes or creates a trust. Also known as the grantor or settlor.
  • Unclaimed property: means any tangible personal property or intangible personal property, including choses in action in amounts certain, and all debts owed or entrusted funds or other property held by any federal agency or any officer or employee thereof, whether occasioned by contract or operation of law or otherwise, except bonuses and gratuities, which has remained unclaimed by the owner for:

    California Government Code 12525

  • unconventional pistol: means a firearm with both of the following characteristics:

    California Revenue and Taxation Code 43452.1

  • Underserved: means any population segment with exceptional service needs not adequately met by traditional library service patterns, including, but not limited to, those persons who are geographically isolated, economically disadvantaged, functionally illiterate, of non-English-speaking or limited-English-speaking ability, homebound, or institutionalized, or who are persons with disabilities. See California Education Code 18710
  • undetectable firearm: means any weapon that meets either of the following requirements:

    California Revenue and Taxation Code 43452.2

  • Undue hardship: means an action requiring significant difficulty or expense, when considered in light of the following factors:

    California Government Code 19878.5

  • unidentified person: means a person, living or deceased, whose identity the local investigative agency is unable to determine. See California Government Code 14669.17
  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
  • United States: includes any department, board, or agency thereof. See California Government Code 54141
  • Universal borrowing: means the extension by a public library of its direct loan privileges to the eligible borrowers of all other public libraries. See California Education Code 18710
  • Uphold: The decision of an appellate court not to reverse a lower court decision.
  • User fees: Fees charged to users of goods or services provided by the government. In levying or authorizing these fees, the legislature determines whether the revenue should go into the treasury or should be available to the agency providing the goods or services.
  • Usury: Charging an illegally high interest rate on a loan. Source: OCC
  • Variable Rate: Having a "variable" rate means that the APR changes from time to time based on fluctuations in an external rate, normally the Prime Rate. This external rate is known as the "index." If the index changes, the variable rate normally changes. Also see Fixed Rate.
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • vessel: means a vessel as defined in subdivision (c) of Section 651 of the Harbors and Navigation Code. See California Education Code 1012
  • Veteran: means a person who is eligible for benefits under this chapter. See California Government Code 13995.102
  • veterans service organization: means any association or organization which is composed solely of persons who served honorably in time of war or in time of peace in a campaign or expedition for service in which a medal has been authorized by the government of the United States, as members of the Armed Forces of the United States, or who as citizens of the United States served honorably in time of war as members of the armed forces of any nation whose government was allied with the United States during that war, and which is organized for patriotic, fraternal, and benevolent objects. See California Government Code 13995.83
  • Veto: The procedure established under the Constitution by which the President/Governor refuses to approve a bill or joint resolution and thus prevents its enactment into law. A regular veto occurs when the President/Governor returns the legislation to the house in which it originated. The President/Governor usually returns a vetoed bill with a message indicating his reasons for rejecting the measure. In Congress, the veto can be overridden only by a two-thirds vote in both the Senate and the House.
  • Victim: means an individual who sustains injury or death as a direct result of a crime as specified in subdivision (e) of Section 13955. See California Government Code 13951
  • Victim: means a person against whom a crime has been committed. See California Government Code 14907
  • Victim advocate: work with prosecutors and assist the victims of a crime.
  • Victim center: means a victim and witness assistance center that receives funds pursuant to Section 13835. See California Government Code 13951
  • Victim Impact Statement: A written or spoken statement by the victim or his or her representative about the physical, emotional, and financial impact of a crime on the victim. The statement is given to the court before sentencing.
  • Violation: includes a failure to comply with any requirement of the code. See California Education Code 32400 v2
  • Voir dire: The process by which judges and lawyers select a petit jury from among those eligible to serve, by questioning them to determine knowledge of the facts of the case and a willingness to decide the case only on the evidence presented in court. "Voir dire" is a phrase meaning "to speak the truth."
  • wallet gun: means any firearm mounted or enclosed in a case, resembling a wallet, designed to be or capable of being carried in a pocket or purse, if the firearm may be fired while mounted or enclosed in the case. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 43472
  • war: shall mean : (a) whenever Congress has declared war and peace has not been formally restored. See California Education Code 1000
  • Wholesaler: means a wholesaler as defined in Section 30016 of the Revenue and Taxation Code. See California Government Code 54238.5
  • Wildlife: means and includes all wild animals, birds, plants, fish, amphibians, reptiles, and related ecological communities, including the habitat upon which the wildlife depends for its continued viability. See California Government Code 52001
  • willfully: when applied to the intent with which an act is done or omitted, implies simply a purpose or willingness to commit the act, or make the omission referred to. See California Education Code 1012
  • Witness: means any person who has been or is expected to testify for the prosecution, or who, by reason of having relevant information, is subject to call or likely to be called as a witness for the prosecution, whether or not any action or proceeding has yet been commenced. See California Government Code 14907
  • writ: signifies an order or precept in writing, issued in the name of the people, or of a court or judicial officer, and the word "process" a writ or summons issued in the course of judicial proceedings. See California Education Code 1012
  • Writ: means an order or precept in writing, issued in the name of the people, or of a court or judicial officer. See California Education Code 17389
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.
  • Writing: includes printing and typewriting. See California Education Code 17389
  • Writing: includes any form of recorded message capable of comprehension by ordinary visual means. See California Education Code 18535
  • writing pen knife: means a device that appears to be a writing pen but has concealed within it a pointed, metallic shaft that is designed to be a stabbing instrument which is exposed by mechanical action or gravity which locks into place when extended or the pointed, metallic shaft is exposed by the removal of the cap or cover on the device. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 43474
  • zip gun: means any weapon or device that meets all of the following criteria:

    California Revenue and Taxation Code 43475