Part 1 POWERS AND DUTIES COMMON TO CITIES AND COUNTIES
Part 2 POWERS AND DUTIES EXERCISED JOINTLY BY CITIES AND COUNTIES
Part 3 CITY AND COUNTY AGENCIES
Part 4 Economic Opportunity

Terms Used In California Codes > Government Code > Title 5 > Division 1 - CITIES AND COUNTIES

  • Abandoned excavation: means any abandoned mining shaft, pit, well, septic tank, cesspool, or other abandoned excavation dangerous to persons legally on the premises where the abandoned excavation is located or to minors under the age of 12 years. See California Government Code 50230
  • Access: means the ability to receive, use, select, and manipulate data and operate controls included in voting technology and systems. See California Elections Code 19241
  • Accessible: means that the information provided on the paper cast vote record from the voter verified paper audit trail mechanism is provided or conveyed to voters via both a visual and a nonvisual method, such as through an audio component. See California Elections Code 19271
  • acquire: includes , but is not restricted to, taking by condemnation, purchase, or lease and receiving by donation or dedication. See California Public Resources Code 13070.1
  • Actuarial interest rate: means the interest rate fixed by the board for purposes of actuarial valuation of the assets and liabilities of the award system. See California Government Code 50952
  • Actuary: means a person who is a member in good standing of the American Academy of Actuaries, the Casualty Actuarial Society, or the Society of Actuaries, and is qualified to sign a statement of actuarial opinion on loss reserves. See California Insurance Code 769.81
  • Adequate progress: means all of the following:

    California Government Code 65007

  • Adoption date: means the date the board of directors adopts the plan of conversion. See California Insurance Code 11535.1
  • Affected city: means a city within whose planning review area an affected territory is located. See California Government Code 65919
  • Affected territory: means an area of land located in the unincorporated portion of a county that is the subject of one or more proposed actions. See California Government Code 65919
  • agency: means the agency responsible for the preparation and adoption of the congestion management program. See California Government Code 65088.1
  • Agent: means a person who was an officer or director of a corporation, as defined in subdivision (e), at the time the fraudulent acts occurred, was named in a final criminal restitution order in connection with the fraudulent acts, and was acting in the person's capacity as the corporation's officer or director when committing the fraudulent acts. See California Corporations Code 2281
  • Agricultural aircraft operator: means any person who applies, from an aircraft, chemicals, seeds, or fertilizers. See California Government Code 4360
  • Agricultural commodity: means any and all plant and animal products produced in this state for commercial purposes, including, but not limited to, plant products used for producing biofuels, and industrial hemp cultivated in accordance with Division 24 (commencing with Section 81000) of the Food and Agricultural Code. See California Government Code 51201
  • Agricultural preserve: means an area devoted to either agricultural use, as defined in subdivision (b), recreational use as defined in subdivision (n), or open-space use as defined in subdivision (o), or any combination of those uses and which is established in accordance with the provisions of this chapter. See California Government Code 51201
  • Agricultural use: means use of land, including but not limited to greenhouses, for the purpose of producing an agricultural commodity for commercial purposes. See California Government Code 51201
  • Airport: means any area of land or water designed and set aside for the landing and taking off of aircraft and utilized or to be utilized in the interest of the public for such purposes. See California Government Code 50485.1
  • Airport hazard: means any structure or tree or use of land which obstructs the airspace required for the flight of aircraft in landing or taking off at an airport or is otherwise hazardous to such landing or taking off of aircraft. See California Government Code 50485.1
  • Airport hazard area: means any area of land or water upon which an airport hazard might be established if not prevented as provided in this article. See California Government Code 50485.1
  • Anniversary date: means the anniversary of the date on which zoning is established pursuant to Section 51112 or 51113 takes effect. See California Government Code 51104
  • Annual interest rate: means the interest rate fixed by the board for purposes of crediting interest. See California Government Code 50952
  • Application: means a request for payment from the fund submitted to the Secretary of State pursuant to this chapter. See California Corporations Code 2281
  • Approved: as used in this article , means the approval of the legislative body of the local agency, as the result of investigation and tests conducted by such agency or by reason of the accepted principles or tests by recognized national or state authorities, technical, or scientific organizations. See California Government Code 50022.1
  • aquaculture: means the culture and husbandry of aquatic organisms, including, but not limited to, fish, shellfish, mollusks, crustaceans, kelp, and algae. See California Public Resources Code 828
  • Arbitration: means a method of resolving a rights dispute under which the parties to a controversy must accept the award of a third party. See California Government Code 3562
  • Area of continual excavation: means a location where excavation is part of the normal business activities of agricultural operations and flood control facilities. See California Government Code 4216
  • assessed value: means 25 percent of full value to, and including, the 1980-81 fiscal year, and 100 percent of full value for the 1981-82 fiscal year and fiscal years thereafter. See California Government Code 25
  • Association: includes any lodge, order, beneficial association, fraternal or beneficial society or association, historical, military, or veterans organization, labor union, foundation, or federation, or any other society, organization, or association, or degree, branch, subordinate lodge, or auxiliary thereof. See California Corporations Code 21300
  • at-risk: means there is evidence of, or there are indications of, any of the following:

    California Penal Code 14215

  • Award: means monthly payments for life derived from contributions by a department. See California Government Code 50952
  • Award recipient: means a former member who satisfied all the requirements as determined by the board to be eligible to receive an award, and is receiving an award. See California Government Code 50952
  • Award system: means the Volunteer Firefighters Length of Service Award System established by this chapter. See California Government Code 50952
  • axle: is a structure or portion of a structure consisting of one or more shafts, spindles, or bearings in the same vertical transverse plane by means of which, in conjunction with wheels mounted on said shafts, spindles, or bearings, a portion of the weight of a vehicle and its load, if any, is continuously transmitted to the roadway when the vehicle is in motion. See California Vehicle Code 230
  • B-train assembly: is a rigid frame extension attached to the rear frame of a semitrailer which allows for a fifth wheel connection point for a second semitrailer. See California Vehicle Code 230.5
  • ballot: means any of the following:

    California Elections Code 301

  • Ballot: means original, voter-verifiable paper ballots, including voter-marked paper ballots whether marked manually or via a ballot marking device or system, and, where direct recording electronic (DRE) voting systems are used, the voter-verifiable paper audit trail (VVPAT). See California Elections Code 15366
  • Ballot-level comparison audit: means a type of risk-limiting audit that involves both of the following steps:

    California Elections Code 15366

  • Board: means the Public Employment Relations Board created pursuant to Section 3541. See California Government Code 3540.1
  • Board: means the Public Employment Relations Board established pursuant to Section 3513. See California Government Code 3562
  • Board: means the Voting Modernization Board, established pursuant to Section 19256. See California Elections Code 19252
  • Board: as used in this chapter means the board of supervisors in the case of a county or city and county, and city council or board of trustees in the case of a city. See California Government Code 50798.3
  • Board: means the California Underground Facilities Safe Excavation Board, also known as the "Dig Safe Board. See California Government Code 4216
  • Board: means the board of the California State Fire Employees Welfare Benefit Corporation. See California Government Code 50952
  • Board: means the board of supervisors of a county or city and county, whether general law or chartered, which establishes or proposes to establish a timberland production zone pursuant to this chapter. See California Government Code 51104
  • Board: means the original board and any successor board selected and constituted under this chapter. See California Government Code 6599.02
  • Board: means the board of supervisors of a county which establishes or proposes to establish an agricultural preserve or which enters or proposes to enter into a contract on land within an agricultural preserve pursuant to this chapter. See California Government Code 51201
  • Bona fide association: means an organization of employees and former employees of an agency of the state and the California State University, and which does not have as one of its purposes representing these employees in their employer-employee relations. See California Government Code 1150
  • Bond: means a state general obligation bond issued pursuant to this article adopting the provisions of the State General Obligation Bond Law. See California Elections Code 19252
  • bond: means revenue bond or other evidences of indebtedness but not attached coupons. See California Government Code 50661
  • Bonds: as used in this chapter means the written evidence of any obligation incurred by the board payable out of revenues as provided in this chapter in order to secure funds with which to carry out the purposes of this chapter irrespective of the form of such obligation whether in the form of bonds, notes, debentures, interest bearing certificates or other forms prescribed by the board. See California Government Code 50798.1
  • bonds: means revenue bonds, notes or other evidences of indebtedness. See California Government Code 6540
  • book: signifies the recordation of an arrest in official police records, and the taking by the police of fingerprints and photographs of the person arrested, or any of these acts following an arrest. See California Penal Code 7
  • boxing: as used in this chapter includes "kickboxing" and "martial arts. See California Business and Professions Code 18760
  • bribe: signifies anything of value or advantage, present or prospective, or any promise or undertaking to give any, asked, given, or accepted, with a corrupt intent to influence, unlawfully, the person to whom it is given, in his or her action, vote, or opinion, in any public or official capacity. See California Penal Code 7
  • bus: is a ny vehicle, including a trailer bus, designed, used, or maintained for carrying more than 15 persons including the driver. See California Vehicle Code 233
  • Business: includes every trade, occupation, and profession. See California Corporations Code 16101
  • business: includes a proprietorship, partnership, corporation, and any other form of commercial enterprise. See California Vehicle Code 234
  • camp trailer: is a vehicle designed to be used on a highway, capable of human habitation for camping or recreational purposes, that does not exceed 16 feet in overall length from the foremost point of the trailer hitch to the rear extremity of the trailer body and does not exceed 96 inches in width and includes any tent trailer. See California Vehicle Code 242
  • camper: is a structure designed to be mounted upon a motor vehicle and to provide facilities for human habitation or camping purposes. See California Vehicle Code 243
  • candidate: includes any officeholder who is subject to a recall election. See California Elections Code 305
  • Casualty broker-agent: means a person licensed pursuant to Section 1625. See California Insurance Code 33.5
  • center: means the Violent Crime Information Center. See California Penal Code 14215
  • certified employee organization: means an organization that has been certified by the board as the exclusive representative of the public school employees in an appropriate unit after a proceeding under Article 5 (commencing with Section 3544). See California Government Code 3540.1
  • Certified prior service credit: means credit for service performed prior to the contract operative date as certified by a qualifications review commission. See California Government Code 50952
  • Certified service credit: means credit certified pursuant to Section 50960 for services rendered by a member. See California Government Code 50952
  • child: is a ny person under 18 years of age. See California Penal Code 14215
  • City: includes city and county. See California Business and Professions Code 18
  • city: means a city governed under a freeholders' charter. See California Government Code 51540
  • City: means any city or city and county. See California Government Code 51075
  • city: means the county or city having jurisdiction over the land. See California Government Code 51104
  • City: means any city or city and county. See California Government Code 51190
  • City: includes every city and city and county within this State. See California Vehicle Code 255
  • city: means the county or city having jurisdiction over the land. See California Government Code 51201
  • City or county: means any city, county, or city and county. See California Government Code 50485.1
  • Claimant: means an aggrieved person who resides in the state at the time of the fraud and who submits an application pursuant to this chapter. See California Corporations Code 2281
  • Clerk: means the county elections official, registrar of voters, city clerk, or other officer or board charged with the duty of conducting any election. See California Elections Code 307
  • clerk: means the clerk of a county or the legislative body thereof. See California Government Code 50270.5
  • Code: as used in this article , means any statute, or any published compilation of rules, regulations or standards adopted by the federal government or the State of California, or by any agency of either of them. See California Government Code 50022.1
  • Code: means the Code of Fair Campaign Practices. See California Elections Code 20420
  • commercial motor vehicle: means any self-propelled vehicle listed in subdivisions (a), (b), (f), (g), and (k) of Section 34500, any motortruck of two or more axles that is more than 10,000 pounds gross vehicle weight rating, and any other motor vehicle used to transport property for compensation. See California Vehicle Code 34601
  • Commission: means the California Gambling Control Commission. See California Business and Professions Code 19805
  • Commission: means the California Transportation Commission. See California Government Code 65088.1
  • Commissioner: means the Insurance Commissioner of this State. See California Insurance Code 20
  • Committee: means the Voting Modernization Finance Committee, established pursuant to Section 19253. See California Elections Code 19252
  • Community-based punishment: means correctional sanctions and programming encompassing a range of custodial and noncustodial responses to criminal or noncompliant offender activity. See California Penal Code 17.5
  • Compatible use: is a ny use which does not significantly detract from the use of the property for, or inhibit, growing and harvesting timber, and shall include, but not be limited to, any of the following, unless in a specific instance such a use would be contrary to the preceding definition of compatible use:

    California Government Code 51104

  • Compatible use: includes agricultural use, recreational use or open-space use unless the board or council finds after notice and hearing that the use is not compatible with the agricultural, recreational or open-space use to which the land is restricted by contract pursuant to this chapter. See California Government Code 51201
  • Conditions of overcrowding: means that the total enrollment of a school, including enrollment from proposed development, exceeds the capacity of the school as determined by the governing body of the district. See California Government Code 65973
  • contestant: means any person initiating an election contest. See California Elections Code 16002
  • Contiguous: means two or more parcels of land that are adjoining or neighboring or are sufficiently near to each other, as determined by the board or council, that they are manageable as a single forest unit. See California Government Code 51104
  • Contract operative date: means the first day of the month next following the date on which the contract becomes effective. See California Government Code 50952
  • Converted company: means the converted insurer or converted mutual holding company, as the case may be. See California Insurance Code 11535.1
  • Converted insurer: means the incorporated stock insurer into which a mutual insurer has been converted or merged or redomiciled in accordance with the provisions of this chapter. See California Insurance Code 11535.1
  • Converted mutual holding company: means the stock corporation into which a mutual holding company has been converted in accordance with this chapter. See California Insurance Code 11535.1
  • Converting mutual life company: means , for a plan of conversion under this chapter, the mutual life insurer or mutual holding company that is converting under such a plan. See California Insurance Code 11535.1
  • Corporation: means a domestic corporation as defined by Section 162 or 2509 or a foreign corporation that is qualified to transact business in California pursuant to Section 2105. See California Corporations Code 2281
  • Council: means the city council of a city, whether general law or chartered, which establishes or proposes to establish a timberland production zone pursuant to this chapter. See California Government Code 51104
  • Council: means the city council of a city which establishes or proposes to establish an agricultural preserve or which enters or proposes to enter into a contract on land within an agricultural preserve pursuant to this chapter. See California Government Code 51201
  • Counties: means all of the counties within which a portion of the park or other recreation facility, operated and maintained by a joint county park board, is located. See California Government Code 6580
  • County: includes city and county. See California Business and Professions Code 17
  • county: includes "city and county". See California Penal Code 7
  • County: includes "city and county. See California Corporations Code 14
  • County: includes "city and county. See California Public Resources Code 14
  • County: includes every county and city and county within this State. See California Vehicle Code 270
  • County: includes "city and county. See California Insurance Code 14
  • Court of competent jurisdiction: means a state or federal court situated in California. See California Corporations Code 2281
  • Credible evidence: means evidence leading a reasonable person to believe that substantial reliability should be attached to the evidence. See California Penal Code 14021
  • Crime: means an act committed in this state which, if committed by a competent adult, would constitute a misdemeanor or felony. See California Penal Code 679.01
  • Criminal justice agency: means the Department of Justice and any district attorney's office, sheriff's department, police department, or city attorney's office of this state. See California Penal Code 14161
  • Currency: means United States currency or coin, the currency or coin of any foreign country, and any legal tender or coin defined as currency by Section 103. See California Penal Code 14161
  • Custodian of the fund: means a financial institution or other entity that qualifies under the laws of this state to act as a trustee of and establish a trust described in Internal Revenue Service Revenue Procedure 92-64. See California Government Code 50952
  • Darkness: is a ny time from one-half hour after sunset to one-half hour before sunrise and any other time when visibility is not sufficient to render clearly discernible any person or vehicle on the highway at a distance of 1,000 feet. See California Vehicle Code 280
  • Dealer: is a person not otherwise expressly excluded by Section 286 who:

    California Vehicle Code 285

  • Debtor in bankruptcy: means a person who is the subject of either of the following:

    California Corporations Code 16101

  • Defect: means any flaw in the hardware or documentation of a voting system that could result in a state of unfitness for use or nonconformance to the manufacturer's specifications or applicable law. See California Elections Code 19210
  • Defendant: means that person whose election or nomination is contested or those persons receiving an equal and highest number of votes, other than the contestant, where, in other than primary elections, the body canvassing the returns declares that no one person has received the highest number of votes for the contested office. See California Elections Code 16002
  • Defensible space: means the area adjacent to a structure or dwelling where wildfire prevention or protection practices are implemented to provide defense from an approaching wildfire or to minimize the spread of a structure fire to wildlands or surrounding areas. See California Government Code 51177
  • Delineate: means to mark in white the location or path of the proposed excavation using the guidelines in Appendix B of the "Guidelines for Excavation Delineation" published in the most recent version of the Best Practices guide of the Common Ground Alliance. See California Government Code 4216
  • department: whenever used in this code , unless the context otherwise requires, means the State Department of Education. See California Education Code 89
  • Department: means the Department of Transportation. See California Government Code 65088.1
  • Department: means any of the following:

    California Government Code 50952

  • Department: means the Department of Justice. See California Penal Code 14161
  • department: means the Department of Fish and Game. See California Public Resources Code 830
  • Department: means the Department of Motor Vehicles except, when used in Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 2100) of Division 2 and in Divisions 11 (commencing with Section 21000), 12 (commencing with Section 24000), 13 (commencing with Section 29000), 14 (commencing with Section 31600), 14. See California Vehicle Code 290
  • Detention facility: means any facility in which persons are incarcerated or otherwise involuntarily confined for purposes of execution of a punitive sentence imposed by a court or detention pending a trial, hearing, or other judicial or administrative proceeding. See California Penal Code 9500
  • Development: means , as used in Section 51223, the construction of buildings or the use of the restricted property if the buildings or use are unrelated to the agricultural use, the open-space use, or uses compatible with either agricultural or open-space uses of the property, or substantially impair the agricultural, open-space, or a combination of the agricultural and open-space uses of the property. See California Government Code 51201
  • Direct recording electronic voting system: means a voting system that records a vote electronically and does not require or permit the voter to record his or her vote directly onto a tangible ballot. See California Elections Code 19271
  • Director: means the Director of Forestry and Fire Protection. See California Government Code 51177
  • director: means the Director of Emergency Services. See California Penal Code 14113
  • director: means the Director of the Department of Fish and Game. See California Public Resources Code 829
  • Disability: means a medical condition, mental disability, or physical disability, as those terms are defined in subdivisions (i), (j), and (l) of §. See California Elections Code 354.5
  • dissenting shareholder: means the recordholder of dissenting shares and includes a transferee of record. See California Corporations Code 1300
  • dissenting shares: means shares to which all of the following apply:

    California Corporations Code 1300

  • Distribution: means a transfer of money or other property from a partnership to a partner in the partner's capacity as a partner or to the partner's transferee. See California Corporations Code 16101
  • District: means a habitat maintenance assessment district formed pursuant to this article. See California Government Code 50060
  • district: means any agency of the state formed pursuant to general law or special act, for the local performance of governmental or proprietary functions within limited boundaries. See California Government Code 1090
  • Domestic: means organized under the laws of this State, whether or not admitted. See California Insurance Code 26
  • drawbar: is a rigid structure forming a connection between a trailer and a towing vehicle, securely attached to both vehicles by nonrigid means and carrying no part of the load of either vehicle. See California Vehicle Code 300
  • driver: is a person who drives or is in actual physical control of a vehicle. See California Vehicle Code 305
  • drug: means any substance or combination of substances, other than alcohol, which could so affect the nervous system, brain, or muscles of a person as to impair, to an appreciable degree, his ability to drive a vehicle in the manner that an ordinarily prudent and cautious man, in full possession of his faculties, using reasonable care, would drive a similar vehicle under like conditions. See California Vehicle Code 312
  • economic opportunity: means any of the following:

    California Government Code 52200.2

  • Effective date: means , for the conversion of a mutual life insurer, the date upon which the conversion of the mutual life insurer is effective, as specified in the commissioner's amendment to the mutual life insurer's certificate of authority issued in accordance with Section 11542, as a result of conversion proceedings under this chapter. See California Insurance Code 11535.1
  • Election: means any election including a primary that is provided for under this code. See California Elections Code 318
  • Election board: means the board of supervisors of each county, the city council or other governing body of a city, or any board or officer to whom similar powers and duties are given by any charter. See California Elections Code 319
  • Electioneering: means the visible display or audible dissemination of information that advocates for or against any candidate or measure on the ballot within the 100 foot limit specified in subdivision (b). See California Elections Code 319.5
  • Elections official: means any of the following:

    California Elections Code 320

  • Elections official: means the county elections official, registrar of voters, or city clerk. See California Elections Code 18546
  • Elector: means a person who is a United States citizen 18 years of age or older and, except as specified in subdivision (b), is a resident of an election precinct in this state on or before the day of an election. See California Elections Code 321
  • Electoral outcome: means the winner or winners of an election contest or whether a measure passed. See California Elections Code 15366
  • Electronic positive response: means an electronic response from an operator to the regional notification center providing the status of an operator's statutorily required response to a ticket. See California Government Code 4216
  • Electronic transmission by the corporation: means a communication (a) delivered by (1) facsimile telecommunication or electronic mail when directed to the facsimile number or electronic mail address, respectively, for that recipient on record with the corporation, (2) posting on an electronic message board or network which the corporation has designated for those communications, together with a separate notice to the recipient of the posting, which transmission shall be validly delivered upon the later of the posting or delivery of the separate notice thereof, or (3) other means of electronic communication, (b) to a recipient who has provided an unrevoked consent to the use of those means of transmission for communications under or pursuant to this code, and (c) that creates a record that is capable of retention, retrieval, and review, and that may thereafter be rendered into clearly legible tangible form. See California Corporations Code 20
  • Electronic transmission by the partnership: means a communication (a) delivered by (1) facsimile telecommunication or electronic mail when directed to the facsimile number or electronic mail address, respectively, for that recipient on record with the partnership, (2) posting on an electronic message board or network that the partnership has designated for those communications, together with a separate notice to the recipient of the posting, which transmission shall be validly delivered upon the later of the posting or delivery of the separate notice thereof, or (3) other means of electronic communication, (b) to a recipient who has provided an unrevoked consent to the use of those means of transmission, and (c) that creates a record that is capable of retention, retrieval, and review, and that may thereafter be rendered into clearly legible tangible form. See California Corporations Code 16101
  • Eligible members: means , for the conversion of a mutual life insurer, the members of the mutual life insurer who are of record on the mutual life insurer's adoption date. See California Insurance Code 11535.1
  • Emergency: means a sudden, unexpected occurrence, involving a clear and imminent danger, demanding immediate action to prevent or mitigate loss of, or damage to, life, health, property, or essential public services. See California Government Code 4216
  • employee: means a person employed by a public school employer except persons elected by popular vote, persons appointed by the Governor of this state, management employees, and confidential employees. See California Government Code 3540.1
  • Employee organization: means an organization that includes employees of a public school employer and that has as one of its primary purposes representing those employees in their relations with that public school employer. See California Government Code 3540.1
  • Employee organization: means any organization of any kind in which higher education employees participate and that exists for the purpose, in whole or in part, of dealing with higher education employers concerning grievances, labor disputes, wages, hours, and other terms and conditions of employment of employees. See California Government Code 3562
  • Employee organization: means an organization which represents employees of a public employer and that has been recognized or certified by the public employer or the Public Employment Relations Board as the exclusive representative of the employees. See California Government Code 1150
  • employer: means the governing board of a school district, a school district, a county board of education, a county superintendent of schools, a charter school that has declared itself a public school employer pursuant to subdivision (b) of §. See California Government Code 3540.1
  • Entity: as used in this article means any agency, board or commission provided for by a joint powers agreement pursuant to Article 1 of this chapter. See California Government Code 6542
  • Evidence-based practices: refers to supervision policies, procedures, programs, and practices demonstrated by scientific research to reduce recidivism among individuals under probation, parole, or post release supervision. See California Penal Code 17.5
  • Excavation: means any operation in which earth, rock, or other material in the ground is moved, removed, or otherwise displaced by means of tools, equipment, or explosives in any of the following ways: grading, trenching, digging, ditching, drilling, augering, tunneling, scraping, cable or pipe plowing and driving, or any other way. See California Government Code 4216
  • excavator: means any person, firm, contractor or subcontractor, owner, operator, utility, association, corporation, partnership, business trust, public agency, or other entity that, with their own employees or equipment, performs any excavation. See California Government Code 4216
  • Exclusive representative: means the employee organization recognized or certified as the exclusive negotiating representative of public school employees, as "public school employee" is defined in subdivision (j), in an appropriate unit of a public school employer. See California Government Code 3540.1
  • Exclusive representative: means any recognized or certified employee organization or person it authorizes to act on its behalf. See California Government Code 3562
  • executed: when used with respect to the documents filed pursuant to this code or pursuant to regulations adopted under this code, and presented to the Secretary of State, include a document bearing a signature under subdivision (a). See California Corporations Code 17.1
  • Failure: means a discrepancy between the external results of the operation of any software or firmware in a voting system and the manufacturer's product requirements for that software or firmware or applicable law. See California Elections Code 19210
  • Fair and exhibition authority: as used in this article , means an entity created by a joint powers agreement for the purpose of financing or otherwise facilitating agricultural, livestock, industrial, cultural, or other types of fairs or exhibitions. See California Government Code 6542.1
  • Fault: means a step, process, or data definition in any software or firmware in a voting system that is incorrect under the manufacturer's program specification or applicable law. See California Elections Code 19210
  • Federal election: means any presidential election, general election, primary election, or special election held solely or in part for the purpose of selecting, nominating, or electing any candidate for the office of President, Vice President, presidential elector, Member of the United States Senate, or Member of the United States House of Representatives. See California Elections Code 323
  • fifth-wheel travel trailer: is a vehicle designed for recreational purposes to carry persons or property on its own structure and so constructed as to be drawn by a motor vehicle by means of a kingpin connecting device. See California Vehicle Code 324
  • Final judgment: means a judgment, arbitration award, or criminal restitution order for which appeals have been exhausted or for which the period for appeal has expired, enforcement of which is not barred by the order of any court or by any statutory provision, which has not been nullified or rendered void by any court order or statutory provision, and for which the claimant has not otherwise been fully reimbursed. See California Corporations Code 2281
  • Financial institution: means , when located or doing business in this state, any national bank or banking association, state bank or banking association, commercial bank or trust company organized under the laws of the United States or any state, any private bank, industrial savings bank, savings bank or thrift institution, savings and loan association, or building and loan association organized under the laws of the United States or any state, any insured institution as defined in Section 401 of the National Housing Act, any credit union organized under the laws of the United States or any state, any national banking association or corporation acting under Chapter 6 (commencing with Section 601) of Title 12 of the United States Code, any foreign bank, any currency dealer or exchange, any person or business engaged primarily in the cashing of checks, any person or business who regularly engages in the issuing, selling, or redeeming of traveler's checks, money orders, or similar instruments, any broker or dealer in securities registered or required to be registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, any licensed sender of money, any investment banker or investment company, any insurance company, any dealer in coins, precious metals, stones, or jewelry, any pawnbroker, any telegraph company, any person or business engaged in controlled gambling within the meaning of subdivision (e) of §. See California Penal Code 14161
  • Fire suppression: includes firefighting and fire prevention including, but not limited to, vegetation removal or management undertaken, in whole or in part, for the reduction of a fire hazard. See California Government Code 50078.1
  • firearm: has the meaning provided in subdivision (a) of Section 16520. See California Penal Code 12001
  • flash incarceration: is a period of detention in a city or county jail due to a violation of an offender's conditions of postrelease supervision. See California Penal Code 3454
  • Flood hazard zone: means an area subject to flooding that is delineated as either a special hazard area or an area of moderate hazard on an official flood insurance rate map issued by the Federal Emergency Management Agency. See California Government Code 65007
  • Flow line: means a pipeline which transports hazardous liquid substances from the well head to a treating facility or production storage facility. See California Government Code 51010.5
  • for hire: means that the entity providing transportation services is compensated for the transportation under contract or agreement. See California Vehicle Code 462
  • Foreign: means not organized under the laws of this State, whether or not admitted. See California Insurance Code 27
  • Foreign limited liability partnership: means a partnership, other than a limited partnership, formed pursuant to an agreement governed by the laws of another jurisdiction and denominated or registered as a limited liability partnership or registered limited liability partnership under the laws of that jurisdiction (i) in which each partner is a licensed person or a person licensed or authorized to provide professional limited liability partnership services in a jurisdiction or jurisdictions other than this state, (ii) which is licensed under the laws of the state to engage in the practice of architecture, the practice of public accountancy, the practice of engineering, the practice of land surveying, or the practice of law, or (iii) which (I) is related to a registered limited liability partnership that practices public accountancy or, to the extent permitted by the State Bar of California, practices law or is related to a foreign limited liability partnership and (II) provides services related or complementary to the professional limited liability partnership services provided by, or provides services or facilities to, that registered limited liability partnership or foreign limited liability partnership. See California Corporations Code 16101
  • franchise: is a written agreement between two or more persons having all of the following conditions:

    California Vehicle Code 331

  • franchise: means a contract or agreement, either expressed or implied, whether oral or written, between two or more persons by which:

    California Business and Professions Code 20001

  • Freeway: is a highway in respect to which the owners of abutting lands have no right or easement of access to or from their abutting lands or in respect to which such owners have only limited or restricted right or easement of access. See California Vehicle Code 332
  • Fuel: means any combustible material, including petroleum-based products, cultivated landscape plants, grasses, and weeds, and wildland vegetation. See California Government Code 51177
  • Fund: means the Voting Modernization Fund, created pursuant to subdivision (b) of Section 19254. See California Elections Code 19252
  • Fund: means the Victims of Corporate Fraud Compensation Fund created by Section 2280. See California Corporations Code 2281
  • Fund: means an account or trust described in Internal Revenue Service Revenue Procedure 92-64, which is maintained by the custodian of the fund. See California Government Code 50952
  • fund: means the Motor Vehicle Account in the State Transportation Fund. See California Vehicle Code 34602
  • Gambling: means to deal, operate, carry on, conduct, maintain, or expose for play a controlled game. See California Business and Professions Code 19805
  • Gambling enterprise: means a natural person or an entity, whether individual, corporate, or otherwise, that conducts a gambling operation and that by virtue is required to hold a state gambling license under this chapter. See California Business and Professions Code 19805
  • Gambling enterprise employee: means a natural person employed in the operation of a gambling enterprise, including, without limitation, dealers, floor personnel, security employees, countroom personnel, cage personnel, collection personnel, surveillance personnel, data-processing personnel, appropriate maintenance personnel, waiters and waitresses, and secretaries, or any other natural person whose employment duties require or authorize access to restricted gambling establishment areas. See California Business and Professions Code 19805
  • General election: means either of the following:

    California Elections Code 324

  • GIS mapping system: means a geographical information system that will collect, store, retrieve, analyze, and display environmental geographical data in a data base that is accessible to the public. See California Government Code 51010.5
  • Governing body: as used in this article means the board or commission provided for by a joint powers agreement, pursuant to Article 1 of this chapter. See California Government Code 6543
  • Grant of an open-space easement: means a grant by an instrument whereby the owner relinquishes to the public, either in perpetuity or for a term of years, the right to construct improvements upon the land except as may be expressly reserved in the instrument and which contains a covenant with the city or county, running with the land, either in perpetuity or for a term of years, not to construct or permit the construction of any improvements, except as that right is expressly reserved in the instrument and except for public service facilities installed for the benefit of the land subject to any covenant or public service facilities installed pursuant to an authorization by the governing body of the city or county or the Public Utilities Commission. See California Government Code 51051
  • Green Party: means the Green Party of California. See California Elections Code 7900
  • Hazardous material: includes explosives and hazardous wastes or substances as defined by regulations adopted pursuant to §. See California Vehicle Code 353
  • High priority subsurface installation: means high-pressure natural gas pipelines with normal operating pressures greater than 415kPA gauge (60psig), petroleum pipelines, pressurized sewage pipelines, high-voltage electric supply lines, conductors, or cables that have a potential to ground of greater than or equal to 60kv, or hazardous materials pipelines that are potentially hazardous to workers or the public if damaged. See California Government Code 4216
  • higher education employee: means any employee, including student employees whose employment is contingent on their status as students, of the Regents of the University of California, the Directors of the Hastings College of the Law, or the Trustees of the California State University. See California Government Code 3562
  • higher education employer: means the regents in the case of the University of California, the directors in the case of the Hastings College of the Law, and the trustees in the case of the California State University, including any person acting as an agent of an employer. See California Government Code 3562
  • Highway: is a way or place of whatever nature, publicly maintained and open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular travel. See California Vehicle Code 360
  • house car: is a motor vehicle originally designed, or permanently altered, and equipped for human habitation, or to which a camper has been permanently attached. See California Vehicle Code 362
  • Hydrostatic testing: means the application of internal pressure above the normal or maximum operating pressure to a segment of pipeline, under no-flow conditions for a fixed period of time, utilizing a liquid test medium. See California Government Code 51010.5
  • Immediate vicinity: means the area within a distance of 100 feet from the room or rooms in which the voters are signing the roster and casting ballots. See California Elections Code 18546
  • Impasse: means that the parties to a dispute over matters within the scope of representation have reached a point in meeting and negotiating at which their differences in positions are so substantial or prolonged that future meetings would be futile. See California Government Code 3540.1
  • Impasse: means that the parties have reached a point in meeting and conferring at which their differences in positions are such that further meetings would be futile. See California Government Code 3562
  • Improvement: means one or any combination of the following:

    California Government Code 50060

  • improvements: means any or all of the following property acquired, constructed or installed by a local agency with funds derived from special assessments under the Improvement Act of 1911 (Division 7 (commencing at Section 5000), Streets and Highways Code) or any other law:

    California Government Code 50550

  • Incidental expenses: include all of the following:

    California Government Code 50060

  • Indenture: as used in this article means the instrument providing the terms and conditions for the issuance of the revenue bonds, and may be a resolution, order, agreement or other instrument. See California Government Code 6544
  • Infill opportunity zone: means a specific area designated by a city or county, pursuant to subdivision (c) of Section 65088. See California Government Code 65088.1
  • Initiating resolution: means a resolution by which a legislative body determines that public interest or necessity demands the issuance of bonds. See California Government Code 50665.1
  • Insignia: includes badge, motto, button, decoration, charm, emblem, or rosette. See California Corporations Code 21300
  • Inspector: means the supervisor of the precinct board of which he or she is a member. See California Elections Code 325
  • Insurance agent: means a person authorized, by and on behalf of an insurer, to transact all classes of insurance other than life, disability, or health insurance, on behalf of an admitted insurance company. See California Insurance Code 31
  • Insurance broker: means a person who, for compensation and on behalf of another person, transacts insurance other than life, disability, or health with, but not on behalf of, an insurer. See California Insurance Code 33
  • Insurer: means any person, firm, association, or corporation duly licensed as an insurer and operating under a certificate of authority in this state. See California Insurance Code 769.81
  • Interregional travel: means any trips that originate outside the boundary of the agency. See California Government Code 65088.1
  • Joint county park board: means a board, commission, or other public entity organized pursuant to an agreement made in accordance with Article 1 (commencing with Section 6500) of this chapter for the purpose of improving, operating, and maintaining a single park or other recreation facility located within more than one county, if none of the territory within the park or other recreation facility is contained within an incorporated city, and further, if all of the counties within which the park or other recreation facility is located are parties to the agreement creating the board, commission, or other public entity. See California Government Code 6580
  • Judgment debtor: means a corporation or agent against which a judgment, arbitration award, or criminal restitution order has been entered for conduct constituting intentional fraud. See California Corporations Code 2281
  • Justice reinvestment: is a data-driven approach to reduce corrections and related criminal justice spending and reinvest savings in strategies designed to increase public safety. See California Penal Code 17.5
  • knowingly: import s only a knowledge that the facts exist which bring the act or omission within the provisions of this code. See California Penal Code 7
  • Landowner: includes a lessee or trustee, if the expiration of the lease or trust occurs at a time later than the expiration of the open-space restriction or any extension thereof. See California Government Code 51075
  • Landowner: includes a lessee or trustee, if the expiration of the lease or trust occurs at a time later than the expiration of the restriction of the use of the land to photovoltaic solar facilities or any extension of the restriction. See California Government Code 51190
  • law: means any federal law relating to internal revenue. See California Government Code 1170
  • Legal excavation start date and time: means two working days, not including the date of notification, unless the excavator specifies a later date and time, which shall not be more than 14 calendar days from the date of notification. See California Government Code 4216
  • Legislative body: as used in this division , means board of supervisors in the case of a county or city and county, and city council or board of trustees in the case of a city, unless the context otherwise requires. See California Government Code 50002
  • Legislative body: means the city council, board of supervisors, or any other governing body of a local agency. See California Government Code 50060
  • Legislative body: means the board of directors, trustees, governors, or any other governing body of a local agency specified in subdivision (b). See California Government Code 50078.1
  • Legislative body: means the legislative body of a local agency. See California Government Code 50230
  • Legislative body: means the city council in the case of a city, and the board of supervisors in the case of a county. See California Government Code 50665.1
  • legislative body: means board of trustees, city council, or other governing body of a city. See California Government Code 34000
  • Level of service standard: is a threshold that defines a deficiency on the congestion management program highway and roadway system which requires the preparation of a deficiency plan. See California Government Code 65088.1
  • License: as used in this chapter also includes a "permit". See California Business and Professions Code 18631
  • license: means license, certificate, registration, or other means to engage in a business or profession regulated by this code or referred to in Section 1000 or 3600. See California Business and Professions Code 23.7
  • license: shall include a permit or a certificate issued by a state agency. See California Penal Code 23
  • Licensee: means any person authorized by a license, certificate, registration, or other means to engage in a business or profession regulated by this code or referred to in Sections 1000 and 3600. See California Business and Professions Code 23.8
  • Lighting equipment: is a ny of the following lamps or devices:

    California Vehicle Code 375

  • Local agency: means a city, county, city and county, or district responsible for fire protection within a very high fire hazard severity zone. See California Government Code 51177
  • Local agency: as used in this division means county, city, or city and county, unless the context otherwise requires. See California Government Code 50001
  • local agency: includes any of the following:

    California Government Code 7920.510

  • Local agency: means any city, county, or city and county, whether general law or chartered. See California Government Code 50060
  • Local agency: means any county, city, city and county, including a charter city or county, or any special district. See California Government Code 50075.5
  • Local agency: means any city, county, or city and county, whether general law or chartered, or special district, including a county service area created pursuant to the County Service Area Law (Chapter 2. See California Government Code 50078.1
  • Local agency: means a city, a city and county, or a county. See California Government Code 50230
  • local agency: includes any board or department of the local agency. See California Government Code 50660
  • Local agency: as used in this article , means a county, city, city and county, political subdivision, district, or municipal corporation. See California Government Code 1125
  • Local agency: means any county, city, or city and county, including a chartered city, or special district, including a school district. See California Government Code 50665.1
  • Local agency: means a city, county, city and county, school district, or special district. See California Government Code 4216
  • Local agency: includes a county. See California Government Code 6252
  • Local agency: means any city, county, city and county, school district, special district, authority, other political subdivision of or within the state, an association or consortium of school districts formed or operating pursuant to §. See California Government Code 6599.02
  • Local agency: as used in this article means any public agency designated in Section 6500 other than the federal government or any federal department or agency, this state, an adjoining state, or any state department or agency. See California Government Code 6542.5
  • Local authorities: means the legislative body of every county or municipality having authority to adopt local police regulations. See California Vehicle Code 385
  • Local election: is a municipal, county, or district election. See California Elections Code 328
  • Local jurisdiction: means a city, a county, or a city and county. See California Government Code 65088.1
  • Locate and field mark: means to indicate the existence of any owned or maintained subsurface installations by using the guidelines in Appendix B of the "Guidelines for Operator Facility Field Delineation" published in the most recent version of the Best Practices guide of the Common Ground Alliance and in conformance with the uniform color code of the American Public Works Association. See California Government Code 4216
  • magistrate: signifies any one of the officers mentioned in Section 808. See California Penal Code 7
  • maintenance: means the furnishing of services and materials for the ordinary and usual maintenance, operation, and servicing of any improvement, including, but not limited to, all of the following:

    California Government Code 50060

  • maliciously: import a wish to vex, annoy, or injure another person, or an intent to do a wrongful act, established either by proof or presumption of law. See California Penal Code 7
  • managed wetland area: is a n area, which may be an area diked off from the ocean or any bay, river or stream to which water is occasionally admitted, and which, for at least three consecutive years immediately prior to being placed within an agricultural preserve pursuant to this chapter, was used and maintained as a waterfowl hunting preserve or game refuge or for agricultural purposes. See California Government Code 51201
  • Managerial employee: means any employee having significant responsibilities for formulating or administering policies and programs. See California Government Code 3562
  • mandatory supervision: shall mean the portion of a defendant's sentenced term during which time he or she is supervised by the county probation officer pursuant to subparagraph (B) of paragraph (5) of subdivision (h) of Section 1170. See California Penal Code 19.9
  • Marketable securities: means securities that are freely traded on recognized exchanges or marketplaces. See California Government Code 7601
  • Materials: includes articles and supplies. See California Government Code 4300
  • Measure: means any constitutional amendment or other proposition submitted to a popular vote at any election. See California Elections Code 329
  • Mediation: means the efforts of a third person, or persons, functioning as intermediaries, to assist the parties in reaching a voluntary resolution to an impasse. See California Government Code 3562
  • Meet and confer: means the performance of the mutual obligation of the higher education employer and the exclusive representative of its employees to meet at reasonable times and to confer in good faith with respect to matters within the scope of representation and to endeavor to reach agreement on matters within the scope of representation. See California Government Code 3562
  • Meeting and negotiating: means meeting, conferring, negotiating, and discussing by the exclusive representative and the public school employer in a good faith effort to reach agreement on matters within the scope of representation and the execution, if requested by either party, of a written document incorporating any agreements reached, which document shall, when accepted by the exclusive representative and the public school employer, become binding upon both parties and, notwithstanding Section 3543. See California Government Code 3540.1
  • Member: means a person who, by the records of the mutual company and by its articles of incorporation or bylaws, is deemed to be a holder of a membership interest in the mutual company. See California Insurance Code 11535.1
  • Member: means a volunteer of a department, the governing body of which has contracted with the board under this chapter, and who has been certified by a qualifications review commission as having satisfied all the requirements for membership as set established by the board. See California Government Code 50952
  • Member of the public: means any person, except a member, agent, officer, or employee of a federal, state, or local agency acting within the scope of his or her membership, agency, office, or employment. See California Government Code 6252
  • Membership interests: means the interests of members arising under this code and the articles of incorporation and bylaws of the mutual company or otherwise by law. See California Insurance Code 11535.1
  • missing person: includes , but is not limited to, any of the following:

    California Penal Code 14215

  • Monetary instrument: means United States currency and coin. See California Penal Code 14161
  • month: means a calendar month, unless otherwise expressed. See California Penal Code 7
  • motor carrier of property: means any person who operates any commercial motor vehicle as defined in subdivision (c). See California Vehicle Code 34601
  • motor vehicle: includes a recreational vehicle as that term is defined in subdivision (a) of §. See California Vehicle Code 415
  • Motor vehicle fuel: includes gasoline, natural gasoline, blends of gasoline and alcohol, or gasoline and oxygenates, and any inflammable liquid, by whatever name the liquid may be known or sold, which is used or is usable for propelling motor vehicles operated by the explosion type engine. See California Government Code 51010.5
  • motortruck: is a motor vehicle designed, used, or maintained primarily for the transportation of property. See California Vehicle Code 410
  • Multimodal: means the utilization of all available modes of travel that enhance the movement of people and goods, including, but not limited to, highway, transit, nonmotorized, and demand management strategies including, but not limited to, telecommuting. See California Government Code 65088.1
  • Municipal election: means elections in general law cities and where applicable in chartered cities. See California Elections Code 330
  • Mutual company: means , in the case of a plan of conversion, the mutual life insurer, mutual property-casualty insurer, or mutual holding company that is converting pursuant to such plan. See California Insurance Code 11535.1
  • Mutual holding company: means a corporation organized under the laws of this state subject to the General Corporation Law as set forth in the Corporations Code. See California Insurance Code 11535.1
  • Mutual insurer: means , in the case of a plan of conversion under this chapter, the mutual life insurer or mutual property-casualty insurer that is converting pursuant to such plan. See California Insurance Code 11535.1
  • Mutual life insurer: means a domestic incorporated mutual life insurer, or domestic mutual life and disability insurer, that issues nonassessable policies on a reserve basis. See California Insurance Code 11535.1
  • negligently: import a want of such attention to the nature or probable consequences of the act or omission as a prudent man ordinarily bestows in acting in his own concerns. See California Penal Code 7
  • newspaper: includes weekly newspaper, magazine, periodical or other publication. See California Government Code 6075
  • Nominate: means the selection, at a state-conducted primary election, of candidates who are entitled by law to participate in the general election for that office, but does not mean any other lawful mechanism that a political party may adopt for the purposes of choosing the candidate who is preferred by the party for a nonpartisan or voter-nominated office. See California Elections Code 332.5
  • Nonconforming use: means any use within a TPZ which lawfully existed on the effective date of zoning established pursuant to Sections 51112 and 51113, and continuing since that time, which is not a compatible use. See California Government Code 51104
  • Nonpartisan office: means an office, except for a voter-nominated office, for which no party may nominate a candidate. See California Elections Code 334
  • Nonprofit organization: means any organization qualifying under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code in the preceding tax year, and which includes the preservation of open space as a stated purpose in its articles of incorporation. See California Government Code 51075
  • Nonvisual: means synthesized speech, braille, and other output methods that do not require sight. See California Elections Code 19241
  • notice: includes official advertising, resolutions, orders, or other matter of any nature whatsoever that are required by law to be published in a newspaper of general circulation. See California Government Code 6060
  • notice of a public hearing: means a notice that includes the date, time, and place of a public hearing, the identity of the hearing body or officer, a general explanation of the matter to be considered, and a general description, in text or by diagram, of the location of the real property, if any, that is the subject of the hearing. See California Government Code 65094
  • Oath: includes affirmation. See California Elections Code 335
  • Oath: includes affirmation. See California Corporations Code 16
  • Oath: includes affirmation. See California Vehicle Code 16
  • Oath: includes affirmation. See California Government Code 15
  • Oath: includes affirmation. See California Insurance Code 17
  • office: means the Office of Emergency Services. See California Penal Code 14113
  • Open-space easement: means any right or interest in perpetuity or for a term of years in open-space land acquired by a county, city, or nonprofit organization pursuant to this chapter where the deed or other instrument granting such right or interest imposes restrictions which, through limitation of future use, will effectively preserve for public use or enjoyment the natural or scenic character of such open-space land. See California Government Code 51075
  • Open-space land: means any parcel or area of land or water which is essentially unimproved and devoted to an open-space use as defined in §. See California Government Code 51075
  • Open-space plan: means the open-space element of a county or city general plan adopted by the local governing body pursuant to §. See California Government Code 51075
  • Operator: means any person, corporation, partnership, business trust, public agency, or other entity that owns, operates, or maintains a subsurface installation. See California Government Code 4216
  • Original board: means the first board of directors constituted and selected pursuant to Section 6599. See California Government Code 6599.02
  • owner: is a person having all the incidents of ownership, including the legal title of a vehicle whether or not such person lends, rents, or creates a security interest in the vehicle. See California Vehicle Code 460
  • Owner: means any lessee or trustee, if the expiration of the lease or trust occurs at a time later than the expiration of the easement or any extension thereof. See California Government Code 51051
  • Owner licensee: means an owner of a gambling enterprise who holds a state gambling license. See California Business and Professions Code 19805
  • Paper cast vote record: means an auditable document that corresponds to the selection made on the voter's ballot and lists the contests on the ballot and the voter's selections for those contests. See California Elections Code 19271
  • Parallel monitoring: means the testing of a randomly selected sampling of voting equipment on election day designed to simulate actual election conditions to confirm that the system is registering votes accurately. See California Elections Code 19271
  • Parcel: means that portion of an assessor's parcel that is timberland, as defined. See California Government Code 51104
  • Park: means a park or other recreation facility operated and maintained by a joint county park board. See California Government Code 6580
  • Parking cash-out program: means an employer-funded program under which an employer offers to provide a cash allowance to an employee equivalent to the parking subsidy that the employer would otherwise pay to provide the employee with a parking space. See California Government Code 65088.1
  • Parking subsidy: means the difference between the out-of-pocket amount paid by an employer on a regular basis in order to secure the availability of an employee parking space not owned by the employer and the price, if any, charged to an employee for use of that space. See California Government Code 65088.1
  • Partnership: means an association of two or more persons to carry on as coowners a business for profit formed under Section 16202, predecessor law, or comparable law of another jurisdiction, and includes, for all purposes of the laws of this state, a registered limited liability partnership, and excludes any partnership formed under Chapter 4. See California Corporations Code 16101
  • Partnership agreement: means the agreement, whether written, oral, or implied, among the partners concerning the partnership, including amendments to the partnership agreement. See California Corporations Code 16101
  • Partnership at will: means a partnership in which the partners have not agreed to remain partners until the expiration of a definite term or the completion of a particular undertaking. See California Corporations Code 16101
  • Party: means a political party or organization that has qualified for participation in any primary or presidential general election. See California Elections Code 338
  • party-nominated office: means any of the following offices:

    California Elections Code 337

  • passenger vehicle: is a ny motor vehicle, other than a motortruck, truck tractor, or a bus, as defined in Section 233, and used or maintained for the transportation of persons. See California Vehicle Code 465
  • passenger vehicle: means any motor vehicle defined in Section 465, except any of the following motor vehicles:

    California Vehicle Code 34710

  • peace officer: signify any one of the officers mentioned in Chapter 4. See California Penal Code 7
  • peace officer: means a sheriff, undersheriff, deputy sheriff, marshal, or deputy marshal of a county or city and county, or a marshal or police officer of a city or town, employed and compensated as such, whether the members are volunteer, partly paid, or fully paid, except those whose principal duties are clerical, such as stenographers, telephone operators, and other workers not engaged in law enforcement operations, or the protection or preservation of life or property, and not under suspension or otherwise lacking in good standing. See California Government Code 50920
  • Performance measure: is a n analytical planning tool that is used to quantitatively evaluate transportation improvements and to assist in determining effective implementation actions, considering all modes and strategies. See California Government Code 65088.1
  • Person: means an individual, partnership, firm, association, corporation, joint-stock company, limited liability company, trust, government or governmental agency, state or political subdivision of a state, public or private corporation, board, association, estate, trustee, or fiduciary, or any similar entity. See California Insurance Code 11535.1
  • person: includes a corporation as well as a natural person. See California Penal Code 7
  • person: includes any natural person, corporation, partnership, limited liability company, firm, or association. See California Government Code 7920.520
  • Person: includes a natural person, firm, copartnership, association, limited liability company, or corporation. See California Vehicle Code 470
  • Person: includes a corporation as well as a natural person. See California Corporations Code 18
  • person: includes a California Native American tribe that is on the contact list maintained by the Native American Heritage Commission. See California Government Code 65092
  • Person: means an individual, corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, limited partnership, limited liability partnership, limited liability company, association, joint venture, government, governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, or any other legal or commercial entity. See California Corporations Code 16101
  • person: as used in this article in reference to a person liable to pay a charge includes districts formed for the purpose of constructing or maintaining sewers. See California Government Code 50142
  • Person: means any individual, firm, copartnership, corporation, company, association, joint stock association, city or county, or district, and includes any trustee, receiver, or assignee. See California Government Code 50485.1
  • Person: means one or more individuals, organizations, associations, corporations, boards, committees, commissions, agencies, or their representatives. See California Government Code 3562
  • person: includes a firm, association, corporation, campaign committee or organization. See California Elections Code 20200
  • Person: includes any natural person, corporation, partnership, limited liability company, firm, or association. See California Government Code 6252
  • Person: includes any person, firm, association, organization, partnership, limited liability company, business trust, corporation, or company. See California Government Code 17
  • Person: means any person, firm, association, organization, partnership, business trust, corporation, limited liability company, or company. See California Water Code 19
  • Person: means any person, association, organization, partnership, business trust, limited liability company, or corporation. See California Insurance Code 19
  • personal property: include money, goods, chattels, things in action, and evidences of debt. See California Penal Code 7
  • pilot car: is a motor vehicle, except a motorcycle, motorized bicycle, or motorized quadricycle, which is used to escort one or more other vehicles, when required, due to the vehicles' size or character of load, in accordance with conditions set forth in a permit issued by the appropriate state agency or by a local authority. See California Vehicle Code 472
  • Pipeline: includes every intrastate pipeline used for the transportation of hazardous liquid substances or highly volatile liquid substances, including a common carrier pipeline, and all piping containing those substances located within a refined products bulk loading facility which is owned by a common carrier and is served by a pipeline of that common carrier, and the common carrier owns and serves by pipeline at least five such facilities in the state. See California Government Code 51010.5
  • plan: means a plan adopted by a mutual company in compliance with this chapter. See California Insurance Code 11535.1
  • Planning review area: means the territory included in a general plan or in any specific plan of a city or county. See California Government Code 65919
  • Pledged revenue: means a specified annual dollar amount from a specified source or combination of sources of revenue, which the legislative body of a local agency, in a resolution providing for the issuance of limited obligation bonds, has designated and pledged as security for the bonds in accordance with Section 50665. See California Government Code 50665.1
  • pole or pipe dolly: is a vehicle, other than a motor vehicle, having one or more axles which axles, if there be more than one, are not more than 54 inches apart, and two or more wheels, used in connection with a motor vehicle solely for the purpose of transporting poles, timbers, pipes, or integral structural materials and connected with the towing vehicle both by chain, rope, cable, or drawbar, and by the load, without any part of the weight of the dolly resting upon the towing vehicle. See California Vehicle Code 475
  • Policy: means an individual or group policy of insurance issued by a life insurer. See California Insurance Code 11535.1
  • Policyholder: means the holder of a policy other than a reinsurance contract. See California Insurance Code 11535.1
  • policyholders: as used in this chapter shall be deemed to mean the person or persons insured under an individual policy of life insurance, or of disability insurance, or of any combination of life and disability insurance. See California Insurance Code 11526
  • Polling place: means a location where a voter casts a ballot and includes the following terms, as applicable: poll, polling location, and vote center. See California Elections Code 338.5
  • Precinct: means a geographical area within a county that is made up of voters and is formed pursuant to Chapter 3 (commencing with Section 12200) of Division 12. See California Elections Code 338.6
  • precinct board: means the board appointed by the elections official to serve at a vote center. See California Elections Code 339
  • Precinct board member: is a member of the precinct board and includes an election officer. See California Elections Code 339
  • presidential elector: as used in this chapter means an elector of President and Vice President of the United States, and not an elector as defined in Section 321. See California Elections Code 6900
  • Primary code: as used in this article , means any code which is directly adopted by reference, in whole or in part, by any ordinance passed pursuant to this article. See California Government Code 50022.1
  • Primary election: includes all primary nominating elections provided for by this code. See California Elections Code 341
  • Prime agricultural land: means any of the following:

    California Government Code 51201

  • Private detention facility: means a detention facility that is operated by a private, nongovernmental, for-profit entity, and operating pursuant to a contract or agreement with a governmental entity. See California Penal Code 9500
  • Process: includes a writ or summons issued in the course of judicial proceedings of either a civil or criminal nature. See California Government Code 22
  • Produced: includes mined and manufactured. See California Government Code 4300
  • Production facility: means piping or equipment used in the production, extraction, recovery, lifting, stabilization, separation, or treatment of petroleum or associated storage or measurement. See California Government Code 51010.5
  • Professional employee: means :

    California Government Code 3562

  • Project: as used in this article includes buildings, structures, improvements and all facilities appurtenant thereto or provided therefor together with land and offstreet parking facilities necessary therefor to be financed by revenue bonds issued pursuant to this article. See California Government Code 6545
  • property: includes both real and personal property. See California Penal Code 7
  • Property: means all property, real, personal, or mixed, tangible or intangible, or any interest therein. See California Corporations Code 16101
  • Property broker-agent: means a person licensed pursuant to Section 1625. See California Insurance Code 33.5
  • Proposed action: means a proposal to adopt or amend all or part of a general or specific plan or to adopt or amend a zoning ordinance, but does not include action taken by an ordinance that became effective immediately pursuant to subdivision (b) or (d) of Section 25123 or pursuant to Section 65858. See California Government Code 65919
  • Protection: means formal admission into a witness protection program established by this title memorialized by a written agreement between local or state prosecutors and the witness. See California Penal Code 14021
  • Public agency: includes counties, cities, municipal corporations, political subdivisions, public districts, and other public agencies of the state. See California Government Code 1150
  • Public agency: as used in this chapter , includes the State, its various commissions, boards and departments and any county, city, district or state agency authorized to enter into contracts for public work. See California Government Code 4401
  • Public agency: means any state or local agency. See California Government Code 6252
  • public agency: includes , but is not limited to, the federal government or any federal department or agency, this state, another state or any state department or agency, a county, county board of education, county superintendent of schools, city, public corporation, public district, regional transportation commission of this state or another state, a federally recognized Indian tribe, or any joint powers authority formed pursuant to this article by any of these agencies. See California Government Code 6500
  • public body: means any county, city and county, city, municipal corporation, political subdivision, school district, or any other public district or public corporation, any public authority, or any agency of any thereof. See California Government Code 1101
  • Public drinking water well: means a wellhead that provides drinking water to a public water system as defined in §. See California Government Code 51010.5
  • Public employer: means the state, the Regents of the University of California, the Trustees of the California State University and the California State University, the Judicial Council, a trial court, a county, city, district, public authority, including transit district, public agency, or any other political subdivision or public corporation of the state, except as provided in paragraph (2). See California Government Code 1150
  • public improvement: means facilities or interests in real property, including easements, rights-of-way, and interests in fee title, owned by a public agency or person, as defined in subdivision (a) of Section 51291. See California Government Code 51290.5
  • public records: includes any writing containing information relating to the conduct of the public's business prepared, owned, used, or retained by any state or local agency regardless of physical form or characteristics. See California Government Code 7920.530
  • Public records: includes any writing containing information relating to the conduct of the public's business prepared, owned, used, or retained by any state or local agency regardless of physical form or characteristics. See California Government Code 6252
  • public safety official: means the following parties, whether active or retired:

    California Government Code 7920.535

  • public securities: means any issue of bonds, notes, warrants, or other evidences of indebtedness and the interest coupons, if any, attached thereto, issued by any public body. See California Government Code 1100
  • public square: means any area or open space showing on a map or plat of a city, town, or village which has been filed or recorded in the office of the county clerk or county recorder of any county for more than fifty years and which is designated on the map or plat as a "square" or by other similar designation when no other words or insignia appear upon the map or plat showing the purposes for which the square may have been dedicated and when no deed, offer of dedication or other instrument appears of record in the office of the county recorder showing or indicating the purposes for which the same may have been dedicated. See California Government Code 50530
  • Published: as used in this article , means issued in printed, lithographed, multigraphed, mimeographed or similar form. See California Government Code 50022.1
  • Punchcard: means a tabulating card on which the voter may record his or her vote by punching, marking, or slotting. See California Elections Code 344
  • Qualified person: means a person who completes a training program in accordance with the requirements of Section 1509 of Title 8 of the California Code of Regulations Injury and Illness Prevention Program, that meets the minimum locators training guidelines and practices published in the most recent version of the Best Practices guide of the Common Ground Alliance. See California Government Code 4216
  • Real property: as used in this article is coextensive with lands, tenements, and hereditaments and includes land, any interest or estate in land, and any servitude upon land. See California Government Code 50301
  • Rebuttable presumption: shall be deemed a presumption which affects the burden of producing evidence. See California Elections Code 346
  • recognized employee organization: means an employee organization that has been recognized by an employer as the exclusive representative pursuant to Article 5 (commencing with Section 3544). See California Government Code 3540.1
  • regional agency: means the agency responsible for preparation of the regional transportation improvement program. See California Government Code 65088.1
  • Regional notification center: means a nonprofit association or other organization of operators of subsurface installations that provides advance warning of excavations or other work close to existing subsurface installations, for the purpose of protecting those installations from damage, removal, relocation, or repair. See California Government Code 4216
  • Registered limited liability partnership: means a partnership, other than a limited partnership, formed pursuant to an agreement governed by Article 10 (commencing with Section 16951), that is registered under Section 16953 and (i) each of the partners of which is a licensed person or a person licensed or authorized to provide professional limited liability partnership services in a jurisdiction or jurisdictions other than this state, (ii) is licensed under the laws of the state to engage in the practice of architecture, the practice of public accountancy, the practice of engineering, the practice of land surveying, or the practice of law, or (iii)(I) is related to a registered limited liability partnership that practices public accountancy or, to the extent permitted by the State Bar of California, practices law or is related to a foreign limited liability partnership and (II) provides services related or complementary to the professional limited liability partnership services provided by, or provides services or facilities to, that registered limited liability partnership or foreign limited liability partnership. See California Corporations Code 16101
  • registered owner: is a person registered by the department as the owner of a vehicle. See California Vehicle Code 505
  • Regular election: is a n election, the specific time for the holding of which is prescribed by law. See California Elections Code 348
  • remote interest: means any of the following:

    California Government Code 1091

  • representative: is a ny person regularly employed by a manufacturer or distributor for the purpose of negotiating or promoting the sale of the manufacturer's or distributer's vehicles to their franchisees or for regularly supervising or contacting franchisees or prospective franchisees in this state for any purpose. See California Vehicle Code 512
  • Resident: means residing in this State, "nonresident" means not residing in this State. See California Insurance Code 30
  • Residential development: means a project containing residential dwellings, including mobilehomes, of one or more units or a subdivision of land for the purpose of constructing one or more residential dwelling units. See California Government Code 65973
  • Resolution: means a resolution by which a legislative body authorizes the issuance, sale, and delivery of bonds. See California Government Code 50665.1
  • retarder: is a device, other than a brake, which, when activated by the driver, applies a retarding force to the wheels of a vehicle without the use of friction. See California Vehicle Code 521
  • Revenue: as used in this chapter shall mean all fees, rates, charges, rentals or other income and revenue actually received or receivable by or for the account of the board from the operation of any particular project including without limiting the generality of the foregoing interest allowed on any moneys or securities and any proceeds derived from the sale of any securities and any consideration in any way derived from the particular project owned, operated or maintained by the board. See California Government Code 50798.2
  • Revenues: include the proceeds of ad valorem taxes on real property levied by, or allocated to, the local agency, and the proceeds of sales and use taxes. See California Government Code 50665.1
  • Rights in surplus: includes rights of members of the insurer to a distribution of surplus in liquidation or conservation of the insurer under this code, or in a dissolution or winding up. See California Insurance Code 11535.1
  • Risk-limiting audit: means a post-election process that involves hand-to-eye, human inspection of ballots in such a manner that if a full manual tally of all the ballots cast in the contest would show different outcomes than the results reported by the voting system, there is at most a five percent chance that the post-election process will not lead to such a full manual tally. See California Elections Code 15366
  • Road: means any existing vehicle route established before January 1, 1979, with significant evidence of prior regular travel by vehicles subject to registration pursuant to Article 1 (commencing with Section 4000) of Chapter 1 of Division 3. See California Vehicle Code 527
  • Roster: means the official list of voters for an election, which may be in paper or electronic form. See California Elections Code 349.5
  • Rural area: means a location which lies outside the limits of any incorporated or unincorporated city or city and county, or other residential or commercial area, such as a subdivision, a business, a shopping center, or a community development. See California Government Code 51010.5
  • Sacramento-San Joaquin Valley: means lands in the bed or along or near the banks of the Sacramento River or San Joaquin River, or their tributaries or connected therewith, or upon any land adjacent thereto, or within the overflow basins thereof, or upon land susceptible to overflow therefrom. See California Government Code 65007
  • saltpond: is a n area which, for at least three consecutive years immediately prior to being placed within an agricultural preserve pursuant to this chapter, has been used for the solar evaporation of seawater in the course of salt production for commercial purposes. See California Government Code 51201
  • scenic highway corridor: is a n area adjacent to, and within view of, the right-of-way of:

    California Government Code 51201

  • schoolbus: is a motor vehicle designed, used, or maintained for the transportation of any school pupil at or below the 12th grade level to or from a public or private school or to or from public or private school activities, except the following:

    California Vehicle Code 545

  • scope of representation: means , and is limited to, wages, hours of employment, and other terms and conditions of employment. See California Government Code 3562
  • seal: includes an impression of such seal upon the paper alone, or upon any substance attached to the paper capable of receiving a visible impression. See California Penal Code 7
  • Secondary code: as used in this article , means any code which is incorporated by reference, directly or indirectly, in whole or in part, in any primary code or in any secondary code. See California Government Code 50022.1
  • Security loan agreement: means a written contract whereby a legal owner (the lender) agrees to lend specific marketable corporate or government securities for a period not to exceed one year. See California Government Code 7601
  • semitrailer: is a vehicle designed for carrying persons or property, used in conjunction with a motor vehicle, and so constructed that some part of its weight and that of its load rests upon, or is carried by, another vehicle. See California Vehicle Code 550
  • Service credit: means the aggregate of certified service credit. See California Government Code 50952
  • Service year: means the period beginning July 1 and ending June 30 of the following year. See California Government Code 50952
  • Services: means the application, from an aircraft, of chemicals, seeds, or fertilizers. See California Government Code 4360
  • Shade trailer: means a device designed and utilized to provide shade pursuant to Section 3395 of Title 8 of the California Code of Regulations. See California Vehicle Code 553
  • Signature: includes either of the following:

    California Elections Code 354.5

  • Signature: includes mark when the signer cannot write, such signer's name being written near the mark by a witness who writes his own name near the signer's name. See California Corporations Code 17
  • Software: includes all programs, voting devices, cards, ballot cards or papers, operating manuals or instructions, test procedures, printouts, and other nonmechanical or nonelectrical items necessary to the operation of a voting system. See California Elections Code 355
  • Solar-use easement: means any right or interest acquired by a county, or city in perpetuity, for a term of years, or annually self-renewing as provided in Section 51191. See California Government Code 51190
  • Special district: means an agency of the state, formed pursuant to general law or a special act, for the performance of governmental or proprietary functions, with limited geographic boundaries, including, but not limited to, a school district and a community college district. See California Government Code 50075.5
  • Special election: is a n election, the specific time for the holding of which is not prescribed by law. See California Elections Code 356
  • spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by §. See California Penal Code 7
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by §. See California Elections Code 356.5
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by §. See California Corporations Code 12.2
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by §. See California Government Code 12.2
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by §. See California Insurance Code 12.2
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Business and Professions Code 21
  • state: when applied to the different parts of the United States, includes the District of Columbia and the territories, and the words "United States" may include the district and territories. See California Penal Code 7
  • State: means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, or any territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. See California Corporations Code 16101
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Water Code 18
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Insurance Code 28
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Education Code 77
  • state agency: shall include any state board, commission, bureau, or division created pursuant to the provisions of the Business and Professions Code, the Education Code, or the Chiropractic Initiative Act to license and regulate individuals who engage in certain businesses and professions. See California Penal Code 23
  • state agency: includes every state office, officer, department, division, bureau, board, and commission. See California Government Code 11000
  • State agency: means every state agency, department, division, bureau, board, or commission. See California Government Code 4216
  • State agency: means every state office, officer, department, division, bureau, board, and commission or other state body or agency, except those agencies provided for in Article IV (except Section 20 thereof) or Article VI of the California Constitution. See California Government Code 6252
  • State employee: means all persons who receive wages for services through the uniform payroll system established and administered by the Controller under Section 12470. See California Government Code 1150
  • Statement: means a statement of partnership authority under Section 16303, a statement of denial under Section 16304, a statement of dissociation under Section 16704, a statement of dissolution under Section 16805, a statement of conversion or a certificate of conversion under Section 16906, a statement of merger under Section 16915, or an amendment or cancellation of any of the foregoing. See California Corporations Code 16101
  • Statewide election: is a n election held throughout the state. See California Elections Code 357
  • Stock holding company: means a corporation authorized to issue one or more classes of capital stock, the corporate purposes of which include holding all of the voting stock in an insurer that has been converted from a mutual life insurer to a stock life insurer in proceedings under Section 11537. See California Insurance Code 11535.1
  • Structure: means any object constructed or installed by man, including, but without limitation, buildings, towers, smokestacks, and overhead lines. See California Government Code 50485.1
  • Subdivision: means a subdivision of the section in which that term occurs, unless some other section is expressly mentioned. See California Business and Professions Code 15
  • Subdivision: means a subdivision of the section in which the term occurs unless some other section is expressly mentioned. See California Government Code 10
  • submerged area: is a ny land determined by the board or council to be submerged or subject to tidal action and found by the board or council to be of great value to the state as open space. See California Government Code 51201
  • subscription: includes mark when the signer or subscriber can not write, such signer's or subscriber's name being written near the mark by a witness who writes his own name near the signer's or subscriber's name. See California Government Code 16
  • subscription: includes mark when the signer or subscriber can not write, such signer's or subscriber's name being written near the mark by a witness who writes his own name near the signer's or subscriber's name. See California Insurance Code 18
  • Subsurface installation: means any underground pipeline, conduit, duct, wire, or other structure, except nonpressurized sewerlines, nonpressurized storm drains, or other nonpressurized drain lines. See California Government Code 4216
  • Superintendent: means street superintendent, his assistants and deputies, or other public officer designated by the legislative body to perform the duties imposed by this article upon the superintendent. See California Government Code 50230
  • supplies: includes goods, wares, merchandise, and manufactures. See California Government Code 4330
  • Supplies: means supplies used by an agricultural aircraft operator in performing services. See California Government Code 4360
  • Tank vehicle: means any truck, trailer, or semitrailer equipped with a cargo tank which is used for the transportation of flammable liquids or combustible liquids within this state. See California Vehicle Code 34003
  • Tax rate area: means a geographical area in which there is a unique combination of tax levies. See California Government Code 51104
  • Terminal: is a place where a vehicle of a type listed in Section 34500 is regularly garaged or maintained, or from which the vehicle is operated or dispatched. See California Vehicle Code 595
  • this law: refer to the applicable provisions of this division unless the context otherwise requires. See California Corporations Code 29500
  • Ticket: means an excavation location request issued a number by the regional notification center. See California Government Code 4216
  • Timber: means trees of any species maintained for eventual harvest for forest products purposes, whether planted or of natural growth, standing or down, on privately or publicly owned land, including Christmas trees, but does not mean nursery stock. See California Government Code 51104
  • Timberland: means privately owned land, or land acquired for state forest purposes, which is devoted to and used for growing and harvesting timber, or for growing and harvesting timber and compatible uses, and which is capable of growing an average annual volume of wood fiber of at least 15 cubic feet per acre. See California Government Code 51104
  • timberland preserve zone: means "timberland production zone. See California Government Code 51104
  • Tolerance zone: means 24 inches on each side of the field marking placed by the operator in one of the following ways:

    California Government Code 4216

  • tow truck: is a motor vehicle which has been altered or designed and equipped for, and primarily used in the business of, transporting vehicles by means of a crane, hoist, tow bar, tow line, or dolly or is otherwise primarily used to render assistance to other vehicles. See California Vehicle Code 615
  • Town: includes "unincorporated town" and "village. See California Government Code 21
  • TPZ: means an area which has been zoned pursuant to Section 51112 or 51113 and is devoted to and used for growing and harvesting timber, or for growing and harvesting timber and compatible uses, as defined in subdivision (h). See California Government Code 51104
  • traffic: includes pedestrians, ridden animals, vehicles, street cars, and other conveyances, either singly or together, while using any highway for purposes of travel. See California Vehicle Code 620
  • trailer: includes a semitrailer when used in conjunction with an auxiliary dolly, if the auxiliary dolly is of a type constructed to replace the function of the drawbar and the front axle or axles of a trailer. See California Vehicle Code 630
  • Transaction: includes the deposit, withdrawal, transfer, bailment, loan, payment, or exchange of currency, or a monetary instrument, as defined by subdivision (c), by, through, or to, a financial institution, as defined by subdivision (a). See California Penal Code 14161
  • Transfer: includes an assignment, conveyance, lease, mortgage, deed, and encumbrance. See California Corporations Code 16101
  • transit bus: is a ny bus owned or operated by a publicly owned or operated transit system, or operated under contract with a publicly owned or operated transit system, and used to provide to the general public, regularly scheduled transportation for which a fare is charged. See California Vehicle Code 642
  • transporter: is a person engaged in the business of moving any owned or lawfully possessed vehicle by lawful methods over the highways for the purpose of delivery of such vehicles to dealers, sales agents of a manufacturer, purchasers, or to a new location as requested by the owner. See California Vehicle Code 645
  • Tree: means any object of natural growth. See California Government Code 50485.1
  • trip: means a one-direction vehicle movement. See California Government Code 65088.1
  • trolley coach: is a vehicle which is propelled by electric power obtained from overhead trolley wires, but not operated upon rails. See California Vehicle Code 650
  • truck tractor: is a motor vehicle designed and used primarily for drawing other vehicles and not so constructed as to carry a load, other than a part of the weight of the vehicle and the load so drawn. See California Vehicle Code 655
  • Tulare Lake basin: means the Tulare Lake Hydrologic Region as defined in the California Water Plan Update 2009, prepared by the Department of Water Resources pursuant to Chapter 1 (commencing with Section 10004) of Part 1. See California Government Code 65007
  • Unexpected occurrence: includes , but is not limited to, a fire, flood, earthquake or other soil or geologic movement, riot, accident, damage to a subsurface installation requiring immediate repair, or sabotage. See California Government Code 4216
  • unidentified person: means a person, living or deceased, whose identity the local investigative agency is unable to determine. See California Penal Code 14215
  • United States: means the United States of America, and includes any Territory or insular possession of the United States. See California Government Code 4300
  • Urbanizing area: means a developed area or an area outside a developed area that is planned or anticipated to have 10,000 residents or more within the next 10 years. See California Government Code 65007
  • utility trailer: includes a trailer or semitrailer designed and used for the transportation of livestock, not in commerce, which does not exceed a gross weight of 10,000 pounds or a manufacturer's gross vehicle weight rating of 10,000 pounds. See California Vehicle Code 667
  • Utility-terrain vehicle: means a motor vehicle subject to subdivision (a) of Section 38010 that is all of the following:

    California Vehicle Code 531

  • Vegetation: means all plants, including trees, shrubs, grass, and perennial or annual plants. See California Government Code 51177
  • vehicle: is a device by which any person or property may be propelled, moved, or drawn upon a highway, excepting a device moved exclusively by human power or used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks. See California Vehicle Code 670
  • Very high fire hazard severity zone: means an area designated as a very high fire hazard severity zone by the State Fire Marshal pursuant to Section 51178 that is not a state responsibility area. See California Government Code 51177
  • vessel: means a vessel as defined in subdivision (c) of §. See California Penal Code 7
  • Victim: means a person against whom a crime has been committed. See California Penal Code 679.01
  • visually impaired: means a person having central visual acuity not to exceed 20-200 in the better eye, with corrected lenses, or visual acuity greater than 20-200, but with a limitation in the field of vision such that the widest diameter of the visual field subtends at an angle of not greater than 20 degrees. See California Elections Code 2051
  • Volunteer: means any person who, of his own free will, provides goods or services, without any financial gain, to any state agency, as defined in Section 11000. See California Government Code 3111
  • Volunteer: means a person registered as a volunteer member of a regularly organized fire department as defined in subdivision (k). See California Government Code 50952
  • Vote center: means a location established for holding elections that offers the services described in Sections 2170, 4005, and 4007. See California Elections Code 357.5
  • Vote tabulating device: means any piece of equipment, other than a voting machine, that compiles a total of votes cast by means of ballot card sorting, ballot card reading, paper ballot scanning, electronic data processing, or a combination of that type of equipment. See California Elections Code 358
  • Voter: means any elector who is registered under this code. See California Elections Code 359
  • Voter list: means the list of registered voters in a single or consolidated precinct or in an entire county. See California Elections Code 359.2
  • Voter verified paper audit trail: means a paper cast vote record containing a copy of each of the voter's selections that allows each voter to confirm his or her selections before the voter casts his or her ballot for systems that do not contain a paper ballot. See California Elections Code 19271
  • Voter-nominated office: means a congressional or state elective office for which a candidate may choose to have his or her party preference or lack of party preference indicated upon the ballot. See California Elections Code 359.5
  • Voting device: means any device used in conjunction with a ballot card or cards to indicate the choice of the voter by marking, punching, or slotting the ballot card. See California Elections Code 360
  • Voting machine: means any electronic device, including, but not limited to, a precinct optical scanner and a direct recording voting system, into which a voter may enter his or her votes, and which, by means of electronic tabulation and generation of printouts or other tangible, human-readable records, furnishes a total of the number of votes cast for each candidate and for or against each measure. See California Elections Code 361
  • Voting stock: means securities of any class or any ownership interest having voting power for the election of directors, trustees, or management of a person, other than securities having voting power only because of the occurrence of a contingency. See California Insurance Code 11535.1
  • Voting system: means a mechanical, electromechanical, or electronic system and its software, or any combination of these used for casting a ballot, tabulating votes, or both. See California Elections Code 362
  • Voting system: means any voting machine, voting device, or vote tabulating device that does not use prescored punch card ballots. See California Elections Code 19252
  • wheelbase: means the longitudinal distance between the vertical centerlines of the front and rear wheels. See California Vehicle Code 378
  • Wildfire: means an unplanned, unwanted wildland fire, including unauthorized human-caused fires, escaped wildland fire use events, escaped prescribed fire projects, and all other wildland fires where the objective is to extinguish the fire. See California Government Code 51177
  • wildlife habitat area: is a land or water area designated by a board or council, after consulting with and considering the recommendation of the Department of Fish and Game, as an area of importance for the protection or enhancement of the wildlife resources of the state. See California Government Code 51201
  • will: includes codicil. See California Penal Code 7
  • willfully: when applied to the intent with which an act is done or omitted, implies simply a purpose or willingness to commit the act, or make the omission referred to. See California Penal Code 7
  • Witness: means any person who has been or is expected to testify for the prosecution, or who, by reason of having relevant information, is subject to call or likely to be called as a witness for the prosecution, whether or not any action or proceeding has yet been commenced. See California Penal Code 679.01
  • Witness: means any person who has been summoned, or is reasonably expected to be summoned, to testify in a criminal matter, including grand jury proceedings, for the people whether or not formal legal proceedings have been filed. See California Penal Code 14021
  • writ: signifies an order or precept in writing, issued in the name of the people, or of a court or judicial officer, and the word "process" a writ or summons issued in the course of judicial proceedings. See California Penal Code 7
  • writing: means any handwriting, typewriting, printing, photostating, photographing, photocopying, transmitting by electronic mail or facsimile, and every other means of recording upon any tangible thing any form of communication or representation, including letters, words, pictures, sounds, or symbols, or combinations thereof, and any record thereby created, regardless of the manner in which the record has been stored. See California Government Code 7920.545
  • Writing: means any handwriting, typewriting, printing, photostating, photographing, photocopying, transmitting by electronic mail or facsimile, and every other means of recording upon any tangible thing any form of communication or representation, including letters, words, pictures, sounds, or symbols, or combinations thereof, and any record thereby created, regardless of the manner in which the record has been stored. See California Government Code 6252