Part 1 POWERS AND DUTIES COMMON TO CITIES, COUNTIES, AND OTHER AGENCIES
Part 2 POWERS AND DUTIES EXERCISED JOINTLY BY CITIES, COUNTIES, OR OTHER AGENCIES
Part 3 AUTHORITIES

Terms Used In California Codes > Government Code > Title 5 > Division 2 - CITIES, COUNTIES, AND OTHER AGENCIES

  • Acquire: means acquisition by purchase, grant, gift, or any other lawful means. See California Government Code 8589.10
  • action: as used in this Title is to be construed, whenever it is necessary so to do, as including a special proceeding of a civil nature. See California Code of Civil Procedure 363
  • Action: includes a civil action and a criminal action. See California Evidence Code 105
  • action taken: means a collective decision made by a majority of the members of a legislative body, a collective commitment or promise by a majority of the members of a legislative body to make a positive or a negative decision, or an actual vote by a majority of the members of a legislative body when sitting as a body or entity, upon a motion, proposal, resolution, order or ordinance. See California Government Code 54952.6
  • Adequate progress: means all of the following:

    California Government Code 65007

  • Adjourn: A motion to adjourn a legislative chamber or a committee, if passed, ends that day's session.
  • Administrative agency: means the state agency responsible for programming bond funds made available by Chapter 12. See California Government Code 8879.50
  • Administrative procedure: means any written administrative procedure adopted by the local agency for presentation of a grievance for ultimate decision by the governing body of the local agency. See California Government Code 53296
  • Administrator: means the Administrator of Local Agency Security of the State of California. See California Government Code 53630
  • Administratrix: The female counterpart of an administrator. See also
  • Advertising medium: includes banner, sign, placard, poster, streamer, and card. See California Business and Professions Code 13400
  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • Affected city: means a city within whose planning review area an affected territory is located. See California Government Code 65919
  • Affected territory: means an area of land located in the unincorporated portion of a county that is the subject of one or more proposed actions. See California Government Code 65919
  • Affinity: signifies the connection existing in consequence of marriage, between each of the married persons and the blood relatives of the other when applied to the marriage relation. See California Code of Civil Procedure 17
  • affordable price: means , in the case of a purchaser, other than a lower income household, the price for residential property for which the purchaser's monthly payments will not exceed that portion of the purchasing household's adjusted income as determined in accordance with the regulations of the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development, issued pursuant to Section 235 of the National Housing Act. See California Government Code 54236
  • affordable rent: means , in the case of an occupant person or family, other than a person or family of low or moderate income, rent for residential property that is not more than 25 percent of the occupant household's gross monthly income, and in the case of an occupant person or family of low or moderate income, rent for residential property that is not more than the percentage of the adjusted income of the occupant person or family as permitted under regulations of the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development issued pursuant to Section 8 of the United States Housing Act of 1937, but not in excess of the market rental value for comparable property. See California Government Code 54236
  • agency: means the agency responsible for the preparation and adoption of the congestion management program. See California Government Code 65088.1
  • Agent of depository: means a trust company or trust department of a state or national bank located in this state, including the trust department of a depository where authorized, and the Federal Home Loan Bank of San Francisco, which is authorized to act as an agent of depository for the purposes of this article pursuant to Section 53657. See California Government Code 53630
  • All-terrain vehicle: means a motor vehicle subject to subdivision (a) of Section 38010 that is all of the following:

    California Vehicle Code 111

  • all-terrain vehicle safety instructor: is a person who is sponsored by an all-terrain vehicle safety training organization, who has completed a course in all-terrain vehicle safety instruction administered by an approved all-terrain vehicle safety training organization, and who has been licensed by the department pursuant to Section 11105. See California Vehicle Code 111.3
  • all-terrain vehicle safety training organization: is a ny organization which is approved to offer a program of instruction in all-terrain vehicle safety, including all-terrain vehicle safety instruction training, by the Off-Highway Vehicle Safety Education Committee and which has been issued a license by the department pursuant to Section 11105. See California Vehicle Code 111.5
  • Alley: is a ny highway having a roadway not exceeding 25 feet in width which is primarily used for access to the rear or side entrances of abutting property. See California Vehicle Code 110
  • Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • antiknock index number: when used in this chapter, means that number assigned to a spark-ignition engine fuel that designates the antiknock quality. See California Business and Professions Code 13400
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • area median income: means median household income, adjusted for family size as determined in accordance with the regulations of the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development issued pursuant to Section 235 of the National Housing Act, as amended (Public Law 90-448), for the standard metropolitan statistical area (SMSA), in which surplus residential property to be disposed of pursuant to this article is located, or the county in which the property is located, if it is outside an SMSA. See California Government Code 54236
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • assessed value: means 25 percent of full value to, and including, the 1980-81 fiscal year, and 100 percent of full value for the 1981-82 fiscal year and fiscal years thereafter. See California Government Code 25
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Authority: means the Capitol Area Development Authority created by the joint powers agreement executed pursuant to Section 8169. See California Government Code 8180
  • automated enforcement system: is a ny system operated by a governmental agency, in cooperation with a law enforcement agency, that photographically records a driver's responses to a rail or rail transit signal or crossing gate, or both, or to an official traffic control signal described in Section 21450, and is designed to obtain a clear photograph of a vehicle's license plate and the driver of the vehicle. See California Vehicle Code 210
  • automobile dismantler: is a ny person not otherwise expressly excluded by Section 221 who:

    California Vehicle Code 220

  • automobile driver training: shall be deemed to refer to the laboratory phase of driver education described by Section 51852 of the Education Code. See California Vehicle Code 223
  • Automotive spark-ignition engine fuel: means a product used for the generation of power in a spark-ignition internal combustion engine. See California Business and Professions Code 13400
  • auxiliary dolly: is a vehicle, not designed for carrying persons or property on its own structure, which is so constructed and used in conjunction with a semitrailer as to support a portion of the weight of the semitrailer and any load thereon, but not permanently attached to the semitrailer, although a part of the weight of such dolly may rest on another vehicle. See California Vehicle Code 225
  • axle: is a structure or portion of a structure consisting of one or more shafts, spindles, or bearings in the same vertical transverse plane by means of which, in conjunction with wheels mounted on said shafts, spindles, or bearings, a portion of the weight of a vehicle and its load, if any, is continuously transmitted to the roadway when the vehicle is in motion. See California Vehicle Code 230
  • B-train assembly: is a rigid frame extension attached to the rear frame of a semitrailer which allows for a fifth wheel connection point for a second semitrailer. See California Vehicle Code 230.5
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Bailiff: a court officer who enforces the rules of behavior in courtrooms.
  • ballot: means any of the following:

    California Elections Code 301

  • Ballot label: means that portion of the ballot containing the names of the candidates or a statement of a measure. See California Elections Code 303
  • Ballot title and summary: means the summary of the chief purpose and points including the fiscal impact summary of any measure that appears in the state voter information guide. See California Elections Code 303.5
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Baseline: Projection of the receipts, outlays, and other budget amounts that would ensue in the future without any change in existing policy. Baseline projections are used to gauge the extent to which proposed legislation, if enacted into law, would alter current spending and revenue levels.
  • Basic system: as used in this article , means a telephone service which automatically connects a person dialing the digits "911" to an established public safety answering point through normal telephone service facilities. See California Government Code 53107
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • Board: means the original board and any successor board selected and constituted under this chapter. See California Government Code 6599.02
  • Board: means any department receiving an allocation from the Department of Finance. See California Government Code 8879.2
  • Board: means any department receiving an allocation of bond proceeds pursuant to this chapter. See California Government Code 8879.22
  • board: means any entity listed in Section 101, the entities referred to in Sections 1000 and 3600, the State Bar, the Department of Real Estate, and any other state agency that issues a license, certificate, or registration authorizing a person to engage in a business or profession. See California Business and Professions Code 31
  • Board: means the legislative body of the local agency. See California Government Code 53800
  • Board: means the State Allocation Board. See California Government Code 54125
  • Bond: means any bonded indebtedness regardless of state law or charter that requires voter approval, including, but not limited to, general obligation bonds, revenue bonds, and bonds issued pursuant to the Mello-Roos Community Facilities Act (Chapter 2. See California Government Code 53412
  • Bond: means a bond, authorized by Sections 8878. See California Government Code 8878.16
  • Bond: includes warrant or other evidence of indebtedness. See California Government Code 53430
  • Bond: includes warrant or other evidence of indebtedness. See California Government Code 53460
  • bonds: means revenue bonds, notes or other evidences of indebtedness. See California Government Code 6540
  • bonds: as used in this article means: bonds as defined in Section 53550, or revenue bonds as defined in Section 53570. See California Government Code 53580
  • Bonds: means bonds, notes, warrants, or other evidence of indebtedness payable, both principal and interest, from the proceeds of ad valorem taxes that may be levied without limitation as to rate or amount upon property subject to taxation by the legislative body. See California Government Code 53507
  • Bonds: means bonds, warrants, notes or other evidences of indebtedness of a local agency or zone or improvement district thereof. See California Government Code 53530
  • bonds: includes bonds, warrants, notes, or other evidences of indebtedness of a local agency, zone or improvement district except those which under Section 18 of Article XI or other provision of the Constitution of the State of California are required to be authorized at an election. See California Government Code 53540
  • bonds: means bonds issued by a local agency payable exclusively from the revenues of the enterprise for which the bonds are issued. See California Government Code 54729
  • boxing: as used in this chapter includes "kickboxing" and "martial arts. See California Business and Professions Code 18760
  • Brand: means any mark, name or device filed as a brand under this article. See California Business and Professions Code 14425
  • Budget resolution: Legislation in the form of a concurrent resolution setting forth the budget. The budget resolution establishes various budget totals, divides spending totals into functional categories (e.g., transportation), and may include reconciliation instructions to designated committees.
  • Building ordinances: means ordinances of a county or city regulating building and construction and removal of buildings, including ordinances relating to the matters set forth in Section 38660 and similar matters, and including ordinances relating to building permits and building inspection. See California Government Code 53090
  • Burden of producing evidence: means the obligation of a party to introduce evidence sufficient to avoid a ruling against him on the issue. See California Evidence Code 110
  • Burden of proof: means the obligation of a party to establish by evidence a requisite degree of belief concerning a fact in the mind of the trier of fact or the court. See California Evidence Code 115
  • bus: is a ny vehicle, including a trailer bus, designed, used, or maintained for carrying more than 15 persons including the driver. See California Vehicle Code 233
  • business: includes every kind of business, governmental activity, profession, occupation, calling, or operation of institutions, whether carried on for profit or not. See California Evidence Code 1270
  • Business: includes every kind of business described in Section 1270. See California Evidence Code 1560
  • business: includes a proprietorship, partnership, corporation, and any other form of commercial enterprise. See California Vehicle Code 234
  • Business license tax receipt: means the receipt or certificate required to be posted or displayed as evidence of a business's payment of the tax. See California Business and Professions Code 16111
  • business opportunity: shall include the sale or lease of the business and goodwill of an existing business enterprise or opportunity. See California Business and Professions Code 10030
  • business representative: means a proprietor, a limited or general partner, a managerial employee, a stockholder, a director, or an officer who is active in the management, direction, and control of that part of a business which is a licensed activity. See California Vehicle Code 236
  • Cable television operator: means the person or entity providing cable television services through the cable television system. See California Government Code 53054.2
  • Cable television system: means a community antenna television system, under common ownership and control, serving a franchise area or two or more contiguous or electronically connected franchise areas. See California Government Code 53054.2
  • camp trailer: is a vehicle designed to be used on a highway, capable of human habitation for camping or recreational purposes, that does not exceed 16 feet in overall length from the foremost point of the trailer hitch to the rear extremity of the trailer body and does not exceed 96 inches in width and includes any tent trailer. See California Vehicle Code 242
  • camper: is a structure designed to be mounted upon a motor vehicle and to provide facilities for human habitation or camping purposes. See California Vehicle Code 243
  • candidate: includes any officeholder who is subject to a recall election. See California Elections Code 305
  • Capitol area: includes both of the following:

    California Government Code 8160.1

  • Cargo tank: includes pumps, meters, valves, fittings, piping, and other appurtenances attached to a tank vehicle and used in connection with the flammable liquids or combustible liquids being transported in the cargo tank except that the volumetric capacity refers to the capacity of the container portion of a cargo tank. See California Vehicle Code 34003
  • Cease and Desist Letter: A letter requesting that a company stops the activity mentioned in the letter. Source: OCC
  • Central city: means that area of the City of Sacramento bounded on the north by the American River, on the west by the Sacramento River, and on the south and east by Interstate Highway 80. See California Government Code 8160.1
  • chop shop: is a ny building, lot, or other premises where any person has been engaged in altering, destroying, disassembling, dismantling, reassembling, or storing any motor vehicle or motor vehicle part known to be illegally obtained by theft, fraud, or conspiracy to defraud, in order to do either of the following:

    California Vehicle Code 250

  • Circulating title and summary: means the text that is required to be placed on a petition for signatures that is either one of the following:

    California Elections Code 303.5

  • City: includes "city and county" and "incorporated town. See California Streets and Highways Code 15
  • City: includes incorporated city, city and county, municipal corporation, municipality, town and incorporated town. See California Unemployment Insurance Code 13
  • City: includes "city and county" and "incorporated town" but does not include "unincorporated town" or "village. See California Government Code 20
  • City: includes every city and city and county within this State. See California Vehicle Code 255
  • City: includes "city and county. See California Insurance Code 15
  • City: includes city and county. See California Business and Professions Code 18
  • City: includes a charter city. See California Business and Professions Code 16111
  • City measure: includes any proposed city charter, any proposed amendment to a city charter, any proposition for the issuance of bonds by the city, any advisory question, or any other question or proposition submitted to the voters of a city. See California Elections Code 306
  • Civil action: includes civil proceedings. See California Evidence Code 120
  • Civil forfeiture: The loss of ownership of property used to conduct illegal activity.
  • Clerk: means the county elections official, registrar of voters, city clerk, or other officer or board charged with the duty of conducting any election. See California Elections Code 307
  • clerk: means the engrossing and enrolling clerk or the employee who performs the duties of engrossing and enrolling clerk when no employee is so designated by name. See California Government Code 9500
  • client: means a person who, directly or through an authorized representative, consults a lawyer for the purpose of retaining the lawyer or securing legal service or advice from him in his professional capacity, and includes an incompetent (a) who himself so consults the lawyer or (b) whose guardian or conservator so consults the lawyer in behalf of the incompetent. See California Evidence Code 951
  • Codicil: An addition, change, or supplement to a will executed with the same formalities required for the will itself.
  • commercial motor vehicle: means any self-propelled vehicle listed in subdivisions (a), (b), (f), (g), and (k) of Section 34500, any motortruck of two or more axles that is more than 10,000 pounds gross vehicle weight rating, and any other motor vehicle used to transport property for compensation. See California Vehicle Code 34601
  • commercial vehicle: is a motor vehicle of a type required to be registered under this code used or maintained for the transportation of persons for hire, compensation, or profit or designed, used, or maintained primarily for the transportation of property. See California Vehicle Code 260
  • Commission: means the California Transportation Commission. See California Government Code 65088.1
  • commission: means the California Transportation Commission. See California Streets and Highways Code 22
  • Commission: means the Seismic Safety Commission. See California Government Code 8878.52
  • Commission: means the California Transportation Commission. See California Government Code 8879.50
  • Commission: means the Public Utilities Commission. See California Government Code 54250
  • Commissioner: means the Insurance Commissioner of this State. See California Insurance Code 20
  • Committee: means the California Earthquake Safety and Housing Rehabilitation Finance Committee. See California Government Code 8878.16
  • Committee: means the Earthquake Safety and Public Buildings Rehabilitation Finance Committee created pursuant to subdivision (a) of Section 8878. See California Government Code 8878.52
  • Committee: means the Seismic Retrofit Finance Committee created pursuant to Section 8879. See California Government Code 8879.2
  • Committee: means the Highway Safety, Traffic Reduction, Air Quality, and Port Security Committee created pursuant to Section 8879. See California Government Code 8879.22
  • committee: means a committee of either the Senate or Assembly, a joint committee of both houses, or, when any of the foregoing committees is authorized to create subcommittees, a subcommittee. See California Government Code 9400
  • committee: means the engrossing and enrolling committee of the house ordering the engrossing or enrolling of a bill or other document or the committee of such house which performs the duties of engrossing and enrolling committee when no committee is so designated by name. See California Government Code 9501
  • Committee membership: Legislators are assigned to specific committees by their party. Seniority, regional balance, and political philosophy are the most prominent factors in the committee assignment process.
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Complaint: means any written document containing a disclosure of information as specified in subdivision (c). See California Government Code 53296
  • Complaint: means the facts of the underlying transaction upon which the criminal restitution order is based. See California Business and Professions Code 10471
  • Compression-ignition engine fuel: means a product used for the generation of power in a compression-ignition internal combustion engine. See California Business and Professions Code 13400
  • Concurrent resolution: A legislative measure, designated "S. Con. Res." and numbered consecutively upon introduction, generally employed to address the sentiments of both chambers, to deal with issues or matters affecting both houses, such as a concurrent budget resolution, or to create a temporary joint committee. Concurrent resolutions are not submitted to the President/Governor and thus do not have the force of law.
  • Conditions of overcrowding: means that the total enrollment of a school, including enrollment from proposed development, exceeds the capacity of the school as determined by the governing body of the district. See California Government Code 65973
  • Conduct: includes all active and passive behavior, both verbal and nonverbal. See California Evidence Code 125
  • conscientiously and in good faith: means that no party potentially liable to the claimant in the underlying transaction was intentionally and without good cause omitted from the complaint, that no party named in the complaint who otherwise reasonably appeared capable of responding in damages was dismissed from the complaint intentionally and without good cause, and that the claimant employed no other procedural means contrary to the diligent prosecution of the complaint in order to seek to qualify for the Consumer Recovery Account. See California Business and Professions Code 10471
  • consignment: is a n arrangement under which a dealer agrees to accept possession of a vehicle of a type required to be registered under this code from an owner for the purpose of selling the vehicle and to pay the owner or the owner's designee from the proceeds of the sale. See California Vehicle Code 266
  • Construction: includes :

    California Streets and Highways Code 29

  • Construction: includes the extension, enlargement, repair, renovation, restoration, improvement, and equipping of any public building. See California Government Code 53800
  • Contract for invention development services: shall include a contract by which an invention developer undertakes to develop or promote an invention for a customer. See California Business and Professions Code 22371
  • Contractor: means the department, division, or other unit of a person or organization responsible for the performance under the contract. See California Government Code 8351
  • Controlled substance: means a controlled substance in schedules I through V of Section 202 of the Controlled Substances Act (21 U. See California Government Code 8351
  • Core area: means that area of the City of Sacramento within the area bounded by "G" Street on the north, "R" Street on the south, 5th Street on the west, and 17th Street on the east. See California Government Code 8160.1
  • corporation: includes a limited liability company. See California Government Code 53601.2
  • Corporation: includes a limited liability company. See California Government Code 53630
  • Correct: means a device that meets all of the tolerance and specification requirements of Section 12107. See California Business and Professions Code 12531
  • cotton: includes raw cotton, cotton linters, and cotton batting. See California Business and Professions Code 12930
  • Counties: means all of the counties within which a portion of the park or other recreation facility, operated and maintained by a joint county park board, is located. See California Government Code 6580
  • county: means a county in which a county firewarden has been appointed. See California Government Code 55601
  • County: includes city and county. See California Unemployment Insurance Code 14
  • County: includes city and county. See California Government Code 19
  • County: includes city and county. See California Water Code 14
  • County: includes every county and city and county within this State. See California Vehicle Code 270
  • County: includes "city and county. See California Insurance Code 14
  • County: includes a charter county. See California Business and Professions Code 16111
  • county highway: means any highway which is:

    California Streets and Highways Code 25

  • county highway: means a county highway, as defined by Section 25, which is on the system of secondary and feeder roads as defined by Section 103(c) of Title 23 of the United States Code. See California Streets and Highways Code 2203
  • County measure: includes any proposed county charter, any proposed amendment to a county charter, any proposition for the issuance of funding or refunding bonds of the county, any other question or proposition submitted to the voters of a county at any election held throughout an entire single county, any advisory question, or any bond proposal or any advisory question submitted to the voters of any public district although the boundaries of the district may be coterminous with those of the county. See California Elections Code 312
  • Coupon: includes certificates, cards, package labels, wrappers, can covers, bottle caps or other and similar devices, which entitle the person holding or delivering or surrendering them to have them exchanged for or redeemed in goods, wares, merchandise, or services of any kind free of charge or for less than the retail price of such goods, wares, merchandise, or services. See California Business and Professions Code 17700
  • Credit report: A detailed report of an individual's credit history prepared by a credit bureau and used by a lender in determining a loan applicant's creditworthiness. Source: OCC
  • Creditor: means either of the following:

    California Government Code 53760.1

  • cribbing device: is a ny paper or device designed for cheating by supplying examination answers without questions to an applicant for the purpose of fraudulently qualifying the applicant for any class of driver's license, permit, or certificate. See California Vehicle Code 273
  • Criminal action: includes criminal proceedings. See California Evidence Code 130
  • Critical infrastructure controls: means networks and systems controlling assets so vital to the state that the incapacity or destruction of those networks, systems, or assets would have a debilitating impact on public health, safety, economic security, or any combination thereof. See California Government Code 8592.30
  • Critical infrastructure information: means information not customarily in the public domain pertaining to any of the following:

    California Government Code 8592.30

  • Customer: shall include any person, firm, corporation, or other entity that is solicited by, inquires about or seeks the services of, or enters into a contract for invention development services with an invention developer, except (1) any department or agency of the federal, state, or local government, (2) any charitable, scientific, educational, religious, or other organization qualified under Section 501(c)(3) or described in Section 170(b)(1)(a) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954, as amended, and (3) any person, firm, corporation, or other entity regularly engaged in a trade, business, or profession which has either a net worth of one hundred thousand dollars ($100,000) or more or gross receipts from any source of fifty thousand dollars ($50,000) or more during the calendar year in which any contract for invention development services is signed. See California Business and Professions Code 22371
  • Darkness: is a ny time from one-half hour after sunset to one-half hour before sunrise and any other time when visibility is not sufficient to render clearly discernible any person or vehicle on the highway at a distance of 1,000 feet. See California Vehicle Code 280
  • Dealer: is a person not otherwise expressly excluded by Section 286 who:

    California Vehicle Code 285

  • Debt instruments: means bonds, notes, certificates of participation, or other evidences of indebtedness issued by a local agency pursuant to this article. See California Government Code 53595
  • Debtor: means a local public entity that may file for bankruptcy under Chapter 9. See California Government Code 53760.1
  • Declarant: is a person who makes a statement. See California Evidence Code 135
  • Department: means the Department of Transportation. See California Government Code 65088.1
  • Department: means the Department of Transportation of this state. See California Streets and Highways Code 20
  • Department: means the Department of Motor Vehicles except, when used in Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 2100) of Division 2 and in Divisions 11 (commencing with Section 21000), 12 (commencing with Section 24000), 13 (commencing with Section 29000), 14 (commencing with Section 31600), 14. See California Vehicle Code 290
  • Department: means the Employment Development Department. See California Unemployment Insurance Code 4900
  • Department: means Department of Housing and Community Development. See California Government Code 8878.16
  • Department: means the Department of Transportation. See California Government Code 8879.50
  • Department: means the Department of General Services. See California Government Code 8160.1
  • Department: means the Department of Technology. See California Government Code 8592.30
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • Depository: means a state or national bank, savings association or federal association, a state or federal credit union, or a federally insured industrial loan company, in this state in which the moneys of a local agency are deposited. See California Government Code 53630
  • Development project: includes a project involving the issuance of a permit for construction or reconstruction, but not a permit to operate. See California Government Code 66000
  • Development project: means a development project as defined in Section 66000. See California Government Code 66010
  • Developmental engine fuel: means an engine fuel that does not meet standards established by this chapter but has characteristics that may lead to an improved fuel standard or the development of an alternative fuel standard. See California Business and Professions Code 13400
  • Device: means a weighing or measuring equipment, contrivance, or instrument used, or designed to be used, for determining weight or measure, and includes any tool, appliance, or accessory used in connection therewith, that is used for commercial purposes, as defined in subdivision (e) of Section 12500. See California Business and Professions Code 12531
  • Diesel fuel: means any hydrocarbon oil meant for combustion in compression-ignition engines offered for sale that meets the standards for diesel fuel prescribed by this chapter. See California Business and Professions Code 13400
  • Director: means the director of the department. See California Streets and Highways Code 21
  • Director: means the Director of Employment Development. See California Unemployment Insurance Code 4900
  • Director: means the Director of General Services. See California Government Code 8160.1
  • Director: means the Director of Emergency Services. See California Government Code 8589.10
  • director: means the Director of Emergency Services. See California Government Code 8590.1
  • disabled person: is a ny of the following:

    California Vehicle Code 295.5

  • disabled veteran: is a ny person who, as a result of injury or disease suffered while on active service with the armed forces of the United States, suffers any of the following:

    California Vehicle Code 295.7

  • Disciplinary action: means any direct form of discipline as defined in personnel rules and regulations adopted by the local agency. See California Government Code 53296
  • Disclosure of information: means the written provision of evidence regarding gross mismanagement or a significant waste of funds, an abuse of authority, or a substantial and specific danger to public health or safety. See California Government Code 53296
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Discuss among themselves: means communications made, posted, or shared on an internet-based social media platform between members of a legislative body, including comments or use of digital icons that express reactions to communications made by other members of the legislative body. See California Government Code 54952.2
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • displacement: includes , but is not limited to, persons who will have to move from surplus residential property that they occupy when it is sold by a state agency because they are unable to afford to pay the price that the state agency is asking for the residential property. See California Government Code 54236
  • distributor: is a ny person other than a manufacturer who sells or distributes new vehicles subject to registration under this code, new trailers subject to identification pursuant to Section 5014. See California Vehicle Code 296
  • district: means an agency of the state, formed pursuant to general law or special act, for the local performance of governmental or proprietary functions within limited boundaries. See California Government Code 53720
  • district: as used in this article includes all districts within the state, including, but not limited to, all special districts, sewer, water, utility, and local and regional park districts, and any other political subdivision of this state that is a district, and therefore the changes in paragraph (1) made by the act adding this paragraph that specify that the provisions of this article apply to all districts, including school, sewer, water, utility, and local and regional park districts of any kind or class, are declaratory of, and not a change in, existing law. See California Government Code 54221
  • Division: as used in this article , means the Public Safety Communications Division within the Office of Emergency Services. See California Government Code 53108.5
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • Domestic: means organized under the laws of this State, whether or not admitted. See California Insurance Code 26
  • drawbar: is a rigid structure forming a connection between a trailer and a towing vehicle, securely attached to both vehicles by nonrigid means and carrying no part of the load of either vehicle. See California Vehicle Code 300
  • driver: is a person who drives or is in actual physical control of a vehicle. See California Vehicle Code 305
  • driving school: is a business which, for compensation, conducts or offers to conduct instruction in the operation of motor vehicles. See California Vehicle Code 310.6
  • driving school owner: is a ny person licensed by the department to engage in the business of giving instruction for compensation in the driving of motor vehicles or in the preparation of an applicant for examination for a driver's license issued by the department. See California Vehicle Code 311
  • drug: means any substance or combination of substances, other than alcohol, which could so affect the nervous system, brain, or muscles of a person as to impair, to an appreciable degree, his ability to drive a vehicle in the manner that an ordinarily prudent and cautious man, in full possession of his faculties, using reasonable care, would drive a similar vehicle under like conditions. See California Vehicle Code 312
  • Drug-free workplace: means a site for the performance of work done in connection with a specific grant or contract described in Article 2 (commencing with Section 8355) of an entity at which employees of the entity are prohibited from engaging in the unlawful manufacture, distribution, dispensation, possession, or use of a controlled substance in accordance with the requirements of this chapter. See California Government Code 8351
  • duplicate: is a counterpart produced by the same impression as the original, or from the same matrix, or by means of photography, including enlargements and miniatures, or by mechanical or electronic rerecording, or by chemical reproduction, or by other equivalent technique which accurately reproduces the original. See California Evidence Code 260
  • Election: means any election including a primary that is provided for under this code. See California Elections Code 318
  • Elections official: means any of the following:

    California Elections Code 320

  • Elector: means a person who is a United States citizen 18 years of age or older and, except as specified in subdivision (b), is a resident of an election precinct in this state on or before the day of an election. See California Elections Code 321
  • electric bicycle: is a bicycle equipped with fully operable pedals and an electric motor of less than 750 watts. See California Vehicle Code 312.5
  • electrically motorized board: is a ny wheeled device that has a floorboard designed to be stood upon when riding that is not greater than 60 inches deep and 18 inches wide, is designed to transport only one person, and has an electric propulsion system averaging less than 1,000 watts, the maximum speed of which, when powered solely by a propulsion system on a paved level surface, is no more than 20 miles per hour. See California Vehicle Code 313.5
  • Electronic funds transfer: The transfer of money between accounts by consumer electronic systems-such as automated teller machines (ATMs) and electronic payment of bills-rather than by check or cash. (Wire transfers, checks, drafts, and paper instruments do not fall into this category.) Source: OCC
  • Embezzlement: In most states, embezzlement is defined as theft/larceny of assets (money or property) by a person in a position of trust or responsibility over those assets. Embezzlement typically occurs in the employment and corporate settings. Source: OCC
  • Emergency medical services: includes equipment, apparatus, and salaries and benefits for personnel as described in Article 5 (commencing with Section 1797. See California Government Code 53971.4
  • Employee: means any person employed by a local agency. See California Government Code 53296
  • Employee: means the employee of a grantee or contractor directly engaged in the performance of work pursuant to the grant or contract described in Article 2 (commencing with Section 8355) . See California Government Code 8351
  • encroachment: includes any structure or object of any kind or character placed, without the authority of law, either in, under or over any county highway. See California Streets and Highways Code 1480
  • Engine fuel: means any gasoline, diesel, or alternative fuel used for the generation of power in an internal combustion engine or fuel cell in a motor vehicle, or electrical power delivered conductively or inductively to an electric motor in electric or plug-in hybrid vehicles. See California Business and Professions Code 13400
  • Enrolled bill: The final copy of a bill or joint resolution which has passed both chambers in identical form. It is printed on parchment paper, signed by appropriate officials, and submitted to the President/Governor for signature.
  • enterprise: means systems, plants, works, or undertakings used or useful in the collection, treatment, and disposal of waste, refuse, and garbage, or of sewage, waste, and storm water. See California Government Code 54727
  • Entity: as used in this article means any agency, board or commission provided for by a joint powers agreement pursuant to Article 1 of this chapter. See California Government Code 6542
  • Established place of business: is a place actually occupied either continuously or at regular periods by any of the following:

    California Vehicle Code 320

  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Executrix: The female counterpart of an executor. See also
  • exempt surplus land: means any of the following:

    California Government Code 54221

  • Expense of an emergency response: means reasonable costs incurred by a public agency in reasonably making an appropriate emergency response to the incident, but shall only include those costs directly arising because of the response to the particular incident. See California Government Code 53156
  • expert: means a physician and surgeon, including a psychiatrist, or any person described by subdivision (b), (c), or (e) of Section 1010. See California Evidence Code 240
  • expressway: is a portion of highway that is part of either of the following:

    California Vehicle Code 314

  • Extradition: The formal process of delivering an accused or convicted person from authorities in one state to authorities in another state.
  • Fair and exhibition authority: as used in this article , means an entity created by a joint powers agreement for the purpose of financing or otherwise facilitating agricultural, livestock, industrial, cultural, or other types of fairs or exhibitions. See California Government Code 6542.1
  • fair market value: shall mean fair market value as of the date the offer of sale is made by the selling agency pursuant to the provisions of this article and shall reflect the existing "as is" condition of the property, taking into account any repairs required to make the property safe and habitable. See California Government Code 54236
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Farm: as used in this article , includes ranch, estate and villa. See California Business and Professions Code 14460
  • farm labor vehicle: is a ny motor vehicle designed, used, or maintained for the transportation of nine or more farmworkers, in addition to the driver, to or from a place of employment or employment-related activities. See California Vehicle Code 322
  • federal act: shall mean the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. See California Streets and Highways Code 2421
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation: A government corporation that insures the deposits of all national and state banks that are members of the Federal Reserve System. Source: OCC
  • Federal prosecutor: A lawyer appointed by the President in each judicial district to prosecute and defend cases for the federal government.
  • Federal public defender: An attorney employed by the federal courts on a full-time basis to provide legal defense to defendants who are unable to afford counsel. The judiciary administers the federal defender program pursuant to the Criminal Justice Act. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Federal Reserve System: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC
  • federal securities: as used in this article means those securities defined in subdivision (g) of Section 53550 and in subdivision (a) of Section 53651. See California Government Code 53580
  • Federally insured industrial loan company: means an industrial loan company licensed under Division 7 (commencing with Section 18000) of the Financial Code, the investment certificates of which are insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. See California Government Code 53630
  • Fee: means a monetary exaction other than a tax or special assessment, whether established for a broad class of projects by legislation of general applicability or imposed on a specific project on an ad hoc basis, that is charged by a local agency to the applicant in connection with approval of a development project for the purpose of defraying all or a portion of the cost of public facilities related to the development project, but does not include fees specified in Section 66477, fees for processing applications for governmental regulatory actions or approvals, fees collected under development agreements adopted pursuant to Article 2. See California Government Code 66000
  • Fee: means a monetary exaction or a dedication, other than a tax or special assessment, which is required by a local agency of the applicant in connection with approval of a development project for the purpose of defraying all or a portion of the cost of public facilities related to the development project, but does not include fees for processing applications for governmental regulatory actions or approvals. See California Government Code 66010
  • fee: shall include any payment made by the customer to such entity including reimbursements for expenditures made or costs incurred by such entity but shall not include any payment made from a portion of the income received by a customer by virtue of invention development services performed by such entity. See California Business and Professions Code 22371
  • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • fictitious business name: means :

    California Business and Professions Code 17900

  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • fifth-wheel travel trailer: is a vehicle designed for recreational purposes to carry persons or property on its own structure and so constructed as to be drawn by a motor vehicle by means of a kingpin connecting device. See California Vehicle Code 324
  • Finance charge: The total cost of credit a customer must pay on a consumer loan, including interest. The Truth in Lending Act requires disclosure of the finance charge. Source: OCC
  • Financial and compliance audit: means an audit that complies with the financial and compliance audit requirements of the Standards for Audit of Governmental Organizations, Programs, Activities and Functions published by the United States General Accounting Office. See California Government Code 53131
  • Financial transaction: includes , but is not limited to, financial affairs of a local agency, as provided in Chapter 3 (commencing with Section 53400 and Chapter 4 (commencing with Section 53600)). See California Government Code 53995
  • fire protection services: includes , but is not limited to, emergency medical services where provided by a local agency directly or by contract. See California Government Code 53971.4
  • Firefighting apparatus and equipment: means any vehicle and its associated equipment that is designed and intended for use primarily for firefighting. See California Government Code 8589.10
  • Fixed Rate: Having a "fixed" rate means that the APR doesn't change based on fluctuations of some external rate (such as the "Prime Rate"). In other words, a fixed rate is a rate that is not a variable rate. A fixed APR can change over time, in several circumstances:
    • You are late making a payment or commit some other default, triggering an increase to a penalty rate
    • The bank changes the terms of your account and you do not reject the change.
    • The rate expires (if the rate was fixed for only a certain period of time).
  • Flood hazard zone: means an area subject to flooding that is delineated as either a special hazard area or an area of moderate hazard on an official flood insurance rate map issued by the Federal Emergency Management Agency. See California Government Code 65007
  • for hire: means that the entity providing transportation services is compensated for the transportation under contract or agreement. See California Vehicle Code 462
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Foreign: means not organized under the laws of this State, whether or not admitted. See California Insurance Code 27
  • former testimony: means testimony given under oath in:

    California Evidence Code 1290

  • franchise: is a written agreement between two or more persons having all of the following conditions:

    California Vehicle Code 331

  • Freeway: means a highway in respect to which the owners of abutting lands have no right or easement of access to or from their abutting lands or in respect to which such owners have only limited or restricted right or easement of access. See California Streets and Highways Code 23.5
  • Freeway: is a highway in respect to which the owners of abutting lands have no right or easement of access to or from their abutting lands or in respect to which such owners have only limited or restricted right or easement of access. See California Vehicle Code 332
  • Freeway service patrol: means a program managed by the Department of the California Highway Patrol, the department, and a regional or local entity which provides emergency roadside assistance on a freeway in an urban area. See California Streets and Highways Code 2561
  • Fuel oil: means any product offered for sale that is burned in a furnace or boiler for the generation of heat and meets the standards prescribed for fuel oil by this chapter. See California Business and Professions Code 13400
  • fund: means the Motor Vehicle Account in the State Transportation Fund. See California Vehicle Code 34602
  • Fund: means the Housing Rehabilitation Loan Fund established by Section 50661 of the Health and Safety Code. See California Government Code 8878.16
  • Fund: means the Earthquake Safety and Public Buildings Rehabilitation Fund of 1990 created pursuant to Section 8878. See California Government Code 8878.52
  • Fund: means the Seismic Retrofit Bond Fund of 1996 created pursuant to Section 8879. See California Government Code 8879.2
  • Fund: means the Highway Safety, Traffic Reduction, Air Quality, and Port Security Fund of 2006 created pursuant to Section 8879. See California Government Code 8879.22
  • garage: is a building or other place wherein the business of storing or safekeeping vehicles of a type required to be registered under this code and which belong to members of the general public is conducted for compensation. See California Vehicle Code 340
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • Gasoline: means a volatile mixture of liquid hydrocarbons, generally containing small amounts of additives, suitable for use as a fuel in a spark-ignition internal combustion engine. See California Business and Professions Code 13400
  • Gasoline-oxygenate blend: means a fuel consisting primarily of gasoline along with a substantial amount of one or more oxygenates that meets ASTM International Standard D4814. See California Business and Professions Code 13400
  • General election: means either of the following:

    California Elections Code 324

  • General obligation bonds: means bonds, warrants, notes or other evidence of indebtedness of a local agency payable, both principal and interest, from the proceeds of ad valorem taxes or ad valorem assessments which may be levied without limitation as to rate or amount upon property in the local agency subject to taxation or assessment. See California Government Code 53500
  • general partner: means :

    California Business and Professions Code 17901

  • Germane: On the subject of the pending bill or other business; a strict standard of relevance.
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • golf cart: is a motor vehicle having not less than three wheels in contact with the ground, having an unladen weight less than 1,300 pounds, which is designed to be and is operated at not more than 15 miles per hour and designed to carry golf equipment and not more than two persons, including the driver. See California Vehicle Code 345
  • Good faith: means participation by a party in the neutral evaluation process with the intent to negotiate toward a resolution of the issues that are the subject of the neutral evaluation process, including the timely provision of complete and accurate information to provide the relevant parties through the neutral evaluation process with sufficient information, in a confidential manner, to negotiate the readjustment of the municipality's debt. See California Government Code 53760.1
  • good faith improver: means :

    California Code of Civil Procedure 871.1

  • Governing body: as used in this article means the board or commission provided for by a joint powers agreement, pursuant to Article 1 of this chapter. See California Government Code 6543
  • Grace period: The number of days you'll have to pay your bill for purchases in full without triggering a finance charge. Source: Federal Reserve
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Grant anticipation note: means a note issued upon the security of specified accounts receivable from state or federal governments, including, without limitation, grants, loans, or a combination of both, for which funds have been appropriated and committed to a local agency. See California Government Code 53859
  • Grantee: means the department, division, or other unit of a person or organization responsible for the performance under the grant. See California Government Code 8351
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • Guarantor: A party who agrees to be responsible for the payment of another party's debts should that party default. Source: OCC
  • Habeas corpus: A writ that is usually used to bring a prisoner before the court to determine the legality of his imprisonment. It may also be used to bring a person in custody before the court to give testimony, or to be prosecuted.
  • Hazardous material: includes explosives and hazardous wastes or substances as defined by regulations adopted pursuant to Section 25141 of the Health and Safety Code and medical wastes, as defined in Section 117690 of the Health and Safety Code. See California Vehicle Code 353
  • hearing: means the hearing at which a question under this code arises, and not some earlier or later hearing. See California Evidence Code 145
  • Hearsay: Statements by a witness who did not see or hear the incident in question but heard about it from someone else. Hearsay is usually not admissible as evidence in court.
  • highway: includes bridges, culverts, curbs, drains, and all works incidental to highway construction, improvement, and maintenance. See California Streets and Highways Code 23
  • highway: includes all or any part of the entire width of right of way of a county highway, whether or not such entire area is actually used for highway purposes. See California Streets and Highways Code 1480
  • Highway: is a way or place of whatever nature, publicly maintained and open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular travel. See California Vehicle Code 360
  • holder of the privilege: means :

    California Evidence Code 953

  • holder of the privilege: means :

    California Evidence Code 993

  • holder of the privilege: means :

    California Evidence Code 1013

  • house car: is a motor vehicle originally designed, or permanently altered, and equipped for human habitation, or to which a camper has been permanently attached. See California Vehicle Code 362
  • Impeachment: (1) The process of calling something into question, as in "impeaching the testimony of a witness." (2) The constitutional process whereby the House of Representatives may "impeach" (accuse of misconduct) high officers of the federal government for trial in the Senate.
  • improve: means reconstruct, replace, extend, repair, better, equip, develop, embellish, or otherwise improve. See California Government Code 54728
  • In the business of shopping cart or laundry cart retrieval: means to search for, gather, and restore possession to the owner, or an agent thereof, for compensation or in expectation of compensation, of shopping carts or laundry carts located outside the premises or parking area of a retail establishment. See California Business and Professions Code 22435.10
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • Indenture: as used in this article means the instrument providing the terms and conditions for the issuance of the revenue bonds, and may be a resolution, order, agreement or other instrument. See California Government Code 6544
  • Indenture: means the instrument providing the terms and conditions for the issuance of the debt instruments, and may be a resolution, order, agreement, or other instrument. See California Government Code 53595
  • Independent public accountants: means a certified public accountant, or a public accountant who is licensed by the California Board of Accountancy who holds a valid permit to practice accountancy. See California Government Code 53131
  • Indirect expenses: means those items that are identified as indirect costs in the federal Office of Management and Budget, Circular A-87 on January 1, 1985. See California Government Code 8589.10
  • Infill opportunity zone: means a specific area designated by a city or county, pursuant to subdivision (c) of Section 65088. See California Government Code 65088.1
  • instruction: includes classroom driver education, in-vehicle driver training, and correspondence study. See California Vehicle Code 310.6
  • Insurance agent: means a person authorized, by and on behalf of an insurer, to transact all classes of insurance other than life, disability, or health insurance, on behalf of an admitted insurance company. See California Insurance Code 31
  • Insurance broker: means a person who, for compensation and on behalf of another person, transacts insurance other than life, disability, or health with, but not on behalf of, an insurer. See California Insurance Code 33
  • Intangible property: Property that has no intrinsic value, but is merely the evidence of value such as stock certificates, bonds, and promissory notes.
  • Intentionally wrongful conduct: means conduct intended to injure another person or property. See California Government Code 53156
  • Inter vivos: Transfer of property from one living person to another living person.
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Interested party: means a trustee, a committee of creditors, an affected creditor, an indenture trustee, a pension fund, a bondholder, a union that, under its collective bargaining agreements, has standing to initiate contract or debt restructuring negotiations with the municipality, or a representative selected by an association of retired employees of the public entity who receive income from the public entity convening the neutral evaluation. See California Government Code 53760.1
  • Internet-based social media platform: means an online service that is open and accessible to the public. See California Government Code 54952.2
  • Interregional travel: means any trips that originate outside the boundary of the agency. See California Government Code 65088.1
  • Intestate: Dying without leaving a will.
  • Invention: shall mean (1) an invention, (2) an idea, (3) a concept, or (4) any combination thereof. See California Business and Professions Code 22371
  • Invention developer: shall mean any person, firm, corporation, or association, and the agents, employees, or representatives of such person, firm, corporation, or association that develops or promotes or offers to develop or promote an invention, except (1) any department or agency of the federal, state, or local government, (2) any charitable, scientific, educational, religious, or other organization qualified under Section 501(c)(3) or described in Section 170(b)(1)(a) of the Internal Revenue of Code of 1954, as amended, (3) any person, firm, corporation, association, or other entity whose gross receipts from contracts for invention development services, as defined in subdivision (a) of Section 22371, do not exceed 10 percent of its gross receipts from all sources during the fiscal year preceding the year in which any contract for invention development services is signed, or (4) any person, firm, corporation, association or other entity that does not charge a fee for invention development services. See California Business and Professions Code 22371
  • Invention development services: shall include acts required or promised to be performed, or actually performed, or both, by an invention developer for a customer. See California Business and Professions Code 22371
  • Investing agency: means the Public Employees' Retirement System, as defined by Section 20004. See California Government Code 53800
  • Issue: includes use, distribute, give away, sell and furnish. See California Business and Professions Code 17700
  • Issuer: means a city, county, city and county, school district, community college district, or special district, secured by the levy of ad valorem taxes, authorized to issue bonds pursuant to this article. See California Government Code 53507
  • Joint committee: Committees including membership from both houses of teh legislature. Joint committees are usually established with narrow jurisdictions and normally lack authority to report legislation.
  • Joint county park board: means a board, commission, or other public entity organized pursuant to an agreement made in accordance with Article 1 (commencing with Section 6500) of this chapter for the purpose of improving, operating, and maintaining a single park or other recreation facility located within more than one county, if none of the territory within the park or other recreation facility is contained within an incorporated city, and further, if all of the counties within which the park or other recreation facility is located are parties to the agreement creating the board, commission, or other public entity. See California Government Code 6580
  • Joint meeting: An occasion, often ceremonial, when the House and Senate each adopt a unanimous consent agreement
  • Joint resolution: A legislative measure which requires the approval of both chambers.
  • Judgment: means the criminal restitution order. See California Business and Professions Code 10471
  • Judgment debtor: means any defendant who is the subject of the criminal restitution order. See California Business and Professions Code 10471
  • Judicial office: means the office filled by any judicial officer. See California Elections Code 326
  • Juror: A person who is on the jury.
  • Jury instructions: A judge's directions to the jury before it begins deliberations regarding the factual questions it must answer and the legal rules that it must apply. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Kerosene: means a fuel offered for sale that meets the standards for kerosene prescribed in this chapter. See California Business and Professions Code 13400
  • Laundry cart: means a basket which is mounted on wheels and used in a coin-operated laundry or drycleaning retail establishment by a customer or an attendant for the purpose of transporting fabrics and the supplies necessary to process them. See California Business and Professions Code 22435
  • Laundry cart: means a basket which is mounted on wheels and used in a coin-operated laundry or drycleaning retail establishment by a customer or an attendant for the purpose of transporting fabrics and the supplies necessary to process them. See California Business and Professions Code 22435.10
  • law: includes the charter of any local agency. See California Government Code 54726
  • Law: includes constitutional, statutory, and decisional law. See California Evidence Code 160
  • Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
  • lawyer: means a person authorized, or reasonably believed by the client to be authorized, to practice law in any state or nation. See California Evidence Code 950
  • Legacy: A gift of property made by will.
  • Legal owner: is a person holding the legal title to a vessel under a conditional sale contract, the mortgagee of a vessel, or the renter or lessor of a vessel to the state, or to any county, city, district or political subdivision of the state, under a lease, lease-sale, or rental-purchase agreement which grants possession of the vessel to the lessee for a period of 30 consecutive days or more. See California Vehicle Code 9840
  • legal owner: is a person holding a security interest in a vehicle which is subject to the provisions of the Uniform Commercial Code, or the lessor of a vehicle to the State or to any county, city, district, or political subdivision of the State, or to the United States, under a lease, lease-sale, or rental-purchase agreement which grants possession of the vehicle to the lessee for a period of 30 consecutive days or more. See California Vehicle Code 370
  • legislative body: means the board of supervisors in the case of a county or city and county and the city council or board of trustees in the case of a city. See California Government Code 55701
  • legislative body: means board of trustees, city council, or other governing body of a city. See California Government Code 34000
  • Legislative body: means the board of supervisors of a county or city, or the governing board, by whatever name called, of a school district, district, municipal corporation, political subdivision, public corporation, or other public agency of the state. See California Government Code 53200
  • legislative body: shall include the governing body of any district or other public corporation authorized by law to construct such public improvements. See California Streets and Highways Code 2809
  • legislative body: means the board of supervisors in the case of a county or a city and county, the city council or board of trustees in the case of a city, and the board of directors or other governing body in the case of a district or other public agency, unless the context otherwise requires. See California Government Code 53000
  • legislative body: means the city council or board of trustees in the case of a city, the board of supervisors in the case of a county or a city and county, or the board of directors, trustees, or governors or other governing body in the case of a special district or any other municipal or public corporation or district. See California Government Code 54706
  • Legislative body: means the city council, board of supervisors, or other legislative or governing body of a local agency. See California Government Code 53595
  • Legislative body: means the legislative body of the local agency as defined in Section 53000. See California Government Code 53500
  • Legislative body: means the governing body of the issuer. See California Government Code 53507
  • Legislative body: means the legislative body, as defined in Section 53000, of the local agency. See California Government Code 53540
  • legislative body: means the city council or board of trustees in the case of a city, the board of supervisors in the case of a county or a city and county, or the board of directors, trustees, or governors or other governing body in the case of a special district or any other municipal or public corporation or district. See California Government Code 53971
  • Legislative body: means the elected or appointed governing body or authority of a local agency. See California Government Code 53995
  • Legislative body: means the board of supervisors or its chairman in the case of the county, or the city council or the mayor in the case of a city. See California Government Code 54971
  • Legislative body: means the board of supervisors in the case of a county or a city and county, the city council or board of trustees in the case of a city, and the board of directors or other governing body in the case of a district. See California Government Code 54980
  • legislative body: means :

    California Government Code 54952

  • Legislative session: That part of a chamber's daily session in which it considers legislative business (bills, resolutions, and actions related thereto).
  • Lessor: includes "bailor" and "lease" includes "bailment. See California Vehicle Code 372
  • lessor-retailer: is a lessor or renter who, except under the circumstances described in subdivision (a) of Section 286, makes a retail sale or sales of a previously leased or rented vehicle or vehicles to other than any of the following:

    California Vehicle Code 373

  • Level of service standard: is a threshold that defines a deficiency on the congestion management program highway and roadway system which requires the preparation of a deficiency plan. See California Government Code 65088.1
  • License: as used in this chapter also includes a "permit". See California Business and Professions Code 18631
  • licensee: means an insurer, agent, broker, or any other person who is required to be licensed by the department. See California Insurance Code 38.6
  • Licensee: means any person authorized by a license, certificate, registration, or other means to engage in a business or profession regulated by this code or referred to in Sections 1000 and 3600. See California Business and Professions Code 23.8
  • Lighting equipment: is a ny of the following lamps or devices:

    California Vehicle Code 375

  • limit line: is a solid white line not less than 12 nor more than 24 inches wide, extending across a roadway or any portion thereof to indicate the point at which traffic is required to stop in compliance with legal requirements. See California Vehicle Code 377
  • Limousine: means any sedan or sport utility vehicle, of either standard or extended length, with a seating capacity of not more than 10 passengers including the driver, used in the transportation of passengers for hire on a prearranged basis within this state. See California Vehicle Code 378
  • listing: as used in this part includes, but is not limited to:

    California Business and Professions Code 10027

  • Loan: includes , but is not limited to, a borrowing by a local agency represented or to be represented by bonds of a local agency. See California Government Code 53859
  • Local agency: means any county, city, city and county, public district, public entity or authority or other public or municipal corporation other than the federal government or any federal department or agency, this state, an adjoining state, any state department or agency or any school district in the state. See California Government Code 54240
  • local agency: means a city, chartered city, or a fire protection district. See California Government Code 55600
  • local agency: means a neighboring city, county, fire protection district, joint powers authority that provides fire protection services, police protection district, federal government or any federal department or agency. See California Government Code 55631
  • local agency: means a county, city and county, and city, both chartered and general law. See California Government Code 55700
  • Local agency: means a county, city, whether general law or chartered, city and county, school district, special district, authority, agency, any other municipal public corporation or district, or other political subdivision of the state. See California Government Code 66000
  • Local agency: means a local agency, as defined in Section 66000. See California Government Code 66010
  • Local agency: as used in this chapter , has the same meaning as provided in Section 66000. See California Government Code 66018.5
  • Local agency: as used in this chapter , means a local agency as defined in Section 66000. See California Government Code 66025
  • local agency: means public agency. See California Government Code 53020
  • Local agency: means an agency of the state for the local performance of governmental or proprietary function within limited boundaries. See California Government Code 53090
  • Local agency: means a city, county, city and county, special district, joint-powers agency, public corporation, nonprofit corporation, or any other agency that is eligible to receive federal block grant funds. See California Government Code 53131
  • Local agency: as used in this article means any public agency designated in Section 6500 other than the federal government or any federal department or agency, this state, an adjoining state, or any state department or agency. See California Government Code 6542.5
  • Local agency: means a county, city, school district, district, municipal corporation, political subdivision, public corporation, or other public agency of the state. See California Government Code 53200
  • local agency: means a county, city, public district, joint powers agency, or any public or municipal corporation. See California Government Code 53212
  • Local agency: as used in this article means a city, city and county, district, school district, municipal or public corporation, political subdivision, or other public agency of the State, or any instrumentality of one or more of any such agencies. See California Government Code 53215
  • Local agency: includes a county. See California Government Code 6252
  • local agency: means any county, city, city and county, including any charter county, city, or city and county, and any district, school district, municipal or public corporation, political subdivision, or public agency of the state, or any instrumentality of one or more of any such agencies. See California Government Code 53247
  • Local agency: means city, county, or district. See California Government Code 53290
  • Local agency: means any county, city, city and county, including any charter county, city, or city and county, and any district, school district, community college district, municipal or public corporation, political subdivision, or public agency of the state, or any instrumentality of any one or more of these agencies. See California Government Code 53296
  • Local agency: means any city, county, city and county, school district, special district, authority, other political subdivision of or within the state, an association or consortium of school districts formed or operating pursuant to Section 35179 of the Education Code, or any joint powers authority composed of any of these agencies. See California Government Code 6599.02
  • Local agency: means any county, city, city and county, including a charter city or county, or any special district. See California Government Code 53412
  • local agency: means any city, county, city and county, special district, or any other municipal corporation or district. See California Government Code 54705
  • local agency: means municipal corporation or sanitary district. See California Government Code 55000
  • local agency: means public district, public corporation, authority, agency, board, commission, county, city and county, city, school district, or other public entity or any improvement district or zone thereof. See California Government Code 53580
  • local agency: means county, city, and sanitary district. See California Government Code 55300
  • Local agency: means any city, county, city and county, district, including, but not limited to, a school district or other public entity authorized to enter into a tax increment agreement. See California Government Code 53595
  • Local agency: means any city, city and county, or county. See California Government Code 8878.16
  • Local agency: means county, city, irrigation district, reclamation district, school district, or other municipal corporation. See California Government Code 53430
  • Local agency: means county, city, irrigation district, reclamation district, school district, sanitary district, or other municipal or public corporation. See California Government Code 53460
  • Local agency: means county, city, city and county, public district, or other public or municipal corporation. See California Government Code 53500
  • local agency: means county, city, city and county, public district or any public or municipal corporation, public agency or public authority. See California Government Code 53510
  • local agency: means county, city, city and county, public district or any public or municipal corporation, public agency or public authority. See California Government Code 53520
  • Local agency: means county, city, city and county, public district, public entity or authority, or other public or municipal corporation, including redevelopment agencies, housing authorities, and industrial development authorities. See California Government Code 53530
  • Local agency: means county, city, city and county, public district, public entity or authority or other public or municipal corporation. See California Government Code 53540
  • local agency: means county, city, city and county, including a chartered city or county, school district, community college district, public district, county board of education, county superintendent of schools, or any public or municipal corporation. See California Government Code 53600
  • local agency: means city and any district other than school districts required by the Advisory Committee and the Controller to furnish financial reports pursuant to Section 12463. See California Government Code 53900
  • Local agency: means city, county, or other public or municipal corporation. See California Government Code 53920
  • local agency: means any city, county, or city and county, or a district, public authority, or any other political subdivision in the state. See California Government Code 53970
  • Local agency: means a city, county, city and county, special district, school district, community college district, county superintendent of schools, or any other agency of the state formed for the local performance of governmental or proprietary functions within limited boundaries. See California Government Code 53983
  • Local agency: means a city, county, city and county, including a chartered city, county, or city and county, redevelopment agency, special district, school district, community college district, county board of education, county superintendent of schools, or any agency of the state formed for the local performance of governmental or proprietary functions within limited boundaries. See California Government Code 53995
  • Local agency: means county, city, city and county, including a chartered city or county, a community college district, or other public agency or corporation in this state. See California Government Code 53630
  • local agency: means a city, county, or district empowered to levy and collect assessments or taxes. See California Government Code 53730.5
  • local agency: means city, county, or district empowered to levy or assess taxes. See California Government Code 53740
  • Local agency: means any county, city, or city and county. See California Government Code 53800
  • local agency: means county, city, regional park district, school district, community college district, or any other municipal or public corporation or district. See California Government Code 53820
  • local agency: means a county, city and county, city, school district of any type, community college district, county board of education, or any other municipal or public corporation or district. See California Government Code 53850
  • Local agency: means a county or city, whether chartered or general law. See California Government Code 54971
  • local agency: means county, city and county, city, school district, community college district, or any other municipal or public corporation or district. See California Government Code 53859
  • Local agency: means any county, city, city and county, or public district which provides or has authority to provide or perform municipal services or functions. See California Government Code 54980
  • local agency: means city, county, municipality, or political subdivision. See California Government Code 53861
  • local agency: means any city, county, any district, and any community redevelopment agency required to furnish financial reports pursuant to Section 12463. See California Government Code 53890
  • Local agency: means county, city, or any public district empowered to distribute water or engage in flood control. See California Government Code 54280
  • Local agency: means any city, county, city and county, special district, or county service area. See California Government Code 54250
  • Local agency: means city, county, or subdivision of the State. See California Government Code 54030
  • local agency: means a county, city, whether general law or chartered, city and county, town, school district, municipal corporation, district, political subdivision, or any board, commission or agency thereof, or other local public agency. See California Government Code 54951
  • local agency: means city, county, or district agricultural association. See California Government Code 54060
  • Local agency: means any city, city and county, county, or public district. See California Government Code 54125
  • Local agency: means county, city, municipal corporation, or public district. See California Government Code 54141
  • local agency: means every city, county, city and county, district, or any other local governmental body or corporation empowered to expend public funds for the acquisition of property. See California Government Code 54201
  • Local agency: means any city, county, special district, or any joint powers agency composed exclusively of those agencies, that provides fire suppression services. See California Government Code 8589.10
  • Local agency: means every city, whether organized under general law or by charter, county, city and county, district, including school, sewer, water, utility, and local and regional park districts of any kind or class, joint powers authority, successor agency to a former redevelopment agency, housing authority, or other political subdivision of this state and any instrumentality thereof that is empowered to acquire and hold real property. See California Government Code 54221
  • Local agency: means any city, county, city and county, fire district, special district, or joint powers agency that provides fire suppression services. See California Government Code 8590.1
  • Local authorities: means the legislative body of every county or municipality having authority to adopt local police regulations. See California Vehicle Code 385
  • Local consumer affairs agency: means and includes any city or county body which primarily provides consumer protection services. See California Business and Professions Code 17201.5
  • Local government: means any city, county, city and county, or special district. See California Government Code 8878.52
  • local government: means any county, city, city and county, including a chartered city or county, or any public or municipal corporation. See California Government Code 53720
  • Local jurisdiction: means a city, a county, or a city and county. See California Government Code 65088.1
  • Local public entity: means any county, city, district, public authority, public agency, or other entity, without limitation, that is a municipality as defined in Section 101(40) of Title 11 of the United States Code (bankruptcy), or that qualifies as a debtor under any other federal bankruptcy law applicable to local public entities, and also includes a successor agency to a redevelopment agency created pursuant to Part 1. See California Government Code 53760.1
  • logging dolly: is a vehicle designed for carrying logs, having one or more axles that, if there are more than one, are not more than 54 inches apart, and used in connection with a motor truck solely for the purpose of transporting logs and securely connected with the towing vehicle both by a reach and by the load. See California Vehicle Code 385.2
  • lower income households: means lower income households as defined in Section 50079. See California Government Code 54236
  • Lubricant: means a lubricating oil or other substance that reduces friction and wear between moving parts within an engine and other motor vehicle components. See California Business and Professions Code 13400
  • Lubricating oil: means motor oil, engine lubricant, engine oil, lubricating axle oil, gear oil, or manual transmission fluid. See California Business and Professions Code 13400
  • maintenance: includes any of the following:

    California Streets and Highways Code 27

  • Manager: means any employee having significant responsibilities for formulating or administering local agency or departmental policies and programs or administering the local agency or a department. See California Government Code 53296
  • manager: means a manager of a limited liability company. See California Business and Professions Code 17901.5
  • managerial employee: is a person who exercises control over a business licensed under this code, whether compensated by salary or commission, including, but not limited to, any person who is employed as a general manager, business manager, assistant general manager, finance and insurance manager, advertising manager, or sales manager. See California Vehicle Code 386
  • Manufacturer: means manufacturer, refiner, producer, or importer. See California Business and Professions Code 13400
  • Marketable securities: means securities that are freely traded on recognized exchanges or marketplaces. See California Government Code 7601
  • match: means to provide for the payment of the cost of any project to the extent that such cost is not to be paid from federal funds. See California Streets and Highways Code 2206
  • Measure: means any constitutional amendment or other proposition submitted to a popular vote at any election. See California Elections Code 329
  • Member of the public: means any person, except a member, agent, officer, or employee of a federal, state, or local agency acting within the scope of his or her membership, agency, office, or employment. See California Government Code 6252
  • Metropolitan area: means the greater metropolitan Sacramento area, including the City of Sacramento, the County of Sacramento, and the eastern part of Yolo County. See California Government Code 8160.1
  • Mistrial: An invalid trial, caused by fundamental error. When a mistrial is declared, the trial must start again from the selection of the jury.
  • Mobilehome: is a structure as defined in Section 18008 of the Health and Safety Code. See California Vehicle Code 396
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • Mortgagor: The person who pledges property to a creditor as collateral for a loan and who receives the money.
  • motor carrier of property: means any person who operates any commercial motor vehicle as defined in subdivision (c). See California Vehicle Code 34601
  • Motor oil: means an oil that reduces friction and wear between the moving parts within an internal combustion engine and also serves as a coolant. See California Business and Professions Code 13400
  • motor oil: means any product used to lubricate the moving parts of an internal combustion engine. See California Business and Professions Code 13430
  • motor oil dealer: means any person, firm, or corporation engaged in the business of producing, packaging, or otherwise preparing motor oil for market, or selling or distributing motor oil. See California Business and Professions Code 13430
  • motor vehicle: includes a recreational vehicle as that term is defined in subdivision (a) of Section 18010 of the Health and Safety Code, but does not include a truck camper. See California Vehicle Code 415
  • Motor vehicle fuel: means "engine fuel" when that term is used in this chapter. See California Business and Professions Code 13400
  • motor-driven cycle: is a ny motorcycle with a motor that displaces less than 150 cubic centimeters. See California Vehicle Code 405
  • motorcycle: is a motor vehicle having a seat or saddle for the use of the rider, designed to travel on not more than three wheels in contact with the ground. See California Vehicle Code 400
  • motorized scooter: is a ny two-wheeled device that has handlebars, has a floorboard that is designed to be stood upon when riding, and is powered by an electric motor. See California Vehicle Code 407.5
  • motortruck: is a motor vehicle designed, used, or maintained primarily for the transportation of property. See California Vehicle Code 410
  • muffler: is a device consisting of a series of chambers or baffle plates, or other mechanical design, for the purpose of receiving exhaust gas from an internal combustion engine, and effective in reducing noise. See California Vehicle Code 425
  • Multimodal: means the utilization of all available modes of travel that enhance the movement of people and goods, including, but not limited to, highway, transit, nonmotorized, and demand management strategies including, but not limited to, telecommuting. See California Government Code 65088.1
  • Municipal election: means elections in general law cities and where applicable in chartered cities. See California Elections Code 330
  • Municipal services or functions: includes , but is not limited to, firefighting, police, ambulance, utility services, and the improvement, maintenance, repair, and operation of streets and highways. See California Government Code 54980
  • National Bank: A bank that is subject to the supervision of the Comptroller of the Currency. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is a bureau of the U.S. Treasury Department. A national bank can be recognized because it must have "national" or "national association" in its name. Source: OCC
  • National Credit Union Administration: The federal regulatory agency that charters and supervises federal credit unions. (NCUA also administers the National Credit Union Share Insurance Fund, which insures the deposits of federal credit unions.) Source: OCC
  • Neutral evaluation: is a form of alternative dispute resolution that may be known as mandatory mediation. See California Government Code 53760.1
  • New motor vehicle dealer: is a dealer, as defined in Section 285, who, in addition to the requirements of that section, either acquires for resale new and unregistered motor vehicles from manufacturers or distributors of those motor vehicles or acquires for resale new off-highway motorcycles, or all-terrain vehicles from manufacturers or distributors of the vehicles. See California Vehicle Code 426
  • newspaper: includes weekly newspaper, magazine, periodical or other publication. See California Government Code 6075
  • Nominate: means the selection, at a state-conducted primary election, of candidates who are entitled by law to participate in the general election for that office, but does not mean any other lawful mechanism that a political party may adopt for the purposes of choosing the candidate who is preferred by the party for a nonpartisan or voter-nominated office. See California Elections Code 332.5
  • Nomination documents: means declaration of candidacy and nomination papers. See California Elections Code 333
  • Nonpartisan office: means an office, except for a voter-nominated office, for which no party may nominate a candidate. See California Elections Code 334
  • nonrepairable vehicle: is a vehicle of a type otherwise subject to registration that meets the criteria specified in subdivision (a), (b), or (c). See California Vehicle Code 431
  • nonrepairable vehicle certificate: is a vehicle ownership document issued to the owner of a nonrepairable vehicle. See California Vehicle Code 432
  • Nonresident: is a person who is not a resident of this State. See California Vehicle Code 435
  • notice: includes official advertising, resolutions, orders, or other matter of any nature whatsoever that are required by law to be published in a newspaper of general circulation. See California Government Code 6060
  • notice of a public hearing: means a notice that includes the date, time, and place of a public hearing, the identity of the hearing body or officer, a general explanation of the matter to be considered, and a general description, in text or by diagram, of the location of the real property, if any, that is the subject of the hearing. See California Government Code 65094
  • off-highway motor vehicle: is a ny of the following:

    California Vehicle Code 38006

  • offer: means to solicit proposals prior to sale in a manner calculated to achieve a sale under the conditions specified, and to hold the offer open for a reasonable period of time, which shall be no more than one year, unless the time is extended by the selling agency at its discretion, for a period to be specified by the selling agency. See California Government Code 54236
  • office: means the Office of Emergency Services. See California Government Code 8878.52
  • Office: means the Office of Emergency Services. See California Government Code 8589.10
  • office: means the Office of Emergency Services. See California Government Code 8590.1
  • Office: means the Office of Emergency Services. See California Government Code 8592.30
  • Officer: means any appointed member of a local board, commission, or other governing body who supervises or is responsible for the work of one or more local agency employers. See California Government Code 53296
  • official traffic control device: is a ny sign, signal, marking, or device, consistent with Section 21400, placed or erected by authority of a public body or official having jurisdiction, for the purpose of regulating, warning, or guiding traffic, but does not include islands, curbs, traffic barriers, speed humps, speed bumps, or other roadway design features. See California Vehicle Code 440
  • official traffic control signal: is a ny device, whether manually, electrically or mechanically operated, by which traffic is alternately directed to stop and proceed and which is erected by authority of a public body or official having jurisdiction. See California Vehicle Code 445
  • Open and accessible to the public: means that members of the general public have the ability to access and participate, free of charge, in the social media platform without the approval by the social media platform or a person or entity other than the social media platform, including any forum and chatroom, and cannot be blocked from doing so, except when the internet-based social media platform determines that an individual violated its protocols or rules. See California Government Code 54952.2
  • Open-space purposes: means the use of land for public recreation, enjoyment of scenic beauty, or conservation or use of natural resources. See California Government Code 54221
  • Oral argument: An opportunity for lawyers to summarize their position before the court and also to answer the judges' questions.
  • ordinance: includes "resolution" where the local agency is authorized to act only by resolution. See California Government Code 53971.5
  • Organization: includes any lodge, order, beneficial association, fraternal or beneficial society or association, historical, military, or veterans organization, labor union, or any other similar society, organization, or association or degree, branch, subordinate lodge, or auxiliary thereof. See California Business and Professions Code 14492
  • Original: means the writing itself or any counterpart intended to have the same effect by a person executing or issuing it. See California Evidence Code 255
  • Original bill: A bill which is drafted by a committee. It is introduced by the committee or subcommittee chairman after the committee votes to report it.
  • Original board: means the first board of directors constituted and selected pursuant to Section 6599. See California Government Code 6599.02
  • Outlays: Outlays are payments made (generally through the issuance of checks or disbursement of cash) to liquidate obligations. Outlays during a fiscal year may be for payment of obligations incurred in prior years or in the same year.
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Owner: is a person having all the incidents of ownership, including the legal title, of a vessel whether or not such person lends, rents, or pledges such vessel. See California Vehicle Code 9840
  • owner: is a person having all the incidents of ownership, including the legal title of a vehicle whether or not such person lends, rents, or creates a security interest in the vehicle. See California Vehicle Code 460
  • parcel: includes lot. See California Streets and Highways Code 2807
  • Park: means a park or other recreation facility operated and maintained by a joint county park board. See California Government Code 6580
  • Parking area: means a parking lot or other property provided by a retailer for use by a customer for parking an automobile or other vehicle. See California Business and Professions Code 22435
  • Parking area: means a parking lot or other property provided by a retailer for use by a customer for parking an automobile or other vehicle. See California Business and Professions Code 22435.10
  • Parking cash-out program: means an employer-funded program under which an employer offers to provide a cash allowance to an employee equivalent to the parking subsidy that the employer would otherwise pay to provide the employee with a parking space. See California Government Code 65088.1
  • Parking subsidy: means the difference between the out-of-pocket amount paid by an employer on a regular basis in order to secure the availability of an employee parking space not owned by the employer and the price, if any, charged to an employee for use of that space. See California Government Code 65088.1
  • Party: means a political party or organization that has qualified for participation in any primary or presidential general election. See California Elections Code 338
  • passenger vehicle: means any motor vehicle defined in Section 465, except any of the following motor vehicles:

    California Vehicle Code 34710

  • passenger vehicle: is a ny motor vehicle, other than a motortruck, truck tractor, or a bus, as defined in Section 233, and used or maintained for the transportation of persons. See California Vehicle Code 465
  • patient: means a person who consults a physician or submits to an examination by a physician for the purpose of securing a diagnosis or preventive, palliative, or curative treatment of his physical or mental or emotional condition. See California Evidence Code 991
  • patient: means a person who consults a psychotherapist or submits to an examination by a psychotherapist for the purpose of securing a diagnosis or preventive, palliative, or curative treatment of his mental or emotional condition or who submits to an examination of his mental or emotional condition for the purpose of scientific research on mental or emotional problems. See California Evidence Code 1011
  • Pedestrian: includes a person who is operating a self-propelled wheelchair, motorized tricycle, or motorized quadricycle and, by reason of physical disability, is otherwise unable to move about as a pedestrian, as specified in subdivision (a). See California Vehicle Code 467
  • Perceive: means to acquire knowledge through one's senses. See California Evidence Code 170
  • Performance measure: is a n analytical planning tool that is used to quantitatively evaluate transportation improvements and to assist in determining effective implementation actions, considering all modes and strategies. See California Government Code 65088.1
  • Person: means any person, firm, partnership, association, corporation, organization, limited liability company, or business trust. See California Streets and Highways Code 19
  • person: includes a California Native American tribe that is on the contact list maintained by the Native American Heritage Commission. See California Government Code 65092
  • Person: includes any person, firm, association, organization, partnership, limited liability company, business trust, corporation, or company. See California Government Code 17
  • Person: includes any natural person, corporation, partnership, limited liability company, firm, or association. See California Government Code 6252
  • Person: means any person, association, organization, partnership, business trust, limited liability company, or corporation. See California Insurance Code 19
  • Person: as used in this chapter includes an individual, a firm, partnership, corporation, limited liability company, association or other organization, or any combination thereof. See California Business and Professions Code 7025
  • person: includes an individual, partnership, firm, association, or corporation. See California Business and Professions Code 17360
  • Person: includes persons, firm, firms, corporation and corporations. See California Business and Professions Code 17700
  • person: includes individuals, limited liability companies, partnerships and other associations, and corporations. See California Business and Professions Code 17902
  • Person: includes a natural person, firm, copartnership, association, limited liability company, or corporation. See California Vehicle Code 470
  • Person: includes a natural person, firm, association, organization, partnership, business trust, corporation, limited liability company, or public entity. See California Evidence Code 175
  • person: includes an unincorporated association. See California Code of Civil Procedure 871.2
  • Person: includes a promoter, club, individual, corporation, partnership, limited liability company, association, or other organization. See California Business and Professions Code 18830
  • Personal property: includes money, goods, chattels, things in action, and evidences of debt. See California Code of Civil Procedure 17
  • persons and families of low or moderate income: means persons and families who meet both of the following conditions:

    California Government Code 54236

  • physician: means a person authorized, or reasonably believed by the patient to be authorized, to practice medicine in any state or nation. See California Evidence Code 990
  • pickup truck: is a motor truck with a manufacturer's gross vehicle weight rating of less than 11,500 pounds, an unladen weight of less than 8,001 pounds, and which is equipped with an open box-type bed not exceeding 9 feet in length. See California Vehicle Code 471
  • pilot car: is a motor vehicle, except a motorcycle, motorized bicycle, or motorized quadricycle, which is used to escort one or more other vehicles, when required, due to the vehicles' size or character of load, in accordance with conditions set forth in a permit issued by the appropriate state agency or by a local authority. See California Vehicle Code 472
  • Placed in service: means to permit the use of a device that has been tested and found to be correct, as defined in subdivision (c) of Section 12500, and type approved, as provided for in Section 12500. See California Business and Professions Code 12531
  • Plan: means a plan which specifies the new public facilities to serve residential, commercial, and industrial developments within a defined area and the financing and construction schedule of new public facilities. See California Government Code 53983
  • Planning review area: means the territory included in a general plan or in any specific plan of a city or county. See California Government Code 65919
  • Pledge: means pledge, assign, place a charge upon and place a lien upon. See California Government Code 53500
  • pocket bike: is a two-wheeled motorized device that has a seat or saddle for the use of the rider, and that is not designed or manufactured for highway use. See California Vehicle Code 473
  • pole or pipe dolly: is a vehicle, other than a motor vehicle, having one or more axles which axles, if there be more than one, are not more than 54 inches apart, and two or more wheels, used in connection with a motor vehicle solely for the purpose of transporting poles, timbers, pipes, or integral structural materials and connected with the towing vehicle both by chain, rope, cable, or drawbar, and by the load, without any part of the weight of the dolly resting upon the towing vehicle. See California Vehicle Code 475
  • police protection services: includes county criminal justice facilities, which shall be limited to, jails, detention facilities, and juvenile halls. See California Government Code 53971.3
  • Polling place: means a location where a voter casts a ballot and includes the following terms, as applicable: poll, polling location, and vote center. See California Elections Code 338.5
  • Pooled securities: means eligible securities held by an agent of depository for a depository and securing deposits of one or more local agencies. See California Government Code 53630
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Precinct: means a geographical area within a county that is made up of voters and is formed pursuant to Chapter 3 (commencing with Section 12200) of Division 12. See California Elections Code 338.6
  • preliminary fact: means a fact upon the existence or nonexistence of which depends the admissibility or inadmissibility of evidence. See California Evidence Code 400
  • Preliminary hearing: A hearing where the judge decides whether there is enough evidence to make the defendant have a trial.
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • Primary election: includes all primary nominating elections provided for by this code. See California Elections Code 341
  • Private road or driveway: is a way or place in private ownership and used for vehicular travel by the owner and those having express or implied permission from the owner but not by other members of the public. See California Vehicle Code 490
  • private school: is a ny school, whether conducted for profit or not, giving a course of training similar to that given in a public school at or below the twelfth grade, including but not limited to schools owned or operated by any church. See California Vehicle Code 492
  • Privatization project: as used in this article , includes the Santa Ana Watershed Project Authority's Arlington Basin Groundwater Desalter Project, which will treat groundwater contaminated by wastewater. See California Government Code 54250
  • Privatizer: means any corporation, partnership, or natural person, excluding municipal corporations, which owns and operates a wastewater or sewerage project pursuant to a franchise, license, or service agreement with a local agency. See California Government Code 54250
  • Pro se: A Latin term meaning "on one's own behalf"; in courts, it refers to persons who present their own cases without lawyers.
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Process: includes a writ or summons issued in the course of judicial proceedings of either a civil or criminal nature. See California Government Code 22
  • proffered evidence: means evidence, the admissibility or inadmissibility of which is dependent upon the existence or nonexistence of a preliminary fact. See California Evidence Code 401
  • Project: as used in this article includes buildings, structures, improvements and all facilities appurtenant thereto or provided therefor together with land and offstreet parking facilities necessary therefor to be financed by revenue bonds issued pursuant to this article. See California Government Code 6545
  • Project: means a program of work to retrofit, reconstruct, repair, replace, or relocate, for local government-owned facilities only, a building, facility, or both, which is owned by any city, county, city and county, or special district and which is included in an application for a grant of funds. See California Government Code 8878.52
  • project: includes equipment purchase, construction, right-of-way acquisition, and project delivery costs. See California Government Code 8879.50
  • Project: includes , but is not limited to, financing, designing, constructing, repairing, replacing, maintaining, and operating collector systems, pumping stations, treatment plants, and lateral interceptors, and outfall sewers. See California Government Code 54250
  • Project area: includes both of the following:

    California Government Code 8180

  • Property: includes all property, real, personal or mixed, tangible or intangible, or any interest therein necessary or desirable for carrying out the purposes of this part. See California Government Code 53800
  • Property: means real or personal property, easement, license, or other right in property. See California Government Code 54030
  • Property: includes both real and personal property. See California Evidence Code 185
  • Proposed action: means a proposal to adopt or amend all or part of a general or specific plan or to adopt or amend a zoning ordinance, but does not include action taken by an ordinance that became effective immediately pursuant to subdivision (b) or (d) of Section 25123 or pursuant to Section 65858. See California Government Code 65919
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • psychotherapist: means a person who is, or is reasonably believed by the patient to be:

    California Evidence Code 1010

  • public agency: as used in this article , means a district, public authority, public agency, and any other political subdivision or public corporation in the state, but does not include the state or a county, city and county, or city. See California Government Code 53050
  • Public agency: as used in this article , means the state, and any city, county, city and county, municipal corporation, public district, or public authority located in whole or in part within this state which provides or has authority to provide firefighting, police, ambulance, medical, or other emergency services. See California Government Code 53101
  • public agency: includes , but is not limited to, the federal government or any federal department or agency, this state, another state or any state department or agency, a county, county board of education, county superintendent of schools, city, public corporation, public district, regional transportation commission of this state or another state, a federally recognized Indian tribe, or any joint powers authority formed pursuant to this article by any of these agencies. See California Government Code 6500
  • Public agency: means the state and any city, county, municipal corporation, district, or public authority located, in whole or in part, within this state which provides or may provide firefighting, police, ambulance, medical, or other emergency services. See California Government Code 53156
  • Public agency: means any state or local agency. See California Government Code 6252
  • public beach: means any beach area used for recreational purposes which is owned, operated or controlled by the State, any state agency or any local agency. See California Government Code 54090
  • Public building: includes any structure, building, facility, or work which a local agency is authorized to construct and automobile parking lots, landscaping, and other facilities, including equipment, incidental to the use of any building, and also includes the site thereof, and any easements or rights-of-way appurtenant thereto or necessary for its full use. See California Government Code 53800
  • Public employee: means an officer, agent, or employee of a public entity. See California Evidence Code 195
  • Public entity: includes a nation, state, county, city and county, city, district, public authority, public agency, or any other political subdivision or public corporation, whether foreign or domestic. See California Evidence Code 200
  • Public facilities: includes public improvements, public services, and community amenities. See California Government Code 66000
  • Public facilities: means public facilities, as defined in Section 66000. See California Government Code 66010
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • Public leaseback: means any lease, sublease, contract or other agreement involving land or buildings, structures, or other facilities which are permanently attached to land, where the agreement is made directly or indirectly between the local agency and a public leaseback corporation, if the proceeds of the agreement provided by the local agency will be used in whole or in part by such public leaseback corporation for payment of principal of or interest on its bonds, notes or other evidences of indebtedness. See California Government Code 54240
  • Public leaseback corporation: means any public or private corporation, or nonprofit corporation, or any public retirement system which has the authority to assist a local agency and which acquires or constructs or finances or arranges for the acquisition or construction of land, buildings, structures, or other facilities which are permanently attached to land for public leaseback. See California Government Code 54240
  • Public records: includes any writing containing information relating to the conduct of the public's business prepared, owned, used, or retained by any state or local agency regardless of physical form or characteristics. See California Government Code 6252
  • Public safety agency: as used in this article , means a functional division of a public agency which provides firefighting, police, medical, or other emergency services. See California Government Code 53102
  • public safety official: means the following parties, whether active or retired:

    California Government Code 6254.24

  • quality mark: means any mark indicating or purporting to indicate that any article is composed of gold or of any of its alloys or indicating or purporting to indicate the quality, fineness, quantity, weight or kind of gold or its alloys in an article. See California Business and Professions Code 22176
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Real property: includes lands, tenements, and hereditaments. See California Evidence Code 205
  • Recess: A temporary interruption of the legislative business.
  • Recipient agency: means the recipient of bond funds made available by Chapter 12. See California Government Code 8879.50
  • Reconstruction: means the reconstruction of the real property, or portion thereof, where the property after reconstruction is substantially equivalent to the property prior to damage or destruction. See California Government Code 66010
  • Record: includes every kind of record maintained by a business. See California Evidence Code 1560
  • Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
  • Recovery Account: shall be deemed to refer to the Consumer Recovery Account. See California Business and Professions Code 10450.6
  • Recreational off-highway vehicle: means a motor vehicle meeting all of the following criteria:

    California Vehicle Code 500

  • Redevelopment agency: means a redevelopment agency established pursuant to Part 1 (commencing with Section 33000) of Division 24 of the Health and Safety Code and includes a community development commission exercising the powers granted to a redevelopment agency pursuant to Section 34141 of the Health and Safety Code. See California Government Code 53595
  • Redevelopment plan: means the Capitol Area Plan approved by the Director of General Services on March 15, 1977, and referred to in Section 8160, and the plan prepared pursuant to Section 8182. See California Government Code 8180
  • Redlining: The alleged practice of certain lending institutions of not making mortgage, home improvement, and small business loans in certain neighborhoods-usually areas that are deteriorating or considered by the lender to be poor investments. Source: OCC
  • Referral method: as used in this article , means a telephone service which, upon the receipt of a telephone request for emergency services, provides the requesting party with the telephone number of the appropriate public safety agency or other provider of emergency services. See California Government Code 53106
  • refunding bonds: means bonds issued to refund bonds. See California Government Code 53580
  • regional agency: means the agency responsible for preparation of the regional transportation improvement program. See California Government Code 65088.1
  • registered owner: is a person registered by the department as the owner of a vehicle. See California Vehicle Code 505
  • registrant: means a person or entity who is filing or has filed a fictitious business name statement, and who is the legal owner of the business. See California Business and Professions Code 17903
  • Registrant: means a person who files a brand under this article. See California Business and Professions Code 14425
  • Registrant: means any person who files and publishes a name, mark or device under this article. See California Business and Professions Code 14480
  • Registration service: includes , but is not limited to, a person who, for compensation, processes registration documents, conducts lien sales, or processes vehicle dismantling documents. See California Vehicle Code 505.2
  • Relevant evidence: means evidence, including evidence relevant to the credibility of a witness or hearsay declarant, having any tendency in reason to prove or disprove any disputed fact that is of consequence to the determination of the action. See California Evidence Code 210
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • Renewable diesel fuel: means a diesel fuel derived from nonpetroleum renewable resources. See California Business and Professions Code 13400
  • renter: is a person who is engaged in the business of renting, leasing or bailing vehicles for a term not exceeding four months and for a fixed rate or price. See California Vehicle Code 508
  • repair shop: is a place where vehicles subject to registration under this code are repaired, rebuilt, reconditioned, repainted, or in any way maintained for the public at a charge. See California Vehicle Code 510
  • representative: is a ny person regularly employed by a manufacturer or distributor for the purpose of negotiating or promoting the sale of the manufacturer's or distributer's vehicles to their franchisees or for regularly supervising or contacting franchisees or prospective franchisees in this state for any purpose. See California Vehicle Code 512
  • Reprisal action: means any act of intimidation, restraint, coercion, discrimination, or disciplinary action against any employee, or applicant for employment, who files a complaint pursuant to Section 53297. See California Government Code 53296
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • Resident: means residing in this State, "nonresident" means not residing in this State. See California Insurance Code 30
  • Resident: means any person who manifests an intent to live or be located in this state on more than a temporary or transient basis. See California Vehicle Code 516
  • Residential development: means a project containing residential dwellings, including mobilehomes, of one or more units or a subdivision of land for the purpose of constructing one or more residential dwelling units. See California Government Code 65973
  • residue: means the liquid material remaining after a tank has been unloaded to the maximum extent practicable through the normal discharge opening. See California Vehicle Code 34003
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • retail sale: is a sale of goods to a person for the purpose of consumption and use, and not for resale to others, including, but not limited to, an arrangement where a motor vehicle is consigned to a dealer for sale. See California Vehicle Code 520
  • retarder: is a device, other than a brake, which, when activated by the driver, applies a retarding force to the wheels of a vehicle without the use of friction. See California Vehicle Code 521
  • Retrofit: means to either strengthen the structure of a building or facility, or to provide the means necessary to reduce the seismic force level experienced by a building or facility during an earthquake, so as to significantly reduce hazards to life and safety while concomitantly providing for the substantially safe egress of occupants during and immediately after such an earthquake. See California Government Code 8878.52
  • revenue: means revenue derived from the tax collected pursuant to the Bradley-Burns Uniform Local Sales and Use Tax Law provided for in Part 1. See California Government Code 55702
  • Revenue-producing facility: means an improvement, works, system or facility furnishing or providing services or products for which the local agency is authorized to impose a charge. See California Government Code 53500
  • Ridesharing: means two or more persons traveling by any mode, including, but not limited to, carpooling, vanpooling, buspooling, taxipooling, jitney, and public transit. See California Vehicle Code 522
  • Right of rescission: Right to cancel, within three business days, a contract that uses the home of a person as collateral, except in the case of a first mortgage loan. There is no fee to the borrower, who receives a full refund of all fees paid. The right of rescission is guaranteed by the Truth in Lending Act (TILA). Source: OCC
  • Road: means any existing vehicle route established before January 1, 1979, with significant evidence of prior regular travel by vehicles subject to registration pursuant to Article 1 (commencing with Section 4000) of Chapter 1 of Division 3. See California Vehicle Code 527
  • Rural area: means territory that is outside of any urbanized area designated by the United States Census Bureau from the 1980 federal census. See California Government Code 8589.10
  • rural areas: means areas as defined in Section 101 of Title 23 of the United States Code. See California Streets and Highways Code 2503
  • Sacramento-San Joaquin Valley: means lands in the bed or along or near the banks of the Sacramento River or San Joaquin River, or their tributaries or connected therewith, or upon any land adjacent thereto, or within the overflow basins thereof, or upon land susceptible to overflow therefrom. See California Government Code 65007
  • Salesperson: when used without modification, means a person licensed as a salesperson under any of the provisions of this part. See California Business and Professions Code 10013
  • Salvage pool: means a person engaged exclusively in the business of disposing of total loss salvage vehicles, nonrepairable vehicles, or recovered stolen vehicles sent to it by, or on behalf of, insurance companies, authorized adjusters, leasing companies, self-insured persons, or financial institutions. See California Vehicle Code 543
  • Savings association or federal association: means a savings association, savings and loan association, or savings bank as defined by Section 5102 of the Financial Code. See California Government Code 53630
  • school pupil activity bus: is a ny motor vehicle, other than a schoolbus, operated by a common carrier, or by and under the exclusive jurisdiction of a publicly owned or operated transit system, or by a passenger charter-party carrier, used under a contractual agreement between a school and carrier to transport school pupils at or below the 12th-grade level to or from a public or private school activity, or used to transport pupils to or from residential schools, when the pupils are received and discharged at off-highway locations where a parent or adult designated by the parent is present to accept the pupil or place the pupil on the bus. See California Vehicle Code 546
  • schoolbus: is a motor vehicle designed, used, or maintained for the transportation of any school pupil at or below the 12th grade level to or from a public or private school or to or from public or private school activities, except the following:

    California Vehicle Code 545

  • Second-stage manufacturer: means the installer of the structure and equipment permanently upon the engine, chassis, and drive train of the vehicle rendering the vehicle complete and suitable for human habitation and ready for delivery to the dealer or the buyer. See California Vehicle Code 11930
  • Secretary: means the secretary of each state agency as set forth in subdivision (a) of Section 12800. See California Government Code 8592.30
  • Security: means any of the eligible securities or obligations listed in Section 53651. See California Government Code 53630
  • Security loan agreement: means a written contract whereby a legal owner (the lender) agrees to lend specific marketable corporate or government securities for a period not to exceed one year. See California Government Code 7601
  • semitrailer: is a vehicle designed for carrying persons or property, used in conjunction with a motor vehicle, and so constructed that some part of its weight and that of its load rests upon, or is carried by, another vehicle. See California Vehicle Code 550
  • Sequester: To separate. Sometimes juries are sequestered from outside influences during their deliberations.
  • service: includes the cost of maintaining any facility used to provide any service. See California Government Code 54708
  • Service agency: means a person, as defined in Section 12011, that for hire, award, commission, or any other payment of any kind, repairs a commercial device. See California Business and Professions Code 12531
  • Service agent: means a person employed by a service agency to repair a commercial device. See California Business and Professions Code 12531
  • services: means those services relating to the processing of traffic infraction cases at, and for, the court, including printing and providing to the court and traffic violators hard copy county-specific lists printed from the department's Internet Web site, administratively assisting traffic violators, and any other lawful activity relating to the administration of the court's traffic infraction caseload. See California Vehicle Code 11205.2
  • Shade trailer: means a device designed and utilized to provide shade pursuant to Section 3395 of Title 8 of the California Code of Regulations. See California Vehicle Code 553
  • Sheriff: includes marshal. See California Code of Civil Procedure 17
  • Shopping cart: means a basket which is mounted on wheels or a similar device generally used in a retail establishment by a customer for the purpose of transporting goods of any kind. See California Business and Professions Code 22435
  • Shopping cart: means a basket which is mounted on wheels or a similar device generally used in a retail establishment by a customer for the purpose of transporting goods of any kind. See California Business and Professions Code 22435.10
  • Signature: includes either of the following:

    California Elections Code 354.5

  • single-family residence: means a real property improvement used, or intended to be used, as a dwelling unit for one family. See California Government Code 54236
  • Special construction equipment: is:

    California Vehicle Code 565

  • Special district: means an agency of the state, formed pursuant to general law or a special act, for the performance of governmental or proprietary functions, with limited geographic boundaries, including, but not limited to, a school district and a community college district. See California Government Code 53412
  • special district: shall mean an agency of the state, formed pursuant to general law or special act, for the local performance of governmental or proprietary functions within limited boundaries which utilizes the county treasury as a depository for its funds. See California Government Code 53950
  • special district: means any agency of the state for the local performance of governmental or proprietary functions within limited boundaries. See California Government Code 53835
  • Special election: is a n election, the specific time for the holding of which is not prescribed by law. See California Elections Code 356
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Streets and Highways Code 12.2
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Vehicle Code 12.2
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Government Code 12.2
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Insurance Code 12.2
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Business and Professions Code 14.2
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Code of Civil Procedure 17
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Evidence Code 215
  • Standard test: means a test conducted in accordance with the latest published standard adopted by ASTM International. See California Business and Professions Code 13400
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Evidence Code 220
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Government Code 18
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Water Code 18
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Insurance Code 28
  • State: means the State of California or any department, agency, or officer thereof. See California Government Code 54280
  • State: includes any department or agency thereof. See California Government Code 54141
  • state agency: includes every state office, officer, department, division, bureau, board, and commission. See California Government Code 11000
  • State agency: means every state office, officer, department, division, bureau, board, and commission or other state body or agency, except those agencies provided for in Article IV (except Section 20 thereof) or Article VI of the California Constitution. See California Government Code 6252
  • State agency: means any office, department, commission, or agency of the State of California with authority to approve or recommend approval of the priority of allocation, or allocations, of state funds to local agencies or to approve or recommend approval of the priority or allocation of funds for state construction. See California Government Code 53983
  • State agency: means any state agency providing residential or institutional fire protection, including, but not limited to, the Department of Forestry and Fire Protection. See California Government Code 8590.1
  • State Architect: means the Office of the State Architect. See California Government Code 8878.52
  • State building or facility: means any building or structure owned by a state agency, which is identified pursuant to Section 8878. See California Government Code 8878.52
  • State department: means that state organization designated by law or agreement that allocates block grant funds to local agencies or is otherwise responsible for administering block grant funds. See California Government Code 53131
  • State highway: means any highway which is acquired, laid out, constructed, improved or maintained as a State highway pursuant to constitutional or legislative authorization. See California Streets and Highways Code 24
  • State Highway Account: means the State Highway Account in the State Transportation Fund. See California Streets and Highways Code 30
  • State Highway Account: means the State Highway Account in the State Transportation Fund. See California Government Code 8879.2
  • State of principal use: means the state on which waters a vessel is used or intended to be used most during a calendar year. See California Vehicle Code 9840
  • State redistricting deadline: means the deadline established by subdivision (g) of Section 2 of Article XXI of the California Constitution, as modified by the California Supreme Court in Legislature of State of California v. See California Elections Code 8161
  • Statement: means (a) oral or written verbal expression or (b) nonverbal conduct of a person intended by him as a substitute for oral or written verbal expression. See California Evidence Code 225
  • Statute: includes a treaty and a constitutional provision. See California Evidence Code 230
  • Statutes at large: A chronological listing of the laws enacted each Congress. They are published in volumes numbered by Congress.
  • Street: is a way or place of whatever nature, publicly maintained and open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular travel. See California Vehicle Code 590
  • Subdivision: means a subdivision of the section in which the term occurs unless some other section is expressly mentioned. See California Government Code 10
  • Subdivision: means a subdivision of the section in which that term occurs unless some other section is expressly mentioned. See California Water Code 10
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Subpoena duces tecum: A command to a witness to produce documents.
  • subscription: includes mark when the signer or subscriber cannot write, such signer's or subscriber's name being written near the mark by a witness who writes his own name near the signer's or subscriber's name. See California Vehicle Code 17
  • subscription: includes mark when the signer or subscriber can not write, such signer's or subscriber's name being written near the mark by a witness who writes his own name near the signer's or subscriber's name. See California Insurance Code 18
  • supervisor: means any employee regardless of job description or title, having authority, in the interest of the employer, to hire, transfer, suspend, layoff, recall, promote, discharge, assign, reward, or discipline other employees, or responsibility to direct them, or to adjust their grievances, or effectively to recommend this action, if, in connection with the foregoing, the exercise of this authority is not of a merely routine or clerical nature, but requires the use of independent judgment. See California Government Code 53296
  • supplies: means containers, equipment or supplies bearing a brand. See California Business and Professions Code 14425
  • Supplies: means supplies bearing a name, mark or device filed and published under this article. See California Business and Professions Code 14480
  • Surplus land: includes land held in the Community Redevelopment Property Trust Fund pursuant to Section 34191. See California Government Code 54221
  • surplus residential property: means land and structures owned by any agency of the state that is determined to be no longer necessary for the agency's use, and that is developed as single-family or multifamily housing, except property being held by the agency for the purpose of exchange. See California Government Code 54236
  • Tank vehicle: means any truck, trailer, or semitrailer equipped with a cargo tank which is used for the transportation of flammable liquids or combustible liquids within this state. See California Vehicle Code 34003
  • Tax increment: means that portion of tax revenues allocated to a redevelopment agency pursuant to subdivision (b) of Section 33670 of the Health and Safety Code. See California Government Code 53595
  • Tax increment agreement: means any agreement between a local agency and a redevelopment agency which allocates tax increment to the local agency pursuant to Section 33401 of the Health and Safety Code. See California Government Code 53595
  • Tax increment revenues: means tax increment received or receivable by a local agency pursuant to a tax increment agreement. See California Government Code 53595
  • taxation assessment roll: when used with reference to a county, or district or other public corporation, means the taxation assessment roll of the county, and when used with reference to a city means the assessment roll of the county in which the city is located unless a correction factor is established for the purpose of determining true value as provided for in Part 8, in which event those terms mean the taxation assessment rolls of the city. See California Streets and Highways Code 2802
  • Tenancy in common: A type of property ownership in which two or more individuals have an undivided interest in property. At the death of one tenant in common, his (her) fractional percentage of ownership in the property passes to the decedent
  • Terminal: is a place where a vehicle of a type listed in Section 34500 is regularly garaged or maintained, or from which the vehicle is operated or dispatched. See California Vehicle Code 595
  • Testate: To die leaving a will.
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Total loss salvage vehicle: means either of the following:

    California Vehicle Code 544

  • tow dolly: is a vehicle towed by a motor vehicle and designed and used exclusively to transport another motor vehicle and upon which the front or rear wheels of the towed motor vehicle are mounted, while the other wheels of the towed motor vehicle remain in contact with the ground. See California Vehicle Code 617
  • tow truck: is a motor vehicle which has been altered or designed and equipped for, and primarily used in the business of, transporting vehicles by means of a crane, hoist, tow bar, tow line, or dolly or is otherwise primarily used to render assistance to other vehicles. See California Vehicle Code 615
  • Town: includes "unincorporated town" and "village. See California Government Code 21
  • traffic: includes pedestrians, ridden animals, vehicles, street cars, and other conveyances, either singly or together, while using any highway for purposes of travel. See California Vehicle Code 620
  • traffic officer: is a ny member of the California Highway Patrol, or any peace officer who is on duty for the exclusive or main purpose of enforcing Division 10 (commencing with Section 20000) or 11 (commencing with Section 21000). See California Vehicle Code 625
  • traffic violator school: is a business that, for compensation, provides, or offers to provide, instruction in traffic safety, including, but not limited to, classroom traffic violator curricula, for persons referred by a court pursuant to Section 42005 or to other persons who elect to attend. See California Vehicle Code 626
  • traffic violator school branch or classroom location: is a ny place where a traffic violator school conducts instruction or maintains records. See California Vehicle Code 626.2
  • traffic violator school instructor: is a ny person who provides instruction to traffic violators on behalf of a traffic violator school. See California Vehicle Code 626.4
  • traffic violator school owner: is a ny natural person, association, or corporation that owns a traffic violator school. See California Vehicle Code 626.8
  • trailer: includes a semitrailer when used in conjunction with an auxiliary dolly, if the auxiliary dolly is of a type constructed to replace the function of the drawbar and the front axle or axles of a trailer. See California Vehicle Code 630
  • trailer coach: is a vehicle, other than a motor vehicle, designed for human habitation or human occupancy for industrial, professional, or commercial purposes, for carrying property on its own structure, and for being drawn by a motor vehicle. See California Vehicle Code 635
  • transaction: means negotiated purchase and sale, gift, or devise. See California Government Code 53938
  • transferee: is a person who has acquired the sole ownership of or an equity in a vehicle of a type required to be registered under this code. See California Vehicle Code 640
  • transit bus: is a ny bus owned or operated by a publicly owned or operated transit system, or operated under contract with a publicly owned or operated transit system, and used to provide to the general public, regularly scheduled transportation for which a fare is charged. See California Vehicle Code 642
  • Transportation enhancement project: means a project constructed or undertaken with funds made available to the state pursuant to Section 133(b)(8) of Title 23 of the United States Code. See California Streets and Highways Code 2370
  • Transportation Planning and Development Account: means the Transportation Planning and Development Account created in the State Transportation Fund pursuant to Section 99310 of the Public Utilities Code. See California Streets and Highways Code 2232
  • transporter: is a person engaged in the business of moving any owned or lawfully possessed vehicle by lawful methods over the highways for the purpose of delivery of such vehicles to dealers, sales agents of a manufacturer, purchasers, or to a new location as requested by the owner. See California Vehicle Code 645
  • Treasurer: means the treasurer of the local agency. See California Government Code 53995
  • Treasurer: means treasurer of the local agency. See California Government Code 53630
  • Trial jury: A group of citizens who hear the evidence presented by both sides at trial and determine the facts in dispute. Federal criminal juries consist of 12 persons. Federal civil juries consist of six persons.
  • Trier of fact: includes (a) the jury and (b) the court when the court is trying an issue of fact other than one relating to the admissibility of evidence. See California Evidence Code 235
  • trip: means a one-direction vehicle movement. See California Government Code 65088.1
  • trolley coach: is a vehicle which is propelled by electric power obtained from overhead trolley wires, but not operated upon rails. See California Vehicle Code 650
  • truck tractor: is a motor vehicle designed and used primarily for drawing other vehicles and not so constructed as to carry a load, other than a part of the weight of the vehicle and the load so drawn. See California Vehicle Code 655
  • Trust account: A general term that covers all types of accounts in a trust department, such as estates, guardianships, and agencies. Source: OCC
  • Trustor: The person who makes or creates a trust. Also known as the grantor or settlor.
  • Truth in Lending Act: The Truth in Lending Act is a federal law that requires lenders to provide standardized information so that borrowers can compare loan terms. In general, lenders must provide information on Source: OCC
  • Tulare Lake basin: means the Tulare Lake Hydrologic Region as defined in the California Water Plan Update 2009, prepared by the Department of Water Resources pursuant to Chapter 1 (commencing with Section 10004) of Part 1. See California Government Code 65007
  • unavailable: means that an officer is either killed, missing, or so seriously injured as to be unable to attend meetings and otherwise perform his duties. See California Government Code 8636
  • unavailable as a witness: means that the declarant is any of the following:

    California Evidence Code 240

  • Undocumented vessel: means any vessel which is not required to have and does not have a valid marine document issued by the Bureau of Customs of the United States or any federal agency successor thereto. See California Vehicle Code 9840
  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
  • United States: includes any department, board, agency, or officer thereof. See California Government Code 54280
  • United States: includes any department, board, or agency thereof. See California Government Code 54141
  • Uphold: The decision of an appellate court not to reverse a lower court decision.
  • Urbanizing area: means a developed area or an area outside a developed area that is planned or anticipated to have 10,000 residents or more within the next 10 years. See California Government Code 65007
  • Use: means operate, navigate, or employ. See California Vehicle Code 9840
  • used vehicle: is a vehicle that has been sold, or has been registered with the department, or has been sold and operated upon the highways, or has been registered with the appropriate agency of authority, of any other state, District of Columbia, territory or possession of the United States or foreign state, province or country, or unregistered vehicles regularly used or operated as demonstrators in the sales work of a dealer or unregistered vehicles regularly used or operated by a manufacturer in the sales or distribution work of such manufacturer. See California Vehicle Code 665
  • User fees: Fees charged to users of goods or services provided by the government. In levying or authorizing these fees, the legislature determines whether the revenue should go into the treasury or should be available to the agency providing the goods or services.
  • Usury: Charging an illegally high interest rate on a loan. Source: OCC
  • utility trailer: includes a trailer or semitrailer designed and used for the transportation of livestock, not in commerce, which does not exceed a gross weight of 10,000 pounds or a manufacturer's gross vehicle weight rating of 10,000 pounds. See California Vehicle Code 667
  • Utility-terrain vehicle: means a motor vehicle subject to subdivision (a) of Section 38010 that is all of the following:

    California Vehicle Code 531

  • value of property: means market value of any of the following:

    California Evidence Code 811

  • Variable Rate: Having a "variable" rate means that the APR changes from time to time based on fluctuations in an external rate, normally the Prime Rate. This external rate is known as the "index." If the index changes, the variable rate normally changes. Also see Fixed Rate.
  • vehicle: is a device by which any person or property may be propelled, moved, or drawn upon a highway, excepting a device moved exclusively by human power or used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks. See California Vehicle Code 670
  • Vehicle manufacturer: is a ny person who produces from raw materials or new basic components a vehicle of a type subject to registration under this code, off-highway motorcycles or all-terrain vehicles subject to identification under this code, or trailers subject to identification pursuant to Section 5014. See California Vehicle Code 672
  • vehicle verifier: is a person not expressly excluded by Section 675. See California Vehicle Code 675.5
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Vessel: includes every description of watercraft used or capable of being used as a means of transportation on water, except the following:

    California Vehicle Code 9840

  • Veto: The procedure established under the Constitution by which the President/Governor refuses to approve a bill or joint resolution and thus prevents its enactment into law. A regular veto occurs when the President/Governor returns the legislation to the house in which it originated. The President/Governor usually returns a vetoed bill with a message indicating his reasons for rejecting the measure. In Congress, the veto can be overridden only by a two-thirds vote in both the Senate and the House.
  • Video provider: means any person, company, or service which provides one or more channels of video programming to a residence, including a home, condominium, apartment, or mobilehome, where some fee is paid, whether directly or as included in dues or rental charges, for that service, whether or not public rights-of-way are utilized in the delivery of the video programming. See California Government Code 53054.2
  • Voir dire: The process by which judges and lawyers select a petit jury from among those eligible to serve, by questioning them to determine knowledge of the facts of the case and a willingness to decide the case only on the evidence presented in court. "Voir dire" is a phrase meaning "to speak the truth."
  • Voter: means any elector who is registered under this code. See California Elections Code 359
  • Voter-nominated office: means a congressional or state elective office for which a candidate may choose to have his or her party preference or lack of party preference indicated upon the ballot. See California Elections Code 359.5
  • war: shall mean :

    California Government Code 45083

  • Waters of this state: means any waters within the territorial limits of this state. See California Vehicle Code 9840
  • wheelbase: means the longitudinal distance between the vertical centerlines of the front and rear wheels. See California Vehicle Code 378
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.
  • Writ: means an order or precept in writing, issued in the name of the people, or of a court or judicial officer. See California Code of Civil Procedure 17
  • Writing: means handwriting, typewriting, printing, photostating, photographing, photocopying, transmitting by electronic mail or facsimile, and every other means of recording upon any tangible thing, any form of communication or representation, including letters, words, pictures, sounds, or symbols, or combinations thereof, and any record thereby created, regardless of the manner in which the record has been stored. See California Evidence Code 250
  • Writing: includes any form of recorded message capable of comprehension by ordinary visual means. See California Unemployment Insurance Code 8
  • Writing: means any handwriting, typewriting, printing, photostating, photographing, photocopying, transmitting by electronic mail or facsimile, and every other means of recording upon any tangible thing any form of communication or representation, including letters, words, pictures, sounds, or symbols, or combinations thereof, and any record thereby created, regardless of the manner in which the record has been stored. See California Government Code 6252