Administrator: includes "executor" when the subject matter justifies the use. See Utah Code 48-2e-1156
Adult: means an individual who has attained the age of at least 18 years. See Utah Code 31A-1-301
Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
Application: means a document:
completed by an applicant to provide information about the risk to be insured; and
that contains information that is used by the insurer to evaluate risk and decide whether to:
insure the risk under:
the coverage as originally offered; or
a modification of the coverage as originally offered; or
decline to insure the risk; or
used by the insurer to gather information from the applicant before issuance of an annuity contract. See Utah Code 31A-1-301
Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
Base taxable value: means , unless otherwise adjusted in accordance with provisions of this title, a property's taxable value as shown upon the assessment roll last equalized during the base year. See Utah Code 17C-1-102
Base year: means , except as provided in Subsection 17C-1-402(4)(c), the year during which the assessment roll is last equalized:
for a pre-July 1, 1993, urban renewal or economic development project area plan, before the project area plan's effective date;
for a post-June 30, 1993, urban renewal or economic development project area plan, or a community reinvestment project area plan that is subject to a taxing entity committee:
before the date on which the taxing entity committee approves the project area budget; or
if taxing entity committee approval is not required for the project area budget, before the date on which the community legislative body adopts the project area plan;
for a project on an inactive airport site, after the later of:
the date on which the inactive airport site is sold for remediation and development; or
the date on which the airport that operated on the inactive airport site ceased operations; or
for a community development project area plan or a community reinvestment project area plan that is subject to an interlocal agreement, as described in the interlocal agreement. See Utah Code 17C-1-102
Basic levy: means the portion of a school district's tax levy constituting the minimum basic levy under Section 59-2-902. See Utah Code 17C-1-102
Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
Business plan: means the information required to be supplied to the commissioner under Subsections 31A-5-204(2)(i) and (j), including the information required when these subsections apply by reference under:
Bylaws: includes comparable rules for a trust or other entity that is not a corporation. See Utah Code 31A-1-301
Career and technical education: means organized educational programs offering sequences of courses or skill sets directly related to preparing individuals for paid or unpaid employment in current or emerging occupations that generally do not require a baccalaureate or advanced degree. See Utah Code 53B-1-101.5
Certificate: means evidence of insurance given to:
Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
Donor: The person who makes a gift.
Electronic communication: means any transfer of signs, signals, writings, images, sounds, data, or intelligence of any nature transmitted in whole or in part by a wire, radio, electromagnetic, photoelectronic, or photo-optical system, but does not include:
the radio portion of a cordless telephone communication that is transmitted between the cordless telephone handset and the base unit;
any wire or oral communications;
any communication made through a tone-only paging device; or
any communication from an electronic or mechanical device that permits the tracking of the movement of a person or object. See Utah Code 53B-1-114
Electronic communications service: means any service that provides for users the ability to send or receive wire or electronic communications. See Utah Code 53B-1-114
Electronic communications system: means any wire, radio, electromagnetic, photoelectronic, or photo-optical facilities for the transmission of electronic communications, and any computer facilities or related electronic equipment for the electronic storage of the communication. See Utah Code 53B-1-114
Electronic funds transfer: The transfer of money between accounts by consumer electronic systems-such as automated teller machines (ATMs) and electronic payment of bills-rather than by check or cash. (Wire transfers, checks, drafts, and paper instruments do not fall into this category.) Source: OCC
Employer: means a law enforcement agency or other state or local government agency that:
a transaction that effects the sale, transfer, encumbering, or leasing of real property, when a person not a party to the transaction, and neither having nor acquiring an interest in the title, performs, in accordance with the written instructions or terms of the written agreement between the parties to the transaction, any of the following actions:
the explanation, holding, or creation of a document; or
Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
an individual who is not a citizen or national of the United States or of a territory or protectorate of the United States;
a corporation, partnership, joint venture, proprietorship, trust, association, or other entity that is created or organized under the laws of a foreign government or that has its principal place of business located outside the United States;
if known by the higher education institution, a corporation, partnership, joint venture, proprietorship, trust, association, or other entity that is created or organized pursuant to the laws of the United States or a state within the United States, if a majority of the stock or other equity interest is directly or indirectly owned by, or which derives a majority of its funding from:
Health benefit plan: means , except as provided in Subsection (77)(b), a policy, contract, certificate, or agreement offered or issued by a health carrier to provide, deliver, arrange for, pay for, or reimburse any of the costs of health care. See Utah Code 31A-1-301
Health care: means any of the following intended for use in the diagnosis, treatment, mitigation, or prevention of a human ailment or impairment:
Interactive computer service: means the same as that term is defined in Subsection 47 U. See Utah Code 31A-8-205
Intercept: means the acquisition of the contents of any wire, electronic, or oral communication through the use of any electronic, mechanical, or other device. See Utah Code 53B-1-114
Joint committee: Committees including membership from both houses of teh legislature. Joint committees are usually established with narrow jurisdictions and normally lack authority to report legislation.
Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
Law enforcement agency: means an entity of the federal government, a state, or a political subdivision of a state, including a state institution of higher education, that exists primarily to prevent and detect crime and enforce criminal laws, statutes, and ordinances. See Utah Code 53-1-102
Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
Oral communication: means any oral communication uttered by a person exhibiting an expectation that the communication is not subject to interception, under circumstances justifying that expectation, but does not include any electronic communication. See Utah Code 53B-1-114
Person: means any employee or agent of the state or a political subdivision, and any individual, partnership, association, joint stock company, trust, or corporation. See Utah Code 53B-1-114
Personal information: means a law enforcement officer's or law enforcement officer's immediate family member's address, telephone number, personal mobile telephone number, pager number, personal email address, personal photograph, directions to locate the law enforcement officer's home, or photographs of the law enforcement officer's or the officer's immediate family member's home or vehicle. See Utah Code 31A-8-205
Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
Preliminary hearing: A hearing where the judge decides whether there is enough evidence to make the defendant have a trial.
Process: means a writ or summons issued in the course of a judicial proceeding. See Utah Code 48-2e-1156
Project area: means the geographic area described in a project area plan within which the project area development described in the project area plan takes place or is proposed to take place. See Utah Code 17C-1-102
Project area funds: means tax increment or sales and use tax revenue that an agency receives under a project area budget adopted by a taxing entity committee or an interlocal agreement. See Utah Code 17C-1-102
Project area funds collection period: means the period of time that:
begins the day on which the first payment of project area funds is distributed to an agency under a project area budget approved by a taxing entity committee or an interlocal agreement; and
ends the day on which the last payment of project area funds is distributed to an agency under a project area budget approved by a taxing entity committee or an interlocal agreement. See Utah Code 17C-1-102
Project area plan: means an urban renewal project area plan, an economic development project area plan, a community development project area plan, or a community reinvestment project area plan that, after the project area plan's effective date, guides and controls the project area development. See Utah Code 17C-1-102
Readily accessible to the general public: means , regarding a radio communication, that the communication is not:
scrambled or encrypted;
transmitted using modulation techniques with essential parameters that have been withheld from the public with the intention of preserving the privacy of the communication;
carried on a subcarrier or signal subsidiary to a radio transmission;
transmitted over a communications system provided by a common carrier, unless the communication is a tone-only paging system communication; or
transmitted on frequencies allocated under Part 25, Subpart D, E, or F of Part 74, or Part 94, Rules of the Federal Communications Commission unless, in the case of a communication transmitted on a frequency allocated under Part 74 that is not exclusively allocated to broadcast auxiliary services, the communication is a two-way voice communication by radio. See Utah Code 53B-1-114
Reinsurance: means an insurance transaction where an insurer, for consideration, transfers any portion of the risk it has assumed to another insurer. See Utah Code 31A-1-301
Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
certificate of interest or participation in a profit-sharing agreement;
preorganization certificate or subscription;
voting trust certificate;
certificate of deposit for a security;
certificate of interest of participation in an oil, gas, or mining title or lease or in payments out of production under such a title or lease;
commodity contract or commodity option;
certificate of interest or participation in, temporary or interim certificate for, receipt for, guarantee of, or warrant or right to subscribe to or purchase any of the items listed in Subsections (160)(a)(i) through (xiv); or
Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
Supplemental appropriation: Budget authority provided in an appropriations act in addition to regular or continuing appropriations already provided. Supplemental appropriations generally are made to cover emergencies, such as disaster relief, or other needs deemed too urgent to be postponed until the enactment of next year's regular appropriations act.
Surplus: means the excess of assets over the sum of paid-in capital and liabilities. See Utah Code 31A-1-301
Tax increment: means the difference between:
the amount of property tax revenue generated each tax year by a taxing entity from the area within a project area designated in the project area plan as the area from which tax increment is to be collected, using the current assessed value of the property; and
the amount of property tax revenue that would be generated from that same area using the base taxable value of the property. See Utah Code 17C-1-102
Vehicle: means every device in, upon, or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a highway, excepting devices used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks. See Utah Code 53-1-102
Wire communication: includes the electronic storage of the communication, but does not include the radio portion of a cordless telephone communication that is transmitted between the cordless telephone handset and the base unit. See Utah Code 53B-1-114